Open Vault Storage Specification v0.6_FINAL

Open Vault Storage Specification v0.6_FINAL
Open Vault Storage
Hardware V0.7
OR-draco-bueana-0.7
Authors:
Mike Yan, Storage Hardware Design Engineer, Facebook
Jon Ehlen, Mechanical Engineer, Facebook
1
Scope
This document describes the technical specifications used in the design of the storage
unit for the Open Compute Project, known as the Open Vault.
2
Contents
1 Scope ........................................................................................................................................................ 2 2 Contents .................................................................................................................................................. 2 3 Overview ................................................................................................................................................. 5 3.1 License........................................................................................................................................... 5 4 Open Vault Storage Unit Overview ................................................................................................. 5 4.1 Open Vault Front View ............................................................................................................. 7 4.2 Open Vault Rear View ............................................................................................................... 7 4.3 System Component Layout .................................................................................................... 8 4.4 System Block Diagram .............................................................................................................. 8 4.5 System I2C Topology .............................................................................................................. 10 5 Open Vault SAS Expander Board ................................................................................................... 11 5.1 Block Diagram and Configurations ................................................................................... 11 5.2 SEB Placement and Form Factor ........................................................................................ 11 5.3 SAS Expander IC ....................................................................................................................... 12 5.4 Voltage Monitor ...................................................................................................................... 12 5.5 SAS Signal Re-driver ............................................................................................................... 12 5.6 Connectors ................................................................................................................................ 12 5.7 LEDs ............................................................................................................................................. 15 5.8 PCB Stack-up ............................................................................................................................. 16 6 Open Vault Drive Plane Board ....................................................................................................... 17 6.1 Block Diagram .......................................................................................................................... 17 6.2 DPB Placement and Form Factor ....................................................................................... 17 6.3 12.5V to 5V Buck Converter .................................................................................................. 18 6.4 Disk Drive Power Control ..................................................................................................... 18 6.5 Voltage Monitor ...................................................................................................................... 18 6.6 Connectors and Cables ......................................................................................................... 18 6.7 LEDs ............................................................................................................................................. 20 6.8 PCB Stack-up ............................................................................................................................. 20 7 Open Vault Power Transition Board ............................................................................................ 21 7.1 Functional Block Diagram .................................................................................................... 22 7.2 PTB Placement and Form Factor ........................................................................................ 22 2
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7.3 Tray Pull-out Detection ......................................................................................................... 22 7.4 Connectors and Cables ......................................................................................................... 23 7.5 PCB Stack-up ............................................................................................................................. 25 8 Open Vault Fan Control Board ...................................................................................................... 25 8.1 Block Diagram .......................................................................................................................... 26 8.2 FCB Placement and Form Factor ........................................................................................ 26 8.3 Embedded Fan Controller .................................................................................................... 26 8.4 Input Power Monitor ............................................................................................................. 27 8.5 Connectors ................................................................................................................................ 27 8.6 LEDs ............................................................................................................................................. 29 8.7 PCB Stack-up ............................................................................................................................. 29 9 Open Vault Power System .............................................................................................................. 30 9.1 Power Budget ........................................................................................................................... 30 9.2 SEB Bulk Converter Solutions ............................................................................................. 31 9.3 Hard Drive 5V Power Design ................................................................................................ 31 9.4 Disk Drive Power Control ..................................................................................................... 32 9.5 Power-on Sequencing ............................................................................................................ 32 10 Enclosure Management Firmware .............................................................................................. 32 10.1 Enclosure Service Functionalities ..................................................................................... 32 10.2 Enclosure Status Output File .............................................................................................. 33 10.3 Fan Speed Control .................................................................................................................. 34 10.4 Thermal Protection ................................................................................................................ 35 10.5 HDD Spin-up Control ............................................................................................................. 35 10.6 HDD Spin-down Control Support ...................................................................................... 36 10.7 HDD Presence Detect ............................................................................................................ 36 10.8 HDD Status LED ....................................................................................................................... 36 10.9 Error Code Display on Debug Card .................................................................................... 36 11 Mechanical .......................................................................................................................................... 37 11.1 External Chassis ...................................................................................................................... 37 11.2 HDD Tray.................................................................................................................................... 39 11.3 SAS Expander Board Tray ..................................................................................................... 44 11.4 Power Distribution to Drive Plane Boards/Cable Arm ................................................ 45 11.5 Fan Module ............................................................................................................................... 46 12 Environmental ................................................................................................................................... 47 12.1 Environmental Requirements ............................................................................................ 47 12.2 Vibration and Shock .............................................................................................................. 47 http://opencompute.org
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13 Prescribed Materials ........................................................................................................................ 47 13.1 Sustainable Materials ........................................................................................................... 47 13.2 Disallowed Components ...................................................................................................... 47 13.3 Capacitors and Inductors..................................................................................................... 48 13.4 Component De-Rating ........................................................................................................... 48 14 Open Vault Interconnect Pin Definitions .................................................................................. 48 14.1 Pin Definitions on the SAS Expander Board ................................................................... 48 14.2 Drive Plane Board Pin Definitions ..................................................................................... 51 15 Open Vault Error Code Definitions .............................................................................................. 54 16 Revision History ................................................................................................................................ 55 4
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3
Overview
When data center design and hardware design move in concert, they can improve
efficiency and reduce power consumption. To this end, the Open Compute Project is a
set of technologies that reduces energy consumption and cost, increases reliability and
choice in the marketplace, and simplifies operations and maintenance. One key
objective is openness—the project is starting with the opening of the specifications and
mechanical designs for the major components of a data center, and the efficiency
results achieved at facilities using Open Compute technologies.
A main component of this project is the Open Vault storage server. The Open Vault is a
simple and cost-effective storage solution with a modular I/O topology that's built for
the Open Rack. The Open Vault offers high disk densities, holding 30 drives in a 2U
chassis, and can operate with almost any host server. Its innovative, expandable design
puts serviceability first, with easy drive replacement no matter the mounting height.
3.1
License
As of April 7, 2011, the following persons or entities have made this Specification
available under the Open Web Foundation Final Specification Agreement (OWFa 1.0),
which is available at
http://www.openwebfoundation.org/legal/the-owf-1-0-agreements/owfa-1-0
Facebook, Inc.
You can review the signed copies of the Open Web Foundation Agreement Version 1.0
for this Specification at http://opencompute.org/licensing/, which may also include
additional parties to those listed above.
Your use of this Specification may be subject to other third party rights. THIS
SPECIFICATION IS PROVIDED "AS IS." The contributors expressly disclaim any warranties
(express, implied, or otherwise), including implied warranties of merchantability, noninfringement, fitness for a particular purpose, or title, related to the Specification. The
entire risk as to implementing or otherwise using the Specification is assumed by the
Specification implementer and user. IN NO EVENT WILL ANY PARTY BE LIABLE TO ANY
OTHER PARTY FOR LOST PROFITS OR ANY FORM OF INDIRECT, SPECIAL, INCIDENTAL, OR
CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES OF ANY CHARACTER FROM ANY CAUSES OF ACTION OF ANY
KIND WITH RESPECT TO THIS SPECIFICATION OR ITS GOVERNING AGREEMENT, WHETHER
BASED ON BREACH OF CONTRACT, TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE), OR OTHERWISE, AND
WHETHER OR NOT THE OTHER PARTY HAS BEEN ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH
DAMAGE.
4
Open Vault Storage Unit Overview
The Open Vault storage unit is a 2U-30HDD storage enclosure, consisting of two identical
1U high HDD trays with 15 x 3.5" HDDs and slots for two SAS expander boards on each,
one fan control board, and six redundant fan modules mounted externally in the rear of
the chassis. An Open Vault storage server fits into the Open Compute Project Open Rack.
Each HDD tray contains one drive plane board, one power transition board and two SAS
expander boards, interfaces external to one or more separate server(s) via x4 SAS 6G
link(s). Each SAS expander board and HDD tray can be extracted and serviced
independently without impact to the other connected tray. This provides for the easy
replacement of one SAS expander board or the replacement of a single HDD while
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5
keeping the whole system running. Each fan module is hot pluggable and field
replaceable from the rear of the chassis. There are bus bar clips to the Open Rack bus
bars so that the 12.5V main power from the Open Rack can feed into the Open Vault
enclosure.
For the purposes of this specification, "front" refers to the cold aisle side of the chassis,
which is where all service (except fan module removal and replacement) occurs; "rear"
refers to the hot aisle side of the chassis, which is where the fan module service occurs;
"SEB" refers to the SAS expander board, "DPB" refers to the drive plane board, "PTB"
refers to the power transition board and "FCB" refers to the fan control board.
Figure 1 and Figure 2 show an overview of the Open Vault storage unit.
Figure 1 Open Vault Storage Unit Overview
Figure 2 Open Vault Detail Showing the Hinged Disk Drive Tray
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4.1
Open Vault Front View
The equipment accessible from the front of the Open Vault, as shown in Figure 3,
includes:
•
•
•
•
•
•
Two (2) HDD trays
Up to four (4) SAS expander boards; default is two (2) SEBs, one for each tray
Up to four (4) external mini-SAS connectors, with status LED
Up to eight (8) internal mini-SAS connectors, with status LED
Up to four (4) enclosure status LEDs, one on each SEB
Up to four (4) debug headers, one on each SEB
Figure 3 Open Vault Storage Unit Front View
4.2
Open Vault Rear View
The equipment accessible from the rear of the Open Vault, as shown in Figure 4,
includes:
•
•
One (1) pair of bus bar clips
Six (6) fan modules, each with a status LED
Figure 4 Open Vault Storage Unit Rear View
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4.3
System Component Layout
Figure 5 shows the layout from overhead of the Open Vault's major system components.
FAN 6
FAN 5
FAN 4
FAN 3
FAN 2
FAN 1
Fan Control Board
Power Transition Board
HDD 0
HDD 1
HDD 2
HDD 3
HDD 4
Drive Plane Board
HDD 5
HDD 6
HDD 7
HDD 8
HDD 9
HDD 10
HDD 11
HDD 12
HDD 13
HDD 14
SAS Expander Board
SEB-­‐A
SEB-­‐B
Figure 5 Open Vault System Components Layout
4.4
System Block Diagram
Figure 6 shows the system block diagram for the Open Vault, mainly addressing SAS data
paths. Each SAS expander board has:
•
One external mini-SAS port to the host RAID or HBA card
o
o
•
Up to two internal mini-SAS ports to cascaded Open Vault trays
o
o
8
Using external mini-SAS cable
Max cable length: 7m
Using internal mini-SAS cable located outside the chassis
Max cable length: 1.5m
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Figure 6 Open Vault System Block Diagram
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4.5
System I2C Topology
Figure 7 shows the system I2C topology of the Open Vault. It reflects the enclosure
management structure of the Open Vault.
SEB-­‐1A
EEPROM
Voltage Monitor
LED Driver
Signal Re-­‐driver
Signal Re-­‐driver
LED Driver
Voltage Monitor
EEPROM
SEB-­‐1B
SEB-­‐2A
EEPROM
Voltage Monitor
LED Driver
Signal Re-­‐driver
Signal Re-­‐driver
LED Driver
Voltage Monitor
EEPROM
SEB-­‐2B
I2C_A
SAS Expander
I2C_C
I2C Buffer
I2C_B
I2C Buffer
I2C_D
Temp Sensor 1
Temp Sensor 1
Temp Sensor 2
Temp Sensor 2
Temp Sensor 3
Temp Sensor 3
I2C_D
SAS Expander
I2C_A
I2C Buffer
DPB-­‐1
Temp Sensor 1
Temp Sensor 2
EEPROM
I2C Buffer
I2C_B
I2C Buffer
I2C_C
I2C Buffer
Voltage Monitor
Temp Sensor 3
Temp Sensor 4
PTB-­‐1
FCB
I2C Buffer
Fan Controller
EEPROM
I2C_A
SAS Expander
I2C_C
I2C Buffer
I2C_B
I2C Buffer
I2C_D
Temp Sensor 1
Temp Sensor 1
Temp Sensor 2
Temp Sensor 2
Temp Sensor 3
Temp Sensor 3
I2C_D
SAS Expander
I2C_A
I2C Buffer
DPB-­‐2
Temp Sensor 1
Temp Sensor 2
EEPROM
I2C Buffer
I2C_B
I2C Buffer
I2C_C
I2C Buffer
Power Monitor
Voltage Monitor
Temp Sensor 3
Temp Sensor 4
LED Driver
PTB-­‐2
I2C Buffer
Figure 7 Open Vault System I2C Topology
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Open Vault SAS Expander Board
5.1
Block Diagram and Configurations
Figure 8 illustrates the functional block diagram of the Open Vault SAS expander board
(SEB), utilizing an LSISAS2x28 6G SAS expander.
Flash ROM
SAS 2.0 x4
SAS 2.0 x4
Temp Sensors 1, 2, 3
SAS 2.0 x4
Voltage Monitor
I2C_D
Signal Re-­‐driver
I2C_A
EEPROM
UART & GPIO
Expander
LSISAS2x28
Ext. Mini-­‐SAS Connector
Int. Mini-­‐SAS Connector
Int. Mini-­‐SAS Connector
Debug Header
LED Driver
Enclosure Status LED
SAS 2.0 x15
HDD
HDD
HDD
HDD
HDD
HDD
HDD
HDD
HDD
HDD
HDD
HDD
HDD
HDD
HDD
SAS 2.0 x15
I2C_B, I2C_C, I2C_D, PWM, GPIOs
Drive Plane Board:
EEPROM
Thermal Sensors
Voltage Monitor
HDD LEDs
I2C_C, PWM, GPIOs
Fan Control Board:
Fan Controller
EEPROM
Power Monitor
FAN LEDs
I2C_B, I2C_C, I2C_D, PWM, GPIOs
Peer SAS Expander Board
Figure 8 Open Vault LSISAS2108 Block Diagram
5.2
SEB Placement and Form Factor
The SAS expander board (SEB) form factor is 235mm x 195mm. Figure 9 illustrates the
board placement. The following devices are placed as close as possible to the front of
the SEB for easy access from the front:
•
•
•
•
External mini-SAS connector
Internal mini-SAS connector
Status LEDs
Debug header
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PCI-­‐E Golden Finger to Drive Plane Board
SAS Expander
Mini-­‐SAS-­‐ Mini-­‐SAS-­‐4i Conn. x2
4x Conn.
Enclosure Debug Status LED Header
Figure 9 Open Vault SAS Expander Board Placement
5.3
SAS Expander IC
The Open Vault SAS expander board contains a single 6G SAS expander IC, part number
LSISAS2x28. The board design is compatible with LSISAS2x24 and LSISAS2x20 under
different configurations.
5.4
Voltage Monitor
A voltage monitor is required for the Open Vault SAS expander board in order to ensure
proper operation of all power rails at all times. The voltages are reported as part of the
enclosure status as described in section 10.1. The power rails to be monitored are shown
in Figure 10.
Power Rail
Voltage
VDDIO33
3.3V
VDDIO
1.8V
VDD
1.0V
VCC for signal re-driver
1.2V
Figure 10 Monitored Power Rails on SEB
5.5
SAS Signal Re-driver
The longest PCB traces are around 584mm that connect the SAS expander on the SEB to
the farthest two HDDs on the DPB. In order to guarantee signal quality, one dual-lane
signal re-driver, PI2EQX6812 from Pericom, is used for the two SAS high-speed signal
channels.
5.6
Connectors
Sections 5.6.1 through 5.6.4 describe the connectors that reside on the Open Vault SAS
expander board.
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5.6.1
Signal Connector to Drive Plane Board
The Open Vault SAS expander board is designed as a field replaceable unit that
interfaces to the drive plane board through an OCP-defined pin-out. The drive plane
board-side connectors are two standard straddle-type PCI-E connectors for each SAS
expander board. One is an x16 connector (164 pin) and the other is an x1 connector (36
pin), together they provide up to 200 pins. These connectors are mated with 1mm pitch
gold finger contacts on the SAS expander board side. The design is capable for 6G SAS
signals.
Figure 11 shows the PCI-E 1mm edge golden figures, using 164 pins for the x16
connection as an example. The full connector pin is defined in section 14.1.
Figure 11 PCI-E 1mm Edge Golden Fingers
5.6.2
External Mini-SAS Connector and Cage
The Open Vault SAS expander board interfaces with a server head node via one external
mini-SAS connector. It has an SFF-8088 standard form factor, and is referred to as a miniSAS-4x connector. Its part number is G40BR261BEU from AMPHENOL. The connector pinout is shown in Figure 12.
Pin
Assignment
Pin
Assignment
A1
GND
B1
GND
A2
Rx0P
B2
Tx0P
A3
Rx0N
B3
Tx0N
A4
GND
B4
GND
A5
Rx1P
B5
Tx1P
A6
Rx1N
B6
Tx1N
A7
GND
B7
GND
A8
Rx2P
B8
Tx2P
A9
Rx2N
B9
Tx2N
A10
GND
B10
GND
A11
Rx3P
B11
Tx3P
A12
Rx3N
B12
Tx3N
A13
GND
B13
GND
Figure 12 Mini-SAS-4x Connector Pin-Out
The corresponding EMI cage is MOLEX 74548-0211.
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5.6.3
Internal Mini-SAS Connector
Open Vault SAS expander board can also interface with an upper or lower level cascaded
Open Vault (node) via two internal mini-SAS connectors. They are SFF-8087 standard
form factor, or referred to as mini-SAS-4i connectors. The part number is 75783-0012 from
Molex. The connector pin-out is shown in Figure 13.
Pin
Assignment
Pin
Assignment
A1
GND
B1
GND
A2
Rx0P
B2
Tx0P
A3
Rx0N
B3
Tx0N
A4
GND
B4
GND
A5
Rx1P
B5
Tx1P
A6
A7
Rx1N
GND
B6
B7
Tx1N
GND
A8
NC
B8
NC
A9
NC
B9
NC
A10
NC
B10
NC
A11
NC
B11
NC
A12
GND
B12
GND
A13
Rx2P
B13
Tx2P
A14
Rx2N
B14
Tx2N
A15
GND
B15
GND
A16
Rx3P
B16
Tx3P
A17
Rx3N
B17
Tx3N
A18
GND
B18
GND
Figure 13 Mini-SAS-4i Connector Pin-Out
5.6.4
Debug Header
The SAS expander board includes a debug header on the front side. It supports hot
plugging for an existing debug card. The card is used in Open Compute servers and
contains the following functionality:
•
•
•
Two 7-segment LED displays: Show firmware POST information and system error
codes.
One RS-232 serial connector: Provides console redirection.
One reset switch: Triggers a system reset when pressed.
The connector for the debug header is a 14-pin, shrouded, right-angled, 2mm pitch
connector. Figure 14 shows an illustration. The debug card has a key to match with the
notch to avoid pin shift when plugging it in.
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Figure 14 Debug Header
Figure 15 lists the pin definition of the debug header:
Pin (CKT)
Function
1
Low HEX character [0] least significant bit
2
Low HEX character [1]
3
Low HEX character [2]
4
Low HEX character [3] most significant bit
5
High HEX character [0] least significant bit
6
High HEX character [1]
7
High HEX character [2]
8
High HEX character [3] most significant bit
9
Serial Transmit
10
Serial Receive
11
System Reset
12
Serial Port Select (1=Console; 0=Debug)
13
GND
14
VCC (5VDC)
Figure 15 Debug Header Pin-out
5.7
LEDs
The SAS expander board has several LEDs on its front edge to display various types of
information:
•
•
One (1) bi-color (blue/red) for enclosure status
One (1) bi-color (blue/red) for each mini-SAS port link status
Figure 16 and Figure 17 summarize the behavior of the LEDs.
Enclosure Status
Blue LED
Red LED
Normal system operation
ON
OFF
Any fault in whole enclosure
OFF
ON
Tray Identify
Flashing
OFF
Reserved for future use
OFF
Flashing
Figure 16 Front Panel LED for Enclosure Status
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Mini-SAS Port Link Status
Blue LED
Red LED
SAS links (x4) health
ON
OFF
Loss of SAS links (x1 ~ x 3)
OFF
ON
No SAS links
OFF
OFF
Figure 17 Front Panel LED For Mini-SAS Port Links
5.8
PCB Stack-up
The PCB stack-up and impedance control for the SAS expander board are defined in
Figure 18 and Figure 19 below.
Layer
Plane Description
Copper Weight (oz)
Solder Mask
L1
TOP
Signal
0.5 + 1.0
GND1
Ground
IN1
Signal
2.0
VCC1
Power
4.0
1.0
VCC2
Power
13.6
2.0
IN4
Signal
4.0
2.0
GND2
Ground
13.6
1.0
BOT
Signal
4.4
1.3
4.0
2.0
3.7
2.6
PrePreg
L8
4.1
2.6
Core
L7
4.4
2.6
PrePreg
L6
3.7
1.3
Core
L5
3.5
2.6
PrePreg
L4
3.8
2.7
Core
L3
Dielectric (er)
0.5
1.9
PrePreg
L2
Thickness (mil)
2.7
0.5 + 1.0
3.5
1.9
Solder Mask
0.5
3.8
Total
62.4
Tolerance: +/-6mil
Figure 18 PCB Stack-up for SAS Expander Board
Trace Width
(mil)
Air Gap Spacing
(mil)
4.0
4.0
9.0
4.5
4.0
8.0
Impedance
Type
Layer
Impedance
Target (ohm)
Tolerance
(+/- %)
Single
1, 8
50
15.0
Differential
1, 8
100
15.0
Single
3, 6
50
10.0
Differential
3, 6
100
10.0
Figure 19 PCB Impedance Control for SAS Expander Board
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Open Vault Drive Plane Board
6.1
Block Diagram
Figure 20 illustrates the functional block diagram of the drive plane board (DPB).
High Power Card Edge Connector
To Power Transition Board
I2C_C, PWM, GPIOs
EE-­‐
PROM
Voltage Monitor
Temp. Sensor 1
Temp. Sensor 2
Temp. Sensor 3
Temp. Sensor 4
I2C_B
HDD GPIO
Drive Status LED (Blue/Red)
Drive Power Control
Present
HDD
HDD
HDD
HDD
HDD
HDD
HDD
HDD
HDD
HDD
HDD
HDD
HDD
HDD
HDD
SAS 2.0 x15
SAS 2.0 x15
PCI-­‐E x16 & x1 Conn A
PCI-­‐E x16 & x1 Conn B
To SAS Expander Board A
To SAS Expander Board B
Figure 20 Open Vault Drive Plane Board Block Diagram
6.2
DPB Placement and Form Factor
The drive plane board form factor is 270mm x 510mm. Figure 21 illustrates the board
placement.
High Power Card Edge Connector to PTB
HDD0
HDD1
HDD2
HDD3
HDD4
HDD5
HDD6
HDD7
HDD8
HDD9
HDD10
HDD11
PCI-­‐E Connectors to SAS Expander Board A
HDD12
HDD13
HDD14
PCI-­‐E Connectors to SAS Expander Board B
Figure 21 Open Vault Drive Plane Board Placement
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6.3
12.5V to 5V Buck Converter
In order to provide a 5V power rail to the hard disk drives, there is one 12.5V to 5V buck
converter on the drive plane board for each group of 5 HDDs. It is 93% efficient at
nominal load. For more information about the HDD power design, see section 9.3.
6.4
Disk Drive Power Control
Both 12V and 5V power rails to each disk drive are independently controlled through
management software. For more information, see section 9.4.
6.5
Voltage Monitor
A voltage monitor ensures proper operation of all power rails at all times. The voltages
are reported as part of the enclosure status as described in section 10.1. The voltage rails
that are monitored are shown in Figure 22.
Power Rail
Voltage
5V to HDD group A
5V
5V to HDD group B
5V
5V to HDD group C
5V
12V to all HDDs & SEBs
12V
Figure 22 Monitored Voltage Rails on DPB
6.6
Connectors and Cables
Sections 6.6.1 through 6.6.3 describe the connectors and cables that reside on the Open
Vault drive plane board.
6.6.1
Signal Connector to SAS Expander Board
The interfaces from the SAS expander board to the drive plane board are through two
PCI-E connectors: one is an x16 connector (164 pin from Amphenol, part number
G630HAA12248EU) and the other is an x1 connector (36 pin from Amphenol, part number
G630H3612248EU). These straddle-type connectors are mated with 1mm pitch gold finger
contacts on the SAS expander board side and are PCI-E Gen3 capable.
Due to the large number of signals, the full connector pin definition is provided in 14.2.
6.6.2
Power and Signal Connector to Power Transition Board
A high power card edge connector on the drive plane board receives 12.5V power from
the power transition board. To minimize contact resistance, 36 power contacts are
applied. It also contains 24 signal pins that are used for I2C, PWM and other GPIOs. The
part number is GPCE54362413HR from Amphenol. Figure 23 and Figure 24 show the pinout.
Pin
Assignment
Pin
Assignment
P1
12.5V
P19
GND
P2
12.5V
P20
GND
P3
12.5V
P21
GND
P4
12.5V
P22
GND
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P5
12.5V
P23
GND
P6
12.5V
P24
GND
P7
12.5V
P25
GND
P8
12.5V
P26
GND
P9
GND
P27
GND
P10
GND
P28
GND
P11
GND
P29
12.5V
P12
GND
P30
12.5V
P13
GND
P31
12.5V
P14
GND
P32
12.5V
P15
GND
P33
12.5V
P16
GND
P34
12.5V
P17
GND
P35
12.5V
P18
GND
P36
12.5V
Figure 23 Drive Plane Board Power and Signal Connector Pin-out, Power Portion
Pin
Assignment
Pin
Assignment
S1
GND
S13
GND
S2
3.3V
S14
Self SEB A Heart-beat
S3
3.3V
S15
Self SEB B Heart-beat
S4
Peer Tray Present
S16
Tray ID
S5
PWM from expander B
S17
FCB Hardware Revision
S6
Self Tray Present
S18
Shutdown Latch Release
S7
PWM from expander A
S19
GND
S8
GND
S20
Peer SEB A Heart-beat
S9
I2C_C SDA
S21
Peer SEB B Heart-beat
S10
GND
S22
GND
S11
I2C_C SCL
S23
GND
S12
GND
S24
5V (Reserved)
Figure 24 Drive Plane Board Power and Signal Connector Pin-out, Signal Portion
6.6.3
SAS HDD Connectors
The Open Vault drive plane board supports hot plugging of hard disk drives using a blind
mate, standard SAS interface, right-angle connector (an SMT connector from Molex, part
number 87945-0001). The mating height is standard (7.07mm) according to the Open Vault
HDD tray design.
Pin
Assignment
Pin
Assignment
P1
3.3V_Precharge
S1
GND
P2
3.3V
S2
Tx1P
P3
3.3V
S3
Tx1N
P4
GND
S4
GND
P5
GND
S5
Rx1N
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P6
GND
S6
Rx1P
P7
5V_Precharge
S7
GND
P8
5V
S8
GND
P9
5V
S9
Tx2P
P10
GND
S10
Tx2N
P11
Ready_LED
S11
GND
P12
GND
S12
Rx2N
P13
12V_Precharge
S13
Rx2P
P14
12V
S14
GND
P15
12V
Figure 25 SAS HDD Connector Pin-out
6.7
LEDs
On the drive plane board, each hard disk drive has one bi-color LED to indicate its status,
both driven by SAS expander chip:
•
•
•
•
When the HDD is online and healthy, the blue LED turns on;
When any fault for the HDD occurs, the red LED turns on;
When the HDD is not inserted, both LEDs turn off;
When HDD is powered off, toggle the LED between blue and red.
Each drive's LEDs are located near the corresponding drive's cage and clearly visible
from the top when HDD tray is pulled out. If needed, an optical path for the drive status
LEDs can be provided for easy access by users.
Figure 26 summarizes the conditions the LEDs are to represent:
Disk Drive Status
Blue LED
Red LED
No Drive Inserted
OFF
OFF
Drive Online and Healthy
ON
OFF
Drive Failure
OFF
ON
Drive Power Off
Toggle
Toggle
Figure 26 Drive Plane Board LED for HDD Status
6.8
PCB Stack-up
The PCB stack-up and impedance control for drive plane board are defined in Figure 27
and Figure 28 below.
Layer
Plane Description
Copper Weight
(oz)
Solder Mask
L1
TOP
L2
GND1
Signal
0.5 + 1.0
PrePreg
Ground
20
IN1
Signal
Dielectric (er)
0.5
3.8
1.9
2.7
2.0
Core
L3
Thickness
(mil)
4.0
1.0
3.5
2.6
3.7
1.3
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Open Compute Project  Open Vault  Hardware v0.7
PrePreg
L4
VCC1
Power
13.6
2.0
Core
L5
VCC2
L6
IN4
Power
4.0
2.0
13.6
1.0
GND2
Ground
4.0
2.0
BOT
Signal
3.7
2.6
PrePreg
L8
4.4
1.3
Core
L7
4.1
2.6
PrePreg
Signal
4.4
2.6
2.7
0.5 + 1.0
3.5
1.9
Solder Mask
0.5
3.8
Total
85.2
Tolerance: +/8mil
Figure 27 PCB Stack-up for Drive Plane Board
Trace Width
(mil)
Air Gap
Spacing (mil)
4.0
4.0
9.0
4.5
4.0
8.0
Impedance
Type
Layer
Impedance
Target (ohm)
Tolerance
(+/- %)
Single
1, 8
50
15.0
Differential
1, 8
100
15.0
Single
3, 6
50
10.0
Differential
3, 6
100
10.0
Figure 28 PCB Impedance Control for Drive Plane Board
7
Open Vault Power Transition Board
The Open Vault power transition board (PTB) is located on the rear side of the HDD tray.
It is connected to the drive plane board by a high powered card edge connector. Another
power and signal connector connects the PTB to the fan control board (FCB). Tray pullout detection circuits are located on the rear side of the PTB.
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7.1
Functional Block Diagram
Figure 29 illustrates the functional block diagram of the power transition board.
To Fan Control Board
Power and Signal Connector
Tray Power ON/OFF
Power: 12.5V / GND
I2C_C, PWM, GPIOs
Tray Pull-­‐out Detection
Tray_IN
High Power Card Edge Connector
From Drive Plane Board
Figure 29 Power Transition Board Functional Block Diagram
7.2
PTB Placement and Form Factor
The power transition board form factor is 120mm x 175mm. Figure 30 illustrates the
board placement.
Power & Signal Connector
to Fan Control Board
Tray Pull-­‐out Detection
(Invisible Optical Sensor)
Golden Finger to High Power Card Edge Connector on DPB
Figure 30 Open Vault Power Transition Board Placement
7.3
Tray Pull-out Detection
A pair of invisible-light optical sensors is used for tray pull-out detection, together with
a mechanical flag in between. Related circuits are shown in Figure 31 below. The emitter
is SFH426 from OSRAM; and the detector is SFH325 also from OSRAM.
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Open Compute Project  Open Vault  Hardware v0.7
Figure 31 Circuits of Tray Pull-out Detection
7.4
Connectors and Cables
7.4.1
Golden Finger to High Power Card Edge Connector on Drive Plane Board
Golden fingers are designed on the PTB to mate with the high power card edge
connector on the DPB. They total 36 power contacts and 24 low speed signals. Figure 32
shows the PCB footprint. For detailed pin definition, refer to 6.6.2.
Figure 32 Golden Finger on PTB to DPB
7.4.2
Power and Signal Connector to Fan Control Board
A power blade type connector is used for the power and signals between the PTB and
the FCB. It contains four power blades and 20 signal pins. A latch secures the connectors
and cables on both ends. The part number of this right-angled power and signal
connector on the PTB is 51939-689 from FCI. Figure 33 to Figure 35 show the pin-out.
Figure 33 Power and Signal Connector Pin Assignment
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23
Pin
Description
P1
12.5V
P2
12.5V
P3
GND
P4
GND
Figure 34 Power and Signal Connector Pin Definition on PTB, Power Portion
Pin
Assignment
Pin
Assignment
A1
I2C_C SDA
C1
Tray Power Enable_1
A2
GND
C2
Tray Power Enable_2
A3
I2C_C SCL
C3
Self SEB A Heart-beat
A4
A5
GND
PWM from expander B
C4
C5
Peer SEB A Heart-beat
Peer SEB B Heart-beat
B1
GND
D1
Peer Tray Present
B2
PWM from expander A
D2
Tray ID
B3
GND
D3
FCB Hardware Revision
B4
Self SEB B Heart-beat
D4
Shutdown Latch Release
B5
GND
D5
Self Tray Present
Figure 35 Power and Signal Connector Pin Definition on PTB, Signal Portion
7.4.3
Power and Signal Cable to Fan Control Board
Between the PTB and FCB there are 4 power cables (12 AWG) and 20 signal cables (26
AWG). The cable assembly part number is 10080594-3KC0382LF from FCI.
Figure 36 Power and Signal Cable from PTB to FCB
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7.5
PCB Stack-up
The PCB stack-up and impedance control for power transition board are defined in the
following figures.
Layer
Plane Description
Copper
Weight (oz)
Solder Mask
S1
TOP
Signal
P2
PLANE
0.5 + 1.0
PrePreg
Power / GND
PLANE
Power / GND
BOT
Signal
0.5
3.4
1.7
3.7
2.6
47.0
2.0
PrePreg
S4
Dielectric (er)
3.5
2.0
Core
P3
Thickness
(mil)
4.2
2.6
3.5
0.5 + 1.0
3.7
1.7
Solder Mask
0.5
3.4
Total
63.6
Tolerance: +/-6 mil
Figure 37 PCB Stack-up for Power Transition Board
Trace Width
(mil)
Air Gap
Spacing (mil)
5.5
Impedance
Type
Layer
Impedance
Target (ohm)
Tolerance
(+/- %)
Single
1, 4
50
15.0
Figure 38 PCB Impedance Control for Power Transition Board
8
Open Vault Fan Control Board
The Open Vault fan control board (FCB) is fixed and located at the rear of the system. A
pair of bus bar clips connects the Open Vault to the bus bar from the Open Rack, to feed
in the main 12V power rail to the fan control board via FusionLug cables. Another
connector conducts the 12V power to the power transition board through a high strand
power cable. A hardware monitor and PWM comparator work together with control
signals from the SAS expander(s) for the fan speed control, according to the cooling
requirements of the whole storage enclosure.
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8.1
Block Diagram
Figure 39 illustrates the functional block diagram of the fan control board (FCB).
Fan Header 6
Fan Header 5
Fan Header 4
Fan Tachs
Fan Header 3
Fan Header 2
Fan Header 1
PWM Comparator
Max Speed
BJT x 2 (Temp Sensor)
PWMs
Hardware Monitor
EEPROM
I2C_C
Power Monitor
Fan Module Status LED
LED Driver
Power and Signal Connector
From Power Transition Board
Figure 39 Fan Control Board Functional Block Diagram
8.2
FCB Placement and Form Factor
The fan control board (FCB) form factor is 500mm x 51mm. Figure 40 illustrates the board
placement. The ODM is responsible for complete component placement.
Fan Header 6
Fan Fan Header 5 Header 4
Bus-­‐bar Clips
Power & Signal Connectors
to Drive Plane Board
Fan Fan Header 3 Header 2
Fan Header 1
FusioLug to Bus-­‐bar Clips
Figure 40 Open Vault Fan Control Board Placement
8.3
Embedded Fan Controller
An embedded fan controller is installed on the fan control board. Its part number is
NCT7904D from Nuvoton. The main features of this fan controller are:
•
•
•
26
Monitors fan tachometer signals;
Monitors the local temperature of the FCB;
Monitors the voltage rails on FCB, as Figure 41 shows.
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Open Compute Project  Open Vault  Hardware v0.7
Power Rail
Voltage
V12_input
12V
V12_upper_tray
12V
V12_lower_tray
12V
V3.3_FCB
3.3V
Figure 41 Monitored Voltage Rails on the FCB
8.4
Input Power Monitor
There is an input power monitor on the fan control board. It monitors the input current
and voltage, reporting input power numbers to the SAS expander chip via the I2C
interface. It also protects the system from over current, over voltage and under voltage
cases. The monitor is part number ADM1276 from Analog Devices.
8.5
Connectors
8.5.1
Power and Signal Connector to Power Transition Board
Power and signals to the power transition board from the fan control board are
conducted via a power plus signal cable assembly; the vertical connector on the fan
control board is from FCI, part number 51952-220. A latch secures the connectors and
cables on both ends. The pin count is 4 for power and 20 for signals. Detailed definitions
are listed in Figure 42 and Figure 43.
Pin
Assignment on Upper Tray
Assignment on Lower Tray
A1
I2C_C SDA
I2C_C SDA
A2
GND
GND
A3
I2C_C SCL
I2C_C SCL
A4
GND
GND
A5
PWM from expander 1B
PWM from expander 2B
B1
GND
GND
B2
PWM from expander 1A
PWM from expander 2A
B3
GND
GND
B4
SEB 1B Heartbeat
SEB 2B Heartbeat
B5
GND
GND
C1
Upper Tray Power Enable_1
Lower Tray Power Enable_1
C2
Upper Tray Power Enable_2
Lower Tray Power Enable_2
C3
SEB 1A Heartbeat
SEB 2A Heartbeat
C4
SEB 2A Heartbeat
SEB 1A Heartbeat
C5
SEB 2B Heartbeat
SEB 1B Heartbeat
D1
Lower Tray Present
Upper Tray Present
D2
1 (for Upper Tray ID)
0 (for Lower Tray ID)
D3
FCB Hardware Revision
FCB Hardware Revision
D4
D5
Shutdown Latch Release
Upper Tray Present
Shutdown Latch Release
Lower Tray Present
Figure 42 Pin-out of Connectors from FCB to PTBs, Signal Portion
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Pin
To Upper Tray
To Lower Tray
P1
12.5V
12.5V
P2
12.5V
12.5V
P3
GND
GND
P4
GND
GND
Figure 43 Pin-out of Connectors from FCB to PTBs, Power Portion
8.5.2
Bus Bar Clips to Open Rack Bus Bar
The bus bar clip assembly comprises a floating carrier plate, allowing for lateral and
vertical (X and Y directions as viewed from the cold aisle) misalignment of the chassis
and bus bars. This carrier plate is connected to the fan control board (FCB) by a pair of
6AWG cables. The bus bar clip is part number C5313-07352-00107 from Methode.
The connector matches the bus bar on the Open Rack.
The bus bar clip assembly is shown in Figure 44, and its pin definition is in Figure 45.
Figure 44 Bus Bar Connector to Open Rack
Pin
Description
1
12.5V
2
GND
Figure 45 Pin-out of Bus Bar Connector to Open Rack
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Open Compute Project  Open Vault  Hardware v0.7
8.5.3
Fan Module Connector
Each Open Vault fan control board is connected to 6 fan modules. Each fan module
contains one dual rotor fan. One hot-pluggable right angle 2.54mm pitch connector is
used (the pin definition is in Figure 46). Its part number is 22-05-1052 from Molex.
Pin
1
Description
Tachometer 1
2
PWM
3
Tachometer 2
4
12VDC
5
GND
Figure 46 Fan Connector Pin-out
8.6
LEDs
The fan control board has six bi-color LEDs on its edge to display the fan module status,
one for each fan module and fault.
Fan Module Status
Blue LED
Red LED
Normal operation
ON
OFF
Fan module fault
OFF
ON
Figure 47 Rear Panel LED for Fan Module Status
8.7
PCB Stack-up
The PCB stack-up and impedance control for the fan control board are defined in the
following tables.
Layer
Plane Description
Copper
Weight (oz)
Solder Mask
S1
TOP
Signal
0.5 + 1.0
PrePreg
P2
PLANE
Power / GND
PLANE
Power / GND
2.0
BOT
Signal
0.5
3.4
1.7
3.7
2.6
47.0
2.0
PrePreg
S4
Dielectric (er)
3.5
Core
P3
Thickness
(mil)
4.2
2.6
3.5
0.5 + 1.0
3.7
1.7
Solder Mask
0.5
3.4
Total
63.6
Tolerance: +/-6 mil
Figure 48 PCB Stack-up for Fan Control Board
Trace Width
(mil)
Air Gap
Spacing (mil)
5.5
Impedance
Type
Layer
Impedance
Target (ohm)
Tolerance
(+/- %)
Single
1, 4
50
15.0
Figure 49 PCB Impedance Control for Fan Control Board
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9
Open Vault Power System
9.1
Power Budget
Overall power consumption of the Open Vault storage system is approximately 600W:
•
•
•
•
In full-load operation under maximum ambient temperature (35°C) with
automatic fan speed control, Open Vault continuous power consumption is
approximately 500W.
In idle operation and room temperature, Open Vault continuous power
consumption is approximately 300W.
During system startup, with HDDs in a grouped spin-up strategy (in 5 groups for
example), Open Vault transitory power consumption is about 400W.
In the extreme worst case (for example, all 30 HDDs fully stressed and all six fans
running at maximum speed), the maximum continuous power consumption of
Open Vault is around 600W.
Figure 50 shows the Open Vault system power budget calculation in full-load operation,
based on each module.
Item
Quantity
in 1
System
Power
Consumption/
Module (W)
Subtotal for All
Modules (W)
Derating %
Power
Consumption
after Derating
(W)
HDD
30
14
420
90%
378
Drive Plane
Board
2
9
18
90%
16.2
SAS Expander
Board
2
15.6
31.2
90%
28.08
Fan Control
Board
1
6
6
90%
5.4
Fan Module
6
18
108
55%
59.4
Total
583.2
487.08
Figure 50 Open Vault System Power Budget in Full Load
Figure 51 shows the Open Vault system power budget calculation in idle mode, based on
each module.
Item
Quantity
in 1
System
Power
Consumption/
Module (W)
Subtotal for All
Modules (W)
Derating %
Power
Consumption
after Derating
(W)
HDD
30
7.5
225
100%
225
Drive Plane
Board
2
9
18
60%
10.8
SAS Expander
Board
2
15.6
31.2
70%
21.84
Fan Control
Board
1
6
6
60%
3.6
Fan Module
6
18
108
30%
32.4
Total
30
583.2
487.08
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Figure 51 Open Vault System Power Budget in Idle Mode
9.2
SEB Bulk Converter Solutions
Both the 12V to 3.3V and the 12V to 1.0V buck converters residing on the SAS expander
board are 93% efficient under normal load. The ODM determines their components.
9.3
Hard Drive 5V Power Design
9.3.1
Hard Drive 5V Power Requirements
The drive plane board passes through the system power (nominal 12VDC) to the hard
disk drives. It also contains voltage regulators to generate 5VDC for the HDDs from
12VDC. The total 5V current for each HDD tray is about 18A maximum. In order to
improve reliability, the 15 HDDs on each drive tray are divided into three groups, as
shown in Figure 52.
A VR generates 5VDC for each HDD group and maximizes the efficiency of the drive
plane board. The output current of each VR is about 6A.
HDD 0
HDD 1
HDD 2
HDD 3
HDD 4
5V Power Plane A
HDD 5
HDD 6
HDD 7
HDD 8
HDD 9
5V Power Plane B
5V Power Plane C
HDD 10
HDD 11
HDD 12
HDD 13
HDD 14
Figure 52 5V Power Rail Design on Fan Control Board
The drive plane board design ensures that the PCB traces and power planes are
wide/thick enough to support the required continuous power as well as the inrush
current to start the drive from idle. The 5VDC regulator supports the additional inrush
current required by each drive as well.
9.3.2
5V Output Protection
The 5V output power regulator protects against shorts and overload conditions. The
protection mode is achieved using a constant current system.
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9.3.3
12V to 5V Bulk Converter
The 5V buck converter residing on the fan control board is 93% efficienct under normal
load. The ODM determines their components.
9.4
Disk Drive Power Control
In order to control both 12V and 5V power rails to each hard disk drive independently
through a GPIO, proper MOSFETs (metal-oxide semiconductor field-effect transistors)
and related circuits are included. The ODM is responsible for the implementation details
and ensures the reliability.
9.5
Power-on Sequencing
The SAS expander chips power on in sequence without any violations, and ensure power
cycling with adequate reliability.
The use of a power button is not required to power on. The system always resumes
operation upon restoration of power during a power failure event.
10
Enclosure Management Firmware
The ODM is responsible for creating and supporting the firmware to execute all
enclosure management features described in the following sections. The ODM is also
responsible for creating a set of diagnostic commands that is capable of providing
status summary and device information details to a user terminal.
10.1
Enclosure Service Functionalities
Listed below is a high-level enclosure service functional specification of the Open Vault.
Refer to section 10.2 for more information.
•
External management interfaces:
o SES commands
o Diagnostics CLI
•
I/O connectivity and PHY control/monitoring:
o
o
o
o
•
General enclosure management features:
o
o
o
•
Redundant enclosure service processes
Power monitoring and control
Intelligent cooling fan control scheme
Reliability, availability and serviceability:
o
o
o
o
o
32
SMP functions
PHY error counters
Topology discovery and routing table management
Staggered disk drive spin-up
Power on self test
Enclosure event log
EEPROM contents update for each field replaceable unit
Firmware in-system upgrade for each SAS expander
One command/script to upgrade firmware for all HDDs
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10.2
Enclosure Status Output File
A SCSI Enclosure Service (SES) is the service that establishes the mechanical
environment, electrical environment, and external indicators and controls for the
proper operation and maintenance of devices within an enclosure. SES data is
transported in-band to and from the application client.
SES pages are accessed via the SCSI commands SEND DIAGNOSTICS (control pages) and
RECEIVE DIAGNOSTIC RESULTS (status pages).
The Open Vault JBOD ("just a bunch of drives") system applies a standalone enclosure
service process model that can be accessed by an external host directly via the data
channel. Management software running on the host uses "polling" as the reporting
method when managing the Open Vault JBOD system. Asynchronous event notification
is not supported.
Please refer to Figure 53 for supported SES pages and Figure 54 for supported SMP
functions. The ODM is responsible for more detailed design specifications, such as SES
element definition, and so forth.
Page Code
Page Name
00h
Supported Diagnostic Pages
01h
Configuration
02h
04h
05h
Enclosure Control
Enclosure Status
String Out
String In
Threshold Out
Threshold In
07h
Element Descriptor
0Ah
Additional Element Status
0Eh
Download Microcode Control
Download Microcode Status
Figure 53 Supported SES Pages
SMP Function
Function Field Code
Report general
00h
Report manufacturing
information
01h
Discover
10h
Report PHY error log
11h
Report PHY SATA
12h
PHY control
91h
Figure 54 Supported SMP Functions
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10.3
Fan Speed Control
The Open Vault enclosure thermal management system supports two schemes:
•
•
One scheme is to control fan power management by each SAS expander chip
itself with thermal sensors; a PWM comparator on the FCB selects the maximum
PWM value from the four SAS expanders and drives the fans.
The other scheme is each expander chip only reports all temperature values to
the host server; the host server calculates suitable PWM numbers and controls
fan speed via SES commands sent to the SAS expander(s).
Figure 55 shows the temperature sensors' location within the Open Vault system.
HDD 0
HDD 1
HDD 2
HDD 3
HDD 4
Drive-­‐Plane Board
HDD 5
HDD 6
HDD 7
HDD 8
HDD 9
HDD 10
HDD 11
HDD 12
HDD 13
HDD 14
SAS Expander Board
Figure 55 Open Vault System Thermal Sensor Locations
The ODM provides a detailed implementation of the fan speed control requirements.
Figure 56 shows the high-level strategy of Open Vault fan speed control executed by
firmware in each SAS expander.
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Ambient Temp Sensor A1
Ambient Temp Sensor A2
Expander Temp
Sensor A
Ambient Temp Sensor B1
Ambient Temp Sensor B2
Expander Temp
Sensor B
Drive Board Temp Sensor 1
Drive Board Temp Sensor 2
Drive Board Temp Sensor 3
Drive Board Temp Sensor 4
Top tray
Duty
Duty
Duty
Duty
Duty
Duty
Duty
Duty
Duty
Duty
The Highest Duty The Highest Duty of Top tray
of Bottom tray
Compare
Ambient Temp Sensor A1
Ambient Temp Sensor A2
Expander Temp
Sensor A
Ambient Temp Sensor B1
Ambient Temp Sensor B2
Expander Temp
Sensor B
Drive Board Temp Sensor 1
Drive Board Temp Sensor 2
Drive Board Temp Sensor 3
Drive Board Temp Sensor 4
Bottom tray
System Fan Duty
Figure 56 Open Vault System Fan Speed Control Strategy
10.4
Thermal Protection
There are different levels of consideration of system/hardware thermal protection for
the Open Vault system. They include:
•
•
•
10.5
Setting a Warning level for each monitored parameter (including all
temperatures, voltages and input power). When any one of the parameters
reaches its warning value, the firmware should report an ALARM status to the
host server. The host server can predictively perform some actions to avoid
actual (both hardware and software) protection in advance.
Setting a Software Protection level for each monitored parameter. When one
parameter reaches this level, the related fault LED will light, an error code will be
generated, and the firmware should report a CRITICAL status to the host server.
The host server takes suitable actions to protect the system, such as setting
maximum speed to the fan or power off the related HDDs.
Setting a Hardware Protection level. When some parameters reach this level or
meet a set of pre-defined conditions, hardware protection actions will be taken
to prevent system damage or reduce the cost of more power and more airflow.
HDD Spin-up Control
When an HDD spins up after power on, it draws excessive current on both 12V and 5V.
Especially for the 12V rail, the peak current may reach 1.5A ~ 2A range, which is 2 ~ 3
times the maximum current during normal operation. To minimize the impact on the
system power budget, the hardware design supports a staggered power-on feature, and
the enclosure management firmware implements a grouped spin-up control
mechanism.
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•
•
•
10.6
The group definition of hard disk drives follows the SAS expander chip vendor's
strategy.
The ODM defines the quantity of hard disk drives in each group.
The ODM defines the delay interval between each group.
HDD Spin-down Control Support
To be aligned with a power saving strategy in future data center operations, the Open
Vault design also supports a spin-down control. Both the hardware design and enclosure
management firmware implementation support such a feature.
10.7
HDD Presence Detect
The enclosure management firmware reports when it detects the presence of an HDD.
10.8
HDD Status LED
The enclosure management firmware supports control of the HDD status LED as
depicted in Figure 26. The LED turns on blue when the HDD is working normally. It turns
on red when either of the two PHYs in an HDD reports a fault status.
10.9
Error Code Display on Debug Card
The error codes displayed on the debug card are defined in the table below. The error
codes are detailed in section 15.
00
01-­‐02
03-­‐06
07-­‐10
11-­‐22
23-­‐30
31-­‐42
43-­‐44
45-­‐48
49
50-­‐64
65-­‐66
67-­‐69
70-­‐84
85-­‐89
90-­‐92
93-­‐94
93-­‐99
No Error
Critical Crash -­‐ Expander
Critical Crash -­‐ I2C Bus
Reserved
Fan Fault Critical
Reserved
Temperature Sensor Critical
Reserved
Voltage & Current Sensor Critical
Reserved
HDD SMART Temp Critical
Expander Internal Temp Critical
Reserved
HDD Fault
Reserved
Mini-­‐SAS Link Error
Tray Pulled-­‐out
Reserved
Figure 57 Proposed Open Vault Error Codes
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11
Mechanical
11.1
External Chassis
The overall dimensions of the chassis are: 536mm wide x 94.5mm tall x 878mm deep.
The individual HDD trays may be carried fully loaded. The chassis may be carried with 2
fully loaded HDD trays. The main chassis has a cover for airflow management and to
improve stiffness. The cover is removed by releasing 2 thumbscrews at the rear, when it
is not installed in the rack.
Figure 58 Chassis Cover Thumbscrew
11.1.1 Serviceability
Most service is from the front of the chassis, which is defined as the "cold aisle" or intake
end of the chassis. Fan service is performed from the rear or "hot aisle" end of the
chassis. All FRU removal, replacement and service is tool-less.
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11.1.2 Rack Interface/Slides
The rack upon which the chassis is mounted is the Open Rack design as published at
http://opencompute.org.
The main chassis is mounted in the rack by sliding it onto the rack's horizontal rails and
engaging the cam levers mounted to the front of the HDD trays. The levers engage holes
in the rack to hold the chassis and HDD trays in place.
Figure 59 HDD Tray/Chassis Cam Latches
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11.2
HDD Tray
The HDD tray comprises a primary tray, drive plane and SAS expander boards, which are
mounted to the underside of the tray. The expander boards are removable from the
front of the tray. Each tray holds 15x HDDs horizontally, engaging right angle
connectors on the drive plane board.
The HDD tray slides in and out of the chassis from the cold aisle. It rolls on multiple
roller bearings for smooth movement. It has hard stops with deceleration features at
the rear and front of its travel, to minimize operational shock. When it reaches the end
of its travel outside the chassis, it may be tilted downward by 30 degrees for easier
service. The HDD is easily removable without tools, for replacement. See 11.2.1.
The entire HDD tray may be removed for service or replacement by releasing the HDD
tray release levers at the rear of the tray. The HDD tray is retained in the chassis by left
and right side cam latches. The tray's drop rate is controlled by its pair of friction hinges
in such a manner as to avoid HDD damaging deceleration. The power and signal cables
to each tray may be released, and the supporting cable arm is released by unscrewing
the cable arm thumbscrew (Figure 63). The HDD tray may then be removed for service.
Figure 60 HDD Tray During Service
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Figure 61 Front View of HDD Tray in Service
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Figure 62 HDD Tray Release Lever
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Figure 63 Cable Arm Release
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11.2.1 Removing HDDs for Service
1. Press the HDD latch release (green).
2. Lift the latch upwards, slide the HDD forward, then lift the HDD out of the bay.
3. To install, slide the new HDD into the bay (press horizontally into the connector),
and press the latch downwards until it latched in place.
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11.3
SAS Expander Board Tray
Each SAS expander board is hot-pluggable and can be serviced in the field. The HDD tray
doesn't need to be extended for access to the expander boards.
Figure 64 SAS Expander Board
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11.4
Power Distribution to Drive Plane Boards/Cable Arm
Power from the fan control board is delivered by high strand count power cables. High
strand count wires are used to allow maximum flexibility. The power and signal cables
are bundled together and are supported by a cable arm, which allows the HDD trays to
translate forward and rearward. The cable arm is released and the cable unplugged for
HDD tray removal. See Figure 63 and below.
Figure 65 HDD Tray Cable Arm
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11.5
Fan Module
There are six fan modules mounted to the hot aisle end of the chassis.
Each fan module carries one dual-rotor fan, 60mm x 56mm size or equivalent, mounted
to individual fan carriers via elastomeric isolators in order to minimize vibration
transmitted to the main chassis. The fans are retained by panel-mounted thumbscrews
in each fan carrier. The carriers are installed onto individual trays, horizontally onto
guide pins.
Installing the fan module involves simply pushing the fan carrier directly into the rear of
the chassis, then engaging the thumbscrew. Removing the fan is done by reversing
these steps.
Figure 66 Fan Module Installation/Removal
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12
Environmental
12.1
Environmental Requirements
The Open Vault storage system meets the following environmental requirements:
•
•
•
•
•
•
Gaseous contamination: Severity Level G1 per ANSI/ISA 71.04-1985
Ambient operating temperature range for system without HDD: -5°C to +45°C
Ambient operating temperature range for system with HDD: +5°C to +35°C
Operating and storage relative humidity: 10% to 90% (non-condensing)
Storage temperature range: -40°C to +70°C
Transportation temperature range: -55°C to +85°C (short-term storage)
In addition, the full Open Vault storage system has an operating altitude with no deratings of 1000m (3300 feet).
12.2
Vibration and Shock
The Open Vault PCBs meet shock and vibration requirements according to the following
IEC specifications: IEC78-2-(*) & IEC721-3-(*) Standard & Levels. The testing requirements
are listed in Figure 67.
Operating
Non-Operating
Vibration
0.4g acceleration, 5 to 500 Hz, 10
sweeps at 1 octave/minute per each
of the three axes (one sweep is 5 to
500 to 5 Hz)
1g acceleration, 5 to 500 Hz, 10
sweeps at 1 octave/minute per
each of the three axes (one sweep
is 5 to 500 to 5 Hz)
Shock
6g, half-sine 11mS, 5 shocks per each
of the three axes
12g, half-sine 11mS, 10 shocks per
each of the three axes
Figure 67 Vibration and Shock Requirements
13
Prescribed Materials
13.1
Sustainable Materials
Wherever possible and practical, and where cost or performance are not compromised,
environmentally sustainable materials and finishes are used. This includes the use of
non-hexavalent metal finishes, recycled and recyclable base materials and materials
made from renewable resources, with associated material certifications.
13.2
Disallowed Components
The following components shall not be used in the design of the motherboard:
•
•
•
Components disallowed by the European Union's Restriction of Hazardous
Substances Directive (RoHS 6)
Trimmers and/or potentiometers
Dip switches
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13.3
Capacitors and Inductors
The following limitations shall be applied to the use of capacitors:
•
•
•
•
•
Only aluminum organic polymer capacitors from high-quality manufacturers are
used; they must be rated 105°C
All capacitors have a predicted life of at least 50,000 hours at 45°C inlet air
temperature, under worst conditions
Tantalum capacitors are forbidden
SMT ceramic capacitors with case size > 1206 are forbidden (size 1206 still
allowed when installed far from PCB edge, and with a correct orientation that
minimizes risks of cracks)
Ceramics material for SMT capacitors must be X7R or better material (COG or NP0
type should be used in critical portions of the design)
Only SMT inductors may be used. The use of through-hole inductors is disallowed.
13.4
Component De-Rating
For inductors, capacitors, and FETs, de-rating analysis should be based on at least 20%
de-rating.
14
Open Vault Interconnect Pin Definitions
Below are the full interconnected pin definitions between the SAS expander board and
drive plane board. The connectors are placed such that Pin1 is towards the right side of
the chassis.
14.1
Pin Definitions on the SAS Expander Board
Below listed are the pin definitions on the SAS expander board the to drive plane board.
A1
GND
SAS_PRE15
B1
A2
SAS0_RX+
FCB_HW_REV
B2
A3
SAS0_RX-
GND
B3
A4
GND
SAS0_TX+
B4
A5
GND
SAS0_TX-
B5
A6
SAS1_RX+
GND
B6
A7
SAS1_RX-
GND
B7
A8
GND
SAS1_TX+
B8
A9
GND
SAS1_TX-
B9
A10
SAS2_RX+
GND
B10
A11
SAS2_RX-
DPB_HW_REV
B11
Key
Key
Key
Key
A12
Tray_ID
SAS2_TX+
B12
A13
GND
SAS2_TX-
B13
A14
SAS3_RX+
GND
B14
A15
SAS3_RX-
GND
B15
A16
GND
SAS3_TX+
B16
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A17
GND
SAS3_TX-
B17
A18
SAS4_RX+
GND
B18
A19
SAS4_RX-
GND
B19
A20
GND
SAS4_TX+
B20
A21
GND
SAS4_TX-
B21
A22
SAS5_RX+
GND
B22
A23
SAS5_RX-
GND
B23
A24
GND
SAS5_TX+
B24
A25
GND
SAS5_TX-
B25
A26
SAS6_RX+
GND
B26
A27
SAS6_RX-
GND
B27
A28
GND
SAS6_TX+
B28
A29
GND
SAS6_TX-
B29
A30
SAS7_RX+
GND
B30
A31
SAS7_RX-
GND
B31
A32
GND
SAS7_TX+
B32
A33
GND
SAS7_TX-
B33
A34
SAS8_RX+
GND
B34
A35
SAS8_RX-
GND
B35
A36
GND
SAS8_TX+
B36
A37
GND
SAS8_TX-
B37
A38
SAS9_RX+
GND
B38
A39
SAS9_RX-
GND
B39
A40
GND
SAS9_TX+
B40
A41
Shutdown_Release
SAS9_TX-
B41
A42
SAS1_FLT
GND
B42
A43
SAS0_FLT
SAS9_FLT
B43
A44
SAS2_FLT
SAS10_FLT
B44
A45
SAS3_FLT
SAS11_FLT
B45
A46
SAS4_FLT
SAS12_FLT
B46
A47
SAS5_FLT
SAS13_FLT
B47
A48
SAS6_FLT
GND
B48
A49
SAS7_FLT
SAS10_TX+
B49
A50
SAS8_FLT
SAS10_TX-
B50
A51
GND
GND
B51
A52
SAS10_RX+
SAS14_FLT
B52
A53
SAS10_RX-
SAS15_FLT
B53
A54
GND
SEB_HTBT_OUT
B54
A55
SCL_C
SEB_HTBT_IN
B55
A56
SDA_C
SCL_B
B56
A57
SCL_D
SDA_B
B57
A58
SDA_D
SEB_ID
B58
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A59
GND
PWM_OUT
B59
A60
SAS11_RX+
PEER_SEBA_HB
B60
A61
SAS11_RX-
GND
B61
A62
GND
SAS11_TX+
B62
A63
GND
SAS11_TX-
B63
A64
SAS12_RX+
GND
B64
A65
SAS12_RX-
GND
B65
A66
GND
SAS12_TX+
B66
A67
A68
GND
SAS13_RX+
SAS12_TXGND
B67
B68
A69
SAS13_RX-
GND
B69
A70
GND
SAS13_TX+
B70
A71
GND
SAS13_TX-
B71
A72
SAS14_RX+
GND
B72
A73
SAS14_RX-
GND
B73
A74
GND
SAS14_TX+
B74
A75
GND
SAS14_TX-
B75
A76
SAS15_RX+
GND
B76
A77
SAS15_RX-
GND
B77
A78
A79
GND
PEER_SEBB_HB
SAS15_TX+
SAS15_TX-
B78
B79
A80
12V
GND
B80
A81
12V
GND
B81
A82
12V
GND
B82
Figure 68 Pin Definition from SEB to DPB – I (164 Pin Connector to Drive Plane Board)
A1
SAS_PRE0
SAS_PWR0
B1
A2
SAS_PRE1
SAS_PWR1
B2
A3
SAS_PRE2
SAS_PWR2
B3
A4
SAS_PRE3
SAS_PWR3
B4
A5
SAS_PRE4
SAS_PWR4
B5
A6
SAS_PRE5
SAS_PWR5
B6
A7
SAS_PRE6
SAS_PWR6
B7
A8
SAS_PRE7
SAS_PWR7
B8
A9
SAS_PRE8
SAS_PWR8
B9
A10
SAS_PRE9
SAS_PWR9
B10
A11
SAS_PRE10
SAS_PWR10
B11
Key
Key
Key
Key
A12
SAS_PRE11
SAS_PWR11
B12
A13
SAS_PRE12
SAS_PWR12
B13
A14
SAS_PRE13
SAS_PWR13
B14
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A15
SAS_PRE14
SAS_PWR14
B15
A16
SELF_TRAY_IN
SAS_PWR15
B16
A17
PEER_TRAY_IN
PCIe_MATED
B17
A18
GND
PEER_SEB_IN
B18
Figure 69 Pin Definition from SEB to DPB – II (36 Pin Connector to Drive Plane Board)
14.2
Drive Plane Board Pin Definitions
The following table lists the pin definitions on the drive plane board to both the SAS
expander board A and SAS expander board B.
164 Pin Connector to SEB A
164 Pin Connector to SEB B
A1
GND
HDD_PRE15
B1
A1
GND
HDD_PRE15
B1
A2
HDD11_RX+
FCB_HW_REV
B2
A2
HDD14_RX+
FCB_HW_REV
B2
A3
HDD11_RX-
GND
B3
A3
HDD14_RX-
GND
B3
A4
GND
HDD11_TX+
B4
A4
GND
HDD14_TX+
B4
A5
GND
HDD11_TX-
B5
A5
GND
HDD14_TX-
B5
A6
HDD12_RX+
GND
B6
A6
HDD4_RX+
GND
B6
A7
HDD12_RX-
GND
B7
A7
HDD4_RX-
GND
B7
A8
GND
HDD12_TX+
B8
A8
GND
HDD4_TX+
B8
A9
GND
HDD12_TX-
B9
A9
GND
HDD4_TX-
B9
A10
HDD13_RX+
GND
B10
A10
HDD9_RX+
GND
B10
A11
HDD13_RX-
DPB_HW_REV
B11
A11
HDD9_RX-
DPB_HW_REV
B11
Key
Key
Key
Key
Key
Key
Key
Key
A12
Tray_ID
HDD13_TX+
B12
A12
Tray_ID
HDD9_TX+
B12
A13
GND
HDD13_TX-
B13
A13
GND
HDD9_TX-
B13
A14
HDD14_RX+
GND
B14
A14
HDD3_RX+
GND
B14
A15
HDD14_RX-
GND
B15
A15
HDD3_RX-
GND
B15
A16
GND
HDD14_TX+
B16
A16
GND
HDD3_TX+
B16
A17
GND
HDD14_TX-
B17
A17
GND
HDD3_TX-
B17
A18
HDD9_RX+
GND
B18
A18
HDD2_RX+
GND
B18
A19
HDD9_RX-
GND
B19
A19
HDD2_RX-
GND
B19
A20
GND
HDD9_TX+
B20
A20
GND
HDD2_TX+
B20
A21
GND
HDD9_TX-
B21
A21
GND
HDD2_TX-
B21
A22
HDD8_RX+
GND
B22
A22
HDD8_RX+
GND
B22
A23
HDD8_RX-
GND
B23
A23
HDD8_RX-
GND
B23
A24
GND
HDD8_TX+
B24
A24
GND
HDD8_TX+
B24
A25
GND
HDD8_TX-
B25
A25
GND
HDD8_TX-
B25
A26
HDD7_RX+
GND
B26
A26
HDD7_RX+
GND
B26
A27
HDD7_RX-
GND
B27
A27
HDD7_RX-
GND
B27
A28
GND
HDD7_TX+
B28
A28
GND
HDD7_TX+
B28
A29
GND
HDD7_TX-
B29
A29
GND
HDD7_TX-
B29
A30
HDD4_RX+
GND
B30
A30
HDD1_RX+
GND
B30
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A31
HDD4_RX-
GND
B31
A31
HDD1_RX-
GND
B31
A32
GND
HDD4_TX+
B32
A32
GND
HDD1_TX+
B32
A33
GND
HDD4_TX-
B33
A33
GND
HDD1_TX-
B33
A34
HDD3_RX+
GND
B34
A34
HDD0_RX+
GND
B34
A35
HDD3_RX-
GND
B35
A35
HDD0_RX-
GND
B35
A36
GND
HDD3_TX+
B36
A36
GND
HDD0_TX+
B36
A37
GND
HDD3_TX-
B37
A37
GND
HDD0_TX-
B37
A38
HDD6_RX+
GND
B38
A38
HDD13_RX+
GND
B38
A39
HDD6_RX-
GND
B39
A39
HDD13_RX-
GND
B39
A40
GND
HDD6_TX+
B40
A40
GND
HDD13_TX+
B40
A41
SD_Release
HDD6_TX-
B41
A41
SD_Release
HDD13_TX-
B41
A42
HDD12_FLT
GND
B42
A42
HDD4_FLT
GND
B42
A43
HDD11_FLT
HDD6_FLT
B43
A43
HDD14_FLT
HDD13_FLT
B43
A44
HDD13_FLT
HDD2_FLT
B44
A44
HDD9_FLT
HDD6_FLT
B44
A45
HDD14_FLT
HDD1_FLT
B45
A45
HDD3_FLT
HDD5_FLT
B45
A46
HDD9_FLT
HDD10_FLT
B46
A46
HDD2_FLT
HDD10_FLT
B46
A47
HDD8_FLT
HDD0_FLT
B47
A47
HDD8_FLT
HDD11_FLT
B47
A48
HDD7_FLT
GND
B48
A48
HDD7_FLT
GND
B48
A49
HDD4_FLT
HDD2_TX+
B49
A49
HDD1_FLT
HDD6_TX+
B49
A50
HDD3_FLT
HDD2_TX-
B50
A50
HDD0_FLT
HDD6_TX-
B50
A51
GND
GND
B51
A51
GND
GND
B51
A52
HDD2_RX+
HDD5_FLT
B52
A52
HDD6_RX+
HDD12_FLT
B52
A53
HDD2_RX-
HDD15_FLT
B53
A53
HDD6_RX-
HDD15_FLT
B53
A54
GND
SEB_HTBT_OUT
B54
A54
GND
SEB_HTBT_OUT
B54
A55
SCL_C
SEB_HTBT_IN
B55
A55
SCL_C
SEB_HTBT_IN
B55
A56
SDA_C
SCL_B
B56
A56
SDA_C
SCL_B
B56
A57
SCL_D
SDA_B
B57
A57
SCL_D
SDA_B
B57
A58
SDA_D
SEB_ID
B58
A58
SDA_D
SEB_ID
B58
A59
GND
PWM_OUT
B59
A59
GND
PWM_OUT
B59
A60
HDD1_RX+
PEER_SEBA_HB
B60
A60
HDD5_RX+
PEER_SEBA_HB
B60
A61
HDD1_RX-
GND
B61
A61
HDD5_RX-
GND
B61
A62
GND
HDD1_TX+
B62
A62
GND
HDD5_TX+
B62
A63
GND
HDD1_TX-
B63
A63
GND
HDD5_TX-
B63
A64
HDD10_RX+
GND
B64
A64
HDD10_RX+
GND
B64
A65
HDD10_RX-
GND
B65
A65
HDD10_RX-
GND
B65
A66
GND
HDD10_TX+
B66
A66
GND
HDD10_TX+
B66
A67
GND
HDD10_TX-
B67
A67
GND
HDD10_TX-
B67
A68
HDD00_RX+
GND
B68
A68
HDD11_RX+
GND
B68
A69
HDD00_RX-
GND
B69
A69
HDD11_RX-
GND
B69
A70
GND
HDD0_TX+
B70
A70
GND
HDD11_TX+
B70
A71
GND
HDD0_TX-
B71
A71
GND
HDD11_TX-
B71
52
January 16, 2013
Open Compute Project  Open Vault  Hardware v0.7
A72
HDD5_RX+
GND
B72
A72
HDD12_RX+
GND
B72
A73
HDD5_RX-
GND
B73
A73
HDD12_RX-
GND
B73
A74
GND
HDD5_TX+
B74
A74
GND
HDD12_TX+
B74
A75
GND
HDD5_TX-
B75
A75
GND
HDD12_TX-
B75
A76
HDD15_RX+
GND
B76
A76
HDD15_RX+
GND
B76
A77
HDD15_RX-
GND
B77
A77
HDD15_RX-
GND
B77
A78
GND
HDD15_TX+
B78
A78
GND
HDD15_TX+
B78
A79
PEER_SEBB_HB
HDD15_TX-
B79
A79
PEER_SEBB_HB
HDD15_TX-
B79
A80
12V
GND
B80
A80
12V
GND
B80
A81
12V
GND
B81
A81
12V
GND
B81
A82
12V
GND
B82
A82
12V
GND
B82
Figure 70 DPB to SEB Interconnect Pin Definition – I
36 Pin Connector to SEB A
36 Pin Connector to SEB B
A1
HDD_PRE11
HDD_PWR11
B1
A1
HDD_PRE14
HDD_PWR14
B1
A2
HDD_PRE12
HDD_PWR12
B2
A2
HDD_PRE4
HDD_PWR4
B2
A3
HDD_PRE13
HDD_PWR13
B3
A3
HDD_PRE9
HDD_PWR9
B3
A4
HDD_PRE14
HDD_PWR14
B4
A4
HDD_PRE3
HDD_PWR3
B4
A5
HDD_PRE9
HDD_PWR9
B5
A5
HDD_PRE2
HDD_PWR2
B5
A6
HDD_PRE8
HDD_PWR8
B6
A6
HDD_PRE8
HDD_PWR8
B6
A7
HDD_PRE7
HDD_PWR7
B7
A7
HDD_PRE7
HDD_PWR7
B7
A8
HDD_PRE4
HDD_PWR4
B8
A8
HDD_PRE1
HDD_PWR1
B8
A9
HDD_PRE3
HDD_PWR3
B9
A9
HDD_PRE0
HDD_PWR0
B9
A10
HDD_PRE6
HDD_PWR6
B10
A10
HDD_PRE13
HDD_PWR13
B10
A11
HDD_PRE6
HDD_PWR6
B11
A11
HDD_PRE2
HDD_PWR2
B11
Key
Key
Key
Key
Key
Key
Key
Key
A12
HDD_PRE1
HDD_PWR1
B12
A12
HDD_PRE5
HDD_PWR5
B12
A13
HDD_PRE10
HDD_PWR10
B13
A13
HDD_PRE10
HDD_PWR10
B13
A14
HDD_PRE0
HDD_PWR0
B14
A14
HDD_PRE11
HDD_PWR11
B14
A15
HDD_PRE5
HDD_PWR5
B15
A15
HDD_PRE12
HDD_PWR12
B15
A16
SELF_tray_IN
HDD_PWR15
B16
A16
SELF_tray_IN
HDD_PWR15
B16
A17
PEER_tray_IN
PCIe_MATED
B17
A17
PEER_tray_IN
PCIe_MATED
B17
A18
SEB_A_INS (G)
SEB_B_INS
B18
A18
SEB_B_INS (G)
SEB_A_INS
B18
Figure 71 DPB to SEB Interconnect Pin Definition – II
http://opencompute.org
53
15
Open Vault Error Code Definitions
The table below lists the full definitions of Open Vault error codes. These codes get
displayed on the debug card and are stored in system event log.
Error
Code
Description
Error
Code
Description
00
No error
50
HDD0 SMART temp critical
01
Expander A fault
51
HDD1 SMART temp critical
02
Expander B fault
52
HDD2 SMART temp critical
03
I2C bus A crash
53
HDD3 SMART temp critical
04
I2C bus B crash
54
HDD4 SMART temp critical
05
I2C bus C crash
55
HDD5 SMART temp critical
06
I2C bus D crash
56
HDD6 SMART temp critical
07
Reserved
57
HDD7 SMART temp critical
08
Reserved
58
HDD8 SMART temp critical
09
Reserved
59
HDD9 SMART temp critical
10
Reserved
60
HDD10 SMART temp critical
11
Fan 1 front fault
61
HDD11 SMART temp critical
12
Fan 1 rear fault
62
HDD12 SMART temp critical
13
Fan 2 front fault
63
HDD13 SMART temp critical
14
Fan 2 rear fault
64
HDD14 SMART temp critical
15
Fan 3 front fault
65
Expander A Internal temp critical
16
Fan 3 rear fault
66
Expander B Internal temp critical
17
Fan 4 front fault
67
Reserved
18
Fan 4 rear fault
68
Reserved
19
Fan 5 front fault
69
Reserved
20
Fan 5 rear fault
70
HDD0 fault
21
Fan 6 front fault
71
HDD1 fault
22
Fan 6 rear fault
72
HDD2 fault
23
Reserved
73
HDD3 fault
24
Reserved
74
HDD4 fault
25
Reserved
75
HDD5 fault
26
Reserved
76
HDD6 fault
27
Reserved
77
HDD7 fault
28
Reserved
78
HDD8 fault
29
Reserved
79
HDD9 fault
30
Reserved
80
HDD10 fault
31
Drive board temp sensor 1 critical
81
HDD11 fault
32
Drive board temp sensor 2 critical
82
HDD12 fault
33
Drive board temp sensor 3 critical
83
HDD13 fault
34
Drive board temp sensor 4 critical
84
HDD14 fault
54
January 16, 2013
Open Compute Project  Open Vault  Hardware v0.7
35
Expander temp sensor A critical
85
Reserved
36
Expander temp sensor B critical
86
Reserved
37
Ambient temp sensor A1 critical
87
Reserved
38
Ambient temp sensor A2 critical
88
Reserved
39
Ambient temp sensor B1 critical
89
Reserved
40
Ambient temp sensor B2 critical
90
External Mini-SAS Link Error
41
BJT temp sensor 1 critical
91
Internal Mini-SAS 1 Link Error
42
BJT temp sensor 2 critical
92
Internal Mini-SAS 2 Link Error
43
Reserved
93
Upper Tray Pulled-out
44
Reserved
94
Lower Tray Pulled-out
45
Expander voltage sensor critical
95
Reserved
46
Drive plane board voltage sensor critical 96
Reserved
47
Fan Control Board voltage sensor critical 97
Reserved
48
Fan Control Board current sensor critical 98
Reserved
49
Reserved
Reserved
99
Figure 72 Error Code Definition
16
Revision History
Version
Changes
0.5
Initial public version.
0.6
•
Replaced most drawings with photographs.
•
Added license information.
•
Added SAS signal re-driver section.
•
Added power transition board section.
•
Greatly expanded section on HDDs, including descriptions of
serviceability, SAS expander board tray, power distribution cabling,
and the fan module.
•
Added IC pin definitions and error code definitions.
•
Updated images and board layouts
•
Added tray pullout detector part information
•
Updated HDD mechanical section
0.7
http://opencompute.org
55
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