Pettersson M500 USB Ultrasound Microphone

Pettersson M500 USB Ultrasound Microphone
Pettersson M500 USB Ultrasound Microphone
Pettersson M500 USB Ultrasound Microphone
User Manual
Pettersson Elektronik AB
www.batsound.com
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Pettersson M500 USB Ultrasound Microphone
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Pettersson M500 USB Ultrasound Microphone
GUARANTEE
This product is guaranteed against defects in material and workmanship for a period of one year from the date of purchase.
In order for the guarantee to be granted, a proof of purchase (normally the original invoice/receipt) is required and the serial
number label must not be removed from the product. Pettersson Elektronik AB, Sweden (“Pettersson”) will repair or replace
the product if it proves to be defective during the guarantee period, provided it is returned to Pettersson. No other guarantee
is expressed or implied.
This product does not contain any user-serviceable parts. Always refer servicing to the manufacturer or any other party
approved by the manufacturer.
The guarantee covers none of the following:
1. Damage to the product resulting from abuse and misuse, including but not limited to (a) the failure to use this product for
its normal purpose or in accordance with Pettersson’s instructions on the proper use and maintenance of this product and (b)
the installation or the use of this product in a manner inconsistent with the technical or safety standards in force in the
country where the product is used.
2. Damage to the product resulting from non-authorized modifications made to the product.
3. Repairs done by non-authorized technicians.
4. Accidents or similar causes beyond the control of Pettersson, including but not limited to lightning, water, fire and public
disturbances.
LIMITATION OF LIABILITIES
In no event shall Pettersson be liable for any special, incidental or consequential damages of any nature including, but not
limited to, damages resulting from loss of profit or revenue, recall costs, claims for service interruptions or failure to supply
downtime, testing, installation or removal costs, costs of substitute products, property damage, personal injury, death or legal
expenses. The customer's recovery from Pettersson for any claim shall not exceed the purchase price paid by the customer
for the goods, irrespective of the nature of the claim, whether in warrant, contract or otherwise. The customer shall
indemnify, defend and hold Pettersson harmless from any claims brought by any party regarding products supplied by
Pettersson and incorporated into the customer’s product.
Pettersson assumes no responsibility for any damage or loss resulting from the use of this manual.
Pettersson assumes no responsibility for any loss or claims by third parties which may arise through the use of this product.
Pettersson assumes no responsibility for any damage or loss caused by deletion of data as a result of malfunction, repairs or
battery replacement. Be sure to back up all important data on other media to protect against its loss.
PRODUCT SAFETY NOTICE AND RESTRICTIONS
This product is intended for commercial use only. Products sold by Pettersson are not designed, intended or authorized for
use in life support, life sustaining, human implantable, nuclear facilities, flight control systems, or other applications in
which the failure of such products could result in personal injury, loss of life or catastrophic property damage. If the
customer uses or sells the products for use in any such applications: (1) the customer acknowledges that such use or sale is at
the customer's sole risk; (2) the customer agrees that Pettersson is not liable, in whole or in part, for any claim or damage
arising from such use; and (3) the customer agrees to indemnify, defend and hold Pettersson harmless from and against any
and all claims, damages, losses, costs, expenses and liabilities arising out of or in connection with such use or sale.
Windows is a registered trademark of Microsoft Corporation. Other company, product and service names mentioned in this
manual, may be trademarks of others. Specifications are subject to change without notice.
SOFTWARE LICENCE AGREEMENT
This is a legal agreement between you and Pettersson Elektronik AB, Sweden ("Pettersson"). This agreement states the terms
and conditions upon which Pettersson offers to license the software accompanying the M500 USB Ultrasound Microphone
("BatMicRecorder") together with all related documentation and accompanying items (jointly referred to as “Software”, and
the term “Software” includes but is not limited to executable programs, drivers, libraries and data files associated with such
programs).
By installing and using the Software, you are agreeing to become bound by the terms of this agreement. If you do not agree
to the terms of this agreement, please do not install and use the Software.
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Pettersson M500 USB Ultrasound Microphone
Purchasing one M500 with the Software included, licenses you to use the Software on any number of computers, provided
that the Software is only used with the M500 USB Ultrasound Microphone. This non-exclusive licence allows you to
physically transfer the Software from one computer to another. You may make copies of the Software for backup purposes
only, but you may not distribute copies of the Software or documentation to others. If you transfer the Software and licence
to another party, you must destroy all copies not transferred. In such case, the new user has to agree to become bound by the
terms of this agreement.
You may not sublicense, modify, reverse-engineer, disassemble or decompile all or part of the Software. You may not use
the Software as an application development tool. You may not create, copy, sublicense or distribute a library derived from
the Software.
DISCLAIMER
Pettersson provides the Software "as is". We specifically disclaim any implied warranties of any kind, including, but not
limited to the warranties of merchantability and fitness for any particular purpose and against infringement. You rely on the
Software and results solely on your own risk. The software is not intended for use in applications where incorrect
functioning/results could result in personal injury or damage to property.
Pettersson is not responsible for any incidental, special or consequential damages.
Pettersson reserves the right to make changes to the Software and documentation without obligation to notify you of such
changes.
COPYRIGHT NOTICE
The Software and its related documentation are copyrighted by Pettersson. You may not copy the Software or its
documentation except for backup purposes without the written permission of Pettersson.
Note: This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class A digital device, pursuant to part 15 of
the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference when the equipment
is operated in a commercial environment. This equipment generates, uses, and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not
installed and used in accordance with the instruction manual, may cause harmful interference to radio communications.
Operation of this equipment in a residential area is likely to cause harmful interference in which case the user will be
required to correct the interference at his own expense.
Modifications not expressly approved by the manufacturer could void the user's authority to operate the equipment under
FCC rules.
© Pettersson Elektronik AB, Sweden 2014. All rights reserved.
Hardware version 1.0, Firmware version 1.0, Software version 1.0.0.2 June 2014
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Pettersson M500 USB Ultrasound Microphone
INTRODUCTION
The M500 USB Ultrasound Microphone enables you to make high-quality, full spectrum recordings of bat
calls or other ultrasonic signals with a Windows tablet PC or laptop.
The M500 comes in a small and durable aluminium enclosure. It utilizes the same advanced electret
microphone technology as the well-known D500X detector and can be used both in directional and
omnidirectional modes (with or without the directional horn).
Low-noise technology, high sampling frequency and efficient anti-aliasing filter provide highest quality
recordings.
The microphone comes with an easy-to-use Windows recording program, BatMicRecorder, that saves the
recordings as 16 bit wav files. Real-time display of the waveform and the spectrogram as well as real-time
monitoring of the bat calls are also available. The program offers various triggering modes; manual and
automatic, with or without pre-trigger, level triggered or frequency triggered operation.
BatMicRecorder can only be used with the M500, not with other sound devices.
SYSTEM REQUIREMENTS
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Computer with Windows Vista SP2, Windows 7, Windows 8 or Windows 8.1 operating system.
Microsoft .NET Framework 4.5 (included in Windows 8/8.1)*
Microsoft Visual C++ Redistributable Package for Visual Studio 2013*
USB 2 High-speed interface/host type with USB bus power (minimum 200 mA).
Using certain lower-performing computers, it may be necessary to disable some software functions in order
to obtain error-free recordings. Please refer to the section Show Menu in this manual for more information.
!
IMPORTANT! Do not plug the M500 into a USB port on your computer yet. The
M500 software and driver must be installed first! Please refer to the section Software
Installation for more information.
* Available for download at www.microsoft.com:
http://www.microsoft.com/en-us/download/details.aspx?id=40773
http://www.microsoft.com/en-us/download/details.aspx?id=40784
In order to check if the software packages are installed on your computer, open Control Panel and select
Programs (or Programs and features). This will show a list over the installed programs.
Microsoft Visual C++ Redistributable Package for Visual Studio 2013 is available in a 32-bit (x86) and a
64-bit (x64) version. If your have a Windows 32-bit operating system, install the x86 version, if you have a
64-bit Windows version, install both the x86 and x64 versions.
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Pettersson M500 USB Ultrasound Microphone
SOFTWARE INSTALLATION
Before installing the software and driver for the M500, please make sure that your Windows operating
system is up to date, including the software packages mentioned under System Requirements. If Windows
Update is enabled on your computer, the operating system is normally updated automatically.
Do not plug the M500 into a USB port yet. The M500 software and driver must be installed first!
INSTALLING THE M500 RECORDING SOFTWARE
Windows Vista and Windows 7
Run the setup program by doubleclicking on the file setup_Vista_W7.exe. If you receive the message
"Do you want to allow the following program from an unknown publisher to make changes to this
computer", please click Yes.
Windows 8 and 8.1
Run the setup program by doubleclicking on the file setup_W8.exe. If you receive the message "Do
you want to allow the following program from an unknown publisher to make changes to this
computer", please click Yes.
If the message "The operating system is not adequate for running BatMicRecorder" is displayed when
running the setup file, you have probably not chosen the correct version of the file. Please choose the correct
version as described above. The setup program also copies the device drivers to the hard drive, if required.
1. The installation process is the same for Windows Vista, 7, 8 and 8.1. This is the start window. Click Next
to start the installation.
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Pettersson M500 USB Ultrasound Microphone
2. Enter your personal information (User name and Organization). The Organization field can be left blank if
desired. Click Next to continue.
3. If you want to install the software in a different folder than the suggested, please select Change. To accept
the suggested folder, click Next.
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Pettersson M500 USB Ultrasound Microphone
4. Review the installation settings and click Install to accept the settings and start the installation.
5. The installation is now complete. Click Finish.
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Pettersson M500 USB Ultrasound Microphone
INSTALLING THE M500 HARDWARE
Make sure the software has been installed successfully as described in the previous section and then connect
the M500 into a USB2.0 high-speed port of the computer, using the supplied cable. The first time this is
done, it may take some time since the computer searches for and loads the driver. This works slightly
different depending on the Windows version.
Windows Vista
Immediately after plugging the USB cable from the M500 into the USB port, this popup message will
appear:
If Windows is not able to automatically install the device driver, the Found New Hardware wizard will
appear within several minutes:
Click "Locate and install driver software (recommended)" to continue with the installation. The popup message
"Installing device driver software" will appear again. When the driver installation has been completed, a popup
message will be displayed, saying that the device driver for a "WinUSB Device" has been installed.
The M500 is now ready and you can use the BatMicRecorder software to make recordings with it. The next
time the M500 is plugged into the same USB port of your computer, the driver will install automatically.
If you don't see a message that the driver for a WinUSB Device has been installed, the driver probably was
not installed successfully. Please disconnect the M500 from the USB port and then plug it in again and
follow the instructions above. If it still does not work, please contact Pettersson for support.
Note: If a dialog appears that asks you to allow Windows to search online for the driver software,
DO NOT click Yes! Instead, click Don't Search Online.
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Pettersson M500 USB Ultrasound Microphone
Windows 7
Immediately after plugging the USB cable from the M500 into the USB port, this popup message will
appear:
When the driver installation has been completed, a popup message will be displayed, saying that the device
driver for a "WinUSB Device" has been installed.
The M500 is now ready and you can use the BatMicRecorder software to make recordings with it.
If you don't see a message that the driver for a WinUSB Device has been installed, the driver probably was not
installed successfully. Please disconnect the M500 from the USB port and then plug it in again and follow the
instructions above. If it still does not work, please contact Pettersson for support.
Windows 8 and 8.1
Immediately after plugging the USB cable from the M500 into the USB port, a "USB connect" sound will be
heard (if sound is enabled on your computer) and a progress indicator will appear in the Windows taskbar at the
bottom of the screen. When the progress indicator shows "ready", the driver installation is complete.
The M500 is now ready and you can use the BatMicRecorder software to make recordings with it.
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Pettersson M500 USB Ultrasound Microphone
THE RECORDING SOFTWARE
The BatMicRecorder software is provided free of charge with the M500 for the purpose of making
recordings of bat calls. When the software is launched for the first time, the factory default settings are used,
but after you have changed the settings and closed the program, the settings are saved and the next time you
launch BatMicRecorder, your own settings will be used.
If the M500 is not connected when the BatMicRecorder software is launched or if the connection fails while
in use, an error message will appear. In such case, close BatMicRecorder, unplug and re-connect the M500
and then start BatMicRecorder again.
File Menu
Exit - closes the BatMicRecorder program.
Settings Menu
Time Scale - the time scale of the diagrams can be changed (x1, x2, x4, x8). The actual time scale in
milliseconds is also affected by the FFT size.
Recording Settings - enable/disable the oscillogram (waveform), spectrogram, grid and audio while
recording. Disabling these options, decreases the system load while recording. This may be beneficial with
certain, less powerful computers. Disabling the Audio feature has the additional advantage of keeping the
recorded ultrasonic signal clean. With Audio enabled, the transformed bat calls will also appear in the
recordings, superimposed on the ultrasonic signals.
Data Path - change the folder for saving the sound files. The default folder for saving files is
MyDocuments\Pettersson\BatMicRecorder\Data (the full Windows path is C:\Users\(your
username)\Documents\Pettersson\BatMicRecorder\Data).
Show Menu
Determines which diagrams to display (Oscillogram, Spectrogram and Grids). The diplaying of the
Throughput and Advanced settings can also be enabled here.
Enabling the The Advanced settings, opens a set of controls located below the graphics area (Spectrogram
settings, FFT size, Oscillogram/Spectrogram scaling etc.).
The "Throughput" display (number of samples per second successfully transferred from the M500 to the host
computer) can also be enabled/disabled. Testing the throughput at least once for each computer
configuration is recommended. That way you will know if the performance is sufficient for error-free
recording. To test the throughput, make sure "Throughput" is checked in the Show menu and then make a few
recordings, at least 30 seconds each. Observe the Throughput number displayed at the bottom of the
BatMicRecorder window. If the number is >= 500000 while the recording is in progress, the performance is
sufficient. If the number is <500000 (shown in red) while the recording is in progress, the performance in
insufficient and there may be some gaps or missing samples in the recording. The measurement of the
Throughput is approximate so occasional readings below 500000 does not necessarily mean that there will be
missing samples. Please note that a recording has to be in progress in order for the Throughput number to be
valid.
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Pettersson M500 USB Ultrasound Microphone
If it turns out that a certain computer does not provide the required throughput, please try one or more of the
following in order to increase the performance.
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Close all other programs running on the computer, if possible.
Disable anti-virus scanning, if an anti-virus program is used.
Shut off computer functions that you do not need, e.g. WiFi and Bluetooth.
Configure the computer settings for optimum performance if possible (not all computers may
offer this option).
Do not use the Large Spectrogram option (in the Show menu) or disable the spectrogram display
altogether (in the Settings menu/Recording Settings).
Disable the oscillogram display (in the Settings menu/Recording Settings).
Disable Audio (in the Settings menu/Recording Settings).
Disable the Smooth spectrogram option
Options Menu
The various controls and text boxes (e.g. Recording Settings, Spectrogram Settings) can be
enabled/disabled. Disabling controls that you are not using, gives a better overview of the BatMicRecorder
window and also prevents inadvertently changing those settings.
Hiding a specific control does not disable the function itself, e.g. hiding the Audio controls while the Audio
Enable box has been checked, does not shut the audio off.
About Menu
"About BatMicRecorder" shows the program version and "USB Strings" shows information about the M500
hardware and firmware versions and the serial number.
The Recording Settings section
In this section the recording length, pre-trigger length, auto-arm and circular buffer options are selected.
The recording length can be chosen in steps from 0.3 sec and up to 1 minute (in circular mode up to 10 sec)
and the pre-trigger length can be chosen from 0 and up to 1 sec. The total length of a recording is "recording
length" + "pre-trigger length".
The "Auto" (auto-arm) mode means that after completing a recording, the unit is armed again automatically,
waiting for the next signal to come. Typically, this mode is used for automatic recording of bat calls.
The "Circular" mode uses a circular memory buffer with size corresponding to the selected recording length.
When Record is pressed, the recording starts and continues until Stop is pressed. Then the last x seconds is
saved in the file. This mode can only be used for manual recording.
The default folder for saving files is MyDocuments\Pettersson\BatMicRecorder\Data (the full Windows path
is C:\Users\(your username)\Documents\Pettersson\BatMicRecorder\Data). If desired, you can change this to
another folder (Settings menu/Data Path).
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Pettersson M500 USB Ultrasound Microphone
The Trigger Settings section (Trig Settings)
In this section the settings for the triggering system are selected.
When "Level" is selected, the program waits for the waveform display (oscillogram) to exceed the selected
level (% of full scale). When the selected level is exceeded, this is considered a trigger and a recording is
started.
When "Frequency" is selected, the spectrogram is used to test for a trigger. If a spectrogram level of at least
x dB (the dB value selected) within the selected frequency range is detected, the system is triggered and a
recording is started.
If the "Show Trig" box is checked, the trig level is shown in the oscillogram (Level mode) or the frequency
range is shown in the Spectrogram (Frequency mode).
If the "Single" box is checked, the display update stops and the display freezes when the signal has been
triggered. This allows you to study the signal in more detail.
The Oscillogram/Spectrogram Scaling section
These controls allow you to change the vertical scale of the diagrams. E.g. selecting 50% for the oscillogram
will show only the amplitude interval +/- 50%, making it easier to view low-level signals.
Selecting 50% for the spectrogram zooms in on the frequency axis so that rather than displaying the
frequency interval from zero and up to half the sampling frequency (default), the interval up to 1/4 the
sampling frequency is displayed.
If most of the signals of interest are in the lower half of the spectrogram window, it is usually better to use
the 50% spectrogram scaling.
The Audio section
The BatMicRecorder program allows you to monitor the ultrasonic signals in "real time" (a very small delay
will appear). This monitoring function is only intended to make the ultrasound audible and it is not possible
to use this signal for any analysis purposes. The ultrasound is made audible through under-sampling, which
converts the ultrasound into the audible frequency range.
To enable the monitoring function, check the box "Enable" and adjust the slider to the desired volume. This
function uses the regular sound card of the computer for playing the sound, so if not already enabled, this
must also be enabled. Please refer to the operating instructions of the computer for more information about
this.
The M500 is also sensitive for parts of the audible frequency range, so if the monitoring volume is high,
acoustic feedback is likely to occur. To avoid this, reduce the audio volume and/or use headphones
(connected to the Headphones jack of the computer). Using headphones is also recommended in order not to
get the monitoring signal recorded together with the ultrasonic signal in the sound files. The latter can also be
achieved by disabling audio while recording (in Settings/Recording Settings).
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Pettersson M500 USB Ultrasound Microphone
The FFT Size section
The FFT size affects the frequency resolution, the time resolution and the time scale of the spectrogram. A
larger FFT size gives a higher (better) frequency resolution but poorer time resolution and vice versa. The
time scale of the spectrogram (and oscillogram) becomes shorter if a smaller FFT size is used. We
recommend that you test the different settings to find out which one is best for your purpose.
The Spectrogram Settings section
These settings affect the colours in the spectrogram.
The Threshold determines the lowest dB value that is used for the colour mapping. The MaxdB and MindB
values can be set between 0 dB and Threshold dB.
The settings of the Spectrum Colours control the colour mapping (dB vs colours). Checking the "Test" box
will display the colour mapping with the "highest-dB" colour at the top and the "lowest-dB" colour at the
bottom.
The MaxdB and MindB settings determine the dB range that will be fit into the range of colours obtained by
the Spectrum Colours setting. It is usually best to set the MindB so that the background noise is not displayed
(or just barely displayed) and to set the MaxdB so that the desired signals (bat calls) are clearly visible.
USING THE M500
Getting started
Connect the M500 to a USB 2.0 high-speed port of your computer, using the supplied USB cable. A sound
will be heard from the computer as an acknowledgement and the text "Pettersson" on the M500 will be
illuminated to indicate that the M500 receives power from the computer. This process may take a few
seconds. The M500 is now ready to be used.
If no "USB device connected" acknowledgement sound is heard and/or the red indicator remains constantly
on after plugging the M500 into the USB jack, please disconnect the M500 a few seconds and then connect it
again and wait to let it establish the USB connection.
To make a recording, start the BatMicRecorder software. Make any adjustments that you want to do in order
to get the settings right. The oscillogram and spectrogram show the ultrasound in "real-time" (a small delay is
normal, though), so if you rub two fingers in front of the microphone you will "see" this sound on the screen.
Select Rec Length 5 sec, Pre length 0 sec, Level trig 40% and then click Record. This will put the unit in the
Armed mode, which means it is waiting for a signal to trigger the recording. The red indicator on the M500
will flash once every second while the unit is in the armed mode and light constantly while recording*.
Snap two fingers close to the microphone or make a sound loud enough to trigger the unit. The text "Armed"
will change to "Recording" and after completing the recording (5 seconds), the software will return to the
"Listening" mode. The recorded file is now available in the MyDocuments\Pettersson\BatMicRecorder\Data
folder. The file name is BM_yymmdd_hhmmss_abcde.wav, where yymmdd is the year/month/date, hhmmss
is the time in 24 hour format and abcde is the serial number of the M500 unit.
* This is when BatMicRecorder is used. Other programs may use the red indicator in a different way.
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Pettersson M500 USB Ultrasound Microphone
Changing the microphone directionality
The M500 comes with a detachable directional horn. In order to obtain a more directional microphone
characteristic as well as a higher on-axis sensitivity, the directional horn should be used.
To remove the horn, pull the horn straight away from the microphone tip. When the horn is put back on the
microphone tip, please hold the horn at the edge while pressing it onto the tip. This avoids increasing the air
pressure over the microphone port, which might occur if the horn opening is closed e.g. with a finger.
Computer performance verification
In order to ensure that the computer performance is sufficient, you should test the "throughput" (samples per
second) using the Throughput option in the Show menu. Please refer to the Show Menu section of this
manual for detailed information. Insufficient performance may result in data transmission errors/lost
samples.
Weather protection
The M500 is not waterproof and should be protected against the elements if used e.g. under humid
conditions. The housing and circuit board are relatively insensitive to humidity, but the microphone element
and USB connector may require protection.
UPDATING THE M500 FIRMWARE
As new versions of the M500 firmware become available, you can upgrade your M500. Please contact
Pettersson Elektronik for information about this.
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Pettersson M500 USB Ultrasound Microphone
M500 Specifications
Microphone:
Advanced electret
Sampling frequency:
500 kHz
ADC resolution:
16 bits
Interface:
USB 2.0, high speed
Anti-aliasing filter:
8th order, 190 kHz
Real-time monitoring:
Through the PC sound card (under-sampling)
Size:
42 x 114 x 23 mm (incl microphone horn)
Weight:
75 g
Power:
USB bus powered (5 V, 200 mA max)
Operating system:
Windows Vista SP2, Windows 7, Windows 8, Windows 8.1
Pettersson Elektronik AB, Uppsala Science Park, 75183 Uppsala, Sweden
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