multiplexing

multiplexing
M U LT I P L E X I N G
MULTIPLEXING VERSION 010
APPEAR TV AS
Po Box 8 Lilleaker
No-0216 Oslo
Norway
Te l : + 4 7 2 4 1 1 9 0 2 0
Fa x : + 4 7 2 4 1 1 9 0 2 1
E m a i l : i n fo @ a p p e a r t v. co m
We b : w w w. a p p e a r t v. co m
appear tv.com
PRODUCT BRIEF
Powerful Multiplexing Simplified
Appear TV’s multiplexer is a powerful digital multiplexing solution for operators
launching or expanding their digital service offering. The advanced multiplex
software simplifies engineers’ deployment and operational routines. Developed
with digital cable, terrestrial, satellite and broadband operators in mind, the
multiplexer performs full analysis of source PSI/SI and PSIP tables, with automatic
regeneration of all tables as required. The high capacity multiplexer has a
throughput of 850 Mbit/s and each output card supports 250 services.
Appear TV’s multiplexer offers high performance IP, ASI, DVB-C, DVB-T/T2
and DVB-S/S2 output modules for direct insertion of digital services into a
cable, terrestrial, Satellite or broadband network. Based on architecture with
full digital-modulation and upconversion, the DVB-C, DVB-S/S2 and DVB-T/
T2 output modules deliver clearer signals, and simplify deployment of future
enhancements.
Central Head-end
Ease of configuration makes the Appear TV multiplexer the ideal solution for
deployments requiring aggregation of services from multiple sources, service
processing and preparation for modulation over broadcast networks.
Remote Head-end
With IP, DVB-T/T2 or ASI input sources, powerful edge processing capabilities,
high density QAM and COFDM outputs alongside decoder options for analog
simulcast; operators can deliver all broadcast services via a common platform
that can be managed remotely.
Contribution
High throughput ASI feeds, multiplexing functionality, and a built-in user friendly
interface make dynamic service adjustments easy.
Processing
When configured with an EPG schedule regenerator, the multiplexer schedule
information can be regenerated using input from several channels and various
sources. Based on the operator’s selection the module automatically filters out
unused services; thus regenerating the EIT schedule to reflect the current channel
lineup for the selected network. In addition, the operator can define the number
of days the EPG information should be played out, the playout rate, etc.
Appear TV’s audio leveling solution makes it possible for operators to synchronize
the audio levels of radio and TV channels originating from different studios and
processed with different encoder settings. With each module having a capacity of
up to 250 channels, operators can cater to hundreds of channels simultaneously.
Media Conversion
With all the available input and output modules, the Appear TV multiplexer is
a powerful, space efficient solution for media conversion between different
network technologies. Transparent mode enables direct transport stream
forwarding between networks or alternatively the content can be locally remultiplexed prior to forwarding.
Resilience is built into the Appear TV architecture. The Appear TV head-end
modules (4RU) are hot-swappable, including power supplies and fans, and
along with Pro MPEG FEC, Appear TV’s redundancy solution offers full or partial
redundancy for a variety of failure scenarios.
Cleverly made for mo dularit y,
high densit y and flexibilit y
The combination of a wide range of input interfaces, descrambling, re-scrambling
and advanced re-multiplexing functionality makes the Appear TV head-end ideal
for new and existing cable, terrestrial, broadband and satellite operators.
The Appear TV head-end can be seamlessly integrated with existing head-end
solutions or used as a regional multiplexer. Via the SNMP Alarm MIB and SOAP/XML
interface the multiplexer can be integrated into existing management systems.
The Appear TV head-end is also suitable for contribution links.
F E AT U R E S
•
•
•
•
1RU and 4RU chassis
Encoding
Transcoding
Input options:
- IP
- ASI - DVB-S/S2
- DVB-T/T2 - DVB-C/J.83
- 8VSB
• Any combination of inputs in the same
chassis. Maximum (4RU):
- 18 IP inputs
- 48 ASI inputs
- 32 DVB-S/S2, DVB-T/T2, DVB-C or 8VSB inputs
• PSI/SI/PSIP input analysis
• MPEG output options with multiplexing
support:
- IP - ASI - QAM Annex A,B or C
- DVB-T/T2 - DVB-S/S2
• PSI/SI/ATSC regeneration
• ProMPEG FEC on IP in and IP out (enhanced HW)
• Up to 32 DVB common interface slots
for DVB descrambling
• Bulk descrambler with DVB and
AES SW descrambling
• Support DVB and AES scrambling,
simulcrypt interface based
• Audio levelling
• EPG regeneration
• Hot-swappable modules (4 RU only)
• Intuitive web-based user control
• Dual redundant hot-swappable power
supplies (option, 4RU only)
• Monitoring of power and fans (4 RU only)
• SNMP Alarm MIB
• SOAP/XML Interface for external control
CHASSIS
4RU
1RU
• Modular configuration with up to
• Modular configuration with up to
9+1 board positions
16+2 board positions
• WEB based configuration, SNMP Alarms,
• WEB based configuration, SNMP Alarms,
SOAP/XML interface
SOAP/XML interface
• Forced air-cooling (through back of 4RU)
• Forced air-cooling (through sides of 1RU)
• Dual redundant hot-swappable power supply
• Swappable modules in back
• 4 individually monitored hot-swappable fans
• Optional IP IO or descrambler in front
• Hot-swappable modules
For support of Gen Lock and SFN the MC3001/
MC3101 chassis’ are required
DIMENSIONS
4RU (w*h*d mm) 440 (480 with ears) * 180 * 400
(+ connectors)
1RU (w*h*d mm) 440 (480 with ears) * 45 * 480
(+ connectors)
Standard 19 inch rack mounting, 4RU high
4RU
Appear TV
MC3000
DC
1000
~ 100-240 VAC
4.1A 50-60Hz
Fuse: T5A H 250V
CAUT ION: DOUBL E POLE/
NEUTRAL FUSING
Apparaten skall anslutas
til jodat nä tuttag
1RU
Slot #9
-----------------------------Slot #8
MC3100
Switch Module
-----------------------------Slot #1
Slot#3
Slot#5
Slot#7
Slot#2
Slot#4
Slot#6
PROCESSING MODULES
INPUT MODULES
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
ASI I/O
GB IP-IO
Ethernet Input
10/100/1000BaseT input card (RJ45)
Mini-GBIC interface (SFP) for optical input
Supports UDP/RTP Multicast/Unicast reception
Supports reception of MPTS and SPTS
Service filtering
10/100/1000BaseT management port (RJ45)
Enables WEB management
Supports FEC (SMPTE 2022)
1 slot wide
DVB-C Input w/Management
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Status
1000 base -x
10/100/1000
base-T
Control
4xQAM inputs
F connector
A
0.87-6.9 Ms/s
Supports reception of MPTS and SPTS
B
Service filtering
ASI monitoring port C
10/100/1000BaseT management port (RJ45)
Enables WEB management
D
2 slots wide
Status
DVB-C/J . 8 3 IN P UT
CON TROL
Bulk Descrambler
Status
Q A M
ASI Mo n i to r
Q uad In p ut
BULK
DESCRAMBLER
• Descrambles up to 250 services (850 Mbit)
• Integrated with soft clients for ECM handling
(no smart card required)
• Support for both DVB-CA and AES descrambling
• BISS descrambling
• 1 slot wide
S tatus
Descrambler
• 2xDVB Common interface
• Descrambling of 10 services per CAM (depends on
common interface)
• Support for all major CA systems and CAMS
• 1 slot wide
DESCRAMBLER
CA
A B
EMM
Co n tr o l
ASI I/O
GB IP-IO
Status
Status
A
ASI Input w/Management
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
1000 base -x
ASI I/O
GB IP-IO
4xASI input
BNC connectors
213 Mbit/s per input
Supports reception of MPTS and SPTS
Service filtering
10/100/1000
base-T
10/100/1000BaseT management
port (RJ45)
Enables WEB management
1 slot wide
Status
8VSB Input w/ Management
B
10/100/1000
base-T
Status
A
1000 base -x
DVB-S/S2 INPUT
CONTROL
Control
B
RF In
Status
• 4x8VSB Inputs
• F connectors C
• 50 to 860 MHz Frequency Range
D COFof
DM IMPTS
NPUT
• Supports reception
and SPTS
CONTROL
• ASI monitoring port
COFDM
• Service Filtering
• 10/100/1000 BaseT management port (RJ45)
• Enables WEB management
• 2 slots wide
C
A
ASI Monitor
D
B
DESCRAMBLER
• DVB CA compliant scrambling (CSA) and AES
compliant scrambling
• Scrambles up to 250 services, maximum 850 Mbit/s
• Support scrambling of MPEG-2 and H264 in SD &HD
• DVB Simulcrypt compliant
• 10/100/1000BaseT IP interface towards
CA system (RJ45)
• Handles up to 250 ECM’s
A B
• 1 slots wide
CA
CA
S tatus
R F In
A
AS I Mo n i to r
B
Status
ASI Monitor
Control
Scrambling
8VSB INPUT
C O N T R O L
C
Quad Input
D
Co n tr o l
Status
SCS
EPG
• Re-generation of EIT schedule on selected output port
• Gathers EIT information from all input ports
• EPG data is filtered and regenerated to reflect
new channel plan
• Supports multiple of networks
• Configurable play out rate with prioritization
• Configurable period to be played out
• EIT reception from multiple of ATV units (later release)
• 1 slot wide
EP G
S tatus
*DVB Scrambler with SCS, MC/DVBMCSXX
C
*AES Scrambler with SCS, MC/AESMCSXX
D
Control
DVB-S/S2 Input w/Management
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Control
Enhanced DVB-S/S2
COFDM INPUT Input
DVB-S/S2 INPUT
CONTROL
4xDVB-S/S2 inputs
F connectors
DVB-S, DVB-S2 QPSK and 8PSK modes
950 – 2150 MHz Frequency Range
DVB-S/S2 INPUT
1-45 MSym/s (mode dependent)
CONTROL
1/2, 2/3, 3/4, 5/6, 7/8, 8/9, 9/10 FEC (mode dependent)
RF In
Supports reception of MPTS and SPTS
Service filtering
ASI monitoring port
A
10/100/1000BaseT management port (RJ45)
Enables WEB management
B
2 slots wide
CONTROL
RF In
Status
A
COFDM INPUT
CONTR
BOL
COFDM
QAM INPU
T
C
CONTROL
Status
ASI Monitor
ASI Monitor
Status
Quad Input
D
QAM
Control
ASI Monitor
C
Quad Input
ASI Monitor
Control
DVB-T IN P UT
CON TROL
DVB-T Input w/Management
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
4xCOFDM inputs
F connector
1/2, 2/3, 3/4, 5/6, 7/8 FEC
2k and 8k carrier mode
QPSK, 16QAM, 64QAM modulation
Supports reception of MPTS and SPTS
Service filtering
QAM INPUT
CONTROL
ASI monitoring port
10/100/1000BaseT management port (RJ45)
QAM
Enables WEB management
2 slots wide
Status
ASI Monitor
Status
QAM INPUT
CONTROC LO F D M
QAM
Q uad In p ut
ASI Monitor
Quad Input
DVB-T/T2 Input
• Standards ETSI EN 300 744 and EN 302 755
• 4 x DVB-T/T2 receivers per module.
• Input ports option:
1 F connector, signal is split and distributed internally
4 F connectors, one per demodulator
• Frequency range 47-862MHz
• Carrier mode:
DVB-T: 2k, 8k
DVB-T2: 1k, 2k, 4k, 8k, 16k, 32k
• Modulation:
Co n tr o l
Quad Input
Control
Control
Control
ASI Mo n i to r
Status
Status
RF In
A
ASI Monitor
Quad Input
D
Control
Digital Audio Leveling
SR-110
Status
ASI Monitor
Status
• 4xDVB-S/S2 inputs
• F connectors
COFDM
• DVB-S, DVB-S2 QPSK, 8PSK and 16APSK modes
• 950 – 2150 MHz Frequency Range
• 1-45 MSym/s
• DVB-S 1/2, 2/3, 3/4, 5/6, 7/8 FEC
• DVB-S/S2 1/4, 1/3, 2/5, 1/2, 3/5, 2/3, 3/4, 4/5, 5/6, 8/9,
9/10 FEC
• Supports reception of MPTS and SPTS
• Multiple streams
• Service filtering
Control
• ASI monitoring
port
• 2 slots wide
DVB-S/S2 INPUT
DVB-T: QPSK, 16QAM, 64QAM
DVB-T: QPSK, 16QAM, 64QAM, 128QAM, 256QAM
• Supports reception of MPTS and SPTS
• Service filtering on input
(requires new switch module)
B
C
D
• For equalisation of audio in TV and Radio services
within a digital head-end
• Audio volume control in an MPEG domain
• Audio leveling of 250 channels
• Supports MPEG 1, layer 1 / 2 audio
• Adjustment range +- 30 dB
• 1 slot wide
Note: For Dynamic audio levelling (Interface options),
please contact Appear TV.
AUDIO
LEVELIN G
S tatus
Audio
A
A B
B
Audio
OUTPUT MODULES
DUAL DECODER
RF MODULATOR
NICAM ENCODER
DUAL DECODER
RF MODULATOR
CA
Status
CA
Status
Mute
QAM Output
Mute
A
•
•
•
•
•
B•
•
•
•
•
•
GB IP-IO
10/100/1000BaseT output card (RJ45)
Mini-GBIC interface (SFP) for optical output
Supports UDP/RTP Multicast/Unicast transmission
RF-A
Supports multiple of output cards
Streaming of up to 850 Mbit/s
Maximum
250 service per output card
RF-B
Supports streaming of SPTS
Support streaming of MPTS with Multiplexing (optional)
PSI/SI regeneration
Supports FEC (SMPTE 2022)
1 slot wide
Status
RF-A
1000 base-x
A B
RF-B
10/100/1000
base-T
Control
ASI Output
Radio
•
•
•
•
•
•
Status
Data
Status
A
DUAL
DECODER
B
Status
MPX Out
Video
C
Mute
A
D
B
Status
Status
RF Out
A+B
C+D
DVB-S/S2
MODULATOR
• 2 DVB-S/S2 modulated carriers per module
• Based on ETSI EN 300 421 and ETSI EN 302 307 standards
• Output options: - IF
- L-band
DUAL
DECODER
• Modulation: - DVB-S � QPSK
- DVB-S2 � QPSK, 8-PSK, 16-APSK, 32-APSK CA
• Code rates: - DVB-S � 1/2, 2/3, 3/4, 5/6, 7/8
- DVB-S2 � 1/4, 1/3, 2/5, 1/2, 3/5, 2/3, 3/4, 4/5, 5/6, 8/9, 9/10
A
• Symbol rate: - DVB-S � 0.5-45 Mbaud
- DVB-S2 � 0.5-48 Mbaud
B
• Supports multiplexing and transparent pass-through
• PSI/SI/PSIP regeneration
• 4 BNC output ports
A
Status
COFDM CABLE
MODULATOR
DVB-T/T2
MODULATOR
HDSDI/SDI
Status
A
A
Status
RF Out
A+B
Status
A
B
C
B
C+D
B
D
Audio
RF Out
16 QAM modulators, 4 and 4 paired
Full digital modulation and up-conversion
DOCSIS 3.0 RF compliant
A
32 / 64 / 128 / 256 QAM modulation
Frequency range of 47 – 862 MHz
B
Supports multiplexing and transparent pass through
PSI/SI/PSIP regeneration
C
2 x 75 ohm RF output (EN/IEC 60728-5) - F connector
ITU-TJ83. Annex A/B/C
D
1 slots wide
DVB-S/S2 Modulator
ASI OUT
4xASI outputs
BNC connectors
213 Mbit/s per output
4 different multiplexed outputs
PSI/SI regeneration
1 slot wide
•
•
•
•
Alarm
•
•
•
•
•
•
DVB-C / J . 8 3
MODULATOR
ASI OUT
Video
Ethernet Output
A B
B
Audio
DVB-T/T2 Modulator
DVB-S/S2
MODULATOR
• 2 (DVB-T2) or 2 (DVB-T) outputs per module
Status
• All carriers are fully agile
• 3 different output options:
- CATV, 75 ohm F, 47-862 MHz
A
- VHF/UHF, 50 ohm BNC, 47-862 MHz
- L-band, 75 ohm F, 950-1450 MHz
A
• Based on ETSI EN 300 744 and ETSI EN 302 755 standards
• Supports multiplexing and transparent pass-through
B
• PSI/SI regeneration
• Support for MISO (later release)
B
• Support for SFN (later release)
• Support for multiple PLPs (later release)
COFDM CABLE
MODULATOR
DVB-T/T2
MODULATOR
HDSDI/SDI
Status
RF Out
A+B
Status
A
B
C
C+D
D
For all DVB-S/S2 and DVB-T/T2 product codes and software options, please contact Appear TV.
Superior performance, modular architecture, single
management system, flexibility and high density
Professional T V delivery
S W I T C H M O D U L E S P E C I F I C AT I O N S
E N C O D I N G / T R A N S C O D I N G S P E C I F I C AT I O N S
Switch Module
Bitrate Placement : Gbit/s routing between modules in a chassis
: 1 slot wide (4RU switch module must be placed in slot 0;
redundant module in slot 17)
IP Input/Output Interface Maximum data rate per port Maximum number of services Data format Transport stream Service filtering Video format : 2x10/100/1000 Base-T Ethernet or Dual SFP
: Optical SFP (class 1 laser product)
: Up to 850 MBit/s per port TS
: 250
: UDP/RTP Multicast/Unicast
: SPTS and MPTS
: Yes
: Transport stream, MPEG-2 SD/HD and MPEG-4 SD/HD
IP Input
Network de-jittering using PCR Forward Error Correction : Yes
: Up to 250 input streams per data port (optional)
IP Output
Multiplexing Forward Error Correction Tables Supported
- PSI - SI - PSIP : Yes (Option)
: Up to 250 output streams per data port (optional)
Management 10/100/1000 Base-T Ethernet
Frame Synchronization Input
Interface
: PAT, PMT, CAT
: SDT, NIT, EITpf ,TOT, TDT
: MGT, TVCT,CVCT
: Accepts Tri-Level or black burst sync
Clock Reference
GPS reference input
Antenna connector Impedance 1pps timing accuracy Active Antenna Voltage output Internal reference hold-over : SMA female
: 50 ohm
: < 100 ns RMS
: TBD (3V or 5V), depending on GPS module
: <=1us in 4 hrs @ΔT= 0˚C
1pps reference input
Number of Input ports Input connector type Impedance Input level 1pps (1Hz)
Internal reference hold-over :1
: BNC female
: TTL or 50 ohm
: TTL
: <=1us in 4 hrs @ΔT= 0˚C
Video Input HD Resolutions (SMPTE 292M) SD Resolutions (SMPTE 259M)
: 1080i - 29.97Hz or 25Hz
: 720p – 59.97Hz or 50Hz
: 480i – 29.97Hz
: 576i – 25Hz
Video Encoder
Number of channels per module MPEG-2 profiles
MPEG-4 AVC profiles
Rate Control Modes
Rate Range
Horizontal Rescaling
GOP structure
Clock Modes
Picture-In-Picture
: Up to 2 HD or 4 SD channels
: MP@HL (HD)
: MP@ML (SD)
: MP@L4.1, HP@L4.1 (HD)
: MP@L3.0, HP@L3.0 (SD)
: Constant Bit Rate (CBR)
: Variable Bit Rate (VBR)
: Capped VBR (CVBR)
: Statistical Multiplexing (in future release)
: From 250kbps to limit by profile/level (max 40Mbps)
: From 1920 to 1440, 1280 or 960
: From 1280 to 960 or 640
: From 720 to 704, 640, 544, 528, 480 or 352
: Automatic or Manual
: Locked to input
: Free-running
: Genlock (Reference input on Switch Module)
: 416x240, 352x288, 352x240, 192x192, 128x128 or 96x96
Video Pre-processing
Inverse Telecine Detection
De-blocking Filter
Motion Compensated Temporal Filter (MCTF)
: Yes
: Adjustable
: Adjustable
VANC processing
Ancillary Data and VBI
VBI
: Closed Captioning (EIA 608/EIA 708)
: AFD (SMPTE 2016)
: Teletext (OP47)
: DPI (SCTE 104)
: VPID (SMPTE 352M)
: Closed Captioning (EIA 608)
: WSS (ETSI EN300 294 v1.4.1)
Audio Inputs
: SMPTE 272M (SD), SMPTE 299M (HD)
: 75 Ohm BNC (Dual HD version only)
Embedded Audio
AES 3
Audio Encoder
Number of encoded stereo pairs per video
Audio CODECS
: 2 (1 for Quad SD version)
: MPEG-1 Layer 2 Stereo
: AAC-LC Stereo
: HE-AAC v1 Stereo
: HE-AAC v2 Stereo
: Dolby Digital Pass-thru
Transcoder Number of channels MPEG-2 profiles
MPEG-4 AVC profiles
Encoder Rate Control Modes Rescaling Encoder GOP Control Modes : 2 HD or 4 SD channels
: Ranging from MP@ML (SD) to MP@HL (HD)
: Ranging from MP@L3.0, HP@L3.0 (SD) to
MP@L4.0, HP@L4.0 (HD)
: Constant Bit Rate (CBR)
: Capped Variable Bit Rate (CVBR)
: Statistical Multiplexing (in future release)
: Contact Appear TV’s Sales Team for more information
: Static or Dynamic
Note: Preliminary specications, subject to change.
I N P U T I N T E R FA C E S P E C I F I C AT I O N S
IP Input
ASI Input (EN 50083-9)
DVB-S/S2 Input
(EN 300 421, EN 302 307)
DVB-T input w/Management
Interface
Maximum data rate
Data format
Transport stream
Network de-jittering using PCR
FEC (SMPTE 2022)
Management
: 10/100/1000 Base-T Ethernet and SFP interface
: Optical SFP (class 1 laser product)
: Up to 850 MBit/s
: UDP Multicast/Unicast, RTP
: SPTS and MPTS
: Yes
: 125 services
: 10/100/1000 Base-T Ethernet
Connector
Number of inputs per module
Maximum bit-rate per port
Management
: BNC female, 75Ω
:4
: Up to 213.7Mbit/s (burst)
: 10/100/1000 Base-T Ethernet
Connector
Number of inputs per module
Decoding
DVB-S Constellation
DVB-S2 Constellation
DVB-S2 Constellation (Enhanced version)
Symbol rate DVB-S
Symbol rate DVB-S2
Symbol rate DVB-S2 (Enhanced version)
FEC DVB-S
FEC DVB-S2 QPSK
FEC DVB-S2 8PSK
FEC DVB-S2 (Enhanced version)
DVB-S2 FEC frames
DVB-S2 FEC frames (Enhanced version)
Input level
Input level (Enhanced version)
Frequency range
LNB voltage
Maximum LNB supply current
LNB signaling
Management
Multiple streams (Enhanced version)
: F female, 75Ω
:4
: LDPC and BCH
: QPSK
: QPSK, 8-PSK
: QPSK, 8-PSK, 16-APSK
: 1-45 MSym/s
: 5–30 MSym/s
: 1–45 MSym/s
: 1/2, 2/3, 3/4, 5/6, 7/8
: 1/2, 3/5, 2/3, 3/4, 4/5, 5/6, 8/9, 9/10
: 3/5, 2/3, 3/4, 5/6, 8/9, 9/10
: 1/4, 1/3, 2/5, 1/2, 3/5, 2/3, 3/4, 4/5, 5/6, 8/9, 9/10
: Normal frames
: Short and Normal frames
: -70 to -25 dBm
: -70 to -20 dBm (16 APSK, 9/10 code rate)
: 950-2150 MHz
: 0/13/18 Volt
: 400 mA
: LNB voltage + 22kHz continuous tone
: 10/100/1000 Base-T Ethernet
: Yes, 1 per input port
Connector
Number of inputs per module
Input level
Frequency range
Channel bandwidth
Guard interval
Carrier mode
Hierarchy stream
Hierarchy mode
Carrier modulation
FEC rate
FEC
: F female, 75Ω
: 4 demodulators (one connector)
: -20 to -65 dBm
: 49 – 861 MHz (center frequency)
: 7 and 8 MHz (6 MHz optional)
: 1/4, 1/8, 1/16, 1/32
: 2k, 8k
: High and low priority
: All
: QPSK, 16QAM, 64QAM
: 1/2. 2/3, 3/4, 5/6, 7/8
: Reed Solomon & Viterb Fully compliant
with ETS 300 744 and NorDig 2 specifications
: Non-inverted and inverted
: 10/100/1000 Base-T Ethernet
Spectrum
Management
DVB-T/T2 Channel coding and Modulation
DVB-T
Standard
FFT Size
Guard Intervals
FEC code rate
Constellation
Channel bandwidth
Hierarchy stream
Hierarchy mode
Spectral inversion
: ETSI EN 300744, Nordig 2.0
: 2k, 8k
: 1/4, 1/8, 1/16, 1/32
: 1/2, 2/3, 3/4, 5/6, 7/8
: QPSK, 16-QAM, 64-QAM
: 6, 7, or 8 MHz
: High and Low priority
: All
: Automatic
DVB-T2
Standard
FFT Size
: ETSI EN 302755, Nordig 2.1
: 1k, 2k, 4k, 8k, 8k extended, 16k,
16k extended, 32k, 32k extended
: 1/4, 19/128, 1/8, 19/256, 1/16, 1/32, 1/128
: Normal (64k), Short (16k)
: 1/2, 3/5, 2/3, 3/4, 4/5, 5/6
: QPSK, 16-QAM, 64-QAM, 256-QAM
: 5, 6, 7 or 8 MHz
: P1 - P8
DVB-T/T2
Guard Interval
FEC frame
FEC code rate (PLP)
Constellation (PLP)
Channel bandwidth
Pilot pattern
SISO and MISO transmission
Single and Multiple-PLPs
Spectral inversion
Rotated constellation
: Automatic
: Automatic
Number of DVB-T/T2 inputs per module
Input connector
Input frequency range
Input level range
Return loss
:4
: F-female, 75 ohm
: 47-862 MHz
: - 80 to -10 dBm *
: -10 dBm
* DVB-T2 at 858MHz bandwidth, PP7, 256 QAM, R3/5, 32K extended, GI1/128, gaussian channel .
Note: Preliminary specications, subject to change.
DVB-C Input (EN 300 429)
8-VSB Input (ATSC A/53)
Connector
Number of inputs per module
Frequency range
Channel bandwidth
: F female, 75Ω
: 4 demodulators (one connector)
: 51 – 858 MHz (center frequency)
: 7 and 8 MHz (6 MHz optional)
QAM Mode
Symbol rate
FEC
Spectrum
Management
Input power level
: 4, 16, 32, 64, 128, 256 QAM
: 0.87-6.9 Mbaud
: ITU-T J83 annex A, B and C And ETS 300 429
: Non-inverted and inverted
: 10/100/1000 Base-T Ethernet
: -20 to -50 dBm*
Connector
Number of inputs per module
Input Level
Frequency range
Modulation
Band
Management
: F female, 75Ω
:4
: -34 to +40 dBmV
: 50 – 860 MHz
: 8-VSB
: Broadcast
: 10/100/1000 Base-T Ethernet
M P E G O U T P U T S P E C I F I C AT I O N S
IP Output
Interface
Maximum data rate
Maximum number of services
Data format
Video format
PCR regeneration
Multiplexing
FEC (SMPTE 2022)
Tables Supported
- PSI
- SI
- PSIP
ASI Output
QAM Output
Connectors
Number of outputs per module
Maximum bit-rate per port
Transport stream output
Number of services per card
Multiplexing
Output format
PCR Regeneration
PSI/SI handling
Tables Supported
- PSI
- SI
- PSIP
Interface
Number of QAM frequencies per module
: 10/100/1000 Base-T Ethernet output and SFP interface
: Optical SFP (class 1 laser product)
: Up to 850 MBit/s *
: 250
: UDP Multicast/Unicast, RTP
: Transport stream, MPEG-2 SD/HD and MPEG-4 SD/HD
: Yes, According to EN50083_9
: Yes (Option)
: 250 services
RF Output Specification
DVB-S/S2
Number of DVB-S/S2 outputs per module
Number of output ports
Output connector
Impedance
Output frequency
Frequency setting step size
Output level (max)
Output level adjustment range
Output level stability
Frequency accuracy
Return loss
:2
:4
: BNC
: 50 ohm
: 50-200 MHz
: 1 Hz
: 2 dBm
: 30 dB
: +/- 0.5 dB
: 2 ppm
: >18 dB
DVB-T
FFT size
Guard intervals:
Code rates:
Constellation
Channel spacing
SFN
: 2k, 8k
1/4, 1/8, 1/16, 1/32
1/2, 2/3, 3/4, 5/6, 7/8
: QPSK, 16-QAM, 64-QAM
: 5, 6, 7, or 8 MHz
: Supported in a later release
DVB-T2
FFT size
: 1k, 2k, 4k, 8k, 8k extended, 16k,
16k extended, 32k, 32k extended
: 1/4, 19/128, 1/8, 19/256, 1/16, 1/32, 1/128
: Normal (64k), Short (16k)
: 1/2, 3/5, 2/3, 3/4, 4/5, 5/6
: QPSK, 16-QAM, 64-QAM, 256-QAM
: 5, 6, 8, or 10 MHz
: P1 - P8
: 1, multiple in a later release
: Supported in a later release
: Supported in a later release
: PAT, PMT, CAT
: SDT, NIT, EITpf ,TOT, TDT
: MGT, TVCT,CVCT
: 4 BNC female, 75Ω
: 4 different Transport Streams
: up to 213.7Mbit/s
: SPTS and MPTS
: 250 (sum of all 4 ports)
: Yes, per port
: Constant bit-rate
: Yes, According to EN50083_9
: Automatically regenerated
: PAT, PMT, CAT
: SDT, NIT, EITpf ,TOT, TDT
: MGT, TVCT,CVCT
: 2 x F connector female, 75 ohm
: 16 different channels according to EN 300 429
8 per port
: 250 services (sum of all 16 channels)
: Yes, per port
: Yes, per port
: 32 / 64 / 128 / 256 - QAM
: 4,7 to 7,00 Mbaud (Annex A and C)
: 47 – 862 MHz
: 1 Hz
: 2 ppm
: -9,2 to +2,2dBm
: 0,5 dB
: Yes, According to EN50083-9
Number of services per card
Multiplexing
Transparent pass-through
Modulation
Symbol rate
Frequency range
Frequency step size
Frequency stability
Output level with 16 carriers on
Output level adjustment step size (GUI)
PCR Regeneration
Tables Supported
- PSI
- SI
- PSIP
: PAT, PMT, CAT
: SDT, NIT, EITpf ,TOT, TDT
: MGT, TVCT,CVCT
Constellation
Modulation mode
FEC outer
FEC inner
Code rates
Frame length
Symbol rate
: QPSK
: Constant
: RS (188, 204)
: Viterbi
: 1/2, 2/3, 3/4, 5/6, 7/8
: 188 bytes
: 0.5-45 Mbaud
Constellation
Modulation mode
FEC outer
FEC inner
Code rates
Frame length
Symbol rate
: QPSK, 8-PSK, 16-APSK, 32-APSK
: CCM, VCM, ACM
: BCH
: LDPC
: 1/4, 1/3, 2/5, 1/2, 3/5, 2/3, 3/4, 4/5, 5/6, 8/9, 9/10
: 16200 bits (short), 64800 bits (long)
: 0.5-48 Mbaud
Channel Coding and Modulation
Guard intervals
FEC frame
FEC code rate
Constellation (PLP)
Channel spacing
Pilot pattern
Number of PLPs
MISO
T2MI (SFN functionality for DVB-T2)
RF Output Specification
Terrestrial / CATV
Channel Coding and Modulation
DVB-S
DVB-S2
L-band
Number of DVB-T/T2 outputs per module
Number of output ports
Output connector
Impedance
Output frequency
Frequency setting step size
Output level (max)
Output level adjustment range
Output level stability
Frequency accuracy
Return loss
: DVB-T = 4; DVB-T2 = 2
: 4 (Terrestrial) / 2 (CATV: 2 channels
combined per port for DVB-T)
: BNC (Terrestrial) / F-type (CATV)
: 50 ohm (Terrestrial) / 75 ohm (CATV)
: 47-862 MHz
: 1 Hz
: 2 dBm
: 20 dB
: +/- 0.5 dB
: 2 ppm
: >16 dB
Number of DVB-T/T2 outputs per module
Number of output ports
Output connector
Impedance
Output frequency
:2
:2
: F-type
: 75 ohm
: 950-1450 MHz
Advanced architecture designed to save
space, energy and resources
IP For ward Error
Correction
Preserving Quality
In today’s networks, IP is becoming more prevalent. However,
IP-based networks are not without imperfections – data packets
transmitted can become corrupted or go missing at the receiving
end. This could be due to failure when switching, sometimes
caused by cable breaks or hardware failures in the network. In
this scenario, a form of Forward Error Correction (FEC) is useful to
correct these errors, improving quality of service.
The deployment of Appear TV’s FEC solution enables operators to
deliver high quality error-resilient streams from the head-end.
F E AT U R E S
IP Input
• 125 Services, 1 Gbps standards compliant FEC decoding
• Recovers all recoverable packets regardless of loss,
reordering, duplication
• Iterative algorithm - recovered packets are used
to recover more packets
• Adaptive buffering for best effort decoding of VBR services
• SMPTE 2022 (Pro MPEG FEC COP3)
IP Output
• 250 Services, 1Gbps FEC encoder with VBR support
• Standards compliant and set top box compatible
• Fully configurable, all FEC modes supported
• FEC packet linearization to avoid packet bursts
• SMPTE 2022 (Pro MPEG FEC COP3)
P R O C E S S I N G M O D U L E S S P E C I F I C AT I O N S
User data pass through AFD and Bar Data
Closed Captions : SMPTE 2016-3
: EIA-708B
: EIA-608B over EIA-708B
Audio Pass-Through
Audio transcoding
: Dolby Digital (AC-3)
: MPEG-1 Layer 2
: AAC-LC
: Can be implemented upon request
Bulk Descrambling
: SW based smart card
: Please contact Appear TV
: Mode 1
: Up to 850 MBit/s
: 250
: DVB-CA and AES
Interface CA system support BISS support Maximum data rate Number of services per module Scrambling algorithms DVB Descrambling
Interface
CA system support*
Number of services per CAM
: DVB Common Interface
: BetaCrypt, Conax, Cryptoworks, Irdeto, Mediaguard,
Viaccess, NDS Viasat, Nagra
: 10 (requires multi service CAM)
O U T P U T P R O C E S S I N G S P E C I F I C AT I O N S
PSI/SI
Function
Pass-through of scrambled services
PSI/SI handling
Tables supported
: PSI/SI input analysis, regeneration based on input and
operations performed on the signal
: Yes, on TS level. For SPTS output only
: Automatically regenerated
: PAT, PMT, CAT, SDT, NIT, EIT p/f, TDT, TOT
PSIP
Function
Tables supported
: PSIP input analysis
: PAT, PMT, MGT, VCT, EIT, ETT, STT
Multiplexing
Supported on
Video format
: ASI output (standard) and IP output (option)
: Transport stream, MPEG-2 SD/HD and MPEG-4 SD/HD
E N V I R O N M E N TA L S P E C I F I C AT I O N S
* Appear TV aim to integrate with all major CA providers. Please contact Appear TV for an updated list over integrated CA systems.
Scrambling
Scrambling algorithm
Maximum data rate
Number of services per scrambler card
Video format
Interface towards CA System
Number of CA systems
EMM
Entropy reduction
: DVB-CA and AES
: Up to 850 MBit/s
: 250 (depending on SW license)
: Transport stream, MPEG-2 SD/HD and MPEG-4 SD/HD
: Simulcrypt interface
: 4 CA systems simultaneously
: Yes
: Yes for DVB
No for AES
EPG
(ETSI EN 300 458 V1.9.1)
(ETSI TR 101 211 V1.9.1)
: EIT table from any port
Re-generated EIT table
: Maximum data-rate playout rate: 40
: Number of services per module: 250
Ingest Output :
Maximum data-rate Number of services per module Conditions
Operational temperature
Operational humidity
Storage temperature
Storage humidity
: 0˚C to +40˚C
: 0% to 95% (non-condensing)
: -20˚C to +70˚C
: 5% to 95% (non-condensing)
Power
AC Power 4RU and 1RU
DC Power 4RU AC Power supply rating 4 RU chassis Control 4RU chassis
Mounting 4RU chassis
DC Power supply rating 4 RU chassis Number of power supplies 4RU chassis Power supply rating 1RU chassis
Number of power supplies 1RU Chassis
Mounting 1RU chassis
: Input voltage 110V/240V, 50/60 Hz
: Input voltage -35 to -75 V DC, F250 16A fuse
: Option 1. 300W each, T250V 5A fuse
: Option 2. 400W each, T250V 6A fuse
: Power supplies are monitored from GUI and
via LEDs on chassis
: Hot-swappable, mounted on opposite side of
input/output Modules
: 360W each
: 1 or optionally 2 (not possible to combine AC and DC)
: 200W, T250V 4A fuse
:1
: Internally mounted
Fans
Cooling 4RU chassis
Number of fans 4RU chassis
Control 4RU chassis
Cooling 1RU chassis
Number of fans 1RU chassis
: Hot-swappable fans (airflow front-to-back)
:4
: Fans are monitored from GUI and via LEDs on chassis
: Integrated fans (airflow right to left side)
:6
Physical
Dimensions 4RU chassis
Mounting options 4RU chassis
Dimensions 1RU chassis
Mounting options 1RU chassis
Modules including optical SFP
: 19” 4RU (w*h*d mm) 440 (480 with ears) * 180 * 400
: Telco – cable in front, Broadcast style – cable in back
: 19” 1RU (w*h*d mm) 440 (480 with ears) * 45 * 480
: Broadcast style – cable in back and front
: Class 1 laser product
Specifications and product availability are subject to change without notice.
APPEAR TV’S QAM OUTPUT
High performance QAM output module for direct insertion
of digital services into the cable network.
REDUNDANCY
( AWA R D W I N N I N G )
I N T E L L I G E N T S O F T WA R E
Appear TV’s intelligent redundancy software provides seamless integration
between broadcast equipment and IP networks.
Appear TV’s redundancy solution is unique in being the only software solution
in the IP television market to take a holistic view of operation and network
management. Redundancy configurations are simplified and automated, and
operational routines are significantly reduced.
Appear TV’s holistic approach is built upon a single software core capable of
handling failures on both inputs and outputs. This redundancy solution offers
operators using IP for video distribution significant quality of service benefits
and improved network efficiency. The system provides automatic backup in
case of service stream failure on an operator’s network, without requiring
complex control software.
IP Output Redundancy
With Appear TV, operators can now determine a redundancy, maintenance
and repair strategy appropriate for their operations, their customer base
and services offered.
The IP output redundancy system presents a network with multiple sources from
which it is possible to obtain the same service. Should the service from one source
be corrupted, the network can receive the service from another source.
For a full redundancy scenario, identical Appear TV chassis can be configured
to receive, process and stream identical services. In a typical deployment, a
service is broadcast from two locations using the same IP multicast source
address. As long as all sources have the same IP source address, the network
will route just a single copy of the multicast stream forward to the receiver.
In the event of a service issue within, or prior to, the Appear TV chassis, the
IP output module exploits standard IP protocols to trigger external routers to
switch to secondary sources.
Where full redundancy is not required, partial redundancy strategies can be
implemented. Systems can be configured to provide full redundancy of only
selected premium or‘must-carry’services. Operators can then choose not to replicate
the input and descrambling functions of lower priority services, but still equip the
chassis with multiple IP output modules to provide limited fault tolerance.
F E AT U R E S
• Provides unmatched service availability
• Rapid switching
• Utilizes general level 3 IP - routing protocols to perform
the switching (or signal selection)
• Can switch an entire port or just one service (SPTS)
• Minimal network setup required
1 6 Q A M M O D U L AT O R S , 4 A N D 4 PA I R E D
• Redundancy structure supports multiple site distribution
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