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O P E R A T O R ’ S
M A N U A L
AERATOR-OVERSEEDER
TR2058
Manual 5BP960374B
Date 08/07/2012
SAFETY
Take note! This safety alert symbol found throughout this manual is used to call your
attention to instructions involving your personal safety and the safety of others. Failure to
follow these instructions can result in injury or death.
This symbol means:
ATTENTION!
BECOME ALERT!
YOUR SAFETY IS INVOLVED!
Signal Words
Note the use of the signal words DANGER, WARNING and CAUTION with the safety messages. The
appropriate signal words for each have been selected using the following guidelines:
DANGER: Indicates an imminently hazardous situation that, if not avoided, will result in death or
serious injury.
WARNING: Indicates a potentially hazardous situation that, if not avoided, could result in death or
serious injury, and includes hazards that are exposed when guards are removed. It may also be used
to alert against unsafe practices.
CAUTION: Indicates a potentially hazardous situation that, if not avoided, may result in minor or
moderate injury.
INDEX
1 - GENERAL INFORMATION
1.01 - General
1.02 - Warranty Information
1.03 - Model and Serial Number ID
2 - SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
2.01 - Preparation
2.02 - Starting and Stopping
2.03 - Messages and Signs
3 - OPERATION
3.01 - Operational Safety
3.02 - Set Up
3.03 - Rear Tailgate Adjustment
3.04 - Tickler Tine Adjustment
3.05 - Corrugated Roller Adjustment
3.06 - Front Roller Adjustment
3.07 - Front Wheels Adjustment
3.08 - Hopper Adjustment
3.09 - Seed (or Fertilizer) Hopper Calibration
3.10 - Driveline
3.11 - Safety Slip Clutch
3.12 - Pre-Operational Check
3.13 - Attaching to the Tractor
3.14 - Start Up
3.15 - Test Run
3.16 - Working Depth
3.17 - Working Speed
3.18 - Headland Procedure
3.19 - Working Limitations
3.20 - Uneven Terrain
3.21 - Transporting
4 - MAINTENANCE
4.01 - Maintenance Safety
4.02 - Service
4.03 - Changing Rotors
4.04 - Blade Maintenance
5 - REPAIR PROCEDURES
5.01 - Gearbox
5.02 - Chain Case
5.03 - Removing the Rotor
5.04 - Suggested Spare Parts
5.05 - Storage
6 - TROUBLESHOOTING
7 - PRE-DELIVERY CHECKLIST
INDEX
3
4
4
4
5
6
6
7
7
10
10
12
13
13
14
15
16
16
18
20
21
21
22
24
25
26
26
26
26
27
27
30
30
31
33
34
36
36
36
36
37
37
38
40
FRONTIER
AERATOR-OVERSEEDER
OPERATOR’S MANUAL
1 - GENERAL INFORMATION
Thank you and congratulations for having chosen our implement. Your new
aerator-overseeder is a technologically advanced machine constructed of high quality,
sturdy components that will fulfill your working expectations.
The aerator-overseeder is the ideal machine for sport fields, parks, golf courses,
airports, turf farm operations and anywhere the combination of lower labor costs and a
professionally finished job is essential.
Read this manual carefully. It will instruct you on how to operate and service your
implement safely and correctly. Failure to do so could result in personal injury and/or
equipment damage.
1.01 - General
The implement described in this manual is to be used with tractors with PTO at 540 rpm
and clockwise rotation.
CAUTION: Always ensure that the coupling of the implement with the tractor is
done at the same PTO speed and direction of rotation. Do not operate this
implement at a PTO speed or direction of rotation other than that shown on the
implement. Serious damage can occur to the machine and/or the operator.
CAUTION: Unless otherwise specified, all hardware is metric. Use only metric
tools on metric hardware. Other tools that do not fit properly can slip and cause
injury.
CAUTION: Right hand and left hand sides of the implement are determined by
facing in the direction the implement will travel when going forward (see fig. 2).
1.02 - Warranty Information
Warranty coverage is provided by John Deere according to the terms of the
Agricultural/Commercial & Consumer Equipment Warranty Statement. Carefully read
the warranty statement on the back of your original purchase order for details on
coverage and limitations of this warranty.
Your Authorized Company Dealer has genuine parts in stock. Only these approved
replacement parts should be used.
GENERAL INFORMATION
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1.03 - Model and Serial Number ID
Attached to the frame is an ID plate showing the model and the serial number. Record
your implement model and serial number in the space provided below. Your dealer
needs this information to give you prompt, efficient service when you order parts.
GENERAL INFORMATION
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AERATOR-OVERSEEDER
OPERATOR’S MANUAL
2 - SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
Safety is the primary concern in the design and manufacture of our products.
Unfortunately our efforts to provide safe equipment can be wiped out by a single
careless act of an operator.
In addition to the design and configuration of equipment, hazard control and accident
prevention are dependent upon the awareness, concern, prudence and proper training
of personnel involved in the operation, transport, maintenance and storage of
equipment. It is the operator’s responsibility to read and understand all safety and
operating instructions in the manual and to follow these.
Allow only properly trained personnel to operate the implement. Working with unfamiliar
equipment can lead to careless injuries. Read this manual, and the manual for your
tractor, before assembly or operation, to acquaint yourself with the machines. It is the
implement owner’s responsibility, if this machine is used by any person other than
yourself, is loaned or rented, to make certain that the operator, prior to operating, reads
and understands the operator’s manuals and is instructed in safe and proper use.
2.01 - Preparation
1. Before operating equipment read and understand the operator’s manual and the
safety signs (see fig. 2).
2. Thoroughly inspect the implement before initial operation to assure that all
packaging materials, i.e. wires, bands, and tape have been removed.
3. Personal protection equipment including hard hat, safety glasses, safety shoes, and
gloves are recommended during assembly, installation, operation, adjustment,
maintaining and/or repairing the implement.
4. Operate the implement only with a tractor equipped with an approved
Roll-Over-Protective-System (ROPS). Always wear your seat belt. Serious injury or
even death could result from falling off the tractor.
5. Clear area of stones, branches or other debris that might be thrown, causing injury
or damage.
6. Operate only in daylight or good artificial light.
7. Ensure the implement is properly mounted, adjusted and in good operating
condition.
8. Ensure that all safety shielding and safety signs are properly installed and in good
condition.
9. Consult local utility companies to make certain there are no buried gas lines,
electrical cables, etc., in the work area before beginning operation.
SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
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2.02 - Starting and Stopping
1. Be sure that no one is near the machine prior to engaging or while the machine is
working.
2. Be sure the tractor is in “Neutral” before starting engine.
3. Equipment operating power is supplied from tractor PTO. Refer to your tractor
manual for PTO engagement and disengagement instructions. Always operate PTO
at 540 rpm. Know how to stop the tractor and implement quickly in case of an
emergency.
4. When engaging PTO, the engine rpm should always be low. Once engaged and
ready to start cutting, raise PTO speed to 540 rpm and maintain throughout cutting
operation.
5. Check the tractor master shield over the PTO stub shaft. Make sure it is in good
condition and fastened securely to the tractor. Purchase a new shield if old shield is
damaged or missing.
6. After striking an obstacle, disengage the PTO, shut the tractor down and thoroughly
inspect for damage before restarting.
7. Never engage the PTO until the implement is in the down position and resting on the
ground. Never raise the implement until the rotor has come to a complete stop.
8. To park the vehicle safely, stop vehicle on a level surface (not on a slope),
disengage PTO, engage the parking brake, stop the engine, remove the key, and
wait for engine and all moving parts to stop before leaving the operator’s seat.
9. Stay clear of rotating drivelines. Entanglement in rotating driveline can cause serious
injury or death. Wear close fitting clothing. Stop the engine and be sure PTO
driveline is stopped before getting near it.
2.03 - Messages and Signs
1. Read and adhere to all safety and operating decals on this machine (see fig. 2).
2. Before dismounting tractor: Allow moving parts to stop, stop engine, set brake and
remove the key of unattended equipment.
3. Keep away from rotating blades and driveline.
4. Keep guards and shields in place and in good condition.
5. Do not use with bystanders in area.
6. Allow no riders on tractor or implement.
7. Allow moving parts to stop before repair.
8. Securely support implement before working underneath.
Additional warning and operating decals are available at no extra charge. Please specify
model and serial number when ordering.
SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
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AERATOR-OVERSEEDER
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Fig. 2 - Safety decals - implement; replace immediately if damaged.
left side
right side
Red reflective decal
left side
right side
SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
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Safety decals - driveline; replace immediately if damaged.
placed on outer shield
placed on outer tube
SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
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AERATOR-OVERSEEDER
OPERATOR’S MANUAL
3 - OPERATION
The aerator-overseeder is a one pass tool which aerates, seeds (or broadcasts
fertilizes), levels, and compacts the soil for improved seed germination.
It consists of an aerator rotor with straight blades on narrowly spaced flanges, powered
by the tractor PTO. A large capacity seed hopper with precise metering cups is mounted
on the base aerator and broadcasts the seed behind the slicing action of the tines along
the entire working width of the machine. Tickler tines follow to help incorporate the seed
into the ground through compacted soil and thatch. A corrugated roller with fiberglass
rings follows behind the aerator-overseeder to compact the ground for optimal seed
germination.
Depth control wheels with wide garden style thread or a front roller may be quickly
mounted to ensure a constant depth over unleveled terrain.
The aerator-overseeder comes in working width of 58”.
A tilling rotor with “C” blades is available upon request, and may be mounted in place of
the straight blade aerator rotor. This converts the aerator-overseeder into a tiller for
seed bed preparation which tills, seeds and compacts the soil in a single pass.
Changing the machine over from an aerator to a tiller is a simple operation which can be
performed in under 30 minutes with a pair of wrenches.
This unique machine reduces costs for ground maintenance of sports fields, parks,
highways, hospital grounds, golf courses, etc. The aerator-overseeder can easily pay
for itself within the first few days of use.
3.01 - Operational Safety
CAUTION: Our machines are designed considering safety as the most important
aspect and are the safest available in today’s market. Unfortunately, human
carelessness can override the safety features built into our machines. Injury
prevention and work safety, aside from the features on our aerator-overseeder,
are very much due to the responsible use of the equipment. It must always be
operated prudently following with great care, the safety instructions laid out in
this manual.
1. The use of this equipment is subject to certain hazards which cannot be prevented
by mechanical means or product design. All operators of this equipment must read
and understand this entire manual, paying particular attention to safety and
operating instructions, prior to using.
2. Do not operate the tractor and implement when you are tired, sick or when using
medication.
OPERATION
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3. Before beginning operation, contact local utility companies to make certain there are
no bundled gas lines, electrical cables, etc., in the work area.
4. Keep all helpers and bystanders at least 50 yards from the machine. Only properly
trained people should operate this machine.
5. When this machine is operated in populated areas where thrown objects could injure
persons or property, standard equipment safety shielding (which is designed to
reduce the possibility of thrown objects) must be installed.
6. The majority of accidents involve entanglements on the driveline, injury of
bystanders by objects thrown by the rotating blades, and operators being knocked
off the tractor by low hanging limbs and then being run over by the implement.
Accidents are most likely to occur with machines that are loaned or rented to
someone who has not read the operator’s manual and is not familiar with the
implement.
7. Always stop the tractor, set brake, shut off the tractor engine, remove the ignition
key, lower implement to the ground and allow implement blades to come to a
complete stop before dismounting tractor. Never leave equipment unattended with
the tractor running.
8. Never place hands or feet under implement with tractor engine running or before you
are sure all motion has stopped. Stay clear of all moving parts.
9. Do not reach or place yourself under equipment until it is blocked securely.
10. Do not allow riders on the implement or tractor at any time. There is no safe place
for riders.
11. Do not operate unless all personnel, livestock and pets are 50 yards away to prevent
injury by thrown objects.
12. Before backing up, disengage the implement and look behind carefully.
13. Install and secure all guards and shields before starting or operating.
14. Keep hands, feet, hair and clothing away from moving parts.
15. This rotary implement is designed for use only on tractors with 540 rpm power take
off.
16. Never operate tractor and implement under trees with low hanging limbs. Operators
can be knocked off the tractor and then run over by the rotating blades.
17. The rotating parts of this machine have been designed and tested for rugged use.
However, they could fail upon impact with heavy, solid objects such as steel guard
rails and concrete abutments. Such impact could cause the broken objects to be
thrown outward at very high velocities. To reduce the possibility of property damage,
serious injury, or even death, never allow the cutting blades to contact such
obstacles.
18. Frequently check implement blades. They should be sharp, free of nicks and cracks
and securely fastened.
19. Stop implement immediately upon striking an obstruction. Turn engine off, remove
key, inspect and repair any damage before resuming operation.
20. Stay alert for holes, rocks and roots in the terrain and other hidden hazards. Keep
away from drop-offs.
21. Use extreme care and maintain minimum ground speed when transporting on
hillside, over rough ground and when operating close to ditches or fences. Be careful
when turning sharp corners.
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22. Reduce speed on slopes and sharp turns to minimize tipping or loss of control. Be
careful when changing directions on slopes. Do not start or stop suddenly on slopes.
Avoid operation on steep slopes.
23. When using a unit, a minimum 20% of tractor and equipment weight must be on
tractor front wheels. Without this weight, tractor could tip over, causing personal
injury or death. The weight may be attained with a front end loader, front wheel
weights, ballast in tires or front tractor weights. When attaining a minimum 20% of
tractor and equipment weight on the front wheels, you must not exceed the ROPS
weight certification. Weigh the tractor and equipment. Do not guess or estimate!
24. Inspect the entire machine periodically1. Look for loose fasteners, worn or broken
parts, and leaky or loose fittings.
25. Use only the driveline supplied with the implement. Do not use it if it is missing any
shield or safety protection.
26. Pass diagonally through sharp dips and avoid sharp drops to prevent “hanging up”
tractor and implement.
27. Avoid sudden starts and stops while traveling up or downhill.
28. Always use down slopes; never across the face. Avoid operation on steep slopes.
Slow down on sharp turns and slopes to prevent tipping and or loss of control.
3.02 - Set Up
Notice to dealer: Pre-delivery setup and service including lubrication is the
responsibility of the authorized dealer. It is up to him to assure that the machine is in
perfect condition and ready to be used. It is his responsibility to ensure that the
customer is aware of all safety aspects and operational procedures for the implement.
He must also fill out the Pre-Delivery Checklist2 prior to delivering the implement.
CAUTION: Stand clear of bands when cutting as they could be under sufficient
tension to cause them to fly loose. Take care in removing bands and wire. They
often have extremely sharp edges and cut very easily.
Although the machine usually arrives set up, ready to use, it is important to check
certain aspects of the machine before using it. Adjustments are normally necessary in
order to adapt the aerator-overseeder to work under a given condition.
Check the oil in the gearbox. The proper level should be between 1/2 and 2/3 full. Use 90
wt. or 140 wt. gear oil. Make sure the breather cap is clear and tight in the gearbox.
Check all hardware for tightness, especially the bolts holding the 3 point hitch3.
Grease the cross and bearings and the telescopic tubes of the driveline.
Ensure that the drive chains are well greased, both the tiller drive chain in the chain
housing on the left side (see fig. 16) as well as the roller chain which drives the hopper
1
2
3
See Chapter 4 - Maintenance.
See Chapter 7 - Pre-Delivery Checklist.
See Table 4, page 29.
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OPERATOR’S MANUAL
on the right side of the machine (see fig. 15). Both drive chains are supplied with an
automatic chain tensioner.
Grease the rotor support (see fig. 15).
Make sure the hopper and seed cups are mounted correctly.
3.03 - Rear Tailgate Adjustment
Fig. 3
1. chain hook
2. chain
3. tailgate
1
2
3
The rear tailgate is especially important when using the tilling rotor in place of the
straight blade aerating rotor. Its purpose is to improve the pulverization of the soil as it is
tilled. It can be adjusted in various positions with the chain. The closer the tailgate is to
the rotor the more pulverized the soil will be. The rear tailgate also works as a shield to
prevent dirt and other objects from being thrown (see fig. 3).
3.04 - Tickler Tine Adjustment
The aerator-overseeder comes with two rows of tickler tines mounted between the roller
arms (see fig. 4). These tines work as a rake to help cover grass seed for ideal
germination conditions. The tines are raised and lowered automatically as the roller
follows the contour of the ground.
The roller arms have two set positions to increase or decrease the tickler tine pressure.
When the tine holder is positioned in the lower hole the pressure is increased, the top
hole decreases the pressure. Always be sure both the right side and the left side are in
the same holes.
The tine holder bars can also be swiveled to increase or decrease the pressure of the
tines. This also enables you to maintain a consistent pressure and angle as the tines
wear. The bars can even be lifted completely up out of the way if the tickler tines are not
to be used.
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OPERATOR’S MANUAL
1
2
3
Fig. 4
1. roller arm
2. tickler tines
3. rear roller
3.05 - Corrugated Roller Adjustment
The rear roller serves the following purposes:
1. Controlling the working depth.
2. Leveling the ground after tilling.
3. Compacting which results in helping bury the material that is distributed. The roller
rings help push seed into soil which greatly speeds up and improves germination.
A turnbuckle connected to the frame and to the roller support bar adjusts the working
depth of the tines.
By shortening the turnbuckle, the corrugated roller raises thereby lowering the tines to a
deeper working depth (see fig. 5). Lengthen the turnbuckle lowers the roller which in
turn raises the tines to a more shallow working depth.
2
1
3
4
Fig. 5
1. turnbuckle
2. seed tubes
3. roller arm
4. rear roller
Under most conditions, the working depth for the aerating rotor needs to be between
¾” and 1½” only, but the maximum obtainable depth is 7”.
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If the machine is using a tilling rotor the working depth needs to be deeper depending
on the operator needs. The maximum working depth is 7”. An adjustable roller-scraper
bar is available upon request.
DANGER: Stay clear of rotating driveline. Entanglement in rotating driveline can
cause serious injury or death. Disengage PTO, engage parking brake or place
transmission in “Park”, shut off the tractor and remove the key before working
around hitch, attaching or detaching driveline, making adjustments, servicing or
cleaning the machine.
DANGER: Never trust the tractor hydraulics alone to support the machine. Never
do any repairs or adjustments under the machine unless it is safely blocked.
3.06 - Front Roller Adjustment
1
Fig. 6
1. adjustment screw
2. front roller
3. spikes
2
3
As an option, the aerator-overseeder can be supplied with a front roller. This option is
very useful when the machine is attached to the tractor three point in the float position.
This allows the machine to precisely follow the ground contour (see fig. 6).
The depth is controlled by turning the adjustment screws attached to each side of the
machine. When using, be sure both adjustment screws are in the same position.
The rear roller is then adjusted so the machine is working as level and parallel to the
ground as possible. The spikes welded to the front roller ensure constant contact with
the ground and prevent the roller from sliding along the ground and bulldozing.
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3.07 - Front Wheels Adjustment
1
2
Fig. 7
1. side plate
2. wheel support
3. front wheel
3
Upon request the machine can be adapted with two front depth control gauge wheels
(see fig. 7) which are mounted on the side wheel support. These wheels have the same
function as the front roller, allowing the machine to follow the ground contour. They also
should be used with the tractor three point in the float position.
The depth is controlled by raising or lowering the wheels in the wheel supports attached
to the side of the aerator-overseeder. When using, be sure both wheels are in the same
position.
The rear roller is then adjusted so the machine is working as level and parallel to the
ground as possible.
3.08 - Hopper Adjustment
Fig. 8
Seed calibration handle
The aerator-overseeder hopper capacity is 5.30 cu.ft. The hopper runs the entire width
of the machine and has a continuously rotating ground driven agitator to breakup clods
and ensure free flow through the distribution system. On the bottom of the hopper are 8
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rectangular slots to allow material passage. The seed cups mounted under the hopper,
which are made entirely of non-corrosive material (nylon and fiberglass), contain an
internal gear that rotates inside a housing. A calibration handle located on the rear left
hand side of the hopper regulates how far to insert the gear inside the housing. The
position of the handle, which has a scale from 0 to 6, determines the amount of seed
distributed (see fig. 8). The seed cups are a force feed system driven by the roller.
The material is held inside the groove of the gear until the groove rotates to the opening
at the bottom of the hopper. This rotation is driven by the roller as it moves along the
ground. When the handle is in position “0” the gear is completely outside the seed cup
and no seed is distributed, with the handle in position “6” the gear is totally inside the
cup and distributes at its maximum potential (see fig. 8).
A secondary regulation is the lever located on the side of each cup housing. This
controls the position of the cleanout gate (top, middle, and bottom). Its position is
determined by the size and shape of the material being dispersed (see fig. 9). The top
position is for the smaller seeds, middle for the medium sized seed and bottom for
larger seeds. Attached to the bottom of each cup is flexible tubing that the material flows
through. As the material exits, it hits a split ring which divides the flow until it hits a
splash pan and uniformly spreads over the entire working width of the
aerator-overseeder.
The hopper is ground driven by the roller which comes with two separate chains with
automatic chain tensioners.
Although in essence a broadcast-seeder, the aerator-overseeder has all the technology
to ensure a precise calibrated flow. Being ground driven, the disbursement of the
material in the hopper is totally independent from the tractor PTO or the ground speed.
The disbursement is regulated solely by adjusting the seed cups levers and the hopper
lever.
1
2
3
4
Fig. 9
1. seed cup
2. gear support
3. drive shaft bushing
4. seed cup regulation lever
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3.09 - Seed (or Fertilizer) Hopper Calibration
There are two adjustments to be made to calibrate the aerator-overseeder hoppers:
1. The amount of gear inside the seed cup housing.
2. The position of the cleanout gate of each individual seed cup.
This system allows use of a wide variety of seeds.
The output of seed differs greatly depending on their size, density, dampness,
and shape. Other output factors depend on the conditions in which the machine is
operating such as, in slick conditions where the roller may slip.
Table 1 lists the distribution rate in pounds per acre for various seeds that may be used
in the aerator-overseeder. Keep in mind that the hopper and seed cup openings
measure in volume and not in weight. Due to the many variables, the distribution rate
when using Table 1 is not always accurate. Only a test run will help determine if the
desired amount of seed is being spread.
TABLE 1 - AMOUNT OF SEED DISTRIBUTED IN LB/ACRE
Seed type
Bentgrass
Calibration handle position
0.5
1
1.5
2
2.5
3
3.5
4
4.5
5
5.5
6
34
71
89
124
156
182
202
230
251
268
290
306
Bluegrass, Kentucky
18
43
61
81
105
122
138
161
178
194
212
223
Ryegrass, Annual
19
54
79
105
140
166
193
228
254
279
315
341
Ryegrass, Perennial
27
64
92
120
158
187
214
252
281
309
346
375
Fescue, fine blade turf type
16
43
62
83
109
128
149
177
196
215
241
261
Fescue K-31
4
30
52
71
95
114
134
158
176
194
206
210
Clover, White
54
123
176
228
297
350
401
471
523
575
644
697
Clover, Red
51
110
151
194
250
291
334
389
432
474
530
572
Buffalo grass
0
25
43
63
90
109
131
155
176
194
217
224
Bermuda (hulled)
38
87
118
150
193
224
257
300
330
363
406
438
Wheatgrass, Western
7
24
36
48
64
76
89
105
117
130
145
158
Wheatgrass, Crested
14
28
39
48
63
73
84
98
108
119
132
142
Lovegrass, Weeping
68
122
163
200
250
286
325
375
410
448
498
536
Lovegrass, Sand
54
103
139
186
223
259
294
343
380
416
464
500
Alfalfa
43
110
161
213
280
330
382
450
500
551
617
669
Vetch
44
96
140
174
225
265
302
353
393
432
484
523
Use Table 2 and 3 to determine if the rate you are getting is correct.
There are two ways of setting the calibration on your aerator-overseeder:
1. With the machine stopped and raised, or
2. With the machine attached to the tractor and working.
To set the calibration with the machine stopped, do the following:
1. Support the machine securely, but in a way to allow the roller to turn freely.
2. Fill the hopper with the seed or fertilizer you intend to spread.
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3. Make sure the seed cups are not plugged with leaves, grass or other obstacles and
that the seed cup regulation levers are all adjusted to the same opening position.
4. Remove the seed tubes from the lower bar and attach bags to the ends to allow the
material to be collected.
5. Move the calibration handle located in the rear of the hopper to a position between 1
and 6 (see fig. 8).
6. Turn the roller by hand in complete turns for a minimum of 20 turns. The greater the
number of turns the more accurate the measurement will be.
7. Gather up and weigh all the material distributed in the bags. Divide this by the
number of turns the roller made. This will give the amount of material dispersed per
turn of the roller.
8. Each roller revolution, on the TR2058, corresponds to a surface area of 13.88
square feet therefore 72 revolutions equal to 1,000 square feet and 3,137 roller
revolutions equal to 1 acre. To obtain the amount of seed spread per acre, multiply
the quantity obtained with each revolution by 3,137 (see Table 2).
9. If the results do not correspond to the desired amount which needs to be distributed,
adjust the calibration handle accordingly.
TABLE 2 - WORKING SURFACE
TR2058
1 revolution = 13.88 sq. ft.
3137 revolutions = 1 acre
72 revolutions = 1000 sq. ft.
To calibrate the aerator-overseeder while it is working, do the following:
1. Measure out a predetermined distance on the ground (for example 200 linear feet),
keeping in mind that the further the distance, the more precise the measurement.
2. Fill the hopper with the seed you intend to spread.
3. Make sure the seed cups are not plugged with leaves, grass or other obstacles and
that the seed cup regulation levers are all adjusted to the same opening position.
4. Remove the seed tubes from the lower bar and attach bags to the ends to allow the
material to be collected.
5. Move the calibration handle located in the rear of the hopper to a position between 1
and 6.
6. Drive the tractor forward pulling the machine along the predetermined distance. It is
important for the roller to remain on the ground at all times and to roll continuously.
7. Collect all material distributed and weigh.
8. Using Table 3 determine the amount of material distributed. Example: If the
distance traveled is 100 ft. and 0.1 lb. of material is collected, then 9.2 lb. per
acre of material is being distributed.
9. If the results do not correspond to the amount that needs to be distributed, adjust the
calibration handle accordingly.
OPERATION
19
FRONTIER
AERATOR-OVERSEEDER
OPERATOR’S MANUAL
TABLE 3 - AMOUNT OF MATERIAL DISTRIBUTED IN LB/ACRE
Lb. collected
all seed cups
0.1
Distance traveled in feet
100
200
300
400
500
600
700
800
900
1,000
9.2
4.6
3.1
2.3
1.9
1.5
1.2
1.1
0.9
0.8
0.5
45.7
22.8
15.3
11.4
9.2
7.6
6.5
5.7
5.0
4.5
1
91.6
45.8
30.4
22.8
18.3
15.3
13.0
11.4
10.1
9.2
1.5
137.4
68.7
45.8
34.4
27.5
22.8
19.6
17.1
15.2
13.7
2
183.1
91.5
61.1
45.8
36.6
30.5
26.2
22.9
20.4
18.3
2.5
229.0
114.4
76.3
57.3
45.8
38.2
32.7
28.6
25.5
22.9
3
274.7
137.3
91.5
68.7
55.0
45.8
39.3
34.3
30.5
27.5
3.5
320.5
160.3
106.8
80.1
64.1
53.4
45.8
40.0
35.6
32.1
4
366.3
183.2
122.1
91.6
73.3
61.1
52.4
45.8
40.7
36.6
4.5
412.0
206.1
137.3
103.0
82.4
68.7
58.9
51.5
45.8
41.2
5
457.9
228.9
152.6
114.5
91.5
76.3
65.4
57.2
50.9
45.8
5.5
503.7
251.8
167.9
125.9
100.7
83.9
71.9
62.9
55.9
50.4
6
549.4
274.7
183.2
137.4
109.9
91.5
78.5
68.7
61.1
55.0
6.5
595.2
297.6
198.4
148.8
119.0
99.2
85.0
74.4
66.2
59.6
7
641.0
320.5
213.7
160.2
128.2
106.8
91.6
80.1
71.2
64.1
7.5
686.8
343.4
228.9
171.7
137.4
114.4
98.1
85.9
76.3
68.7
8
732.6
366.3
244.2
183.1
146.5
122.1
104.7
91.6
81.4
73.2
8.5
778.3
389.2
259.4
194.6
155.7
129.7
111.2
97.3
86.5
77.8
9
824.1
412.1
274.7
206.0
164.8
137.4
117.7
103.1
91.6
82.4
9.5
869.9
435.0
290.0
217.4
174.0
145.0
124.2
108.8
96.6
87.0
10
915.7
457.9
305.2
228.9
183.2
152.6
130.8
114.5
101.7
91.5
3.10 - Driveline
DANGER: Only use the original driveline supplied with this machine and always
with the safety shielding. Carefully read and file away the driveline operator’s
manual supplied by the manufacturer. The following does not substitute the
information found in the driveline manual.
IMPORTANT: Always check driveline length during initial setup and when connecting to
a different tractor.
In the collapsed position the driveline should be approximately 2” from bottoming out to
prevent possible damage to the tractor or implement. When the driveline is in the
maximum extended position, the ideal minimum overlap of the two halves should be
approximately 6” (see fig. 10).
OPERATION
20
FRONTIER
AERATOR-OVERSEEDER
OPERATOR’S MANUAL
If it is determined that the driveline is too long, follow these procedures to adjust the
length:
1. Separate the two driveline halves. Connect one half to the tractor PTO and the other
half to the implement.
2. Raise and lower the implement with the 3 point hitch to find the position where the
driveline is shortest. Hold the half shafts side by side and mark the desired length on
the outer female tube guard leaving a 2” gap between the end of the guard tube and
bell guard.
3. Cut off both guard tubes the same amount as marked in step 2.
4. Shorten both drive tubes the same amount as the guard tubes.
5. De-burr and clean filings from drive tubes and apply grease to outside of inner
telescoping tube.
6. Reassemble the driveline halves and connect to tractor and implement. Raise and
lower machine again to be sure driveline does not bottom out in the shortest position
and has a minimum overlap of 6” in the longest position.
7. Install both driveline safety chains. One should be hooked in a hole on the outer
driveline yoke shield and to the tractor to restrict outer shield rotation. The second
one should be hooked in a hole on the inner driveline yoke shield and to the
implement to restrict inner shield rotation.
If determined that the driveline is too short for your tractor, contact your local dealer.
1
min. 6"
MAX.
min. 2"
Fig. 10
MIN.
3.11 - Safety Slip Clutch
Your aerator-overseeder is supplied with a safety slip clutch. It is important to ensure
that it is working properly. The slip clutch delivered with your machine is set at a specific
torque for normal working conditions.
If the clutch slips frequently while the unit is working, it may be necessary to tighten the
spring nuts (see #1, fig. 10) on the slip clutch. Tighten the spring nuts in ½ turn
increments, then test run the unit for 600 to 800 ft. Repeat the operation if necessary.
The discs on the clutch need to be replaced in the event that the clutch continues to slip
even though the spring nuts have been tightened.
OPERATION
21
FRONTIER
AERATOR-OVERSEEDER
OPERATOR’S MANUAL
Follow the instructions in reverse, if while working under normal conditions the clutch
does not slip at all.
3.12 - Pre-Operational Check
Check each of the following, carefully, prior to engaging machine:
1. The rotor support has been greased and the drive chain is lubricated.
2. The oil in gearbox is between 1/2 and 2/3 full.
3. The driveline cross & bearings have been greased.
4. No wrappings or foreign objects are on the machine or driveline.
5. The blades are properly installed and the blade bolts and nuts properly torqued4.
6. All hardware is tight5.
7. The tractor to ensure correct direction of rotation of PTO and rpm speed.
8. All safety shields and guards are in their place and tightly attached.
9. No people or animals are in the work area.
10. Local utility companies have been contacted to make certain there are no bundled
gas lines, electrical cables, etc., in the work area.
11. When working, make sure the aerator-overseeder has its full weight riding on the
roller. The front of the machine should be held upward at a slight angle by the tractor
arms.
DANGER: Always stay clear of rotating driveline and blades when the PTO is
engaged.
WARNING: Disengage the PTO, apply the parking brake, shut off the engine and
remove the key before attaching or removing the driveline, or performing any
maintenance or adjustments on the machine.
3.13 - Attaching to the Tractor
Unit may be used on tractors ranging from 25 to 45 HP equipped with a standard rear
PTO and category 1 three point hitch.6
DANGER: Never attempt to attach the aerator-overseeder to the tractor or make
any adjustments to it without first turning the tractor off.
4
5
6
See Table 4, page 29.
See Table 4, page 29.
See Table 5, page 29.
OPERATION
22
FRONTIER
AERATOR-OVERSEEDER
OPERATOR’S MANUAL
CAUTION: Check the tractor PTO rpm to ensure it is set at 540 and turns
clockwise.
CAUTION: Be sure the tractor tire pressure is correct. It is important to strictly
follow the safety guidelines and instructions laid out in the tractor manual.
1
2
3
4
5
6
Fig. 11
1. hopper
2. top hitch
3. seed cups
4. PTO shielding
5. lower hitch pins
6. rotor shaft
To attach the implement to the tractor do the following:
Back the tractor up to the aerator-overseeder in order to slip the tractor hitch arms over
the hitch pins bolted to the frame. Turn off the tractor engine.
The lower hitch pins (see fig. 11) may be put in either of 2 positions (upper or lower)
depending on the tractor. Optional hitch blocks are available for use on tractors with non
standard three point hitches. Secure the two arms with the lynch pins. Tighten the
tractor arms side movement with either the sway chains or blocks to limit side swing to
2”-3”. Connect the top link, locking it in place with the top hitch pin. Adjust it so the
aerator-overseeder is as near parallel to the ground as possible. A 1° to 2° rearward tilt
is acceptable (see fig. 12).
Install the end of the driveline with the safety slip clutch to the machine and the opposite
end to the tractor PTO. Be sure each end is connected securely with either the locking
pin or bolt and nut. Connect the driveline chains to the tractor and to the machine to
prevent the protective shielding from rotating during operation. If it was necessary to
remove the PTO protection to do any of the above operations, do not forget to replace
it.
OPERATION
23
FRONTIER
AERATOR-OVERSEEDER
OPERATOR’S MANUAL
IMPORTANT: See Section 3.10 - Driveline, to ensure the driveline is the proper
length.
Fig. 12
Machine parallel to
the ground.
After use, if the machine is not supplied with front gauge wheels or a front roller, the
machine should be lowered and allowed to rest on the stand which is supplied with the
machine (see fig. 13).
1
Fig. 13
1. support
2. stand
2
3.14 - Start Up
DANGER: Never allow anyone around the aerator-overseeder when it is in
operation. Never engage the tractor PTO before the tines are about to touch the
ground.
OPERATION
24
FRONTIER
AERATOR-OVERSEEDER
OPERATOR’S MANUAL
DANGER: Operate the implement only at the speed and direction of rotation
indicated on the machine. Serious damage can result if this is not followed.
CAUTION: Before starting work, clear the area of any obstacles or foreign
objects.
The aerator-overseeder is set up to be used on tractors with a PTO of 540 rpm.
With the engine in neutral and tractor rpm low, engage the PTO and very slowly bring
the tractor rpm up to ¾ its normal working speed. Lower the machine to the ground and
increase the rpm until a PTO speed of 540 is reached. Never operate over 540 rpm.
When using the maximum rated horsepower tractors, it is important to “feather
in” the PTO. Sudden jolts of high power can cause damage to the driveline or
gearbox7. Start out with the tractor in the lowest gear, increase gears slowly if
necessary. Avoid working in reverse.
Before beginning work always remember that the operator is responsible for:
1. Safe and correct operation of the tractor and aerator-overseeder.
2. Learning and following precise, safe operating procedures for both the tractor and
the aerator-overseeder.
3. Ensuring all maintenance and lubrication has been performed on the
aerator-overseeder.
4. Having read and understood all safety aspects for the aerator-overseeder in the
operator’s manual.
5. Having read and understood all safety decals on the aerator-overseeder.
6. Checking the condition of the blades. Worn or damaged blades should be changed
before starting.
7. Checking to ensure that the cutting edge is the leading edge of the blade.
8. Checking that there are no wires, weeds, grass or other objects wrapped around the
rotor.
9. Checking to see if front weights need to be added to the tractor in order to maintain
balance.
10. Checking the tractor tires for the proper pressure in accordance to the tractor
operator’s manual.
11. Checking that all shielding is on the machine and securely in place.
12. Making sure the proper attire is worn. Avoiding loose fitting clothing which can
become entangled. Wearing sturdy, tough-soled work shoes and protective
equipment for eyes, hands, ears and head. Never operate tractor or implement
barefoot, or wearing sandals or sneakers.
13. Checking area for stones, branches and other debris that might be thrown.
14. Ensuring proper lighting is available, sunlight or good artificial lighting.
7
See Table 5, page 29.
OPERATION
25
FRONTIER
AERATOR-OVERSEEDER
OPERATOR’S MANUAL
DANGER: Never use the machine without first assuring all protective devices are
properly installed. Never forget that due to their high blade tip speed, blades can
be thrown great distances and cause injury or death to bystanders.
CAUTION: For emergency reasons, learn how to stop the tractor and implement
quickly. On the aerator-overseeder, always disengage the PTO, lock parking
brake, stop engine and allow the blades to come to a complete stop before
dismounting the tractor.
3.15 - Test Run
After the first 200-300 feet it is important to stop, raise the machine and disengage the
PTO just as the blades are coming out of the ground. Lower the machine, turn off the
tractor engine and remove the key.
At this point make sure the aerator-overseeder is performing correctly. Check for loose
bolts or nuts, paying particular attention to the blade bolts.
3.16 - Working Depth
When using the aerating rotor which comes standard with the machine, normally a
depth of approximately ¾” is all that is desired. This is enough to loosen the soil without
tearing up existing grass. It is very important to check the depth prior to the corrugated
roller going over where the blades have cut into the ground.
With the optional tilling rotor the depth of cut is determined largely by the condition of
the ground. When working hard or previously unworked ground, set depth at no more
than 2”-3”. Greater depth may require a second pass. The maximum tilling depth is 7”.
NOTE: Excessive vibration or jumping of the machine is an indication that the
machine is working too deep for conditions, such as in hard, parched or
compacted soil and should be adjusted accordingly.
3.17 - Working Speed
Ground speed is determined by the soil condition, depth of cut, and tractor power.
Simple experimentation will soon determine the best speed for the desired results,
usually 1 to 2 mph.
When using the aerating rotor the blades need to make a continuous slice, if there is
some skipping you need to slow down the ground speed.
A slow ground speed with the tilling rotor will result in a finer soil, as a faster ground
speed will render the opposite. The rear shield, besides being a safety device, will help
OPERATION
26
FRONTIER
AERATOR-OVERSEEDER
OPERATOR’S MANUAL
in producing a finer worked soil. Test results show that a raised shield will leave a
coarser finished surface.
3.18 - Headland Procedure
When the headland is reached, it is important that the following be observed:
1. Raise the machine from the ground and as soon as the blades leave the ground,
disengage the tractor PTO.
2. Turn the tractor facing the new desired direction of travel.
3. Begin working again.
NOTE: Best practice dictates that the machine be lifted no more than just enough
to clear the ground. Running the machine at an angle above 15° could damage
the PTO.
3.19 - Working Limitations
When using the tilling rotor, if the blades will not penetrate the ground easily or the
machine jumps and vibrates excessively, conditions may be too dry, tough or
compacted. (Also make sure that the blades are properly installed8 with the proper scroll
and the bolts properly torqued9).
Under these extreme conditions it may be wise not to use the tiller as a primary tillage
tool. Run over the ground with a disc or plow prior to tilling.
3.20 - Uneven Terrain
DANGER: Be careful when operating tractor and machine over uneven ground to
avoid rollover.
The following precautions should always be observed when working on uneven terrain:
1. In extremely uneven terrain rear wheel weights, front tractor weights, and/or tire
ballast should be used to improve stability.
2. Observe the type of terrain and develop a safe working pattern.
3. Whenever traction or stability is doubtful, first test drive over the terrain with the PTO
disengaged.
4. Operate the implement up and down steep slopes, not across slopes, to prevent the
tractor from tipping. Avoid sudden stops and starts, and slow down before changing
directions on a slope.
5. Pass diagonally through sharp dips and avoid sharp drops to prevent hanging up the
tractor and implement.
8
9
See Section 4.04 - Blade Maintenance.
See Table 4, page 29.
OPERATION
27
FRONTIER
AERATOR-OVERSEEDER
OPERATOR’S MANUAL
6. Slow down on sharp turns and slopes to prevent tipping or loss of control.
7. Watch for holes, roots or other hidden objects. Do not use near the edge of a gully,
ditch or stream bank.
3.21 - Transporting
CAUTION: All operations of transport are to be done without the
aerator-overseeder working and respecting all local traffic rules and regulations.
During transport or when the machine is lifted from the ground, it is advisable to adjust
the tractor lift arms in order to be able to raise the machine 14” to 16” from the ground
(see fig. 14).
Before transporting:
1. Always select a safe ground speed that is appropriate for the terrain.
2. Beware of traffic on public roads. Install a SMV (Slow Moving Vehicle) sign when
traveling on roads or streets. Comply with all federal, state and local laws.
3. Reduce ground speed when turning and take care that the implement does not strike
obstacles such as trees, fences or buildings.
4. Always disengage PTO before raising the implement to transport position.
5. When raising the implement be sure the PTO driveline does not hit either the
implement or the tractor.
6. During transport the implement should not be lifted over 14” to 16” from the ground.
Fig. 14
Raise the machine 14" to 16"
from the ground during transport.
14"-16"
OPERATION
28
FRONTIER
AERATOR-OVERSEEDER
OPERATOR’S MANUAL
TABLE 4 - BOLT AND NUT TORQUE SPECIFICATIONS
Metric (ISO)
treaded
bolts head
marking
Bolt
size
mm
Thread
mm
Class 5.8
N.m
ft-lb
Class 8.8
N.m
Class 10.9
ft-lb
N.m
Inch (SAE)
treaded
bolts head
marking
Bolt
size
inch
ft-lb
4
3
6
4
9
7
M5
0.8
1/4”
6
4
10
7
15
11
M6
1
1/4”
16
12
25
18
36
27
M8
1.25
5/16”
17
13
26
19
38
28
M8
1
5/16”
31
23
48
35
71
52
M10
1.5
3/8”
33
24
51
38
75
55
M10
1.25
3/8”
35
26
53
39
78
58
M10
1
7/16”
54
40
84
62
123
91
M12
1.75
7/16”
56
41
87
64
128
94
M12
1.5
1/2”
59
44
90
66
133
98
M12
1.25
1/2”
84
62
133
98
195
144 9/16”
M14
2
94
69
142
105
209
154 9/16”
M14
1.5
131
97
206
152
302
223
M16
2
5/8”
141
104
218
161
320
236
M16
1.5
5/8”
181
133
295
218
421
310
M18
2.5
3/4”
196
145
311
229
443
327
M18
2
3/4”
203
150
327
241
465
343
M18
1.5
7/8”
256
189
415
306
592
437
M20
2.5
7/8”
288
212
454
335
646
476
M20
1.5
1”
344
254
567
418
807
595
M22
2.5
1”
381
281
613
452
873
644 1-1/8”
M22
1.5
444
327
714
526
1,017
750 1-1/8”
M24
3
488
360
769
567
1,095
808 1-1/4”
M24
2
656
484
1,050
774
1,496 1,103 1-1/4”
M27
3
719
530
1,119
825
1,594 1,176 1-3/8”
M27
2
906
668
1,420 1,047 2,033 1,499 1-3/8”
M30
3.5
1,000
738
1,600 1,180 2,250 1,659 1-1/2”
M30
2
1,534 1,131 2,482 1,830 3,535 2,607 1-1/2”
M36
4
When using lock washers with nuts, increase torque values by 5%.
Grade 2
Grade 5
Grade 8
Thread
inch
tpi
N.m
ft-lb
N.m
ft-lb
N.m
ft-lb
20
28
18
24
16
24
14
20
13
20
12
18
11
18
10
16
9
14
8
12
7
12
7
12
6
12
6
12
7
8
15
17
27
31
43
48
66
75
95
106
132
149
233
261
226
249
339
371
480
539
677
750
888
1,011
1,179
1,326
5
6
11
13
20
23
32
36
48
55
70
79
97
110
172
192
167
184
250
273
354
397
500
553
655
746
869
978
11
13
24
26
42
47
67
75
102
115
147
164
203
230
361
403
582
642
873
955
1,077
1,208
1,519
1,682
1,992
2,268
2,643
2,974
8
10
17
19
31
35
49
55
75
85
109
121
150
170
266
297
430
473
644
704
794
891
1,120
1,241
1,469
1,673
1,949
2,194
16
19
33
37
59
67
95
106
144
163
208
232
287
325
509
569
822
906
1,232
1,348
1,746
1,958
2,463
2,728
3,230
3,677
4,286
4,823
12
14
25
27
44
49
70
78
106
120
154
171
212
240
376
420
606
668
909
995
1,288
1,445
1,817
2,012
2,382
2,712
3,161
3,557
TABLE 5 - AERATOR-OVERSEEDER - TECHNICAL FEATURES
Aerator-overseeder for tractors with PTO 540 rpm, cat. 1 three point hitch.
Model
HP
Working
width
Overall
width
Weight
lb.
Hopper
capacity
cu. ft.
#
#
Flanges Blades
Rotor
rpm
Chain
sprockets
Working
depth
Driveline
1 3/8”
slip clutch
Machine with straight blade aerating rotor.
TR2058
25-45
58”
66”
998
5.3
18
52
231
11-14
7.2”
ASAE 3rd cat.
66”
992
5.3
7
28
231
11-14
7.2”
ASAE 3rd cat.
Machine with tilling rotor.
TR2058
OPERATION
25-45
58”
29
FRONTIER
AERATOR-OVERSEEDER
OPERATOR’S MANUAL
4 - MAINTENANCE
DANGER: Stop engine, lock parking brake and remove key before performing any
service or maintenance.
Never rely on the tractor lift system. Install blocks or stands under the implement
deck to prevent it from falling.
Always use personal protection devices, such as glasses or gloves when
performing maintenance.
Keep fingers out of slots to prevent injury.
4.01 - Maintenance Safety
1. Good maintenance is your responsibility.
2. Keep service area clean and dry. Be sure electrical outlets and tools are properly
grounded. Use adequate light for the job at hand.
3. Make sure there is plenty of ventilation. Never operate the engine of the towing
vehicle in a closed building. The exhaust fumes may cause asphyxiation.
4. Make no repair or adjustments with the tractor engine running. Before working on
the machine, disengage the PTO, shut off the engine, set the brakes, and remove
the ignition key.
5. Be certain all moving parts on attachment have come to a complete stop before
attempting to perform maintenance.
6. Never work under equipment unless it is blocked securely.
7. Never trust the tractor hydraulics alone to support the machine. Before repairing or
adjusting, the machine should be lowered and allowed to rest on the supplied stand.
8. Always use personal protection devices such as eye, hand and hearing protectors,
when performing any service or maintenance.
9. Frequently check blades. They should be sharp, free of nicks and cracks and
securely fastened.
10. Periodically tighten all bolts, nuts and screws and check that all cotter pins are
properly installed to ensure unit is in a safe condition.
11. When completing a maintenance or service function, make sure all safety shields
and devices are installed before placing unit in service.
12. Do not attempt to mount a tire unless you have the proper equipment and
experience to do the job.
13. Inflating or servicing tires can be dangerous. Whenever possible, trained personnel
should be called to service and/or mount tires.
14. After servicing, be sure all tools, parts and service equipment are removed.
MAINTENANCE
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OPERATOR’S MANUAL
15. Never replace hex bolts with less than grade five bolts unless otherwise specified,
i.e. shear bolts10.
16. When the machine is not hooked to the tractor, the driveline must be stored in a safe
place.
17. Where replacement parts are necessary for periodic maintenance and servicing,
genuine replacement parts must be used to restore your equipment to original
specifications. The company will not claim responsibility for use of unapproved parts
and/or accessories and other damages as a result of their use.
18. Unauthorized modifications to the machine may impair the function and/or safety of
the machine and reduce its life. If equipment has been altered in any way from
original design, the manufacturer does not accept any liability for injury or warranty.
4.02 - Service
1
2
Fig. 15
1. access panel to chain
2. chain case
3. rotor support grease fitting
4. stand
3
4
The following illustrations show lubrication points. The frequency of lubrication given is
based on normal operating conditions. Severe or unusual conditions may require more
frequent lubrication.
Use a good quality SAE multipurpose type grease for all locations shown. Be sure to
clean fittings thoroughly before using grease gun. Immediately replace broken or
missing fittings.
Use 90 wt. or 140 wt. gear oil in gearbox.
Hourly or whenever an obstacle is hit:
1. Check machine condition, particularly the blades.
2. Replace any damaged or worn blades.
3. Remove any wrapping (stalks, weeds, trash, etc.) from rotor, especially from around
bearing supports on the rotor ends.
10
Refer to Table 4 - Torque Specifications, page 29.
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OPERATOR’S MANUAL
1
2
Fig. 16
1. chain case grease access plug
2. chain case
3. stand
4. side plate
3
4
Every 8 hours:
1. Grease the rotor support (see fig. 15) and the roller support (see fig. 17), the
driveline cross and bearings and the telescopic tubes. Apply two or three shots
of grease to the driveline cross and bearings and the telescoping shafts. Apply the
same amount to the rotor and roller bearings.
2. Gearbox oil level: Check gearbox oil level, it should be between 1/2 and 2/3 full. If
needed add either SAE 90 wt. or SAE 140 wt. gear oil.
1
2
Fig. 17
1. greasing the roller support
2. rear roller
3. tickler tines
4. roller adjustment turnbuckle
3
4
Whenever the hopper is used for fertilizer spreading it is extremely important to
carefully clean out the hopper and wash the machine with hot water. Do not
forget that fertilizer is highly corrosive and should be not left in the hopper any
longer than necessary.
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Every 25 hours:
Check hardware tightness; vibration can loosen bolts11. Check tightness of the
hardware periodically12.
Every 50 hours:
Check the blades for excessive wear or damage. Be sure the rotor turns freely. Inspect
all the drive chains and make sure they are well lubricated (see fig. 15 & 16).
After the first 200 hours:
Remove the chain case cover (being sure not to damage the gasket), clean the chain
sprockets with kerosene, replace the sprockets and reassemble using fresh GP grease
(approximately) 2.2 lb.
4.03 - Changing Rotors
The aerator-overseeder can use two different types of blades: A straight aerating blade
and a standard tilling blade. Each of the two types requires a different rotor.
1
2
3
Fig. 18
1. optional center tilling rotor
2. end flanges connected by 8 bolts
3. side support
It is always recommended to purchase the machine with both rotors in order to get the
most use out of the aerator-overseeder. Changing the rotor is a very simple operation.
Both types consist of two side supports and a center flanged rotor. The center flanged
rotor is either an aerating rotor or a tilling rotor. The two side supports (one left and one
right) are the same for whichever center rotor is being used. The center rotor is bolted to
the two side supports by 16 bolts (8 per side) (see fig. 18).
To change from one rotor to the other, unbolt these 16 bolts, remove the center rotor
and bolt the other rotor in place. An operation which is performed in just a few minutes
but gives great flexibility to the machine.
11
12
See Table 4, page 29.
See Table 4, page 29.
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4.04 - Blade Maintenance
WARNING: Avoid possible injury. Wear proper eye and hand protection when
servicing machine blades.
It is important to change blades after they have worn down 1-1¼” from their original
length. When replacing blades, it is best to replace them one at a time to maintain the
original scroll pattern. If, however, it becomes necessary to remove them all, it is
essential to maintain the scroll pattern of the blades (see fig. 19). To do this,
remove one blade and immediately replace it with a new one. Be sure the bolt head
(see #3, fig. 20) is touching the blade #4, while the washer #5 and nut #6 contact the
flange. Sometimes a locknut is used instead of a lockwasher and nut. Proceed until all
blades needed to be changed are changed.
After installing the new blades, tighten the nuts to their proper torque specifications.
Fig. 19
Scroll pattern on
aerating rotor.
To determine if a blade is right or left, do the following:
1. Hold the blade in the palm of the hand with the bend pointing upward and away from
you.
2. If the cutting edge points towards the right then the blade is right-handed.
3. The cutting edge pointing to the left indicates a left-handed blade.
NOTE: On the aerating rotor, all blades are the same. It is not necessary to
determine a left or right.
DANGER: Proper torque must be used when tightening the blade retaining bolt. If
these safety precautions are not followed, the blade could come off during
operation and be thrown hundreds of feet from the machine.
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OPERATOR’S MANUAL
1
6
1
6
2
2
3
5
3
5
4
4
Fig. 20 -The drawing on the left shows the tilling rotor while that on the
right shows the straight blade aerating rotor.
1. rotor
3. bolt
5. washer
2. flange
4. blade
6. nut
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OPERATOR’S MANUAL
5 - REPAIR PROCEDURES
CAUTION: All repair procedures must be done by authorized dealerships. It is not
recommended that untrained individuals perform any repair work. The following
operations are detailed for qualified personnel only.
5.01 - Gearbox
To remove the gearbox from the side shift frame proceed as follows:
1. Remove the front and the rear bolts holding the gearbox to the side shift frame.
2. Slide the side shift frame over until the gearbox is off the hexagonal shaft.
3. Whenever the bearings are removed from the gearbox, all oil seals should be
replaced to assure no leaks when the box is reassembled.
4. To avoid damage to components, bearings should always be removed with bearing
pullers and pressed in when being replaced.
5. When reassembling the gearbox, ensure that there is a precise match between ring
and pinion gears.
5.02 - Chain Case
To remove the chain do the following:
1. Unbolt chain case cover.
2. Remove the chain case cover taking care not to damage the gasket.
3. Release the automatic chain tensioner spring.
4. Remove the two snap rings holding the chain sprockets
5. Slip off both chain sprockets at the same time.
To replace the chain follow the procedure in reverse order, ensuring the gasket is not
damaged. If damaged it must be changed.
5.03 - Removing the Rotor
To remove the rotor proceed as follows (see fig. 18):
1. Unbolt the 16 bolts holding the center rotor to the right and left side supports.
2. Remove the rotor.
When replacing the rotor, do not force and take care not to damage the bearings and
seals in the supports.
REPAIR PROCEDURES
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OPERATOR’S MANUAL
5.04 - Suggested Spare Parts
It is suggested that the following spare parts be kept on hand at all times to prevent a
minor problem from delaying work:
Description
Aerating blades
Tilling Blade - Right
Tilling Blade - Left
Blade bolts
Nuts
Chains
Quantity
6
5
5
10
10
1 set
5.05 - Storage
After seasonal use it is important to perform the following for prolonged storage:
1. If the machine is not supplied with the optional gauge wheels or front roller, lower the
stand and pin in its lowest position (see fig. 13).
2. Wash the Green-Rite carefully, especially inside the hopper.
3. Inspect the Green-Rite and replace worn or damaged parts.
4. Tighten all hardware.
5. Grease all areas indicated under Maintenance13.
6. Touch up scratches by sanding the area and applying a light coat of primer and paint
to prevent rust from forming.
7. Cover the Green-Rite from the elements in order to have it in perfect condition for
the start of the next season.
8. Make sure all parked machines are on a hard, level surface, and engage all safety
devices.
9. Do not permit children to play on or around the stored unit.
WARNING: Be sure to store the implement on a hard level surface and away from
people especially children.
The machine demolition operations should be carried out in compliance with all federal,
state and local environment protection laws.
13
See Chapter 4 - Maintenance.
REPAIR PROCEDURES
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AERATOR-OVERSEEDER
OPERATOR’S MANUAL
6 - TROUBLESHOOTING
WARNING: Be sure tractor engine is off, parking brake is locked, and key is
removed before making any adjustments.
PROBLEM
POSSIBLE CAUSE
Machine makes
intermitting clicking
noise.
PTO vibrates.
Loose blade bolts.
Gearbox gears or chain
damaged.
Worn cross & bearings.
Driveline at too great of
an angle.
Wrappings around rotor
shaft.
Oil level low.
Gearbox noise is
noticeable and
constant.
Blades stop turning
but PTO, gearbox
and hexshaft are.
PTO turning but not
blades.
Machine skips and
leaves crop
residue.
Worn Gears.
Broken drive chain.
Slip clutch slipping.
SOLUTION
Tighten blade bolts.
Replace damaged gears or chain.
Replace worn cross & bearings.
Machine working too high and the
driveline at too much of an angle.
Check for wrappings on rotor shaft.
This can be normal on a new machine
until it has been run in. Check oil level.
Replace worn gears.
Remove chain case and check for
broken connector link.
Adjust slip clutch or replace discs.
Worn blades.
Check for badly worn blades. If worn
down to tip, overlap will be lost and
cutting will deteriorate. Replace worn
blades.
Slip clutch slipping.
If slip clutch is used, check performance.
Ground speed too fast. Reduce ground speed.
Machine smells hot Wrappings around
Can be caused by friction from trash
or begins to smoke. rotor.
heavily wrapped around bearing
protection covers. Remove trash
immediately, as damage to bearing could
result.
Gearbox oil low.
Check oil level in gearbox and lubricant
on chain.
Slip clutch slipping.
Check slip clutch if fitted. Adjust if
needed.
Oil leak from
Oil seal damaged.
Replace oil seal.
gearbox.
Gearbox overfilled.
Remove excess oil.
TROUBLESHOOTING
38
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AERATOR-OVERSEEDER
PROBLEM
OPERATOR’S MANUAL
POSSIBLE CAUSE
Uneven seed
distribution.
Seed cups might be
obstructed.
Ground speed too fast.
Roller not clean.
Actual seeding rate Seed cups might be
is different than
obstructed.
desired.
Seed cup sprocket Seed cups might be
locked up or twisted obstructed.
seed cup drive
shaft.
Roller not turning
Roller not clean.
freely.
TROUBLESHOOTING
SOLUTION
Check for plugging in seed cup.
Reduce ground speed.
Check for trash or mud buildup on roller.
Seed treatment will affect seeding rate if
the chemicals build up in seed cup.
Unless cleaned regularly, this buildup
can cause breakage of the seed cup
shaft.
Check for foreign matter lodged in seed
cup sprocket.
Check for trash or mud buildup on roller
end.
39
FRONTIER
AERATOR-OVERSEEDER
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7 - PRE-DELIVERY CHECKLIST
To the dealer: Inspect the machine thoroughly after assembly to assure it is
functioning properly before delivering it to the customer. The following checklist
is a reminder of points to cover. Check off each item as it is found satisfactory or
after proper adjustment is made.









Gearbox oil level.
Guards and shield properly fastened.
Lubrication of grease fittings.
All hardware properly tightened.
All decals properly located and readable (see fig. 2).
Blades properly installed, blade bolts and nuts tightened.
Overall condition (touch up scratches, clean and polish).
Test run, check for excessive vibration or overheating of bearings.
Operator’s Manual.
Review the Operator’s Manual with the customer. Explain the following:









Warranty.
Safe operation and service.
Correct machine installation and operation.
Daily and periodic lubrication, maintenance and inspections.
Troubleshooting.
Operational procedures and storage.
Parts and service.
Fill out the Pre-Delivery Checklist and on-line Warranty Registration form.
Give customer the Operator’s Manual and encourage the customer to read the
manual carefully.
IMPORTANT: The dealer must complete the Warranty Registration, located on the
Frontier website. Warranty claims will be denied if the Warranty Registration has
not been completed.
Model Number: __________
Serial Number: __________
Delivery Date: __________
Dealer’s Signature: __________
PRE-DELIVERY CHECKLIST
40
FRONTIER
Use only original spare parts
All rights reserved. It is unlawful to copy, reprint or use any of the information or details in this manual
without the expressed written permission of the Company. Technical information provided in this
manual is approximate, the Company reserves the right to modify or improve the models shown for
technical or commercial purposes. Pictures in this manual do not necessarily show the machine as
delivered.
Manual 5BP960374B
Date 08/07/2012
Frontier OM GRT-258 (US).lwp
Printed in the USA, August 31, 2012
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