Appliances

Appliances
Appliances
Outdoor Lighting
Outdoor lights provide beauty and security for your home. When shopping,
you’ll find all types of outdoor lights, from low-voltage pathway lights to
motion-detector floodlights. You may also see lights that are powered by small
photovoltaic (PV) modules. Lights so equipped convert sunlight into electricity.
Try using these lights around areas not close to a power supply line.
Save on Outdoor Lighting
◆
Use outdoor lights that automatically turn off during the day by
using a photocell unit or a timer.
◆
Install compact fluorescent bulbs outdoors. The long life of such
bulbs make them an ideal choice. Make sure that you purchase lamps
with cold-weather ballasts. Choose ENERGY STAR® light bulbs and
fixtures.
Torchiere
Lamps
Halogen bulbs, such as those commonly
used in torchiere lamps, can create fire
hazards due to excessive heat buildup.
For a safer and more energy efficient
alternative, use compact fluorescent
lamps in your torchiere light fixtures.
Appliances add significantly to your energy bill — about 20%. The biggest
energy consumers are refrigerators, air conditioners, clothes washers, and
clothes dryers.
When you shop for appliances, remember that each appliance costs you in two
ways: first, when you first buy it, and later, when you use it. Consider the purchase price the “down payment.” The energy of operating an appliance is what
you’ll pay for the next 10 or 20 years, depending on the appliance. Refrigerators
typically last 15 to 20 years, room air conditioners and dishwashers about 10
years and clothes washers about 14 years.
Always look for the ENERGY STAR® label when you shop. Such appliances have
been identified by federal agencies as being the most energy efficient products
in their classes. These appliances typically exceed minimum federal standards by
a wide margin.
The federal government requires that most appliances display a yellow and
black ENERGYGUIDE label to help you comparison shop. ENERGYGUIDE labels will
not tell you which appliance is the most efficient, but they will tell you how
much it costs to run the appliance per year. You can then compare operating
costs among models yourself.
A simple way to save energy costs for “instant-on” appliances, such as televisions, is to unplug them when you won’t be using them for a few days. Such
appliances draw small amounts of electricity even when they’re turned off.
Dishwashers
The major cost of running
a dishwasher is
heating the water.
ENERGYGUIDE labels show
you how much power is
needed to heat the water
based on the annual cost
of gas and electric water
heating.
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What’s a Kilowatt?
A kilowatt is a unit of electricity equal to 1,000
watts. A kilowatt-hour (kWh) is the measure of
electricity over time. For example, cooking a pot
of rice for an hour consumes 1,000 watt-hours,
or 1 kWh, of electricity.
Your energy bill indicates how many kilowatthours you use, along with the cost per kWh.
A single kWh typically costs about 12 cents. A
typical New Hampshire household uses about
6,750 kWh annually, resulting in a cost of about
$810 each year.
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Dishwasher Tips
◆
◆
Check the manufacturer’s recommendations for water temperature.
Some dishwashers use internal heating elements so that you can
lower the thermostat on your water heater to 120°F.
◆
Scrape off large food pieces and bones, rather than rinsing. Don’t
bother to soak or pre-wash dishes unless food is burned or dried.
◆
Wash dishes when your dishwasher is full but not over-loaded.
◆
Avoid using “rinse and hold” for just a few dishes. This feature uses
three to seven gallons of hot water.
◆
Use the “air dry” option on your dishwasher. If your dishwasher
doesn’t have an automatic air-dry switch, turn off the control knob
after the final rinse and prop the door open slightly.
How to Read the
ENERGYGUIDE Label
Based on standard U.S. Government tests
Refrigerator-Freezer
With Automatic Defrost
With Side-Mounted Freezer
Without Through -the-Door-Ice Service
XYZ Corporation
Model ABC-W
Capacity: 23 Cubic Feet
Compare the Energy Use of this Refrigerator
with Others before You Buy.
This Model Uses
776 kWh/year
Energy Use (kWh/year) range of all similar models
Uses Least
Uses Most
Energy
Energy
742
836
When shopping for a
new appliance, the
ENERGYGUIDE label
gives you two important
pieces of information
you can use for comparison of different brands
and models:
◆
Estimated energy
consumption on a
scale showing a range
for similar models.
◆
Estimated yearly
operating cost based
on the national average cost of electricity.
kWh/year (kilowatt-hours per year) is a measure of energy (electricity) use.
Your utility company uses it to compute your bill. Only models with 22.5 to 24.4
cubic feet and the above features are used in this scale.
Refrigerators using more energy cost more to operate.
This model's estimated yearly operating cost is:
$68
Based on a 1995 U.S. Government national average cost of 8.4¢ per kWh for
electricity. Your actual operating cost will vary depending on your local utility rates
and your use of the product.
Important: Removal of this label before consumer purchase is a violation of Federal law (42 U.S.C. 8302).
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When shopping for a dishwasher, comparison shop by using the
ENERGYGUIDE labels. ENERGY STAR® dishwashers use less energy and
exceed minimum federal standards for energy consumption by at
least 13%.
Refrigerators
To determine the energy efficiency of a
refrigerator, check the ENERGYGUIDE label.
The smaller the number, the less it will cost
you to operate the appliance. And don’t
forget to shop for ENERGY STAR® refrigerators. You can save from $35 to $70 per year
over models built just 15 years ago. That
adds up to between $525 and $1,050 over a
typical refrigerator’s 15-year life.
Refrigerator Choices
Refrigerators with the freezer on top are
more efficient than those with the freezer
on the side.
Refrigerator/Freezer Tips
◆
Purchase a refrigerator with automatic moisture control. Such products are designed to prevent
moisture from collecting on the cabinet exterior without adding a
heater. (This is not the same thing as an “anti-sweat” heater. Models
with such heaters consume five to ten percent more energy than
models without a heater.)
◆
Keep your refrigerator between 37°F and 40°F, not colder. Freezers
should be kept at 5°F; long-term storage freezer areas should be kept
at 0°F.
◆
Check the temperature in your refrigerator by placing an appliance
thermometer in a glass of water and leaving it in the center of your
refrigerator for 24 hours. To check the freezer temperature, place a
thermometer between frozen packages for 24 hours.
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◆
◆
◆
Keep the kitchen faucet lever in the cold position when using small
amounts of water. Keeping it in the hot position uses energy to heat
the water even though it might not reach the faucet.
◆
Clean range-top burners and reflectors regularly. They will reflect
heat better and save energy.
◆
Use a cover when boiling water; the water boils faster.
◆
Match the size of a pot or pan to the heating element.
◆
With electric stoves, turn off the burners a few minutes before cooking is complete. The heating element stays hot long enough to finish
cooking without using extra energy. You can use this trick with electric
ovens as well.
◆
For small meals, use electric skillets or toaster ovens rather than a
full-sized oven or stove. Toaster ovens use a third of the energy used
to power a full-sized oven.
◆
Place the refrigerator and freezer away from heat-producing appliances such as stoves and ovens. Keep the refrigerator out of direct
sunlight. Use your refrigerator’s efficiency setting (if it has one) to
reduce the number of hours it needs to run.
In the summer, cook outdoors or prepare cold meals to avoid
heating up the kitchen and adding moisture to the air.
◆
Use pressure cookers and microwave ovens for even more savings.
Both appliances reduce cooking times. Microwaves use less energy
and cook food in about one-fourth the time of a conventional oven.
Clean coils will reduce your refrigerator’s run time. Vacuum condenser coils yearly (unless you have a no-clean-condenser model).
◆
Consider purchasing dual-purpose or convection microwave ovens
(ones that both bake and microwave) or flashbake ovens.
Comparison shop with the ENERGYGUIDE label and buy ENERGY STAR®
products.
◆
Look for a gas oven or range with an automatic electronic ignition
system. Such systems save gas because they don’t use a pilot light.
◆
Check for blue flames on your gas appliances. Yellow flames indicate
that the gas is burning inefficiently. If you see yellow flames, contact
the manufacturer or your local gas utility for assistance.
Keep refrigerators and freezers full but not overcrowded. Arrange the
contents in a way that allows air to circulate.
Check that your refrigerator door is airtight. Test the door seal by
closing a dollar bill halfway in the door. If you can pull out the bill
easily, you may need to adjust the latch or replace the seal.
Avoid opening the refrigerator and freezer doors unnecessarily.
◆
Cover foods and liquids stored in the refrigerator. Uncovered foods
add moisture and make the refrigerator compressor work harder.
◆
If you’re going to be away for more than a week, remove perishable
items and turn up the thermostat a few degrees.
◆
◆
◆
Energy Saving Kitchen Tips
◆
◆
◆
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With manual-defrost units, regularly defrost the refrigerator and
freezer. Frost buildup burns energy. Keep frost to less than a quarter
inch.
Don’t put foil on refrigerator shelves. It blocks airflow and makes it
harder to cool food. Likewise, don’t put paper bags or anything else
behind the refrigerator where they can block airflow.
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How Much Electricity Do Appliances Use?
This chart shows the amount of energy used and the amount it costs to run
various appliances over the course of a year (based on national averages). As
shown, a refrigerator uses nearly five times the electricity of the average
television.
Cost/year 0
$42
$83
$125
$166
500
1000
1500
2000
Laundry Tips
◆
Wash clothes in cold water using cold water detergent when possible.
◆
Don’t use too much detergent. Too many suds require extra rinsing.
◆
Do two or more loads in a row.
◆
Consider drying clothes on an outside line.
◆
Fully load your washer and dryer. If you are washing a small load, set
the water level appropriately.
◆
Dry towels and heavy items separately from lighter-weight clothing.
◆
Inspect your dryer vent periodically to make sure it’s not blocked with
lint. This saves energy and may prevent a fire. Use rigid venting
material rather than plastic so that the venting material won’t collapse
and block airflow.
◆
Improve air circulation by
cleaning your dryer’s lint
filter after every load.
◆
Avoid over drying clothes.
Use your machine’s moisture
sensor (if it has one).
◆
Use your machine’s cooldown cycle to allow clothes to
dry using residual heat in the
dryer.
◆
Comparison shop with the
ENERGYGUIDE label and buy
ENERGY STAR® products.
$208
Electric blanket
Home computer
Television
Microwave oven
Dehumidifier
Well pump
Aquarium/terrarium
Dishwasher
Electric stove
Freezer
Waterbed heater
Clothes dryer
Washing machine
Refrigerator
Pool pump
Spa (pump and heater)
kWh/year 0
When shopping for a new dryer, look for one with a moisture sensor that
automatically shuts off the machine when clothes are dry. This not only saves
money, but also saves wear on your clothing due to over drying.
2500
Laundry
Just like dishwashers, most of the energy costs of washing your clothes — at
least 80% — goes to heating the water. You can reduce the cost of washing
clothes by using less water and by using cooler water. The warm or cold setting
on your washer will generally do a good job. Oily stains may require a hot
setting. Switching from hot to warm water can cut your laundry energy use in
half.
When you shop for a new clothes washer, always look for an ENERGY STAR®
machine. These machines may be more expensive, but they use about a third of
the energy and less water than typical machines. In addition, ENERGY STAR®
washers save money when you dry because they remove more water during the
spin cycle.
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Home Office and Entertainment
With more people working and playing at home, it’s no surprise that there is an
increase in the energy use from home offices and entertainment systems. One of
the simplest things you can do to reduce energy use is to turn off equipment
when it’s not in use. Most “instant-on” items such as televisions and VCRs draw
power even when they’re not in use.
Saving Energy with Other Appliances
Dehumidifiers — A dehumidifier can use as much energy as an air conditioner.
To reduce your reliance on a dehumidifier, reduce moisture in other ways:
◆
Set the unit to its lowest possible setting.
◆
Use the thermostat on your dehumidifier so it will cycle on and off
as needed.
◆
Keep the dehumidifier away from your air conditioner and moistureproducing appliances such as coffee pots, aquariums and vaporizers.
◆
If you need to run a dehumidifier and have an electric hot water tank,
then consider installing a heat pump hot water heater.
◆
Comparison shop with the ENERGYGUIDE label and buy ENERGY STAR®
products.
Other helpful tips include:
◆
◆
◆
◆
◆
◆
◆
Turn off your computer and printer when they won’t be used for
an hour or more.
Use the “sleep” function on computer equipment. This feature can
save up to 50% of the energy used by computer CPUs and 80% used
by monitors. To maximize energy savings, shorten the setting on
your computer’s sleep cycle and your monitor’s “power down”
function.
Turn off your monitor when it won’t be used for a few minutes or
more. (Your monitor can be turned back on quickly, unlike your
computer.)
Waterbeds — An electric waterbed heater can use as much energy as a water
heater or refrigerator, and typically costs from $50 to $240 to run per year. To
save energy:
Don’t send a fax transmission sheet with every transmission. Rather,
use stick-on labels on the first page of fax messages.
◆
Insulate yourself from the bed by placing thick foam padding
between you and the cool surface of the bed.
Buy a copier based on your needs. A mid-volume copier uses 70%
more energy than a low-volume model.
◆
Try using a timer to turn on the heater a few hours before you retire
and turn it off three or four hours before you wake up.
◆
Use heavy mattress covers and insulate the bottom and sides of the
bed with rigid foam insulation to keep the heat in the bed, rather
than in the room.
◆
Cover the waterbed daily with a thick comforter or quilt.
Run copies in batches and use duplexing when possible.
Look for ENERGY STAR® products when making purchases.
Well Pumps — Well pumps cost from $50 to $80 to run annually. To save
energy costs, reduce your water use and have the pump checked by a professional if you suspect a leak or malfunctioning pressure switch (which can cause
the pump to run too often).
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Pool Pumps — A pool pump costs between $50 and $300 to run per year. Use a
timer to limit the pump’s use. Running the pump eight hours a day works well
with most filtering systems. Save additional money by turning off the pool
heater when you’ll be away for a few days.
Spas and Hot Tubs — Spas and hot tubs use about $150 to $600 in energy
yearly. To save energy:
◆
Keep the spa or tub covered with a tight fitting insulated cover when
not in use.
◆
Insulate the sides and bottom of your unit when it’s installed.
◆
Try lowering the water temperature to 60-80° F when you won’t be
using it for more than a day.
◆
Turn off the water heater when you’re away on vacation.
Auto Block Heaters — An auto block heater can cost $15 to $100 to run per
year. To reduce energy costs:
◆
Use the heater only one hour before you start the car.
◆
Keep antifreeze fresh to avoid engine block freezing.
◆
With diesel engines, try installing a heavy-duty plug-in appliance
timer to run the heater for about an hour before you need to start
the car.
Space Heaters — A space heater can cost you up to $70 per month to run if
it’s used 12 hours a day. Your best bet is to use it only when adding heat for a
special purpose. Radiant (quartz) heaters are better at heating people than space
and are less expensive to operate. Keep the thermostat at the lowest setting that
will keep you comfortable.
For More Information
NHSaves
Your electric company is part of NHSaves, the statewide energy efficiency
initiative.
NHSaves is about people in New Hampshire doing the right thing — working
together to save energy, reduce costs, and protect the environment. The mission
of NHSaves is to advance the efficient use of energy, while caring for the
environment and promoting economic development in New Hampshire.
NHSaves programs include home audits and incentives to make your home
more energy efficient, rebates on ENERGY STAR® lighting and appliances, and
assistance in building a very efficient new home.
For more information about all NHSaves programs, go to www.nhsaves.com,
call 1-866-266-2420, or contact your electric company directly.
Your New Hampshire Utilities
Connecticut Valley Electric Company
800-649-2877
www.cvps.com/subs/cvec/cvec.html
Granite State Electric Company
800-322-3223
www.granitestateelectric.com
New Hampshire Electric Cooperative
800-478-4328
www.nhec.com
Public Service of New Hampshire
800-662-7764
www.psnh.com
Unitil
Capital Distict 1-800-852-3339
Seacoast District 1-800-582-7276
www.unitil.com
Furnace Fans — If you heat with gas or oil, a furnace fan costs $25 to $200 to
run yearly. An improperly set fan thermostat can cause cold air to blow out of
warm air registers after the furnace turns off, or it may cause the fan to turn off
when the furnace is running. Switching a furnace fan from continuous circulation to thermostat-controlled could save you up to $100 per year. Contact a
professional for assistance.
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