Control of an Arduino-Based Omni-Directional Robot Utilizing a Wii

Control of an Arduino-Based Omni-Directional Robot Utilizing a Wii
Advanced Mechatronics: Arduino Project
Control of an Arduino-Based
Omni-Directional
Robot Utilizing a Wii Remote
and Apple iOS SDK
Anthony Brill, Matthew Moorhead, Jonghyun Bae
Omni-Directional Robot Intro
● Wirelessly controlled Omni-directional
Robot
● Control Platform
○ Wii Controller (I2C Comm)
○ iPhone (TTL Serial Comm)
● Hardware Used
○ Arduino Uno
○ Wifly breakout board
○ Wii controller/receiver
○ DK Electonics Motor-shield
○ 3 Cat-Trak transwheels
Omni-Directional Robot
Theory of Operation
Omni-Directional Robot
Wii Remote
● Joystick provides x and y coordinates
● Wireless remote to receiver
● Inter-integrated Circuit (I2C) Protocol
○ Serial Clock (SCL)
○ Serial Data (SDA)
Omni-Directional Robot
Arduino_Wii Remote
Omni-Directional Robot
Apple iOS
● CM DeviceMotion
○ Sensor Fusion (Accelerometer,
Magnetometer, Gyroscope)
○ Provides attitude / orientation of the
phone
● User friendliness Orientation
○ Pitch: x-axis rotation
○ Roll: y-axis rotation
● Connection to Arduino via Async Socket
○ String formatted:
$’Roll_data’#’Pitch_data$
Omni-Directional Robot
iPhone Code
Omni-Directional Robot
Arduino_iOS Data Parsing
Omni-Directional Robot
Apple iOS
● Wifi communication
○ DK Electronics v1.0 motor shield
requires all digital pins except 2, and
13 to operate
○ Traditional WiFly board is not
compatible with this type of motor
shield and an Arduino Uno
○ Software serial communication using
the wifi breakout board allows pins 2
and 13 to be set as RX and TX
○ Messages are still sent over wifi to
the breakout board, then transmitted
to the Arduino through software serial
Omni-Directional Robot Control Platform Comparison
User Friendliness
●
●
Wii Remote
●
●
●
●
iPhone
●
●
Intuitiveness
Wireless
communication
Limited number of
buttons
No motion sensing
One handed control
●
Wireless
communication
Wireless connection
displayed
Natural feeling tilt
control
Ability to start and stop
data transmission
easily
●
●
●
●
●
●
System Response
No need for
instruction
Familiar platform
Easy relation
between
direction and
joystick position
●
Small instruction
set required
Background
experience with
motion sensing
(video games)
Familiar platform
Difficult to
reorient
●
●
●
●
●
Responds quickly
to real time action
Easily set to zero
velocity at joystick
origin
No network
required
Drift in angle
approximation
Floats around 0
degrees at iPhone
reference frame
Network limitations
Conclusions
● Wii controller more stable platform
● iPhone has room for further development
○ Reduce gyroscope drift
○ Increase response time of device
● Development for the next project
○ Produce a wirelessly controlled holonomic surveillance robot
controlled by an iPhone
■ Mounted camera with live video feedback
■ Slide control on the phone’s screen to move the position of the
camera
■ Adjustable camera position via two servo motors
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