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Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Advanced Workstation
Acronis® Backup & Recovery ™ 10
Advanced Workstation
User's Guide
Copyright © Acronis, Inc., 2000-2009. All rights reserved.
“Acronis” and “Acronis Secure Zone” are registered trademarks of Acronis, Inc.
"Acronis Compute with Confidence", “Acronis Startup Recovery Manager”, “Acronis Active Restore”
and the Acronis logo are trademarks of Acronis, Inc.
Linux is a registered trademark of Linus Torvalds.
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EXTENT THAT SUCH DISCLAIMERS ARE HELD TO BE LEGALLY INVALID.
Table of Contents
1.
Introducing Acronis® Backup & Recovery™ 10 ........................................................... 7
1.1.
Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 overview ............................................................................ 7
1.2.
Getting started .................................................................................................................... 8
1.2.1.
1.3.
1.3.1.
1.3.2.
1.3.3.
1.3.4.
1.3.5.
Using the management console ............................................................................................................ 10
Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 components .................................................................... 16
Agent for Windows ................................................................................................................................ 17
Bootable components and media builder............................................................................................. 18
WinPE ISO Builder .................................................................................................................................. 18
Components for centralized management ........................................................................................... 18
Management Console............................................................................................................................ 21
1.4.
Supported operating systems ........................................................................................... 21
1.5.
Supported file systems ...................................................................................................... 22
1.6.
Technical support .............................................................................................................. 22
2.
Understanding Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 ........................................................ 24
2.1.
Basic concepts ................................................................................................................... 24
2.2.
Full, incremental and differential backups ....................................................................... 28
2.3.
User privileges on a managed machine ............................................................................ 30
2.4.
Owners and credentials .................................................................................................... 30
2.5.
GFS backup scheme .......................................................................................................... 32
2.6.
Tower of Hanoi backup scheme ........................................................................................ 36
2.7.
Retention rules .................................................................................................................. 38
2.8.
Backing up dynamic volumes (Windows) ......................................................................... 41
2.9.
Tape support ..................................................................................................................... 43
2.9.1.
2.9.2.
2.10.
2.10.1.
2.10.2.
2.10.3.
2.10.4.
2.11.
2.11.1.
2.11.2.
2.11.3.
2.11.4.
2.11.5.
2.11.6.
2.11.7.
2.11.8.
3.
Tape compatibility table ........................................................................................................................ 44
Using a single tape drive ........................................................................................................................ 45
Proprietary Acronis technologies ...................................................................................... 46
Acronis Secure Zone............................................................................................................................... 46
Acronis Startup Recovery Manager....................................................................................................... 47
Universal Restore (Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Universal Restore)................................................ 47
Acronis Active Restore ........................................................................................................................... 49
Understanding centralized management ......................................................................... 51
Basic concepts ........................................................................................................................................ 51
Setting up centralized data protection in a heterogeneous network .................................................. 52
Grouping the registered machines ........................................................................................................ 56
Policies on machines and groups........................................................................................................... 56
Backup policy's state and statuses ........................................................................................................ 61
Deduplication ......................................................................................................................................... 64
Privileges for centralized management................................................................................................. 69
Communication between Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 components ............................................. 73
Options ................................................................................................................... 82
3.1.
3.1.1.
3.1.2.
3.1.3.
Console options................................................................................................................. 82
Startup page ........................................................................................................................................... 82
Pop-up messages ................................................................................................................................... 82
Time-based alerts................................................................................................................................... 83
3.1.4.
3.1.5.
3.2.
3.2.1.
3.2.2.
3.3.
3.3.1.
3.3.2.
3.4.
3.4.1.
3.4.2.
4.
Number of tasks ..................................................................................................................................... 83
Fonts ....................................................................................................................................................... 84
Management server options ............................................................................................. 84
Logging level ........................................................................................................................................... 84
Event tracing........................................................................................................................................... 84
Machine options ............................................................................................................... 86
Machine management........................................................................................................................... 86
Event tracing........................................................................................................................................... 86
Default backup and recovery options ............................................................................... 89
Default backup options .......................................................................................................................... 89
Default recovery options ..................................................................................................................... 112
Vaults ................................................................................................................... 122
4.1.
4.1.1.
4.1.2.
4.1.3.
4.2.
4.2.1.
4.2.2.
4.3.
4.3.1.
4.3.2.
4.3.3.
4.3.4.
5.
Centralized vaults ............................................................................................................ 123
Working with the "Centralized vault" view ......................................................................................... 124
Actions on centralized vaults ............................................................................................................... 125
Tape libraries ........................................................................................................................................ 130
Personal vaults ................................................................................................................ 154
Working with the "Personal vault" view ............................................................................................. 155
Actions on personal vaults ................................................................................................................... 156
Common operations ....................................................................................................... 157
Operations with archives stored in a vault.......................................................................................... 157
Operations with backups ..................................................................................................................... 158
Deleting archives and backups ............................................................................................................ 159
Filtering and sorting archives ............................................................................................................... 159
Scheduling ............................................................................................................ 161
5.1.
Daily schedule ................................................................................................................. 162
5.2.
Weekly schedule ............................................................................................................. 164
5.3.
Monthly schedule............................................................................................................ 167
5.4.
Advanced scheduling settings ......................................................................................... 169
5.5.
At Windows Event Log event .......................................................................................... 171
5.6.
Conditions ....................................................................................................................... 173
5.6.1.
5.6.2.
5.6.3.
5.6.4.
5.6.5.
6.
User is idle ............................................................................................................................................ 173
Location is available ............................................................................................................................. 174
Fits time interval................................................................................................................................... 174
User logged off ..................................................................................................................................... 175
Time since last backup ......................................................................................................................... 176
Direct management .............................................................................................. 177
6.1.
6.1.1.
6.1.2.
6.1.3.
6.2.
6.2.1.
6.2.2.
6.2.3.
6.2.4.
6.2.5.
6.2.6.
Administering a managed machine ................................................................................ 177
Dashboard ............................................................................................................................................ 177
Backup plans and tasks ........................................................................................................................ 179
Log ........................................................................................................................................................ 190
Creating a backup plan .................................................................................................... 193
Why is the program asking for the password? ................................................................................... 195
Backup plan's credentials..................................................................................................................... 195
Source type........................................................................................................................................... 195
Items to back up ................................................................................................................................... 196
Access credentials for source .............................................................................................................. 197
Exclusions ............................................................................................................................................. 197
6.2.7.
6.2.8.
6.2.9.
6.2.10.
6.3.
6.3.1.
6.3.2.
6.3.3.
6.3.4.
6.3.5.
6.3.6.
6.3.7.
6.3.8.
6.3.9.
6.3.10.
6.3.11.
6.3.12.
6.4.
6.4.1.
6.4.2.
6.4.3.
6.4.4.
6.4.5.
6.4.6.
6.5.
6.5.1.
6.5.2.
6.5.3.
6.5.4.
Archive .................................................................................................................................................. 198
Access credentials for archive location ............................................................................................... 200
Backup schemes ................................................................................................................................... 200
Archive validation................................................................................................................................. 210
Recovering data .............................................................................................................. 211
Task credentials .................................................................................................................................... 213
Archive selection .................................................................................................................................. 213
Data type .............................................................................................................................................. 214
Content selection ................................................................................................................................. 214
Access credentials for location ............................................................................................................ 216
Destination selection ........................................................................................................................... 216
Access credentials for destination ....................................................................................................... 223
When to recover .................................................................................................................................. 223
Universal Restore ................................................................................................................................. 223
How to convert a disk backup to a virtual machine............................................................................ 225
Bootability troubleshooting ................................................................................................................. 226
Recovering a vast number of files from a file backup......................................................................... 229
Validating vaults, archives and backups.......................................................................... 230
Task credentials .................................................................................................................................... 231
Archive selection .................................................................................................................................. 232
Backup selection .................................................................................................................................. 233
Location selection ................................................................................................................................ 233
Access credentials for source .............................................................................................................. 233
When to validate .................................................................................................................................. 234
Mounting an image ......................................................................................................... 234
Archive selection .................................................................................................................................. 235
Backup selection .................................................................................................................................. 236
Access credentials ................................................................................................................................ 236
Volume selection.................................................................................................................................. 237
6.6.
Managing mounted images ............................................................................................ 237
6.7.
Acronis Secure Zone ........................................................................................................ 237
6.7.1.
6.7.2.
6.8.
6.8.1.
6.8.2.
6.8.3.
6.8.4.
6.8.5.
6.8.6.
6.9.
6.9.1.
6.9.2.
6.9.3.
6.9.4.
6.9.5.
6.9.6.
6.9.7.
7.
Creating Acronis Secure Zone .............................................................................................................. 238
Managing Acronis Secure Zone ........................................................................................................... 241
Bootable media ............................................................................................................... 242
How to create bootable media............................................................................................................ 243
Connecting to a machine booted from media .................................................................................... 250
Working under bootable media .......................................................................................................... 250
List of commands and utilities available in Linux-based bootable media .......................................... 250
Recovering MD devices and logical volumes ...................................................................................... 252
Acronis PXE Server ............................................................................................................................... 255
Disk management ........................................................................................................... 256
Basic precautions ................................................................................................................................. 257
Running Acronis Disk Director Lite ...................................................................................................... 257
Choosing the operating system for disk management ....................................................................... 258
"Disk management" view .................................................................................................................... 258
Disk operations..................................................................................................................................... 259
Volume operations............................................................................................................................... 265
Pending operations .............................................................................................................................. 271
Centralized management ...................................................................................... 273
7.1.
7.1.1.
7.1.2.
7.1.3.
Administering Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Management Server .............................. 273
Dashboard ............................................................................................................................................ 273
Backup policies ..................................................................................................................................... 275
Physical machines ................................................................................................................................ 280
7.1.4.
7.1.5.
7.1.6.
7.1.7.
7.2.
7.2.1.
7.2.2.
7.2.3.
7.2.4.
7.2.5.
7.2.6.
7.2.7.
7.2.8.
Storage nodes....................................................................................................................................... 296
Tasks ..................................................................................................................................................... 300
Log ........................................................................................................................................................ 302
Configuring Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 components .................................................................. 306
Creating a backup policy ................................................................................................. 318
Policy credentials ................................................................................................................................. 319
Items to back up ................................................................................................................................... 320
Access credentials for source .............................................................................................................. 324
Exclusions ............................................................................................................................................. 325
Archive .................................................................................................................................................. 326
Access credentials for location ............................................................................................................ 327
Backup scheme selection..................................................................................................................... 327
Archive validation................................................................................................................................. 337
Glossary ...................................................................................................................................... 338
Index ........................................................................................................................................... 353
1. Introducing Acronis® Backup & Recovery™ 10
1.1. Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 overview
Based on Acronis’ patented disk imaging and bare metal restore technologies, Acronis Backup &
Recovery 10 succeeds Acronis True Image Echo as the next generation disaster recovery solution.
Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Advanced Workstation inherits the benefits of the Acronis True
Image Echo product family:
•
•
•
Backup of an entire disk or volume, including the operating system, all applications, and data
•
•
Scalability from a single machine to an enterprise
•
Dedicated servers for storage resource optimization.
Bare metal recovery to any hardware
File and folder backup and recovery
Centralized management for distributed workstations
Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Advanced Workstation offers new benefits that help organizations
meet challenging Recovery Time Objectives while reducing both capital expense and software
maintenance costs.
•
Leveraging existing IT infrastructure
Data deduplication to reduce storage consumption and network bandwidth utilization
Flexible deduplication mechanism allowing deduplication of backup data both at the source
and at the storage
Improved support for robotic tape libraries
Backward compatibility and an easy upgrade from Acronis True Image Echo
•
Highly automated data protection
All-round planning of data protection (backup, retention and validation of backups) within a
backup policy
Built-in Tower of Hanoi and Grandfather-Father-Son backup schemes with customizable
parameters
A variety of events and conditions can be chosen to trigger a backup
•
Policy-based centralized management
Applying backup policies to groups of machines
Static and dynamic machine grouping
•
Easy work with virtual environments
Conversion of a backup to a fully configured VMware, Microsoft, Parallels, or Citrix virtual
machine
•
Redesigned GUI
Dashboard for quick operational decision making
Overview of all configured and running operations with color-coding for successful and failed
Copyright © Acronis, Inc., 2000-2009
7
operations
•
Enterprise level of security
Controlling user rights to perform operations and access backups
Running services with minimal user rights
Restricted remote access to a backup agent
Secure communication between the product components
Using third-party certificates for authentication of the components
Data encryption options for both data transmission and storage
Backup of remote machines to a centralized storage node behind firewalls.
1.2. Getting started
Direct management
1. Install Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Management Console and Acronis Backup & Recovery 10
Agent.
2. Start the console.
Windows
Start the console by selecting it from the start menu.
3. Connect the console to the machine where the agent is installed.
Where to go from here
For what to do next see "Basic concepts (p. 24)".
For understanding of the GUI elements see "Using the management console (p. 10)".
Centralized management
We recommend that you first try to manage the single machine using direct management as
described above.
To start with centralized management:
1. Install Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Management Server (p. 19).
2. Install Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Agents on the machines that need data protection. When
installing the agents, register each of the machines on the management server. To do so, enter
the server's IP or name and the centralized administrator's credentials in one of the installation
wizard's windows.
3. Install Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Management Console (p. 21) on the machine from which
you prefer to operate. We recommend that you use the console that installs on Windows if you
have a choice between Windows and Linux console distributions. Install Acronis Bootable Media
Builder.
4. Start the console. Create the bootable media.
5. Connect the console to the management server.
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Copyright © Acronis, Inc., 2000-2009
The simplified way of centralized management
•
Backup
Using the Back up control, select the machine which you want to back up and then create a backup
plan (p. 340) on the machine. You can create backup plans on multiple machines in turn.
•
Recovery
Using the Recover control, select the machine where the data recovery is required and create a
recovery task on the machine. You can create recovery tasks on multiple machines in turn.
To recover the entire machine or the operating system that fails to start, use the bootable media (p.
341). You cannot control operations under bootable media using the management server, but you
can disconnect the console from the server and connect it to the machine booted from the media.
•
Managing plans and tasks
To manage the plans and tasks existing on the registered machines, select Machines > All machines
in the Navigation tree and then select each machine in turn. The Information pane below shows the
state and the details of plans and tasks existing on each machine and enables you to start, stop, edit,
and delete the plans and tasks.
You can also use the Tasks view that displays all tasks existing on the registered machines. The tasks
can be filtered by machines, backup plans and other parameters. Refer to the context help for details.
•
Viewing log
To view the centralized log, collected from the registered machines, select Log in the Navigation tree.
The log entries can be filtered by machines, backup plans and other parameters. Refer to the context
help for details.
•
Creating centralized vaults
If you opt for storing all backup archives in a single or a few networked locations, create centralized
vaults in these locations. After a vault is created, you can view and administer its content by selecting
Vaults > Centralized > 'Vault name' in the Navigation tree. The shortcut to the vault will be deployed
to all the registered machines. The vault can be specified as a backup destination in any backup plan
created by you or by the registered machines' users.
The advanced way of centralized management
To make the best use of the centralized management capabilities offered by Acronis Backup &
Recovery 10, you can opt for:
•
Using deduplication
1. Install Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Storage Node (p. 19) and add it to the management
server.
2. Create the deduplicating managed vault on the storage node.
3. Install the Acronis Deduplication add-on to the agent on all machines that will back up to the
deduplicating vault.
4. Ensure that the backup plans you create use the managed vault as destination for the backup
archives.
Copyright © Acronis, Inc., 2000-2009
9
•
Creating a backup policy rather than backup plans
Set up a centralized backup policy and apply it to the All machines group. This way you will deploy
backup plans on each machine with a single action. Select Actions > Create backup policy from the
top menu and then refer to the context help.
•
Grouping the machines registered on the management server
Group the registered machines by appropriate parameters, create several policies and apply each
policy to the appropriate group of machines. For more information please refer to "Grouping the
registered machines (p. 56)".
The comprehensive example of the advanced centralized management is provided in the section
"Setting up centralized data protection in a heterogeneous network (p. 52)".
1.2.1.
Using the management console
As soon as the console connects to a managed machine (p. 348) or to a management server (p. 348),
the respective items appear across the console's workspace (in the menu, in the main area with the
Welcome screen, the Navigation pane, the Actions and tools pane) enabling you to perform agentspecific or server-specific operations.
Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Management Console - Welcome screen
10
Copyright © Acronis, Inc., 2000-2009
Key elements of the console workspace
Name
Description
Navigation pane
Contains the Navigation tree and the Shortcuts bar and lets you navigate to
the different views (see the Navigation pane (p. 11) section.)
Actions and tools pane
Contains bars with a set of actions that can be performed and tools (see the
Actions and Tools pane (p. 12) section).
Main area
The main place of working, where you create, edit and manage backup
plans, policies, tasks and perform other operations. Displays the different
views and action pages (p. 14) depending on items selected in the menu,
Navigation tree, or on the Actions and Tools pane.
Menu bar
Appears across the top of the program window and lets you perform all the
operations, available on both panes. Menu items change dynamically.
1024x768 or higher display resolution is required for comfortable work with the management
console.
1.2.1.1.
"Navigation" pane
The navigation pane includes the Navigation tree and the Shortcuts bar.
Navigation tree
The Navigation tree enables you to navigate across the program views. Views depend on whether the
console is connected to a managed machine or to the management server.
Views for a managed machine
When the console is connected to a managed machine, the following views are available in the
navigation tree.
•
[Machine name]. Root of the tree also called a Welcome view. Displays the name of the
machine the console is currently connected to. Use this view for quick access to the main
operations, available on the managed machine.
o
Dashboard. Use this view to estimate at a glance whether the data is successfully
protected on the managed machine.
o
Backup plans and tasks. Use this view to manage backup plans and tasks on the managed
machine: run, edit, stop and delete plans and tasks, view their states and statuses, monitor
plans.
o
Vaults. Use this view to manage personal vaults and archives stored in there, add new
vaults, rename and delete the existing ones, validate vaults, explore backup content, mount
backups as virtual drives, etc.
o
Log. Use this view to examine information on operations performed by the program on
the managed machine.
o
Disk management. Use this view to perform operations on the machine's hard disk drives.
Copyright © Acronis, Inc., 2000-2009
11
Views for a management server
When the console is connected to a management server, the following views are available in the
navigation tree.
•
[Management server name]. Root of the tree also called a Welcome view. Displays the name
of the management server the console is currently connected to. Use this view for quick access to
the main operations, available on the management server.
o
Dashboard. Use this view to estimate at a glance whether the data is successfully
protected on the machines registered on the management server.
o
Backup policies. Use this view to manage backup policies existing on the management
server.
o
Physical machines. Use this view to manage machines registered on the management
server.
o
Vaults. Use this view to manage centralized vaults and archives stored in there: create
new managed and unmanaged vaults, rename and delete the existing ones.
o
Storage nodes. Use this view to manage storage nodes. Add a storage node to be able to
create centralized vaults that will be managed by the node.
o
Tasks. Use this view to manage tasks, run, edit, stop and delete tasks, monitor their states,
examine task history.
o
Log. Use this view to examine the history of centralized management operations, such as
creating a managed entities group, applying a policy, managing a centralized vault; as well as
the history of operations logged in the local logs of the registered machines and the storage
nodes.
Shortcuts bar
The Shortcuts bar appears under the navigation tree. It offers you an easy and convenient way of
connection to the machines in demand by adding them as shortcuts.
To add a shortcut to a machine
1. Connect the console to a managed machine.
2. In the navigation tree, right-click the machine's name (a root element of the navigation tree), and
then select Create shortcut.
If the console and agent are installed on the same machine, the shortcut to this machine will be
added to the shortcuts bar automatically as Local machine [Machine name].
If the console has ever been connected to Acronis Management Server, the shortcut is added
automatically as AMS [Machine name].
1.2.1.2.
"Actions and tools" pane
The Actions and tools pane enables you to easily and efficiently work with Acronis Backup &
Recovery 10. The pane's bars provide quick access to program's operations and tools. All items of the
Actions and tools bar are duplicated in the program menu.
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Copyright © Acronis, Inc., 2000-2009
Bars
'[Item's name]' actions
Contains a set of actions that can be performed on the items selected in any of the navigation views.
Clicking the action opens the respective action page (p. 15). Items of different navigation views have
their own set of actions. The bar's name changes in accordance with the item you select. For
example, if you select the backup plan named System backup in the Backup plans and tasks view, the
actions bar will be named as 'System backup' actions and will have the set of actions typical to
backup plans.
All actions can also be accessed in the respective menu items. A menu item appears on the menu bar
when you select an item in any of the navigation views.
Examples of "'Item name' actions" bars
Actions
Contains a list of common operations that can be performed on a managed machine or on a
management server. Always the same for all views. Clicking the operation opens the respective action
page (see the Action pages (p. 15) section.)
All the actions can also be accessed in the Actions menu.
"Actions" bar on a managed machine and on a management server
Copyright © Acronis, Inc., 2000-2009
13
Tools
Contains a list of the Acronis tools. Always the same across all the program views.
All the tools can also be accessed in the Tools menu.
"Tools" bar
Help
Contains a list of help topics. Different views and action pages of Acronis Backup & Recovery 10
provided with lists of specific help topics.
1.2.1.3.
Operations with panes
How to expand/minimize panes
By default, the Navigation pane appears expanded and the Actions and Tools - minimized. You might
need to minimize the pane in order to free some additional workspace. To do this, click the chevron
( - for the Navigation pane;
- for the Actions and tools pane). The pane will be minimized and
the chevron changes its direction. Click the chevron once again to expand the pane.
How to change the panes' borders
1. Point to the pane's border.
2. When the pointer becomes a double-headed arrow, drag the pointer to move the border.
The management console "remembers" the way the panes' borders are set. When you run the
management console next time, all the panes' borders will have the same position that was set
previously.
1.2.1.4.
Main area, views and action pages
The main area is a basic place where you work with the console. Here you create, edit and manage
backup plans, policies, tasks and perform other operations.The main area displays different views and
action pages according the items you select in the menu, Navigation tree, or on the Actions and
Tools pane.
Views
A view appears on the main area when clicking any item in the Navigation tree in the Navigation
pane (p. 11).
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Copyright © Acronis, Inc., 2000-2009
"Tasks" view
Common way of working with views
Generally, every view contains a table of items, a table toolbar with buttons, and the Information
panel.
•
•
Use filtering and sorting capabilities to search the table for the item in question
•
•
In the Information panel (collapsed by default), view the item's details
In the table, select the desired item
Perform actions on the selected item. There are several ways of performing the same action on
selected items:
o By clicking the buttons on the table toolbar;
o By clicking in the items in the [Item's name] Actions bar (on the Actions and Tools pane);
o By selecting the items in the Actions menu;
o By right-clicking the item and selecting the operation in the context menu.
Action pages
An action page appears in the main area when clicking any action item in the Actions menu, or in the
Actions bar on the Actions and tools pane. It contains steps you need to perform in order to create
and launch any task, or a backup plan, or backup policy.
Copyright © Acronis, Inc., 2000-2009
15
Action page - Create backup plan
Using controls and specifying settings
The action pages offer two ways of representation: basic and advanced. The basic representation
hides such fields as credentials, comments, etc. When the advanced representation is enabled, all the
available fields are displayed. You can switch between the views by selecting the Advanced view
check box at the top of the action page.
Most settings are configured by clicking the respective Change… links to the right. Others are selected
from the drop-down list, or typed manually in the page's fields.
Action page - Controls
1.3. Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 components
This section contains a list of Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 components with a brief description of
their functionality.
16
Copyright © Acronis, Inc., 2000-2009
Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 includes three types of components.
Components for a managed machine (agents)
These are applications that perform data backup, recovery and other operations on the machines
managed with Acronis Backup & Recovery 10. Agents require a license to perform operations on each
managed machine. Agents have multiple features, or add-ons, that enable additional functionality
and so might require additional licenses.
Components for centralized management
These components, delivered with the Advanced, SBS and Virtual Acronis Backup & Recovery 10
editions, provide the centralized management capability. Usage of these components is not licensed.
Console and tools
The console provides Graphical User Interface and remote connection to the agents and other
Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 components. With bootable media builders, you can create bootable
media in order to use the agents and other rescue utilities in a rescue environment. Availability of the
agent add-ons in a rescue environment depends on whether an add-on is installed on the machine
where the media builder is working.
1.3.1.
Agent for Windows
This agent enables disk-level and file-level data protection under Windows.
Disk backup
Disk-level data protection is based on backing up either a disk or a volume file system as a whole,
along with all the information necessary for the operating system to boot; or all the disk sectors using
the sector-by-sector approach (raw mode). A backup that contains a copy of a disk or a volume in a
packaged form is called a disk (volume) backup or a disk (volume) image. It is possible to recover disks
or volumes as a whole from such backup, as well as individual folders or files.
File backup
File-level data protection is based on backing up files and folders residing on the machine where the
agent is installed or on a network share. Files can be recovered to their original location or to another
place. It is possible to recover all files and folders that were backed up or select which of them to
recover.
Other operations
Conversion to a virtual machine
Rather than converting a disk backup to a virtual disk file, which requires additional operations to
bring the virtual disk into use, Agent for Windows performs the conversion by recovering a disk
backup to a new virtual machine of any of the following types: VMware Workstation, Microsoft
Virtual PC, Parallels Workstation or Citrix XenServer virtual appliance. Files of the fully configured and
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17
operational machine will be placed in the folder you select. You can start the machine using the
respective virtualization software or prepare the machine files for further usage.
Disk management
Agent for Windows includes Acronis Disk Director Lite - a handy disk management utility. Disk
management operations, such as cloning disks; converting disks; creating, formatting and deleting
volumes; changing a disk partitioning style between MBR and GPT or changing a disk label, can be
performed either in the operating system or using bootable media.
1.3.1.1.
Universal Restore
The Universal Restore add-on enables you to use the restore to dissimilar hardware functionality on
the machine where the agent is installed, and create bootable media with this functionality. Universal
Restore handles differences in devices that are critical for Windows start-up, such as storage
controllers, motherboard or chipset.
1.3.1.2.
Deduplication
This add-on enables the agent to back up data to deduplicating vaults managed by Acronis Backup &
Recovery 10 Storage Node.
1.3.2.
Bootable components and media builder
Bootable components of the agent enable operations with reboot, such as recovery of the volume
containing the currently active operating system. Once the operations are completed, the machine
boots into the operating system again. The bootable components are based on the Linux kernel. You
can choose not to install the bootable components and perform operations that require reboot using
bootable media.
Acronis Bootable Media Builder is a dedicated tool for creating bootable media (p. 341) containing
the bootable components. The media builder, delivered with Agent for Windows, creates bootable
media that represents volumes and network in the Windows-like style (C:, D:, \\server\share).
The Universal Restore add-on enables you to use the restore to dissimilar hardware functionality on
the machine where the agent is installed, and create bootable media with this functionality. Universal
Restore handles differences in devices that are critical for Windows start-up, such as storage
controllers, motherboard or chipset.
1.3.3.
WinPE ISO Builder
Acronis WinPE ISO Builder is a dedicated tool for creating bootable media (p. 341) based on Windows
preinstallation environment. This tool can be installed only on machines running Windows.
1.3.4.
Components for centralized management
This section lists the components included in the Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 editions that provide
the centralized management capability. Besides these components, Acronis Backup & Recovery 10
Agents have to be installed on all machines that need data protection.
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1.3.4.1.
Management Server
Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Management Server is the central server that drives data protection
within the enterprise network. The management server provides the administrator with:
•
•
a single entry point to the Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 infrastructure
an easy way to protect data on numerous machines (p. 347) using backup policies (p. 340) and
grouping
•
enterprise-wide monitoring functionality
•
•
the ability to create centralized vaults (p. 342) for storing enterprise backup archives (p. 339)
the ability to manage storage nodes (p. 350).
If there are multiple management servers on the network, they operate independently, manage
different machines and use different centralized vaults for storing archives.
The management server's databases
The management server uses three Microsoft SQL databases:
•
The configuration database that stores the list of registered machines and other configuration
information, including backup policies created by the administrator.
•
The synchronization database used for synchronization of the management server with
registered machines and storage nodes. This is a database with rapidly changing operational data.
•
The reporting database that stores the centralized log. This database may grow large. Its size
depends on the logging level you set.
The configuration and synchronization databases should reside on the same Microsoft SQL Server
(called an operational server) preferably installed on the same machine as the management server.
The reporting database can be configured on the same or different SQL server.
When installing a management server, you can select for both operational and reporting servers what
server to use. The following options are available:
1. Microsoft SQL Server 2005 Express that comes with the installation package and installs on the
same machine. In this case, an SQL server instance with three databases will be created on the
machine.
2. Microsoft SQL Server 2008 (any edition) previously installed on any machine.
3. Microsoft SQL Server 2005 (any edition) previously installed on any machine.
1.3.4.2.
Storage Node
Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Storage Node is a server aimed to optimize usage of various resources
(such as the corporate storage capacity, the network bandwidth, or the managed machines' CPU
load) required for the enterprise data protection. This goal is achieved through organizing and
managing the locations that serve as dedicated storages of the enterprise backup archives (managed
vaults).
The storage nodes enable creating highly scalable and flexible, in terms of the hardware support,
storage infrastructure. Up to 20 storage nodes can be set up, each being able to manage up to 20
vaults. The administrator controls the storage nodes centrally from the Acronis Backup & Recovery 10
Management Server (p. 348). Direct console connection to a storage node is not possible.
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Setting up the storage infrastructure
Install the storage nodes, add them to the management server (the procedure is similar to the
managed machine registration (p. 349)) and create centralized vaults (p. 342). When creating a
centralized vault, specify the path to the vault, the storage node that will manage the vault, and the
management operations to be performed on the vault.
A managed vault can be organized:
•
•
on the hard drives local to the storage node
•
•
•
on a Storage Area Network (SAN)
on a network share
on a Network Attached Storage (NAS)
on a tape library locally attached to the storage node.
The management operations are as follows.
Storage node-side cleanup and validation
Archives, stored in unmanaged vaults, are maintained by the agents (p. 339) that create the archives.
This means that each agent not only backs up data to the archive, but also executes service tasks that
apply to the archive, the retention rules and validation rules specified by the backup plan (p. 340). To
relieve the managed machines of unnecessary CPU load, execution of the service tasks can be
delegated to the storage node. Since the tasks' schedule exists on the machine the agent resides on,
and therefore uses that machine’s time and events, the agent has to initiate the storage node-side
cleanup (p. 350) and the storage node-side validation (p. 350) according to the schedule. To do so,
the agent must be online. Further processing is performed by the storage node.
This functionality cannot be disabled in a managed vault. The next two operations are optional.
Deduplication
A managed vault can be configured as a deduplicating vault. This means that identical data will be
backed up to this vault only once to minimize the network usage during backup and storage space
taken by the archives. For more information, please see Deduplication (p. 64).
Encryption
A managed vault can be configured so that anything written to it is encrypted and anything read from
it is decrypted transparently by the storage node, using a vault-specific encryption key stored on the
node server. In case the storage medium is stolen or accessed by an unauthorized person, the
malefactor will not be able to decrypt the vault contents without access to this specific storage node.
If the archive is already encrypted by the agent, the storage node-side encryption is applied over the
encryption performed by the agent.
1.3.4.3.
PXE Server
Acronis PXE Server allows for booting machines into Acronis bootable components through the
network.
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The network booting:
•
Eliminates the need to have a technician onsite to install the bootable media (p. 341) into the
system that has to be booted
•
During group operations, reduces the time required for booting multiple machines as compared
to using physical bootable media.
1.3.4.4.
License Server
The server enables you to manage licenses of Acronis products and install the components that
require licenses.
For more information about Acronis License Server please see "Using Acronis License Server".
1.3.5.
Management Console
Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Management Console is an administrative tool for remote or local
access to Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 agents, and in the product editions that include the
centralized management capability, to the Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Management Server.
The console has two distributions for installation on Windows and installation on Linux. While both
distributions enable connection to any Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 agent and Acronis Backup &
Recovery 10 Management Server, we recommend that you use the console for Windows if you have a
choice between the two. The console that installs on Linux has limited functionality:
•
remote installation of Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 components is not available
•
the Active Directory-related features, such as browsing the AD, are not available.
1.4. Supported operating systems
Acronis License Server
•
•
•
Windows Professional 2000 SP4/XP Professional SP2
•
Windows Vista all Editions except for Vista Home Basic and Vista Home Premium
Windows Server 2000/Advanced Server 2000/Server 2003/ SBS 2003/ SBS 2008/ Server 2008
Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, Windows Server 2003/2008/ x64 Editions
Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Management Console
•
Windows Professional 2000 SP4/XP Professional SP2
•
•
•
Windows Server 2000/Advanced Server 2000/Server 2003/ SBS 2003/ SBS 2008/ Server 2008
Windows XP Professional x64 Edition/Home Edition, Windows Server 2003/2008 x64 Editions
Windows Vista all Editions
Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Management Server and Acronis Backup & Recovery
10 Storage Node
•
•
Windows Professional 2000 SP4/XP Professional SP2
Windows Server 2000/Advanced Server 2000/Server 2003/ SBS 2003/ SBS 2008/ Server 2008
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•
•
Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, Windows Server 2003/2008/ x64 Editions
Windows Vista all Editions except for Vista Home Basic and Vista Home Premium
Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Agent for Windows
•
Windows Professional 2000 SP4/ Professional XP SP2
•
•
Windows XP Professional x64 Edition/Home Edition
Windows Vista all Editions
Remote connection to the agent installed on Windows Home editions is not possible.
1.5. Supported file systems
Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 can back up and recover the following file systems with the following
limitations:
•
•
FAT16/32
•
•
Ext2/Ext3
NTFS
ReiserFS3 - particular files cannot be recovered from disk backups located on Acronis Backup &
Recovery 10 Storage Node
•
ReiserFS4 - volume recovery without the volume resize capability; particular files cannot be
recovered from disk backups located on Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Storage Node
•
XFS - volume recovery without the volume resize capability; particular files cannot be recovered
from disk backups located on Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Storage Node
•
JFS - particular files cannot be recovered from disk backups located on Acronis Backup &
Recovery 10 Storage Node
•
Linux SWAP
Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 can back up and recover corrupted or non-supported file systems
using the sector-by-sector approach.
1.6. Technical support
As part of a purchased annual Support charge you are entitled to Technical Support as follows: to the
extent that electronic services are available, you may electronically access at no additional charge,
Support services for the Software, which Acronis shall endeavor to make available twenty four (24)
hours a day, seven (7) days per week. Such electronic services may include, but are not limited to:
user forums; software-specific information; hints and tips; bug fix retrieval via the internet; software
maintenance and demonstration code retrieval via a WAN-accessible FTP server; and access to a
problem resolution database via Acronis customer support system.
Support shall consist of supplying telephone or other electronic support to you in order to help you
locate and, on its own, correct problems with the Software and supplying patches, updates and other
changes that Acronis, at its sole discretion, makes or adds to the Software and which Acronis makes
generally available, without additional charge, to other licensees of the Software that are enrolled in
Support.
Upon mutual agreement by both parties, Acronis shall:
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(i) supply code corrections to you to correct Software malfunctions in order to bring such Software
into substantial conformity with the published operating specifications for the most current version
of the Software unless your unauthorized modifications prohibit or hamper such corrections or cause
the malfunction;
or (ii) supply code corrections to correct insubstantial problems at the next general release of the
Software.
More information about contacting Acronis Technical Support is available at the following link:
http://www.Acronis.com/enterprise/support/
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2. Understanding Acronis Backup & Recovery 10
This section attempts to give its readers a clear understanding of the product so that they can use the
product in various circumstances without step-by-step instructions.
2.1. Basic concepts
Please familiarize yourself with the basic notions used in the Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 graphical
user interface and documentation. Advanced users are welcome to use this section as a step-by-step
quick start guide. The details can be found in the context help.
Backup under operating system
1. To protect data on a machine, install Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 agent (p. 339) on the
machine which becomes a managed machine (p. 348) from this point on.
2. To be able to manage the machine using Graphical User Interface, install Acronis Backup &
Recovery 10 Management Console (p. 343) on the same machine or any machine from which you
prefer to operate. If you have the standalone product edition, skip this step since in your case the
console installs with the agent.
3. Run the console. To be able to recover the machine's operating system if the system fails to start,
create bootable media (p. 341).
4. Connect the console to the managed machine.
5. Create a backup plan (p. 340).
To do so, you have to specify, at the very least, the data to be protected and the location where
the backup archive (p. 339) will be stored. This will create a minimal backup plan consisting of
one task (p. 350) that will create a full backup (p. 339) of your data every time the task is
manually started. A complex backup plan might consist of multiple tasks which run on schedule;
create full, incremental or differential backups (p. 28); perform archive maintenance operations
such as backup validation (p. 351) or deleting outdated backups (archive cleanup (p. 343)). You
can customize backup operations using various backup options, such as pre/post backup
commands, network bandwidth throttling, error handling or notification options.
6. Use the Backup plans and tasks page to view information about your backup plans and tasks and
monitor their execution. Use the Log page to browse the operations log.
7. The location where you store backup archives is called a vault (p. 352). Navigate to the Vaults
page to view information about your vaults. Navigate further to the specific vault to view archives
and backups and perform manual operations with them (mounting, validating, deleting, viewing
contents). You can also select a backup to recover data from it.
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The following diagram illustrates the notions discussed above. For more definitions please refer to
the Glossary.
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Backup using bootable media
You can boot the machine using the bootable media, configure the backup operation in the same way
as a simple backup plan and execute the operation. This will help you extract files and logical volumes
from a system that failed to boot, take an image of the offline system or back up sector-by-sector an
unsupported file system.
Recovery under operating system
When it comes to data recovery, you create a recovery task on the managed machine. You specify the
vault, then select the archive and then select the backup referring to the date and time of the backup
creation, or more precisely, to the time when the creation has started. In most cases, the data will be
reverted to that moment.
Examples of exceptions to this rule:
Recovering a database from a backup that contains the transaction log (a single backup provides multiple
recovery points and so you can make additional selections).
Recovering multiple files from a file backup taken without snapshot (each file will be reverted to the moment
when it was actually copied to the backup).
You also specify the destination where to recover the data. You can customize the recovery operation
using recovery options, such as pre/post recovery commands, error handling or notification options.
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The following diagram illustrates data recovery under the operating system (online). No backup can
proceed on the machine while the recovery operation is taking place. If required, you can connect the
console to another machine and configure a recovery operation on that machine. This ability (remote
parallel recovery) first appeared in Acronis Backup & Recovery 10; the previous Acronis products do
not provide it.
Recovery using bootable media
Recovery over a volume locked by the operating system, such as the volume where the operating
system resides, requires a reboot to the bootable environment which is a part of the agent. After the
recovery is completed, the recovered operating system goes online automatically.
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If the machine fails to boot or you need to recover data to bare metal, you boot the machine using
the bootable media and configure the recovery operation in the same way as the recovery task. The
following diagram illustrates the recovery using the bootable media.
2.2. Full, incremental and differential backups
Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 provides the capability to use popular backup schemes, such as
Grandfather-Father-Son and Tower of Hanoi, as well as to create custom backup schemes. All backup
schemes are based on full, incremental and differential backup methods. The term "scheme" in fact
denotes the algorithm of applying these methods plus the algorithm of the archive cleanup.
Comparing backup methods with each other does not make much sense because the methods work
as a team in a backup scheme. Each method should play its specific role according to its advantages.
A competent backup scheme will benefit from the advantages of all backup methods and lessen the
influence of all the methods’ shortcomings. For example, weekly differential backup facilitates
archive cleanup because it can be easily deleted along with the weekly set of daily incremental
backups depending on it.
Backing up with the full, incremental or differential backup method results in a backup (p. 339) of the
corresponding type.
Full backup
A full backup stores all data selected for backup. A full backup underlies any archive and forms the
base for incremental and differential backups. An archive can contain multiple full backups or consist
of only full backups. A full backup is self-sufficient - you do not need access to any other backup to
recover data from a full backup.
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It is widely accepted that a full backup is the slowest to do but the fastest to restore. With Acronis
technologies, recovery from an incremental backup may be not slower than recovery from a full one.
A full backup is most useful when:
•
•
you need to roll back the system to its initial state
this initial state does not change often, so there is no need for regular backup.
Example: An Internet cafe, school or university lab where the administrator often undoes changes
made by the students or guests but rarely updates the reference backup (in fact, after installing
software updates only). The backup time is not crucial in this case and the recovery time will be
minimal when recovering the systems from the full backup. The administrator can have several copies
of the full backup for additional reliability.
Incremental backup
An incremental backup stores changes to the data against the latest backup. You need access to
other backups from the same archive to recover data from an incremental backup.
An incremental backup is most useful when:
•
•
you need the possibility to roll back to any one of multiple saved states
the data changes tend to be small as compared to the total data size.
It is widely accepted that incremental backups are less reliable than full ones because if one backup in
the "chain" is corrupted, the next ones can no longer be used. However, storing multiple full backups
is not an option when you need multiple prior versions of your data, because reliability of an
oversized archive is even more questionable.
Example: Backing up a database transaction log.
Differential backup
A differential backup stores changes to the data against the latest full backup. You need access to the
corresponding full backup to recover the data from a differential backup. A differential backup is
most useful when:
•
you are interested in saving only the most recent data state
•
the data changes tend to be small as compared to the total data size.
The typical conclusion is: "differential backups take longer to do and are faster to restore, while
incremental ones are quicker to do and take longer to restore." In fact, there is no physical difference
between an incremental backup appended to a full backup and a differential backup appended to the
same full backup at the same point of time. The above mentioned difference implies creating a
differential backup after (or instead of) creating multiple incremental backups.
An incremental or differential backup created after disk defragmentation might be considerably larger than
usual because defragmentation changes file locations on the disk and the backup reflects these changes. It is
recommended that you re-create a full backup after disk defragmentation.
The following table summarizes the advantages and shortcomings of each backup type as they
appear based on common knowledge. In real life, these parameters depend on numerous factors
such as the amount, speed and pattern of data changes; the nature of the data, the physical
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specifications of the devices, the backup/recovery options you set, to name a few. Practice is the best
guide to selecting the optimal backup scheme.
Parameter
Full backup
Differential backup
Incremental backup
Storage space
Maximal
Medium
Minimal
Creation time
Maximal
Medium
Minimal
Recovery time
Minimal
Medium
Maximal
2.3. User privileges on a managed machine
When managing a machine running Windows, the scope of a user's management rights depends on
the user's privileges on the machine.
Regular users
A regular user, such as a member of the Users group, has the following management rights:
•
Perform file-level backup and recovery of the files that the user has permissions to access—but
without using a file-level backup snapshot.
•
Create backup plans and tasks and manage them.
•
•
View—but not manage—backup plans and tasks created by other users.
View the local event log.
Administrative users
A user who has administrative privileges on the machine, such as a member of the Administrators or
Backup Operators group, additionally has the following management rights:
•
Back up and recover the entire machine or any data on the machine, with or without using a disk
snapshot.
Members of the Administrators group also can:
•
View and manage backup plans and tasks owned by any user on the machine.
2.4. Owners and credentials
This section explains the concept of owner and the meaning of a backup plan's (or task's) credentials.
Plan (task) owner
A local backup plan owner is the user who created or last modified the plan.
A centralized backup plan owner is the management server administrator who created or last
modified the centralized policy that spawned the plan.
Tasks, belonging to a backup plan, either local or centralized, are owned by the backup plan owner.
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Tasks that do not belong to a backup plan, such as the recovery task, are owned by the user who has
created or last modified the task.
Managing a plan (task) owned by another user
Having Administrator privileges on the machine, a user can modify tasks and local backup plans
owned by any user registered in the operating system.
When a user opens a plan or task for editing, which is owned by another user, all passwords set in the
task are cleared. This prevents the "modify settings, leave passwords" trick. The program displays a
warning each time you are trying to edit a plan (task) last modified by another user. On seeing the
warning, you have two options:
•
•
Click Cancel and create your own plan or task. The original task will remain intact.
Continue editing. You will have to enter all credentials required for the plan or task execution.
Archive owner
An archive owner is the user who saved the archive to the destination. To be more precise, this is the
user whose account was specified when creating the backup plan in the Where to back up step. By
default, the plan's credentials are used.
Plan's credentials and task credentials
Any task running on a machine runs on behalf of a user. When creating a plan or a task, you have the
option to explicitly specify an account under which the plan or the task will run. Your choice depends
on whether the plan or task is intended for manual start or for executing on schedule.
Manual start
You can skip the Plan's (Task) credentials step. Every time you start the task, the task will run under
the credentials with which you are currently logged on. Any person that has administrative privileges
on the machine can also start the task. The task will run under this person's credentials.
The task will always run under the same credentials, regardless of the user who actually starts the
task, if you specify the task credentials explicitly. To do so, on the plan (task) creation page:
1. Select the Advanced view check box.
2. Select General -> Plan's (Task) credentials -> Change.
3. Enter the credentials under which the plan (task) will run.
Scheduled or postponed start
The plan (task) credentials are mandatory. If you skip the credentials step, you will be asked for
credentials after finishing the plan (task) creation.
Why does the program compel me to specify credentials?
A scheduled or postponed task has to run anyway, regardless if any user is logged on or not (for
example, the system is at the Windows "Welcome" screen) or a user other than the task owner is
logged on. It is sufficient that the machine be on (that is, not in standby or hibernate) at the
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scheduled task start time. That's why the Acronis scheduler needs the explicitly specified credentials
to be able to start the task.
2.5. GFS backup scheme
This section covers implementation of the Grandfather-Father-Son (GFS) backup scheme in Acronis
Backup & Recovery 10.
With this backup scheme you are not allowed to back up more often than once a day. The scheme
enables you to mark out the daily, weekly and monthly cycles in your daily backup schedule and set
the retention periods for the daily, monthly and weekly backups. The daily backups are referred to as
“sons”; weekly backups are referred to as “fathers”; the longest lived monthly backups are called
“grandfathers”.
GFS as a tape rotation scheme
GFS was initially created and is often referred to as a tape rotation scheme. Tape rotation schemes,
as such, do not provide automation. They just determine:
•
how many tapes you need to enable recovery with the desired resolution (time interval between
recovery points) and roll-back period
•
which tapes you should overwrite with the forthcoming backup.
Tape rotation schemes enable you to get by with the minimal number of cartridges and not to be
buried in used tapes. A lot of Internet sources describe varieties of the GFS tape rotation scheme. You
are free to use any of the varieties when backing up to a locally attached tape device.
GFS by Acronis
With Acronis Backup & Recovery 10, you can easily set up a backup plan that will regularly back up
data and clean up the resulting archive according to the GFS scheme.
Create the backup plan as usual. For the backup destination, choose any storage device where
automatic cleanup can be performed, such as an HDD-based storage device or robotic tape library.
(Since the space freed on the tape after cleanup cannot be reused until all the tape becomes free,
take into account additional considerations when using GFS on a tape library (p. 141).)
The following is an explanation of the settings that are specific for the GFS backup scheme.
GFS-related settings of the backup plan
Start backup at:
Back up on:
This step creates the total backup schedule, that is, defines all the days you need to back up on.
Assume you select backing up at 8:00 PM on workdays. Here is the total schedule you have
defined.
“B” stands for “backup”.
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The total schedule.
Schedule: Workdays at 8:00 PM
Weekly/Monthly
This step forms the daily, weekly and monthly cycles in the schedule.
Select a day of the week from the days selected in the previous step. Each 1st, 2nd and 3rd
backup created on this day of the week will be considered as a weekly backup. Each 4th backup
created on this day of the week will be considered as a monthly backup. Backups created on the
other days will be considered as daily backups.
Assume you select Friday for Weekly/Monthly backup. Here is the total schedule marked out
according to the selection.
“D” stands for the backup that is considered Daily. “W” stands for the backup that is considered
Weekly. “M” stands for the backup that is considered Monthly.
The schedule marked out according to the GFS scheme.
Schedule: Workdays at 8:00 PM
Weekly/Monthly: Friday
Acronis uses incremental and differential backups that help save storage space and optimize the
cleanup so that consolidation is not needed. In terms of backup methods, weekly backup is
differential (Dif), monthly backup is full (F) and daily backup is incremental (I). The first backup is
always full.
The Weekly/Monthly parameter splits the total schedule into daily, weekly and monthly
schedules.
Assume you select Friday for Weekly/Monthly backup. Here is the real schedule of the backup
tasks that will be created.
Backup tasks created according to the GFS scheme by Acronis Backup & Recovery 10.
Schedule: Workdays at 8:00 PM
Weekly/Monthly: Friday
Keep backups: Daily
This step defines the retention rule for daily backups. The cleanup task will run after each daily
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backup and delete all daily backups that are older than you specify.
Keep backups: Weekly
This step defines the retention rule for weekly backups. The cleanup task will run after each
weekly backup and delete all weekly backups that are older than you specify. The weekly
backups' retention period cannot be less than the daily backups' retention period. It is usually set
several times longer.
Keep backups: Monthly
This step defines the retention rule for monthly backups. The cleanup task will run after each
monthly backup and delete all monthly backups that are older than you specify. The monthly
backups’ retention period cannot be less than the weekly backups’ retention period. It is usually
set several times longer. You have the option to keep the monthly backups infinitely.
The resulting archive: ideal
Assume you select to keep daily backups for 7 days, weekly backups for 2 weeks and monthly
backups for 6 months. Here is how your archive would appear after the backup plan is launched if all
the backups were full and so could be deleted as soon as the scheme requires.
The left column shows days of the week. For each day of the week, the content of the archive after
the regular backup and the subsequent cleanup is shown.
“D” stands for the backup that is considered Daily. “W” stands for the backup that is considered
Weekly. “M” stands for the backup that is considered Monthly.
34
Copyright © Acronis, Inc., 2000-2009
An ideal archive created according to the GFS scheme.
Schedule: Workdays at 8:00 PM
Weekly/Monthly: Friday
Keep daily backups: 7 days
Keep weekly backups: 2 weeks
Keep monthly backups: 6 months
Starting from the third week, weekly backups will be regularly deleted. After 6 months, monthly
backups will start to be deleted. The diagram for weekly and monthly backups will look similar to the
week-based timescale.
The resulting archive: real
In reality, the archive content will somewhat differ from the ideal scheme.
When using the incremental and differential backup methods, you cannot delete a backup as soon as
the scheme requires if later backups are based on this backup. Regular consolidation is unacceptable
because it takes too much system resources. The program has to wait until the scheme requires the
deletion of all the dependent backups and then deletes the entire chain.
Here is how the first month of your backup plan will appear in real life. “F” stands for full backup.
“Dif” stands for differential backup. “I” stands for incremental backup.
The backups that outlive their nominal lifetime because of dependencies are marked pink. The initial
full backup will be deleted as soon as all differential and incremental backups based on this backup
are deleted.
Copyright © Acronis, Inc., 2000-2009
35
An archive created according to the GFS scheme by Acronis Backup & Recovery 10.
Schedule: Workdays at 8:00 PM
Weekly/Monthly: Friday
Keep daily backups: 7 days
Keep weekly backups: 2 weeks
Keep monthly backups: 6 months
2.6. Tower of Hanoi backup scheme
The need to have frequent backups always conflicts with the cost of keeping such backups for a long
time. The Tower of Hanoi (ToH) backup scheme is a useful compromise.
Tower of Hanoi overview
The Tower of Hanoi scheme is based on a mathematical puzzle of the same name. In the puzzle a
series of rings are stacked in size order, the largest on the bottom, on one of three pegs. The goal is to
move the ring series to the third peg. You are only allowed to move one ring at a time, and are
prohibited from placing a larger ring above a smaller ring. The solution is to shift the first ring every
other move (moves 1, 3, 5, 7, 9, 11...), the second ring at intervals of four moves (moves 2, 6, 10...),
the third ring at intervals of eight moves (moves 4, 12...), and so on.
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Copyright © Acronis, Inc., 2000-2009
For example, if there are five rings labeled A, B, C, D, and E in the puzzle, the solution gives the
following order of moves:
The Tower of Hanoi backup scheme is based on the same patterns. It operates with Sessions instead
of Moves and with Backup levels instead of Rings. Commonly an N-level scheme pattern contains (Nth power of two) sessions.
So, the five-level Tower of Hanoi backup scheme cycles the pattern that consists of 16 sessions
(moves from 1 to 16 in the above figure).
The table shows the pattern for the five-level backup scheme. The pattern consists of 16 sessions.
The Tower of Hanoi backup scheme implies keeping only one backup per level. All the outdated
backups have to be deleted. So the scheme allows for efficient data storage: more backups
accumulate toward the present time. Having four backups, you can recover data as of today,
yesterday, half a week ago, or a week ago. For the five-level scheme you can also recover data backed
up two weeks ago. So every additional backup level doubles the maximal roll-back period for your
data.
Tower of Hanoi by Acronis
The Tower of Hanoi backup scheme is generally too complex to mentally calculate the next media to
be used. But Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 provides you with automation of the scheme usage. You
can set up the backup scheme while creating a backup plan.
Acronis implementation for the scheme has the following features:
•
•
•
up to 16 backup levels
incremental backups on first level (A) - to gain time and storage savings for the most frequent
backup operations; but data recovery from such backups takes longer because it generally
requires access to three backups
full backups on the last level (E for five-level pattern) - the rarest backups in the scheme, take
more time and occupy more space in storage
Copyright © Acronis, Inc., 2000-2009
37
•
•
•
•
differential backups on all intermediate levels (B, C and D for five-level pattern)
the pattern starts with a full backup since the very first backup cannot be incremental
the scheme forces every backup level to keep only the most recent backup, other backups from
the level have to be deleted; however backup deletion is postponed in cases where the backup is
a base for another incremental or differential one
an old backup on a level is kept until a new backup has been successfully created on the level.
The table shows the pattern for the five-level backup scheme. The pattern consists of 16 sessions.
As a result of using incremental and differential backups the situation may arise when an old backup
deletion must be postponed as it still is a base for other backups. The table below indicates the case
when deletion of full backup (E) created at session 1 is postponed at session 17 until session 25
because the differential backup (D) created at session 9 is still actual. In the table all cells with deleted
backups are grayed out:
Differential backup (D) created at session 9 will be deleted at session 25 after creation of a new
differential backup is completed. This way, a backup archive created in accordance with the Tower of
Hanoi scheme by Acronis sometimes includes up to two additional backups over the classical
implementation of the scheme.
For information about using Tower of Hanoi for tape libraries, see Using the Tower of Hanoi tape
rotation scheme (p. 147).
2.7. Retention rules
The backups produced by a backup plan make an archive. The two retention rules described in this
section enable you to limit the archive size and set the lifetime (retention period) of the backups.
1. Delete backups older than
This is a time interval counted back from the moment when the retention rules are applied. Every
time a retention rule is applied, the program calculates the date and time in the past corresponding
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Copyright © Acronis, Inc., 2000-2009
to this interval and deletes all backups created before that moment. None of the backups created
after this moment will be deleted.
2. Keep the archive size within
This is the maximum size of the archive. Every time a retention rule is applied, the program compares
the actual archive size with the value you set and deletes the oldest backups to keep the archive size
within this value. The diagram below shows the archive content before and after the deletion.
There is a certain risk that all but one backup will be deleted if the maximum archive size is set
improperly (too small) or a regular backup turns out to be too large. To protect the recent backups
from deletion, select the Never delete backups younger than check box and specify the maximum
age of backups that must be retained. The diagram below illustrates the resulting rule.
Copyright © Acronis, Inc., 2000-2009
39
Combination of rules 1 and 2
You can limit both the backups’ lifetime and the archive size. The diagram below illustrates the
resulting rule.
Example
Delete backups older than = 3 Months
Keep the archive size within = 200GB
Never delete backups younger than = 10 Days
•
Every time the retention rules are applied, the program will delete all backups created more than
3 months (or more exactly, 90 days) ago.
•
If after the deletion the archive size is more than 200GB, and the oldest backup is older than 10
days, the program will delete that backup.
•
Then, if necessary, the next old backup will be deleted, until the archive size decreases to the
preset limit or the oldest backup age reaches 10 days.
Deleting backups with dependencies
Both retention rules presume deleting some backups while retaining the others. What if the archive
contains incremental and differential backups that depend on each other and on the full backups
they are based on? You cannot, say, delete an outdated full backup and keep its incremental
“children”.
When deletion of a backup affects other backups, one of the following rules is applied:
•
Retain the backup until all dependent backups become subject to deletion
The outdated backup will be kept until all backups that depend on it also become outdated. Then
all the chain will be deleted at once during the regular cleanup. This mode helps to avoid the
potentially time-consuming consolidation but requires extra space for storing backups whose
deletion is postponed. The archive size and/or the backup age can exceed the values you specify.
•
Consolidate the backup
The program will consolidate the backup that is subject to deletion with the next dependent
backup. For example, the retention rules require to delete a full backup but retain the next
incremental one. The backups will be combined into a single full backup which will be dated the
incremental backup date. When an incremental or differential backup from the middle of the
chain is deleted, the resulting backup type will be incremental.
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Copyright © Acronis, Inc., 2000-2009
This mode ensures that after each cleanup the archive size and the backups’ age are within the
bounds you specify. The consolidation, however, may take a lot of time and system resources.
And you still need some extra space in the vault for temporary files created during consolidation.
What you need to know about consolidation
Please be aware that consolidation is just a method of deletion but not an alternative to deletion.
The resulting backup will not contain data that was present in the deleted backup and was absent
from the retained incremental or differential backup.
Backups resulting from consolidation always have maximum compression. This means that all
backups in an archive may acquire the maximum compression as a result of repeated cleanup
with consolidation.
Best practices
Maintain the balance between the storage device capacity, the restrictive parameters you set and the
cleanup frequency. The retention rules logic assumes that the storage device capacity is much more
than the average backup size and the maximum archive size does not come close to the physical
storage capacity, but leaves a reasonable reserve. Due to this, exceeding the archive size that may
occur between the cleanup task runs will not be critical for the business process. The rarer the
cleanup runs, the more space you need to store backups that outlive their lifetime.
The Vaults (p. 122) page provides you with information about free space available in each vault.
Check this page from time to time. If the free space (which in fact is the storage device free space)
approaches zero, you might need to toughen the restrictions for some or all archives residing in this
vault.
2.8. Backing up dynamic volumes (Windows)
This section explains in brief how to back up and recover dynamic volumes (p. 346) using Acronis
Backup & Recovery 10. Basic disks that use the GUID Partition Table (GPT) are also discussed.
Dynamic volume is a volume located on dynamic disks (p. 345), or more exactly, on a disk group (p.
344). Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 supports the following dynamic volume types/RAID levels:
•
•
•
•
simple/spanned
•
RAID 5.
striped (RAID 0)
mirrored (RAID 1)
a mirror of stripes (RAID 0+1)
Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 can back up and recover dynamic volumes and, with minor limitations,
basic GPT volumes.
Backing up dynamic volumes
Dynamic and basic GPT volumes are backed up in the same way as basic MBR volumes. When
creating a backup plan through the GUI, all types of volumes are available for selection as Items to
back up. When using the command line, specify the dynamic and GPT volumes with the DYN prefix.
Copyright © Acronis, Inc., 2000-2009
41
Command line examples
trueimagecmd /create /partition:DYN1,DYN2 /asz
This will back up DYN1 and DYN2 volumes to the Acronis Secure Zone.
trueimagecmd /create /harddisk:DYN /asz
This will back up all dynamic volumes in the system to the Acronis Secure Zone.
The boot code on basic GPT volumes is not backed up or recovered.
Recovering dynamic volumes
A dynamic volume can be recovered
•
•
over any type of existing volume
•
to unallocated space of a basic disk.
to unallocated space of a disk group
Recovery over an existing volume
When a dynamic volume is recovered over an existing volume, either basic or dynamic, the target
volume’s data is overwritten with the backup content. The type of target volume (basic,
simple/spanned, striped, mirrored, RAID 0+1, RAID 5) will not change. The target volume size has
to be enough to accommodate the backup content.
Recovery to disk group unallocated space
When a dynamic volume is recovered to disk group unallocated space, both the type and the
content of the resulting volume are recovered. The unallocated space size has to be enough to
accommodate the backup content. The way unallocated space is distributed among the disks is
also important.
Example
Striped volumes consume equal portions of space on each disk.
Assume you are going to recover a 30GB striped volume to a disk group consisting of two
disks. Each disk has volumes and a certain amount of unallocated space. The total size of
unallocated space is 40GB. The recovery will always result in a striped volume if the
unallocated space is distributed evenly among the disks (20GB and 20GB).
If one of the disks has 10GB and the other has 30GB of unallocated space, then the recovery
result depends on the size of the data being recovered.
o
o
42
If the data size is less than 20GB, then one disk can hold, say, 10GB; the other will hold the
remaining 10GB. This way, a striped volume will be created on both disks and 20GB on the
second disk will remain unallocated.
If the data size is more than 20GB, the data cannot be distributed evenly between the two
disks, but can fit into a single simple volume. A simple volume accommodating all the data
will be created on the second disk. The first disk will remain untouched.
Copyright © Acronis, Inc., 2000-2009
Backed up (source):
Recovered to:
Dynamic volume
Dynamic volume
Basic MBR volume
Basic GPT volume
Dynamic volume
Dynamic volume
Dynamic volume
Type as of the target
Type as of the
target
Type as of the
target
Dynamic volume
Dynamic volume
N/A
Type as of the source
Simple
Basic MBR volume
Basic MBR volume
Basic MBR
volume
Basic MBR volume
Basic GPT volume
Basic GPT volume
Basic GPT volume
Basic GPT volume
Unallocated space (basic MBR disk)
Basic MBR volume
Basic MBR
volume
Basic MBR volume
Unallocated space (basic GPT disk)
Basic GPT volume
Basic GPT volume
Basic GPT volume
Unallocated space (disk group)
Moving and resizing volumes during recovery
You can resize the resulting basic volume, both MBR and GPT, during recovery, or change the
volume's location on the disk. A resulting dynamic volume cannot be moved or resized.
Preparing disk groups and volumes
Before recovering dynamic volumes to bare metal you should create a disk group on the target
hardware.
You also might need to create or increase unallocated space on an existing disk group. This can be
done by deleting volumes or converting basic disks to dynamic.
You might want to change the target volume type (basic, simple/spanned, striped, mirrored, RAID
0+1, RAID 5). This can be done by deleting the target volume and creating a new volume on the
resulting unallocated space.
Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 includes a handy disk management utility which enables you to
perform the above operations both under the operating system and on bare metal. To find out more
about Acronis Disk Director Lite, see the Disk management (p. 256) section.
2.9. Tape support
Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 supports tape libraries, autoloaders, SCSI and USB tape drives as
storage devices. A tape device can be locally attached to a managed machine (in this case, the Acronis
Backup & Recovery 10 Agent writes and reads the tapes) or accessed through the Acronis Backup &
Recovery 10 Storage Node (p. 19). Storage nodes ensure fully automatic operation of tape libraries
and autoloaders (p. 130).
Copyright © Acronis, Inc., 2000-2009
43
Backup archives created using different ways of access to tape have different formats. A tape written
by a storage node cannot be read by an agent.
Linux-based and PE-based bootable media allow for backup and recovery using both local access and
access through the storage node. Backups created using the bootable media can be recovered with
the Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Agent running in the operating system.
2.9.1.
Tape compatibility table
The following table summarizes the readability of tapes written by Acronis True Image Echo and
Acronis True Image 9.1 product families in Acronis Backup & Recovery 10. The table also illustrates
the compatibility of tapes written by various components of Acronis Backup & Recovery 10.
...is readable on a tape device attached to a
machine with...
Tape written
on a locally
attached tape
device (tape
drive or tape
library) by...
Bootable Media
Agent for
Windows
Agent for Linux
Tape written
on a tape
device
through...
Backup Server
Storage Node
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ABR10
Bootable
Media
ABR10
Agent for
Windows
ABR10
Agent for
Linux
ABR10
Storage
Node
ATIE 9.1
+
+
+
+
ATIE 9.5
+
+
+
+
ATIE 9.7
+
+
+
+
ABR10
+
+
+
+
ATIE 9.1
+
+
+
+
ATIE 9.5
-
-
-
+
ATIE 9.7
-
-
-
+
ABR10
+
+
+
+
ATIE 9.1
+
+
+
+
ATIE 9.5
+
+
+
+
ATIE 9.7
+
+
+
+
ABR10
+
+
+
+
ATIE 9.1
+
+
+
+
ATIE 9.5
-
-
-
+
ATIE 9.7
-
-
-
+
ABR10
-
-
-
+
Copyright © Acronis, Inc., 2000-2009
2.9.2.
Using a single tape drive
A tape drive that is locally attached to a managed machine can be used by local backup plans as a
storage device. The functionality of a locally attached autoloader or tape library is limited to the
ordinary tape drive. This means that the program can only work with the currently mounted tape and
you have to mount tapes manually.
Backup to a locally attached tape device
When creating a backup plan, you are able to select the locally attached tape device as the backup
destination. An archive name is not needed when backing up to a tape.
An archive can span multiple tapes but can contain only one full backup and an unlimited number of
incremental backups. Every time you create a full backup, you start with a new tape and create a new
archive. As soon as the tape is full, a dialog window with a request to insert a new tape will appear.
The content of a non-empty tape will be overwritten on prompt. You have an option to disable
prompts, see Additional settings (p. 110).
Workaround
In case you want to keep more than one archive on the tape, for example, back up volume C and
volume D separately, choose incremental backup mode instead of a full backup when you create
an initial backup of the second volume. In other situations, incremental backup is used for
appending changes to the previously created archive.
You might experience short pauses that are required to rewind the tape. Low-quality or old tape, as
well as dirt on the magnetic head, might lead to pauses that can last up to several minutes.
Limitations
1. Multiple full backups within one archive are not supported.
2. Individual files cannot be recovered from a disk backup.
3. Backups cannot be deleted from a tape either manually or automatically during cleanup.
Retention rules and backup schemes that use automatic cleanup (GFS, Tower of Hanoi) are
disabled in the GUI when backing up to a locally attached tape.
4. Personal vaults cannot be created on tape devices.
5. Because the presence of an operating system cannot be detected in a backup located on a tape,
Acronis Universal Restore (p. 351) is proposed at every disk or volume recovery, even when
recovering a Linux or non-system Windows volume.
6. Acronis Active Restore (p. 338) is not available when recovering from a tape.
Recovery from a locally attached tape device
Before creating a recovery task, insert or mount the tape containing the backup you need to recover.
When creating a recovery task, select the tape device from the list of available locations and then
select the backup. After recovery is started, you will be prompted for other tapes if the tapes are
needed for recovery.
Copyright © Acronis, Inc., 2000-2009
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2.10.
Proprietary Acronis technologies
This section describes the proprietary technologies inherited by Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 from
Acronis True Image Echo and Acronis True Image 9.1 product families.
2.10.1. Acronis Secure Zone
Acronis Secure Zone is a secure partition that enables keeping backup archives on a managed
machine disk space and therefore recovery of a disk to the same disk where the backup resides.
Certain Windows applications, such as Acronis disk management tools, can access the zone.
Should the disk experience a physical failure, the zone and the archives located there will be lost.
That's why Acronis Secure Zone should not be the only location where a backup is stored. In
enterprise environments, Acronis Secure Zone can be thought of as an intermediate location used for
backup when an ordinary location is temporarily unavailable or connected through a slow or busy
channel.
Advantages
Acronis Secure Zone:
•
•
Enables recovery of a disk to the same disk where the disk's backup resides.
Offers a cost-effective and handy method for protecting data from software malfunction, virus
attack, operator error.
•
Being an internal archive storage, eliminates the need for a separate media or network
connection to back up or recover the data. This is especially useful for mobile users.
•
Can serve as a primary destination when using dual destination (p. 106) backup.
Limitations
•
The zone cannot be organized on a dynamic disk or a disk using the GPT partitioning style.
Managing the Acronis Secure Zone
Acronis Secure Zone is considered as a personal vault (p. 352). Once created on a managed machine,
the zone is always present in the list of Personal vaults. Centralized backup plans (p. 342) can use
Acronis Secure Zone as well as local plans (p. 347).
If you have used Acronis Secure Zone before, please note a radical change in the zone functionality.
The zone does not perform automatic cleanup, that is, deleting old archives, anymore. Use backup
schemes with automatic cleanup to back up to the zone, or delete outdated backups manually using
the archive management functionality.
With the new Acronis Secure Zone behavior, you obtain the ability to:
•
•
•
list archives located in the zone and backups contained in each archive
•
safely delete archives and backups from the archives.
46
examine a backup's content
mount a disk backup to copy files from the backup to a physical disk
Copyright © Acronis, Inc., 2000-2009
For more information about operations available in Acronis Secure Zone, see the Personal vaults (p.
154) section.
Upgrade from Acronis True Image Echo
When upgrading from Acronis True Image Echo to Acronis Backup & Recovery 10, Acronis Secure
Zone will keep the archives created with Echo. The zone will appear in the list of personal vaults and
the old archives will be available for recovery.
To upgrade the activated Acronis Startup Recovery Manager, deactivate it and activate again. No
action is needed to upgrade the Acronis Startup Recovery Manager if it is not activated.
2.10.2. Acronis Startup Recovery Manager
A modification of the bootable agent (p. 341) can be placed on a system disk and configured to start
at boot time when F11 is pressed. This eliminates the need for rescue media or network connection
to start the bootable rescue utility. This feature has the trade name "Acronis Startup Recovery
Manager".
Acronis Startup Recovery Manager is especially useful for mobile users. If a failure occurs, the user
reboots the machine, hits F11 on prompt "Press F11 for Acronis Startup Recovery Manager…" and
performs data recovery in the same way as with ordinary bootable media. The user can also back up
using Acronis Startup Recovery Manager, while on the move. Acronis Secure Zone (p. 46) is at hand
for backup and recovery operations.
Activation and deactivation of the Acronis Startup Recovery Manager
The operation that enables using Acronis Startup Recovery Manager is called “activation". You are
suggested to activate the Acronis Startup Recovery Manager when creating Acronis Secure Zone (p.
238).
Once the Acronis Secure Zone is created, you can activate or deactivate the Acronis Startup Recovery
Manager at any time using the Manage Acronis Secure Zone action. The deactivation will disable the
boot time prompt "Press F11 for Acronis Startup Recovery Manager…". This means you will need
bootable media in case the system fails to boot.
Limitations
Acronis Startup Recovery Manager:
•
Cannot be organized on a dynamic disk or a disk using the GPT partitioning style.
•
•
Requires manual configuration of boot loaders, such as LILO and GRUB, after activation.
Requires re-activation of third-party loaders after activation.
2.10.3. Universal Restore (Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Universal
Restore)
Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Universal Restore is the Acronis proprietary technology that helps
recover and boot up Windows on dissimilar hardware or a virtual machine. The Universal Restore
Copyright © Acronis, Inc., 2000-2009
47
handles differences in devices that are critical for the operating system start-up, such as storage
controllers, motherboard or chipset.
Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Universal Restore purpose
A system can be easily recovered from a disk backup (image) onto the same system or to identical
hardware. However, if you change a motherboard or use another processor version—a likely
possibility in case of hardware failure—the recovered system could be unbootable. An attempt to
transfer the system to a new, much more powerful computer will usually produce the same
unbootable result because the new hardware is incompatible with the most critical drivers included
in the image.
Using Microsoft System Preparation Tool (Sysprep) does not solve this problem, because Sysprep
permits installing drivers only for Plug and Play devices (sound cards, network adapters, video cards
etc.). As for system Hardware Abstraction Layer (HAL) and mass storage device drivers, they must be
identical on the source and the target computers (see Microsoft Knowledge Base, articles 302577 and
216915).
The Universal Restore technology provides an efficient solution for hardware-independent system
recovery by replacing the crucial Hardware Abstraction Layer (HAL) and mass storage device drivers.
Universal Restore is applicable for:
1. Instant recovery of a failed system on different hardware.
2. Hardware-independent cloning and deployment of operating systems.
3. Physical-to-physical, physical-to-virtual and virtual-to-physical machine migration.
The Universal Restore principles
1. Automatic HAL and mass storage driver selection.
Universal Restore searches for drivers in the network folders you specify, on removable media
and in the default driver storage folders of the system being recovered. Universal Restore
analyzes the compatibility level of all found drivers and installs HAL and mass storage drivers that
better fit the target hardware. Drivers for network adapters are also searched and passed to the
operating system which installs them automatically when first started.
The Windows default driver storage folder is determined in the registry key
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\Current version\DevicePath. This storage folder is
usually WINDOWS/inf.
2. Manual selection of the mass storage device driver.
If the target hardware has a specific mass storage controller (such as a SCSI, RAID, or Fibre
Channel adapter) for the hard disk, you can install the appropriate driver manually, bypassing the
automatic driver search-and-install procedure.
3. Installing drivers for Plug and Play devices.
Universal Restore relies on the built-in Plug and Play discovery and configuration process to
handle hardware differences in devices that are not critical for the system start, such as video,
audio and USB. Windows takes control over this process during the logon phase, and if some of
the new hardware is not detected, you will have a chance to install drivers for it later manually.
48
Copyright © Acronis, Inc., 2000-2009
Universal Restore and Microsoft Sysprep
Universal Restore is not a system preparation tool. You can apply it to any Windows image created by
Acronis products, including images of systems prepared with Microsoft System Preparation Tool
(Sysprep). The following is an example of using both tools on the same system.
Universal Restore does not strip the security identifier (SID) and user profile settings in order to run
the system immediately after recovery without re-joining the domain or re-mapping network user
profiles. If you are going to change the above settings on a recovered system, you can prepare the
system with Sysprep, image it and recover, if need be, using the Universal Restore.
Limitations
Universal Restore is not available:
•
•
•
when a computer is booted with Acronis Startup Recovery Manager (using F11) or
the backup image is located in the Acronis Secure Zone or
when using Acronis Active Restore,
because these features are primarily meant for instant data recovery on the same machine.
Universal Restore is not available when recovering Linux.
Getting Universal Restore
Universal Restore comes free with Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Advanced Server SBS Edition and
Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Advanced Server Virtual Edition.
Universal Restore for the other product editions is purchased separately, has its own license, and is
installed as a separate feature from the setup file. You need to re-create bootable media to make the
newly installed add-on operational in the bootable environment.
2.10.4. Acronis Active Restore
Active Restore is the Acronis proprietary technology that brings a system online immediately after the
system recovery is started.
Customers familiar with Acronis Recovery for Microsoft Exchange can note that this product uses
Active Restore to achieve immediate availability of an Exchange information store after starting the
recovery. While based on the same technology, recovery of the Information Store proceeds in quite a
different way than the operating system recovery described in this section.
Supported operating systems
Acronis Active Restore is available when recovering Windows starting from Windows 2000.
Limitation
The only supported archive location is a local drive, or more precisely, any device available through
the machine’s BIOS. This may be Acronis Secure Zone, a USB hard drive, a flash drive or any internal
hard drive.
Copyright © Acronis, Inc., 2000-2009
49
How it works
When configuring a recovery operation, you select disks or volumes to recover from a backup.
Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 scans the selected disks or volumes in the backup. If this scan finds a
supported operating system, the Acronis Active Restore option becomes available.
If you do not enable the option, the system recovery will proceed in the usual way and the machine
will become operational after the recovery is completed.
If you enable the option, the sequence of actions will be set as follows.
Once the system recovery is started, the operating system boots from the backup. The machine
becomes operational and ready to provide necessary services. The data required to serve incoming
requests is recovered with the highest priority; everything else is recovered in the background.
Because serving requests is performed simultaneously with recovery, the system operation can slow
down even if recovery priority in the recovery options is set to Low. This way, the system downtime is
reduced to a minimum at the cost of a temporary performance downgrade.
Usage scenarios
1. The system uptime is one of the efficiency criteria.
Examples: Client-oriented online services, Web-retailers, polling stations.
2. The system/storage space ratio is heavily biased toward storage.
Some machines are being used as storage facilities, where the operating system claims a small
space segment and all other disk space is committed to storage, such as movies, sounds or other
multimedia files. Some of these storage volumes can be extremely large as compared to the
system and so practically all the recovery time will be dedicated to recovering the files, which
might be used much later on, if in any near future at all.
If you opt for Acronis Active Restore, the system will be operational in a short time. Users will be
able to open the necessary files from the storage and use them while the rest of the files, which
are not immediately necessary, are being recovered in the background.
Examples: movie collection storage, music collection storage, multimedia storage.
How to use
1. Back up the system disk or volume to a location accessible through the system’s BIOS. This may
be Acronis Secure Zone, a USB hard drive, a flash drive or any internal hard drive.
If your operating system and its loader reside on different volumes, always include both volumes in the
backup. The volumes must also be recovered together; otherwise there is a high risk that the operating
system will not start.
2. Create bootable media.
3. If a system failure occurs, boot the machine using the bootable media. Start the console and
connect to the bootable agent.
4. Configure the system recovery: select the system disk or volume and select the Use Acronis
Active Restore check box.
Acronis Active Restore will choose for the boot-up and subsequent recovery the first operating system found
during the backup scan. Do not try to recover more than one operating system using Active Restore if you
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want the result to be predictable. When recovering a multi-boot system, choose only one system volume
and boot volume at a time.
5. Once the system recovery is started, the operating system boots from the backup. The Acronis
Active Restore icon appears in the system tray. The machine becomes operational and ready to
provide necessary services. The immediate user sees the drive tree and icons and can open files
or launch applications even though they were not yet recovered.
The Acronis Active Restore drivers intercept system queries and set the immediate priority for
recovery of the files that are necessary to serve the incoming requests. While this on-the-fly
recovery proceeds, the continuing recovery process is transferred to the background.
If you try to log off, shut down or hibernate the machine using the Start Menu commands, the end of the
current session will be automatically postponed until the recovery is completed. Should you decide to switch
off the machine with the Power button though, all the changes made to the system since the last boot up
would be lost, the system will not be recovered, not even partially, and the only possible solution in this case
will be to start the recovery process anew, from a bootable media.
6. The background recovery continues until all the selected volumes are recovered, the log entry is
made and the Acronis Active Restore icon disappears from the system tray.
2.11.
Understanding centralized management
This section contains an overview of centralized data protection with Acronis Backup & Recovery 10.
Please be sure you have an understanding of how data is protected on a single machine (p. 24) before
reading this section.
2.11.1. Basic concepts
Applying backup policies and tracking their execution
To protect data on a single machine, you install on the machine an agent (p. 339) or multiple agents
for various data types you want to protect. You connect the console to the machine and create a
backup plan (p. 340) or multiple backup plans.
What if you have to manage hundreds of machines? It takes time to create a backup plan on each
machine, while the plans may be quite similar – you need to back up, say, the system drive and the
users' documents. Tracking the plans' execution on each machine separately is also time-consuming.
To be able to propagate the management operations to multiple machines, you install Acronis Backup
& Recovery 10 Management Server (p. 348) and register (p. 349) the machines on the server. After
that you can create groups of machines and thus manage multiple machines as a whole. You can
protect all of them or your selection by setting up a common backup plan, which is called a backup
policy (p. 340).
Once you apply the policy to a group of machines, the management server deploys the policy to each
of the machines. On each machine the agents find the items to back up and create corresponding
centralized backup plans (p. 342). You will be able to monitor the policies’ statuses on a single screen
and navigate, if required, to each machine, plan or task to see their status and log entries. The
management server also enables you to monitor and manage the agent's locally originated activities.
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Since you connect the console to the management server rather than to each machine and perform
all management operations through the central management unit, this way of management is called
centralized management (p. 342).
Centralized management does not rule out the direct management (p. 344) of each machine. You can
connect the console to each machine and perform any direct management operation. However,
centralized backup plans can be managed through the management server only, since a well-thought
out policy functions automatically and rarely requires human intervention.
Using the management server, you can create one or more centralized archive storages (centralized
vaults (p. 342)), which will be shared by the registered machines. A centralized vault can be used by
any backup policy as well as by any backup plan created on the registered machines using direct
management.
Organizing a managed archive storage
What should the capacity of your centralized vault be? What if transferring sizeable backups to the
vault will cause network congestion? Does backup of an online production server affect the server
performance? To ensure that the centralized backup will not slow down business processes in your
company and to minimize the resources required for the data protection, you install Acronis Backup
& Recovery 10 Storage Node (p. 350) and configure it to manage a centralized vault or multiple
centralized vaults. Such vaults are called managed vaults (p. 348).
The storage node helps the agent deduplicate (p. 343) backups before transferring them to managed
vaults and deduplicates the backups already saved in the vaults. Deduplication results in reducing
backup traffic and saving storage space. The storage node also undertakes operations with archives
(such as validation and cleanup), which otherwise are performed by the agent, and thus relieves the
managed machines from unnecessary computing load. Last but not least, Acronis Backup & Recovery
10 Storage Node enables using a tape library as a centralized vault for storing backup archives.
More than one storage node, each managing a number of vaults, can be set up and controlled
centrally from the Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Management Server.
For more detailed information about storage nodes please refer to Acronis Backup & Recovery 10
Storage Node (p. 19).
2.11.2. Setting up centralized data protection in a heterogeneous
network
Assume that the network infrastructure includes servers (1, 2, 9) and workstations (3, 5-8) running
Windows and Linux. You also have a VMware ESX server (4) that hosts two guest systems.
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You have to protect each server as a whole, the users' data on the workstations, and the virtual
machines. You want to be able to track the health of the data protection, be sure that the backup
archives do not store duplicated information and that the obsolete backups are deleted from the
storage in a timely manner. These goals can be achieved by regular backup of the desired data items
to a centralized vault with deduplication.
Setting up the Acronis infrastructure
1. Install Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Management Console [Console] on the machine which you
prefer to operate from (3). The console enables you to access and manage other Acronis
components through Graphical User Interface.
2. Install Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Management Server [AMS] on one of the Windows servers
(2). The management server is your single entry point to the Acronis infrastructure.
3. Install Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Agent on each of the machines to back up the machine's
disks, volumes or files.
o Agent (W) - Agent for Windows
o Agent (L) - Agent for Linux.
The Agent for Linux can be installed on the ESX server since this virtualization product is
based on Linux Red Hat. If the server uses the ext2 or ext3 file system, you will be able to
back up the server's disks, volumes or files. The native ESX file system can be backed up
sector-by-sector only.
When installing the agents, register each of the machines on the management server. To do so,
enter the server's name or IP address and the server's administrator credentials in the
appropriate window of the installation wizard. Or, alternatively, add the machines to the
management server later using their names or IP addresses.
4. Install Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Agent for ESX [Agent (ESX)] on the ESX server (4) to back up
the virtual machines from the host. The agent is delivered as a virtual appliance.
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5. Install Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Storage Node [ASN] on one of the Windows servers (9). The
storage node enables you to organize the infrastructure for storing backup archives and to use
the deduplication functionality. The node can be installed together with the management server
if the host is capable enough.
When installing the storage node, register it on the management server in the same way as you
register the agents.
Installation tips
•
Both AMS and ASN can be installed on a workstation operating system as well.
•
There can be multiple storage nodes on the network. Each of the nodes can manage up to 20
local or remote vaults.
•
Multiple Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 components can be installed on a machine with a single
installation procedure.
•
In an Active Directory domain, you can deploy the components using the Group Policy.
Setting up the storage node
Before using the storage node, make sure that all users that will back up to the node's vaults have
Windows accounts on the node.
•
If the node is included in an Active Directory domain, all the domain users will be able to back up
to the node; and all the domain administrators will become node administrators.
•
In a workgroup, create a local user account for each user that will back up to the node. Members
of the Administrators group become node administrators. You can add more accounts later as
required.
1. Run the console, connect to the management server.
2. Create a managed vault as described in Operations with centralized vaults (p. 125). Enable
deduplication when creating a managed vault.
Setting up groups and policies
The detailed explanation of when and why you need to organize groups of machines can be found in
the Grouping the registered machines (p. 56) section. Here are some scenarios supported by the
aforementioned Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 implementation.
2.11.2.1.
Protecting the servers
You will most likely create individual backup plans on each of the servers depending on their roles.
But it is necessary to perform a full backup of the entire server at least once. You might want to back
up the server during a maintenance window or backup window, after installing or updating software,
before relocation, etc. In our example, there is no need to back up entire servers on a regular basis.
You can manually delete old backups since they are not numerous.
1. Create a policy that backs up [All Volumes] to the managed vault on the storage node. Choose
Back up later, manual start and Full backup type.
2. Create a static group named, say, S_1. Add all the servers to this group. (A storage node can be
added in case the managed vault is not on the local node's drives. Otherwise the archive storage
will be backed up to itself).
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3. Apply the policy to the S_1 group. Make sure that the policy has been successfully deployed to
each of the servers. The policy deployment state has to change from Deploying to Deployed and
its status has to be OK. To see the resulting backup plans on each of the servers:
a. navigate to the All machines group or the S_1 group
b. select the server
c.
select the Backup plans and tasks tab on the Information pane.
When you need and have the opportunity to back up any of the servers, navigate to the backup plan
as described above, select the plan and run it.
2.11.2.2.
Protecting the workstations
Here is how to set up the most popular schedule: weekly full backup and daily incremental backup of
users' default document folders. In addition, we will retain only backups from the last 7 days.
1. Create a policy that backs up [All Profiles Folder] to the managed vault on the storage node. This
will back up the folder where user profiles are located (for example, C:\Documents and Settings
in Windows XP). Choose the Custom backup scheme.
a. Schedule full backup as follows: Weekly, Every 1 week on: Sunday, Execute the task once at
12:00:00 AM. Advanced settings: Wake-on-LAN: On. You may also want to distribute the
backup start time within the time window to optimize the network usage and the storage
node CPU load.
b. Schedule incremental backup as follows: Weekly, Every 1 week on: Workdays, Execute the
task once at 08:00:00 PM. Also set the advanced settings as required.
c.
Set up the retention rules as follows: Delete backups older than: 7 days. When deleting a
backup that has dependencies: Consolidate the backups. Leave the default settings for the
remaining retention rules. In Apply retention rules, set After backup.
2. Create a dynamic group named, say, W_1. Specify %Windows%XP% and %Windows%Vista% as
the criteria. This way, any workstation that will be registered on the management server later,
will be added to this group and protected by the same policy.
3. Apply the policy to the W_1 group. Make sure that the policy has been successfully deployed to
each of the workstations. The policy deployment state has to change from Deploying to
Deployed and its status has to be OK. To see the resulting backup plans on each of the
workstations:
a. navigate to the All machines group or the W_1 group
b. select the workstation
c.
select the Backup plans and tasks tab on the Information pane.
You can also see the resulting tasks, created on the workstations, in the Tasks view.
4. Use the Dashboard or the Tasks view to track the daily activities related to the policy. Once you
ascertain that all tasks run as specified, you can only check the policy status in the Backup
policies view.
To protect data on a daily basis, you can also use the GFS or Tower of Hanoi backup schemes.
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2.11.2.3.
Protecting the virtual machines
Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Agent for ESX provides the flexibility to protect virtual machines in
multiple ways:
•
Connect the console to the virtual appliance (Agent for ESX) and create a backup plan that will
back up all or some of the virtual machines.
•
Connect the console to the virtual appliance (Agent for ESX) and create an individual backup plan
for each machine. The plan will back up the volumes you specify.
•
Register the virtual appliance (Agent for ESX) on the management server. All virtual machines,
except for the virtual appliance, will appear in the All virtual machines group. You can group
these machines and apply any policy that backs up disks or volumes to them.
•
Install Agent for Windows or Agent for Linux on each virtual machine. Register the machines on
the management server. The machines will be considered as physical machines. You can apply a
backup policy to these machines or create a backup plan on each machine separately. If any of
the machines meets membership criteria set for a dynamic group of physical machines, the
machine will be protected by the policy applied to this group.
Advanced product editions other than Virtual Edition (Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Advanced
Server, Advanced Server SBS Edition and Advanced Workstation) allow using only the last of the
above methods.
2.11.3. Grouping the registered machines
As soon as a machine is registered (p. 349) on the management server, the machine appears in the All
machines built-in group (p. 341). By applying a backup policy to this group, you protect all the
registered machines. The thing is that a single policy may not be satisfactory because of the different
roles of the machines. The backed up data is specific for each department; some data has to be
backed up frequently, other - twice a year; so you may want to create various policies applicable to
different sets of machines. In this case consider creating custom groups.
2.11.4. Policies on machines and groups
This section helps you understand the automatic deployment and revoking policies performed by the
management server when a policy or a number of policies are applied to machines and nested groups
of machines in various combinations; when a policy is revoked from machines and groups; when a
machine or a group is moved from one group to another.
Operations with groups to which backup policies are applied will result in changing the policies on the
member machines. On any hierarchy change, that is, when moving, removing, creating groups;
adding machines to static groups; or when machines enter a group based on dynamic criteria, a huge
number of inheritance changes may occur. Please familiarize yourself with this section to be sure that
your actions yield the desired result and to understand the result of the automated Acronis Backup &
Recovery 10 Management Server operations.
What is applying, deploying and revoking?
Applying a policy establishes the correspondence between the policy and one or more machines. This
process takes place inside the management server's database and does not take much time.
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Deploying a policy transfers the established correspondence to the machines. Physically, a bundle of
tasks is created on each machine according to the configuration provided by the policy.
Revoking a policy is the reverse action to the aggregate of applying and deploying. Revoking removes
the correspondence between the policy and one or more machines and then removes the tasks from
the machines.
If a machine is not available or not reachable at the moment, the change will be propagated on the
machine when it becomes available. This means that deploying a policy to multiple machines is not a
momentary action. The same is true for revoking. These two processes may be durable and so the
management server tracks and displays personal statuses for each machine that it works with, as well
as the policy's cumulative status.
2.11.4.1.
A policy on a machine or a group
In the diagrams below, each numbered scheme illustrates the result of the respectively numbered
action.
The container stands for a group; the colored circle stands for a machine with applied policy; the dark
colored circle stands for a machine with two applications of the same policy; the white circle stands
for a machine to which no policy is applied.
Policy on a machine
1. A policy can be applied to a machine.
2. A policy can be revoked from a machine.
Policy on a group
1. A policy can be applied to a group.
2. A policy can be revoked from a group.
3. A policy applied to a group cannot be revoked from a machine.
4. To revoke the policy from the machine, remove the machine from the group.
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The same policy on a group and on a machine
1. The same policy can be applied to a group and to a machine. Nothing changes on the machine at
the second application of the same policy, but the server remembers that the policy has been
applied twice.
2. A policy, revoked from the group, remains on the machine.
3. A policy, revoked from the machine, remains on the group and therefore on the machine.
4. To completely revoke the policy from the machine, revoke it from both the group and the
machine.
2.11.4.2.
Operations with a machine
This section is a simplified illustration of what happens with the policies on a machine when the
machine is moved, copied, or deleted from a group.
In the diagram below, the container stands for a group; the one-color circle stands for a machine with
one applied policy; the two-color circle stands for a machine with two applied policies; the white
circle stands for a machine with no policy applied.
1. Here is the initial state: two custom groups contain different machines. A policy is applied to one
group; another policy is applied to another group. The next schemes illustrate results of the specified
actions.
2. Move to another group: Machine #3 is moved from one group to another. The "orange" policy is
revoked; the "blue" policy is applied to the machine.
3. Add to another group: Machine #3 is added to another group. It becomes a member of both
groups. The "blue" policy is applied, but the "orange" policy remains on the machine.
4. Remove from the group: Machine #3 is removed from the group. The "orange" policy is revoked
from the machine. The machine remains in the All machines group.
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2.11.4.3.
Inheritance of policies
Policy inheritance can be easily understood if we assume that a machine can be a member of only
one group besides the All machines group. Let's start from this simplified approach.
In the diagram below, the container stands for a group; the two-color circle stands for a machine with
two applied policies; the three-color circle stands for a machine with three applied policies and so on.
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Besides the All machines group, we have
the custom G1 group in the root and the
custom G2 group, which is G1's child.
The "green" policy, applied to the All
machines group, is inherited by all
machines.
The "orange" policy, applied to G1, is
inherited by the G1 members and all its
child groups, both immediate and
indirect.
The "blue" policy, applied to G2, is
inherited only by the G2 members since
G2 does not have child groups.
The "violet" policy is applied straight to
machine #4. It will exist on machine #4
irrespectively
of
this
machine's
membership in any group.
Let's assume we create the G3 group in
the root. If no policies are applied to the
group, all its members are supposed to
be "green". But if we add, say, the #1
machine to G3, the machine will bear
both "orange" and "green" policies, in
spite of the fact that G3 has nothing to do
with the "orange" policy.
That's why it is difficult to track the
policies' inheritance from the top of the
hierarchy if the same machine is included
in multiple groups.
In real life, it's much easier to view the inheritance from the machine's side. To do so, navigate to any
group that contains the machine, select the machine and then select the Backup policies tab on the
Information pane. The Inheritance column shows whether a policy is inherited or applied directly to
the machine. Click Explore inheritance to view the inheritance order of the policy. In our example,
the policy names, the Inheritance column and the inheritance order will be as follows:
For machine
Name of the policy
Inheritance
Inheritance order
#1 or #2 or #3
"green"
Inherited
All machines -> #1 or #2 or #3
"orange"
Inherited
G1 -> #1 or #2 or #3
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#4
#5 or #6
"green"
Inherited
All machines -> #4
"orange"
Inherited
G1 -> G2 -> #4
"blue"
Inherited
G2 -> #4
"violet"
Applied directly
"green"
Inherited
All machines -> #5 or #6
"orange"
Inherited
G1 -> G2 -> #5 or #6
"blue"
Inherited
G2 -> #5 or #6
2.11.5. Backup policy's state and statuses
Centralized management presumes that the administrator can monitor the health of the entire
product infrastructure using a few easily understandable parameters. The state and status of a
backup policy are included in such parameters. Issues, if any, arise from the very bottom of the
infrastructure (tasks on managed machines) to the cumulative policy status. The administrator checks
the status at a glance. If the status is not OK, the administrator can navigate down to the issue details
in a few clicks.
This section helps you understand the policies' states and statuses displayed by the management
server.
2.11.5.1.
Policy deployment state on a machine
To see this parameter, select any group, containing the machine, in the tree, then select the machine,
and then select the Backup policies tab on the Information pane.
Once you apply a policy to a machine or a group of machines, the server deploys the policy to the
machines. On each of the machines, the agent creates a backup plan. While the policy is transferred
to the machine and the backup plan is being created, the policy's deployment state on the machine is
Deploying.
Once the backup plan is successfully created, the policy state on the machine becomes Deployed.
You may need to modify the policy for some reason. Once you confirm the changes, the management
server updates the policy on all machines the policy was deployed to. While the changes are
transferred to the machine and the agent updates the backup plan, the policy state on the machine is
Updating. Once the policy is updated, its state becomes Deployed again. This state means that the
policy is functioning and no changes are currently being made to it.
A policy that was modified while being deployed remains in the Deploying state. The management
server just starts to deploy the modified policy from the beginning.
You may need to revoke the policy from the machine or from the group the machine is included in.
Once you confirm the changes, the management server revokes the policy from the machine. While
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the changes are transferred to the machine and the agent deletes the backup plan from it, the policy
state on the machine is Revoking.
You may change grouping conditions or the machine may change its properties so that the machine
leaves one group and is included into another. This may result in revoking one policy and deploying
another policy. In this case, the first policy's state on the machine will be Revoking and the second
policy's state will be Deploying. The policies can appear in the GUI simultaneously or one after
another.
Backup policy state diagram
2.11.5.2.
Policy status on a machine
To see this parameter, select any group of machines in the tree, then select the machine, and then
select the Backup policies tab on the Information pane.
In each of the states, the backup policy can have one of the following statuses: Error; Warning; OK.
While the policy is in the Deployed state, its status reflects how successfully the policy is executed.
While the policy is in any other state, its status reflects how successfully the policy is being modified.
Policy status when data to back up is not found on a machine
A backup policy can be applied to a machine that does not have data meeting the selection rules (p.
349). No error or warning will be logged during the policy deployment because it is assumed that the
data may appear in the future. A backup plan is created as usual and the policy state is changed to
Deployed.
If no data to back up is found at the time when the backup task starts, the task will fail and the policy
status will turn to Error. If at least one of the data items is found, the backup task will succeed with a
warning. The policy status will change accordingly.
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The backup tasks will start on schedule as specified by the policy and produce a similar result until all
data items appear on the machine or the policy is edited to exclude the non-existent data items.
Examples
Assume, the selection rule states that the policy has to back up volumes D: and F:. The policy is
applied to both Linux and Windows machines. Once the first backup is started, the policy gets the
Error status on the Linux machines and on the Windows machines that do not have such volumes.
The policy gets the Warning status on Windows machines that have either a D: or F: volume, unless
an event that will result in an error occurs.
The policy that has to back up the [System] and the /dev/sda1 volumes, will get the Warning status
on the Windows machines (since /dev/sda is not found) and on the Linux machines that have the
/dev/sda1 volume (since the [System] volume is not found). The policy will get the Error status on
Linux machines that do not have a SCSI device.
The following table provides details.
State
Status
Description
Deploying
Error
The deployment log has errors, for example, disk space runs out
Warning
The deployment log has warnings: the machine went offline during the
deployment; cannot connect for N days…
OK
The deployment log does not have errors and warnings
Error
The status of the corresponding backup plan is Error
Warning
The status of the corresponding backup plan is Warning
OK
The status of the corresponding backup plan is OK
Error
The updating log has errors: cannot delete the locked task, the Acronis
service is stopped…
Warning
The updating log has warnings
OK
The updating log does not have errors and warnings
Error
The revoking log has errors
Warning
The revoking log has warnings
OK
The revoking log does not have errors and warnings
Deployed
Updating
Revoking
In addition to the deployment state and status as related to a specific machine, the backup policy has
the deployment state and status on a group of machines and the cumulative deployment state and
status of the policy.
2.11.5.3.
Policy deployment state on a group
To see this parameter, select Machines in the tree, then select the group, and then select the Backup
policies tab on the Information pane.
This state is defined as a combination of deployment states of the policy on the machines included in
the group and its child groups.
For example, you applied the policy to the group consisting of machines A and B. While the
deployment takes place on both machines, the policy's state on the group will be "Deploying". If the
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deployment completes on one of the machines while it continues on the other, the state will be
"Deploying, Deployed". When the deployment completes on both machines, the state will be
"Deployed".
2.11.5.4.
Policy status on a group
To see this parameter, select Machines in the tree, then select the group, and then select the Backup
policies tab on the Information pane.
This status is defined as the most severe status of the policy on the machines included in the group
and its child groups. If the policy is currently not applied to any machine, its status is "OK".
2.11.5.5.
Cumulative state and status of a policy
In addition to the deployment state and status as related to a specific machine or group, the backup
policy has a cumulative deployment state and a cumulative status.
The cumulative state of a backup policy
To see this parameter, select Backup policies in the tree. The Deployment state column displays the
cumulative deployment state for each policy.
This state is defined as a combination of deployment states of the policy on all machines the policy is
applied to (directly or through inheritance). If the policy is currently not applied to any machine, it
does not have a deployment state and the column shows "Not applied".
For example, you applied the policy to machine A. The policy was successfully deployed. Then you
modify the policy and immediately apply it to the group consisting of machines B and C. The policy
has to be updated on A and deployed to B and C. While the processes take place, the policy's
cumulative state may look like "Updating, Deploying", then change to "Updating, Deployed" or
"Deployed, Deploying" and will normally end up with "Deployed".
The cumulative status of a backup policy
To see this parameter, select Backup policies in the tree. The Status column displays the cumulative
status for each policy.
This status is defined as the most severe status of the policy on all machines the policy is applied to. If
the policy is not applied to any machine, its status is "OK".
2.11.6. Deduplication
This section describes deduplication, a mechanism designed to eliminate data repetition by storing
identical data in archives only once.
2.11.6.1.
Overview
Deduplication is the process of minimizing storage space taken by the data by detecting data
repetition and storing the identical data only once.
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For example, if a managed vault where deduplication is enabled contains two copies of the same
file—whether in the same archive or in different archives—the file is stored only once, and a link to
that file is stored instead of the second file.
Deduplication may also reduce network load: if, during a backup, a file or a disk block is found to be a
duplicate of an already stored one, its content is not transferred over the network.
Deduplication is performed on disk blocks (block-level deduplication) and on files (file-level
deduplication), for disk-level and file-level backups respectively.
In Acronis Backup & Recovery 10, deduplication consists of two steps:
Deduplication at source
Performed on a managed machine during backup. Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Agent uses the
storage node to determine what data can be deduplicated, and does not transfer the data whose
duplicates are already present in the vault.
Deduplication at target
Performed in the vault after a backup is completed. The storage node analyses the vault's
archives and deduplicates data in the vault.
When creating a backup plan, you have the option to turn off deduplication at source for that plan.
This may lead to faster backups but a greater load on the network and storage node.
Deduplicating vault
A managed centralized vault where deduplication is enabled is called a deduplicating vault. When you
create a managed centralized vault, you can specify whether to enable deduplication in it. A
deduplicating vault cannot be created on a tape device.
Deduplication database
Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Storage Node managing a deduplicating vault, maintains the
deduplication database, which contains the hash values of all items stored in the vault—except for
those that cannot be deduplicated, such as encrypted files.
The deduplication database is stored in the folder which is specified by the Database path in the
Create centralized vault view when creating the vault. Deduplication database can be created in a
local folder only.
The size of the deduplication database is about one percent of the total size of archives in the vault.
In other words, each terabyte of new (non-duplicate) data adds about 10 GB to the database.
In case the database is corrupted or the storage node is lost, while the vault retains archives and the
service folder containing metadata, the new storage node rescans the vault and re-creates the
database.
2.11.6.2.
When deduplication is most effective
The following are cases when deduplication produces the maximum effect:
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•
When backing up in the full backup mode similar data from different sources. Such is the case
when you back up operating systems and applications deployed from a single source over the
network.
If you back up, say, 100 similar systems to a deduplicating vault, the archives in total will occupy
less space as compared to backup to a normal vault. Best practice is to back up one of the similar
systems first, so that Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Storage Node registers all the system's files
as potential deduplication items. This will lead to faster backup processes and less network traffic
(because of effective deduplication at source), regardless whether the backups are performed
simultaneously or not.
•
When performing incremental backups of similar data from different sources, provided that the
changes to the data are also similar. Such is the case when you deploy updates to these systems
and apply the incremental backup. Again, it is recommended that you first back up one machine
and then the others, all at once or one by one.
•
When performing incremental backups of data that does not change itself, but changes its
location. Such is the case when multiple pieces of data circulate over the network or within one
system. Each time a piece of data moves, it is included in the incremental backup which becomes
sizeable while it does not contain new data. Deduplication helps to solve the problem: each time
an item appears in a new place, a reference to the item is saved instead of the item itself.
Deduplication and incremental backups
In case of random changes to the data, de-duplication at incremental backup will not produce much
effect because:
•
The deduplicated items that have not changed are not included in the incremental backup.
•
The deduplicated items that have changed are not identical anymore and therefore will not be
deduplicated.
2.11.6.3.
Deduplication ratio
The deduplication ratio shows the size of archives in a deduplicating vault in relation to the size they
would occupy in a non-deduplicating vault. The higher the deduplication ratio, the more
advantageous the deduplication.
For example, suppose that you are backing up two files with identical content from two machines. If
the size of each file is one gigabyte, then the size of the backups in a non-deduplicating vault will be
approximately 2 GB, but this size will be just about 1 GB in a deduplicating vault. This gives a
deduplication ratio of 2:1.
Conversely, if the two files had different content, the backup sizes in non-deduplicating and
duplicating vaults would be the same (2 GB), and the deduplication ratio would be 1:1.
What ratio to expect
Although, in some situations, the deduplication ratio may be very high (in the previous example,
increasing the number of machines would lead to ratios of 3:1, 4:1, etc.), a reasonable expectation for
a typical environment is a ratio between 1.2:1 and 1.6:1.
As a more realistic example, suppose that you are performing a file-level or disk-level backup of two
machines with similar disks. On each machine, the files common to all the machines occupy 50% of
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disk space (say, 1 GB); the files that are specific to each machine occupy the other 50% (another
1 GB).
In a deduplicating vault, the size of the first machine's backup in this case will be 2 GB, and that of the
second machine will be 1 GB. In a non-deduplicating vault, the backups would occupy 4 GB in total. As
a result, the deduplication ratio is 4:3, or about 1.33:1.
Similarly, in case of three machines, the ratio becomes 1.5:1; for four machines, it is 1.6:1. It
approaches 2:1 as more such machines are backed up to the same vault. This means that you can
buy, say, a 10-TB storage device instead of a 20-TB one.
The actual amount of capacity reduction is influenced by numerous factors such as the type of data
that is being backed up, the frequency of the backup, and the backups' retention period.
2.11.6.4.
How deduplication works
Deduplication at source
When performing a backup to a deduplicating vault, Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Agent reads items
being backed up—disk blocks for disk backup or files for file backup—and calculates a fingerprint of
each block. Such a fingerprint, often called a hash value, uniquely represents the item's content
within the vault.
Before sending the item to the vault, the agent queries the deduplication database to determine
whether the item's hash value is the same as that of an already stored item.
If so, the agent sends only the item's hash value; otherwise, it sends the item itself.
Some items, such as encrypted files or disk blocks of a non-standard size, cannot be deduplicated,
and the agent always transfers such items to the vault without calculating their hash values. For more
information about restrictions of file-level and disk-level deduplication, see Deduplication restrictions
(p. 68).
Deduplication at target
After a backup to a deduplicating vault is completed, the storage node deduplicates data in the vault
as follows:
1. It moves the items (disk blocks or files) from the archives to a special folder within the vault,
storing duplicate items there only once. This folder is called the deduplication data store. Items
that cannot be deduplicated remain in the archives.
2. In the archives, it replaces the moved items with the correspondent references to them.
As a result, the vault contains a number of unique, deduplicated items, with each item having one or
more references to it from the vault's archives.
Compacting task
After one or more backups or archives have been deleted from the vault—either manually or during
cleanup—the vault may contain items which are no longer referred to from any archive. Such items
are deleted by the compacting task, which is a scheduled task performed by the storage node.
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By default, the compacting task runs every Sunday night at 03:00. You can re-schedule the task as
described in Operations with storage nodes (p. 297), under "Change the compacting task schedule".
You can also manually start or stop the task from the Tasks view.
2.11.6.5.
Deduplication restrictions
Block-level deduplication restrictions
During a disk backup to an archive in a deduplicating vault, deduplication of a volume's disk blocks is
not performed in the following cases:
•
•
If the volume is a compressed volume
If the volume's allocation unit size—also known as cluster size or block size—is not divisible by
4 KB
Tip: The allocation unit size on most NTFS and ext3 volumes is 4 KB and so allows for block-level
deduplication. Other examples of allocation unit sizes allowing for block-level deduplication include 8 KB,
16 KB, and 64 KB.
•
If you protected the archive with a password
Tip: If you want to protect the data in the archive while still allowing it to be deduplicated, leave the archive
non-password-protected and encrypt the deduplicating vault itself with a password, which you can do when
creating the vault.
Disk blocks that were not deduplicated are stored in the archive as they would be in a nondeduplicating vault.
File-level deduplication restrictions
During a file backup to an archive in a deduplicating vault, deduplication of a file is not performed in
the following cases:
•
If the file is encrypted and the In archives, store encrypted files in decrypted state check box in
the backup options is cleared (it is cleared by default)
•
If the file is less than 4 KB in size
•
If you protected the archive with a password
Files that were not deduplicated are stored in the archive as they would be in a non-deduplicating
vault.
Deduplication and NTFS data streams
In the NTFS file system, a file may have one or more additional sets of data associated with it—often
called alternate data streams.
When such file is backed up, so are all its alternate data streams. However, these streams are never
deduplicated—even when the file itself is.
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2.11.7. Privileges for centralized management
This section describes the users' privileges that are required to manage a machine locally and
remotely, to manage a machine registered on Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Management Server,
and to access and manage Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Storage Node.
2.11.7.1.
Types of connection to a managed machine
There are two types of connection to a managed machine: local connection and remote connection.
Local connection
The local connection is established between Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Management Console on
a machine and Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Agent on the same machine.
To establish a local connection
•
On the toolbar, click Connect, then point to New connection, and then click This machine.
Remote connection
A remote connection is established between Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Management Console on
one machine and Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Agent on another machine.
You might need to specify logon credentials to establish a remote connection.
To establish a remote connection
1. On the toolbar, click Connect, then point to New connection, and then click Manage a remote
machine.
2. In Machine, type or select the name or IP address of the remote machine to which you want to
connect; or click Browse to select the machine from the list.
3. To specify credentials for connection, click Options and then type the user name and password in
the User name and Password boxes respectively. In Windows, if you leave the User name box
empty, the credentials under which the console is running will be used.
4. To save the password for the specified user name, select the Save password check box; the
password will be saved in a secure storage on the machine where the console is running.
2.11.7.2.
Privileges for local connection
Local connection on a machine running Windows can be established by any user who has the "Log on
locally" user right on the machine.
2.11.7.3.
Privileges for remote connection in Windows
To establish a remote connection to a machine running Windows, the user must be a member of the
Acronis Remote Users security group on that machine.
After remote connection is established, the user has management rights on the remote machine as
described in User rights on a managed machine (p. 30).
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Note: On a remote machine running Windows Vista with enabled User Account Control (UAC)—and which is not
part of a domain—only members of the Administrators group can back up data. To overcome the restriction,
include the machine into a domain or disable UAC on the machine (by default, UAC is enabled).
For information about Acronis security groups and their default members, see Acronis security groups
(p. 70).
2.11.7.4.
Acronis security groups
On a machine running Windows, Acronis security groups determine who can manage the machine
remotely and act as Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Management Server administrator.
These groups are created when Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Agents or Acronis Backup & Recovery
10 Management Server are being installed. During installation, you can specify what users to include
in each group.
Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Agents
When Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Agent for Windows is being installed on a machine, the Acronis
Remote Users group is created (or updated).
A user who is a member of this group can manage the machine remotely by using Acronis Backup &
Recovery 10 Management Console, according to the management rights described in Users' privileges
on a managed machine (p. 30).
By default, this group includes all members of the Administrators group.
Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Management Server
When Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Management Server is being installed on a machine, two groups
are created (or updated):
Acronis Centralized Admins
A user who is a member of this group is a management server administrator. Management server
administrators can connect to the management server by using Acronis Backup & Recovery 10
Management Console; they have the same management rights on the registered machines as
users with administrative privileges on those machines—regardless of the contents of Acronis
security groups there.
To be able to connect to the management server remotely, an administrator of the management
server must also be a member of the Acronis Remote Users group.
No user—even a member of the Administrators group—can be an administrator of the
management server without being a member of the Acronis Centralized Admins group.
By default, this group includes all members of the Administrators group.
Acronis Remote Users
A user who is a member of this group can connect to the management server remotely by using
Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Management Console—provided that the user is also a member of
the Acronis Centralized Admins group.
By default, this group includes all members of the Administrators group.
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On a domain controller
If a machine is a domain controller in an Active Directory domain, the names and default contents of
Acronis security groups are different:
•
Instead of Acronis Remote Users and Acronis Centralized Admins, the groups are named
DCNAME $ Acronis Remote Users and DCNAME $ Acronis Centralized Admins respectively; here,
DCNAME stands for the NetBIOS name of the domain controller. Each dollar sign is surrounded by
a single space on either side.
•
Instead of explicitly including the names of all members of the Administrators group, the
Administrators group itself is included.
Tip: To ensure proper group names, you should install Acronis components in a domain controller after you have
set up the domain controller itself. If the components were installed before you set up the domain controller,
create the groups DCNAME $ Acronis Remote Users and DCNAME $ Acronis Centralized Admins manually, and
then include the members of Acronis Remote Users and Acronis Centralized Admins in the newly created groups.
2.11.7.5.
User privileges on a storage node
The scope of a user's privileges on Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Storage Node depends on the user's
rights on the machine where the storage node is installed.
A regular user, such as a member of the Users group on the storage node, can:
•
•
Create archives in any centralized vault managed by the storage node
View and manage archives owned by the user
A user who is a member of the Administrators group on the storage node can additionally:
•
•
•
View and manage any archive in any centralized vault managed by the storage node
Create centralized vaults to be managed by the storage node—provided that the user is also an
Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Management Server administrator
Re-schedule the compacting task, as described in Operations with storage nodes (p. 297), under
"Change the compacting task schedule"
Users with these additional privileges are also called storage node administrators.
Recommendations on user accounts
To allow users to access the centralized vaults managed by a storage node, you must ensure that
those users have a right to access the storage node from the network.
If both the users' machines and the machine with the storage node are in one Active Directory
domain, you probably do not need to perform any further steps: all users are typically members of
the Domain Users group and so can access the storage node.
Otherwise, you need to create user accounts on the machine where the storage node is installed. We
recommend creating a separate user account for each user who will access the storage node, so that
the users are able to access only the archives they own.
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When creating the accounts, follow these guidelines:
•
For users whom you want to act as storage node administrators, add their accounts to the
Administrators group.
•
For other users, add their user accounts to the Users group.
Additional right of machine administrators
A user who is a member of the Administrators group on a machine can view and manage any archives
created from that machine in a managed vault—regardless of the type of that user's account on the
storage node.
Example
Suppose that two users on a machine, UserA and UserB, perform backups from this machine to a
centralized vault managed by a storage node. On the storage node, let these users have regular (nonadministrative) accounts UserA_SN and UserB_SN, respectively.
Normally, UserA can access only the archives created by UserA (and owned by UserA_SN), and UserB
can access only the archives created by UserB (and owned by UserB_SN).
However, if UserA is a member of the Administrators group on the machine, this user can additionally
access the archives created from this machine by UserB—even though UserA's account on the
storage node is a regular one.
2.11.7.6.
Management server administrator rights
Normally, the Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Management Server administrator operates on a
registered machine on behalf of the Acronis Managed Machine Service (also known as the Acronis
service) on that machine and has the same privileges as the service has.
Alternatively, when creating a backup policy, the management server administrator has the option to
explicitly specify a user account under which the centralized backup plans will run on the registered
machines. In this case, the user account must exist on all the machines to which the centralized policy
will be deployed. This is not always efficient.
To be a management server administrator, the user must be a member of the Acronis Centralized
Admins group on the machine where the management server is installed.
2.11.7.7.
Rights for Acronis services
In Windows, most Acronis components run as services. A service runs under an account—either a
user account, such as Administrator; or a system account, such as Local System.
A security best practice is to run each service under a dedicated user account which has only a
minimal set of user rights needed for that service.
When installing a component that runs as a service, you can specify the account under which the
service will run—either a default account for the component, or an existing account.
The following table shows the necessary user rights and the default names of the user accounts for
each component's service.
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Component name
Service name
Necessary user rights
Default user account
Acronis Backup &
Recovery 10 Agent
Acronis Managed
Machine Service
Log on as a service
Acronis Agent User
Back up files and directories
Log on locally
Restore files and directories
Shut down the system
Acronis Backup &
Recovery 10
Management Server
Acronis Management
Server
Log on as a service
AMS User
Acronis Backup &
Recovery 10 Storage
Node
Acronis Storage
Server
Log on as a service
ASN User
These users are also granted access to the registry key HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Acronis
(called Acronis registry key) with the following rights: Query Value, Set Value, Create Subkey,
Enumerate Subkeys, Notify, Delete, and Read Control.
Important: It is only during installation that you can specify a user account for an Acronis service. If you must
change the account after installation, do so by reinstalling the correspondent component. Do not change the
account manually, such as via the Services snap-in.
In addition, there are two Acronis services which run under a system account:
•
The Acronis Scheduler service provides scheduling for Acronis components' tasks. It runs under
the Local System account and cannot run under a different account.
•
The Acronis Remote Agent service provides connectivity among Acronis components. It runs
under the Network Service account and cannot run under a different account.
2.11.8. Communication between Acronis Backup & Recovery 10
components
This section describes how Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 components communicate with each other
using secure authentication and encryption.
This section also provides information on configuring communication settings, selecting a network
port for communication, and managing security certificates.
2.11.8.1.
Secure communication
Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 provides the capability to secure the data transferred between its
components within a local area network and through a perimeter network (also known as
demilitarized zone, DMZ).
There are two mechanisms which ensure secure communication between Acronis Backup & Recovery
10 components:
•
Secure authentication provides secure transfer of certificates needed to establish a connection,
by using the Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) protocol.
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•
Encrypted communication provides secure transfer of information between any two
components—for example, between Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Agent and Acronis Backup &
Recovery 10 Storage Node—by encrypting the data being transferred.
For instructions on how to set up secure authentication and data encryption settings, see Configuring
communication options (p. 74).
For instructions on how to manage SSL certificates used for secure authentication, see SSL certificates
(p. 79).
Note: The components of earlier Acronis products, including those of the Acronis True Image Echo family, cannot
connect to the Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 components, regardless of the secure authentication and data
encryption settings.
2.11.8.2.
Client and server applications
There are two stakeholders of the secure communication process:
•
•
Client application, or client, is an application that tries to establish connection.
Server application, or server, is an application to which the client tries to connect.
For example, if Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Management Console is connecting to Acronis Backup
& Recovery 10 Agent on a remote machine, the former is the client and the latter is the server.
An Acronis component can act as a client application, a server application, or both, as shown in the
following table.
Component name
Can be
client
Can be
server
Acronis Backup & Recovery 10
Management Console
Yes
No
Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Agent
Yes
Yes
Acronis Backup & Recovery 10
Management Server
Yes
Yes
Acronis Backup & Recovery 10
Storage Node
Yes
Yes
Acronis PXE Server
No
Yes
Acronis Backup & Recovery 10
Bootable Agent
Yes
Yes
2.11.8.3.
Configuring communication settings
You can configure communication settings, such as whether to encrypt transferred data, for Acronis
Backup & Recovery 10 components installed on one or more machines, by using Acronis
Administrative Template. For information on how to load the Administrative Template, see How to
load Acronis Administrative Template (p. 78).
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When applied to a single machine, the Administrative Template defines the communication settings
for all the components on the machine; when applied to a domain or an organizational unit, it defines
the communication settings for all the components on the machines in that domain or organizational
unit.
To configure communication settings
1. Click Start, then click Run, and then type gpedit.msc
2. In the Group Policy console, expand Computer Configuration, then expand Administrative
Templates, and then click Acronis.
3. In the Acronis pane to the right, double-click a communication option that you want to configure.
The Administrative Template contains the following options (each option is explained later in this
topic):
o Remote Agent ports
o Client Encryption options
o Server Encryption options
4. For the new communication settings to take effect, restart all running Acronis components—
preferably, by restarting Windows. If restart is not possible, make sure you do the following:
o If Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Management Console is running, close it and start it again.
o If other Acronis components, such as Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Agent for Windows or
Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Management Server are running, restart their correspondent
services from the Services snap-in in Windows.
Remote Agent ports
Specifies the port that the component will use for incoming and outgoing communication with other
Acronis components.
Select one of the following:
Not configured
The component will use the default TCP port number 9876.
Enabled
The component will use the specified port; type the port number in the Server TCP Port box.
Disabled
The same as Not configured.
For details about the network port and instructions on how to specify it in Linux and a bootable
environment, see Network port configuration (p. 77).
Client Encryption options
Specifies whether to encrypt the transferred data when the component acts as a client application,
and whether to trust self-signed SSL certificates.
Select one of the following:
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Not configured
The component will use the default settings, which is to use encryption if possible and to trust
self-signed SSL certificates (see the following option).
Enabled
Encryption is enabled. In Encryption, select one of the following:
Enabled
Data transfer will be encrypted if encryption is enabled on the server application, otherwise it
will be unencrypted.
Disabled
Encryption is disabled; any connection to a server application which requires encryption will
not be established.
Required
Data transfer will be performed only if encryption is enabled on the server application (see
"Server Encryption options"); it will be encrypted.
Authentication parameters
Selecting the Trust self-signed certificates check box allows the client to connect to the server
applications that use self-signed SSL certificates such as certificates created during the installation
of Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 components—see SSL certificates (p. 79).
You should keep this check box selected, unless you have a Public Key Infrastructure (PKI) in your
environment.
In Use Agent Certificate Authentication, select one of the following:
Do not use
The use of SSL certificates is disabled. Any connection to a server application which requires
the use of SSL certificates will not be established.
Use if possible
The use of SSL certificates is enabled. The client will use SSL certificates if their use is enabled
on the server application, and will not use them otherwise.
Always use
The use of SSL certificates is enabled. The connection will be established only if the use of SSL
certificates is enabled on the server application.
Disabled
The same as Not configured.
Server Encryption options
Specifies whether to encrypt the transferred data when the component acts as a server application.
Select one of the following:
Not configured
The component will use the default setting, which is to use encryption if possible (see the
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following option).
Enabled
Encryption is enabled. In Encryption, select one of the following:
Enabled
Data transfer will be encrypted if encryption is enabled on the client application, otherwise it
will be unencrypted.
Disabled
Encryption is disabled; any connection to a client application which requires encryption will
not be established.
Required
Data transfer will be performed only if encryption is enabled on the client application (see
"Client Encryption options"); it will be encrypted.
Authentication parameters
In Use Agent Certificate Authentication, select one of the following:
Do not use
The use of SSL certificates is disabled. Any connection to a client application which requires
the use of SSL certificates will not be established.
Use if possible
The use of SSL certificates is enabled. The server will use SSL certificates if their use is enabled
on the client application, and will not use them otherwise.
Always use
The use of SSL certificates is enabled. The connection will be established only if the use of SSL
certificates is enabled on the client application.
Disabled
The same as Not configured.
2.11.8.4.
Network port configuration
Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 components use the 9876/TCP network communication port by
default. The server listens to this port for incoming connection. This port is also used as default by the
Acronis client. During component installation you might be asked to confirm the port opening or to
open the port manually, in case you are using a firewall other than Windows Firewall.
After installation, you can change the ports at any time to match your preferable values or for the
purpose of security. This operation requires the restart of Acronis Remote Agent (in Windows) or the
Acronis_agent (in Linux) service.
After the port is changed on the server side, connect to the server using the <Server-IP>:<port> or the
<Server-hostname>:<port> URL notation.
Note: If you use network address translation (NAT), you can also configure the port by setting up port mapping.
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Configuring the port in the operating system
Windows
To be able to change the ports' numbers, load and configure the Administrative Template, provided
by Acronis, as described in Configuring communication settings (p. 74), under "Remote Agent ports".
Linux
Specify the port in the /etc/Acronis/Policies/Agent.config file. Restart the Acronis_agent daemon.
Configuring the port in a bootable environment
While creating Acronis bootable media, you have the option to pre-configure the network port that
will be used by the Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Bootable Agent. The choice is available between:
•
•
•
The default port (9876)
The currently used port
New port (enter the port number)
If a port has not been pre-configured, the agent uses the default port number.
2.11.8.5.
How to apply Acronis Administrative Template
The Administrative Template, provided by Acronis, enables the fine-tuning of some security related
features, including encrypted communication settings. Through the Microsoft Group Policy
mechanism, the template policy settings can be applied to a single computer as well as to a domain.
To load the Acronis Administrative Template
1. Run Windows Group Policy Objects Editor (%windir%\system32\gpedit.msc.)
2. Open the Group Policy object (GPO) you want to edit.
3. Expand Computer Configuration.
4. Right click Administrative Templates.
5. Click Add/Remove Templates.
6. Click Add.
7. Browse to the Acronis Administrative Template (\Program files\Common Files\Acronis\Agent
\Acronis_agent.adm or \Program files\Acronis\BackupAndRecovery\Acronis_agent.adm), and
click Open.
Once the template is loaded, you can open it and edit the desired settings. After loading the template
or editing its settings, you should restart the configured component(s) or some of their services.
For detailed information about Windows GPO Editor please see:
http://msdn2.microsoft.com/en-us/library/aa374163.aspx
For detailed information about Group Policies please see:
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http://msdn2.microsoft.com/en-us/library/aa374177.aspx
2.11.8.6.
SSL certificates
Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 components use Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) certificates for secure
authentication.
SSL certificates for the components can be one of the two types:
•
Self-signed certificates, such as certificates automatically generated during the installation of an
Acronis component.
•
Non-self-signed certificates, such as certificates issued by a third-party Certificate Authority
(CA)—for example, by a public CA such as VeriSign® or Thawte™—or by your organization's CA.
Certificate path
All Acronis components installed on a machine, when acting as a server application, use an SSL
certificate called the server certificate.
In Windows, the certificate path and the server certificate's file name are specified in the registry key
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Acronis\Encryption\Server. The default path is
%SystemDrive%\Program Files\Common Files\Acronis\Agent.
To ensure reliability, the certificate is stored in Windows Certificate Store at the following location:
Certificates (Local Computer)\Acronis Trusted Certificates Cache.
For self-signed certificates, the certificate thumbprint (also known as fingerprint or hash) is used for
future host identification: if a client has previously connected to a server by using a self-signed
certificate and tries to establish connection again, the server checks whether the certificate's
thumbprint is the same as the one used before.
In case the list of certificates for the local machine is not displayed in the Certificates console, you can
use the following procedure.
Copyright © Acronis, Inc., 2000-2009
79
To open the list of a machine's certificates
1. Click Start, then click Run, and then type: mmc
2. In the console, on the File menu, click Add/Remove Snap-in.
3. In the Add/Remove Snap-in dialog box, click Add.
4. In the Add Standalone Snap-in dialog box, double-click Certificates.
5. Click Computer account, and then click Next.
6. Click Local computer, and then click Finish.
Tip: Alternatively, you can manage the list of certificates of a remote machine. To do this, click Another
computer and then type the remote machine's name.
7. Click Close to close the Add Standalone Snap-in dialog box, and then click OK to close the
Add/Remove Snap-in dialog box.
Self-signed certificates
On machines running Windows, if the certificate location contains no server certificate, a self-signed
server certificate is automatically generated and installed during the installation of any Acronis
component except Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Management Console.
If the machine is renamed after its self-signed certificate was generated, the certificate cannot be
used and you will need to generate a new one.
To generate a new self-signed certificate
1. Log on as a member of the Administrators group.
2. In the Start menu, click Run, and then type: cmd
3. Run the following command (note quotation marks):
"%CommonProgramFiles%\Acronis\Utils\acroniscert" --reinstall
4. Restart Windows, or restart the running Acronis services.
Non-self-signed certificates
You have the option to use trusted third-party certificates or certificates created by your
organization's CA as an alternative to self-signed certificates, by using Acronis Certificate Commandline Utility.
To install a third-party certificate
1. Click Start, then click Run, and then type: certmgr.msc
2. In the Certificates console, double-click the name of the certificate that you want to install.
3. In the Details tab, in the list of fields, click Thumbprint.
4. Select and copy the field's value, called a certificate thumbprint—a string such as 20 99 00 b6 3d
95 57 28 14 0c d1 36 22 d8 c6 87 a4 eb 00 85
5. In the Start menu, click Run, and then type the following in the Open box:
"%CommonProgramFiles%\Acronis\Utils\acroniscert.exe" --install "20
99 00 b6 3d 95 57 28 14 0c d1 36 22 d8 c6 87 a4 eb 00 85"
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Copyright © Acronis, Inc., 2000-2009
(Note quotation marks; substitute the sample thumbprint shown here with that of your
certificate.)
Copyright © Acronis, Inc., 2000-2009
81
3. Options
This section covers Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 options that can be configured using Graphical
User Interface. The content of this section is applicable to both stand-alone and advanced editions of
Acronis Backup & Recovery 10.
3.1. Console options
The console options define the way information is represented in the Graphical User Interface of
Acronis Backup & Recovery 10.
To access the console options, select Options > Console options from the top menu.
3.1.1.
Startup page
This option defines whether to show the Welcome screen or the Dashboard upon connection of the
console to a managed machine or to the management server.
The preset is: the Welcome screen.
To make a selection, select or clear the check box for Show the Dashboard view upon connection of
the console to a machine.
This option can also be set on the Welcome screen. If you select the check box for At startup, show
the Dashboard instead of the current view on the Welcome screen, the setting mentioned above will
be updated accordingly.
3.1.2.
Pop-up messages
About tasks that need interaction
This option is effective when the console is connected to a managed machine or to the management
server.
The option defines whether to display the pop-up window when one or more tasks require user
interaction. This window enables you to specify your decision, such as to confirm reboot or to retry
after freeing-up the disk space, on all the tasks in the same place. Until at least one task requires
interaction, you can open this window at any time from the managed machine's Dashboard.
Alternatively, you can review the task execution states in the Tasks view and specify you decision on
each task in the Information pane.
The preset is: Enabled.
To make a selection, select or clear the Pop up the "Tasks Need Interaction" window check box.
About the task execution results
This option is effective only when the console is connected to a managed machine.
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The option defines whether to display the pop-up messages about task run results: successful
completion, failure or success with warnings. When displaying of pop-up messages is disabled, you
can review the task execution states and results in the Tasks view.
The preset is: Enabled for all results.
To make a setting for each result (successful completion, failure or success with warnings)
individually, select or clear the respective check box.
3.1.3.
Time-based alerts
Last backup
This option is effective when the console is connected to a managed machine (p. 348) or to the
management server (p. 348).
The option defines whether to alert if no backup was performed on a given machine for a period of
time. You can configure the time period that is considered critical for your business.
The preset is: alert if the last successful backup on a machine was completed more than 5 days ago.
The alert is displayed in the Alerts section of the Dashboard. When the console is connected to the
management server, this setting will also control the color scheme of the Last backup column's value
for each machine.
Last connection
This option is effective when the console is connected to the management server or to a registered
machine (p. 349).
The option defines whether to alert if no connection was established between a registered machine
and the management server for a period of time so indicating that the machine might not be centrally
managed (for instance in the case of network connection failure to that machine). You can configure
the length of time that is considered critical.
The preset is: alert if the machine's last connection to the management server was more than 5 days
ago.
The alert is displayed in the Alerts section of the Dashboard. When the console is connected to the
management server, this setting will also control the color scheme of the Last connect column's value
for each machine.
3.1.4.
Number of tasks
This option is effective only when the console is connected to the management server.
The option defines how many tasks will be displayed at a time in the Tasks view. You can also use
filters available in the Tasks view to limit the number of displayed tasks.
The preset is: 400. The adjustment range is: 20 to 500.
To make a selection, choose the desired value from the Number of tasks drop-down menu.
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3.1.5.
Fonts
This option is effective when the console is connected to a managed machine or to the management
server.
The option defines the fonts to be used in the Graphical User Interface of Acronis Backup & Recovery
10. The Menu setting affects the drop-down and context menus. The Application setting affects the
other GUI elements.
The preset is: System Default font for both the menus and the application interface items.
To make a selection, choose the font from the respective combo-box and set the font's properties.
You can preview the font's appearance by clicking the button to the right.
3.2. Management server options
The management server options enable you to adjust the behavior of the Acronis Backup & Recovery
10 Management Server.
To access the management server options, connect the console to the management server and then
select Options > Management server options from the top menu.
3.2.1.
Logging level
This option defines whether the management server has to collect log events from the registered
machines to the centralized log that is stored in a dedicated database and is available in the Log view.
You can set the option for all the events at once or select the event types to be collected. If you
completely disable collection of the log events, the centralized log will contain only the management
server's own log.
The preset is: Collect logs for All events.
Use the Types of events to log combo-box to specify the types of events that will be collected:
•
All events - all events (information, warnings and errors) occurred on all the machines registered
on the management server will be recorded to the centralized log
•
•
Errors and warnings - warnings and errors will be recorded to the centralized log
Errors only - only errors will be recorded to the centralized log.
To disable collection of the log events, clear the Collect logs check box.
3.2.2.
Event tracing
You can configure the management server to log events in the Application Event Log of Windows,
besides the management server's own log.
You can configure the management server to send Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP)
objects to a specified SNMP manager.
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3.2.2.1.
Windows event log
This option defines whether the management server has to record its own log events in the
Application Event Log of Windows (to see this log, run eventvwr.exe or select Control Panel >
Administrative tools > Event Viewer). You can filter the events to be recorded.
The preset is: Disabled.
To enable this option, select the Log events check box.
Use the Types of events to log check box to filter the events to be logged in the Application Event
Log of Windows:
o
o
o
All events - all events (information, warnings and errors)
Errors and warnings
Errors only.
To disable this option, clear the Log events check box.
3.2.2.2.
SNMP notifications
This option defines whether the management server has to send its own log events to the specified
Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) managers. You can choose the types of events to be
sent.
Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 provides the following Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP)
objects to SNMP management applications:
1.3.6.1.4.1.24769.100.200.1.0 - string identifying the type of event (Information, Warning, Error)
1.3.6.1.4.1.24769.100.200.2.0 - string containing the text description of the event (it looks identical to
messages published by Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 in its log).
The preset is: Disabled.
To set up sending SNMP messages
1. Select the Send messages to SNMP server check box.
2. Specify the appropriate options as follows:
o Types of events to send – choose the types of events: All events, Errors and warnings, or
Errors only.
o Server name/IP – type the name or IP address of the host running the SNMP management
application, the messages will be sent to.
o Community – type the name of the SNMP community to which both the host running SNMP
management application and the sending machine belong. The typical community is "public".
To disable sending SNMP messages, clear the Send messages to SNMP server check box.
The messages are sent over UDP.
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3.3. Machine options
The machine options define the general behavior of all Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 agents
operating on the managed machine, and so the options are considered machine-specific.
To access the machine options, connect the console to the managed machine and then select
Options > Machine options from the top menu.
3.3.1.
Machine management
This option defines whether the machine has to be managed centrally by the Acronis Backup &
Recovery 10 Management Server.
You have the opportunity to register the machine on the management server when installing an
Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 agent. If the machine is not registered, selecting Centralized
management here will initiate the registration (p. 349). Or you can add the machine to the
management server on the server side. Any of the three registration methods require the server
administrator privileges.
Selecting Standalone management on a registered machine will result in the machine stopping
communication with the server. Once the management server alerts that it could not connect to the
machine for a specific period of time, the administrator can delete the machine from the server or
register the machine once again.
The preset is: Stand-alone management.
To set up centralized management on the machine:
1. Select Centralized management.
2. Specify the Management Server IP/Name.
3. Specify the user name and password of the management server administrator on prompt. If the
entered data is correct, you will be able to click OK and the machine will be registered on the
management server. Otherwise re-enter the data or select Stand-alone management.
To disable centralized management, select Stand-alone management.
3.3.2.
Event tracing
It is possible to duplicate log events generated by the agent(s), operating on the managed machine, in
the Application Event Log of Windows; or send the events to the specified SNMP managers. If you do
not modify the event tracing options anywhere except for here, your settings will be effective for
each local backup plan and each task created on the machine.
You can override the settings set here, exclusively for the events occurred during backup or during
recovery (see Default backup and recovery options (p. 89).) In this case, the settings set here will be
effective for operations other than backup and recovery, such as archive validation or cleanup.
You can further override the settings set in the default backup and recovery options, when creating a
backup plan or a recovery task. The settings you obtain in this case will be plan-specific or taskspecific.
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3.3.2.1.
Windows event log
This option is effective only in Windows operating systems.
This option is not available when operating under the bootable media.
This option defines whether the agent(s) operating on the managed machine have to log events in
the Application Event Log of Windows (to see this log, run eventvwr.exe or select Control Panel >
Administrative tools > Event Viewer). You can filter the events to be logged.
You can override the settings set here, exclusively for the events that occur during backup or during
recovery, in the Default backup and recovery options (p. 89). In this case, the settings set here will be
effective for operations other than backup and recovery, such as archive validation or cleanup.
You can further override the settings set in the default backup and recovery options, when creating a
backup plan or a recovery task. The settings you obtain in this case will be plan-specific or taskspecific.
The preset is: Disabled.
To enable this option, select the Log events check box.
Use the Types of events to log check box to filter the events to be logged in the Application Event
Log of Windows:
o
o
o
All events - all events (information, warnings and errors)
Errors and warnings
Errors only.
To disable this option, clear the Log events check box.
3.3.2.2.
SNMP notifications
This option is effective for both Windows and Linux operating systems.
This option is not available when operating under the bootable media.
The option defines whether the agent(s) operating on the managed machine have to send the log
events to the specified Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) managers. You can choose the
types of events to be sent.
You can override the settings set here, exclusively for the events that occur during backup or during
recovery, in the Default backup and recovery options (p. 89). In this case, the settings set here will be
effective for operations other than backup and recovery, such as archive validation or cleanup.
You can further override the settings set in the default backup and recovery options, when creating a
backup plan or a recovery task. The settings you obtain in this case will be plan-specific or taskspecific.
Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 provides the following Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP)
objects to SNMP management applications:
1.3.6.1.4.1.24769.100.200.1.0 - string identifying the type of event (Information, Warning, Error)
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1.3.6.1.4.1.24769.100.200.2.0 - string containing the text description of the event (it looks identical to
messages published by Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 in its log).
The preset is: Disabled.
To set up sending SNMP messages
1. Select the Send messages to SNMP server check box.
2. Specify the appropriate options as follows:
o Types of events to send – choose the types of events: All events, Errors and warnings, or
Errors only.
o Server name/IP – type the name or IP address of the host running the SNMP management
application, the messages will be sent to.
o Community – type the name of the SNMP community to which both the host running SNMP
management application and the sending machine belong. The typical community is "public".
To disable sending SNMP messages, clear the Send messages to SNMP server check box.
The messages are sent over UDP.
The next section contains additional information about Setting up SNMP services on the receiving
machine (p. 88).
3.3.2.3.
Setting up SNMP services on the receiving machine
Windows
To install the SNMP service on a machine running Windows:
1. Start > Control Panel > Add or Remove Programs > Add/Remove Windows Components.
2. Select Management and Monitoring Tools.
3. Click Details.
4. Select the Simple Network Management Protocol check box.
5. Click OK.
You might be asked for lmmib2.dll that can be found on the installation disc of your operating system.
Linux
To receive SNMP messages on a machine running Linux, the net-snmp (for RHEL and SUSE) or the
snmpd (for Debian) package has to be installed.
SNMP can be configured using the snmpconf command. The default configuration files are located in
the /etc/snmp directory:
•
•
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/etc/snmp/snmpd.conf - configuration file for the Net-SNMP SNMP agent
/etc/snmp/snmptrapd.conf - configuration file for the Net-SNMP trap daemon.
Copyright © Acronis, Inc., 2000-2009
3.4. Default backup and recovery options
3.4.1.
Default backup options
Each Acronis agent has its own default backup options. Once an agent is installed, the default options
have pre-defined values, which are referred to as presets in the documentation. When creating a
backup plan, you can either use a default option, or override the default option with the custom
value that will be specific for this plan only.
You can also customize a default option itself by changing its value against the pre-defined one. The
new value will be used by default in all backup plans you will create later on this machine.
To view and change the default backup options, connect the console to the managed machine and
then select Options > Default backup and recovery options > Default backup options from the top
menu.
Availability of the backup options
The set of available backup options depends on:
•
•
The environment the agent operates in (Windows, bootable media)
•
•
The backup destination (networked location or local disk)
The type of the data being backed up (disk, file)
The backup scheme (Back up now or using the scheduler)
The following table summarizes the availability of the backup options.
Agent for Windows
Bootable media
(Linux-based or PE-based)
Disk
backup
File
backup
Disk
backup
File backup
+
+
+
+
Source files exclusion (p. 92)
+
+
+
+
Pre/Post backup commands
(p. 93)
+
+
PE only
PE only
Pre/Post data capture
commands (p. 94)
+
+
-
-
Multi-volume snapshot (p.
97)
+
+
-
-
File-level backup snapshot
(p. 97)
-
+
-
-
Use VSS (p. 97)
+
+
-
-
Compression level (p. 98)
+
+
+
+
Archive protection (p. 91)
(password + encryption)
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89
Backup performance:
Backup priority (p. 99)
+
+
-
-
HDD writing speed (p. 99)
Dest: HDD
Dest: HDD
Dest: HDD
Dest: HDD
Network connection speed
(p. 100)
Dest:
network
share
Dest:
network
share
Dest:
network
share
Dest:
network
share
Fast incremental/differential
backup (p. 103)
+
-
+
-
Backup splitting (p. 103)
+
+
+
+
Preserve files’ security
settings in archives
-
+
-
-
In archives, store encrypted
files in decrypted state
-
+
-
-
Media components (p. 105)
Dest:
removable
media
Dest:
removable
media
-
-
Do not show messages and
dialogs while processing
(silent mode)
+
+
+
+
Re-attempt if an error occurs
+
+
+
+
Ignore bad sectors
+
+
+
+
Dest: local
Dest: local
-
-
Task start conditions (p. 107)
+
+
-
-
Task failure handling (p. 108)
+
+
-
-
Overwrite data on a tape
without prompting user for
confirmation
Dest: Tape
Dest: Tape
Dest: Tape
Dest: Tape
Dismount media after
backup is finished
Dest:
removable
media
Dest:
removable
media
Dest:
removable
media
Dest:
removable
media
Ask for first media while
creating backup archives on
removable media
Dest:
removable
media
Dest:
removable
media
Dest:
removable
media
Dest:
removable
media
-
-
+
+
File-level security (p. 104):
Error handling (p. 106):
Dual destination (p. 106)
Additional settings (p. 110):
Validate backup after
creation
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Copyright © Acronis, Inc., 2000-2009
Reset archive bit
-
+
-
+
Reboot after the backup
-
-
+
+
Create full backups as
synthetic backups
+
+
+
+
E-mail (p. 100)
+
+
-
-
Win Pop-up (p. 101)
+
+
-
-
Windows events log (p. 102)
+
+
-
-
SNMP (p. 102)
+
+
-
-
Notifications:
Event tracing:
3.4.1.1.
Archive protection
This option is effective for Windows and Linux operating systems and bootable media.
This option is effective for both disk-level and file-level backup.
The preset is: Disabled.
To protect the archive from unauthorized access
1. Select the Set password for the archive check box.
2. In the Enter the password field, type a password.
3. In the Confirm the password field, re-type the password.
4. Select one of the following:
o Do not encrypt – the archive will be protected with the password only
o AES 128 – the archive will be encrypted using the Advanced Standard Encryption (AES)
algorithm with a 128-bit key
o AES 192 – the archive will be encrypted using the AES algorithm with a 192-bit key
o AES 256 – the archive will be encrypted using the AES algorithm with a 256-bit key.
5. Click OK.
The AES cryptographic algorithm operates in the Cipher-block chaining (CBC) mode and uses a
randomly generated key with a user-defined size of 128, 192 or 256 bits. The larger the key size, the
longer it will take for the program to encrypt the archive and the more secure your data will be.
The encryption key is then encrypted with AES-256 using a SHA-256 hash of the password as a key.
The password itself is not stored anywhere on the disk or in the backup file; the password hash is
used for verification purposes. With this two-level security, the backup data is protected from any
unauthorized access, but recovering a lost password is not possible.
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3.4.1.2.
Source files exclusion
This option is effective for Windows and Linux operating systems and bootable media.
This option is effective for disk-level backup of NTFS and FAT file systems only. This option is effective
for file-level backup of all supported file systems.
The option defines which files and folders to skip during the backup process and thus exclude from
the list of backed-up items.
The preset is: Exclude files matching the following criteria: *.tmp, *.~, *.bak.
To specify which files and folders to exclude:
Set up any of the following parameters:
•
Exclude all hidden files and folders
Select this check box to skip files and folders with the Hidden attribute. If a folder is Hidden, all of
its contents — including files that are not Hidden — will be excluded.
•
Exclude all system files and folders
Select this check box to skip files and folders with the System attribute. If a folder is System, all of
its contents — including files that are not System — will be excluded.
You can view file or folder attributes in the file/folder properties or by using the attrib command. For more
information, refer to the Help and Support Center in Windows.
•
Exclude files matching the following criteria
Select this check box to skip files whose names match any of the criteria — called file masks — in
the list; use the Add, Edit, Remove and Remove All buttons to create the list of file masks.
You can use one or more wildcard characters * and ? in a file mask:
The asterisk (*) substitutes for zero or more characters in a file name; for example, the file mask
Doc*.txt yields files such as Doc.txt and Document.txt
The question mark (?) substitutes for exactly one character in a file name; for example, the file
mask Doc?.txt yields files such as Doc1.txt and Docs.txt — but not the files Doc.txt or Doc11.txt
Exclusion examples
Criterion
Example
Description
By name
File1.log
Excludes all files named File1.log.
By path
C:\Finance\test.log
Excludes the file named test.log located in the folder
C:\Finance
Mask (*)
*.log
Excludes all files with the .log extension.
Mask (?)
my???.log
Excludes all .log files with names consisting of five symbols
and starting with “my”.
The above settings are not effective for the files or folders that were explicitly selected for backup. For example,
assume that you selected the folder MyFolder and the file MyFile.tmp outside that folder, and selected to skip all
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.tmp files. In this case, all .tmp files in the folder MyFolder will be skipped during the backup process, but the file
MyFile.tmp will not be skipped.
3.4.1.3.
Pre/Post commands
This option is effective for Windows and Linux operating systems and PE-based bootable media.
The option enables you to define the commands to be automatically executed before and after the
backup procedure.
The following scheme illustrates when pre/post commands are executed.
Pre-backup
command
Backup
Post-backup
command
Examples of how you can use the pre/post commands:
•
delete some temporary files from the disk before starting backup
•
configure a third-party antivirus product to be started each time before the backup starts
•
copy an archive to another location after the backup ends.
The program does not support interactive commands, i.e. commands that require user input (for
example, "pause").
To specify pre/post commands
1. Enable pre/post commands execution by checking the following options:
o Execute before the backup
o Execute after the backup
2. Do any of the following:
o Click Edit to specify a new command or a batch file
o Select the existing command or the batch file from the drop-down list
3. Click OK.
Pre-backup command
To specify a command/batch file to be executed before the backup process starts
1. In the Command field, type a command or browse to a batch file. The program does not support
interactive commands, i.e. commands that require user input (for example, "pause".)
2. In the Working directory field, specify a path to a directory where the command/batch file will be
executed.
3. In the Arguments field specify the command’s execution arguments, if required.
4. Depending on the result you want to obtain, select the appropriate options as described in the
table below.
5. Click Test command to check if the command is correct.
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Check box
Selection
Fail the task if the command
execution fails
Selected
Cleared
Selected
Cleared
Do not back up until the
command execution is
complete
Selected
Selected
Cleared
Cleared
Result
Preset
Perform the
backup only after
the command is
successfully
executed. Fail the
task if the
command
execution fails.
Perform the
backup after the
command is
executed despite
execution failure
or success.
N/A
Perform the
backup
concurrently with
the command
execution and
irrespective of the
command
execution result.
Post-backup command
To specify a command/executable file to be executed after the backup is completed
1. In the Command field, type a command or browse to a batch file.
2. In the Working directory field, specify a path to a directory where the command/batch file will be
executed.
3. In the Arguments field, specify the command execution arguments, if required.
4. If successful execution of the command is critical for your backup strategy, select the Fail the task
if the command execution fails check box. In case the command execution fails, the program will
remove the resulting TIB file and temporary files if possible, and the task will fail.
When the check box is not selected, the command execution result does not affect the task
execution failure or success. You can track the command execution result by exploring the log or
the errors and warnings displayed on the Dashboard.
5. Click Test Command to check if the command is correct.
3.4.1.4.
Pre/Post data capture commands
This option is effective for both Windows and Linux operating systems.
The option enables you to define the commands to be automatically executed before and after data
capture (that is, taking the data snapshot) performed by Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 at the
beginning of the backup procedure.
The following scheme illustrates when the pre/post data capture commands are executed.
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<-----------------------------Pre-backup
command
Pre-data
capture
command
Backup
Data
capture
---------------------------->
Post-data
capture
command
Post-backup
command
If the Volume Shadow Copy Service (p. 97) option is enabled, the commands' execution and the
Microsoft VSS actions will be sequenced as follows:
"Before data capture” commands -> VSS Suspend -> Data capture -> VSS Resume -> "After data
capture" commands.
Using the pre/post data capture commands, you can suspend and resume a database or application
that is not compatible with VSS. As opposed to the Pre/Post commands (p. 93), the pre/post data
capture commands will be executed before and after the data capture process, which takes seconds,
while the entire backup procedure may take much longer, depending on the amount of data to be
backed up. Therefore, the database or application idle time will be minimal.
To specify pre/post data capture commands
1. Enable pre/post data capture commands execution by checking the following options:
o Execute before the data capture
o Execute after the data capture
2. Do any of the following:
o Click Edit to specify a new command or a batch file
o Select the existing command or the batch file from the drop-down list
3. Click OK.
Pre-data capture command
To specify a command/batch file to be executed before data capture
1. In the Command field, type a command or browse to a batch file. The program does not support
interactive commands, i.e. commands that require user input (for example, "pause".)
2. In the Working directory field, specify a path to a directory where the command/batch file will be
executed.
3. In the Arguments field specify the command’s execution arguments, if required.
4. Depending on the result you want to obtain, select the appropriate options as described in the
table below.
5. Click Test command to check if the command is correct.
Check box
Selection
Fail the backup task if the
command execution fails
Selected
Cleared
Selected
Cleared
Do not perform the data
capture until the command
Selected
Selected
Cleared
Cleared
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execution is complete
Result
Preset
Perform the data
capture only after
the command is
successfully
executed. Fail the
task if the command
execution fails.
Perform the data
capture after the
command is
executed despite
execution failure
or success.
N/A
Perform the data
capture
concurrently with
the command and
irrespective of the
command execution
result.
Post-data capture command
To specify a command/batch file to be executed after data capture
1. In the Command field, type a command or browse to a batch file. The program does not support
interactive commands, i.e. commands that require user input (for example, "pause".)
2. In the Working directory field, specify a path to a directory where the command/batch file will be
executed.
3. In the Arguments field specify the command’s execution arguments, if required.
4. Depending on the result you want to obtain, select the appropriate options as described in the
table below.
5. Click Test command to check if the command is correct.
Check box
Selection
Fail the task if the command
execution fails
Selected
Cleared
Selected
Cleared
Do not back up until the
command execution is
complete
Selected
Selected
Cleared
Cleared
Result
Preset
Continue the
backup only after
the command is
successfully
executed. Delete
the TIB file and
temporary files and
fail the task if the
command execution
fails.
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Continue the
backup after the
command is
executed despite
command
execution failure
or success.
N/A
Continue the
backup
concurrently with
the command
execution and
irrespective of the
command
execution result.
Copyright © Acronis, Inc., 2000-2009
3.4.1.5.
File-level backup snapshot
This option is effective only for file-level backup in Windows and Linux operating systems.
This option defines whether to back up files one by one or by taking an instant data snapshot.
Note: Files that are stored on network shares are always backed up one by one.
The preset is: Create snapshot if it is possible.
Select one of the following:
•
Always create a snapshot
The snapshot enables backing up of all files including files opened for exclusive access. The files
will be backed up at the same point in time. Choose this setting only if these factors are critical,
that is, backing up files without a snapshot does not make sense. To use a snapshot, the backup
plan has to run under the account with the Administrator or Backup Operator privileges. If a
snapshot cannot be taken, the backup will fail.
•
Create a snapshot if it is possible
Back up files directly if taking a snapshot is not possible.
•
Do not create a snapshot
Always back up files directly. Administrator or Backup Operator privileges are not required. Trying
to back up files that are opened for exclusive access will result in a read error. Files in the backup
may be not time-consistent.
3.4.1.6.
Multi-volume snapshot
This option is effective only for Windows operating systems.
This option applies to disk-level backup. This option also applies to file-level backup when the filelevel backup is performed by taking a snapshot. (The File-level backup snapshot (p. 97) option
determines whether a snapshot will be taken during file-level backup).
The option determines whether to take snapshots of multiple volumes at the same time or one by
one.
The preset is: Enable.
When this option is set to Enable, snapshots of all volumes being backed up will be created
simultaneously. Use this option to create a time-consistent backup of data spanned across multiple
volumes, for instance for an Oracle database.
When this option is set to Disable, the volumes' snapshots will be taken one after the other. As a
result, if the data spans across several volumes, the resulting backup may be not consistent.
3.4.1.7.
Volume Shadow Copy Service
This option is effective only for Windows operating systems.
The option defines whether Microsoft Volume Shadow Copy Service (VSS) has to notify VSS-aware
applications that the backup is about to start.
The preset is: Disable Microsoft VSS support
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97
Microsoft Volume Shadow Copy Service (VSS) provides an infrastructure for backing up data on
running systems by ensuring coordination between applications updating the data on the disks and
backup applications. Examples of VSS-aware database servers are Microsoft Exchange and Microsoft
SQL Server.
Enable the Volume Shadow Copy Service option if any of your databases or applications are
compatible with VSS. The VSS will notify the VSS-aware applications that the backup is about to start.
This ensures the consistent state of all data used by the applications, in particular, completion of all
database transactions, at the moment of taking the data snapshot by Acronis Backup & Recovery 10.
The data consistency, in turn, ensures that the application will be recovered in the correct state and
become operational immediately after recovery.
Snapshots provided by VSS are not used.
If your database is incompatible with VSS, use Pre/Post data capture commands (p. 94) to indicate
which commands should be performed before and after taking the snapshot, to ensure that the data
is being backed up in a consistent state. For instance, specify pre-data capture commands that will
suspend the database and flush all caches to ensure that all transactions are completed; and specify
post-data capture commands that will resume the database operations after the snapshot is taken.
Volume shadow copy writers
Before backing up the data of VSS-aware applications, make sure that the volume shadow copy
writers for those applications are turned on, by examining the list of writers that are present in the
operating system. To view this list, run the following command:
vssadmin list writers
Note: In Microsoft Windows Small Business Server 2003, the writer for Microsoft Exchange Server 2003 is turned
off by default. For instructions on how to turn it on, see the corresponding Microsoft Help and Support article
http://support.microsoft.com/kb/838183/en.
3.4.1.8.
Compression level
This option is effective for Windows and Linux operating systems and bootable media.
The option defines the level of compression applied to the data being backed up.
The preset is: Normal.
The optimal data compression level depends on the type of data being backed up. For example, even
maximum compression will not significantly reduce the archive size if the archive contains essentially
compressed files, such as .jpg, .pdf or .mp3. However, formats such as .doc or .xls will be compressed
well.
To specify the compression level
Select one of the following:
•
None – the data will be copied as is, without any compression. The resulting backup size will be
maximal.
•
•
Normal – recommended in most cases.
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High – the resulting backup size will typically be less than for the Normal level.
Copyright © Acronis, Inc., 2000-2009
•
Maximum – the data will be compressed as much as possible. The backup duration will be
maximal. You may want to select maximum compression when backing up to removable media to
reduce the number of blank disks required.
3.4.1.9.
Backup performance
Use this group of options to specify the amount of network and system resources to allocate to the
backup process.
Backup performance options might have a more or less noticeable effect on the speed of the backup
process. This depends on the overall system configuration and the physical characteristics of devices
the backup is being performed from or to.
Backup priority
This option is effective for both Windows and Linux operating systems.
The priority of a process running in a system determines the amount of CPU and system resources
allocated to that process. Decreasing the backup priority will free more resources for other
applications. Increasing the backup priority might speed up the backup process by requesting the
operating system to allocate more resources like the CPU to the backup application. However, the
resulting effect will depend on the overall CPU usage and other factors like disk in/out speed or
network traffic.
The preset is: Low.
To specify the backup process priority
Select one of the following:
•
Low – to minimize resources taken by the backup process, leaving more resources to other
processes running on the machine
•
Normal – to run the backup process with normal speed, allocating resources on a par with other
processes
•
High – to maximize the backup process speed by taking resources from other processes.
HDD writing speed
This option is effective for Windows and Linux operating systems and bootable media.
This option is available when an internal (fixed) hard disk of the machine being backed up is selected
as the backup destination
Backing up to a fixed hard disk (for example, to Acronis Secure Zone) may slow performance of the
operating system and applications because of the large amounts of data that needs to be written to
the disk. You can limit the hard disk usage by the backup process to the desired level.
The preset is: Maximum.
To set the desired HDD writing speed for backup
Do any of the following:
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99
•
Click Writing speed stated as a percentage of the maximum speed of the destination hard disk,
and then drag the slider or select a percentage in the box
•
Click Writing speed stated in kilobytes per second, and then enter the writing speed in kilobytes
per second.
Network connection speed
This option is effective for Windows and Linux operating systems and bootable media.
This option is available when a location on the network (network share, managed vault or an
FTP/SFTP server) is selected as the backup destination.
The option defines the amount of network connection bandwidth allocated for transferring the
backup data.
By default the speed is set to maximum, i.e. the software uses all the network bandwidth it can get
when transferring the backup data. Use this option to reserve a part of the network bandwidth to
other network activities.
The preset is: Maximum.
To set the network connection speed for backup
Do any of the following:
•
Click Transferring speed stated as a percentage of the estimated maximum speed of the
network connection, and then drag the slider or type a percentage in the box
•
Click Transferring speed stated in kilobytes per second, and then enter the bandwidth limit for
transferring backup data in kilobytes per second.
3.4.1.10.
Notifications
Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 provides the ability of notifying users about backup completion
through e-mail or the messaging service.
E-mail
This option is effective for Windows and Linux operating systems.
This option is not available when operating under the bootable media.
The option enables you to receive e-mail notifications about the backup task's successful completion,
failure or need for interaction along with the full log of the task.
The preset is: Disabled.
To configure e-mail notification
1. Select the Send e-mail notifications check box to activate notifications.
2. In the E-mail addresses field, type the e-mail address to which notifications will be sent. You can
enter several addresses separated by semicolons.
3. Under Send notifications, select the appropriate check boxes as follows:
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When backup completes successfully – to send a notification when the backup task has
completed successfully
o When backup fails – to send a notification when the backup task has failed
The When user interaction is required check box is always selected.
o
4. For the e-mail message to include the log entries related to the backup, select the Add full log to
the notification check box.
5. Click Additional e-mail parameters, to configure additional e-mail parameters as follows, then
click OK:
o From - type the e-mail address of the user from whom the message will be sent. If you leave
this field empty, messages will be constructed as if they are from the destination address.
o Use encryption – you can opt for encrypted connection to the mail server. SSL and TLS
encryption types are available for selection.
o Some Internet service providers require authentication on the incoming mail server before
being allowed to send something. If this is your case, select the Log on to incoming mail
server check box to enable a POP server and to set up its settings:
•
Incoming mail server (POP) – enter the name of the POP server.
•
•
Port – set the port of the POP server. By default, the port is set to 110.
User name – enter the user name
•
o
Password – enter the password.
Select the Use the specified outgoing mail server check box to enable an SMTP server and to
set up its settings:
•
Outgoing mail server (SMTP) – enter the name of the SMTP server.
•
•
•
Port – set the port of the SMTP server. By default, the port is set to 25.
User name – enter the user name.
Password – enter the password.
6. Click Send test e-mail message to check if the settings are correct.
Messenger service (WinPopup)
This option is effective for Windows and Linux operating systems on the sending machine and only
for Windows on the receiving machine.
This option is not available when operating under bootable media.
The option enables you to receive WinPopup notifications about the backup task's successful
completion, failure or need for interaction.
The preset is: Disabled.
Before configuring WinPopup notifications, make sure the Messenger service is started on both the
machine executing the task and the machine that will receive messages.
The Messenger service is not started by default in the Microsoft Windows Server 2003 family. Change
the service Startup mode to Automatic and start the service.
To configure WinPopup notifications:
1. Select the Send WinPopup notifications check box.
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101
2. In the Machine name field, enter the name of the machine to which notifications will be sent.
Multiple names are not supported.
Under Send notifications, select the appropriate check boxes as follows:
When backup completes successfully – to send notification when the backup operation is
completed successfully
o When backup fails – to send notification when the backup operation is failed
The When user interaction is required check box – to send notification during the operation
when user interaction is required – is always selected.
o
Click Send test WinPopup message to check if the settings are correct.
3.4.1.11.
Event tracing
It is possible to duplicate log events of the backup operations, performed on the managed machine,
in the Application Event Log of Windows; or send the events to the specified SNMP managers.
Windows event log
This option is effective only in Windows operating systems.
This option is not available when operating under the bootable media.
This option defines whether the agent(s) operating on the managed machine have to log events of
the backup operations in the Application Event Log of Windows (to see this log, run eventvwr.exe or
select Control Panel > Administrative tools > Event Viewer). You can filter the events to be logged.
The preset is: Use the setting set in the Machine options.
To select whether to log the backup operations events in the Application Event Log of
Windows:
Choose one of the following:
•
Use the setting set in the Machine options – to use the setting specified for the machine. For
more information refer to Machine options (p. 86).
•
Log the following event types – to log events of the backup operations in the Application Event
Log. Specify the types of events to be logged:
o All events – log all events (information, warnings and errors)
o Errors and warnings
o Errors only
•
Do not log - to disable logging events of the backup operations in the Application Event Log.
SNMP notifications
This option is effective for both Windows and Linux operating systems.
This option is not available when operating under the bootable media.
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The option defines whether the agent(s) operating on the managed machine have to send the log
events of the backup operations to the specified Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP)
managers. You can choose the types of events to be sent.
Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 provides the following Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP)
objects to SNMP management applications:
1.3.6.1.4.1.24769.100.200.1.0 - string identifying the type of event (Information, Warning, Error)
1.3.6.1.4.1.24769.100.200.2.0 - string containing the text description of the event (it looks identical to
messages published by Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 in its log).
The preset is: Use the setting set in the Machine options.
To select whether to send the backup operations events to the SNMP managers:
Choose one of the following:
•
Use the setting set in the Machine options – to use the setting specified for the machine. For
more information refer to Machine options (p. 86).
•
Send SNMP notifications individually for backup operation events – to send the events of the
backup operations to the specified SNMP managers.
o Types of events to send – choose the types of events to be sent: All events, Errors and
warnings, or Errors only.
o Server name/IP – type the name or IP address of the host running the SNMP management
application, the messages will be sent to.
o Community – type the name of the SNMP community to which both the host running the
SNMP management application and the sending machine belong. The typical community is
"public".
Click Send test message to check if the settings are correct.
•
Do not send SNMP notifications – to disable sending the log events of the backup operations to
SNMP managers.
3.4.1.12.
Fast incremental/differential backup
The option is effective in Windows and Linux operating systems and bootable media.
This option is effective for incremental and differential disk-level backup.
This option defines whether a file change is detected using the file size and time stamp or by
comparing the file contents to those stored in the archive.
The preset is: Enabled.
Incremental or differential backup captures only data changes. To speed up the backup process, the
program determines whether a file has changed or not by the file size and the date/time when the
file was last modified. Disabling this feature will make the program compare the entire file contents
to those stored in the archive.
3.4.1.13.
Backup splitting
This option is effective for Windows and Linux operating systems and bootable media.
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103
The option defines how a backup can be split.
The preset is: Automatic.
The following settings are available.
Automatic
With this setting, Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 will act as follows.
•
When backing up to a hard disk:
A single backup file will be created if the destination disk's file system allows the estimated file
size.
The backup will automatically be split into several files if the destination disk's file system does
not allow the estimated file size. Such might be the case when the backup is placed on FAT16 and
FAT32 file systems that have a 4GB file size limit.
If the destination disk runs out of free space while creating the backup, the task enters the Need
interaction state. You have the ability to free additional space and retry the operation. If you do
so, the resulting backup will be split into the parts created before and after the retry.
•
When backing up to removable media (CD, DVD or a tape device locally attached to the
managed machine):
The task will enter the Need interaction state and ask for a new media when the previous one is
full.
Fixed size
Enter the desired file size or select it from the drop-down list. The backup will then be split into
multiple files of the specified size. This comes in handy when creating a backup that you plan to burn
to multiple CDs or DVDs later on. You might also want to split the backup destined to an FTP server,
since data recovery directly from an FTP server requires the backup to be split into files no more than
2GB in size.
3.4.1.14.
File-level security
These options are effective only for file-level backup in Windows operating systems.
In archives, store encrypted files in a decrypted state
This option defines whether to decrypt files before saving them to a backup archive.
The preset is: Disabled.
Simply ignore this option if you do not use the encryption. Enable the option if encrypted files are
included in the backup and you want them to be accessed by any user after recovery. Otherwise, only
the user who encrypted the files/folders will be able to read them. Decryption may also be useful if
you are going to recover encrypted files on a different machine.
File encryption is available in Windows using the NTFS file system with the Encrypting File System (EFS). To
access a file or folder encryption setting, select Properties > General > Advanced Attributes > Encrypt contents
to secure data.
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Preserve file security settings in archives
This option defines whether to back up NTFS permissions for files along with the files.
The preset is: Enabled.
When the option is enabled, files and folders are saved in the archive with the original permissions to
read, write or execute the files for each user or user group. If you recover a secured file/folder on a
machine without the user account specified in the permissions, you may not be able to read or
modify this file.
To completely eliminate this kind of problem, disable preserving file security settings in archives. The
recovered files and folders will always inherit the permissions from the folder to which they are
recovered or from the disk, if recovered to the root.
Alternatively, you can disable recovery (p. 116) of the security settings, even if they are available in
the archive. The result will be the same - the files will inherit the permissions from the parent folder.
To access file or folder NTFS permissions, select Properties > Security.
3.4.1.15.
Media components
This option is effective for both Windows and Linux operating systems, when the backup destination
is removable media.
When backing up to removable media, you can make this media work as regular Linux-based
bootable media (p. 341) by writing additional components to it. As a result, you will not need a
separate rescue disc.
The preset is: None selected.
Select the check boxes for the components you want to put on the bootable media:
•
One-Click Restore is the minimal addition to a disk backup stored on removable media, allowing
for easy recovery from this backup. If you boot a machine from the media and click Run Acronis
One-click Restore, the disk will be immediately recovered from the backup contained on the
same media.
Caution: Because the one-click approach does not presume user selections, such as selecting volumes to
recover, Acronis One-Click Restore always recovers the entire disk. If your disk contains several volumes and
you are planning to use Acronis One-Click Restore, include all the volumes in the backup. Any volumes
missing from the backup will be lost.
•
Bootable agent is a bootable rescue utility (based on Linux kernel) that includes most of the
functionality of the Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 agent. Put this component on the media if you
want more functionality during recovery. You will be able to configure the recovery operation in
the same way as under regular bootable media; use Active Restore or Universal Restore.
In Windows, if Acronis Disk Director Lite is installed on the machine, you can select one more
component.
•
Acronis Disk Director Lite is a disk management tool that enables such operations as cloning
disks; creating, deleting and converting basic and dynamic volumes; and some additional
operations such as converting a disk partitioning style from MBR to GPT and vice versa or
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105
changing disk label. Adding this component to the media will enable you to prepare the disk
configuration on a machine before recovering the data.
3.4.1.16.
Error handling
These options are effective for Windows and Linux operating systems and bootable media.
These options enable you to specify how to handle errors that might occur during backup.
Do not show messages and dialogs while processing (silent mode)
The preset is: Disabled.
With the silent mode enabled, the program will automatically handle situations requiring user
interaction (except for handling bad sectors, which is defined as a separate option). If an operation
cannot continue without user interaction, it will fail. Details of the operation, including errors, if any,
can be found in the operation log.
Re-attempt, if an error occurs
The preset is: Enabled. Number of attempts: 5. Interval between attempts: 30 seconds.
When a recoverable error occurs, the program re-attempts to perform the unsuccessful operation.
You can set the time interval and the number of attempts. The attempts will be stopped as soon as
the operation succeeds OR the specified number of attempts is performed, depending on which
comes first.
For example, if the backup destination on the network becomes unavailable or not reachable, the
program will attempt to reach the destination every 30 seconds, but no more than 5 times. The
attempts will be stopped as soon as the connection is resumed OR the specified number of attempts
is performed, depending on which comes first.
Ignore bad sectors
The preset is: Disabled.
When the option is disabled, the program will display a pop-up window each time it comes across a
bad sector and ask for a user decision as to whether to continue or stop the backup procedure. In
order to back up the valid information on a rapidly dying disk, enable ignoring bad sectors. The rest of
the data will be backed up and you will be able to mount the resulting disk backup and extract valid
files to another disk.
3.4.1.17.
Dual destination
This option is effective for both Windows and Linux operating systems, when the primary backup
destination is a local folder or Acronis Secure Zone and the secondary destination is another local
folder or network share. Managed vaults and FTP servers are not supported as secondary
destinations.
The preset is: Disabled.
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When dual destination is enabled, the agent will automatically copy each backup being created
locally to the secondary destination such as a network share. Once the backup to the primary
destination is completed, the agent compares the updated archive contents to the secondary archive
contents, and copies to the secondary destination all backups that are missing there along with the
new backup.
This option enables quick machine backup to the internal drive as an intermediate step before saving
the ready backup on the network. This comes in handy in cases of slow or busy networks and timeconsuming backup procedures. Disconnection during the copy transfer will not affect the backup
operation as opposed to backing up directly to the remote location.
Other advantages:
•
•
Replication enhances the archive reliability.
Roaming users can back up their portable computers to Acronis Secure Zone while on the road.
When the portable computer is connected to the corporate network, all changes made to the
archive will be transferred to its stationary copy after the first backup operation.
If you select the password-protected Acronis Secure Zone as the primary destination, keep in mind that the
archive in the secondary destination will not be protected with a password.
To use Dual destination:
1. Select the check box for Use dual destination.
2. Browse to the secondary destination or enter the full path to the destination manually.
3. Click OK.
You might have to provide the access credentials for the secondary destination. Enter the credentials
on prompt.
3.4.1.18.
Task start conditions
This option is effective in Windows and Linux operating systems.
This option is not available when operating under bootable media.
This option determines the program behavior in case a backup task is about to start (the scheduled
time comes or the event specified in the schedule occurs), but the condition (or any of multiple
conditions) is not met. For more information on conditions please see Scheduling (p. 161) and
Conditions (p. 173).
The preset is: Wait until the conditions are met.
Wait until the conditions are met
With this setting, the scheduler starts monitoring the conditions and launches the task as soon as the
conditions are met. If the conditions are never met, the task will never start.
To handle the situation when the conditions are not met for too long and further delaying the backup
is becoming risky, you can set the time interval after which the task will run irrespective of the
condition. Select the Run the task anyway after check box and specify the time interval. The task will
start as soon as the conditions are met OR the maximum time delay lapses, depending on which
comes first.
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Time diagram: Wait until conditions are met
Skip the task execution
Delaying a backup might be unacceptable, for example, when you need to back up data strictly at the
specified time. Then it makes sense to skip the backup rather than wait for the conditions, especially
if the events occur relatively often.
3.4.1.19.
Task failure handling
This option is effective for Windows and Linux operating systems.
This option is not available when operating under the bootable media.
This option determines the program behavior when any of the backup plan's tasks fails.
The preset is: Continue executing the backup plan.
Stop executing the backup plan
The plan's schedule will be temporarily disabled so that you have time to find out and eliminate the
cause of the failure. None of the plan's tasks will start on schedule until you resume the plan
button in the Backup plans and tasks view.
execution with the
Continue executing the backup plan
The plan's tasks will be executed on schedule as though the failure did not occur.
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In addition, the program can try to execute the failed task again. Select the Restart a failed task check
box and specify the number of attempts and the time interval between the attempts. The program
stops trying as soon as an attempt completes successfully OR the specified number of attempts is
performed, depending on which comes first.
If the task fails because of a mistake in the backup plan, you can edit the plan while the task is in the Idle state.
While the task is running, you have to stop it prior to editing the backup plan.
3.4.1.20.
Tape options
These options are effective when the backup destination is a managed vault located on a tape library.
Tape options enable you to specify how the backup tasks will distribute backups among the tapes.
Some combinations of tape options might degrade usage efficiency of both the whole tape library and each
tape. If you are not forced to modify these options by some specific needs, leave them unchanged.
An archive can occupy several tapes. In such cases a so-called tape set is used for keeping the data
backups.
Tape set is a logical group of one or more tapes which contain backups of the specific protected
data. A tape set can contain backups of other data as well.
Separate tape set is a tape set which contains only backups of the specific protected data. Other
backups cannot be written to a separate tape set.
(For the backup policy/plan to be created) Use a separate tape set
The preset is: Disabled.
If you leave this option unchanged, then the backups, belonging to the policy or plan being created,
might be written onto tapes containing backups written by different backup policies and comprising
of data from different machines. Similarly, backups from other policies might be written onto the
tapes containing this policy's backups. You will not have a problem with such tapes, as the program
manages all the tapes automatically.
When this option is enabled, the backups, belonging to the policy or plan being created, will be
located on a separate tape set. Other backups will not be written to this tape set.
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If the console is connected to the management server
The Use a separate tape set option has more precise definitions. So for the backup policy to be
created you can use a separate tape set for all machines or for each single machine.
The A single tape set for all machines option is selected by default. Generally this option ensures
more efficient usage of tapes, than the A separate tape set for each single machine option.
However the second one can be useful, for example, when there are special requirements to
store the tapes with backups from a specific machine off-site.
When the Use a separate tape set option is enabled, there might be a case when the backup has to
be written onto a tape that is currently out of the tape library device. Define what to do in this case.
•
Ask for user interaction - the backup task will enter the Need Interaction state and wait for the
tape, with the required label, to be loaded into the tape library device.
•
Use a free tape - the backup will be written onto a free tape, so the operation will be paused only
if there is no free tape in the library.
Always use a free tape
If you leave the options below unchanged, then each backup will be written onto the tape specified
by the Use a separate tape set option. With some of the options below enabled, the program will add
new tapes to the tape set every time when a full, incremental or differential backup is created.
•
For each full backup
The preset is: Disabled.
When this option is enabled, each full backup will be written onto a free tape. The tape will be loaded
to a drive especially for this operation. If the Use a separate tape set option is enabled, only
incremental and differential backups of the same data will be appended to the tape.
•
For each differential backup
The preset is: Disabled.
When this option is enabled, each differential backup will be written onto a free tape. This option is
available only when using free tape for each full backup is selected.
•
For each incremental backup
The preset is: Disabled.
When this option is enabled, each incremental backup will be written onto a free tape. This option is
available only when using free tape for each full and differential backup is selected.
3.4.1.21.
Additional settings
Specify the additional settings for the backup operation by selecting or clearing the following check
boxes.
Overwrite data on a tape without prompting for user confirmation
This option is effective only when backing up to a tape device.
The preset is: Disabled.
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When starting backup to a non-empty tape in a locally attached tape device, the program will warn
that you are about to lose data on the tape. To disable this warning, select this check box.
Dismount media after backup has finished
This option is effective in Windows and Linux operating systems.
This option is effective when backing up to a removable media (CD, DVD, tape or floppy disk.)
The preset is: Disabled.
The destination CD/DVD can be ejected or the tape can be dismounted after the backup is
completed.
Ask for the first media while backing up to removable media
This option is effective only when backing up to removable media.
The option defines whether to display the Insert First Media prompt when backing up to removable
media.
The preset is: Enabled.
When the option is enabled, backing up to removable media may be not possible if the user is away,
because the program will wait for someone to press OK in the prompt box. Hence, you should disable
the prompt when scheduling a backup to removable media. Then, if the removable media is available
(for example, a DVD is inserted), the task can run unattended.
Reset archive bit
The option is effective only for file-level backup in Windows operating systems and in bootable
media.
The preset is: Disabled.
In Windows operating systems, each file has the File is ready for archiving attribute, available by
selecting File -> Properties -> General -> Advanced -> Archive and Index attributes. This attribute,
also known as the archive bit, is set by the operating system each time the file is changed and can be
reset by backup applications each time they include the file in a backup. The archive bit value is used
by various applications such as databases.
When the Reset archive bit check box is selected, Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 will reset the archive
bits of all files being backed up. Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 itself does not use the archive bit
value. When performing incremental or differential backup, it determines whether a file has changed
by the file size and the date/time when the file was last saved.
Restart the machine automatically after backup is finished
This option is available only when operating under bootable media.
The preset is: Disabled.
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When the option is enabled, Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 will restart the machine after the backup
process is completed.
For example, if the machine boots from a hard disk drive by default and you select this check box, the
machine will be restarted and the operating system will start as soon as the bootable agent has
finished creating the backup.
Deduplicate the backup only after transferring it to the vault (do not deduplicate at
source)
This option is effective for Windows and Linux operating systems and bootable media, when the
backup destination is a deduplicating vault.
The preset is: Disabled.
Enabling this option turns off deduplicating backups at source, meaning that deduplication will be
performed by Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Storage Node after the backup is saved to the vault (this
is called deduplication at target).
Turning off deduplication at source may lead to faster backup processes but greater network traffic
and heavier load of the storage node. The eventual size of the backup in the vault is independent of
whether deduplication at source is turned on.
Deduplication at source and deduplication at target are described in Deduplication overview (p. 64).
3.4.2.
Default recovery options
Each Acronis agent has its own default recovery options. Once an agent is installed, the default
options have pre-defined values, which are referred to as presets in the documentation. When
creating a recovery task, you can either use a default option, or override the default option with the
custom value that will be specific for this task only.
You can also customize a default option itself by changing its value against the pre-defined one. The
new value will be used by default in all recovery tasks you will create later on this machine.
To view and change the default recovery options, connect the console to the managed machine and
then select Options > Default backup and recovery options > Default recovery options from the top
menu.
Availability of the recovery options
The set of available recovery options depends on:
•
The environment the agent operates in (Windows, bootable media)
•
•
The type of data being recovered (disk, file)
The operating system being recovered from the disk backup
The following table summarizes the availability of the recovery options.
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Agent for Windows
Bootable media
(Linux-based or PEbased)
Disk
recovery
File
recovery
Disk
recovery
(also from a
disk
backup)
File
recovery
(also from a
disk
backup)
Pre/Post recovery
commands (p. 114)
+
+
PE only
PE only
Recovery priority (p. 115)
+
+
-
-
-
+
-
+
Do not show messages and
dialogs while processing
(silent mode)
+
+
+
+
Re-attempt if an error
occurs
+
+
+
+
Set current date and time
for recovered files
-
+
-
+
Validate backup archive
before recovery
+
+
+
+
Check file system after
recovery
+
-
+
-
Reboot machine
automatically if it is
required for recovery
+
+
-
-
Windows
recovery
-
Windows
recovery
-
E-mail (p. 116)
+
+
-
-
Win Pop-up (p. 117)
+
+
-
-
Windows events log (p.
118)
+
+
-
-
SNMP (p. 118)
+
+
-
-
File-level security (p. 116):
Recover files with their
security settings
Error handling (p. 119):
Additional settings (p. 119):
Change SID after recovery
Notifications:
Event tracing:
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3.4.2.1.
Pre/Post commands
This option is effective for Windows and Linux operating systems and PE-based bootable media.
The option enables you to define the commands to be automatically executed before and after the
data recovery.
Example of how you can use the pre/post commands:
•
launch the Checkdisk command in order to find and fix logical file system errors, physical
errors or bad sectors to be started before the recovery starts or after the recovery ends.
The program does not support interactive commands, i.e. commands that require user input (for
example, "pause".)
To specify pre/post commands
1. Enable pre/post commands execution by checking the following options:
o Execute before the recovery
o Execute after the recovery
2. Do any of the following:
o Click Edit to specify a new command or a batch file
o Select the existing command or the batch file from the drop-down list
3. Click OK.
Pre-recovery command
To specify a command/batch file to be executed before the recovery process starts
1. In the Command field, type a command or browse to a batch file. The program does not support
interactive commands, i.e. commands that require user input (for example, "pause".)
2. In the Working directory field, specify a path to a directory where the command/batch file will be
executed.
3. In the Arguments field specify the command’s execution arguments, if required.
4. Depending on the result you want to obtain, select the appropriate options as described in the
table below.
5. Click Test command to check if the command is correct.
Check box
Selection
Fail the task if the command
execution fails
Selected
Cleared
Selected
Cleared
Do not recover until the
command execution is
complete
Selected
Selected
Cleared
Cleared
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Result
Preset
Perform the recovery
only after the
command is
successfully
executed. Fail the
task if the command
execution failed.
Perform the
recovery after
the command is
executed despite
execution failure
or success.
N/A
Perform the
recovery
concurrently with
the command
execution and
irrespective of the
command
execution result.
Post-recovery command
To specify a command/executable file to be executed after the recovery is completed
1. In the Command field, type a command or browse to a batch file.
2. In the Working directory field, specify a path to a directory where the command/batch file will be
executed.
3. In the Arguments field, specify the command execution arguments, if required.
4. If successful execution of the command is critical for you, select the Fail the task if the command
execution fails check box. In case the command execution fails, the task run result will be set to
Failed.
When the check box is not selected, the command execution result does not affect the task
execution failure or success. You can track the command execution result by exploring the log or
the errors and warnings displayed on the Dashboard.
5. Click Test command to check if the command is correct.
Keep in mind that the path to the batch file and the working directory you specify must exist and be accessible
from the managed machine after the recovery is completed.
3.4.2.2.
Recovery priority
This option is effective for both Windows and Linux operating systems.
This option is not available when operating under the bootable media.
The priority of a process running in a system determines the amount of CPU and system resources
allocated to that process. Decreasing the recovery priority will free more resources for other
applications. Increasing the recovery priority might speed up the recovery process by requesting the
operating system to allocate more resources to the application that will perform the recovery.
However, the resulting effect will depend on the overall CPU usage and other factors like disk I/O
speed or network traffic.
The preset is: Normal.
To specify the recovery process priority
Select one of the following:
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•
Low – to minimize resources taken by the recovery process, leaving more resources to other
processes running on the machine
•
Normal – to run the recovery process with normal speed, allocating resources on a par with other
processes
•
High – to maximize the recovery process speed by taking resources from the other processes.
3.4.2.3.
File-level security
This option is effective only for recovery from file-level backup of Windows files.
This option defines whether to recover NTFS permissions for files along with the files.
The preset is: Recover files with their security settings.
If the file NTFS permissions were preserved during backup (p. 104), you can choose whether to
recover the permissions or let the files inherit the NTFS permissions from the folder to which they are
recovered.
3.4.2.4.
Notifications
Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 provides the ability of notifying users about recovery completion
through e-mail or the messaging service.
E-mail
This option is effective for Windows and Linux operating systems.
This option is not available when operating under the bootable media.
The option enables you to receive e-mail notifications about the recovery task's successful
completion, failure or need for interaction along with the full log of the task.
The preset is: Disabled.
To configure e-mail notification
1. Select the Send e-mail notifications check box to activate notifications.
2. In the E-mail addresses field, type the e-mail address to which notifications will be sent. You can
enter several addresses separated by semicolons.
3. Under Send notifications, select the appropriate check boxes as follows:
o When backup completes successfully – to send a notification when the backup task has
completed successfully
o When backup fails – to send a notification when the backup task has failed
The When user interaction is required check box is always selected.
4. For the e-mail message to include the log entries related to the backup, select the Add full log to
the notification check box.
5. Click Additional e-mail parameters, to configure additional e-mail parameters as follows, then
click OK:
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o
o
o
o
From - type the e-mail address of the user from whom the message will be sent. If you leave
this field empty, messages will be constructed as if they are from the destination address.
Use encryption – you can opt for encrypted connection to the mail server. SSL and TLS
encryption types are available for selection.
Some Internet service providers require authentication on the incoming mail server before
being allowed to send something. If this is your case, select the Log on to incoming mail
server check box to enable a POP server and to set up its settings:
•
Incoming mail server (POP) – enter the name of the POP server.
•
•
•
Port – set the port of the POP server. By default, the port is set to 110.
•
•
Outgoing mail server (SMTP) – enter the name of the SMTP server.
•
•
User name – enter the user name.
User name – enter the user name
Password – enter the password.
Select the Use the specified outgoing mail server check box to enable an SMTP server and to
set up its settings:
Port – set the port of the SMTP server. By default, the port is set to 25.
Password – enter the password.
Click Send test e-mail message to check if the settings are correct.
Messenger service (WinPopup)
This option is effective for Windows and Linux operating systems.
This option is not available when operating under bootable media.
The option enables you to receive WinPopup notifications about about the recovery task's successful
completion, failure or need for interaction.
The preset is: Disabled.
Before configuring WinPopup notifications, make sure the Messenger service is started on both the
machine executing the task and the machine that will receive messages.
The Messenger service is not started by default in the Microsoft Windows Server 2003 family. Change
the service Startup mode to Automatic and start the service.
To configure WinPopup notifications:
1. Select the Send WinPopup notifications check box.
2. In the Machine name field, enter the name of the machine to which notifications will be sent.
Multiple names are not supported.
3. Under Send notifications, select the appropriate check boxes as follows:
o When recovery completes successfully – to send notification when the recovery task has
completed successfully
o When recovery fails – to send notification when the recovery task has failed.
The When user interaction is required check box – to send notification during the operation
when user interaction is required – is always selected.
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4. Click Send Test WinPopup Message to check if the settings are correct.
3.4.2.5.
Event tracing
It is possible to duplicate log events of the recovery operations, performed on the managed machine,
in the Application Event Log of Windows; or send the events to the specified SNMP managers.
Windows event log
This option is effective only in Windows operating systems.
This option is not available when operating under the bootable media.
This option defines whether the agent(s) operating on the managed machine have to log events of
the recovery operations in the Application Event Log of Windows (to see this log, run eventvwr.exe
or select Control Panel > Administrative tools > Event Viewer). You can filter the events to be logged.
The preset is: Use the setting set in the Machine options.
To select whether to log the recovery operations events in the Application Event Log of
Windows:
Select one of the following:
•
Use the setting set in the Machine options – to use the setting specified for the machine. For
more information refer to Machine options (p. 86).
•
Log the following event types – to log events of the recovery operations in the Application Event
Log. Specify the types of events to be logged:
o All events – log all events (information, warnings and errors)
o Errors and warnings
o Errors only
•
Do not log - to disable logging events of the recovery operations in the Application Event Log.
SNMP notifications
This option is effective for both Windows and Linux operating systems.
This option is not available when operating under the bootable media.
The option defines whether the agent(s) operating on the managed machine have to send the log
events of the recovery operations to the specified Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP)
managers. You can choose the types of events to be sent.
Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 provides the following Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP)
objects to SNMP management applications:
1.3.6.1.4.1.24769.100.200.1.0 - string identifying the type of event (Information, Warning, Error)
1.3.6.1.4.1.24769.100.200.2.0 - string containing the text description of the event (it looks identical to
messages published by Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 in its log).
The preset is: Use the setting set in the Machine options.
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To select whether to send the recovery operations events to the SNMP managers:
Choose one of the following:
•
Use the setting set in the Machine options – to use the setting specified for the machine. For
more information refer to Machine options (p. 86).
•
Send SNMP notifications individually for recovery operation events – to send the events of the
recovery operations to the specified SNMP managers.
o Types of events to send – choose the types of events to be sent: All events, Errors and
warnings, or Errors only.
o Server name/IP – type the name or IP address of the host running the SNMP management
application, the messages will be sent to.
o Community – type the name of SNMP community to which both the host running SNMP
management application and the sending machine belong. The typical community is "public".
Click Send test message to check if the settings are correct.
Do not send SNMP notifications – to disable sending the log events of the recovery operations to
SNMP managers.
3.4.2.6.
Error handling
These options are effective for Windows and Linux operating systems and bootable media.
These options enable you to specify how to handle errors that might occur during recovery.
Do not show messages and dialogs while processing (silent mode)
The preset is: Disabled.
With the silent mode enabled, the program will automatically handle situations requiring user
interaction where possible. If an operation cannot continue without user interaction, it will fail.
Details of the operation, including errors, if any, can be found in the operation log.
Re-attempt, if an error occurs
The preset is: Enabled. Number of attempts: 5. Interval between attempts: 30 seconds.
When a recoverable error occurs, the program re-attempts to perform the unsuccessful operation.
You can set the time interval and the number of attempts. The attempts will be stopped as soon as
the operation succeeds OR the specified number of attempts is performed, depending on which
comes first.
For example, if the network location becomes unavailable or not reachable, the program will attempt
to reach the location every 30 seconds, but no more than five times. The attempts will be stopped as
soon as the connection is resumed OR the specified number of attempts is performed, depending on
which comes first.
3.4.2.7.
Additional settings
Specify the additional settings for the recovery operation by selecting or clearing the following check
boxes.
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Set current date and time for recovered files
This option is effective only when recovering files.
The preset is Enabled.
This option defines whether to recover the files’ date and time from the archive or assign the files the
current date and time.
Validate backup before recovery
The preset is Disabled.
This option defines whether to validate a backup to ensure that the backup is not corrupted, before
data is recovered from it.
Check file system after recovery
This option is effective only when recovering disks or volumes.
When operating under bootable media, this option is not effective for the NTFS file system.
The preset is Disabled.
This option defines whether to check the integrity of the file system after a disk or volume recovery.
Restart machine automatically if it is required for recovery
This option is effective when recovery takes place on a machine running an operating system.
The preset is Disabled.
The option defines whether to reboot the machine automatically if it is required for recovery. Such
might be the case when a volume locked by the operating system has to be recovered.
Reboot machine after recovery
This option is effective when operating under bootable media.
The preset is Disabled.
This option enables booting the machine into the recovered operating system without user
interaction.
Change SID after the recovery is finished
The preset is Disabled.
Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 can generate an unique security identifier (SID) for the recovered
system. You do not need a new SID when recovering a system over itself or when creating a system
replica that will replace the original system. Generate a new SID if the original and the recovered
systems will work concurrently in the same workgroup or domain.
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3.4.2.8.
VM power management
These options are effective for virtual machines residing on the virtualization servers.
These options are available only if any Acronis agent for virtual machines is installed on the
virtualization server.
Power off target virtual machines when starting recovery
The preset is: On.
Recovery to an existing virtual machine is not possible if the machine is online, and so the machine is
powered off automatically as soon as the recovery task starts. Users will be disconnected from the
machine and any unsaved data will be lost.
Clear the check box for this option if you prefer to power off virtual machines manually before the
recovery.
Power on the target virtual machine when recovery is completed
The preset is: Off.
After a machine is recovered from a backup to another machine, there is a chance the existing
machine's replica will appear on the network. To be on the safe side, power on the recovered virtual
machine manually, after you take the necessary precautions.
Select the check box for this option if automatic powering on of the virtual machine is required.
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4. Vaults
A vault is a location for storing backup archives. For ease of use and administration, a vault is
associated with the archives' metadata. Referring to this metadata makes for fast and convenient
operations with archives and backups stored in the vault.
A vault can be organized on a local or networked drive, detachable media or a tape device attached
to the Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Storage Node.
There are no settings for limiting a vault size or number of backups in a vault. You can limit the size of
each archive using cleanup, but the total size of archives stored in the vault is limited by the storage
size only.
Why create vaults?
We recommend that you create a vault in each destination where you are going to store backup
archives. This will ease your work as follows.
Quick access to the vault
You will not have to remember paths to the folders where the archives are stored. When creating a
backup plan or a task that requires selection of an archive or an archive destination place, the list of
vaults will be available for quick access without drilling down through the folders tree.
Easy archive management
A vault is available for access from the Navigation pane. Having selected the vault, you can browse
the archives stored there and perform the following archive management operations:
•
•
•
•
get a list of backups included in each archive
•
•
mount a volume backup to copy files from the backup to a physical disk
recover data from a backup
examine backup content
validate all archives in the vault or individual archives or backups
safely delete archives and backups from the archives.
Creating vaults is highly recommended but is not obligatory. You may choose not to use the shortcuts
and always specify the full path to the archive vault. All of the above operations except for archive
and backup deletion can be performed without creating vaults.
The operation of creating a vault results in adding the vault name to the Vaults section of the
Navigation pane.
Centralized and personal vaults
A centralized vault is a networked location allotted by the management server administrator to serve
as storage for the backup archives. A centralized vault can be managed by a storage node (managed
vault) or be unmanaged.
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A vault is called personal if it was created using direct connection of the console to a managed
machine. Personal vaults are specific for each managed machine.
Way of working with the "Vaults" view
Vaults (on the navigation pane) - top element of the vaults tree. Click this item to display groups
of centralized and personal vaults.
Centralized. This group is available when the console is connected to a managed machine or
to a management server. Expand this group to display a list of centralized vaults added by the
management server administrator.
Click any centralized vault in the vaults tree to open the detailed view of this vault (p. 124) and to
take actions on the vault (p. 125), archives (p. 157) and backups (p. 158) stored in there.
Personal. This group is available when the console is connected to a managed machine.
Expand this group to display a list of personal vaults created on the managed machine.
Click any personal vault in the vaults tree to open the detailed view of this vault (p. 155) and to
take actions on the vault (p. 156), archives (p. 157) and backups (p. 158) stored in there.
4.1. Centralized vaults
A centralized vault is a networked location allotted by the management server administrator to serve
as storage for the backup archives. A centralized vault can be managed by a storage node or be
unmanaged. The total number and size of archives stored in a centralized vault is limited by the
storage size only.
As soon as the management server administrator commits to creating a centralized vault, the vault
path and name are distributed to all machines registered on the server. The shortcut to the vault
appears on the machines in the Vaults > Centralized group. Any backup plan existing on the
machines, including local plans, can use the centralized vault.
On a machine that is not registered on the management server, a user having the privilege to back up
to the centralized vault can do so by specifying the full path to the vault. If the vault is managed, the
user's archives, as well as other archives stored in the vault, will be managed by the storage node.
Managed vaults
The managed vault is a centralized vault managed by a storage node. The storage node performs
storage node-side cleanup (p. 350) and storage node-side validation (p. 350) for each archive stored
in the managed vault. When creating a managed vault, an administrator can specify additional
operations that the storage node will perform (deduplication (p. 64), encryption). Management
operations cannot be canceled or disabled. They will be performed for all archives stored in the vault
unless the vault is deleted.
Any managed vault is self-contained, that is, contains all metadata the storage node needs to manage
the vault. In case the storage node is lost or its database is corrupted, the new storage node retrieves
the metadata and re-creates the database. When the vault is attached to another storage node, the
same procedure takes place.
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Accessing managed vaults
To be able to back up to a managed vault, a user must have an account on the machine where the
storage node is installed. The scope of a user's privileges in a vault depends on the user's rights on
the storage node. A user who is a member of the Users group can view and manage his/her own
archives. Members of the Administrators group can view and manage any archive stored on the
storage node. A user who is a member of the Administrators group on a managed machine can view
and manage archives created by any user of this machine.
To learn more about privileges depending on the user rights, see the User privileges on a storage
node (p. 71) section.
Unmanaged vaults
An unmanaged vault is a centralized vault that is not managed by a storage node. To access an
unmanaged vault, a user has to have access privileges for the location from the network.
Any user that has permission to read/write files in an unmanaged vault can:
•
back up data to the unmanaged vault
•
•
recover data from any backup located in the unmanaged vault.
view and manage all the archives located in the unmanaged vault.
4.1.1.
Working with the "Centralized vault" view
This section briefly describes the main elements of the Centralized vault view, and suggests ways to
work with them.
Vault toolbar
The toolbar contains operational buttons that let you perform operations with the selected
centralized vault. See the Actions on centralized vaults (p. 125) section for details.
Pie chart with legend
The pie chart lets you estimate the vault's load: it shows the proportion of the vault's free space and
occupied space. The pie chart is not available if the vault is located on a tape library.
- free space: space on the storage device, where the vault is located. For example, if the vault is
located on a hard disk, the vault free space is free space of the appropriate volume.
- occupied space: total size of backup archives and their metadata, if it is located in the vault.
The legend displays the following information about the vault:
•
[for managed vaults only] the name of the storage node that manages the vault
•
•
•
full path to the vault
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total number of archives and backups stored in the vault
the ratio of the occupied space to the original data size
Copyright © Acronis, Inc., 2000-2009
•
•
[for managed vaults only] deduplication (p. 64) state (On, Off)
[for managed vaults only] encryption state (Yes, No)
Vault content
The Vault content section contains the archives table and toolbar. The archives table displays
archives and backups that are stored in the vault. Use the archives toolbar to perform actions on the
selected archives and backups. The list of backups is expanded by clicking the "plus" sign to the left of
the archive's name. All the archives are grouped by type on the following tabs:
•
•
The Disk archives tab lists all the archives that contain disk or volume backups (images).
The File archives tab lists all the archives that contain file backups.
Related sections:
Operations with archives stored in a vault (p. 157)
Operations with backups (p. 158)
Filtering and sorting archives (p. 159)
Bars of the "Actions and tools" pane
•
[Vault Name] The Actions bar is available when clicking the vault in the vaults tree. Duplicates
actions of the vault's toolbar.
•
[Archive Name] The Actions bar is available when you select an archive in the archives table.
Duplicates actions of the archives toolbar.
•
[Backup Name] The Actions bar is available when you expand the archive and click on any of its
backups. Duplicates actions of the archives toolbar.
4.1.2.
Actions on centralized vaults
All the operations described here are performed by clicking the corresponding buttons on the vaults
toolbar. These operations can be also accessed from the [Vault name] actions bar (on the Actions
and tools pane) and from the [Vault name] actions item of the main menu.
The following is a guideline for you to perform operations with centralized vaults.
To
Do
Create a managed or
an unmanaged vault
1
Click
2
In the Type field, select the vault type: Managed or Unmanaged
Create.
The procedure of creating centralized vaults is described in-depth in the following
sections:
Edit a managed or an
unmanaged vault
•
Create a managed centralized vault (p. 127)
•
Create an unmanaged centralized vault (p. 129)
1
Select the vault.
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2
Click
Edit.
Depending on the vault you select (managed or unmanaged), the respective Edit
page will be opened:
Validate a vault
•
The Edit managed vault page lets you change the encryption password (if the
vault is encrypted) and Comments field.
•
The Edit unmanaged vault page lets you edit the Comments field only.
1
Select the vault.
2
Click
Validate.
You will be taken to the Validation (p. 230) page with an already pre-selected vault
as a source. The vault validation checks all the archives in this vault.
Delete a vault
1
Select the vault.
2
Click
Delete.
You'll be asked whether to keep the archives stored in the vault, or delete the vault
along with all the archives. The plans and tasks that use this vault will fail.
If you choose to keep the archives for a managed vault, the vault will be detached
from the storage node. Later on, you'll be able to attach this vault to the same or to
another storage node.
Explore an unmanaged
vault
1
Select the unmanaged vault.
2
Click
Explore.
The vault will be available for examination with the standard file manager program.
Attach the managed
vault that was deleted
without removing its
content.
Click
Change user
credentials for
accessing a vault
Click Change user.
Refresh a vault's
information
Click
Attach.
The procedure of attaching a managed vault to a storage node is described in-depth
in the Attaching a managed vault (p. 129) section.
Changing user credentials is available for vaults that reside on shared storages only.
Refresh.
While you are reviewing the vault content, archives can be added to the vault,
deleted or modified. Click Refresh to update the vault information with the most
recent changes.
Actions on a tape library on a managed vault
Define tape labels and
perform inventorying
of a tape library on a
managed vault
Click
Rescan tapes in a
managed vaults
Click
Manage tapes.
In the Tape Management window, define labels for tapes and refresh the inventory.
For more details, see the Managing tape library (p. 136) section.
Rescan tapes.
Rescan reads information about the content of user-selected tapes and updates the
storage node database.
This operation is described in-depth in the Rescan (p. 137) section.
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4.1.2.1.
Creating a managed centralized vault
To create a managed centralized vault, perform the following steps
Vault
Name
Specify a unique name for the vault. Creation of two centralized vaults with the same name is
prohibited.
Comments
[Optional] Enter the distinctive description of the vault being created.
Type
Select the Managed type.
Storage node
Select the Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Storage Node that will manage the vault. You may
need to enter access credentials for the storage node.
Path (p. 127)
Specify where the vault will be created. Managed centralized vaults can reside on a network
share, SAN, NAS, or on a hard drive local to the storage node.
Database path (p. 128)
Specify a local folder on the storage server to create a vault-specific database. This database
will store the metadata required for cataloguing the archives and performing deduplication.
Deduplication
[Optional] Select whether to enable archive deduplication in the vault. Deduplication
minimizes storage space taken by the archives and backup traffic. It reduces the size of
archives in the vault by eliminating redundant data such as duplicate files or disk blocks.
Deduplication is not possible on tape devices.
To learn more about how deduplication works, see the Deduplication (p. 64) section.
Compression
[Optional] Select whether to compress the deduplication data store. This setting is available
only if deduplication is enabled.
Encryption (p. 128)
[Optional] Select whether to protect the vault with encryption. Anything written to the vault
will be encrypted and anything read from it will be decrypted transparently by the storage
node, using a vault-specific encryption key stored on the storage node.
After you have performed all the required steps, click OK to commit creating the managed vault.
Vault path
To specify the path where the managed vault will be created
1. Enter the full path to the folder in the Path field or select the desired folder in the folders tree.
Managed vaults can be organized:
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o
o
o
o
o
on the hard drives local to the storage node
on a network share
on a Storage Area Network (SAN)
on a Network Attached Storage (NAS)
on a tape library locally attached to the storage node.
To create a new folder for the vault in the selected location, click
Create folder.
2. Click OK.
A vault can be created in an empty folder only.
We do not recommend creating a deduplicating managed vault on a FAT32 volume. The reason is that such
vault stores all deduplicated items in two potentially large files. Because the maximum file size in the FAT file
systems is limited to 4 GB, the storage node may stop working when this limit is reached.
Vault database path
To specify the path where the vault's database will be created
1. In the Local folders of the storage node, select the desired folder or enter the full path to the
folder in the Path field.
To create a new folder for the database, click
Create folder.
2. Click OK.
Vault encryption
If you protect a vault with encryption, anything written to the vault will be encrypted and anything
read from it will be decrypted transparently by the storage node, using a vault-specific encryption key
stored on the node. In case the storage medium is stolen or accessed by an unauthorized person, the
malefactor will not be able to decrypt the vault contents without access to the storage node.
This encryption has nothing to do with the archive encryption specified by the backup plan and
performed by an agent. If the archive is already encrypted, the storage node-side encryption is
applied over the encryption performed by the agent.
To protect the vault with encryption
1. Select the Encrypt check box.
2. In the Enter the password field, type a password.
3. In the Confirm the password field, re-type the password.
4. Select one of the following:
o AES 128 – the vault contents will be encrypted using the Advanced Standard Encryption (AES)
algorithm with a 128-bit key
o AES 192 – the vault contents will be encrypted using the AES algorithm with a 192-bit key
o AES 256 – the vault contents will be encrypted using the AES algorithm with a 256-bit key.
5. Click OK.
The AES cryptographic algorithm operates in the Cipher-block chaining (CBC) mode and uses a
randomly generated key with a user-defined size of 128, 192 or 256 bits. The larger the key size, the
longer it will take for the program to encrypt the archives stored in the vault and the more secure the
archives will be.
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The encryption key is then encrypted with AES-256 using a SHA-256 hash of the password as a key.
The password itself is not stored anywhere on the disk; the password hash is used for verification
purposes. With this two-level security, the archives are protected from any unauthorized access, but
recovering a lost password is not possible.
4.1.2.2.
Creating an unmanaged centralized vault
To create an unmanaged centralized vault, perform the following steps.
Vault
Name
Specify a unique name for the vault. The creation of two centralized vaults with the same
name is prohibited.
Comments
Enter the distinctive description of the vault.
Type
Select the Unmanaged type.
Path (p. 129)
Specify where the vault will be created.
After you have performed all the required steps, click OK to commit creating the unmanaged
centralized vault.
Vault path
To specify the path where the managed vault will be created
1. Enter the full path to the folder in the Path field or select the desired folder in the folders tree.
Unmanaged vaults can be organized:
o on a network share
o on a Storage Area Network (SAN)
o on a Network Attached Storage (NAS)
o on FTP and SFTP servers.
As appears from the original FTP specification, credentials required for access to FTP servers are transferred
through a network as plaintext. This means that the user name and password can be intercepted by an
eavesdropper using a packet sniffer.
To create a new folder for the vault, click
Create folder.
A vault can be created in an empty folder only.
2. Click OK.
4.1.2.3.
Attaching a managed vault
A vault managed by a storage node can be attached to another storage node. You might need to do
so when retiring storage node hardware, when the storage node is lost or when balancing loads
between storage nodes. As a result, the first node stops managing the vault. The second node scans
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129
archives in the vault, creates and fills up the database corresponding to the vault, and starts
managing the vault.
When deleting a managed vault, you have the option to retain archives contained in the vault. The
location resulting from such deletion can also be attached to the same or another storage node.
Personal or centralized unmanaged vaults cannot be attached.
To attach a managed vault to a storage node, perform the following steps.
Vault
Storage node
Select the Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Storage Node that will manage the vault.
Path
Specify the path to the location where the archives are stored.
Database path
Specify a local folder on the storage server to create a vault-specific database. This database
will store the metadata required for cataloguing the archives and performing deduplication.
Password
For the vault that was encrypted, provide the encryption password.
After you have performed all the required steps, click OK to commit to attaching the vault. This
procedure may last for quite a while since the storage node has to scan the archives, write the
metadata in the database, and deduplicate the archives if the vault was originally deduplicating.
4.1.3.
Tape libraries
This section describes in detail how to use robotic tape devices as vaults for storing backup archives.
A tape library (robotic library) is a high-capacity storage device that contains the following:
•
•
•
•
one or more tape drives
multiple (up to several thousand) slots to hold tape cartridges
one or more loaders (robotic mechanisms) intended for relocating the tape cartridges between
the slots and the tape drives
barcode readers (optional).
4.1.3.1.
Overview
Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 provides full support of a tape library through Acronis Backup &
Recovery 10 Storage Node. The storage node should be installed on the machine a tape library is
attached to. Storage node can simultaneously use more than one tape library for keeping archives.
To manage a tape library media, the storage node uses the Windows Removable Storage Manager
(RSM). See the RSM Media Pools (p. 132) section for more information.
A dedicated database of the storage node keeps information of the backup content written onto the
tapes. So some operations (for example, Cleanup (p. 343)) can be performed quite fast without
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accessing the media. It is possible to view the content of a backup archive located on a tape through
the console, even if a tape library is turned off, due to content information stored in the database. To
create an incremental or differential backup of data, the program uses the database instead of
loading, mounting, rewinding and reading a tape with the full data backup. However, a tape should
be read, for example, to validate (p. 351) a backup or to recover data from a backup.
A tape library can be locally attached to a machine the agent is installed on, but only in the case the
library is considered as a single tape drive. The agent can use such device to write and read data
backups, but the backup’s format differs from the format of the backups on the tapes written
through the storage node. To get information about the readability of the archives on tapes, written
by different components of other versions of the product by means of Acronis Backup & Recovery 10,
see the Tape compatibility table (p. 44) section.
Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 enables you to set up distribution of backups by media. For example, a
separate tape set can be used to back up some specific data, and the backups of all other data will be
written onto any currently mounted tape, which does not belong to the tape set. See the Tape
options (p. 109) section for more information.
The backup schemes (Grandfather-Father-Son (p. 32), Tower of Hanoi (p. 36)) considerably assist you
with creating effective schedule and retention rules for backups on a tape library. In combination
with the tape options, the backup schemes enable you to reuse, in automatic mode, the tapes that
are considered as free after backup deletion. See the Tape rotation (p. 139) section for more
information.
4.1.3.2.
Hardware
A tape library (robotic library) is a high-capacity storage device that contains the following:
•
•
one or more tape drives
•
one or more loaders (robotic mechanisms) intended for relocating the tape cartridges between
the slots and the tape drives
•
barcode readers (optional).
multiple (up to several thousand) slots to hold tape cartridges
Each tape may have a special label attached to the side of a cartridge and comprise of:
•
•
a barcode to scan by a special reader that is usually mounted on a loader
a readable barcode digital value.
Such labels are used for tape identification in a tape library or especially in off-site storage.
If all cartridges in a tape library have barcodes, the library is ready to be automatically managed by
software.
Tape libraries are a cost-effective solution for data storages with huge capacity. Moreover, tape is
perfect for archiving because cartridges can be stored off-site for enhanced data security. However
reading even a small amount of data from a tape library takes much more time (from several seconds
to several minutes) than from other types of data storages. The best practice of tape usage is "LESS
requests to write/read LARGER amount of data". So systematic access to very large quantities of data
is more suitable for a tape library than random access to small portions of data.
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4.1.3.3.
Limitations
Limitations of tape library usage are the following:
1. The consolidation (p. 343) operation is not possible for archives located on tapes. Deletion of a
single separate backup is impossible from a tape. It is possible to delete all the backups stored on
a tape. However, after this operation all the incremental and differential backups, stored on
other tapes and based on the deleted backups, cannot be used for data recovery. In a Custom
backup plan's retention rules the If deletion of a backup affects other backups > Consolidate the
backup option is disabled. Only the Postpone the deletion option is available.
2. Deduplication (p. 343) is not available for archives located on tape storage devices.
3. File recovery from a disk backup stored on tape is possible, but can take a very long time.
4. A tape with backups written by the storage node cannot be read on a tape device, locally
attached to a machine, the agent is installed on, because of a difference in tape format. To get
information about the readability of the archives on tapes, written by different components of
other versions of the product by means of Acronis Backup & Recovery 10, see the Tape
compatibility table (p. 44) section.
5. Barcode printers are not used.
4.1.3.4.
RSM Media Pools
Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 uses Windows Removable Storage Manager (RSM) to manage tape
cartridges belonging to tape libraries.
To separate access to media by different programs the RSM uses so called Media Pools that are
logical media groups. There are two categories of media pools in the manager: System and
Application.
System media pools include Free pool, Import pool and Unrecognized pool. The System pools hold
media that are not currently used by applications. The Free pool holds media that are considered as
free and can be used by applications. The Import and Unrecognized pools are temporary pools for
media that are new in certain library.
Through RSM an application can get its own pools with proper names, move media from the Free
pool into its own pools, use its own pools’ media for correct purpose, return media to the Free pool,
etc.
Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Storage Node manages the tapes belonging to the Acronis pool.
If you fill tape library slots with unused tapes, all the tapes will be included into the Free pool
automatically.
If a tape was used previously, the RSM tries to detect the registered application the tape is concerned
to. If the application is not found, the RSM will move the tape into the Unrecognized pool. If the
application is not found, but the RSM database has no information about the tape, it will be moved
into the Import pool. If the RSM database has the information, the tape moves into its own pool of
the application.
Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Storage Node provides the RSM to detect the tapes written by Acronis
True Image Echo, Acronis True Image 9.1 product families and by components of Acronis Backup &
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Recovery 10. The storage node will locate all tapes written in “Acronis” format into the Acronis pool
at the Inventory (p. 136) operation.
Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 components don’t use the Unrecognized pool. To utilize a tape from
this pool forcibly, move the tape to the Free pool using the Removable storage snap-in (Control panel
> Administrative tools > Computer management > Removable storage > Media pools).
If a tape has moved into the Free pool, it is considered as free and will be accessible to write by any application.
So the tape data will be lost.
If all the backups are deleted from a tape, it will not return to the Free pool. It remains in the Acronis
pool as a free tape to be reused. So if a storage node needs a new tape, it finds a free tape first in the
Acronis pool, then in the Free pool.
Thereinafter Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Storage Node deals only with the tapes belonging to the
Acronis pool.
4.1.3.5.
Getting started with a tape library
If you have a tape library device attached to a machine with Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Storage
Node installed, all you need to do to back up onto the tape library is to create an archive vault on the
device under storage node management.
Prerequisites
A tape library device has to be installed on a machine running Windows in accordance with the device
manufacturer’s installation instructions.
If Removable Storage Manager (RSM) is present in your version of Windows, it must be activated.
In Microsoft Windows XP and Microsoft Windows Server 2003:
•
Removable Storage Manager is part of the operating system and is activated initially.
To activate Removable Storage Manager in Microsoft Windows Server 2008:
1. Click Administrative Tools > Server Manager > Features > Add Feature.
2. Select the Removable Storage Manager check box.
To activate Removable Storage Manager in Microsoft Windows Vista:
1. Click Control Panel > Programs > Programs and Features > Turn Windows features on or off.
2. Select the Removable Storage Management check box.
Fill the library slots with tape cartridges. If a tape does not get a barcode or its barcode is corrupted,
you can define the tape label for identification purposes later.
You should have Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Management Server and Acronis Backup & Recovery
10 Management Console installed on local or remote machines, as well as Acronis Backup & Recovery
10 Storage Node, installed on the machine with the tape library device, and registered in the
management server.
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Tape library as a managed vault
To enable data protection operations using a tape library you have to create a managed vault on the
tape library. You can create a vault from the Centralized vaults view of the console. See the Creating
a managed centralized vault (p. 127) section for more information.
But the simplest way is to create a vault from the Storage Nodes view. In addition to that select the
storage node, the tape library is attached to, and then click Create vault. The Create centralized vault
page will be displayed with the pre-selected parameters. All you need to do is to specify the vault
Name before you click OK.
Once the vault is created, it is accessible from the Centralized vaults view of the console. Then the
tape library can be used for backing up.
Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 allows creating only one vault per tape device.
If all cartridges in a tape library have barcodes, and the RSM Free pool contains enough tapes for a
chosen backup scheme, the library is ready to fully work automatically.
You can start working with the vault even though all the tape library slots are empty. If there are no
available tapes in the tape library slots during the backup operation, the Tasks Need Interaction
window asks you to load a tape.
If the tape barcode cannot be read, another Tasks Need Interaction window asks you to label a tape.
Actions on a tape library vault
If a tape library vault is selected on the Navigation pane of the console, the Centralized vaults page
toolbar will contain the following two actions that are used for tape libraries only:
•
Manage tapes displays the Tape Management window allowing you to refresh information on
the library slots, inventory tapes in the slots, and define labels for the tapes. If you have a new
label assigned to the tape, the action enables you to eject the tape temporarily to make the same
label outside the cartridge.
•
Rescan tapes displays the Tape Rescanning window, which is useful for selecting slots and
launching the Rescan (p. 137) procedure to read some special information on the content of the
specified tapes.
Also the Edit, Delete, Validate, and Refresh functions are allowed on a tape library vault.
It should be noted, these functions have some specific features for a tape library. So the Edit
operation enables you to substitute a tape library device without the Rescan operation. The Delete
operation clears all the information on the selected tape library vault from the storage node
database, i.e. the operation deletes the content data of all the tapes, when ever the data is used by
the storage node on the tape library device.
At the Delete operation, the vault content will be deleted from the storage node database without accessing the
tapes. The plans and tasks that use this vault will fail.
The backup archives, belonging to a deleting centralized vault on a tape library, will be deleted as well, but these
archives might be recovered by any storage node through the Rescan operation.
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Actions with archives on tapes in a library
The following are common functions for archive data management for a backup archive selected in
the Centralized vaults view of the console, when the current vault is a tape library: Validate, Delete,
Delete all archives. Deletion in the storage node database is performed without access to tapes. A
backup archive deleted from a tape library vault can be restored after the deletion by the Rescan (p.
137) operation, which is performed for all the tapes keeping the archive’s data.
The Rescan operation for a tape, where a backup was deleted from, can recover the backup, as it
recreates information on the content of the backup in the storage node database.
If all the backups are deleted from a tape, it is considered as free. So the deleted backups will be irrevocably lost
after the first writing to the tape.
Backing up to tape library
At creating a backup policy/plan with a tape library destination, you set up the backing up in the same
way as with other storage devices. The only difference is the additional Tape options (p. 109) that can
be set up during the backup policy/plan creation. These options enable you to specify how the
created backup policy/plan should use tapes from the tape library, however the options’ presets
increase usage efficiency of both whole tape library and each tape.
To view and change the tape options, select Options > Default backup and recovery options >
Default backup options > Tape options from the top menu.
To change the settings of the backup policy/plan to be created click Change… in the Backup options
section on the Create backup policy/plan page. It opens the Backup options window where the Tape
options page is contained with the pre-defined values.
When backing up to a tape and the end of the tape is reached, a free tape will be mounted
automatically and the operation will continue onto the new tape.
While a backup task is running, the following tape-specific information is accessible from the console:
•
•
number of tapes currently used by the backup operation
•
label of the tape that is currently written.
labels of the tapes used by the task up to the current time in case of backup splitting
Recovering from tape library
Data recovery from archives located on tape devices is performed in the same way as with other
storage devices.
When recovering, you start creating a recovery task, select the tape device vault, and select the
archive and the backup to recover data from. At task creation, the program uses the storage node
database instead of accessing tapes. However, selection of data to recover (e.g. some files or specific
volumes) requires reading of one or more tapes, so it might be durational.
The program finds the tapes and inserts them automatically in the right order. The Task Need
Interaction window comes up if a required tape is not found.
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Keep in mind that a data recovery operation may require access to a number of tapes. For example,
data recovery from an incremental backup commonly might require loading, mounting, rewinding
and reading of the following tapes containing the data backups:
•
•
tapes storing the incremental backup selected to recover the data
•
tapes storing the last differential backup created after the last full backup but before the selected
incremental one if necessary
•
tapes containing all incremental backups created after the last full or differential backups before
the selected incremental one if necessary.
tapes storing the last full backup created before the selected incremental one
While a recovery task is running, the following tape-specific information is accessible from the
management console:
•
labels of all the tapes that may be required for the operation
•
•
•
label of the tape that is currently being read
labels of the tapes that have already been read
labels of tapes that are still waiting to be read with information of their current availability
(loaded or not).
4.1.3.6.
Managing a tape library
To manage a tape library the following tasks/procedures are in the product:
•
•
Inventory (p. 136)
•
Labeling (p. 137)
Rescan (p. 137)
Any user with access to a managed vault on a tape library is able to perform these operations.
However two or more users cannot manage a tape library drive simultaneously, because some
operations can take minutes, hours or even days. For example, if a user launches a tape library
Rescan task, all other users' requests to perform the same task will be canceled automatically, as it is
already running on the vault.
Inventory
A storage node needs information about a tape in its own database to be able to operate with the
tape. So after the vault is created, generally the next step is to inventory tapes.
Inventorying is a procedure that allows the storage node recognize tapes that are currently loaded
into the tape library slots. It is relatively fast and normally requires reading the cartridge barcodes
without reading the tape data. If a barcode cannot be read, the tape will be mounted to read its GUID
identifier only.
The Inventory procedure can be run manually by a user or automatically, when access to recently
added tapes is required.
To launch the procedure select the tape library vault in the Navigation pane of the console, click
Manage tapes and then click Start inventory on the Tape Management window.
When inventorying is completed a user has the list of tapes currently loaded into the library.
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Perform the procedure every time you load new tapes into tape library slots.
Rescan
As stated above the storage node keeps information about tapes and their contents in a dedicated
database. The Rescan task reads information about the content of user-selected tapes and updates
the database.
The task can take a long-time so it is only initiated manually. You should select each slot with a tape
you want to rescan before the task launch.
Run the Rescan task:
•
•
for tapes that are unknown for the storage node
•
for tapes whose content is out of date (for example, a tape content was modified through
another storage node or manually).
if the storage node database is lost or damaged
Bear in mind, a tape might keep some backups that were deleted before the tape rescanning. So after
the task is completed, all such backups will be recovered in the storage node database and become
accessible for data recovery.
At rescanning a tape label should be saved in the storage node database. If a slot, selected for the
procedure, contains a tape that still does not have a label, the Rescan task for the tape is paused to
perform the Labeling (p. 137) procedure.
Labeling
When a tape required for data recovery is not found, the Task Need Interaction window will ask the
user to bring the tape and insert it into a tape library slot. So, all the tape cartridges need a barcode
or other readable labels.
If a tape does not get a label, you should define it before the tape will be used.
If you need to apply a specific label for a tape (for example, “MyWork” label for a tape dedicated to
back up files from the folder C:\work) instead of a barcode label, use the Labeling procedure as well.
To launch the procedure select the tape library vault in the Navigation pane of the console, and click
Manage tapes on the toolbar. Then the Tape Management window will show a list of the library
slots. Every slot in the window has an assigned data field that contains information about the tape
associated with the slot or about the slot that is empty. If a slot has a tape from the Acronis pool, the
slot data field indicates the tape label. By default an unused tape with a barcode will get a label that
is equal to the barcode. If a barcode is absent or corrupted, the label name will be created
automatically. The user can accept proposed labels or provide their own label as a plain text.
To define your own label for a tape, select a related data field, type in a new label, click Eject tape,
write the same label on the tape cartridge (to make association with the label) and insert it back into
the same slot.
Once all the required tape labels are specified press Set labels to store labels in the storage node
database.
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4.1.3.7.
Tape options
These options are effective when the backup destination is a managed vault located on a tape library.
Tape options enable you to specify how the backup tasks will distribute backups among the tapes.
Some combinations of tape options might degrade usage efficiency of both the whole tape library and each
tape. If you are not forced to modify these options by some specific needs, leave them unchanged.
An archive can occupy several tapes. In such cases a so-called tape set is used for keeping the data
backups.
Tape set is a logical group of one or more tapes which contain backups of the specific protected
data. A tape set can contain backups of other data as well.
Separate tape set is a tape set which contains only backups of the specific protected data. Other
backups cannot be written to a separate tape set.
(For the backup policy/plan to be created) Use a separate tape set
The preset is: Disabled.
If you leave this option unchanged, then the backups, belonging to the policy or plan being created,
might be written onto tapes containing backups written by different backup policies and comprising
of data from different machines. Similarly, backups from other policies might be written onto the
tapes containing this policy's backups. You will not have a problem with such tapes, as the program
manages all the tapes automatically.
When this option is enabled, the backups, belonging to the policy or plan being created, will be
located on a separate tape set. Other backups will not be written to this tape set.
If the console is connected to the management server
The Use a separate tape set option has more precise definitions. So for the backup policy to be
created you can use a separate tape set for all machines or for each single machine.
The A single tape set for all machines option is selected by default. Generally this option ensures
more efficient usage of tapes, than the A separate tape set for each single machine option.
However the second one can be useful, for example, when there are special requirements to
store the tapes with backups from a specific machine off-site.
When the Use a separate tape set option is enabled, there might be a case when the backup has to
be written onto a tape that is currently out of the tape library device. Define what to do in this case.
•
Ask for user interaction - the backup task will enter the Need Interaction state and wait for the
tape, with the required label, to be loaded into the tape library device.
•
Use a free tape - the backup will be written onto a free tape, so the operation will be paused only
if there is no free tape in the library.
Always use a free tape
If you leave the options below unchanged, then each backup will be written onto the tape specified
by the Use a separate tape set option. With some of the options below enabled, the program will add
new tapes to the tape set every time when a full, incremental or differential backup is created.
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•
For each full backup
The preset is: Disabled.
When this option is enabled, each full backup will be written onto a free tape. The tape will be loaded
to a drive especially for this operation. If the Use a separate tape set option is enabled, only
incremental and differential backups of the same data will be appended to the tape.
•
For each differential backup
The preset is: Disabled.
When this option is enabled, each differential backup will be written onto a free tape. This option is
available only when using free tape for each full backup is selected.
•
For each incremental backup
The preset is: Disabled.
When this option is enabled, each incremental backup will be written onto a free tape. This option is
available only when using free tape for each full and differential backup is selected.
4.1.3.8.
Tape rotation
If all backups are deleted from a tape, i.e. if information about the last backup on the tape is deleted
from the storage node database, the tape is considered as empty and can be reused during a backup
cycle. The same tape rotation enables you to get by with the minimum number of cartridges and not
to be buried in used tapes.
Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 enables you to achieve full automation of tape rotation while backing
up onto tape libraries.
This section provides you with useful information to choose a backup scheme and tape options for
tape rotation.
To calculate the number of tapes required for tape rotation schemes, you can use the method
described in the Tape planning (p. 151) section.
Choosing a backup scheme
When creating a backup policy/plan with a tape library destination, the following backup schemes are
available: Back up now, Back up later, Grandfather-Father-Son, Tower of Hanoi, or Custom. The
Simple backup scheme is disabled, because backup consolidation is impossible for archives located
on tapes.
Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 provides automation of tape rotation for Grandfather-Father-Son,
Tower of Hanoi, and Custom backup schemes.
Grandfather-Father-Son (p. 32) (GFS) and Tower of Hanoi (p. 36) (ToH) are the most popular backup
schemes to use on tape library devices. These schemes are optimized to maintain the best balance
between a backup archive size, the number of recovery points available from the archive, and the
quantity of required tapes for archiving.
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If your backup archive must provide recovery with daily resolution for the last several days, weekly
resolution for the last several weeks and monthly resolution for any time in the past, the most
preferred scheme for you is the Grandfather-Father-Son scheme.
If the main goal is to provide data protection for the longest period with the minimal number of used
tapes permanently loaded into a small tape library (e.g. autoloader), the best solution is to probably
choose the Tower of Hanoi scheme.
The Custom backup scheme enables you to specify a backup schedule and retention rules to define a
desired tape rotation. Use this scheme, when the Grandfather-Father-Son and the Tower of Hanoi
schemes’ usage is not enough. For example, if the full size of protected data is considerably less than
the size of a tape, the best choice is to use the Custom backup scheme with regular
daily/weekly/monthly full backups, some simple retention rules, and tape options by default.
Criteria of the choice
Every time you are about to design a tape rotation scheme for a backup policy/plan to be created,
you ought to come from the following arguments:
•
•
•
full size of the data to protect
•
requirements for the backup scheme (frequency, performance and duration of backup
operations)
•
requirements for keeping backups (minimal/maximal period of backup keeping; need to store
tape cartridges off-site)
•
capability of the tape library (number of drives, loaders, slots and available tapes; capacity of
tapes)
•
requirements for performing data recovery (maximal duration)
approximate size of the daily changes of data
approximate size of the weekly changes of data
You need to analyze every argument that is relevant for your case and select the main criteria for the
choice. Then choose a backup scheme and specify the tape options.
Note, that any backup scheme in combination with different tape options will have quite different
results for efficient use of both tapes and devices.
Case to analyze
Suppose you need to automate a tape rotation for the case if:
•
•
the full size of the data to protect is approximately 320 GB
•
•
the approximate size of weekly changes of data is no more than 40 GB
the approximate size of daily changes of data is about 16 GB
tape capacity is 400 GB.
Let’s analyze the results of a combination of GFS and ToH schemes with different tape options for the
case.
All the below analyzed examples are a simplistic approach to a real case, but provide you with a
general conception of backup distribution onto tapes.
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Legend for the case example figures
Any daily/incremental backup (16 GB) is shown in the figures as a green rectangle:
.
.
Weekly/differential backups (40 GB) are displayed as a blue rectangle:
Any full monthly backup (320 GB) is drawn in orange:
.
A whole tape (400 GB) is drawn as a gray rectangle:
.
Using the Grandfather-Father-Son tape rotation scheme
Tape rotation for the GFS backup scheme is substantially defined by the tape options specified for the
backup policy/plan to be created.
Assume the GFS settings are the following:
•
•
Start backup at:
•
•
Weekly/Monthly: Friday
11:00:00 PM
Back up on: Workdays
Keep backups:
Daily: 2 weeks; Weekly: 2 months; Monthly: 1 year.
The main goal is to achieve full automation of tape rotation for these settings.
Keep in mind that a monthly backup is full, a weekly backup is differential, and a daily backup is
incremental in this implementation of the GFS scheme. The first backup is always full. So if the
backup policy/plan starts on Wednesday and full backups should be created on every fourth Friday,
on Wednesday the first backup will be full instead of an incremental one.
There are analyzed examples showing how the GFS scheme can be combined with different tape
options in the following sections:
•
GFS Example 1 (p. 141). The Use a separate tape set option is selected. All the Always use a free
tape options are cleared. It requires 25 tapes in rotation.
•
GFS Example 2 (p. 145). The Use a separate tape set option is selected. The Always use a free
tape: For each full backup option is selected. Other Always use a free tape options are cleared. It
requires 16 tapes in rotation.
•
GFS Example 3 (p. 146). The Use a separate tape set option is selected. All the Always use a free
tape options are selected. It requires 28 tapes in rotation.
These examples demonstrate how the number of tapes required for automated rotation depends on
the tape options. If a tape library does not have enough tapes for automated rotation, the Tasks
Need Interaction window will sometimes ask you to load a free tape into the library.
GFS Example 1
Suppose, the backup plan has the following tape options:
•
the Use a separate tape set option is selected
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141
•
•
•
the Always use a free tape: For each full backup option is cleared
the Always use a free tape: For each incremental backup option is cleared
the Always use a free tape: For each differential backup option is cleared.
Imagine the first backup operation is scheduled on Friday 1st of January. On that day at 11:00 PM the
first full backup (320 Gb on the tape whose size is 400 Gb) is created. As the Use a separate tape set
option is selected, the currently mounted tape is ejected (if it is not a free tape). Then a free tape is
loaded especially for backing up the data. The tape is marked with number 01 in the figure below. In
accordance with the legend described in the Case to analyze (p. 140) section, the full data backup is
displayed as an orange rectangle in the figure.
The specified GFS backup scheme settings force the data to be backed up on Workdays only, so the
next backup is created at the same time (11:00 PM) on Monday 4th of January. This backup is an
incremental one (16 Gb) that is written onto the same tape 01, because the Always use a free tape:
For each incremental backup option is cleared. The backup is drawn as a green rectangle in the
figure.
The next three incremental backups are written onto tape 01 on 5th, 6th and 7th of January. As a
result the free space on the tape is only 16 Gb at the moment.
On 8th of January the data differential backup (40 Gb) is recorded onto the same tape 01, as the
Always use a free tape: For each differential backup option is cleared. However the tape reached the
end after the first 16 Gb of the backup is written. Then the tape is dismounted and ejected from the
drive into a slot by the loader. Further, a free tape is loaded into the same drive and mounted, and
then the backup (last 24 Gb) is continued onto the beginning of the new tape.
The next figure demonstrates the data backup archive at the moment. The differential backup is
drawn as a blue rectangle in the figure. Number 1 in the green rectangle marks the incremental
backup created on Monday of the 1st week of the year.
Then the following backups are written onto tape 02:
•
•
•
four incremental and one differential backup on the second week
four incremental and one differential backup on the third week
four incremental backups on the 4th week.
The next full backup (320 Gb) should be written on Friday of the 4th week. However tape 02 has only
104 Gb of free space at the moment. So after the tape reaches the end, the recording continues from
the beginning of free tape 03.
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Keep in mind, that the Cleanup task is launched after each backup operation for the GFS scheme. This
task deletes all the outdated backups. The next figure shows dark-gray rectangles instead of the
backups deleted up to the current time.
Physically the deleted backups are still on the tapes; however information about the backups is
deleted from the storage node database.
Below, the figure shows the deleted backups as actual, but demonstrates tape usage during the
whole year for the GFS backup scheme in combination with the specified tape options. A number in
the green rectangle marks an incremental backup created on Monday of the corresponding week of
the year.
Tape usage during the first year
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The next figure shows the actual usage of the tapes with free space instead of the deleted backups on
the first Friday of the following year. At the time the differential backup (blue rectangle) is written
onto tape 24.
The full backup stored on tape 01 is deleted after the next full backup is created onto both tapes 23
and 24 on Friday of the 52nd week. As all backups of tape 01 have been deleted, the tape is
considered as free and can be reused.
Further analysis of the example proves that the maximal number of tapes required to store the data
backups is 25 tapes. This maximum occurs on the 16th week of the following year.
The above mentioned figures show that a data recovery requires one or two tapes for a full backup,
two or three tapes for a differential backup, and one, two or three tapes for an incremental backup.
For example, if we need to recover data from a backup created on Monday of the 52nd week, the
task will require the following tapes:
•
Tape 23 with an incremental backup (marked with "52") and a differential backup created on
Friday of the 51st week
•
Tape 21 and Tape 22 that contain a full backup created on Friday of the 48th week.
The example reveals the following shortcomings of the scheme combination with the specified tape
options:
•
commonly any data recovery is a long process that requires loading, mounting, rewinding and
reading of one (3% - for backups displayed in the "Tape usage during the first year" figure), two
(65%) or three (32%) tapes
•
22 tapes are used to store 13 monthly full backups when the monthly backup size is less than the
size of a tape, so keeping data is more expensive
•
25 tapes are required for full year rotation of the data backups.
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GFS Example 2
Suppose, the backup plan has the following tape options:
•
the Use a separate tape set option is selected
•
the Always use a free tape: For each full backup option is selected
•
the Always use a free tape: For each incremental backup option is cleared
•
the Always use a free tape: For each differential backup option is cleared.
The example has only one difference from the previous one. That is selection of the Always use a free
tape: For each full backup option.
Below, the figure shows the deleted backups as actual, but demonstrates tape usage during the
whole year for the GFS backup scheme in combination with the specified tape options. A number in
the green rectangle marks an incremental backup created on Monday of the corresponding week of
the year.
If all the backups have to be kept during the year, the archive will require 28 tapes.
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As the GFS backup scheme forces automatic deletion of the outdated backups, on the first Friday of
the second year the tapes keep only the backups displayed in the next figure.
This figure demonstrates that the GFS Example 2 tape rotation scheme is more suitable for the case
than GFS Example 1. The advantages of the GFS Example 2 tape rotation scheme for the analyzed
case are the following:
•
•
it uses 16 tapes instead of 25
•
data recovery from a full backup requires only one tape that makes the data recovery from an
incremental or differential backup faster.
a data recovery task requires one (25%) or two (75%) tapes
GFS Example 3
Imagine the backup plan has the following tape options:
•
the Use a separate tape set option is selected
•
•
•
the Always use a free tape: For each full backup option is selected
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the Always use a free tape: For each incremental backup option is selected
the Always use a free tape: For each differential backup option is selected.
Copyright © Acronis, Inc., 2000-2009
These options define the tape rotation scheme that is classical for GFS. The figure shows the
beginning of the rotation scheme that uses 8 tapes for daily backups, 6 tapes for weekly backups and
13 tapes for monthly backups (since there are 13 four-week cycles in a year) for the analyzed case.
And one tape is required for the next backup. In total this rotation scheme, combined with the
options requires 28 tapes.
To recover the data only one tape is required for a full backup, two tapes for a differential backup,
and two or three tapes for an incremental backup.
This scheme has the following advantages:
•
•
access to any full backup requires only one tape
backup deletion frees a tape so it can be reused.
The main drawback is the large number of required tapes that is used 5-10%.
If we have to keep a daily backup for a week (4 backups) and a weekly backup for a month (4
backups), the total number of required tapes will be equal to 4+4+13+1 = 22.
Using the Tower of Hanoi tape rotation scheme
The ToH scheme requires fewer tapes for rotation as compared with the GFS scheme. So the ToH
scheme is the best choice for small tape libraries, especially for autoloaders.
Once the ToH backup scheme is selected, it is possible to specify the scheme schedule and the
number of levels.
Best practice suggests that five levels should be used if you are applying the Tower of Hanoi to weekly
backups and eight levels if you are applying it to daily backups. In the first case the rotation includes
Copyright © Acronis, Inc., 2000-2009
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16 weekly sessions so it ensures the roll-back period equal 112 days. Tape rotation for the second
case includes 128 daily sessions, i.e. it allows the roll-back period equal 128 days.
Each additional level doubles not only the number of sessions but also the oldest backup age.
Let’s return to the analyzed case described in the Case to analyze section, and suppose the ToH
settings are the following:
•
•
Schedule:
Start the task every 1 day at 11:00 PM. Repeat once.
Number of levels: 5
The Tower of Hanoi scheme with five levels ensures the roll-back period equal 16 days, but it
simplifies an analysis of the scheme usage examples. Let’s designate the backups of the levels with
numbers from 1 to 5 by letters A, B, C, D, and E respectively. Then the rotation template for the
backup sequence in the archive is the following: E-A-B-A-C-A-B-A-D-A-B-A-C-A-B-A. In the five-level
ToH scheme all the backups on the 1st level (A) are incremental, on the 5th level (E) – full, and other
backups on levels 2, 3, and 4 (B, C, and D) are differential.
Tape rotation for the ToH scheme substantially depends on the tape options, whose default settings
do not always provide optimal usage of tapes and the whole tape library.
The goal is to choose the tape options requiring the minimal number of tapes in the rotation.
There are analyzed examples showing how the ToH scheme can be combined with different tape
options in the following sections:
•
ToH Example 1 (p. 148). The Use a separate tape set option is selected. All the Always use a free
tape options are cleared. It requires 5 tapes in rotation.
•
ToH Example 2 (p. 149). The Use a separate tape set option is selected. The Always use a free
tape: For each full backup option is selected. The other Always use a free tape options are
cleared. It requires 4 tapes in rotation.
•
ToH Example 3 (p. 150). The Use a separate tape set option is selected. All the Always use a free
tape options are selected. It requires 7 tapes in rotation.
ToH Example 2 requires 4 tapes, which is the minimum for the case. So its tape options settings are
the best in comparison with options for other examples.
ToH Example 1
Suppose, the backup plan has the following tape options:
•
the Use a separate tape set option is selected
•
•
•
the Always use a free tape: For each full backup option is cleared
148
the Always use a free tape: For each incremental backup option is cleared
the Always use a free tape: For each differential backup option is cleared.
Copyright © Acronis, Inc., 2000-2009
The figure below shows the tapes’ usage for the ToH scheme combined with the above mentioned
tape options. The recurring part of the scheme contains sixteen backup sessions. The figure displays
the backup archive state at the moment when the 17th session is finished.
As the Tower of Hanoi backup scheme forces presence of only one backup on each level, all the
outdated backups are deleted automatically. In the next figure the deleted backups are drawn as
dark-gray rectangles. Actually the deleted backup is still stored on the tapes, but the information
about it is deleted from the storage node database.
The figure shows the full backup kept on tape 01 at the moment, which cannot be deleted as it is a
base for actual differential (D, C, B) and incremental (A) backups stored on tape 02. The full backup
deletion is postponed until all the above mentioned four backups will be deleted.
The next figure demonstrates the tapes’ content at the moment before creation of the new backup
on level D:
At the moment the data archive occupies four tapes, and the total size of the backups written up to
the current time is maximal for the example. However, if in the future a full backup will be written at
the end of a tape, the archive will occupy five tapes.
After the next backup is created on level D, tape 01 is freed and can be reused.
It is noticed that the ToH scheme combined with the specified options has the following properties
for the analyzed case:
•
the last figure shows that the data recovery requires loading and mounting of up to three tapes
(one tape - 16%, two tapes - 72%, three tapes - 12%) as well as rewinding and reading of one
(6%), two (50%) or three (44%) backups
•
five-level scheme requires up to five tapes for this case.
ToH Example 2
Suppose, the backup plan has the following tape options:
•
•
the Use a separate tape set option is selected
the Always use a free tape: For each full backup option is selected
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•
•
the Always use a free tape: For each incremental backup option is cleared
the Always use a free tape: For each differential backup option is cleared.
The only difference between ToH Example 2 and ToH Example 1 is that the Always use a free tape:
For each full backup option is selected.
The first figure shows the tapes’ usage for the ToH scheme combined with the above mentioned tape
options. The recurring part of the scheme contains sixteen backup sessions. The figure displays the
backup archive state at the moment when the 17th session is finished.
In the figure below the backups deleted at the moment are drawn as dark-gray rectangles.
The figure indicates that there are two full backups on level E because at the moment the first full
backup is a base for differential backups D, C and B are a base for incremental backup A. So the full
backup deletion is postponed until all the D, C, B and A backups will be deleted.
The next figure shows the tape usage at the moment before creating a new backup on level D:
At the moment the backup archive occupies four tapes. It is the maximal number of tapes required in
the example.
After the next backup on level D is created, both tapes 01 and 02 are freed and can be reused.
It is noticed that the ToH scheme combined with the specified options has the following properties
for the analyzed case:
•
the data recovery requires access to the backups kept on one (25%) or two tapes (75%)
•
five-level scheme can require up to four tapes.
So in this specific case the selection of the Always use a free tape: For each full backup option
considerably increases the usage efficiency of the tapes in the library.
ToH Example 3
Imagine the backup plan has the following tape options:
•
150
the Use a separate tape set option is selected
Copyright © Acronis, Inc., 2000-2009
•
•
•
the Always use a free tape: For each full backup option is selected
the Always use a free tape: For each incremental backup option is selected
the Always use a free tape: For each differential backup option is selected.
The figure shows tape rotation for the ToH scheme with these options.
Maximal number of tapes used in the rotation is seven that is more than in classical five-level ToH
scheme.
Two additional tapes used for:
1. keeping an old full backup (postponed deletion) as it is a base for other level backups
2. keeping an old backup on a level until a new backup has been successfully created on the level.
The example demonstrates that the tapes’ usage efficiency is reduced. Moreover, the data recovery
requires access to the backups kept on one (full backups, 6%), two (differential backups, 44%) or
three (incremental backups, 50%) tapes. So on average the operation takes more time than in the
previous examples.
Tape planning
Once you have specified the backup scheme and tape options, you should determine the minimal
number of tapes necessary to achieve full automation of tape rotation.
To simplify the tape planning lets discard the possibility that the calculated tapes might contain
backups of other data. It is implied that the Use a separate tape set option is enabled.
To calculate the number of tapes you should take into account the following considerations:
•
full backup size
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•
•
•
average size of incremental backups
•
•
•
tape rotation scheme ( frequency of backups, retention rules)
average size of differential backups
compression level specified for backing up the data
tape-append options
requirements to support off-site tape cartridge archives.
There is no common formula to calculate a number of tapes required in all possible combinations of
above listed considerations. But the general way to get a number of tapes for a case includes the
following steps:
1. Draw (or write) a chain of backups until the first backup can be deleted
2. Take into account the tape-append options, the chain might be sectioned onto tape sets
3. Calculate the number of tapes in each tape set
4. The sum of the calculated values gives the total number of tapes required for the case.
Tape planning: Example 1
Imagine the case with the following features:
•
•
•
full backup size is F_GB
•
•
•
compression level provides CL average reduction coefficient
•
average size of incremental backups is I_GB
average size of differential backups is D_GB
selected tape rotation scheme is Tower of Hanoi with four levels
tape options are the following:
o the Use a separate tape set option is selected
o the Always use a free tape: For each full backup option is cleared
o the Always use a free tape: For each incremental backup option is cleared
o the Always use a free tape: For each differential backup option is cleared
tape size is T_GB.
The Tower of Hanoi scheme with four levels (A, B, C, and D) specifies the following line of backups on
the tapes before the first backup will be deleted: D (full), A, B, A, C, A, B, A, D, A, B, A, C. The specified
tape options do not require using a free tape for any backup, so the backup line will be automatically
split and continued on a new tape when the end of the current tape is reached. There is one tape set
to calculate.
Total number of required tapes = round up ((2*F_GB + 6*I_GB + 5*D_GB) * CL / T_GB) + 1.
The above described ToH Example 1 (p. 148) is based on the five-level Tower of Hanoi backup scheme
with the same tape options. Its backup line was the following: E (full), A, B, A, C, A, B, A, D, A, B, A, C,
A, B, A, E, A, B, A, C, A, B, A, D.
Total number of required tapes = round up ((2*F_GB + 12*I_GB + 11*D_GB) * CL / T_GB) + 1 = round
up ( (2*320 + 12*16 + 11*40) * 1 / 400 ) + 1 = round up ( 3.18 ) + 1 = 5 (tapes).
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Tape planning: Example 2
Imagine the case with the following features:
•
•
full backup size is F_GB
•
•
•
average size of differential backups is D_GB
average size of incremental backups is I_GB
compression level provides CL average reduction coefficient
selected tape rotation scheme is Custom with the following settings:
o full backup - every 10 days
o differential backup - every 2 days
o incremental backup - every 1 day, every 6 hours
o retention rules: delete backups older than 5 days
•
tape options are the following:
o the Use a separate tape set option is selected
o the Always use a free tape: For each full backup option is selected
o the Always use a free tape: For each incremental backup option is cleared
o the Always use a free tape: For each differential backup option is cleared
•
tape size is T_GB.
The case defines the line of backups that consists of two sections. The figure below shows the
sections at the moment before the first backup will be deleted. In the figure the full, differential and
incremental backups are designated as orange, blue and green rectangles respectively.
At the moment some backups are deleted by the Cleanup task. Deletion of the outdated backups
painted in dark colors is postponed, as these backups are basic for the actual backups.
As an exact correlation between the tape size and backup's size is unknown, it is impossible to
determine number of the tapes that will be free after the deletion. So the calculation ignores this
probability.
Tape set 01 should contain (round up (( F_GB + 4*D_GB + 5*7*I_GB) * CL / T_GB)) tapes to store the
backups. Tape set 02 needs (round up (( F_GB + 1*D_GB + 7*I_GB) * CL / T_GB)) tapes. The sum of
the calculated values gives the total number of tapes required for the case.
4.1.3.9.
•
What if
What if I have to move tapes with backups from one tape library to another?
1. If both tape libraries are attached to the same machine with Acronis Backup & Recovery 10
Storage Node installed (i.e. the libraries are managed by the same storage node), the storage
node database has all the required information about the content of the moved tapes. So all
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you need to do is to perform the inventory (p. 136) procedure for the managed vault on the
library where the tapes were placed to.
2. If you move tapes to a tape library managed by another storage node, you should rescan (p.
137) each relocated tape to provide the storage node with information about backups
contained on the tape.
•
What if I need to use a tape from the tape library in the local tape device and vice versa?
Acronis agents create backups on tapes in a format that differs from the format used by the
storage node. It is the reason why it is impossible to interchange tapes between tape devices
attached to a storage node and attached to a managed machine: a tape written by a storage
node cannot be read by an agent in a locally attached tape device. However the storage node can
read tapes written by an agent. Please refer to the tape compatibility table (p. 44) to get
comprehensive information about the compatibility of tape formats in Acronis Backup &
Recovery 10.
•
What if I have to reinstall the storage node or attach the tape library to another machine?
Install a storage node on the machine the tape library is attached to, create a centralized vault on
the tape library, and then rescan each tape containing backups.
•
What if I have lost my storage node and need to recover data from a tape?
If you know which tape has the data to recover, and you have a tape device with vault managed
by a storage node, insert the tape cartridge into the device, go to the Centralized vaults view of
the console, select the vault, rescan the tape, select the archive and the backup to recover data
from, and create the recovery task.
If you don't know which tape has the data to recover, you have to rescan each tape until the data
is found. Generally all the steps you need to do are the same as mentioned above, except the
rescan has to be applied to a number of tapes instead one tape.
•
What if I need to recover data from an Echo tape?
Use the table from the Tape compatibility table (p. 44) section to find out which Acronis Backup &
Recovery 10 components can read data from your tape.
4.2. Personal vaults
A vault is called personal if it was created using direct connection of the console to a managed
machine. Personal vaults are specific for each managed machine. Personal vaults are visible to any
user that can log on to the system. A user's right to back up to a personal vault is defined by the
user's permission for the folder or device where the vault is located.
A personal vault can be organized on detachable or removable media. Acronis Secure Zone is
considered as a personal vault available to all users that can log on the system.
Personal vaults can be used by local backup plans or local tasks. Centralized backup plans cannot use
personal vaults except for Acronis Secure Zone.
Sharing a personal vault
Multiple machines can refer to the same physical location, say, to the same shared folder, but each of
the machines has its own shortcut in the Vaults tree. Users that back up to a shared folder can see
and manage each other's archives according to their access permissions for that folder. To ease
archive identification, the Personal vault view has the Owner column that displays the owner of each
archive. To find out more about the owner concept see Owners and credentials (p. 30).
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Metadata
The .meta folder is created during backup in every personal vault. This folder contains additional
information about archives and backups stored in the vault, such as archive owners or the machine
name. If you accidentally delete the .meta folder, it will be automatically recreated next time you
access the vault. But some information like owner names and machine names may be lost.
4.2.1.
Working with the "Personal vault" view
This section briefly describes the main elements of the Personal vault view, and suggests the ways to
work with them.
Vault toolbar
The toolbar contains operational buttons that let you perform operations with the selected personal
vault. See the Actions on personal vaults (p. 156) section for details.
Pie chart with legend
The pie chart lets you estimate the vault's load: it shows the proportion of the vault's free space and
occupied space.
- free space: space on the storage device, where the vault is located. For example, if the vault is
located on a hard disk, the vault free space is free space of the appropriate volume.
- occupied space: total size of backup archives and their metadata, if it is located in the vault. Other
files that may be put to this folder by a user, are not counted.
The legend displays the following information about the vault:
•
full path to the vault
•
•
total number of archives and backups stored in the vault
the ratio of the occupied space to the original data size.
Vault content
The Vault content section contains the archives table and toolbar. The archives table displays
archives and backups that are stored in the vault. Use the archives toolbar to perform actions on the
selected archives and backups. The list of backups is expanded by clicking the "plus" sign to the left of
the archive's name. All the archives are grouped by type on the following tabs:
•
•
The Disk archives tab lists all the archives that contain disk or volume backups (images).
The File archives tab lists all the archives that contain file backups.
Related sections:
Operations with archives stored in a vault (p. 157)
Operations with backups (p. 158)
Filtering and sorting archives (p. 159)
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Bars of the "Actions and tools" pane
•
[Vault Name] The Actions bar is available when clicking the vault in the vaults tree. Duplicates
actions of the vault's toolbar.
•
[Archive Name] The Actions bar is available when you select an archive in the archives table.
Duplicates actions of the archives toolbar.
•
[Backup Name] The Actions bar is available when you expand the archive and click on any of its
backups. Duplicates actions of the archives toolbar.
4.2.2.
Actions on personal vaults
To perform any operation (except for creation) with a vault, you must select it first.
All the operations described below are performed by clicking the corresponding buttons on the
toolbar. These operations can be also accessed from the [Vault name] actions bar (on the Actions
and Tools pane) and from the [Vault name] actions item of the main menu respectively.
The following is a guideline for you to perform operations with personal vaults.
To
Do
Create a personal
vault
Click
Change user account
for accessing a vault
Click Change user.
Create Acronis Secure
Zone
Click
Explore a vault's
content
Click
Validate a vault
Click
Create.
The procedure of creating personal vaults is described in-depth in the Creating a
personal vault (p. 157) section.
In the appearing dialog box, provide the credentials required for accessing the
vault.
Create Acronis Secure Zone.
The procedure of creating the Acronis Secure Zone is described in-depth in the
Creating Acronis Secure Zone (p. 238) section.
Explore.
In the appearing Explorer window, examine the selected vault's content.
Validate.
You will be taken to the Validation (p. 230) page, where this vault is already preselected as a source. The vault validation checks all the archives stored in the
vault.
Delete a vault
Click
Delete.
The deleting operation actually removes only a shortcut to the folder from the
Vaults view. The folder itself remains untouched. You have the option to keep or
delete archives contained in the folder.
Refresh vault table
information
156
Click
Refresh.
While you are reviewing the vault content, archives can be added to the vault,
deleted or modified. Click Refresh to update the vault information with the most
recent changes.
Copyright © Acronis, Inc., 2000-2009
4.2.2.1.
Creating a personal vault
To create a personal vault
1. In the Name field, type a name for the vault being created.
2. [Optional] In the Comments field, add a description of the vault.
3. In the Path field, click Change...
In the opened Personal Vault Path window, specify a path to the folder that will be used as the
vault.
4. Click OK. As a result, the created vault appears in the Personal group of the vaults tree.
4.2.2.2.
Merging and moving personal vaults
What if I need to move the existing vault from a one place to another?
Proceed as follows
1. Make sure that none of the backup plans uses the existing vault while moving files, or temporary
disable (p. 187) schedules of the given plans.
2. Move the vault folder with all its archives to a new place manually by means of a third-party file
manager.
3. Create a new vault.
4. Edit the backup plans and tasks: redirect their destination to the new vault.
5. Delete the old vault.
How can I merge two vaults?
Suppose you have two vaults A and B in use. Both vaults are used by backup plans. You decide to
leave only vault B, moving all the archives from vault A there.
To do this, proceed as follows
1. Make sure that none of the backup plans uses vault A while merging, or temporarily disable (p.
187) schedules of the given plans.
2. Move the archives to vault B manually by means of a third-party file manager.
3. Edit the backup plans that use vault A: redirect their destination to vault B.
4. In the vaults tree, select vault B to check whether the archives are displayed. If not, click Refresh.
5. Delete vault A.
4.3. Common operations
4.3.1.
Operations with archives stored in a vault
To perform any operation with an archive, you have to select it first. If the archive is protected with a
password, you will be asked to provide it.
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All the operations described below are performed by clicking the corresponding buttons on the
toolbar. These operations can be also accessed from the [Archive name] actions bar (on the Actions
and tools pane) and from the [Archive name] actions item of the main menu respectively.
The following is a guideline for you to perform operations with archives stored in a vault.
To
Do
Validate an archive
Click
Validate.
The Validation (p. 230) page will be opened with the pre-selected archive as a source.
Validation of an archive will check all the archive's backups.
Delete a single archive
or multiple archives
1
Select the archive or one of the archives you want to delete.
2
Click
Delete.
The program duplicates your selection in the Backups deletion (p. 159) window that
has check boxes for each archive and each backup. Review the selection and correct if
need be (select the check boxes for the desired archives), then confirm the deletion.
Delete all archives in
the vault
Please be aware that if filters have been applied to the vaults list, you see only a part of
the vault content. Be sure that the vault does not contain archives you need to retain
before starting the operation.
Click
Delete all.
The program duplicates your selection in the new window that has check boxes for
each archive and each backup. Review the selection and correct if need be, then
confirm the deletion.
4.3.2.
Operations with backups
To perform any operation with a backup, you have to select it first. To select a backup, expand the
archive, then click the backup. If the archive is protected with a password, you will be asked to
provide it.
All the operations described below are performed by clicking the corresponding buttons on the
toolbar. These operations can be also accessed from the '[Backup name]' actions bar (on the Actions
and tools pane) and from the '[Backup name]' actions item of the main menu.
The following is a guideline for you to perform operations with backups.
To
Do
View backup content in
a separate window
Click
Recover
Click
View content.
In the Backup Content window, examine the backup content.
Recover.
The Recover data (p. 211) page will be opened with the pre-selected backup as a
source.
Recover a disk/volume
as a virtual machine
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Right-click the disk backup, then select Recover as virtual machine.
The Recover data (p. 211) page will be opened with the pre-selected backup as a
source. Select the location and the type of new virtual machine and then proceed as
with regular disk or volume recovery.
Copyright © Acronis, Inc., 2000-2009
Validate a backup
Click
Validate.
The Validation (p. 230) page will be opened with the pre-selected backup as a source.
Validation of a file backup imitates recovering of all files from the backup to a dummy
destination. Validation of a disk backup calculates a checksum for every data block
saved in the backup.
Delete a single or
multiple backups
Select one of the backups you want to delete, then click
Delete all archives and
backups in the vault
Please be aware that if filters have been applied to the vaults list, you see only a part of
the vault content. Be sure that the vault does not contain archives you need to retain
before starting the operation.
Delete.
The program duplicates your selection in the Backups deletion (p. 159) window that
has check boxes for each archive and each backup. Review the selection and correct if
need be (select the check boxes for the desired backups), then confirm the deletion.
Click
Delete all.
The program duplicates your selection in the Backups deletion (p. 159) window that
has check boxes for each archive and each backup. Review the selection and correct if
need be, then confirm the deletion.
4.3.3.
Deleting archives and backups
The Backups deletion window displays the same tab as for the vaults view, but with check boxes for
each archive and backup. The archive or backup you have chosen to delete has the check mark.
Review the archive or backup that you have selected to delete. If you need to delete other archives
and backups select the respective check boxes, then click Delete selected and confirm the deletion.
The filters in this window are from the archives list of the vault view. Thus, if some filters have been
applied to the archives list, only the archives and backups corresponding to these filters are displayed
here. To see all content, clean all the filter fields.
What happens if I delete a backup that is a base of an incremental or differential backup?
To preserve archive consistency, the program will consolidate the two backups. For example, you
delete a full backup but retain the next incremental one. The backups will be combined into a single
full backup which will be dated the incremental backup date. When you delete an incremental or
differential backup from the middle of the chain, the resulting backup type will be incremental.
Please be aware that consolidation is just a method of deletion but not an alternative to deletion. The
resulting backup will not contain data that was present in the deleted backup and was absent from
the retained incremental or differential backup.
There should be enough space in the vault for temporary files created during consolidation. Backups
resulting from consolidation always have maximum compression.
4.3.4.
Filtering and sorting archives
The following is a guideline for you to filter and sort archives in the archives table.
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159
To
Do
Sort backup archives by any
column
Click the column's header to sort the archives in ascending order.
Filter archives by name,
owner, or machine.
In the field below the corresponding column's header, type the archive name
(the owner name, or the machine name).
Click it once again to sort the archives in descending order.
As a result, you will see the list of the archives, whose names (owner names,
or machine names) fully or just partly coincide with the entered value.
Configuring the archives table
By default, the table has seven columns that are displayed, others are hidden. If required, you can
hide the displayed columns and show hidden ones.
To show or hide columns
1. Right-click any column header to open the context menu. The menu items that are ticked off
correspond to column headers presented in the table.
2. Click the items you want to be displayed/hidden.
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5. Scheduling
Acronis scheduler helps the administrator adapt backup plans to the company’s daily routine and
each employee’s work style. The plans’ tasks will be launched systematically keeping the critical data
safely protected.
The scheduler uses local time of the machine the backup plan exists on. Before creating a schedule,
be sure the machine’s date and time settings are correct.
Schedule
To define when a task has to be executed, you need to specify an event or multiple events. The task
will be launched as soon as any of the events occurs. The table below lists the events available under
Windows operating systems.
Event
Time: Daily, Weekly, Monthly
Time passed since the last successful backup has completed
(specify the length of time)
User logon
(any user, current user, specify the user’s account)
User logoff
(any user, current user, specify the user’s account)
System startup
Free space change
(specify the amount of free space change on any volume selected for backup or
containing data selected for backup)
An event in Windows event log
(specify the parameters of the event)
Condition
For backup operations only, you can specify a condition or multiple conditions in addition to the
events. Once any of the events occurs, the scheduler checks the condition and runs the task if the
condition is met. With multiple conditions, all of them must be met simultaneously to enable task
execution. The table below lists the conditions available under Windows operating systems.
Condition: run the task only if
User is idle (a screen saver is running or the machine is locked)
Archive location is available
The task run time is within the specified time interval
All users are logged off
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The specified period of time has passed since the last successful backup
completed
The scheduler behavior, in case the event occurs but the condition (or any of multiple conditions) is
not met is defined by the Task start conditions (p. 107) backup option.
What-ifs
•
What if an event occurs (and a condition, if any, is met) while the previous task run has not
completed?
The event will be ignored.
•
What if an event occurs while the scheduler is waiting for the condition required by the
previous event?
The event will be ignored.
•
What if the condition is not met for a very long time?
If delaying a backup is getting risky, you can force the condition (tell the users to log off) or run
the task manually. To automatically handle this situation, you can set the time interval after
which the task will run regardless of the condition.
5.1. Daily schedule
Daily schedule is effective in Windows and Linux operating systems.
To specify a daily schedule
In the Schedule area, select the appropriate parameter as follows:
Every: <...> day(s)
Set up the certain number of days you want the task to be run. For example,
if you set Every 2 day(s), the task will be started on every other day.
In the During the day execute the task... area, select one of the following:
Once at: <...>
Set up the time at which the task will be run once.
Every: <...>
Set up how many times the task will be restarted during the specified time
interval. For example, setting the task frequency to Every 1 hour From
10:00:00 AM until 10:00:00 PM allows the task to run 12 times: from 10 AM
to 10 PM during one day.
From: <...> Until: <...>
In the Effective... area, set the following settings:
From: <...>
Set up a date when this schedule will be enabled (an effective date). If this
check box is cleared, the task will be started on the nearest day and time you
have specified above.
To: <...>
Set up a date when this schedule will be disabled. If this check box is cleared,
the task will be run for an indefinite number of days.
Advanced scheduling settings (p. 169) are available only for machines registered on Acronis Backup &
Recovery 10 Management Server. To specify these settings, click Change in the Advanced settings
area.
All the settings you made are displayed in the Result field at the bottom of the window.
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Examples
"Simple" daily schedule
Run the task every day at 6PM.
The schedule's parameters are thus set up as follows.
1. Every: 1 day(s).
2. Once at: 06:00:00 PM.
3. Effective:
From: not set. The task will be started on the current day, if it has been created before 6PM. If
you have created the task after 6 PM, the task will be started for the first time on the next day at
6 PM.
To: not set. The task will be performed for an indefinite number of days.
"Three-hour time interval lasting for three months" schedule
Run the task every three hours. The task starts on a certain date (say, September 15, 2009), and ends
after three months.
The schedule's parameters are thus set up as follows.
1. Every: 1 day(s).
2. Every: 3 hours
From: 12:00:00 AM (midnight) Until: 09:00:00 PM - thus, the task will be performed 8 times a day
with a 3 hour time interval. After the last daily recurrence at 9 PM, the next day comes and the
task starts over again from midnight.
3. Effective:
From: 09/15/2009. If September 15, 2009 is the current date of the task's creation and, say,
01:15 PM is the task's creation time, the task will be started when the nearest time interval
comes: at 03:00 PM in our example.
To: 12/15/2009. On this date the task will be performed for the last time, but the task itself is still
available in the Tasks view.
Several daily schedules for one task
There are some cases when you might need the task to be run several times a day, or even several
times a day with different time intervals. For such cases, consider adding several schedules to a single
task.
For example, suppose that the task has to be run every 3rd day, starting from 09/20/2009, five times
a day:
•
•
•
first at 8 AM
•
•
fourth at 5 PM
second at 12 PM (noon)
third at 3 PM
fifth at 7 PM
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The obvious way is to add five simple schedules. If you spend one minute for examination, you can
think out a more optimal way. As you can see, the time interval between the first and the second
task's recurrences is 4 hours, and between the third, fourth and fifth is 2 hours. In this case, the
optimal way is to add two schedules to the task.
First daily schedule
1. Every: 3 day(s).
2. Every: 4 hours.
From: 08:00:00 AM Until: 12:00:00 PM.
3. Effective:
From: 09/20/2009.
To: not set.
Second daily schedule
1. Every: 3 day(s).
2. Every: 2 hour(s).
From: 03:00:00 PM Until: 07:00:00 PM.
3. Effective:
From: 09/20/2009.
To: not set.
5.2. Weekly schedule
Weekly schedule is effective in Windows and Linux operating systems.
To specify a weekly schedule
In the Schedule area, select the appropriate parameter as follows:
Every: <...> week(s) on: <...>
Specify a certain number of weeks and the days of the week you want the
task to be run. For example, with the Every 2 week(s) on Mon setting, the
task will be performed on Monday of every other week.
In the During the day execute the task... area, select one of the following:
Once at: <...>
Set up the time at which the task will be run once.
Every: <...>
Set up how many times the task will be run during the specified time
interval. For example, setting the task frequency to Every 1 hour From
10:00:00 AM until 10:00:00 PM allows the task to be run 12 times from
10 AM to 10 PM during one day.
From: <...> Until: <...>
In the Effective... area, set the following settings:
From: <...>
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Set up a date when this schedule will be enabled (an effective date). If this
check box is cleared, the task will be started on the nearest day and time you
have specified above.
Copyright © Acronis, Inc., 2000-2009
To: <...>
Set up a date when this schedule will be disabled. If this check box is cleared,
the task will be run for an indefinite number of weeks.
Advanced scheduling settings (p. 169) are available only for machines registered on Acronis Backup &
Recovery 10 Management Server. To specify these settings, click Change in the Advanced settings
area.
All the settings you made are displayed in the Result field at the bottom of the window.
Examples
"One day in the week" schedule
Run the task every Friday at 10PM, starting from a certain date (say 05/14/2009) and ending after six
months.
The schedule's parameters are thus set up as follows.
1. Every: 1 week(s) on: Fri.
2. Once at: 10:00:00 PM.
3. Effective:
From: 05/13/2009. The task will be started on the nearest Friday at 10 PM.
To: 11/13/2009. The task will be performed for the last time on this date, but the task itself will
still be available in the Tasks view after this date. (If this date were not a Friday, the task would be
last performed on the last Friday preceding this date.)
This schedule is widely used when creating a custom backup scheme. The "One day in the week"-like
schedule is added to the full backups, while the incremental backups are scheduled to be performed
on workdays. For more details, see the Full and incremental backups plus cleanup example in the
Custom backup scheme (p. 208) section.
"Workdays" schedule
Run the task every week on workdays: from Monday through Friday. During a workday, the task
starts only once at 9 PM.
The schedule's parameters are thus set up as follows.
1. Every: 1 week(s) on: <Workdays> - selecting the <Workdays> check box automatically selects the
corresponding check boxes (Mon, Tue, Wed, Thu, and Fri), and leaves the remaining ones
unchanged.
2. Once at: 09:00:00 PM.
3. Effective:
From: empty. If you have created the task, say on Monday at 11:30 AM, the task will be started
on the same day at 9 PM. If the task was created, say on Friday after 9 PM, then it will be started
for the first time on the nearest workday (Monday in our example) at 9 PM.
End date: empty. The task will be restarted for an indefinite number of weeks.
This schedule is widely used when creating a custom backup scheme. The "Workdays"-like schedule is
added to the incremental backups, while the full backup is scheduled to be performed one day in the
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165
week. For more details, see the Full and incremental backups plus cleanup example in the Custom
backup scheme (p. 208) section.
Several weekly schedules for one task
In the case when the task needs to be run on different days of the weeks with different time
intervals, consider adding a dedicated schedule to every desired day of the week, or to several days.
For example, you need the task to be run with the following schedule:
•
Monday: twice at 12 PM (noon) and 9 PM
•
•
•
Tuesday: every 3 hours from 9 AM till 9 PM
•
•
•
Friday: twice at 12 PM and 9 PM (i.e. same as on Monday)
Wednesday: every 3 hours from 9 AM till 9 PM
Thursday: every 3 hours from 9 AM till 9 PM
Saturday: once at 9 PM
Sunday: once at 9 PM
Combining the identical times, the following three schedules can be added to the task:
First schedule
1. Every: 1 week(s) on: Mon, Fri.
2. Every: 9 hours
From: 12:00:00 PM Until: 09:00:00 PM.
3. Effective:
From: not set.
To: not set.
Second schedule
1. Every 1 week(s) on: Tue, Wed, Thu.
2. Every 3 hours
From 09:00:00 AM until 09:00:00 PM.
3. Effective:
From: not set.
To: not set.
Third schedule
1. Every: 1 week(s) on: Sat, Sun.
2. Once at: 09:00:00 PM.
3. Effective:
From: not set.
To: not set.
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Copyright © Acronis, Inc., 2000-2009
5.3. Monthly schedule
Monthly schedule is effective in Windows and Linux operating systems.
To specify a monthly schedule
In the Schedule area, select the appropriate parameter as follows:
Months: <...>
Select a certain month(s) you want to run the task in.
Days: <...>
Select specific days of the month to run the task on. You can also select the
last day of the month, irrespective of its actual date.
On: <...> <...>
Select specific days of the weeks to run the task on.
In the During the day execute the task... area, select one of the following:
Once at: <...>
Set up the time at which the task will be run once.
Every: <...>
Set up how many times the task will be run during the specified time
interval. For example, setting the task frequency to Every 1 hour From
10:00:00 AM until 10:00:00 PM allows the task to be run 12 times from
10 AM to 10 PM during one day.
From: <...> Until: <...>
In the Effective... area, set the following settings:
From: <...>
Set up a date when this schedule will be enabled (an effective date). If this
check box is cleared, the task will be started on the nearest day and time you
have specified above.
To: <...>
Set up a date when this schedule will be disabled. If this check box is cleared,
the task will be run for an indefinite number of months.
Advanced scheduling settings (p. 169) are available only for machines registered on Acronis Backup &
Recovery 10 Management Server. To specify these settings, click Change in the Advanced settings
area.
All the settings you made are displayed in the Result field at the bottom of the window.
Examples
"Last day of every month" schedule
Run the task once at 10 PM on the last day of every month.
The schedule's parameters are set up as follows.
1. Months: <All months>.
2. Days: Last. The task will run on the last day of every month despite its actual date.
3. Once at: 10:00:00 PM.
4. Effective:
From: empty.
To: empty.
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This schedule is widely used when creating a custom backup scheme. The "Last day of every month"
schedule is added to the full backups, while the differential backups are scheduled to be performed
once a week and incremental on workdays. For more details, see the Monthly full, weekly
differential, and daily incremental backups plus cleanup example in the Custom backup scheme (p.
208) section.
"Season" schedule
Run the task on all workdays during the northern autumn seasons of 2009 and 2010. During a
workday, the task is performed every 6 hours from 12 AM (midnight) till 6 PM.
The schedule's parameters are set up as follows.
1. Months: September, October, November.
2. On: <all> <workdays>.
3. Every: 6 hours.
From: 12:00:00 AM Until: 06:00:00 PM.
4. Effective:
From: 08/30/2009. Actually the task will be started on the first workday of September. By setting
up this date we just define that the task must be started in 2009.
To: 12/01/2010. Actually the task will end on the last workday of November. By setting up this
date we just define that the task must be discontinued in 2010, after autumn ends in the
northern hemisphere.
Several monthly schedules for one task
In the case when the task needs to be run on different days or weeks with different time intervals
depending on the month, consider adding a dedicated schedule to every desired month or several
months.
Suppose that the task goes into effect on 11/01/2009.
•
•
•
During northern winter, the task runs once at 10PM on every workday.
During northern spring and autumn, the task runs every 12 hours on all workdays.
During northern summer, the task runs every first and fifteenth of every month at 10 PM.
Thus, the following three schedules are added to the task.
First schedule
1. Months: December, January, February.
2. On: <All> <All workdays>
3. Once at: 10:00:00 PM.
4. Effective:
From: 11/01/2009.
To: not set.
Second schedule
1. Months: March, April, May, September, October, November.
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2. On: <All> <All workdays>.
3. Every: 12 hours
From: 12:00:00 AM Until: 12:00:00 PM.
4. Effective:
From: 11/01/2009.
To: not set.
Third schedule
1. Months: June, July, August.
2. Days: 1, 15.
3. Once at: 10:00:00 PM.
4. Effective:
From: 11/01/2009.
To: not set.
5.4. Advanced scheduling settings
The following advanced settings are available when you select a daily, weekly, or monthly schedule
for machines registered on Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Management Server.
Use Wake-on-LAN
This setting is available when creating a backup policy or a backup plan.
When this setting is enabled, Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Management Server will use the Wakeon-LAN (WOL) functionality to wake up turned-off registered machines when backup is scheduled to
start.
If the backup task on each machine starts with a delay (see the next setting), the management server
will wake up the machines according to those delays.
Before using this setting, make sure that you have enabled Wake-on-LAN on the registered machines.
The machine's basic input/output system (BIOS) configuration, network adapter configuration, and
the operating system configuration must allow waking up the machine from the powered-off state—
also known as the S5 or G2 power state.
Distribute start time within the time window
This setting is available only when creating a backup policy.
When this setting is enabled, the backup task on each registered machine will start with a specific
delay from the start time set in the policy. This distributes the tasks' actual start times within a time
interval.
You may want to use this setting when creating a backup policy for backing up multiple machines to a
network location, to avoid excessive network load.
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Delay values range from zero to the specified maximum delay value, and are determined according to
the chosen distribution method.
The delay value for each machine is determined when the policy is deployed to the machine, and
remains the same until you edit the policy and change the maximum delay value.
The conditions, if any, will be checked at the task's actual start time on each machine.
The following examples illustrate this setting.
Example 1
Suppose that you are deploying a backup policy with the following schedule to three machines:
Run the task: Daily
Once at: 09:00:00 AM
Distribute start time within the time window
Maximum delay: 1 Hour(s)
Distribution method: Random
Then the task's start time on each machine may be any time between 09:00:00 AM and
09:59:59 AM—for instance:
First machine: Every day at 09:30:03 AM
Second machine: Every day at 09:00:00 AM
Third machine: Every day at 09:59:59 AM
Example 2
Suppose that you are deploying a backup policy with the following schedule to three machines:
Run the task: Daily
Every: 2 Hour(s) From: 09:00:00 AM Until: 11:00:00 AM
Distribute start time within the time window
Maximum delay: 1 Hour(s)
Distribution method: Random
Then the time of the task's first run on each machine may be any time between 09:00:00 AM and
09:59:59 AM; the interval between the first and the second run is exactly two hours—for
instance:
First machine: Every day at 09:30:03 AM and 11:30:03 AM
Second machine: Every day at 09:00:00 AM and 11:00:00 AM
Third machine: Every day at 09:59:59 AM and 11:59:59 AM
To specify advanced settings
1. Connect to the management server or to a machine registered on it, and then start creating a
backup policy or a backup plan.
2. In How to back up, select the Simple, Tower of Hanoi, or Custom scheme, and then click Change
to specify a schedule for the scheme.
3. Under Run the task, select Daily, Weekly, or Monthly.
4. In the Advanced settings area, click Change.
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5. To enable the use of the Wake-on-LAN functionality, select the Use Wake-on-LAN check box.
6. To distribute the centralized backup tasks' start times, select the Distribute start time within the
time window check box and then specify the maximum delay value and the distribution method.
5.5. At Windows Event Log event
This type of schedule is effective only in Windows operating systems.
You can schedule a backup task to start when a certain Windows event has been recorded in one of
the event logs such as the Application, Security, or System log.
For example, you may want to set up a backup plan that will automatically perform an emergency full
backup of your data as soon as Windows discovers that your hard disk drive is about to fail.
Parameters
Log name
Specifies the name of the log. Select the name of a standard log (Application, Security, or
System) from the list, or type a log name—for example: Microsoft Office Sessions
Event source
Specifies the event source, which typically indicates the program or the system component that
caused the event—for example: disk
Event type
Specifies the event type: Error, Warning, Information, Audit success, or Audit failure.
Event ID
Specifies the event number, which typically identifies the particular kind of events among events
from the same source.
For example, an Error event with Event source disk and Event ID 7 occurs when Windows
discovers a bad block on a disk, whereas an Error event with Event source disk and Event ID 15
occurs when a disk is not ready for access yet.
Examples
"Bad block" emergency backup
One or more bad blocks that have suddenly appeared on a hard disk usually indicate that the hard
disk drive will soon fail. Suppose that you want to create a backup plan that will back up hard disk
data as soon as such a situation occurs.
When Windows detects a bad block on a hard disk, it records an event with the event source disk and
the event number 7 into the System log; the type of this event is Error.
When creating the plan, type or select the following in the Schedule area:
•
•
Log name: System
Event source: disk
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•
•
Event type: Error
Event ID: 7
Important: To ensure that such a task will complete despite the presence of bad blocks, you must make the task
ignore bad blocks. To do this, in Backup options, go to Error handling, and then select the Ignore bad sectors
check box.
Pre-update backup in Vista
Suppose that you want to create a backup plan that will automatically perform a backup of the
system—for example, by backing up the volume where Windows is installed—every time that
Windows is about to install updates.
Having downloaded one or more updates and scheduled their installation, the Microsoft Windows
Vista operating system records an event with the event source Microsoft-WindowsWindowsUpdateClient and event number 18 into the System log; the type of this event is
Information.
When creating the plan, type or select the following in the Schedule area:
•
•
•
Log name: System
•
Event ID: 18
Event source: Microsoft-Windows-WindowsUpdateClient
Event type: Information
Tip: To set up a similar backup plan for machines running Microsoft Windows XP, replace the text in Event
source with Windows Update Agent and leave the remaining fields the same.
How to view events in Event viewer
To open a log in Event Viewer
1. On the Desktop or in the Start menu, right-click My Computer, and then click Manage.
2. In the Computer Management console, expand System Tools, and then expand Event Viewer.
3. In Event Viewer, click the name of a log that you want to view—for example, Application.
Note: To be able to open the security log (Security), you must be a member of the Administrators group.
To view properties of an event, including the event source and event number
1. In Event Viewer, click the name of a log that you want to view—for example, Application.
Note: To be able to open the security log (Security), you must be a member of the Administrators group.
2. In the list of events in the right pane, double-click the name of an event whose properties you
want to view.
3. In the Event Properties dialog box, view the event's properties such as the event source, shown
in the Source field; and the event number, shown in the Event ID field.
When you are finished, click OK to close the Event Properties dialog box.
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5.6. Conditions
Conditions add more flexibility to the scheduler, enabling to execute backup tasks with respect to
certain conditions. Once a specified event occurs (see the Scheduling section for the list of available
events), the scheduler checks the specified condition and executes the task if the condition is met.
The scheduler behavior in case the event occurs but the condition (or any of multiple conditions) is
not met, is defined by the Task start conditions (p. 107) backup option. There, you can specify how
important the conditions are for the backup strategy:
•
•
•
conditions are obligatory - put the backup task run on hold until all the conditions are met.
conditions are preferable, but a backup task run has higher priority - put the task on hold for the
specified time interval. If the time interval lapses and the conditions are still not met, run the task
anyway. With this setting, the program will automatically handle the situation when the
conditions are not met for too long and further delaying the backup is undesirable.
backup task start time matters - skip the backup task if the conditions are not met at the time
when the task should be started. Skipping the task run makes sense when you need to back up
data strictly at the specified time, especially if the events are relatively often.
Adding multiple conditions
Multiple conditions must be met simultaneously to enable task execution.
Example:
It is required to run the backup task after free space on the managed machine is changed by at least
1 GB, but only if all users are logged off and more than 12 hours have passed since the last backup.
Set the schedule, conditions and the Task start conditions backup option as follows:
•
•
Schedule: When free space changed; Value: Run task if free space has changed by at least: 1 GB.
•
•
Condition: Time since last backup; Value: Time since the last backup: 12 hour(s).
Condition: User logged off; Value: Run the task on schedule only if all users are logged off.
Task start conditions: Wait until the conditions are met.
If the free space changes by more than 1 GB, the scheduler will wait until both conditions are met at
the same time and then run the backup task.
5.6.1.
User is idle
Applies to: Windows
"User is idle" means that a screen saver is running on the managed machine or the machine is locked.
Example:
Run the backup task on the managed machine every day at 9PM, preferably when the user is idle. If
the user is still active by 11PM, run the task anyway.
•
•
Event: Daily, every 1 day(s); Once at: 09:00:00 PM.
Condition: User is idle.
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•
Task start conditions: Wait until the conditions are met, Run the task anyway after 2 hour(s).
As a result,
(1) If the user becomes idle before 9PM, the backup task will start at 9PM.
(2) If the user becomes idle between 9PM and 11PM, the backup task will start immediately after the
user becomes idle.
(3) If the user is still active at 11PM, the backup task starts anyway.
5.6.2.
Location is available
Applies to: Windows, Linux
"Location is available" means that the destination specified for storing archives on a networked drive
is accessible for creating a backup.
Example:
Backing up data to the networked location is performed on workdays at 9PM. If the location is not
available at that moment (for instance, due to maintenance work), skip the backup and wait for the
next workday to start the task. It is assumed that the backup task should not be started at all rather
than failed.
•
Event: Weekly, Every 1 week(s) on <workdays>; Once at 09:00:00 PM.
•
•
Condition: Location is available
Task start conditions: Skip the task execution.
As a result,
(1) If 9PM comes and the archive location is available, the backup task starts right on time.
(2) If 9PM comes but the archive location is unavailable, the backup task will start on the next
workday if the location is available.
(3) If the location will never be available on workdays at 9PM, the task never starts.
5.6.3.
Fits time interval
Applies to: Windows, Linux
Restricts a backup task's start time to a specified interval.
Example
A company uses different locations on the same network-attached storage for backing up users data
and servers. The workday starts at 8AM and ends at 5 PM. Users' data should be backed up as soon
as the users log off, but not earlier than 4:30 PM and not later than 10 PM. Every day at 11 PM the
company's servers are backed up. So, all the users' data should be preferably backed up before this
time, in order to free network bandwidth. By specifying the upper limit as 10 PM, it is supposed that
the backing up of users' data does not take more than one hour. If a user is still logged on within the
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specified time interval, or logs off at any other time – do not back up the users' data, i.e. skip task
execution.
•
Event: When logging off, The following user: Any user.
•
•
Condition: Fits the time interval, from 04:30:00 PM until 10:00:00 PM.
Task start conditions: Skip the task execution.
As a result,
(1) if the user logs off between 04:30:00 PM and 10:00:00 PM, the backup task will start immediately
following the logging off.
(2) if the user logs off at any other time, the task will be skipped.
What if...
What if a task is scheduled to be executed at a certain time and this time is outside the specified time
interval?
For example:
•
•
Event: Daily, Every 1 day(s); Once at 03:00:00 PM.
Condition: Fits time interval, from 06:00:00 PM until 11:59:59 PM.
In this case, whether and when the task will run depends on the task start conditions:
•
If the task start conditions are Skip the task execution, the task will never run.
•
If the task start conditions are Wait until the conditions are met and the Run the task anyway
after check box is cleared, the task (scheduled to run at 3:00 PM) will start at 6:00 PM—the time
when the condition is met.
•
If the task start conditions are Wait until the conditions are met and the Run the task anyway
after check box is selected with, say, the 1 Hour waiting time, the task (scheduled to run at
3:00 PM) will start at 4:00 PM—the time when the waiting period ends.
5.6.4.
User logged off
Applies to: Windows
Enables to put a backup task run on hold until all users log off from Windows on the managed
machine.
Example
Run the backup task at 8 PM on the first and third Friday of every month, preferably when all users
are logged off. If one of the users is still logged on at 11 PM, run the task anyway.
•
Event: Monthly, Months: <All>; On: <First>, <Third> <Friday>; Once at 08:00:00 PM.
•
•
Condition: User logged off.
Task start conditions: Wait until the conditions are met, Run the task anyway after 3 hour(s).
As a result,
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(1) If all users are logged off at 8PM, the backup task will start at 8PM.
(2) If the last user logs off between 8PM and 11PM, the backup task will start immediately after the
user has logged off.
(3) If any of the users is still logged on at 11PM, the backup task starts anyway.
5.6.5.
Time since last backup
Applies to: Windows, Linux
Enables to put a backup task run on hold until the specified time interval since the last successful
backup completion passes.
Example:
Run the backup task after free space on the managed machine has changed by at least 1 GB, but only
if more than 12 hours have passed since the last successful backup.
•
•
•
Event: When free space changed, Run task if free space has changed by at least: 1 GB.
Condition: Time since last backup, Time since the last backup: 12 hour(s).
Task start conditions: Wait until the conditions are met.
As a result,
(1) if the free space changes by more than 1GB before 12 hours pass since the successful completion
of the last backup, the scheduler will wait until 12 hours pass, and then will start the task.
(2) if the free space changes by more than 1GB after 12 hours pass since the last backup successful
completion, the backup task will start immediately.
(3) if the free space never changes by more than 1GB, the task will never start. You can start the
backup manually, if need be, in the Backup plans and tasks view.
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6. Direct management
This section covers operations that can be performed directly on a managed machine by using the
direct console-agent connection. The content of this section is applicable to both stand-alone and
advanced editions of Acronis Backup & Recovery 10.
6.1. Administering a managed machine
This section describes the views that are available through the navigation tree of the console
connected to a managed machine, and explains how to work with each view.
6.1.1.
Dashboard
Use the Dashboard to estimate at a glance whether the data is successfully protected on the
machine. The dashboard shows the summary of Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 agent's activities and
enables you to rapidly identify and resolve any issues.
Alerts
The alerts section draws your attention to issues that have occurred on the machine and offers you
ways of fixing or examining them. The most critical issues are displayed on the top. If there are no
alerts or warnings at the moment, the system displays "No alerts or warnings".
Types of alerts
The table below illustrates the types of messages you may observe.
Description
Offer
Comment
X tasks failed
Show tasks
Show tasks will open the Backup plans and Tasks view
with failed tasks, where you can examine the reason of
failure.
X task(s) need(s) user
interaction
Show tasks
Each time a task needs human interaction, the Dashboard
shows a message to inform you what action has to be
performed (for example, insert new CD or
Stop/Retry/Ignore on an error).
License check failed: "X days
remaining until the software
stops working. Please make
sure you have a valid license
on Acronis License Server"
Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Agent for Windows
periodically checks whether its license is available on
Acronis License Server. After the Agent is unable to check
for the license for X more days, it will stop working until a
successful check.
The Agent checks for the license when it starts and then
every 1–5 days, as specified by the configuration
parameters.
Cannot check the license key
for X days. Either Acronis
License Server was
unavailable, or the license
key data was corrupted.
Copyright © Acronis, Inc., 2000-2009
For the past X days, Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Agent
for Windows was unable to check whether its license is
available on Acronis License Server. This is probably due
to the license server being unavailable. You may also
want to ensure that the licenses are present on the
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Check connectivity to the
server and run Acronis
License Server to manage
licenses.
license server.
Trial period is over
Insert a full
license key
15 day trial period has expired. Enter a full license key.
Low free space on X vaults
Show list
Show list will take you to the Vaults view where you can
examine the vault size, free space, content and take the
necessary steps to increase the free space.
Bootable rescue media was
not created
Create now
To be able to recover an operating system when the
machine fails to boot, you must:
1
Back up the system volume (and the boot volume, if
it is different)
2
Create at least one bootable media (p. 341).
Create now will launch the Bootable Media Builder (p.
348).
No backups performed
within last X days
Back up
now
The Dashboard warns you that no data was backed up on
the machine for a relatively long period of time.
Back up now will take you to Create a Backup Plan page
where you can instantly configure and run the backup
operation.
To configure the time interval that is considered as
critical, select Options > Console options > Time-based
alerts.
Trial version of product
expires in X days
Not connected to the
management server for 3
days
Once the trial version of the product is installed, the
program starts the countdown of days remaining until the
trial period expires.
Show log
This type of message can appear on a machine that is
registered on a management server. The Dashboard
warns you that the connection might be lost or the server
might be unavailable and the machine is not centrally
managed as a result.
Click Show log to open the Log view, where you can
examine the log entries and find out the reason of the
issue.
Activities
The calendar lets you explore the history of the Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 agent's activities on
the machine. Right-click on any highlighted date and select View log to see the list of log entries
filtered by date.
On the View section (at the right of the calendar), you can select the activities to highlight depending
on the presence and severity of the errors.
How it is determined
Errors
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Highlight the date in red if at least one "Error" entry appeared in the log on this date.
Copyright © Acronis, Inc., 2000-2009
Warnings
Highlight the date in yellow if no "Error" entries appeared and at least one "Warning"
entry appeared in the log on this date.
Information
Highlight the date in green if only "Information" log entries appeared on this date (normal
activity.)
The Select current date link focuses selection to the current date.
System view
Shows summarized statistics of backup plans, tasks, and brief information on the last backup. Click
the items in this section to obtain the relevant information. This will take you to the Backup plans
and tasks (p. 179) view with pre-filtered plans or tasks. For instance, if you click Local under Backup
plans, the Backup plans and tasks view will be opened with backup plans filtered by the Local origin.
6.1.1.1.
Tasks need interaction
This window accumulates all the tasks that require user interaction in one place. It enables you to
specify your decision, such as to confirm reboot or to retry after freeing-up the disk space, on each of
the tasks. Until at least one task requires interaction, you can open this window at any time from the
managed machine's Dashboard (p. 177).
If you select the check box for the Do not show this window when tasks require interaction. I will
see this information in the tasks' details and dashboard. parameter, the tasks will be displayed on
the Dashboard among other alerts and warnings.
Alternatively, you can review the task execution states in the Backup plans and tasks (p. 179) view
and specify your decision on each task in the Information panel (or in the Task details (p. 187)
window).
6.1.2.
Backup plans and tasks
The Backup plans and tasks view keeps you informed of data protection on a given machine. It lets
you monitor and manage backup plans and tasks.
A backup plan is a set of rules that specify how the given data will be protected on a given machine.
Physically, a backup plan is a bundle of tasks configured for execution on a managed machine. To find
out what a backup plan is currently doing on the machine, check the backup plan execution state (p.
180). A backup plan state is a cumulative state of the plan's tasks.The status of a backup plan (p. 180)
helps you to estimate whether the data is successfully protected.
A task is a set of sequential actions to be performed on a machine when a certain time comes or
certain event occurs. To keep track of a task's current progress, examine its state (p. 181). Check a
task status (p. 182) to ascertain the result of a task.
Way of working
•
Use filters to display the desired backup plans (tasks) in the backup plans table. By default, the
table displays all the plans of the managed machine sorted by name. You can also hide the
unneeded columns and show the hidden ones. See the Filtering and sorting backup plans and
tasks (p. 186) section for details.
•
In the backup table, select the backup plan (task).
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•
Use the toolbar's buttons to take an action on the selected plan (task). See the Actions on backup
plans and tasks (p. 183) section for details. You can run, edit, stop and delete the created plans
and tasks.
•
Use the Information panel to review detailed information on the selected plan (task). The panel is
chevron. The content of the panel is also
collapsed by default. To expand the panel, click the
duplicated in the Plan details (p. 189) and Task details (p. 187) windows respectively.
6.1.2.1.
Understanding states and statuses
Backup plan execution states
A backup plan can be in one of the following execution states: Idle; Waiting; Running; Stopping;
Need Interaction.
Plan states names are the same as task state names because a plan state is a cumulative state of the
plan's tasks.
1
State
How it is determined
How to handle
Need interaction
At least one task needs
user interaction.
Identify the tasks that need interaction (the program will
display what action is needed) -> Stop the tasks or enable the
tasks to run (change media; provide additional space on the
vault; ignore the read error; create the missing Acronis Secure
Zone).
Otherwise, see 2.
2
Running
At least one task is
running.
No action is required.
Otherwise, see 3.
3
Waiting
At least one task is
waiting.
Otherwise, see 4.
Waiting for condition. This situation is quite normal, but
delaying a backup for too long is risky. The solution may be to
set the maximum delay or force the condition (tell the user to
log off, enable the required network connection.)
Waiting while another task locks the necessary resources. A
one-time waiting case may occur when a task start is delayed
or a task run lasts much longer than usual for some particular
reason and this way prevents another task from starting. This
situation is resolved automatically when the obstructing task
comes to an end. Consider stopping a task if it hangs for too
long to enable the next task to start.
Persistent task overlapping may result from an incorrectly
scheduled plan or plans. It makes sense to edit the plan in this
case.
4
Stopping
At least one task is
stopping.
No action is required.
Otherwise, see 5.
5
Idle
All the tasks are idle.
No action is required.
Backup plan statuses
A backup plan can have one of the following statuses: Error; Warning; OK.
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A backup plan status is derived from the results of the last run of the plans' tasks.
1
State
How it is determined
How to handle
Error
At least one task has
failed.
Identify the failed tasks -> Check the tasks log to find out the
reason of the failure, then do one or more of the following:
Otherwise, see 2
•
Remove the reason of the failure -> [optionally] Start the
failed task manually
•
Edit the local plan to prevent its future failure in case a
local plan has failed
•
Edit the backup policy on the management server in case
a centralized plan has failed
When creating a backup plan or policy the administrator can
turn on the option to stop executing the backup plan as soon
as the backup plan gets the Error status. The backup plan's
execution can be resumed using the Restart button.
2
Warning
At least one task has
succeeded with
warnings.
View the log to read the warnings -> [optionally] Perform
actions to prevent the future warnings or failure.
Otherwise, see 3.
3
OK
All the tasks are
completed successfully.
No action is required. Note that a backup plan can be OK in
case none of the tasks has been started yet or some of the
tasks are stopped or being stopped. These situations are
considered as normal.
Task states
A task can be in one of the following states: Idle; Waiting; Running; Stopping; Need interaction. The
initial task state is Idle.
Once the task is started manually or the event specified by the schedule occurs, the task enters either
the Running state or the Waiting state.
Running
A task changes to the Running state when the event specified by the schedule occurs AND all the
conditions set in the backup plan are met AND no other task that locks the necessary resources is
running. In this case, nothing prevents the task from running.
Waiting
A task changes to the Waiting state when the task is about to start, but another task using the
same resources is already running. In particular, more than one backup or recovery task cannot
run simultaneously on a machine. A backup task and a recovery task also cannot run
simultaneously. Once the other task unlocks the resource, the waiting task enters the Running
state.
A task may also change to the Waiting state when the event specified by the schedule occurs but
the condition set in the backup plan is not met. See Task start conditions (p. 107) for details.
Need interaction
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Any running task can put itself into the Need interaction state when it needs human interaction
such as changing media or ignoring a read error. The next state may be Stopping (if the user
chooses to stop the task) or Running (on selecting Ignore/Retry or another action, such as
Reboot, that can put the task to the Running state.)
Stopping
The user can stop a running task or a task that needs interaction. The task changes to the
Stopping state and then to the Idle state. A waiting task can also be stopped. In this case, since
the task is not running, "stop" means removing it from the queue .
Task state diagram
Task statuses
A task can have one of the following statuses: Error; Warning; OK.
A task status is derived from the result of the last run of the task.
1
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Status
How it is determined
How to handle
Error
Last result is "Failed"
Identify the failed task -> Check the task log to find out the
reason of the failure, then do one or more of the following:
•
Remove the reason of the failure -> [optionally] Start the
failed task manually
•
Edit the failed task to prevent its future failure
•
Edit the local plan to prevent its future failure in case a
local plan has failed
Copyright © Acronis, Inc., 2000-2009
•
Edit the backup policy on the management server in case
a centralized plan has failed
2
Warning
Last result is
"Succeeded with
warning"
View the log to read the warnings -> [optionally] Perform
actions to prevent the future warnings or failure.
3
OK
Last result is
"Succeeded", "-", or
"Stopped"
No action is required.
6.1.2.2.
The "-" state means that the task has never been started or
has been started, but has not finished yet and so its result is
not available.
Working with backup plans and tasks
Actions on backup plans and tasks
The following is a guideline for you to perform operations with backup plans and tasks.
To
Do
View details of a plan/task
Backup plan
View details.
Click
In the Plan Details (p. 189) window, review the plan details.
Task
View details.
Click
In the Task Details (p. 187) window, review the task details.
View plan's/task's log
Backup plan
Click
View log.
You will be taken to the Log (p. 190) view containing the list of the plan-related
log entries.
Task
Click
View log.
You will be taken to the Log (p. 190) view containing the list of the task-related
log entries.
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Run a plan/task
Backup plan
Click
Run.
In the Run Backup Plan (p. 187) window, select the task you need to be run.
Running the backup plan starts the selected task of that plan immediately in
spite of its schedule and conditions.
Why can't I run the backup plan?
•
Do not have the appropriate privilege
Without the Administrator privileges on the machine, a user cannot run
plans owned by other users.
Task
Click
Run.
The task will be executed immediately in spite of its schedule and conditions.
Stop a plan/task
Backup plan
Click
Stop.
Stopping the running backup plan stops all its tasks. Thus, all the task operations
will be aborted.
Task
Click
Stop.
What will happen if I stop the task?
Generally, stopping the task aborts its operation (backup, recovery, validation,
exporting, conversion, migration). The task enters the Stopping state first, then
becomes Idle. The task schedule, if created, remains valid. To complete the
operation you will have to run the task over again.
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•
recovery task (from the disk backup): The target volume will be deleted and
its space unallocated – you will get the same result if the recovery is
unsuccessful. To recover the "lost" volume, you will have to run the task
once again.
•
recovery task (from the file backup): The aborted operation may cause
changes in the destination folder. Some files may be recovered, but some
not, depending on the moment when you stopped the task. To recover all
the files, you will have to run the task once again.
Copyright © Acronis, Inc., 2000-2009
Edit a plan/task
Backup plan
Click
Edit.
Backup plan editing is performed in the same way as creation (p. 193), except for
the following limitations:
It is not always possible to use all scheme options, when editing a backup plan if
the created archive is not empty (i.e. contains backups).
1
It is not possible to change the scheme to Grandfather-Father-Son or Tower
of Hanoi.
2
If the Tower of Hanoi scheme is used, it is not possible to change the
number of levels.
In all other cases the scheme can be changed, and should continue to operate as
if existing archives were created by a new scheme. For empty archives all
changes are possible.
Why can't I edit the backup plan?
•
The backup plan is currently running.
Editing of the currently running backup plan is impossible.
•
Do not have the appropriate privilege
Without the Administrator privileges on the machine, a user cannot edit
plans owned by other users.
•
The backup plan has a centralized origin.
Direct editing of centralized backup plans is not possible. You need to edit
the original backup policy.
Task
Click
Edit.
Why can't I edit the task?
•
Task belongs to a backup plan
Only tasks that do not belong to a backup plan, such as a recovery task, can
be modified by direct editing. When you need to modify a task belonging to
a local backup plan, edit the backup plan. A task belonging to a centralized
backup plan can be modified by editing the centralized policy that spawned
the plan. Only the management server administrator can do so.
•
Do not have the appropriate privilege
Without the Administrator privileges on the machine, a user cannot modify
tasks owned by other users.
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Delete a plan/task
Backup plan
Click
Delete.
What will happen if I delete the backup plan?
The plan's deletion deletes all its tasks.
Why can't I delete the backup plan?
•
The backup plan is in the "Running" state
A backup plan cannot be deleted, if at least one of its tasks is running.
•
Do not have the appropriate privilege
Without the Administrator's privileges on the machine, a user cannot delete
plans owned by other users.
•
The backup plan has a centralized origin.
A centralized plan can be deleted by the management server administrator
by revoking the backup policy that produced the plan.
Task
Click
Delete.
Why can't I delete the task?
•
Task belongs to a backup plan
A task belonging to a backup plan cannot be deleted separately from the
plan. Edit the plan to remove the task or delete the entire plan.
•
Do not have the appropriate privilege
Without the Administrator privileges on the machine, a user cannot delete
tasks owned by other users.
Refresh table
Click
Refresh.
The management console will update the list of backup plans and tasks existing
on the machine with the most recent information. Though the list is refreshed
automatically based on events, the data may not be retrieved immediately from
the managed machine, due to some latency. Manual refresh guarantees that the
most recent data is displayed.
Filtering and sorting backup plans and tasks
To
Do
Sort backup plans and tasks
by: name, state, status, type,
origin, etc.
Click the column's header to sort the backup plans and tasks in ascending
order.
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Click it once again to sort the plans and tasks in descending order.
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Filter plans/tasks by name or
owner.
Type a plan's/task's name or an owner's name in the field below the
corresponding header name.
As a result you will see the list of tasks, whose names/owners' names fully or
just partly coincide with the entered value.
Filter plans and tasks by
state, status, type, origin,
last result, schedule.
In the field below the corresponding header, select the required value from
the list.
Configuring backup plans and the tasks table
By default, the table has six columns that are displayed, others are hidden. If required, you can hide
the displayed columns and show hidden ones.
To show or hide columns
1. Right-click any column header to open the context menu. The menu items that are ticked off
correspond to column headers presented in the table.
2. Click the items you want to be displayed/hidden.
Run backup plan
The backup plan is considered as running if at least one of its tasks is running. The Run backup plan
window lets you run the task of the selected backup plan manually, in spite of its schedule.
To run a task of the selected backup plan
1. Select the task of the backup plan you need to run. To make certain of your selection, check the
task information gathered in tabs at the bottom of the window. This information is also
duplicated in the Task details (p. 187) window.
2. Click OK.
Temporarily disabling a backup plan
Temporarily disabling a backup plan is needed when moving archives from one vault to another by
means of the third-party file manager.
Applies to backup plans that use custom backup schemes only.
To disable a backup plan
1. Click
Edit.
2. Enter the backup scheme scheduling option and disable the schedule for the desired period by
changing the Start date and/or End date parameters.
Task details
The Task details window (also duplicated on the Information panel) aggregates all information on the
selected task.
When a task requires user interaction, a message and action buttons appear above the tabs. The
message contains a brief description of the problem. The buttons allow you to retry or stop the task
or the backup plan.
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187
Types of tasks
Task name
Description
Backup (disk)
Backing up disks and volumes
Backup (file)
Backing up files and folders
Backup (virtual machine)
Backing up an entire virtual machine or its volumes
Recovery (disk)
Disk backup recovery
Recovery (file)
File and folder recovery
Recovery (volume)
Recovery of volumes from a disk backup
Recovery (MBR)
Master boot record recovery
Recovery (disk to existing VM)
Recovery of a disk/volume backup to an existing virtual
machine
Recovery (disk to new VM)
Recovery of a disk/volume backup to a new virtual machine
Recovery (existing VM)
Recovery of a virtual machine backup to an existing virtual
machine
Recovery (new VM)
Recovery of a virtual machine backup to a new virtual
machine
Validation (archive)
Validation of a single archive
Validation (backup)
Validation of backups
Validation (vault)
Validation of all archives stored in a vault
Cleanup
Deleting backups from a backup archive in accordance with
retention rules
ASZ creation
Creating Acronis Secure Zone
ASZ management
Resizing, changing password, deleting Acronis Secure Zone
Disk management
Disk management operations
Compacting
Service task performed on a storage node
Depending on the type of task and whether it is running or not, a combination of the following tabs
will appear:
Task
The Task tab is common for all types of tasks. It provides general information on the selected task.
Archive
The Archive tab is available for backup, archive validation and cleanup tasks.
Provides information on the archive: its name, type, size, where it is stored, etc.
Backup
The Backup tab is available for recovery, backup validation, and export tasks.
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Provides details on the selected backup: when it was created, its type (full, incremental, differential),
information on the archive and the vault the backup is stored in.
Settings
The Settings tab displays information on scheduling and the options changed against the default
values.
Progress
The Progress tab is available while the task is running. It is common for all types of tasks. The tab
provides information about task progress, elapsed time and other parameters.
Backup plan details
The Backup plan details window (also duplicated on the Information panel) aggregates in four tabs
all the information on the selected backup plan.
The respective message will appear at the top of the tabs, if one of the plan's tasks requires user
interaction. It contains a brief description of the problem and action buttons that let you select the
appropriate action or stop the plan.
Backup plan
The Backup plan tab provides the following general information on the selected plan:
•
•
Name - name of the backup plan
Origin - whether the plan was created on the managed machine using direct management (local
origin), or appeared on the machine as a result of deploying a backup policy from the
management server (centralized origin).
•
Policy (for backup plans with centralized origin) - name of the backup policy, whose deployment
created the backup plan.
•
•
Account - the name of the account under which the plan runs
•
•
•
•
State - execution state (p. 180) of the backup plan.
•
•
Creation - backup plan creation date.
Owner - the name of the user who created or last modified the plan
Status - status (p. 180) of the backup plan.
Schedule - whether the task is scheduled, or set to start manually.
Last backup - how much time has passed since the last backup.
Comments - description of the plan (if provided).
Source
The Source tab provides the following information on the data selected for backup:
•
Source type - the type of data (p. 195) selected for backing up.
•
Items to back up - items selected to back up and their size.
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189
Destination
The Destination tab provides the following information:
•
•
•
Location - name of the vault or path to the folder, where the archive is stored.
Archive name - name of the archive.
Archive comments - comments on the archive (if provided).
Settings
The Settings tab displays the following information:
•
Backup scheme - the selected backup scheme and all its settings with schedules.
•
Validation (if selected) - events before or after which the validation is performed, and validation
schedule.
•
Backup options - backup options changed against the default values.
6.1.3.
Log
The Log stores the history of operations performed by Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 on the machine,
or actions a user takes on the machine using the program. For instance, when a user edits a task, the
respective entry is added to the log. When the program executes a task, it adds multiple entries. With
the log, you can examine operations, results of tasks' execution including reasons for failure, if any.
Way of working with log entries
•
Use filters to display the desired log entries. You can also hide the unneeded columns and show
the hidden ones. See the Filtering and sorting log entries (p. 191) section for details.
•
In the log table, select the log entry (or log entries) to take action on it. See the Actions on log
entries (p. 191) section for details.
•
Use the Information panel to review detailed information on the selected log entry. The panel is
chevron. The content of the panel is also
collapsed by default. To expand the panel, click the
duplicated in the Log entry details (p. 192) window.
Opening the Log with pre-filtered log entries
Having selected items in other administration views (Dashboard, Backup plans and tasks), you can
open the Log view with pre-filtered log entries for the item in question. Thus, you do not have to
configure filters in the log table yourself.
View
Action
Dashboard
In the calendar, right-click on any highlighted date, and then select
View log.
The Log view appears with the list of log entries already filtered by the date in
question.
Backup plans and tasks
Select a backup plan or a task, and then click
View log. The Log view will
display a list of the log entries related to the selected plan or task.
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6.1.3.1.
Actions on log entries
All the operations described below are performed by clicking the corresponding items on the log
toolbar. All these operations can also be performed with the context menu (by right-clicking the log
entry), or with the Log actions bar (on the Actions and tools pane).
The following is a guideline for you to perform actions on log entries.
To
Do
Select a single log entry
Click on it.
Select multiple log
entries
•
non-contiguous: hold down CTRL and click the log entries one by one
•
contiguous: select a single log entry, then hold down SHIFT and click another
entry. All the entries between the first and last selections will be selected too.
View a log entry’s
details
2
Do one of the following
Click
View Details. The log entry's details will be displayed in a separate
window.
•
Expand the Information panel, by clicking the chevron.
Save all the log entries
to a file
Save all the filtered log
entries to a file
6.1.3.2.
Select a log entry.
•
Save the selected log
entries to a file
Delete all the log
entries
1
1
Select a single log entry or multiple log entries.
2
Click
3
In the opened window, specify a path and a name for the file.
1
Make sure, that the filters are not set.
2
Click
3
In the opened window, specify a path and a name for the file.
1
Set filters to get a list of the log entries that satisfy the filtering criteria.
2
Click
3
In the opened window, specify a path and a name for the file. As a result,
the log entries of that list will be saved.
Click
Save Selected to File.
Save All to File.
Save All to File.
Clear Log.
All the log entries will be deleted from the log, and a new log entry will be created. It
will contain information about who deleted the entries and when.
Filtering and sorting log entries
The following is a guideline for you to filter and sort log entries.
To
Display log entries for a
given time period
Do
1
In the From field, select the date starting from which to display the log entries.
2
In the To field, select the date up to which to display the log entries.
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191
Filter log entries by
type
Press or release the following toolbar buttons:
to filter error messages
to filter warning messages
to filter information messages
Filter log entries by the
original backup plan or
managed entity type
Under the Backup plan (or Managed entity type) column header, select the backup
plan or the type of managed entity from the list.
Filter log entries by
task, managed entity,
machine, code, owner
Type the required value (task name, machine name, owner name, etc.) in the field
below the respective column header.
Sort log entries by date
and time
Click the column's header to sort the log entries in ascending order. Click it once again
to sort the log entries in descending order.
As a result you will see that the list of log entries fully or just partly coincide with the
entered value.
Configuring the log table
By default, the table has seven columns that are displayed, others are hidden. If required, you can
hide the shown columns and show the hidden ones.
To show or hide columns
1. Right-click any column header to open the context menu. The menu items that are ticked off
correspond to column headers presented in the table.
2. Click the items you want to be displayed/hidden.
6.1.3.3.
Log entry details
Displays detailed information on the log entry you have selected and lets you copy the details to the
clipboard.
To copy the details, click the Copy to clipboard button.
Log entry data fields
A local log entry contains the following data fields:
•
•
Type - type of event (Error; Warning; Information)
•
•
•
Backup plan - the backup plan the event relates to (if any)
Date - date and time of the event occurrence
Task - the task the event relates to (if any)
Code - the program code of the event. Every type of event in the program has its own code. A
code is an integer number that may be used by Acronis support service to solve the problem.
•
Module - number of the program module where the event has occurred. It is an integer number
that may be used by Acronis support service to solve the problem.
•
•
Owner - user name of the backup plan owner (only under operating system)
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Message - a text description of the event.
Copyright © Acronis, Inc., 2000-2009
The log entry's details that you copy will have the appearance as follows:
---------------------------Log Entry Details--------------------------Type:
Information
Date and time:
DD.MM.YYYY HH:MM:SS
Backup plan:
Backup plan name
Task:
Task name
Message:
Description of the operation
Code:
12(3x45678A)
Module:
Module name
Owner:
Owner of the plan
-----------------------------------------------------------------------
Date and time presentation varies depending on your locale settings.
6.2. Creating a backup plan
Before creating your first backup plan (p. 340), please familiarize yourself with the basic concepts (p.
24) used in Acronis Backup & Recovery 10.
To create a backup plan, perform the following steps.
General
Plan name
[Optional] Enter a unique name for the backup plan. A conscious name lets you identify the
plan among others.
Plan's credentials (p. 195)
[Optional] The backup plan will run on behalf of the user who is creating the plan. You can
change the plan account credentials if necessary. To access this option, select the Advanced
view check box .
Comments
[Optional] Type a description of the backup plan. To access this option, select the Advanced
view check box.
What to backup
Source type (p. 195)
Select the type of data to back up. The type of data depends on the agents installed on the
machine.
Items to backup (p. 196)
Specify the data items to back up. A list of items to backup depends on the data type,
specified previously.
Access credentials (p. 197)
[Optional] Provide credentials for the source data if the plan's account does not have access
permissions to the data. To access this option, select the Advanced view check box .
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193
Exclusions (p. 197)
[Optional] Set up exclusions for the specific types of files you do not wish to back up. To
access this option, select the Advanced view check box.
Where to back up
Archive (p. 198)
Specify path to the location, where the backup archive will be stored, and the archive name.
It is advisable that the archive name be unique within the location. The default archive name
is Archive(N) where N is the sequence number of the archive in the location you have
selected.
Access credentials (p. 200)
[Optional] Provide credentials for the location if the plan account does not have access
permissions to the location. To access this option, select the Advanced view check box.
Archive comments
[Optional] Enter comments on the archive. To access this option, select the Advanced view
check box.
How to back up
Backup scheme (p. 200)
Specify when and how often to back up your data; define for how long to keep the created
backup archives in the selected location; set up schedule for the archive cleanup procedure.
Use well-known optimized backup schemes, such as Grandfather-Father-Son and Tower of
Hanoi; create a custom backup scheme, or back up data once.
Archive validation
When to validate (p. 210)
[Optional] Define when and how often to perform validation and whether to validate the
entire archive or the latest backup in the archive.
Backup options
Settings
[Optional] Configure parameters of the backup operation, such as pre/post backup
commands, maximum network bandwidth allocated for the backup stream or the backup
archive compression level. If you do nothing in this section, the default values (p. 89) will be
used.
After any of the settings is changed against the default value, a new line that displays the
newly set value appears. The setting status changes from Default to Custom. Should you
modify the setting again, the line will display the new value unless the new value is the
default one. When the default value is set, the line disappears and so you always see only the
settings that differ from the default values in this section of the Create backup plan page.
To reset all the settings to the default values, click Reset to default.
After you have performed all the required steps, click OK to create the backup plan.
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After that, you might be prompted for the password (p. 195).
The plan you have created will be accessible for examination and managing in the Backup plans and
tasks (p. 179) view.
6.2.1.
Why is the program asking for the password?
A scheduled or postponed task has to run regardless of users being logged on. In case you have not
explicitly specified the credentials, under which the task(s) will run, the program proposes using your
account. Enter your password, specify another account or change the scheduled start to manual.
6.2.2.
Backup plan's credentials
Provide the credentials for the account under which the plan's tasks will run.
To specify credentials
1. Select one of the following:
o Run under the current user
The tasks will run under the credentials with which the user who starts the tasks is logged on.
If any of the tasks has to run on schedule, you will be asked for the current user's password
on completing the plan creation.
o Use the following credentials
The tasks will always run under the credentials you specify, whether started manually or
executed on schedule.
Specify:
•
User name. When entering the name of an Active Directory user account, be sure to also
specify the domain name (DOMAIN\Username or Username@domain)
•
Password. The password for the account.
2. Click OK.
To learn more about operations available depending on the user privileges, see the Users' privileges
on a managed machine (p. 30) section.
6.2.3.
Source type
Select the type of data you want to be backed up on the managed machine. The list of available data
types depends on the agents managing on the machine:
Files
Available if the Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Agent for Windows (or for Linux) is installed.
Select this option to back up specific files and folders.
If you are not concerned about recovery of the operating system along with all the settings and
applications, but plan to keep safe only certain data (the current project, for example), choose file
backup. This will reduce the archive size, thus saving storage space.
Copyright © Acronis, Inc., 2000-2009
195
Disks/volumes
Available if the Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Agent for Windows (or for Linux) is installed.
Select this option to back up disks and/or volumes. To be able to back up disks or volumes, you must
have Administrator or Backup operator privileges.
Backing up disks and volumes enables you to recover the entire system in case of severe data damage
or hardware failure. The backup procedure is faster than copying files, and may significantly speed up
the backup process when it comes to backing up large volumes of data.
Note for Linux users: We recommend that you unmount any volumes that contain non-journaling file systems—
such as the ext2 file system—before backing them up. Otherwise, these volumes might contain corrupted files
upon recovery; recovery of these volumes with resize might fail.
6.2.4.
Items to back up
The items to backup depend on the source type (p. 195) selected previously.
6.2.4.1.
Selecting disks and volumes
To specify disks/volumes to back up
1. Select the check boxes for the disks and/or volumes to back up. You can select a random set of
disks and volumes.
If your operating system and its loader reside on different volumes, always include both volumes in the
backup. The volumes must also be recovered together; otherwise there is a high risk that the operating
system will not start.
2. [Optional] To create an exact copy of a disk or volume on a physical level, select the Back up
sector-by-sector check box. The resulting backup will be equal in size to the disk being backed up
(if the Compression level option is set to “None”). Use the sector-by-sector backup for backing up
drives with unrecognized or unsupported file systems and other proprietary data formats.
3. Click OK.
What does a disk or volume backup store?
For supported file systems, with the sector-by-sector option turned off, a disk or volume backup
stores only those sectors that contain data. This reduces the resulting backup size and speeds up the
backup and recovery operations.
Windows
The swap file (pagefile.sys) and the file that keeps the RAM content when the machine goes into
hibernation (hiberfil.sys) are not backed up. After recovery, the files will be re-created in the
appropriate place with the zero size.
A volume backup stores all other files and folders of the selected volume independent of their
attributes (including hidden and system files), the boot record, the file allocation table (FAT) if it
exists, the root and the zero track of the hard disk with the master boot record (MBR). The boot
code of GPT volumes is not backed up.
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A disk backup stores all volumes of the selected disk (including hidden volumes such as the
vendor's maintenance partitions) and the zero track with the master boot record.
Linux
A volume backup stores all files and folders of the selected volume independent of their
attributes, a boot record and the file system super block.
A disk backup stores all disk volumes as well as the zero track with the master boot record.
6.2.4.2.
Selecting files and folders
To select files and/or folders for backing up
1. Expand the local folders tree items in order to view its nested folders and files.
2. Select an item by checking the corresponding check box in the tree. Selecting a check box for a
folder means that all its content (files and folders) will be backed up. That is also the case for new
files that will appear there in the future.
A file-based backup is not sufficient for recovery of the operating system. In order to recover your operating
system, you have to perform a disk backup.
Use the table in the right part of the window to browse and select the nested items. Selecting the
check box beside the Name column’s header automatically selects all items in the table. Clearing
this check box automatically deselects all items.
3. Click OK.
6.2.5.
Access credentials for source
Specify the credentials required for access to the data you are going to backup.
To specify credentials
1. Select one of the following:
o Use the plan's credentials
The program will access the source data using the credentials of the backup plan account
specified in the General section.
o Use the following credentials
The program will access the source data using the credentials you specify. Use this option if
the plan's account does not have access permissions to the data.
Specify:
•
User name. When entering the name of an Active Directory user account, be sure to also
specify the domain name (DOMAIN\Username or Username@domain)
•
Password. The password for the account.
2. Click OK.
6.2.6.
Exclusions
Set up exclusions for the specific types of files you do not wish to back up. For example, you may not
want database, hidden and system files and folders, as well as files with specific extensions, to be
stored in the archive.
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To specify which files and folders to exclude:
Set up any of the following parameters:
•
Exclude all hidden files and folders
Select this check box to skip files and folders with the Hidden attribute. If a folder is Hidden, all of
its contents — including files that are not Hidden — will be excluded.
•
Exclude all system files and folders
Select this check box to skip files and folders with the System attribute. If a folder is System, all of
its contents — including files that are not System — will be excluded.
You can view file or folder attributes in the file/folder properties or by using the attrib command. For more
information, refer to the Help and Support Center in Windows.
•
Exclude files matching the following criteria
Select this check box to skip files whose names match any of the criteria — called file masks — in
the list; use the Add, Edit, Remove and Remove All buttons to create the list of file masks.
You can use one or more wildcard characters * and ? in a file mask:
The asterisk (*) substitutes for zero or more characters in a file name; for example, the file mask
Doc*.txt yields files such as Doc.txt and Document.txt
The question mark (?) substitutes for exactly one character in a file name; for example, the file
mask Doc?.txt yields files such as Doc1.txt and Docs.txt — but not the files Doc.txt or Doc11.txt
Exclusion examples
Criterion
Example
Description
By name
File1.log
Excludes all files named File1.log.
By path
C:\Finance\test.log
Excludes the file named test.log located in the folder
C:\Finance
Mask (*)
*.log
Excludes all files with the .log extension.
Mask (?)
my???.log
Excludes all .log files with names consisting of five symbols
and starting with “my”.
6.2.7.
Archive
Specify where the archive will be stored and the name of the archive.
1. Selecting the destination
Enter the full path to the destination in the Path field, or select the desired destination in the
folders tree.
•
To back up data to a centralized vault, expand the Centralized group and click the vault.
•
•
To back up data to a personal vault, expand the Personal group and click the vault.
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To back up data to a local folder on the machine, expand the Local folders group and click the
required folder.
Copyright © Acronis, Inc., 2000-2009
•
To back up data to a network share, expand the Network folders group, select the required
networked machine and, then click the shared folder. If the network share requires access
credentials, the program will ask for them.
Note for Linux users: To specify a Common Internet File System (CIFS) network share which is mounted on a
mount point such as /mnt/share, select this mount point instead of the network share itself.
•
To back up data to an FTP or SFTP server, type the server name or address in the Path field as
follows:
ftp://ftp_server:port _number or sftp://sftp_server:port number
If the port number is not specified, port 21 is used for FTP and port 22 is used for SFTP.
After entering access credentials, the folders on the server become available. Click the
appropriate folder on the server.
You can access the server as an anonymous user if the server enables such access. To do so, click
Use anonymous access instead of entering credentials.
As appears from the original FTP specification, credentials required for access to FTP servers are transferred
through a network as plaintext. This means that the user name and password can be intercepted by an
eavesdropper using a packet sniffer.
•
To back up data to a locally attached tape device, expand the Tape drives group, then click the
required device.
2. Using the archives table
To assist you with choosing the right destination, the table displays the names of the archives
contained in each location you select. While you are reviewing the location content, archives can
be added, deleted or modified by another user or by the program itself according to scheduled
operations. Use the Refresh button to refresh the list of archives.
You can switch between displaying archives by names and displaying the physical representation
of the archives as TIB files using the Show archives and Show TIB files buttons.
3. Naming the new archive
Once you select the archive destination, the program generates a name for the new archive and
displays it in the Name field. The name commonly looks like Archive(1). The generated name is
unique within the selected location. If you are satisfied with the automatically generated name,
click OK. Otherwise enter another unique name and click OK.
Backing up to an existing archive
You can configure the backup plan to back up to an existing archive. To do so, select the archive in
the archives table or type the archive name in the Name field. If the archive is protected with a
password, the program will ask for it in the pop-up window.
By selecting the existing archive, you are meddling in the area of another backup plan that uses the
archive. This is not an issue if the other plan is discontinued, but in general you should follow the rule:
"one backup plan - one archive". Doing the opposite will not prevent the program from functioning
but is not practical or efficient, except for some specific cases.
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Why two or more plans should not back up to the same archive
1. Backing up different sources to the same archive makes using the archive difficult from the
usability standpoint. When it comes to recovery, every second counts, but you might be lost in
the archive content.
Backup plans that operate with the same archive should back up the same data items (say, both
plans back up volume C.)
2. Applying multiple retention rules to an archive makes the archive content in some way
unpredictable. Since each of the rules will be applied to the entire archive, the backups belonging
to one backup plan can be easily deleted along with the backups belonging to the other. You
should especially not expect the classic behavior of the GFS and Tower of Hanoi backup schemes.
Normally, each complex backup plan should back up to its own archive.
6.2.8.
Access credentials for archive location
Specify credentials required for access to the location where the backup archive will be stored. The
user whose name is specified will be considered as the archive owner.
To specify credentials
1. Select one of the following:
o Use the plan's credentials
The program will access the source data using the credentials of the backup plan account
specified in the General section.
o Use the following credentials
The program will access the source data using the credentials you specify. Use this option if
the plan account does not have access permissions to the location. You might need to provide
special credentials for a network share or a storage node vault.
Specify:
•
User name. When entering the name of an Active Directory user account, be sure to also
specify the domain name (DOMAIN\Username or Username@domain)
•
Password. The password for the account.
2. Click OK.
Warning: As appears from the original FTP specification, credentials required for access to FTP servers are
transferred through a network as plaintext. This means that the user name and password can be intercepted by
an eavesdropper using a packet sniffer.
6.2.9.
Backup schemes
Choose one of the available backup schemes:
•
Back up now – to create a backup task for manual start and run the task immediately after its
creation.
•
Back up later – to create a backup task for manual start OR schedule one-time task execution in
the future.
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•
•
Simple – to schedule when and how often to backup data and specify retention rules.
Grandfather-Father-Son – to use the Grandfather-Father-Son backup scheme. The scheme does
not allow data to be backed up more than once a day. You set the days of week when the daily
backup will be performed and select from these days the day of weekly/monthly backup. Then
you set the retention periods for the daily (referred to as "sons"), weekly (referred to as
"fathers") and monthly (referred to as "grandfathers") backups. The expired backups will be
deleted automatically.
•
Tower of Hanoi – to use the Tower of Hanoi backup scheme, where you schedule when and how
often to back up (sessions) and select the number of backup levels (up to 16). In this scheme, the
data can be backed up more than once a day. By setting up the backup schedule and selecting
backup levels, you automatically obtain the rollback period – the guaranteed number of sessions
that you can go back at any time. The automatic cleanup mechanism maintains the required
rollback period by deleting the expired backups and keeping the most recent backups of each
level.
•
Custom – to create a custom scheme, where you are free to set up a backup strategy in the way
your enterprise needs it most: specify multiple schedules for different backup types, add
conditions and specify the retention rules.
6.2.9.1.
Back up now scheme
With the Back up now scheme, the backup will be performed immediately, right after you click the
OK button at the bottom of the page.
In the Backup type field, select whether you want to create a full, incremental or differential backup
(p. 28).
6.2.9.2.
Back up later scheme
With the Back up later scheme, the backup will be performed only once, at the date and time you
specify.
Specify the appropriate settings as follows
Backup type
Select the type of backup: full, incremental, or differential. If there is no full backup in
the archive, a full backup will be created regardless of your selection.
Date and time
Specify when to start the backup.
The task will be
started manually
Select this check box, if you do not need to put the backup task on a schedule and
wish to start it manually afterwards.
6.2.9.3.
Simple scheme
With the simple backup scheme you just schedule when and how often to back up data and set the
retention rule. At the first time a full backup will be created. The next backups will be incremental.
To set up the simple backup scheme, specify the appropriate settings as follows.
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Backup
Set up the backup schedule - when and how often to back up the data.
To learn more about setting up the schedule, see the Scheduling (p. 161) section.
Retention rule
6.2.9.4.
With the simple scheme, only one retention rule (p. 38) is available. Set the retention
period for the backups.
Grandfather-Father-Son scheme
At a glance
•
Daily incremental, weekly differential, and monthly full backups
•
•
Custom day for weekly and monthly backups
Custom retention periods for backups of each type
Description
Let us suppose that we want to set up a backup plan that will regularly produce a series of daily (D),
weekly (W), and monthly (M) backups. Here is a natural way to do this: the following table shows a
sample two-month period for such a plan.
Mo
Tu
We
Th
Fr
Sa
Su
Jan 1—Jan 7
D
D
D
D
W
-
-
Jan 8—Jan 14
D
D
D
D
W
-
-
Jan 15—Jan 21
D
D
D
D
W
-
-
Jan 22—Jan 28
D
D
D
D
M
-
-
Jan 29—Feb 4
D
D
D
D
W
-
-
Feb 5—Feb 11
D
D
D
D
W
-
-
Feb 12—Feb 18
D
D
D
D
W
-
-
Feb 19—Feb 25
D
D
D
D
M
-
-
Feb 26—Mar 4
D
D
D
D
W
-
-
Daily backups run every workday except Friday, which is left for weekly and monthly backups.
Monthly backups run every fourth Friday, and weekly backups run on all other Fridays.
•
•
•
Monthly ("Grandfather") backups are full;
Weekly ("Father") backups are differential;
Daily ("Son") backups are incremental.
Parameters
You can set up the following parameters of a Grandfather-Father-Son (GFS) scheme.
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Start backup at:
Specifies when to start a backup. The default value is 12:00 PM.
Back up on:
Specifies the days on which to perform a backup. The default value is
Workdays.
Weekly/Monthly:
Specifies which of the days selected in the Back up on field you want to
reserve for weekly and monthly backups. A monthly backup will be
performed every fourth such day. The default value is Friday.
Keep backups:
Specifies how long you want the backups to be stored in the archive. A
term can be set in hours, days, weeks, months, or years. For monthly
backups, you can also select Keep indefinitely if you want them to be
saved forever.
The default values for each backup type are as follows.
Daily: 1 week (recommended minimum)
Weekly: 1 month (1 month for keeping backups is equal to four weeks)
Monthly: indefinitely
The retention period for weekly backups must exceed that for daily
backups; the monthly backups' retention period must be greater than
the weekly backups' retention period.
We recommend setting a retention period of at least one week for daily
backups.
At all times, a backup is not deleted until all backups that directly depend on it become subject to deletion as
well. This is why you might see a weekly or a monthly backup remain in the archive for a few days past its
expected expiration date.
If the schedule starts with a daily or a weekly backup, a full backup is created instead.
Examples
Each day of the past week, each week of the past month
Let us consider a GFS backup scheme that many may find useful.
•
•
Back up files every day, including weekends
•
•
Have access to weekly backups of the past month
Be able to recover files as of any date over the past seven days
Keep monthly backups indefinitely.
Backup scheme parameters can then be set up as follows.
•
•
Start backup at: 11:00 PM
Back up on: All days
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•
•
Weekly/monthly: Saturday (for example)
Keep backups:
o Daily: 1 week
o Weekly: 1 month
o Monthly: indefinitely
As a result, an archive of daily, weekly, and monthly backups will be created. Daily backups will be
available for seven days since creation. For instance, a daily backup of Sunday, January 1, will be
available through next Sunday, January 8; the first weekly backup, the one of Saturday, January 7, will
be stored on the system until February 7. Monthly backups will never be deleted.
Limited storage
If you do not want to arrange a vast amount of space to store a huge archive, you may set up a GFS
scheme so as to make your backups more short-lived, at the same time ensuring that your
information can be recovered in case of an accidental data loss.
Suppose that you need to:
•
•
•
•
Perform backups at the end of each working day
Be able to recover an accidentally deleted or inadvertently modified file if this has been
discovered relatively quickly
Have access to a weekly backup for 10 days after it was created
Keep monthly backups for half a year.
Backup scheme parameters can then be set up as follows.
•
•
Start backup at: 6:00 PM
•
•
Weekly/monthly: Friday
Back up on: Workdays
Keep backups:
o Daily: 1 week
o Weekly: 10 days
o Monthly: 6 months
With this scheme, you will have a week to recover a previous version of a damaged file from a daily
backup; as well as 10-day access to weekly backups. Each monthly full backup will be available for six
months since the creation date.
Work schedule
Suppose you are a part-time financial consultant and work in a company on Tuesdays and Thursdays.
On these days, you often make changes to your financial documents, statements, and update the
spreadsheets etc. on your laptop. To back up this data, you may want to:
•
Track changes to the financial statements, spreadsheets, etc. performed on Tuesdays and
Thursdays (daily incremental backup).
•
•
Have a weekly summary of file changes since last month (Friday weekly differential backup).
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Have a monthly full backup of your files.
Copyright © Acronis, Inc., 2000-2009
Moreover, assume that you want to retain access to all backups, including the daily ones, for at least
six months.
The following GFS scheme suits such purposes:
•
•
Start backup at: 11:30 PM
•
•
Weekly/monthly: Friday
Back up on: Tuesday, Thursday, Friday
Keep backups:
o Daily: 6 months
o Weekly: 6 months
o Monthly: 5 years
Here, daily incremental backups will be created on Tuesdays and Thursdays, with weekly and monthly
backups performed on Fridays. Note that, in order to choose Friday in the Weekly/monthly field, you
need to first select it in the Back up on field.
Such an archive would allow you to compare your financial documents as of the first and the last day
of work, and have a five-year history of all documents, etc.
No daily backups
Consider a more exotic GFS scheme:
•
•
•
Start backup at: 12:00 PM
•
Keep backups:
o Daily: 1 week
o Weekly: 1 month
o Monthly: indefinitely
Back up on: Friday
Weekly/monthly: Friday
Backup is thus performed only on Fridays. This makes Friday the only choice for weekly and monthly
backups, leaving no other date for daily backups. The resulting “Grandfather-Father” archive will
hence consist only of weekly differential and monthly full backups.
Even though it is possible to use GFS to create such an archive, the Custom scheme is more flexible in
this situation.
6.2.9.5.
Tower of Hanoi scheme
At a glance
•
•
Up to 16 levels of full, differential, and incremental backups
•
•
One backup of each level is stored at a time
Next-level backups are twice as rare as previous-level backups
Higher density of more recent backups
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Parameters
You can set up the following parameters of a Tower of Hanoi scheme.
Schedule
Set up a daily (p. 162), weekly (p. 164), or monthly (p. 167) schedule. Setting
up schedule parameters allows creating simple schedules (example of a simple
daily schedule: a backup task will be run every 1 day at 10 AM) as well as more
complex schedules (example of a complex daily schedule: a task will be run
every 3 days, starting from January 15. During the specified days the task will
be repeated every 2 hours from 10 AM to 10 PM). Thus, complex schedules
specify the sessions on which the scheme should run. In the discussion below,
"days" can be replaced with "scheduled sessions".
Number of levels
Select from 2 to 16 backup levels. See the example stated below for details.
Roll-back period
The guaranteed number of sessions that one can go back in the archive at any
time. Calculated automatically, depending on the schedule parameters and the
numbers of levels you select. See the example below for details.
Example
Schedule parameters are set as follows
•
Recur: Every 1 day
•
Frequency: Once at 6 PM
Number of levels: 4
This is how the first 14 days (or 14 sessions) of this scheme's schedule look. Shaded numbers denote
backup levels.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
4
1
2
1
3
1
2
1
4
1
2
1
3
1
Backups of different levels have different types:
•
•
•
Last-level (in this case, level 4) backups are full;
Backups of intermediate levels (2, 3) are differential;
First-level (1) backups are incremental.
A cleanup mechanism ensures that only the most recent backups of each level are kept. Here is how
the archive looks on day 8, a day before creating a new full backup.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
4
1
2
1
3
1
2
1
The scheme allows for efficient data storage: more backups accumulate toward the current time.
Having four backups, we could recover data as of today, yesterday, half a week, or a week ago.
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Roll-back period
The number of days we can go back in the archive is different on different days. The minimum
number of days we are guaranteed to have is called the roll-back period.
The following table shows full backup and roll-back periods for schemes of various levels.
Number of
levels
Full backup
every
On different
days, can go
back
Roll-back
period
2
2 days
1 to 2 days
1 day
3
4 days
2 to 5 days
2 days
4
8 days
4 to 11 days
4 days
5
16 days
8 to 23 days
8 days
6
32 days
16 to 47 days
16 days
Adding a level doubles the full backup and roll-back periods.
To see why the number of recovery days varies, let us return to the previous example.
Here are the backups we have on day 12 (numbers in gray denote deleted backups).
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
4
1
2
1
3
1
2
1
4
1
2
1
A new level 3 differential backup has not yet been created, so the backup of day five is still stored.
Since it depends on the full backup of day one, that backup is available as well. This enables us to go
as far back as 11 days, which is the best-case scenario.
The following day, however, a new third-level differential backup is created, and the old full backup is
deleted.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
4
1
2
1
3
1
2
1
4
1
2
1
3
This gives us only a four day recovery interval, which turns out to be the worst-case scenario.
On day 14, the interval is five days. It increases on subsequent days before decreasing again, and so
on.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
4
1
2
1
3
1
2
1
4
1
2
1
3
1
The roll-back period shows how many days we are guaranteed to have even in the worst case. For a
four-level scheme, it is four days.
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6.2.9.6.
Custom backup scheme
At a glance
•
Custom schedule and conditions for backups of each type
•
Custom schedule and retention rules
Parameters
Parameter
Meaning
Full backup
Specifies on what schedule and under which conditions to perform a full
backup.
For example, the full backup can be set up to run every Sunday at 1:00 AM as
soon as all users are logged off.
Incremental
Specifies on what schedule and under which conditions to perform an
incremental backup.
If the archive contains no backups at the time of the task run, a full backup is
created instead of the incremental backup.
Differential
Specifies on what schedule and under which conditions to perform a differential
backup.
If the archive contains no full backups at the time of the task run, a full backup
is created instead of the differential backup.
Retention rules
Specifies what retention rules will be applied to the archive.
For example, the cleanup procedure can be set up to delete all backups older
than six months.
Apply the rules
Specifies when to apply the retention rules (p. 38).
(only if the retention rules
are set)
For example, the cleanup procedure can be set up to run after each backup, and
also on schedule.
This option is available only if you have set at least one retention rule in
Retention rules.
Cleanup schedule
Specifies a schedule for archive cleanup.
(only if On schedule is
selected)
For example, the cleanup can be scheduled to start on the last day of each
month.
This option is available only if you selected On schedule in Apply the rules.
Examples
Weekly full backup
The following scheme yields a full backup performed every Friday night.
Full backup: Schedule: Weekly, every Friday, at 10:00 PM
Here, all parameters except Schedule in Full backup are left empty. All backups in the archive are
kept indefinitely (no archive cleanup is performed).
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Full and incremental backup plus cleanup
With the following scheme, the archive will consist of weekly full backups and daily incremental
backups. We further require that a full backup begin only after all users have logged off.
Full backup: Schedule: Weekly, every Friday, at 10:00 PM
Full backup: Conditions: User is logged off
Incremental: Schedule: Weekly, every workday, at 9:00 PM
Also, let all backups older than one year be deleted from the archive, and let the cleanup be
performed upon creating a new backup.
Retention rules: Delete backups older than 12 months
Apply the rules: After backing up
By default, a one-year-old full backup will not be deleted until all incremental backups that depend
on it become subject to deletion too. For more information, see Retention rules (p. 38).
Monthly full, weekly differential, and daily incremental backups plus cleanup
This example demonstrates the use of all options available in the Custom scheme.
Suppose that we need a scheme that will produce monthly full backups, weekly differential backups,
and daily incremental backups. Then the backup schedule can look as follows.
Full backup: Schedule: Monthly, every Last Sunday of the month, at 9:00 PM
Incremental: Schedule: Weekly, every workday, at 7:00 PM
Differential: Schedule: Weekly, every Saturday, at 8:00 PM
Further, we want to add conditions that have to be satisfied for a backup task to start. This is set up in
the Conditions fields for each backup type.
Full backup: Conditions: Location available
Incremental: Conditions: User is logged off
Differential: Conditions: User is idle
As a result, a full backup—originally scheduled at 9:00 PM—may actually start later: as soon as the
backup location becomes available. Likewise, backup tasks for incremental and differential backups
will wait until all users are logged off and users are idle, respectively.
Finally, we create retention rules for the archive: let us retain only backups that are no older than six
months, and let the cleanup be performed after each backup task and also on the last day of every
month.
Retention rules: Delete backups older than 6 months
Apply the rules: After backing up, On schedule
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Cleanup schedule: Monthly, on the Last day of All months, at 10:00 PM
By default, a backup is not deleted as long as it has dependent backups that must be kept. For
example, if a full backup has become subject to deletion, but there are incremental or differential
backups that depend on it, the deletion is postponed until all the dependent backups can be deleted
as well.
For more information, see Retention rules (p. 38).
Resulting tasks
Any custom scheme always produces three backup tasks and—in case the retention rules are
specified—a cleanup task. Each task is listed in the list of tasks either as Scheduled (if the schedule
has been set up) or as Manual (if the schedule has not been set up).
You can manually run any backup task or cleanup task at any time, regardless of whether it has a
schedule.
In the first of the previous examples, we set up a schedule only for full backups. However, the scheme
will still result in three backup tasks, enabling you to manually start a backup of any type:
•
•
Full backup, runs every Friday at 10:00 PM
•
Differential backup, runs manually
Incremental backup, runs manually
You can run any of these backup tasks by selecting it from the list of tasks in the Backup plans and
tasks section in the left pane.
If you have also specified the retention rules in your backup scheme, the scheme will result in four
tasks: three backup tasks and one cleanup task.
6.2.10. Archive validation
Set up the validation task to check if the backed up data is recoverable. If the backup could not pass
the validation successfully, the validation task fails and the backup plan gets the Error status.
To set up validation, specify the following parameters
1. When to validate – select when to perform the validation. As the validation is a resourceintensive operation, it makes sense to schedule the validation to the managed machine's off-peak
period. On the other hand, if the validation is a major part of your data protection strategy and
you prefer to be immediately informed whether the backed up data is not corrupted and can be
successfully recovered, think of starting the validation right after backup creation.
2. What to validate – select either to validate the entire archive or the latest backup in the archive.
Validation of a file backup imitates recovery of all files from the backup to a dummy destination.
Validation of a volume backup calculates a checksum for every data block saved in the backup.
Validation of the archive will validate all the archive’s backups and may take a long time and a lot
of system resources.
3. Validation schedule (appears only if you have selected the on schedule in step 1) - set the
schedule of validation. For more information see the Scheduling (p. 161) section.
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6.3. Recovering data
When it comes to data recovery, first consider the most functional method: connect the console to
the managed machine running the operating system and create the recovery task.
If the managed machine's operating system fails to start or you need to recover data to bare metal,
boot the machine from the bootable media (p. 341) or using Acronis Startup Recovery Manager (p.
47). Then, create a recovery task.
Acronis Universal Restore (p. 47) lets you recover and boot up Windows on dissimilar hardware or a
virtual machine.
A Windows system can be brought online in seconds while it is still being recovered. Using the
proprietary Acronis Active Restore (p. 49) technology, Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 will boot the
machine into the operating system found in the backup as if the system were on the physical disk.
The system becomes operational and ready to provide necessary services. Thus, the system
downtime will be minimal.
A dynamic volume can be recovered over an existing volume, to unallocated space of a disk group, or
to unallocated space of a basic disk. To learn more about recovering dynamic volumes, please turn to
the Microsoft LDM (Dynamic volumes) (p. 41) section.
Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Agent for Windows has the ability to recover a disk (volume) backup to
a new virtual machine of any of the following types: VMware Workstation, Microsoft Virtual PC,
Parallels Workstation or Citrix XenServer virtual appliance. The virtual appliance can then be
imported to XenServer. The VMware Workstation machine can be converted to the open
virtualization format (OVF) using the VMware OVF tool. With Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Agent for
Hyper-V or Agent for ESX/ESXi, you can create a new virtual machine on the respective virtualization
server.
You might need to prepare target disks before recovery. Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 includes a
handy disk management utility which enables you to create or delete volumes, change a disk
partitioning style, create a disk group and perform other disk management operations on the target
hardware, both under the operating system and on bare metal. To find out more about Acronis Disk
Director LV, see the Disk management (p. 256) section.
To create a recovery task, perform the following steps
General
Task name
[Optional] Enter a unique name for the recovery task. A conscious name lets you quickly
identify the task among the others.
Task credentials (p. 213)
[Optional] The task will run on behalf of the user who is creating the task. You can change the
task account credentials if necessary. To access this option, select the Advanced view check
box .
What to recover
Archive (p. 213)
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Select the archive to recover data from.
Data type (p. 214)
Applies to: disk recovery
Choose the type of data you need to recover from the selected disk backup.
Content (p. 214)
Select the backup and content to be recovered.
Access credentials (p. 216)
[Optional] Provide credentials for the archive location if the task account does not have the
right to access it. To access this option, select the Advanced view check box.
Where to recover
This section appears after the required backup is selected and the type of data to recover is
defined. The parameters you specify here depend on the type of data being recovered.
Disks (p. 216)
Volumes (p. 218)
Files (p. 221)
You may have to specify credentials for the destination. Skip this step when operating on a
machine booted with bootable media.
Access credentials (p. 223)
[Optional] Provide credentials for the destination if the task credentials do not enable
recovery of the selected data. To access this option, select the Advanced view check box.
When to recover
Recover (p. 223)
Select when to start recovery. The task can start immediately after its creation, be scheduled
for a specified date and time in the future or simply saved for manual execution.
[Optional] Acronis Universal Restore
Applies to: Windows OS and system volume recovery
Universal Restore (p. 223)
Use the Acronis Universal Restore when you need to recover and boot up Windows on
dissimilar hardware.
Automatic drivers search
Specify where the program should search for HAL, mass storage and network adapter drivers.
Acronis Universal Restore will install drivers that better fit the target hardware.
Mass storage drivers to install anyway
[Optional] Specify the mass storage drivers manually if the automatic drivers search has not
found the appropriate drivers. To access this option, select the Advanced view check box.
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Recovery options
Settings
[Optional] Customize the recovery operation by configuring the recovery options, such as
pre/post recovery commands, recovery priority, error handling or notification options. If you
do nothing in this section, the default values (p. 112) will be used.
After any of the settings is changed against the default value, a new line that displays the
newly set value appears. The setting status changes from Default to Custom. Should you
modify the setting again, the line will display the new value unless the new value is the
default one. When the default value is set, the line disappears and so you always see only the
settings that differ from the default values in the Settings section.
Clicking Reset to default resets all the settings to default values.
After you complete all the required steps, click OK to create the commit creating of the recovery task.
6.3.1.
Task credentials
Provide credentials for the account under which the task will run.
To specify credentials
1. Select one of the following:
o Run under the current user
The task will run under the credentials with which the user who starts the tasks is logged on.
If the task has to run on schedule, you will be asked for the current user's password on
completing the task creation.
o Use the following credentials
The task will always run under the credentials you specify, whether started manually or
executed on schedule.
Specify:
•
User name. When entering the name of an Active Directory user account, be sure to also
specify the domain name (DOMAIN\Username or Username@domain)
•
Password. The password for the account.
2. Click OK.
To learn more about using credentials in Acronis Backup & Recovery 10, see the Owners and
credentials (p. 30) section.
To learn more about operations available depending on the user privileges, see the User privileges on
a managed machine (p. 30) section.
6.3.2.
Archive selection
Selecting the archive
1. Enter the full path to the location in the Path field, or select the desired folder in the folders tree.
o If the archive is stored in a centralized vault, expand the Centralized group and click the vault.
o If the archive is stored in a personal vault, expand the Personal group and click the vault.
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o
If the archive is stored in a local folder on the machine, expand the Local folders group and
click the required folder.
If the archive is located on removable media, e.g. DVDs, first insert the last DVD and then insert discs in
order starting from the first one when the program prompts.
o
If the archive is stored on a network share, expand the Network folders group, then select
the required networked machine and then click the shared folder. If the network share
requires access credentials, the program will ask for them.
Note for Linux users: To specify a Common Internet File System (CIFS) network share which is mounted on a
mount point such as /mnt/share, select this mount point instead of the network share itself.
o
If the archive is stored on an FTP or SFTP server, type the server name or address in the Path
field as follows:
ftp://ftp_server:port _number or sftp://sftp_server:port number
If the port number is not specified, port 21 is used for FTP and port 22 is used for SFTP.
After entering access credentials, the folders on the server become available. Click the
appropriate folder on the server.
You can access the server as an anonymous user if the server enables such access. To do so,
click Use anonymous access instead of entering credentials.
As appears from the original FTP specification, credentials required for access to FTP servers are transferred
through a network as plaintext. This means that the user name and password can be intercepted by an
eavesdropper using a packet sniffer.
o
If the archive is stored on a locally attached tape device, expand the Tape drives group, then
click the required device.
2. In the table to the right of the tree, select the archive. The table displays the names of the
archives contained in each vault/folder you select.
While you are reviewing the location content, archives can be added, deleted or modified by
another user or by the program itself according to scheduled operations. Use the Refresh button
to refresh the list of archives.
You can switch between displaying archives by names and displaying the physical representation
of the archives as TIB files using the Show archives and Show TIB files buttons.
3. Click OK.
6.3.3.
Data type
Choose what type of data to recover from the selected disk backup:
•
•
•
Disks - to recover disks
Volumes - to recover volumes
Files - to recover specific files and folders
6.3.4.
Content selection
The representation of this window depends on the type of data stored in the archive.
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6.3.4.1.
Disks/volumes selection
To select a backup and disks/volumes to recover:
1. Select one of the successive incremental backups by its creation date and time. Thus, you can
revert the disk data to a certain moment in time.
Specify the items to recover. By default, all items of the selected backup will be selected. If you
do not want to recover certain items, just uncheck them.
To obtain information on a disk/volume, right-click it and then click Information.
2. [OPTIONAL] The Acronis Active Restore check box is available when recovering Windows starting
from Windows 2000. Acronis Active Restore brings a system online immediately after the
recovery is started. The operating system boots from the backup image and the machine
becomes operational and ready to provide necessary services. The data required to serve
incoming requests is recovered with the highest priority; everything else is recovered in the
background.
See Acronis Active Restore (p. 49) for details.
3. Click OK.
Selecting an MBR
You will usually select the disk's MBR if:
o
o
o
o
The operating system cannot boot
The disk is new and does not have an MBR
Recovering custom or non-Windows boot loaders (such as LILO and GRUB)
The disk geometry is different to that stored in the backup.
There are probably other times when you may need to recover the MBR, but the above are the most
common.
When recovering the MBR of one disk to another Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 recovers Track 0,
which does not affect the target disk’s partition table and partition layout. Acronis Backup &
Recovery 10 automatically updates Windows loaders after recovery, so there is no need to recover
the MBR and Track 0 for Windows systems, unless the MBR is damaged.
6.3.4.2.
Files selection
To select a backup and files to recover:
1. Select one of the successive incremental backups by its creation date/time. Thus, you can revert
the files/folders to a specific moment in time.
2. Specify the files and folders to recover by selecting the corresponding check boxes in the archives
tree.
Selecting a folder automatically selects all its nested folders and files.
Use the table to the right of the archives tree to select the nested items. Selecting the check box
for the Name column's header automatically selects all items in the table. Clearing this check box
automatically deselects all the items.
3. Click OK.
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6.3.5.
Access credentials for location
Specify the credentials required for access to the location where the backup archive is stored.
To specify credentials
1. Select one of the following:
o Use the task credentials
The program will access the location using the credentials of the task account specified in the
General section.
o Use the following credentials
The program will access the location using the credentials you specify. Use this option if the
task account does not have access permissions to the location. You might need to provide
special credentials for a network share or a storage node vault.
Specify:
•
User name. When entering the name of an Active Directory user account, be sure to also
specify the domain name (DOMAIN\Username or Username@domain)
•
Password. The password for the account.
2. Click OK.
As appears from the original FTP specification, credentials required for access to FTP servers are transferred
through a network as plaintext. This means that the user name and password can be intercepted by an
eavesdropper using a packet sniffer.
6.3.6.
Destination selection
Specify the destination the selected data will be recovered to.
6.3.6.1.
Disks
Available disk destinations depend on the agents operating on the machine.
Recover to:
Physical machine
Available when the Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Agent for Windows or Agent for Linux is
installed.
The selected disks will be recovered to the physical disks of the machine the console is
connected to. On selecting this, you proceed to the regular disk mapping procedure
described below.
New virtual machine (p. 220)
If Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Agent for Windows is installed.
The selected disks will be recovered to a new virtual machine of any of the following types:
VMware Workstation, Microsoft Virtual PC, Parallels Workstation or Citrix XenServer virtual
appliance. The virtual machine files will be saved to the destination you specify.
If Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Agent for Hyper-V or Agent for ESX/ESXi is installed.
These agents enable creating a new virtual machine on the virtualization server you specify.
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The new virtual machine will be configured automatically, the source machine configuration
being copied where possible. The configuration is displayed in the Virtual Machine Settings
(p. 221) section. Check the settings and make changes if necessary.
Then you proceed to the regular disk mapping procedure described below.
Existing virtual machine
Available when the Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Agent for Hyper-V or Agent for ESX/ESXi is
installed.
On selecting this, you specify the virtualization server and the target virtual machine. Then
you proceed to the regular disk mapping procedure described below.
Please be aware that the target machine will be powered off automatically before the recovery. If you
prefer to power it off manually, modify the VM power management option.
Disk #:
Disk # (MODEL) (p. 219)
Select the destination disk for each of the source disks.
NT signature (p. 217)
Select the way the recovered disk's signature will be handled. The disk signature is used by
Windows and the Linux kernel version 2.6 and later.
Disk destination
To specify a destination disk:
1. Select a disk where you want the selected disk to recover to. The destination disk's space should
be at least the same size as the uncompressed image data.
2. Click OK.
All the data stored on the target disk will be replaced by the backed up data, so be careful and watch out for
non-backed-up data that you might need.
NT signature
When the MBR is selected along with the disk backup, you need to retain operating system
bootability on the target disk volume. The operating system must have the system volume
information (e.g. volume letter) matched with the disk NT signature, which is kept in the MBR disk
record. But two disks with the same NT signature cannot work properly under one operating system.
If there are two disks having the same NT signature and comprising of a system volume on a machine, at the
startup the operating system runs from the first disk, discovers the same signature on the second one,
automatically generates a new unique NT signature and assigns it to the second disk. As a result, all the volumes
on the second disk will lose their letters, all paths will be invalid on the disk, and programs won't find their files.
The operating system on that disk will be unbootable.
To retain system bootability on the target disk volume, choose one of the following:
•
Create new
The program will generate a new NT signature for the target hard disk drive.
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•
Recover from backup
The program will replace the NT signature of the target hard disk with one from the disk backup.
Recovering the disk signature may be desirable due to the following reasons:
o Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 creates scheduled tasks using the signature of the source hard
disk. If you recover the same disk signature, you don't need to re-create or edit the tasks
created previously.
o Some installed applications use disk signature for licensing and other purposes
o Enables to keep all the Windows Restore Points on the recovered disk.
o to recover VSS snapshots used by Windows Vista's "Previous Versions" feature
•
Keep existing
The program will leave the existing NT signature of the target hard disk as is.
6.3.6.2.
Volumes
Available volume destinations depend on the agents operating on the machine.
Recover to:
Physical machine
Available when the Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Agent for Windows or Agent for Linux is
installed.
The selected volumes will be recovered to the physical disks of the machine the console is
connected to. On selecting this, you proceed to the regular volume mapping procedure
described below.
New virtual machine (p. 220)
If Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Agent for Windows is installed.
The selected volumes will be recovered to a new virtual machine of any of the following
types: VMware Workstation, Microsoft Virtual PC, Parallels Workstation or Citrix XenServer
virtual appliance. The virtual machine files will be saved to the destination you specify.
If Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Agent for Hyper-V or Agent for ESX/ESXi is installed.
These agents enable creating a new virtual machine on the virtualization server you specify.
The new virtual machine will be configured automatically, the source machine configuration
being copied where possible. The configuration is displayed in the Virtual Machine Settings
(p. 221) section. Check the settings and make changes if necessary.
Then you proceed to the regular volume mapping procedure described below.
Existing virtual machine
Available when the Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Agent for Hyper-V or Agent for ESX/ESXi is
installed.
On selecting this, you specify the virtualization server and the target virtual machine. Then
you proceed to the regular volume mapping procedure described below.
Please be aware that the target machine will be powered off automatically before recovery. If you prefer to
power it off manually, modify the VM power management option.
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[Volume] [Letter]:
Disk # /Volume (p. 219)
Sequentially map each of the source volumes to a volume or an unallocated space on the
destination disk.
Size (p. 219):
[Optional] Change the recovered volume size, location and other properties.
Volume destination
To specify a destination volume:
1. Select a volume or unallocated space where you want the selected volume to be recovered to.
The destination volume/unallocated space should be at least the same size as the uncompressed
image data.
2. Click OK.
All the data stored on the target volume will be replaced by the backed up data, so be careful and watch out for
non-backed-up data that you might need.
When using bootable media
Disk letters seen under Windows-style bootable media might differ from the way Windows identifies
drives. For example, the D: drive in the rescue utility might correspond to the E: drive in Windows.
Be careful! To be on the safe side, it is advisable to assign unique names to the volumes.
The Linux-style bootable media shows local disks and volumes as unmounted (sda1, sda2...).
Volume properties
Resizing and relocating
When recovering a volume to a basic MBR disk, you can resize and relocate the volume by dragging it
or its borders with a mouse or by entering corresponding values in the appropriate fields. Using this
feature, you can redistribute the disk space between the volumes being recovered. In this case, you
will have to recover the volume to be reduced first.
Properties
Type
A basic MBR disk can contain up to four primary volumes or up to three primary volumes and
multiple logical drives. By default, the program selects the original volume's type. You can change this
setting, if required.
•
Primary. Information about primary volumes is contained in the MBR partition table. Most
operating systems can boot only from the primary volume of the first hard disk, but the number
of primary volumes is limited.
If you are going to recover a system volume to a basic MBR disk, select the Active check box.
Active volume is used for loading an operating system. Choosing active for a volume without an
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installed operating system could prevent the machine from booting. You cannot set a logical drive
or dynamic volume active.
•
Logical. Information about logical volumes is located not in the MBR, but in the extended
partition table. The number of logical volumes on a disk is unlimited. A logical volume cannot be
set as active. If you recover a system volume to another hard disk with its own volumes and
operating system, you will most likely need only the data. In this case, you can recover the
volume as logical to access the data only.
File system
Change the volume file system, if required. By default, the program selects the original volume's file
system. Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 can make the following file system conversions: FAT 16 -> FAT
32 and Ext2 -> Ext3. For volumes with other native file systems, this option is not available.
Assume you are going to recover a volume from an old, low-capacity FAT16 disk to a newer disk.
FAT16 would not be effective and might even be impossible to set on the high-capacity hard disk.
That's because FAT16 supports volumes up to 4GB, so you will not be able to recover a 4GB FAT16
volume to a volume that exceeds that limit, without changing the file system. It would make sense
here to change the file system from FAT16 to FAT32.
Older operating systems (MS-DOS, Windows 95 and Windows NT 3.x, 4.x) do not support FAT32 and
will not be operable after you recover a volume and change its file system. These can be normally
recovered on a FAT16 volume only.
Logical drive letter (for Windows only)
Assign a letter to the recovered volume. Select the desired letter from a drop-down list.
•
•
With the default AUTO selection, the first unused letter will be assigned to the volume.
If you select NO, no letter will be assigned to the recovered volume, hiding it from the OS.You
should not assign letters to volumes that are inaccessible to Windows, such as to those other
than FAT and NTFS.
6.3.6.3.
Virtual machine type / virtualization server selection
The new virtual machine can be created either on a virtualization server (this requires Acronis Backup
& Recovery 10 Agent for Hyper-V or Agent for ESX/ESXi to be installed) or in any accessible local or
networked folder.
To select the virtualization server the new virtual machine will be created on
1. Choose the Place on the virtualization server that I select option.
2. In the left part of the window, select the virtualization server. Use the right part of the window to
review details on the selected server.
3. Click OK to return to the Data recovery page.
To select the type of virtual machine
1. Choose the Save as files of the VM type that I select to the folder that I specify option.
2. In the left part of the window, select the virtual machine type. Use the right part of the window
to review details on the selected virtual machine type.
3. Click OK to return to the Data recovery page.
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6.3.6.4.
Virtual machine settings
The following virtual machine settings can be configured.
Storage
Initial setting: the default storage of the virtualization server if the new machine is created on the
virtualization server. Otherwise the current user's documents folder.
This is the place where the new virtual machine will be created. Whether you can change the storage
on the virtualization server or not, depends on the virtualization product brand and settings. VMware
ESX may have multiple storages. A Microsoft Hyper-V server enables creating a new virtual machine
in any local folder.
Memory
Initial setting: if not contained in the backup, the default setting of the virtualization server.
This is the amount of memory allocated to the new virtual machine. The memory adjustment range
depends on the host hardware, the host operating system and the virtualization product settings. For
example, virtual machines may be allowed to use no more than 30% of memory.
Disks
Initial setting: the number and size of the source machine's disks.
The number of disks is generally equal to that of the source machine, but might be different if the
program has to add more disks to accommodate the source machine volumes because of limitations
set by the virtualization product. You can add virtual disks to the machine configuration or, in some
cases, delete the proposed disks.
Processors
Initial setting: if not contained in the backup or the backed up setting is not supported by the
virtualization server, the default server's setting.
This is the number of processors of the new virtual machine. In most cases it is set to one. The result
of assignment of more than one processor to the machine is not guaranteed. The number of virtual
processors may be limited by the host CPU configuration, the virtualization product and the guest
operating system. Multiple virtual processors are generally available on multi-processor hosts. A
multicore host CPU or hyperthreading may enable multiple virtual processors on a single-processor
host.
6.3.6.5.
File destination
To specify a destination:
1. Select a location to recover the backed up files to:
o Original location - files and folders will be recovered to the same path(s) as they are in the
backup. For example, if you have backed up all files and folders in
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o
C:\Documents\Finance\Reports\, the files will be recovered to the same path. If the folder
does not exist, it will be created automatically.
New location - files will be recovered to the location that you specify in the tree. The files and
folders will be recovered without recreating a full path, unless you clear the Recover without
full path check box.
2. Click OK.
Exclusions
Set up exclusions for the specific types of files you do not wish to be overwritten during recovery.
To specify which files and folders to exclude:
Set up any of the following parameters:
•
Exclude all hidden files and folders
Select this check box to skip files and folders with the Hidden attribute. If a folder is Hidden, all of
its contents — including files that are not Hidden — will be excluded.
•
Exclude all system files and folders
Select this check box to skip files and folders with the System attribute. If a folder is System, all of
its contents — including files that are not System — will be excluded.
You can view file or folder attributes in the file/folder properties or by using the attrib command. For more
information, refer to the Help and Support Center in Windows.
•
Exclude files matching the following criteria
Select this check box to skip files whose names match any of the criteria — called file masks — in
the list; use the Add, Edit, Remove and Remove All buttons to create the list of file masks.
You can use one or more wildcard characters * and ? in a file mask:
The asterisk (*) substitutes for zero or more characters in a file name; for example, the file mask
Doc*.txt yields files such as Doc.txt and Document.txt
The question mark (?) substitutes for exactly one character in a file name; for example, the file
mask Doc?.txt yields files such as Doc1.txt and Docs.txt — but not the files Doc.txt or Doc11.txt
Exclusion examples
Criterion
Example
Description
By name
File1.log
Excludes all files named File1.log.
By path
C:\Finance\test.log
Excludes the file named test.log located in the folder
C:\Finance
Mask (*)
*.log
Excludes all files with the .log extension.
Mask (?)
my???.log
Excludes all .log files with names consisting of five symbols
and starting with “my”.
The above settings are not effective for the files or folders that were explicitly selected for recovery. For
example, assume that you selected the folder MyFolder and the file MyFile.tmp outside that folder, and selected
to skip all .tmp files. In this case, all .tmp files in the folder MyFolder will be skipped during the recovery process,
but the file MyFile.tmp will not be skipped.
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Overwriting
Choose what to do if the program finds in the target folder a file with the same name as in the
archive:
•
•
•
Overwrite existing file - this will give the file in the backup priority over the file on the hard disk.
Overwrite existing file if it is older - this will give priority to the most recent file modification,
whether it be in the backup or on the disk.
Do not overwrite existing file - this will give the file on the hard disk priority over the file in the
backup.
If you allow overwriting files, you still have an option to prevent overwriting (p. 222):
•
hidden files and folders
•
•
•
system files and folders
any files you specify by name or using wildcards
any folder you specify by path.
6.3.7.
Access credentials for destination
To specify credentials
1. Select one of the following:
o Use the task credentials
The program will access the destination using the credentials of the task account specified in
the General section.
o Use the following credentials
The program will access the destination using the credentials you specify. Use this option if
the task account does not have access permissions to the destination.
Specify:
•
User name. When entering the name of an Active Directory user account, be sure to also
specify the domain name (DOMAIN\Username or Username@domain)
•
Password. The password for the account.
2. Click OK.
6.3.8.
When to recover
Select when to start the recovery task:
•
•
Recover now - the recovery task will be started immediately after you click the final OK.
Recover later - the recovery task will be started at the date and time you specify.
If you do not need to schedule the task and wish to start it manually afterwards, select the Task will
be started manually (do no schedule the task) check box.
6.3.9.
Universal Restore
Use Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Universal Restore when you need to recover and boot up
Windows on dissimilar hardware. Universal Restore handles differences in devices that are critical for
the operating system startup, such as storage controllers, motherboard or chipset.
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To learn more about the Universal Restore technology, see the Universal Restore (p. 47) section.
Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Universal Restore is not available when:
•
a machine is booted with Acronis Startup Recovery Manager (using F11)
•
•
the backup image is located in Acronis Secure Zone
you have chosen to use Acronis Active Restore (p. 338)
because these features are primarily meant for instant data recovery on the same machine.
Preparation
Before recovering Windows to dissimilar hardware, make sure that you have the drivers for the new
HDD controller and the chipset. These drivers are critical to start the operating system. Use the CD or
DVD supplied by the hardware vendor or download the drivers from the vendor’s Web site. The
driver files should have the *.inf, *.sys or *.oem extensions. If you download the drivers in the *.exe,
*.cab or *.zip format, extract them using a third-party application, such as WinRAR
(http://www.rarlab.com/) or Universal Extractor (http://legroom.net/software/uniextract).
The best practice is to store drivers for all the hardware used in your organization in a single
repository sorted by device type or by the hardware configurations. You can keep a copy of the
repository on a DVD or a flash drive; pick some drivers and add them to the bootable media; create
the custom bootable media with the necessary drivers (and the necessary network configuration) for
each of your servers. Or you can simply specify the path to the repository every time Universal
Restore is used.
Universal Restore settings
Automatic driver search
Specify where the program will search for the Hardware Abstraction Layer (HAL), HDD controller
driver and network adapter driver(s):
- If the drivers are on a vendor's disc or other removable media, turn on the Search removable
media.
- If the drivers are located in a networked folder or on the bootable media, specify the path to the
folder in the Search folder field.
During recovery, Universal Restore will perform the recursive search in all the sub-folders of the
specified folder, find the most suitable HAL and HDD controller drivers of all those available, and
install them into the recovered system. Universal Restore also searches for the network adapter
driver; the path to the found driver is then transmitted by Universal Restore to the operating
system. If the hardware has multiple network interface cards, Universal Restore will try to
configure all the cards' drivers. In case Universal Restore cannot find a compatible driver in the
specified locations, it will specify the problem device and ask for a disc or a network path to the
driver.
Once Windows boots, it will initialize the standard procedure for installing new hardware. The
network adapter driver will be installed silently if the driver has the Microsoft Windows signature.
Otherwise, Windows will ask for confirmation whether to install the unsigned driver.
After that, you will be able to configure the network connection and specify drivers for the video
adapter, USB and other devices.
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Mass storage drivers to install anyway
To access this option, select the Advanced view check box.
If the target hardware has a specific mass storage controller such as RAID (especially NVIDIA
RAID) or a fibre channel adapter, specify the appropriate drivers in the Drivers field.
The drivers defined here will have priority. They will be installed, with appropriate warnings, even
if the program finds a better driver.
Use this option only if the automatic drivers search does not help to boot the system.
Drivers for a virtual machine
When recovering a system to a new virtual machine, the Universal Restore technology is applied in
the background, because the program knows what drivers are required for the supported virtual
machines.
When recovering the system to an existing virtual machine that uses SCSI hard drive controller, be
sure to specify SCSI drivers for the virtual environment, in the Mass storage drivers to install anyway
step. Use drivers bundled with your virtual machine software or download the latest drivers versions
from the software manufacturer Web site.
6.3.10. How to convert a disk backup to a virtual machine
Rather than converting a TIB file to a virtual disk file, which requires additional operations to bring
the virtual disk into use, Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 performs the conversion by recovery of a disk
backup to a fully configured and operational new virtual machine. You have the ability to adapt the
virtual machine configuration to your needs when configuring the recovery operation.
With Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Agent for Windows, you can recover a disk (volume) backup to a
new virtual machine of any of the following types: VMware Workstation, Microsoft Virtual PC,
Parallels Workstation or Citrix XenServer virtual appliance.
Files of the new virtual machine will be placed in the folder you select. You can start the machine
using the respective virtualization software or prepare the machine files for further usage. The Citrix
XenServer virtual appliance can be imported to a XenServer using Citrix XenCenter. The VMware
Workstation machine can be converted to the open virtualization format (OVF) using the VMware
OVF tool.
With Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Agent for Hyper-V or Agent for ESX/ESXi, you can recover a disk
(volume) backup to a new virtual machine on the respective virtualization server.
To convert a disk backup to a virtual machine:
1. Connect the console to a machine where Agent for Windows, Agent for Hyper-V or Agent for
ESX/ESXi is installed.
2. Do any of the following:
o Click Recover to open the Recover data page. Start creating a recovery task as described in
"Recovering data (p. 211)". Select the archive and then select the disk or volume backup you
want to convert.
o Use the Navigation pane to navigate to the vault where the archive is stored. Select the
archive and then select the disk or volume backup you want to convert. Click Recover as
virtual machine. The Recover data page opens with the pre-selected backup.
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3. In Data type, select Disks or Volumes depending on what you need to convert.
4. In Content, select the disks to convert or the volumes with the Master Boot Records (MBR) of the
corresponding disks.
5. In Recover to, select New virtual machine.
6. In VM server, select the type of the new virtual machine to be created or on which virtualization
server to create the machine.
7. In VM name, enter the name for the new virtual machine.
8. [Optionally] Review the Virtual machine settings (p. 221) and make changes if necessary. Here
you can change the path to the new virtual machine.
The same type of machines with the same name cannot be created in the same folder. Change either the
VM name, or the path if you get an error message caused by identical names.
9. Select the destination disk for each of the source disks or source volumes and MBRs.
On a Microsoft Virtual PC, be sure to recover the disk or volume where the operating system's loader resides
to the Hard disk 1. Otherwise the operating system will not boot. This cannot be fixed by changing the boot
device order in BIOS, because a Virtual PC ignores these settings.
10. In When to recover, specify when to start the recovery task.
11. [Optionally] Review Recovery options and change the settings from the default ones, if need be.
You can specify in Recovery options > VM power management whether to start the new virtual
machine automatically, after the recovery is completed. This option is available only when the
new machine is created on a virtualization server.
12. Click OK. If the recovery task is scheduled for the future, specify the credentials under which the
task will run.
You will be taken to the Backup plans and tasks view where you can examine the state and progress
of the recovery task.
6.3.11. Bootability troubleshooting
If a system was bootable at the time of backup, you expect that it will boot after recovery. However,
the information the operating system stores and uses for booting up may become outdated during
recovery, especially if you change volume sizes, locations or destination drives. Acronis Backup &
Recovery 10 automatically updates Windows loaders after recovery. Other loaders might also be
fixed, but there are cases when you have to re-activate the loaders. Specifically when you recover
Linux volumes, it is sometimes necessary to apply fixes or make booting changes so that Linux can
boot and load correctly.
Below is a summary of typical situations that require additional user actions.
Why a recovered operating system may be unbootable
•
The machine BIOS is configured to boot from another HDD.
Solution: Configure the BIOS to boot from the HDD where the operating system resides.
•
The system was recovered on dissimilar hardware and the new hardware is incompatible with
the most critical drivers included in the backup
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Solution for Windows: Recover the volume once again. When configuring recovery, opt for
using Acronis Universal Restore and specify the appropriate HAL and mass storage drivers.
•
Windows was recovered to a dynamic volume that cannot be bootable
Solution: Recover Windows to a basic, simple or mirrored volume.
•
A system volume was recovered to a disk that does not have an MBR
When you configure recovery of a system volume to a disk that does not have an MBR, the
program prompts whether you want to recover the MBR along with the system volume. Opt
for not recovering, only if you do not want the system to be bootable.
Solution: Recover the volume once again along with the MBR of the corresponding disk.
•
The system uses Acronis OS Selector
Because the Master Boot Record (MBR) can be changed during the system recovery, Acronis
OS Selector, which uses the MBR, might become inoperable. If this happens, reactivate
Acronis OS Selector as follows.
Solution: Boot the machine from the Acronis Disk Director's bootable media and select in the
menu Tools -> Activate OS Selector.
•
The system uses GRand Unified Bootloader (GRUB) and was recovered from a normal (not from
a raw, that is, sector-by-sector) backup
One part of the GRUB loader resides either in the first several sectors of the disk or in the first
several sectors of the volume. The rest is on the file system of one of the volumes. System
bootability can be recovered automatically only when the GRUB resides in the first several
sectors of the disk and on the file system to which direct access is possible. In other cases, the
user has to manually reactivate the boot loader.
Solution: Reactivate the boot loader. You might also need to fix the configuration file.
•
The system uses Linux Loader (LILO) and was recovered from a normal (not from a raw, that is,
sector-by-sector) backup
LILO contains numerous references to absolute sector numbers and so cannot be repaired
automatically except for the case when all data is recovered to the sectors that have the
same absolute numbers as on the source disk.
Solution: Reactivate the boot loader. You might also need to fix the loader configuration file
for the reason described in the previous item.
•
The system loader points to the wrong volume
This may happen when system or boot volumes are not recovered to their original location.
Solution:
Modification of the boot.ini or the boot\bcd files fixes this for Windows loaders. Acronis
Backup & Recovery 10 does this automatically and so you are not likely to experience the
problem.
For the GRUB and LILO loaders, you will need to correct the GRUB configuration files. If the
number of the Linux root partition has changed, it is also recommended that you change
/etc/fstab so that the SWAP volume can be accessed correctly.
•
Linux was recovered from an LVM volume backup to a basic MBR disk
Such system cannot boot because its kernel tries to mount the root file system at the LVM
volume.
Solution: Change the loader configuration and /etc/fstab so that the LVM is not used and
reactivate the boot loader.
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6.3.11.1.
How to reactivate GRUB or LILO and change its configuration
Generally, you should refer to the boot loader manual pages for the appropriate procedure. In case
the system disk (volume) is recovered to identical hardware, the following steps would usually help.
GRUB
1. Boot the machine from the Linux rescue CD or Linux installation CD.
The installed system and the system on the CD must have the same kernel version. The Linux
distribution does not have to be the same. Opt for boot without RAM disk (without the installer):
linux noinitrd root=/dev/ROOTDEV
Where
"linux" is the kernel name (the installation CD may contain multiple kernels with different
names; LILO and GRUB enable you to select the kernel)
"ROOTDEV" is the device corresponding to the root partition. This is usually hda1 on an IDE
device and sda1 on an SCSI device.
The kernel loads and the operating system starts from the specified root partition. Log in as root;
or log in as a user and switch user: $ sudo su.
2. Edit the GRUB configuration file if the number of the partition where the operating system
resides has changed. Otherwise skip this step.
a. Open the GRUB configuration file (usually /boot/grub/grub.conf or /etc/grub.conf):
# vim /boot/grub/grub.conf
b. Find the record "root(hdX,Y)" in the section corresponding to the current kernel.
In this record,
X – number of the disk
Y – number of partition on this disk
Change X and Y according to the new location of the root.
c.
Save the configuration file. In VIM, this is done by simultaneously pressing <esc> : w q
<enter>
3. Execute the command for activating GRUB:
# grub
4. Eject the CD and reboot.
LILO
1. Perform step 1 described above.
2. Edit the LILO configuration file if the number of the partition where the operating system resides
has changed. Otherwise skip this step.
a. Open the LILO configuration file (/etc/lilo.conf):
# vim /etc/lilo.conf
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b. Edit the record root=/dev/hdXY (or root=/dev/sdXY for a SCSI disk) in the section
corresponding to the current kernel. In this record,
X – disk number (a for the first disk, b for the second disk, etc.)
Y – number of the partition on this disk
Change X and Y according to the new location of the root. For example: root=/dev/hda1
c.
Save the configuration file.
3. Execute the command for activating LILO:
# lilo
4. Eject the CD and reboot.
6.3.11.2.
About Windows loaders
Windows NT/2000/XP/2003
A part of the loader resides in the partition boot sector, the rest is in the files ntldr, boot.ini,
ntdetect.com, ntbootdd.sys. boot.ini is a text file that contains the loader configuration. Example:
[boot loader]
timeout=30
default=multi(0)disk(0)rdisk(0)partition(1)\WINDOWS
[operating systems]
multi(0)disk(0)rdisk(0)partition(1)\WINDOWS="Microsoft Windows XP Professional"
/noexecute=optin /fastdetect
Windows Vista/2008
A part of the loader resides in the partition boot sector, the rest is in the files bootmgr, boot\bcd. At
starting Windows, boot\bcd is mounted to the registry key HKLM \BCD00000000.
6.3.12. Recovering a vast number of files from a file backup
Applies to: Microsoft Windows Server 2003
When recovering a very large number of files at a time (hundreds of thousands or millions) from a file
backup, you might encounter the following problem:
•
•
The recovery process fails, and the message "Error reading the file" appears.
Not all of the files are recovered.
The most likely cause of the problem is an insufficient amount of memory allocated to the recovery
process by the operating system's cache manager. You can either work around this problem or
modify the registry to increase the amount of allocated memory, as described below.
To resolve the problem, do either of the following:
•
Recover the files as two or more groups. For example, if the problem occurs when recovering
1 million files, try recovering the first 500,000 of them and then the remaining 500,000.
•
Modify the registry as follows:
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Note: This procedure requires restarting the machine. Use standard precautions when modifying the
registry.
1. In Registry Editor, open the following registry subkey:
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control\Session Manager\Memory
Management
2. Add the PoolUsageMaximum entry to the subkey:
•
Entry type: DWORD Value
•
•
Base: Decimal
Value: 40
3. Add the PagedPoolSize entry to the subkey:
•
•
Entry type: DWORD Value
•
Value: FFFFFFFF
Base: Hexadecimal
4. Quit Registry Editor, and then restart the machine.
If this does not resolve the problem, or for more details on adding these registry settings, see the
corresponding Microsoft Help and Support article.
Tip: In general, if a volume contains many files, consider using a disk-level backup instead of a file-level one. In
this case, you will be able to recover the entire volume as well as particular files stored on it.
6.4. Validating vaults, archives and backups
Validation is an operation that checks the possibility of data recovery from a backup.
Validation of a file backup imitates recovery of all files from the backup to a dummy destination.
Validation of a disk or volume backup calculates a checksum for every data block saved in the backup.
Both procedures are resource-intensive.
Validation of an archive will validate all the archive's backups. A vault (or a location) validation will
validate all archives stored in this vault (location).
While successful validation means high probability of successful recovery, it does not check all factors
that influence the recovery process. If you back up the operating system, only a test recovery in
bootable environment to a spare hard drive can guarantee success of the recovery. At least ensure
that the backup can be successfully validated using the bootable media.
Different ways to create a validation task
Using the Validation page is the most general way to create a validation task. Here you can validate
immediately or set up a validation schedule for any backup, archive or location you have permission
to access.
Validation of an archive or of the latest backup in the archive can be scheduled as part of the backup
plan. For more information see the Creating a backup plan (p. 193) section.
You can access the Validation page from the Vaults (p. 122) view. Right-click the object to validate
(archive, backup or vault) and select Validate from the context menu. The Validation page will be
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opened with the pre-selected object as a source. All you need to do is to select when to validate and
(optionally) provide a name for the task.
To create a validation task, perform the following steps.
General
Task name
[Optional] Enter a unique name for the validation task. A conscious name lets you quickly
identify the task among the others.
Credentials (p. 231)
[Optional] The validation task will run on behalf of the user who is creating the task. You can
change the task credentials if necessary. To access this option, select the Advanced view
check box.
What to validate
Validate
Choose an object to validate:
Archive (p. 232) - in that case, you need to specify the archive.
Backup (p. 233) - specify the archive first, and then select the desired backup in this archive.
Vault (p. 233) - select a vault (or other location), which archives to validate.
Access Credentials (p. 233)
[Optional] Provide credentials for accessing the source if the task account does not have
enough privileges to access it. To access this option, select the check box for Advanced view.
When to validate
Validate (p. 234)
Specify when and how often to perform validation.
After you configure all the required settings, click OK to create the validation task.
6.4.1.
Task credentials
Provide credentials for the account under which the task will run.
To specify credentials
1. Select one of the following:
o Run under the current user
The task will run under the credentials with which the user who starts the tasks is logged on.
If the task has to run on schedule, you will be asked for the current user's password on
completing the task creation.
o Use the following credentials
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The task will always run under the credentials you specify, whether started manually or
executed on schedule.
Specify:
•
User name. When entering the name of an Active Directory user account, be sure to also
specify the domain name (DOMAIN\Username or Username@domain)
•
Password. The password for the account.
2. Click OK.
To learn more about using credentials in Acronis Backup & Recovery 10, see the Owners and
credentials (p. 30) section.
To learn more about operations available depending on the user privileges, see the User privileges on
a managed machine (p. 30) section.
6.4.2.
Archive selection
Selecting the archive
1. Enter the full path to the location in the Path field, or select the desired folder in the folders tree.
o If the archive is stored in a centralized vault, expand the Centralized group and click the vault.
o If the archive is stored in a personal vault, expand the Personal group and click the vault.
o If the archive is stored in a local folder on the machine, expand the Local folders group and
click the required folder.
If the archive is located on removable media, e.g. DVDs, first insert the last DVD and then insert discs in
order starting from the first one when the program prompts.
o
If the archive is stored on a network share, expand the Network folders group, then select
the required networked machine and then click the shared folder. If the network share
requires access credentials, the program will ask for them.
Note for Linux users: To specify a Common Internet File System (CIFS) network share which is mounted on a
mount point such as /mnt/share, select this mount point instead of the network share itself.
o
If the archive is stored on an FTP or SFTP server, type the server name or address in the Path
field as follows:
ftp://ftp_server:port _number or sftp://sftp_server:port number
If the port number is not specified, port 21 is used for FTP and port 22 is used for SFTP.
After entering access credentials, the folders on the server become available. Click the
appropriate folder on the server.
You can access the server as an anonymous user if the server enables such access. To do so,
click Use anonymous access instead of entering credentials.
As appears from the original FTP specification, credentials required for access to FTP servers are transferred
through a network as plaintext. This means that the user name and password can be intercepted by an
eavesdropper using a packet sniffer.
o
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If the archive is stored on a locally attached tape device, expand the Tape drives group, then
click the required device.
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2. In the table to the right of the tree, select the archive. The table displays the names of the
archives contained in each vault/folder you select.
While you are reviewing the location content, archives can be added, deleted or modified by
another user or by the program itself according to scheduled operations. Use the Refresh button
to refresh the list of archives.
You can switch between displaying archives by names and displaying the physical representation
of the archives as TIB files using the Show archives and Show TIB files buttons.
3. Click OK.
6.4.3.
Backup selection
To specify a backup to validate
1. In the upper pane, select a backup by its creation date/time.
The bottom part of the window displays the selected backup content, assisting you to find the
right backup.
2. Click OK.
6.4.4.
Location selection
To select a location
Enter the full path to the location in the Path field or select the desired location in the folders tree.
•
To select a centralized vault, expand the Centralized group and click the appropriate vault.
•
•
•
To select a personal vault, expand the Personal group and click the appropriate vault.
•
To select a local folder, expand the Local folders group and click the required folder.
To select a network share, expand the Network folders group, select the required networked
machine and then click the shared folder. If the network share requires access credentials, the
program will ask for them.
To select FTP or SFTP server, expand the corresponding group and click the appropriate folder on
the server.
As appears from the original FTP specification, credentials required for access to FTP servers are transferred
through a network as plaintext. This means that the user name and password can be intercepted by an
eavesdropper using a packet sniffer.
Using the archives table
To assist you with choosing the right location, the table displays the names of the archives
contained in each location you select. While you are reviewing the location content, archives can
be added, deleted or modified by another user or by the program itself according to scheduled
operations. Use the Refresh button to refresh the list of archives.
You can switch between displaying archives by names and displaying the physical representation of
the archives as TIB files using the Show archives and Show TIB files buttons.
6.4.5.
Access credentials for source
Specify the credentials required for access to the location where the backup archive is stored.
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To specify credentials
1. Select one of the following:
o Use the task credentials
The program will access the location using the credentials of the task account specified in the
General section.
o Use the following credentials
The program will access the location using the credentials you specify. Use this option if the
task account does not have access permissions to the location. You might need to provide
special credentials for a network share or a storage node vault.
Specify:
•
User name. When entering the name of an Active Directory user account, be sure to also
specify the domain name (DOMAIN\Username or Username@domain)
•
Password. The password for the account.
2. Click OK.
As appears from the original FTP specification, credentials required for access to FTP servers are transferred
through a network as plaintext. This means that the user name and password can be intercepted by an
eavesdropper using a packet sniffer.
6.4.6.
When to validate
As validation is a resource-intensive operation, it makes sense to schedule validation to the managed
machine's off-peak period. On the other hand, if you prefer to be immediately informed whether the
data is not corrupted and can be successfully recovered, consider starting validation right after the
task creation.
Choose one of the following:
•
Now - to start the validation task right after its creation, that is, after clicking OK on the Validation
page.
•
Later - to start the one-time validation task, at the date and time you specify.
Specify the appropriate parameters as follows:
o Date and time - the date and time when to start the task.
o The task will be started manually (do not schedule the task) - select this check box, if you
wish to start the task manually later.
•
On schedule - to schedule the task. To learn more about how to configure the scheduling
parameters, please see the Scheduling (p. 161) section.
6.5. Mounting an image
Mounting volumes from a disk backup (image) lets you access the volumes as though they were
physical disks. Multiple volumes contained in the same backup can be mounted within a single mount
operation. The mount operation is available when the console is connected to a managed machine
running either Windows or Linux.
Mounting volumes in the read-write mode enables you to modify the backup content, that is, save,
move, create, delete files or folders, and run executables consisting of one file.
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Limitation: Mounting of volume backups stored on Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Storage Node is not possible.
To mount an image, perform the following steps.
Source
Archive (p. 235)
Specify the path to the archive location and select the archive containing disk backups.
Backup (p. 236)
Select the backup.
Access credentials (p. 236)
[Optional] Provide credentials for the archive location. To access this option, select the
Advanced view check box.
Mount settings
Volumes (p. 237)
Select volumes to mount and configure the mount settings for every volume: assign a letter
or enter the mount point, choose the read/write or read only access mode.
When you complete all the required steps, click OK to mount the volumes.
6.5.1.
Archive selection
Selecting the archive
1. Enter the full path to the location in the Path field, or select the desired folder in the folders tree.
o If the archive is stored in a centralized vault, expand the Centralized group and click the vault.
o If the archive is stored in a personal vault, expand the Personal group and click the vault.
o If the archive is stored in a local folder on the machine, expand the Local folders group and
click the required folder.
If the archive is located on removable media, e.g. DVDs, first insert the last DVD and then insert discs in
order starting from the first one when the program prompts.
o
If the archive is stored on a network share, expand the Network folders group, then select
the required networked machine and then click the shared folder. If the network share
requires access credentials, the program will ask for them.
Note for Linux users: To specify a Common Internet File System (CIFS) network share which is mounted on a
mount point such as /mnt/share, select this mount point instead of the network share itself.
o
If the archive is stored on an FTP or SFTP server, type the server name or address in the Path
field as follows:
ftp://ftp_server:port _number or sftp://sftp_server:port number
If the port number is not specified, port 21 is used for FTP and port 22 is used for SFTP.
After entering access credentials, the folders on the server become available. Click the
appropriate folder on the server.
You can access the server as an anonymous user if the server enables such access. To do so,
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click Use anonymous access instead of entering credentials.
As appears from the original FTP specification, credentials required for access to FTP servers are transferred
through a network as plaintext. This means that the user name and password can be intercepted by an
eavesdropper using a packet sniffer.
o
If the archive is stored on a locally attached tape device, expand the Tape drives group, then
click the required device.
2. In the table to the right of the tree, select the archive. The table displays the names of the
archives contained in each vault/folder you select.
While you are reviewing the location content, archives can be added, deleted or modified by
another user or by the program itself according to scheduled operations. Use the Refresh button
to refresh the list of archives.
You can switch between displaying archives by names and displaying the physical representation
of the archives as TIB files using the Show archives and Show TIB files buttons.
3. Click OK.
6.5.2.
Backup selection
To select a backup:
1. Select one of the backups by its creation date/time.
2. To assist you with choosing the right backup, the bottom table displays the volumes contained in
the selected backup.
To obtain information on a volume, right-click it and then click Information.
3. Click OK.
6.5.3.
Access credentials
To specify credentials
1. Select one of the following:
o Use the current user credentials
The program will access the location using the credentials of the current user.
o Use the following credentials
The program will access the location using the credentials you specify. Use this option if the
current user account does not have access permissions to the location. You might need to
provide special credentials for a network share or a storage node vault.
Specify:
•
User name. When entering the name of an Active Directory user account, be sure to also
specify the domain name (DOMAIN\Username or Username@domain)
•
Password. The password for the account.
2. Click OK.
As appears from the original FTP specification, credentials required for access to FTP servers are transferred
through a network as plaintext. This means that the user name and password can be intercepted by an
eavesdropper using a packet sniffer.
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6.5.4.
Volume selection
Select the volumes to mount and configure the mounting parameters for each of the selected
volumes as follows:
1. Select the check box for each volume you need to mount.
2. Click on the selected volume to set its mounting parameters.
o Access mode - choose the mode you want the volume to be mounted in:
•
Read only - enables exploring and opening files within the backup without committing
any changes.
•
o
o
Read/write - with this mode, the program assumes that the backup content will be
modified, and creates an incremental backup to capture the changes.
Assign letter (in Windows) - Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 will assign an unused letter to the
mounted volume. If required, select another letter to assign from the drop-down list.
Mount point (in Linux) - specify the directory where you want the volume to be mounted.
3. If several volumes are selected for mounting, click on every volume to set its mounting
parameters, described in the previous step.
4. Click OK.
6.6. Managing mounted images
Once a volume is mounted, you can browse files and folders contained in the backup using a file
manager and copy the desired files to any destination. Thus, if you need to take out only a few files
and folders from a volume backup, you do not have to perform the recovery procedure.
Exploring images
Exploring mounted volumes lets you view and modify (if mounted in the read/write mode) the
volume's content.
Explore. The default file manager
To explore a mounted volume select it in the table and click
window opens, allowing the user to examine the mounted volume contents.
Unmounting images
Maintaining the mounted volumes takes considerable system resources. It is recommended that you
unmount the volumes after the necessary operations are completed. If not unmounted manually, a
volume will remain mounted until the operating system restarts.
To unmount an image, select it in the table and click
To unmount all the mounted volumes, click
Unmount.
Unmount all.
6.7. Acronis Secure Zone
Acronis Secure Zone is a secure partition that enables keeping backup archives on a managed
machine disk space and therefore recovery of a disk to the same disk where the backup resides.
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Certain Windows applications, such as Acronis disk management tools, can access the zone.
To learn more about the advantages and limitations of the Acronis Secure Zone, see the Acronis
Secure Zone (p. 46) topic in the "Proprietary Acronis technologies" section.
6.7.1.
Creating Acronis Secure Zone
You can create Acronis Secure Zone while the operating system is running or using bootable media.
To create Acronis Secure Zone, perform the following steps.
Space
Disk (p. 238)
Choose a hard disk (if several) on which to create the zone. Acronis Secure Zone is created
using unallocated space, if available, or at the expense of the volume's free space.
Size (p. 239)
Specify the exact size of the zone. Moving or resizing of locked volumes, such as the volume
containing the currently active operating system, requires a reboot.
Settings
Password (p. 239)
[Optional] Protect the Acronis Secure Zone from unauthorized access with a password. The
prompt for the password appear at any operation relating to the zone, including using the
Acronis Startup Recovery Manager (p. 338).
Acronis Startup Recovery Manager (p. 239)
[Optional] To enable using Acronis Startup Recovery Manager, select Activate.
Acronis Startup Recovery Manager activation overwrites the Master Boot Record (MBR) with
its own boot code. You will have to reactivate third-party boot loaders, if installed. Under
Linux, consider installing the LILO or GRUB loader to a Linux root (or boot) partition boot
record instead of the MBR before activation. Otherwise, reconfigure these boot loaders
manually after activation.
To disable Acronis Startup Recovery Manager, select Do not activate.
You can activate Acronis Startup Recovery Manager later from the Manage Acronis Secure
Zone (p. 241) page.
After you configure the required settings, click OK. In the Result confirmation (p. 240) window,
review the expected layout and click OK to start creating the zone.
6.7.1.1.
Acronis Secure Zone Disk
The Acronis Secure Zone can be located on any fixed hard drive. Acronis Secure Zone is always
created at the end of the hard disk. A machine can have only one Acronis Secure Zone. Acronis Secure
Zone is created using unallocated space, if available, or at the expense of the volumes' free space.
The Acronis Secure Zone cannot be organized on a dynamic disk or a disk using the GPT partitioning style.
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To allocate space for Acronis Secure Zone
1. Choose a hard disk (if several) on which to create the zone. The unallocated space is selected by
default. The program displays the total space available for the Acronis Secure Zone.
2. If you need to allocate more space for the zone, you can select volumes from which free space
can be taken. Again, the program displays the total space available for the Acronis Secure Zone
depending on your selection. You will be able to set the exact zone size in the Acronis Secure
Zone Size (p. 239) window.
3. Click OK.
6.7.1.2.
Acronis Secure Zone Size
Enter the Acronis Secure Zone size or drag the slider to select any size between the minimum and the
maximum ones. The minimum size is approximately 50MB, depending on the geometry of the hard
disk. The maximum size is equal to the disk's unallocated space plus the total free space on all the
volumes you have selected in the previous step.
If you have to take space from the boot or the system volume, please bear the following in mind:
•
•
Moving or resizing of the volume from which the system is currently booted will require a reboot.
Taking all free space from a system volume may cause the operating system to work unstably and
even fail to start. Do not set the maximum zone size if the boot or the system volume is selected.
6.7.1.3.
Password for Acronis Secure Zone
Setting up a password protects the Acronis Secure Zone from unauthorized access. The program will
ask for the password at any operation relating to the zone and the archives located there, such as
data backup and recovery, validating archives, using the Acronis Startup Recovery Manager with the
F11 key, resizing and deleting the zone.
To set up a password
1. Choose Use password.
2. In the Enter the password field, type a new password.
3. In the Confirm the password field, re-type the password.
4. Click OK.
To disable password
1. Choose Do not use.
2. Click OK.
6.7.1.4.
Acronis Startup Recovery Manager
Acronis Startup Recovery Manager is a modification of the bootable agent (p. 341), residing on the
system disk and configured to start at boot time on pressing F11. It eliminates the need for a separate
media or network connection to start the bootable rescue utility.
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Activate
Enables the boot time prompt "Press F11 for Acronis Startup Recovery Manager…". If the system fails
to boot, you will be able to start the bootable rescue utility by pressing F11.
Acronis Startup Recovery Manager activation overwrites the Master Boot Record (MBR) with its own boot code.
You will have to reactivate third-party boot loaders, if installed. Under Linux, consider installing the LILO or
GRUB loader to a Linux root (or boot) partition boot record instead of the MBR before activation. Otherwise,
reconfigure these boot loaders manually after activation.
Do not activate
Disables boot time prompt "Press F11 for Acronis Startup Recovery Manager…". If Acronis Startup
Recovery Manager is not activated you will need one of the following to recover the system when it
fails to boot:
•
•
boot the machine from a separate bootable rescue media
use network boot from Acronis PXE Server or Microsoft Remote Installation Services (RIS).
See the Bootable media (p. 242) section for details.
6.7.1.5.
Result confirmation
The Result confirmation window displays the expected partition layout according to the settings you
have chosen. Click OK, if you are satisfied with the layout and the Acronis Secure Zone creation will
start.
How the settings you make will be processed
This helps you to understand how creating the Acronis Secure Zone will transform a disk containing
multiple volumes.
•
Acronis Secure Zone is always created at the end of the hard disk. When calculating the final
layout of the volumes, the program will first use unallocated space at the end.
•
If there is no or not enough unallocated space at the end of the disk, but there is unallocated
space between volumes, the volumes will be moved to add more unallocated space to the end.
•
When all unallocated space is collected but it is still not enough, the program will take free space
from the volumes you select, proportionally reducing the volumes' size. Resizing of locked
volumes requires a reboot.
•
However, there should be free space on a volume, so that the operating system and applications
can operate; for example, for creating temporary files. The program will not decrease a volume
where free space is or becomes less than 25% of the total volume size. Only when all volumes on
the disk have 25% or less free space, will the program continue decreasing the volumes
proportionally.
As is apparent from the above, setting the maximum possible zone size is not advisable. You will end
up with no free space on any volume which might cause the operating system or applications to work
unstably and even fail to start.
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6.7.2.
Managing Acronis Secure Zone
Acronis Secure Zone is considered as a personal vault (p. 352). Once created on a managed machine,
the zone is always present in the list of Personal vaults. Centralized backup plans can use Acronis
Secure Zone as well as local plans.
If you have used the Acronis Secure Zone before, please note a radical change in the zone
functionality. The zone does not perform automatic cleanup, that is, deleting old archives, anymore.
Use backup schemes with automatic cleanup to back up to the zone, or delete outdated archives
manually using the vault management functionality.
With the new Acronis Secure Zone behavior, you obtain the ability to:
•
•
list archives located in the zone and backups included in each archive
•
•
mount a volume backup to copy files from the backup to a physical disk
examine backup content
safely delete archives and backups from the archives.
To learn more about operations with vaults, see the Vaults (p. 122) section.
6.7.2.1.
Increasing Acronis Secure Zone
To increase Acronis Secure Zone
1. On the Manage Acronis Secure Zone page, click Increase.
2. Select volumes from which free space will be used to increase the Acronis Secure Zone.
3. Specify the new size of the zone by:
o dragging the slider and selecting any size between the current and maximum values. The
maximum size is equal to the disk’s unallocated space plus the total free space of all selected
partitions;
o typing an exact value in the Acronis Secure Zone Size field.
When increasing the size of the zone, the program will act as follows:
o first, it will use the unallocated space. Volumes will be moved, if necessary, but not resized.
Moving of locked volumes requires a reboot.
o If there is not enough unallocated space, the program will take free space from the selected
volumes, proportionally reducing the volumes' size. Resizing of locked partitions requires a
reboot.
Reducing a system volume to the minimum size might prevent the machine's operating system from
booting.
4. Click OK.
6.7.2.2.
Decreasing Acronis Secure Zone
To decrease Acronis Secure Zone
1. On the Manage Acronis Secure Zone page, click Decrease.
2. Select volumes that will receive free space after the zone is decreased.
3. Specify the new size of the zone by:
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o
o
dragging the slider and selecting any size between the current and minimum values. The
minimum size is approximately 50MB, depending on the geometry of the hard disk;
typing an exact value in the Acronis Secure Zone Size field.
4. Click OK.
6.7.2.3.
Deleting Acronis Secure Zone
Acronis Secure Zone deletion will automatically disable Acronis Startup Recovery Manager if it is
activated and destroy all backups stored in the zone.
To delete the zone without uninstalling the program, proceed as follows:
1. In the Acronis Secure Zone Actions bar (on the Actions and tools pane), select Delete.
2. In the Delete Acronis Secure Zone window, select volumes to which you want to add the space
freed from the zone and then click OK.
If you select several volumes, the space will be distributed proportionally to each partition. If you
do not select any volume, the freed space becomes unallocated.
After you click OK, Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 will start deleting the zone.
When removing Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 agent from the system, you have two options: to keep
Acronis Secure Zone along with its contents (which will enable data recovery on booting from
bootable media) or remove Acronis Secure Zone.
6.8. Bootable media
Bootable media
Bootable media is physical media (CD, DVD, USB drive or other media supported by a machine BIOS
as a boot device) that boots on any PC-compatible machine and enables you to run Acronis Backup &
Recovery 10 Agent either in a Linux-based environment or Windows Preinstallation Environment
(WinPE), without the help of an operating system. Bootable media is most often used to:
•
recover an operating system that cannot start
•
•
•
access and back up the data that has survived in a corrupted system
•
•
back up sector-by-sector a disk with an unsupported file system
deploy an operating system on bare metal
create basic or dynamic volumes on bare metal
back up offline any data that cannot be backed up online because of restricted access, being
permanently locked by the running applications or for any other reason.
A machine can be booted into the above environments either with physical media, or using the
network boot from Acronis PXE Server, Windows Deployment Services (WDS) or Remote Installation
Services (RIS). These servers with uploaded bootable components can be thought of as a kind of
bootable media too. You can create bootable media or configure the PXE server or WDS/RIS using the
same wizard.
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Linux-based bootable media
Linux-based media contains Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Bootable Agent based on Linux kernel. The
agent can boot and perform operations on any PC-compatible hardware, including bare metal and
machines with corrupted or non-supported file systems. The operations can be configured and
controlled either locally or remotely using the management console.
PE-based bootable media
PE-based bootable media contains a minimal Windows system called Windows Preinstallation
Environment (WinPE) and Acronis Plug-in for WinPE, that is, a modification of Acronis Backup &
Recovery 10 Agent that can run in the preinstallation environment.
WinPE proved to be the most convenient bootable solution in large environments with
heterogeneous hardware.
Advantages:
•
Using Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 in Windows Preinstallation Environment provides more
functionality than using Linux-based bootable media. Having booted PC-compatible hardware
into WinPE, you can use not only Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Agent, but also PE commands
and scripts and other plug-ins you've added to the PE.
•
PE-based bootable media helps overcome some Linux-related bootable media issues such as
support for certain RAID controllers or certain levels of RAID arrays only. Media based on PE 2.x,
that is, Windows Vista or Windows Server 2008 kernel, allows for dynamic loading of the
necessary device drivers.
6.8.1.
How to create bootable media
Linux-based bootable media
To create Linux-based bootable media, prepare a blank disk, install Acronis PXE Server or set up
WDS/RIS. Then start the Bootable Media Builder by selecting Tools > Create Bootable Rescue Media.
The wizard will guide you through the necessary operations. Please refer to Bootable Media Builder
(p. 244) for details.
PE-based bootable media
Acronis Plug-in for WinPE can be added to WinPE distributions based on any of the following kernels:
•
•
Windows XP Professional with Service Pack 2 (PE 1.5)
•
•
Windows Vista (PE 2.0)
Windows Server 2003 with Service Pack 1 (PE 1.6)
Windows Vista SP1 and Windows Server 2008 (PE 2.1)
If you already have media with PE1.x distribution, unpack the media ISO to a local folder and start the
Acronis WinPE ISO Builder by selecting it from start menu -> Acronis. The wizard will guide you
through the necessary operations. Please refer to Adding the Acronis Plug-in to WinPE 1.x (p. 247) for
details.
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To be able to create or modify PE 2.x images, install Acronis WinPE ISO Builder on a machine where
Windows Automated Installation Kit (AIK) is installed. The further operations are described in the
Adding the Acronis Plug-in to WinPE 2.x (p. 247) section.
If you do not have a machine with WAIK, prepare as follows:
1. Download and install Windows Automated Installation Kit (WAIK).
Automated Installation Kit (AIK) for Windows Vista (PE 2.0):
http://www.microsoft.com/Downloads/details.aspx?familyid=C7D4BC6D-15F3-4284-9123679830D629F2&displaylang=en
Automated Installation Kit (AIK) for Windows Vista SP1 and Windows Server 2008 (PE 2.1):
http://www.microsoft.com/downloads/details.aspx?FamilyID=94bb6e34-d890-4932-81a55b50c657de08&DisplayLang=en
2. [optional] Burn the WAIK to DVD or copy to a flash drive.
3. Install the Microsoft .NET Framework v.2.0 from this kit (NETFXx86 or NETFXx64, depending on
your hardware.)
4. Install Microsoft Core XML (MSXML) 5.0 or 6.0 Parser from this kit.
5. Install Windows AIK from this kit.
6. Install Acronis WinPE ISO Builder on the same machine.
It is recommended that you familiarize yourself with the help documentation supplied with Windows
AIK. To access the documentation, select Microsoft Windows AIK -> Documentation from the start
menu.
Using Bart PE
You can create a Bart PE image with Acronis Plug-in using the Bart PE Builder. Please refer to Building
Bart PE with Acronis Plug-in from Windows distribution (p. 249) for details.
6.8.1.1.
Bootable Media Builder
To enable creating physical media, the machine must have a CD/DVD recording drive or allow a flash
drive to be attached. To enable PXE or WDS/RIS configuration, the machine must have a network
connection. Bootable Media Builder can also create an ISO image of a bootable disk to burn it later on
a blank disk.
When using the media builder, you have to specify:
1. The Acronis bootable components to be placed on the media.
o Universal Restore can be enabled if Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Universal Restore is
installed on the machine where the media is created. Otherwise, a free or used license for
Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Universal Restore must be present on Acronis License Server
or you have to enter the license key for Universal Restore.
2. [optional] The timeout interval for the boot menu plus the component that will automatically
start on timeout.
o If not configured, the Acronis loader waits for someone to select whether to boot the
operating system (if present) or the Acronis component.
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o
If you set, say, 10 sec for the bootable agent, the agent will launch 10 seconds after the menu
is displayed. This enables unattended onsite operation when booting from a PXE server or
WDS/RIS.
3. [optional] Remote logon settings:
o user name and password to be entered on the console side at connection to the agent. If you
leave these fields empty, the connection will be enabled on typing any symbols in the prompt
window.
4. [optional] Network settings (p. 245):
o TCP/IP settings to be assigned to the machine network adapters.
5. [optional] Network port (p. 246):
o the TCP port that the bootable agent listens for incoming connection.
6. The type of media to create. You can:
o create CD, DVD or other bootable media such as removable USB flash drives if the hardware
BIOS allows for boot from such media
o build an ISO image of a bootable disc to burn it later on a blank disc
o upload the selected components to Acronis PXE Server
o upload the selected components to a WDS/RIS.
7. [optional] Windows system drivers to be used by Acronis Universal Restore (p. 246). This window
appears only if the Acronis Universal Restore add-on is installed and a media other than PXE or
WDS/RIS is selected.
8. Path to the media ISO file or the name or IP and credentials for PXE or WDS/RIS.
Network settings
While creating Acronis bootable media, you have an option to pre-configure network connections
that will be used by the bootable agent. The following parameters can be pre-configured:
•
•
•
IP address
•
•
DNS server
Subnet mask
Gateway
WINS server.
Once the bootable agent starts on a machine, the configuration is applied to the machine’s network
interface card (NIC.) If the settings have not been pre-configured, the agent uses DHCP auto
configuration. You also have the ability to configure the network settings manually when the
bootable agent is running on the machine.
Pre-configuring multiple network connections
You can pre-configure TCP/IP settings for up to ten network interface cards. To ensure that each NIC
will be assigned the appropriate settings, create the media on the server for which the media is
customized. When you select an existing NIC in the wizard window, its settings are selected for saving
on the media. The MAC address of each existing NIC is also saved on the media.
You can change the settings, except for the MAC address; or configure the settings for a non-existent
NIC, if need be.
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Once the bootable agent starts on the server, it retrieves the list of available NICs. This list is sorted
by the slots the NICs occupy: the closest to the processor on top.
The bootable agent assigns each known NIC the appropriate settings, identifying the NICs by their
MAC addresses. After the NICs with known MAC addresses are configured, the remaining NICs are
assigned the settings that you have made for non-existent NICs, starting from the upper non-assigned
NIC.
You can customize bootable media for any machine, and not only for the machine where the media is
created. To do so, configure the NICs according to their slot order on that machine: NIC1 occupies the
slot closest to the processor, NIC2 is in the next slot and so on. When the bootable agent starts on
that machine, it will find no NICs with known MAC addresses and will configure the NICs in the same
order as you did.
Example
The bootable agent could use one of the network adapters for communication with the management
console through the production network. Automatic configuration could be done for this connection.
Sizeable data for recovery could be transferred through the second NIC, included in the dedicated
backup network by means of static TCP/IP settings.
Network port
While creating bootable media, you have an option to pre-configure the network port that the
bootable agent listens for incoming connection. The choice is available between:
•
•
•
the default port
the currently used port
the new port (enter the port number).
If the port has not been pre-configured, the agent uses the default port number (9876.) This port is
also used as default by the Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Management Console.
Drivers for Universal Restore
While creating bootable media, you have an option to add Windows drivers to the media. The drivers
will be used by Universal Restore when recovering Windows on a machine with a dissimilar
processor, different motherboard or different mass storage device than in the backed up system.
You will be able to configure the Universal Restore:
•
to search the media for the drivers that best fit the target hardware
•
to get the mass-storage drivers that you explicitly specify from the media. This is necessary when
the target hardware has a specific mass storage controller (such as a SCSI, RAID, or Fiber Channel
adapter) for the hard disk.
For more information please refer to Universal Restore (p. 223).
The drivers will be placed in the visible Drivers folder on the bootable media. The drivers are not
loaded into the target machine RAM, therefore, the media must stay inserted or connected
throughout the Universal Restore operation.
Adding drivers to bootable media is available on the condition that:
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1. The Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Universal Restore add-on is installed on the machine where
the bootable media is created AND
2. You are creating a removable media or its ISO or detachable media, such as a flash drive. Drivers
cannot be uploaded on a PXE server or WDS/RIS.
The drivers can be added to the list only in groups, by adding the INF files or folders containing such
files. Selecting individual drivers from the INF files is not possible, but the media builder shows the
file content for your information.
To add drivers:
1. Click Add and browse to the INF file or a folder that contains INF files.
2. Select the INF file or the folder.
3. Click OK.
The drivers can be removed from the list only in groups, by removing INF files.
To remove drivers:
1. Select the INF file.
2. Click Remove.
6.8.1.2.
Adding the Acronis Plug-in to WinPE 1.x
Acronis Plug-in for WinPE can be added to:
•
•
Windows PE 2004 (1.5) (Windows XP Professional with Service Pack 2)
Windows PE 2005 (1.6) (Windows Server 2003 with Service Pack 1).
To add Acronis Plug-in to WinPE 1.x:
1. Install the Acronis Plug-in for WinPE from the Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 setup file.
2. Unpack all files of your WinPE 1.x ISO to a separate folder on the hard disk.
3. Select Acronis Win PE ISO Builder from the start menu.
4. Specify path to the folder with the WinPE files.
5. Specify path to the folder with the Acronis Plug-in files (check the registry key
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Acronis\WinPE\Settings\WinPE for the plug-in location.)
6. Specify the full path to the resulting ISO file including the file name.
7. Check your settings in the summary screen and click Proceed.
8. Burn the .ISO to CD or DVD using a third-party tool or copy to a flash drive.
Once a machine boots into the WinPE, Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 starts automatically.
6.8.1.3.
Adding the Acronis Plug-in to WinPE 2.x
Acronis WinPE ISO Builder provides three methods of integrating Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 with
WinPE 2.x:
•
Adding the Acronis Plug-in to the existing PE 2 ISO. This comes in handy when you have to add
the plug-in to the previously configured PE 2 ISO that is already in use.
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•
•
Creating the PE 2 ISO with the plug-in from scratch.
Adding the Acronis Plug-in to a WIM file for any future purpose (manual ISO building, adding
other tools to the image and so on).
To be able to perform any of the above operations, install Acronis WinPE ISO Builder on a machine
where Windows Automated Installation Kit (WAIK) is installed. If you do not have such machine,
prepare as described in How to create bootable media (p. 243).
Acronis WinPE ISO Builder supports only x86 WinPE 2.x. This WnPE distribution can also work on x64 hardware.
A PE image based on Win PE 2.0 requires at least 256MB RAM to work. The recommended memory size for PE
2.0 is 512MB.
Adding Acronis Plug-in to WinPE 2.x ISO
To add Acronis Plug-in to WinPE 2.x ISO:
1. Do one of the following:
When adding the plug-in to the existing Win PE 2 ISO, unpack all files of your Win PE 2 ISO to a
separate folder on the hard disk.
When creating a new PE 2 ISO:
select from the start menu Microsoft Windows AIK -> Windows PE Tools Command Prompt
run the copype.cmd script to create a folder with Windows PE files. For example, from a
command prompt, type:
cd Program Files\Windows AIK\Tools\PETools\
copype <arch> <destination>
Where <arch> is the hardware architecture (can be x86, amd64, or ia64, but Acronis supports x86
only) and <destination> is a path to the local folder. For example,
copype x86 c:\winpe_x86
2. Select Acronis WinPE ISO Builder from the start menu.
3. Specify path to the folder with the WinPE files.
4. Specify path to the folder with the Acronis Plug-in files. (check the registry key
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Acronis\WinPE\Settings\WinPE for the plug-in location).
5. Choose whether you want to create ISO or WIM image.
6. Specify the full path to the resulting image file including the file name.
7. Check your settings in the summary screen and click Proceed.
8. Burn the .ISO to CD or DVD using a third-party tool or copy to a flash drive.
Once a machine boots into WinPE, Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 starts automatically.
To create a PE image (ISO file) from the resulting WIM file:
•
replace the default boot.wim file in your Windows PE folder with the newly created WIM file. For
the above example, type:
copy c:\AcronisMedia.wim c:\winpe_x86\ISO\sources\boot.wim
•
use the Oscdimg tool. For the above example, type:
oscdimg -n –bc:\winpe_x86\etfsboot.com c:\winpe_x86\ISO
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c:\winpe_x86\winpe_x86.iso
Adding Acronis Plug-in to WinPE 2.x WIM
1. Select Acronis WinPE ISO Builder from the start menu.
2. Specify path to the source WINPE.WIM file. The standard path to this file for x86 hardware is
\Program Files\Windows AIK\Tools\PETools\x86\winpe.wim.
3. Specify path to the folder with the Acronis plug-in files. (check the registry key
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Acronis\WinPE\Settings\WinPE for the plug-in location).
4. Specify the full path to the resulting WIM file including the file name.
5. Check your settings in the summary screen and click Proceed.
For how to create a PE image (ISO file) from the resulting WIM file please see the previous section.
For more information on customizing Windows PE, see the Windows Preinstallation Environment
User’s Guide (Winpe.chm).
6.8.1.4.
Building Bart PE with Acronis Plug-in from Windows distribution
1. Get the Bart PE builder.
2. Install the Acronis WinPE ISO Builder from the Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 setup file.
3. Change the current folder to the folder where the Acronis Plug-in for WinPE is installed—by
default: C:\Program Files\Acronis\WinPE\WinPE.
If the plug-in is installed in a folder other than the default folder, change the path accordingly
(check the registry key HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Acronis\WinPE\Settings\WinPE for
the plug-in location.)
4. Run the following command:
export_license.bat
5. Copy the contents of the current folder—by default: C:\Program Files\Acronis\WinPE\WinPE—to
the %BartPE folder%\plugins\Acronis.
6. Insert your Windows distribution CD if you do not have a copy of Windows installation files on
the HDD.
7. Start the Bart PE builder.
8. Specify the path to the Windows installation files or Windows distribution CD.
9. Click Plugins and check whether the Acronis plug-in is enabled. Enable if disabled.
10. Specify the output folder and the full path to the resulting ISO file including the file name or the
media to create.
11. Build the Bart PE.
12. Burn the ISO to CD or DVD (if this has not been done yet) or copy to a flash drive.
Once the machine boots into the Bart PE and you configure the network connection, select Go ->
System -> Storage -> Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 to start.
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6.8.2.
Connecting to a machine booted from media
Once a machine boots from bootable media, the machine terminal displays a startup window with
the IP address(es) obtained from DHCP or set according to the pre-configured values.
Remote connection
To connect to the machine remotely, select Connect -> Manage a remote machine in the console
menu and specify one of the machine's IP addresses. Provide the user name and password if
these have been configured when creating the bootable media.
Local connection
Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Management Console is always present on the bootable media.
Anyone who has physical access to the machine terminal can run the console and connect. Just
click Run management console in the bootable agent startup window.
6.8.3.
Working under bootable media
Operations on a machine booted with bootable media are very similar to backup and recovery under
the operating system. The difference is as follows:
1. Disk letters seen under Windows-style bootable media might differ from the way Windows
identifies drives. For example, the D: drive under the rescue utility might correspond to the E:
drive in Windows.
Be careful! To be on the safe side, it is advisable to assign unique names to the volumes.
2. The Linux-style bootable media shows local disks and volumes as unmounted (sda1, sda2...).
3. There is no Navigation tree in the media GUI. Use the Navigation menu item to navigate
between views.
4. Tasks cannot be scheduled; in fact, tasks are not created at all. If you need to repeat the
operation, configure it from scratch.
5. The log lifetime is limited to the current session. You can save the entire log or the filtered log
entries to a file.
6. Centralized vaults are not displayed in the folder tree of the Archive window.
To access a managed vault, type the following string in the Path field:
bsp://node_address/vault_name/
To access an unmanaged centralized vault, type the full path to the vault's folder.
After entering access credentials, you will see a list of archives located in the vault.
6.8.4.
List of commands and utilities available in Linux-based
bootable media
Linux-based bootable media contains the following commands and command line utilities, which you
can use when running a command shell. To start the command shell, press CTRL+ALT+F2 while in the
bootable media's management console.
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Acronis command line utilities
•
Acronis
•
asamba
•
lash
•
trueimagecmd
•
trueimagemnt
Linux commands and utilities
busybox
ifconfig
readcd
cat
init
reboot
cdrecord
insmod
rm
chmod
iscsiadm
rmmod
chown
kill
route
chroot
kpartx
scp
cp
ln
scsi_id
dd
ls
sed
df
lspci
sg_map26
dmesg
lvm
sh
dmraid
mc
sleep
e2fsck
mdadm
ssh
e2label
mkdir
sshd
echo
mke2fs
strace
egrep
mknod
swapoff
fdisk
mkswap
swapon
fsck
more
sysinfo
fxload
mount
tar
gawk
mtx
tune2fs
gpm
mv
udev
grep
parted
udevinfo
growisofs
pccardctl
udevstart
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grub
ping
umount
gunzip
pktsetup
uuidgen
halt
poweroff
vconfig
hexdump
ps
vi
hotplug
raidautorun
zcat
6.8.5.
Recovering MD devices and logical volumes
To recover Linux Software RAID devices, known as MD devices, and/or devices created by Logical
Volume Manager (LVM), known as logical volumes, you need to manually create the correspondent
volume structure before starting the recovery.
The following are a general procedure for recovering MD devices and logical volumes by using a
Linux-based bootable media, and an example of such recovery. You can use a similar procedure in
Linux.
To recover MD devices and logical volumes
1. Boot the machine from a Linux-based bootable media.
Tip: To create a Linux-based bootable media, run Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Management Console (in
Windows or Linux); on the toolbar, click Tools, and then click Create bootable media.
2. Click Acronis Bootable Agent. Then, click Run management console.
3. On the toolbar, click Actions, and then click Start shell. Alternatively, you can press CTRL+ALT+F2.
4. If necessary, examine the structure of volumes which are stored in the archive, by using the
trueimagecmd utility. Also, you can use the trueimagemnt utility to mount one or more of these
volumes as if they were regular volumes (see "Mounting backup volumes" later in this topic).
5. Create the volume structure according to that in the archive, by using the mdadm utility (for MD
devices), the lvm utility (for logical volumes), or both.
Note: Logical Volume Manager utilities such as pvcreate and vgcreate, which are normally available in
Linux, are not included in the bootable media environment, so you need to use the lvm utility with a
correspondent command: lvm pvcreate, lvm vgcreate, etc.
6. If you previously mounted the backup by using the trueimagemnt utility, use this utility again to
unmount the backup (see "Mounting backup volumes" later in this topic).
7. Return to the management console by pressing CTRL+ALT+F1, or by running the command:
/bin/product
(Do not reboot the machine at this point. Otherwise, you will have to create the volume structure
again.)
8. Click Recover, then specify the path to the archive and other required parameters, and then click
OK.
Note: This procedure does not work when connected to Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Bootable Agent remotely,
because the command shell is not available in this case.
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Example
Suppose that you previously performed a disk backup of a machine with the following disk
configuration:
•
The machine has two 1-gigabyte and two 2-gigabyte SCSI hard disks, mounted on /dev/sda,
/dev/sdb, /dev/sdc, and /dev/sdd, respectively.
•
The first and second pairs of hard disks are configured as two MD devices, both in the RAID-1
configuration, and are mounted on /dev/md0 and /dev/md1, respectively.
•
A logical volume is based
/dev/my_volgroup/my_logvol.
on
the
two
MD
devices
and
is
mounted
on
The following picture illustrates this configuration.
Do the following to recover data from this archive.
Step 1: Creating the volume structure
1. Boot the machine from a Linux-based bootable media.
2. In the management console, press CTRL+ALT+F2.
3. Run the following commands to create the MD devices:
mdadm --create /dev/md0 --level=1 --raid-devices=2 /dev/sd[ab]
mdadm --create /dev/md1 --level=1 --raid-devices=2 /dev/sd[cd]
4. Run the following commands to create the logical volume group:
lvm pvcreate /dev/md0 /dev/md1
lvm vgcreate my_volgroup /dev/md0 /dev/md1
lvm vgdisplay
The output of the lvm vgdisplay command will contain lines similar to the following:
--- Volume group --VG Name
my_volgroup
...
VG Access
read/write
VG Status
resizable
...
VG Size
1.99 GB
...
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VG UUID
0qoQ4l-Vk7W-yDG3-uF1l-Q2AL-C0z0-vMeACu
5. Run the following command to create the logical volume; in the -L parameter, specify the size
given by VG Size:
lvm lvcreate -L1.99G --name my_logvol my_volgroup
6. Activate the volume group by running the following command:
lvm vgchange -a y my_volgroup
7. Press CTRL+ALT+F1 to return to the management console.
Step 2: Starting the recovery
1. In the management console, click Recover.
2. In Archive, click Change and then specify the name of the archive.
3. In Backup, click Change and then select the backup from which you want to recover data.
4. In Data type, select Volumes.
5. In Items to recover, select the check box next to my_volgroup-my_logvol.
6. Under Where to recover, click Change, and then select the logical volume that you created in
Step 1. Click the chevron buttons to expand the list of disks.
7. Click OK to start the recovery.
For a complete list of commands and utilities that you can use in the bootable media environment,
see List of commands and utilities available in Linux-based bootable media (p. 250). For detailed
descriptions of the trueimagecmd and trueimagemnt utilities, see the Acronis Backup & Recovery 10
command line reference.
Mounting backup volumes
You may want to mount a volume stored in a disk backup, for example, to view some files in it before
starting the recovery.
To mount a backup volume
1. Use the --list command to list the volumes which are stored in the backup. For example:
trueimagecmd --list --filename smb://server/backups/linux_machine.tib
The output will contain lines similar to the following:
Num Idx Partition Flags Start Size
---- --- --------- ----- ----- --------Disk 1:
Table
0
Disk 2:
Table
0
...
Dynamic & GPT Volumes:
DYN1 4
my_volgroup-my_logvol 12533760
Type
-----Table
Table
Ext2
You will need the volume's index, given in the Idx column, in the next step.
2. Use the --mount command, specifying the volume's index in the -i parameter. For example:
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trueimagemnt --mount /mnt --filename smb://server/backups/linux_machine.tib -i
4
This command mounts the logical volume DYN1, whose index in the backup is 4, on the mount
point /mnt.
To unmount a backup volume
•
Use the --unmount command, specifying the volume's mount point as a parameter. For example:
trueimagemnt --unmount /mnt
6.8.6.
Acronis PXE Server
Acronis PXE Server allows for booting machines to Acronis bootable components through the
network.
Network booting:
•
eliminates the need to have a technician onsite to install the bootable media into the system that
must be booted
•
during group operations, reduces the time required for booting multiple machines as compared
to using physical bootable media.
Booting multiple machines from the Acronis PXE Server makes sense if there is a Dynamic Host
Control Protocol (DHCP) server on your network. Then the network interfaces of the booted
machines will automatically obtain IP addresses. Without the DHCP, you will have to pre-configure
and upload on the PXE server the bootable agent for each machine separately.
6.8.6.1.
Acronis PXE Server Installation
To install Acronis PXE Server:
1. Run the Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 setup file.
2. Select Acronis PXE Server from the list of Centralized management components.
3. Follow the onscreen instructions.
Acronis PXE Server runs as a service immediately after installation. Later on it will automatically
launch at each system restart. You can stop and start Acronis PXE Server in the same way as other
Windows services.
6.8.6.2.
Setting up a machine to boot from PXE
For bare metal, it is enough that the machine’s BIOS supports network booting.
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255
On a machine that has an operating system on the hard disk, the BIOS must be configured so that the
network interface card is either the first boot device, or at least prior to the Hard Drive device. The
example below shows one of reasonable BIOS configurations. If you don’t insert bootable media, the
machine will boot from the network.
In some BIOS versions, you have to save changes to BIOS after enabling the network interface card so
that the card appears in the list of boot devices.
If the hardware has multiple network interface cards, make sure that the card supported by the BIOS
has the network cable plugged in.
6.8.6.3.
PXE and DHCP on the same server
If Acronis PXE Server and the DHCP server are on the same machine, add to the DHCP server option
60: “Client Identifier” with string value “PXE Client”. This can be done as follows:
C:\WINDOWS\system32>netsh
netsh>dhcp
netsh>dhcp>server \\<server_machine_name> or <IP address>
netsh dhcp>add optiondef 60 PXEClient STRING 0 comment=”Option added for PXE
support”
netsh dhcp>set optionvalue 60 STRING PXEClient
6.8.6.4.
Work across subnets
To enable the Acronis PXE Server to work in another subnet (across the switch), configure the switch
to relay the PXE traffic. The PXE server IP addresses are configured on a per-interface basis using IP
helper functionality in the same way as DHCP server addresses. For more information please refer to:
http://support.microsoft.com/default.aspx/kb/257579.
6.9. Disk management
Acronis Disk Director Lite is a tool for preparing a machine disk/volume configuration for recovering
the volume images saved by the Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 software.
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Sometimes after the volume has been backed up and its image placed into a safe storage, the
machine disk configuration might change due to a HDD replacement or hardware loss. In such case
with the help of Acronis Disk Director Lite, the user has the possibility to recreate the necessary disk
configuration so that the volume image can be recovered exactly “as it was” or with any alteration of
the disk or volume structure the user might consider necessary.
All operations on disks and volumes involve a certain risk of data damage. Operations on system, bootable or
data volumes must be carried out very carefully to avoid potential problems with the booting process or hard
disk data storage.
Operations with hard disks and volumes take a certain amount of time, and any power loss, unintentional
turning off of the machine or accidental pressing of the Reset button during the procedure could result in volume
damage and data loss.
Please take all necessary precautions (p. 257) to avoid possible data loss.
6.9.1.
Basic precautions
To avoid any possible disk and volume structure damage or data loss, please take all necessary
precautions and follow these simple rules:
1. Create a disk image of the disk on which volumes will be created or managed. Having your most
important data backed up to another hard disk or CD will allow you to work on disk volumes
being reassured that your data is safe.
Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 is an extremely effective comprehensive data backup and recovery solution.
It creates a data or disk backup copy stored in a compressed archive file that can be restored in case of any
accident.
2. Test your disk to make sure it is fully functional and does not contain bad sectors or file system
errors.
3. Do not perform any disk/volume operations while running other software that has low-level disk
access. Close these programs before running Acronis Disk Director Lite.
With these simple precautions, you will protect yourself against accidental data loss.
6.9.2.
Running Acronis Disk Director Lite
You can run Acronis Disk Director Lite under Windows or start it from a bootable media.
Running Acronis Disk Director Lite under Windows
If you run Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Management Console, and connect it to a managed
machine, the Disk management view will be available in the Navigation tree of the console, with
which you can start Acronis Disk Director Lite.
Running Acronis Disk Director Lite from a bootable media
You can run Acronis Disk Director Lite on a bare metal, on a machine that cannot boot or on a nonWindows machine. To do so, boot the machine from a bootable media (p. 341) created with the
Acronis Bootable Media Builder; run the management console and then click Disk Management.
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257
6.9.3.
Choosing the operating system for disk management
On a machine with two or more operating systems, representation of disks and volumes depends on
which operating system is currently running.
A volume may have a different letter in different Windows operating systems. For example, volume E:
might appear as D: or L: when you boot another Windows operating system installed on the same
machine. (It is also possible that this volume will have the same letter E: under any Windows OS
installed on the machine.)
A dynamic disk created in one Windows operating system is considered as a Foreign Disk in another
Windows operating system or might be unsupported by this operating system.
When you need to perform a disk management operation on such machine, it is necessary to specify
for which operating system the disk layout will be displayed and the disk management operation will
be performed.
The name of the currently selected operating system is shown on the console toolbar after “The
current disk layout is for:”. Click the OS name to select another operating system in the Operating
System Selection window. Under bootable media, this window appears after clicking Disk
management. The disk layout will be displayed according to the operating system you select.
6.9.4.
"Disk management" view
Acronis Disk Director Lite is controlled through the Disk management view of the console.
The top part of the view contains a disks and volumes table enabling data sorting and columns
customization and toolbar. The table presents the numbers of the disks, as well as assigned letter,
label, type, capacity, free space size, used space size, file system, and status for each volume. The
toolbar comprises of icons to launch the Undo, Redo and Commit actions intended for pending
operations (p. 271).
The graphic panel at the bottom of the view also graphically depicts all the disks and their volumes as
rectangles with basic data on them (label, letter, size, status, type and file system).
Both parts of the view also depict all unallocated disk space that can be used in volume creation.
Starting the operations
Any operation can be launched:
•
•
•
From the volume or disk context menu (both in the table and the graphic panel)
From the Disk management menu of the console
From the Operations bar on the Actions and Tools pane
Note that the list of available operations in the context menu, the Disk management menu, and the
Operations bar depends on the selected volume or disk type. The same is true for unallocated space as well.
Displaying operation results
The results of any disk or volume operation, you have just planned, are immediately displayed in the
Disk management view of the console. For example, if you create a volume, it will be immediately
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shown in the table, as well as in graphical form at the bottom of the view. Any volume changes,
including changing the volume letter or label, are also immediately displayed in the view.
6.9.5.
Disk operations
Acronis Disk Director Lite includes the following operations that can be performed on disks:
•
•
Disk Initialization (p. 259) - initializes the new hardware added to the system
•
•
•
Disk conversion: MBR to GPT (p. 262) - converts an MBR partition table to GPT
•
Disk conversion: Dynamic to Basic (p. 264) - converts a dynamic disk to basic
Basic disk cloning (p. 260) - transfers complete data from the source basic MBR disk to the target
Disk conversion: GPT to MBR (p. 262) - converts a GPT partition table to MBR
Disk conversion: Basic to Dynamic (p. 263) - converts a basic disk to dynamic
The full version of Acronis Disk Director will provide more tools and utilities for working with disks.
Acronis Disk Director Lite must obtain exclusive access to the target disk. This means no other disk management
utilities (like Windows Disk Management utility) can access it at that time. If you receive a message stating that
the disk cannot be blocked, close the disk management applications that use this disk and start again. If you
cannot determine which applications use the disk, close them all.
6.9.5.1.
Disk initialization
If you add any new disk to your machine, Acronis Disk Director Lite will notice the configuration
change and scan the added disk to include it to the disk and volume list. If the disk is still not
initialized or, possibly, has a file structure unknown to the machine system, that means that no
programs can be installed on it and you will not be able to store any files there.
Acronis Disk Director Lite will detect that the disk is unusable by the system and will prompt you to
initialize it. The Disk management view will show the new detected hardware as a gray block with a
grayed icon, thus indicating that the disk is unusable by the system. The Disk Initialization prompt
window will provide the basic hardware details such as the disk’s number, model and capacity to aid
you in the choice of your possible action.
Delayed or immediate disk initialization
If for any reason you want to keep the disk uninitialized, you can decline the initialization prompt
so that it will not be triggered in the future, and the disk will remain unusable in the system. If in
the future you decide to initialize the disk, you will be able to summon the initialization prompt
by right-clicking on the gray block, depicting the disk and choosing the Disk Initialization action in
the context menu.
If you want to initialize the new hardware immediately, you can choose whether you want the
disk to have the MBR or the GPT partition scheme. You can also decide on the disk’s immediate
conversion to dynamic, or it can be left basic, depending on the tasks you plan for this new
hardware.
Please note that the new disk initialization will not be postponed and added to the pending operations list to be
committed later. After you accept the settings and click the OK button, the initialization will start immediately. It
is a quick procedure and will be finished in a short time, but still please wait until it is finished: do not try to
interrupt it. If you decide to change the new disk settings it can be done later using the standard Acronis Disk
Director Lite disk tools.
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259
After the disk is initialized, its icon is now shown in green instead of grayed and the necessary new
disk information appears. The disk block remains gray though, because after the initialization all the
disk space remains unallocated and so still impossible to be used for program installation or file
storage. To be able to use it, proceed normally to the Create volume operation.
6.9.5.2.
Basic disk cloning
Sometimes it is necessary to transfer all the disk data onto a new disk. It can be a case of expanding
the system volume, starting a new system layout or disk evacuation due to a hardware fault. In any
case, the reason for the Clone basic disk operation can be summed up as the necessity to transfer all
the source disk data to a target disk exactly as it is.
Acronis Disk Director Lite allows the operation to be carried out to basic MBR disks only.
To plan the Clone basic disk operation:
1. Select a disk you want to clone.
2. Select a disk as target for the cloning operation.
3. Select a cloning method and specify advanced options.
The new volume structure will be graphically represented in the Disk management view immediately.
It is advisable that you deactivate Acronis Startup Recovery Manager (p. 338) (ASRM), if it is active, before
cloning a system disk. Otherwise the cloned operating system might not boot. You can activate the ASRM again
after the cloning is completed. If deactivation is not possible, choose the As is method to clone the disk.
Selecting source and target disks
The program displays a list of partitioned disks and asks the user to select the source disk, from which
data will be transferred to another disk.
The next step is selection of a disk as target for the cloning operation. The program enables the user
to select a disk if its size will be sufficient to hold all the data from the source disk without any loss.
If there is some data on the disk that was chosen as the target, the user will receive a warning: “The
selected target disk is not empty. The data on its volumes will be overwritten.”, meaning that all the
data currently located on the chosen target disk will be lost irrevocably.
Cloning method and advanced options
The Clone basic disk operation usually means that the information from the source disk is transferred
to the target “As is”. So, if the destination disk is the same size and even if it is larger, it is possible to
transfer all the information there exactly as it is stored at the source.
But with the wide range of available hardware it is normal that the target disk would differ in size
from the source. If the destination is larger, then it would be advisable to resize the source disk
volumes to avoid leaving unallocated space on the target disk by selecting the Proportionally resize
volumes option. The option to Clone basic disk “as is” remains, but the default method of cloning will
be carried out with proportional enlargement of all the source disk volumes so that no unallocated
space remains on the target disk .
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If the destination is smaller, then the As is option of cloning will be unavailable and proportional
resizing of the source disk volumes will be mandatory. The program analyzes the target disk to
establish whether its size will be sufficient to hold all the data from the source disk without any loss.
If such transfer with proportional resizing of the source disk volumes is possible, but without any data
loss , then the user will be allowed to proceed. If due to the size limitations safe transfer of all the
source disk data to the target disk is impossible even with the proportional resizing of the volumes,
then the Clone basic disk operation will be impossible and the user will not be able to continue.
If you are about to clone a disk comprising of a system volume, pay attention to the Advanced
options.
By clicking Finish, you'll add the pending operation of the disk cloning.
(To finish the added operation you will have to commit (p. 271) it. Exiting the program without
committing the pending operations will effectively cancel them.)
Using advanced options
When cloning a disk comprising of a system volume, you need to retain an operating system
bootability on the target disk volume. It means that the operating system must have the system
volume information (e.g. volume letter) matched with the disk NT signature, which is kept in the MBR
disk record. But two disks with the same NT signature cannot work properly under one operating
system.
If there are two disks having the same NT signature and comprising of a system volume on a machine, at the
startup the operating system runs from the first disk, discovers the same signature on the second one,
automatically generates a new unique NT signature and assigns it to the second disk. As a result, all the volumes
on the second disk will lose their letters, all paths will be invalid on the disk, and programs won't find their files.
The operating system on that disk will be unbootable.
You have the following two alternatives to retain system bootability on the target disk volume:
1. Copy NT signature – to provide the target disk with the source disk NT signature matched with
the Registry keys also copied on the target disk.
2. Leave NT signature – to keep the old target disk signature and update the operating system
according to the signature.
If you need to copy the NT signature:
1. Select the Copy NT signature check box. You receive the warning: “If there is an operating system
on the hard disk, uninstall either the source or the target hard disk drive from your machine prior
to starting the machine again. Otherwise, the OS will start from the first of the two, and the OS
on the second disk will become unbootable.” The Turn off the machine after the cloning
operation check box is selected and disabled automatically.
2. Click Finish to add the pending operation.
3. Click Commit on the toolbar and then click Proceed in the Pending Operations window.
4. Wait until the task is finished.
5. Wait until the machine is turned off.
6. Disconnect either the source or the target hard disk drive from the machine.
7. Start up the machine.
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261
If you need to leave an NT signature:
1. Click to clear the Copy NT signature check box, if necessary.
2. Click to clear the Turn off the machine after the cloning operation check box, if necessary.
3. Click Finish to add the pending operation.
4. Click Commit on the toolbar and then click Proceed in the Pending Operations window.
5. Wait until the task is finished.
6.9.5.3.
Disk conversion: MBR to GPT
You would want to convert an MBR basic disk to a GPT basic disk in the following cases:
•
If you need more than 4 primary volumes on one disk.
•
If you need additional disk reliability against any possible data damage.
If you need to convert a basic MBR disk to basic GPT:
1. Select a basic MBR disk to convert to GPT.
2. Right-click on the selected volume, and then click Convert to GPT in the context menu.
You will receive a warning window, stating that you are about to convert MBR into GPT.
3. By clicking OK, you'll add a pending operation of MBR to GPT disk conversion.
(To finish the added operation you will have to commit (p. 271) it. Exiting the program without
committing the pending operations will effectively cancel them.)
Please note: A GPT-partitioned disk reserves the space in the end of the partitioned area necessary for the
backup area, which stores copies of the GPT header and the partition table. If the disk is full and the volume size
cannot be automatically decreased, the conversion operation of the MBR disk to GPT will fail.
The operation is irreversible. If you have a primary volume, belonging to an MBR disk, and convert the disk first
to GPT and then back to MBR, the volume will be logical and will not be able to be used as a system volume.
If you plan to install an OS that does not support GPT disks, the reverse conversion of the disk to MBR
is also possible through the same menu items the name of the operation will be listed as Convert to
MBR.
Dynamic disk conversion: MBR to GPT
Acronis Disk Director Lite does not support direct MBR to GPT conversion for dynamic disks. However
you can perform the following conversions to reach the goal using the program:
1. MBR disk conversion: dynamic to basic (p. 264) using the Convert to basic operation.
2. Basic disk conversion: MBR to GPT using the Convert to GPT operation.
3. GPT disk conversion: basic to dynamic (p. 263) using the Convert to dynamic operation.
6.9.5.4.
Disk conversion: GPT to MBR
If you plan to install an OS that does not support GPT disks, conversion of the GPT disk to MBR is
possible the name of the operation will be listed as Convert to MBR.
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If you need to convert a GPT disk to MBR:
1. Select a GPT disk to convert to MBR.
2. Right-click on the selected volume, and then click Convert to MBR in the context menu.
You will receive a warning window, stating that you are about to convert GPT into MBR.
You will be explained the changes that will happen to the system after the chosen disk is
converted from GPT to MBR. E.g. if such conversion will stop a disk from being accessed by the
system, the operating system will stop loading after such conversion or some volumes on the
selected GPT disk will not be accessible with MBR (e.g. volumes located more than 2 TB from the
beginning of the disk) you will be warned here about such damage.
Please note, a volume, belonging to a GPT disk to convert, will be a logical one after the operation and is
irreversible.
3. By clicking OK, you'll add a pending operation of GPT to MBR disk conversion.
(To finish the added operation you will have to commit (p. 271) it. Exiting the program without
committing the pending operations will effectively cancel them.)
6.9.5.5.
Disk conversion: basic to dynamic
You would want to convert a basic disk to dynamic in the following cases:
•
If you plan to use the disk as part of a dynamic disk group.
•
If you want to achieve additional disk reliability for data storage.
If you need to convert a basic disk to dynamic:
1. Select the basic disk to convert to dynamic.
2. Right-click on the selected volume, and then click Convert to dynamic in the context menu. You
will receive a final warning about the basic disk being converted to dynamic.
3. If you click OK in this warning window, the conversion will be performed immediately and if
necessary, your machine will be restarted.
Please note: A dynamic disk occupies the last megabyte of the physical disk to store the database, including
the four-level description (Volume-Component-Partition-Disk) for each dynamic volume. If during the
conversion to dynamic it turns out that the basic disk is full and the size of its volumes cannot be decreased
automatically, the basic disk to dynamic conversion operation will fail.
Should you decide to revert your dynamic disks back to basic ones, e.g. if you want to start using an
OS on your machine that does not support dynamic disks, you can convert your disks using the same
menu items, though the operation now will be named Convert to basic.
System disk conversion
Acronis Disk Director Lite does not require an operating system reboot after basic to dynamic
conversion of the disk, if:
1. There is a single Windows 2008/Vista operating system installed on the disk.
2. The machine runs this operating system.
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Basic to dynamic conversion of the disk, comprising of system volumes, takes a certain amount of time, and any
power loss, unintentional turning off of the machine or accidental pressing of the Reset button during the
procedure could result in bootability loss.
In contrast to Windows Disk Manager the program ensures bootability of an offline operating system
on the disk after the operation.
6.9.5.6.
Disk conversion: dynamic to basic
You would want to convert dynamic disks back to basic ones, e.g. if you want to start using an OS on
your machine that does not support dynamic disks.
If you need to convert a dynamic disk to basic:
1. Select the dynamic disk to convert to basic.
2. Right-click on the selected volume, and then click Convert to basic in the context menu. You will
receive a final warning about the dynamic disk being converted to basic.
You will be advised about the changes that will happen to the system if the chosen disk is
converted from dynamic into basic. E.g. if such a conversion will stop the disk from being
accessed by the system, the operating system will stop loading after such conversion, or if the
disk you want to convert to basic contains any volumes of the types that are only supported by
dynamic disks (all volume types except Simple volumes), then you will be warned here about the
possible damage to the data involved in the conversion.
Please note, the operation is unavailable for a dynamic disk containing Spanned, Striped, or RAID-5
volumes.
3. If you click OK in this warning window, the conversion will be performed immediately.
After the conversion the last 8Mb of disk space is reserved for the future conversion of the disk from
basic to dynamic.
In some cases the possible unallocated space and the proposed maximum volume size might differ
(e.g. when the size of one mirror establishes the size of the other mirror, or the last 8Mb of disk space
are reserved for the future conversion of the disk from basic to dynamic).
System disk conversion
Acronis Disk Director Lite does not require an operating system reboot after dynamic to basic
conversion of the disk, if:
1. There is a single Windows 2008/Vista operating system installed on the disk.
2. The machine runs this operating system.
Dynamic to basic conversion of the disk, comprising of system volumes, takes a certain amount of time, and any
power loss, unintentional turning off of the machine or accidental pressing of the Reset button during the
procedure could result in bootability loss.
In contrast to Windows Disk Manager the program ensures:
•
safe conversion of a dynamic disk to basic when it contains volumes with data, except striped,
spanned, and RAID volumes
•
bootability of an offline operating system on the disk after the operation.
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6.9.6.
Volume operations
Acronis Disk Director Lite includes the following operations that can be performed on volumes:
•
Create Volume (p. 265) - Creates a new volume with the help of the Create Volume Wizard.
•
•
Delete Volume (p. 269) - Deletes the selected volume.
Set Active (p. 269) - Sets the selected volume Active so that the machine will be able to boot with
the OS installed there.
•
•
Change Letter (p. 270) - Changes the selected volume letter
•
Format Volume (p. 271) - Formats a volume giving it the necessary file system
Change Label (p. 270) - Changes the selected volume label
The full version of Acronis Disk Director will provide more tools and utilities for working with
volumes.
Acronis Disk Director Lite must obtain exclusive access to the target volume. This means no other disk
management utilities (like Windows Disk Management utility) can access it at that time. If you receive a
message stating that the volume cannot be blocked, close the disk management applications that use this
volume and start again. If you cannot determine which applications use the volume, close them all.
6.9.6.1.
Creating a volume
You might need a new volume to:
•
•
Recover a previously saved backup copy in the “exactly as was” configuration;
Store collections of similar files separately — for example, an MP3 collection or video files on a
separate volume;
•
Store backups (images) of other volumes/disks on a special volume;
•
•
Install a new operating system (or swap file) on a new volume;
Add new hardware to a machine.
In Acronis Disk Director Lite the tool for creating volumes is the Create volume Wizard.
Types of dynamic volumes
Simple Volume
A volume created from free space on a single physical disk. It can consist of one region on the disk
or several regions, virtually united by the Logical Disk Manager (LDM). It provides no additional
reliability, no speed improvement, nor extra size.
Spanned Volume
A volume created from free disk space virtually linked together by the LDM from several physical
disks. Up to 32 disks can be included into one volume, thus overcoming the hardware size
limitations, but if at least one disk fails, all data will be lost, and no part of a spanned volume may
be removed without destroying the entire volume. So, a spanned volume provides no additional
reliability, nor a better I/O rate.
Striped Volume
A volume, also sometimes called RAID 0, consisting of equal sized stripes of data, written across
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each disk in the volume; it means that to create a striped volume, a user will need two or more
dynamic disks. The disks in a striped volume don’t have to be identical, but there must be unused
space available on each disk that you want to include in the volume and the size of the volume
will depend on the size of the smallest space. Access to the data on a striped volume is usually
faster than access to the same data on a single physical disk, because the I/O is spread across
more than one disk.
Striped volumes are created for improved performance, not for their better reliability - they do
not contain redundant information.
Mirrored Volume
A fault-tolerant volume, also sometimes called RAID 1, whose data is duplicated on two identical
physical disks. All of the data on one disk is copied to another disk to provide data redundancy.
Almost any volume can be mirrored, including the system and boot volumes, and if one of the
disks fails, the data can still be accessed from the remaining disks. Unfortunately, the hardware
limitations on size and performance are even more severe with the use of mirrored volumes.
Mirrored-Striped Volume
A fault-tolerant volume, also sometimes called RAID 1+0, combining the advantage of the high
I/O speed of the striped layout and redundancy of the mirror type. The evident disadvantage
remains inherent with the mirror architecture - a low disk-to-volume size ratio.
RAID-5
A fault-tolerant volume whose data is striped across an array of three or more disks. The disks do
not need to be identical, but there must be equally sized blocks of unallocated space available on
each disk in the volume. Parity (a calculated value that can be used to reconstruct data in case of
failure) is also striped across the disk array. And it is always stored on a different disk than the
data itself. If a physical disk fails, the portion of the RAID-5 volume that was on that failed disk
can be re-created from the remaining data and the parity. A RAID-5 volume provides reliability
and is able to overcome the physical disk size limitations with a higher than mirrored disk-tovolume size ratio.
Create volume wizard
The Create volume wizard lets you create any type of volume (including system and active), select a
file system, label, assign a letter, and also provides other disk management functions.
Its pages will enable you to enter operation parameters, proceeding step-by-step further on and
return to any previous step if necessary to change any previously selected options. To help you with
your choices, each parameter is supplemented with detailed instructions.
If you want to create a volume:
Run the Create volume wizard by selecting Create volume on the Wizards bar, or right-click any
unallocated space and select Create volume in the appearing context menu.
Select the type of volume being created
At the first step you have to specify the type of volume you want to create. The following types of
volume are available:
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•
•
•
Basic
•
•
Mirrored
Simple/Spanned
Striped
RAID-5
You will obtain a brief description of every type of volume
advantages and limitations of each possible volume architecture.
for better understanding of the
If the current operating system, installed on this machine, does not support the selected type of volume , you will
receive the appropriate warning. In this case the Next button will be disabled and you will have to select another
type of volume to proceed with the new volume creation.
After you click the Next button, you will proceed forward to the next wizard page: Select destination
disks (p. 267).
Select destination disks
The next wizard page will prompt you to choose the disks, whose space will be used for the volume
creation.
To create a basic volume:
o
Select a destination disk and specify the unallocated space to create the basic volume on.
To create a Simple/Spanned volume:
o
Select one or more destination disks to create the volume on.
To create a Mirrored volume:
o
Select two destination disks to create the volume on.
To create a Striped volume:
o
Select two or more destination disks to create the volume on.
To create a RAID-5 volume:
o
Select three destination disks to create the volume on.
After you choose the disks, the wizard will calculate the maximum size of the resulting volume,
depending on the size of the unallocated space on the disks you chose and the requirements of the
volume type you have previously decided upon.
If you are creating a dynamic volume and select one or several basic disks, as its destination, you will
receive a warning that the selected disk will be converted to dynamic automatically.
If need be, you will be prompted to add the necessary number of disks to your selection, according to
the chosen type of the future volume.
If you click the Back button, you will be returned to the previous page: Select the type of volume
being created (p. 266).
If you click the Next button, you will proceed to the next page: Set the volume size (p. 268).
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Set the volume size
On the third wizard page, you will be able to define the size of the future volume, according to the
previously made selections. In order to choose the necessary size between the minimum and the
maximum values, use the slider or enter the necessary values into the special windows between the
minimum and the maximum values or click on the special handle, and hold and drag the borders of
the disk's picture with the cursor.
The maximum value normally includes the most possible unallocated space. But in some cases the
possible unallocated space and the proposed maximum volume size might differ (e.g. when the size
of one mirror establishes the size of the other mirror, or the last 8Mb of the disk space is reserved for
the future conversion of the disk from basic to dynamic).
For basic volumes if some unallocated space is left on the disk, you also will be able to choose the
position of the new volume on the disk.
If you click the Back button, you will be returned to the previous page: Select destination disks (p.
267).
If you click the Next button, you will proceed to the next page: Set the volume options (p. 268).
Set the volume options
On the next wizard page you can assign the volume Letter (by default - the first free letter of the
alphabet) and, optionally, a Label (by default – none). Here you will also specify the File system and
the Cluster size.
The wizard will prompt you to choose one of the Windows file systems: FAT16 (disabled, if the
volume size has been set at more than 2 Gb), FAT32 (disabled, if the volume size has been set at more
than 32 Gb), NTFS or to leave the volume Unformatted.
In setting the cluster size you can choose between any number in the preset amount for each file
system. Note, the program suggests the cluster size best suited to the volume with the chosen file
system.
If you are creating a basic volume, which can be made into a system volume, this page will be
different, giving you the opportunity to select the volume Type — Primary (Active Primary) or
Logical.
Typically Primary is selected to install an operating system to a volume. Select the Active (default)
value if you want to install an operating system on this volume to boot at machine startup. If the
Primary button is not selected, the Active option will be inactive. If the volume is intended for data
storage, select Logical.
A Basic disk can contain up to four primary volumes. If they already exist, the disk will have to be converted into
dynamic, otherwise or Active and Primary options will be disabled and you will only be able to select the Logical
volume type. The warning message will advise you that an OS installed on this volume will not be bootable.
If you use characters when setting a new volume label that are unsupported by the currently installed operation
system, you will get the appropriate warning and the Next button will be disabled. You will have to change the
label to proceed with the creation of the new volume.
If you click the Back button, you will be returned to the previous page: Set the volume size (p. 268).
If you click the Finish button, you will complete the operation planning.
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To perform the planned operation click Commit in the toolbar, and then click Proceed in the Pending
Operations window.
If you set a 64K cluster size for FAT16/FAT32 or on 8KB-64KB cluster size for NTFS, Windows can mount the
volume, but some programs (e.g. Setup programs) might calculate its disk space incorrectly.
6.9.6.2.
Delete volume
This version of Acronis Disk Director Lite has reduced functionality because it is mainly a tool for
preparing bare-metal systems for recovering previously saved volume images. The features of resizing
the existing volumes and creating the new volumes, using free space from the existing ones, exist on
the full version of the software, so with this version deleting an existing volume sometimes might be
the only way to free the necessary disk space without changing the existing disk configuration.
After a volume is deleted, its space is added to unallocated disk space. It can be used for creation of a
new volume or to change another volume's type.
If you need to delete a volume:
1. Select a hard disk and a volume to be deleted.
2. Select Delete volume or a similar item in the Operations sidebar list, or click the Delete the
selected volume icon on the toolbar.
If the volume contains any data, you will receive the warning, that all the information on this volume
will be lost irrevocably.
By clicking OK in the Delete volume window, you'll add the pending operation of volume deletion.
(To finish the added operation you will have to commit (p. 271) it. Exiting the program without
committing the pending operations will effectively cancel them.)
6.9.6.3.
Set active volume
If you have several primary volumes, you must specify one to be the boot volume. For this, you can
set a volume to become active. A disk can have only one active volume, so if you set a volume as
active, the volume, which was active before, will be automatically unset.
If you need to set a volume active:
1. Select a primary volume on a basic MBR disk to set as active.
2. Right-click on the selected volume, and then click Mark as active in the context menu.
If there is no other active volume in the system, the pending operation of setting active volume
will be added.
Please note, that due to setting the new active volume, the former active volume letter might be changed
and some of the installed programs might stop running.
3. If another active volume is present in the system, you will receive the warning that the previous
active volume will have to be set passive first. By clicking OK in the Warning window, you'll add
the pending operation of setting active volume.
Please note: even if you have the Operating System on the new active volume, in some cases the machine
will not be able to boot from it. You will have to confirm your decision to set the new volume as active.
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(To finish the added operation you will have to commit (p. 271) it. Exiting the program without
committing the pending operations will effectively cancel them.)
The new volume structure will be graphically represented in the Disk management view immediately.
6.9.6.4.
Change volume letter
Windows operating systems assign letters (C:, D:, etc) to hard disk volumes at startup. These letters
are used by applications and operating systems to locate files and folders in the volumes.
Connecting an additional disk, as well as creating or deleting a volume on existing disks, might change
your system configuration. As a result, some applications might stop working normally or user files
might not be automatically found and opened. To prevent this, you can manually change the letters
that are automatically assigned to the volumes by the operating system.
If you need to change a letter assigned to a volume by the operating system:
1. Select a volume to change a letter.
2. Right-click on the selected volume, and then click Change letter in the context menu.
3. Select a new letter in the Change Letter window.
4. By clicking OK in the Change Letter window, you'll add a pending operation to volume letter
assignment.
(To finish the added operation you will have to commit (p. 271) it. Exiting the program without
committing the pending operations will effectively cancel them.)
The new volume structure will be graphically represented in the Disk management view immediately.
6.9.6.5.
Change volume label
The volume label is an optional attribute. It is a name assigned to a volume for easier recognition. For
example, one volume could be called SYSTEM — a volume with an operating system, or PROGRAM —
an application volume, DATA — a data volume, etc., but it does not imply that only the type of data
stated with the label could be stored on such a volume.
In Windows, volume labels are shown in the Explorer disk and folder tree: WIN98(C:), WINXP(D:),
DATA(E:), etc. WIN98, WINXP and DATA are volume labels. A volume label is shown in all application
dialog boxes for opening and saving files.
If you need to change a volume label:
1. Right-click on the selected volume, and then click Change label.
2. Enter a new label in the Change label window text field.
3. By clicking OK in the Change label window, you'll add the pending operation of changing the
volume label .
If when setting a new volume label you use characters that are unsupported by the currently installed
operating system, you will get the appropriate warning and the OK button will be disabled. You will have to
use only supported characters to proceed with changing the volume label.
(To finish the added operation you will have to commit (p. 271) it. Exiting the program without
committing the pending operations will effectively cancel them.)
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The new label will be graphically represented in the Disk Management view of the console
immediately.
6.9.6.6.
Format volume
You might want to format a volume if you want to change its file system:
•
to save additional space which is being lost due to the cluster size on the FAT16 or FAT32 file
systems
•
as a quick and more or less reliable way of destroying data, residing in this volume
If you want to format a volume:
1. Select a volume to format.
2. Right-click on the selected volume, and then click Format in the context menu.
You will be forwarded to the Format Volume window, where you will be able to set the new file
system options. You can choose one of the Windows file systems: FAT16 (disabled, if the Volume
Size is more than 2 GB), FAT32 (disabled, if the Volume Size is more than 32 GB) or NTFS.
In the text window you will be able to enter the volume label, if necessary: by default this
window is empty.
In setting the cluster size you can choose between any number in the preset amount for each
file system. Note, the program suggests the cluster size best suited to the volume with the
chosen file system.
3. If you click OK to proceed with the Format Volume operation, you'll add a pending operation of
formatting a volume.
(To finish the added operation you will have to commit (p. 271) it. Exiting the program without
committing the pending operations will effectively cancel them.)
The new volume structure will be graphically represented in the Disk management view.
If you set a 64K cluster size for FAT16/FAT32 or an 8KB-64KB cluster size for NTFS, Windows can mount the
volume, but some programs (e.g. Setup programs) might calculate its disk space incorrectly.
6.9.7.
Pending operations
All operations, which were prepared by the user in manual mode or with the aid of a wizard, are
considered pending until the user issues the specific command for the changes to be made
permanent. Until then, Acronis Disk Director Lite will only demonstrate the new volume structure
that will result from the operations that have been planned to be performed on disks and volumes.
This approach enables you to control all planned operations, double-check the intended changes,
and, if necessary, cancel operations before they are executed.
To prevent you from performing any unintentional change on your disk, the program will first display
the list of all pending operations.
The Disk management view contains the toolbar with icons to launch the Undo, Redo and Commit
actions intended for pending operations. These actions might also be launched from the Disk
management menu of the console.
All planned operations are added to the pending operation list.
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The Undo action lets you undo the latest operation in the list. While the list is not empty, this action
is available.
The Redo action lets you reinstate the last pending operation that was undone.
The Commit action forwards you to the Pending Operations window, where you will be able to view
the pending operation list. Clicking Proceed will launch their execution. You will not be able to undo
any actions or operations after you choose the Proceed operation. You can also cancel the
commitment by clicking Cancel. Then no changes will be done to the pending operation list.
Quitting Acronis Disk Director Lite without committing the pending operations effectively cancels
them, so if you try to exit Disk management without committing the pending operations, you will
receive the appropriate warning.
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7. Centralized management
This section covers operations that can be performed centrally by using the components for
centralized management. The content of this section is only applicable to advanced editions of
Acronis Backup & Recovery 10.
7.1. Administering Acronis Backup & Recovery 10
Management Server
This section describes the views that are available through the navigation tree of the console
connected to the management server, and explains how to work with each view.
7.1.1.
Dashboard
Use the Dashboard to estimate at a glance the health of data protection on the registered machines.
The Dashboard displays the summary of Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 agents' activities, lets you
check for free space available in managed vaults, and rapidly identify and resolve any issues.
Alerts
The alerts section draws your attention to issues that have occurred on the management server and
registered machines, in centralized vaults, and offers you ways of fixing or examining them. The most
critical issues are displayed at the top. If there are no alerts or warnings at the moment, the system
displays "No alerts or warnings".
Types of alerts
The table below illustrates the types of messages you may observe.
Description
Offer
Comment
Failed tasks: X
View the
tasks
View the tasks will open the Backup plans and Tasks
view with failed tasks, where you can examine the
reason of failure.
Tasks that need interaction:
X
Resolve...
When at least one task existing in the management
server's database needs human interaction, the
Dashboard shows an alert. Click Resolve... to open the
Tasks Need Interaction window where you can examine
every case and specify your decision.
Failed to check licenses on X
machine(s)
View log
Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 agent connects to Acronis
License Server at the start and then every 1–5 days, as
specified by the agent configuration parameters. The
alert is displayed if the license check was unsuccessful on
at least one agent. This might happen if the license
server was unavailable, or the license key data was
corrupted. Click View log to find out the cause of the
unsuccessful check.
If the license check does not succeed for 1-60 days (as
specified by the agent configuration parameters), the
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agent will stop working until a successful license check.
Vaults with low free space: X
View vaults
The alert is displayed if at least one centralized vault has
less than 10% free space. View vaults will take you to
the Centralized vaults (p. 124) view where you can
examine the vault size, free space, content and take the
necessary steps to increase the free space.
Bootable media was not
created
Create now
To be able to recover an operating system when the
machine fails to boot, you must:
1
Back up the system volume (and the boot
volume, if it is different)
2
Create at least one bootable media (p. 341).
Create now will launch the Bootable Media Builder (p.
348).
No backups have been
created for X day(s) on Y
machine(s)
Show list
Not connected to
management server for X
day(s): Y machine(s)
View the
machines
The Dashboard warns you that no data was backed up
on some of the registered machines for a period of time.
To configure the length of time that is considered
critical, select Options > Console options > Time-based
alerts.
The Dashboard warns you that no connection was
established between some of the registered machines
and the management server for a period of time, thus
indicating that the machines might not be centrally
managed.
Click View the machines to open the Machines view
with the list of machines filtered by the "Last connect"
field.
To configure the length of time that is considered
critical, select Options > Console options > Time-based
alerts.
Agent is not installed on
Acronis Backup & Recovery
10 Management Server
machine. It is recommended
to back up the management
server to protect its
configuration.
Install
Acronis
components
Acronis Backup & Recovery
10 Management Server has
not been backed up for X
day(s)
Back up now
Install Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Agent for Windows
to back up the machine where the Acronis Backup &
Recovery 10 Management Server resides.
Click Install now to launch the installation wizard.
The alert is displayed only if Acronis Backup & Recovery
10 Agent for Windows is installed on the management
server. The alert warns that no data was backed up on
the management server for a period of time.
Back up now will take you to the Create backup plan
page where you can instantly configure and run the
backup operation.
To configure the length of time that is considered
critical, select Options > Console options > Time-based
alerts.
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Activities
The stacked column chart lets you explore the daily history of the Acronis Backup & Recovery 10
agents' activities. The history is based on the log entries, collected from the registered machines and
from the management server. The chart shows the number of log entries of each type (error,
warning, information) for a particular day.
Statistics for the selected date are displayed to the right of the chart. All the statistics fields are
interactive, i.e. if you click any field, the Log view will be opened with the log entries pre-filtered by
this field.
At the top of the chart, you can select the activities to display depending on the presence and
severity of the errors.
The Select current date link focuses selection to the current date.
System view
The System view section shows summarized statistics of registered machines, tasks, backup policies,
and centralized backup plans. Click the items in these sections (except for centralized backup plans)
to obtain the relevant information. This will take you to the appropriate view with pre-filtered
machines, tasks, or backup policies respectively. For instance, if you click Idle under Tasks, the Tasks
view will be opened with tasks filtered by the Idle state.
Information presented in the System view section is refreshed every time the management server
synchronizes with the machines. Information in other sections is refreshed every 10 minutes and
every time you access the Dashboard.
Vaults
The Vaults section displays information about centralized managed vaults. You can sort vaults by
name or by used space. In some cases information about free space in a vault might be not available,
for example, if the vault is located on a tape library. If the vault itself is not available (offline), the
"Vault is not available" message will be displayed.
7.1.2.
Backup policies
To be able to manage and protect multiple machines as a whole, you can create a backup plan
template called a "backup policy". By applying this template to a group of machines, you will deploy
multiple backup plans with a single action. Backup policies exist only on the Acronis Backup &
Recovery 10 Management Server.
You do not have to connect to each machine separately to check whether the data is successfully
protected. Instead, check the cumulative status of the policy (p. 276) on all managed machines the
policy is applied to.
To find out whether a backup policy is currently being deployed, revoked, or updated, check the
deployment state (p. 276) of the policy.
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Way of working with the backup policies view
•
Use the toolbar's operational buttons to create new policies, apply the existing policies to
machines or perform other operations with backup policies (p. 278).
•
Use the Information pane's tabs to view detailed information about the selected policy and
perform additional operations, such as revoke the policy, view details of the machine (group) the
policy is applied to, etc. The panel is collapsed by default. To expand the panel, click the
chevron. The content of the pane is also duplicated in the Policy details (p. 279) window.
•
Use the filtering and sorting (p. 279) capabilities of the policy table for easy browsing and
examination.
7.1.2.1.
Backup policy deployment states
A backup policy deployment state is a combination of the policy deployment states on all machines
the policy is applied to. For example, if the policy is applied to three machines and has the
"Deploying" state on the 1st machine, the "Updating" state on the 2nd machine and the "Deployed"
state on the 3rd machine, the state of the policy will be "Deploying, Updating, Deployed."
A backup policy deployment state on a group of machines is a combination of the policy deployment
states on the machines included in the group.
For detailed information about backup policy deployment states, see the Backup policy's state and
statuses (p. 61) section.
7.1.2.2.
Backup policy statuses
A backup policy status is the cumulative status of the policy statuses on all machines the policy is
applied to. For example, if the policy is applied to three machines and has the "OK" status on the 1st
machine, the "Warning" status on the 2nd machine and the "Error" status on the 3rd machine, the
status of the policy will be "Error."
A backup policy status on a group of machines is the cumulative status of the policy statuses on the
machines included in the group.
The following table shows a summary of possible backup policy statuses.
1
2
Status
How it is determined
How to handle
Error
The policy status on at least
one machine is "Error".
View the log or identify the failed tasks to find out the
reason of the failure, then do one or more of the following:
Otherwise, see 2.
•
Remove the reason of the failure -> [optionally] Start
the failed task manually
•
Edit the backup policy to prevent future failure
Warning
The policy status on at least
one machine is "Warning".
View the log to read the warnings -> [optionally] Perform
actions to prevent future warnings or failure.
Otherwise, see 3.
3
276
OK
The policy status on all
machines is "OK".
No action is required. Note that if a backup policy is not
applied to any machine, its state is also "OK".
Copyright © Acronis, Inc., 2000-2009
What to do if a policy has the Error status
1. To find out the reason of the failure, do one or more of the following:
o Click the Error hyperlink to see the log entry of the latest occurred error.
o Select the policy and click View tasks. Check the tasks that have Failed as their last result:
select a task and then click View log. Select a log entry and then click View details. This
approach comes in handy if the policy state is Deployed, that is, the policies' tasks already
exist on the managed machines.
o Select the policy and click View log. Check the "error" log entries to find out the reason of the
failure: select a log entry and then click View details. This approach comes in handy if the
policy has errors while being deployed, revoked or updated.
In the Tasks view, apply the Last result -> Failed filter if there are too many tasks. You can also sort the
failed tasks by backup plans or by machines.
In the Log view, apply the Error filter if there are too many log entries. You can also sort the "error"
entries by backup plans, managed entities or machines.
2. Once the reason of the failure is clear, do one or more of the following:
o Remove the reason of the failure. After that, you may want to start the failed task manually
to maintain the backup scheme consistency, for example, if the policy uses the GFS or Tower
of Hanoi backup scheme.
o Edit the backup policy to prevent future failure.
Use the Activities section of the Dashboard to quickly access the "error" log entries.
What to do if a policy has the Warning status
1. To find out the reason of the warning, do one or more of the following:
o Click the Warning hyperlink to see the log entry of the latest warning.
o Select the policy and click View tasks. Check the tasks that have Succeeded with warnings as
their last result: select a task and then click View log. This approach comes in handy if the
policy state is Deployed, that is, the policies' tasks already exist on the managed machines.
o Select the policy and click View log. Check the "warning" log entries to find out the reason for
the warnings : select a log entry and then click View details. This approach comes in handy if
the policy has warnings while being deployed, revoked or updated.
In the Tasks view, apply the Last result -> Succeeded with warnings filter if there are too many tasks. You
can also sort the tasks succeeded with warnings by backup plans or by machines.
In the Log view, apply the Warning
filter if there are too many log entries. You can also sort the
"warning" entries by backup plans, managed entities or machines.
2. Once the reason of the warning is clear you might want to perform actions to prevent future
warnings or failure.
Use the Activities section of the Dashboard to quickly access the "warning" log entries.
What to do if a policy status is OK
No action is required.
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7.1.2.3.
Actions on backup policies
All the operations described below are performed by clicking the corresponding items on the tasks
toolbar. The operations can also be performed using the context menu (right-click the selected
backup policy), or using the 'Backup policy name' actions bar on the Actions and tools pane.
The following is a guideline for you to perform operations with backup policies.
To
Do
Create a backup policy
Click
Create backup policy.
The procedure of creating a backup policy is described in-depth in the Creating a
backup policy (p. 318) section.
Apply policy to
machines or groups
Click
Edit a policy
Click
Apply to.
In the Machines selection (p. 278) window, specify the machines (groups) the
selected backup policy will be applied to. If the machine is currently offline, the
policy will be deployed when the machine comes online again.
Edit.
Editing policies is performed in the same way as creating (p. 318). Once the policy is
edited, the management server updates the policy on all machines the policy was
deployed to.
Delete a policy
Click
Delete.
As a result, the policy will be revoked from the machines it was deployed to and
deleted from the management server. If the machine is currently offline, the policy
will be revoked when the machine comes online again.
View details of a policy
or revoke a policy
Click
View tasks of a policy
Click
View details.
In the Policy details (p. 279) window, examine information on the selected policy.
There, you can also revoke the policy from the machines or groups the policy is
applied to.
View tasks.
The Tasks (p. 300) view will display a list of the tasks related to the selected policy.
View log of a policy
Click
View log.
The Log (p. 302) view will display a list of the log entries related to the selected
policy.
Refresh a list of policies
Click
Refresh.
The management console will update the list of backup policies from the
management server with the most recent information. Though the list of policies is
refreshed automatically based on events, the data may not be retrieved
immediately from the management server due to some latency. Manual refresh
guarantees that the most recent data is displayed.
Machines selection
To apply the backup policy to machines or to groups of machines
1. Choose whether to apply the selected backup policy to
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o
o
Groups
In the group tree, select the group(s) the policy will be applied to. The right part of the
window lists the machines of the selected group.
Individual machines
In the group tree, select the required group. Then, in the right part of the window, select the
machines to apply the backup policy to.
2. Click OK.
The Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Management Server will deploy the policy to the selected
machines and machines belonging to the selected groups.
Filtering and sorting backup policies
The following is a guideline for you to filter and sort backup policies.
To
Do
Sort backup policies by any
column
Click the column's header to sort the backup policies in ascending order.
Filter backup policies by
name/owner
Type a policy's name / owner's name in the fields below the corresponding
column's header.
Click it once again to sort the backup policies in descending order.
As a result you will see the list of the backup policies, whose names (or their
owners' names) fully or just partly coincide with the entered value.
Filter backup policies by
deployment state, status,
source type, last result,
schedule
In the field below the corresponding column's header, select the required
value from the list.
Configuring the backup policies table
By default, the table has seven columns that are displayed, others are hidden. You can adjust
presentation of the columns to your needs and preferences.
To show or hide columns
1. Right-click any column header to open the context menu. The menu items that are ticked off
correspond to column headers presented in the table.
2. Click the items you want to be displayed/hidden.
7.1.2.4.
Policy details
The Policy details window accumulates in five tabs all information on the selected backup policy and
lets you perform operations with the machines and groups of machines the policy is applied to.
This information is also duplicated on the Information pane.
Backup policy
The tab displays information about the selected policy.
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279
Source
The tab displays information about the type of source to be backed up and the source selection rules.
Destination
The tab displays information about the backup destination.
Settings
The tab displays information about the backup scheme used by the policy and backup options that
were modified against the default settings.
Applied to
The tab displays a list of machines and groups the selected policy is applied to.
Actions
To
Do
View details of the machine
(group).
Click
View tasks of the machine
(group).
Click
View log of the machine
(group)
Click
Revoke policy from the
machine (group).
Click
7.1.3.
View details.
In the Machine details (p. 286)/Group details (p. 295) window, examine all
information on the selected machine (or the selected group).
View tasks.
The Tasks (p. 300) view will display a list of the tasks, pre-filtered by the
selected machine (group).
View log.
The Log (p. 302) view will display a list of the log entries, pre-filtered by the
selected machine (group).
Revoke.
The management server will revoke the policy from the selected machine or
group of machines. The policy itself remains on the management server.
Physical machines
Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 lets the administrator protect data and perform management
operations on multiple machines. The administrator adds a machine to the management server using
the machine's name or IP address, imports machines from Active Directory, or from text files. Once a
machine is registered (p. 349) on the management server, it becomes available for grouping, applying
backup policies and monitoring the activities related to data protection.
To estimate whether the data is successfully protected on a managed machine, the management
server administrator checks its status. A machine's status is defined as the most severe status of all
backup plans (p. 180) (both local and centralized) existing on the machine and all backup policies (p.
276) applied to the machine. It can be "OK", "Warnings" or "Errors".
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Groups
The management server administrator has the ability to group machines. A machine can be a
member of more than one group. One or more nested groups can be created inside any group
created by the administrator.
Grouping helps organize data protection by the company departments, by the Active Directory
domains or organizational units within a domain, by various populations of users, by the site
locations, etc.
The main goal of grouping is protection of multiple machines with one policy. Once a machine
appears in a group, the policy applied to the group is applied to the machine and the new tasks are
created by the policy on the machine. Once a machine is removed from a group, the policy applied to
the group will be revoked from the machine and the tasks created by the policy will be removed.
Built-in group - a group that always exists on a management server. The group cannot be deleted or
renamed. A built-in group cannot include nested groups. A backup policy can be applied to a built-in
All physical machines group, that contains all the
group. The example of a built-in group is the
machines registered on the management server.
Custom groups - groups created manually by the management server administrator.
•
Static groups
Static groups contain machines manually added to the group by the administrator. A static
member remains in the group until the administrator removes the member from the group or
deletes the corresponding managed machine from the management server.
•
Dynamic groups
Dynamic groups contain machines added automatically according to the criteria specified by the
administrator. Once the criteria are specified, the management server starts to analyze the
existing machines' properties and will analyze every newly registered machine. The machine that
meets a certain dynamic criterion will appear in all groups that use this dynamic criterion.
To learn more about grouping machines, see the Grouping the registered machines (p. 56) section.
To learn more about how policies are applied to machines and groups, see the Policies on machines
and groups (p. 56) section.
Way of working with machines
•
First, add machines to the management server. Adding machines is available, when selecting the
Physical machines view, or the
All physical machines group in the Navigation tree.
•
•
•
Select the group the required machine is in, then select the machine.
•
Use the toolbar's operational buttons to take actions on the machine (p. 282).
Use the Information panel's tabs to view detailed information about the selected machine and
perform additional operations, such as start/stop tasks, revoke policies, explore the policy
inheritance, etc. The panel is collapsed by default. To expand the panel, click the
chevron. The
content of the panel is also duplicated in the Machine details (p. 286) window.
Use filtering and sorting (p. 292) capabilities for easy browsing and examination of the machines
in question.
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Way of working with groups
•
•
•
In the
Physical machines view, select the group.
Use the toolbar's operational buttons to perform actions on the selected group (p. 292).
Use the Information panel's tabs to view detailed information about the selected group and
perform additional operations, such as revoke policies or explore policy inheritance. The panel is
collapsed by default. To expand the panel, click the
chevron. The content of the panel is also
duplicated in the Group details (p. 295) window.
7.1.3.1.
Actions on machines
Registering machines on the management server
Once the machine is added or imported to the All physical machines group, it becomes registered on
the management server. Registered machines are available for deploying backup policies and for
performing other centralized management operations. Registration provides a trusted relationship
between the agent, residing on the machine, and the management server.
Adding and importing actions are available when you select the
All physical machines group in the navigation tree.
To
Do
Add a new machine to the
management server
Click
Import machines from
Active Directory
Click
Import machines from a
text file
Click
Physical machines view or the
Add a machine to AMS.
In the Add machine (p. 284) window, select the machine that needs to be
added to the management server.
Import machines from Active Directory.
In the Import machines from Active Directory (p. 285) window, specify the
machines or organizational units whose machines you need to import to the
management server.
Import machines from file.
In the Import machines from file (p. 285) window, browse for a .txt or .csv file,
containing the names (or IP addresses) of machines to import to the
management server.
The management console addresses to the agent and initiates the registration procedure. Because
registration requires the agent's participation, it cannot take place when the machine is offline.
An additional agent installed on a registered machine becomes registered on the same management
server automatically. Multiple agents are jointly registered and deregistered.
Applying policies
To
Do
Apply a backup policy to a
machine
Click
282
Apply backup policy.
In the Policy selection (p. 286) window, specify the backup policy you need to
apply to the selected machine.
Copyright © Acronis, Inc., 2000-2009
Grouping actions
To
Do
Create a custom static or
dynamic group
Click
Add a machine to another
static group
Click
Create group.
In the Create group (p. 293) window, specify the required parameters of the
group. The new group will be created in the group, the selected machine is a
member of (except for the built-in
All physical machines group).
Add to another group.
In the Add to group (p. 286) window, specify the group to copy the selected
machine to. The backup policies applied to the groups the machine is a
member of will be applied to the machine.
For machines in custom groups
Add machines to a static
group
Click
Move a machine to another
static group
Click
Add machines to group.
In the Add machines to group (p. 286) window, select the machines that you
need to add.
Move to another group.
In the Move to group (p. 286) window, select the group to move the machine
to.
All the backup policies applied to the group the machine was in will be
revoked. The backup policies applied to the group the machine is now a
member of will be deployed to the machine.
Remove a machine from the
current static group
Click
Remove from group.
The backup policies applied to the group will be revoked from the machine
automatically.
Deleting the selected machine from the management server
To
Do
Delete a machine from the
management server
Click
Delete machine from AMS.
As a result, backup policies are revoked and shortcuts to centralized vaults are
deleted from the machine. If the machine is not available at the moment,
these actions will be performed on the machine as soon as the machine
becomes available to the management server.
Other actions
Direct management operations
Create a backup plan on a
machine
Click
Recover data
Click
Backup.
This operation is described in depth in the Creating a backup plan (p. 193)
section.
Recover.
This operation is described in depth in the Recovering data (p. 211) section.
Connect to a machine
directly
Click
Connect directly.
Establishes a direct connection to the managed machine. Enables to administer
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a managed machine and perform all the direct management operations.
Other operations
View detailed information
on a machine
Click
View tasks existing on a
machine
Click
View log entries of a
machine
Click
Refresh a list of machines
Click
View details.
In the Machine details (p. 286) window, examine information on the machine.
View tasks.
The Tasks (p. 300) view will display a list of the tasks, existing on the machine.
View log.
The Log (p. 302) view will display a list of the machine's log entries.
Refresh.
The management console will update the list of machines from the
management server with the most recent information. Though the list of
machines is refreshed automatically based on events, the data may not be
retrieved immediately from the management server due to some latency.
Manual refresh guarantees that the most recent data is displayed.
Adding a machine to the management server
To be able to deploy backup policies from Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Management Server to a
managed machine and perform other centralized management operations, you need to register the
machine on the management server.
To add a machine
1. In the Navigation tree, select
2. Click
Physical machines, or
All physical machines.
Add machine on the toolbar.
3. In the IP/Name field, enter the machine's name or its IP address, or click Browse... and browse
the network for the machine.
4. To provide a valid account for the machine, click Options>>, and specify:
o User name. When entering the name of an Active Directory user account, be sure to also
specify the domain name (DOMAIN\Username.)
o Password. The password for the account.
Select the Save password check box to store the password for future connections.
5. Click OK.
Initiating registration on the machine side
The administrator of the Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Management Server can configure the
server's name or IP address in the agent's settings while
•
installing the agent
•
using the console-agent connection.
This will launch the standard registration procedure.
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To register an agent during agent installation, you have to be logged on with the management server
administrator's account or provide the server administrator's credentials on prompt.
To perform registration through a local or remote console-agent connection, you have to be
connected with the management server administrator's credentials or provide the management
server administrator's credentials. On connecting, select from the menu Options - Machine options Machine management, then opt for Centralized management and then enter the management
server's name or IP address and the management server administrator's credentials.
Importing machines from Active Directory
To import machines from Active Directory
1. In the Navigation tree, select
2. Click
Physical machines, or
All physical machines.
Import machines from Active Directory on the toolbar.
3. In the Search for field, type the machine's (or the organizational unit) name, then click
Search.
You can use the asterisk (*) to substitute for zero or more characters in a machine (or an
organizational unit) name.
The left part of the window displays the machine (or organizational unit) names that fully or just
partly coincide with the entered value. Click the item you want to add for import, then click
Add>>. The item will be moved to the right part of the window. To add all the found items, click
Add all>>.
If more than 1000 matches are found, only the first 1000 items will be displayed. In this case, it is
recommended that you refine your search and try again.
The right part of the window displays the items you selected for import. If required, remove the
erroneously selected items by using the respective
Remove and
Remove all buttons.
4. Click OK to start import.
Importing machines from a text file
To import machines from a file
1. In the Navigation tree, select
2. Click
Physical machines, or
All physical machines.
Import machines from Active Directory on the toolbar.
3. In the Path field, enter a path to the .txt or .csv file, or click browse and select the file in the
Browse window.
A .txt or .csv file should contain machine names or their IP addresses, beginning from a new line
for each of the machines.
Example:
Machine_name_1
Machine_name_2
192.168.1.14
192.168.1.15
4. Click OK to start import.
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Policy selection
To apply the backup policy to the selected machine (group)
1. From the list, select the backup policy that you want to apply to the machine (group).
Use filters to display the desired policies.
2. Click OK.
Adding a machine to another group
To add the selected machine to another group
1. Select the group the machine will be added to.
2. Click OK.
The machine being added becomes a member of more than one group. As a result, the backup
policies applied to the first group will remain on the machine, and the backup policies applied to the
second, third, etc. group will be deployed to the machine.
Moving a machine to another group
To move the selected machine to another group
1. In the group tree, select the group the machine will be moved to.
2. Click OK.
The machine being moved leaves one group and becomes a member of another group. As a result,
the backup policies applied to the first group will be revoked from the machine, and the backup
policies applied to the second group will be deployed to the machine.
Adding machines to a group
To add machines to the selected group
1. In the groups tree, select the group whose machines you need to add.
2. In the right part of the window, select the machines.
3. To add more machines from other groups, repeat the steps 1 and 2 for each group.
4. Click OK to add machines.
Once the machines appear in the group, the policy that was applied to the group (if any), is deployed
to the machines. If any of the selected machines is not available or reachable at the moment, the
action will be kept in the management server as pending and will be performed as soon as the
machine becomes available to the server.
Machine details
Accumulates in four tabs all information on the selected machine. Lets the management server
administrator perform operations with the backup plans and tasks existing on the machine, and
policies applied to the machine.
This information is also duplicated on the Information panel.
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Machine
The tab displays the following information on the registered machine:
•
•
•
Name - name of the selected machine (taken from the Computer name in Windows)
IP address - IP address of the selected machine
Status - the machine's status. Determined as the most severe status of all backup plans (p. 180)
(both local and centralized) existing on the machine and backup policies (p. 276) applied to the
machine.
•
Last connect - how much time has passed since the management server last connected to the
machine.
•
Last successful backup - how much time has passed since the last successful backup.
•
Availability:
o Online - the machine is available for the management server. This means that the
management server's last connection to the machine was successful. Connection is
established every 2 minutes.
o Offline - the machine is unavailable for the management server: it is turned off, or its
network cable is unplugged.
o Unknown - this status is displayed until the first connection between the management server
and the machine is established after adding the machine or starting the management server's
service.
o Withdrawn - the machine was registered on another management server, or the Stand-alone
management parameter is selected in the Options > Machine options > Machine
management (p. 86). As a result, it is not possible to control the machine from the current
management server. However, you are able to regain control over the machine by specifying
the management server address in the Machine management settings.
•
•
Installed agents - full name of Acronis agents, installed on the machine.
•
•
•
Processor - the type of CPU used in the managed machine
•
Comments - the machine's description (taken from the Computer description in Windows)
Operating system - the operating system the machine's agent runs.
CPU clock - clock rate of the CPU
RAM - memory size
Backup policies
Displays a list of backup policies applied to the selected machine and lets the management server
administrator perform the following operations:
To
Do
View details of a policy
Click
View details.
In the Policy details (p. 279) window, examine all information related to the
selected backup policy.
View tasks of a policy
Click
View tasks.
The Tasks (p. 300) view will display a list of the tasks related to the selected
backup policy.
View log of a policy
Click
View log.
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The Log (p. 302) view will display a list of the log entries related to the selected
backup policy.
Revoke policy from the
machine.
Click
Revoke.
The management server will revoke the policy from the machine. The policy
itself remains on the management server.
In case the machine is a member of a group and the policy is applied to the
group, you cannot revoke the policy from a single machine without firstly
removing the machine from the group.
Examine where the applied
policy has come from
Click
Explore inheritance.
The Inheritance order (p. 291) window will display the inheritance order of the
policy appliied to the machine.
Filtering and sorting
Filtering and sorting of the backup policies is performed in the same way as for the Backup policies
view. See the Filtering and sorting backup policies (p. 279) section for details.
Plans and tasks
Displays a list of the plans (both local and centralized) and tasks existing on the selected machine.
Operations
The following is a guideline for you to perform operations with backup plans and tasks.
To
Do
View details of a plan/task
Backup plan
View details.
Click
In the Plan Details (p. 189) window, review the plan details.
Task
View details.
Click
In the Task Details (p. 187) window, review the task details.
View plan's/task's log
Backup plan
Click
View log.
You will be taken to the Log (p. 190) view containing the list of the plan-related
log entries.
Task
Click
View log.
You will be taken to the Log (p. 190) view containing the list of the task-related
log entries.
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Run a plan/task
Backup plan
Click
Run.
In the Run Backup Plan (p. 187) window, select the task you need to run.
Running the backup plan starts the selected task of that plan immediately in
spite of its schedule and conditions.
Task
Click
Run.
The task will be executed immediately in spite of its schedule and conditions.
Stop a plan/task
Backup plan
Click
Stop.
Stopping the running backup plan stops all its tasks. Thus, all the task operations
will be aborted.
Task
Click
Stop.
What will happen if I stop the task?
Generally, stopping the task aborts its operation (backup, recovery, validation,
exporting, conversion, migration). The task enters the Stopping state first, then
becomes Idle. The task schedule, if created, remains valid. To complete the
operation you will have to run the task again.
Edit a plan/task
•
recovery task (from the disk backup): The target volume will be deleted and
its space unallocated – you will get the same result if the recovery is
unsuccessful. To recover the "lost" volume, you will have to run the task
once again.
•
recovery task (from the file backup): The aborted operation may cause
changes in the destination folder. Some files may be recovered, but some
not, depending when you stopped the task. To recover all the files, you will
have to run the task once again.
Backup plan
Click
Edit.
Backup plan editing is performed in the same way as creation (p. 193), except for
the following limitations:
It is not always possible to change backup scheme properties if the created
archive is not empty (i.e. contains backups).
1
It is not possible to change the scheme to Grandfather-Father-Son or Tower
of Hanoi.
2
If the Tower of Hanoi scheme is used, it is not possible to change the
number of levels.
In all other cases the scheme can be changed, and should continue to operate as
if the existing archives were created by a new scheme. For empty archives all
changes are possible.
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289
Why can't I edit the backup plan?
•
The backup plan is currently running.
Editing of the currently running backup plan is impossible.
•
The backup plan has a centralized origin.
Direct editing of centralized backup plans is not possible. You need to edit
the original backup policy.
Task
Click
Edit.
Why can't I edit the task?
•
Task belongs to a backup plan
Only tasks that do not belong to a backup plan, such as a recovery task, can
be modified by direct editing. When you need to modify a task belonging to
a local backup plan, edit the backup plan. A task belonging to a centralized
backup plan can be modified by editing the centralized policy that spawned
the plan.
Delete a plan/task
Backup plan
Click
Delete.
What will happen if I delete the backup plan?
The plan's deletion deletes all its tasks.
Why can't I delete the backup plan?
•
The backup plan is in the "Running" state
A backup plan cannot be deleted, if at least one of its tasks is running.
•
The backup plan has a centralized origin.
A centralized plan can be deleted by the management server administrator
by revoking the backup policy that produced the plan.
Task
Click
Delete.
Why can't I delete the task?
•
Task belongs to a backup plan
A task belonging to a backup plan cannot be deleted separately from the
plan. Edit the plan to remove the task or delete the entire plan.
Refresh table
Click
Refresh.
The management console will update the list of backup plans and tasks existing
on the machine with the most recent information. Though the list is refreshed
automatically based on events, the data may not be retrieved immediately from
the managed machine, due to some latency. Manual refresh guarantees that the
most recent data is displayed.
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Filtering and sorting
Filtering and sorting of the backup policies is performed in the same way as in the Backup plans and
tasks view for direct management. See the Filter and sort backup plans and tasks (p. 186) section for
details.
Member of
This tab appears only if the selected machine is added to one or more custom groups and displays a
list of the groups the machine is a member of.
Operations
To
Do
View details of a group
Click
View details.
You will be taken to the Group details window, where you can examine all
information related to this group.
View tasks related to a
group
Click
View log related to a group
Click
View tasks.
You will be taken to the Tasks view with pre-filtered tasks related to the
selected backup group.
View log.
This opens Log view with pre-filtered log entries of the selected group.
Remove machine from a
group.
Click
Remove.
The centralized plans, which were deployed to the parent group, will no longer
affect this machine.
Inheritance order
The Inheritance order window lets you examine where the policy applied to the machine came from.
The policy that was directly applied to the machine is displayed as follows:
Machine name
The policy that is applied on the machine through inheritance is displayed as in the following
example:
Group1 > Group2 > Group3 > Machine1
Group1 in the root contains Group2 to which the policy is applied directly. Group2, in turn, contains
child Group3 that inherits the policy from the parent and applies the policy to Machine1 respectively.
The machine (or group) to which the policy was applied directly is boldfaced and marked with an
icon.
All items are interactive, i.e. when you click on a machine or a group, its parent group view will be
opened.
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Filtering and sorting machines
To
Do
Sort machines by any column
Click the column's header to sort the machines in ascending order.
Click it once again to sort the machines in descending order.
Filter machines by name.
Type a machine's name in the field below the corresponding column's header.
As a result you will see the list of machines, whose names fully or just partly
coincide with the entered value.
Filter machines by status,
last connect, last backup,
availability.
In a field below the corresponding column's header, select the required value
from the list.
Configuring the machines table
By default, the table has five columns that are displayed, others are hidden. If required, you can hide
the shown columns and show the hidden ones.
To show or hide columns
1. Right-click any column header to open the context menu. The menu items that are ticked off
correspond to column headers presented in the table.
2. Click the items you want to be displayed/hidden.
7.1.3.2.
Actions on groups
Actions are available when you select the
click on a group.
Physical machines view in the Navigation tree, and then
The following is a guideline for you to perform actions on selected groups.
To
Do
Create a custom static or a
dynamic group
Click
Create group.
In the Create group (p. 293) window, specify the required parameters of the
group.
Custom groups can be created in the root folder (
other custom groups.
Apply a backup policy to a
group
Click
View detailed information on
a group
Click
Rename a custom
group/subgroup
Click
Physical machines), or in
Apply backup policy.
In the Policy selection (p. 286) window, specify the backup policy you need to
apply to the selected group. If there are child groups in the selected group,
the backup policy will be applied to them as well.
View details.
In the Group details (p. 295) window, examine information on the selected
group.
Rename.
In the Name column, type a new name for the selected group.
Built-in groups cannot be renamed.
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Edit a custom group
Click
Edit.
In the Edit group (p. 295) window, change the required parameters of the
group.
Move one custom group to
another
Click
Delete a custom group
Click
Move to.
In the Move to group (p. 295) window, specify a group that will be a new
parent of the selected group.
Delete.
Deletion of a parent group will delete its child groups as well. Backup policies
applied to the parent group and inherited by its child groups will be revoked
from all members of the deleted groups. The the policies that are directly
applied to the members will remain.
Refresh a list of groups
Click
Refresh.
The management console will update the list of groups from the management
server with the most recent information. Though the list of groups is
refreshed automatically based on events, the data may not be retrieved
immediately from the management server due to some latency. Manual
Refresh guarantees that the most recent data is displayed.
Creating a custom static or dynamic group
To create a group
1. In the Group name field, enter a name for the group being created.
2. Choose the type of group:
a. Static - to create a group that will contain machines added manually.
b. Dynamic - to create a group that will contain machines added automatically according to the
specified criteria.
Click the Add criteria and select the criterion pattern.
•
Operating system
All the machines running the selected operating system will be members of the dynamic
group.
•
Organizational unit (p. 294)
All the machines belonging to the specified organizational unit (OU) will be members of
the dynamic group.
•
IP range
All the machines whose IP addresses are within the specified IP range will be members of
the dynamic group.
3. In the Comments field, enter a description of the created group.
4. Click OK.
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Adding multiple criteria
Adding multiple criteria forms a condition according to the following rules:
a) All the entries of the same criteria are combined by logical addition (OR).
For example, the following set of criteria
Operating system: Windows Server 2008
Operating system: Windows Server 2003
will add to the same group all the machines whose operating system is Windows 2000 OR
Windows 2003.
b)
Entries of different criteria are combined by logical multiplication (AND)
For example, the following set of criteria
Operating system: Windows Server 2008
Operating system: Windows Server 2003
Organizational unit: SERVERS
IP range:
192.168.17.0 - 192.168.17.55
will add to the same group all the machines whose operating system is Windows 2000 or
Windows 2003 and belong to the SERVERS organizational unit and whose IP addresses are
within the range 192.168.17.0 - 192.168.17.55.
How long does a dynamic group member remain in the group?
A dynamic group member remains in the group as long as the member meets the criteria. The
member is removed from the group automatically as soon as
•
•
the member changes so that it no longer meets the criteria
the administrator changes the criteria so that the member no longer meets the criteria
There is no way to remove a machine from a dynamic group manually except for deleting the
machine from the management server.
Organizational unit criterion
Organizational unit criterion is specified for the domain the management server is currently in, as
follows: OU=OU1
For example, suppose that the domain us.corp.example.com has OU1 (which is in the root), OU1 has
OU2, and OU2 has OU3. And you need to add the machines of OU3. So, the criterion will be:
OU=OU3, OU=OU2, OU=OU1
If OU3 has child containers and you also need to add the machines of those containers to the group,
select the Include child containers check box.
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Move one group to another
To move the selected group to another group or to the root
1. In the groups tree, click the group to move the selected group to. You can move any type of
custom group (either static, or dynamic) to another custom group of any type, or to the root
folder.
The root folder of the machines tree contains groups of the first level. Groups that include other
groups are called parent groups. Groups that are in parent groups are called child groups. All the
backup policies applied to the parent group will be applied to its child groups as well.
2. Click OK.
Editing custom groups
Editing a custom group is performed in the same way as creating (p. 293) one.
Changing the type of group will result in its conversion. Any custom group can be converted to a
dynamic group if it was static, and vice versa.
•
When converting a static group to dynamic, provide grouping criteria. All the members that exist
in the static group that do not match the provided criteria will be removed from the dynamic
group.
•
When converting a dynamic group to static, two options are available – either to leave the
current content of the group or to empty the group.
Group details
Aggregates in two tabs all information on the selected group. Allows performing operations with the
policies applied to the group.
This information is also duplicated in the Information panel.
Group
Displays the following information on the group:
•
Name - name of the selected group
•
Parent group (for subgroups only) - name of the parent group
•
•
Machines - number of machines in the group
•
•
Criteria (for dynamic groups only) - grouping criteria
Type - type of the group (static, or dynamic)
Comments - the group description (if specified)
Backup policies
Displays a list of backup policies related to the group and allows performing the following operations:
To
Do
View details of a policy
Click
View details.
In the Policy details (p. 279) window, examine all information related to the
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selected backup policy.
View tasks of a policy
Click
View tasks.
The Tasks (p. 300) view will display a list of the tasks related to the selected
backup policy.
View log of a policy
Click
View log.
The Log (p. 302) view will display a list of the log entries related to the selected
backup policy.
Revoke a policy from the
group.
Click
Examine where the policy
applied to the group came
from
Click
Revoke.
The management server revokes the policy from the group. While the changes
are being transferred to the machines and the agents are deleting the backup
plans, the policy state of the group is Revoking.The policy itself remains on the
management server.
Explore inheritance.
The Inheritance order (p. 296) window will display the inheritance order of the
policy applied to the group.
Filtering and sorting
Filtering and sorting of the backup policies is performed in the same way as for the Backup policies
view. See the Filtering and sorting backup policies (p. 279) section for details.
Inheritance order
The Inheritance order window lets you examine where the policy applied to the group came from.
The policy that is directly applied to the group is displayed as follows:
Group name
The following example illustrates how the policy that is applied on the group through inheritance is
displayed.
Group1 > Group2 > Group3
Group1 in the root contains Group2 to which the policy is applied directly. Group2, in turn, contains
child Group3 that inherits the policy from the parent.
The group to which the policy was applied directly is boldfaced and marked with an icon.
All items are interactive, i.e. when you click on a group, its parent group view will be opened.
7.1.4.
Storage nodes
Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Storage Node helps you to optimize usage of various resources
required for the enterprise data protection. This goal is achieved through organizing managed vaults
(p. 348) that serve as dedicated storages of the enterprise backup archives.
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Storage node enables you to:
•
relieve managed machines of unnecessary CPU load by using the storage node-side cleanup (p.
350) and storage node-side validation (p. 350).
•
drastically reduce backup traffic and storage space taken by the archives by using deduplication
(p. 64).
•
prevent access to the backup archives, even in case the storage medium is stolen or accessed by
a malefactor, by using encrypted vaults (p. 346).
To learn more about Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Storage Node, see the Acronis Backup & Recovery
10 Storage Node (p. 19) section.
The key elements of the "Storage nodes" view
•
Storage nodes list with toolbar
The toolbar lets you perform operations (p. 297) with the selected storage node. The list of
storage nodes displays online and offline storage nodes added to the management server. It also
informs you about the total number of backups and archives on the storage node.
•
Information panel
Contains the detailed information about the selected storage node and lets you manage the
chevron. The
compacting task. The panel is collapsed by default. To expand the panel, click the
content of the pane is also duplicated in the Storage node details (p. 299) window.
Way of working with storage nodes (typical workflow)
1. Install the Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Storage Node.
2. Create a user account for each user whom you want to allow to access the storage node.
Note: You can skip this step if both the storage node and the users' machines are in the same Active
Directory domain.
For information about user rights on a storage node and in its managed vaults, see User rights on
a storage node (p. 71).
3. Add (p. 299) the storage node to the Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Management Server.
4. Create a managed vault (p. 127): specify the path to the vault, select the storage node that will
manage the vault and select the management operations such as deduplication or encryption.
5. Create a backup policy (p. 318) or a backup plan that will use the managed vault.
7.1.4.1.
Actions on storage nodes
All the operations described here, are performed by clicking the corresponding buttons on the
toolbar. The operations can be also accessed from the Storage nodes bar (on the Actions and tools
pane) and from the Storage nodes item of the main menu.
To perform an operation with a storage node added to the management server, first select the
storage node.
The following is a guideline for you to perform operations with storage nodes.
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To
Do
Add a storage node to
the management
server
Click
Add.
In the Add storage node (p. 299) window, specify the machine the storage node is
installed on.
Adding a storage node establishes a trusted relationship between the
management server and the storage node, in the same way as when you add
machines to the server. Once the storage node is added to the management
server, you will be able to create managed vaults on the node.
Remove a storage
node from the
management server
Click
Remove.
Once the storage node is removed from the management server, the vaults being
managed by the storage node disappear from the vault list (p. 122) and become
unavailable for performing operations. All the plans and tasks that use these
vaults will fail. All the databases and vaults of this storage node remain
untouched.
It is possible to add the previously removed storage node to the management
server again. As a result, all the vaults managed by the storage node will appear
in the vault list and become available once again for all the plans and tasks that
used these vaults.
Create a centralized
managed vault on the
selected storage node
Click
Change the
compacting task
schedule
After deleting backups from deduplicating vaults, either manually or during
cleanup, unreferenced data may appear in the deduplicating vaults and their
databases. The compacting procedure deletes such data in order to free up more
storage space. Only one compacting task is available per storage node.
Create vault.
The Create managed vault page (p. 127) will be opened with the pre-selected
storage node. Perform the remaining steps to create the vault.
Click
Reschedule compacting.
In the Schedule window, set up the schedule for the compacting procedure. Only
the time events (daily (p. 162), weekly (p. 164), and monthly (p. 167) schedules)
are available for setting up.
The preset is: Start the task every 1 week on Sunday at 03:00:00 AM. Repeat
once.
View details of the
storage node
Click
Refresh the list of
storage nodes
Click
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View details.
In the Storage node details (p. 299) window (the content of which is duplicated
on the Information panel), examine information about the storage node and the
vaults managed by this node. You can also manage the compacting task:
manually start and stop the task.
Refresh.
The management console will update the list of storage nodes from the
management server with the most recent information. Though the list of storage
nodes is refreshed automatically based on events , the data may not be retrieved
immediately from the management server due to some latency. Manual refresh
guarantees that the most recent data is displayed.
Copyright © Acronis, Inc., 2000-2009
Adding a storage node
To add a storage node
1. In the IP/Name field, enter the name or the IP address of the machine the storage node resides
on, or click Browse... and browse the network for the machine.
Use the fully-qualified domain name (FQDN) of the storage node, that is, a completely specified
domain name ending in a top-level domain. Do not enter “127.0.0.1” or “localhost” as the storage
node IP/name. These settings are no good even if the management server and the storage node
are on the same machine, because, after the policy using the storage node is deployed, each
agent will try to access the storage node as if it were installed on the agent's host.
2. To provide a valid user account for the machine, click Options>>, and specify:
o User name. When entering a name of an Active Directory user account, be sure to also
specify the domain name (DOMAIN\Username or Username@domain). The user account has
to be a member of the Administrators group on the machine.
o Password. The password for the account.
Select the Save password check box to store the password for the account.
3. Click OK.
Because registration requires the storage node's participation, it cannot take place when the machine
is offline.
7.1.4.2.
Storage node details
The Storage node details window accumulates in four tabs all information on the selected Acronis
Backup & Recovery 10 Storage Node. This information is also duplicated on the Information pane.
Storage node properties
The tab displays the following information about the selected storage node:
•
•
•
•
•
Name - the name of the machine where the storage node is installed
IP - the IP address of the machine where the storage node is installed
Availability:
o Unknown - this status is displayed until the first connection between the management server
and the storage node is established after adding the storage node or starting the
management server's service.
o Online - the storage node is available for the management server. This means that the last
management server's connection to the node was successful. Connection is established every
2 minutes.
o Offline - the storage node is unavailable.
o Withdrawn - the storage node was registered on another management server. As a result, it
is not possible to control the node from the current management server.
Archives - the total number of archives stored in all the vaults managed by the storage node
Backups - the total number of backups stored within the archives in all the vaults managed by the
storage node.
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Vaults
This tab displays a list of the vaults, managed by the storage node.
To open a managed vault for detailed examination and to perform operations on it, select the vault,
then click
View vault (on the tab's toolbar). In the Centralized vault (p. 123) view, perform the
required actions.
Services
This tab displays the compacting task scheduling parameters.
Service tasks
This tab lets the management server administrator manage the compacting task and review its
parameters. Only one compacting task can exist on a storage node.
7.1.5.
Tasks
The Tasks view lets you monitor and manage tasks existing on the registered machines. You can view
tasks' details, their states and execution results, as well as run, stop and delete tasks.
To find out what a task is currently doing on a machine, check the task execution state. The status of
a task helps you to estimate whether the task is successfully accomplished.
To learn more about task states and statuses, see the Task states (p. 181) and Task statuses (p. 182)
sections.
Way of working with tasks
•
Use the filtering and sorting (p. 302) capabilities to display the desired tasks in the table.
•
Select a task to take an action on it.
7.1.5.1.
Actions on tasks
The following is a guideline for you to perform operations with tasks.
To
Do
View details of a task
Click
View details.
In the Tasks details (p. 187) window, examine all information related to the
selected task.
View a task's log
Click
View log.
The Log (p. 302) view will display a list of the log entries related to the selected
task.
Run a task
Click
Run.
The task will be executed immediately in spite of its schedule.
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Stop a task
Click
Stop.
What will happen if I stop the task?
Generally, stopping the task aborts its operation (backup, recovery, validation,
exporting, conversion, migration). The task enters the Stopping state first, then
becomes Idle. The task schedule, if created, remains valid. To complete the
operation you will have to run the task over again.
Edit a task
•
recovery task (from the disk backup): The target volume will be deleted
and its space unallocated – the same result you will get if the recovery is
unsuccessful. To recover the “lost” volume, you will have to run the task
once again.
•
recovery task (from the file backup): The aborted operation may cause
changes in the destination folder. Some files may be recovered, but some
not, depending on the period when you stopped the task. To recover all the
files, you will have to run the task once again.
Click
Edit.
Why can't I edit the task?
•
Task belongs to a backup plan
Only tasks that do not belong to a backup plan, such as a recovery task, can
be modified by direct editing. When you need to modify a task belonging to
a local backup plan, edit the backup plan. A task belonging to a centralized
backup plan can be modified by editing the centralized policy that spawned
the plan. Only the management server administrator can do this.
•
Do not have the appropriate privilege
Without Administrator privileges on the machine, a user cannot modify
tasks owned by other users.
Delete a task
Click
Delete.
Why can't I delete the task?
•
Task belongs to a backup plan
A task belonging to a backup plan cannot be deleted separately from the
plan. Edit the plan to remove the task or delete the entire plan.
•
Do not have the appropriate privilege
Without Administrator privileges on the machine, a user cannot delete
tasks owned by other users.
•
This is a built-in compacting task
Each storage node has a built-in service task called a compacting task. This
task cannot be deleted.
Refresh tasks table
Click
Refresh.
The management console will update the list of tasks existing on the machines
with the most recent information. Though the list of tasks is refreshed
automatically based on events, the data may not be retrieved immediately from
the managed machine due to some latency. Manual refresh guarantees that the
most recent data is displayed.
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7.1.5.2.
Filtering and sorting tasks
The following is a guideline for you to filter and sort tasks.
To
Do
Set a number of tasks to
display
Select Options > Console options > Number of tasks (p. 83) and set the desired
value. The maximum number of tasks that can be displayed is 500. If the number
of tasks exceeds the specified value, use filters to display the tasks that are
beyond the scope.
Sort tasks by column
Click the column's header to sort the tasks in ascending order.
Click it once again to sort the tasks in descending order.
Filter tasks by name, owner,
or backup plan.
Type the task's name (owner name, or the backup plan name) in the field below
the corresponding column header.
As a result you will see the list of tasks, whose names (owner names, or backup
plan names) fully or just partly coincide with the entered value.
Filter tasks by type,
execution state, status, type,
origin, last result, schedule.
In a field below the corresponding header, select the required value from the list.
Configuring tasks table
By default, the table has eight columns that are displayed, others are hidden. If required, you can
hide the shown columns and show the hidden ones.
To show or hide columns
1. Right-click any column header to open the context menu. The menu items that are ticked off
correspond to column headers presented in the table.
2. Click the items you want to be displayed/hidden.
7.1.6.
Log
The Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 log stores the history of actions the software does on a machine
or a user does on a machine using the software. For example, when a user edits a task, an entry is
added to the log. When the software executes a task, it adds multiple entries saying what it is
currently doing.
Local and centralized logging in Acronis Backup & Recovery 10
Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 has local and centralized logs of events.
Local event log
A local event log holds information about Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 operations on a managed
machine. For example, creating a backup plan, executing a backup plan, managing archives in
personal vaults, executing a recovery task, will generate events logged in the local event log.
Physically, a local event log is a collection of XML files stored on the machine. The managed machine
local event log is accessible when the console is connected to the machine. Local event logging
cannot be disabled.
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Operations performed using bootable media are logged as well, but the log’s lifetime is limited to a
current session. Rebooting eliminates the log, but you can save the log to a file while the machine is
booted with the media.
Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Storage Node has its own local event log. This log's events are
accessible through the centralized log only.
Centralized event log
The centralized event log is accessible when the console is connected to the management server.
With the centralized log, you can examine the history of centralized management operations, such as
creating a managed entities group, applying a policy, managing a centralized vault; as well as the
history of operations logged in the local logs of the registered machines and the storage nodes.
Physically, the centralized event log is a table in the dedicated Microsoft SQL database. The table
contains log entries for events occurred on the management server and the local logs’ entries
extended to the centralized log entry format. You can select the types of entries to be collected from
the local logs to the centralized database, or disable collecting any local entries. See the Logging level
(p. 84) section for details. The management server events logging cannot be adjusted or disabled.
Note that there are limitations on the number of log entries in the centralized event log because the
SQL Express database has a 4-GB limitation for the database size.
Way of working with log entries
•
The maximum number of entries stored in the centralized log is 50000. The maximum number of
entries that can be displayed is 10000. In case the number of log entries is greater than 10000,
use filtering and sorting capabilities to display the desired log entries in the table. You can also
hide the unneeded columns and show the hidden ones. See the Filtering and sorting log entries
(p. 305) section for details.
•
Select the log entry (or log entries) to take action on it (them). See the Actions on log entries (p.
304) section for details.
•
Use the Information panel to review the detailed information on the selected log entry. The
panel is collapsed by default. To expand the panel, click the
chevron. The content of the panel
is also duplicated in the Log entry details (p. 305) window.
Ways to open the "Log" view with the pre-filtered log entries
Having selected items in other administration views (Dashboard, Machines, Backup policies, Tasks),
you can open the Log view with already filtered log entries for the item in question. Thus, you do not
have to configure filters in the log table by yourself.
View
Action
Dashboard
In the calendar, right-click on any highlighted date, and then select View log. The Log
view will appear with the list of the log entries already filtered by the date in question.
Machines
Select a machine or a group of machines, then click View log. The Log view will display
a list of the log entries related to the selected machine or group.
Backup policies
Select a backup policy, then click View log. The Log view will display a list of the log
entries related to the selected policy.
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Tasks
7.1.6.1.
Select a task, and then click View log. The Log view appears with the log entries
belonging to the selected task.
Actions on log entries
All the operations described below are performed by clicking the corresponding items on the log
toolbar. All these operations can also be performed with the context menu (by right-clicking the log
entry), or with the Log actions bar (on the Actions and tools pane).
The following is a guideline for you to perform actions on log entries.
To
Do
Select a single log entry
Click on it.
Select multiple log
entries
•
non-contiguous: hold down CTRL and click the log entries one by one
•
contiguous: select a single log entry, then hold down SHIFT and click another
entry. All the entries between the first and last selections will be selected too.
1
Select a log entry.
2
Do one of the following
•
Click
View Details. The log entry's details will be displayed in a separate
window.
•
Expand the Information panel, by clicking the chevron.
1
Select a single log entry or multiple log entries.
2
Click
3
In the opened window, specify a path and a name for the file.
1
Make sure, that the filters are not set.
2
Click
3
In the opened window, specify a path and a name for the file.
1
Set filters to get a list of the log entries that satisfy the filtering criteria.
2
Click
3
In the opened window, specify a path and a name for the file. As a result, the
log entries of that list will be saved.
View a log entry’s
details
Save the selected log
entries to a file
Save all the log entries
to a file
Save all the filtered log
entries to a file
Delete all the log
entries
Click
Set up the logging level
Click
Save Selected to File.
Save All to File.
Save All to File.
Clear Log.
All the log entries will be deleted from the log, and a new log entry will be created. It
will contain information about who deleted the entries and when.
Configure logging level.
In the Logging level (p. 84) window, specify whether to collect log events from the
registered machines to the centralized log.
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7.1.6.2.
Filtering and sorting log entries
The following is a guideline for you to filter and sort log entries.
To
Do
Display log entries for a
given time period
1
In the From field, select the date starting from which to display the log entries.
2
In the To field, select the date up to which to display the log entries.
Filter log entries by
type
Press or release the following toolbar buttons:
to filter error messages
to filter warning messages
to filter information messages
Filter log entries by the
original backup plan or
managed entity type
Under the Backup plan (or Managed entity type) column header, select the backup
plan or the type of managed entity from the list.
Filter log entries by
task, managed entity,
machine, code, owner
Type the required value (task name, machine name, owner name, etc.) in the field
below the respective column header.
Sort log entries by date
and time
Click the column's header to sort the log entries in ascending order. Click it once again
to sort the log entries in descending order.
As a result you will see that the list of log entries fully or just partly coincide with the
entered value.
Configuring the log table
By default, the table has seven columns that are displayed, others are hidden. If required, you can
hide the shown columns and show the hidden ones.
To show or hide columns
1. Right-click any column header to open the context menu. The menu items that are ticked off
correspond to column headers presented in the table.
2. Click the items you want to be displayed/hidden.
7.1.6.3.
Centralized log entry details
Displays detailed information on the log entry you have selected and lets you copy the details to the
clipboard.
To copy the details, click the Copy to clipboard button.
Log entry data fields
A centralized log entry contains the following data fields:
•
•
•
Type - Type of event (Error; Warning; Information)
Date - Date and time when the event took place
Policy - The backup policy the event relates to (if any)
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•
•
•
Task - The task the event relates to (if any)
•
•
Machine - The name of the machine where the event has occurred (if any)
Managed entity type - Type of managed entity where the event has occurred (if any)
Managed entity - The name of the managed entity where the event has occurred (if any)
Code - Blank or the program error code if the event type is error. Error code is an integer number
that may be used by Acronis support service to solve the problem.
•
Module - Blank or the number of program module where an error was occurred. It is an integer
number that may be used by Acronis support service to solve the problem.
•
•
Owner - User name of the policy/backup plan owner (p. 30)
Message - The event text description.
The log entry's details that you copy will have the following appearance:
---------------------------Log Entry Details--------------------------Type:
Information
Date and time:
DD.MM.YYYY HH:MM:SS
Backup plan:
Backup plan name
Task:
Task name
Managed entity type:
Machine
Managed entity:
ENTITY_NAME
Machine:
MACHINE_NAME
Message:
Description of the operation
Code:
12(3x45678A)
Module:
Module name
Owner:
Owner of the plan
-----------------------------------------------------------------------
7.1.7.
Configuring Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 components
There are three ways to configure various parameters of Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 components
in Windows:
•
By using Group Policy in Windows
•
•
By using the graphical user interface (GUI)
By modifying the Windows registry
In Linux, instead of using of Group Policy and modifying the registry, parameters are configured by
editing the corresponding configuration files.
If the values of any of these parameters set through Group Policy differ from those set through the
graphical user interface, the Group-Policy-based parameters take precedence and are effective
immediately; the parameters shown in the GUI will be changed accordingly.
The following subtopics describe each way of configuration and the parameters that can be
configured through it.
7.1.7.1.
Parameters set through Group Policy
The following are the parameters of Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 components that can be set via
Group Policy.
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You can set one or more parameters via Group Policy by using Acronis Administrative Template. For
information on how to apply the administrative template, see How to apply Acronis Administrative
Template (p. 78).
The administrative template contains the configuration parameters of Acronis Backup & Recovery 10
Agent, Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Management Server, and Acronis Backup & Recovery 10
Storage Node, as described in the correspondent subtopics of this topic.
Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Storage Node
The following are the parameters of Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Storage Node that can be set via
Group Policy by using Acronis Administrative Template.
Client Connection Limit
Description: Specifies the maximum number of simultaneous connections from Acronis Backup &
Recovery 10 components to the storage node.
Possible values: Any integer number between 1 and 2147483647
Default value: 20
Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Agents connect to the storage node to access its managed vaults
(for example, during backup or recovery), and Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Management Server
connects to the storage node to manage it (for example, when creating a managed vault).
The Client Connection Limit parameter determines the maximum number of connections of any
type and from any components that the storage node can handle simultaneously.
When this limit is reached and another component tries to establish connection, the storage
node uses a queue called the backup queue (see the next parameter): components in the backup
queue wait for an available connection to the storage node.
When an Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Agent is in the backup queue, the correspondent backup
or recovery task will remain in the Running state.
Backup Queue Limit
Description: Specifies the maximum number of Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 components in the
storage node's backup queue.
Possible values: Any integer number between 1 and 2147483647
Default value: 200
The backup queue is a list of Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 components that are awaiting
connection to the storage node when the maximum number of simultaneous connections is
reached (see the previous parameter).
When the number of components in the backup queue is equal to the value in
Backup Queue Limit, and another component tries to establish a connection, the storage node
does not put the component in the queue.
In this case, the component's connection to the storage node will fail. If the component is an
Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Agent, the correspondent backup or recovery task will stop with
the Failed status.
Compacting Trigger Threshold
Description: Specifies the percentage of the total size of "non-obsolete" items to start the
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compacting procedure.
Possible values: Any integer number between 0 and 100
Default value: 80
In a deduplicating vault, the contents of all deduplicated disk blocks are stored in the
deduplication data store one after another in a single large file. The contents of all deduplicated
files are similarly stored in another large file.
Over time, these files may contain obsolete items—disk blocks or files that are no longer referred
to from any archive. The remaining, non-obsolete, items are referred to from at least one archive.
If the percentage of the total size of non-obsolete items in any of the two files is equal to the
value in Compacting Trigger Threshold or less, the compacting procedure starts and deletes the
obsolete items from the correspondent file.
The compacting procedure also starts according to the schedule of the compacting task,
regardless of the percentage of obsolete items.
Vault Free Space Warning Limit
Description: Specifies the amount of free space in a managed vault, in megabytes, below which a
warning is recorded in the storage node's log.
Possible values: Any integer number between 0 and 2147483647
Default value: 200
A vault's free space is the amount of free space on the medium—such as a disk volume—that
stores the vault.
When the amount of free space in a vault is equal to the value in Vault Free Space Warning Limit
or less, a warning is recorded in the storage node's log, indicating the vault in question. You can
view storage node warnings in the Dashboard.
Vault Free Space Warning Percentage
Description: Specifies the amount of free space in a managed vault, as a percentage of its total
size, below which a warning is recorded in the storage node's log.
Possible values: Any integer number between 0 and 100
Default value: 10
The total size of a vault is the vault's free space plus the size of all archives that are contained in
the vault.
For example, suppose that two vaults, Vault A and Vault B, are both stored on a disk volume.
Suppose further that the size of the archives in Vault A is 20 GB and the size of the archives in
Vault B is 45 GB.
If the volume has 5 GB of free space, then the total size of Vault A is 20 GB + 5 GB = 25 GB, and
that of Vault B is 45 GB + 5 GB = 50 GB, regardless of the size of the volume.
The percentage of free space in a vault is the vault's free space divided by the vault's total size. In
the previous example, Vault A has 5 GB / 25 GB = 20% of free space, and Vault B has
5 GB / 50 GB = 10% of free space.
When the percentage of free space in a vault is equal to the value in
Vault Free Space Warning Percentage or less, a warning is recorded in the storage node's log,
indicating the vault in question. You can view storage node warnings in the Dashboard.
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Note: The parameters Vault Free Space Warning Limit and Vault Free Space Warning Percentage are
independent of each other: a warning will be recorded every time that either of the thresholds is reached.
Vault Free Space Error Limit
Description: Specifies the amount of free space in a managed vault, in megabytes, below which
an error is recorded in the storage node's log and any backup to the vault becomes prohibited.
Possible values: Any integer number between 0 and 2147483647
Default value: 50
When the amount of free space in a vault is equal to the value in Vault Free Space Error Limit or
less, an error is recorded in the storage node's log. Backups performed to the vault will keep
failing until the vault's free space is above the limit.
Vault Database Free Space Warning Limit
Description: Specifies the amount of free space, in megabytes, on the volume containing a
managed vault's database, below which a warning is recorded in the storage node's log.
Possible values: Any integer number between 0 and 2147483647
Default value: 20
If the amount of free space on the volume containing a managed vault's database is less than the
value in Vault Database Free Space Warning Limit, a warning is recorded in the storage node's
log, indicating the vault in question. You can view storage node warnings in the Dashboard.
The database is stored on the storage node in a local folder whose name is specified in Database
path when creating the vault.
Vault Database FreeSpace Error Limit
Description: Specifies the amount of free space on the volume containing a managed vault's
database, in megabytes, below which an error is recorded in the storage node's log and any
backup to the vault becomes prohibited.
Possible values: Any integer number between 0 and 2147483647
Default value: 10
If the amount of free space on the disk containing a managed vault's database is less than the
value of Vault Database Free Space Error Limit, an error is recorded in the storage node's log.
Backups performed to the vault will keep failing until the amount of free space is above the limit.
You can view storage node errors in the Dashboard.
The database is stored on the storage node in a local folder whose name is specified in Database
path when creating the vault.
Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Management Server
The following are the parameters of Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Management Server that can be
set via Group Policy by using Acronis Administrative Template.
Collecting Logs
Specifies when to collect log entries from machines managed by Acronis Backup & Recovery 10
Management Server.
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This parameter contains two settings:
Trace State
Description: Specifies whether to collect the log entries about Acronis Backup & Recovery 10
components' events from the registered machines.
Possible values: True or False
Default value: True
Trace Level
Description: Specifies the minimum level of severity of collected entries. Only entries of levels
greater than or equal to the value in Trace Level will be collected.
Possible values: 0 (Internal event), 1 (Debugging information), 2 (Information), 3 (Warning), 4
(Error), or 5 (Critical error)
Default value: 0 (all entries will be collected)
Windows Event Log
Specifies when to record Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Management Server's events into the
Application event log in Windows.
This parameter has two settings:
Trace State
Description: Specifies whether to record Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Management Server's
events into the event log.
Possible values: True or False
Default value: False
Trace Level
Description: Specifies the minimum level of severity of events to be recorded into the event
log. Only events of levels greater than or equal to the value in Trace Level will be recorded.
Possible values: 0 (Internal event), 1 (Debugging information), 2 (Information), 3 (Warning), 4
(Error), or 5 (Critical error)
Default value: 4 (only errors and critical errors will be recorded—if Trace State is set to True)
SNMP
Specifies the parameters for sending notifications about Acronis Backup & Recovery 10
Management Server's events by means of Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP).
This parameter contains three settings:
Common Trace
Specifies when to send the SNMP notifications.
This setting has two sub-settings:
Trace State
Description: Specifies whether to send the SNMP notifications.
Possible values: True or False
Default value: False
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Trace Level
Description: Specifies the minimum level of severity of events for sending SNMP notifications
about them. Only notifications about events of levels greater than or equal to Trace Level will
be sent.
Possible values: 0 (Internal event), 1 (Debugging information), 2 (Information), 3 (Warning), 4
(Error), or 5 (Critical error)
Default value: 4 (only errors and critical errors will be sent—if Trace State is set to True)
Address
Description: Specifies the network name or IP address of the SNMP server.
Possible values: Any string 0 to 32765 characters long
Default value: Empty string
Community
Description: Specifies the community name for the SNMP notifications.
Possible values: Any string 0 to 32765 characters long
Default value: public
Synchronization
Specifies how Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Management Server connects to registered
machines for deployment of centralized policies, retrieval of logs and backup plan states, and
similar actions—collectively called synchronization.
This parameter has six settings:
Maximum Connections
Description: Specifies the maximum number of simultaneous synchronization connections to
keep.
Possible values: Any integer number between 1 and 500
Default value: 200
If the total number of online registered machines does not exceed the value in
Maximum Connections, connections to those machines are always kept, and the
management server periodically performs synchronization with each machine.
Otherwise, it connects to a number of registered machines depending on the allotted number
of simultaneous connections. After synchronization for a machine is complete, the
management server may disconnect from that machine and use the free connection for
synchronization with another machine, and so on.
(Note: Connections to machines with high synchronization priority—see Period - High Priority
later in this topic—are likely to be always kept.)
Synchronization connections are unrelated to connections such as those between Acronis
Backup & Recovery 10 Management Server and Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Management
Console.
Maximum Workers
Description: Specifies the maximum number of threads to use for synchronization.
Possible values: Any integer number between 1 and 100
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Default value: 30
The management server's process uses special threads—called worker threads or workers—
to perform synchronization for a registered machine which is connected for synchronization.
Each worker performs synchronization for exactly one machine at a time.
A connected machine to be synchronized waits for an available worker. For this reason, the
actual number of workers will never exceed the maximum number of connections (see
Maximum Connections described previously).
Period
Description: Specifies how often, in seconds, to perform synchronization for machines that
have a normal synchronization priority—typically, the machines without currently running
centralized backup tasks.
Possible values: Any integer number between 120 and 2147483647
Default value: 120
Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Management Server tries to perform synchronization for each
normal-priority machine once in the number of seconds given by Period, by using an available
worker thread (see Maximum Workers described previously).
If there are fewer worker threads than normal-priority machines, the actual interval between
synchronizations may be longer than the value of this parameter.
Period - High Priority
Description: Specifies how often, in seconds, to perform synchronization for machines that
have a high synchronization priority—typically, the machines with currently running
centralized backup tasks.
Possible values: Any integer number between 15 and 2147483647
Default value: 15
This parameter is analogous to the Period parameter described previously.
Real-Time Monitoring
Description: Specifies whether to perform real-time monitoring of registered machines
instead of using a polling mechanism.
Possible values: True or False
Default value: False
By default, Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Management Server connects to registered
machines to perform synchronization—in particular, to retrieve data such as backup logs. This
approach is known as a polling mechanism.
If Real-Time Monitoring is set to True, the management server instead sends requests to
machines to provide new data whenever it will appear, and then enters a listening mode. This
approach is called real-time monitoring.
Real-time monitoring may reduce network traffic—for example, when centralized backup
tasks run infrequently. However, it is effective only when there are relatively few registered
machines.
Avoid enabling real-time monitoring if the number of registered machines exceeds the
maximum number of simultaneous connections (see Maximum Connections earlier in this
topic).
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Second Connection Attempt
Description: Specifies whether to try to connect to a registered machine by using its lastknown IP address after an attempt to connect to it by using its host name has failed.
Possible values: True or False
Default value: False
When connecting to a registered machine, Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Management
Server first uses the machine's network name—provided that the machine was added to the
management server by name.
If Second Connection Attempt is set to True and a connection to the machine by using its
network name has failed, the management server performs a second connection attempt,
this time using the latest IP address which was associated with that network name.
We recommend setting Second Connection Atempt to True only in networks which often
experience problems with their DNS servers, and provided that the machines' IP addresses
change infrequently—as in cases of fixed IP addresses or long DHCP lease times.
This setting has no effect on machines that were added to the management server by IP
address.
Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Agent for Windows
The following are the parameters of Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Agent that can be set via Group
Policy by using Acronis Administrative Template.
License Check Interval
Description: Specifies how often, in days, to check for license availability on Acronis License
Server.
Possible values: any integer number between 0 and 5
Default value: 1
Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Agent periodically checks whether its license key is present on the
license server. The first check is performed every time that Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Agent
starts and subsequent checks are performed once in the number of days given by
License Check Interval.
When the agent cannot connect to the license server, a warning is recorded into the agent's log.
You can view this warning in the Dashboard.
If the value is 0, no license check will be performed; without a license, Acronis Backup & Recovery
10's functionality will be disabled after the number of days given by
Maximum Time Without License Server (see the next parameter).
See also License Server Connection Retry Interval later in this topic.
Maximum Time Without License Server
Description: Specifies how long, in days, Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 will work as normal until
its functionality is disabled.
Possible values: any integer number between 0 and 60
Default value: 30
If Acronis License Server is unavailable, Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 will continue working with
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full functionality for the number of days specified in Maximum Time Without License Server, as
counted from the moment of installation or from the last successful check.
License Server Connection Retry Interval
Description: Specifies the interval between connection attempts when Acronis License Server is
unavailable.
Possible values: any integer number between 0 and 24
Default value: 1
If, during a check for the license key (see License Check Interval earlier in this topic), Acronis
Backup & Recovery 10 Agent could not connect to the license server, it will try to reconnect once
in the number of hours given by License Server Connection Retry Interval.
If the value is 0, no reconnection attempts will be performed; the agent will only check for the
license as determined by License Check Interval.
License Server Address
Description: Specifies the network name or IP address of Acronis License Server.
Possible values: Any string 0 to 32765 characters long
Default value: Empty string
AMS Host
Description: Specifies the network name or IP address of Acronis Backup & Recovery 10
Management Server (AMS).
Possible values: Any string 0 to 32765 characters long
Default value: Empty string
Centrally Managed
Description: Specifies whether the machine is managed by Acronis Backup & Recovery 10
Management Server.
Possible values: True or False
Default value: False
If the value is False, the machine acts as a stand-alone machine.
If the value is True, the machine acts as a registered machine managed by the management
server whose name is specified in AMS Host. When Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Agent first
starts on such machine, it connects to the management server and adds the machine to it.
If you set Centrally Managed to True, you must specify the name of the management server in
AMS Host.
Caution: When applying Acronis Administrative Template to a domain or organizational unit, keep in mind that
all Configured parameters, including Centrally Managed, will affect all machines in that domain or
organizational unit. In particular, all its currently stand-alone machines will become managed machines or vice
versa, depending on the parameter value.
Windows Event Log
Specifies when to record Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Agent's events into the Application event
log in Windows.
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This parameter has two settings:
Trace State
Description: Specifies whether to record the agent's events into the event log.
Possible values: True or False
Default value: False
Trace Level
Description: Specifies the minimum level of severity of events to be recorded into the event
log. Only events of levels greater than or equal to the value in Trace Level will be recorded.
Possible values: 0 (Internal event), 1 (Debugging information), 2 (Information), 3 (Warning), 4
(Error), or 5 (Critical error)
Default value: 4 (only errors and critical errors will be recorded—if Trace State is set to True)
SNMP
Specifies the parameters for sending notifications about Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Agent's
events by means of Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP).
This parameter has three settings:
Common Trace
Specifies when to send the SNMP notifications.
This setting has two sub-settings:
Trace State
Description: Specifies whether to send the SNMP notifications.
Possible values: True or False
Default value: False
Trace Level
Description: Specifies the minimum level of severity of events for sending SNMP notifications
about them. Only notifications about events of levels greater than or equal to Trace Level will
be sent.
Possible values: 0 (Internal event), 1 (Debugging information), 2 (Information), 3 (Warning), 4
(Error), or 5 (Critical error)
Default value: 4 (only errors and critical errors will be recorded—if Trace State is set to True)
Address
Description: Specifies the network name or IP address of the SNMP server.
Possible values: Any string 0 to 32765 characters long
Default value: Empty string
Community
Description: Specifies the community name for the SNMP notifications.
Possible values: Any string 0 to 32765 characters long
Default value: public
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Event tracing parameters
Parameters called tracing parameters specify when to record notifications about events from Acronis
Backup & Recovery 10 components—Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Management Server, Acronis
Backup & Recovery 10 Agent, and Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Storage Node—into the event log or
a file.
Severity levels
Event notifications are rated on a scale from 0 to 5 based on the event's severity, as shown in the
following table:
Level
Name
Description
0
Unknown
Notification about an event whose level
of severity is unknown or not applicable
1
Debug
Notification used for debug purposes
2
Information
Informational notification, such as one
about successful completion of an
operation or startup of a service
3
Warning
Notification about a possible impending
problem, such as low free space in a vault
4
Error
Notification about an event that resulted
in loss of data or functionality
5
Critical error
Notification about an event that resulted
in the termination of a process such as
the agent's process
Parameters
In Windows, the notifications can be recorded into the event log, a file, or both.
Tracing parameters are specified as the following settings in Acronis Administrative Template:
File Trace Minimal Level
Description: Specifies the minimum severity level of notifications to be recorded in the file. Only
notifications of levels greater than or equal to FileTraceMinLevel will be recorded.
Possible values: Any severity level between 0 and 5, or 6 to not record any notifications
Default value: 2 (notifications with severity levels two through five will be recorded)
Win32 Trace Minimal Level
Description: Specifies the minimum severity level of notifications to be recorded in the System
event log. Only notifications of levels greater than or equal to Win32TraceMinLevel will be
recorded.
Possible values: Any severity level between 0 and 5, or 6 to not record any notifications
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Default value: 4 (notifications about errors and critical errors will be recorded)
7.1.7.2.
Parameters set through GUI
The following parameters can be set through the graphical user interface (GUI):
•
For Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Management Server: CollectingLogs, WindowsEventLog, and
Snmp
•
For Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Agent: WindowsEventLog and Snmp
You will find the description of these parameters in the correspondent topic about configuration
through Group Policy.
7.1.7.3.
Parameters set through Windows registry
The following two parameters determine paths to Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Storage Node's
internal databases, which contain information about managed vaults. They can be modified only by
editing the registry.
When to modify
Normally, you do not need to modify the default paths, which are subfolders of the folder
determined by the ALLUSERSPROFILE environment variable—such as C:\Documents and Settings\All
Users\Acronis\StorageNode.
While the database located in the folder determined by DatabasePath is typically small, the tape
database, located at TapeDatabasePath, may be large if the tape library contains thousands of
archives, and you may want to store the tape database on a volume other that the system volume.
Parameters
Important: We do not recommend modifying these parameters. If you do need to modify either of them, you
should do this before creating any correspondent (tape or non-tape) managed vaults. Otherwise, the storage
node will lose access to those vaults until you re-attach them, and re-attaching a vault—especially a
deduplicating one—may take a considerable amount of time.
DatabasePath
Description: Specifies the folder where Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Storage Node stores its
non-tape vaults database.
This database contains a list of vaults that are managed by the storage node, other than tape
vaults (see the next parameter). Its typical size does not exceed a few kilobytes.
Possible values: Any string 0 to 32765 characters long
Default value: %ALLUSERSPROFILE%\Application Data\Acronis\StorageServer
Registry
key:
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Acronis\ASN\Configuration\StorageServer\DatabasePath
TapesDatabasePath
Description: Specifies the folder where Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Storage Node stores its
tape vaults database.
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This database contains a list of tape vaults that are managed by the storage node. Its size
depends on the number of archives stored in the tape libraries, and approximately equals 10 MB
per hundred archives.
Possible values: Any string 0 to 32765 characters long
Default value: %ALLUSERSPROFILE%\Application Data\Acronis\StorageServer\TapesLocation
Registry key: HKLM\SOFTWARE\Acronis\BackupAndRecovery\TapeLocation\TapesDatabasePath
7.2. Creating a backup policy
A backup policy can be applied to both Windows and Linux machines.
To create a backup policy, perform the following steps.
General
Policy name
[Optional] Enter a unique name for the backup policy. A conscious name lets you identify the
policy among the others.
Source type
Select the type of items to back up: Disk/volumes or Files.
Policy credentials (p. 319)
[Optional] You can change the policy account credentials if necessary. To access this option,
select the Advanced view check box.
Policy comments
[Optional] Type a description of the backup policy. To access this option, select the Advanced
view check box.
What to back up
Items to back up (p. 320)
Specify which data items to back up on each machine the policy will be deployed to. On each
of the machines, the agent will find the data items using the rules you specify. For example, if
the selection rule is [All volumes], the entire machine will be backed up.
Access credentials (p. 324)
[Optional] Provide credentials for the source data if the backup policy account does not have
access permissions to the data. To access this option, select the Advanced view check box.
Exclusions (p. 325)
[Optional] Set up exclusions for the specific types of files you do not wish to back up. To
access this option, select the Advanced view check box.
Where to back up
Archive (p. 326)
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Specify the path to the location, where the backup archive will be stored, and the archive
name. It is advisable that the archive name be unique within the location. The location must
be available at the time when the management server starts to deploy the policy.
Access credentials (p. 327)
[Optional] Provide credentials for the location if the backup policy account does not have
access permissions to the location. To access this option, select the Advanced view check
box.
Archive comments
[Optional] Enter comments to the archive. To access this option, select the Advanced view
check box.
How to back up
Backup scheme (p. 327)
Specify when and how often to back up your data, define for how long to keep the created
backup archives in the selected location, set up a schedule for the archive cleanup procedure.
Use well-known optimized backup schemes, such as Grandfather-Father-Son and Tower of
Hanoi, create a custom backup scheme or back up data once.
Archive validation
When to validate
[Optional] Define when and how often to perform validation and whether to validate the
entire archive or the latest backup in the archive.
Backup options
Settings
[Optional] Configure parameters of the backup operation, such as pre/post backup
commands, maximum network bandwidth allocated for the backup stream or the backup
archive compression level. If you do nothing in this section, the default values (p. 89) as set in
the management server, will be used.
After any of the settings is changed against the default value, a new line that displays the
newly set value appears. The setting status changes from Default to Custom. Should you
modify the setting again, the line will display the new value unless the new value is the
default one. When the default value is set, the line disappears and so you always see only the
settings that differ from the default values in this section of the Create Backup Policy page.
To reset all the settings to the default values, click Reset to default.
During the backup operation, the registered machines' default backup options are ignored.
After you have performed all the required steps, click OK to create the backup policy.
7.2.1.
Policy credentials
Provide the credentials under which the centralized tasks will run on the machines.
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To specify credentials
1. Select one of the following:
o Use Acronis service credentials
The tasks will run under the Acronis service account, whether started manually or executed
on schedule.
o Use the following credentials
The tasks will run under the credentials you specify, whether started manually or executed on
schedule.
Specify:
•
User name. When entering the name of an Active Directory user account, be sure to also
specify the domain name (DOMAIN\Username or Username@domain)
•
Password. The password for the account.
2. Click OK.
To learn more about Acronis service credentials, see the Rights for Acronis services (p. 72) section.
To learn more about operations available depending on the user privileges, see the User privileges on
a managed machine (p. 30) section.
7.2.2.
Items to back up
Specify selection rules for backing up items, selected in the Source type field of the General section.
Volumes to back up selection rules (p. 320)
Files to back up selection rules (p. 323)
7.2.2.1.
Volumes to back up selection rules
Define volume selection rules, according to which the volumes will be backed up on the machines the
policy will be applied to.
To define volume selection rules
In the first line, select the rule from the list, or type it manually. To add another rule, click the next
empty line, and select the rule from the list, or type it manually. The program remembers the rules
typed manually, and the next time you open the window, these rules will be available for selection in
the list.
The following table explains the pre-defined rules that can be selected from the list.
To include
In the Volumes column:
Comments
Windows and Linux volumes
All volumes
Type or select: [All Volumes]
Refers to all volumes on machines running
Windows, and all mounted volumes on
machines running Linux.
Windows volumes
Volume C:
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Type C:\ or select it from the list
Copyright © Acronis, Inc., 2000-2009
System volume
Type or select: [System Volume]
The system volume contains the
hardware-specific files that are needed to
start Windows, such as Ntldr, Boot.ini, and
Ntdetect.com.
There is only one system volume even if
multiple Windows operating systems are
installed on the computer.
Boot volume
Type or select: [Boot Volume]
Refers to the registered machine's boot
volume.
The boot volume contains the Windows
folder and the supporting files for the
Windows operating system (typically
located in the Windows\System32 folder).
It may or may not be the same as the
system volume.
If multiple operating systems are installed
on the computer, this is the boot volume
of the operating system in which the
agent is working.
All fixed volumes
Type or select: [Fixed Volumes]
Refers to all volumes other than
removable media. Fixed volumes include
volumes on SCSI, ATAPI, ATA, SSA, SAS and
SATA devices, and on RAID arrays.
Linux volumes
First partition on
the first IDE hard
disk of a Linux
machine
Type or select: /dev/hda1
hda1 is the standard device name for the
first partition of the first IDE hard disk
drive. For more details, see Note on Linux
machines.
First partition on
the first SCSI hard
disk of a Linux
machine
Type or select: /dev/sda1
sda1 is the standard device name for the
first partition of the first SCSI hard disk
drive. For more details, see Note on Linux
machines.
First partition on
the first software
RAID hard disk of a
Linux machine
Type or select: /dev/md1
md1 is the standard device name for the
first partition of the first software RAID
drive. For more details, see Note on Linux
machines.
The names of templates such as [All Volumes] or [System Volume] are case-insensitive: you can type
[All volumes], [all volumes], etc.
What does a disk or volume backup store?
For supported file systems, a disk or volume backup stores only those sectors that contain data. This
reduces the resulting backup size and speeds up the backup and recovery operations.
Windows
The swap file (pagefile.sys) and the file that keeps the RAM content when the machine goes into
hibernation (hiberfil.sys) are not backed up. After recovery, the files will be re-created in the
appropriate place with the zero size.
A volume backup stores all other files and folders of the selected volume independent of their
Copyright © Acronis, Inc., 2000-2009
321
attributes (including hidden and system files), the boot record, the file allocation table (FAT) if it
exists, the root and the zero track of the hard disk with the master boot record (MBR). The boot
code of GPT volumes is not backed up.
A disk backup stores all volumes of the selected disk (including hidden volumes such as the
vendor's maintenance partitions) and the zero track with the master boot record.
Linux
A volume backup stores all files and folders of the selected volume independent of their
attributes, a boot record and the file system super block.
A disk backup stores all disk volumes as well as the zero track with the master boot record.
Volumes with unsupported file systems will be backed up sector-by-sector.
Note on Linux machines
You can include both Windows and Linux volumes (partitions) in one centralized backup policy.
For instance, it is possible to set up a policy to back up volume C: on Windows machines and partition
/dev/hda1 on Linux machines.
Unlike Windows, there is no clear distinction between a volume (partition) and a folder (directory) in
Linux. Linux has the root partition (denoted as /), to which elements of various types—including hard
disks, directories, and system devices—are attached (mounted), forming a tree similar to the file and
folder structure in Windows.
For example, let a Linux machine contain a hard disk which is split into three volumes, or partitions:
the first, second, and third partitions. These partitions are available in the tree as /dev/hda1,
/dev/hda2, and /dev/hda3, respectively. To perform a disk backup of the, say, third partition, one can
type /dev/hda3 in the row of the Volumes to back up selection rules dialog box.
Furthermore, a Linux partition can be mounted anywhere inside the tree. Say, /dev/hda3, can be
mounted as a “subdirectory” inside the tree, such as /home/usr/docs. In this case, one can type
either /dev/hda3 or /home/usr/docs in the Volume field to perform a disk backup of the third
partition.
In general, when setting up a centralized policy to perform volume backups of Linux machines, make
sure that the paths entered in the Volume field correspond to partitions (such as /dev/hda2 or
/home/usr/docs in the previous example), and not to directories.
Standard names for Linux partitions
Names such as /dev/hda1 reflect the standard way of naming IDE hard disk partitions in Linux. The
prefix hd signifies the disk type (IDE); a means that this is the first IDE hard disk on the system, and 1
denotes the first partition on the disk.
In general, the standard name for a Linux partition consists of three components:
•
Disk type; hd for IDE drives, sd for SCSI drives, md for software RAID drives (for example, dynamic
volumes);
•
Disk number; a for the first disk, b for the second disk, etc.;
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•
Partition number on the disk; 1 for the first partition, 2 for the second partition, etc.
To guarantee backing up selected disks regardless of their type, consider including three entries in
the Volumes to back up selection rules dialog box, one for each possible type. For example, to back
up the first hard disk of each Linux machine under a centralized policy, you may want to type the
following lines in the Volume field:
/dev/hda1
/dev/sda1
/dev/mda1
7.2.2.2.
Files to back up selection rules
Define file selection rules, according to which the files and (or) folders will be backed up on the
machines the policy will be applied to.
To define file selection rules
In the first line, select the rule from the list, or type it manually. To add another rule, click the next
empty line, and select the rule from the list, or type it manually.
The program remembers the rules typed manually, and the next time you open the window, these
rules will be available for selection in the list along with the default ones.
Windows
Full path
Point to the folders and files to be backed up. If you specified a path to a file or folder explicitly, the
policy will back up this item on each machine where this exact path will be found.
To include
In the Files and folders
column, type or select:
File Text.doc in folder
D:\Work
D:\Work\Text.doc
Folder C:\Windows
C:\Windows
Environment variables
Some environment variables point to Windows folders. Using such variables instead of full folder and
file paths ensures that proper Windows folders are backed up regardless of where Windows is
located on a particular machine.
To include
In the Files and folders
column, type or select
Comments
Program Files folder
%PROGRAMFILES%
Points to the Program Files folder (for example,
C:\Program Files)
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323
Windows folder
%WINDIR%
Points to the folder where Windows is located (for
example, C:\Windows)
Common data for all
user profiles
%ALLUSERSPROFILE%
Points to the folder where the common data of all
user profiles is located (typically, C:\Documents
and Settings\All Users in Windows XP and
C:\ProgramData in Windows Vista)
You can use other environment variables or a combination of environment variables and text. For
example, to refer to the Acronis folder in the machines' Program Files folder, type:
%PROGRAMFILES%\Acronis
Templates
Templates are similar to environment variables, but are already pre-customized.
To include
In the Files and folders
column, type or select:
Comments
All files on all volumes
on a machine
[All Files]
Points to all files on all volumes of the machine.
All user profiles existing
on a machine
[All Profiles Folder]
Points to the folder where all user profiles are
located (typically, C:\Documents and Settings in
Windows XP, and C:\Users in Windows Vista).
Linux
To include
In the Files and folders
column, type or select:
Text file file.txt on the
volume /dev/hda3
mounted on
/home/usr/docs
/dev/hda3/file.txt
Home directory of the
common users
/home
The root user's home
directory
/root
Directory for all userrelated programs
/usr
Directory for system
configuration files
/etc
7.2.3.
or
/home/usr/docs/file.txt
Access credentials for source
Specify credentials required for access to the data you are going to back up.
To specify credentials
1. Select one of the following:
o Use the policy credentials
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Copyright © Acronis, Inc., 2000-2009
o
The program will access the source data using the credentials of the backup policy account
specified in the General section.
Use the following credentials
The program will access the source data using the credentials you specify. Use this option if
the policy credentials do not have access permissions to the data.
Specify:
•
User name. When entering the name of an Active Directory user account, be sure to also
specify the domain name (DOMAIN\Username or Username@domain)
•
Password. The password for the account.
2. Click OK.
7.2.4.
Exclusions
Set up exclusions for the specific types of files you do not wish to back up. For example, you may not
want database, hidden and system files and folders, as well as files with specific extensions, to be
stored in the archive.
To specify which files and folders to exclude:
Set up any of the following parameters:
•
Exclude all hidden files and folders
Select this check box to skip files and folders with the Hidden attribute. If a folder is Hidden, all of
its contents — including files that are not Hidden — will be excluded.
•
Exclude all system files and folders
Select this check box to skip files and folders with the System attribute. If a folder is System, all of
its contents — including files that are not System — will be excluded.
You can view file or folder attributes in the file/folder properties or by using the attrib command. For more
information, refer to the Help and Support Center in Windows.
•
Exclude files matching the following criteria
Select this check box to skip files whose names match any of the criteria — called file masks — in
the list; use the Add, Edit, Remove and Remove All buttons to create the list of file masks.
You can use one or more wildcard characters * and ? in a file mask:
The asterisk (*) substitutes for zero or more characters in a file name; for example, the file mask
Doc*.txt yields files such as Doc.txt and Document.txt
The question mark (?) substitutes for exactly one character in a file name; for example, the file
mask Doc?.txt yields files such as Doc1.txt and Docs.txt — but not the files Doc.txt or Doc11.txt
Exclusion examples
Criterion
Example
Description
By name
File1.log
Excludes all files named File1.log.
By path
C:\Finance\test.log
Excludes the file named test.log located in the folder
C:\Finance
Copyright © Acronis, Inc., 2000-2009
325
Mask (*)
*.log
Excludes all files with the .log extension.
Mask (?)
my???.log
Excludes all .log files with names consisting of five symbols
and starting with “my”.
7.2.5.
Archive
Specify where to store the archives and define names for the new backup archives.
1. Selecting the archives destination
Choose where to store machines' archives:
•
Store all machines' archives in a single location
o To store archives in a centralized vault, expand the Centralized group and click the vault.
o To store archives on a network share, expand the Network folders group, then select the
required networked machine and then click the shared folder. If the network share requires
access credentials, the program will ask for them.
o To store archives on an FTP or SFTP server, expand the corresponding group and reach the
appropriate server, then select the folder that will be used for storing archives.
As appears from the original FTP specification, credentials required for access to FTP servers are transferred
through a network as plaintext. This means that the user name and password can be intercepted by an
eavesdropper using a packet sniffer.
•
Store each machine's archive in the specified folder on the machine
Enter the full path to the folder in the Path field. This path will be created on each machine the
policy will be applied to.
•
Store each machine's archive in the machine's Acronis Secure Zone
Acronis Secure Zone has to be created on each machine the policy will be applied to. For
information on how to create Acronis Secure Zone, see the Creating Acronis Secure Zone (p. 238)
section.
2. Naming the archives
Data from each machine will be backed up to a separate archive. Specify names for the archives.
The program generates a common name for the new archives and displays it in the Name field. The
name looks like [PolicyName]_[MachineName]_Archive1. If you are not satisfied with the
automatically generated name, construct another name.
If you selected Store all machines' archives in a single location, you have to use variables in order to
provide the unique archive names within the location.
1. Click Add variables, then select
o [Machine name] - substitution for the machine's name
o [Policy name] - substitution for the backup policy's name
As a result, in the Name field the following rule will appear: [Machine name]_[Policy
name]_Archive1
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Copyright © Acronis, Inc., 2000-2009
So, if the backup policy named, say SYSTEM_BACKUP will be applied to three machines (say,
FINDEPT1, FINDEPT2, FINDEPT3), the following three archives will be created in the location:
FINDEPT1_SYSTEM_BACKUP_Archive1
FINDEPT2_SYSTEM_BACKUP_Archive1
FINDEPT3_SYSTEM_BACKUP_Archive1
2. Click OK.
The name looks like ArchiveN, where N is a sequence number. If the program finds that the archive
Archive1 is already stored in the location, it will automatically suggest the name Archive2.
7.2.6.
Access credentials for location
Specify credentials required for access to the location where the backup archive will be stored. The
user name of these credentials will be considered as the archive owner.
To specify credentials
1. Select one of the following:
o Use the policy credentials
The program will access the location using the credentials of the backup policy specified in
the General section.
o Use the following credentials
The program will access the location using the credentials you specify. Use this option if the
policy credentials do not have access permissions to the location. You might need to provide
special credentials for a network share or a storage node.
Specify:
•
User name. When entering the name of an Active Directory user account, be sure to also
specify the domain name (DOMAIN\Username or Username@domain)
•
Password. The password for the account.
2. Click OK.
Warning: As appears from the original FTP specification, credentials required for access to FTP servers are
transferred through a network as plaintext. This means that the user name and password can be intercepted by
an eavesdropper using a packet sniffer.
7.2.7.
Backup scheme selection
Choose one of the available backup schemes:
•
Back up now – to create a backup task for manual start and run the task immediately after its
creation.
•
Back up later – to create a backup task for manual start OR schedule one-time task execution in
the future.
•
•
Simple – to schedule when and how often to backup data and specify retention rules.
Grandfather-Father-Son – to use the Grandfather-Father-Son backup scheme. The scheme does
not allow data to be backed up more than once a day. You set the days of week when the daily
backup will be performed and select from these days the day of weekly/monthly backup. Then
you set the retention periods for the daily (referred to as "sons"), weekly (referred to as
Copyright © Acronis, Inc., 2000-2009
327
"fathers") and monthly (referred to as "grandfathers") backups. The expired backups will be
deleted automatically.
•
Tower of Hanoi – to use the Tower of Hanoi backup scheme, where you schedule when and how
often to back up (sessions) and select the number of backup levels (up to 16). In this scheme, the
data can be backed up more than once a day. By setting up the backup schedule and selecting
backup levels, you automatically obtain the rollback period – the guaranteed number of sessions
that you can go back at any time. The automatic cleanup mechanism maintains the required
rollback period by deleting the expired backups and keeping the most recent backups of each
level.
•
Custom – to create a custom scheme, where you are free to set up a backup strategy in the way
your enterprise needs it most: specify multiple schedules for different backup types, add
conditions and specify the retention rules.
7.2.7.1.
Back up now scheme
With the Back up now scheme, the backup will be performed immediately, right after you click the
OK button at the bottom of the page.
In the Backup type field, select whether you want to create a full, incremental or differential backup
(p. 28).
7.2.7.2.
Back up later scheme
With the Back up later scheme, the backup will be performed only once, at the date and time you
specify.
Specify the appropriate settings as follows
Backup type
Select the type of backup: full, incremental, or differential. If there is no full backup in
the archive, a full backup will be created regardless of your selection.
Date and time
Specify when to start the backup.
The task will be
started manually
Select this check box, if you do not need to put the backup task on a schedule and
wish to start it manually afterwards.
7.2.7.3.
Simple scheme
With the simple backup scheme you just schedule when and how often to back up data and set the
retention rule. At the first time a full backup will be created. The next backups will be incremental.
To set up the simple backup scheme, specify the appropriate settings as follows.
Backup
Set up the backup schedule - when and how often to back up the data.
To learn more about setting up the schedule, see the Scheduling (p. 161) section.
Retention rule
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With the simple scheme, only one retention rule (p. 38) is available. Set the retention
period for the backups.
Copyright © Acronis, Inc., 2000-2009
7.2.7.4.
Grandfather-Father-Son scheme
At a glance
•
Daily incremental, weekly differential, and monthly full backups
•
•
Custom day for weekly and monthly backups
Custom retention periods for backups of each type
Description
Let us suppose that we want to set up a backup plan that will regularly produce a series of daily (D),
weekly (W), and monthly (M) backups. Here is a natural way to do this: the following table shows a
sample two-month period for such a plan.
Mo
Tu
We
Th
Fr
Sa
Su
Jan 1—Jan 7
D
D
D
D
W
-
-
Jan 8—Jan 14
D
D
D
D
W
-
-
Jan 15—Jan 21
D
D
D
D
W
-
-
Jan 22—Jan 28
D
D
D
D
M
-
-
Jan 29—Feb 4
D
D
D
D
W
-
-
Feb 5—Feb 11
D
D
D
D
W
-
-
Feb 12—Feb 18
D
D
D
D
W
-
-
Feb 19—Feb 25
D
D
D
D
M
-
-
Feb 26—Mar 4
D
D
D
D
W
-
-
Daily backups run every workday except Friday, which is left for weekly and monthly backups.
Monthly backups run every fourth Friday, and weekly backups run on all other Fridays.
•
•
•
Monthly ("Grandfather") backups are full;
Weekly ("Father") backups are differential;
Daily ("Son") backups are incremental.
Parameters
You can set up the following parameters of a Grandfather-Father-Son (GFS) scheme.
Start backup at:
Specifies when to start a backup. The default value is 12:00 PM.
Back up on:
Specifies the days on which to perform a backup. The default value is
Workdays.
Weekly/Monthly:
Specifies which of the days selected in the Back up on field you want to
reserve for weekly and monthly backups. A monthly backup will be
performed every fourth such day. The default value is Friday.
Copyright © Acronis, Inc., 2000-2009
329
Keep backups:
Specifies how long you want the backups to be stored in the archive. A
term can be set in hours, days, weeks, months, or years. For monthly
backups, you can also select Keep indefinitely if you want them to be
saved forever.
The default values for each backup type are as follows.
Daily: 1 week (recommended minimum)
Weekly: 1 month (1 month for keeping backups is equal to four weeks)
Monthly: indefinitely
The retention period for weekly backups must exceed that for daily
backups; the monthly backups' retention period must be greater than
the weekly backups' retention period.
We recommend setting a retention period of at least one week for daily
backups.
At all times, a backup is not deleted until all backups that directly depend on it become subject to deletion as
well. This is why you might see a weekly or a monthly backup remain in the archive for a few days past its
expected expiration date.
If the schedule starts with a daily or a weekly backup, a full backup is created instead.
Examples
Each day of the past week, each week of the past month
Let us consider a GFS backup scheme that many may find useful.
•
•
•
Back up files every day, including weekends
•
Keep monthly backups indefinitely.
Be able to recover files as of any date over the past seven days
Have access to weekly backups of the past month
Backup scheme parameters can then be set up as follows.
•
•
•
Start backup at: 11:00 PM
•
Keep backups:
o Daily: 1 week
o Weekly: 1 month
o Monthly: indefinitely
Back up on: All days
Weekly/monthly: Saturday (for example)
As a result, an archive of daily, weekly, and monthly backups will be created. Daily backups will be
available for seven days since creation. For instance, a daily backup of Sunday, January 1, will be
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Copyright © Acronis, Inc., 2000-2009
available through next Sunday, January 8; the first weekly backup, the one of Saturday, January 7, will
be stored on the system until February 7. Monthly backups will never be deleted.
Limited storage
If you do not want to arrange a vast amount of space to store a huge archive, you may set up a GFS
scheme so as to make your backups more short-lived, at the same time ensuring that your
information can be recovered in case of an accidental data loss.
Suppose that you need to:
•
•
•
•
Perform backups at the end of each working day
Be able to recover an accidentally deleted or inadvertently modified file if this has been
discovered relatively quickly
Have access to a weekly backup for 10 days after it was created
Keep monthly backups for half a year.
Backup scheme parameters can then be set up as follows.
•
Start backup at: 6:00 PM
•
•
•
Back up on: Workdays
Weekly/monthly: Friday
Keep backups:
o Daily: 1 week
o Weekly: 10 days
o Monthly: 6 months
With this scheme, you will have a week to recover a previous version of a damaged file from a daily
backup; as well as 10-day access to weekly backups. Each monthly full backup will be available for six
months since the creation date.
Work schedule
Suppose you are a part-time financial consultant and work in a company on Tuesdays and Thursdays.
On these days, you often make changes to your financial documents, statements, and update the
spreadsheets etc. on your laptop. To back up this data, you may want to:
•
Track changes to the financial statements, spreadsheets, etc. performed on Tuesdays and
Thursdays (daily incremental backup).
•
•
Have a weekly summary of file changes since last month (Friday weekly differential backup).
Have a monthly full backup of your files.
Moreover, assume that you want to retain access to all backups, including the daily ones, for at least
six months.
The following GFS scheme suits such purposes:
•
•
Start backup at: 11:30 PM
•
Weekly/monthly: Friday
Back up on: Tuesday, Thursday, Friday
Copyright © Acronis, Inc., 2000-2009
331
•
Keep backups:
o Daily: 6 months
o Weekly: 6 months
o Monthly: 5 years
Here, daily incremental backups will be created on Tuesdays and Thursdays, with weekly and monthly
backups performed on Fridays. Note that, in order to choose Friday in the Weekly/monthly field, you
need to first select it in the Back up on field.
Such an archive would allow you to compare your financial documents as of the first and the last day
of work, and have a five-year history of all documents, etc.
Consider a more exotic GFS scheme:
•
•
Start backup at: 12:00 PM
•
•
Weekly/monthly: Friday
Back up on: Friday
Keep backups:
o Daily: 1 week
o Weekly: 1 month
o Monthly: indefinitely
Backup is thus performed only on Fridays. This makes Friday the only choice for weekly and monthly
backups, leaving no other date for daily backups. The resulting “Grandfather-Father” archive will
hence consist only of weekly differential and monthly full backups.
Even though it is possible to use GFS to create such an archive, the Custom scheme is more flexible in
this situation.
7.2.7.5.
Tower of Hanoi scheme
At a glance
•
Up to 16 levels of full, differential, and incremental backups
•
•
•
Next-level backups are twice as rare as previous-level backups
One backup of each level is stored at a time
Higher density of more recent backups
Parameters
You can set up the following parameters of a Tower of Hanoi scheme.
Schedule
332
Set up a daily (p. 162), weekly (p. 164), or monthly (p. 167) schedule. Setting
up schedule parameters allows creating simple schedules (example of a simple
daily schedule: a backup task will be run every 1 day at 10 AM) as well as more
complex schedules (example of a complex daily schedule: a task will be run
every 3 days, starting from January 15. During the specified days the task will
be repeated every 2 hours from 10 AM to 10 PM). Thus, complex schedules
Copyright © Acronis, Inc., 2000-2009
specify the sessions on which the scheme should run. In the discussion below,
"days" can be replaced with "scheduled sessions".
Number of levels
Select from 2 to 16 backup levels. See the example stated below for details.
Roll-back period
The guaranteed number of sessions that one can go back in the archive at any
time. Calculated automatically, depending on the schedule parameters and the
numbers of levels you select. See the example below for details.
Example
Schedule parameters are set as follows
•
Recur: Every 1 day
•
Frequency: Once at 6 PM
Number of levels: 4
This is how the first 14 days (or 14 sessions) of this scheme's schedule look. Shaded numbers denote
backup levels.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
4
1
2
1
3
1
2
1
4
1
2
1
3
1
Backups of different levels have different types:
•
•
•
Last-level (in this case, level 4) backups are full;
Backups of intermediate levels (2, 3) are differential;
First-level (1) backups are incremental.
A cleanup mechanism ensures that only the most recent backups of each level are kept. Here is how
the archive looks on day 8, a day before creating a new full backup.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
4
1
2
1
3
1
2
1
The scheme allows for efficient data storage: more backups accumulate toward the current time.
Having four backups, we could recover data as of today, yesterday, half a week, or a week ago.
Roll-back period
The number of days we can go back in the archive is different on different days. The minimum
number of days we are guaranteed to have is called the roll-back period.
The following table shows full backup and roll-back periods for schemes of various levels.
Number of
levels
Full backup
every
On different
days, can go
back
Roll-back
period
2
2 days
1 to 2 days
1 day
Copyright © Acronis, Inc., 2000-2009
333
3
4 days
2 to 5 days
2 days
4
8 days
4 to 11 days
4 days
5
16 days
8 to 23 days
8 days
6
32 days
16 to 47 days
16 days
Adding a level doubles the full backup and roll-back periods.
To see why the number of recovery days varies, let us return to the previous example.
Here are the backups we have on day 12 (numbers in gray denote deleted backups).
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
4
1
2
1
3
1
2
1
4
1
2
1
A new level 3 differential backup has not yet been created, so the backup of day five is still stored.
Since it depends on the full backup of day one, that backup is available as well. This enables us to go
as far back as 11 days, which is the best-case scenario.
The following day, however, a new third-level differential backup is created, and the old full backup is
deleted.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
4
1
2
1
3
1
2
1
4
1
2
1
3
This gives us only a four day recovery interval, which turns out to be the worst-case scenario.
On day 14, the interval is five days. It increases on subsequent days before decreasing again, and so
on.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
4
1
2
1
3
1
2
1
4
1
2
1
3
1
The roll-back period shows how many days we are guaranteed to have even in the worst case. For a
four-level scheme, it is four days.
7.2.7.6.
Custom backup scheme
At a glance
•
•
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Custom schedule and conditions for backups of each type
Custom schedule and retention rules
Copyright © Acronis, Inc., 2000-2009
Parameters
Parameter
Meaning
Full backup
Specifies on what schedule and under which conditions to perform a full
backup.
For example, the full backup can be set up to run every Sunday at 1:00 AM as
soon as all users are logged off.
Incremental
Specifies on what schedule and under which conditions to perform an
incremental backup.
If the archive contains no backups at the time of the task run, a full backup is
created instead of the incremental backup.
Differential
Specifies on what schedule and under which conditions to perform a differential
backup.
If the archive contains no full backups at the time of the task run, a full backup
is created instead of the differential backup.
Retention rules
Specifies what retention rules will be applied to the archive.
For example, the cleanup procedure can be set up to delete all backups older
than six months.
Apply the rules
Specifies when to apply the retention rules (p. 38).
(only if the retention rules
are set)
For example, the cleanup procedure can be set up to run after each backup, and
also on schedule.
This option is available only if you have set at least one retention rule in
Retention rules.
Cleanup schedule
Specifies a schedule for archive cleanup.
(only if On schedule is
selected)
For example, the cleanup can be scheduled to start on the last day of each
month.
This option is available only if you selected On schedule in Apply the rules.
Examples
Weekly full backup
The following scheme yields a full backup performed every Friday night.
Full backup: Schedule: Weekly, every Friday, at 10:00 PM
Here, all parameters except Schedule in Full backup are left empty. All backups in the archive are
kept indefinitely (no archive cleanup is performed).
Full and incremental backup plus cleanup
With the following scheme, the archive will consist of weekly full backups and daily incremental
backups. We further require that a full backup begin only after all users have logged off.
Full backup: Schedule: Weekly, every Friday, at 10:00 PM
Full backup: Conditions: User is logged off
Incremental: Schedule: Weekly, every workday, at 9:00 PM
Copyright © Acronis, Inc., 2000-2009
335
Also, let all backups older than one year be deleted from the archive, and let the cleanup be
performed upon creating a new backup.
Retention rules: Delete backups older than 12 months
Apply the rules: After backing up
By default, a one-year-old full backup will not be deleted until all incremental backups that depend
on it become subject to deletion too. For more information, see Retention rules (p. 38).
Monthly full, weekly differential, and daily incremental backups plus cleanup
This example demonstrates the use of all options available in the Custom scheme.
Suppose that we need a scheme that will produce monthly full backups, weekly differential backups,
and daily incremental backups. Then the backup schedule can look as follows.
Full backup: Schedule: Monthly, every Last Sunday of the month, at 9:00 PM
Incremental: Schedule: Weekly, every workday, at 7:00 PM
Differential: Schedule: Weekly, every Saturday, at 8:00 PM
Further, we want to add conditions that have to be satisfied for a backup task to start. This is set up in
the Conditions fields for each backup type.
Full backup: Conditions: Location available
Incremental: Conditions: User is logged off
Differential: Conditions: User is idle
As a result, a full backup—originally scheduled at 9:00 PM—may actually start later: as soon as the
backup location becomes available. Likewise, backup tasks for incremental and differential backups
will wait until all users are logged off and users are idle, respectively.
Finally, we create retention rules for the archive: let us retain only backups that are no older than six
months, and let the cleanup be performed after each backup task and also on the last day of every
month.
Retention rules: Delete backups older than 6 months
Apply the rules: After backing up, On schedule
Cleanup schedule: Monthly, on the Last day of All months, at 10:00 PM
By default, a backup is not deleted as long as it has dependent backups that must be kept. For
example, if a full backup has become subject to deletion, but there are incremental or differential
backups that depend on it, the deletion is postponed until all the dependent backups can be deleted
as well.
For more information, see Retention rules (p. 38).
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Resulting tasks
Any custom scheme always produces three backup tasks and—in case the retention rules are
specified—a cleanup task. Each task is listed in the list of tasks either as Scheduled (if the schedule
has been set up) or as Manual (if the schedule has not been set up).
You can manually run any backup task or cleanup task at any time, regardless of whether it has a
schedule.
In the first of the previous examples, we set up a schedule only for full backups. However, the scheme
will still result in three backup tasks, enabling you to manually start a backup of any type:
•
•
•
Full backup, runs every Friday at 10:00 PM
Incremental backup, runs manually
Differential backup, runs manually
You can run any of these backup tasks by selecting it from the list of tasks in the Backup plans and
tasks section in the left pane.
If you have also specified the retention rules in your backup scheme, the scheme will result in four
tasks: three backup tasks and one cleanup task.
7.2.8.
Archive validation
Set up the validation task to check if the backed up data is recoverable. If the backup could not pass
the validation successfully, the validation task fails and the backup plan gets the Error status.
To set up validation, specify the following parameters
1. When to validate – select when to perform the validation. As the validation is a resourceintensive operation, it makes sense to schedule the validation to the managed machine's off-peak
period. On the other hand, if the validation is a major part of your data protection strategy and
you prefer to be immediately informed whether the backed up data is not corrupted and can be
successfully recovered, think of starting the validation right after backup creation.
2. What to validate – select either to validate the entire archive or the latest backup in the archive.
Validation of a file backup imitates recovery of all files from the backup to a dummy destination.
Validation of a volume backup calculates a checksum for every data block saved in the backup.
Validation of the archive will validate all the archive’s backups and may take a long time and a lot
of system resources.
3. Validation schedule (appears only if you have selected the on schedule in step 1) - set the
schedule of validation. For more information see the Scheduling (p. 161) section.
Copyright © Acronis, Inc., 2000-2009
337
Glossary
A
Acronis Active Restore
The Acronis proprietary technology that brings a system online immediately after the system
recovery is started. The system boots from the backup (p. 344) and the machine becomes operational
and ready to provide necessary services. The data required to serve incoming requests is recovered
with the highest priority; everything else is recovered in the background. Limitations:
•
the backup must be located on the local drive (any device available through the BIOS except for
network boot)
•
does not work with Linux images.
Acronis Plug-in for WinPE
A modification of Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Agent for Windows that can run in the
preinstallation environment. The plug-in can be added to a WinPE (p. 352) image using Acronis WinPE
ISO Builder. The resulting bootable media (p. 341) can be used to boot any PC-compatible machine
and perform, with certain limitations, most of the direct management (p. 344) operations without
help of an operating system. Operations can be configured and controlled either locally through the
GUI or remotely using the console (p. 343).
Acronis Secure Zone
A secure volume for storing backup archives (p. 339) within a managed machine (p. 348). Advantages:
•
enables recovery of a disk to the same disk where the disk's backup resides
•
offers a cost-effective and handy method for protecting data from software malfunction, virus
attack, operator error
•
eliminates the need for a separate media or network connection to back up or recover the data.
This is especially useful for mobile users
•
can serve as the primary location for dual destination backup.
Limitation: Acronis Secure Zone cannot be organized on a dynamic disk (p. 345) or a disk using the
GPT partitioning style.
Acronis Secure Zone is considered as a personal vault (p. 348).
Acronis Startup Recovery Manager (ASRM)
A modification of the bootable agent (p. 341), residing on the system disk and configured to start at
boot time when F11 is pressed. Acronis Startup Recovery Manager eliminates the need for rescue
media or network connection to start the bootable rescue utility.
Acronis Startup Recovery Manager is especially useful for mobile users. If a failure occurs, the user
reboots the machine, hits F11 on prompt "Press F11 for Acronis Startup Recovery Manager…" and
performs data recovery in the same way as with ordinary bootable media.
Copyright © Acronis, Inc., 2000-2009
338
Limitations: cannot be organized on a dynamic disk (p. 345); requires manual configuration of boot
loaders, such as LILO and GRUB; requires re-activation of third-party loaders.
Agent (Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Agent)
An application that performs data backup and recovery and enables other management operations
on the machine (p. 347), such as task management and operations with hard disks.
The type of data that can be backed up depends on the agent type. Acronis Backup & Recovery 10
includes the agents for backing up disks and files and the agents for backing up virtual machines
residing on virtualization servers.
Agent-side cleanup
Cleanup (p. 343) performed by an agent (p. 339) according to the backup plan (p. 340) that produces
the archive (p. 339). Agent-side cleanup is performed in unmanaged vaults (p. 351).
Agent-side validation
Validation (p. 351) performed by an agent (p. 339) according to the backup plan (p. 340) that
produces the archive (p. 339). Agent-side validation is performed in unmanaged vaults (p. 351).
Archive
See Backup archive (p. 339).
B
Backup
The result of a single backup operation (p. 339). Physically, it is a file or a tape record that contains a
copy of the backed up data as of specific date and time. Backup files created by Acronis Backup &
Recovery 10 have a TIB extension. The TIB files resulting from backup consolidation (p. 343) are also
called backups.
Backup archive (Archive)
A set of backups (p. 339) created and managed by a backup plan (p. 340). An archive can contain
multiple full backups (p. 347) as well as incremental (p. 347) and differential backups (p. 343).
Backups belonging to the same archive are always stored in the same location. Multiple backup plans
can back up the same source to the same archive, but the mainstream scenario is "one plan – one
archive".
Backups in an archive are entirely managed by the backup plan. Manual operations with archives
(validation (p. 351), viewing contents, mounting and deleting backups) should be performed using
Acronis Backup & Recovery 10. Do not modify your archives using non-Acronis tools such as Windows
Explorer or third-party file managers.
Backup operation
An operation that creates a copy of the data that exists on a machine's (p. 347) hard disk for the
purpose of recovering or reverting the data to a specified date and time.
Copyright © Acronis, Inc., 2000-2009
339
Backup options
Configuration parameters of a backup operation (p. 339), such as pre/post backup commands,
maximum network bandwidth allotted for the backup stream or data compression level. Backup
options are a part of a backup plan (p. 340).
Backup plan (Plan)
A set of rules that specify how the given data will be protected on a given machine. A backup plan
specifies:
•
what data to back up
•
•
where to store the backup archive (p. 339) (the backup archive name and location)
•
•
the backup scheme (p. 341), that includes the backup schedule and [optionally] the retention
rules
[optionally] the archive validation rules (p. 352)
the backup options (p. 340).
For example, a backup plan can contain the following information:
•
back up volume C: (this is the data the plan will protect)
•
name the archive MySystemVolume and place it to \\server\backups\ (this is the backup archive
name and location)
•
perform full backup monthly on the last day of the month at 10:00AM and incremental backup on
Sundays at 10:00PM. Delete backups that are older than 3 months (this is a backup scheme)
•
•
validate the last backup immediately after its creation (this is a validation rule)
protect the archive with a password (this is an option).
Physically, a backup plan is a bundle of tasks (p. 350) configured for execution on a managed machine
(p. 348).
A backup plan can be created directly on the machine (local plan) or appears on the machine as a
result of a backup policy (p. 340) deployment (centralized plan (p. 342)).
Backup policy (Policy)
A backup plan template created by the management server (p. 348) administrator and stored on the
management server. A backup policy contains the same rules as a backup plan, but might not
explicitly specify what data items to back up. Instead, selection rules (p. 349), such as environment
variables, can be used. Because of this flexible selection, a backup policy can be centrally applied to
multiple machines. If a data item is specified explicitly (e.g. /dev/sda or C:\Windows), the policy will
back up this item on each machine where this exact path is found.
By applying a policy to a group of machines, the administrator deploys multiple backup plans with a
single action.
The workflow when using policies is as follows.
1. The administrator creates a backup policy.
2. The administrator applies the policy to a group of machines or a single machine (p. 347).
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3. The management server deploys the policy to the machines.
4. On each machine, the agent (p. 339) installed on the machine finds data items using the selection
rules. For example, if the selection rule is [All volumes], the entire machine will be backed up.
5. On each machine, the agent installed on the machine creates a backup plan (p. 340) using other
rules specified by the policy. Such backup plan is called a centralized plan (p. 342).
6. On each machine, the agent installed on the machine creates a set of centralized tasks (p. 342)
that will carry out the plan.
Backup scheme
A part of the backup plan (p. 340) that includes the backup schedule and [optionally] the retention
rules and the cleanup (p. 343) schedule. For example: perform full backup (p. 347) monthly on the
last day of the month at 10:00AM and incremental backup (p. 347) on Sundays at 10:00PM. Delete
backups that are older than 3 months. Check for such backups every time the backup operation is
completed.
Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 provides the ability to use well-known optimized backup schemes,
such as GFS (p. 347) and Tower of Hanoi (p. 351), to create a custom backup scheme or back up data
once.
Bootable agent
A bootable rescue utility that includes most of the functionality of the Acronis Backup & Recovery 10
Agent (p. 339). Bootable agent is based on Linux kernel. A machine (p. 347) can be booted into a
bootable agent using either bootable media (p. 341) or Acronis PXE Server. Operations can be
configured and controlled either locally through the GUI or remotely using the console (p. 343).
Bootable media
A physical media (CD, DVD, USB flash drive or other media supported by a machine (p. 347) BIOS as a
boot device) that contains the bootable agent (p. 341) or Windows Preinstallation Environment
(WinPE) (p. 352) with the Acronis Plug-in for WinPE (p. 338). A machine can also be booted into the
above environments using the network boot from Acronis PXE Server or Microsoft Remote
Installation Service (RIS). These servers with uploaded bootable components can also be thought of
as a kind of bootable media.
Bootable media is most often used to:
•
•
•
recover an operating system that cannot start
•
•
•
create basic or dynamic volumes (p. 346) on bare metal
access and back up the data that has survived in a corrupted system
deploy an operating system on bare metal
back up sector-by-sector a disk that has an unsupported file system
back up offline any data that cannot be backed up online because of restricted access, being
permanently locked by the running applications or for any other reason.
Built-in group
A group of machines that always exists on a management server (p. 348).
Copyright © Acronis, Inc., 2000-2009
341
A management server has two built-in groups that contain all machines of each type: All physical
machines (p. 349), All virtual machines (p. 352).
Built-in groups cannot be deleted, moved to other groups or manually modified. Custom groups
cannot be created within built-in groups. There is no way to remove a physical machine from the
built-in group except for deleting the machine from the management server. Virtual machines are
deleted as a result of their host server deletion.
A backup policy (p. 340) can be applied to a built-in group.
C
Centralized backup plan
A backup plan (p. 340) that appears on the managed machine (p. 348) as a result of deploying a
backup policy (p. 340) from the management server (p. 348). Such plan can be modified only by
editing the backup policy.
Centralized management
Management of the Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 infrastructure through a central management unit
known as Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Management Server (p. 348). The centralized management
operations include:
•
creating, applying and managing backup policies (p. 340)
•
•
•
creating and managing static (p. 349) and dynamic groups (p. 346) of machines (p. 347)
•
•
managing storage nodes (p. 350)
managing the tasks (p. 350) existing on the machines
creating and managing centralized vaults (p. 342) for storing archives
monitoring activities of the Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 components, viewing the centralized
log and more.
Centralized task
A task (p. 350) belonging to a centralized backup plan (p. 342). Such task appears on the managed
machine (p. 348) as a result of deploying a backup policy (p. 340) from the management server (p.
348) and can be modified only by editing the backup policy.
Centralized vault
A networked location allotted by the management server (p. 348) administrator to serve as storage
for the backup archives (p. 339). A centralized vault can be managed by a storage node (p. 350) or be
unmanaged. The total number and size of archives stored in a centralized vault are limited by the
storage size only.
As soon as the management server administrator creates a centralized vault, the vault name and path
to the vault are distributed to all machines registered (p. 349) on the server. The shortcut to the vault
appears on the machines in the Centralized vaults list. Any backup plan (p. 340) existing on the
machines, including local plans, can use the centralized vault.
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On a machine that is not registered on the management server, a user having the privilege to back up
to the centralized vault can do so by specifying the full path to the vault. If the vault is managed, the
user's archives will be managed by the storage node as well as other archives stored in the vault.
Cleanup
Deleting backups (p. 339) from a backup archive (p. 339) in order to get rid of outdated backups or
prevent the archive from exceeding the desired size.
Cleanup consists in applying to an archive the retention rules set by the backup plan (p. 340) that
produces the archive. This operation checks if the archive has exceeded its maximum size and/or for
expired backups. This may or may not result in deleting backups depending on whether the retention
rules are violated or not.
For more information please refer to Retention rules (p. 38).
Console (Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Management Console)
A tool for remote or local access to Acronis agents (p. 339) and Acronis Backup & Recovery 10
Management Server (p. 348).
Having connected the console to the management server, the administrator sets up and manages
backup policies (p. 340) and accesses other management server functionality, that is, performs
centralized management (p. 342). Using the direct console-agent connection, the administrator
performs direct management (p. 344).
Consolidation
Combining two or more subsequent backups (p. 339) belonging to the same archive (p. 339) into a
single backup.
Consolidation might be needed when deleting backups, either manually or during cleanup (p. 343).
For example, the retention rules require to delete a full backup (p. 347) that has expired but retain
the next incremental (p. 347) one. The backups will be combined into a single full backup which will
be dated with the incremental backup's date. Since consolidation may take a lot of time and system
resources, retention rules provide an option to not delete backups with dependencies. In our
example, the full backup will be retained until the incremental one also becomes obsolete. Then both
backups will be deleted.
D
Deduplicating vault
A managed vault (p. 348) in which deduplication (p. 343) is enabled.
Deduplication
A method of storing different duplicates of the same information only once.
Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 can apply the deduplication technology to backup archives (p. 339)
stored on storage nodes (p. 350). This minimizes storage space taken by the archives, backup traffic
and network usage during backup.
Copyright © Acronis, Inc., 2000-2009
343
Differential backup
A differential backup stores changes to the data against the latest full backup (p. 347). You need
access to the corresponding full backup to recover the data from a differential backup.
Direct management
Any management operation that is performed on a managed machine (p. 348) using the direct
console (p. 343)-agent (p. 339) connection (as opposed to centralized management (p. 342) when the
operations are configured on the management server (p. 348) and propagated by the server to the
managed machines).
The direct management operations include:
•
•
•
creating and managing local backup plans (p. 347)
•
viewing the state, progress and properties of the centralized tasks (p. 342) existing on the
machine
•
•
viewing and managing the log of the agent's operations
creating and managing local tasks (p. 347), such as recovery tasks
creating and managing personal vaults (p. 348) and archives stored there
disk management operations, such as clone a disk, create volume, convert volume.
A kind of direct management is performed when using bootable media (p. 341). Some of the direct
management operations can also be performed via the management server GUI. This presumes,
however, either an explicit or an implicit direct connection to the selected machine.
Disk backup (Image)
A backup (p. 339) that contains a sector-based copy of a disk or a volume in a packaged form.
Normally, only sectors that contain data are copied. Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 provides an
option to take a raw image, that is, copy all the disk sectors, which enables imaging of unsupported
file systems.
Disk group
A number of dynamic disks (p. 345) that store the common configuration data in their LDM databases
and therefore can be managed as a whole. Normally, all dynamic disks created within the same
machine (p. 347) are members of the same disk group.
As soon as the first dynamic disk is created by the LDM or another disk management tool, the disk
group
name
can
be
found
in
the
registry
key
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\dmio\Boot
Info\Primary
Disk
Group\Name.
The next created or imported disks are added to the same disk group. The group exists until at least
one of its members exists. Once the last dynamic disk is disconnected or converted to basic, the
group is discontinued, though its name is kept in the above registry key. In case a dynamic disk is
created or connected again, a disk group with an incremental name is created.
When moved to another machine, a disk group is considered as ‘foreign’ and cannot be used until
imported into the existing disk group. The import updates the configuration data on both the local
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Copyright © Acronis, Inc., 2000-2009
and the foreign disks so that they form a single entity. A foreign group is imported as is (will have the
original name) if no disk group exists on the machine.
For more information about disk groups please refer to the following Microsoft knowledge base
article:
222189
Description
of
Disk
Groups
http://support.microsoft.com/kb/222189/EN-US/
in
Windows
Disk
Management
Dynamic disk
A hard disk managed by Logical Disk Manager (LDM) that is available in Windows starting with
Windows 2000. LDM helps flexibly allocate volumes on a storage device for better fault tolerance,
better performance or larger volume size.
A dynamic disk can use either the master boot record (MBR) or GUID partition table (GPT) partition
style. In addition to MBR or GPT, each dynamic disk has a hidden database where the LDM stores the
dynamic volumes' configuration. Each dynamic disk holds the complete information about all
dynamic volumes existing in the disk group which makes for better storage reliability. The database
occupies the last 1MB of an MBR disk. On a GPT disk, Windows creates the dedicated LDM Metadata
partition, taking space from the Microsoft Reserved Partition (MSR.)
Disk 1
MBR
LDM
database
1 MB
Disk 2
Protective
MBR
GPT
Microsoft
LDM
Reserved
database
GPT
Partition (MSR)
LDM Metadata
partition
1 MB
Dynamic disks organized on MBR (Disk 1) and GPT (Disk 2) disks.
For more information about dynamic disks please refer to the following Microsoft knowledge base
articles:
Disk Management (Windows XP Professional Resource Kit) http://technet.microsoft.com/enus/library/bb457110.aspx
Copyright © Acronis, Inc., 2000-2009
345
816307 Best practices for using dynamic disks on Windows Server 2003-based computers
http://support.microsoft.com/kb/816307
Dynamic group
A group of machines (p. 347) which is populated automatically by the management server (p. 348)
according to membership criteria specified by the administrator. Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 offers
the following membership criteria:
•
Operating system
•
•
Active Directory organization unit
IP address range.
A machine remains in a dynamic group as long as the machine meets the group's criteria. The
machine is removed from the group automatically as soon as
•
•
the machine's properties change so that the machine does not meet the criteria anymore OR
the administrator changes the criteria so that the machine does not meet them anymore.
There is no way to remove a machine from a dynamic group manually except for deleting the
machine from the management server.
Dynamic volume
Any volume located on dynamic disks (p. 345), or more precisely, on a disk group (p. 344). Dynamic
volumes can span multiple disks. Dynamic volumes are usually configured depending on the desired
goal:
•
•
to increase the volume size (a spanned volume)
•
to achieve fault tolerance by introducing redundancy (mirrored and RAID-5 volumes.)
to reduce the access time (a striped volume)
E
Encrypted archive
A backup archive (p. 339) encrypted according to the Advanced Encryption Standard (AES). When the
encryption option and a password for the archive are set in the backup options (p. 340), each backup
belonging to the archive is encrypted by the agent (p. 339) before saving the backup to its
destination.
The AES cryptographic algorithm operates in the Cipher-block chaining (CBC) mode and uses a
randomly generated key with a user-defined size of 128, 192 or 256 bits. The encryption key is then
encrypted with AES-256 using a SHA-256 hash of the password as a key. The password itself is not
stored anywhere on the disk or in the backup file; the password hash is used for verification
purposes. With this two-level security, the backup data is protected from any unauthorized access,
but recovering a lost password is not possible.
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Encrypted vault
A managed vault (p. 348) to which anything written is encrypted and anything read is decrypted
transparently by the storage node (p. 350), using a vault-specific encryption key stored on the node.
In case the storage medium is stolen or accessed by an unauthorized person, the malefactor will not
be able to decrypt the vault contents without access to the storage node. Encrypted archives (p. 346)
will be encrypted over the encryption performed by the agent (p. 339).
F
Full backup
A self-sufficient backup (p. 339) containing all data chosen for backup. You do not need access to any
other backup to recover the data from a full backup.
G
GFS (Grandfather-Father-Son)
A popular backup scheme (p. 341) aimed to maintain the optimal balance between a backup archive
(p. 339) size and the number of recovery points (p. 349) available from the archive. GFS enables
recovering with daily resolution for the last several days, weekly resolution for the last several weeks
and monthly resolution for any time in the past.
For more information please refer to GFS backup scheme (p. 32).
I
Image
The same as Disk backup (p. 344).
Incremental backup
A backup (p. 339) that stores changes to the data against the latest backup. You need access to other
backups from the same archive (p. 339) to restore data from an incremental backup.
L
Local backup plan
A backup plan (p. 340) created on a managed machine (p. 348) using direct management (p. 344).
Local task
A task (p. 350) belonging to a local backup plan (p. 347) or a task that does not belong to any plan,
such as a recovery task. A local task belonging to a backup plan can be modified by editing the plan
only; other local tasks can be modified directly.
Copyright © Acronis, Inc., 2000-2009
347
M
Machine
A physical or virtual computer uniquely identified by an operating system installation. Machines with
multiple operating systems (multi-boot systems) are considered as multiple machines.
Managed machine
A machine (p. 347), either physical or virtual, where at least one Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Agent
(p. 339) is installed.
Managed vault
A centralized vault (p. 342) managed by a storage node (p. 350). Archives (p. 339) in a managed vault
can be accessed as follows:
bsp://node_address/vault_name/archive_name/
Physically, managed vaults can reside on a network share, SAN, NAS, on a hard drive local to the
storage node or on a tape library locally attached to the storage node. The storage node performs
storage node-side cleanup (p. 350) and storage node-side validation (p. 350) for each archive stored
in the managed vault. An administrator can specify additional operations that the storage node will
perform (deduplication (p. 343), encryption).
Any managed vault is self-contained, that is, contains all metadata the storage node needs to manage
the vault. In case the storage node is lost or its database is corrupted, the new storage node retrieves
the metadata and re-creates the database. When the vault is attached to another storage node, the
same procedure takes place.
Management server (Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Management Server)
A central server that drives data protection within the enterprise network. Acronis Backup &
Recovery 10 Management Server provides the administrator with:
•
•
a single entry point to the Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 infrastructure
an easy way to protect data on numerous machines (p. 347) using backup policies (p. 340) and
grouping
•
enterprise-wide monitoring functionality
•
•
the ability to create centralized vaults (p. 342) for storing enterprise backup archives (p. 339)
the ability to manage storage nodes (p. 350).
If there are multiple management servers on the network, they operate independently, manage
different machines and use different centralized vaults for storing archives.
Media builder
A dedicated tool for creating bootable media (p. 341).
348
Copyright © Acronis, Inc., 2000-2009
P
Personal vault
A local or networked vault (p. 352) created using direct management (p. 344). Once a personal vault
is created, a shortcut to it appears under the Personal vaults item of the Navigation pane. Multiple
machines can use the same physical location; for example, a network share; as a personal vault.
Physical machine
On Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Management Server, a physical machine is the same as a registered
machine (p. 349). A virtual machine is considered physical if an Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 agent is
installed on the machine and the machine is registered on the management server.
Plan
See Backup plan (p. 340).
Policy
See Backup policy (p. 340).
R
Recovery point
Date and time to which the backed up data can be reverted to.
Registered machine
A machine (p. 347) managed by a management server (p. 348). A machine can be registered on only
one management server at a time. A machine becomes registered as a result of the registration (p.
349) procedure.
Registration
A procedure that adds a managed machine (p. 348) to a management server (p. 348).
Registration sets up a trust relationship between the agent (p. 339) residing on the machine and the
server. During registration, the console retrieves the management server's client certificate and
passes it to the agent which uses it later to authenticate clients attempting to connect. This helps
prevent any attempts by network attackers from establishing a fake connection on behalf of a trusted
principal (the management server).
S
Selection rule
A part of the backup policy (p. 340). Enables the management server (p. 348) administrator to select
the data to back up within a machine.
Copyright © Acronis, Inc., 2000-2009
349
Static group
A group of machines which a management server (p. 348) administrator populates by manually
adding machines to the group. A machine remains in a static group until the administrator removes it
from the group or from the management server.
Storage node (Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Storage Node)
A server aimed to optimize usage of various resources required for protection of enterprise data. This
goal is achieved by organizing managed vaults (p. 348). Storage node enables the administrator to:
•
relieve managed machines (p. 348) of unnecessary CPU load by using the storage node-side
cleanup (p. 350) and storage node-side validation (p. 350)
•
drastically reduce backup traffic and storage space taken by the archives (p. 339) by using
deduplication (p. 343)
•
prevent access to the backup archives, even in case the storage medium is stolen or accessed by
a malefactor, by using encrypted vaults (p. 346).
Storage node-side cleanup
Cleanup (p. 343) performed by a storage node (p. 350) according to the backup plans (p. 340) that
produce the archives (p. 339) stored in a managed vault (p. 348). Being an alternative to the agentside cleanup (p. 339), the cleanup on the storage node side relieves the production servers of
unnecessary CPU load.
Since the cleanup schedule exists on the machine (p. 347) the agent (p. 339) resides on, and therefore
uses the machine’s time and events, the agent has to initiate the storage node-side cleanup every
time the scheduled time or event comes. To do so, the agent must be online.
The following table summarizes the cleanup types used in Acronis Backup & Recovery 10.
Cleanup
Agent-side
Storage node-side
Applied to:
Archive
Archive
Initiated by:
Agent
Agent
Performed by:
Agent
Storage node
Schedule set by:
Backup plan
Backup plan
Retention rules set by:
Backup plan
Backup plan
Storage node-side validation
Validation (p. 351) performed by a storage node (p. 350) according to the backup plans (p. 340) that
produce the archives (p. 339) stored in a managed location (p. 348). Being an alternative to the
agent-side validation (p. 339), the validation on the storage node side relieves the production servers
of unnecessary CPU load.
350
Copyright © Acronis, Inc., 2000-2009
T
Task
In Acronis Backup & Recovery 10, a task is a set of sequential actions to be performed on a managed
machine (p. 348) when a certain time comes or a certain event occurs. The actions are described in an
xml script file. The start condition (schedule) exists in the protected registry keys.
Tower of Hanoi
A popular backup scheme (p. 341) aimed to maintain the optimal balance between a backup archive
(p. 339) size and the number of recovery points (p. 349) available from the archive. Unlike the GFS (p.
347) scheme that has only three levels of recovery resolution (daily, weekly, monthly resolution), the
Tower of Hanoi scheme continuously reduces the time interval between recovery points as the
backup age increases. This allows for very efficient usage of the backup storage.
For more information please refer to "Tower of Hanoi backup scheme (p. 36)".
U
Universal Restore (Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Universal Restore)
The Acronis proprietary technology that helps boot up Windows on dissimilar hardware or a virtual
machine. The Universal Restore handles differences in devices that are critical for the operating
system start-up, such as storage controllers, motherboard or chipset.
The Universal Restore is not available:
•
•
when the machine is booted with Acronis Startup Recovery Manager (p. 338) (using F11) or
•
when using Acronis Active Restore (p. 338),
the image being recovered is located in Acronis Secure Zone (p. 338) or
because these features are primarily meant for instant data recovery on the same machine.
Universal Restore is not available when recovering Linux.
Unmanaged vault
Any vault (p. 352) that is not a managed vault (p. 348).
V
Validation
An operation that checks the possibility of data recovery from a backup (p. 339).
Validation of a file backup imitates recovery of all files from the backup to a dummy destination. The
previous product versions considered a file backup valid when the metadata contained in its header
was consistent. The current method is time-consuming but much more reliable. Validation of a
volume backup calculates a checksum for every data block saved in the backup. This procedure is also
resource-intensive.
Copyright © Acronis, Inc., 2000-2009
351
While the successful validation means a high probability of successful recovery, it does not check all
factors that influence the recovery process. If you back up the operating system, only a test recovery
under the bootable media to a spare hard drive can guarantee successful recovery in the future.
Validation rules
A part of the backup plan (p. 340). Rules that define when and how often to perform validation (p.
351) and whether to validate the entire archive (p. 339) or the latest backup in the archive.
Vault
A place for storing backup archives (p. 339). A vault can be organized on a local or networked drive or
detachable media, such as an external USB drive. There are no settings for limiting a vault size or the
number of backups in a vault. You can limit the size of each archive using cleanup (p. 343), but the
total size of archives stored in the vault is limited by the storage size only.
Virtual machine
On Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Management Server, a machine (p. 347) is considered virtual if it
can be backed up from the virtualization host without installing an agent (p. 339) on the machine. A
virtual machine appears on the management server after registration of the virtualization server that
hosts the machine, provided that Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 agent for virtual machines is installed
on that server.
W
WinPE (Windows Preinstallation Environment)
A minimal Windows system based on any of the following kernels:
•
•
•
Windows XP Professional with Service Pack 2 (PE 1.5)
•
Windows Vista SP1 and Windows Server 2008 (PE 2.1).
Windows Server 2003 with Service Pack 1 (PE 1.6)
Windows Vista (PE 2.0)
WinPE is commonly used by OEMs and corporations for deployment, test, diagnostic and system
repair purposes. A machine can be booted into WinPE via PXE, CD-ROM, USB flash drive or hard disk.
The Acronis Plug-in for WinPE (p. 338) enables running the Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Agent (p.
339) in the preinstallation environment.
352
Copyright © Acronis, Inc., 2000-2009
Index
Actions on backup plans and tasks • 180,
183
Actions on backup policies • 276, 278
A
Actions on centralized vaults • 54, 123,
124, 125
A policy on a machine or a group • 57
Actions on groups • 282, 292
About Windows loaders • 229
Actions on log entries • 190, 191, 303, 304
Access credentials • 235, 236
Actions on machines • 281, 282
Access credentials for archive location •
194, 200
Actions on personal vaults • 123, 155, 156
Access credentials for destination • 212,
223
Actions on storage nodes • 68, 71, 297
Actions on tasks • 300
Access credentials for location • 212, 216,
319, 327
Actions with archives on tapes in a library •
135
Access credentials for source • 193, 197,
231, 233, 318, 324
Adding a machine to another group • 283,
286
Acronis Active Restore • 45, 49, 211, 215,
224, 338, 351
Adding a machine to the management
server • 282, 284
Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Agent for
Windows • 313
Adding a storage node • 297, 298, 299
Acronis Backup & Recovery 10
components • 16
Adding the Acronis Plug-in to WinPE 1.x •
243, 247
Acronis Backup & Recovery 10
Management Server • 309
Adding the Acronis Plug-in to WinPE 2.x •
244, 247
Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 overview •
7
Additional settings • 45, 90, 110, 113, 119
Acronis Backup & Recovery 10 Storage
Node • 307
Acronis Plug-in for WinPE • 338, 341, 352
Acronis PXE Server • 255
Acronis PXE Server Installation • 255
Adding machines to a group • 283, 286
Administering a managed machine • 177
Administering Acronis Backup & Recovery
10 Management Server • 273
Advanced scheduling settings • 162, 165,
167, 169
Acronis Secure Zone • 46, 47, 237, 238,
338, 351
Agent (Acronis Backup & Recovery 10
Agent) • 20, 24, 51, 339, 341, 343, 344,
346, 347, 348, 349, 350, 352
Acronis Secure Zone Disk • 238
Agent for Windows • 17
Acronis Secure Zone Size • 238, 239
Agent-side cleanup • 339, 350
Acronis security groups • 70
Agent-side validation • 339, 350
Acronis Startup Recovery Manager • 47,
211, 238, 239
Archive • 194, 198, 318, 326, 338, 339
Acronis Startup Recovery Manager
(ASRM) • 238, 260, 338, 351
Archive selection • 211, 213, 231, 232, 235
Action pages • 13, 15
Actions on a tape library vault • 134
Archive protection • 89, 91
Archive validation • 194, 210, 337
At Windows Event Log event • 171
Attaching a managed vault • 126, 129
B
Back up later scheme • 201, 328
Back up now scheme • 201, 328
Backing up dynamic volumes (Windows) •
41, 211
Bootability troubleshooting • 226
Bootable agent • 47, 239, 338, 341
Bootable components and media builder •
18
Backing up to tape library • 135
Bootable media • 9, 18, 21, 24, 105, 178,
211, 240, 242, 257, 274, 338, 341, 344,
348
Backup • 24, 28, 339, 343, 344, 347, 351
Bootable Media Builder • 243, 244
Backup archive (Archive) • 19, 24, 339,
340, 342, 343, 346, 347, 348, 350, 351,
352
Building Bart PE with Acronis Plug-in from
Windows distribution • 244, 249
Backup operation • 339, 340
Backup options • 340, 346
Built-in group • 56, 341
C
Backup performance • 99
Case to analyze • 140, 142
Backup plan (Plan) • 9, 20, 24, 51, 193,
339, 340, 341, 342, 343, 347, 349, 350,
352
Centralized backup plan • 46, 51, 340,
341, 342
Backup plan details • 180, 183, 189, 288
Centralized management • 52, 273, 342,
343, 344
Backup plan execution states • 179, 180,
189, 280, 287
Centralized log entry details • 303, 305
Centralized task • 341, 342, 344
Backup plan statuses • 179, 180, 189
Centralized vault • 19, 20, 52, 342, 348
Backup plans and tasks • 179, 195
Centralized vaults • 123, 300
Backup plan's credentials • 193, 195
Change volume label • 265, 270
Backup policies • 275
Change volume letter • 265, 270
Backup policy (Policy) • 19, 51, 340, 342,
343, 348, 349
Choosing a backup scheme • 139
Backup policy deployment states • 275,
276
Backup policy statuses • 275, 276, 280,
287
Backup policy's state and statuses • 61,
276
Backup priority • 90, 99
Backup scheme • 340, 341, 347, 351
Backup scheme selection • 319, 327
Backup schemes • 194, 200
Choosing the operating system for disk
management • 258
Cleanup • 24, 130, 339, 341, 343, 350,
352
Client and server applications • 74
Cloning method and advanced options •
260
Common operations • 157
Communication between Acronis Backup
& Recovery 10 components • 73
Backup selection • 231, 233, 235, 236
Components for centralized management •
18
Backup splitting • 90, 103
Compression level • 89, 98
Basic concepts • 8, 24, 51, 193
Conditions • 107, 173
Basic disk cloning • 259, 260
Configuring Acronis Backup & Recovery
10 components • 306
Basic precautions • 257
354
Copyright © Acronis, Inc., 2000-2009
Configuring communication settings • 74,
78
Connecting to a machine booted from
media • 250
Console (Acronis Backup & Recovery 10
Management Console) • 24, 338, 341,
343, 344
Default backup options • 89, 194, 319
Default recovery options • 112, 213
Delete volume • 265, 269
Deleting Acronis Secure Zone • 242
Deleting archives and backups • 158, 159
Destination selection • 216
Console options • 82
Differential backup • 339, 344
Consolidation • 132, 339, 343
Content selection • 212, 214
Direct management • 52, 177, 338, 343,
344, 347, 349
Create volume wizard • 266
Disk backup (Image) • 338, 344, 347
Creating a backup plan • 185, 193, 230,
283, 289
Disk conversion
basic to dynamic • 259, 262, 263
Creating a backup policy • 278, 297, 318
dynamic to basic • 259, 262, 264
Creating a custom static or dynamic group
• 283, 292, 293, 295
GPT to MBR • 259, 262
MBR to GPT • 259, 262
Creating a managed centralized vault •
125, 127, 134, 297, 298
Disk destination • 217
Creating a personal vault • 156, 157
Disk group • 41, 344, 346
Creating a volume • 265
Disk initialization • 259
Creating Acronis Secure Zone • 47, 156,
238, 326
Disk management • 43, 211, 256
Creating an unmanaged centralized vault •
125, 129
Disks • 212, 216
Criteria of the choice • 140
Cumulative state and status of a policy •
64
Disk operations • 259
Disks/volumes selection • 215
Drivers for Universal Restore • 245, 246
Dual destination • 46, 90, 106
Custom backup scheme • 165, 166, 168,
208, 334
Dynamic disk • 41, 338, 339, 344, 345,
346
D
Dynamic group • 342, 346
Daily schedule • 162, 206, 298, 332
Dynamic volume • 41, 341, 346
Dashboard • 177, 179, 273
E
Data type • 212, 214
Editing custom groups • 293, 295
Decreasing Acronis Secure Zone • 241
E-mail • 91, 100, 113, 116
Deduplicating vault • 343
Encrypted archive • 346, 347
Deduplication • 18, 20, 52, 64, 125, 132,
343, 348, 350
Encrypted vault • 297, 347, 350
Deduplication ratio • 66
Event tracing • 84, 86, 102, 118
Deduplication restrictions • 67, 68
Event tracing parameters • 316
Default backup and recovery options • 86,
87, 89
Exclusions • 194, 197, 222, 223, 318, 325
Copyright © Acronis, Inc., 2000-2009
Error handling • 90, 106, 113, 119
355
F
H
Fast incremental/differential backup • 90,
103
Hardware • 131
File destination • 212, 221
File-level backup snapshot • 89, 97
File-level security • 90, 104, 105, 113, 116
Files selection • 215
Files to back up selection rules • 320, 323
Filtering and sorting archives • 125, 155,
159
Filtering and sorting backup plans and
tasks • 179, 186, 291
HDD writing speed • 90, 99
How deduplication works • 67
How to apply Acronis Administrative
Template • 74, 78, 307
How to convert a disk backup to a virtual
machine • 225
How to create bootable media • 243, 248
How to reactivate GRUB or LILO and
change its configuration • 228
I
Filtering and sorting backup policies • 276,
279, 288, 296
Image • 347
Filtering and sorting log entries • 190, 191,
303, 305
Importing machines from a text file • 282,
285
Filtering and sorting machines • 281, 292
Importing machines from Active Directory •
282, 285
Filtering and sorting tasks • 300, 302
Fits time interval • 174
Fonts • 84
Format volume • 265, 271
Full backup • 339, 341, 343, 344, 347
Full, incremental and differential backups •
24, 28, 201, 328
Increasing Acronis Secure Zone • 241
Incremental backup • 339, 341, 343, 347
Inheritance of policies • 59
Inheritance order • 288, 291, 296
Introducing Acronis® Backup &
Recovery™ 10 • 7
Inventory • 133, 136, 154
G
Items to back up • 193, 196, 318, 320
Getting started • 8
L
Getting started with a tape library • 133
GFS (Grandfather-Father-Son) • 341, 347,
351
Labeling • 136, 137
License Server • 21
GFS backup scheme • 32, 131, 139, 347
Limitations • 132
GFS Example 1 • 141
List of commands and utilities available in
Linux-based bootable media • 250, 254
GFS Example 2 • 141, 145
GFS Example 3 • 141, 146
Grandfather-Father-Son scheme • 202,
329
Local backup plan • 46, 344, 347
Local task • 344, 347
Location is available • 174
Group details • 280, 282, 292, 295
Location selection • 231, 233
Grouping the registered machines • 10, 54,
56, 281
Log • 183, 190, 278, 280, 284, 287, 288,
296, 300, 302
Log entry details • 190, 192
Logging level • 84, 303, 304
356
Copyright © Acronis, Inc., 2000-2009
M
Machine • 19, 339, 340, 341, 342, 344,
346, 348, 349, 350, 352
Network settings • 245
Notifications • 100, 116
NT signature • 217
Machine details • 280, 281, 284, 286
Number of tasks • 83, 302
Machine management • 86, 287
O
Machine options • 86, 102, 103, 118, 119
Machines selection • 278
Main area, views and action pages • 11,
14
Managed machine • 10, 24, 83, 338, 340,
342, 344, 347, 348, 349, 350, 351
Managed vault • 52, 296, 343, 347, 348,
350, 351
Operations with a machine • 58
Operations with archives stored in a vault •
123, 125, 155, 157
Operations with backups • 123, 125, 155,
158
Operations with panes • 14
Options • 82
Management Console • 8, 21
Organizational unit criterion • 293, 294
Management Server • 8, 19
Overview • 64, 112, 123, 127, 130, 297
Management server (Acronis Backup &
Recovery 10 Management Server) • 10,
19, 51, 83, 340, 341, 342, 343, 344, 346,
348, 349, 350
Overwriting • 223
Management server administrator rights •
72
Management server options • 84
Managing a tape library • 126, 136
Managing Acronis Secure Zone • 238, 241
Managing mounted images • 237
Media builder • 178, 274, 348
Media components • 90, 105
Merging and moving personal vaults • 157
Messenger service (WinPopup) • 91, 101,
113, 117
Monthly schedule • 167, 206, 298, 332
Mounting an image • 234
Move one group to another • 293, 295
Moving a machine to another group • 283,
286
Owners and credentials • 30, 154, 213,
232, 306
P
Parameters set through Group Policy • 306
Parameters set through GUI • 317
Parameters set through Windows registry •
317
Password for Acronis Secure Zone • 238,
239
Pending operations • 258, 261, 262, 263,
269, 270, 271
Personal vault • 338, 344, 349
Personal vaults • 47, 154
Physical machine • 342, 349
Physical machines • 280
Plan • 349
Policies on machines and groups • 56, 281
Policy • 349
Multi-volume snapshot • 89, 97
Policy credentials • 318, 319
N
Policy deployment state on a group • 63
Policy deployment state on a machine • 61
Network connection speed • 90, 100
Network port • 245, 246
Policy details • 276, 278, 279, 287, 295
Policy selection • 282, 286, 292
Network port configuration • 75, 77
Copyright © Acronis, Inc., 2000-2009
357
Policy status on a group • 64
Rights for Acronis services • 72, 320
Policy status on a machine • 62
RSM Media Pools • 130, 132
Pop-up messages • 82
Run backup plan • 184, 187, 289
Post-backup command • 94
Running Acronis Disk Director Lite • 257
Post-data capture command • 96
S
Post-recovery command • 115
Pre/Post commands • 89, 93, 95, 113, 114
Scheduling • 107, 161, 202, 210, 234, 328,
337
Pre/Post data capture commands • 89, 94,
98
Secure communication • 73
Pre-backup command • 93
Select destination disks • 267, 268
Pre-data capture command • 95
Select the type of volume being created •
266, 267
Pre-recovery command • 114
Selecting disks and volumes • 196
Prerequisites • 133
Selecting files and folders • 197
Privileges for centralized management • 69
Selecting source and target disks • 260
Privileges for local connection • 69
Selection rule • 62, 340, 349
Privileges for remote connection in
Windows • 69
Set active volume • 265, 269
Proprietary Acronis technologies • 46
Protecting the servers • 54
Protecting the virtual machines • 56
Protecting the workstations • 55
PXE and DHCP on the same server • 256
PXE Server • 20
Set the volume options • 268
Set the volume size • 267, 268
Setting up a machine to boot from PXE •
255
Setting up centralized data protection in a
heterogeneous network • 10, 52
Setting up SNMP services on the receiving
machine • 88
R
Simple scheme • 201, 328
Recovering a vast number of files from a
file backup • 229
SNMP notifications • 85, 87, 91, 102, 113,
118
Recovering data • 158, 211, 225, 283
Source files exclusion • 89, 92
Recovering from tape library • 135
Source type • 189, 193, 195, 196
Recovering MD devices and logical
volumes • 252
SSL certificates • 74, 76, 79
Recovery point • 347, 349, 351
Recovery priority • 113, 115
Registered machine • 83, 342, 349
Startup page • 82
Static group • 342, 350
Storage Node • 9, 19, 43, 52, 297
Rescan • 126, 134, 135, 136, 137, 154
Storage node (Acronis Backup & Recovery
10 Storage Node) • 19, 52, 342, 343,
347, 348, 350
Result confirmation • 238, 240
Storage node details • 297, 298, 299
Retention rules • 38, 202, 208, 209, 210,
328, 335, 336, 343
Storage nodes • 296
Registration • 20, 51, 56, 86, 280, 349
358
Storage node-side cleanup • 20, 123, 297,
348, 350
Copyright © Acronis, Inc., 2000-2009
Storage node-side validation • 20, 123,
297, 348, 350
Supported file systems • 22
Supported operating systems • 21
T
Tape compatibility table • 44, 131, 132,
154
Types of dynamic volumes • 265
U
Understanding Acronis Backup &
Recovery 10 • 24
Understanding centralized management •
51
Understanding states and statuses • 180
Tape libraries • 43, 130
Universal Restore • 18, 212, 223, 246
Tape library as a managed vault • 134
Universal Restore (Acronis Backup &
Recovery 10 Universal Restore) • 45, 47,
211, 224, 351
Tape options • 109, 131, 135, 138
Tape planning • 139, 151
Example 1 • 152
Example 2 • 153
Tape rotation • 131, 139
Tape support • 43
Task • 24, 340, 342, 347, 351
Unmanaged vault • 339, 351
User is idle • 173
User logged off • 175
User privileges on a managed machine •
30, 69, 70, 195, 213, 232, 320
Task credentials • 213, 231
User privileges on a storage node • 71,
124, 297
Task details • 179, 180, 183, 187, 288, 300
Using a single tape drive • 45
Task failure handling • 90, 108
Using the Grandfather-Father-Son tape
rotation scheme • 32, 141
Task start conditions • 90, 107, 162, 173,
181
Using the management console • 8, 10
Task states • 179, 181, 300
Using the Tower of Hanoi tape rotation
scheme • 38, 147
Task statuses • 179, 182, 300
Tasks • 278, 280, 284, 287, 296, 300
Tasks need interaction • 179
Technical support • 22
Temporarily disabling a backup plan • 157,
187
V
Validating vaults, archives and backups •
126, 156, 158, 159, 230
Validation • 24, 131, 339, 350, 351, 352
Validation rules • 340, 352
Time since last backup • 176
Vault • 24, 46, 241, 349, 351, 352
Time-based alerts • 83
Vault database path • 127, 128
ToH Example 1 • 148, 152
Vault encryption • 127, 128
ToH Example 2 • 148, 149
Vault path • 127, 129
ToH Example 3 • 148, 150
Vaults • 41, 122, 230, 241, 298
Tower of Hanoi • 341, 351
Views • 14
Tower of Hanoi backup scheme • 36, 131,
139, 351
Virtual machine • 342, 352
Tower of Hanoi scheme • 205, 332
Virtual machine settings • 217, 218, 221,
226
Types of connection to a managed
machine • 69
Virtual machine type / virtualization server
selection • 216, 218, 220
Copyright © Acronis, Inc., 2000-2009
359
VM power management • 121
Volume destination • 217, 219
Volume operations • 265
Volume properties • 219
Volume selection • 235, 237
Volume Shadow Copy Service • 89, 95, 97
Volumes • 212, 218
Volumes to back up selection rules • 320
W
Weekly schedule • 164, 206, 298, 332
What if • 153
When deduplication is most effective • 65
When to recover • 212, 223
When to validate • 231, 234
Why is the program asking for the
password? • 195
Windows event log • 85, 87, 91, 102, 113,
118
WinPE (Windows Preinstallation
Environment) • 338, 341, 352
WinPE ISO Builder • 18
Work across subnets • 256
Working under bootable media • 250
Working with backup plans and tasks • 183
Working with the • 123, 124, 155, 274
360
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