2A, 23V, 1.4MHz Step

2A, 23V, 1.4MHz Step
FP6186
2A, 23V, 1.4MHz Step-Down Converter
General Description
The FP6186 is a buck regulator with a built-in internal power MOSFET. It can provide 2A
continuous output current over a wide input supply range with excellent load and line regulation.
Current mode operation provides fast transient response and eases loop stabilization. This device
includes cycle-by-cycle current limiting and thermal shutdown protection. Adjustable soft-start reduces
the stress on the input source at power-on. The regulator only consumes 25μA supply current in
shutdown mode. The FP6186 requires a minimum number of readily available external components to
complete a 2A buck regulator solution.
Features












2A Output Current
Adjustable Soft-Start
0.2Ω Internal High Side Power MOSFET Switch
Stable with Low ESR Output Ceramic Capacitors
Up to 90% Efficiency
25μA Shutdown Mode Current
Fixed 1.4MHz Frequency
Thermal Shutdown
Cycle-by-Cycle Over Current Protection
Wide 4.75 to 23V Operating Input Range
Output Adjustable From 0.92 to 16V
Available MSOP-10L (EP) & SOP-8L (EP) Package
 Under Voltage Lockout
Applications
 Distributed Power Systems
 Battery Charger
 Pre-Regulator for Linear Regulators
 DSL Modems
Typical Application Circuit
VOUT
1
VIN
12V
2
BS
SS
IN
EN
FP6186
3
4
SW
GND
COMP
FB
8
7
EN
6
5
This datasheet contains new product information. Feeling Technology reserves the rights to modify the product specification without notice.
No liability is assumed as a result of the use of this product. No rights under any patent accompany the sales of the product.
Rev. 0.62
Website: http://www.feeling-tech.com.tw
1/17
FP6186
Function Block Diagram
This datasheet contains new product information. Feeling Technology reserves the rights to modify the product specification without notice.
No liability is assumed as a result of the use of this product. No rights under any patent accompany the sales of the product.
Website: http://www.feeling-tech.com.tw
Rev. 0.62
2/17
FP6186
Pin Descriptions
SOP-8L (EP)
Name
No. I / O
BS
1
Description
O
Bootstrap
IN
2
P
Supply Voltage
SW
3
O
Switch
GND
4
P
IC Ground
FB
5
I
Error Amplifier Compensation Output
COMP
6
O
Compensation
EN
7
I
Enable / UVLO
SS
8
O
EP
9
P
Programmable Soft Start
Exposed PAD - Must connect to
Ground
MSOP-10L (EP)
Name
No. I / O
NC
1
BS
2
NC
3
Description
No Connect
O
Bootstrap
No Connect
IN
4
P
Supply Voltage
SW
5
O
Switch
GND
6
P
IC Ground
FB
7
I
Error Amplifier Compensation Output
COMP
8
O
Compensation
EN
9
I
Enable / UVLO
SS
10
O
EP
11
P
Programmable Soft Start
Exposed PAD - Must connect to
Ground
This datasheet contains new product information. Feeling Technology reserves the rights to modify the product specification without notice.
No liability is assumed as a result of the use of this product. No rights under any patent accompany the sales of the product.
Website: http://www.feeling-tech.com.tw
Rev. 0.62
3/17
FP6186
Marking Information
SOP-8L (EP)
FP6186
Halogen Free
Lot Number
Internal ID
Per-Half Month
Year
MSOP-10L (EP)
Halogen Free: Halogen free product indicator
Lot Number: Wafer lot number’s last two digits
For Example: 132386TB  86
Internal ID: Internal Identification Code
Per-Half Month: Production period indicated in half month time unit
For Example: January → A (Front Half Month), B (Last Half Month)
February → C (Front Half Month), D (Last Half Month)
Year: Production year’s last digit
This datasheet contains new product information. Feeling Technology reserves the rights to modify the product specification without notice.
No liability is assumed as a result of the use of this product. No rights under any patent accompany the sales of the product.
Website: http://www.feeling-tech.com.tw
Rev. 0.62
4/17
FP6186
Ordering Information
Operating Temperature
Package
MOQ
Description
FP6186gR-G1
Part Number
-40°C ~ +85°C
MSOP-10L (EP)
3000EA
Tape & Reel
FP6186XR-G1
-40°C ~ +85°C
SOP-8L (EP)
2500EA
Tape & Reel
Absolute Maximum Ratings
Parameter
Supply Voltage
Symbol
Conditions
VIN
Min.
Typ.
Max.
Unit
-0.3
24
V
Supply Voltage
Vsw
-1
VIN +0.3
V
Bootstrap Voltage
VBS
Vsw -0.3
Vsw +6
V
-0.3
6
V
+150
°C
+150
℃
SOP-8L (EP)
+60
℃/W
MSOP-10L (EP)
+105
℃/W
SOP-8L (EP)
+10
℃/W
MSOP-10L (EP)
+19
℃/W
+85
℃
+260
℃
All Other Pins
Junction Temperature
TJ
Storage Temperature
TS
θJA
Thermal Resistance
θJC
-65
Operating temperature
-40
Lead Temperature (soldering, 10
sec)
Suggested IR Re-flow Soldering Curve
This datasheet contains new product information. Feeling Technology reserves the rights to modify the product specification without notice.
No liability is assumed as a result of the use of this product. No rights under any patent accompany the sales of the product.
Website: http://www.feeling-tech.com.tw
Rev. 0.62
5/17
FP6186
Recommended Operating Conditions
Parameter
Supply Voltage
Symbol
Conditions
VIN
Operating Temperature
Min.
Typ.
Max.
Unit
4.75
23
V
-40
85
°C
DC Electrical Characteristics (VIN=12V, TA= 25°C, unless otherwise noted)
Parameter
Symbol
Test Conditions
Min.
Typ.
Max.
Unit
Standby Current
ISB
VEN≧3V, VFB≧1.0V
1.0
mA
Shutdown Supply Current
IST
VEN=0
25
µA
Feedback Voltage
Current Sense Trans-conductance
Output Current to Comp Pin Voltage
Error Amplifier Voltage Gain
VFB
VCOMP<2V
GCS
2.1
A/V
AEA
400
V/V
Error Amplifier Trans-conductance
GEA
930
µA / V
0.90
△IC=±10µA
0.92
0.94
V
High Side Switch ON Resistance
RON-HS
0.2
Ω
Low Side Switch ON Resistance
RON-LS
10
Ω
High Side Switch Leakage Current
IIL
Current Limit
ICL
MHz
VFB=0V
210
KHz
DMAX
VFB=0.8V
75
%
TON
VFB=1.5V
VUVLO
VEN Rising
fSC
Under Voltage Lockout Threshold
Under Voltage Lockout Threshold
Hysteresis
µA
1.4
Short Circuit Oscillation Frequency
2.8
10
A
fOSC
Minimum On Time
0.1
3.5
Oscillation Frequency
Maximum Duty Cycle
VEN=0, VSW=0V
100
2.37
VHYS
2.50
ns
2.62
210
1.0
mV
EN Threshold Voltage
VEN
ICC>100µA
Enable Pull Up Current
Soft-Start Pin Equivalent Output
Resistance
IEN
VEN=0V
1.0
µA
RSS
VSS=0V
9
KΩ
TTS
+150
°C
THYS
+40
°C
Thermal Shutdown
Thermal Shutdown Reset
Hysteresis
0.7
V
1.3
V
This datasheet contains new product information. Feeling Technology reserves the rights to modify the product specification without notice.
No liability is assumed as a result of the use of this product. No rights under any patent accompany the sales of the product.
Website: http://www.feeling-tech.com.tw
Rev. 0.62
6/17
FP6186
Typical Operating Characteristics
(VIN=12V, VOUT=3.3V, TA= 25°C, unless otherwise noted)
Figure 1: Power on
Figure 2: Power off
Figure 3: EN Pin Enable
Figure 4: EN Pin Disable
ILOAD=2A
ILOAD=0.4A
Figure 5: Load Step
Figure 6: Load 2A Ripple
This datasheet contains new product information. Feeling Technology reserves the rights to modify the product specification without notice.
No liability is assumed as a result of the use of this product. No rights under any patent accompany the sales of the product.
Website: http://www.feeling-tech.com.tw
Rev. 0.62
7/17
FP6186
85
Efficiency (%)
80
75
70
65
60
0.0
0.2
0.4
0.6
0.8
1.0
1.2
1.4
1.6
1.8
2.0
2.2
Load (A)
Figure 8 Efficiency (VOUT=3.3V) Figure 7: SCP
This datasheet contains new product information. Feeling Technology reserves the rights to modify the product specification without notice.
No liability is assumed as a result of the use of this product. No rights under any patent accompany the sales of the product.
Website: http://www.feeling-tech.com.tw
Rev. 0.62
8/17
FP6186
Function Description
The FP6186 is a current-mode buck regulator. It regulates input voltages from 4.75V to 23V down
to an output voltage as low as 0.92V with maximum 2A load current. The FP6186 uses current-mode
control to regulate the output voltage. The output voltage is measured at FB pin through a resistive
voltage divider and amplified by the internal error amplifier. The output current of the
trans-conductance error amplifier is presented at COMP pin where a network compensates the
regulation control system. The voltage at COMP is compared to the switch current measured internally
to control the output voltage. The converter uses an internal n-channel MOSFET switch to step-down
the input voltage to the regulated output voltage. Since the n-channel MOSFET requires a gate voltage
greater than the input voltage, a boost capacitor connected between SW and BS drives the MOS gate.
The capacitor is internally charged while the MOS switch is off. Another internal built-in 10Ω switch
from SW to GND is used to insure that SW is pulled to GND when the switch is off to fully charge the
BS pin capacitor.
Output Voltage (VOUT)
The output voltage is set using a resistive voltage divider from the output voltage to FB. The
voltage divider divides the output voltage down by the ratio:
VFB  VOUT 
R4
R2  R4
Thus the output voltage is:
VOUT  VFB 
R2  R4
R4
A typical value for R4 can be as high as 100k, but a typical value is 10K.
Enable Mode / Shutdown Mode
Drive EN Pin to ground to shut down the FP6186. Shutdown mode forces the internal power
MOSFET off, turns off all internal circuitry, and reduces the VIN supply current to 25μA (typ.). The EN
Pin rising threshold is 1.0V (typ.). Before any operation begins, the voltage at EN pin must exceed 1.0V
(typ.).
The EN pin input has 100mV hysteresis.
Boost High-Side Gate Drive (BST)
Since the MOSFET requires a gate voltage greater than the input voltage, user should connect a
flying bootstrap capacitor between SW and BS pin to provide the gate-drive voltage to the high-side
n-channel MOSFET switch. The capacitor is charged by the internally regulator periodically when SW
This datasheet contains new product information. Feeling Technology reserves the rights to modify the product specification without notice.
No liability is assumed as a result of the use of this product. No rights under any patent accompany the sales of the product.
Website: http://www.feeling-tech.com.tw
Rev. 0.62
9/17
FP6186
pin is pulled to ground. During startup, an internal low-side switch pulls SW to ground and charges the
BST capacitor to internally regulator output voltage. Once the BST capacitor is charged, the internal
low-side switch is turned off and the BST capacitor provides the necessary enhancement voltage to
turn on the high-side switch.
Thermal Shutdown Protection
The FP6186 features integrated thermal shutdown protection. Thermal shutdown protection limits
allowable power dissipation (PD) in the device and protects the device in the event of a fault condition.
When the IC junction temperature exceeds +150°C, an internal thermal sensor signals the shutdown
logic to turn off the internal power MOSFET and allow the IC cooling down. The thermal sensor turns
the internal power MOSFET back on after the IC junction temperature cools down to + 110°C, resulting
in a pulsed output under continuous thermal overload conditions.
This datasheet contains new product information. Feeling Technology reserves the rights to modify the product specification without notice.
No liability is assumed as a result of the use of this product. No rights under any patent accompany the sales of the product.
Website: http://www.feeling-tech.com.tw
Rev. 0.62
10/17
FP6186
Application Information
Input Capacitor Selection
The input current to the step-down converter is discontinuous, therefore a capacitor is required to
supply the AC current to the step-down converter while maintaining the DC input voltage. Use low ESR
capacitors for the best performance. Ceramic capacitors are preferred, but tantalum or low-ESR
electrolytic capacitors may also suffice.
The input capacitor can be electrolytic, tantalum or ceramic. When electrolytic or tantalum
capacitors are used, a small, high quality 0.1μF ceramic capacitor should be placed beside the IC as
possible.
When using ceramic capacitors, make sure that they have enough capacitance to provide
sufficient charge to prevent excessive voltage ripple at converter input. The input voltage ripple can be
estimated by
C IN 
IO
 D(1  D)
f  VIN
Inductor Selection
The inductor is required to supply constant current to the output load while being driven by the
switched input voltage. A larger value inductor will result in less ripple current that will result in lower
output ripple voltage. However, the larger value inductor will have a larger physical size, higher series
resistance, and/or lower saturation current. A good rule for determining the inductance to use is to
allow the peak-to-peak ripple current in the inductor to be approximately 30% of the maximum switch
current. Also, make sure that the peak inductor current is below the maximum switch current limit. The
inductance value can be calculated by
L
VO  VD
 (1  D)
IO f
Where r is the ripple current ratio
RMS current in inductor ILrms  IO 1 
2
12
Output Capacitor Selection
The output capacitor is required to maintain the DC output voltage. Ceramic, tantalum, or low
ESR electrolytic capacitors are recommended. Low ESR capacitors are preferred to keep the output
voltage ripple low. The output voltage ripple can be estimated by:
This datasheet contains new product information. Feeling Technology reserves the rights to modify the product specification without notice.
No liability is assumed as a result of the use of this product. No rights under any patent accompany the sales of the product.
Website: http://www.feeling-tech.com.tw
Rev. 0.62
11/17
FP6186
VOUT 
VOUT  VIN  VOUT  
1
  ESR 


f  L  VIN
8
f
C OUT





In the case of ceramic capacitors, the output ripple is dominated by the capacitance value
because of its low ESR. In the case of tantalum or electrolytic capacitors, the capacitor high ESR
dominates the output ripple. Followings are equations for determining appropriate capacitor
parameters.
Ⅰ. Ceramic capacitors: choose capacitance value
C OUT 
VOUT
2
8  f  L  VOUT

V
 1  OUT
VIN




Ⅱ. Tantalum or electrolytic capacitors: choose capacitor with ESR value
ESR 
VOUT  f  L  VIN
VOUT  VIN  VOUT 
PC Board Layout Checklist
1. The power traces, consisting of the GND, SW and VIN traces, should be kept short, direct and
wide.
2. Place CIN near IN pin as closely as possible to maintain input voltage steady and filter out the
pulsing input current.
3. The resistive divider R2 and R4 must be connected directly to FB pin as closely as possible.
4. FB is a sensitive node. Please keep it away from switching node SW. A good approach is to
route the feedback trace on another layer and have a ground plane between the top and
feedback trace routing layer. This reduces EMI radiation on to the DC-DC converter’s own
voltage feedback trace.
This datasheet contains new product information. Feeling Technology reserves the rights to modify the product specification without notice.
No liability is assumed as a result of the use of this product. No rights under any patent accompany the sales of the product.
Website: http://www.feeling-tech.com.tw
Rev. 0.62
12/17
FP6186
SOP-8L (EP)
MSOP-10L (EP)
Suggested Layout
This datasheet contains new product information. Feeling Technology reserves the rights to modify the product specification without notice.
No liability is assumed as a result of the use of this product. No rights under any patent accompany the sales of the product.
Website: http://www.feeling-tech.com.tw
Rev. 0.62
13/17
FP6186
Typical Application
SOP-8L (EP)
MSOP-10L (EP)
This datasheet contains new product information. Feeling Technology reserves the rights to modify the product specification without notice.
No liability is assumed as a result of the use of this product. No rights under any patent accompany the sales of the product.
Website: http://www.feeling-tech.com.tw
Rev. 0.62
14/17
FP6186
Package Outline
SOP-8L (EP)
Unit: mm
Symbols
Min. (mm)
Max. (mm)
A
1.346
1.752
A1
0.050
0.152
A2
1.498
D
4.800
4.978
E
3.810
3.987
H
5.791
6.197
L
0.406
1.270
θ°
0°
8°
Exposed PAD Dimensions:
Symbols
Min. (mm)
Max. (mm)
E1
2.184 REF
D1
2.971 REF
Note:
1. Package dimensions are in compliance with JEDEC outline: MS-012AA.
2. Dimension ”D” does not include molding flash, protrusions or gate burrs.
3. Dimension “E” does not include inter-lead flash or protrusions.
This datasheet contains new product information. Feeling Technology reserves the rights to modify the product specification without notice.
No liability is assumed as a result of the use of this product. No rights under any patent accompany the sales of the product.
Website: http://www.feeling-tech.com.tw
Rev. 0.62
15/17
FP6186
MSOP-10L (EP)
Unit: mm
Symbols
Min. (mm)
Max. (mm)
A
0.750
1.100
A1
0.000
0.150
A2
0.750
0.950
b
0.170
0.270
c
0.080
0.230
D
3.000 BSC.
E
4.900 BSC.
E1
3.000 BSC.
e
0.500 BSC.
L
0.400
L1
θ°
0.800
0.950 REF.
0°
8°
This datasheet contains new product information. Feeling Technology reserves the rights to modify the product specification without notice.
No liability is assumed as a result of the use of this product. No rights under any patent accompany the sales of the product.
Website: http://www.feeling-tech.com.tw
Rev. 0.62
16/17
FP6186
MSOP-10L (EP) continued
Exposed PAD Dimensions:
Symbols
Min. (mm)
Max. (mm)
E2
1.715 REF
D1
1.600 REF
Note:
1. Package dimensions are in compliance with JEDEC outline: MO-187 BA-T.
2. Dimension “D” does not include molding flash, protrusions or gate burrs.
3. Dimension “E1” does not include inter-lead flash or protrusions.
This datasheet contains new product information. Feeling Technology reserves the rights to modify the product specification without notice.
No liability is assumed as a result of the use of this product. No rights under any patent accompany the sales of the product.
Website: http://www.feeling-tech.com.tw
Rev. 0.62
17/17
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