Futsal Laws of the Game

Futsal Laws of the Game
Futsal Laws of the Game 2010/2011
www.FIFA.com
Futsal
Laws of the Game
2010/2011
Fédération Internationale de Football Association
President:
Joseph S. Blatter
Secretary General:
Jérôme Valcke
Address:
FIFA
FIFA-Strasse 20
P.O. Box
8044 Zurich
Switzerland
Telephone:
+41-(0)43-222 7777
Fax:
+41-(0)43-222 7878
Internet:
www.FIFA.com
Futsal
Laws of
the Game
2010/2011
Authorised by the Sub-Committee of the International Football
Association Board.
This booklet may not be reproduced or translated in whole or in part in any
manner without the permission of FIFA.
Published by Fédération Internationale de Football Association
FIFA-Strasse 20, 8044 Zurich, Switzerland.
In the event of a difference in interpretation between the various language
versions of this text, the English version is authoritative.
2
FÉDÉRATION INTERNATIONALE DE FOOTBALL ASSOCIATION
President: Joseph S. Blatter (Switzerland)
Secretary General: Jérôme Valcke (France)
Address:
FIFA-Strasse 20
P.O. Box
8044 Zurich
Switzerland
Telephone:
+41 (0)43 222 7777
Telefax:
+41 (0)43 222 7878
Internet:
www.FIFA.com
FUTSAL AND BEACH SOCCER COMMITTEE
Chairman:
Ricardo Terra Teixeira Deputy chairman: Marios Lefkaritis
Brazil
Cyprus
FUTSAL AND BEACH SOCCER COMMITTEE
Members:
Álvaro Melo Filho
Colin Klass
Rafael Tinoco Kipps
Alberto Vilar
Samir Zaher
Hans Boll
Marco Herrominly
Xue Li Petr Fousek
Ali Kaffashian
Richard Lai
Brazil
Guyana
Guatemala
Spain
Egypt
Netherlands
Vanuatu
China PR
Czech Republic
Iran
Guam
3
PREFACE
There have been a number of amendments to the substance of this year’s
edition of the Futsal Laws of the Game compared with the 2008 edition. The
entire text of the Laws has been examined and revised in order to consolidate
and reorganise the contents and make them more uniform, clearer and easier
to understand. The most significant changes consist of the inclusion of some
of the decisions in the 2008 edition, either in the Laws themselves or in the
section entitled “Interpretation of the Futsal Laws of the Game and Guidelines
for Referees”. The aim of the FIFA Futsal and Beach Soccer Committee in
amending the title of this section was to highlight the fact that although its
main purpose is to complement the Futsal Laws of the Game, its contents are
unquestionably mandatory in nature.
Furthermore, some principles that were previously implicit in the game but
were not explicitly mentioned in the Laws have been included in this new
edition.
Finally, the FIFA Futsal and Beach Soccer Committee wishes to remind the
associations and confederations that it is their duty, in accordance with the
FIFA Statutes, to ensure strict and uniform compliance with the Futsal Laws of
the Game in all competitions.
4
NOTES ON THE FUTSAL LAWS OF THE GAME
Modifications
Subject to the agreement of the member association concerned and provided
that the principles of these Laws are maintained, the Laws may be modified in
their application for matches for players of under 16 years of age, for women
footballers, for veteran footballers (over 35 years of age) and for players with
disabilities.
Any or all of the following modifications are permissible:
• size of the pitch
• size, weight and material of the ball
• width between the goalposts and height of the crossbar from the ground
• duration of the periods of play
• substitutions
Further modifications are only allowed with the consent of the FIFA Refereeing
Department and the approval of the FIFA Futsal Sub-Committee.
Male and female
References to the male gender in the Futsal Laws of the Game in respect of
referees, players and officials are for simplification and apply to both men and
women.
Changes
In view of the numerous modifications to the structure of the Laws, it has been
decided that no line will be used to indicate the amendments in this edition.
Contents
Page Law
6 1 – The Pitch
13 2 – The Ball
15 3 – The Number of Players
19 4 – The Players’ Equipment
21 5 – The Referees
25 6 – The Assistant Referees
29 7 – The Duration of the Match
32 8 – The Start and Restart of Play
35 9 – The Ball In and Out of Play
36 10 – The Method of Scoring
37 11 – Offside
38 12 – Fouls and Misconduct
42 13 – Free Kicks
50 14 – The Penalty Kick
53 15 – The Kick-in
56 16 – The Goal Clearance
58 17 – The Corner Kick
61Procedures to Determine the Winner of a Match
or Home-and-Away
64 The Technical Area
66 The Reserve Assistant Referee
67 Referee and Assistant Referee Signals
77Interpretation of the Futsal Laws of the Game
and Guidelines for Referees
5
6
LAW 1 – The PITCH
Pitch surface
Matches should be played on flat, smooth and non-abrasive surfaces,
preferably made of wood or artificial material, according to the rules of the
competition. Concrete or tarmac should be avoided.
Artificial turf pitches are permitted in exceptional cases and only for national
competitions.
Pitch markings
The pitch must be rectangular and marked with lines. These lines belong to the
areas of which they are boundaries and must be clearly distinguishable from
the colour of the pitch.
The two longer boundary lines are called touch lines. The two shorter lines are
called goal lines.
The pitch is divided into two halves by a halfway line, which joins the midpoints
of the two touch lines.
The centre mark is indicated at the midpoint of the halfway line. A circle with a
radius of 3 m is marked around it.
A mark must be drawn outside the pitch, 5 m from the corner arc and at right
angles to the goal line, to ensure that defending players retreat this distance
when a corner kick is being taken. The width of this mark is 8 cm.
Two additional marks, each at a distance of 5 m to the left and the right of
the second penalty mark, must be made on the pitch to indicate the minimum
distance to be retreated when a kick is being taken from the second penalty
mark. The width of this mark is 8 cm.
LAW 1 – the PITCH
7
Dimensions
The length of the touch line must be greater than the length of the goal line.
All lines must be 8 cm wide.
For non-international matches the dimensions are as follows:
Length (touch line): Width (goal line): minimum
maximum
minimum
maximum
25 m
42 m
16 m
25 m
For international matches the dimensions are as follows:
Length (touch line): Width (goal line): minimum
maximum
minimum
maximum
38 m
42 m
20 m
25 m
The penalty area
Two imaginary lines of 6 m in length are drawn from the outside of each
goalpost and at right angles to the goal line; at the end of these lines a quarter
circle is drawn in the direction of the nearest touch line, each with a radius of
6 m from the outside of the goalpost. The upper part of each quarter circle is
joined by a line 3.16 m in length running parallel to the goal line between the
goalposts. The area bounded by these lines and the goal line is the penalty
area.
Within each penalty area, a penalty mark is made 6 m from the midpoint
between the goalposts and equidistant to them.
8
LAW 1 – The PITCH
The second penalty mark
A second mark is made 10 m from the midpoint between the goalposts and
equidistant to them.
The corner arc
A quarter circle with a radius of 25 cm from each corner is drawn inside the
pitch.
Goals
A goal must be placed on the centre of each goal line.
A goal consists of two upright posts equidistant from the corners and joined
at the top by a horizontal crossbar. The goalposts and crossbar must be made
of wood, metal or other approved material. They must be square, rectangular,
round or elliptical in shape and must not be dangerous to players.
The distance (inside measurement) between the posts is 3 m and the distance
from the lower edge of the crossbar to the ground is 2 m.
Both goalposts and the crossbar have the same width and depth, 8 cm. The
nets must be made of hemp, jute or nylon or other approved material and are
attached to the back of the goalposts and the crossbar with a suitable means
of support. They must be properly supported and must not interfere with the
goalkeeper.
The goalposts and crossbars must be of a different colour from the pitch.
The goals must have a stabilising system that prevents them from overturning.
Portable goals may only be used if they satisfy this requirement.
LAW 1 – The PITCH
9
The substitution zones
The substitution zones are the areas on the touch line in front of the team
benches, the purpose of which is described in Law 3.
• They are situated in front of the technical area and are 5 m in length. They
are marked at each end with a line 80 cm in length, 40 cm of which is
drawn on the pitch and 40 cm off the pitch, and 8 cm wide
• The area in front of the timekeeper’s table 5 m to either side of the halfway
line is kept clear
• A team’s substitution zone is situated in the half of the pitch defended by
said team and changes in the second half of the match and periods of extra
time, if any
10
LAW 1 – The PITCH
Pitch
Pitch dimensions
r=0.25m
5m
5m
5m
5m
3m
10m
6m
5m
5m
LAW 1 – The PITCH
11
Penalty area
3.16m
6m
3m
15.16m
Goal
0.08m
3m
2m
0.08m
2.08m
3.16m
0.08m
12
LAW 1 – The PITCH
Substitution zone and technical area
1m
Bench
1m
Technical area
0.75m
5m
5m
Decision 1
The technical area must meet the requirements contained in the section of this
publication entitled “The Technical Area”.
LAW 2 – The Ball
13
Qualities and measurements
The ball is:
• spherical
• made of leather or other approved material
• of a circumference of not more than 64 cm and not less than 62 cm
• not more than 440 g and not less than 400 g in weight at the start of the
match
• of a pressure equal to 0.6 – 0.9 atmosphere (600 – 900 g/cm2) at sea level
• the ball may not bounce less than 50 cm or more than 65 cm on the first
rebound when dropped from a height of 2 m
Replacement of a defective ball
If the ball bursts or becomes defective during the course of a match, the match
is stopped:
• the match is restarted by dropping the replacement ball at the place where
the original ball became defective, unless play was stopped inside the
penalty area, in which case one of the referees drops the replacement ball
on the penalty area line at the point nearest to where the original ball was
located when play was stopped
• the match is restarted by retaking the kick if the ball bursts or becomes
defective while a direct free kick without a wall, a kick from the second
penalty mark or a kick from the penalty mark is being taken and does
not touch the goalposts, the crossbar or a player and no infringement is
committed
If the ball bursts or becomes defective while not in play (at a kick-off, goal
clearance, corner kick, dropped ball, free kick, penalty kick or ball inbound):
• the match is restarted in accordance with the Futsal Laws of the Game
The ball may not be changed during the match without the authority of the
referees.
14
LAW 2 – The Ball
Logos on balls
In addition to the requirements of Law 2, acceptance of a ball for use in
matches played in an official competition organised under the auspices of FIFA
or the confederations is conditional upon the ball bearing one of the following:
• the official “FIFA APPROVED” logo
• the official “FIFA INSPECTED” logo
• the “INTERNATIONAL MATCHBALL STANDARD” logo
Such a logo on a ball indicates that it has been tested officially and found to
be in compliance with specific technical requirements, different for each logo
and additional to the minimum specifications stipulated in Law 2. The list of
the additional requirements specific to each of the respective logos must be
approved by the International F.A. Board. The institutes conducting the tests
are subject to the approval of FIFA.
Member association competitions may also require the use of balls bearing any
one of these three logos.
Advertising
In matches played in an official competition organised under the auspices of
FIFA, the confederations or the member associations, no form of commercial
advertising on the ball is permitted, except for the emblem of the competition,
the competition organiser and the authorised trademark of the manufacturer.
The competition regulations may restrict the size and number of such
markings.
LAW 3 – The Number of Players
15
Players
A match is played by two teams, each consisting of not more than five players,
one of whom is the goalkeeper.
A match may not start if either team consists of fewer than three players.
The match is abandoned if one of the teams has fewer than three players on
the pitch.
Official competitions
Up to a maximum of seven substitutes may be used in any match played in an
official competition organised under the auspices of FIFA, the confederations or
the member associations.
The number of substitutions that may be made during a match is unlimited.
Other matches
In national “A” team matches, up to a maximum of ten substitutes may be used.
In all other matches, a greater number of substitutes may be used, provided that:
• the teams concerned reach agreement on a maximum number
• the referees are informed before the match
If the referees are not informed, or if no agreement is reached before the
match, no more than ten substitutes are allowed.
All matches
In all matches, the names of the players and substitutes must be given to the
referees prior to the start of the match, whether they are present or not. Any
substitute whose name is not given to the referees at this time may not take
part in the match.
16
LAW 3 – The Number of Players
Substitution procedure
A substitution may be made at any time, whether the ball is in play or not. To
replace a player with a substitute, the following conditions must be observed:
• the player leaves the pitch via his own team’s substitution zone, save in the
exceptions provided for in the Futsal Laws of the Game
• the substitute only enters the pitch after the player being replaced has left
• the substitute enters the pitch via the substitution zone
• the substitution is completed when a substitute enters the pitch via the
substitution zone
• from that moment, the substitute becomes a player and the player he has
replaced becomes a substituted player
• the substituted player may take further part in the match
• all substitutes are subject to the authority and jurisdiction of the referees,
whether called upon to play or not
• if a period is extended to allow a penalty kick, a kick from the second
penalty mark or a direct free kick without a wall to be taken, only the
goalkeeper of the defending team may be substituted
Changing the goalkeeper
• any of the substitutes may change places with the goalkeeper without
informing the referees or waiting for a stoppage in the match
• any player may change places with the goalkeeper
• the player changing places with the goalkeeper must do so during a
stoppage in the match and must inform the referees before the change is
made
• a player or substitute replacing the goalkeeper must wear a goalkeeper’s
jersey with his number on the back
LAW 3 – The Number of Players
17
Infringements and sanctions
If a substitute enters the pitch before the player being replaced has left or,
during a substitution, a substitute enters the pitch from a place other than his
team’s substitution zone:
• the referees stop play (although not immediately if they can apply the
advantage)
• the referees caution him for infringing the substitution procedure and order
him to leave the pitch
If the referees have stopped play, it is restarted with an indirect free kick to
the opposing team from the position of the ball at the time of the stoppage
(see Law 13 – Position of free kick). If this substitute or his team also commits
another infringement, play is restarted in accordance with the section entitled
“Interpretation of the Futsal Laws of the Game and Guidelines for Referees”
(Law 3).
If, during a substitution, the player being replaced leaves the pitch for reasons
not provided for in the Futsal Laws of the Game and via a place other than his
team’s substitution zone:
• the referees stop play (although not immediately if they can apply the
advantage)
• the referees caution the player for infringing the substitution procedure
If the referees have stopped play, it is restarted with an indirect free kick to the
opposing team from the position of the ball at the time of the stoppage (see
Law 13 – Position of free kick).
In the event of any other infringements of this Law:
• the players concerned are cautioned
• the match is restarted with an indirect free kick to the opposing team
from the position of the ball at the time of the stoppage (see Law 13 –
Position of free kick). In special cases, play is restarted in accordance with
the section entitled “Interpretation of the Futsal Laws of the Game and
Guidelines for Referees” (Law 3)
18
LAW 3 – The Number of Players
Players and substitutes sent off
A player who has been sent off before the kick-off may be replaced only by
one of the named substitutes.
A named substitute who has been sent off, either before the kick-off or after
play has started, may not be replaced.
A substitute player may replace a sent-off player and enter the pitch two full
minutes after the sending-off, provided that he has the authorisation of the
timekeeper or the third referee (assistant referees), unless a goal is scored
before the two minutes have elapsed, in which case the following conditions
apply:
• if there are five players against four and the team with the greater number
of players scores a goal, the team with only four players may be completed
with a fifth player
• if both teams are playing with three or four players and a goal is scored,
both teams remain with the same number of players
• if there are five players playing against three, or four against three, and the
team with the greater number of players scores a goal, the team with three
players may be increased by one player only
• if the team that scores the goal is the one with fewer players, the game
continues without changing the number of players
LAW 4 – The Players’ Equipment
19
Safety
A player must not use equipment or wear anything that is dangerous to
himself or another player (including any kind of jewellery).
Basic equipment
The basic compulsory equipment of a player comprises the following separate
items:
• a jersey or shirt – if undergarments are worn, the colour of the sleeve must
be the same main colour as the sleeve of the jersey or shirt
• shorts – if undershorts are worn, they must be of the same main colour as
the shorts. The goalkeeper is permitted to wear long trousers
• stockings
• shinguards
• footwear – canvas or soft leather training or gymnastic shoes with soles of
rubber or a similar material
Shinguards
• are covered entirely by the stockings
• are made of rubber, plastic or a similar approved material
• provide a reasonable degree of protection
Colours
• The two teams must wear colours that distinguish them from each other
and also the referees and the assistant referees
• Each goalkeeper must wear colours that distinguish him from the other
players, the referees and the assistant referees
20
LAW 4 – The Players’ Equipment
Infringements and sanctions
In the event of any infringement of this Law:
• play need not be stopped
• the player at fault is instructed by the referees to leave the pitch to correct
his equipment when the ball next ceases to be in play, unless he has already
corrected his equipment
• any player required to leave the pitch to correct his equipment must not
re-enter without the permission of the referees or third referee
• the referees, either directly or through the third referee, check that the
player’s equipment is correct before allowing him to re-enter the pitch
• the player, if he has not been substituted, is only allowed to re-enter the
pitch when the ball is out of play or under the supervision of the third
referee when the ball is in play
A player having been required to leave the pitch because of an infringement of
this Law and not having been substituted who re-enters the pitch without the
permission of the referees or third referee must be cautioned.
Restart of play
If play is stopped by the referees to administer a caution:
• the match is restarted with an indirect free kick taken by a player of the
opposing team, from the place where the ball was located when the
referees stopped the match (see Law 13 – Position of free kick)
Advertising on equipment
Players must not reveal undergarments showing slogans or advertising. The
basic compulsory equipment must not have any political, religious or personal
statements.
A player removing his shirt to reveal slogans or advertising will be sanctioned
by the competition organiser. The team of a player whose basic compulsory
equipment has political, religious or personal slogans or statements will be
sanctioned by the competition organiser or by FIFA.
LAW 5 – The RefereeS
21
The authority of the referees
Each match is controlled by two referees, the referee and the second referee,
who have full authority to enforce the Futsal Laws of the Game in connection
with the match to which they have been appointed.
Powers and duties
The referees:
• enforce the Futsal Laws of the Game
• control the match in cooperation with the assistant referees, where
applicable
• ensure that any ball used meets the requirements of Law 2
• ensure that the players’ equipment meets the requirements of Law 4
• keep a record of the match
• stop the match, at their discretion, for any infringements of the Futsal Laws
of the Game
• stop the match because of outside interference of any kind
• stop the match if, in their opinion, a player is seriously injured and ensure
that he is removed from the pitch. An injured player may only return to the
pitch after the match has restarted
• allow play to continue until the ball is out of play if a player is, in their
opinion, only slightly injured
• ensure that any player bleeding from a wound leaves the pitch. The player
may only return on receiving a signal from the referees, who must be
satisfied, either directly or through the third referee, that the bleeding has
stopped
• allow play to continue when the team against which an offence has been
committed stands to benefit from such an advantage and penalise the
original offence if the anticipated advantage does not ensue at that time
• punish the more serious offence when a player commits more than one
offence at the same time
• punish the more serious misconduct when a player commits more than one
act of misconduct at the same time
22
LAW 5 – The RefereeS
• take disciplinary action against players guilty of cautionable and sending-off
offences. They are not obliged to take this action immediately but must do
so when the ball next goes out of play
• take action against team officials who fail to conduct themselves in a
responsible manner and may, at their discretion, expel them from the
technical area and the surrounds of the pitch
• ensure that no unauthorised persons enter the pitch
• indicate the restart of the match after it has been stopped
• give the signals described in the section of this publication entitled “Referee
and Assistant Referee Signals”
• position themselves on the pitch as described in the section of this
publication entitled “Positioning with ball in play”, which is part of
the “Interpretation of the Futsal Laws of the Game and Guidelines for
Referees” (Law 5 – The Referees), when they are required to do so
• provide the appropriate authorities with a match report, which includes
information on any disciplinary action taken against players and/or team
officials and any other incidents that occurred before, during or after the
match
The referee:
• acts as timekeeper and third referee in the event that the assistant referees
are not present
• suspends or abandons the match, at his discretion, for any infringements of
the Futsal Laws of the Game
• suspends or abandons the match because of outside interference of any
kind
The second referee:
• replaces the referee in the event that he becomes injured or indisposed
LAW 5 – The RefereeS
23
Decisions of the referees
The decisions of the referees regarding facts connected with play, including
whether or not a goal is scored and the result of the match, are final.
The referees may only change a decision on realising that it is incorrect or, at
their discretion, on the advice of an assistant referee, provided that they have
not restarted play or terminated the match.
The decisions of the referee prevail over those of the second referee if both
signal an infringement and there is disagreement between them.
In the event of undue interference or improper conduct, the referee will relieve
the second referee or the assistant referees of their duties, arrange for them to
be substituted and make a report to the appropriate authorities.
Responsibilities of the referees
The referees (or where applicable, an assistant referee) are not held liable for:
• any kind of injury suffered by a player, official or spectator
• any damage to property of any kind
• any other loss suffered by any individual, club, company, association or
other body, which is due or which may be due to any decision that they
may take under the terms of the Futsal Laws of the Game or in respect of
the normal procedures required to hold, play and control a match
Such decisions may include:
• a decision that the condition of the pitch or its surrounds or that the
weather conditions are such as to allow or not to allow a match to take
place
• a decision to abandon a match for whatever reason
• a decision as to the suitability of the pitch equipment and ball used during
a match
• a decision to stop or not to stop a match due to spectator interference or
any problem in spectator areas
24
LAW 5 – The RefereeS
• a decision to stop or not to stop play to allow an injured player to be
removed from the pitch for treatment
• a decision to require an injured player to be removed from the pitch for
treatment
• a decision to allow or not to allow a player to wear certain apparel or
equipment
• a decision (where they have the authority) to allow or not to allow any
persons (including team or venue officials, security officers, photographers
or other media representatives) to be present in the vicinity of the pitch
• any other decision that they may take in accordance with the Futsal Laws
of the Game or in conformity with their duties under the terms of FIFA,
confederation, member association or league rules or regulations under
which the match is played
International matches
A second referee is mandatory for international matches.
Reserve assistant referee
In tournaments or competitions where a reserve assistant referee is appointed,
his role and duties must be in accordance with the guidelines contained in this
publication.
LAW 6 – The Assistant Referees
25
The authority of the assistant referees
Two assistant referees may be appointed (a third referee and a timekeeper)
who must perform their duties in accordance with the Futsal Laws of the
Game. They are positioned off the pitch, level with the halfway line and on
the same side as the substitution zones. The timekeeper remains seated at the
timekeeper’s table, while the third referee may perform his duties either seated
or standing up.
The timekeeper and the third referee are equipped with a suitable chronometer
and the necessary equipment to keep a record of accumulated fouls, which is
supplied by the association or club under whose jurisdiction the match is being
played.
They are provided with a timekeeper’s table in order to perform their duties
correctly.
Powers and duties
The third referee:
• assists the referees and the timekeeper
• keeps a record of the players taking part in the match
• monitors the replacement of balls at the request of the referees
• checks the substitutes’ equipment before they enter the pitch
• records the goalscorers’ numbers
• informs the timekeeper of a request for a time-out when a team official
makes one (see Law 7 – The Duration of the Match)
• gives the mandatory time-out signal once the timekeeper has sounded the
acoustic signal, to inform the referees and the teams that the time-out has
been granted
• keeps a record of the time-outs requested
• keeps a record of the accumulated fouls by each team signalled by the
referees in each period of play
26
LAW 6 – The Assistant Referees
• gives the mandatory signal that one team has committed five accumulated
fouls in a period of play
• places a visible sign on the timekeeper’s table to indicate that a team has
committed five accumulated fouls in one period of play
• records the names and numbers of any players cautioned or sent off
• hands a document to the officials of each team before the start of each
period of play with which they can request time-outs and collects it at the
end of each period if none have been requested
• hands a document to the officials of each team which indicates when a
substitute can enter the pitch to replace a player who has been sent off
LAW 6 – The Assistant Referees
27
• under the referees’ supervision, monitors the entry of a player who has left
the pitch to correct his equipment
• under the referees’ supervision, monitors the entry of a player who has left
the pitch due to an injury of any kind
• signals to the referees when an obvious error has been made in cautioning
or sending off a player or if an act of violence has been committed out
of their range of vision. In any case, the referees decide on any facts
connected with play
• supervises the conduct of the persons situated in the technical area, if
any, and on the benches and informs the referees of any inappropriate
behaviour
• keeps a record of stoppages in play because of outside interference and the
reasons for them
• provides any other information relevant to the game
• positions himself on the pitch as described in the section of this publication
entitled “Positioning in ball out of play situations”, which is part of
the “Interpretation of the Futsal Laws of the Game and Guidelines for
Referees” (Law 5 – The Referees), when he is required to do so
• replaces the second referee in the event that the referee or second referee
becomes injured or indisposed
The timekeeper:
• ensures that the duration of the match complies with the provisions of
Law 7 by:
– starting the chronometer after a kick-off has been taken correctly
– stopping the chronometer when the ball is out of play
– restarting it after play has been correctly resumed after a kick-in, a goal
clearance, a corner kick or kick-off, a free kick, kicks from the penalty
mark or second penalty mark or a dropped ball
• records the goals, accumulated fouls and periods of play on the public
scoreboard, if available
• indicates a team’s request for a time-out with a whistle or acoustic signal
distinct from the one used by the referees, after the third referee has
informed him
• times the one-minute time-out
28
LAW 6 – The Assistant Referees
• indicates the end of the one-minute time-out with a different whistle or
acoustic signal from those used by the referees
• indicates the fifth accumulated foul by a team with a different whistle or
acoustic signal from the one used by the referees, after the third referee has
informed him
• times a player’s two-minute expulsion
• indicates the end of the first half, the end of the match or the end of the
periods of extra time, if any, with a different whistle or acoustic signal from
the one used by the referees
• positions himself on the pitch as described in the section of this publication
entitled “Positioning in ball out of play situations”, which is part of
the “Interpretation of the Futsal Laws of the Game and Guidelines for
Referees” (Law 5 – The Referees), when he is required to do so
• performs the specific duties of the third referee in the event of the latter’s
absence
• provides any other information relevant to the game
International matches
For international matches, the presence of a third referee and a timekeeper is
mandatory.
For international matches, the chronometer used must incorporate all the
necessary functions (precise timekeeping, a device to time the two-minute
expulsion of four players simultaneously and monitor the accumulation of fouls
by each team during each period of play).
LAW 7 – THE DURATION OF THE MATCH
29
Periods of play
The match lasts two equal periods of 20 minutes, unless otherwise mutually
agreed between the referee and the two teams. Any agreement to alter the
duration of the periods of play must be made before the start of play and must
comply with the competition rules.
Ending the periods of play
The timekeeper indicates the end of each period with the acoustic signal or
whistle. After hearing the timekeeper’s whistle or acoustic signal, one of the
referees announces the end of the period or match with his whistle, bearing in
mind the following:
• if a kick from the second penalty mark or direct free kick, beginning
with the sixth accumulated foul, must be taken or retaken, the period in
question is extended until the kick has been taken
• if a penalty kick has to be taken or retaken, the period in question is
extended until the kick has been taken
If the ball has been kicked towards one of the goals, the referees must wait
for the kick to end before the timekeeper may sound the whistle or acoustic
signal. The period ends when:
• the ball goes directly into the goal and a goal is scored
• the ball leaves the boundaries of the pitch
• the ball touches the goalkeeper, the goalposts, crossbar or ground, crosses
the goal line and a goal is scored
• the defending goalkeeper stops the ball or it rebounds from the goalposts
or crossbar and does not cross the goal line
If no infringement has been committed that requires a direct free kick or a
penalty kick to be retaken or, during the trajectory of the ball, one of the teams
does not commit an infringement that is sanctioned with a direct free kick,
beginning with the sixth accumulated foul, or a penalty kick, the period will
end when:
• the ball touches any player other than the goalkeeper after it has been
kicked at the opposing goal
30
LAW 7 – THE DURATION OF THE MATCH
Time-out
The teams are entitled to a one-minute time-out in each period.
The following conditions apply:
• the team officials are authorised to request the third referee, or the
timekeeper if there is no third referee, for a one-minute time-out using the
document provided
• the timekeeper grants the time-out when the team that has requested it is
in possession of the ball and the ball is out of play, using a different whistle
or acoustic signal from the ones used by the referees
• during the time-out, the players may remain on or off the pitch. In order to
have a drink, the players must leave the pitch
• during the time-out, the substitutes must stay off the pitch
• during the time-out, officials are not allowed to give instructions on the
pitch
• substitutions may only be made after the acoustic signal or whistle has
sounded to indicate the end of the time-out
• a team that does not request a time-out in the first half of the match is only
entitled to one time-out during the second half
• if there is neither a third referee nor a timekeeper, a team official may
request the referees for a time-out
• there are no time-outs during extra time, if played
LAW 7 – THE DURATION OF THE MATCH
31
Half-time interval
Players are entitled to an interval at half-time.
The half-time interval must not exceed 15 minutes.
Competition rules must state the duration of the half-time interval.
The duration of the half-time interval may be altered only with the consent of
the referee.
Abandoned match
An abandoned match is replayed unless the competition rules provide
otherwise.
32
LAW 8 – THE START AND RESTART OF PLAY
Preliminaries
A coin is tossed and the team that wins the toss decides which goal it will
attack in the first half of the match.
The other team takes the kick-off to start the match.
The team that wins the toss takes the kick-off to start the second half of the
match.
In the second half of the match, the teams change ends and attack the
opposite goals.
Kick-off
A kick-off is a way of starting or restarting play:
• at the start of the match
• after a goal has been scored
• at the start of the second half of the match
• at the start of each period of extra time, where applicable
A goal may not be scored directly from the kick-off.
Procedure
• all players must be in their own half of the pitch
• the opponents of the team taking the kick-off are at least 3 m from the ball
until it is in play
• the ball must be stationary on the centre mark
• the referee gives a signal
• the ball is in play when it is kicked and moves forward
After a team scores a goal, provided that the period has not ended, the kick-off
is taken by the other team.
LAW 8 – THE START AND RESTART OF PLAY
33
Infringements and sanctions
If the ball is in play and the player taking the kick-off touches the ball again
(except with his hands) before it has touched another player:
• an indirect free kick is awarded to the opposing team, to be taken from the
position of the ball when the infringement occurred (see Law 13 – Position
of free kick)
If the ball is in play and the player taking the kick-off deliberately handles the
ball before it has touched another player:
• an indirect free kick is awarded to the opposing team, to be taken from the
position of the ball when the infringement occurred (see Law 13 – Position
of free kick) and his team is sanctioned with an accumulated foul
In the event of any other infringement of the kick-off procedure:
• the kick-off is retaken and the advantage cannot be applied
Dropped ball
If, while the ball is still in play, the referees are required to stop play temporarily
for any reason not mentioned elsewhere in the Futsal Laws of the Game, the
match is restarted with a dropped ball. The match is also restarted with a
dropped ball when provided for in the Futsal Laws of the Game.
Procedure
The referee or second referee drops the ball from the position of the ball when
play was stopped, unless play was stopped inside the penalty area, in which
case one of the referees drops the ball on the penalty area line at the point
nearest to where the ball was located when play was stopped.
Play restarts when the ball touches the ground within the boundaries of the
pitch. If the ball leaves the pitch after it makes contact with the ground,
without a player touching it after being in play, the ball is dropped at the same
point where it was dropped the first time.
34
LAW 8 – THE START AND RESTART OF PLAY
Infringements and sanctions
The ball is dropped again at the same place where it was dropped the first
time:
• if it is touched by a player before it makes contact with the ground
• if any infringement is committed before the ball makes contact with the
ground
LAW 9 – THE BALL IN AND OUT OF PLAY
35
Ball out of play
The ball is out of play when:
• it has wholly crossed the goal line or touch line whether on the ground or
in the air
• play has been stopped by the referees
• it hits the ceiling
Ball in play
The ball is in play at all other times, including when:
• it rebounds off a goalpost or crossbar and remains on the pitch
• it rebounds off the referees when they are on the pitch
Indoor pitch
The minimum height of ceilings is 4 m and is stipulated in the competition rules.
If the ball hits the ceiling while in play, the game is restarted with a kick-in
taken by the opponents of the team that last touched the ball. The kick-in is
taken from the point on the touch line nearest to the place on the ground
above which the ball hit the ceiling (see Law 15 – Position of kick-in).
36
LAW 10 – THE METHOD OF SCORING
Goal scored
A goal is scored when the whole of the ball passes over the goal line, between
the goalposts and under the crossbar, provided that no infringement of the Futsal
Laws of the Game has been committed previously by the team scoring the goal.
A goal is disallowed if the goalkeeper of the attacking team throws or hits the
ball intentionally with his hand or arm from inside his own penalty area and
is the last player to touch or play the ball. The match is restarted with a goal
clearance to the opposing team.
If, after a goal is scored, the referees realise, before play restarts, that the
team that scored the goal is playing with an extra player or has carried out a
substitution incorrectly, they must disallow the goal and restart play with an
indirect free kick to be taken by the opponents of the offending player from
any point inside the penalty area. If the kick-off has already been taken, they
take the measures against the offending player provided for in Law 3, but the
goal is allowed. The referees report the fact to the appropriate authorities. If
the goal was scored by the other team, they must allow it.
Winning team
The team scoring the greater number of goals during a match is the winner.
If both teams score an equal number of goals, or if no goals are scored, the
match is drawn.
Competition rules
When the competition rules require there to be a winning team after a match
or home-and-away tie, the following are the only permitted procedures for
determining the winning team:
• away goals rule
• extra time
• kicks from the penalty mark
These procedures are described in the section of this publication entitled
“Procedures to Determine the Winner of a Match or Home-and-Away”.
LAW 11 – OFFSIDE
There is no offside in futsal.
37
38
LAW 12 – FOULS AND MISCONDUCT
Fouls and misconduct are infringements of the Futsal Laws of the Game that
are penalised as follows:
Fouls
Fouls are penalised with a direct free kick, penalty kick or indirect free kick.
Fouls penalised with a direct free kick
A direct free kick is awarded to the opposing team if a player commits any
of the following seven offences in a manner considered by the referees to be
careless, reckless or using excessive force:
• kicks or attempts to kick an opponent
• trips an opponent
• jumps at an opponent
• charges an opponent
• strikes or attempts to strike an opponent
• pushes an opponent
• tackles an opponent
A direct free kick is also awarded to the opposing team if a player commits any
of the following three offences:
• holds an opponent
• spits at an opponent
• handles the ball deliberately (except for the goalkeeper within his own
penalty area)
A direct free kick is taken from the place where the offence occurred
(see Law 13 – Position of free kick).
The above offences are accumulated fouls.
LAW 12 – FOULS AND MISCONDUCT
39
Fouls penalised with a penalty kick
A penalty kick is awarded if any of the above ten offences is committed by
a player inside his own penalty area, irrespective of the position of the ball,
provided it is in play.
Fouls penalised with an indirect free kick
An indirect free kick is awarded to the opposing team if a goalkeeper commits
any of the following four offences:
• controls the ball with his hands or feet in his own half of the pitch for more
than four seconds
• after playing the ball, he touches it again in his own half of the pitch after
it has been deliberately kicked to him by a team-mate without an opponent
playing or touching it
• touches the ball with his hands inside his own penalty area after it has been
deliberately kicked to him by a team-mate
• touches the ball with his hands inside his own penalty area after he has
received it directly from a kick-in by a team-mate
An indirect free kick is also awarded to the opposing team if, in the opinion of
the referees, a player:
• plays in a dangerous manner in the presence of an opponent
• impedes the progress of an opponent
• prevents the goalkeeper from releasing the ball from his hands
• commits against a team-mate one of the nine offences penalised with a
direct free kick if they are committed against an opponent
• commits any other infringement not previously mentioned in Law 12 or in
any other Law, for which play is stopped to caution or dismiss a player
The indirect free kick is taken from the place where the offence occurred
(see Law 13 – Position of free kick).
40
LAW 12 – FOULS AND MISCONDUCT
Misconduct
Misconduct is penalised with a caution or a sending-off.
Disciplinary sanctions
The yellow card is used to communicate that a player or substitute has been
cautioned.
The red card is used to communicate that a player or substitute has been sent
off.
Only a player or substitute may be shown the red or yellow card. The relevant
card is shown publicly and only on the pitch once the match has started. In
other cases, the referees verbally inform the players and team officials of the
disciplinary sanction taken.
The referees have the authority to take disciplinary sanctions from the moment
they enter the premises where the pitch is located before the start of the match
until they leave them.
A player who commits a cautionable or sending-off offence, either on or off
the pitch, whether directed towards an opponent, a team-mate, the referees
or any other person, is disciplined according to the nature of the offence
committed.
Cautionable offences
A player is cautioned if he commits any of the following seven offences:
• unsporting behaviour
• dissent by word or action
• persistent infringement of the Futsal Laws of the Game
• delaying the restart of play
LAW 12 – FOULS AND MISCONDUCT
41
• failure to respect the required distance when play is restarted with a corner
kick, free kick or kick-in (defending players)
• entering or re-entering the pitch without the referees’ permission or
infringement of the substitution procedure
• deliberately leaving the pitch without the referees’ permission
A substitute is cautioned if he commits any of the following four infringements:
• unsporting behaviour
• dissent by word or action
• delaying the restart of play
• entering the pitch by infringing the substitution procedure
Sending-off offences
A player or substitute is sent off if he commits any of the following seven
offences:
• serious foul play
• violent conduct
• spitting at an opponent or any other person
• denying the opposing team a goal or an obvious goalscoring opportunity
by deliberately handling the ball (this does not apply to a goalkeeper within
his own penalty area)
• denying an obvious goalscoring opportunity to an opponent moving
towards the player’s goal by an offence punishable by a free kick or a
penalty kick
• using offensive, insulting or abusive language and/or gestures
• receiving a second caution in the same match
A substitute is sent off if he commits the following offence:
• denying a goal or an obvious goalscoring opportunity
A player or substitute who has been sent off must leave the vicinity of the pitch
and the technical area.
42
LAW 13 – FREE KICKS
Types of free kick
Free kicks are either direct or indirect.
The direct free kick
Signal
One of the referees signals the direct free kick by keeping one arm horizontal
and pointing in the direction the kick has to be taken. The referee points to
the ground with his other hand to make it plain to the third referee and the
timekeeper that it is an accumulated foul.
Ball enters the goal
• if a direct free kick is kicked directly into the opponents’ goal, a goal is
awarded
• if a direct free kick is kicked directly into the team’s own goal, a corner kick
is awarded to the opposing team
Accumulated fouls
• are those penalised with a direct free kick or penalty kick mentioned in
Law 12
• the accumulated fouls committed by each team in each period are recorded
in the match report
• the referees may allow play to continue by applying the advantage if
the team has not previously committed five accumulated fouls and the
opposing team is not denied a goal or an obvious goalscoring opportunity
• if they apply the advantage, the referees use the mandatory signals to
indicate an accumulated foul to the timekeeper and third referee as soon as
the ball is out of play
• if extra time is played, accumulated fouls from the second period continue
to accumulate during extra time
LAW 13 – FREE KICKS
43
The indirect free kick
Signal
The referees indicate an indirect free kick by raising their arms above their
heads. They maintain their arms in that position until the kick has been taken
and the ball has touched another player or goes out of play.
Ball enters the goal
A goal can be scored only if the ball subsequently touches another player
before it enters the goal:
• if an indirect free kick is kicked directly into the opponents’ goal, a goal
clearance is awarded
• if an indirect free kick is kicked directly into the team’s own goal, a corner
kick is awarded to the opposing team
Procedure
For both direct and indirect free kicks, the ball must be stationary when the
kick is taken.
Direct free kick beginning with the sixth accumulated foul by each team
• The player taking the free kick kicks the ball with the intention of scoring a
goal and may not pass the ball to a team-mate
• Once the free kick has been taken, no player may touch the ball until it
has been touched by the defending goalkeeper, rebounded off one of the
goalposts or the crossbar, or left the pitch
• If a player commits his team’s sixth accumulated foul in the opposing
team’s half or in his own half in the area bordered by the halfway line and
an imaginary line parallel to the halfway line passing through the second
penalty mark, the free kick is taken from the second penalty mark. The
location of the second penalty mark is indicated in Law 1. The free kick is
taken in accordance with the section of this publication entitled “Position
of free kick”
44
LAW 13 – FREE KICKS
• If a player commits his team’s sixth accumulated foul in his own half of
the pitch between the imaginary 10 m line and the goal line but outside
the penalty area, the attacking team decides whether to take it from the
second penalty mark or the place where the infringement occurred
• Beginning with the sixth accumulated foul, additional time is allowed to
take a direct free kick at the end of each half or at the end of each period
of extra time
Position of free kick
Free kick outside the penalty area
• All opponents must be at least 5 m from the ball until it is in play
• The ball is in play when it is kicked and moves
• The free kick is taken from the place where the infringement occurred or
from the position of the ball when the infringement occurred (according to
the infringement) or from the second penalty mark
Direct or indirect free kick inside the penalty area to the
defending team
• All opponents must be at least 5 m from the ball until it is in play
• All opponents must remain outside the penalty area until the ball is in play
• The ball is in play when it is kicked directly out of the penalty area
• A free kick awarded in the penalty area may be taken from any point inside
that area
LAW 13 – FREE KICKS
45
Direct free kick beginning with the sixth accumulated foul in each period
• The defending team’s players may not form a wall to defend free kicks
• The player taking the kick is properly identified
• The goalkeeper remains in his penalty area at a distance of at least 5 m
from the ball
• The players remain on the pitch, except the kicker if he wishes
• The players, except the kicker and the defending goalkeeper, remain behind
an imaginary line that is level with the ball and parallel to the goal line and
outside the penalty area, at a distance of 5 m from the ball. They may not
obstruct the player taking the free kick. No player, except the kicker, may
cross this imaginary line until the ball is in play
Indirect free kick for the attacking team
• All opponents must be at least 5 m from the ball until it is in play
• The ball is in play when it is kicked and moves
• An indirect free kick conceded in the penalty area is taken from the penalty
area line at the point nearest to where the offence was committed
46
LAW 13 – FREE KICKS
Infringements and sanctions
If, when a free kick is taken, an opponent is closer to the ball than the required
distance:
• the kick is retaken and the offending player is cautioned, unless the
advantage can be applied or another infringement is committed that is
punishable by a penalty kick. If the infringement is punishable by a free
kick, the referees decide whether to punish the original infringement or the
one committed subsequently. If the second infringement is punishable by a
penalty kick or direct free kick, an accumulated foul is recorded against the
offending team
If, when a free kick is taken by the defending team from inside its own penalty
area, the ball is not kicked directly out of the penalty area:
• the kick is retaken
If the team taking the free kick takes more than four seconds:
• the referees award an indirect free kick to the opposing team, to be taken
from the place where play was to be restarted (see Law 13 – Position of
free kick)
Beginning with the sixth accumulated foul, if the player taking the kick does
not do so with the intention of scoring a goal:
• the referees award an indirect free kick to the opposing team, to be taken
from the place where play was to be restarted
Beginning with the sixth accumulated foul, if a free kick is taken by a teammate of the player who had been identified previously:
• the referees stop play, caution him for unsporting behaviour and restart the
match with an indirect free kick to the defending team to be taken from
where he kicked the ball
LAW 13 – FREE KICKS
47
Free kick taken by a player other than the goalkeeper
If, after the ball is in play, the kicker touches the ball again (except with his
hands) before it has touched another player:
• an indirect free kick is awarded to the opposing team, to be taken from the
place where the infringement occurred (see Law 13 – Position of free kick)
If, after the ball is in play, the kicker deliberately handles the ball before it has
touched another player:
• a direct free kick is awarded to the opposing team, to be taken from the
place where the infringement occurred (see Law 13 – Position of free kick),
and his team is sanctioned with an accumulated foul
• a penalty kick is awarded if the infringement was committed inside the
kicker’s penalty area and his team is sanctioned with an accumulated foul
Free kick taken by the goalkeeper
If, after the ball is in play, the goalkeeper touches the ball again (except with
his hands), before it has touched another player:
• an indirect free kick is awarded to the opposing team, to be taken from the
place where the infringement occurred (see Law 13 – Position of free kick)
If, after the ball is in play, the goalkeeper deliberately handles the ball before it
has touched another player:
• a direct free kick is awarded to the opposing team if the infringement
occurred outside the goalkeeper’s penalty area, to be taken from the place
where the infringement occurred (see Law 13 – Position of free kick) and
his team is sanctioned with an accumulated foul
• an indirect free kick is awarded to the opposing team if the infringement
occurred inside the goalkeeper’s penalty area, to be taken from the place
where the infringement occurred (see Law 13 – Position of free kick)
48
LAW 13 – FREE KICKS
If the referees give the signal to take the direct free kick, beginning
with the sixth accumulated foul, and before the ball is in play:
A player of the team taking the kick infringes the Futsal Laws of the Game,
except if the kicker takes longer than four seconds:
• the referees allow the kick to be taken
• if the ball enters the goal, the kick is retaken
• if the ball does not enter the goal, the referees stop play and order the
match to be restarted with an indirect free kick to the defending team, to
be taken from the place where the infringement occurred (see Law 13 –
Position of free kick)
A player of the defending team infringes the Futsal Laws of the Game:
• the referees allow the kick to be taken
• if the ball enters the goal, a goal is awarded
• if the ball does not enter the goal, the kick is retaken
One or more players of the defending team and one or more players of the
attacking team infringe the Futsal Laws of the Game:
• the kick is retaken
Beginning with the sixth accumulated foul, if, after the direct free kick
has been taken:
the kicker does not kick the ball forward with the intention of scoring a goal:
• the referees stop play and order the match to be restarted with an indirect
free kick to the defending team, to be taken from the place where the
offence occurred (see Law 13 – Position of free kick)
the kicker touches the ball again (except with his hands) before it has touched
another player:
• an indirect free kick is awarded to the opposing team, to be taken from the
place where the infringement occurred (see Law 13 – Position of free kick)
LAW 13 – FREE KICKS
49
a different player from the kicker touches the ball (except with his hands)
before it has touched the defending goalkeeper, rebounded off one of the
goalposts or the crossbar or left the pitch:
• an indirect free kick is awarded to the opposing team, to be taken from the
place where the infringement occurred (see Law 13 – Position of free kick)
a player deliberately handles the ball:
• a direct free kick is awarded to the opposing team, to be taken from the
place where the infringement occurred (see Law 13 – Position of free kick)
and his team is sanctioned with an accumulated foul
• a penalty kick is awarded if the infringement was committed by a player
from the defending team inside his own penalty area, except for the
defending goalkeeper (see Law 13 – Position of free kick) and his team is
sanctioned with an accumulated foul
the ball is touched by an outside agent as it moves forward:
• the kick is retaken
the ball rebounds on to the pitch from the goalkeeper, the crossbar or the
goalposts, and is then touched by an outside agent:
• the referees stop play
• play is restarted with a dropped ball at the place where it touched the
outside agent, unless it touched the outside agent inside the penalty area,
in which case one of the referees drops the ball on the penalty area line at
the point nearest to where the ball was located when play was stopped
the ball bursts or becomes defective while in play and has not previously
touched the goalposts, the crossbar or another player:
• the kick is retaken
50
LAW 14 – THE PENALTY KICK
A penalty kick is awarded against a team that commits any of the ten offences
for which a direct free kick is awarded, inside its own penalty area and while
the ball is in play.
A goal may be scored directly from a penalty kick.
Additional time is allowed for a penalty kick to be taken at the end of each half
or at the end of each period of extra time.
Position of the ball and the players
The ball:
• must be placed on the penalty mark
The player taking the penalty kick:
• must be properly identified
The defending goalkeeper:
• must remain on his goal line, facing the kicker, between the goalposts until
the ball has been kicked
The players other than the kicker must be located:
• on the pitch
• outside the penalty area
• behind the penalty mark
• at least 5 m from the penalty mark
Procedure
• After the players have taken positions in accordance with this Law, one of
the referees signals for the penalty kick to be taken
• The player taking the penalty kick must kick the ball forward
• The ball is in play when it is kicked and moves forward
LAW 14 – THE PENALTY KICK
51
When a penalty kick is taken during the normal course of play, or time has
been extended at half-time or full time or at the end of extra time, if any, to
allow a penalty kick to be taken or retaken, a goal is awarded if, before passing
between the goalposts and under the crossbar:
• the ball touches either or both goalposts and/or the crossbar and/or the
goalkeeper
The referees decide when a penalty kick has been completed.
Infringements and sanctions
If the player taking the penalty kick does not kick the ball forward:
• the referees stop play and order the match to be restarted with an indirect
free kick to the defending team, to be taken from the penalty mark
(see Law 13 – Position of free kick)
If, while a penalty kick is being taken, the ball is kicked by a team-mate of the
player who had been previously identified:
• the referees stop play, caution him for unsporting behaviour and order the
match to be restarted with an indirect free kick to the defending team, to
be taken from the penalty mark (see Law 13 – Position of free kick)
If the referees give the signal for the penalty kick to be taken and,
before the ball is in play, one of the following occurs:
a player of the same team as the player taking the kick infringes the Futsal
Laws of the Game:
• the referees allow the kick to be taken
• if the ball enters the goal, the kick is retaken
• if the ball does not enter the goal, the referees stop play and order the
match to be restarted with an indirect free kick to the defending team, to
be taken from the place where the offence occurred (see Law 13 – Position
of free kick)
52
LAW 14 – THE PENALTY KICK
a player of the defending team infringes the Futsal Laws of the Game:
• the referees allow the kick to be taken
• if the ball enters the goal, a goal is awarded
• if the ball does not enter the goal, the kick is retaken
one or more players of the defending team and one or more players of the
attacking team infringe the Futsal Laws of the Game:
• the kick is retaken
If, after the penalty kick has been taken:
the kicker touches the ball again (except with his hands) before it has touched
another player:
• an indirect free kick is awarded to the opposing team, to be taken from the
place where the infringement occurred (see Law 13 – Position of free kick)
the kicker deliberately handles the ball before it has touched another player:
• a direct free kick is awarded to the opposing team, to be taken from the
place where the infringement occurred (see Law 13 – Position of free kick)
and his team is sanctioned with an accumulated foul
the ball is touched by an outside agent as it moves forward:
• the kick is retaken
the ball rebounds on to the pitch from the goalkeeper, the crossbar or the
goalposts, and is then touched by an outside agent:
• the referees stop play
• play is restarted with a dropped ball at the place where it touched the
outside agent, unless it touched the outside agent inside the penalty area,
in which case one of the referees drops the ball on the penalty area line at
the point nearest to where the ball was located when play was stopped
the ball bursts or becomes defective when in play and has not previously
touched the goalposts, the crossbar or a player:
• the kick is retaken
LAW 15 – THE KICK-IN
53
A kick-in is a method of restarting play.
A kick-in is awarded to the opponents of the player who last touches the ball
when the whole of the ball crosses the touch line, either on the ground or in
the air, or touches the ceiling of the hall.
A goal may not be scored directly from a kick-in.
Position of the players
The opponents must be:
• on the pitch
• at a distance of no less than 5 m from the place on the touch line where
the kick-in is taken
Procedure
There is one type of procedure:
• kick-in
Position of kick-in
At the moment of delivering the ball, the kicker:
• has one foot on the touch line or on the ground outside the pitch
• kicks the ball, which must be stationary, either from the point where it left
the pitch or on the ground outside it at a distance no greater than 25 cm
from that point
• delivers the ball within four seconds of being ready to do so
The ball in is play when it enters the pitch.
54
LAW 15 – THE KIck-in
Infringements and sanctions
If, when a kick-in is taken, an opponent is closer to the ball than the required
distance:
• the kick-in is retaken by the same team and the offending player is
cautioned, unless the advantage can be applied or an offence punishable
by a free kick or penalty kick is committed by the opposing team of the
player taking the kick-in
If an opponent unfairly distracts or impedes the player taking the kick-in:
• he is cautioned for unsporting behaviour
For any other infringement of the procedure for the kick-in:
• the kick-in is taken by a player of the opposing team
Kick-in taken by a player other than the goalkeeper
If the ball is in play and the player taking the kick-in touches the ball again
(except with his hands) before it has touched another player:
• an indirect free kick is awarded to the opposing team, to be taken from the
place where the infringement occurred (see Law 13 – Position of free kick)
If the ball is in play and the player taking the kick-in deliberately handles the
ball before it has touched another player:
• a direct free kick is awarded to the opposing team, to be taken from the
place where the infringement occurred (see Law 13 – Position of free kick)
and his team is sanctioned with an accumulated foul
• a penalty kick is awarded if the infringement is committed inside the
penalty area of the player taking the kick-in and his team is sanctioned with
an accumulated foul
LAW 15 – THE kick-in
55
Kick-in taken by the goalkeeper
If the ball is in play and the goalkeeper touches the ball again (except with his
hands) before it has touched another player:
• an indirect free kick is awarded to the opposing team, to be taken from the
place where the infringement occurred (see Law 13 – Position of free kick)
If the ball is in play and the goalkeeper deliberately handles the ball before it
has touched another player:
• a direct free kick is awarded to the opposing team if the infringement
occurred outside the goalkeeper’s penalty area, to be taken from the place
where the infringement occurred (see Law 13 – Position of free kick) and
his team is sanctioned with an accumulated foul
• an indirect free kick is awarded to the opposing team if the infringement
occurred inside the goalkeeper’s penalty area, to be taken from the penalty
area line at the point nearest to where the infringement occurred
(see Law 13 – Position of free kick)
56
LAW 16 – THE GOAL CLEARANCE
The goal clearance is a method of restarting play.
A goal clearance is awarded when the whole of the ball passes over the goal
line, either on the ground or in the air, having last touched a player of the
attacking team, and a goal is not scored in accordance with Law 10.
A goal may not be scored directly from a goal clearance.
Position of the players
The opponents must be:
• on the pitch and outside the penalty area of the team taking the goal
clearance until the ball is in play
Procedure
• The ball is thrown from any point inside the penalty area by the goalkeeper
of the defending team
• The goalkeeper of the defending team takes the goal clearance within four
seconds of being ready to do so
• The ball is in play when it is thrown directly out of the penalty area by the
goalkeeper of the defending team
Infringements and sanctions
If the ball is not thrown directly out of the penalty area from a goal clearance:
• the clearance is retaken, but the four-second count is not reset and
continues once the goalkeeper is ready to retake it
If the ball is in play and the goalkeeper touches the ball again (except with his
hands) before it has touched an opponent (except if it has accidentally touched
another player in his team):
• an indirect free kick is awarded to the opposing team, to be taken from the
place where the infringement occurred (see Law 13 – Position of free kick)
LAW 16 – THE GOAL CLEARANCE
57
If the ball is in play and the goalkeeper deliberately handles the ball before it
has touched another player:
• a direct free kick is awarded to the opposing team if the infringement
occurred outside the goalkeeper’s penalty area, to be taken from the place
where the infringement occurred (see Law 13 – Position of free kick) and
his team is sanctioned with an accumulated foul
• an indirect free kick is awarded to the opposing team if the infringement
occurred inside the goalkeeper’s penalty area, to be taken from the penalty
area line at the point nearest to where infringement occurred (see Law 13 –
Position of free kick)
If the goal clearance is not taken within four seconds:
• an indirect free kick is awarded to the opposing team, to be taken from the
penalty area line at the place nearest to where the infringement occurred
(see Law 13 – Position of free kick)
If the goal clearance is taken with attacking players inside the penalty area:
• the clearance is retaken if any of the attacking players touches the ball or
prevents the clearance from being taken properly
In the event of any other infringements of this Law:
• the goal clearance is retaken. If the infringement has been committed
by the team taking the clearance, the four-second count is not reset and
continues once the goalkeeper is ready to retake the clearance
58
LAW 17 – THE CORNER KICK
The corner kick is a method of restarting play.
A corner kick is awarded when the whole of the ball passes over the goal
line, either on the ground or in the air, having last touched a player of the
defending team, and a goal is not scored in accordance with Law 10.
A goal may be scored directly from a corner kick, but only against the opposing
team.
Position of the ball and the players
The ball must be:
• inside the corner arc nearest to the point where the ball crossed the goal
line
The opponents must be:
• on the pitch at least 5 m from the corner arc until the ball is in play
Procedure
• The ball must be kicked by a player of the attacking team
• The team taking the kick must deliver the ball within four seconds of being
ready to do so
• The ball is in play when it is kicked and moves
Infringements and sanctions
If, when a corner kick is taken, an opponent is closer to the ball than the
required distance:
• the corner kick is retaken by the same team and the offending player is
cautioned, unless the advantage can be applied or an offence punishable
by a free kick or penalty kick is committed by the defending team
LAW 17 – THE CORNER KICK
59
If an opponent unfairly distracts or impedes the player taking the corner kick:
• he is cautioned for unsporting behaviour
If the corner kick is not taken within four seconds:
• a goal clearance is awarded to the opposing team
In the event of any other infringement of the procedure or the position of the
ball:
• the kick is retaken. If the infringement has been committed by the team
taking the kick, the four-second count is not reset and continues once the
kicker is ready to retake the kick
Corner kick taken by a player other than the goalkeeper
If the ball is in play and the player taking the kick touches the ball again (except
with his hands) before it has touched another player:
• an indirect free kick is awarded to the opposing team, to be taken from the
place where the infringement occurred (see Law 13 – Position of free kick)
If the ball is in play and the kicker deliberately handles the ball before it has
touched another player:
• a direct free kick is awarded to the opposing team, to be taken from the
place where the infringement occurred (see Law 13 – Position of free kick),
and his team is sanctioned with an accumulated foul
• a penalty kick is awarded if the infringement was committed inside the
penalty area of the player taking the kick and his team is sanctioned with
an accumulated foul
Corner kick taken by the goalkeeper
If the ball is in play and the goalkeeper touches the ball again (except with his
hands), before it has touched another player:
• an indirect free kick is awarded to the opposing team, to be taken from the
place where the infringement occurred (see Law 13 – Position of free kick)
60
LAW 17 – THE CORNER KICK
If the ball is in play and the goalkeeper deliberately handles the ball before it
has touched another player:
• a direct free kick is awarded to the opposing team if the infringement
occurred outside the goalkeeper’s penalty area, to be taken from the place
where the infringement occurred (see Law 13 – Position of free kick), and
his team is sanctioned with an accumulated foul
• an indirect free kick is awarded to the opposing team if the infringement
occurred inside the goalkeeper’s penalty area, to be taken from the place
where the infringement occurred (see Law 13 – Position of free kick)
PROCEDURES TO DETERMINE THE WINNER OF A MATCH OR HOME-AND-AWAY
61
Away goals, extra time and kicks from the penalty mark are the three methods
approved for determining the winning team where competition rules require
there to be a winning team after a match has been drawn. Extra time and kicks
from the penalty mark are not part of the match.
Away goals
Competition rules may provide that where teams play each other home and
away, if the aggregate score is equal after the second match, any goals scored
on the pitch of the opposing team will count double.
Extra time
Competition rules may provide for two further equal periods, not exceeding
five minutes each, to be played. The conditions of Law 8 will apply.
Kicks from the penalty mark
Competition rules may provide for kicks from the penalty mark in accordance
with the procedure stipulated below.
Procedure
• The referee chooses the goal at which the kicks will be taken
• The referee tosses a coin and the team whose captain wins the toss decides
whether to take the first or the second kick
• The referee, the second referee, the third referee and the timekeeper keep
a record of the kicks being taken
• Subject to the conditions explained below, both teams take five kicks
• The kicks are taken alternately by the teams
• If, before both teams have taken five kicks, one has scored more goals than
the other could score even if it were to complete its five kicks, no more
kicks are taken
62
PROCEDURES TO DETERMINE THE WINNER OF A MATCH OR HOME-AND-AWAY
• If, after both teams have taken five kicks, both have scored the same
number of goals, or have not scored any goals, kicks continue to be taken
in the same order until one team has scored a goal more than the other
from the same number of kicks
• All players and substitutes are authorised to take the penalty kicks
• A goalkeeper may be replaced by any player while kicks are being taken
from the penalty mark
• Each kick is taken by a different player and all eligible players must take a
kick before any player can take a second kick
• An eligible player may change places with the goalkeeper at any time when
kicks from the penalty mark are being taken, provided that the referee is
informed and his equipment is suitable
• Only the eligible players, including the goalkeepers, the referees and the
third referee are permitted to remain on the pitch when kicks from the
penalty mark are being taken
• All eligible players, except the player taking the kick and the two
goalkeepers, must remain in the opposite half of the pitch with the third
referee
• The goalkeeper who is the team-mate of the kicker must remain on the
opposite side to the substitution zones, on the pitch level with the penalty
mark and at least 5 m from it
• Unless otherwise stated, the Futsal Laws of the Game and guidelines of the
FIFA Refereeing Department apply when kicks from the penalty mark are
being taken
• If, at the end of the match or extra time and before the kicks start to be
taken from the penalty mark, one team has a greater number of players,
including substitutes, than its opponents, it must reduce its numbers to
equate with that of its opponents and the team captain must inform the
referee of the name and number of each player excluded
• If a team must reduce its numbers to equate with that of its opponents, it
may exclude the goalkeepers as players eligible to take the penalty kicks
• A goalkeeper excluded from taking penalty kicks in order to equate the
number of players of his team with that of its opponents, i.e. who is
located in his technical area, may replace his team’s goalkeeper at any time
PROCEDURES TO DETERMINE THE WINNER OF A MATCH OR HOME-AND-AWAY
63
• Before the start of the kicks from the penalty mark, the referee must ensure
that an equal number of players from each team eligible to take the penalty
kicks remains in the other half of the pitch
Timekeeper
Kicking
Team
Goalkeeper
Referee
Kicker
Designated
Players
3rd Referee
Defending
Team
Goalkeeper
2nd Referee
64
THE TECHNICAL AREA
The technical area is a special zone for technical staff and substitutes.
While the size and position of technical areas may differ between facilities, the
following notes are issued for general guidance:
• the technical area extends 1 m on either side of the designated seated area
and extends forward up to a distance of 75 cm from the touch line
• it is recommended that markings are used to define this area
• the number of persons permitted to occupy the technical area is defined by
the competition rules
• the occupants of the technical area are identified before the beginning of
the match in accordance with the competition rules
• only one team official at a time is authorised to convey tactical instructions
and may remain standing
• the coach and other officials must remain within the confines of the
technical area except in special circumstances, e.g. a physiotherapist or
doctor entering the pitch, with the referees’ permission, to assess an injured
player or organise his removal from the pitch
• the coach and other occupants of the technical area must behave in a
responsible manner, avoiding any obstruction of the players’ and referees’
movements
THE TECHNICAL AREA
65
• the substitutes and the fitness coach may warm up during a match in
the zone provided for this purpose, as long as they do not obstruct the
movements of players and referees and they behave responsibly
1m
1m
0.75m
5m
5m
66
THE RESERVE ASSISTANT REFEREE
The reserve assistant referee:
• is appointed under the competition rules and replaces the timekeeper if any of
the referees is unable to continue officiating the match. He assists the referees
at all times
• assists with any administrative duties before, during and after the match, as
required by the referees
• after the match, he submits a report to the appropriate authorities on any
misconduct or other incident that occurred out of the view of the referees. He
must advise the referees of any report being made
• records all incidents occurring before, during and after the match
• carries an alternative manual chronometer in case it is required due to an
incident of any kind
• is situated in a prominent place, but not next to the assistant referees
REFEREE and assistant referee SIGNALS
67
The referees must give the signals listed below, bearing in mind that there are
signals that only one of the referees must make and one signal that both referees
must make at the same time.
The assistant referees must give the signals for a time-out and the fifth
accumulated foul.
Signals by only one of the referees
Kick-off/restart of play
Direct free kick/penalty kick
68
REFEREE and assistant referee SIGNALS
Kick-in (1)
Kick-in (2)
Corner kick (1)
Corner kick (2)
Goal clearance (1)
Goal clearance (2)
REFEREE and assistant referee SIGNALS
Time-out
Four-second count (1)
Fifth accumulated foul
Four-second count (2)
69
70
REFEREE and assistant referee SIGNALS
Advantage after accumulated foul
Advantage after non-accumulated foul
Accumulated foul after the advantage has been applied (1)
Accumulated foul after
the advantage has been applied (2)
REFEREE and assistant referee SIGNALS
Accumulated foul after
the advantage has been applied (3)
Accumulated foul after
the advantage has been applied (4)
Caution (yellow card)
Sending-off (red card)
Indirect free kick
71
72
REFEREE and assistant referee SIGNALS
Number of player – 1
Number of player – 2
Number of player – 3
Number of player – 4
Number of player – 5
Number of player – 6
REFEREE and assistant referee SIGNALS
Number of player – 7
Number of player – 8
Number of player – 9
Number of player – 10
Number of player – 11
Number of player – 12
73
74
REFEREE and assistant referee SIGNALS
Number of player – 13
Number of player – 14
Number of player – 15
Goal
Own goal (1)
Own goal (2)
REFEREE and assistant referee SIGNALS
Signal by both referees on restarting play
Indirect free kick
Signals by the assistant referees
Time-out
Fifth accumulated foul
75
76
77
Interpretation
of the Futsal Laws
of the Game and
Guidelines for Referees
78
LAW 1 – THE PITCH
Pitch surface
Matches must be played on flat surfaces, according to the rules of the
competition.
Artificial turf
The use of artificial turf is not permitted in competition matches between
representative teams of member associations affiliated to FIFA or international
club competition matches.
Pitch markings
It is not permissible to mark the pitch with broken lines.
If a player makes unauthorised marks on the pitch, he must be cautioned for
unsporting behaviour. If the referees notice this being done during the match,
they must stop play if they cannot apply the advantage, caution the offending
player for unsporting behaviour and order play to be restarted with an indirect
free kick to the opposing team from the position of the ball when play was
stopped (see Law 13 – Position of free kick).
n attempt should be made to use only the lines stipulated in Law 1 to mark
A
the pitch, but since futsal is usually played in halls equipped for various sports,
lines other than those used for football must be accepted, provided that they
do not confuse the players and referees.
No lines or markings are allowed within 5 m of the second penalty mark and
inside the penalty area to indicate the distance that the defending goalkeeper
must retreat while a kick from the second penalty mark is being taken.
LAW 1 – THE PITCH
79
Goals
If the crossbar becomes displaced or broken, play is stopped until it has been
repaired or replaced in position. If it is not possible to repair the crossbar,
the match must be abandoned. The use of a rope to replace the crossbar is
not permitted. If the crossbar can be repaired, the match is restarted with a
dropped ball from the position of the ball when play was stopped, unless play
was stopped inside the penalty area, in which case one of the referees drops
the ball on the penalty area line at the point nearest to where the ball was
located when play was stopped.
Safety
T he competition rules state the distance that must exist between the boundary
lines of the pitch (touch lines and goal lines) and the barriers separating the
spectators, but always in such a way as to protect the participants’ safety.
Advertising on the pitch
If the competition rules do not prohibit it, advertising on the floor of the pitch
is permitted, provided that it does not confuse the players or referees and it
enables the boundary lines stipulated in the Futsal Laws of the Game to be
seen.
Advertising on the goal nets
If the competition rules do not prohibit it, advertising on the goal nets is
permitted, provided that it does not confuse the players or referees.
Advertising in the technical areas
If the competition rules do not prohibit it, advertising on the floor of the
technical areas is permitted, provided that it does not confuse the occupants of
said areas, the third referee or the referees.
80
LAW 2 – THE BALL
Additional balls
Additional balls may be placed around the pitch for use during a match
provided that they meet the requirements of Law 2 and their use is under the
control of the referees.
Extra balls on the pitch
If an extra ball enters the pitch while the ball is in play, the referees must stop
the match only if the extra ball interferes with play. Play must be restarted with
a dropped ball from the position of the ball when play was stopped, unless
play was stopped inside the penalty area, in which case one of the referees
drops the ball on the penalty area line at the point nearest to where the ball
was located when play was stopped.
If an extra ball enters the pitch while the ball is in play without interfering with
play, the referees must have it removed at the earliest possible opportunity.
Burst or defective ball
If the ball bursts or becomes defective after striking one of the goalposts or the
crossbar and enters the goal, the referees award the goal.
LAW 3 – THE NUMBER OF PLAYERS
81
Substitution procedure
• A substitution may be made during play or during a stoppage in play,
except during a time-out
• The player being substituted does not need to obtain the referees’
permission to leave the pitch
• The referees do not need to authorise the substitute to enter the pitch
• Before entering the pitch, the substitute waits for the player he is replacing
to leave the pitch
• The player being substituted is required to leave the pitch via his own
team’s substitution zone, except if he is already outside the pitch with the
referees’ permission or for the reasons provided in Laws 3 or 4
• Permission to proceed with a substitution may be refused under certain
circumstances, e.g. if the substitute does not have his equipment in order
• A substitute who has not completed the substitution procedure by setting
foot on the pitch via his substitution zone cannot restart play by taking a
kick-in, corner kick, etc. until he completes the substitution procedure
• If a player who is about to be replaced refuses to leave the pitch, the
substitution cannot be made
• If a substitution is made during the half-time interval or before any of the
periods of extra time, the substitute may enter the pitch via the substitution
zone after informing the third referee or the referee, if there is no third
referee
Extra persons on the pitch
Outside agents
Anyone not indicated on the list of players before the start of the match as a
player or substitute or who is not a team official is deemed to be an outside
agent.
If an outside agent enters the pitch:
• the referees must stop play (although not immediately if the outside agent
does not interfere with play)
• the referees must have him removed from the pitch and its immediate
surroundings
82
LAW 3 – THE NUMBER OF PLAYERS
• if the referees stop the match, they must restart play with a dropped ball
from the position of the ball when play was stopped, unless play was
stopped inside the penalty area, in which case one of the referees drops
the ball on the penalty area line at the point nearest to where the ball was
located when play was stopped
Team officials
If a team official enters the pitch:
• the referees must stop play (although not immediately if the team official
does not interfere with play or if the advantage can be applied)
• the referees must have him removed from the pitch and if his behaviour is
irresponsible, the referees must expel him from the pitch and its immediate
surroundings
• if the referees stop the match, they must restart play with a dropped ball
from the position of the ball when play was stopped, unless play was
stopped inside the penalty area, in which case one of the referees drops
the ball on the penalty area line at the point nearest to where the ball was
located when play was stopped
Players sent off
If a sent-off player enters the pitch:
• the referees must stop play, although not immediately if the sent-off player
does not interfere with play or if the advantage can be applied
• the referees must have him removed from the pitch and its immediate
surroundings
• if the referees stop the match, they must restart play with a dropped ball
from the position of the ball when the match was stopped, unless play was
stopped inside the penalty area, in which case one of the referees drops
the ball on the penalty area line at the point nearest to where the ball was
located when play was stopped
Player outside the pitch
If, after leaving the pitch to correct unauthorised equipment or kit, to be
treated for an injury or bleeding, because he has blood on his kit or for any
other reason with the referees’ permission, a player re-enters the field of play
without the referees’ permission, the referees must:
LAW 3 – THE NUMBER OF PLAYERS
83
• stop play, although not immediately if they can apply the advantage
• caution the player for entering the pitch without permission
• order the player to leave the pitch if necessary (e.g. infringement of Law 4)
If the referees stop play, it must be restarted:
• with an indirect free kick to the opposing team from the position of the ball
when play was stopped (see Law 13 – Position of free kick) if there is no
other infringement
• in accordance with Law 12 if the player also infringes this Law
If a player who is outside the pitch with the referees’ permission and who
has not been substituted re-enters the pitch without the permission of the
referees or the third referee and furthermore commits another cautionable
infringement, the referees send him off for a double caution, e.g. the player
enters without the permission of the referees or the third referee and trips an
opponent in a reckless manner. If this infringement is committed with excessive
force, the player is sent off directly.
If the referees stop play, it must be restarted in accordance with Law 12.
If a player accidentally crosses one of the boundary lines of the pitch, he is not
deemed to have committed an infringement. If a player leaves the pitch as part
of a playing movement, he is not deemed to have committed an infringement.
Substitutes
If a substitute enters the pitch by infringing the substitution procedure or
causes his team to be playing with an extra player, the referees, assisted by the
assistant referees, must adhere to the following guidelines:
• stop play, although not immediately if the advantage can be applied
• caution him for unsporting behaviour if his team plays with an extra player
or for infringing the substitution procedure if the substitution was not
made correctly
• send him off if he denies the opposing team a goal or an obvious
goalscoring opportunity. The number of players in his team is reduced if the
offence consists of an infringement of the substitution procedure but is not
reduced if his team is playing with an extra player
84
LAW 3 – THE NUMBER OF PLAYERS
• the substitute must leave the pitch at the first stoppage in the match if he
has not left before, either to complete the substitution procedure, if the
infringement was for this reason, or to move to the technical area, if his
team was playing with an extra player
• if they apply the advantage, stop play once the substitute’s team is in
possession of the ball and restart it with an indirect free kick for the
opposing team from the position of the ball when play was stopped (see
Law 13 – Position of free kick)
• if they apply the advantage and stop play because the opposing team
commits an infringement or because the ball leaves the pitch, they must
restart play with an indirect free kick to the opponents of the substitute’s
team from the position of the ball when play was stopped (see Law 13
– Position of free kick). If necessary, they also take the disciplinary action
corresponding to the infringement committed by the opponents of the
substitute’s team
• if they apply the advantage and another player of the substitute’s team
commits an infringement punishable by a direct free kick or penalty
kick, they sanction the substitute’s team with a direct free kick (see Law
13 – Position of free kick) or penalty kick. If necessary, they also take the
disciplinary action corresponding to the infringement committed
• if they apply the advantage and the substitute does not follow the
substitution procedure and commits an infringement punishable by a direct
free kick or penalty kick, they sanction the substitute’s team with a direct
free kick (see Law 13 – Position of free kick) or penalty kick. If necessary,
they also take the disciplinary action corresponding to the infringement
committed
• if they apply the advantage and the substitute’s team plays with an extra
player, and this player commits an infringement punishable by a direct
free kick or penalty kick, they sanction this player’s team with an indirect
free kick from the position of the ball when play was stopped (see Law 13
– Position of free kick). If necessary, they also take the disciplinary action
corresponding to the infringement committed
LAW 3 – THE NUMBER OF PLAYERS
If a named substitute replaces a player before the start of a match without
the team officials informing the match officials, the referees, assisted by the
assistant referees, must adhere to the following guidelines:
• stop play (although not immediately if the advantage can be applied)
• they do not caution him, but he must leave the pitch at the first stoppage
in the match to complete the substitution procedure, i.e. enter via his
team’s substitution zone
• if they apply the advantage, stop play once the substitute’s team is in
possession of the ball and restart it with an indirect free kick to the
opposing team from the position of the ball when play was stopped (see
Law 13 – Position of free kick)
• if they apply the advantage and stop play because the opposing team
commits an infringement or because the ball leaves the pitch, they must
restart play with an indirect free kick to the opponents of the substitute’s
team from the position of the ball when play was stopped (see Law 13
– Position of free kick). If necessary, they also take the disciplinary action
corresponding to the infringement committed by the opponents of the
substitute’s team
• if they apply the advantage and the substitute or another player of his
team commits an infringement punishable with a direct free kick (see
Law 13 – Position of free kick), they sanction his team with a direct free
kick or a penalty kick. If necessary, they also take the disciplinary action
corresponding to the infringement committed
If a substitute commits a sending-off offence before entering the pitch, the
number of players in his team is not reduced and another substitute or the
player he was going to replace may enter the pitch
85
86
LAW 3 – THE NUMBER OF PLAYERS
Authorised departure from the pitch
In addition to a normal substitution, a player may leave the pitch without the
referees’ permission in the following situations:
• as part of a playing movement whereby he immediately returns to the
pitch, i.e. to play the ball or place himself in an advantageous position by
dribbling past an opponent. However, it is not permitted to leave the pitch
and pass behind one of the goals before re-entering the pitch with the aim
of deceiving the opponents; if he does, the referees stop play if they cannot
apply the advantage. If they stop play, they must restart it with an indirect
free kick from the position of the ball when play was stopped (see Law 13
– Position of free kick). The player is cautioned for leaving the pitch without
the referees’ permission
• due to injury. The player needs the permission of the referees or the third
referee to re-enter the pitch if he has not been substituted. If he is suffering
from a bleeding wound, the bleeding must have stopped before he re-enters
the pitch and he must be checked by the referees or the third referee
• to correct or put back on his equipment. The player needs the referees’
permission to re-enter the pitch if he has not been substituted, and the
referees or the third referee must check his equipment before he returns to
the match
Unauthorised departure from the pitch
If a player leaves the pitch without the referees’ permission and for reasons not
permitted in the Futsal Laws of the Game, the timekeeper or the third referee
sounds the acoustic signal to inform the referees if the advantage cannot
be applied. If it is necessary to stop play, the referees sanction the offending
player’s team with an indirect free kick from the position of the ball when
the infringement was committed (see Law 13 – Position of free kick). If the
advantage is applied, they must sound the acoustic signal at the next stoppage
in play. The player is cautioned for deliberately leaving the pitch without the
referees’ permission.
LAW 3 – THE NUMBER OF PLAYERS
87
Minimum number of players
Although a match may not start if either team consists of fewer than three
players, the minimum number of players, including players and substitutes,
required for a match is left to the discretion of member associations.
A match may not continue if there are fewer than three players in either of the
teams.
If a team has fewer than three players because one or more players has
deliberately left the pitch, the referees are not obliged to stop the match
immediately and the advantage may be applied. In such cases, the referees
must not restart the match after play has been stopped if a team does not have
the minimum number of three players.
Injured players
If there are injured players, the referees must adhere to the following
guidelines:
• allow the match to continue until the ball goes out of play if a player is, in
the opinion of the referees, only slightly injured
• play is stopped if, in the opinion of the referees, a player is seriously injured
• after questioning the injured player, the referees may authorise one, or at
most two doctors, to enter the pitch to assess the injury and arrange the
player’s safe and swift removal from the pitch
• stretcher-bearers should only enter the pitch with a stretcher following a
signal from the referee
• the referees must ensure that the injured player is carried off the pitch
safely and swiftly
• a player is not allowed to receive treatment on the pitch, unless the
seriousness of the injury requires it
• any player bleeding from a wound must leave the pitch and may not return
until the referees are satisfied that the bleeding has stopped (the third
referee may check this, but the referees must authorise his entry, if he has
not been substituted). A player is not allowed to wear clothing with blood
on it
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LAW 3 – THE NUMBER OF PLAYERS
• as soon as the referees have authorised the doctors to enter the pitch, the
player must leave the pitch, either on a stretcher or on foot. If a player does
not comply, he must be cautioned for delaying the restart of play. Play is
not restarted until said player has left the pitch
• an injured player may leave the pitch from a place other than the
substitution zone. He may do so from any line that marks the pitch
boundaries
• an injured player may be substituted, but the substitute must enter via the
substitution zone once the injured player has left the pitch
• if he has not been substituted, a player who was injured may return to the
pitch only after the match has restarted
• if he has not been substituted, an injured player may re-enter the pitch
when the ball is in play, but only from the touch line. When the ball is out
of play, he may enter the pitch from any boundary line (goal line and touch
line)
• only the referees may allow an injured player who has not been substituted
to return to the pitch, whether the ball is in play or not. He is not permitted
to enter if the ball is in play and if play is developing through the area in
which he is located
• the referees may give permission for an injured player to return to the pitch
if the third referee verifies that the player is ready
• if play has not otherwise been stopped for another reason, or if an injury
suffered by a player is not the result of an infringement of the Futsal Laws
of the Game, the referees must stop play and restart it with a dropped
ball from the position of the ball when play was stopped, unless play was
stopped inside the penalty area, in which case one of the referees drops
the ball on the penalty area line at the point nearest to where the ball was
located when play was stopped
• once the referees have decided to issue a card to a player who is injured
and has to leave the pitch for treatment, the referees must issue the card
before the player leaves the pitch
• they do not issue a card to an injured player when he is receiving treatment,
but once he has returned and before play has been restarted. If the player
has to leave the pitch on a stretcher, they issue the card before he leaves
the pitch
LAW 3 – THE NUMBER OF PLAYERS
89
• the third referee assists the referees with the enforcement of permissions
to enter the pitch granted to substitutes replacing injured players or players
who were injured
Exceptions to this ruling are to be made only when:
• a goalkeeper is injured
• a goalkeeper and any other player have collided and need immediate
attention
• players from the same team have collided and need immediate attention
• a serious injury has occurred, e.g. swallowed tongue, concussion, broken
leg, broken arm, etc.
Refreshments
The referees allow players to take refreshments during time-outs or during a
stoppage in the match, but only outside the pitch, so that it does not become
wet. It is not permitted to throw bags containing liquids or any other receptacle
containing liquid on to the pitch.
Players sent off
• If a player who commits an infringement is sent off for a second caution or
directly after the advantage has been applied and his team concedes a goal
after the application of the advantage before he is sent off, the number
of players in his team is not reduced, as the infringement was committed
before the goal was scored
• if, during the interval or before the start of one of the periods of extra time,
a player commits a sending-off offence, his team starts the next half or
period of extra time with one player fewer
90
LAW 4 – THE PLAYERS’ EQUIPMENT
Basic equipment
Colours:
• If the jerseys of the two goalkeepers are the same colour and neither has
another jersey to change into, the referee allows play to begin
If a player loses his footwear accidentally and immediately plays the ball and
scores a goal, there is no infringement and the goal is awarded because he lost
his footwear by accident.
Other equipment
A player may use equipment other than the basic equipment, provided that its
sole purpose is to protect him physically and it poses no danger to him or any
other player.
All items of clothing or equipment must be inspected by the referees and
determined not to be dangerous.
Modern protective equipment, such as headgear, facemasks and knee and
arm protectors made of soft, lightweight padded material are not considered
dangerous and are therefore permitted.
Sports spectacles are permitted if they pose no danger to the players.
If an item of clothing or equipment that has been inspected at the start of a
match and determined not to be dangerous becomes dangerous or is used in a
dangerous manner during the match, its use must no longer be allowed.
The use of radio communication systems between players and/or technical staff
is not permitted.
LAW 4 – THE PLAYERS’ EQUIPMENT
Jewellery
All items of jewellery (necklaces, rings, bracelets, earrings, leather bands,
rubber bands, etc.) are strictly forbidden and must be removed by the players
and substitutes before the start of the match. Using tape to cover jewellery is
not acceptable.
Referees and assistant referees are also prohibited from wearing jewellery
(except for the referee, who is permitted to wear a watch or similar device to
time the match if the timekeeper is absent).
Numbering of the players
The competition rules must stipulate the numbering of the players, which is
normally from 1 to 15, with number 1 reserved for a goalkeeper.
The organisers must bear in mind that it is impossible for referees to signal
numbers greater than 15.
The number of each player must be visible on his back and be distinguishable
from the main colour of the shirt. The competition rules must determine the
size of the numbers and whether they are mandatory, as well as their size on
other items of the players’ basic equipment.
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LAW 4 – THE PLAYERS’ EQUIPMENT
Disciplinary sanctions
Before the match begins, players and substitutes must be checked to ensure
that they are not wearing any unauthorised clothing or jewellery. The third
referee makes a second visual check of the substitutes before they enter the
pitch. If a player is discovered to be wearing unauthorised clothing or jewellery
during play, the referees must:
• inform the player that the item in question must be removed
• order the player to leave the pitch at the next stoppage if he is unable or
unwilling to comply
• caution the player if he wilfully refuses to comply or, having been told to
remove the item, is discovered to be wearing the item again
If play is stopped to caution the player, an indirect free kick must be awarded
to the opposing team from the position of the ball when play was stopped
(see Law 13 – Position of free kick).
LAW 5 – THE REFEREES
93
Powers and duties
Futsal is a competitive sport, and referees must understand that physical
contact between the players is normal and an acceptable part of the game.
Nevertheless, if the players do not respect the Futsal Laws of the Game and
the principles of sportsmanship, i.e. fair play, the referees must take the
appropriate action to ensure that they are respected.
The referees must suspend the match if, in their opinion, the lighting is
inadequate due to a failure of some kind. If the failure cannot be repaired, the
referee abandons the match.
If an object thrown by a spectator hits a match official, a player or a team
official, the referee may allow the match to continue, suspend play or abandon
the match, depending on the severity of the incident. He must, in all cases,
report the incident(s) to the appropriate authorities.
The referees have the power to caution or send off players during the halftime interval and after the match has finished as well as during extra time and
kicks from the penalty mark, since disciplinary decisions remain under their
jurisdiction at these times.
If one of the referees is temporarily incapacitated for any reason, play may
continue under the supervision of the other referee and the assistant referees
until the ball next goes out of play.
Advantage
The referees may play advantage whenever an infringement or offence occurs
and the Futsal Laws of the Game do not explicitly prohibit the advantage from
being applied. For example, it is permitted at a goal clearance with attacking
players inside the penalty area if the goalkeeper wishes to take the clearance
quickly; however, it is not permitted when a kick-in is taken incorrectly.
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LAW 5 – THE REFEREES
The advantage is not permitted for infringements of the four-second rule,
unless the infringement is committed by the goalkeeper in controlling the ball
when it is already in play in his own half of the pitch, and if he loses possession
of the ball. In the remaining cases: free kicks, kick-ins, goal clearances and
corner kicks, the referees cannot apply the advantage.
The referees should consider the following circumstances in deciding whether
to apply the advantage or stop play:
• the severity of the offence: if the infringement warrants an expulsion,
the referees must stop play and send off the player unless there is an
opportunity to score a goal
• the position where the offence was committed: the closer to the opposing
goal, the more effective it can be
• the chances of an immediate, promising attack
• the infringement committed must not be a team’s sixth or greater
accumulated foul, unless there is an opportunity to score a goal
• the atmosphere of the match
The decision to penalise the original offence must be taken within a few
seconds, but it is not possible to go back if the corresponding signal has not
previously been given or a new passage of play has been allowed.
If the offence warrants a caution, it must be issued at the next stoppage.
However, unless there is a clear advantage, it is recommended that the referees
stop play and caution the player immediately. If the caution is not issued at the
next stoppage, it cannot be shown later.
If an infringement requires play to be restarted with an indirect free kick, the
referees must apply the advantage to ensure that play flows, provided that this
does not lead to any retaliation and is not prejudicial to the team against which
the offence was committed.
LAW 5 – THE REFEREES
95
More than one offence occurring at the same time
• Offences committed by two or more players from the same team:
– the referees must punish the most serious offence
– play must be restarted according to the most serious offence committed
– notwithstanding the above two paragraphs, the referees caution or
send off the players in accordance with the infringements committed or
do not take any disciplinary action
– if the offences committed are punishable by a direct free kick, the
referees order the corresponding accumulated fouls to be recorded
• Offences committed by players from different teams:
– the referees stop the match, as they cannot apply the advantage, and
restart play with a dropped ball from the position of the ball when play
was stopped, unless play was stopped inside the penalty area, in which
case one of the referees drops the ball on the penalty area line at the
point nearest to where the ball was located when play was stopped
– notwithstanding the above paragraph, the referees caution or send off
the players in accordance with the infringements committed or do not
take any disciplinary action
– if the offences committed are punishable by a direct free kick, the
referees order the corresponding accumulated fouls to be recorded
External interference
The referees stop play if a spectator blows a whistle and they consider that this
action interferes with play, e.g. if a player picks up the ball with his hands. If
play is stopped, it must be restarted with a dropped ball from the position of
the ball when play was stopped, unless play was stopped inside the penalty
area, in which case one of the referees drops the ball on the penalty area line
at the point nearest to where the ball was located when play was stopped.
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Guidelines for Referees
Four-second count when the ball is in play
Each time that a team’s goalkeeper is in possession of the ball while it is in play
and in his own half of the pitch, one of the referees must visibly perform the
four-second count.
Restart of play
The referees especially ensure that restarts of play are carried out quickly and
do not allow play not to be restarted immediately for tactical reasons after a
temporary stoppage (kick-in, goal clearance, corner kick or free kick). In these
cases, the four-second count starts and it is not necessary to use the whistle.
In cases where the restart does not allow the four-second count (kick-off or
penalty kick), the player or players who delay it are cautioned.
Persons holding balls are permitted to position themselves around the pitch to
facilitate restarts and the development of play.
Positioning with ball in play
Recommendations
• The play should be between the referee and the second referee
• The referees should use a wide diagonal system
• Staying outside the touch line makes it easier to keep the play and the
other referee within the referee’s field of vision
• The referee nearest to the play should be within the other referee’s field of
vision
• One of the referees should be close enough to see play without interfering
with it
• The referees only enter the pitch to obtain a better view of the play
• “What needs to be seen” is not always in the vicinity of the ball. The
referees should also pay attention to:
– aggressive individual player confrontations off the ball
– possible offences in the penalty area towards which play is heading
– offences occurring after the ball is played away
Guidelines for Referees
97
General positioning during the match
One of the referees must be in line with the second-last opponent or the ball
if it is nearer the goal line than the second-last opponent. The referees must
always face the pitch.
Goalkeeper releasing the ball
One of the referees must take a position in line with the edge of the penalty
area and check that the goalkeeper does not touch the ball with his hands
outside the penalty area, while also timing the number of seconds he is in
possession of the ball.
Once the goalkeeper has released the ball, the referee must take a suitable
position for controlling the match.
“Goal – no goal” situations
When a goal has been scored and there is no doubt about the decision, the
referee and the second referee must make eye contact and the referee nearest
to the timekeeper’s table must approach the timekeeper and the third referee,
to whom he communicates the number of the player who scored the goal with
the mandatory signal.
If a goal has been scored but the ball appears to still be in play, the referee who
is nearest blows his whistle to attract the attention of the other referee and
then the referee nearest to the timekeeper’s table approaches the timekeeper
and the third referee, to whom he communicates the number of the player
who scored the goal with the mandatory signal.
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Guidelines for Referees
Positioning in ball out of play situations
The best position is one from which the referee can make the right decision.
All recommendations about positioning are based on probabilities and must be
adjusted using specific information about the teams, the players and events in
the match up to that point.
The positions suggested in the following graphics are basic; some are
recommended to referees and others are mandatory. The reference to a “zone”
is intended to emphasise that every recommended position is actually an area
within which the referee is most likely to optimise his effectiveness. The zone
may be larger, smaller or differently shaped depending on circumstances.
1. Positioning – kick-off (mandatory)
At the start of the match, the referee situated on the touch line where the
substitution zone is located must be in line with the halfway line to check that
the kick-off is taken in accordance with the established procedure.
The second referee must be in line with the second-last defender of the team
that is not taking the kick-off.
R
R2
Guidelines for Referees
99
2. Positioning – goal clearance
1. One of the referees must check first if the ball is inside the penalty area:
• if the ball is not placed correctly, the referee may start the four-second
count if he considers that the goalkeeper was ready to take the goal
clearance or is delaying picking the ball up in his hands for tactical reasons
2. Once the ball is inside the penalty area, one of the referees must take a
position in line with the edge of the penalty area to check that the ball
leaves the penalty area (ball in play) and that the attackers are outside.
He then performs the four-second count, irrespective of whether he has
started it in accordance with the previous point.
3. Finally, the referee who supervised the goal clearance must take a suitable
position for controlling the match, which is a priority in any case.
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Guidelines for Referees
3. Positioning – corner kick (mandatory) (1)
During a corner kick, the referee nearest to the place where it is to be taken
takes a position on the touch line at a distance of approximately 5 m from the
corner arc. From this position he must check that the ball is properly placed
inside the corner arc and that the defenders have retreated 5 m. The referee
furthest from the place where the corner kick is to be taken takes a position
behind the corner arc in line with the goal line. From this position he watches
the ball and the behaviour of the players.
Guidelines for Referees
4. Positioning – corner kick (mandatory) (2)
101
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Guidelines for Referees
5. Positioning – free kick (1)
During a free kick, the referee who is nearest takes a position in line with the
place from where the kick is to be taken and checks that the ball is properly
placed, as well as watching the players for encroachment while the kick is being
taken. The referee furthest from the place from where the kick is to be taken
must take a position in line with the second-last opponent or the goal line, which
is a priority in any case. Both referees must be ready to follow the trajectory of
the ball and run along the touch line towards the corner arc if a direct free kick is
taken towards the goal and they are not in line with the goal line.
Guidelines for Referees
6. Positioning – free kick (2)
7. Positioning – free kick (3)
103
104
Guidelines for Referees
8. Positioning – free kick (4)
Guidelines for Referees
105
9. Positioning – penalty kick (mandatory)
One of the referees is positioned in line with the penalty mark at an
approximate distance of 5 m and checks that the ball is properly placed,
identifies the kicker and watches the players for encroachment while the kick is
being taken. He does not order the kick to be taken until he has checked that
the position of all the players is correct and is assisted by the other referee if
necessary. The other referee must be positioned at the intersection of the goal
line and the penalty area. If the goalkeeper advances from the goal line before
the kick has been taken and a goal is not scored, the referee blows his whistle
to order the penalty kick to be retaken.
R
R
106
Guidelines for Referees
10. Positioning – kicks from the second penalty mark (mandatory)
One of the referees is positioned in line with the second penalty mark at
an approximate distance of 5 m and checks that the ball is properly placed,
identifies the kicker and watches the players for encroachment while the kick is
being taken. He does not order the kick to be taken until he has checked that
the position of all the players is correct and is assisted by the other referee if
necessary. The other referee must be positioned at the intersection of the goal
line and the penalty area and checks whether the ball enters the goal.
R
R
Guidelines for Referees
107
11. Positioning – free kicks beginning with the sixth accumulated foul
(mandatory) (1)
One of the referees is positioned in line with the position of the ball at an
approximate distance of 5 m, if possible, checks that the ball is properly placed,
identifies the kicker and watches the players for encroachment while the kick is
being taken. He does not order the kick to be taken until he has checked that
the position of all the players is correct and is assisted by the other referee. The
other referee must be positioned at the intersection of the goal line and the
penalty area and checks whether the ball enters the goal.
R
R
108
Guidelines for Referees
12. Positioning – free kicks beginning with the sixth accumulated foul
(mandatory) (2)
R
R
13. Positioning – kick-in (1)
Guidelines for Referees
14. Positioning – kick-in (2)
15. Positioning – kick-in (3)
109
110
Guidelines for Referees
16. Positioning – kick-in (4)
Guidelines for Referees
111
17. Positioning – kick-in (mandatory) (5)
During a kick-in close to the corner arc in favour of the attacking team,
the referee nearest to the place from where it is to be taken remains at an
approximate distance of 5 m. From this position he checks that the kick-in is
taken in accordance with the procedure and that the defenders have retreated
5 m from the touch line. The referee furthest from the place where the kick-in
is to be taken takes a position behind the corner arc in line with the goal line.
From this position he watches the ball and the behaviour of the players.
112
Guidelines for Referees
18. Positioning – kicks from the penalty mark to determine the winner
of a match or home-and-away (mandatory)
The referee must be positioned on the goal line approximately 2 m from the
goal. His main duty is to check if the ball crosses the line and whether the
goalkeeper advances from the line:
• when it is clear that the ball has crossed the goal line, the referee must
make eye contact with the second referee to check that no infringement
has been committed
The second referee must be situated in line with the penalty mark at an
approximate distance of 3 m to check that the ball and the goalkeeper of the
team of the kicker are correctly positioned.
The third referee must be situated in the centre circle to control the remaining
players of both teams.
The timekeeper must be positioned at the timekeeper’s table and checks
that the players excluded from taking the penalty kicks and the team officials
behave correctly.
All the referees make a note of the penalty kicks taken and the numbers of the
players who took them.
Timekeeper
Kicking
Team
Goalkeeper
Referee
Kicker
Designated
Players
3rd Referee
Defending
Team
Goalkeeper
2nd Referee
Guidelines for Referees
113
Use of whistle
The use of the whistle is mandatory for:
• kick-offs:
– to start play (1st and 2nd half and 1st and 2nd half of extra time, if
necessary)
– to restart play after a goal
• stopping play:
– for a free kick or penalty kick
– if the match is suspended or abandoned or to confirm the timekeeper’s
acoustic signal when he ends the period of play, or on completion of
the trajectory of the ball if it is heading towards one of the goals once
the period has ended
• restarting play for:
– free kicks when the appropriate distance is required
– kicks from the second penalty mark
– free kicks without a wall beginning with the sixth accumulated foul
– penalty kicks
• restarting play after it has been stopped due to:
– the issue of a caution or sending-off for misconduct
– injury to one or more players
The use of the whistle is not needed to:
• stop play for:
– a goal clearance, corner kick or kick-in (it is mandatory if the situation is
unclear)
– a goal (it is mandatory if the ball has not clearly entered the goal)
• restart play from:
– a free kick if the distance of 5 m has not been requested or the
opposing team to the kicker has not committed six accumulated fouls
or for a goal clearance, corner kick or kick-in
114
Assistant referee signals
The whistle may not be used to:
• restart play with a dropped ball
A whistle which is used too frequently will have less impact when it is needed.
When the team taking a free kick, kick-in or corner kick requests the required
distance or the correct positioning of the opposing players during a goal
clearance, the referees will clearly inform the players that play cannot be
restarted until after the whistle. If in these cases the player restarts play before
the referees’ whistle, the player is cautioned for delaying the restart of play.
If during play one of the referees sounds his whistle by mistake, the referees
must stop the match if they consider this action to interfere with play. If the
referees stop the match, they must restart play with a dropped ball from the
position of the ball when play was stopped, unless play was stopped inside the
penalty area, in which case one of the referees drops the ball on the penalty
area line at the point nearest to where the ball was located when play was
stopped. If the sound of the whistle does not interfere with play, the referees
give clear signals to play on.
Body language
Body language is a tool that the referees use to:
• help themselves control the match
• show authority and self-control
Body language is not:
• an explanation of a decision
LAW 6 – THE ASSISTANT REFEREES
115
Duties and responsibilities
The third referee and the timekeeper help the referees to control the match in
accordance with the Futsal Laws of the Game. They also assist the referees in
all other matters involving the running of the match at the request and under
the direction of the referees. This commonly includes such matters as:
• inspecting the pitch, the balls used and players’ equipment
• determining if problems with equipment or bleeding have been resolved
• monitoring the substitution procedure
• maintaining back-up records of time, goals, accumulated fouls and
misconduct
Positioning of the assistant referees and teamwork
1. Kick-off
The third referee is situated at the timekeeper’s table and checks that the
substitutes, officials and other persons are correctly positioned.
The timekeeper is situated at the timekeeper’s table and checks that the kickoff is taken correctly.
2. General positioning during the match
The third referee checks that substitutes, officials and other persons are in the
correct position. To do so he may move along the touch line, if necessary, but
without entering the pitch.
The timekeeper is positioned at the timekeeper’s table and ensures that the
chronometer is stopped and started in accordance with the development of
play.
3. Substitutions
The third referee checks that the substitutes’ equipment is correct and that the
substitutions are made correctly. To do so he may move along the touch line, if
necessary, but without entering the pitch.
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LAW 6 – THE ASSISTANT REFEREES
4. Kicks from the penalty mark
The third referee must be positioned in the half of the pitch where the penalty
kicks are not being taken, together with the eligible players. From this position
he observes the players’ behaviour and checks that no player takes another
penalty kick before the other eligible players in his team have done so.
The timekeeper is positioned at the timekeeper’s table and records all the goals
scored.
Assistant referee signals (mandatory)
The assistant referees must give the signals for a team’s fifth accumulated foul
and a request for a time-out, indicating with their arms the bench of the team
that has committed its fifth accumulated foul or requested the time-out.
Acoustic signal
The acoustic signal is an essential signal in a match to be used only when
necessary in order to gain the attention of the referee.
Situations when the acoustic signal is mandatory:
• end of the periods of play
• notice of a request for a time-out
• notice of the end of a time-out
• communication of the fifth accumulated foul by a team
• notice of incorrect behaviour by substitutes or team officials
• notice of an incorrect substitution
• notice of a disciplinary error committed by the referees
• notice of external interference
If during the match the timekeeper sounds the acoustic signal by mistake,
the referees must stop the match if they consider this action to interfere with
play. If the referees stop the match, they must restart play with a dropped ball
from the position of the ball when play was stopped, unless play was stopped
inside the penalty area, in which case one of the referees drops the ball on the
penalty area line at the point nearest to where the ball was located when play
was stopped. If the sound of the acoustic signal does not interfere with play,
the referees give clear signals to play on.
LAW 6 – THE ASSISTANT REFEREES
117
If a team that has committed four accumulated fouls commits another one
and the referees decide to apply the advantage, the third referee places the
signal for the fifth accumulated foul in the correct place on the timekeeper’s
table. However, if that team commits a new accumulated foul before the ball
is out of play, the assistant referees must sound the acoustic signal, unless the
opposing team to the one that committed the foul has an obvious goalscoring
opportunity.
Chronometer
If the chronometer does not work properly, the assistant referees inform the
referees of this fact. The timekeeper must continue timing the match using a
manual chronometer. In such a situation, they invite an official from each team
in order to inform them of the real match time.
If, after a stoppage in play, the timekeeper forgets to start the chronometer,
the referees order the time that was not counted to be added on.
After restarts, the chronometer is started as follows:
• kick-off: after the ball is kicked towards the opponents’ half of the pitch, in
accordance with the procedure
• goal clearance: after the goalkeeper releases the ball from his hands and
the ball leaves the penalty area, in accordance with the procedure
• corner kick: after the ball is kicked and moves, in accordance with the
procedure
• kick-in: after the ball enters the pitch after being kicked, in accordance with
the procedure
• direct free kick outside the penalty areas: after the ball is kicked, in
accordance with the procedure
• indirect free kick outside the penalty areas to either of the teams or taken
by the attacking team from the penalty area line: after the ball is kicked, in
accordance with the procedure
• direct or indirect free kick inside the penalty areas to the defending team:
after the ball is kicked and leaves the penalty area, in accordance with the
procedure
118
LAW 6 – THE ASSISTANT REFEREES
• penalty kick: after the ball is kicked forward, in accordance with the
procedure
• direct free kick after the fifth accumulated foul: after the ball is kicked with
the intention of scoring a goal, in accordance with the procedure
• dropped ball: after the ball is released from the hands of one of the referees
and touches the pitch, in accordance with the procedure
ASSISTANT REFEREE SIGNALS
Time-out
Fifth accumulated foul
119
120
LAW 7 – THE DURATION OF THE MATCH
Half-time interval
The referees allow an interval between the two halves if a player of one of the
teams requests one, even if the captains of both teams have asked not to have
an interval.
Extra time
If extra time is played, there is no interval between the two periods. The teams
simply change halves of the pitch and the substitutes and team officials change
technical areas.
LAW 8 – THE START AND RESTART OF PLAY
121
Kick-off
• The referees do not have to request the confirmation of the goalkeepers or
any other player before ordering the kick-off to be taken
Dropped ball
• Any player may challenge for the ball (including the goalkeeper)
• There is no minimum or maximum number of players for contesting a
dropped ball
• The referees cannot decide who may or may not contest a dropped ball
• There is no required distance to be respected by the players, unless the
opponent is blocked and the dropped ball cannot be taken
• It is not necessary for a team to contest a dropped ball
• If an infringement is committed by a player before the ball is in play but
after one of the referees has released it from his hands, the referee retakes
the dropped ball after taking the corresponding disciplinary action
122
LAW 9 – THE BALL IN AND OUT OF PLAY
The ball inside the pitch touches one of the referees
If, when the ball is in play, it touches one of the referees who is temporarily on
the pitch, play continues because the referees are part of the match.
If, when the ball is in play, it touches one of the assistant referees who is
temporarily on the pitch, the referees stop play and restart it with a dropped
ball from the position of the ball when play was stopped, unless play was
stopped inside the penalty area, in which case one of the referees drops the
ball on the penalty area line at the point nearest to where the ball was located
when play was stopped.
LAW 10 – THE METHOD OF SCORING
123
Goal scored while a person not participating
in the match is on the pitch
If, after a goal is scored, the referees realise, before play restarts, that another
person was on the pitch at the time that the goal was scored:
• they must disallow the goal if:
– the other person was an outside agent or official from one of the teams
and interfered with play
– the other person was a player, substitute, sent-off player or official of
the team that scored the goal
• they must allow the goal if:
– the other person was an outside agent and did not interfere with play
– the other person was a player, substitute, sent-off player or official of
the team that conceded the goal
No goal
If one of the referees signals a goal before the ball has passed wholly over the
goal line and immediately realises his error, play is restarted with a dropped
ball on the penalty area line at the point nearest to where the ball was located
when play was stopped.
124
LAW 11 – OFFSIDE
There is no offside in futsal.
LAW 12 – FOULS AND MISCONDUCT
125
Basic requirements for a foul
The following conditions must be met for an offence to be considered a foul:
• it must be committed by a player or substitute who has not correctly
followed the substitution procedure
• it must occur on the pitch
• it must occur while the ball is in play
If the referees stop play due to an offence committed outside the pitch (while
the ball is in play) and it has not been committed by a player who left the pitch
without the referees’ permission in order to do so, play must be restarted with
a dropped ball from the position of the ball when play was stopped, unless
play was stopped inside the penalty area, in which case one of the referees
must drop the ball on the penalty area line at the point nearest to where the
ball was located when play was stopped.
It is not a foul when two or more players challenge for the ball at the same
time with an opponent, if the challenge is legal.
Careless, reckless, using excessive force
“Careless” means that the player has shown a lack of attention or
consideration when making a challenge or that he acted without precaution:
• no further disciplinary sanction is needed if a foul is judged to be careless
“Reckless” means that the player has acted with complete disregard for the
danger to, or consequences for, his opponent:
• a player who plays in a reckless manner must be cautioned
“Using excessive force” means that the player has far exceeded the necessary
use of force and is in danger of injuring his opponent:
• a player who uses excessive force must be sent off
126
LAW 12 – FOULS AND MISCONDUCT
Charging an opponent
The act of charging is a challenge for space using physical contact within
playing distance of the ball without using arms or elbows.
It is an offence to charge an opponent:
• in a careless manner
• in a reckless manner
• using excessive force
Holding an opponent
Holding an opponent includes the act of preventing him from moving past or
around using the hands, the arms or the body.
Referees must make an early intervention and deal firmly with holding
offences, especially inside the penalty area and when corner kicks, kick-ins or
free kicks are being taken.
To deal with these situations, the referees must:
• warn any player holding an opponent before the ball is in play
• caution the player if the holding continues before the ball is in play
• award a direct free kick or penalty kick and caution the player if it happens
once the ball is in play
If a defender starts holding an attacker outside the penalty area and continues
holding him inside the penalty area, the referees must award a penalty kick.
Disciplinary sanctions
• A caution for unsporting behaviour must be issued when a player holds
an opponent to prevent him gaining possession of the ball or taking up an
advantageous position
• A player must be sent off if he denies an obvious goalscoring opportunity
by holding an opponent
• No further disciplinary action must be taken in other situations of holding
an opponent
LAW 12 – FOULS AND MISCONDUCT
127
Restart of play
• Direct free kick from the position where the offence occurred (see Law 13
– Position of free kick) or a penalty kick if the offence occurred inside the
penalty area
Handling the ball
Handling the ball involves a deliberate act of a player making contact with
the ball with his hand or arm. The referees must take the following into
consideration:
• movement of the hand towards the ball (not the ball towards the hand)
• the distance between the opponent and the ball (unexpected ball)
• the position of the hand does not necessarily mean that there is an
infringement (holding it away from the body does not imply intent)
• touching the ball with an object held in the hand (clothing, shinguard, etc.)
counts as deliberately handling the ball
• hitting the ball with a thrown object (a boot, shinguard, etc.) counts as
deliberately handling the ball
Disciplinary sanctions
There are circumstances when a caution for unsporting behaviour is required
when a player deliberately handles the ball, e.g. when a player:
• deliberately and blatantly handles the ball to prevent an opponent gaining
possession
• attempts to score a goal by deliberately handling the ball
• pretends to be playing the ball with one part of his body when he is really
doing so with his hand in order to deceive the referees
• tries to prevent a goal or deny a goalscoring opportunity with his hand
when the goalkeeper is not inside his penalty area, and fails in his attempt
A player is sent off, however, if he prevents a goal or an obvious goalscoring
opportunity by deliberately handling the ball. This punishment arises not from
the act of the player deliberately handling the ball but from the unacceptable
and unfair intervention that prevented a goal from being scored.
128
LAW 12 – FOULS AND MISCONDUCT
Restart of play
• Direct free kick from the position where the offence occurred (see Law 13 –
Position of free kick) or penalty kick
Outside his own penalty area, the goalkeeper has the same restrictions on
handling the ball as does any other player. Inside his own penalty area, the
goalkeeper cannot be guilty of a handling offence incurring a direct free kick.
He can, however, be guilty of several offences that incur an indirect free kick.
Offences committed by goalkeepers
A goalkeeper is considered to be in control of the ball:
• while the ball is between his hands or between his hand and any surface
(e.g. ground, own body)
• while holding the ball in his outstretched open hand
• while in the act of bouncing it on the ground or tossing it into the air
When a goalkeeper has gained possession of the ball with his hands, he cannot
be challenged by an opponent.
Possession of the ball includes the goalkeeper controlling the ball.
A goalkeeper is not permitted to touch the ball inside his own half of the pitch
in the following circumstances:
• if he is in possession of the ball in his own half of the pitch for more than
four seconds, whether
– with his hands inside his penalty area
– with his feet in his own half of the pitch
– with his hands inside his penalty area and with his feet in his own half
of the pitch
LAW 12 – FOULS AND MISCONDUCT
129
In all these cases, the referee nearest to the goalkeeper must publicly make
the four-second count
• if, after playing the ball, he touches it again in his own half of the pitch
after it has been deliberately kicked to him by a team-mate without an
opponent playing or touching it
– the goalkeeper is considered to be in control of the ball by touching it
with any part of his body, except if the ball accidentally rebounds off him
• if he touches the ball with his hands inside his own penalty area after it has
been kicked to him by a team-mate
• if he touches the ball with his hands inside his own penalty area after he
has received it directly from a kick-in by a team-mate
Restart of play
• Indirect free kick from the position where the offence occurred (see Law 13
– Position of free kick)
Offences committed against goalkeepers
• It is an offence to prevent a goalkeeper from releasing the ball from his
hands, e.g. when he bounces the ball
• Playing the ball or attempting to do so when the goalkeeper is holding it in
the palm of his hand
• A player must be penalised for playing in a dangerous manner if he kicks or
attempts to kick the ball when the goalkeeper is in the process of releasing it
• It is an offence to restrict the movement of the goalkeeper by unfairly
impeding him, e.g. at the taking of a corner kick
• An attacker coming into physical contact with a goalkeeper inside the
latter’s own penalty area does not imply that any infringement has
been committed, except if the attacker jumps at, charges or pushes the
goalkeeper in a careless or reckless manner or using excessive force
130
LAW 12 – FOULS AND MISCONDUCT
Restart of play
• Indirect free kick from the position where the offence occurred (see Law 13
– Position of free kick), except if the attacker jumped at, charged or pushed
the goalkeeper in a careless or reckless manner or using excessive force,
in which case the referees, irrespective of the disciplinary action that they
take, must restart play with a direct free kick from the position where the
offence occurred (see Law 13 – Position of free kick)
Playing in a dangerous manner
Playing in a dangerous manner is defined as any action that, while trying to
play the ball, threatens injury to an opposing player or himself. It is committed
with an opponent nearby and prevents the opponent from playing the ball for
fear of injuring himself or the other player.
A scissors or bicycle kick is permissible provided that, in the opinion of the
referees, it is not dangerous to an opponent.
Playing in a dangerous manner involves no physical contact between the
players. If there is physical contact, the action becomes an offence punishable
with a direct free kick or penalty kick. In the case of physical contact,
the referees should carefully consider the likelihood that at the very least
misconduct has also been committed.
Disciplinary sanctions
• If a player plays in a dangerous manner in a “normal” challenge, the
referees should not take any disciplinary action. If the action is made with
obvious risk of injury, the referees should caution the player for making a
reckless challenge on an opponent
• If a player denies an obvious goalscoring opportunity by playing in a
dangerous manner, the referees should send off the player
LAW 12 – FOULS AND MISCONDUCT
131
Restart of play
• Indirect free kick from the position where the offence occurred (see Law 13
– Position of free kick)
• If there is contact, a different offence has been committed, punishable by a
direct free kick or penalty kick, or if the referees consider that the challenge
was made in a careless or reckless manner or using excessive force, a
different offence has been committed, punishable by a direct free kick or a
penalty kick
Impeding the progress of an opponent
Impeding the progress of an opponent means moving into the path of the
opponent to obstruct, block, slow down or force a change of direction by an
opponent when the ball is not within playing distance of either player.
All players have a right to their position on the pitch, being in the way of an
opponent is not the same as moving into the way of an opponent.
Shielding the ball is permitted. A player who places himself between an
opponent and the ball for tactical reasons has not committed an offence as
long as the ball is kept within playing distance and the player does not hold off
the opponent with his arms or body.
Delaying the restart of play to issue a card
Once the referees have decided to issue a card, whether to caution or send off
a player or a substitute, play must not be restarted until the sanction has been
administered.
132
LAW 12 – FOULS AND MISCONDUCT
Cautions for unsporting behaviour
There are different circumstances when a player must be cautioned for
unsporting behaviour, e.g. if a player:
• commits in a reckless manner one of the seven offences that incur a direct
free kick
• commits a foul for the tactical purpose of interfering with or breaking up a
promising attack
• holds an opponent for the tactical purpose of pulling the opponent away
from the ball or preventing the opponent from getting to the ball
• handles the ball to prevent an opponent gaining possession or developing
an attack (other than the goalkeeper inside his own penalty area)
• handles the ball in an attempt to score a goal (irrespective of whether or
not the attempt is successful)
• handles the ball while pretending to play it with another part of his body in
an attempt to deceive the referees
• tries to prevent a goal or deny a goalscoring opportunity with his hand
when the goalkeeper is not inside his penalty area, and fails in his attempt
• attempts to deceive the referees by feigning injury or pretending to have
been fouled (simulation)
• changes places with the goalkeeper during play without the referees’
permission
• acts in a manner which shows a lack of respect for the game
• plays the ball when he is walking off the pitch after being granted
permission to leave the pitch
• verbally distracts an opponent during play or at a restart
• makes unauthorised marks on the pitch
• uses a deliberate trick while the ball is in play to pass the ball to his own
goalkeeper with his head, chest, knee, etc. in order to circumvent Law 12,
irrespective of whether the goalkeeper touches the ball with his hands or
not. The offence is committed by the player in attempting to circumvent
both the letter and the spirit of Law 12 and play is restarted with an indirect
free kick
LAW 12 – FOULS AND MISCONDUCT
133
Celebration of a goal
While it is permissible for a player to demonstrate his joy when a goal has been
scored, the celebration must not be excessive.
Reasonable celebrations are allowed, but the practice of choreographed
celebrations is not to be encouraged when it results in excessive time-wasting
and referees are instructed to intervene in such cases.
A player must be cautioned if:
• in the opinion of the referees, he makes gestures which are provocative,
derisory or inflammatory
• he climbs on to a perimeter fence to celebrate a goal being scored
• he removes his shirt or covers his head with his shirt, even if he has the
same one on underneath
• he covers his head or face with a mask or other similar item
Leaving the pitch to celebrate a goal is permitted, but it is essential that players
return to the pitch as soon as possible.
Showing dissent by word or action
A player or substitute who is guilty of dissent by protesting (verbally or nonverbally) against the decisions of the referees or assistant referees must be
cautioned.
The captain of a team has no special status or privileges under the Futsal Laws
of the Game but he has a degree of responsibility for the behaviour of his team.
Any player or substitute who attacks a match official or is guilty of using
offensive, rude or obscene gestures or language must be sent off.
134
Law 12 – Fouls and Misconduct
Delaying the restart of play
Referees must caution players who delay the restart of play by tactics such as:
• taking a free kick from the wrong position with the sole intention of forcing
the referees to order a retake
• kicking the ball away or carrying it away with the hands after the referees
have stopped play
• delaying their departure from the pitch after the medical staff come on to
assess an injury they have suffered
• provoking a confrontation by deliberately touching the ball after the
referees have stopped play
Simulation
Any player that tries to fool the referees by feigning injury or pretending to
have suffered an offence will be guilty of simulation and will be punished for
unsporting behaviour. If the match is stopped as a result of this infringement,
play is restarted with an indirect free kick from the position where the offence
was committed (see Law 13 – Position of free kick).
Persistent infringement
Referees should be alert at all times to players who persistently infringe the
Futsal Laws of the Game. In particular, they must be aware that, even if a
player commits a number of different offences, he must still be cautioned for
persistently infringing the Futsal Laws of the Game.
There is no specific number of infringements which constitutes “persistence”
or the presence of a pattern – this is entirely a matter of judgement and must
be determined in the context of effective game management.
Law 12 – Fouls and Misconduct
135
Serious foul play
A player is guilty of serious foul play if he uses excessive force or brutality
against an opponent when challenging for the ball when it is in play.
A tackle that endangers the safety of an opponent must be sanctioned as
serious foul play.
Any player who lunges at an opponent in challenging for the ball from the
front, from the side or from behind using one or both legs, with excessive force
and endangering the safety of an opponent is guilty of serious foul play.
Advantage should not be applied in situations involving serious foul play unless
there is a clear subsequent opportunity to score a goal. The referees send off
the player guilty of serious foul play when the ball is next out of play.
A player who is guilty of serious foul play should be sent off and play is
restarted with a direct free kick from the position where the offence occurred
(see Law 13 – Position of free kick) or a penalty kick (if the offence occurred
inside the offender’s penalty area).
Violent conduct
A player is guilty of violent conduct if excessive force or brutality is used against
an opponent without either of them challenging for the ball.
He is also guilty of violent conduct if he uses excessive force or brutality against
a team-mate, spectator, the referees or assistant referees or any other person.
Violent conduct may occur either on the pitch or outside its boundaries,
whether the ball is in play or not.
Advantage should not be applied in situations involving violent conduct unless
there is a clear subsequent opportunity to score a goal. The referees must send
off the player guilty of violent conduct when the ball is next out of play.
136
Law 12 – Fouls and Misconduct
Referees are reminded that violent conduct often leads to mass confrontation,
therefore they must try to avert this with strict intervention.
A player or substitute who is guilty of violent conduct must be sent off.
Restart of play
• If the ball is out of play, play is restarted according to the previous decision
• If the ball is in play and the offence occurred outside the pitch:
– if the player is outside the pitch after leaving it in a manner authorised
by the Futsal Laws of the Game and commits an infringement, play is
restarted with a dropped ball from the position of the ball when play
was stopped, unless play was stopped inside the penalty area, in which
case one of the referees drops the ball on the penalty area line at the
point nearest to where the ball was located when play was stopped
– if the player leaves the pitch to commit the offence, play is restarted
with an indirect free kick from the position in which the ball was
located when play was stopped (see Law 13 – Position of free kick)
• If the ball is in play and a player commits an offence inside the pitch:
– against an opponent:
– play is restarted with a direct free kick from the position where the
offence occurred (see Law 13 – Position of free kick) or a penalty kick
(if inside the offending player’s own penalty area)
– against a team-mate:
– play is restarted with an indirect free kick from the position where the
offence occurred (see Law 13 – Position of free kick)
– against a substitute:
– play is restarted with an indirect free kick to the team of the player
who committed the violent conduct from the position of the ball
when play was stopped (see Law 13 – Position of free kick), as the
illegal entry of the substitute was the first offence committed
– against the referees:
– play is restarted with an indirect free kick from the position where the
offence occurred (see Law 13 – Position of free kick)
Law 12 – Fouls and Misconduct
137
– against another person:
– play is restarted with a dropped ball from the position of the ball
when play was stopped, unless play was stopped inside the penalty
area, in which case one of the referees drops the ball on the penalty
area line at the point nearest to where the ball was located when
play was stopped
• If the ball is in play and a substitute or team official commits an offence
outside the pitch:
– against another person:
– play is restarted with a dropped ball from the position of the ball
when play was stopped, unless play was stopped inside the penalty
area, in which case one of the referees drops the ball on the penalty
area line at the point nearest to where the ball was located when
play was stopped
Offence where an object is thrown
If, while the ball is in play, a player or substitute throws an object or a ball at
an opponent or any other person in a reckless manner, the referees stop play if
they cannot apply the advantage and caution the player or substitute.
If while the ball is in play, a player or substitute throws an object or a ball at
an opponent or any other person with excessive force, the referees stop play if
they cannot apply the advantage to allow an obvious goalscoring opportunity
to ensue and send off the player or substitute for violent conduct.
Restart of play
• If a player standing inside his own penalty area throws an object or a ball
at an opponent standing outside the penalty area, the referees restart play
with a direct free kick to the opposing team taken from the position where
the object struck or would have struck the opponent (see Law 13 – Position
of free kick)
• If a player standing outside his own penalty area throws an object or a ball
at an opponent standing inside the penalty area, the referees restart play
with a penalty kick to the opposing team
138
Law 12 – Fouls and Misconduct
• If a player standing inside the pitch throws an object or a ball at any person
standing outside the pitch, the referees restart play with an indirect free
kick to the opposing team from the position of the ball when play was
stopped (see Law 13 – Position of free kick); the player is considered to
have left the pitch without the referees’ permission and for a reason not
authorised in the Futsal Laws of the Game
• If a player standing outside the pitch throws an object or a ball at an
opponent standing inside the pitch, the referees restart play with a direct
free kick to the opposing team from the position where the object struck
or would have struck the opponent or with a penalty kick (if inside the
offending player’s own penalty area)
• If a substitute standing outside the pitch throws an object or a ball at
an opponent standing inside the pitch, the referees restart play with an
indirect free kick to the opposing team from the position of the ball when
play was stopped (see Law 13 – Position of free kick); the substitute is
considered to have entered the pitch without the referees’ permission and
without following the substitution procedure
• If a substitute standing inside the pitch, causing his team to have an extra
player, throws an object or a ball at any person standing inside or outside
the pitch, the referees restart play with an indirect free kick to the opposing
team from the position of the ball when play was stopped (see Law 13 –
Position of free kick); the substitute is considered to have entered the pitch
without the referees’ permission
• If a substitute who has infringed the substitution procedure throws an
object or the ball at any person standing inside or outside the pitch, he is
treated as if he were a player
• If a team official standing inside or outside the pitch throws an object or a
ball at any person standing inside or outside the pitch, the referees restart
play with a dropped ball from the position of the ball when play was
stopped, unless play was stopped inside the penalty area, in which case one
of the referees drops the ball on the penalty area line at the point nearest
to where the ball was located when play was stopped
Law 12 – Fouls and Misconduct
139
Offences where an object is thrown at the ball
If a player other than one of the goalkeepers throws an object or a ball at the
ball:
• if the ball is in play and the object strikes the ball, the referees must stop
play and caution him for unsporting behaviour or send him off if by doing
so he denied a goal or an obvious goalscoring opportunity. They restart play
with a direct free kick to the opposing team from the position of the ball
when play was stopped (see Law 13 – Position of free kick) or a penalty
kick if the ball was inside the offending team’s penalty area
• if the ball is in play and the object does not strike the ball, the referees
must stop play if they cannot apply the advantage and caution him for
unsporting behaviour. They restart play with an indirect free kick to the
opposing team from the position of the ball when play was stopped (see
Law 13 – Position of free kick)
If one of the two goalkeepers throws an object or a ball at the ball:
• if the ball is in play and the object strikes the ball inside the goalkeeper’s
penalty area, the referees must stop play and caution him for unsporting
behaviour. They restart play with an indirect free kick to the opposing team
from the position of the ball when play was stopped (see Law 13 – Position
of free kick)
• if the ball is in play and the object strikes the ball outside the goalkeeper’s
penalty area, the referees must stop play and caution him for unsporting
behaviour or send him off if by doing so he denied a goal or an obvious
goalscoring opportunity. They restart play with a direct free kick to the
opposing team from the position of the ball when play was stopped
• if the ball is in play and the object does not strike the ball, the referees
must stop play if they cannot apply the advantage and caution him for
unsporting behaviour. They restart play with an indirect free kick to the
opposing team from the position of the ball when play was stopped (see
Law 13 – Position of free kick)
140
Law 12 – Fouls and Misconduct
If a player, including the two goalkeepers, directs an object at the ball with a
part of his body other than his hands:
• if the ball is in play and the object strikes the ball, the referees must stop
play and caution him for unsporting behaviour. They restart play with an
indirect free kick to the opposing team from the position of the ball when
play was stopped (see Law 13 – Position of free kick)
• if the ball is in play and the object does not strike the ball, the referees
must stop play if they cannot apply the advantage and caution him for
unsporting behaviour. They restart play with an indirect free kick to the
opposing team from the position of the ball when play was stopped (see
Law 13 – Position of free kick)
If a substitute infringing the substitution procedure but not causing his team to
play with an extra player throws an object at the ball:
• if the ball is in play and the object strikes the ball, the referees must stop
play and either send him off for a double caution, the first caution for
entering the pitch without following the substitution procedure and the
second for unsporting behaviour, or send him off directly if by doing so he
denied a goal or an obvious goalscoring opportunity. They restart play with
a direct free kick to the opposing team from the position of the ball when
play was stopped (see Law 13 – Position of free kick) or a penalty kick if the
ball was inside the substitute’s penalty area
• if the ball is in play and the object does not strike the ball, the referees
must stop play if they cannot apply the advantage and send him off for a
double caution, the first caution for entering the pitch without following
the substitution procedure and the second for unsporting behaviour.
They restart play with an indirect free kick to the opposing team from the
position of the ball when play was stopped (see Law 13 – Position of free
kick)
Law 12 – Fouls and Misconduct
141
If a substitute infringing the substitution procedure but not causing his team
to be playing with an extra player directs an object at the ball with a part of his
body other than his hands:
• if the ball is in play and the object strikes the ball, the referees must stop
play and either send him off for a double caution, the first caution for
entering the pitch without following the substitution procedure and the
second for unsporting behaviour, or send him off directly if by doing so he
denied a goal or an obvious goalscoring opportunity. They restart play with
an indirect free kick to the opposing team from the position of the ball
when play was stopped (see Law 13 – Position of free kick)
• if the ball is in play and the object does not strike the ball, the referees
must stop play if they cannot apply the advantage and send him off for a
double caution, the first caution for entering the pitch without following
the substitution procedure and the second for unsporting behaviour.
They restart play with an indirect free kick to the opposing team from the
position of the ball when play was stopped (see Law 13 – Position of free
kick)
If a substitute throws an object at the ball, thus causing his team to be playing
with an extra player:
• if the ball is in play and the object strikes the ball, the referees must stop
play and either send him off for a double caution, both for unsporting
behaviour, the first caution for entering the pitch without the referees’
permission and the second for throwing the object, or send him off directly
if by doing so he denied a goal or an obvious goalscoring opportunity. They
restart play with an indirect free kick to the opposing team from the position
of the ball when play was stopped (see Law 13 – Position of free kick)
• if the ball is in play and the object does not strike the ball, the referees must
stop play if they cannot apply the advantage and send him off for a double
caution, both for unsporting behaviour, the first caution for entering the
pitch without the referees’ permission and the second for throwing the
object. They restart play with an indirect free kick to the opposing team
from the position of the ball when play was stopped (see Law 13 – Position
of free kick)
142
Law 12 – Fouls and Misconduct
If a substitute directs an object at the ball with a part of his body other than his
hands, thus causing his team to be playing with an extra player:
• if the ball is in play and the object strikes the ball, the referees must stop
play and either send him off for a double caution, both for unsporting
behaviour, the first caution for entering the pitch without the referees’
permission and the second for directing the object, or send him off directly
if by doing so he denied a goal or an obvious goalscoring opportunity.
They restart play with an indirect free kick to the opposing team from the
position of the ball when play was stopped (see Law 13 – Position of free
kick)
• if the ball is in play and the object does not strike the ball, the referees must
stop play if they cannot apply the advantage and send him off for a double
caution, both for unsporting behaviour, the first caution for entering the
pitch without the referees’ permission and the second for throwing the
object. They restart play with an indirect free kick to the opposing team
from the position of the ball when play was stopped (see Law 13 – Position
of free kick)
If a team official directs an object at the ball with any part of his body:
• if the ball is in play and the object strikes the ball, the referees must stop
play and expel him from the technical area and its surrounds. Play is
restarted with a dropped ball from the position of the ball when play was
stopped, unless play was stopped inside the penalty area, in which case one
of the referees drops the ball on the penalty area line at the point nearest
to where the ball was located when play was stopped
• if the ball is in play and the object does not strike the ball, the referees
must stop play if they cannot apply the advantage and expel him from the
technical area and its surrounds. Play is restarted with a dropped ball from
the position of the ball when play was stopped, unless play was stopped
inside the penalty area, in which case one of the referees drops the ball
on the penalty area line at the point nearest to where the ball was located
when play was stopped
Law 12 – Fouls and Misconduct
143
If the ball is not in play and a player throws an object at the ball, the referees
caution him for unsporting behaviour. Play is restarted in accordance with the
Futsal Laws of the Game.
If the ball is not in play and a substitute throws an object at the ball, whether
he causes his team to be playing with an extra player or not, the referees send
him off for a double caution, both for unsporting behaviour, the first caution
for entering the pitch without the referees’ permission and the second for
throwing the object.
If the ball is not in play and a team official throws an object at the ball, the
referees expel him from the technical area and its surrounds.
Denying a goal or a goalscoring opportunity
There are two sending-off offences that deal with denying an opponent an
obvious opportunity to score a goal. It is not necessary for the offence to occur
inside the penalty area.
If the referees apply the advantage during an obvious goalscoring opportunity
and a goal is scored directly, despite the opponent handling the ball
deliberately, the player cannot be sent off but he may still be cautioned.
If the referees apply the advantage during an obvious goalscoring opportunity
and a goal is scored directly, despite the opponent committing a foul, the player
cannot be sent off for the foul itself but he may still be cautioned or sent off if
the action in itself warrants a caution or sending-off.
144
Law 12 – Fouls and Misconduct
Referees should consider the following circumstances when deciding whether
to send off a player for denying a goal or an obvious goalscoring opportunity:
• the distance between the offence and the goal
• the likelihood of keeping or gaining control of the ball
• the direction of the play
• the location and number of defenders
• the offence which denies an opponent an obvious goalscoring opportunity
may be an offence that incurs a direct free kick or an indirect free kick
• if the infringement is committed by a substitute, he must always be sent off
If a player attempts to prevent a goal by deliberately handling the ball after a
restart of play in which it is not possible to score a goal directly, he is not sent
off, but is cautioned for unsporting behaviour. His team is penalised by a direct
free kick or a penalty kick.
If a substitute enters the pitch with the aim of denying a goal or a goalscoring
opportunity, he is sent off whether or not he achieves his objective.
LAW 13 – FREE KICKS
145
Procedure
• The ball is in play when it is kicked and moves
• A free kick can be taken by lifting the ball with a foot or both feet
simultaneously
• Feinting to take a free kick to confuse opponents is permitted as part of
futsal. However, if in the opinion of the referees the feinting is considered
an act of unsporting behaviour, the player must be cautioned
• If a player, while correctly taking a free kick, intentionally kicks the ball at
an opponent in order to play the ball again but neither in a careless nor a
reckless manner nor using excessive force, the referees must allow play to
continue
• An indirect free kick must be retaken if the referees fail to raise their arms
to indicate that the kick is indirect and the ball is kicked directly into the
goal. The initial indirect free kick is not nullified by the referees’ mistake
• If, as part of a playing movement, a goalkeeper ends up outside his goal or
he or any other player end up outside the pitch, the opposing team may
take a direct free kick quickly, provided that they have not committed their
sixth accumulated foul
• If the ball bursts after hitting one of the goalposts or the crossbar and does
not enter the goal, the referees do not order the free kick to be retaken;
they stop play and restart it with a dropped ball from the position of the
ball when it burst (see Law 8 – Dropped ball)
• If the player taking a direct free kick, beginning with a team’s sixth
accumulated foul, kicks the ball forward to enable a team-mate to strike at
goal, the referees stop play if they cannot apply the advantage and restart
it with an indirect free kick from the place where the kicker’s team-mate
touched the ball (see Law 13 – Position of free kick)
• If the referees order a free kick to be retaken, the new free kick can be
taken by any player and does not have to be taken by the player who did
so originally
• If a player takes a direct or indirect free kick before the referees give
the signal for it to be taken and before a team’s sixth accumulated foul,
provided that the team taking the kick has requested their opponents to
respect the required distance, the referees stop play if they cannot apply
the advantage, order the free kick to be retaken and caution the player
146
LAW 13 – FREE KICKS
• If a player takes a direct free kick before the referees give the signal for it
to be taken, beginning with a team’s sixth accumulated foul, they order the
free kick to be retaken and caution him
• If a period of play is extended to allow a direct free kick to be taken,
beginning with the sixth accumulated foul, and the ball hits one of the
goalposts or the crossbar or the goalkeeper before crossing the goal line
between the goalposts and the crossbar, the referees award a goal
• If a period of play is extended is allow a direct free kick to be taken,
beginning with the sixth accumulated foul, the referees allow the
defending goalkeeper to be replaced by an outfield player or an eligible
substitute, although in the latter case the substitution procedure must be
followed
Distance
If a player decides to take a free kick quickly and an opponent who is less than
5 m from the ball intercepts it, the referees must allow play to continue.
If a player decides to take a free kick quickly and an opponent who is near the
ball deliberately prevents him from taking the kick, the referees must caution
the opponent for delaying the restart of play.
If, when a free kick is taken by the defending team from inside its own penalty
area, one or more opponents remain inside the penalty area because the
defender decided to take the kick quickly and the opponents did not have time
to leave the penalty area, the referees must allow play to continue if the ball
leaves the penalty area directly without touching another player.
LAW 13 – FREE KICKS
Infringements beginning with the sixth accumulated foul –
after the whistle and before the ball is in play
Outcome of the kick
Infringements
Goal
No goal
Attacking player
Free kick is retaken
Indirect free kick
Kicker does not
shoot at goal
—
Indirect free kick
Kick by
unidentified player
Indirect free kick
Indirect free kick
Defending player
Goal
Free kick is retaken
By both teams
Free kick is retaken
Free kick is retaken
147
148
LAW 14 – THE PENALTY KICK
Procedure
• Feinting in the run-up to take a penalty kick to confuse opponents is
permitted as part of futsal. However, feinting to kick the ball once the
player has completed his run-up is considered an infringement of Law 14
and an act of unsporting behaviour for which the player must be cautioned
• Feinting to take a penalty kick to confuse opponents is permitted as part of
futsal. However, if in the opinion of the referees the feinting is considered
an act of unsporting behaviour, the player must be cautioned
• If the ball bursts after hitting one of the goalposts or the crossbar and
enters the goal, the referees award the goal
• If the ball bursts after hitting one of the goalposts or the crossbar and does
not enter the goal, the referees do not order the penalty kick to be retaken
but stop play, which is restarted with a dropped ball on the penalty area
line at the point nearest to where the ball was located when it burst
• If the player taking the penalty kick kicks the ball forward to enable a teammate to shoot at goal, the referees allow the goal if the procedure for the
penalty kick stipulated in Law 14 was observed
• If the referees order the penalty kick to be retaken, the new penalty kick
can be taken by any player and does not have to be taken by the player
who did so originally
• If the kicker takes the penalty kick before the referees give the signal, they
order the penalty kick to be retaken and caution him
• If a period of play is extended to allow a penalty kick to be taken and the
ball hits one of the goalposts or the crossbar or the goalkeeper before
crossing the goal line between the goalposts and the crossbar, the referees
award a goal
• If a period of play is extended is allow a penalty kick to be taken, the
referees allow the defending goalkeeper to be replaced by an outfield
player or an eligible substitute, although in the latter case the substitution
procedure must be followed
LAW 14 – THE PENALTY KICK
149
Preparing for the penalty kick
The referees must confirm the following requirements before the penalty kick
is taken:
• the kicker is identified
• the ball is properly placed on the penalty mark
• the goalkeeper is on the goal line between the goalposts and facing the
kicker
• the team-mates of the kicker are:
– outside the penalty area
– 5 m from the ball
– behind the ball
Infringements – after the whistle and before the ball is in play
Outcome of the kick
Infringements
Goal
No goal
Attacking player
Penalty is retaken
Indirect free kick
Kicker kicks backwards
Indirect free kick
Indirect free kick
Kick by
unidentified player
Indirect free kick
Indirect free kick
Defending player
Goal
Penalty is retaken
By both teams
Penalty is retaken
Penalty is retaken
150
LAW 14 – THE PENALTY KICK
If an attacker or defender commits an infringement on an opposing player
before the ball is in play, but after one of the referees has given the order
to take the kick, they allow the kick to be taken. If a goal is scored and the
infringement was committed by the defending team, they award a goal; if the
infringement was committed by the attacking team, they order the penalty kick
to be retaken. If no goal is scored and the infringement was committed by the
defending team, they order the penalty kick to be retaken; if the infringement
was committed by the kicker’s team, they penalise his team with an indirect
free kick from the place where the infringement was committed (see Law
13 – Position of free kick). Furthermore, the referees take the appropriate
disciplinary action.
LAW 15 – THE kick-in
151
Procedures – infringements
Referees are reminded that opponents may be no closer than 5 m from the
point at which the kick-in is to be taken. Where necessary, the referees must
warn any player within this distance before the kick-in is taken and caution the
player if he subsequently fails to retreat to the correct distance. Play is restarted
with a kick-in, and the four-second count begins again if it has already started.
If a player, while correctly taking a kick-in, intentionally kicks the ball at an
opponent in order to play the ball again but neither in a careless nor a reckless
manner nor using excessive force, the referees must allow play to continue.
If the ball enters the opponents’ goal directly from a kick-in, the referees must
award a goal clearance. If the ball enters the taker’s own goal directly from a
kick-in, the referees must award a corner kick.
If the ball does not enter the pitch, the team retakes the kick-in from the
same position, provided that the kick-in was taken in accordance with the
correct procedure, but the four-second count continues from where it stopped
once the team taking the kick-in is ready to retake it. If it was not taken in
accordance with the correct procedure, a player from the opposing team must
take it.
If a goalkeeper, as part of a playing movement, ends up outside his goal or he
or any other player end up outside the pitch, the opposing team may take the
kick-in quickly.
If a kick-in is taken incorrectly, the referees may not apply the advantage even
if the ball goes directly to an opponent, but order a player from the opposing
team to retake it.
152
LAW 16 – THE GOAL CLEARANCE
Procedures – infringements
If an opponent enters the penalty area or is still in it before the ball is in play
and is fouled by a defender, the goal clearance is retaken and the defender
may be cautioned or sent off depending on the nature of the offence.
If, when a goal clearance is taken by the goalkeeper, one or more opponents
are still inside the penalty area because the goalkeeper decided to take the
clearance quickly and the opponents did not have time to leave the area, the
referees must allow play to continue if the ball leaves the penalty area directly
without touching another player.
If the goalkeeper, while correctly taking a goal clearance, intentionally throws
the ball at an opponent located outside the penalty area but neither in a
careless nor a reckless manner nor using excessive force, the referees must
allow play to continue.
If, when taking the goal clearance, the goalkeeper does not release the ball
from inside his penalty area, the referees order the goal clearance to be
retaken, although the four-second count continues from where it was stopped
once the goalkeeper is ready to retake it.
It is not necessary for the goalkeeper to have the ball in his hands before the
referees begin the four-second count.
If a goalkeeper who has taken a goal clearance correctly intentionally touches
the ball with his hand after it has left the penalty area before another player
has touched it, the referees, in addition to awarding a direct free kick to the
opposing team, may take disciplinary action against him in accordance with the
Futsal Laws of the Game.
If the goalkeeper takes the goal clearance with his foot, the referees will issue
a warning and order him to take it with his hand, but the four-second count
continues from where it was stopped once the goalkeeper is ready to retake it.
LAW 16 – THE GOAL CLEARANCE
153
If a goalkeeper, as part of a playing movement, ends up outside his goal or he
or any other player end up outside the pitch, the opposing goalkeeper may
take a goal clearance quickly.
If the goalkeeper takes a goal clearance and the ball crosses his goal line
without first leaving the penalty area, the referees order the goal clearance to
be retaken, but the four-second count continues from where it was stopped
once the goalkeeper is ready to retake it.
If, when taking a goal clearance, the ball hits one of the referees inside the
penalty area without first leaving the area and enters into play, the referees
take no action.
154
LAW 17 – THE CORNER KICK
Procedures – infringements
Referees are reminded that opponents must remain at least 5 m from the
corner arc until the ball is in play. Where necessary, the referees must warn any
player within this distance before the corner is taken and caution the player if
he subsequently fails to retreat to the correct distance.
If a player, while correctly taking a corner, intentionally kicks the ball at an
opponent in order to play the ball again but neither in a careless nor a reckless
manner nor using excessive force, the referees must allow play to continue.
The ball must be placed inside the corner arc and is in play when it is kicked,
therefore the ball does not need to leave the corner arc to be in play.
If a goalkeeper, as part of a playing movement, ends up outside his goal or he
or any other player end up outside the pitch, the opposing team may take the
corner quickly.
Correct
Correct
Incorrect
PROCEDURES TO DETERMINE THE WINNER OF A MATCH OR HOME-AND-AWAY
155
Extra time
Procedure
• The two periods of extra time are not part of the match
• Players or substitutes may be cautioned or sent off during the two periods
of extra time
• Accumulated fouls during the periods of extra time are added to those
from the second half of the match
• During the periods of extra time the teams are not entitled to time-outs,
even if they have not used their time-out corresponding to the second half
of the match
Kicks from the penalty mark
Procedure
• The kicks from the penalty mark are not part of the match
• The penalty area where the kicks from the penalty mark are being taken
may be changed only if the goal or the playing surface becomes unusable
or for safety reasons
• Once all eligible players have taken a kick from the penalty mark, the same
sequence does not have to be followed as in the first round of kicks
• Each team is responsible for selecting the players to take kicks from the
penalty mark from among the players and subsitutes and the order in
which they will take the kicks and must inform the third referee before the
kicks are taken
• With the exception of the goalkeeper, once the kicks from the penalty mark
have started, an injured player may not be replaced by an ineligible player,
if there are any
• If the goalkeeper is sent off during the kicks from the penalty mark, he may
be replaced by an eligible player, but not by another goalkeeper if he was
excluded from taking the kicks from the penalty mark
• A player or substitute may be cautioned or sent off during the taking of
kicks from the penalty mark
• The referees must not abandon the series of kicks from the penalty mark
if a team is reduced to fewer than three players during the taking of kicks
from the penalty mark
156
PROCEDURES TO DETERMINE THE WINNER OF A MATCH OR HOME-AND-AWAY
• If a player is injured or sent off during the taking of kicks from the penalty
mark and the team has one player fewer, the referees should not reduce
the number of players taking kicks for the other team
• An equal number of players from each team is required only at the start of
the taking of kicks from the penalty mark
• If the ball hits one of the goalposts or the crossbar or the goalkeeper before
crossing the goal line between the goalposts and the crossbar, the referees
allow the goal
• If the ball bursts or becomes defective after striking one of the goalposts or
the crossbar and enters the goal, the referees allow the goal
• If the ball bursts or becomes defective after hitting one of the goalposts
or the crossbar and does not enter the goal, the referees do not order the
penalty kick to be retaken and deem the penalty kick to have been taken
• If the competition rules require kicks from the penalty mark to determine
the winner of a match or home-and-away and the teams refuse to do so,
the referees report the incident to the relevant authorities
• If, before the penalty kicks start, one or more eligible players leave the pitch
or refuse to take the penalty kicks once these have started and are not
injured, the referees abandon the taking of kicks from the penalty mark
and inform the relevant authorities
• During the taking of the penalty kicks, the referees do not allow cameras or
other media on the pitch
08.10
RVA
8‘000
JBR/ftr/lsc
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