MDB / ICP - CCV Group

MDB / ICP - CCV Group
Multi-Drop Bus /
Internal Communication Protocol
MDB / ICP
Supported by the Technical Members of:
NAMA
EVA
EVMMA
National Automatic Merchandising Association
European Vending Association
European Vending Machine Manufacturers Association
Version 4.2
February, 2011
National Automatic Merchandising Association
20 N. Wacker Drive, Suite 3500
Chicago, Illinois 60606-3120 USA
312-346-0370 FAX 312-704-4140
www.vending.org
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Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
Table of Contents
Revisions
Introduction
Section 1
General Information
1. Introduction
2. Operational and Application Notes
3. Levels and Options
Section 2
Communication Format
1. Byte Format
2. Block Format
3. Peripheral Addresses
4. Software Operational Rules
5. Typical Session Examples
6. File Transport Layer
Section 3
Bus Timing
1. Timing Definitions
2. Timing Specifications
3. Timing Diagram
Section 4
Hardware Specification
1. Bus Power Supply Definition
2. Bus Transmitter/Receiver Specification
3. Connector Specification
4. Example Schematic
Section 5
Coin Acceptor/Changer
VMC/Peripheral Communication Specifications
1. Introductions
2. VMC Commands
3. VMC Command Format
4. Changer Non-Response Time
5. Changer Power Requirements
6. Coin Acceptor/Changer Examples
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Section 6
Bill Validator
VMC/Peripheral Communication Specifications
1. Introductions
2. VMC Commands
3. VMC Command Format
4. Bill Validator Non-Response Tome
5. Bill Validator Power Requirements
6. Bill Validator / Recycler Examples
Section 7
Cashless Device(s)
VMC/Peripheral Communication Specifications
1. Introduction
2. State Definitions
3. Command Protocol
4. Cashless Device Command Response Formats
5. Cashless Device Non-Response Time
6. Cashless Device Power Requirements
7. Example Vend Sessions
Section 8
Communications Gateway
VMC/Peripheral Communication Specifications
1. Introduction
2. VMC Commands
3. Communications Gateway Command Format
4. Communications Gateway Non-Response Time
5. Communications Gateway Power Requirements
6. Communications Gateway Examples
Section 9
Universal Satellite Device
VMC/Peripheral Communication Specifications
1. Introduction
2. USD Summary
3. Command Protocol
4. USD Power Requirements
5. Examples - Mode 1 / 2 / 3 Sessions
6. Examples - Data Block Transfers
7. Examples - Communications
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Section 10
Coin Hopper or Tube – Dispenser
VMC/Peripheral Communication Specifications
1. Introduction
2. VMC Commands
3. VMC Command Format
4. Dispenser Non-Response Time
5. Dispenser Power Requirements
Appendix 1
Currency Codes
Appendix 2
Battery Operated Card Reader
Appendix 3
MDB Recommended “Best Practices”
MDB/ICP Version 4.2
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Revisions
MDB/ICP Version 4.2
February, 2011
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Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
Version 4.2
Version 4.1 of this specification is the sixth release of the international Multi-Drop Bus /
Internal Communication Protocol (MDB / ICP). This specification is the continued
effort put forth by technical members of NAMA and the EVA. The basis for this
specification is the Version 4.1 international Multi-Drop Bus / Internal
Communication Protocol (MDB / ICP) released in July, 2010.
There is just one major change within cashless device(s) section, related to cashless
devices commonly new in public (credit card) transactions. These devices, especially
contactless operated, need an uninterrupted transaction starting with the actual correct
vend price and therefore are not able to deliver a begin session in front of the
transaction. Previous work arounds have been
•
Always starting a begin session by cashless with “unknown credit”, which of
course interferes with cash payment (normally a VMC would disable
coin/bill acceptance, while a session is active)
•
Forcing the customer to hold the payment media twice to the cashless
device, once to start the session and second after pressing the selection to
do the transaction.
The new modification allows such cashless devices, to identify themselves with an
option bit, telling the VMC, that they are capable of accepting vend request, negative
vend request and, if possible, revalue request, while in the enabled state as well as in
the idle state.
If this option bit is set, a VMC will produce a vend request to the cashless whenever a
selection is pressed and not sufficient cash credit is available. The cashless will
proceed with this request like in the idle state. If in between, the customer will not
present a valid cashless payment media and instead insert cash, the VMC will cancel
the vend request with a vend cancel command and after this is accepted, a session
complete to return to the enabled state.
Section 1 – General Information
Section 1.3.3
• Added b5, “always idle session” option
Section 7 – Cashless Device(s)
Section 7.2.3
• Added the “always idle session” option
Section 7.3
• Added the “always idle session” option
Section 7.4.4
MDB/ICP Version 4.2
February, 2011
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• Added b5, “always idle session” option in Ident response
Section 7.7
• Added example #11, vend session (always idle session option set)
• Added example #12, vend session cancelled (always idle session option
set)
• Added example #13, vend session timeout (always idle session option set)
Version 4.1
Version 4.1 of this specification is the fifth release of the international Multi-Drop Bus /
Internal Communication Protocol (MDB / ICP). This specification is the continued
effort put forth by technical members of NAMA and the EVA. The basis for this
specification is the Version 4.0 international Multi-Drop Bus / Internal
Communication Protocol (MDB / ICP) released in April, 2009.
Of special note are the two major changes that were made to the specification:
•
Changed the address of the second Coin Hopper / Tube Dispenser device
peripheral in Section 10 from 68H to 70H.
•
Added the Age Verification Device peripheral (address 68H) in Section 11.
The following lists the primary revisions to the Version 4.1 of the MDB / ICP.
Section 2 – Communication Format
Section 2.3
• Changed the address for the second Coin Hopper or Tube – Dispenser to
01110xxxB (70H).
•
Added address 01101xxxB (68H) for the Age Verification Device.
Section 5 – Coin Changer
•
Corrected Page 5.14:
Expansion command send diagnostic status (0F 05) response data:
16 bytes: Z1-Z16 changed to 2 bytes: Z1-Z2
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Section 6 – Bill Validator / Recycler
•
Corrected Page 6.6:
Notes: 1. Dispenser setup (3703) command replaced by recycler
enabled (3704).
•
Corrected Page 6.13:
Under VMC Data: 19 bytes: Y1- Y19 replaced by Y1- Y18.
Y3-Y19 replaced by Y3 – Y18 = 16 bytes
•
Corrected Page 6.14:
Y19 replaced by Y18
•
Page 6.21, added after Expansion/ID:
FEATURE ENABLE  ACK
Section 10 – Coin Hopper or Tube - Dispenser
Section 10.1, 10.2, 10.3
• Changed second device address to 01110xxxB (70H).
Section 11 – Age Verification Device
• Added entire section.
MDB/ICP Version 4.2
February, 2011
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Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
Version 4.0
Version 4.0 of this specification is the fourth release of the international Multi-Drop Bus
/ Internal Communication Protocol (MDB / ICP). This specification is the continued
effort put forth by technical members of NAMA and the EVA. The basis for this
specification is the Version 3.0 international Multi-Drop Bus / Internal
Communication Protocol (MDB / ICP) released on March 26, 2003.
Of special note are the three major changes that were made to the specification:
•
•
•
Added the Bill Recycler command set to the Bill Validator / Recycler device
peripheral in Section 6.
Added a second address to the Coin Hopper / Tube Dispenser device
peripheral in Section 10.
Added the MDB Recommended “Best Practices” as Appendix 3.
The following lists the primary revisions to the Version 4.0 of the MDB / ICP.
Section 2 – Communication Format
Section 2.3
• Added address 01101xxxB (68H) for the second Coin Hopper or Tube –
Dispenser.
Section 5 – Coin Acceptor / Changer
Section 5.3
• Added information regarding “Just Reset”.
• Corrected typo for POLL command to 08h.
• Added “Type activity” definitions in POLL Status section.
• Added Section 5.6 Coin Acceptor/Changer Examples.
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Section 6 – Bill Validator
Section 6.3
• Added information regarding “Just Reset”.
• Added “Type activity” definitions in POLL Status section
• Added all new command/responses for the Bill Recycler.
37H - 03H
37H - 04H
37H - 05H
37H - 06H
37H - 07H
37H - 08H
37H - 09H
37H - 0AH
•
RECYCLER SETUP
RECYCLER ENABLE
BILL DISPENSE STATUS
DISPENSE BILL
DISPENSE VALUE
PAYOUT STATUS
PAYOUT VALUE POLL
PAYOUT CANCEL
Added Section 5.6 Bill Validator/Recycler Examples.
Section 7 – Cashless
Section 7.3
• Added information regarding “allows selection without displaying balance”
in the Begin Sessions (03H) – Funds Available response.
Section 7.5
• Added information regarding using the Non-Response time for commands
that require data to be returned.
Section 7.7
• Added Controller “ACKs” to the end of the card reader session examples.
Section 8 – Communication Gateway
Section 8.2
• Added 1FH/02H TIME/DATE REQUEST to VMC Command table.
Section 8.3
• Added option bit b2 : Expansion Time/Date Request command
• Added 1FH/02H TIME/DATE REQUEST command/response.
Section 9 – Universal Satellite Device (USD)
Section 9.3
• Corrected errors in 07H - Z3 to Z33 designations.
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Section 10 – Coin Hopper or Tube - Dispenser
Section 10.1, 10.2, 10.3
• Added a second devices as address 11001xxxB (68H).
• Expanded on the "Coins Dispensed" section of the DISPENSER STATUS
response.
Appendix 3 – MDB Recommended “Best Practices”
• Added entire appendix.
MDB/ICP Version 4.2
February, 2011
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Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
Version 3.0
Version 3.0 of this specification is the third release of the international Multi-Drop Bus /
Internal Communication Protocol (MDB / ICP). This specification is the continued
effort put forth by technical members of NAMA and the EVA. The basis for this
specification is the Version 2.0 international Multi-Drop Bus / Internal
Communication Protocol (MDB / ICP) released on October 4, 2002.
Of special note are the four major changes that were made to the specification:
•
•
•
•
Added a second Cashless Device peripheral address in Section 7
Replaced the Audit Unit with the Communications Gateway in Section 8
Added the Coin Hopper or Tube – Dispenser in Section 10 (new)
Assigned 2 addresses to be used for experimental peripherals
The following lists the primary revisions to the Version 3.0 of the MDB / ICP.
Section 1 – General Information
Section 1.3
• Changed the Level and Options chart for the Communications Gateway
and the Coin Hopper or Tube – Dispenser
Section 2 – Communication Format
Section 2.2
• Added headers for the Response Codes
• Clarified non response processing for Master-to-Peripheral and Peripheralto-Master communication.
Section 2.3
• Updated the Peripheral Address table for the Communications Gateway,
Coin Hopper, Cashless Payment 1, and Experimental addresses
• Defined the use of the experimental addresses
Section 2.5
• Added new RESET examples F & G.
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Section 5 – Coin Acceptor / Changer
Section 5.2
• Renamed the STATUS command to SETUP command
• Added a new Possible Credited Coin Removal status code (0Dh)
Section 6 – Bill Validator
Section 6.2
• Renamed the STATUS command to SETUP command
• Added a new Possible Credited Bill Removal status code (0Ch)
Section 7 – Cashless Device(s)
(New Cashless Device #2)
Changed name from Cashless Payment to Cashless Device
Section 7.1
• Added information regarding the dual addresses for two Cashless Device
peripherals (10h and 60h)
Section 7.3
• Updated Command & Response table for dual addresses
Section 7.4
• Updated Command/Response Formats for dual addresses
Section 8 – Communications Gateway
(New Peripheral)
Sections 8.1 through 8.6
• Replaced former Audit Unit sections with new Communications Gateway
Sections
Section 9 –Universal Satellite Device (USDC)
Section 9.3
• Updated POLL table with proper number of bytes (FTL portion)
• Changed “numeric row and column” to “Item Number”
Section 10 – Coin Hopper or Tube – Dispenser
Sections 10.1 through 10.5
• Added complete new sections
MDB/ICP Version 4.2
February, 2011
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Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
Version 2.0
Version 2.0 of this specification is the second release of the international Multi-Drop
Bus / Internal Communication Protocol (MDB / ICP). This specification is the
culmination of effort put forth by technical members of NAMA, the EVMMA, and the
EVA. The basis for this specification is the Version 1.0 international Multi-Drop Bus /
Internal Communication Protocol (MDB / ICP) released on October 14, 1998.
The following lists the primary revisions to the Version 2.0 of the MDB / ICP
Introduction
Foreword
• Clarified that the Standard is a communication interface
Section 1 - General Information
Section 1.1
• Added 3rd paragraph noting interface specification vs. system specification
Section 1.3
• Added entire Levels and Options section
Section 2 - Communication Format
Section 2.1
• Changed Mode Bit Master-to-Peripheral text
Section 2.2
th
• Removed “command” from Master-to-Peripheral 4 paragraph
• Changed RET description
Section 2.3
• Defined address 0000xxxB (00H) for VMC
• Provided address information to show hexadecimal format
Section 2.4
• Changed format to 2.4.X sub-sections and added 2.4.4 on Levels
Section 2.5
• Changed RET description
Section 2.6
• Added complete File Transport Layer Section
Section 3 - Bus Timing
Section 3.1
• Added 2nd sentence to tsetup
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Section 4 - Hardware Specification
Section 4.3
• Modified complete section and added AMP as alternate source to Molex
Section 4.4
• Added pin numbers to schematic
Section 5 - Coin Acceptor / Changer
Section 5.1
•
Provided additional address information
Section 5.3
•
Added recommended RESET command sequence
•
Modified STATUS response to indicate Country / Currency Codes
•
Modified County / Currency Code to include ISO 4217 (Appendix A1)
•
Added Note 2 to DISPENSE (ODH) command
•
Added FTL POLLed responses
•
Added FTL “b3” option bit
•
Added FTL expansion commands
•
Cosmetic changes to all EXPANSION commands
•
Split ALTERNATIVE PAYOUT (0FH-02H) and PAYOUT STATUS (0FH03H) command into two separate commands (cosmetic change only)
•
Added text to ALTERNATIVE PAYOUT (0FH-02H) Y1 description
•
Added Note 3 to ALTERNATIVE PAYOUT STATUS (0FH-03H)
Section 5.5
•
Added “See Note 2 …” text
•
Added “If both peripherals supported” to Note
Section 6 - Bill Validator
Section 6.1
•
Provided additional address information
Section 6.3
•
Added recommended RESET command sequence
•
Modified STATUS response to indicate Country / Currency Codes
•
Modified County / Currency Code to include ISO 4217 (Appendix A1)
•
Added Level 2 information
•
Added Level 2 option bytes w/ new EXPANSION COMMANDs:
37H 01H
Level 2 Option Bit Enable
37H 02H
Level 2 Identification
•
Added FTL POLLed responses
•
Added FTL “b0” option bit
•
Added FTL expansion commands
•
Modified last sentence in SECURITY command to link to Z9-Z10
STATUS response
•
Cosmetic changes to all EXPANSION commands
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Section 6.5
• Added “If both peripherals supported” to Note
Section 7 - Cashless Payment
Section 7.2 & 7.2.7
•
Added Level 03 Negative Vend Request
Section 7.2.2
•
Changed 1st sentence to link Setup to 7.4.1 information
Section 7.2.4
•
Added Negative Vend and Revalue
Section 7.2.7
•
Added Level 03 Negative Vend Request
Section 7.3
•
Added bold text regarding defining currency at the beginning of a session
•
Broke uninterruptable table into VMC Command and Reader Response
•
Added Level 03 NEGATIVE VEND REQUEST to VMC Command table
•
Added Level 03 DATA ENTRY REQUEST to Reader Response table
•
Highlighted command out of sequence hard resets from VMC
•
Moved Vend Failure Sequence to 7.4.8
Section 7.3 – Table 1
•
Changed name to COMMANDS & RESPONSES
•
Changed Comment column to VMC / Reader Level Support
•
Linked all commands and responses to Levels
•
Added DATA ENTRY REQUEST POLLed responses
•
Added FTL POLLed responses
•
Added FTL commands
•
Added NEGATIVE VEND REQUEST responses
•
Defined 14H-1AH and 20H-FEH as “For Future Use”
Section 7.4.1
•
Cosmetically modified RESET command sequence
•
Added 32 bit SETUP MAX/MIN PRICE
•
Changed text following Reader response
Section 7.4.2
•
Clarified Level 01 information (reader has no revalue capability)
•
Added Level 03 information
•
Modified SETUP response to indicate Country / Currency Codes
•
Modified County / Currency Code to include ISO 4217 (Appendix A1)
•
Added bold Note in Z3-Z4 County / Currency Code
•
Added definition for Miscellaneous Options “b4 – b7”
Section 7.4.3
•
Added Level 03 SETUP if Expanded Currency Mode
Section 7.4.4
•
Added Level 03 BEGIN SESSION response if Expanded Currency Mode
•
Added Level 03 VEND APPROVED response if Expanded Currency Mode
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February, 2011
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•
•
•
Added Level 03 PERIPHERAL ID response if Expanded Currency Mode
Clarified COMMAND OUT OF SEQUENCE definition
Added Level 03 REVALUE LIMIT AMOUNT response if Expanded Currency
Mode
•
Added Level 03 DATA ENTRY REQUEST response if Data Entry Mode
•
Added Level 03 DATA ENTRY CANCEL response if Data Entry Mode
•
Added Level 03 FTL REQ TO RCV response if FTL Mode
•
Added Level 03 FTL RETRY / DENY response if FTL Mode
•
Added Level 03 FTL SEND BLOCK response if FTL Mode
•
Added Level 03 FTL OK TO SEND response if FTL Mode
•
Added Level 03 FTL REQ TO SEND response if FTL Mode
Section 7.4.5
•
Added Level 03 VEND command if Expanded Currency Mode
•
Added Level 03 VEND APPROVED response if Expanded Currency Mode
Section 7.4.8
•
Added Vend Failure (from 7.3)
Section 7.4.10
•
Added Level 03 VEND command if Expanded Currency Mode
Section 7.4.11 (new)
•
Added complete Level 03 NEGATIVE VEND Request section
Section 7.4.15 (new)
•
Added complete Level 03 DATA ENTRY Request section
Section 7.4.16
•
Added Level 03 REVALUE Request command if Expanded Currency Mode
Section 7.4.17
•
Added Level 03 REVALUE Limit Request command if Expanded Currency
Mode
Section 7.4.18
•
Added Level 03 EXPANSION REQUEST ID response if Expanded
Currency Mode
Section 7.4.22
•
Added Level 03 EXPANSION ENABLE OPTIONS command
Section 7.4.23
•
Added Level 03 FTL REQ TO RCV command & responses if FTL Mode
Section 7.4.24
•
Added Level 03 FTL RETRY / DENY command if FTL Mode
Section 7.4.25
•
Added Level 03 FTL SEND BLOCK command & response if FTL Mode
Section 7.4.26
•
Added Level 03 FTL OK TO SEND command if FTL Mode
Section 7.4.27
•
Added Level 03 FTL REQ TO SEND command & responses if FTL Mode
Section 7.7
•
Added Example Vend Session #10 (Single Negative Vend)
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Section 8 - Audit Device
Section 8.1
•
Provided additional address information
Section 8.3
•
Added FTL POLLed responses
•
Added FTL “b3” option bit
•
Added FTL expansion commands
Section 9 - Universal Satellite Device
Section 9.1
•
Provided additional address information
Section 9.3
•
Added FTL POLLed responses
•
Added FTL “b2” option bit
•
Added FTL expansion commands
Document Revision History
•
Deleted
Appendix 1 - Currency Codes
• Added entire section (based on ISO 4217)
Appendix 2 - Battery Operated Card Reader
• Added entire section
__________________________________________________________________
Version 1.0
Version 1.0 of this specification is the first release of the international Multi-Drop Bus /
Internal Communication Protocol (MDB / ICP). This specification is the culmination
of effort put forth by technical members of NAMA, the EVMMA, and the EVA. The
basis for this specification is the International Multi-Drop Bus Interface Standard
published by NAMA and the Internal Communication Protocol published by the
EVMMA. The NAMA document was originally introduced on October 19, 1993 and later
revised on August 19, 1994, June 20, 1997, and October 15, 1997. The EVMMA
document was adopted in 1994 and later revised in 1995.
The following lists the primary revisions to the original two documents which were
“combined” to create Version 1.0 of the MDB / ICP. In actuality, the NAMA MDB was
the basis of the MDB / ICP with the exception of Section 7 which came from the
EVMMA ICP. Besides typographical corrections and actual feature changes (below),
the entire document was edited to provide a more uniform appearance.
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Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
The following lists the primary revisions to the Version 1.0 of the MDB / ICP.
Hardware Specification - Section 4.3
•
Added drawings of the MDB male and female connectors.
Coin Acceptor / Changer - Section 5.3
•
Added Expansion commands:
0F-05 Send Current Diagnostic Status
0F-06 Send Controlled Manual Fill Report
0F-07 Send Controlled Manual Payout Report
Coin Acceptor / Changer - Section 5.5
•
Added coin acceptance and coin payout power requirements for coin
changers using motorized payout mechanisms.
•
Added note about simultaneously supplying bill validator transport power.
Bill Validator - Section 6.5
•
Added note about simultaneously supplying coin mechanism coin
acceptance power.
Cashless Payment - Section 7.2.6
•
Added Level 02 Revalue capability.
Cashless Payment - Section 7.3
•
Added Level 02 REVALUE REQUEST.
•
Removed NAK (NCK) response from uninterruptable state and
unexecutable command descriptions.
•
Eliminated the BUSY response to vend failure sequences.
•
Modified Table 1 per above.
Cashless Payment - Section 7.4.1
•
Further defined the initializing sequence following a RESET command.
Cashless Payment - Section 7.4.2
•
Further defined the Z7 Application Maximum Response Time.
•
Added Z8 – b3 for supporting the VEND/CASH SALE subcommand.
Cashless Payment - Section 7.4.4
•
Begin Session (03h) - Added Level 02 Reader Z4-Z10 data.
•
Malfunction/Error (0Ah) - Added error code 1100 (refund error).
•
Command Out of Sequence (0Bh) - Added Z2 data.
•
Eliminated Busy (0Ch) response.
•
Added Level 02 Reader Revalue Approved (0Dh) response.
•
Added Level 02 Reader Revalue Denied (0Eh) response.
•
Added Level 02 Reader Revalue Limit Amount (0Fh) response.
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•
•
Added Level 02 Reader User File Data (10h) response.
Added Level 02 Reader Time/Date Request (11h) response.
Cashless Payment - Section 7.4.10
•
Added Level 01 Reader CASH SALE (13h/05h) VMC command.
Cashless Payment - Section 7.4.14
•
Added Level 02 Reader Revalue - Request (15h/00h) VMC command.
Cashless Payment - Section 7.4.15
•
Added Level 02 Reader Revalue – Limit Request (15h/01h) VMC
command.
Cashless Payment - Section 7.4.17
•
Obsoleted EXPANSION – Read User File (17h/01h) VMC command.
Cashless Payment - Section 7.4.18
•
Obsoleted EXPANSION – Write User File (17h/02h) VMC command.
Cashless Payment - Section 7.4.19
•
Added Level 02 Reader Write Time/Date File (17h/03h) VMC command.
Cashless Payment - Section 7.5
•
Further defined the non-response time with the “Application Maximum
Response Time” Z7.
Cashless Payment - Section 7.6 (original ICP Spec)
•
Moved this section (ICP Payment Media Return Button) to Section 7.3.2.
Cashless Payment - Section 7.6 (MDB/ICP Spec)
•
Previously was the ICP 7.7 with no modifications.
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Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
Introduction
Foreword
This voluntary Standard contains basic requirements for a vending machine
communication interface within the limitations given below and in the General
Information section of this Standard. These requirements are based on sound
engineering principles, research, field experience, and an appreciation of the problems
of manufacture, installation, and use derived from consultation with and information
obtained from manufacturers, users, and others having specialized experience. These
requirements are subject to revision as further experience and investigation may show it
necessary or desired.
NAMA, in performing its functions in accordance with its objectives, does not assume or
undertake to discharge any responsibility of the manufacturer or any other party. The
opinions and findings of NAMA represent its professional judgment given with due
consideration to the necessary limitations of practical operation and state of the art at
the time the NAMA Standard is processed. NAMA shall not be responsible to anyone
for use or reliance upon Standard by anyone. NAMA shall not incur any obligation or
liability for damages, including consequential damages, arising out of or in connection
with the use, interpretation of, reliance upon this Standard.
Standard Review
A complete review of this standard shall be conducted at least every five years to keep
requirements consistent with technology. These reviews shall be conducted by
representatives from industry and user groups on the NAMA Vending Technology
Standards Committee at that time.
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Section 1
General Information
1.1 Introduction
This document defines a serial bus interface for electronically controlled vending
machines. The interface is a 9600 baud Master-Slave arrangement where all
peripherals are Slaves to a Master controller.
The intent of this document is to standardize vending machines that employ electronic
control (traditionally known as vending mechanism controller - VMC) so that all vending
and peripheral equipment communicates identically.
It should be noted that this document is a vending machine interface / protocol
specification and not a vending machine system specification. Each machine
manufacturer should provide a specification on the overall operation of the machine.
1.2 Operational and Application Notes
The serial bus, or Multi-Drop Bus (MDB) is configured for Master-Slave operation.
There is one Master with capability of communicating with up to thirty-two peripherals.
The Master is defined as the Vending Machine Controller (VMC).
Each peripheral is assigned a unique address and command set. The master will “poll”
the Bus for peripheral activity. That is, each peripheral is asked for activity, and
responds with either an acknowledge, negative acknowledgment, or specific data
dependent on its current activity. If a peripheral does not respond within a predefined
time, (t-non-response as defined in the peripheral sections) it is assumed that it is not
present on the Bus.
Bus interference, or “crashes” are prevented because each peripheral only responds
upon being polled. Since there is only one master, and all communication is initiated by
the Master, Bus “crashes” are easily precluded.
All peripherals will recognize a disable command, or commands, sent by the Master.
This allows for disabling of individual peripherals for various reasons, for example,
power management techniques.
Error checking and correction is accomplished by using checksums (CHK) and a
retransmit command.
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1.3 Levels and Options
Since the introduction of the earliest Multi-Drop Bus specification, functional levels and
operational options have been established for most of the peripherals on the MDB/ICP
interface. These have provided the capability for new features to be implemented as
new requirements and features were needed for the international vending industry.
1.3.1 Levels
Levels of peripheral functionality were established when a major change occurred in the
peripheral that added extended commands and responses. Due to potential conflicts
between a VMC level and a peripheral level, neither the VMC nor the peripheral should
issue a command or reply with a response that is not supported by the other device.
The VMC must initially determine (via the appropriate STATUS or SETUP command)
the level of a peripheral before determining which commands it can issue to that device.
A VMC must only send commands that are supported by the peripheral. For
example, a Level 3 command may only be issued to a Level 3 or higher peripheral and
must not be issued to a Level 1 or 2 peripheral.
The Cashless Payment and the Universal Satellite Device can also learn the respective
level of the VMC for that device. This information is sent via the SETUP command. It
is the responsibility of the peripheral to only send responses that are supported
by the VMC. For example, a Level 3 response may only be sent to a Level 3 or higher
VMC and must not be sent to a Level 1 or 2 VMC. Effectively, the VMC and peripheral
should support the highest common level.
For total compatibility, VMCs and peripherals should support all lower levels. For new
designs after July 2000, it is strongly recommended that VMCs and peripherals
must support all lower levels. Commercial or regional issues may cause machine or
peripheral manufacturers to implement only specific levels; however, this is a decision
(and risk) made by the machine or peripheral manufacturer.
1.3.2 Options
Options were established in the peripherals to provide various additional operational
features that may be required for specific vending applications. As the name implies,
these features are “above and beyond” the standard core of required functionality.
At power on and after a Bus Reset or a RESET command, all options are
disabled. During the initialization command sequences, the VMC determines the
optional features supported by the peripherals. The VMC will then enable the
features it is going to use. Until the feature is enabled, it is the responsibility of the
peripheral to ignore feature specific commands and not respond with feature specific
responses.
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1.3.3 Currently Established Levels and Options
The following table provides a brief description of each of the currently established
levels and options of the various MDB/ICP peripherals. Please refer to the specific
sections for each device for more detailed information.
Peripherals
Coin Changer
Bill Validator
Cashless
Device #1 & #2
Levels
Options
Description
1
n/a
2
none
Supports standard commands
3
below
Supports Expansion ID command and optionally
supports commands for features below
Never released
b0
Alternative Payout Method
b1
Extended Diagnostics
b2
Controlled Manual Fill and Payout
b3
File Transport Layer (FTL)
1
none
Supports standard commands and Expansion ID
command without options
2
below
Supports expansion ID command with options
and optionally supports commands for features
below
1
b0
File Transport Layer (FTL)
b1
Bill Recycling
below
Supports standard commands and Expansion ID
command. Readers do not have revaluation
capability
b0*
Reader is capable of restoring funds to card
b1*
Reader is multivend capable
b2*
Reader has a display available
b3*
Reader supports VEND-CASH SALE command
*bits in the SETUP-Config command
2
MDB/ICP Version 4.2
above
Supports Revalue, Time/Date, Read User File
(obsolete), and Write User File (obsolete)
commands
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Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
Peripherals
Levels
Options
3
above
&
below
Cashless
Device #1 & #2
(continued)
Description
Supports expansion ID command with options
and optionally supports commands for features
below (bits in the Level 3 Expansion ID
command)
b0**
File Transport Layer (FTL)
b1**
16 or 32 Bit Monetary Format
b2**
Multi Currency / Multi Lingual
b3**
Negative Vend
b4**
Data Entry
b5**
Always Idle Session
**bits in the Level 3 Expansion ID command
Communications
Gateway
Universal
Satellite Device
(USD)
Coin Hopper or
Tube - Dispenser
1
none
Obsolete (former Audit Unit)
2
none
Obsolete (former Audit Unit)
3
below
Supports Expansion ID command and
optionally supports commands for features
below
1
1
b0
File Transport Layer (FTL)
b1
Verbose Mode
b2
Expansion Time/Date
below
b0
USD is capable of storing and controlling
pricing
b1
USD is capable of selecting items to vend
b2
File Transport Layer (FTL)
below
b0
MDB/ICP Version 4.2
Supports all basic commands and optionally
supports commands for features below
Supports Expansion ID command and
optionally supports commands for features
below
File Transport Layer (FTL)
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Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
Section 2
Communication Format
2.1 Byte Format
Baud Rate:
9600 NRZ
Serial Bit Format:
1 Start Bit
8 Data Bits
1 Mode Bit
1 Stop Bit
11 Bits Total
LSB
Start
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
MSB
Mode Stop
Mode Bit: Master-to-Peripheral
The mode bit differentiates between ADDRESS bytes and DATA bytes. ADDRESS
bytes must be read by all peripherals, DATA bytes are only read by the peripheral that
has been addressed.
The mode bit is set (logic one) to indicate an ADDRESS byte, and not set (logic zero) to
indicate a DATA byte.
Mode Bit: Peripheral-to-Master
The mode bit must be set on the last byte sent when data is sent from a Slave to the
Master.
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2.2 Block Format
Master-to-Peripheral
A Communication Block for Master-to-Slave transmissions is defined as an Address
byte, optional data bytes, and a CHK byte. A block is limited to a maximum of thirty-six
(36) bytes.
The upper five bits (MSB) of the Address Byte will be used for addressing. That is, bits
7,6,5,4,3 of the previous byte description will be used for addressing.
The lower three bits (i.e. 2,1,0) of the Address Byte will contain peripheral specific
commands. This will allow up to eight instructions to be embedded in the first byte of a
block.
The VMC Master will respond to data from a peripheral with an Acknowledgment
(ACK), Negative Acknowledgment (NAK), or Retransmit (RET). These are defined later
in the document. The 5 mS time-out (t-response) described in the Bus Timing section
of this document is the equivalent of a NAK.
If the addressed Slave does not respond within the 5 mS time-out (silence), the Master
may repeat the same command, or send a different command, until it receives an
answer or until the end of the Non-Response time, as defined in the peripheral
sections. See Example in 2.5D. The RESET command should not be used as a
recovery method to a 5 mS time-out (t-response) until after exceeding the Nonresponse time. The VMC may send commands to any other peripheral during this time.
Peripheral-to-Master
A Communication Block for Slave-to-Master transmissions consists of either a data
block and a CHK byte, a acknowledgment (ACK), or a negative acknowledgment
(NAK).
The 5 mS time-out (t-response) described in the Bus Timing section of this document
is the equivalent of a NAK command. In addition, it is recommended that the peripheral
use this time-out as the NAK when a reception error of the ADDRESS byte occurs.
This will prevent several peripherals from trying to simultaneously respond with a NAK.
A data block consists of one or more data bytes followed by a CHK byte. The CHK byte
is defined later in this document.
The data block and CHK byte are limited to a maximum size of 36 bytes.
A CHK byte is not required when a peripheral responds with NAK or ACK byte. ACK
and NAK are defined later in this document.
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The peripheral must set the mode bit on the last byte sent to signify end of
transmission. This will be either the CHK byte of a block, a NAK byte, or an ACK byte.
The mode bit must not be set except for the conditions above.
A peripheral response of ACK or NAK signifies the end of the exchange.
When a peripheral responds with a data block, the VMC must respond with an ACK,
NAK or RET. If the Master cannot respond within the 5 mS time-out (t-response) the
peripheral must repeat the data block, or append it, at the next possible occasion (i.e. to
a later POLL). The same behavior is to apply when the Master responds with NAK.
CHK Byte
A CHK byte must be sent at the end of each block of data. The CHK byte is a
checksum calculated by adding the ADDRESS byte and all DATA bytes. The CHK byte
is not included in the summation. The carry bit for CHK additions is ignored since the
CHK byte is limited to eight bits.
The following example shows a CHK byte calculation for a possible response to a
STATUS command sent to a USA changer slave. See section 5 for details of byte
meanings.
02H
00H
01H
05H
02H
00H
07H
01H
02H
05H
14H
FFH
12CH
Changer feature level
Country code for USA
Country code for USA
Coin scaling factor
Decimal place
Coin type routing
Coin type routing
Coin type 0 has value of 1 scaling factor
Coin type 1 has value of 2 scaling factor
Coin type 2 has value of 5 scaling factor
Coin type 3 has value of 20 scaling factor
Coin type 4 is a token
Therefore the CHK byte would be equal to 2CH
A checksum will be performed on all full blocks of communication. A checksum will not
be performed on ACK, NAK, or RET bytes.
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Response Codes
The following codes are reserved for the ACK, NAK and RET bytes:
ACK
00H
(acknowledgment/checksum correct)
RET
AAH (Retransmit the previously sent data.
Only the VMC can transmit this byte)
NAK
FFH
(Negative acknowledge)
The VMC and peripheral must also recognize the 5
mS time-out (t-response) as a NAK.
NOTE:
To improve system reliability it is recommended that when receiving ACK,
NAK, or RET the receiving device counts the number of bits set in the
byte. This method will require at least two bit errors in the byte before the
byte can be mis-interpreted.
Bus Reset
The VMC may reset all peripherals by pulling the transmit line “active” for a minimum of
100 mS. This informs all peripherals to abort any activity and return to its power-on
reset state. Details of this state for each peripheral are provided in later sections of this
document. It is recommended that the VMC re-initialize each peripheral after this type
of reset.
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2.3 Peripheral Addresses
The addresses below are defined. Note again that the bits shown are the upper five bits
(7,6,5,4,3) of the Address Byte and will be used for all addressing including the File
Transport Layer described in Section 2.6. The lower three bits (2,1,0) are used for the
command.
Address
00000xxxB
00001xxxB
00010xxxB
00011xxxB
00100xxxB
00101xxxB
00110xxxB
00111xxxB
01000xxxB
01001xxxB
01010xxxB
01011xxxB
01100xxxB
01101xxxB
01101xxxB
01111xxxB
.
.
.
11011xxxB
11100xxxB
11101xxxB
11110xxxB
11111xxxB
Definition
(00H)
(08H)
(10H)
(18H)
(20H)
(28H)
(30H)
(38H)
(40H)
(48H)
(50H)
(58H)
(60H)
(68H)
(70H)
(78H)
.
.
.
(D8H)
(E0H)
(E8H)
(F0H)
(F8H)
MDB/ICP Version 4.2
Reserved for VMC
Changer
Cashless Device #1
Communications Gateway
Display
Energy Management System
Bill Validator
Reserved for Future Standard Peripheral
Universal Satellite Device #1
Universal Satellite Device #2
Universal Satellite Device #3
Coin Hopper or Tube – Dispenser 1
Cashless Device #2
Age Verification Device
Coin Hopper or Tube – Dispenser 2
Reserved for Future Standard Peripherals
.
.
.
Reserved for Future Standard Peripherals
Experimental Peripheral #1
Experimental Peripheral #2
Vending Machine Specific Peripheral #1
Vending Machine Specific Peripheral #2
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Experimental Peripheral Addresses
Experimental Peripheral addresses 11100xxxB (E0H) and 11101xxxB (E8H) are
reserved for use by manufacturers when designing and field testing potential new
MDB/ICP devices. These addresses are temporary and once the new device is
approved by NAMA and the EVA, the device will be assigned a different permanent
peripheral address. Use of the Experimental Peripheral addresses shall be limited to
“in house” testing and “closed site” field trials. Manufacturers must understand that any
devices in the field with Experimental Peripheral addresses must be recalled or updated
to the permanent address if the device is approved by NAMA and the EVA. If not
approved by NAMA and the EVA, the devices must be recalled or have their addresses
changed to the Vending Machine Specific peripheral addresses described below.
Vending Machine Specific Peripheral Addresses
Vending Machine Specific peripheral addresses (addresses 11110xxxB (F0H) and
11111xxxB (F8H)) are reserved for Non-Standard or proprietary applications. These
devices are allowed a unique set of commands.
All other peripherals are defined as Standard devices. These peripherals must follow
the specifications to ensure compatibility between manufacturers.
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2.4 Software Operational Rules
2.4.1 Power Budget
The VMC must regulate the power budget. That is, peripherals must be enabled and
disabled dependent on power availability. The power bus is defined later in this
document.
2.4.2 Bytes
During multi-byte messages the most significant byte is sent first.
Any bytes within a command or response that are not specifically defined
should be left in a 0 state. For Level 03 or lower coin mechanisms, Level
01 bill validators, and Level 01 card readers, this is not a requirement but
a suggestion.
2.4.3 Polling
The following are recommendations for the methods of VMC to peripheral software
operation.
Each peripheral should be polled every 25-200 milliseconds. This can be done
by the POLL command or any other appropriate command.
If a peripheral has not responded to a poll for its maximum Non-Response time,
the VMC should continue to poll the peripheral at least every ten seconds with a
RESET command. (See Example G in Section 2.5).
2.4.4 Levels
Due to potential conflicts between a VMC level and a peripheral level, neither the VMC
nor the peripheral should issue a command or reply with a response that is not
supported by the other device.
The VMC must initially determine (via the appropriate STATUS or SETUP command)
the level of a peripheral before determining which commands it can issue to that device.
A VMC must only send commands that are supported by the peripheral. For
example, a Level 3 command may only be issued to a Level 3 or higher peripheral and
must not be issued to a Level 1 or 2 peripheral.
The Cashless Payment and the Universal Satellite Device can also learn the respective
level of the VMC for that device. This information is sent via the SETUP command. It
is the responsibility of the peripheral to only send responses that are supported
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by the VMC. For example, a Level 3 response may only be sent to a Level 3 or higher
VMC and must not be sent to a Level 1 or 2 VMC. Effectively, the VMC and peripheral
should support the highest common level.
For total compatibility, VMCs and peripherals should support all lower levels. For new
designs after July 2000, it is strongly recommended that VMCs and peripherals
must support all lower levels. Commercial or regional issues may cause machine or
peripheral manufacturers to implement only specific levels; however, this is a decision
(and risk) made by the machine or peripheral manufacturer.
2.5 Typical Session Examples
A.
The diagram below represents a typical transmission when a peripheral is idle.
VMC:
ADD*
CHK
Peripheral:
ACK*
B.
The diagram below represents a typical transmission when a peripheral has data
to return.
VMC:
ADD*
CHK
ACK
Peripheral:
DAT
C.
DAT
CHK*
The diagram below represents a typical transmission when the VMC has data to
send.
VMC:
ADD*
DAT
DAT
CHK
Peripheral:
ACK*
*Indicates mode bit set
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D.
The diagram below represents a typical transmission when the VMC determines
a CHK is not correct. The VMC will respond one of two ways:
Send a NAK to the peripheral to indicate that the information was not received
correctly then perform other tasks. Note: When the Master answers with NAK (or
silence which is treated equally) the slave has to repeat the response, in order to
ensure the execution of the response (i.e. coin reception etc.).
OR
The VMC may send a retransmit (RET) command alerting the peripheral to
retransmit the previously sent data.
VMC:
ADD*
DAT
CHK
RET
ACK
Peripheral:
DAT
DAT
CHK*
DAT
DAT
CHK*
*Indicates mode bit set.
E.
This diagram represents a situation where the peripheral does not respond within
the 5 mS time-out (t-response).
VMC:
ADD*
CHK
ADD*
CHK
Peripheral:
[silence…]
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F.
This diagram represents a situation where the peripheral does not respond to a
command and after its maximum Non-Response time, is reset by the controller.
Controller
Command X
Command Y
Command Y
Command Y
Peripheral
Comment

Response
Normal response

[silence…]
No response

[silence…]
No response

[silence…]
No response
Peripheral does not response
within its allocated NonResponse Time.
RESET
RESET
POLL
ACK

[silence…]
Software Reset
Peripheral in initialization
routine

ACK
Peripheral operational again

JUST RESET
Peripheral indicates finished
RESET processing
Peripheral initialization
sequence is performed as
recommended in each
peripheral section.
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G. This diagram represents a situation where the peripheral is disconnected or goes
offline. The controller should send a RESET command every 10 seconds to
determine if, and when, the peripheral becomes active again.
Controller
Command X
Command Y
Command Y
Command Y
Peripheral
Comment

Response
Normal response

[silence…]
No response

[silence…]
No response

[silence…]
No response
Peripheral does not response
within its allocated NonResponse Time.
RESET
RESET

[silence…]
Software Reset
Peripheral offline

[silence…]
Software Reset
Peripheral offline
Wait 10 seconds
RESET

[silence…]
Peripheral offline
Wait 10 seconds
RESET
[silence…]
Peripheral offline
Wait 10 seconds
RESET
[silence…]
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2.6 File Transport Layer
The File Transport Layer (FTL) provides a method to send and/or receive high level
information between peripherals or between a peripheral and the VMC. It is not
intended to be used for standard vending credit and control functions. An example
would be loading new validation parameters into a coin changer or bill validator.
Since the MDB/ICP interface is “driven” by the VMC, it has to be a network manager for
all FTL data transfers. It acts as a temporary mailbox and data switch for FTL blocks;
however, the information that is sent via FTL does not have to be interpreted by the
VMC. The VMC simply uses the destination and source address information provided
in the MDB/ICP command and response structure to forward the data to the proper
recipient.
2.6.1 FTL Process Overview
If a peripheral needs to transfer data to another peripheral (or the VMC):
• The VMC must poll the peripheral,
• The peripheral must answer with a “REQUEST TO SEND”,
• The VMC must get approval to forward data (if necessary),
• The VMC requests the first data block,
• The VMC ACKs the first block and forwards to destination,
• The process repeats until all blocks are sent.
If the VMC needs to transfer data to a peripheral:
• The VMC must send a “REQUEST TO SEND”,
• The peripheral approves or denies the transfer request,
• If approved, the VMC sends the first data block,
• The peripheral ACKs the first data block,
• The process repeats until all blocks are sent.
If a peripheral (A) needs to request a transfer of data from another peripheral (B):
• The VMC must poll the peripheral A,
• Peripheral A must send a “REQUEST TO RECEIVE”,
• The VMC forwards the request to peripheral B,
• Peripheral B decides to honor the request or not,
• If approved, peripheral B sends the first data block,
• The VMC forwards the data block to peripheral A,
• The process repeats until all blocks are sent.
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2.6.2 FTL Detailed VMC Operation
The VMC must act as a network manager, it is responsible for checking peripheral
status and managing network resources as described below, it must:
• Be aware of which peripherals are active and support the FTL. If a file transfer is
requested involving a peripheral that does not support it, the VMC should deny the
transfer using RETRY/DENY defined later.
• Poll peripherals to become aware that a data transfer is requested.
• Read data blocks from selected peripherals.
• If VMC receives a NAK, it should attempt to finish current command/response up to
5 times. After that, it should abort file transfer as defined by the protocol.
• Send data blocks to destination device, if not the VMC itself.
• Repeat these steps for all data blocks, as needed.
2.6.3 FTL General Operation
• The FTL "session" would transfer a "file" using several "blocks". The "Dest" and
•
•
•
•
•
"Src" are switched by the VMC directing each block to its destination.
All responses can be sent immediately after receipt of command or the command
can be ACK’ed and the response sent in a delayed fashion (meeting all appropriate
time-outs). However, FTL responses must NOT be combined with responses to any
other commands, at any time.
File transfers less than 256 blocks are terminated by sending an empty data file
(SEND BLOCK with no data). File transfers of exactly 256 blocks are terminated by
block #FE followed by block #FF.
It is recommended that files larger than one block:
1) Include a CRC in their data. The transport layer is not responsible for
checking for correct CRCs.
2) Include a time out mechanism to prevent system dead locks. The transport
layer is not responsible for checking for dead locked file transfers.
To prevent a system dead lock, the VMC must poll other peripherals during all data
transfers and service them accordingly.
Since the VMC is not knowledgeable about the contents of the file transfer it should
not disable any peripherals due to a transfer request. This will be the responsibility
of the peripherals themselves. They may internally disable and report so to the VMC
if possible, or they may just stop responding to the VMC until ready. The latter may
cause the VMC to try to reset the peripheral.
2.6.4 FTL Command and Response Sets For All Components
The table below defines the VMC commands and peripheral responses that occur
during an FTL data transfer. Note that the peripheral responses can either be
immediate to the VMC’s command or delayed and provided to a subsequent POLL.
Definitions are provided on the following page.
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Command /
Response
REQ TO
SEND
VMC
1
Cmd
α7/FE
Resp
OK TO SEND
α7/FD
1E
SEND BLOCK
α7/FC
1D
RETRY/DENY
α7/FB
1C
REQ TO RCV
α7/FA
1B
1F
Source Data (bytes)
Dest
Src
File ID
Length
Control
Dest
Src
(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)
Dest
(1)
Block #
(1)
Data
(1 to 31)
Dest
(1)
Src
(1)
Retry delay
(1)
Dest
(1)
Src
(1)
File ID
(1)
Max Length
(1)
Control
(1)
Destination Response
OK TO SEND or
RETRY/DENY
SEND BLOCK (repeated
until whole file is
transferred)
ACK
ACK
SEND BLOCK (repeated
until whole file is
transferred) or
RETRY/DENY
Note 1: The α7 represents the address of the destination device (defined in
Section 2.3) logically OR’d with a hexadecimal 0x07.
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Dest
1 byte
The destination address of the peripheral where the data block (not the whole
file) is being sent to. All addresses refer to the standard MDB defined peripheral
addresses as defined in Section 2.3. Note that 00000xxx (00H) will be used for
the VMC. Examples are a changer (08H), audit system (18H), bill validator
(30H), and universal satellite device #2 (48H).
Src
1 byte
The source address of the peripheral where the data block (not the whole file)
is being sent from. All addresses refer to the standard MDB defined peripheral
addresses as defined in Section 2.3. Note that 00000xxx (00H) will be used for
the VMC. Examples are the same as in the Dest above.
File ID
1 byte
The type of information desired. NAMA will maintain a list of standard file ID’s
and a definition of what each file type means. Note that if a device responds with
a “Retry delay” of FFH it should be interpreted that this device does not support
the requested function.
Currently defined file IDs include:
00H: Manufacture ID information. This file must start with the manufactures
three character manufactures code, anything after that would be up to the
manufacture to define.
01H: DTS defined file. This file must follow the format defined in the EVA-DTS
standard. This would include the DXS record as well as all data up to and
including the DXE record.
0F0H to 0FFH: This range of files may be used for Manufacturer Specific
information. The content and format of these files are left up to the
manufacturer to define.
Additional ID proposals must be evaluated by the NAMA MDB/ICP technical
standard committee.
(Max) Length
1 byte
The total number of blocks that will (can) be included in the entire file. This byte
should be used as a counter to determine the amount of data blocks to be
transferred.
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Control
1 byte
This byte contains information that can be used by the VMC and peripherals to
determine how the data transfer is conducted. Included controls are:
b0:
Reset after transfer. The receiving peripheral should reset itself after the
file transfer is complete.
b1:
End of File. The last block of the current FTL session contains the end of
this file. If clear (=0), then another FTL session will follow with additional
blocks. If set (=1), then this is the last (or only) FTL session to be sent.
b2 - b7: Not used, must be set to 0
Block #
1 byte
The sequential number of this block, within the total file, that is being
requested/sent. All data blocks must be identified by a block number, counting
up from 0 (first block) to 255.
Data Block
1 to 31 byte(s)
The actual data portion of the block. All data must fit into a 31 byte, or less,
string. The standard MDB CHK byte will signify the end of block. (Peripherals will
have to use inter-byte time out when receiving blocks from the VMC.) Knowledge
of the contents of this data is only required by the source and destination
devices.
Retry Delay
1 byte
A time delay that the sender should wait before trying to re-send the entire data
file again. If a device is not capable of receiving a file in its current state, this byte
should represent the number of seconds before it will be ready to receive the
data. If the device simply refuses to accept the file it must answer with a “Retry
Never” signified by a 00H retry delay. If the device is not present, block
synchronization is lost, or other failure mode arises a “Retry Never” should be
used to abort/deny the current file transfer.
MDB/ICP Version 4.2
February, 2011
2•16
Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
File Transport Layer Examples
Below are examples of data transfers between the VMC and a peripheral or between
two different peripherals via the VMC.
SUCCESSFUL TRANSFER – VMC TO PERIPHERAL A
Peripheral A
VMC
Peripheral B
REQ TO SEND
(α7/FE)
OK TO SEND
(1E)
ACK
SEND BLOCK
(α7/FC)
ACK
DENIED TRANSFER – VMC TO PERIPHERAL A
Peripheral A
VMC
Peripheral B
REQ TO SEND
(α7/FE)
RETRY/00 (1C) ACK
SUCCESSFUL REQUEST – VMC TO PERIPHERAL A
Peripheral A
VMC
Peripheral B
POLL (varies)
REQ TO RCV
(1B)
ACK
SEND BLOCK
(α7/FC)
ACK
DENIED REQUEST – VMC TO PERIPHERAL A
Peripheral A
VMC
Peripheral B
POLL (varies)
REQ TO RCV
(1B)
ACK
RETRY/00
(α7/FB)
ACK
MDB/ICP Version 4.2
February, 2011
Comments
Request to send
“n” blocks
Repeated “n” times
Comments
Denied
Comments
Request receive “n”
blocks
Repeated “n” times
Comments
Request receive “n”
blocks
Denied
2•17
Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
VMC ABORTED TRANSFER – VMC TO PERIPHERAL A
Peripheral A
VMC
Peripheral B
REQ TO SEND
(α7/FE)
OK TO SEND
(1E)
ACK
SEND BLOCK
(α7/FC)
ACK
RETRY/00
(α7/FB)
ACK
Comments
Request to send
“n” blocks
Repeated “n” times
Aborted!
PERIPHERAL ABORT TRANSFER – VMC TO PERIPHERAL A
Peripheral A
VMC
Peripheral B
Comments
REQ TO SEND
Request to send
“n” blocks
(α7/FE)
OK TO SEND
(1E)
ACK
SEND BLOCK
(α7/FC)
RETRY/00
Aborted!
(1C)
ACK
SUCCESSFUL TRANSFER – PERIPHERAL A TO VMC
Peripheral A
VMC
Peripheral B
POLL (varies)
REQ TO SEND
(1F)
ACK
OK TO SEND
(α7/FD)
SEND BLOCK
(1D)
ACK
MDB/ICP Version 4.2
February, 2011
Comments
Request to send
“n” blocks
Repeated “n” times
2•18
Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
DENIED TRANSFER – PERIPHERAL A TO VMC
Peripheral A
VMC
Peripheral B
POLL (varies)
REQ TO SEND
(1F)
ACK
RETRY/00
(α7/FB)
ACK
Comments
Request to send
“n” blocks
Denied
SUCCESSFUL TRANSFER – PERIPHERAL A TO PERIPHERAL B
Peripheral A
VMC
Peripheral B
Comments
POLL (varies)
REQ TO SEND
Request to send
(1F)
“n” blocks
ACK
REQ TO SEND
(1F) (α7/FE)
OK TO SEND
(1E)
ACK
OK TO SEND
(α7/FD)
SEND BLOCK
Repeated “n” times
(1D)
ACK
SEND BLOCK
(α7/FC)
ACK
DENIED TRANSFER – PERIPHERAL A TO PERIPHERAL B
Peripheral A
VMC
Peripheral B
POLL (varies)
REQ TO SEND
(1F)
ACK
REQ TO SEND
(1F) (α7/FE)
RETRY/00 (1C)
ACK
RETRY/00
(α7/FB)
ACK
MDB/ICP Version 4.2
February, 2011
Comments
Request to send
“n” blocks
Denied
2•19
Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
SUCCESSFUL REQUEST - PERIPHERAL A TO PERIPHERAL B
Peripheral A
VMC
Peripheral B
Comments
POLL (varies)
REQ TO RCV
Request receive “n”
(1B)
blocks
ACK
REQ TO RCV
(α7/FA)
SEND BLOCK
Repeated “n” times
(1D)
ACK
SEND BLOCK
(α7/FC)
ACK
DENIED REQUEST – PERIPHERAL A TO PERIPHERAL B
Peripheral A
VMC
Peripheral B
POLL (varies)
REQ TO RCV
(1B)
ACK
REQ TO RCV
(α7/FA)
RETRY/00 (1C)
ACK
RETRY/00
(α7/FB)
ACK
MDB/ICP Version 4.2
February, 2011
Comments
Request receive “n”
blocks
Denied
2•20
Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
PERIPHERAL A TRANSFER TO PERIPHERAL B – ABORTED BY A
Peripheral A
VMC
Peripheral B
Comments
POLL (varies)
REQ TO SEND
Request to send
(1F)
“n” blocks
ACK
REQ TO SEND
(α7/FE)
OK TO SEND
(1E)
ACK
OK TO SEND
(α7/FD)
SEND BLOCK
(1D)
ACK
SEND BLOCK
(α7/FC)
ACK
.
.
Repeated “n” times
.
POLL (varies)
RETRY/00 (1C) Aborted!
ACK
RETRY/00
(α7/FB)
ACK
MDB/ICP Version 4.2
February, 2011
2•21
Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
PERIPHERAL A TRANSFER TO PERIPHERAL B – ABORTED BY B
Peripheral A
VMC
Peripheral B
Comments
POLL (varies)
REQ TO SEND
Request to send
(1F)
“n” blocks
ACK
REQ TO SEND
(α7/FE)
OK TO SEND
(1E)
ACK
OK TO SEND
(α7/FD)
SEND BLOCK
(1D)
ACK
SEND BLOCK
(α7/FC)
ACK
.
.
Repeated “n” times
.
POLL
(varies)REQ
BLOCK (α7/FD)
SEND BLOCK
(1D)
ACK
SEND BLOCK
(α7/FC)
RETRY/00 (1C) Aborted!
ACK
RETRY/00
(α7/FB)
ACK
MDB/ICP Version 4.2
February, 2011
2•22
Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
Section 3
Bus Timing
3.1 Timing Definitions
Baud rate
=
The rate of bit transfer per second.
t
=
inter-byte (max.)
The maximum time allowed between
bytes in a block transmission.
t
=
response (max.)
The maximum time any device,
master or peripheral, will take to
respond to a valid communication.
t
=
break (VMC)
The minimum time of the Bus Reset
signal sent by the VMC to reset all
peripherals.
t
The minimum set-up time before the
VMC attempts to communicate after
a reset signal. Peripheral devices may
choose to not respond for up to the nonresponse time defined in each peripheral
section.
=
setup
3.2 Timing Specifications
Baud Rate
= 9600 +1%/-2% NRZ
t
= 1.0 mS
inter-byte (max.)
t
= 5.0 mS
response (max.)
t
= 100 mS
break (min.)
t
= 200 mS
setup (min.)
MDB/ICP Version 4.2
February, 2011
3•1
Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
NOTE:
All peripherals have the option of not responding to the VMC.
response timing is defined in the peripheral specification.
3.3 Timing Diagram
Controller
DAT
CHK
BREAK
SETUP
ADD*
Peripheral
t break
t inter-byte
t response
t setup
NOTE: * indicates that the mode bit is set
MDB/ICP Version 4.2
February, 2011
3•2
Non-
Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
Section 4
Hardware Specification
4.1 Bus Power Supply Definition
The information below defines the minimum VMC voltage output. The actual current
ratings per peripheral will be defined in their respective sections.
Power supply filtering is optional, therefore if a peripheral requires more power, or
tighter regulation, they may elect to supply their own power, or filtering, from available
sources elsewhere in the machine.
VMC Voltage Output:
Minimum
=
20 VDC rms.(rectified and optionally
filtered)
Nominal
=
34 VDC unreg.(rectified and filtered)
24 VDC rms.(rectified only)
Maximum
=
42.5* VDC(ripple voltage upper limit)
* High line input may allow 45 VDC
peak (max.).
4.2 Bus Transmitter / Receiver Specification
The following section describes the 5V, optically isolated, current loop system between
the Master and the Slave.
VMC Master:
Transmit:
Minimum source current (active):
Maximum leakage current (inactive):
NOTES:
100 mA @ 4V
100 uA
1) The transmit line must be able to withstand a short while
in the active mode.
2) 15 mA should be added for each peripheral over six.
MDB/ICP Version 4.2
February, 2011
4•1
Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
Receive:
Minimum input current (active):
Maximum input current (inactive):
15 mA @ 1V
1 mA
Peripheral Slave:
Receive:
Maximum input current (active):
Maximum input current (inactive):
15 mA @ 4V
100 uA
Transmit:
Minimum sink current (active):
Maximum leakage current (inactive):
15 mA @ 1V
30 uA
4.3 Connector Specification
Connector assemblies supplied by the NAMA approved suppliers, noted in Section
4.3.6, are intermateable and meet or exceed the minimum requirements identified in
Sections 4.3.1, 4.3.2, 4.3.3, 4.3.4, and 4.3.5 when tested in the mated condition.
NAMA must approve any supplier changes to the fit, form, or function. Discrete
components, i.e. contacts, are not required to be inter-changeable between supplier
products.
4.3.1. Material
4.3.1.1. Terminal: Phosphor Bronze
4.3.1.2. Plating: Tin or Tin/Lead
4.3.1.3. Housing: UL 94V-2 nylon
4.3.2. Ratings
Section
Item
4.3.2.1. Rated Voltage (Max)
4.3.2.2. Maximum Rated Current (Six Circuit)
4.3.2.3. Ambient Temperature Range (including terminal T-rise)
MDB/ICP Version 4.2
February, 2011
Requirement
600 Volts AC
7 Amps
-40°C to +105°C
4•2
Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
4.3.3. Electrical Performance
Section
Item
4.3.3.1. Contact
Resistance
4.3.3.2. Insulation
Resistance
4.3.3.3. Dielectric
Strength
Test Condition
Mate Connectors, measure by dry circuit, 20
mV max., 10 mA. Wire resistance shall be
removed from the measured value.
Mate Connectors, apply 500V DC between
adjacent terminal or ground.
Mate Connectors, apply 1500V AC for 1
minute between adjacent terminal or ground.
Requirement
10 mΩ Max.
1000 MΩ Min.
No Breakdown.
4.3.4. Mechanical Performance
Section
Item
Test Condition
Requirement
4.3.4.1. Insertion and
Insert and withdraw connectors at a speed
Noted Below
Withdrawal Force rate of 25 +/- 3mm / minute.
6 Pos Insertion Max.
6 Pos Withdrawal Min.
th
Initial
30 cycle
Initial
30th cycle
41.2 N
38.2 N
2.9 N
2.4 N
4.3.4.2. Crimping Pull Out Mount the crimped terminal, apply axial force
Force
on the wire at a rate of 25 +/- 3mm minute.
16 AWG
18 AWG
20 AWG
22 AWG
24 AWG
26 AWG
28 AWG
4.3.4.3. Terminal Insertion
Force
4.3.4.4. Terminal/Housing
Retention Force
4.3.4.5. Locking /
Unlocking Force
MDB/ICP Version 4.2
88 N Min.
88 N Min.
59 N Min.
39 N Min.
29 N Min.
20 N Min.
10 N Min.
Insert the crimped terminal into the housing.
15 N Max.
Apply axial pull out force at the speed rate of
25 +/- 3mm / minute.
Measure force to lock & unlock connector
housings (without contacts) at a rate of 25 +/3mm / minute.
22 N Min.
February, 2011
Lock: 30 N Max.
Unlock: 50 N Min.
4•3
Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
4.3.5. Environmental Performance
Section
Item
4.3.5.1. Repeated
Insertion /
Withdrawal
4.3.5.2. Temperature Rise
4.3.5.3. Vibration
4.3.5.4. Shock
Test Condition
When mated up to 30 cycles
repeatedly by rate of 10 cycles per
minute.
Carrying rated current load.
Amplitude: 1.5mm P-P
Sweep Time: 10-55-10 Hz in 1
minute.
Duration: 2 hours in each X,Y,Z
axis.
50 G; 3 strokes in each X,Y,Z
axis.
4.3.5.5. Heat Resistance
105 +/- 2°C, 96 hours
4.3.5.6. Cold Resistance
-40 +/- 3°C, 96 hours
4.3.5.7. Humidity
Temperature: 60 +/- 2°C
Relative Humidity: 90% - 95%
Duration: 96 hours
4.3.5.8. Temperature
Cycling
5 Cycles:
a) - 55°C ; 30 Minutes
b) 105°C ; 30 Minutes
48 +/- 4 hours exposure to salt
spray from 5 +/- 1% solution at 35
+/- 2°C.
24 hour exposure to 50 +/- 5 ppm
SO2 gas at 40 +/- 2°C.
4.3.5.9. Salt Spray
4.3.5.10
SO2 Gas
.
MDB/ICP Version 4.2
February, 2011
Requirement
Contact
Resistance
20 mΩ Max.
30°C Rise Max.
Appearance No Damage
Contact
20 mΩ Max.
Resistance
Discontinuity 1 µ sec.
Max.
Appearance No Damage
Contact
20 mΩ Max.
Resistance
Discontinuity 1 µ sec Max.
Appearance No Damage
Contact
20 mΩ Max.
Resistance
Appearance No Damage
Contact
20 mΩ Max.
Resistance
Appearance No Damage
Contact
20 mΩ Max.
Resistance
Dielectric
No
Strength
Breakdown
Insulation
1000 MΩ
Resistance
Min.
Appearance No Damage
Contact
20 mΩ Max.
Resistance
Appearance No Damage
Contact Res. 20 mΩ Max.
Appearance
Contact Res.
No Damage
Max.
4•4
Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
4.3.6 Approved Suppliers and Part Numbers
4.3.6.1. Suppliers
Molex :
AMP:
Mini-Fit, Jr.TM Product
AMP-DUACTM Product
4.3.6.2. Peripherals
Connector:
Six (6) Circuit Receptacle Housing
Molex 39-01-2060
AMP P/N 106527-6
Terminals:
Female Contacts (sockets), Tin
Molex 39-00-0065
AMP P/N 106528-2 or 106529-2
Strain Relief: The strain relief shall not exceed a Maximum Form Factor of 0.85 inch wide x
0.75 inch high x 1.90 inch long, excluding integrated hinges and wire ties.
Molex 15-04-0296
AMP P/N 1375618-1
4.3.6.3. Bus Harness
Connector:
Six (6) Circuit Plug Housing
Molex 39-01-2061
AMP P/N 794550-6 or 794542-6
Terminals:
Male Contacts (pins), Tin
Molex 39-00-0067
AMP P/N 794578-1 or 794576-1
4.3.6.4. VMC Connector (Direct PCB Mount)
Vertical Header: Male Contacts (pins), Tin
Molex 39-28-1063
AMP P/N 794664-6
Right Angle Header: Male Contacts (pins), Tin
Molex 39-30-1060
AMP P/N 794448-1
MDB/ICP Version 4.2
February, 2011
4•5
Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
4.3.6.5. Approved Parts – Alternate Form Factors
Select applications may require connector configurations with alternate form
factors. Alternate form factor connectors may be used provided they are:
•
•
•
•
provided by the Approved Suppliers listed
part of the Approved Supplier Product Family portfolio
intermateable with the approved connector part numbers listed
meet the performance objectives set forth in this specification
MDB/ICP Version 4.2
February, 2011
4•6
Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
Connector Pin-out:
Line 1 - 34 VDC
Line 2 - DC Power Return
Line 3 - N/C
Line 4 - Master Receive
Line 5 - Master Transmit
Line 6 - Communications Common
6
3
3
6
5
2
2
5
4
1
1
4
Peripheral Connector
Face View
Receptacle
(Sockets)
MDB/ICP Version 4.2
VMC / Bus Connector
Face View
Header
(Pins)
February, 2011
4•7
Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
4.4 Example Schematic
<<
VMC
Peripheral
VMC Voltage Output
1
2
Slave 1
+5 VDC
Rcv
Xmit
Master
Transmit
Slave 2
5
Rcv
Xmit
+5 VDC
Slave 3
CMOS
Gate
Master
Receive
Rcv
4
Communications
Common
Xmit
6
MDB/ICP Version 4.2
February, 2011
4•8
Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
Section 5
Coin Acceptor/Changer
VMC/Peripheral Communication Specifications
5.1 Introduction
This section defines the communication bytes sent and received by a coin
accepting device (“Changer”). As defined in Section 2.3, the changer’s
address is 00001xxxB (08H).
Unless stated otherwise, all information is assumed to be in a binary format.
There are currently two levels of support defined for the coin mechanism
interface, Level 2 and Level 3. The level of coin mechanism operation is sent
to the VMC in the response to the STATUS command (defined later in this
section). The following paragraphs will define how a VMC should
differentiate between each level.
Level 2 Changers
For level 2 changers, VMC operation consists of monitoring inputs from the
coin mechanism, accumulating credit, issuing a coin acceptance disable
command when appropriate, and issuing appropriate payout commands
based on the VMC resident payout algorithms and escrow rules.
Level 3 Changers
For level 3 changers, VMC operation is the same as defined above for level
2, with the addition of the EXPANSION command and its implications
(defined later in this section). The VMC has the option of sending the
EXPANSION command to the coin mechanism to determine the coin
mechanism’s manufacturer code, serial number, model/tuning revision,
software version, and optional features. Based on the optional feature
information the VMC will determine the appropriate operating mode (in other
words, modes that both the coin mechanism and the VMC can support),
enable any appropriate coin mechanism features by sending an appropriate
feature enable command back to the coin mechanism, and enter the proper
operating mode. This technique allows all VMCs and peripherals to
accommodate existing feature capabilities and provides a means for
upgrading Level 3 equipment.
MDB/ICP Version 4.2
February, 2011
5•1
Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
5.2 VMC Commands
Command
Hex Code
Description
RESET
08H
Command for changer to self-reset
SETUP *
09H
Request for changer setup information.
TUBE STATUS
0AH
Request for changer tube status.
POLL
0BH
Request for changer activity status.
COIN TYPE
0CH
Signifies coin types accepted and
allowable coin dispensing. This
command is followed by setup data.
See command format section.
DISPENSE
0DH
Command to dispense a coin type.
Followed by coin type to dispense.
See command format section.
EXPANSION
COMMAND
0FH
Command to allow addition of
features and future enhancements.
Changers at feature level 2 do not support
this command.
NOTE: An EXPANSION command is always followed by a “sub-command.”
This command allows for feature additions.
* In Version 1.0 & 2.0, SETUP was called STATUS.
MDB/ICP Version 4.2
February, 2011
5•2
Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
5.3 VMC Command Format
VMC Command
RESET
Code
08H
VMC Data
No data bytes
This command is the vehicle that the VMC should use to tell the changer that
it should return to its default operating mode. With the exception of the ACK
response, it should abort all communication and disable all acceptance until
otherwise instructed by the VMC.
The following initialization sequence is recommended for all new VMCs
designed after July, 2000. It should be used after “power up”, after issuing
the RESET command, after issuing the Bus Reset (pulling the transmit line
“active” for a minimum of 100 mS), or anytime a POLL command results in a
“JUST RESET” response (i.e., peripheral self resets).
POLL – 08h
To obtain “JUST RESET” response
SETUP – 09h
To obtain changer level and configuration information
EXPANSION IDENTIFICATION – 0F 00h (Level 03+ only)
To obtain additional changer information and options
EXPANSION FEATURE ENABLE – 0F 01h (Level 03+ only)
To enable desired options
EXPANSION SEND DIAG STATUS – 0F 05h (Level 03+ & option b1 only)
To request the changer to report its current state of operation
TUBE STATUS – 0Ah (Note 1)
To obtain tube status / change information
COIN TYPE – 0Ch
To enable desired coin acceptance and disable manual coin payout if
desired
Note 1 – A minimum 500 msec delay is required between a reset (regardless
of type) and the first TUBE STATUS command for certain models of the
existing MDB coin changer field base.
MDB/ICP Version 4.2
February, 2011
5•3
Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
VMC Command
SETUP
Z1 =
Code
09H
Changer Response Data
23 bytes: Z1 - Z23
Changer Feature Level - 1 byte
Indicates the feature level of the changer. This will distinguish
the changers feature level to the VMC. Current defined levels:
Z2 - Z3 =
Level 2:
Supports “core” command set. These are:
RESET, STATUS, TUBE STATUS, POLL, COIN
TYPE, and DISPENSE. (Z1 = 02h)
Level 3:
Supports level two and the EXPANSION
command addition changer model number,
manufacturer code, turning revision, etc. See the
details of EXPANSION command later in this
document. (Z1=03h)
Country / Currency Code - 2 bytes
The packed BCD country / currency code of the changer can be
sent in two different forms depending on the value of the left
most BCD digit.
If the left most digit is a 0, the International Telephone Code is
used to indicate the country that the changer is set-up for. For
example, the USA code is 00 01H (Z2 = 00 and Z3 = 01).
If the left most digit is a 1, the latest version of the ISO 4217
numeric currency code is used (see Appendix A1). For
example, the code for the US dollar is 18 40H (Z2 = 18 and Z3
= 40) and for the Euro is 1978 (Z2 = 19 and Z3 = 78).
All new designs after July, 2000 must use the ISO 4217
numeric currency codes as listed in Appendix A1.
Z4 =
Coin Scaling Factor - 1 byte
All accepted coin values must be evenly divisible by this
number. For example, this could be set to 05H for the USA
nickel.
Z5 =
Decimal Places - 1 byte
Indicates the number of decimal places on a credit display. For
example, this could be set to 02H in the USA.
MDB/ICP Version 4.2
February, 2011
5•4
Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
Z6 - Z7 =
Coin Type Routing - 2 bytes
Indicates what coin types can be routed to the Changer’s tubes.
b15 b14 b13 b12 b11 b10 b9 b8 | b7 b6 b5 b4 b3 b2 b1 b0
Z6
Z7
Bit is set to indicate a coin type can be routed to the tube. Valid
coin types are 0 to 15.
Z8 - Z23 =
Coin Type Credit - 16 bytes
Indicates the value of coin types 0 to 15. Values must be sent
in ascending order. This number is the coin's monetary value
divided by the coin scaling factor. Unused coin types are sent
as 00H. Unsent coin types are assumed to be zero. It is not
necessary to send all coin types. Coin type credits sent as FFH
are assumed to be vend tokens. That is, their value is assumed
to worth one vend.
The bytes position in the 16 byte string indicates the coin
type(s). For example, the first byte sent would indicate the
value of coin type 0, the second byte sent would indicate the
value of coin type 1, and so on. For example, the USA coin
types may be; Coin type 0 = nickel, Coin type 1 = dime, Coin
type 2 = quarter, Coin type 3 = dollar.
VMC Command
TUBE STATUS
Z1 - Z2 =
Code
0AH
Changer Response Data
18 bytes: Z1 - Z18
Tube Full Status - 2 bytes
Indicates status of coin tube for coin types 0 to 15.
b15 b14 b13 b12 b11 b10 b9 b8 | b7 b6 b5 b4 b3 b2 b1 b0
Z1
Z2
A bit is set to indicate a full tube. For example, bit 7 = set would
indicate the tube for coin type 7 is full.
Z3 - Z18 =
Tube Status - 16 bytes
Indicates the greatest number of coins that the changer “knows”
definitely are present in the coin tubes. A bytes position in the
16 byte string indicates the number of coins in a tube for a
MDB/ICP Version 4.2
February, 2011
5•5
Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
particular coin type. For example, the first byte sent indicates
the number of coins in a tube for coin type 0. Unsent bytes are
assumed to be zero. For tube counts greater than 255, counts
should remain at 255.
NOTE:
If a changer can detect a tube jam, defective tube sensor, or
other malfunction, it will indicate the tube is "bad" by sending a tube full status
and a count of zero for the malfunctioning coin type.
VMC Command
POLL
Z1 - Z16 =
Code
0BH
Changer Response Data
16 bytes: Z1 - Z16
Changer Activity - 16 bytes
Indicates the changer activity. If there is nothing to report, the
changer should send only an ACK. Otherwise, the only valid
responses are:
Coins Dispensed Manually:
Z2
Z1
(1yyyxxxx) (zzzzzzzz)
yyy
xxxx
zzzzzzzz
Coins Deposited:
Z1
(01yyxxxx)
yy
=
=
=
=
The number of coins dispensed.
The coin type dispensed (0 to 15)
The number of coins in the tube.
Z2
(zzzzzzzz)
Coin routing. 00: CASH BOX
01: TUBES
10: NOT USED
11: REJECT
xxxx
=
Coin type deposited (0 to 15).
zzzzzzzz
=
The number of coins in the tube
for the coin type accepted.
Status:
(00000001) =
(00000010) =
MDB/ICP Version 4.2
Escrow request1 - An escrow lever activation
has been detected.
Changer Payout Busy2 - The changer is busy
activating payout devices.
February, 2011
5•6
Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
(00000011) =
(00000100) =
(00000101) =
(00000110) =
(00000111) =
(00001000) =
(00001001) =
(00001010) =
(00001011) =
(00001100) =
(00001101) =
No Credit1 - A coin was validated but did not
get to the place in the system when credit is
given.
Defective Tube Sensor1 - The changer has
detected one of the tube sensors behaving
abnormally.
Double Arrival1 - Two coins were detected too
close together to validate either one.
Acceptor Unplugged2 - The changer has
detected that the acceptor has been removed.
Tube Jam1 - A tube payout attempt has
resulted in jammed condition.
ROM checksum error1 - The changers internal
checksum does not match the calculated
checksum.
Coin Routing Error1 - A coin has been
validated, but did not follow the intended
routing.
Changer Busy2 - The changer is busy and can
not answer a detailed command right now.
Changer was Reset1 - The changer has
detected an Reset condition and has returned
to its power-on idle condition.
Coin Jam1 - A coin(s) has jammed in the
acceptance path.
Possible Credited Coin Removal1 – There has
been an attempt to remove a credited coin.
Note:
- changers must have a means to disable this
code due to potential older VMC issues.
- virtually all VMCs designed prior to this code’s
introduction (10/16/02) will not support it.
- It is a vending machine system issue as to
what is done when this code is received.
Slug:
(001xxxxx) =
NOTES:
xxxxx is the number of slugs since the last
activity.
The Changer may send several of one type activity*, up to 16 bytes
total. This will permit zeroing counters such as slug, inventory, and
status.
1
2
Sent once each occurrence
Sent once each POLL
* Type activity is defined as Coins Dispensed Manually, Coins Deposited,
Status, and Slug. All may be combined in a response to a POLL command
providing the total number of bytes does not exceed 16. Note that Coins
Dispensed Manually and Coins Deposited are dual byte codes.
MDB/ICP Version 4.2
February, 2011
5•7
Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
File Transport Layer POLLed responses:
Note that all FTL responses are defined in Section 2.6. For the coin changer,
the source address will always be the changer (08H) as defined in Section
2.3.
Z1
1B
REQ TO RCV
The coin changer is requesting to
receive data from a device or VMC.
Z2 = Destination address of response
Z3 = Source address of response (08H)
Z4 = File ID
Z5 = Maximum length
Z6 = Control
1C
RETRY/DENY
The coin changer is requesting a device or
VMC to retry or deny the last FTL
command.
Z2 = Destination address of response
Z3 = Source address of response (08H)
Z4 = Retry delay
1D
SEND BLOCK
The coin changer is sending a block of data
(maximum of 31 bytes) to a device or VMC.
Z2 = Destination address of data
Z3 = Block #
Z4-Z34 = Data (maximum of 31 bytes)
1E
OK TO SEND
The coin changer is indicating that it
is OK for a device or VMC to send it data.
Z2 = Destination address of response
Z3 = Source address of response (08H)
1F
REQ TO SEND
The coin changer is requesting to
send data to a device or VMC.
Z2 = Destination address of response
Z3 = Source address of response (08H)
Z4 = File ID
Z5 = Maximum length
Z6 = Control
MDB/ICP Version 4.2
February, 2011
5•8
Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
VMC Command
COIN TYPE
Y1 - Y2 =
Code
0CH
VMC Data
4 bytes: Y1 - Y4
Coin Enable - 2 bytes
b15 b14 b13 b12 b11 b10 b9 b8 | b7 b6 b5 b4 b3 b2 b1 b0
Y1
Y2
A bit is set to indicate a coin type is accepted. For example, bit 6 is set to
indicate coin type 6, bit 15 is set to indicate coin type 15, and so on. To
disable the changer, disable all coin types by sending a data block containing
0000H. All coins are automatically disabled upon reset.
Y3 - Y4 =
Manual Dispense Enable - 2 bytes
b15 b14 b13 b12 b11 b10 b9 b8 | b7 b6 b5 b4 b3 b2 b1 b0
Y3
Y4
A bit is set to indicate dispense enable. For example, bit 2 is set to enable
dispensing of coin type 2. This command enables/disables manual
dispensing using optional inventory switches. All manual dispensing switches
are automatically enabled upon reset.
MDB/ICP Version 4.2
February, 2011
5•9
Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
VMC Command
DISPENSE
Code
0DH
VMC Data
1 byte: Y1
b7 b6 b5 b4 b3 b2 b1 b0
Y1
Bits b3, b2, b1, b0 indicate coin type to be dispensed. Valid codes are 0H to
FH to indicate coin types 0 to 15.
Bits b7, b6, b5, b4 indicate the number of coins to be dispensed.
NOTE 1:
If two coin types have the same value, the highest coin type
should be paid out first.
NOTE 2:
There is no defined limit on how long the actual dispense takes
since the command allows for up to 15 coins to be paid out. The
payout cycle begins when the changer ACKs the VMC’s
DISPENSE (0DH) command. This cycle typically lasts a
minimum of 100 mS and ends when the changer stops
dispensing the desired number of coins. VMCs should monitor
the Changer Payout Busy response to the POLL command to
determine when the entire payout cycle is completed.
However, it must be noted that other than ACKing the
DISPENSE (0DH) command, the changer does not have to
respond during the payout cycle provided the payout cycle is
less than the changer's non-response time and the changer
starts responding again prior to the end of the non-response
time. Thus, it is acceptable for the changer to never report
Changer Payout Busy, but simply start ACKing the POLL
commands upon completion of a payout cycle provided the nonresponse time has not been exceeded.
MDB/ICP Version 4.2
February, 2011
5•10
Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
LEVEL THREE CAPABILITIES - EXPANSION COMMAND
The following describes the currently defined expansion commands.
Sub-command 00H is used for a changer that has the capability of reporting
model number, serial number, and so on.
VMC Command
EXPANSION
COMMAND
Code Sub-Command
0FH 00H
IDENTIFICATION
Changer Response Data
33 bytes: Z1 - Z33
Z1 - Z3 =
Manufacturer Code - 3 bytes
Identification code for the equipment supplier. Sent as ASCII
characters. Currently defined codes are listed in the EVA
document entitled "European Vending Association Data
Transfer Standard" (EVA-DTS), the Audit Data Lists section,
sub-section 2, "Manufacturer Codes".
Z4 - Z15 =
Serial Number - 12 bytes
Factory assigned serial number. All bytes must be sent as
ASCII characters, zeros (30H) and blanks (20H) are acceptable.
Z16 - Z27 = Model #/Tuning Revision - 12 bytes
Manufacturer assigned model number and tuning number. All
bytes must be sent as ASCII characters, zeros (30H) and
blanks (20H) are acceptable. Each manufacturer should
include information concerning the changer tuning revision.
Z28 - Z29 = Software Version - 2 bytes
Current software version. Must be sent in packed BCD.
Z30 - Z33 = Optional Features - 4 bytes
Each of the 32 bits indicate an optional features availability. If
the bit is set the feature is available. Bits should be sent in
descending order, i.e. bit 31 is sent first and bit 0 is sent last.
Currently defined options are:
b0 -
MDB/ICP Version 4.2
Alternative Payout method. This method allows
changer designs that determine change payout.
That is, the payout algorithm may reside in the
changer instead of the VMC.
February, 2011
5•11
Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
b1 -
Extended Diagnostic command supported. This
command allows the VMC to request diagnostic
status of the coin changer.
b2 -
Controlled Manual Fill and Payout commands
supported. These commands allows the VMC to
request the number of coin inserted or dispensed
while the changer was in a controlled manual fill
or payback mode.
b3 -
File Transport Layer (FTL) supported as defined
in Section 2.6.
b4 - b31
Available for future use
VMC Command
EXPANSION
COMMAND
Code Sub-Command
0FH 01H
FEATURE ENABLE
VMC Data
4 bytes: Y1 - Y4
This command is used to enable each of the optional features defined in Z30Z33 above. To enable a feature a bit is set to one. All optional features are
disabled after reset.
VMC Command
EXPANSION
COMMAND
(Alternative
Payout)
Y1 =
Code Sub-command
0FH 02H
PAYOUT
VMC Data Changer Response
Y1
None
Value of coins to be paid out - 1 byte
This value is expressed as the number of coin scaling factors
that would sum to the value. For example, in a USA system
using a scaling factor of 05, if the change to be paid out is 75
cents, then Y1 will equal fifteen. That is, the sum of fifteen
nickels equal 75 cents. The coin changer will determine which
actual denominations of coins will be paid out. In the 75 cent
example, the coins may be 3 quarters; or, 7 dimes & 1 nickel;
or, 2 quarters & 2 dimes & 1 nickel, etc.
MDB/ICP Version 4.2
February, 2011
5•12
Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
VMC Command
EXPANSION
COMMAND
(Alternative
Payout)
Z1 - Z16 =
Code Sub-command
0FH 03H
PAYOUT STATUS
VMC Data Changer Response
None
16 bytes: Z1-Z16
Number of each coin type paid out - 16 bytes
This is the changer's response to the last VMC Alternative
PAYOUT command (0FH-02H). Bytes are sent in ascending
order of coin types. A bytes position in the string indicates the
coin type. That is, byte one is the number of coins for coin type
1, byte two is the number of coins for coin type two, and so on.
Unsent bytes are assumed to be zero.
The changer clears payout data after an ACK response from
the VMC.
The VMC should compare the value of the coins paid out to the
(0FH-02H) Alternative PAYOUT command’s Y1.
NOTES:
1) If the changer’s payout is busy it will respond to the
Alternative PAYOUT STATUS command with an ACK only.
2) If no coins have been paid out, at least one zero valued data
byte must be sent.
3) There is no defined limit on how long the actual payout
takes. See Note 2 under the DISPENSE (0DH) command.
VMC Command Code Sub-command
EXPANSION
0FH 04H
COMMAND
PAYOUT VALUE POLL
(Alternative
Payout)
Z1
=
Changer Response Data
1 byte: Z1
Changer Payout Activity - 1 byte
An interval value (scaled) which indicates the amount of
paid out change since the previous PAYOUT VALUE
POLL (or between the initial Alternative PAYOUT
command (0FH-02H) and the first PAYOUT VALUE
POLL).
MDB/ICP Version 4.2
February, 2011
5•13
Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
An 00H response indicates no coins were paid out since
the previous PAYOUT VALUE POLL (or the initial
Alternative PAYOUT command (0FH-02H)).
An ACK only indicates that the change payout is finished.
This should be followed by the PAYOUT STATUS
command (0FH-03H) to obtain the complete payout data.
NOTE: The initial intent of this command is to determine the amount of
change paid out so that the credit display can be decremented as coins are
dispensed.
VMC Command
EXPANSION
COMMAND
Code Sub-Command
0FH 05H
SEND DIAGNOSTIC STATUS
Changer Response Data
2 bytes: Z1-Z2
Send Current Diagnostic Status - This command requests the changer to report
its current state of operation. The VMC should periodically transmit the command
approximately every 1 to 10 seconds.
.
Z1-Z2 = Current changer diagnostic information
The changer reports its current state of operation in a 2 byte code. Z1 is the
main code and Z2 is the sub-code. The code is reported as long as the
condition exists and stops being reported as soon as the condition does not
exist. Multiple 2 byte codes may be sent in response to a single command
which could result in a maximum of eight 2 byte codes (16 bytes total).
The following tables identify the currently defined extended diagnostic codes:
MDB/ICP Version 4.2
February, 2011
5•14
Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
Z1 / Z2
Status
Cause(s) of Status / Error
01 / 00
Powering up
Changer powering up / initialization
02 / 00
Powering down
Changer powering down
03 / 00
OK
Changer fully operational and ready to
accept coins
04 / 00
Keypad shifted
MODE key pressed and held so that
LED flashes indicating keypad in shifted
state. Reverts to normal mode if no key
pressed for 15 seconds
05 / 10
Manual Fill / Payout active Manual Fill or Manual Payout mode of
operation in progress (under control of
the changer). This response must be
reported at least once to allow the VMC
to request a manual fill or manual
payout report.
05 / 20
New Inventory Information Changer not in Manual inventory mode,
Available
but new inventory information available.
06 / 00
Inhibited by VMC
All coin acceptance inhibited at request
of VMC, possibly due to product
dispenser jams, completely sold out,
etc.
10 / Z2
General changer error
Z2 defined as:
00 Non specific error.
01 Check sum error #1. A check sum error
over a particular data range of configuration
field detected.
02 Check sum error #2. A check sum error
over a secondary data range or
configuration field detected.
03 Low line voltage detected. The changer
has disabled acceptance or payout due to a
low voltage condition.
MDB/ICP Version 4.2
February, 2011
5•15
Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
Z1 / Z2
11 / Z2
12 / Z2
Status
Cause(s) of Status / Error
Discriminator module
error
Z2 defined as:
00 Non specific discriminator error.
10 Flight deck open.
11 Escrow Return stuck open.
30 Coin jam in sensor.
41 Discrimination below specified standard.
50 Validation sensor A out of range. The
acceptor detects a problem with sensor A.
51 Validation sensor B out of range. The
acceptor detects a problem with sensor B.
52 Validation sensor C out of range. The
acceptor detects a problem with sensor C.
53 Operating temperature exceeded. The
acceptor detects the ambient temperature
has exceeded the changer's operating
range, thus possibly affecting the
acceptance rate.
54 Sizing optics failure. The acceptor
detects an error in the sizing optics.
Accept gate module error Z2 defined as:
00 Non specific accept gate error.
30 Coins entered gate, but did not exit.
31 Accept gate alarm active.
40 Accept gate open, but no coin detected.
50 Post gate sensor covered before gate
opened.
13 / Z2
Separator module error
Z2 defined as:
00 Non specific separator error
10 Sort sensor error. The acceptor detects
an error in the sorting sensor.
14 / Z2
Dispenser module error
Z2 defined as:
15 / Z2
Coin Cassette / tube
module error
Z2 defined as:
00 Non specific dispenser error.
MDB/ICP Version 4.2
00 Non specific cassette error.
02 Cassette removed.
03 Cash box sensor error. The changer
detects an error in a cash box sensor.
04 Sunlight on tube sensors. The changer
detects too much ambient light on one or
more of the tube sensors.
February, 2011
5•16
Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
Diagnostic Status EVA-DTS Correlation
The Extended Diagnostic information reported may be used by the vending machine
controller as desired (i.e., service mode displays); however, EVA-DTS data
elements could also be used for reporting to a host system. Examples are:
o Via a translation of the Z1/Z2 code to one of the Fault Lists as described
in Section 10 of the EVA-DTS.
o Via the EA201 Event Identification element with the format EAxxyy where
xx = Z1 and yy = Z2.
o Via a customer / manufacture specific coding scheme using the MA5xx
fields.
VMC Command
EXPANSION
COMMAND
Code Sub-Command
Changer Response Data
0FH 06H
16 bytes Z1-Z16
SEND CONTROLLED MANUAL FILL REPORT
Send Controlled Manual Fill Report - This command requests the changer to
report the number of coins inserted during a changer controlled manual fill
(controlled bulk fill) mode. While in this mode, the changer must not report coins
inserted in response to the POLL command.
Z1-Z16 = number of controlled manual mode filled coins (by coin type)
A single byte is reported for each coin type, 0 to 15. For example, Z1 =
number of coins of coin type 0 added in a controlled manual fill mode. Any
amount above 255 will be reported as 255, i.e. it will reach a maximum limit.
Only coin types supported are required to be reported. Counts for unsent
coins types will be assumed to be unchanged.
Notes: After power on, changer reset, closing of the machine door, or a change in
controlled manual fill status in the changer (changer indicated it was in controlled
manual fill mode via CM0510 then changed to any other state) the machine should
request the controlled manual coin fill data from the changer using the above
command.
See EVA-DTS correlation at end of SEND CONTROLLED MANUAL PAYOUT
REPORT (0F-07H) command.
MDB/ICP Version 4.2
February, 2011
5•17
Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
VMC Command
EXPANSION
COMMAND
Code Sub-Command
Changer Response Data
0FH 07H
16 bytes Z1-Z16
SEND CONTROLLED MANUAL PAYOUT REPORT
Send Controlled Manual Payout Report - This command requests the changer
to report the number of coins dispensed during a changer controlled manual payout
(controlled bulk dispense) mode. Note that this does not include the coins
dispensed via the individual dispense switches.
If the new Controlled Manual Fill / Payout command is implemented in the coin
mech and enabled by the VMC (0Fh, 01h, bit 2 of Y1 to Y4), while in a controlled
manual payout (dispense) mode, the changer must not report the coins paid out in
response to the POLL command. Conversely, if the changer does not support the
new command or the VMC does not enable it, the changer should report the coins
paid out in response to the POLL command.
Z1-Z16 = number of controlled manual mode dispensed coins (by coin type)
A single byte is reported for each coin type 0 to 15. For example, Z1 =
number of coins of coin type 0 dispensed in a controlled manual payout
mode. Any amount above 255 will be reported as 255, i.e. it will reach a
maximum limit.
Only coin types supported are required to be reported. Counts for unsent
coin types will be assumed to be unchanged.
Note: After power on, changer reset, closing of the machine door, or a change in
controlled manual payout status in the changer (changer indicated it was in
controlled manual payout mode via CM0510 then changed to any other state) the
machine should request the controlled manual coin payout data from the changer
using the above command.
Controlled Manual Fill / Payout EVA-DTS Correlation
The controlled manual fill and payout coin information may be used by the vending
machine controller as desired (i.e., service mode displays); however, EVA-DTS data
elements could be used for reporting to a host system. Examples are:
MDB/ICP Version 4.2
February, 2011
5•18
Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
CA3XX
CA4XX
CA1704
CA1705
0F06
VMC
n/a
n/a
0F06
VMC
n/a
n/a
0F07*
VMC
0B
n/a
n/a
n/a
0F07*
VMC
0B
Controlled Manual Fill
VMC Tube Fill
Controlled Manual Payout n/a
VMC Coin Payout
n/a
Manual Dispense Switches n/a
*If extended 0F06 & 0F07 commands are implemented.
If extended 0F06 & 0F07 commands are not implemented in the coin mech
or not enabled by the VMC, the coin mech will respond to the POLL
command with the controlled manual payout coins.
With the above, the CA3XX & CA4XX fields can continue to be the primary fields for
cash audit and the CA1704 & CA1705 fields can be used for indicating controlled
manually filled / dispensed coins.
Coin Tube Audit Fields
As a reference, below are the agreed CA17XX data elements that provide detailed
coin tube count information and controlled-manual coin tube insertion / dispense
information. These were approved by the EVA - DTS Technical Sub Committee on
January 27, 1997.
Block
Identifier
Reference
Data
Contents
Length
Min Max
Element
CA17
Coin Type Number
(per MDB coin type)
N
01
03
CA1701
Value of Coin
N
01
08
CA1702
Number of Coins
in Tube
N
01
08
CA1703
Number of Coins
Inserted during
Controlled-Manual Fill
N
01
08
CA1704
Number of Coins
N
Dispensed during
Controlled-Manual Payout
01
08
CA1705
MDB/ICP Version 4.2
Characteristic
February, 2011
5•19
Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
Definitions:
CA1701
The coin type number as referred to in the MDB Interface
Specification. If not an MDB system, the number represents the coin's
position in the coin set starting with the lowest value coin accepted. Note if
two or more vintage of the same coin is accepted, the oldest one is first.
For example, the Canadian coin types may be:
0 Old Nickel
1 New Nickel
2 Dime
CA1702
3 Quarter
4 $1 Dollar
5 $2 Dollar
The cash value of the coin (units base).
For example, the Canadian coin types would be:
Nickel
Dime
Quarter
5
10
25
$1 Dollar
$2 Dollar
100
200
CA1703
The number of coins in the coin tube (or tubes if multiple tubes
per coin) that are reported by the coin mech during normal vending
operations. Note that this is the "best known tube count" and may be
inaccurate if coins were manually added or removed by hand.
CA1704
The number of coins inserted while the changer was in a
Controlled manual fill mode. Controlled manual fill indicates that the coins
are being inserted under the control of the coin mech or VMC. Coins are not
being loaded by hand through the tops of the tubes.
CA1705
The number of coins dispensed while the changer was in a
controlled manual payout mode. Controlled manual payout indicates that the
coins are being dispensed under the control of the coin mech or VMC. Coins
are not being removed by hand by "dumping" the tubes.
MDB/ICP Version 4.2
February, 2011
5•20
Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
VMC Command Code Sub-command VMC Data Changer Response
EXPANSION
0FH FAH
Y1-Y5
Z1 - Zn (immediate or
COMMAND
FTL REQ TO RCV
POLLed)
The VMC is requesting to receive data from the changer whose destination
address will always be (08H). Note that all FTL Commands / Responses are
defined in Section 2.6.
Y1
Y2
Y3
Y4
Y5
=
=
=
=
=
Z1 =
Z2 =
Z3 =
Z4 - Z34 =
Z1
Z2
Z3
Z4
=
=
=
=
Destination address of command (08H)
Source address of command
File ID
Maximum length
Control
1DH which indicates SEND BLOCK
Destination address of data
Block #
Data (maximum of 31 bytes)
or
1CH which indicates RETRY / DENY
Destination address of response
Source address of response (08H)
Retry delay
VMC Command Code Sub-command VMC Data Changer Response
EXPANSION
0FH FBH
Y1-Y3
None
COMMAND
FTL RETRY / DENY
The VMC is retrying, denying, or aborting a data transfer to/from the changer
whose destination address will always be (08H). Note that all FTL
Commands / Responses are defined in Section 2.6.
Y1 =
Y2 =
Y3 =
Destination address of command (08H)
Source address of command
Retry delay
MDB/ICP Version 4.2
February, 2011
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Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
VMC Command Code Sub-command VMC Data Changer Response
EXPANSION
0FH FCH
Y1-Y33
None
COMMAND
FTL SEND BLOCK
The VMC is sending data to the changer whose destination address will
always be (08H). Note that all FTL Commands / Responses are defined in
Section 2.6.
Y1 =
Destination address of command & data (08H)
Y2 =
Block #
Y3 - Y33 = Data (maximum of 31 bytes)
VMC Command Code Sub-command VMC Data Changer Response
EXPANSION
0FH FDH
Y1-Y2
Z1-Z34 (immediate or
COMMAND
FTL OK TO SEND
POLLed)
The VMC is indicating that it is OK for the changer to transfer data. The
destination address will always be the changer (08H). Note that all FTL
Commands / Responses are defined in Section 2.6.
Y1 =
Y2 =
Destination address of command (08H)
Source address of command
Z1 =
Z2 =
Z3 =
Z4 - Z34 =
1DH which indicates SEND BLOCK
Destination address of data
Source address of data
Data (maximum of 31 bytes)
MDB/ICP Version 4.2
February, 2011
5•22
Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
VMC Command Code Sub-command VMC Data Changer Response
EXPANSION
0FH FEH
Y1-Y5
Z1 (immediate or
COMMAND
FTL REQ TO SEND
POLLed)
The VMC is requesting to send data to the changer whose destination
address will always be (08H). Note that all FTL Commands / Responses are
defined in Section 2.6.
Y1
Y2
Y3
Y4
Y5
=
=
=
=
=
Z1 =
Z2 =
Z3 =
Z1
Z2
Z3
Z4
=
=
=
=
Destination address of command (08H)
Source address of command
File ID
Maximum length
Control
1EH which indicates OK TO SEND
Destination address of response
Source address of response (08H)
or
1CH which indicates RETRY / DENY
Destination address of response
Source address of response (08H)
Retry delay
VMC Command Code Sub-command VMC Data
EXPANSION
0FH FFH
Y1-Yn
COMMAND
DIAGNOSTICS
Changer Response
Z1-Zn
Y1 - Yn =
Device manufacturer specific instruction for implementing
various manufacturing or test modes. Y1 - Yn implies that any
number of bytes can be used for the VMC data to the
peripheral.
Z1 - Zn =
Device manufacturer specific responses after receiving
manufacturing or test instructions. Z1 - Zn implies that any
number of bytes can be used for the changer response data
from the peripheral.
MDB/ICP Version 4.2
February, 2011
5•23
Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
5.4 Changer Non-Response Time
The maximum non-response time for the changer is two seconds.
5.5 Changer Power Requirements
The current draw for any changer must fall within the following limits. All
measurements are at the minimum VMC Voltage Output.
Idle mode
=
200 mA. (max.) continuous
Coin acceptance
=
1.8 A. (max.) for up to 2 seconds
(For coin changers using solenoid based payout
mechanisms - typical of 3 tube changers sold in
the US market. Vending machines sold into the
US market are required to supply this power.)
1.0 A. (max.) for up to 2 seconds
(For coin changers using motorized payout
mechanisms - typical of 4 tube changers.)
Coin payout
=
3.6 A. (max.) for 100 mS. with 400 mS. idle
current between pulses during the coin payout
cycle.
(For coin changers using solenoid based payout
mechanisms - typical of 3 tube changers sold in
the US market. Vending machines sold into the
US market are required to supply this power.)
1.8 A. (max.) during the coin payout cycle.
(For coin changers using motorized payout
mechanisms - typical of 4 tube changers.
See Note 2 under the DISPENSE (0DH) command for further information on the
coin payout cycles.)
Note: If both peripherals are supported, vending machines should be able to
provide sufficient power to simultaneously supply the above power
requirements for both the coin changer Coin Acceptance and bill validator
Bill Transport as specified in Section 6.5.
MDB/ICP Version 4.2
February, 2011
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Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
5.6 Coin Acceptor/Changer Examples
Event
Power up at VMC or JUST RESET received by VMC
any other time without reset sequence
Enter service mode
Enter sales mode
Consumer inserts coin
Credit acceptance is suspended (max. vend price
achieved, free vend token accepted, etc.)
Coins are dispensed
Error situation is detected at coin mech.
Manual dispense of coins at coin mech. (only while door
is open)
Manual filling of coins at coin mech.
Reset sequence
VMC
RESET
POLL
ACK
STATUS
ACK
EXPANSION/ID
ACK
EXPANSION/ FEATURE
ENABLE
Coin Mechanism





Error sequence
VMC
POLL
ACK
MDB/ICP Version 4.2

Exchange
Reset sequence
Enable sequence
Disable sequence
Enable sequence
Coin Accept sequence
Disable sequence
Disable sequence
Dispense sequence
Enable sequence
Error sequence
Manual Dispense
sequence
Manual Filling sequence
Comments
Reset command
ACK
JUST RESET
Allow peripheral to
confirm RESET command
COIN MECH. CONFIG.
Collect operational
parameters
COIN MECH. ID
Collect asset inf. and
options list
Enable compatible options
ACK
Coin Mechanism
Comments
STATUS/ERROR
Error sent from coin
mech.
February, 2011
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Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
Enable sequence
VMC
TUBE STATUS
ACK
COIN TYPE ENABLE
Coin Mechanism


Disable sequence
VMC
COIN TYPE ENABLE
Coin Accepted
VMC
POLL
TUBE STATUS
Enable appropriate coin types
ACK
Coin Mechanism

ACK
COINS DEPOSITED
ACK
Coin dispense sequence
VMC
TUBE STATUS
VMC algorithm
Coin Mechanism
ACK
DISPENSE
POLL
ACK
POLL
TUBE STATUS
ACK
DISPENSE
MDB/ICP Version 4.2



.
.
.



Comments
Disable all coin types
sequence
Coin Mechanism

Comments
Update current tube
status counters
TUBE STATUS
Comments
Coin type, routing, and tube
count
Comments
Update current tube
status counters
Pay out first coin
ACK
PAY OUT BUSY
Check to make sure coin
pay out is complete
TUBE STATUS
Changer confirms coin
pay out complete
Update current tube
status counters
ACK
Pay out second coin
etc.
ACK
February, 2011
5•26
Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
Coin dispense sequence
VMC
EXPANSION/
ALT. PAY OUT
EXPANSION/
ALT. PAY OUT VALUE
POLL
ACK
Alternative pay out
method
Coin Mechanism

ACK

VALUE PAID
Comments
Report value to be paid out
Request paid value
“value” paid since last VALUE
POLL (may be 00)
.
.
.
EXPANSION/
ALT. PAY OUT VALUE
POLL
Request paid value

ACK
Pay out is complete
Request pay out status
COINS PAID
Itemization of coins
paid
Update current tube
status counters
ACK


Manual dispense
VMC
sequence
Coin Mechanism
POLL

EXPANSION/
ALT. PAY OUT STATUS
ACK
TUBE STATUS
ACK
TUBE STATUS
ACK
MDB/ICP Version 4.2

TUBE STATUS
COINS DISPENSED
MANUALLY
TUBE STATUS
February, 2011
Comments
Number, type, and tube levels
for coin just manually
dispensed
Update current tube
status counters
5•27
Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
Manual fill
VMC
EXPANSION COMMAND
(Send controlled manual
fill report)
sequence
Coin Mechanism

ACK
TUBE STATUS
ACK
MDB/ICP Version 4.2
Comments

NUMBER OF
CONTROLLED MANUAL
MODE FILLED COINS
TUBE STATUS
February, 2011
Number for coins manually
filled, only possible, if the
changer supports extended
diagnostics and/or controlled
manual filled and payout
reports (at least b2 set in the
options bytes)
Update current tube
status counters
5•28
Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
Section 6
Bill Validator / Recycler
VMC/Peripheral Communication Specifications
6.1 Introduction
This section defines the communication bytes sent and received between a Bill
Validator / Recycler and the VMC. In the text below, all references to “bill
validator” includes the optional bill recycler except where expressly noted.
As defined in Section 2.3, the bill validator’s address is 00110xxxB (30H).
Unless stated otherwise, all information is assumed to be in a binary format.
There are currently two levels of support defined for the bill validator interface,
Level 1 and Level 2. The level of bill validator operation is sent to the VMC in the
response to the STATUS command (defined later in this section). The following
paragraphs will define how a VMC should differentiate between each level.
Level 1 Bill Validators
Level 1 bill validators support all standard functions, but do not support any
optional features.
Level 2 Bill Validators
Level 2 bill validators support all standard functions plus various optional features
as defined in Section 6.3 under the Expansion command 37-02H. Based on the
optional feature information the VMC will determine the appropriate operating
mode (in other words, modes that both the bill validator and the VMC can
support), enable any appropriate features by sending an appropriate feature
enable command back to the bill validator, and enter the proper operating mode.
This technique allows all VMCs and peripherals to accommodate existing feature
capabilities and provides a means for upgrading Level 2 equipment.
Level 2 bill validator / recyclers will also support all standard functions plus the
optional recycling feature as defined in Section 6.3 under the Expansion
command 37-02H. Additional commands 37-03H through 37-09H allow control of
the bill recycler. The unit should NOT respond to any Recycler/Dispensor
commands or send any Recycler POLL responses unless the Bill Recycler
expansion commands are enabled by the VMC (b1=1) and the VMC has
request the DISPENSER SETUP (37 03) command.
MDB/ICP Version 4.2
February, 2011
6•1
Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
6.2 VMC Commands
.
Command
Hex Code
Description
RESET
30H
Command for bill validator to self-reset.
SETUP *
31H
Request for bill validator setup information.
SECURITY
32H
Sets Validator Security Mode
POLL
33H
Request for Bill Validator activity Status.
BILL TYPE
34H
Indicates Bill Type enable or disable.
Command is followed by set-up data.
See command format.
ESCROW
35H
Sent by VMC to indicate action for
a bill in escrow.
STACKER
36H
Indicates stacker full and the
number of bills.
EXPANSION
COMMAND
37H
Command to allow addition of features and
future enhancements. Level 1 and above bill
validators must support this command.
NOTE: The expansion command is always followed by a sub-command.
* In Version 1.0 & 2.0, SETUP was called STATUS.
MDB/ICP Version 4.2
February, 2011
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Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
6.3 VMC Command Format
VMC Command
RESET
Code
30H
VMC Data
No data bytes
This command is the vehicle that the VMC should use to tell the validator that it
should return to its default operating mode. It should reject any bills in the
validation process, return any bills in the escrow position, and disable all other
activity until otherwise instructed by the VMC.
The following initialization sequence is recommended for all new VMCs designed
after July, 2000. It should be used after “power up”, after issuing the RESET
command, after issuing the Bus Reset (pulling the transmit line “active” for a
minimum of 100 mS), or anytime a POLL command results in a “JUST RESET”
response (i.e., peripheral self resets).
POLL – 33h
To obtain “JUST RESET” response
SETUP – 31h
To obtain bill validator level and configuration information
EXPANSION IDENTIFICATION – 37 00h (Level 01+)
To obtain additional bill validator information
EXPANSION IDENTIFICATION w/ OPTION BITS – 37 02h (Level 02+ only)
To obtain additional bill validator information and options
EXPANSION FEATURE ENABLE – 37 01h (Level 02+ only)
To enable desired options
STACKER – 36h
To obtain stacker status and number of bills
BILL TYPE – 34h
To enable desired bill acceptance and desired bill escrow capability
MDB/ICP Version 4.2
February, 2011
6•3
Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
VMC Command
SETUP
Z1
=
Z2 - Z3 =
Code
31H
Validator Response Data
27 bytes: Z1 - Z27
Bill Validator Feature Level - 1 byte
Indicates current feature level of the bill validator. Currently defined
levels are:
Level 1 - does not support option bits (Z1 = 01h)
Level 2 - supports option bits
(Z1 = 02h)
Country / Currency Code - 2 bytes
The packed BCD country / currency code of the bill validator can be
sent in two different forms depending on the value of the left most
BCD digit.
If the left most digit is a 0, the International Telephone Code is used
to indicate the country that the validator is set-up for. For example,
the USA code is 00 01H (Z2 = 00 and Z3 = 01).
If the left most digit is a 1, the latest version of the ISO 4217 numeric
currency code is used (see Appendix A1). For example, the code for
the US dollar is 18 40H (Z2 = 18 and Z3 = 40) and for the Euro is
1978 (Z2 = 19 and Z3 = 78).
All new designs after July, 2000 must use the ISO 4217 numeric
currency codes as listed in Appendix A1.
Z4 - Z5 =
Bill Scaling Factor - 2 bytes
All accepted bill values must be evenly divisible by this number. For
example, this could be set to 0064H for the USA.
Z6
Decimal Places - 1 byte
Indicates the number of decimal places on a credit display. For
example, this could be set to 02H for the USA.
=
Z7 - Z8 =
Stacker Capacity - 2 bytes
Indicates the number of bills that the stacker will hold. For example,
400 bill capacity = 0190H.
Z9 - Z10 =
Bill Security Levels - 2 bytes
Indicates the security level for bill types 0 to 15. Since not all
validators support multiple security levels, validators that do not have
this feature must report a “high” security level.
MDB/ICP Version 4.2
February, 2011
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Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
Z11
=
Escrow/No Escrow - 1 byte
Indicates the escrow capability of the bill validator. If Z11 = 00H, the
bill validator does not have escrow capability. If Z11 = FFH, the bill
validator has escrow capability.
Z12 - Z27 = Bill Type Credit - 16 bytes
Indicates the value of the bill types 0 to 15. Values must be sent in
ascending order. This number is the bill's monetary value divided by
the bill scaling factor. Unused bill types are sent as 00H. Unsent bill
types are assumed to be zero. FFH bills are assumed to be vend
tokens.
VMC Command
Code
VMC Data
SECURITY
32H
2 Bytes: Y1 - Y2
Y1 - Y2 =
Bill Type(s) - 2 bytes
b15 b14 b13 b12 b11 b10 b9 b8 | b7 b6 b5 b4 b3 b2 b1 b0
Y1
Y2
A bit is set to indicate the type of bill(s) which are set to a “high”
security level. Note that validators that do not support dual security
levels should report a “high” security level in the response bytes Z9Z10 to the STATUS (31H) command.
MDB/ICP Version 4.2
February, 2011
6•5
Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
VMC Command
Code
Validator Response Data
POLL
33H
16 bytes: Z1 - Z16
Z1 - Z16 =
Bill Validator Activity - 16 bytes
Indicates the validator activity, for example, the type and number of
bills accepted, stacker position, recycler actions, or error conditions.
If there is nothing to report, the validator should send only an ACK.
Otherwise, the only valid responses are:
Bills Accepted:
Indicates the type and number of bills accepted, validator stacker
status, or recycler status. The first four Bill Routing responses (yyy =
000 to 011) should be used to add or subtract credit. The last four
Bill Routing responses (yyy = 100 to 111) are for audit information
(EVS-DTS fields).
Z1
(1yyyxxxx)
yyy
=
Bill Routing; 000: BILL STACKED
xxxx
=
Bill Type (0 to 15)
001: ESCROW POSITION2
010: BILL RETURNED
011: BILL TO RECYCLER1
100: DISABLED BILL REJECTED
101: BILL TO RECYCLER – MANUAL FILL1,3
110: MANUAL DISPENSE1
111: TRANSFERRED FROM RECYCLER
TO CASHBOX1
Notes:
1. These responses can only be sent if the Bill Recycler
expansion commands are enabled by the VMC (b1=1) and
the VMC has request the RECYCLER ENABLE (37 04)
command.
2. A bill should not be considered secure unless the VMC gets
the Bill Stacked or Bill To Recycler response.
3. If during manual fill mode a bill is put into the cashbox the
validator/recycler must report a “BILL TO RECYCLER –
MANUAL FILL” and “TRANSFERRED FROM RECYCLER TO
CASHBOX”.
(Status codes continued on next two pages)
MDB/ICP Version 4.2
February, 2011
6•6
Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
Status:
(00000001) =
(00000010) =
(00000011) =
(00000100) =
(00000101) =
(00000110) =
(00000111) =
(00001000) =
(00001001) =
(00001010) =
(00001011) =
(00001100) =
Bill Validator (Only)
Defective Motor3 - One of the motors has failed to
perform its expected assignment.
Sensor Problem3 - One of the sensors has failed
to provide its response.
Validator Busy2 - The validator is busy and can not
answer a detailed command right now.
ROM Checksum Error3 - The validators internal
checksum does not match the calculated
checksum.
Validator Jammed3 - A bill(s) has jammed in the
acceptance path.
Validator was reset1 - The validator has been reset
since the last POLL.
Bill Removed1 - A bill in the escrow position has
been removed by an unknown means. A BILL
RETURNED message should also be sent.
Cash Box out of position3 - The validator has
detected the cash box to be open or removed.
Validator Disabled2 - The validator has been
disabled, by the VMC or because of internal
conditions.
Invalid Escrow request1 - An ESCROW command
was requested for a bill not in the escrow position.
Bill Rejected1 - A bill was detected, but rejected
because it could not be identified.
Possible Credited Bill Removal1 – There has been
an attempt to remove a credited (stacked) bill.
Note:
- validators must have a means to disable this code
due to potential older VMC issues.
- virtually all VMCs designed prior to this code’s
introduction (10/16/02) will not support it.
- It is a vending machine system issue as to what is
done when this code is received.
(010xxxxx) =
NOTE:
Number of attempts to input a bill while validator is
disabled.1
The validator may send several of one type activity* up to 16 bytes total.
1
2
3
Sent once each occurrence.
Sent once each POLL
Sent once each occurrence. The validator is then disabled until the condition is
removed. Validator will respond with validator disabled until repaired or
replaced.
* Type activity is defined as Bills Accepted and Status. All may be combined in a
response to a POLL command providing the total number of bytes does not
exceed 16.
MDB/ICP Version 4.2
February, 2011
6•7
Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
Status:
(00100001) =
(00100010) =
(00100011) =
(00100100) =
(00100101) =
(00100110) =
(00100111) =
(00101000) =
(00101001) =
(00101010) =
(00101011) =
(00101100) =
(00101101) =
(00101110) =
(00101111) =
Bill Recycler (Only)
Escrow request1 - An escrow lever activation
has been detected. If a button is present and
activated.
Dispenser Payout Busy2 - The dispenser is
busy activating payout devices.
Dispenser Busy2 - The dispenser is busy and
can not answer a detailed command right now.
Defective Dispenser Sensor4 - The dispenser has
detected one of the dispenser sensors behaving
abnormally.
Not Used
Dispenser did not start / motor problem4.
Dispenser Jam4 - A dispenser payout attempt
has resulted in jammed condition.
ROM checksum error4 - The dispensers internal
checksum does not match the calculated
checksum. (If separate from validator
microprocessor.)
Dispenser disabled – dispenser disabled
because of error or bill in escrow position.
Bill waiting2,5 – waiting for customer removal
Not Used
Not Used
Not Used
Not Used
Filled key pressed1 – The VMC should request
a new DISPENSER STATUS.
NOTES:
The dispenser may send several of one type activity, up to
16 bytes total include both bill validator and bill recycler. This will permit
zeroing counters such as inventory and status. These responses can only
be sent if the Bill Recycler expansion commands are enabled by the VMC
(b1=1) and the VMC has request the DISPENSER SETUP (37 03)
command.
1 Sent once each occurrence.
2 Sent once each POLL
3 Not used
4 Sent once each occurrence. The dispenser is then internally disabled
until the condition is removed. If the validator can still be used.
Dispenser will respond with dispenser disabled until the condition is
removed. If the failure affects both the validator and dispenser it will
respond with both validator disabled and dispenser disabled until the
condition is removed.
5 VMC must monitor this flag along with the PAYOUT VALUE POLL
command (alternate Poll (33H) and Payout Status (37H-09H)
commands) to determine when the recycler dispense operations are
complete, or if a bill is in the inlet waiting for a customer to remove it.
MDB/ICP Version 4.2
February, 2011
6•8
Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
File Transport Layer POLLed responses:
Note that all FTL responses are defined in Section 2.6. For the bill validator, the
source address will always be the validator (30H) as defined in Section 2.3.
Z1
1B
REQ TO RCV
The bill validator is requesting to
receive data from a device or VMC.
Z2 = Destination address of response
Z3 = Source address of response (30H)
Z4 = File ID
Z5 = Maximum length
Z6 = Control
1C
RETRY/DENY
The bill validator is requesting a device or
VMC to retry or deny the last FTL command.
Z2 = Destination address of response
Z3 = Source address of response (30H)
Z4 = Retry delay
1D
SEND BLOCK
The bill validator is sending a block of data
(maximum of 31 bytes) to a device or VMC.
Z2 = Destination address of data
Z3 = Block #
Z4-Z34 = Data (maximum of 31 bytes)
1E
OK TO SEND
The bill validator is indicating that it is OK for
the device or VMC to send it data.
Z2 = Destination address of response
Z3 = Source address of response (30H)
1F
REQ TO SEND
The bill validator is requesting to
send data to a device or VMC.
Z2 = Destination address of response
Z3 = Source address of response (30H)
Z4 = File ID
Z5 = Maximum length
Z6 = Control
MDB/ICP Version 4.2
February, 2011
6•9
Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
VMC Command
BILL TYPE
Y1 - Y2 =
Code
34H
VMC Data
4 bytes: Y1 - Y4
Bill Enable - 2 bytes
Indicates what type of bills are accepted.
b15 b14 b13 b12 b11 b10 b9 b8 | b7 b6 b5 b4 b3 b2 b1 b0
Y1
Y2
Bill types are 0 to 15. A bit is set to indicate acceptance of bill type.
NOTE: Sending 0000H disables the bill validator.
Y3 - Y4 =
Bill Escrow Enable:
b15 b14 b13 b12 b11 b10 b9 b8 | b7 b6 b5 b4 b3 b2 b1 b0
Y3
Y4
Bill types are 0 to 15. A bit is set to indicate enable of escrow for a
bill type.
NOTE: On power-up or reset all bill acceptance and escrow are disabled.
VMC Command
Code
VMC Data
ESCROW
35H
1 byte: Y1
Y1 =
Escrow status - 1 byte
If Y1 = 0;
If Y1 = xxxxxxx1;
Return bill in the escrow position.
Stack the bill (“x” indicates don’t
care)
NOTE:
After an ESCROW command the bill validator should respond to a
POLL command with the BILL STACKED, BILL RETURNED, INVALID ESCROW
or BILL TO RECYCLER message within 30 seconds. If a bill becomes jammed in
a position where the customer may be able to retrieve it, the bill validator should
send a BILL RETURNED message.
It is the responsibility of the VMC to stack or return any bills in escrow PRIOR to
issuing the DISPENSE BILL or DISPENSE VALUE message. Leaving a bill in
escrow position may lead to failed recycler operations.
MDB/ICP Version 4.2
February, 2011
6•10
Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
VMC Command
STACKER
Code
36H
Validator Response Data
2 bytes: Z1 - Z2
Indicates stacker full condition and the number of bills in the stacker.
Z1
Z2
(Fxxxxxxx) (xxxxxxxx)
F = 1 if stacker is full, 0 if not.
xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx = The number of bills in the stacker.
LEVEL ONE and TWO+ CAPABILITIES - EXPANSION COMMAND
In order to allow existing VMCs to operate with original Level 1 or new Level 2 bill
validators, a separate identification sub-command has been introduced to handle
the additional 4 bytes of Option Bit information.
The original sub-command 00H is used for obtaining Z1 to Z29 identification
information from bill validators. This information includes the model number,
serial number, software version, etc, but not the option bits. Note that if a
Level 2+ bill validator is sent the 00H sub-command, it must not report the
Z30 to Z33 option bytes.
Sub-command 01H is used for Level 2+ bill validators to enable option bits
reported in the expansion command 02H sub-command below.
The new sub-command 02H is used for obtaining Z1 to Z33 identification
information from Level 2+ bill validators. This information includes the model
number, serial number, software version, etc, and the option bits (Z30-Z33).
VMC Command
EXPANSION
COMMAND
Z1 - Z3 =
Code Sub-Command
Validator Response Data
37H 00H
29 bytes: Z1 - Z29
LEVEL 1 IDENTIFICATION WITHOUT OPTION BITS
Manufacturer Code - 3 bytes
Identification code for the equipment supplier. Sent as ASCII
characters. Currently defined codes are listed in the EVA document
entitled " European Vending Association Data Transfer
Standard" (EVA-DTS), the Audit Data Lists section, sub-section 2,
"Manufacturer Codes".
MDB/ICP Version 4.2
February, 2011
6•11
Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
Z4 - Z15 =
Serial Number - 12 bytes
Factory assigned serial number. All bytes must be sent as ASCII
characters, zeros (30H) and blanks (20H) are acceptable.
Z16 - Z27 = Model #/Tuning Revision - 12 bytes
Manufacturer assigned model number. All bytes must be sent as
ASCII characters, zeros (30H) and blanks (20H) are acceptable.
Z28 - Z29 = Software Version - 2 bytes
Current software version. Must be sent in packed BCD.
VMC Command
EXPANSION
COMMAND
Code Sub-Command
VMC Data
37H 01H
4 bytes: Y1 - Y4
LEVEL 2+ FEATURE ENABLE
This command is used to enable each of the Level 2+ optional features defined in
the Level 2+ Identification response bytes Z30-Z33 below. To enable a feature a
bit is set to one. All optional features are disabled after reset.
VMC Command
EXPANSION
COMMAND
Code Sub-Command
Validator Response Data
37H 02H
33 bytes: Z1 – Z33
LEVEL 2+ IDENTIFICATION WITH OPTION BITS
Z1 - Z3 =
Manufacturer Code - 3 bytes
Identification code for the equipment supplier. Sent as ASCII
characters. Currently defined codes are listed in the EVA document
entitled " European Vending Association Data Transfer
Standard" (EVA-DTS), the Audit Data Lists section, sub-section 2,
"Manufacturer Codes".
Z4 - Z15 =
Serial Number - 12 bytes
Factory assigned serial number. All bytes must be sent as ASCII
characters, zeros (30H) and blanks (20H) are acceptable.
Z16 - Z27 = Model #/Tuning Revision - 12 bytes
Manufacturer assigned model number. All bytes must be sent as
ASCII characters, zeros (30H) and blanks (20H) are acceptable.
Z28 - Z29 = Software Version - 2 bytes
Current software version. Must be sent in packed BCD.
Z30 - Z33 = Optional Features - 4 bytes
MDB/ICP Version 4.2
February, 2011
6•12
Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
Each of the 32 bits indicate an optional features availability. If the bit
is set the feature is available. Bits should be sent in descending
order, i.e. bit 31 is sent first and bit 0 is sent last. Currently defined
options are:
b0 b1 b2 - b31
VMC Command
EXPANSION
COMMAND
(Bill Recycler)
Z1 – Z2 =
File Transport Layer (FTL) supported as defined in
Section 2.6.
Bill Recycling supported
Available for future use
Code Sub-Command
37H 03H
RECYCLER SETUP
Recycler Response Data
2 bytes: Z1 – Z2
Bill Type Routing - 2 bytes
Indicates what bill types can be routed to the Recycler dispenser.
b15 b14 b13 b12 b11 b10 b9 b8 | b7 b6 b5 b4 b3 b2 b1 b0
Z1
Z2
Bit is set to indicate a bill type can be routed to the dispenser. Valid bill
types are 0 to 15.
VMC Command
EXPANSION
COMMAND
(Bill Recycler)
Y1 - Y2 =
Code Sub-Command
37H 04H
RECYCLER ENABLE
VMC Data
19 bytes: Y1 – Y18
Manual Dispense Enable - 2 bytes
b15 b14 b13 b12 b11 b10 b9 b8 | b7 b6 b5 b4 b3 b2 b1 b0
Y1
Y2
A bit is set to indicate manual dispense enable. For example, bit 2 is set to
enable manual dispensing of bill type 2. This command enables/disables
manual dispensing using optional inventory switches. All manual
dispensing switches are automatically disabled upon reset.
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Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
Y3 – Y18 =
Bills Recycler Enabled - 16 bytes
Indicates which bills will be routed to the Recycler:
0 = Bill type disable
1 = Only High qualitybills are used
2 = Only High and Medium quality bills are used
3 = Use all possible bills (this is the recommended setting –
the recycler will use its internal setting to determine what bill
are put into the recycler)
Note: Y3 = Bill Type 0 while Y18 = Bill type 15
VMC Command
Code Sub-Command
Recycler Response Data
EXPANSION
37H 05H
34 bytes: Z1 – Z34
COMMAND
BILL DISPENSE STATUS
(Bill Recycler)
Z1 - Z2 =
Dispenser Full Status - 2 bytes
Indicates status of dispenser for bill types 0 to 15.
b15 b14 b13 b12 b11 b10 b9 b8 | b7 b6 b5 b4 b3 b2 b1 b0
Z1
Z2
A bit is set to indicate a full dispenser. For example, bit 7 = set would indicate
the dispenser for bill type 7 is full.
Z3 – Z34 =
Bill Count - 32 bytes
Indicates the greatest number of bills that the dispenser “knows” definitely
are present in the dispenser. A word (2 bytes) position in the 32 byte string
indicates the number of bills in a dispenser for a particular bill type. For
example, the first 2 bytes sent indicate the number of bills in a dispenser
for dispenser type 0. Unsent bytes are assumed to be zero. For dispenser
counts greater than 65535, counts should remain at 65535.
NOTE:
If a dispenser can detect a dispenser jam, defective dispenser
sensor, or other malfunction, it will indicate the dispenser is "bad" by sending a
dispenser full status and a count of zero for the malfunctioning bill type.
MDB/ICP Version 4.2
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Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
VMC Command
EXPANSION
COMMAND
(Bill Recycler)
Y1 =
Code Sub-Command
37H 06H
DISPENSE BILL
VMC Data
3 bytes: Y1 – Y3
Bill type to be dispensed
b7 b6 b5 b4 b3 b2 b1 b0
Bits b7, b6, b5, b4 = 0.
Bits b3, b2, b1, b0 indicate bill type to be dispensed.
Valid codes are 0H to FH to indicate bill types 0 to 15.
Y2 - Y3 =
Number of bills to be dispensed of bill type defined in Y1
There is no defined limit on how long the actual dispense takes since the
command allows for up to 65535 bills to be paid out. The payout cycle
begins when the dispenser ACKs the VMC’s DISPENSE BILL command.
The VMC should wait at least 30 seconds per bill. If the VMC wants to
stop the dispensing of bills it can send the CANCEL command.
The VMC must send the PAYOUT VALUE POLL message during the
dispense operation to monitor payout, decrement the vendor display, and
determine when the operation is complete. The VMC must also send the
POLL command to determine if any bills are moved from the recycler to
the cashbox or a bill is in the inlet waiting for a customer to remove it.
After the dispense operation is complete the PAYOUT STATUS command
must be sent to determine what bills were dispensed.
Only one payout operation (DISPENSE BILL or DISPENSE VALUE) may
be active at one time. The bill validator is not expected to buffer additional
dispense or payout commands while the current command is active. In
addition, the VMC should not issue the DISPENSE BILL command if a bill
is waiting to for customer removal or if any bills are in the escrow position.
VMC Command
EXPANSION
COMMAND
(Bill Recycler)
Y1 – Y2 =
Code Sub-Command
37H 07H
DISPENSE VALUE
VMC Data
2 bytes: Y1, Y2
Value of bills to be paid out.
Y1 and Y2 are defined as the total value of bills to be paid out. This value
is expressed as the actual credit value divided by the bill scaling factor.
For example, in a USA system using a scaling factor of 100 (64H), if the
change to be paid out is $15.00, then Y1 will equal 15. The bill dispenser
will determine which actual denominations of bills will be paid out. In the
MDB/ICP Version 4.2
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Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
$15.00 example, the bills may be 3 $5 bills; or, 1 $10 bill & 1 $5 bill; or, 2
$5 bills & 5 $1 bills, etc. .
There is no defined limit on how long the actual dispense takes. The
payout cycle begins when the dispenser ACKs the VMC’s DISPENSE
VALUE command. The VMC should wait at least 30 seconds per bill. If
the VMC wants to stop the dispensing of bills it can send the CANCEL
command.
The VMC must send the PAYOUT VALUE POLL message during the
dispense operation to monitor payout, decrement the vendor display, and
determine when the operation is complete. The VMC must also send the
POLL command to determine if any bills are moved from the recycler to
the cashbox or a bill is in the inlet waiting for a customer to remove it.
After the dispense operation is complete the PAYOUT STATUS command
must be sent to determine what bills were dispensed.
Only one payout operation (DISPENSE BILL or DISPENSE VALUE) may
be active at one time. The bill validator is not expected to buffer additional
dispense or payout commands while the current command is active. In
addition, the VMC should not issue the DISPENSE BILL command if a bill
is waiting to for customer removal or if any bills are in the escrow position.
VMC Command
EXPANSION
COMMAND
(Bill Recycler)
Z1 – Z32 =
Code Sub-Command
37H 08H
PAYOUT STATUS
Recycler Response Data
32 bytes: Z1 – Z32
Number of each bill type paid out (2 bytes per bill type).
This is the dispenser's response to the last VMC DISPENSE BILL (37-06)
or DISPENSE VALUE (37-07) command. Bytes are sent in ascending
order of bill types. A byte’s position in the string indicates the bill type.
That is, bytes one and two are the number of bills for bill type 1, bytes
three and four are the number of bills for bill type two, and so on. Unsent
bytes above the bill types dispensed are assumed to be zero.
The dispenser clears payout data after an ACK response from the VMC.
The VMC should compare the value of the bills paid out to the VMC
DISPENSE BILL (37-06) or DISPENSE VALUE (37-07) command.
NOTES:
1) If the dispenser’s payout is busy it will respond to the PAYOUT
STATUS command with an ACK only.
MDB/ICP Version 4.2
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Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
2) If no bills have been paid out, at least one zero valued data byte
must be sent.
VMC Command
EXPANSION
COMMAND
(Bill Recycler)
Z1 – Z2
Code Sub-Command
37H 09H
PAYOUT VALUE POLL
Recycler Response Data
2 bytes: Z1 – Z2
= Dispenser Payout Activity - 2 bytes
An interval value (scaled) which indicates the amount of paid out bills since
the previous PAYOUT VALUE POLL (or between the initial DISPENSE
VALUE command and the first PAYOUT VALUE POLL).
A 00H response indicates no bills were paid out since the previous
PAYOUT VALUE POLL (or the initial DISPENSE VALUE command).
An ACK only indicates that the bill payout is finished. This must be
followed by the PAYOUT STATUS command to obtain the complete
payout data.
NOTE:
The initial intent of this command is to determine the amount of bills
paid out so that the credit display can be decremented as bills are
dispensed.
VMC Command
EXPANSION
COMMAND
(Bill Recycler)
NOTE:
Code Sub-Command
37H 0AH
PAYOUT CANCEL
Recycler Response Data
None
The Recycler should stop the active payout function within 30
seconds. The VMC must continue to send the PAYOUT VALUE
POLL until it receives an ACK indicating the payout is complete.
The VMC must then send the PAYOUT STATUS to determine what
bill were dispensed.
The VMC MUST issue this command if it implements any type of
payout timeout.
MDB/ICP Version 4.2
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Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
VMC Command Code Sub-command VMC Data Validator Response
EXPANSION
37H FAH
Y1-Y5
Z1 (immediate or
COMMAND
FTL REQ TO RCV
POLLed)
The VMC is requesting to receive data from the bill validator whose destination
address will always be (30H). Note that all FTL Commands / Responses are
defined in Section 2.6.
Y1
Y2
Y3
Y4
Y5
=
=
=
=
=
Z1 =
Z2 =
Z3 =
Z4 - Z34 =
Z1
Z2
Z3
Z4
=
=
=
=
Destination address of command (30H)
Source address of command
File ID
Maximum length
Control
1DH which indicates SEND BLOCK
Destination address of data
Block #
Data (maximum of 31 bytes)
or
1CH which indicates RETRY / DENY
Destination address of response
Source address of response (30H)
Retry delay
VMC Command Code Sub-command VMC Data Validator Response
EXPANSION
37H FBH
Y1-Y3
None
COMMAND
FTL RETRY / DENY
The VMC is retrying, denying, or aborting a data transfer to/from the bill validator
whose destination address will always be (30H). Note that all FTL Commands /
Responses are defined in Section 2.6.
Y1 =
Y2 =
Y3 =
Destination address of command (30H)
Source address of command
Retry delay
VMC Command Code Sub-command VMC Data Validator Response
EXPANSION
37H FCH
Y1-Y33
None
COMMAND
FTL SEND BLOCK
The VMC is sending data to the bill validator whose destination address will
always be (30H). Note that all FTL Commands / Responses are defined in
Section 2.6.
MDB/ICP Version 4.2
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Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
Y1 =
Destination address of command & data (30H)
Y2 =
Block #
Y3 - Y33 = Data (maximum of 31 bytes)
VMC Command Code Sub-command VMC Data Validator Response
EXPANSION
37H FDH
Y1-Y2
Z1-Z34 (immediate or
COMMAND
FTL OK TO SEND
POLLed)
The VMC is indicating that it is OK for the bill validator to transfer data. The
destination address will always be the validator (30H). Note that all FTL
Commands / Responses are defined in Section 2.6.
Y1 =
Y2 =
Destination address of command (30H)
Source address of command
Z1 =
Z2 =
Z3 =
Z4 - Z34 =
1DH which indicates SEND BLOCK
Destination address of data
Source address of data
Data (maximum of 31 bytes)
VMC Command Code Sub-command VMC Data Validator Response
EXPANSION
37H FEH
Y1-Y5
Z1 (immediate or
COMMAND
FTL REQ TO SEND
POLLed)
The VMC is requesting to send data to the bill validator whose destination address
will always be (30H). Note that all FTL Commands / Responses are defined in
Section 2.6.
Y1
Y2
Y3
Y4
Y5
=
=
=
=
=
Destination address of command (30H)
Source address of command
File ID
Maximum length
Control
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Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
Z1 =
Z2 =
Z3 =
Z1
Z2
Z3
Z4
=
=
=
=
1EH which indicates OK TO SEND
Destination address of response
Source address of response (30H)
or
1CH which indicates RETRY / DENY
Destination address of response
Source address of response (30H)
Retry delay
VMC Command
EXPANSION
COMMAND
Code Sub-Command
37H FFH
DIAGNOSTICS
VMC Data
Y1-Yn
Val Response
Z1 - Zn
Y1 - Yn =
Device manufacturer specific instruction for implementing various
manufacturing or test modes. Y1 - Yn implies that any number of
bytes can be used for the VMC data to the peripheral.
Z1 - Zn =
Device manufacturer specific responses after receiving
manufacturing or test instructions. Z1 - Zn implies that any number
of bytes can be used for the bill validator response data from the
peripheral.
6.4 Bill Validator / Recycler Non-Response Time
The maximum non-response time for the bill validator is five seconds.
6.5 Bill Validator / Recycler Power Requirements
The current draw for any bill validator must fall within the following limits. All
measurements are at the minimum VMC Voltage Output.
Idle mode
=
200 mA. (avg.) continuous
Bill transport
=
2.5 A. (max.) up to 30 seconds
Bill dispense
=
2.5 A. (max.) up to 30 seconds per bill
Note: If both peripherals are supported, vending machines should be able to provide
sufficient power to simultaneously supply the above power requirements for both the bill
validator Bill Transport and coin mechanism Coin Acceptance as specified in Section
5.5.
MDB/ICP Version 4.2
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6•20
Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
6.6 Bill Validator Examples
Event
Power up at VMC or JUST RESET received by VMC any
other time without reset sequence
Mode switch activated, enter service mode
Mode switch activated, enter sales mode
Consumer inserts bill
Bill in escrow position is stacked
Bill in escrow position is returned
Error situation is detected at validator
Error situation is detected at validator/stacker
Bill dispense
Value dispense
Bill dispense with bill in escrow
Value dispense with bill in escrow
Cancel dispense
Multiple dispense
Reset sequence
VMC
RESET
POLL
ACK
STATUS
ACK
SECURITY
EXPANSION/ID
ACK
FEATURE ENABLE
RECYCLER SETUP
ACK
RECYCLER ENABLE
MDB/ICP Version 4.2
Bill Validator








Exchange
Reset sequence
Enable sequence
Disable sequence
Enable sequence
Accept sequence
Stack sequence
Return sequence
Error sequence
Stack control sequence
Bill Dispense request
Value Payout request
Bill Dispense w/ Bill in Escrow
Value Payout w/ Bill in escrow
Value Payout Cancelled
Multiple Dispense (or Payout)
Requests
Comments
Reset command
ACK
JUST RESET
Allow peripheral to
confirm RESET command
VALIDATOR CONFIG.
Collect operational
parameters
ACK
Update bill security
Levels (Optional)
Collect asset info.
VALIDATOR ID
ACK
If a recycler is available
BILL ROUTING
If a recycler is available
ACK
February, 2011
6•21
Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
Enable sequence
Controller
STACKER
ACK
BILL TYPE ENABLE
Bill Validator


Disable sequence
Controller
BILL TYPE ENABLE

Error sequence
Controller
BILL COUNT
ACK
Comments
ACK
Disable all bill
types
Bill Validator
Comments
STATUS/ERROR
Error sent from
Bill validator
ACK
Accept sequence
Controller
Bill stacked
Bill Validator
POLL
ACK

.
.
.

.
.
.

Accept sequence
Controller
Bill returned
Bill Validator
POLL

.
.
.
ACK
ESCROW
POLL
ACK
MDB/ICP Version 4.2
Enable appropriate
bill types
Bill Validator

POLL
Comments
Update stacker count
BILL ACCEPTED
Comments
Bill type and routing
(ESCROW POSITION)
Send bill to stacker
ACK
BILL ACCEPTED
BILL ACCEPTED
February, 2011
Bill type and routing
(BILL STACKED)
Comments
Bill type and routing
(ESCROW POSITION)
6•22
Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
ESCROW
POLL
ACK

.
.
.

Check stacker after
Accept sequence
Controller
POLL
ACK
STACKER
ACK
BILL TYPE ENABLE

.
.
.


Dispense Sequence
Controller
ACK
POLL
DISPENSE BILL
PAYOUT VALUE POLL
ACK
POLL
PAYOUT VALUE POLL
PAYOUT STATUS
MDB/ICP Version 4.2
BILL ACCEPTED
Return bill to
consumer
Bill type and routing
(BILL RETURNED)
Bill stacked
POLL
ACK





•
•
•

Bill Validator
Comments
BILL ACCEPTED
Bill type and routing
(BILL STACKED)
Update stacker count
BILL COUNT
Disable all bill types, if stacker
is full
ACK
Bill Validator
Comments
BILL WAITING
Inlet blocked, pending
customer
ACK
Inlet unblocked
Dispense # of bills
ACK
VALUE PAID
ACK
Inlet blocked, bill transferred
from the recycler to the
cashbox, or error code
Repeat last 2 commands
ACK
February, 2011
Payout Complete
6•23
Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
ACK
BILL DISPENSE STATUS
ACK


Value Payout
Controller
POLL
ACK
POLL
DISPENSE VALUE
PAYOUT VALUE POLL
ACK
POLL
PAYOUT VALUE POLL
PAYOUT STATUS
ACK
BILL DISPENSE STATUS
ACK





•
•
•



BILLS PAID
Count of each bill type
DISPENSER STATUS
Update Bill counts
Bill Validator
Comments
BILL WAITING
Inlet blocked, pending
customer
ACK
Inlet unblocked
Dispense Value
ACK
VALUE PAID
ACK
Repeat last 2 commands
ACK
Payout Complete
BILLS PAID
Count of each bill type
DISPENSER STATUS
Update Bill counts
Dispense Sequence w/ bill in escrow
Controller
Bill Validator
POLL
ACK
ESCROW
MDB/ICP Version 4.2

•
•
•

•
•
•
Inlet blocked, bill transferred
from the recycler to the
cashbox, or error code
Comments
BILL IN ESCROW
ACK
February, 2011
Return bill to
consumer
6•24
Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
POLL
ACK
POLL
ACK
POLL
DISPENSE BILL
PAYOUT VALUE POLL
ACK
POLL
PAYOUT VALUE POLL
PAYOUT STATUS
ACK
BILL DISPENSE STATUS
ACK






•
•
•



BILL ACCEPTED
Bill type and routing
(BILL RETURNED)
BILL WAITING
Inlet blocked, pending
customer
ACK
Inlet unblocked
Dispense # of bills
ACK
VALUE PAID
ACK
Repeat last 2 commands
ACK
Payout Complete
BILLS PAID
Count of each bill type
DISPENSER STATUS
Update Bill counts
Value payout w/ bill in escrow
Controller
Bill Validator
POLL
ACK
ESCROW
POLL
ACK
POLL
MDB/ICP Version 4.2

•
•
•

•
•
•


Inlet blocked, bill transferred
from the recycler to the
cashbox, or error code
Comments
BILL IN ESCROW
ACK
Return bill to
consumer
BILL ACCEPTED
Bill type and routing
(BILL RETURNED)
BILL WAITING
Inlet blocked, pending
customer
February, 2011
6•25
Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
ACK
POLL
DISPENSE VALUE
PAYOUT VALUE POLL
ACK
POLL
PAYOUT VALUE POLL
PAYOUT STATUS
ACK
BILL DISPENSE STATUS
ACK




•
•
•



Operation Cancelled
Controller
PAYOUT CANCEL
PAYOUT VALUE POLL
ACK
POLL
POLL
PAYOUT STATUS
ACK
BILL DISPENSE STATUS
ACK
ACK
ACK
VALUE PAID
ACK
•
•
•



Inlet blocked, bill transferred
from the recycler to the
cashbox, or error code
Repeat last 2 commands
ACK
Payout Complete
BILLS PAID
Count of each bill type
DISPENSER STATUS
Update Bill counts
Bill Validator
•
•
•



Inlet unblocked
Dispense value
Comments
Payout or dispense in progress
ACK
Request to abort
consumer
VALUE PAID
ACK
Inlet blocked, bill transferred
from the recycler to the
cashbox, or error code
Repeat last 2 commands
ACK
Inlet unblocked
BILLS PAID
Count of each bill type
DISPENSER STATUS
Update Bill counts
Multiple Operations
MDB/ICP Version 4.2
February, 2011
6•26
Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
Controller
POLL
ACK
POLL
DISPENSE BILL
PAYOUT VALUE POLL
ACK
POLL
PAYOUT VALUE POLL
PAYOUT STATUS
ACK
BILL DISPENSE STATUS
ACK
POLL
ACK
POLL
DISPENSE BILL
PAYOUT VALUE POLL
ACK
POLL



•
•
•


•
•
•






•
•
•


Bill Validator
Comments
BILL WAITING
Inlet blocked, pending
customer
ACK
Inlet unblocked
Dispense # of bills
ACK
VALUE PAID
ACK
Inlet blocked, bill transferred
from the recycler to the
cashbox, or error code
ACK
Payout Complete
BILLS PAID
Count of each bill type
DISPENSER STATUS
Update Bill counts
BILL WAITING
Inlet blocked, pending
customer
ACK
Inlet unblocked
Dispense # of bills
ACK
VALUE PAID
ACK
•
•
•
MDB/ICP Version 4.2
Inlet blocked, bill transferred
from the recycler to the
cashbox, or error code
Repeat last 2 commands
February, 2011
6•27
Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
PAYOUT VALUE POLL
PAYOUT STATUS
ACK
BILL DISPENSE STATUS
ACK
POLL
ACK
POLL
MDB/ICP Version 4.2





ACK
Payout Complete
BILLS PAID
Count of each bill type
DISPENSER STATUS
Update Bill counts
BILL WAITING
Inlet blocked, pending
customer
ACK
Inlet unblocked
February, 2011
6•28
Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
Section 7
Cashless Device(s)
VMC/Peripheral Communication Specifications
7.1 Introduction
This section defines the communications bytes sent and received between the cashless
device(s) and the Vending Machine Controller (VMC). As defined in Section 2.3, there are two
cashless device addresses; Cashless #1, 00010xxxB (10H) and Cashless #2, 11000xxxB
(60H). The second address has been assigned to allow for two unique forms of cashless
devices to be resident in the vending machine simultaneously. An example would be a card
based system as Cashless Device #1 (10H) and a mobile phone based system as Cashless
Device #2 (60H). Everything defined in this section will be common to the two cashless
devices – only the addresses will be different.
Unless otherwise stated, all monetary values used by the cashless devices and the VMC will
be sixteen bit (Level 01 & 02) or thirty-two bit (Level 03 if 32 bit option enabled), unsigned
binary numbers. The numbers will be sent most significant byte first and scaled using the
parameters provided by the cashless device’s READER CONFIGURATION DATA response.
7.2 State Definitions
MDB cashless devices may be viewed as state machines. These states are as follows:
1) Inactive
2) Disabled
3) Enabled
4) Session Idle
5) Vend
6) Revalue (Level 02/03 cashless devices)
7) Negative Vend (Level 03 cashless devices)
7.2.1 Inactive
This is the state of the cashless device at power up or after a reset. While in the Inactive state,
cashless devices will NOT be accepted for vending purposes. The cashless device cannot
leave this state until all Setup information is received from the VMC.
7.2.2 Disabled
The cashless device automatically enters this state from the Inactive state when it has
received the Setup information specified in 7.4.1. It will also enter the Disabled state from the
Enabled state when it receives the READER DISABLE command. While in the Disabled state,
payment medias will NOT be accepted for vending purposes. The cashless device will remain
in this state until either a READER ENABLE command is received (when it will enter the
Enabled state) or a RESET is received (when it will enter the Inactive state). For power
MDB/ICP Version 4.2
February, 2011
7•1
Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
management purposes, current consumption will not exceed idle mode specification during
disabled state.
7.2.3 Enabled
In this state, cashless devices may be used for MDB transactions. The cashless device will
remain in this state until a valid payment media is read (when it will enter the Session Idle
state), a READER DISABLE command is received (when it will return to the Disabled state) or
a RESET is received (when it will enter the Inactive state).
When the device is enabled to operate in an “always idle” state, a request vend will directly
enter the vend session, as well as a negative request vend will directly enter the negative vend
request session. During enabled “always idle” state, the cashless device may although
perform normal sessions starting with a BEGIN SESSION command – the VMC needs to
accept both and should after detecting a BEGIN SESSION response act the whole session
like “always idle” state disabled” temporarily.
7.2.4 Session Idle
In the Enabled state, when a valid payment media is processed, the cashless device will issue
a BEGIN SESSION response to a VMC POLL and enter the Session Idle state. This indicates
that the cashless device is available for vending activities. The only structured exit from the
Session Idle state is through the SESSION COMPLETE message from the VMC. The
SESSION COMPLETE command will cause the cashless device to respond with an END
SESSION message and enable/disable itself appropriately. Vend / Negative Vend / Revalue
commands will cause the cashless device to leave the Session Idle state and enter the Vend /
Negative Vend / Revalue state when products are selected and purchased.
7.2.5 Always Idle
When the device is able to operate in an “Always Idle” state (enabled with the Optional
Feature Bits of the EXPANSION Enable Options command), a VEND REQUEST from the
Enabled state will directly enter the Vend state. Additionally, when the device is able to
operate in an “Always Idle” state, a NEGATIVE VEND REQEQUEST will directly enter the
Negative Vend Request state.
7.2.5 Vend
This state is entered from the Session Idle state upon reception of a VEND REQUEST
message from the VMC. The entire Vend state is an uninterruptable command/response
sequence. The cashless device will return to the Session Idle state upon completion of this
sequence.
7.2.6 Revalue
(Level 02 / 03 Cashless Devices)
This state is entered from the Session Idle state upon reception of a REVALUE REQUEST
message from the VMC. The entire Revalue state is an uninterruptable command/response
sequence. The cashless device will return to the Session Idle state upon completion of this
sequence.
MDB/ICP Version 4.2
February, 2011
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Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
7.2.7 Negative Vend Request (Level 03 Cashless Devices)
This state is entered from the Session Idle state upon reception of a NEGATIVE VEND
REQUEST message from the VMC. The entire Negative Vend Request state is an
uninterruptable command/response sequence. The cashless device will return to the Session
Idle state upon completion of this sequence.
7.3 Command Protocol
After the VMC has issued a command, no new commands may be issued until all data
generated in response to that command has been received from the cashless device. The
complete response may be an ACK only (e.g. the READER ENABLE command). Alternatively,
it may consist of an informational response (e.g. READER CONFIGURATION DATA).
The cashless device may provide an informational response in two ways. It may respond
immediately with the requested data, or the cashless device may ACK the VMC command. If
ACKed, the VMC must issue POLLs until the cashless device responds with the requested
data, or until the Application Maximum Response Time (defined in READER
CONFIGURATION response) has elapsed.
The cashless device will define the currency type at the beginning of each session. The
currency type will be used for all following transactions in that session. If the VMC
does not support this currency type, it will end the session.
Below are the uninterruptable VMC commands which require an informational cashless device
response and their associated result:
VMC Command
Cashless Device Response Result
SETUP/CONFIGURATlON DATA =>
READER CONFIGURATION
DATA
EXPANSION/REQUEST ID =>
PERIPHERAL ID
READER CANCEL =>
CANCELLED
VEND REQUEST... VEND CANCEL => VEND DENIED*
VEND REQUEST =>
VEND DENIED*
VEND REQUEST =>
VEND APPROVED =>
VEND SUCCESS*
VEND REQUEST =>
VEND APPROVED =>
VEND FAILURE*
NEGATIVE VEND REQUEST =>
NEGATIVE VEND DENIED*
NEGATIVE VEND REQUEST =>
NEGATIVE VEND
NEGATIVE VEND
APPROVED =>
SUCCESS*
NEGATIVE VEND REQUEST =>
NEGATIVE VEND
NEGATIVE VEND
APPROVED =>
FAILURE*
REVALUE REQUEST=>
REVALUE
APPROVED/DENIED*
SESSION COMPLETE =>
END SESSION
*These VEND / NEGATIVE VEND / REVALUE REQUEST response sequences constitute the
Vend / Negative Vend / Revalue Request states.
Below are the uninterruptable POLLed cashless device which require an informational
response from the VMC:
MDB/ICP Version 4.2
February, 2011
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Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
VMC Command & Data
POLL =>
POLL =>
DATA ENTRY RESPONSE w/ FFs =>
Cashless Device Response Result
DATA ENTRY REQUEST +
DISPLAY REQUEST (optional)
DATA ENTRY CANCEL
Cancelled
Cancelled
Any command may be issued by the VMC at anytime providing the above command protocol
is observed. There are four exceptions to this rule:
1) VEND REQUEST, REVALUE REQUEST, and NEGATIVE VEND REQUEST
response sequences may only be initiated in the Session Idle state. In other words,
the Cashless Device does not allow an “Always Idle” state unless enabled from
setting the corresponding enable bit in the enable options command. If this option is
enabled, the VEND REQUEST, the NEGATIVE VEND REQUEST, and the
REVALUE REQUEST are allowed also during Enabled state.
2) The VMC may issue a VEND CANCEL command after issuing a VEND REQUEST,
but before receiving a VEND APPROVED/DENIED response. In this case the
cashless device will issue a VEND DENIED response to satisfy the original VEND
REQUEST response requirement.
3) The cashless device may issue DISPLAY REQUESTs in response to POLLs at any
time, if the VMC’s display is available for use.
4) The RESET command is allowed at any time, it is not subject to any restrictions.
If a VMC command is received by the cashless device while it is in one of the preceding
uninterruptable states, the following will occur:
The cashless device will ACK the offending command (no data response will be
forthcoming). The cashless device will respond to the next poll with the “COMMAND
OUT OF SEQUENCE” response (0BH).
It should be pointed out to cashless device developers that a command out of sequence
will always cause the VMC to issue a RESET command to the cashless device.
7.3.1 Multi-Message Response Format
The multi-message response format permits the cashless device to send multiple messages in
response to a single command or POLL. Because all messages are of a fixed length, there is
no confusion determining where one message ends and the next message begins. (The total
message length is subject to the 36 byte limit imposed by Section 2 of this standard.)
For example, if a cashless device fails to correctly write a payment media after a VEND
REQUEST, it may need to report:
1) VEND DENIED
2) MALFUNCTION/ERROR subcode 07h
3) SESSION CANCEL REQUEST
MDB/ICP Version 4.2
February, 2011
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Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
The multi-message response (hex) would look like this:
06 0A 07 04 1B*
1 2
3 4
The first byte above (marked 1) is the VEND DENIED message. The next two bytes (marked
2) are the MALFUNCTION/ERROR message. The third and final message is the CANCEL
SESSION REQUEST (marked 3). An eight bit checksum with the mode bit set (marked 4)
finishes the message.
It is important to note that the controller must service the messages in the order in which they
are received. This is necessary to ensure that command protocol is maintained.
MDB/ICP Version 4.2
February, 2011
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Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
7.3.2 Coin Mechanism Escrow Return Actions
If present, the cashless device return button is controlled by the cashless device and it is the
responsibility of the cashless device to terminate a vend sequence if the return button is
pressed during a vend sequence.
The reaction of the VMC to the coin mechanism escrow return will vary depending upon the
state of the system at the time it is pressed. If escrow return is allowed then a coin
mechanism escrow return should be interpreted as VEND CANCEL or END OF SESSION.
1) In the Enabled state, the VMC should send a READER CANCEL command to the
cashless device. This allows the user to abort a pre-approved on-line authorisation
request.
2) In the Session Idle state, the VMC should send a SESSION COMPLETE command
to the cashless device. This will return the cashless device to the Enabled state. The
escrow return may cause the system to enter the revalue state prior to the VMC
sending the “SESSION COMPLETE” command.
3) In the Vend state, before the cashless device has sent a VEND APPROVED or a
VEND DENIED, the VMC should send a VEND CANCEL command to the cashless
device. This will cancel the vend and cause the cashless device to refund the
payment media if necessary.
4) In all other cases, no message is sent from the VMC to the cashless device.
MDB/ICP Version 4.2
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Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
TABLE 1: COMMANDS & RESPONSES
Command Code Sub-command /
Data
Reset
10H (none)
60H
Setup
11H 00H - Config Data
61H
01H - Max/Min Prices
Poll
12H (none)
62H
Response
VMC / Cashless
Level Support
(Level 01+)
No Data *
01H - Reader
Config Data
No Data *
00H - Just Reset
01H - Reader Config Data
02H - Display Request
03H - Begin Session
04H - Session Cancel
Request
05H - Vend Approved
06H - Vend Denied
07H - End Session
08H - Cancelled
09H - Peripheral ID
0AH - Malfunction / Error
0BH - Cmd Out Of
Sequence
0DH - Revalue
Approved
0EH - Revalue Denied
0FH - Revalue Limit
Amount
10H - User File Data
11H - Time/Date
Request
12H - Data Entry
Request
13H - Data Entry Cancel
14H -1AH
1BH - FTL REQ TO RCV
1CH - FTL RETRY /
(Level 01+)
(Level 01+)
(Level 01+)
(Level 01+)
(Level 01+)
(Level 01+)
(Level 01+)
(Level 01+)
(Level 01+)
(Level 01+)
(Level 01+)
(Level 01+)
(Level 01+)
(Level 01+)
(Level 02+)
(option)
(Level 02+)
(Level 02+)
(option)
(option)
(Level 02) **
(Level 02+) (option)
(Level 03+)
(option)
(Level 03+) (option)
(For Future Use)
(Level 03+) (option)
(Level 03+) (option)
DENY
Vend
13H
63H
00H - Vend Request
MDB/ICP Version 4.2
1DH - FTL SEND
BLOCK
1EH - FTL OK TO SEND
1FH - FTL REQ TO
SEND
20H - FEH
FFH - Diagnostic
Response
05H - Vend Approved
06H - Vend Denied
February, 2011
(Level 03+)
(option)
(Level 03+)
(Level 03+)
(option)
(option)
(For Future Use)
(Level 01+)
(Level 01+)
(Level 01+)
7•7
Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
Reader
Revalue
(option)
Expansion
14H
64H
15H
65H
17H
67H
01H - Vend Cancel
02H - Vend Success
03H - Vend Failure
04H - Session
Complete
05H - Cash Sale
06H - Negative Vend
Request
00H - Reader Disable
01H - Reader Enable
02H - Reader Cancel
03H - Data Entry
Response
00H - Revalue
Request
01H - Revalue Limit
Request
06H - Vend Denied
No Data *
No Data *
07H - End Session
(Level 01+)
(Level 01+)
(Level 01+)
(Level 01+)
No Data *
05H – Vend Approved
06H – Vend Denied
No Data *
No Data *
08H - Cancelled
No Data *
(Level 01+)
(Level 03+)
(Level 03+)
(Level 01+)
(Level 01+)
(Level 01+)
(Level 03+)
0DH - Revalue Approved
0EH - Revalue Denied
0FH - Revalue Limit
Amount
0EH - Revalue Denied
00H - Request ID
09H - Peripheral ID
01H - Read User File 10H - User File Data
02H - Write User File No Data *
03H - Write
(option) No Data *
Time/Date
04H - Optional
No Data
Feature
Enabled
FAH - FTL
(option) 1DH - SEND BLOCK
1CH - RETRY / DENY
REQ TO RCV
FBH - FTL
(option) No Data
RETRY / DENY
FCH - FTL
(option) No Data
SEND BLOCK
FDH - FTL
(option) 1DH - SEND BLOCK
OK TO SEND
FEH - FTL
(option) 1EH - OK TO SEND
1CH - RETRY/DENY
REQ TO SEND
FFH - Diagnostics
FFH - Diagnostic
Response
(Level 02+)
(Level 02+)
(Level 02+)
option)
(option)
(option)
(option)
(option)
(option)
(Level 02+) (option)
(Level 01+)
(Level 02) **
(Level 02) **
(Level 02+) (option)
(Level 03+)
(Level 03+)
(Level 03+)
(Level 03+)
(option)
(option)
(option)
(Level 03+)
(option)
(Level 03+)
(option)
(Level 03+)
(Level 03+)
(Level 01+)
(option)
(option)
* No Data response = peripheral just responds with ACK or NAK
** Obsolete Command – Do not use for new designs. Use EXPANSION - Diagnostics.
The term (option) indicates that the command/response is a feature enabled by option bits.
NOTE: Cashless device responses which are part of request / response sequences are listed
more than once in the above table since the cashless device may respond either immediately
to the request (within 5 milliseconds) or to a later POLL.
MDB/ICP Version 4.2
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Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
7.4 VMC/ Cashless Device Command/Response Formats
In the following section, the term “Reader” will indicate either Cashless Device #1 or #2.
7.4.1 Reset and Initialising
RESET
(10H / 60H)
Reader response:
No Data response
If this command is received by a cashless device it should terminate any ongoing transaction
(with an appropriate credit adjustment, if appropriate), eject the payment media (if applicable),
and go to the Inactive state.
All Level 02 and above VMCs must follow the RESET command with the following cashless
device initializing sequence: (Any new Level 01 VMCs are recommended to follow the
sequence.)
Note that the example shows commands for Cashless Device #1 (10H) only. They would be
the same for Cashless Device #2 (address 60H).
POLL – 12h
To obtain “JUST RESET” response
SETUP CONFIGURATION DATA – 11 00h
To send the VMC’s configuration data and obtain the cashless device’s data
SETUP MAX/MIN PRICE – 11 01h
To send the maximum and minimum prices in the VMC. These prices must be
sent as Level 01/02 16 bit credit.
EXPANSION REQUEST ID – 17 00h
To obtain additional cashless device information and options (options in Level 03+ only)
EXPANSION ENABLE OPTIONS – 17 04h (Level 03+ only)
To enable desired options
SETUP MAX/MIN PRICE – 11 01h (Level 03+ and option bits 1 & 2 only)
If 32 bit currency option and/or multi currency – multi lingual is enabled (i.e. bits 1 & 2 of
expansion enable options), perform SETUP MAX/MIN PRICE again to get 32 bit credit
and/or user currency – user language (this conditions will be known as EXPANDED
CURRENCY MODE in the rest of the document).
READER ENABLE – 14 01h
To enable cashless device (if desired)
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7.4.2 SETUP - Config Data
SETUP
(11H / 61H)
Y1 :
Y2 :
Y3 :
Y4 :
Y5 :
Config
Data
(00H)
Y1
VMC
Feature
Level
Y2
Columns
on
Display
Y3
Rows
On
Display
Y4
Display
Info
Y5
Configuration data.
VMC is sending its configuration data to reader.
VMC Feature Level.
Indicates the feature level of the VMC. The available feature levels are:
01 - The VMC is not capable or will not perform the advanced features
as specified in Table 1: COMMANDS & RESPONSES following
Section 7.3.2. The reader will not provide advanced information to
the VMC, but can do the advanced features internally (transparently
to the VMC). The reader has no revaluation capability.
02 - The VMC is capable and willing to perform the advanced features as
specified in Table 1: COMMANDS & RESPONSES following
Section 7.3.2. The reader will provide advanced information to the
VMC (if possible) and will not do the advanced features internally.
03 - The VMC is able to support level 02, but also supports some or all of
the optional features listed in the EXPANSION ID command (i.e., file
transfer, 32 bit credit, multi-currency / language features, negative
vend, and / or data entry).
Columns on Display. The number of columns on the display. Set to 00H if
the display is not available to the reader.
Rows on Display.
The number of rows on the display
Display Information – xxxxxyyy
xxxxx = Unused
yyy =
Display type
Numbers, upper case letters, blank and decimal point.
000 :
001 :
Full ASCII
010-111: Unassigned
Reader Response:
Reader
Config
Data
(01H)
Z1
Reader
Feature
Level
Country
Code
High
Country
Code
Low
Scale
Factor
Decimal
Places
Z2
Z3
Z4
Z5
Z6
Z1 :
Application
Maximum
Response
Time
Z7
Miscellaneous
Options
Z8
READER - Configuration data.
Indicates the payment media reader is responding to a SETUP –
Configuration data request from the VMC.
MDB/ICP Version 4.2
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Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
Z2 :
Reader Feature Level.
Indicates the feature level of the reader. Currently feature levels are:
01 - The reader is not capable or will not perform the advanced features
as specified in Table 1: COMMANDS & RESPONSES following
Section 7.3.2. The reader will not provide advanced information to
the VMC, but can do the advanced features internally (transparently
to the VMC). The reader has no revaluation capability.
02 - The reader is capable and willing to perform the advanced features
as specified in Table 1: COMMANDS & RESPONSES following
Section 7.3.2. The reader will provide advanced information to the
VMC (if possible) and will not do the advanced features internally.
03 - The reader is able to support level 02, but also supports some or all
of the optional features listed in the EXPANSION ID command (i.e.,
file transfer, 32 bit credit, multi-currency / language features,
negative vend, and / or data entry).
Z3-Z4 : Country / Currency Code - packed BCD.
The packed BCD country / currency code of the reader can be sent in two
different forms depending on the value of the left most BCD digit.
If the left most digit is a 0, the International Telephone Code is used to
indicate the country that the reader is set-up for. For example, the USA
code is 00 01H (Z3 = 00 and Z4 = 01).
If the left most digit is a 1, the latest version of the ISO 4217 numeric
currency code is used (see Appendix A1). For example, the code for the
US dollar is 18 40H (Z2 = 18 and Z3 = 40) and for the Euro is 1978 (Z3 =
19 and Z4 = 78). Use FFFFh if the country code in unknown.
For level 3 cashless devices, it is mandatory to use the ISO 4217 numeric
currency code (see Appendix A1).
Z5 :
Scale Factor.
The multiplier used to scale all monetary values transferred between the
VMC and the reader.
Z6 :
Decimal Places.
The number of decimal places used to communicate monetary values
between the VMC and the payment media reader.
All pricing information sent between the VMC and the payment media
reader is scaled using the scale factor and decimal places. This
corresponds to:
ActualPrice = P ⋅ X ⋅ 10 − Y
where P is the scaled value send in the price bytes, and X is the scale
factor, and Y is the number of decimal places. For example if there are 2
decimal places and the scale factor is 5, then a scaled price of 7 will
mean an actual of 0.35.
MDB/ICP Version 4.2
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Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
Z7 :
Application Maximum Response Time - seconds.
The maximum length of time a reader will require to provide a response
to any command from the VMC. The value reported here supercedes the
payment reader’s default NON-RESPONSE time defined in section 7.5 if
the value reported here is greater. (See Section 7.5)
Z8 :
Miscellaneous Options – xxxxyyyy
xxxx:
Unused (must be set to 0)
yyyy:
Option bits
b0=0:
The payment media reader is NOT capable of restoring funds
to the user’s payment media or account. Do not request
refunds.
b0=1:
The payment media reader is capable of restoring funds to the
user’s payment media or account. Refunds may be requested.
b1=0:
b1=1:
The payment media reader is NOT multivend capable.
Terminate session after each vend.
The payment media reader is multivend capable. Multiple
items may be purchased within a single session.
b2=0:
b2=1:
The payment media reader does NOT have a display.
The payment media reader does have its own display.
b3=0:
The payment media reader does NOT support the
VEND/CASH SALE subcommand.
The payment media reader does support the VEND/CASH
SALE subcommand.
b3=1:
b4-b7=0
Any future options must be covered by the EXPANSION
COMMAND option bits.
7.4.3 SETUP – Max / Min Prices
Max / Min Maximum Minimum
Prices
Price
Price
(01H)
Y1
Y2-Y3
Y4-Y5
Level 01 / 02 / 03 Readers
SETUP
(11H / 61H)
Y1 :
Max / Min prices
Indicates the VMC is sending the price range to the reader.
Y2 - Y3 : Maximum Price – scaled
This information should be sent as soon as the VMC prices have been
established and any time there is a change in the maximum price, If the
VMC does not know the maximum price, FFFFh should be sent.
Y4 -Y5 :
Minimum Price – scaled
This information should be sent as soon as the VMC prices have been
established and any time there is a change in the minimum price. If the
VMC does not know the minimum price, 0000h should be sent.
MDB/ICP Version 4.2
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Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
Max /
Maximum Minimum
Currency
SETUP
MinPrices Price
Price
Code
(11H / 61H) (01H)
Y2-Y5
Y6-Y9
Y10-Y11
Y1
Level 03 (EXPANDED CURRENCY MODE) Readers
Y1 :
Max / Min prices
Indicates the VMC is sending the price range to the reader.
Y2 – Y5 : Maximum Price – scaled
This information should be sent as soon as the VMC prices have been
established and any time there is a change in the maximum price, If the
VMC does not know the maximum price, FFFFFFFFh should be sent.
Y6 –Y9 : Minimum Price – scaled
This information should be sent as soon as the VMC prices have been
established and any time there is a change in the minimum price. If the
VMC does not know the minimum price, 00000000h should be sent.
Y10-Y11 Currency Code
The currency code used during this command per ISO 4217 (see
Appendix A1). The value is configured as packed BCD with the leading
digit a 1 (one). For example, the code for the US dollar would be 1840
(Z10 = 18 and Z11 = 40). and for the Euro is 1978 (Z10 = 19 and Z11 =
78).
Reader response:
No Data response
7.4.4 POLL
POLL
(12H / 62H)
The POLL command is used by the VMC to obtain information from the payment media
reader. This information may include user actions (CANCEL SESSION REQUEST), hardware
malfunctions (MALFUNCTION /ERROR), software malfunctions (COMMAND OUT OF
SEQUENCE) or information explicitly requested by the controller (READER
CONFIGURATION DATA). An ACK response indicates that no error states exist, and either
no information request is pending or pending information is not yet ready for transmission.
In addition to an ACK, the VMC may receive the following POLL responses from the payment
media reader.
MDB/ICP Version 4.2
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Reader responses:
Just
Reset
(00H)
Z1
JUST RESET
Indicates the payment media reader has been reset.
Note: the difference between ACK and JUST RESET responses is:
00H 00H*
=JUST RESET
00H*
=ACK
*mode bit=1
Z1 :
Reader
Config
Info
(01H)
Z1
Reader
Feature
Level
Country
Code
High
Country
Code
Low
Scale
Factor
Decimal
Places
Z2
Z3
Z4
Z5
Z6
Application
Maximum
Response
Time
Z7
Miscellaneous
Options
Z8
See paragraph 7.4.2 for a detailed explanation of this response.
Display
Request
(02H)
Z1
Display
Time
Display
Data
Z2
Z3-Z34
Z1 :
DISPLAY REQUEST
The payment media reader is requesting a message to be displayed on
the VMC’s display.
Z2 :
Display Time - 0.1 second units
The requested display time. Either the VMC or the payment media
reader may overwrite the message before the time has expired.
Z3-Z34 : Display Data – ASCII
The message to be displayed. Formatting (leading and/or trailing blanks)
is the responsibility of the payment media reader.
The number of bytes must equal the product of Y3 and Y4 up to a
maximum of 32 bytes in the setup/configuration command.
MDB/ICP Version 4.2
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Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
Begin
Funds
Session Available
(03H)
Z1
Z2-Z3
Level 01 Readers
Z1 :
BEGIN SESSION (level 01 readers)
Allow a patron to make a selection, but do not dispense product until
funds are approved.
Z2-Z3 : Funds Available – scaled
a. Lesser of the user’s payment media or account balance or FFFEh
units.
b. Not yet determined - FFFFh. (Allows selection without displaying balance)
Begin
Funds
Payment Payment Payment
Session Available media ID Type
Data
(03H)
Z1
Z2-Z3
Z4-Z7
Z8
Z9-Z10
Level 02 / 03 Readers
Z1 :
BEGIN SESSION (level 02/03 readers)
Allow a patron to make a selection, but do not dispense product until
funds are approved.
Z2-Z3 :
Funds Available – scaled
a. Lesser of the user’s payment media or account balance or FFFEh
units.
b. Not yet determined - FFFFh. (Allows selection without displaying balance)
Z4-Z7 :
Payment media ID.
00000000h-FFFFFFFEh=Payment media identification number.
FFFFFFFFh
= unknown payment media ID.
Z8 :
Type of payment:
00xxxxxxb = normal vend card (refer EVA-DTS Standard, Appendix
A.1.1 Definitions)
x1xxxxxxb = test media
1xxxxxxxb = free vend card
xx000000b -0 VMC default prices.
xx000001b -1 User Group
(Z9 = EVA-DTS Element DA701)
Price list number
(Z10 = EVA-DTS Element LA101)*
(Z9 = EVA-DTS Element DA701)
xx000010b -2 User Group
Discount group index (Z10 = EVA-DTS Element MA403)
xx000011b -3 Discount percentage factor (Z9=00, Z10 = 0 to 100**,
report as positive value in EVA-DTS Element MA404)
MDB/ICP Version 4.2
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Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
xx000100b
-4 Surcharge percentage factor (Z9=00, Z10 = 0 to 100**,
report as negative value in EVA-DTS Element MA404)
* User Group is a segmentation of all authorized users. It
allows selective cost allocation. A User Group usually has
no direct relation to a price list.
Price Lists are tables of prices. Each Price List contains an
individual price for each product.
Discount Group indicates the Price List on which the
Percentage Factor will be applied.
If the User Group, the Price List or Discount Group is
unknown by the VMC, the normal prices are used (Z8 is
defaulted to 00h).
Minimum value for Z9 and Z10 is 0.
** Percentages are expressed in binary (00 to 64h)
Note:
These functions may NOT be supported by all VMCs.
Z9-Z10 : Payment data as defined above.
Funds
Payment Payment Payment User
Begin
Data
Language
Session Available media ID Type
(03H)
Z1
Z2-Z5
Z6-Z9
Z10
Z11-Z12 Z13-Z14
Level 03 (EXPANDED CURRENCY MODE) Readers
User
Card
Currency Options
Code
Z15-Z16 Z17
Z1 :
BEGIN SESSION (level 03 readers / EXPANDED CURRENCY MODE)
Allow a patron to make a selection, but do not dispense product until
funds are approved.
Z2-Z5 :
Funds Available – scaled
a. Lesser of the user’s payment media or account balance or
FFFFFFFEh units.
b. Not yet determined - FFFFFFFFh.
Z6-Z9 :
Payment media ID.
00000000h-FFFFFFFEh=Payment media identification number.
FFFFFFFFh
= unknown payment media ID.
Type of payment:
00xxxxxxb = normal vend card (refer EVA-DTS Standard, Appendix
A.1.1 Definitions)
x1xxxxxxb = test media
1xxxxxxxb = free vend card
xx000000b -0 VMC default prices.
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7•16
Z10 :
Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
xx000001b
xx000010b
xx000011b
xx000100b
-1 User Group
(Z11 = EVA-DTS Element DA701)
Price list number
(Z12 = EVA-DTS Element LA101)*
-2 User Group
(Z11 = EVA-DTS Element DA701)
Discount group index (Z12 = EVA-DTS Element MA403)
-3 Discount percentage factor (Z11=00, Z12 = 0 to 100**,
report as positive value in EVA-DTS Element MA404)
-4 Surcharge percentage factor (Z11=00, Z12 = 0 to 100**,
report as negative value in EVA-DTS Element MA404)
* User Group is a segmentation of all authorized users. It
allows selective cost allocation. A User Group usually has
no direct relation to a price list.
Price Lists are tables of prices. Each Price List contains an
individual price for each product.
Discount Group indicates the Price List on which the
Percentage Factor will be applied.
If the User Group, the Price List or Discount Group is
unknown by the VMC, the normal prices are used (Z10 is
defaulted to 00h).
Minimum value for Z11 and Z12 is 0.
** Percentages are expressed in binary (00 to 64h)
Note:
These functions may NOT be supported by all VMCs.
Payment
data
as
defined above.
Z11-Z12:
Z13-Z14 User language to use during this session (2 ASCII characters per ISO
639:latest version). The user language is read from the patrons card
and, if supported, should be used instead of the VMC default language
(taken according to the setup command International Telephone code)
up to the next “session complete”. If the VMC is not able to support this
language, the default setting should be used.
Z15-Z16 User currency code to use during this session per ISO 4217 (see
Appendix A1). The value is configured as packed BCD with the leading
digit a 1 (one). For example, the code for the US dollar would be 1840
(Z15 = 18 and Z16 = 40). and for the Euro is 1978 (Z6 = 19 and Z7 =
78).
Z17
Card options (overrides any previous default settings for reader)
b0=0:
The VMC displays the credit if it is programmed to do so
b0=1:
The VMC must not display the credit (privacy purpose – user
option)
b1=0:
The actual inserted patrons card has no refund capability
b1=1:
The actual inserted patrons card has refund capability (Note: a
reader with refund capability may be used with both type of
cards)
b2=0
The actual inserted patrons card has no revalue capability
b2=1
The actual inserted patrons card has revalue & negative vend
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Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
b3-b7:
capability
Reserved for future extensions (unused bits must be set to 0)
Refund means the ability to put money back on the inserted patrons card up to the
value of the last transaction. Revalue means the ability to put money back on the
inserted patrons card up to any value.
The card reader will define the currency type at the beginning of each card
session. The currency type will be used for all following transactions in that
session. If the VMC does not support this currency type, it will end the
session.
Session
Cancel Request
(04H)
Z1
Z1 :
SESSION CANCEL REQUEST
The payment media reader is requesting the VMC to cancel the session.
The VMC should initiate an eventual SESSION COMPLETE. This response
is sent to the VMC whenever the payment media is removed or a request for
removal from the reader is made by the user (e.g. if a return button on the
reader is pressed).
Vend
Vend
Approved Amount
(05H)
Z1
Z2-Z3
Level 01 / 02 / 03 Readers
Refer to paragraph 7.4.5 for detailed explanation.
Vend
Vend
Approved Amount
(05H)
Z1
Z2-Z5
Level 03 (EXPANDED CURRENCY MODE) Readers
Refer to paragraph 7.4.5 for detailed explanation.
Vend
Denied
(06H)
Z1
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Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
Refer to paragraph 7.4.5 for detailed explanation.
End
Session
(07H)
Z1
Refer to paragraph 7.4.9 for detailed explanation.
Cancelled
(08H)
Z1
Refer to paragraph 7.4.14 for detailed explanation.
Peripheral Manufacturer Serial
Model
Software
ID
Code
Number Number Version
(09H)
Z1
Z2-Z4
Z5-Z16 Z17-Z28 Z29-Z30
Level 01 / 02 / 03 Readers (If VMC indicates Level 01 or 02)
Z1 :
PERIPHERAL ID
Reader is sending peripheral ID information.
Z2 - Z4 :
Manufacturer Code - ASCII
Identification code for the equipment supplier. Currently defined codes
are listed in the EVA document entitled "European Vending
Association Data Transfer Standard" (EVA-DTS), the Audit Data
Lists section, sub-section 2, "Manufacturer Codes".
Z5-Z16 :
Serial Number – ASCII
Factory assigned serial number.
Z17-Z28 : Model Number - ASCII
Manufacturer assigned model number.
Z29-Z30 : Software Version - packed BCD
Current software version.
Peripheral Manufacturer Serial
Model
Software Optional
ID
Code
Number Number Version Feature bits
(09H)
Z1
Z2-Z4
Z5-Z16 Z17-Z28 Z29-Z30 Z31 - Z34
Level 03 Readers (If VMC indicates Level 03)
PERIPHERAL ID
Z1 :
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Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
Reader is sending peripheral ID information.
Z2 - Z4 :
Manufacturer Code - ASCII
Identification code for the equipment supplier. Currently defined codes
are listed in the EVA document entitled "European Vending
Association Data Transfer Standard" (EVA-DTS), the Audit Data
Lists section, sub-section 2, "Manufacturer Codes".
Z5-Z16 :
Serial Number – ASCII
Factory assigned serial number.
Z17-Z28 : Model Number - ASCII
Manufacturer assigned model number.
Z29-Z30 : Software Version - packed BCD
Current software version.
Optional Feature Bits. Each of the 32 bits indicate an optional feature
availability. Bits should be sent in descending order, i.e. bit 31 is sent
first and bit 0 is sent last. Options must be enabled by the VMC using
the Expansion Optional Feature Bit Enable (17H-04H) command and
all features are disabled after a reset. Currently defined options are:
Z31- Z34
b0 - File Transport Layer supported
b1 - 0 = 16 bit monetary format, 1 = 32 bit monetary format
b2 – support multi currency / multi lingual
b3 – allow Negative Vend
b4 – allow data entry
b5 – allow “Always Idle” state
b6 to b31 not used (should be set to 0)
Note: If 32 bit monetary format (b1) and or multi currency / multi lingual (b2)
options are enabled, this condition will be known as EXPANDED
CURRENCY MODE in the rest of the document.
Malfunction / Error
Error Code
(0AH)
Z1
Z2
Z1 :
MALFUNCTION/ERROR
The payment media reader is reporting a malfunction or error.
Error Code – xxxxyyyy
xxxx
error types
0000:
Payment media Error1
Invalid Payment media1
0001:
Tamper Error1
0010:
0011:
Manufacturer Defined Error1
MDB/ICP Version 4.2
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Z2 :
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Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
0100:
0101:
0110:
0111:
1000:
1001:
1010:
1011:
1100:
1101-1111:
Communications Error2
Reader Requires Service2
Unassigned2
Manufacturer Defined Error2
Reader Failure3
Communications Error3
Payment media Jammed3
Manufacturer Defined Error
Refund error – internal reader credit lost
Unassigned
1 Transient error - Reported once
2 Non-transient error - Reported every POLL until cleared. Reader still
functional.
3 Non-transient error - Reported every POLL until cleared. Reader not
presently functional.
yyyy = Manufacturer defined subcode
Transient Error Handling
The error will be reported to the VMC until it has been ACKnowledged. The error state
will be cleared in the reader, and normal operations will continue.
Non-transient Error Handling
The error will be reported to the VMC at each POLL as long as it exists. If the reader is
still functional, multi-message responses will allow normal responses in addition to the
error report.
Note: Refund error is sent from the media reader when it is not able to refund money to the
payment media following a failed or cancelled vend. The reader internally cancels the credit
and the credit is lost.
Command
Out of
Sequence
(0BH)
Z1
Level 01 Readers
Z1 :
COMMAND OUT OF SEQUENCE (Level 01 readers)
The payment media reader has received a command that is not
executable in its current state, or that violates one of the uninterruptable
sequences. The offending command should be ACKed but not acted
upon the reader. The VMC will send the RESET command to the reader
upon reception of this response. Note that the reader will continue with
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Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
any credit update process prior to resetting.
Command Status
Out of
Sequence
(0BH)
Z1
Z2
Level 02 / 03 Readers
Z1 :
COMMAND OUT OF SEQUENCE. (Level 02/03 readers)
The payment media reader has received a command that is not
executable in its current state, or that violates one of the uninterruptable
sequences. The offending command should be ACKed but not acted
upon the reader. The VMC will send the RESET command to the reader
upon reception of this response. Note that the reader will continue with
any credit update process prior to resetting.
Z2 :
Status
The state of the payment media reader.
01: Inactive state
02: Disabled state
03: Enabled state
04: Session idle state
05: Vend state
06: Revalue state
07: Negative Vend state
Revalue
Approved
(0DH)
Z1
Level 02 / 03 Readers
Refer to paragraph 7.4.16 for detailed explanation.
Revalue
Denied
(0EH)
Z1
Level 02 / 03 Readers
Refer to paragraph 7.4.16 for detailed explanation.
Revalue
Revalue
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Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
Limit Amount Limit Amount
(0FH)
Z1
Z2-Z3
Level 02 / 03 Readers
Refer to paragraph 7.4.17 for detailed explanation.
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Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
Revalue
Revalue
Limit Amount Limit Amount
(0FH)
Z1
Z2-Z5
Level 03 (EXPANDED CURRENCY MODE) Readers
Refer to paragraph 7.4.17 for detailed explanation.
User
Number
File Data of User File
(10H)
Z1
Z2
Level 02 Readers
Length
Of User File
User
Data
Z3
Z4-Zn
Obsolete Response – Do not use for new designs!! (Use EXPANSION – Diagnostics)
Refer to paragraph 7.4.19 for detailed explanation.
Time/Date
Request
(11H)
Z1
Level 02 / 03 Readers
Z1 :
TIME DATE REQUEST
In certain circumstances it will be necessary to synchronize the real
time clock of the card reader with real time clock of the VMC. The card
reader will respond with TIME/DATE REQUEST to a POLL command
of the VMC. The VMC will follow with the EXPANSION-WRITE
TIME/DATE FILE to the card reader. Refer to paragraph 7.4.19.
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Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
Data Entry
Data Entry Length
Request Response and Repeat Bit
(12H)
Z2
Z1
Level 03 Readers (if Data Entry option enabled)
Z1 :
DATA ENTRY REQUEST
The reader is making a DATA ENTRY REQUEST.
Z2 :
DATA ENTRY LENGTH and REPEAT BIT
rnnnnnnnn
r – Repeat Bit (0 = initial request / 1 = repeated requests
nnnnnnn – number of requested characters / keys
Depending on the type of data being entered, it is a higher level system decision on whether or
not the data is displayed on either the vending machine or card reader. If the data is not
displayed (a recommendation for certain types of sensitive data) the vending machine or card
reader display can still be optionally used to indicate a prompt and/or representation of the
data entered for user feedback (i.e., asterisks *****).
If the card reader uses the vending machine’s display for Data Entry information, it must
concatenate the DATA ENTRY REQUEST Response (12H) with the DISPLAY REQUEST
response (02H). Upon receipt of the response pair, the vending machine controller will give its
display to the card reader for the duration of the Data Entry session plus the amount of time
specified in the Z2 Display Time following the end of the session (regardless of a normal or
cancelled session). In essence, the vending machine controller will not write anything to its
display during the Data Entry session plus the Z2 time. The reader will be able to update the
Data Entry information on the vending machine’s display by sending additional DISPLAY
REQUEST responses during the Data Entry session.
Please see additional DATA ENTRY procedures in Section 7.4.15.
Data Entry
Cancel
(13H)
Z1
Level 03 Readers (if Data Entry option enabled)
Z1 :
DATA ENTRY CANCEL
The user has pushed the reader’s RETURN button before completing the
DATA ENTRY. The VMC should terminate all DATA ENTRY activity in
progress.
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Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
FTL
REQ TO RCV
(1BH)
Z1
Level 03 Readers (if File Transport Layer option enabled)
Z1 :
FTL REQ TO RCV
The reader is requesting to receive data from a device or VMC.
Z2 :
FTL Destination Address
The destination address of the response as defined in Section 2.6.
Z3 :
FTL Source Address (Reader = 10H / 60H)
The source address of the response as defined in Section 2.6.
Z4 :
FTL File ID
The type of information desired as defined in Section 2.6.
Z5 :
FTL Maximum Length
The total number of blocks in the file as defined in Section 2.6.
Z6 :
FTL Control
Data transfer control information as defined in Section 2.6.
FTL
RETRY/DENY
(1CH)
Z1
Level 03 Readers (if File Transport Layer option enabled)
Z1 :
FTL RETRY / DENY
The reader is requesting a device or VMC to retry or deny the last FTL
command.
Z2 :
FTL Destination Address
The destination address of the response as defined in Section 2.6.
Z3 :
FTL Source Address (Reader = 10H / 60H)
The source address of the response as defined in Section 2.6.
Z4 :
FTL Retry Delay
The retry delay as defined in Section 2.6.
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Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
FTL
SEND
BLOCK
(1DH)
Z1
Level 03 Readers (if File Transport Layer option enabled)
Z1 :
FTL SEND BLOCK
The reader is sending a block of data (maximum of 31 bytes) to a device
or VMC.
Z2 :
FTL Destination Address
The destination address of the response as defined in Section 2.6.
Z3 :
FTL Block #
The sequential number of the block as defined in Section 2.6.
Z4- Z34 FTL Data (maximum of 31 bytes)
:
The actual data portion of the block as defined in Section 2.6.
FTL
OK TO SEND
(1EH)
Z1
Level 03 Readers (if File Transport Layer option enabled)
Z1 :
FTL OK TO SEND
The reader is indicating that it is OK for the device or VMC to send it data.
Z2 :
FTL Destination Address
The destination address of the response as defined in Section 2.6.
Z3 :
FTL Source Address (Reader = 10H / 60H)
The source address of the response as defined in Section 2.6.
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Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
FTL
REQ TO
SEND
(1FH)
Z1
Level 03 Readers (if File Transport Layer option enabled)
Z1 :
FTL REQ TO SEND
The reader is requesting to send data to a device or VMC.
Z2 :
FTL Destination Address
The destination address of the response as defined in Section 2.6.
Z3 :
FTL Source Address (Reader = 10H / 60H)
The source address of the response as defined in Section 2.6.
Z4 :
FTL File ID
The type of information desired as defined in Section 2.6.
Z5 :
FTL Maximum Length
The total number of blocks in the file as defined in Section 2.6.
Z6 :
FTL Control
Data transfer control information as defined in Section 2.6.
Diagnostics
Response
(FFH)
Z1
User
Defined
Data
Z2-Zn
Refer to paragraph 7.4.28 for detailed explanation.
7.4.5 VEND - Request
Vend
Item
Vend
Request Price
(13H / 63H) (00H)
Y1
Y2-Y3
Level 01 / 02 / 03 Readers
Y1 :
Item
Number
Y4-Y5
VEND REQUEST
The patron has made a selection. The VMC is requesting vend approval
from the payment media reader before dispensing the product.
Y2-Y3 : Item Price - scaled
The price of the selected product.
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Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
Y4-Y5 : Item Number
The item number of the selected product. This number is defined by the
manufacturer, and set to FFFFh for undefined or not implemented.
Reader response:
Vend
Approved
(05H)
Z1
Z1 :
Vend
Amount
Z2-Z3
VEND APPROVED
Allow the selected product to be dispensed.
Z2-Z3 : Vend Amount - scaled
This is the amount deducted from the user’s payment media or account.
This may not match the amount specified in the VEND REQUEST
command; it may be surcharged or discounted.
FFFFh - an electronic token was used.
NOTE:
The VMC must use Vend Amount to update the credit on
the screen. The Reader must fill this field with the used
amount for the transaction.
Vend
Denied
(06H)
Z1
Z1 :
VEND DENIED
Approval denied for the patron’s selection. Do not dispense any products.
Vend
Item
Item
Vend
Request Price Number
(13H / 63H) (00H)
Y1
Y2-Y5 Y6-Y7
Level 03 (EXPANDED CURRENCY MODE) Readers
Y1 :
VEND REQUEST
The patron has made a selection. The VMC is requesting vend approval
from the payment media reader before dispensing the product.
Y2-Y5 : Item Price – scaled
The price of the selected product.
Y6-Y7 : Item Number
The item number of the selected product. This number is defined by the
manufacturer, and set to FFFFh for undefined or not implemented.
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Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
Reader Response:
Vend
Vend
Approved Amount
(05H)
Z1
Z2-Z5
Level 03 (EXPANDED CURRENCY MODE) Readers
Z1 :
VEND APPROVED
Allow the selected product to be dispensed.
Z2-Z5 : Vend Amount - scaled
This is the amount deducted from the user’s payment media or account.
This may not match the amount specified in the VEND REQUEST
command; it may be surcharged or discounted.
FFFFFFFFh - an electronic token was used.
NOTE:
MDB/ICP Version 4.2
The VMC must use Vend Amount to update the credit on
the screen. The Reader must fill this field with the used
amount for the transaction.
February, 2011
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Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
7.4.6 VEND - Cancel
Vend
(13H / 63H)
Vend
Cancel
(01H)
Y1
Y1 :
VEND CANCEL
This command can be issued by the VMC to cancel a VEND REQUEST
command before a VEND APPROVED/DENIED has been sent by the
payment media reader. The payment media reader will respond to VEND
CANCEL with a VEND DENIED and return to the Session Idle state.
Reader response:
Vend
Denied
(06H)
Z1
See paragraph 7.4.5 for explanation.
7.4.7 VEND - Success
Vend
(13H / 63H)
Vend
Item
Success Number
(02H)
Y1
Y2-Y3
Y1 :
VEND SUCCESS
The selected product has been successfully dispensed.
Y2-Y3 :
Item number
The item number of the selected product. This number is defined by the
manufacturer, and set to FFFFh for undefined or not implemented.
NOTE
A reset between VEND APPROVED and VEND SUCCESS shall be
interpreted as a VEND SUCCESS.
Reader response:
No Data response
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Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
7.4.8 VEND - Failure
Vend
(13H / 63H)
Y1 :
Vend
Failure
(03H)
Y1
VEND FAILURE
A vend has been attempted at the VMC but a problem has been detected
and the vend has failed. The product was not dispensed. Funds should
be refunded to user’s account.
Reader response:
No Data response
Vend failure sequence
In order to ensure that a reader refunds after a Vend Failure command, the VMC must
send at least a single Poll command to obtain the reader possible answers:
ACK
MALFUNCTION ERROR
code 1100yyyy
SILENCE
Refund Complete
Refund error-internal reader credit lost
Refund in progress. VMC must repoll reader until ACK or
Malfunction error answer for maximum NON Response
time.
7.4.9 SESSION COMPLETE
Session
Vend
Complete
(13H / 63H) (04H)
Y1
Y1 :
SESSION COMPLETE
This tells the payment media reader that the session is complete and to
return to the Enabled state. SESSION COMPLETE is part of a
command/response sequence that requires an END SESSION response
from the reader.
Reader response:
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Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
End
Session
(07H)
Z1
Z1 :
END SESSION
This command is issued in response to a SESSION COMPLETE
command. The END SESSION response indicates the reader has
returned to the Enabled state. If “END SESSION” is not received by the
VMC within a the maximum application non-response time, the VMC
must issue a “RESET” command.
7.4.10 CASH SALE
Vend
(13H / 63H)
Cash
Sale
(05H)
Y1
Item
Price
Item
Number
Y2-Y3
Y4-Y5
Level
01 / 02 / 03 Readers
Y1 :
CASH SALE
A cash sale (cash only or cash and cashless) has been successfully
completed by the VMC.
Y2-Y3 : Item Price – scaled
The price of the selected product or cash portion of the price.
Y4-Y5 : Item Number
The item number of the selected product. This number is defined by the
manufacturer, and set to FFFFh for undefined or not implemented.
Note: This command is issued for cash auditing applications and is sent to the payment
media reader if the SETUP/CONFIGURATION bit (b3) is enabled anytime a valid cash
transaction is completed via a coin mechanism or bill validator.
Reporting of free vends, token vends, etc. should commonly be done, using the following item
number conventions:
Set bit b15 in item number to signal the cash vend as a free vend
Set bit b14 in item number to signal the cash vend as a test vend
Set bit b13 in item number to signal the cash vend as a negative vend (an item was returned
and cash was payed out)
Set bit b12 in item number to signal the cash vend as a token vend
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Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
Reader response:
No Data response
Vend
(13H)
Cash
Sale
(05H)
Y1
Y1 :
Item
Price
Item
Item
Number Currency
Y8-Y9
Y2-Y5 Y6-Y7
Level 03 (EXPANDED CURRENCY MODE) Readers
CASH SALE
A cash sale (cash only or cash and cashless) has been successfully
completed by the VMC.
Y2-Y5 : Item Price – scaled
The price of the selected product or cash portion of the price.
Y6-Y7 : Item Number
The item number of the selected product. This number is defined by the
manufacturer, and set to FFFFh for undefined or not implemented.
Y8-Y9 : Item Currency
The currency for the item price used during the vend. This value may be
converted within the reader to the readers balancing currency. The item
currency is sent using the numeric code as defined in ISO 4217 (see
Appendix A1). The value is configured as packed BCD with the leading
digit a 1 (one). For example, the code for the US dollar would be 1840
(Z10 = 18 and Z11 = 40). and for the Euro is 1978 (Z10 = 19 and Z11 =
78).
Note: This command is issued for cash auditing applications and is sent to the payment
media reader if the SETUP/CONFIGURATION bit (b3) is enabled anytime a valid cash
transaction is completed via a coin mechanism or bill validator.
Reader response:
No Data response
7.4.11 Negative Vend Request
Neg.Vend Item
Item
Vend
Request
Value Number
(13H / 63H) (06H)
Y1
Y2-Y3 Y4-Y5
Level 03 Reader
Y1 :
NEGATIVE VEND REQUEST
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Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
The patron has inserted an item. The VMC is requesting negative vend
approval from the payment media reader before accepting the returned
product.
Y2-Y3 : Item value – scaled
The value of the inserted product (16 Bit).
Y4-Y5 : Item Number
The item number of the inserted product. This number is defined by the
manufacturer, and set to FFFFh for undefined or not implemented.
Reader response:
Vend
Vend
Approved Amount
(05H)
Z1
Z2-Z3
Level 03 (EXPANDED CURRENCY MODE disabled) Readers
Z1 :
VEND APPROVED
Allow the returned product to be accepted, i.e. this means, the reader will
be able to credit the value to the patrons card, when a vend success will
follow the approved.
Z2-Z3 : Vend Amount – scaled
This is the amount of credit, which will be added to the user’s payment
media or account. This may not match the amount specified in the
NEGATIVE VEND REQUEST command; it may be surcharged or
discounted.
FFFFh - an electronic token will be credited.
Neg.Vend Item
Item
Vend
Request
Value Number
(13H / 63H) (06H)
Y1
Y2-Y5 Y6-Y7
Level 03 (EXPANDED CURRENCY MODE) Readers
Y1 :
NEGATIVE VEND REQUEST
The patron has inserted an item. The VMC is requesting negative vend
approval from the payment media reader before accepting the returned
product.
Y2-Y5 : Item value – scaled
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Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
The value of the inserted product.
Y6-Y7 : Item Number
The item number of the inserted product. This number is defined by the
manufacturer, and set to FFFFh for undefined or not implemented.
Reader response:
Vend
Vend
Approved Amount
(05H)
Z1
Z2-Z5
Level 03 (EXPANDED CURRENCY MODE) Readers
Z1 :
VEND APPROVED
Allow the returned product to be accepted, i.e. this means, the reader will
be able to credit the value to the patrons card, when a vend success will
follow the approved.
Z2-Z5 : Vend Amount – scaled
This is the amount of credit, which will be added to the user’s payment
media or account. This may not match the amount specified in the
NEGATIVE VEND REQUEST command; it may be surcharged or
discounted.
FFFFFFFFh - an electronic token will be credited.
Vend
Denied
(06H)
Z1
Z1 :
VEND DENIED
Approval denied for the returned product. Do not accept the product or
return it if possible.
Note: This command is used in the uninterruptable vend sequence like the normal REQUEST
VEND and is followed by the normal responses VEND APPROVED or VEND DENIED, for the
reader to confirm the credit update possibility and the final VEND SUCCESS or VEND
FAILURE command to update the patron’s credit.
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Designers of cashless devices must pay special attention in implementing this command,
especially for non locking readers. Credit should only be generated on the media upon final
reception of VEND SUCCESS to avoid unwanted credit in the system.
Designers of both the VMC and the readers have to deal with fault conditions of such a system
carefully. A normal sequence description is added to the example vend sessions with hints to
different application features.
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7.4.12 READER - Disable
Reader
Disable
(14H / 64H) (00H)
Y1
Y1 :
READER DISABLE
This informs the payment media reader that it has been disabled, i.e. it
should no longer accept a patron’s payment media for the purpose of
vending. Vending activities may be re-enabled using the READER
ENABLE command. The payment media reader should retain all SETUP
information.
NOTE
Any transaction in progress will not be affected and should continue to its
normal completion.
Reader response:
No Data response
7.4.13 READER - Enable
Reader
Enable
(14H / 64H) (01H)
Y1
Y1 :
READER ENABLE
This informs the payment media reader that is has been enabled, i.e. it
should now accept a patron’s payment media for vending purposes. This
command must be issued to a reader in the Disabled state to enable
vending operations.
Reader response:
No Data response
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7.4.14 READER - Cancel
Reader
Cancel
(14H / 64H) (02H)
Y1
Y1 :
READER CANCEL
This command is issued to abort payment media reader activities which
occur in the Enabled state. It is the first part of a command/response
sequence which requires a CANCELLED response from the reader.
Reader response:
Cancelled
(08H)
Z1
Z1 :
CANCELLED
This is the reader’s response to the READER CANCEL command from
the VMC. This command comprises a command/response sequence. Its
use is only appropriate in the Enabled state.
7.4.15 DATA ENTRY – Response (Key Entries)
The purpose of the overall Data Entry request / response sequence is to allow the machine
user to enter data (i.e., a card validation number) using the selection buttons on the vending
machine.
The DATA ENTRY request / response sequence can occur in the Enabled state only. It
is the responsibility of the reader to enforce this rule.
Depending on the type of data being entered, it is a higher level system decision on whether or
not the data is displayed on either the vending machine or card reader. If the data is not
displayed (a recommendation for certain types of sensitive data) the vending machine or card
reader display can still be optionally used to indicate a prompt and/or representation of the
data entered for user feedback (i.e., asterisks *****). Please see additional information on
the vending machine’s display usage for Data Entry in the DATA ENTRY REQUEST
Response (12H) description in the 7.4.4 POLL section.
The DATA ENTRY RESPONSE key entries are sent to the reader as they are pressed.
Depending on the user’s speed of entry and vending machine controller cycle time, the data
may be sent either as a digit at a time, a sub group of digits, or the entire length of digits as
specified in the Z2 Data Entry Length byte in the DATA ENTRY REQUEST response. For
example, if the Data Entry Length is 6 digits, but only 2 are initially (and quickly) entered, the
vending machine controller will send the 2 that are available via the DATA ENTRY
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Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
RESPONSE Y2-Y9 command. The balance will be sent via other DATA ENTRY RESPONSE
Y2-Y9 commands when available.
It is up to the reader to merge the received DATA ENTRY RESPONSE data and optionally
update the display as required. The session is ended after the VMC sends the final DATA
ENTRY RESPONSE data (no SESSION COMPLETE command is required). Note that the
VMC display will remain available to the reader for the amount of time requested in the
previous DISPLAY REQUEST response.
If the data entry process is cancelled by the VMC for any reason, the VMC will send the DATA
ENTRY RESPONSE with all data bytes (Y2-Y9) set to FFh. This will terminate the DATA
ENTRY REQUEST and return the reader to the Enabled state.
For ease of command message processing, the Data Entry Data has been fixed at 8
characters (Y2-Y9). Unused bytes must be sent as 00h to pad out the entire command to byte
Y9.
Data Entry Data Entry
Response Data
Reader
Y2-Y9
(14H / 64H) (03H)
Y1
Level 03 Readers (if option enabled)
Y1 :
DATA ENTRY RESPONSE
The VMC is providing a DATA ENTRY RESPONSE to the reader.
Y2-Y9 : DATA ENTRY DATA
Data should be in ASCII, one character per byte. Data should be left
justified (first character / key in Y2, second in Y3, etc.). The number of
data bytes must equal eight (8) and unused data bytes must be sent as
00h.
If the data entry process is cancelled by the VMC for any reason, the
VMC will send this message with all DATA ENTRY data bytes set to FFh.
Note:
The reader must translate the VMC key information into
the appropriate key needed for the application
Reader response:
No Data response
Note: If the reader has additional display information to send to the VMC following the
DATA ENTRY RESPONSE, it should send it via a DISPLAY REQUEST response to
one of the next POLL commands from the VMC.
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7.4.16 REVALUE - Request (Level 02 / 03 Readers)
Revalue
Request
(00H)
Y1
Level 02 / 03 Readers
Revalue
(15H / 65H)
Revalue
Amount
Y2-Y3
Y1 :
REVALUE REQUEST (Level 02 Readers)
A balance in the VMC account because coins or bills were accepted or
some balance is left after a vend. With this command the VMC tries to
transfer the balance to the payment media.
Y2-Y3 :
Revalue amount - scaled.
The revalue amount should not exceed the revalue limit value given by
the command REVALUE LIMIT REQUEST.
Revalue Revalue
Request Amount
(00H)
Y1
Y2-Y5
Level 03 (EXPANDED CURRENCY MODE) Readers
Revalue
(15H / 65H)
Y1 :
REVALUE REQUEST (Level 03 Readers)
A balance in the VMC account because coins or bills were accepted or
some balance is left after a vend. With this command the VMC tries to
transfer the balance to the payment media.
Y2-Y5 :
Revalue Amount - scaled.
The revalue amount should not exceed the revalue limit value given by
the command REVALUE LIMIT REQUEST.
Reader response:
Revalue
Approved
(0DH)
Z1
Level 02 / 03 Readers
Z1 :
REVALUE APPROVED (Level 02 / 03 Readers)
A balance is in the VMC account because coins or bills were accepted or
some balance is left after a vend. The VMC has issued a REVALUE
REQUEST to the payment media reader to transfer the balance to the
payment media. The payment media reader accepted the request and
added its value to the payment media balance. The reader then responds
with a REVALUE APPROVED, so the VMC may clear the account.
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Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
Revalue
Denied
(0EH)
Z1
Level 02 Readers
Z1 :
REVALUE DENIED (Level 02 / 03 Readers)
A balance is in the VMC account because coins or bills were accepted or
some balance is left after a vend. The VMC has issued a REVALUE
REQUEST to the payment media reader to transfer the balance to the
payment media. The payment media reader does not accept the request
and responds with a REVALUE DENIED, so the VMC has to pay out
change. It is a quite common situation if there is no payment media
inserted at this moment.
7.4.17 REVALUE - Limit Request (Level 02 / 03 Readers)
Revalue
Revalue
Limit Request
(15H / 65H) (01H)
Y1
Level 02 / 03 Readers
Note: If revaluing, follow the BEGIN SESSION with this command.
Y1 :
REVALUE LIMIT REQUEST (Level 02 Readers)
In a configuration with a bill and/or coin acceptor and payment media
reader connected to a VMC, the VMC must know the maximum amount
the payment media reader eventually will accept by a REVALUE
REQUEST. Especially if the bill acceptor accepts a wide range of bills.
Otherwise the VMC may be confronted by the situation where it accepted
a high value bill and is unable to pay back cash or revalue it to a payment
media. (see also below)
Reader response:
Revalue Revalue
Limit
Limit
Amount Amount
(0FH)
Z1
Z2-Z3
Level 02 / 03 (EXPANDED CURRENCY MODE disabled) Readers
Z1 :
REVALUE LIMIT AMOUNT (Level 02 / 03 Readers)
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The patron intends to revalue the payment media with a bill of some
value. The VMC must know what kind of bills to accept, so it will issue a
REVALUE LIMIT REQUEST to get the amount the payment media reader
will accept. The payment media reader will respond with the scaled value,
calculated with the maximum allowed payment media balance minus the
current balance of the payment media. The payment media reader
responds with REVALUE DENIED if there is no payment media available
upon this request.
Z2-Z3 : Revalue limit value - scaled.
Reader response:
Revalue Revalue
Limit
Limit
Amount Amount
(0FH)
Z2-Z5
Z1
Level 03 (EXPANDED CURRENCY MODE) Readers
Z1 :
REVALUE LIMIT AMOUNT (Level 03 Readers)
The patron intends to revalue the payment media with a bill of some
value. The VMC must know what kind of bills to accept, so it will issue a
REVALUE LIMIT REQUEST to get the amount the payment media reader
will accept. The payment media reader will respond with the scaled value,
calculated with the maximum allowed payment media balance minus the
current balance of the payment media. The payment media reader
responds with REVALUE DENIED if there is no payment media available
upon this request.
Z2-Z5 : Revalue Limit Value - scaled.
7.4.18 EXPANSION - Request ID
Request
Expansion ID
(17H / 67H) (00H)
Y1
Manufacturer Serial
Code
Number
Model
Number
Y2-Y4
Y17-Y28 Y29-Y30
Y5-Y16
Software
Version
Y1 :
REQUEST ID
The VMC is requesting payment media reader identification
information. The information included above (Y2-Y30) provides the
payment media reader with VMC identification information.
Y2-Y4 :
Manufacturer Code - ASCII
Identification code for the equipment supplier. Currently defined
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codes are listed in the EVA document entitled “The Data Transfer
Standard EVA-DTS" document, the Audit Data Dictionary section,
chapter 4, "Manufacturer Codes".
Y5-Y16 :
Serial Number - ASCII
Factory assigned serial number.
Y17-Y28 :
Model Number - ASCII
Manufacturer assigned model number.
Y29-Y30 :
Software Version - packed BCD
Current software version.
Reader response:
Peripheral Manufacture Serial
Model
Software
ID
Code
Number Number Version
(09H)
Z1
Z2-Z4
Z5-Z16 Z17-Z28 Z29-Z30
Level 01 / 02 / 03 Readers (If VMC indicates Level 01 or 02)
Peripheral
ID
(09H)
Z1
Manufacture
Code
Serial
Model
Number Number
Software
Version
Optional
Feature Bits
Z2-Z4
Z5-Z16
Z29-Z30
Z31-Z34
Z17-Z28
Level 03 Readers (If VMC indicates Level 03)
See paragraph 7.4.4 for a detailed explanation of this response.
7.4.19 EXPANSION - Read User File (Level 02 Readers)
Obsolete Command – Do not use for new designs!! (Use EXPANSION - Diagnostics)
Read
Expansion
User
(17H / 67H)
File
(01H)
Y1
Level 02 Readers
Y1=
Number
of User
File
Y2
READ USER FILE
The VMC request’s the user file. The length of the file is variable with a
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Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
maximum length of 32 bytes. The contents of the data are defined by the
VMC manufacturer. If the payment media reader does support this
command it will respond with USER FILE DATA.
Y2=
Number of User File.
The File identification number. The number and size of the data files are
defined by the payment media reader manufacturer. The maximum
number of user files are FFh.
Reader response:
User
Data
File
(10H)
Z1
Number
of User
File
Length
of User
File
User
Data
Z2
Z3
Z4-Zn
Z1 :
USER FILE DATA (only level 02 readers)
The VMC requires user data and has issued a EXPANSION - READ
USER FILE to the payment media reader.
Z2 :
Number of User File.
The File identification number. The number and size of data files are
defined by the payment media reader manufacturer. The maximum
number of user files are FFh.
Z3 :
Length of user file
The length of the user file. The maximum length of the user file is 32
bytes. If the user file don’t exists the length will be set to 00h.
Z4-Zn : Data defined by the VMC manufacturer.
7.4.20 EXPANSION - Write User File (Level 02 Readers)
Obsolete Command – Do not use for new designs!! (Use EXPANSION - Diagnostics)
Expansion
(17H / 67H)
Y1 :
Write
User
File
(02H)
Y1
Number
of User
File
Length User
of User Data
File
Y2
Y3
Y4-Yn
WRITE USER FILE
The VMC request’s to write the user file. The length of the file is variable
with a maximum length of 32 bytes. The contents of the data are defined
by the VMC manufacturer. If the command is supported but the payment
media reader is unable to write the payment media (writing problem or
data too long) it will respond with MALFUNCTION/ERROR.
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Y2 :
Number of User File.
The File identification number. The number and size of data files are
defined by the payment media reader manufacturer. The maximum
number of user files are FFh.
Y3 :
Length of user file
The length of the user file. The maximum length of the user file is 32
bytes.
Y4-Yn : Data defined by the VMC manufacturer.
Reader response:
No Data response
7.4.21 EXPANSION - Write Time/Date File (Level 02/03 readers)
Expansion
(17H / 67H)
Y1 :
Write Time/
Date File
(03H)
Y1
Time
Date
Y2-Y11
WRITE TIME/DATE FILE
The VMC requests to write the Time/Date file.
Y2- Y11: Time/Date to synchronize the card reader real time clock. The date
bytes are BCD encoded.
Y2
Y3
Y4
Y5
Y6
Y7
Y8
Y9
Y10
Y11
= Years (Range: 00..99)
= Months (Range: 01..12)
= Days (Range: 01..31)
= Hours (Range: 00..23)
= Minutes (Range: 00..59)
= Seconds (Range: 00..59)
= Day of Week (Range: 01..07, Monday = 1..Sunday = 7)
= Week Number (Range: 01..53)
= Summertime (Range: 00..01, Summertime = 1)
= Holiday (Range: 00..01, Holiday = 1)
If any item of the time/date is not supported use FFH instead.
7.4.22 EXPANSION – Enable Options (Level 03 readers)
Expansion
(17H / 67H)
Optional Feature Bit Enable
(04H)
Y1
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Level 03 Readers
Y1 :
Y2 - Y5:
OPTIONAL FEATURE BIT ENABLE
The VMC can enable which level 3 features it desires.
Individual expanded feature bits as sent by reader in response to the
17H-00H EXPANSION REQUEST ID command. To enable a feature, a
bit is set to one. Bits should be sent in descending order, i.e. bit 31 is
sent first and bit 0 is sent last. All features are disabled after a reset.
b0 - File Transport Layer supported
b1 - 0 = 16 bit monetary format, 1 = 32 bit monetary format
b2 – Enable multi currency / multi lingual
b3 – Enable negative vend
b4 - Enabledata entry
b5 – Enable “Always Idle” state
b6 to b31 not used (should be set to 0)
Note: If 32 bit monetary format (b1) and or multi currency / multi lingual
(b2) options are enabled, this condition will be known as EXPANDED
CURRENCY MODE in the rest of the document.
7.4.23 EXPANSION – FTL REQ TO RCV
Expansion
(17H / 67H)
FTL
REQ TO RCV
(FAH)
Y1
Y2-Y6
Level 03 Readers (if File Transport Layer option enabled)
The VMC is requesting to receive data from the reader whose destination address will always
be 10H or 60H. Note that all FTL Commands / Responses are defined in Section 2.6.
Y1 :
FTL REQ TO RCV
The VMC is requesting to receive data from the reader.
Y2 :
FTL Destination Address (Reader = 10H / 60H as defined in Section 2.6.
Y3 :
FTL Source Address
The source address of the command as defined in Section 2.6.
Y4 :
FTL File ID
The type of information desired as defined in Section 2.6.
Y5 :
FTL Maximum Length
The total number of blocks in the file as defined in Section 2.6.
Y6 :
FTL Control
Data transfer control information as defined in Section 2.6.
Reader response:
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Two responses are possible from the reader, either the SEND BLOCK (1DH) which transmits
the initial (or only) part of the data or the RETRY / DENY (1CH). Note that the response can
either be immediate or delayed.
FTL (1DH)
SEND BLOCK
Z1
SEND BLOCK
Information
Z2-Z34
Z1 :
1DH response which indicates SEND BLOCK
Z2 :
Destination address of data as defined in Section 2.6
Z3 :
Block # of data as defined in Section 2.6
Z4-Z34: Data (maximum of 31 bytes)
or
FTL (1CH)
RETRY / DENY
Z1
RETRY / DENY
Information
Z2-Z4
Z1 :
1CH response which indicates RETRY / DENY
Z2 :
Destination address of response as defined in Section 2.6
Z3 :
Source address of response (10H / 60H) as defined in Section 2.6
Z4 :
Retry delay
7.4.24 EXPANSION – FTL RETRY / DENY
Expansion
(17H)
FTL
RETRY / DENY
(FBH)
Y1
Y2-Y4
Level 03 Readers (if File Transport Layer option enabled)
The VMC is retrying, denying, or aborting a data transfer to/from the reader whose destination
address will always be 10H or 60H. Note that all FTL Commands / Responses are defined in
Section 2.6.
Y1 :
FTL RETRY / DENY
The VMC is requesting to retry, deny, or abort a data transfer.
Y2 :
FTL Destination Address (Reader = 10H / 60H)
The destination address of the command as defined in Section 2.6.
Y3 :
FTL Source Address
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The source address of the command as defined in Section 2.6.
Y4 :
FTL Retry Delay
The time delay required of the sender as defined in Section 2.6.
Reader response:
None
7.4.25 EXPANSION – FTL SEND BLOCK
Expansion
(17H / 67H)
FTL
SEND BLOCK
(FCH)
Y1
Y2-Y34
Level 03 Readers (if File Transport Layer option enabled)
The VMC is sending data to the reader whose destination address will always be 10H or 60H.
Note that all FTL Commands / Responses are defined in Section 2.6.
Y1 :
FTL SEND BLOCK
The VMC is requesting to send data.
Y2 :
FTL Destination Address (Reader = 10H / 60H)
The destination address of the command / data as defined in Section 2.6.
Y3 :
FTL Block #
The block # of data as defined in Section 2.6
Y4-Y34 FTL Data (maximum of 31 bytes)
The actual data block as defined in Section 2.6.
Reader response:
None
7.4.26 EXPANSION – FTL OK TO SEND
Expansion
(17H / 67H)
FTL
OK TO SEND
(FDH)
Y1
Y2-Y3
Level 03 Readers (if File Transport Layer option enabled)
The VMC is indicating that it is OK for the reader to transfer data. The destination address will
always be the reader 10H or 60H. Note that all FTL Commands / Responses are defined in
Section 2.6.
Y1 :
FTL OK TO SEND
The VMC is indicating it is OK to send data.
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Y2 :
FTL Destination Address (Reader = 10H / 60H)
The destination address of the command / data as defined in Section 2.6.
Y3 :
FTL Source Address
The source address of the command as defined in Section 2.6.
Reader response:
One response is possible from the reader which transmits the initial (or only) part of the data.
Note that the response can either be immediate or delayed.
FTL (1DH)
SEND
BLOCK
Z1
SEND BLOCK
Information
Z2-Z34
Z1 :
1DH response which indicates SEND BLOCK
Z2 :
Destination address of data as defined in Section 2.6
Z3 :
Block # of data as defined in Section 2.6
Z4-Z34: Data (maximum of 31 bytes)
7.4.27 EXPANSION – FTL REQ TO SEND
Expansion
(17H / 67H)
FTL
REQ TO SEND
(FEH)
Y1
Y2-Y6
Level 03 Readers (if File Transport Layer option enabled)
The VMC is requesting to send data to the reader whose destination address will always be
10H or 60H. Note that all FTL Commands / Responses are defined in Section 2.6.
Y1 :
FTL REQ TO SEND
The VMC is requesting to send data to the reader.
Y2 :
FTL Destination Address (Reader = 10H / 60H)
The destination address of the command as defined in Section 2.6.
Y3 :
FTL Source Address
The source address of the command as defined in Section 2.6.
Y4 :
FTL File ID
The type of information desired as defined in Section 2.6.
Y5 :
FTL Maximum Length
The total number of blocks in the file as defined in Section 2.6.
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Y6 :
FTL Control
Data transfer control information as defined in Section 2.6.
Reader response:
Two responses are possible from the reader, either the OK TO SEND (1EH) which allows the
data transfer to start or the RETRY / DENY (1CH). Note that the response can either be
immediate or delayed.
FTL (1EH)
OK TO SEND
Z1
OK TO SEND
Information
Z2-Z3
Z1 :
1EH response which indicates OK TO SEND
Z2 :
Destination address of response as defined in Section 2.6
Z3 :
Source address of response (10H / 60H) as defined in Section 2.6
or
FTL (1CH)
RETRY / DENY
Z1
RETRY / DENY
Information
Z2-Z4
Z1 :
1CH response which indicates RETRY / DENY
Z2 :
Destination address of response as defined in Section 2.6
Z3 :
Source address of response (10H / 60H) as defined in Section 2.6
Z4 :
Retry delay
7.4.28 EXPANSION - Diagnostics
Expansion
(17H / 67H)
Diagnostics
(FFH)
Y1
Y1 :
User
Defined
Data
Y2-Yn
DIAGNOSTICS.
Device manufacturer specific instruction for implementing various
manufacturing or test modes.
Y2-Yn : User Defined Data.
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The data portion of this command is defined by the manufacturer and is
not part of this document.
Reader response:
Diagnostics
Response
(FFH)
Z1
Z1 :
User
Defined
Z2-Zn
DIAGNOSTICS RESPONSE
Z2-Zn : User Defined Data.
The data portion of this response is defined by the manufacturer and is
not part of this document.
7.5 Cashless Device Non-Response Time
The default maximum non-response time for a cashless device is 5 seconds. This is the
maximum time for which a cashless device will not respond to a command or a POLL with
ACK, NAK or a message. The “Application Maximum Response Time” reported in byte Z7 of
the Reader Configuration Data (7.4.2) supersedes this default value if Z7 is greater.
Unless otherwise specified, a VMC should also use this value as a timeout for a response to
commands that require data to be returned. (See Section 7.3.)
7.6 Cashless Device Power Requirements
The current draw for any cashless device must fall within the following limits. All
measurements are at the minimum VMC Voltage Output.
Idle mode = 300 mA. (avg.) continuous
Transport or Read/Write cycle = 1.5 A @ 50% maximum duty cycle up to 5 seconds.
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7.7 Example Vend Sessions
EXAMPLE VEND SESSION #1
(Valid Single Vend)
Controller
POLL
ACK
VEND REQUEST
POLL
ACK
VEND SUCCESS
SESSION
COMPLETE
POLL
ACK
MDB/ICP Version 4.2




Cashless Device
State
BEGIN SESSION
(Session Idle)
ACK
(Vend)
VEND APPROVED
ACK
(Session Idle)


ACK
END SESSION
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Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
EXAMPLE VEND SESSION #2
(Valid Multiple Vend)
Controller
POLL
ACK
VEND REQUEST
POLL
ACK
VEND SUCCESS
VEND REQUEST
POLL
ACK
VEND SUCCESS
SESSION
COMPLETE
POLL
ACK
MDB/ICP Version 4.2







Cashless Device
State
BEGIN SESSION
(Session Idle)
ACK
(Vend)
VEND APPROVED
ACK
(Session Idle)
ACK
(Vend)
VEND APPROVED
ACK
(Session Idle)


ACK
END SESSION
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Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
EXAMPLE VEND SESSION #3
(Session cancelled by user with reader return button)
Controller

POLL
ACK
Cashless Device
State
BEGIN SESSION
(Session Idle)
User pushes reader RETURN button
POLL
ACK
SESSION
COMPLETE
POLL
ACK
MDB/ICP Version 4.2

SESSION CANCEL


ACK
END SESSION
February, 2011
(Enabled)
7•55
Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
EXAMPLE VEND SESSION #4a
(Session cancelled by user via coin mechanism
escrow return button before product was selected)
Controller

POLL
ACK
Cashless Device
State
BEGIN SESSION
(Session Idle)
User pushes coin mech. escrow return
SESSION
COMPLETE
POLL
ACK
MDB/ICP Version 4.2


ACK
END SESSION
February, 2011
(Enabled)
7•56
Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
EXAMPLE VEND SESSION #4b
(Session cancelled by user via coin mechanism
escrow return button after product was selected)
Controller

POLL
ACK
VEND REQUEST

Cashless Device
State
BEGIN SESSION
(Session Idle)
ACK
(Vend)
User pushes coin mech. escrow return
CANCEL VEND
POLL
SESSION
COMPLETE
POLL
ACK
MDB/ICP Version 4.2


ACK
VEND DENIED
(Session Idle)


ACK
END SESSION
February, 2011
(Enabled)
7•57
Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
EXAMPLE VEND SESSION #5
(VMC Failure/product not dispensed
Refund positive)
Controller

POLL
ACK
VEND REQUEST

Cashless Device
State
BEGIN SESSION
(Session Idle)
ACK
(Vend)
Reader deducts purchase price from payment media

POLL
VEND APPROVED
VMC fails to dispense product
VEND FAILURE
POLL
POLL
SESSION
COMPLETE
POLL
ACK
MDB/ICP Version 4.2



ACK
Silence during the
refund operation
ACK
C

ACK

END SESSION
February, 2011
(Enabled)
7•58
Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
EXAMPLE VEND SESSION #5A
(VMC Failure/product not dispensed
Refund fail)
Controller

POLL
ACK
VEND REQUEST

Cashless Device
State
BEGIN SESSION
(Session Idle)
ACK
(Vend)
Reader deducts purchase price from payment media

POLL
VEND APPROVED
VMC fails to dispense product
VEND FAILURE
POLL
POLL
SESSION
COMPLETE
POLL
ACK
MDB/ICP Version 4.2



ACK
Silence during the
refund operation
MALFUNCTION
ERROR code
1100yyyy=refund fail
ACK
(Level 02 / 03)
(Level 01)

ACK

END SESSION
February, 2011
(Enabled)
7•59
Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
EXAMPLE VEND SESSION #6
(Vend denied by reader)
Controller

POLL
ACK
VEND REQUEST

Cashless Device
State
BEGIN SESSION
(Session Idle)
ACK
(Vend)
Insufficient funds or payment media/account error

POLL
VEND DENIED
(Session Idle)
VMC makes no attempt to dispense product
SESSION
COMPLETE
POLL
ACK
MDB/ICP Version 4.2


ACK
END SESSION
February, 2011
(Enabled)
7•60
Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
EXAMPLE VEND SESSION #7
(Command Out of Sequence Error)
Controller
POLL
ACK
VEND REQUEST
EXPANSION
ID REQUEST
POLL
Cashless Device
State
BEGIN SESSION
(Session Idle)

ACK
(Vend)

ACK


ACK
RESET

COMMAND OUT
OF SEQUENCE
(Session Idle)
{Mandatory}
ACK
(Inactive)
MDB/ICP Version 4.2
February, 2011
7•61
Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
EXAMPLE VEND SESSION #8a
(Reader busy for longer than max. non response time)
Controller
POLL
ACK
VEND REQUEST
POLL
POLLs (numerous)
POLL
POLLs (numerous)
POLL
POLL
ACK
VEND SUCCESS
VEND REQUEST
POLL
ACK
VEND SUCCESS
SESSION
COMPLETE
POLL
ACK
MDB/ICP Version 4.2


Cashless Device
State
BEGIN SESSION
(Session Idle)
ACK
(Vend)
[silence…]
(Reader busy)
[silence…]
(continued POLLs w/ no response)
ACK
(restart Non-Response timer)
[silence…]
(continued POLLs w/ no response)
[silence…]
(Reader almost finished)
VEND APPROVED
(Reader ready)
ACK
(Session Idle)
ACK
(Vend)









VEND APPROVED
ACK
(Session Idle)


ACK
END SESSION
February, 2011
(Enabled)
7•62
Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
EXAMPLE VEND SESSION #8b
(Reader busy for shorter than max. non response time)
Controller
POLL
ACK
VEND REQUEST
POLL
POLLs (numerous)
POLL
POLL
ACK
VEND SUCCESS
VEND REQUEST
POLL
ACK
VEND SUCCESS
SESSION
COMPLETE
POLL
ACK










Cashless Device
State
BEGIN SESSION
(Session Idle)
ACK
(Vend)
[silence...]
(Reader busy)
[silence...]
(Continued POLLs w/ no response)
[silence...]
(Reader almost finished)
VEND APPROVED
(Reader ready)
ACK
(Session Idle)
ACK
(Vend)
VEND APPROVED
ACK
(Session Idle)


ACK
END SESSION
(Enabled)
NOTE
If the peripheral omits to respond within the maximum non-response time, it is considered to
be off-line.
MDB/ICP Version 4.2
February, 2011
7•63
Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
EXAMPLE VEND SESSION #8c
(No Response, Reader busy at Vend Request.)
Controller
POLL
Cashless
Device

ACK
VEND REQUEST

VEND REQUEST
VEND REQUEST


POLL (numerous)
POLL
ACK
MDB/ICP Version 4.2
BEGIN
SESSION
[silence…]
[silence…]
ACK

Reader busy. The reader may not send
the response within the t-response(max)
timeout or hasn’t received the command
completely due to line breakdown
VMC repeats the command: As the VMC
isn’t sure, that the slave has received the
command free of errors it repeats it. The
command itself is not yet performed by
the reader as long the ACK hasn’t been
sent.
Reader busy
(Vend)
The reader will now perform the
command. The response isn’t available at
the moment, thus the VEND REQUEST
is only acked

State/ Comment
VMC polls the reader to obtain the data in
VEND APPROVED
The reader may send a ACK or [silence]
to each POLL
ACK
VEND
APPROVED
The response to the VEND REQUEST is
now available. It must be sent within the
time defined by the APPLICATION
MAXIMUM RESPONSE TIME. This is
measured from the ACK following the
VEND REQUEST.
February, 2011
7•64
Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
EXAMPLE VEND SESSION #9
(Pre-approved authorization aborted by coin
mechanism escrow return button before BEGIN SESSION)
Controller
Cashless Device
State
User swipes payment media
(Enabled)
POLL
READER CANCEL

ACK

ACK
(If applicable, reader aborts HOST communications, ejects payment
media, etc...)
POLL
ACK
MDB/ICP Version 4.2

CANCELLED
February, 2011
7•65
Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
EXAMPLE VEND SESSION #10
(Single Negative Vend)
Controller
POLL
ACK
NEGATIVE
REQUEST
Cashless Device
State

BEGIN SESSION
(Session Idle)
User inserted a payment media, and inserted then a product, which
was detected valid, or pressed a selection button to identify the
desired product which will be inserted later on
VEND POLL
ACK
VEND SUCCESS
SESSION
COMPLETE
POLL
ACK

ACK
(Vend)

VEND APPROVED
The payment reader is able to add the desired value to the credit
The product is now fully accepted from the machine or the user has
finally finished insertion of a valid product

ACK
(Session Idle)
The payment media reader has added the credit


ACK
END SESSION
(Enabled)
Normally, can or bottle return-vendors may check the product first, before the patron inserts
his card. It is up to the VMC, to delay the negative vend request, until the session idle state is
reached. In many return-vendors, from this state, the product is already fully accepted.
Therefore, there is no need for the further sequences, this means, vend accepted, vend
success will follow each other immediately.
If the payment media reader is not able to update the credit, there will be two conditions:
•
The return vendor is able to escrow the product after the vend denied. In this case the
session complete is sent, the product is return and the credit remains unchanged.
•
The return vendor is not able to escrow the product after vend denied. In this case, session
complete should be sent and there should be an update credit within the system (VMC),
which could be returned by other means (i.e. return coins, tokens, etc).
If a return vendor is able to escrow the product again, this vendor normally accepts the product
finally only a vend accepted was sent. In this case there may happen some fault condition
which allows no final acceptance of the product. The return vendor then closes the session
with vend failed instead of vend success, indicating to the reader not to update the system
credit, or, if the payment media is no longer present, request re-insertion of the media.
MDB/ICP Version 4.2
February, 2011
7•66
Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
MDB/ICP Version 4.2
February, 2011
7•67
Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
EXAMPLE VEND SESSION #11
(Always Idle state option set)
Controller
POLL
VEND REQUEST
POLL
POLL
ACK
VEND SUCCESS
SESSION
COMPLETE
POLL
ACK
Cashless Device
State

ACK
(Enabled)

ACK
(Vend)

ACK
(repeated until User presents
cashless media or timeout)


VEND APPROVED
ACK
(Session Idle)


ACK
END SESSION
(Enabled)
EXAMPLE VEND SESSION CANCELLED #12
(Always Idle state option set)
Controller
POLL
VEND REQUEST
POLL
MDB/ICP Version 4.2
Cashless Device
State

ACK
(Enabled)

ACK
(Vend)

ACK
(repeated until User presents
cashless media ), but instead of
this, cash is inserted
February, 2011
7•68
Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
VEND CANCEL
POLL
SESSION
COMPLETE
POLL
ACK




ACK
(Session Idle)
VEND DENIED
(Session Idle)
ACK
END SESSION
(Enabled)
EXAMPLE VEND SESSION TIMEOUT#13
(Always Idle state option set)
Controller
POLL
VEND REQUEST
POLL
POLL
ACK
SESSION
COMPLETE
POLL
ACK
MDB/ICP Version 4.2
Cashless Device
State

ACK
(Enabled)

ACK
(Vend)

ACK
(repeated until User presents
cashless media or timeout), timeout
occurs

VEND DENIED


ACK
END SESSION
February, 2011
(Enabled)
7•69
Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
EXAMPLE DATA ENTRY SESSION #1
(Three key Data Entry w/ Prompt & Asterisks for Entries)
Controller
POLL
ACK
DATA ENTRY
RESPONSE (Key 1)
POLL
ACK
DATA ENTRY
RESPONSE (Key 2)
POLL
ACK
DATA ENTRY
RESPONSE (Key 3)
POLL
ACK

Cashless Device
State
Previously Enabled
Enabled
DATA ENTRY REQUEST +
DISPLAY REQUEST (prompt)
User pushes Selection Key 1


ACK
DISPLAY REQUEST (prompt + *)
User pushes Selection Key 2


ACK
DISPLAY REQUEST (prompt + **)
User pushes Selection Key 3


ACK
(Enabled)
DISPLAY REQUEST (prompt + ***
or “Entry OK”)
Note: After Display Request Time
expires, VMC regains control of
display
POLL
ACK
MDB/ICP Version 4.2

BEGIN SESSION
February, 2011
(Session Idle)
7•70
Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
EXAMPLE DATA ENTRY SESSION #2
(Data Entry with Reader Cancel)
Controller
POLL
ACK
DATA ENTRY
RESPONSE (Key 1)
POLL
ACK
DATA ENTRY
RESPONSE (Key 2)
POLL
ACK
POLL
ACK

Cashless Device
State
Previously Enabled
Enabled
DATA ENTRY REQUEST +
DISPLAY REQUEST (prompt)
User pushes (valid) Selection Key


ACK
DISPLAY REQUEST (prompt + *)
User pushes (invalid) Selection Key



ACK
DATA ENTRY CANCEL
(Enabled)
DISPLAY REQUEST (“Error”)
After Display Request Time expires,
VMC regains control of display
Note that the above scenario is only an example and it may not be prudent to cancel a session
after the first wrong entry. (Someone could fraudulently obtain a password by trying the
maximum of selection keys at each position.)
MDB/ICP Version 4.2
February, 2011
7•71
Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
EXAMPLE DATA ENTRY SESSION #3
(Data Entry with VMC Cancel)
Controller
POLL
ACK
DATA ENTRY
RESPONSE (Key 1)
POLL
ACK
DATA ENTRY
RESPONSE (FF’s)
POLL
ACK

Cashless Device
State
Previously Enabled
Enabled
DATA ENTRY REQUEST +
DISPLAY REQUEST (prompt)
User pushes Selection Key


ACK
DISPLAY REQUEST (prompt + *)
User walks away & VMC times out


ACK
(Enabled)
DISPLAY REQUEST (“Try Again”)
After Display Request Time expires,
VMC regains control of display
MDB/ICP Version 4.2
February, 2011
7•72
Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
Section 8
Communications Gateway
VMC/Peripheral Communication Specifications
8.1 Introduction
This section defines the communications bytes sent and received between a Communications
Gateway (Comms Gateway) and the VMC. The Comms Gateway address is 00011xxxB
(18H).
Unless otherwise stated, all information is assumed to be in a binary format.
After the VMC has issued a command, the Comms Gateway must respond with a reply. The
reply may be an ACK or a detailed message response. If the command format expects a
response, the Comms Gateway may: 1) respond with an ACK, to acknowledge receiving the
command, and send the response later as a response to a POLL, or 2) immediately respond
with the expected message.
The Comms Gateway response to a command from the VMC may be an ACK, a single
message, or if there is more data to send it may be a multi message reply, up to the MDB
maximum of 36 bytes.
The following command / response set has been defined to provide a means to transfer
vending information system data from the VMC to the Comms Gateway in one of two ways;
1) Entire DTS files (including DXS, ST, SD1, G85, SE, and DXE records) are transferred
using the file transport layer (FTL) of MDB.
2) Activity “Reports” are sent from the VMC to the Comms Gateway every time something
happens in the vending system, it is then the Comms Gateways responsibility to store and
assemble the DTS file. (DXS, ST, SD1, G85, SE and DXE data are not sent.) Obviously, a
combination of these two methods can be designed to meet specific needs also.
MDB/ICB Version 4.2
February, 2011
8•1
Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
8.2 VMC Commands
VMC Cmd
RESET
SETUP
Code
18H
19H
POLL
1AH
REPORT
1BH
MDB/ICB Version 4.2
VMC Data
Feature level
Scale factor
Decimal places
Type = 01, Transaction
Transaction Type
Selection (Row/Col.)
Price
Cash in, Coin tubes
Cash in, Cashbox
Cash in, Bills
Value in, Cashless #1
Value in, Cashless #2
Revalue to Cashless #1
Revalue to Cashless #2
Cash out
Discount Amount
Surcharge Amount
User Group #
Price List
Date
Time
Comm Gateway response
00H - Just RESET
(1)
(1) 01H - Comms Gateway Config (1)
(1)
Feature level
(1)
(1)
Max. App. Resp.
(2)
00H - Just RESET
(1)
01H - Comms Gateway Config (1)
Feature level
(1)
Max. App. Resp.
(2)
02H - Request transmit
(1)
03H - Data transmitted
(1)
04H - Error
(1)
Error code
(n)
05H - DTS Event Acknowledge (1)
06H - Peripheral ID:
(1)
Mfg. code
(3)
Serial number
(12)
Model number
(12)
Software ver.
(2)
Opt. features
(4)
07H - Radio Signal Strength
(2)
1BH - FTL REQ to RCV
(option) (1)
1CH - FTL RETRY / DENY (option) (1)
1DH - FTL SEND BLOCK (option) (1)
1EH - FTL OK to SEND
(option) (1)
1FH - FTL REQ to SEND (option) (1)
FFH - Diagnostics
(n)
(1)
(1)
(2)
(2)
(2)
(2)
(2)
(2)
(2)
(2)
(2)
(2)
(2)
(2)
(1)
(1)
(4)
(2)
February, 2011
8•2
Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
CONTROL
1CH
EXPANSION
1FH
Type = 02, DTS Event
DTS Event Code
Date
Time
Duration
Activity
Terminal ID
Type = 03, Asset ID
Asset Type = 0n
Manufacture Code
Serial Number
Model Number
Software Version
(1) 05-DTS Event Acknowledge
(10)
(4)
(2)
(4)
(1)
(12)
(1)
(1)
(3)
(12)
(12)
(2)
Type = 03, Asset ID
Asset Type = 8n
Asset Number
Type = 04, Currency ID
VMC Currency Code
VMC Currency
VMC Decimal Point
Type = 05, Product ID
Product Identification
Selection Presence
00H - Disable
01H - Enable
02H - Transmit
00H - Identification
(1)
(1)
(20)
(1)
(2)
(1)
(1)
(1)
(20)
(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)
01H - Feature enable
Features enabled
02H – Time/Date Request
Time/Date
FAH - FTL
(option)
REQ TO RCV
FBH - FTL
(option)
RETRY / DENY
FCH - FTL
(option)
SEND BLOCK
MDB/ICB Version 4.2
06H - Peripheral ID:
Mfg. code
Serial number
Model number
Software ver.
Opt. features
(1)
(4)
(1) 07H – CG Time/Date
(1)
Years
Months
Days
Hours
Minutes
Seconds
Day of Week
Summertime
Holiday
1DH - SEND BLOCK
1CH - RETRY / DENY
No Data
(1)
(1)
(3)
(12)
(12)
(2)
(4)
(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)
No Data
February, 2011
8•3
Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
FDH - FTL
(option)
OK TO SEND
FEH - FTL
(option)
REQ TO SEND
FFH - Diagnostics
MDB/ICB Version 4.2
1DH - SEND BLOCK
1EH - OK TO SEND
1CH - RETRY/DENY
(n) FFH - Diagnostics
February, 2011
(n)
8•4
Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
8.3 Communications Gateway Command Format
VMC Command
Code/Sub-code
VMC Data
Comms Gateway Response
RESET
18H
No data
None
This command is the vehicle that the VMC should use to tell the Comms Gateway that it
should perform its initialization procedure. With the exception of the ACK response, it should
abort all communication and revert to the internally stored operational parameters.
The following initialization sequence is recommended. It should be used after “power up”, after
issuing the RESET command, or after issuing the Bus Reset (pulling the transmit line “active”
for a minimum of 100 mS).
POLL – 18H
To obtain “JUST RESET” response
SETUP – 19H
To obtain Comms Gateway level and configuration information
EXPANSION IDENTIFICATION – 1F 00H
To obtain additional identification information and options
EXPANSION FEATURE ENABLE – 1F 01H
To enable desired options
CONTROL / ENABLE – 1CH / 01H
To enable / alert the Comms Gateway to start collecting data and / or monitoring
for REPORT commands situations.
VMC Command
Code/Sub-code
VMC Data
Comms Gateway Response
SETUP
19H
Y1 - Y3
Z1 - Z4
Y1 =
VMC feature level
Indicates the highest Comms Gateway feature level that the VMC supports.
Currently the highest feature level is 03, with no requirement to support previous
(obsolete) levels 1 and 2.)
MDB/ICB Version 4.2
February, 2011
8•5
Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
Y2 =
Scale factor
The multiplier used to scale all monetary values transferred
between the VMC and the Comms Gateway.
Y3 =
Decimal places
The number of decimal places used to communicate monetary
values between the VMC and the Comms Gateway.
Z1 = 01
COMMS GATEWAY CONFIGURATION
The Comms Gateway is responding to a SETUP command. This response
includes the following data;
Z2 =
Comms Gateway feature level
The feature level of the Comms Gateway. Currently the highest
feature level is 03, with no requirement to support previous
(obsolete) levels 1 and 2.)
Z3 - Z4 =
Application maximum response time
The maximum length of time, in seconds, that an Comms Gateway
may be unable to respond to any commands. This includes the time
communicating over an external network. The VMC should
continue POLLing the Comms Gateway during this time in an
attempt to re-synchronize communications earlier. When the
Comms Gateway is ready to communicate over the bus again, it
should respond to the next POLL with COMPLETE (if
communicating externally) or ACK. This time essentially replaces
the standard MDB non-response time, as such it’s default value is
equal to the defined non-response time (5 seconds).
VMC Command
Code/Sub-code
VMC Data
Comms Gateway Response
POLL
1AH
No data
Z1 - Zn
The POLL command is used by the VMC to obtain information from the Comms Gateway. This
information may include setup information, activity requests, or error conditions. An ACK
response indicates that no error states exist and either no information request is pending or
pending information is not yet ready for transmission.
In addition to an ACK, the VMC may receive the following POLL responses from the Comms
Gateway.
MDB/ICB Version 4.2
February, 2011
8•6
Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
Z1 = 00
JUST RESET
Indicates the Comms Gateway has been reset internally or on command from the
VMC.
Z1 = 01
COMMS GATEWAY CONFIGURATION
The Comms Gateway is responding to a SETUP command. This response
includes the following data;
Z2 =
Comms Gateway feature level
The feature level of the Comms Gateway. Currently the highest
feature level is 03, with no requirement to support previous
(obsolete) levels 1 and 2.)
Z3 - Z4 =
Application maximum response time
The maximum length of time, in seconds, that an Comms Gateway
may be unable to respond to any commands. This includes the time
communicating over an external network. The VMC should
continue POLLing the Comms Gateway during this time in an
attempt to re-synchronize communications earlier. When the
Comms Gateway is ready to communicate over the bus again, it
should respond to the next POLL with COMPLETE (if
communicating externally) or ACK. This time essentially replaces
the standard MDB non-response time, as such it’s default value is
equal to the defined non-response time (5 seconds).
Z1 = 02
REQUEST TO TRANSMIT
The Comms Gateway is requesting permission to transmit data to an external
collection device. This is done to control the bus power supply. The Comms
Gateway should continue sending this response to each POLL until permission to
transmit has been granted or the need to transmit goes away.
Z1 = 03
DATA TRANSMITTED
The Comms Gateway is finished transmitting to an external collect device.
Z1 = 04
ERROR
The Comms Gateway has developed some type of detectable error. The error
codes will be sent continuously, or until the error is resolved.
Z2 – Zn =
Error code
The error codes are ASCII strings taken from the EVA DTS
Communications fault list.
MDB/ICB Version 4.2
February, 2011
8•7
Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
Z1 = 05
DTS EVENT ACKNOWLEDGE
The Comms Gateway has recognized that a DTS Event has occurred and must
act accordingly. The specific actions will be defined by the Comms Gateway
operational specifications.
Z1 = 06H
PERIPHERAL ID
Comms Gateway is sending peripheral ID information. This response includes
the following data;
Z2 - Z4 =
Manufacturer code
Identification code for the equipment supplier. Sent as ASCII
characters. Blanks (20H) are acceptable.
Z5 - Z16 =
Serial number
Factory assigned serial number sent as numeric ASCII characters.
All bytes must be sent. Zeros (30H) and blanks (20H) are
acceptable.
Z17 - Z28 = Model number ASCII.
Manufacturer assigned model number sent as ASCII characters. All
bytes must be sent. Zeros (30H) and blanks (20H) are acceptable.
Z29 - Z30 = Software version
Current software version sent as packed BCD.
Z31 - Z34 = Optional Features
Each of the 32 bits indicate an optional features availability. If the
bit is set the feature is available. Currently defined options are:
b0:
File transport layer support
b1:
Verbose mode: See REPORT command
b2 : Expansion Time/Date Request command
b3- b31: Future use, must be set to 0.
MDB/ICB Version 4.2
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Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
Z1 = 07H
RADIO SIGNAL STRENGTH
The Comms Gateway is reporting its signal strength from the network. This
response includes the following data;
Z2 =
Signal Strength
The level of radio signal strength detected by the Comms Gateway.
This is a binary number from 00H to 64H (100%) representing the
percentage of expected signal. This can be sent after every POLL,
or as needed due to changes in the signal.
Note that all FTL responses below are defined in Section 2.6. For the Comms Gateway, the
source address will always be the Comms Gateway (18H) as defined in Section 2.3.
Z1 = 1BH
REQ TO RCV
(File Transport Layer)
The Comms Gateway is requesting to receive data from a device or VMC.
Z2 = Destination address of response
Z3 = Source address of response (18H)
Z4 = File ID
Z5 = Maximum length
Z6 = Control
Z1 = 1CH
RETRY/DENY
(File Transport Layer)
The Comms Gateway is requesting a device or VMC to retry or deny the last FTL
command.
Z2 = Destination address of response
Z3 = Source address of response (18H)
Z4 = Retry delay
Z1 = 1DH
SEND BLOCK
(File Transport Layer)
The Comms Gateway is sending a block of data (maximum of 31 bytes) to a
device or VMC.
Z2 = Destination address of data
Z3 = Block #
Z4-Z34 = Data (maximum of 31 bytes)
Z1 = 1EH
OK TO SEND
(File Transport Layer)
The Comms Gateway is indicating that it is OK for a device or VMC to send it
data.
Z2 = Destination address of response
Z3 = Source address of response (18H)
MDB/ICB Version 4.2
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Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
Z1 = 1F
REQ TO SEND
(File Transport Layer)
The Comms Gateway is requesting to send data to a device or VMC.
Z2 = Destination address of response
Z3 = Source address of response (18H)
Z4 = File ID
Z5 = Maximum length
Z6 = Control
Z1 = FFH
DIAGNOSTICS
The Comms Gateway is responding to a EXPANSION/DIAGNOSTICS
command. This response includes the following data;
Z2 - Zn
User defined data
Device manufacturer specific responses after receiving
manufacturing or test instructions. Z1 - Zn implies that any number
of bytes may be used for the response data from the Comms
Gateway.
VMC Command
Code/Sub-code
VMC Data
Comms Gateway Response
REPORT
1BH
Y1 – Ynn
No data
The REPORT command is used by the VMC to pass activity information to the Comms
Gateway. If the “Verbose mode” is enabled via the EXPANSION / FEATURE ENABLE
command, this command must be sent immediately following the completion of any activity it is
describing. The activities may include; a transaction, a DTS defined event, an asset
identification, currency identification, or product identification.
The intent of this command is to provide information so that the Comms Gateway can create a
Data Transfer Standard file. All of the following fields show their corresponding DTS fields for
reference, for further detail refer to the Data Transfer Standard.
If the “Verbose mode” is disabled, only the “DTS Event” report type records must be sent. This
mode uses the FTL to transfer the complete DTS files and the DTS Event report types to alert
the VMC of any alarm conditions.
Since reports data may vary, any field that is not relevant, or not known, should be populated
with 00H’s. All cash values are scaled and decimal adjusted using the data provided in the
SETUP command.
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Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
Y1 =
Type: The type of activity that is being reported, includes one of the following:
01H
02H
03H
04H
05H
Transaction
DTS Event
Asset ID
Currency ID
Product ID
If Y1 = 01H then the following “Transaction” data fields have been identified to be included:
Y2 =
Transaction Type
This field defines the type of transaction that the following data describes.
The defined transaction types include;
01H
02H
03H
04H
05H
06H
07H
08H
Paid Vend
Token Vend
Free Vend
Test Vend
Revalue
Negative Vend
Vendless*
Manual / Service
* The end of a “Vendless” transaction is defined by the VMC manufacturer, for example
an escrow request, a failed vend, etc.
Y3 – Y4 =
Item Number
This is the binary field used to link REPORT type 01 to REPORT type 05.
It is an item number, 0000H through FFFFH of the selected product
involved in the most recent transaction. This number is defined by the
manufacturer.
Y5 – Y6 =
Price
(PA102)
The established price of the product involved in the most recent
transaction. The established price is the price before any adjustments i.e.
discounts surcharges, etc.
Y7 – Y8 =
Cash in, Coin Tubes
(CA303/CA307 or CA1001/CA1002)
The value of cash deposited into the coin tubes since the completion of
the previous transaction.
MDB/ICB Version 4.2
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Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
Y9 – Y10 =
Cash in, Cashbox
(CA302/CA306)
The value of cash deposited into the cashbox since the completion of the
previous transaction.
Y11 – Y12 = Cash in, Bills
(CA304/CA308)
The value of cash deposited into the bill stacker since the completion of
the previous transactions.
Y13 – Y14 = Value in, Cashless Device #1
(DA201/DA203)
The value removed from the media in cashless device #1 since the
completion of the previous transaction.
Y15 – Y16 = Value in, Cashless Device #2
(DB201/DB203)
The value removed from the media in cashless device #2 since the
completion of the previous transaction.
Y17 – Y18 = Revalue to Cashless Device #1
(DA401/DA402)
The value returned to the media in cashless device #1 since the
completion of the previous transaction.
Y19 – Y20 = Revalue to Cashless Device #2
(DB401/DB402)
The value returned to the media in cashless device #2 since the
completion of the previous transaction.
Y21 – Y22 = Cash out
(CA401/CA403 or CA402/CA404)
The total value of the cash dispensed from the system since the
completion of the previous transaction.
Y23 – Y24 = Discount Amount
(CA701/CA702)
The value of any discounts awarded since the completion of the previous
vend.
Y25 – Y26 = Surcharge Amount
(CA705/CA706)
The value of any surcharges collected since the completion of the
previous vend.
Y27 =
User Group #
MDB/ICB Version 4.2
(DA701 or DB701)
February, 2011
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Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
The user group number that the transaction is associated with.
Y28 =
Price List
(LA101)
The price list that the transaction is associated with
Y29 – Y32 = Date
(PA501)
The date of the transaction. This data is sent as BCD in the following
sequence YYYY/MM/DD. For example, 17 March 2002 would be 20H 02H
03H 17H. If the date is not known these bytes are filled with 99Hs.
Y33 – Y34 = Time
(PA502)
The time of the transaction. This data is sent as BCD , 24 hour format, in
the following sequence HHMM. For example, 6:30 PM would be 18H 30H.
If the time is not known these bytes are filled with 99Hs.
If Y1 = 02H then the following “DTS Event” data fields have been identified to be included:
Y2 – Y11 =
DTS Event Code
(EA101 or EA201 or EA701)
This is an alpha-numeric ASCII code defining the event being reported.
The codes are list in the EVA DTS manual. In addition to the standard
DTS event codes, an interrogation event is reported as “EA3” and a power
outage event is reported as “EA7”.
Y12 – Y15 = Date
(EA102)
The date of the event. This data is sent as BCD in the following sequence
YYYY/MM/DD. For example, 17 March 2002 would be 20H 02H 03H 17H.
If the date is not known these bytes are filled with 99Hs.
Y16 – Y17 = Time
(EA103)
The time of the event. This data is sent as BCD in the following sequence
HH/MM. For example, 6:30 PM would be 18H 30H. If the time is not
known these bytes are filled with 99Hs.
Y18 – Y21 = Duration
(EA206)
The duration of the event in total minutes. This data is sent as binary. For
example, 4 hours and 15 minutes would be 00H 00H 00H FFH.
Y22 =
Activity
MDB/ICB Version 4.2
(EA205)
February, 2011
8•13
Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
The current status of the events activity. This field is equal to 00H if the
event is inactive (or not reset for “EA3”) or 01H if the event is active (or
reset for “EA3”).
Z1 = 05
DTS EVENT ACKNOWLEDGE
The Comms Gateway has recognized that a possible alarm situation has
occurred and must act accordingly. The specific actions will be defined by the
Comms Gateway operational specifications.
If Y1 = 03H then the following “Asset ID” data fields have been identified to be included:
Y2 =
Asset Type
The following code pairs have been defined to represent the type of
equipment asset that is being communicated.
Code
Equipment type
01H / 81H
02H / 82H
03H / 83H
04H / 84H
05H / 85H
06H / 86H
07H / 87H
Audit Module / Data Carrier (DC) Identification
Bill Validator Identification
Changer Identification
Control Board Identification
Cashless #1 Identification
Cashless #2 Identification
Machine Identification
DTS
header
(αα)
AM1
BA1
CA1
CB1
DA1
DB1
ID1
If Y2 has the MSB = 0 (i.e. Y2 = 01H) then the following asset data fields have
been identified to be included:
Y3 – Y5 =
Manufacturer code
(αα101, first 3 characters)
Identification code for the equipment supplier. Sent as ASCII
characters. Blanks (20H) are acceptable.
Y6 - Y17 =
Serial number
(αα101, 4th through 15th characters)
Factory assigned serial number sent as numeric ASCII
characters. All bytes must be sent. Zeros (30H) and blanks
(20H) are acceptable.
Y18 - Y29 = Model number
(αα102)
Manufacturer assigned model number sent as ASCII
characters. All bytes must be sent. Zeros (30H) and blanks
(20H) are acceptable.
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Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
Y30 - Y31 = Software version (or Build Standard)
(αα103)
Current software version sent as packed BCD.
If Y2 has the MSB = 1 (i.e. Y2 = 81H) then the following asset data fields have
been identified to be included:
Y2 – Y21 =
Asset Number
(αα105 or αα106)
The asset number of the equipment. This is a reference
number used for tracking purposes, separate from the serial
number. It is usually programmed by the equipment
operator.
If Y1 = 04H then the following “Currency ID” data fields have been identified to be included:
Y2 – Y3 =
VMC’s Country / Currency Code
(ID402)
The packed BCD Country / Currency code of the VMC can be sent in two
different forms depending on the value of the left most BCD digit.
If the left most digit is a 0, the International Telephone Code is used to
indicate the country that the changer is set-up for. For example, the USA
code is 00 01H (Z2 = 00 and Z3 = 01).
If the left most digit is a 1, the latest version of the ISO 4217 numeric
currency code is used. For example, the code for the US dollar is 18 40H
(Z2 = 18 and Z3 = 40) and for the Euro is 1978 (Z2 = 19 and Z3 = 78).
All new designs after July, 2000 must use the ISO 4217 numeric currency
codes.
Y4 =
VMC’s Coin Scaling Factor / Currency Description
(ID403)
The multiplier used to scale all monetary values transferred between the
VMC and the vending machines monetary system.
Y5 =
VMC’s Decimal Point
(ID401)
The number of digits to the right of the decimal point. This field is used in
countries whose currency requires a number of digits to the right of the
decimal point other than 2.
If Y1 = 05H then the following “Product ID” data fields have been identified to be included:
Y2 – Y3 =
Item Number
MDB/ICB Version 4.2
February, 2011
8•15
Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
This is the binary field used to link REPORT type 01 to REPORT type 05.
This number is defined by the manufacturer.
Y4 – Y9 =
Product Number
(PA101)
This is the ASCII representation of the Item Number that should be
included in the DTS file. All bytes must be sent, leading blanks (20H) are
acceptable.
Y10 – Y29 = Product Identification
(PA103)
The ASCII product identification that should identify the product itself, as in
a name (chips/crisps) or an ID number / bar code. All bytes must be sent,
leading blanks (20H) are acceptable.
Y30 =
Selection Presence Status
(PA107)
This field is set to 00H if a vend mechanism (motor, solenoid, etc.) is
present for this selection. This field is set to 01H if a vend mechanism is
not present.
An example of a 01H being sent would be if the vend mechanism was
present previously, and something occurred so that it is not being currently
detected (i.e., removed, broken wire, etc.). It is not intended to indicate
that a product is not available for vending (i.e., sold out).
VMC Command
Code/Sub-code
VMC Data
Comms Gateway Response
CONTROL
1CH
Y1
No data
This command is the vehicle that the VMC uses to control the Comms Gateway’s use of an
external collection device. For example when it should, or should not, transmit through the
external collection device. The information is identified by one of the following subcommands;
Y1 = 00
Disabled
No external transmissions will be granted and no REPORT commands will be
sent.
Y1 = 01
Enabled
External transmissions may be requested and REPORT commands will be sent.
Y1 = 02
Transmit
MDB/ICB Version 4.2
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Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
Permission to transmit and / or receive data is granted, or a transmission session
is requested. A DATA TRANSMITTED response to a POLL must be sent when
the transmission session is complete.
VMC Command
Code/Sub-code
VMC Data
Comms Gateway Response
EXPANSION/
IDENTIFICATION
1FH/00H
Y1
Z1 - Z34
Y1 = 00H
IDENTIFICATION subcommand
The VMC is requesting Comms Gateway identification information for asset tracking and
optional feature purposes.
Z1 = 06H
PERIPHERAL ID
Comms Gateway is sending peripheral ID information. This response includes
the following data;
Z2 - Z4 =
Manufacturer code
Identification code for the equipment supplier. Sent as ASCII
characters. Blanks (20H) are acceptable.
Z5 - Z16 =
Serial number
Factory assigned serial number sent as numeric ASCII characters.
All bytes must be sent. Zeros (30H) and blanks (20H) are
acceptable.
Z17 - Z28 = Model number ASCII.
Manufacturer assigned model number sent as ASCII characters. All
bytes must be sent. Zeros (30H) and blanks (20H) are acceptable.
Z29 - Z30 = Software version
Current software version sent as packed BCD.
Z31 - Z34 = Optional Features
Each of the 32 bits indicate an optional features availability. If the
bit is set the feature is available. Currently defined options include:
b0:
b1:
b2 - b31:
MDB/ICB Version 4.2
File transport layer support.
Verbose mode: See REPORT command
Future use, must be set to 0.
February, 2011
8•17
Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
VMC Command
Code/Sub-code
EXPANSION/
1FH/01H
FEATURE ENABLE
Y1 = 01H
VMC Data
Comms Gateway Response
Y1 - Y5
No data
FEATURE ENABLE subcommand
This command is used to enable each of the optional features defined in Z32-Z35 of the
PERIPHERAL ID response. The VMC should send the EXPANSION /IDENTIFICATION
command, receive the PERIPHERAL ID response, perform a logical OR with the optional
features it wants to enable, and return the resulting enabled features back to the Comms
Gateway by setting a bit to 1 for each respective optional feature enabled. All optional features
are disabled after reset.
Y2 - Y5 =
Optional features enabled
Each of the 32 bits indicates an optional features state. If the bit is set the feature is
enabled.
VMC Command
Code/Sub-code
EXPANSION/
1FH/02H
TIME/DATE REQUEST
Y1 = 01H
VMC Data
Comms Gateway Response
Y1
Z1-Z11
TIME/DATE subcommand
Normally the Comms Gateway is a networked device, and therefore capable of asking the
actual time from a server if required. This command is used to synchronize the VMC’s real
time clock from the Comms Gateway.
To be able to use the command it must be enabled via the EXPANSION / FEATURE ENABLE
command.
Z1 = 01H
CG Time/Date
The date bytes are BCD encoded
Z2 = Years (Range: 00..99)
Z3 = Months (Range: 01..12)
Z4 = Days (Range: 01..31)
Z5 = Hours (Range: 00..23)
Z6 = Minutes (Range: 00..59)
Z7 = Seconds (Range: 00..59)
Z8 = Day of Week (Range: 01..07, Monday = 1..Sunday = 7)
MDB/ICB Version 4.2
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Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
Z9 = Week Number (Range: 01..53)
Z10 = Summertime (Range: 00..01, Summertime = 1)
Z11 = Holiday (Range: 00..01, Holiday = 1)
If any item of the time/date is not supported use FFH instead
VMC Command
Code/Sub-code
VMC Data
EXPANSION
COMMAND
0FH FAH
Y1-Y5
FTL REQ TO RCV
Comms Gateway Response
Z1 - Zn (immediate or POLLed)
The VMC is requesting to receive data from the Comms Gateway whose destination address
will always be (18H). Note that all FTL Commands / Responses are defined in Section 2.6.
Y1
Y2
Y3
Y4
Y5
=
=
=
=
=
Z1 =
Z2 =
Z3 =
Z4 - Z34 =
Z1
Z2
Z3
Z4
=
=
=
=
Destination address of command (18H)
Source address of command
File ID
Maximum length
Control
1DH which indicates SEND BLOCK
Destination address of data
Block #
Data (maximum of 31 bytes)
or
1CH which indicates RETRY / DENY
Destination address of response
Source address of response (18H)
Retry delay
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Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
VMC Command
Code/Sub-code
VMC Data
EXPANSION
COMMAND
0FH FBH
Y1-Y3
FTL RETRY / DENY
Comms Gateway Response
None
The VMC is retrying, denying, or aborting a data transfer to/from the Comms Gateway whose
destination address will always be (18H). Note that all FTL Commands / Responses are
defined in Section 2.6.
Y1 =
Y2 =
Y3 =
Destination address of command (18H)
Source address of command
Retry delay
VMC Command
Code/Sub-code
VMC Data
EXPANSION
COMMAND
0FH FCH
Y1-Y33
FTL SEND BLOCK
Comms Gateway Response
None
The VMC is sending data to the Comms Gateway whose destination address will always be
(18H). Note that all FTL Commands / Responses are defined in Section 2.6.
Y1 =
Destination address of command & data (18H)
Y2 =
Block #
Y3 - Y33 = Data (maximum of 31 bytes)
VMC Command
Code/Sub-code
VMC Data
EXPANSION
COMMAND
0FH FDH
Y1-Y2
FTL OK TO SEND
Comms Gateway Response
Z1-Z34 (immediate or POLLed)
The VMC is indicating that it is OK for the Comms Gateway to transfer data. The destination
address will always be the Comms Gateway (18H). Note that all FTL Commands / Responses
are defined in Section 2.6.
Y1 =
Y2 =
Destination address of command (18H)
Source address of command
Z1 =
Z2 =
Z3 =
Z4 - Z34 =
1DH which indicates SEND BLOCK
Destination address of data
Source address of data
Data (maximum of 31 bytes)
MDB/ICB Version 4.2
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Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
VMC Command
Code/Sub-code
VMC Data
EXPANSION
COMMAND
0FH FEH
Y1-Y5
FTL REQ TO SEND
Comms Gateway Response
Z1 - Zn (immediate or POLLed)
The VMC is requesting to send data to the Comms Gateway whose destination address will
always be (18H). Note that all FTL Commands / Responses are defined in Section 2.6.
Y1
Y2
Y3
Y4
Y5
=
=
=
=
=
Destination address of command (18H)
Source address of command
File ID
Maximum length
Control
Z1 =
Z2 =
Z3 =
Z1
Z2
Z3
Z4
1EH which indicates OK TO SEND
Destination address of response
Source address of response (18H)
or
1CH which indicates RETRY / DENY
Destination address of response
Source address of response (18H)
Retry delay
=
=
=
=
VMC Command
Code/Sub-code
VMC Data
Comms Gateway Response
EXPANSION/
DIAGNOSTICS
1FH/FFH
Y1 - Yn
Z1 - Zn
Y1 = FFH
DIAGNOSTICS subcommand
Device manufacturer specific instruction for implementing various manufacturing
or test modes.
Y2 - Yn =
User defined data
The data portion of this command is defined by the manufacturer and is not part
of this document.
Z1 = FFH
DIAGNOSTICS
The Comms Gateway is responding to a EXPANSION/DIAGNOSTICS
command. This response includes the following data;
Z2 - Zn =
MDB/ICB Version 4.2
User defined data
February, 2011
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Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
Device manufacturer specific responses after receiving
manufacturing or test instructions. Z1 - Zn implies that any number
of bytes may be used for the response data from the Comms
Gateway.
8.4 Communications Gateway Non-Response Time
The maximum non-response time for a Comms Gateway is 5 seconds. This is the maximum
time for which a Comms Gateway will not respond to a command with ACK, NAK, or a data
message.
8.5 Communications Gateway Power Requirements
The current draw for any Comms Gateway must fall within the following limits. All
measurements are at the minimum VMC Voltage Output.
Idle mode
=
Active mode =
300 mA. (avg.) continuous
1.8 A continuous and up to 2.5 A (max) for an accumulated maximum of
10 seconds. The active power mode must be initiated by the REQUEST
TO TRANSMIT followed by the CONTROL/TRANSMIT. The active power
mode must be closed by sending the DATA TRANSMITTED. During this
time the VMC will make its own decisions about which other peripherals
will be disabled or not. This may result in the entire machine being
disabled for normal vending.
MDB/ICB Version 4.2
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8.6 Communications Gateway Examples
Event
Power on Reset at VMC or JUST RESET received by VMC
any other time
Communications Gateway is triggered to send a file
VMC is triggered to send a file
DTS Event situation occurs at VMC
Error situation is detected at Comms Gateway
Every vend completion
Reset sequence
VMC
RESET (18)
POLL (1A)
ACK
SETUP (19…)
ACK
EXPANSION/ID
(1F/00…)
ACK
EXPANSION/FEATURE
ENABLE (1F/01…)
Enable sequence
VMC
CONTROL/ENABLE
(1C01)
Comms Gateway



MDB/ICB Version 4.2
Reset command
JUST RESET (00)
CONFIG. (01…)
Must be sent once
reset, internal or
external
Establish operation
configuration
Send asset information
PERIPHERAL ID (06…)

ACK
Get asset information
Enable additional feature if
necessary
Comms Gateway
Comments
Enable command
ACK
Comms Gateway

Comments
ACK


Disable sequence
VMC
CONTROL/DISABLE
(1C00)
Exchange
Reset sequence
Enable sequence
Request sequence
Transmit sequence
Dump sequence
Transmit sequence
DTS Event sequence
Request sequence
Transmit sequence
Error sequence
Vend sequence
Comments
Disable command
ACK
February, 2011
8•23
Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
Request sequence
VMC
Comms Gateway
Comments
File transfer done
using the MDB
file transport layer
Dump sequence
VMC
Comms Gateway
Comments
File transfer done
using the MDB
file transport layer
Comms Gateway
Comments
Transmit sequence
VMC
POLL (1A)
ACK
CONTROL/ TRANSMIT
(1C/02)


Request to transmit (02)
ACK
POLL (1A)
ACK
.
.
POLL (1A)
ACK
DTS Event sequence
VMC
REPORT (1B / 02…)
REPORT (1B /02…)
Error sequence
VMC
POLL (1A)
ACK
Activity sequence
VMC
REPORT (1B…)
MDB/ICB Version 4.2



Continue POLLing until …
Data transmitted (03)
Comms Gateway
Comments
ACK
.
.
Repeat until recognized
DTS EVENT
ACKNOWLEDGE (05)
Comms Gateway

ERROR (06)
Comms Gateway

Comments
Sent continuously, or until
the error is resolved
Comments
Sent every activity
ACK
February, 2011
8•24
Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
Section 9
Universal Satellite Device (USD)
VMC/Peripheral Communication Specifications
9.1 Introduction
An MDB Universal Satellite Device (USD) is a vending device which lacks
customary credit acceptance peripherals. As such, a USD must rely on a
host vending machine controller (VMC) to establish credit sufficient to
perform a vend. The specification herein describes a protocol by which a
USD and a VMC exchange messages and credit via the MDB bus.
9.1.1 Definitions
This section defines the non-response and application response time, base
addresses, and the communication bytes sent by the MDB Universal Satellite
Device (USD) and a Vending Machine Controller.
•
The default maximum non-response time of the USD is 5 seconds.
•
The default maximum application response time of the USD is 5 seconds.
•
Three consecutive USD base addresses are defined to allow multiple
USDs to operate simultaneously from a single VMC
•
As defined in Section 2.3, the USD Base addresses are as follows:
01000xxxB (40H), 01001xxxB (48H), and 01010xxxB (50H).
•
The specification defined herein assumes a USD base address of 40H in
all examples. It should be understood that differing USD base addresses
(48H and 50H) will follow the same command format.
•
Multi-message responses to a single command are supported. Message
length is subject to the 36 byte limit imposed by the MDB standard.
•
Unless stated otherwise, all byte information contained herein is assumed
to be in a binary format.
•
Yn represents bytes transmitted by the VMC, and Zn are bytes transmitted
by the USD.
•
When words are referenced, they consist of two bytes with the higher
order byte first.
word =
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b15
High
...
b8
February, 2011
b7
Low
...
b0
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9.2 USD Summary
This section is a summary of the USD command set and an overview of the
modes of operation.
9.2.1 Command Summary
Command
Hex
Code
Description
RESET
40
Command for USD to self-reset.
SETUP
41
Command to configure USD to VMC requirements.
POLL
42
Command to request for USD activity status.
VEND
43
Command for vend approve / deny.
FUNDS
44
Command to send funds available or to set prices.
CONTROL
45
Command to enable/disable USD.
EXPANSION
47
Command to allow addition of features and
enhancements.
9.2.2 Overview
The USD Command set described herein allows USDs’ to be controlled
under the following three modes of operation. The USD’s mode of operation
is determined by the USD’s configuration byte1 and the sequence of
commands the VMC uses.
Mode One
VMC is used to select items to be vended from the USD and
the VMC contains all pricing information. The USD receives
vend requests from the VMC and reports vend success or
failure.
Mode Two
The USD or the VMC may select items to be vended. The
USD may have special requirements for price and/or selection
ID display. In this case, the USD may issue a FUNDS request
to retrieve this information. The USD must then issue a VEND
request to gain approval from the VMC before a vend can take
place.
Mode Three
The USD selects items to be vended and has its own pricing
information. The USD must issue an vend request to the VMC
and gain approval before a vend can take place.
1
Configuration byte refers to byte Z31 of the sequence Z31 through Z34 of the expansion 07
command. Please refer to page 9.12 for more information on how this byte influences the USD’s
mode of operation.
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9.3 Command Protocol
This section contains the complete command set relating to the USD.
9.3.1 RESET
Command
RESET
Code
40
VMC Data
USD Response data
No data bytes.
ACK
The RESET command is the vehicle that the VMC should use to instruct the
USD to return to its default (power on) operating mode. The USD should
respond to a reset command with an ACK to acknowledge receipt of the reset
command. The USD must not accept any vend requests until the VMC
issued setup command sequence has been completed.
The USD must also respond to the VMC issued “master reset” which resets
all MDB peripheral devices. The VMC causes a master reset by transmitting
a continuous break condition for a minimum of 100 milliseconds.
To ensure proper initialization, the USD should issue a “just reset” (see POLL
response 00) whenever it’s pricing or configuration has changed.
9.3.2 SETUP
Command
SETUP
Code
41
VMC Data
USD Response Data
5 bytes: Y1-Y5
7 bytes: 04 + Z1 - Z6
The SETUP command is the vehicle that the VMC should use to configure
the USD for feature level, credit scaling factor, display decimal place, and
maximum vend approve/deny time. The USD responds to this command by
returning it’s feature level, highest vend price (divided by the scaling factor),
selection configuration, and maximum application response time.
Alternatively, if the USD is not prepared to render a full response to the
SETUP command, it may reply with an ACK. If this occurs, the USD must
transmit it’s setup data later, in response to a POLL command (see POLL
command, response 04). Until the SETUP command has been received by
the USD, and the USD has correspondingly returned it’s own setup data to
the VMC, all vend requests will be disallowed.
Data sequence transmitted by the VMC to the USD during SETUP
VMC Data
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Y1 =
VMC Feature level, Indicates current feature level of the VMC.
Currently defined level is one.2
Y2 - Y3 =
Scaling factor 2 bytes (word). All transactions with the USD
must be evenly divisible by this number.
Y4 =
Decimal place (02=US). Indicates the position of the decimal
place on the USD’s optional credit display
Y5 =
VMC maximum approve / deny time in seconds, FF = 255
seconds.
Data sequence transmitted by the USD to the VMC during SETUP
USD
Response
Meaning or interpretation
04 + Z1 =
USD Feature level, indicates current feature level of the USD.
3
Currently defined level is one.
Z2 - Z3 =
Maximum price on USD in 2 bytes (word). Indicates the
4
highest priced item on the USD. USD should return FF FFh if
it does not have internal pricing capability.
Z4 - Z5 =
Item number, defined by the manufacturer configuration
(Binary).
Z6 =
USD maximum application response time in seconds, FF =
255 seconds.
2
Feature level of the VMC is sent to allow the USD to arbitrate command compatibility with the VMC.
Feature level of the USD is sent to allow the VMC to arbitrate command compatibility with the USD.
The USD may opt to send this data later in response to a POLL.
4
The maximum price on the USD is returned to the VMC so this price can be used in the computation
of maximum credit acceptance.
3
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9.3.3 POLL
Command
POLL
Code
42
USD response
Data
USD Response Description
00
USD has just been reset, or
wishes to be reset by the VMC.
01 + 4 bytes Z1- Z4
Vend request, USD requests
approval to vend a specified item
from VMC.
02
Vend or home success, requested
vend or home was successful.
03 + 4 bytes Z1 - Z4
Vend or home fail, requested vend
or home has failed. Reason for
failure is returned.
04 + 6 bytes Z1 - Z6
USD configuration and setup data.
05 + 2 bytes Z1 - Z2
USD item price request.
06 + 2 bytes Z1 - Z2
USD Error codes.
07 + 34 bytes Z1 Z34
USD Peripheral ID string.
08 + 4 bytes Z1 - Z4
USD Status response.
09 + n bytes Z1 - Zn
USD multiple data block transfer
response.
0A + n bytes Z1 - Zn
USD single data block response
1B + 5 bytes Z2 - Z6
FTL REQ TO RCV response
1C + 3 bytes Z2 - Z4
FTL RETRY / DENY response
1D + n bytes Z2 - Zn
FTL SEND BLOCK response
1E + 2 bytes Z2 - Z3
FTL OK TO SEND response
1F + 5 bytes Z2 - Z6
FTL REQ TO SEND response
FF + Z1 - Zn
USD Diagnostic response.
The POLL command is used by the VMC to obtain status information from
the USD. The same command is used by the USD to indicate a reset,
request a vend, indicate vend success, indicate the reason for a vend failure,
request the price of an item, send configuration and/or error data, return the
USD’s peripheral identification string, control the transmission and reception
of data blocks, return a status and/or diagnostic response.
The USD responds to the POLL command with either an ACK, or a multi-byte
response if there is more information to convey.
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Data sequence transmitted by the USD to the VMC after a Reset Request
USD
Response
00
Meaning or interpretation
The 00 response indicates that the USD has just been reset
or wishes to be reset5.
Data sequence transmitted by the USD to the VMC for a Vend Request
USD
Response
Meaning or interpretation
01 + Z1- Z2 =
Selection in 2 bytes. Indicates the product to be vended by
item number, defined by the manufacturer, as part of a vend
request.
Z3 - Z4 =
Scaled product price in 2 bytes (word). Indicates the price of
the product to be vended divided by the scaling factor. A price
of FFFF is transmitted if the USD does not contain price
information.
Data sequence transmitted by the USD to the VMC after a Vend or Home
success
USD
Response
Meaning or interpretation
02
Indicates that the requested vend or home was successful.
Data sequence transmitted by the USD to the VMC after a Vend or Home
Fail
USD
Response
Meaning or interpretation
03 + Z1 - Z2 =
USD item number, defined by the manufacturer.
Z3 - Z4 =
Bits: b0 = Selection sold out.
b1 = Selection motor / actuator jam.
b2 = Non-existent motor / actuator.
b3 = Invalid selection range6.
b4 = Health safety error.
b5 - b15 = Not defined.
5
The VMC is expected to reconcile whether the USD is transmitting a 00 in confirmation of a
VMC issued reset that has just occurred, or as an unsolicited request to be reset. The
context of the VMC’s prior communication activity should be used in making this assessment.
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Data sequence transmitted by the USD to the VMC if SETUP response
delayed
USD
Response
Meaning or interpretation
04 + Z1 =
USD Feature level, Indicates current feature level of the USD.
7
The currently defined level is one.
Z2 - Z3 =
Maximum price on USD 2 bytes (word). Indicates the highest
priced item on the USD.8 USD should return FF FFh if it does
not have internal pricing capability.
Z4 - Z5 =
Item number, defined by the manufacturer.
Z6 =
USD maximum application response time in seconds, FF =
255 seconds.
Data sequence transmitted by the USD if the USD needs pricing
information
USD
Response
Meaning or interpretation
05 + Z1 - Z2 =
Item number, defined by the manufacturer.
Data sequence transmitted by the USD if the USD has a failure to report
to VMC
USD
Response
Meaning or Interpretation
06 + Z1 - Z2 =
Bits: b0 = Health Safety violation.
b1 = Home or Chute sensor failure
b2 = Keypad or Selection switch failure
b3 - b15 = Not defined.
Data sequence transmitted by the USD for peripheral ID
6
This error code is included to identify actuators that may not be present within the initially
defined row and column configuration. See bytes Z4 and Z5 of the USD’s setup response.
This is typical in a snack machine implementation where some trays may not be populated
with a full complement of motors and/or actuators.
7
Feature level of the USD is sent to allow the VMC to arbitrate command compatibility with
the USD. The USD may have elected to transmit this setup data in fulfillment of an earlier
SETUP command.
8
The maximum price on the USD is returned to the VMC so this price can be used in the
computation of maximum credit acceptance.
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USD
Response
Meaning or Interpretation
07 + Z1 - Z3 =
Manufacturer ID Code.
Z4 – Z15 =
USD Serial Number.
Z16 – Z27 =
USD Model Number.
Z28 – Z29 =
USD Software Version.
Z30 – Z33 =
Optional feature bits.
Data sequence transmitted by the USD to the VMC after a Status request
USD
Response
Meaning or interpretation
08 + Z1 - Z2 =
Item number, defined by the manufacturer.
Z3 - Z4 =
Bits: b0 = Selection sold out.
b1 = Selection motor / actuator jam.
b2 = Non-existent motor / actuator.
b3 = Invalid selection range.
b4 = Health safety error.
b5 - b15 = Not defined.
Data sequence transmitted by the USD to the VMC after a USD data
transfer command
USD
Response
Meaning or interpretation
09 + Z1 =
Z1 = 00 USD requests to receive data block Z2 from VMC
Z1 = 01 USD requests to send Z2 data block(s) to VMC
Z1 = 02 USD data block response where:
Z2 = data block number
Z3 - Zn = contents of data block
Z2 =
Z2 = Block number USD requests to receive if Z1 = 00
Z2 = Number of blocks the USD requests to send if Z1 = 01
Z2 = Block number the USD is sending if Z1 = 02.
Contents of data block sent by USD to VMC if Z1 = 02
Z3 - Zn =
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Data sequence transmitted by the USD to the VMC to send a single
block of data
USD
Response
Meaning or interpretation
0A + Z1 - Zn=
Z1 -Zn = Arbitrary data to be received by the VMC. The
number “n” must be less than 35 per MDB standards
Data sequence transmitted by the USD to the VMC after an File
Transport Layer (FTL) REQ TO RCV command
USD
Response
Meaning or interpretation
Z1=1B +
Z2 - Z6
The USD is requesting to receive data from a device or VMC
Z2 = Destination address of response
Z3 = Source address of response (40H, 48H, 50H)
Z4 = File ID
Z5 = Maximum length
Z6 = Control
Data sequence transmitted by the USD to the VMC after an File
Transport Layer (FTL) RETRY / DENY command
USD
Response
Meaning or interpretation
Z1=1C +
Z2 - Z4
The USD is requesting a device or VMC to retry or deny the
last FTL command.
Z2 = Destination address of response
Z3 = Source address of response (40H, 48H, 50H)
Z4 = Retry delay
Data sequence transmitted by the USD to the VMC after an File
Transport Layer (FTL) SEND BLOCK command
USD
Response
Meaning or interpretation
Z1=1D +
Z2 - Z34
The USD is sending a block of data (maximum of 31 bytes)
to a device or VMC.
Z2 = Destination address of response
Z3 = Block #
Z4 - Z34 = Data (maximum of 31 bytes)
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Data sequence transmitted by the USD to the VMC after an File
Transport Layer (FTL) OK TO SEND command
USD
Response
Meaning or interpretation
Z1=1E +
Z2 - Z3
The USD is indicating that it is OK for the device or VMC to
send it data.
Z2 = Destination address of response
Z3 = Source address of response (40H, 48H, 50H)
Data sequence transmitted by the USD to the VMC after an File
Transport Layer (FTL) REQ TO SEND command
USD
Response
Meaning or interpretation
Z1=1F +
Z2 - Z6
The USD is requesting to send data to a device or VMC.
Z2 = Destination address of response
Z3 = Source address of response (40H, 48H, 50H)
Z4 = File ID
Z5 = Maximum length
Z6 = Control
Data sequence transmitted by the USD to the VMC after a diagnostic
command
USD
Response
Meaning or interpretation
FF + Z1 - Zn
=
Diagnostic response.
9.3.4 VEND
Command
VEND
Code
SubCmd
VMC Data
Response Data
43
00
none
none
43
01
none
none
43
02
2 bytes Y1-Y2
none
43
03
2 bytes Y1-Y2
none
43
04
2 bytes Y1-Y2
5 bytes: 08 + Z1 - Z4
The VEND command is the vehicle that the VMC uses to signal vend approval or
disapproval in response to a USD issued vend request (POLL response 01). The
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VEND command can also be used by the VMC to initiate a vend, home a selection,
or query the status of a selection on the USD.
Sub Cmd:
Meaning or interpretation
00 =
Requested vend approved.
01 =
Requested vend disapproved.
02 =
Vend specified Item number, defined by the manufacturer.
03 =
Home specified Item number, defined by the manufacturer.
04 =
Request status of specified Item number, defined by the
manufacturer.
Data sequence transmitted by the USD to the VMC after a Status request
USD
Response
Meaning or interpretation
08 + Z1 - Z2 =
Item number, defined by the manufacturer.
Z3 - Z4 =
Bits: b0 = Selection sold out.
b1 = Selection motor / actuator jam.
b2 = Non-existent motor / actuator.
b3 = Invalid selection range.
b4 = Health safety error.
b5 - b15 = Not defined.
9.3.5 FUNDS
Command
Code
SubCmd
44
44
00
01
FUNDS
VMC Data
Response Data
2 bytes: Y1-Y2 none
6 bytes: Y1-Y6 none
The FUNDS command is the vehicle the VMC should use to specify the funds
available for vending. The FUNDS 00 command is issued by the VMC
whenever the level of credit changes. Typically, the USD would display the
credit information returned by a FUNDS 00 command on a credit display.
The FUNDS 01 is issued by the VMC in response to an item price request
(POLL response 05) by the USD.
Sub-Cmd
Meaning or interpretation
00 + Y1 - Y2 =
Funds available in 2 bytes (word), scaled by the coin scaling
factor.
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Sub Cmd
Meaning or interpretation
01 + Y1 - Y2 =
Item number, defined by the manufacturer.
Y3 - Y4 =
Selection price in 2 bytes (word) scaled by coin scaling factor.
Y5 - Y6 =
Alphanumeric selection identifier 2 bytes (word), or FFFF if not
9
available.
9.3.6 CONTROL
Command
Code
SubCmd
CONTROL
45
45
00
01
VMC Data
none
none
Response Data
none
none
This command is the vehicle the VMC should use to enable or disable the
USD.
Sub-Cmd
Meaning or interpretation
00
Disable USD.
01
Enable USD.
9.3.7 EXPANSION
Command
EXPANSION
9
Code
SubCmd
VMC Data
Response Data
47
00
None
07 + Z1 - Z34 Peripheral
ID string and feature bits.
47
01
Y1 – Y4
none
47
02
Y1
none
47
03
Y1 - Yn
none
47
04
Y1
09 + Z1 + Z2 - Zn
47
05
Y1 - Yn
none
47
FA
Y1 - Y5
1D + Z2 - Z34 or
1C + Z2 - Z4
47
FB
Y1 - Y3
none
47
FC
Y1 - Y33
none
47
FD
Y1 - Y2
1D + Z2 - Z34
Alpha-numeric selection identifier is provided to the USD for display purposes only.
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47
FE
Y1 - Y5
1E + Z2 - Z3 or
1C + Z2 - Z4
47
FF
Diagnostics
Diagnostic response.
Data sequence transmitted by the USD to the VMC after an expansion 00
sub-command
USD Response
Meaning or Interpretation
07 + Z1 - Z3 =
Manufacturer ID Code.
Z4 - Z15 =
USD Serial Number.
Z16 - Z27 =
USD Model Number.
Z28 – Z29 =
USD Software Version.
Z30 – Z33 =
Optional feature bits:
b0 = USD is capable of storing and controlling pricing.
b1 = USD is capable of selecting items to vend.
b2 = USD is capable of supporting the File Transport
Layer. This support is defined in Section 2.6.
b3 - b31 = Available for future use.
Sub-Command used by the VMC to enable optional feature bits on the
USD
Sub-Cmd
Meaning or interpretation
01 + Y1 - Y4
Enable optional feature bits defined in Z31-Z34 above.
Feature is enabled if bit is set to 1, all features are disabled
after a reset.
Sub-Command used by the VMC to identify the number of data blocks it
wishes to send to the USD
Sub-Cmd
Meaning or interpretation
02 + Y1
Number of data blocks the VMC has to send to the USD
(Binary)
Sub-Command used by the VMC to transmit a data block to the USD
(Y2-Yn) and to identify the current block number being transmitted (Y1)
Sub-Cmd
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03 + Y1
Y2 - Yn
Block number the VMC is transmitting to the USD
10
Data the VMC is transmitting to the USD
Sub-Command used by the VMC to request that the USD send or resend data block number (Y1)
Sub-Cmd
Meaning or interpretation
04 + Y1
VMC requests USD to send block Y1
Sub-Command used by the VMC to send a single block of data to the
USD
Sub-Cmd
Meaning or interpretation
05 + Y1 - Yn
VMC sends a single block of data consisting of Y1..Yn
Sub-Command used by the VMC for an FTL REQ TO RCV. The Z1- Zn
response can be either immediate or delayed (POLLed).
Sub-Cmd
FA + Y1 - Y5
USD Response
Z1 - Z34
or
Z1 - Z4
10
Meaning or interpretation
The VMC is requesting to receive data from the USD
whose destination address will always be (40H, 48H,
50H). Note that all FTL Commands / Responses are
defined in Section 2.6.
Y1 = Destination address of command (40H,48H,50H)
Y2 = Source address of command
Y3 = File ID
Y4 = Maximum length
Y5 = Control
Meaning or interpretation
Z1 = 1DH which indicates SEND BLOCK
Z2 = Destination address of data
Z3 = Block #
Z4 - Z34 = Data (maximum of 31 bytes)
or
Z1 = 1CH which indicates RETRY / DENY
Z2 = Destination address of response
Z3 = Source address of response (40H,48H,50H)
Z4 = Retry delay
The number “n” is limited by the MDB maximum message length of 36 bytes.
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Sub-Command used by the VMC for an FTL RETRY / DENY.
Sub-Cmd
FB + Y1 - Y3
Meaning or interpretation
The VMC is retrying, denying, or aborting a data transfer
to/from the USD whose destination address will always
be (40H, 48H, 50H). Note that all FTL Commands /
Responses are defined in Section 2.6.
Y1 = Destination address of command (40H,48H,50H)
Y2 = Source address of command
Y3 = Retry delay
Sub-Command used by the VMC for an FTL SEND BLOCK.
Sub-Cmd
FC + Y1 - Y33
Meaning or interpretation
The VMC is sending data to the USD whose destination
address will always be (40H, 48H, 50H). Note that all
FTL Commands / Responses are defined in Section 2.6.
Y1 = Destination address of command (40H,48H,50H)
Y2 = Block #
Y3 - Y33 = Data (maximum of 31 bytes)
Sub-Command used by the VMC for an FTL OK TO SEND. The Z1 to Z33
response can be either immediate or delayed (POLLed).
Sub-Cmd
FD + Y1 - Y2
Meaning or interpretation
The VMC is requesting to receive data from the USD
whose destination address will always be (40H, 48H,
50H). Note that all FTL Commands / Responses are
defined in Section 2.6.
Y1 = Destination address of command (40H,48H,50H)
Y2 = Source address of command
USD Response
Z1 - Z34
MDB/ICP Version 4.2
Meaning or Interpretation
Z1 = 1DH which indicates SEND BLOCK
Z2 = Destination address of data
Z3 = Source address of data
Z4 - Z34 = Data (maximum of 31 bytes)
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Sub-Command used by the VMC for an FTL REQ TO SEND. The Z1 - Zn
response can be either immediate or delayed (POLLed).
Sub-Cmd
FE + Y1 - Y5
Meaning or interpretation
The VMC is requesting to send data to the USD whose
destination address will always be (40H, 48H, 50H).
Note that all FTL Commands / Responses are defined
in Section 2.6.
Y1
Y2
Y3
Y4
Y5
USD Response
Z1 - Z34
or
Z1 - Z4
= Destination address of command (40H,48H,50H)
= Source address of command
= File ID
= Maximum length
= Control
Meaning or Interpretation
Z1 = 1EH which indicates OK TO SEND
Z2 = Destination address of response
Z3 = Source address of response (40H,48H,50H)
or
Z1 = 1CH which indicates RETRY / DENY
Z2 = Destination address of response
Z3 = Source address of response (40H,48H,50H)
Z4 = Retry delay
Data sequence transmitted by the USD to the VMC after a diagnostic
command
USD Response
FF + Z1 - Zn =
Meaning or interpretation
Diagnostic response.
9.4 USD Power Requirements
This section defines the maximum power requirements for a USD.
USD peripherals may draw power from the MDB bus or from an integral
power supply. In such cases where the USD will require power from the MDB
bus, the current draw must remain within the following limits:
USD Mode
Idle
Current draw
200 mA ( maximum continuous)
Vending/Homing
1.75 A (for up to 10 seconds)
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9.5 Examples – Mode 1 / 2 / 3 Sessions
This section contains three examples of USD sessions in which each of the
three modes of USD operation are demonstrated operation respectively.
9.5.1 MODE ONE
In this example session the VMC selects the item to vend and knows the
vend price. The USD receives the vend command, attempts the vend, and
reports if the attempted vend failed or was successful.
VMC
MDB Data
⇒
43+02+01+03
<ACK>
⇒
42
<ACK>
⇒
⇒
MDB/ICP Version 4.2
Explanation
VMC requests to vend item from the
USD.
⇐
USD acks vend request.
VMC polls the USD.
⇐
USD acks receipt of poll.
42
VMC polls the USD again .
02
USD responds: vend complete
<ACK>
USD
⇐
VMC acks vend outcome.
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9.5.2 MODE TWO
In this example session the USD or the VMC can select items to vend but the
USD may not be aware of the vend price of the item selected. If the USD
needs the selected item price, it may request the item price from the VMC.
The USD must then issue a VEND request, and wait for approval from the
VMC before a vend is attempted. The VMC then approves or denies the
requested vend and polls the USD for vend success or vend fail.
VMC
MDB Data
⇒
42
Explanation
VMC polls the USD.
USD responds with pricing request for
item in USD.
05+02+06
<ACK>
⇒
44+01+02+06+00+1
4
+FF+FF
Using the Funds command the VMC
sends a price of 20 coin factors for item
in USD.
<ACK>
USD acks receipt of VMC price data.
01+02+06+FF+FF
⇒
43 + 00 or 01
VMC approves or denies vend request.
<ACK>
USD acks receipt of approval or denial.
⇐
USD responds: vend fail, sold out.
VMC acks vend outcome.
The FUNDS command can be used by USD’s which do not have internal
prices but need pricing information for display purposes or for other
reasons that are not required to complete a transaction.
MDB/ICP Version 4.2
⇐
VMC polls the USD.
42
<ACK>
⇐
VMC acks receipt of vend request.
<ACK>
03+02+06+00+01
•
USD responds with a request to vend
item in USD at the VMC selected price.
⇒
⇒
⇐
VMC polls the USD.
42
⇒
⇐
VMC acks the USD price request.
⇒
⇒
USD
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9.5.3 MODE THREE
In this example session the USD selects the item to vend and is aware of the
vend price of the item. The USD must issue a vend request and the VMC
then approves or denies the requested vend. The VMC then polls the USD
for vend success or vend fail.
VMC
MDB Data
⇒
42
Explanation
USD
VMC polls the USD.
01+03+02+00+1E
USD requests vend for item at in USD
with price of 30 coin factors.
VMC acks the USD vend request.
⇒
<ACK>
⇒
43+ 00 or 01
VMC approves or denies vend request.
<ACK>
USD acks receipt of approval or denial.
⇒
⇒
MDB/ICP Version 4.2
42
VMC polls the USD.
02
USD responds: vend complete
<ACK>
⇐
⇐
VMC acks vend outcome.
February, 2011
⇐
9•19
Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
9.6 Examples - Data Block Transfers
This section contains two examples in which data blocks are transferred
between the VMC and the USD and vice versa.
9.6.1 Data Block Transfer from VMC to USD
In this example the VMC wishes to send two data blocks to the USD. To do
this, the VMC uses the expansion 02 command to advise the USD of it’s
request to send data and also to identify the number of data blocks it wishes
to send. In response, the USD uses a poll 09 to request the transmission of
a data block with the block number enumerated as part of it’s poll response.
The VMC then uses a different expansion command (03) to send the data to
the USD.
VMC
MDB Data
Explanation
⇒
47+02+02
VMC issues a request to send two data
blocks to the USD
VMC polls the USD
42
USD responds with a request to receive
data block number 01 from the VMC
09+00+01
<ACK>
⇒
47+03+01+21+22+2
3
VMC transmits block number 01
containing data: 21, 22, and 23.
⇐
USD acks receipt of the data block
<ACK>
VMC polls the USD.
42
09+00+02
USD responds with a request to receive
data block number 02 from the VMC.
⇒
<ACK>
VMC acks receipt of the block number.
⇒
47+03+02+24+25+2
6
<ACK>
MDB/ICP Version 4.2
⇐
VMC acks receipt of block number
⇒
⇒
⇐
USD acks receipt of the request
<ACK>
⇒
USD
⇐
VMC transmits block number 02
containing data: 24, 25, and 26.
⇐
USD acks receipt of the data block
February, 2011
9•20
Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
9.6.2 Data Block Transfer from USD to VMC
In this example the USD wishes to send two data blocks to the VMC. To do
this, the USD makes use of the Poll 09 command to inform the VMC of it’s
request to send data and also to identify the number of data blocks it wishes
to send. In response, the VMC uses expansion 04 command to request the
transmission of a data block by the individual block number. The USD then
uses the poll 09 response to send the data blocks to the VMC.
VMC
MDB Data
⇒
42
Explanation
VMC polls the USD
USD responds with a request to send 2
data blocks to the VMC
09+01+02
⇒
<ACK>
⇒
47+04+01
VMC responds with a request to receive
data block number 01 from the USD
VMC polls the USD
09+02+01+55+56+5
7
<ACK>
⇒
47+04+02
MDB/ICP Version 4.2
⇐
USD acks receipt of block number
request
VMC polls the USD
09+02+02+58+59+6
0
<ACK>
⇐
VMC responds with a request to receive
data block number 02 from the USD
42
⇒
USD responds by transmitting block
number 01 containing data 55, 56, and
57.
VMC acks receipt of data
<ACK>
⇒
⇐
USD acks receipt of block number
request
42
⇒
⇐
VMC acks request to send data
<ACK>
⇒
USD
USD responds by transmitting block
number 02 containing data 58, 59, and
60.
VMC acks receipt of data
February, 2011
9•21
⇐
Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
9.7 Universal Satellite Device Examples
Reset Sequence
Controller
RESET (40)
POLL (42)
ACK
SETUP (41)
ACK
EXPANSION/ID (47/00…)
ACK
EXPANSION/FEATURE
ENABLE (47/01…)
VEND/STATUS
REQUEST
(43/04 01 01)
POLL (42)
ACK
USD




Comments
Reset command
ACK
JUST RESET (00)
Must be sent once
CONFIG. (04…)
Establish operation
configuration
PERIPHERAL ID (07…)
Send asset information
Get asset information
Enable additional feature if
necessary

ACK


ACK
Check the status of column 1
STATUS (08…)
Status of column 1
.
.
.
CONTROL/ENABLE
(45/01)
VEND/HOME REQUEST
(43/03 01 01)
POLL (42)
ACK
Enable command

ACK


ACK
Home column 1
VEND COMPLETE (02…)
Homing of column 1 completed
.
.
.
Enable Sequence
Controller
CONTROL/ENABLE
(45/01)

Disable Sequence
Controller
CONTROL/DISABLE
(45/00)
Comments
Enable command
USD
Comments
Disable command
ACK

MDB/ICP Version 4.2
USD
ACK
February, 2011
9•22
Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
Vend Sequence
Controller
FUNDS/FUNDS AVAIL
(43…)
POLL
VEND/VEND REQUEST
(43/02 01 03)
POLL (42)
USD


ACK


ACK
ACK
Vend from row 1, col. 3
ACK
Nothing to report
waiting for vend to complete
VEND COMPLETE (02)
or VEND FAIL (03…)
.
.
.
POLL (42)
ACK
Error Sequence
Controller
POLL (42)
ACK
MDB/ICP Version 4.2

USD

Comments
Post funds available to alert
device of pending
activity
Waiting for activity
ERROR (06…)
February, 2011
Comments
Sent once for each
error
9•23
Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
(this page intentionally left blank)
MDB/ICP Version 4.2
February, 2011
9•24
Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
Section 10
Coin Hopper or Tube - Dispenser
VMC/Peripheral Communication Specifications
10.1 Introduction
This section defines the communication bytes sent and received by a coin dispensing device, which
may be in the form of a hopper or tube device. As defined in Section 2.3, there are two dispenser
device addresses; Dispenser #1, 01011xxxB (58H) and Dispenser #2, 01110xxxB (70H). The second
address has been assigned to allow for two unique forms of dispenser devices to be resident in the
vending machine simultaneously. Everything defined in this section will be common to the two
dispenser devices – only the addresses will be different.
Unless stated otherwise, all information is assumed to be in a binary format
10.2 VMC Commands
Command
Hex Code
Description
RESET
58H / 70H
Command for dispenser to self-reset
SETUP
59H / 71H
Request for dispenser setup.
DISPENSER STATUS 5AH / 72H
Request for dispenser tube / hopper status and
coin count.
POLL
5BH / 73H
Request for dispenser activity status.
MANUAL DISPENSE
ENABLE
5CH / 74H
Signifies coin types allowable for coin dispensing.
This command is followed by setup data.
See command format section.
DISPENSE *
5DH / 75H
Command to dispense coins.
Followed by coin type or value to dispense.
See command format section.
PAYOUT *
5EH / 76H
Command to determine value of coins dispensed.
Followed by payout status or value poll.
See command format section.
EXPANSION *
5FH / 77H
Command to allow addition of features, File
Transport Layer, and future enhancements.
See command format section.
* NOTE:
DISPENSE, PAYOUT, and EXPANSION commands are always followed by
a “sub-command.”
MDB/ICP Version 4.2
February, 2011
10•1
Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
10.3 VMC Command Format
VMC Command
RESET
Code
58H / 70H
VMC Data
No data bytes
This command is the vehicle that the VMC should use to tell the dispenser that it should
return to its default operating mode and initialize internal hardware systems. With the
exception of the ACK response, it should abort all communication until otherwise instructed
by the VMC.
The following initialization sequence is recommended. It should be used after “power up” or
after issuing the Bus Reset (pulling the transmit line “active” for a minimum of 100 mS).
RESET – 58h / 70h
POLL – 5Bh / 73h
To obtain “JUST RESET” response
SETUP – 59h / 71h
To obtain dispenser level and configuration information
EXPANSION IDENTIFICATION – 5F 00h / 77 00h
To obtain additional dispenser information and options
EXPANSION FEATURE ENABLE – 5F 01h / 77 01h
To enable desired options
DISPENSER STATUS – 5Ah / 72h (Note 1)
To obtain dispenser status / change information
MANUAL DISPENSE ENABLE – 5Ch / 74h
To enable and disable manual coin pay-out if desired
No power above idle current can be drawn until after the first POLL following the RESET
command. Also, the JUST RESET response to the POLL command must be delayed until
any high current usage has been completed.
The dispenser must hold its response of the DISPENSER status until a valid current reading
from the sensor system is achieved.
MDB/ICP Version 4.2
February, 2011
10•2
Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
VMC Command
SETUP
Z1 =
Code
59H / 71H
Dispenser Response Data
26 bytes: Z1 - Z26
Dispenser Feature Level - 1 byte
Indicates the feature level of the dispenser. This will distinguish the
dispensers feature level to the VMC. Currently only level 1 is supported.
Z2 - Z3 =
Country / Currency Code - 2 bytes
The packed BCD currency code of the dispenser is sent with the left most
digit a 1. See Appendix A1 for the latest version of the ISO 4217 numeric
currency code. For example, the code for the US dollar is 18 40H (Z2 = 18
and Z3 = 40) and for the Euro is 1978 (Z2 = 19 and Z3 = 78).
Z4 =
Coin Scaling Factor - 1 byte
All dispensed coin values must be evenly divisible by this number. For
example, this could be set to 05H for the USA nickel.
Z5 =
Decimal Places - 1 byte
Indicates the number of decimal places on a credit display. For example, this
could be set to 02H in the USA.
Z6 =
Application Maximum Response Time (seconds) – 1 byte
The maximum length of time a dispenser will require to provide a response to
any command from the VMC. The value reported here supercedes the
dispenser’s default NON-RESPONSE time defined in section 10.4 if the
value reported here is greater.
Z7 – Z8 =
Bit set, if coin disabled by dispenser (i.e. switch).
Z9 – Z10 =
Bit set, if coin is self filling.
Z11 - Z26 =
Coin Type Credit - 16 bytes
Indicates the value of coin types 0 to 15. Values must be sent in ascending
order. This number is the coin's monetary value divided by the coin scaling
factor. Unused coin types are sent as 00H. Unsent coin types are assumed
to be zero. It is not necessary to send all coin types. Coin type credits sent
as FFH are assumed to be vend tokens. That is, their value is assumed to
be worth one vend.
The byte position in the 16 byte string indicates the coin type(s). For
example, the first byte sent would indicate the value of coin type 0, the
second byte sent would indicate the value of coin type 1, and so on. For
example, the USA coin types may be; Coin type 0 = nickel, Coin type 1 =
dime, Coin type 2 = quarter, Coin type 3 = dollar.
MDB/ICP Version 4.2
February, 2011
10•3
Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
VMC Command
Code
DISPENSER STATUS 5AH / 72H
Z1 - Z2 =
Dispenser Response Data
34 bytes: Z1 – Z34
Dispenser Full Status - 2 bytes
Indicates status of coin tube / hopper for coin types 0 to 15.
b15 b14 b13 b12 b11 b10 b9 b8 | b7 b6 b5 b4 b3 b2 b1 b0
Z1
Z2
A bit is set to indicate a full dispenser. For example, bit 7 = set would indicate the
dispenser for coin type 7 is full.
Z3 – Z34 =
Coin Count - 32 bytes
Indicates the greatest number of coins that the dispenser “knows” definitely
are present in the coin tube / hopper. A word (2 bytes) position in the 32 byte
string indicates the number of coins in a tube / hopper for a particular coin
type. For example, the first 2 bytes sent indicate the number of coins in a
tube / hopper for coin type 0. Unsent bytes are assumed to be zero. For
tube / hopper counts greater than 65535, counts should remain at 65535.
NOTE: If a dispenser can detect a tube or hopper jam, defective tube or hopper sensor, or
other malfunction, it will indicate the tube / hopper is "bad" by sending a tube / hopper full
status and a count of zero for the malfunctioning coin type.
VMC Command
POLL
Z1 - Z32 =
Code
5BH / 73H
Dispenser Response Data
32 bytes: Z1 – Z32
Dispenser Activity - 32 bytes
Indicates the dispenser activity. If there is nothing to report, the dispenser
should send only an ACK. Otherwise, the only valid responses are:
Coins Dispensed:
This response should be sent once at the end of a payout cycle.
Z1
z
y
(10yzxxxx)
z =1 for manual dispense
z =0 to report a non manual (automatic) dispense
y =1 for payout completed successfully
y =0 for payout completed unsuccessfully (aborted)
xxxx
The coin type dispensed (0 to 15)
Z2 - Z3
The number of coins dispensed.
Z4 – Z5
The number of coins in the dispenser.
MDB/ICP Version 4.2
February, 2011
10•4
Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
Status:
(00000001) =
(00000010) =
(00000011) =
(00000100) =
(00000101) =
(00000110) =
(00000111) =
(00001000) =
(00001001) =
(00001010) =
(00001011) =
(00001100) =
(00001101) =
(00001110) =
(00001111) =
NOTES:
Escrow request1 - An escrow lever activation has
been detected. If a button is present and activated.
Dispenser Payout Busy2 - The dispenser is busy
activating payout devices.
Not Used
Defective Dispenser Sensor1 - The dispenser has
detected one of the dispenser sensors behaving
abnormally.
Not Used
Dispenser did not start1.
Dispenser Jam1 - A dispenser payout attempt has
resulted in jammed condition.
ROM checksum error1 - The dispensers internal
checksum does not match the calculated checksum.
Not Used
Not Used
Dispenser was “Just Reset”1 - The dispenser has
detected a Reset condition and has returned to its
power-on idle condition.
Not Used
Not Used
Not Used
Filled key pressed1 – The VMC should request a
new DISPENSER STATUS.
The dispenser may send several of one type activity, up to 16 bytes total.
This will permit zeroing counters such as inventory and status.
1
2
MDB/ICP Version 4.2
Sent once each occurrence.
Sent once each POLL
February, 2011
10•5
Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
File Transport Layer POLLed responses:
Note that all FTL responses are defined in Section 2.6. For the coin dispenser, the source
address will always be the dispenser (58H/70H) as defined in Section 2.3.
Z1
1B
REQ TO RCV
The coin dispenser is requesting to
receive data from a device or VMC.
Z2 = Destination address of response
Z3 = Source address of response (58H/70H)
Z4 = File ID
Z5 = Maximum length
Z6 = Control
1C
RETRY/DENY
The coin dispenser is requesting a device or
VMC to retry or deny the last FTL command.
Z2 = Destination address of response
Z3 = Source address of response (58H/70H)
Z4 = Retry delay
1D
SEND BLOCK
The coin dispenser is sending a block of data
(maximum of 31 bytes) to a device or VMC.
Z2 = Destination address of data
Z3 = Block #
Z4-Z34 = Data (maximum of 31 bytes)
1E
OK TO SEND
The coin dispenser is indicating that it
is OK for a device or VMC to send it data.
Z2 = Destination address of response
Z3 = Source address of response (58H/70H)
1F
REQ TO SEND
The coin dispenser is requesting to
send data to a device or VMC.
Z2 = Destination address of response
Z3 = Source address of response (58H/70H)
Z4 = File ID
Z5 = Maximum length
Z6 = Control
MDB/ICP Version 4.2
February, 2011
10•6
Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
VMC Command
MANUAL DISPENSE
ENABLE
Y1 - Y2 =
Code
5CH / 74H
VMC Data
2 bytes: Y1 – Y2
Manual Dispense Enable - 2 bytes
b15 b14 b13 b12 b11 b10 b9 b8 | b7 b6 b5 b4 b3 b2 b1 b0
Y1
Y2
A bit is set to indicate dispense enable. For example, bit 2 is set to enable dispensing of coin
type 2. This command enables/disables manual dispensing using optional inventory
switches. All manual dispensing switches are automatically disabled upon reset.
VMC Command
DISPENSE COINS
Code
5DH / 75H
Sub-command
00H
VMC Data
3 bytes: Y1 – Y3
b7 b6 b5 b4 b3 b2 b1 b0
Y1
Bits b3, b2, b1, b0 indicate coin type to be dispensed. Valid codes are 0H to FH to indicate
coin types 0 to 15.
Bits b7, b6, b5, b4 = 0
Y2 - Y3 =
Number of coins to be dispensed of coin type defined in Y1
There is no defined limit on how long the actual dispense takes since the
command allows for up to 65535 coins to be paid out. The payout cycle
begins when the dispenser ACKs the VMC’s DISPENSE (5DH/75H)
command. This cycle typically lasts a minimum of 100 mS and ends when
the dispenser stops dispensing the desired number of coins. VMCs should
monitor the Dispenser Payout Busy and Dispenser Activity response to the
POLL (5BH/73H) command to determine when the entire payout cycle is
completed.
VMC Command
DISPENSE VALUE
Y1 – Y2 =
Code
5DH / 75H
Sub-command
01H
VMC Data
2 bytes: Y1, Y2
Value of coins to be paid out.
Y1 and Y2 are defined as the value of coins and this value is expressed as
the number of coin scaling factors that would sum to the value. For example,
in a USA system using a scaling factor of 05, if the change to be paid out is
75 cents, then Y1 will equal fifteen. That is, the sum of fifteen nickels equal
75 cents. The coin dispenser will determine which actual denominations of
coins will be paid out. In the 75 cent example, the coins may be 3 quarters;
or, 7 dimes & 1 nickel; or, 2 quarters & 2 dimes & 1 nickel, etc. The actual
coins dispensed and if the dispense is finished can be acquired via the
PAYOUT STATUS (5EH/76H, 00) and PAYOUT VALUE POLL (5EH/76H,
01).
MDB/ICP Version 4.2
February, 2011
10•7
Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
VMC Command
PAYOUT
STATUS
Z1 – Z32 =
Code
5E / 76H
Sub-command
00H
VMC Data Dispenser Response
None
32 bytes: Z1-Z32
Number of each coin type paid out - 32 bytes (2 bytes per coin type).
This is the dispenser's response to the last VMC DISPENSE VALUE
command (5DH sub command 01H). Bytes are sent in ascending order of
coin types. A bytes position in the string indicates the coin type. That is,
bytes one and two are the number of coins for coin type 1, bytes three and
four are the number of coins for coin type two, and so on. Unsent bytes
above the coin types dispensed are assumed to be zero.
The dispenser clears payout data after an ACK response from the VMC.
The VMC should compare the value of the coins paid out to the (5DH/75H)
DISPENSE VALUE command’s Y2-Y3.
NOTES:
1) If the dispenser’s payout is busy it will respond to the
PAYOUT STATUS command with an ACK only.
2) If no coins have been paid out, at least one zero valued data byte must
be sent.
3) There is no defined limit on how long the actual payout
takes. See dispense command (5DH/75H) for further details
VMC Command Code
PAYOUT VALUE 5EH /76H
POLL
Z1 – Z2
=
Sub-command
01H
VMC Data
None
Dispenser Response Data
2 bytes: Z1-Z2
Dispenser Payout Activity - 2 bytes
An interval value (scaled) which indicates the amount of paid out
change since the previous PAYOUT VALUE POLL (or between the
initial DISPENSE VALUE command (5DH/75H sub command 01H)
and the first PAYOUT VALUE POLL).
A 00H response indicates no coins were paid out since the previous
PAYOUT VALUE POLL (or the initial DISPENSE VALUE command
(5DH/75H sub command 01H)).
An ACK only indicates that the change payout is finished. This
should be followed by the PAYOUT STATUS command (5EH/76H00H) to obtain the complete payout data.
NOTE: The initial intent of this command is to determine the amount of change paid out so
that the credit display can be decremented as coins are dispensed.
MDB/ICP Version 4.2
February, 2011
10•8
Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
VMC Command
EXPANSION
COMMAND
Code
Sub-Command
5FH / 77H
00H
IDENTIFICATION
Dispenser Response Data
33 bytes: Z1 - Z33
Z1 - Z3 =
Manufacturer Code - 3 bytes
Identification code for the equipment supplier. Sent as ASCII characters.
Currently defined codes are listed in the EVA document entitled "European
Vending Association Data Transfer Standard" (EVA-DTS), the Audit Data
Lists section, sub-section 2, "Manufacturer Codes".
Z4 - Z15 =
Serial Number - 12 bytes
Factory assigned serial number. All bytes must be sent as ASCII characters,
zeros (30H) and blanks (20H) are acceptable.
Z16 - Z27 =
Model Number - 12 bytes
Manufacturer assigned model number. All bytes must be sent as ASCII
characters, zeros (30H) and blanks (20H) are acceptable.
Z28 - Z29 =
Software Version - 2 bytes
Current software version. Must be sent in packed BCD.
Z30 - Z33 =
Optional Features - 4 bytes
Each of the 32 bits indicate an optional features availability. If the bit is set
the feature is available. Bits should be sent in descending order, i.e. bit 31 is
sent first and bit 0 is sent last. Currently defined options are:
b0 -
File Transport Layer (FTL) supported as defined in Section
2.6.
b1 - b31
Available for future use
VMC Command
EXPANSION
COMMAND
Code
Sub-Command
5FH / 77H
01H
FEATURE ENABLE
VMC Data
4 bytes: Y1 - Y4
This command is used to enable each of the optional features defined in Z30-Z33 above. To
enable a feature a bit is set to one. All optional features are disabled after reset.
MDB/ICP Version 4.2
February, 2011
10•9
Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
VMC Command Code
Sub-command VMC Data
EXPANSION
5FH / 77H FAH
Y1-Y5
COMMAND
FTL REQ TO RCV
Dispenser Response
Z1 - Zn (immediate or
POLLed)
The VMC is requesting to receive data from the dispenser whose destination address will
always be (58H/70H). Note that all FTL Commands / Responses are defined in Section 2.6.
Y1
Y2
Y3
Y4
Y5
=
=
=
=
=
Z1 =
Z2 =
Z3 =
Z4 - Z34 =
Z1
Z2
Z3
Z4
=
=
=
=
Destination address of command (58H/70H)
Source address of command
File ID
Maximum length
Control
1DH which indicates SEND BLOCK
Destination address of data
Block #
Data (maximum of 31 bytes)
or
1CH which indicates RETRY / DENY
Destination address of response
Source address of response (58H/70H)
Retry delay
VMC Command Code
Sub-command VMC Data
EXPANSION
5FH / 77H FBH
Y1-Y3
COMMAND
FTL RETRY / DENY
Dispenser Response
None
The VMC is retrying, denying, or aborting a data transfer to/from the dispenser whose
destination address will always be (58H/70H). Note that all FTL Commands / Responses are
defined in Section 2.6.
Y1 =
Y2 =
Y3 =
Destination address of command (58H/70H)
Source address of command
Retry delay
MDB/ICP Version 4.2
February, 2011
10•10
Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
VMC Command Code
Sub-command VMC Data
EXPANSION
5FH / 77H FCH
Y1-Y33
COMMAND
FTL SEND BLOCK
Dispenser Response
None
The VMC is sending data to the dispenser whose destination address will always be
(58H/70H). Note that all FTL Commands / Responses are defined in Section 2.6.
Y1 =
Y2 =
Y3 - Y33 =
Destination address of command & data (58H/70H)
Block #
Data (maximum of 31 bytes)
VMC Command Code
Sub-command VMC Data
EXPANSION
5FH / 77H FDH
Y1-Y2
COMMAND
FTL OK TO SEND
Dispenser Response
Z1-Z34 (immediate or
POLLed)
The VMC is indicating that it is OK for the dispenser to transfer data. The destination
address will always be the dispenser (58H/70H). Note that all FTL Commands / Responses
are defined in Section 2.6.
Y1 =
Y2 =
Destination address of command (58H/70H)
Source address of command
Z1 =
Z2 =
Z3 =
Z4 - Z34 =
1DH which indicates SEND BLOCK
Destination address of data
Source address of data
Data (maximum of 31 bytes)
MDB/ICP Version 4.2
February, 2011
10•11
Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
VMC Command Code
Sub-command VMC Data
EXPANSION
5FH / 77H FEH
Y1-Y5
COMMAND
FTL REQ TO SEND
Dispenser Response
Z1 (immediate or
POLLed)
The VMC is requesting to send data to the dispenser whose destination address will always
be (58H/70H). Note that all FTL Commands / Responses are defined in Section 2.6.
Y1
Y2
Y3
Y4
Y5
=
=
=
=
=
Z1 =
Z2 =
Z3 =
Z1
Z2
Z3
Z4
=
=
=
=
Destination address of command (58H/70H)
Source address of command
File ID
Maximum length
Control
1EH which indicates OK TO SEND
Destination address of response
Source address of response (58H/70H)
or
1CH which indicates RETRY / DENY
Destination address of response
Source address of response (58H/70H)
Retry delay
Sub-command VMC Data
VMC Command Code
EXPANSION
5FH / 77H FFH
Y1-Yn
COMMAND
DIAGNOSTICS
Dispenser Response
Z1-Zn
Y1 - Yn =
Device manufacturer specific instruction for implementing various
manufacturing or test modes. Y1 - Yn implies that any number of bytes can
be used for the VMC data to the peripheral.
Z1 - Zn =
Device manufacturer specific responses after receiving manufacturing or test
instructions. Z1 - Zn implies that any number of bytes can be used for the
Dispenser response data from the peripheral.
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10.4 Dispenser Non-Response Time
The default maximum non-response time for the dispenser is 5 seconds. This is the
maximum time for which a dispenser will not respond to a command or a POLL with ACK,
NAK or a message. The “Application Maximum Response Time” reported in byte Z6 of the
SETUP (10.3) supersedes this default value if Z6 is greater.
10.5 Dispenser Power Requirements
The current draw for any dispenser must fall within the following limits. All measurements are
at the minimum VMC voltage output.
Idle mode
=
200 mA. (max.) continuous
Coin payout = 2.5 A. (max.) for up to 15 seconds per coin
dispensed. This is the maximum for all dispensers operating
simultaneously in this unit.
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Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
Section 11
Age Verification Device
VMC/Peripheral Communication Specifications
11.1 Introduction
Due to legal restrictions, a variety of products are only allowed to be vended via vending machines by
checking the customers age. The age and the rules vary from country to country.
This is i.e. related in some countries to cigarettes or alcoholic products. Some services or product
contents may restrict a different age, related to the vending machine, this needs different ages to be
checked within the same machine.
Age verification may be done with different electronic means, i.e. public cashless systems, which
know the card users age, i.e. biometric systems, i.e. ID-card-readers or driving license readers, etc.
A common and state of the art usage in some countries is a public cashless system working as an
Age Verification Device. Therefore it is good practice to define first an interface of commands as an
addition to the cashless devices.
Second as MDB describes two cashless devices, which in some machines may be both only cashless
readers, it is necessary to define an Age Verification Device only as an additional device, allowing the
two readers within the machine working as before. The cashless readers which run as a multifunction device may choose to run the additional set of commands or respond as slaves on two
peripheral addresses – the cashless 1 or 2 and the Age Verification Device address.
Therefore this paper describes two additional diagnostic commands for the cashless systems, to work
as age verification devices. Second this paper describes a command set for an age verification
device, which uses only two commands for age verification purpose -- the structure of these two
commands is similar to the cashless diagnostic commands, therefore allowing any VMC, to use the
same command interface for cashless and Age Verification Device as well.
These command are not bound to a cashless-transaction and may be therefore be used, if verification
is done by other cards (i.e. without payment functions.) These command are independent of the
cashless function (i.e. payment out of order, transaction memory full, ...) and do not interfere with the
payment sequences. Sequences at MDB are changed slightly only.
Observing the age verification is done by the VMC. Only the VMC knows, what type of products it
sells. The cashless device delivers the only information to VMC, whether the cashless media finds a
valid age. The cashless device will approve a payment always, when the VMC requests this (MDB
command request vend). The cashless device will not deny a payment, even if the age verification is
not found. This allows simultaneous vend of age protected and free products from a vending
machine.
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Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
After each power on or after reception of MDB-Reset the cashless device or Age Verification
Device will ignore age verification. First after the VMC switches on age verification with the
MDB-command “DRAVP“ (Diagnostic Request Age Verification On) and Y4>0, verification
cards will be checked. Only in this case the cashless device or Age Verification Device sends
responses to the second new command “DRAVS” (Diagnostic Response Age Verification
Status) to the VMC.
11.2 VMC Commands
The Age Verification Device uses the MDB address
0x68 (the next address after the second cashless device)
It implements a command set similar to a cashless device with a reduced command dictionary. All the
not used commands are reserved for further use to hold the software functions compatible to a
cashless subdevice.
The following describes the age verification commands common to the standalone Age Verification
Device as well as a subdevice within the cashless device, whereas chapter 4 describes the additional
setup commands for the standalone age verification device. Note, that these commands are the same
commands as for a cashless device.
11.2.1 General Format EXPANSION Diagnostic
The MDB command EXPANSION Diagnostic allows transfer of manufacturer specific information
between cashless reader and VMC. For transmission of the age verification information, the
EXPANSION diagnostic command will be used. While implemented in a cashless device, this is
similar to a virtual subdevice within the reader, whereas, when used with a separate address, these
may be treated as normal standardized commands.
General format:
expansion
(17H)
(67H)
(6FH)
Diagnostics
(FFH)
Y1
User
Defined
Data
Y2-Yn
Y1 :
DIAGNOSTICS.
Device manufacturer specific instruction for implementing various
manufacturing or test modes.
Y2-Yn :
User Defined Data.
The data portion of this command is defined by the manufacturer and
is not part of this document.
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Reader response:
Diagnostics
Response
(FFH)
Z1
User
Defined
Z2-Zn
Z1 :
DIAGNOSTICS RESPONSE
Z2-Zn :
User Defined Data.
The data portion of this response is defined by the manufacturer and
is not part of this document.
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11.2.2 Switch On / Off of Age Verification
Diagnostic Request Age Verification On/Off (DRAVP)
This command is used to switch On or Off the age verification and to setup the minimum testing age
within the device. While in state “on“ each inserted media is checked and the result is messaged to
the VMC.
After the VMC is powered on, the command DRAVP will be sent at least with Y4 = 0x00 or Y4 = 0xff
to the age verification device.
Expansion
(17H)
(67H)
(6FH)
Diagnostics
Request
(FFH)
Y1
Diagnostics
Response
(FFH)
Z1
Age verification On/Off
(0x05)
Y2
Age verification On/Off
(0x05)
Z2
Length
Age
Ident
Y3
Y4
Y5-Y9
Length
Feature byte
Ident
Z3
Z4
Z5-Z9
Y1 :
Y2 :
DIAGNOSTICS Request
Age verification on/off
Y3 :
Length, the number of bytes of this command, not including Y1-Y3,
therefore set to 6.
Y4
Age
Y4 = 0x00
Switch off age verification. Additionally informs the
card reader, that the VMC software supports age
verification, but age verification is not necessary for
any product
0x00<Y4<0x64 Level for age verification (0x01 - 0x63 = 1..99
years). Additionally informs the card reader, that the
VMC software supports age verification and age
verification is necessary
0x63<Y4<0xFF Reserved for future use
Y4 = 0xFF
Y5-Y9
Informs the card reader, that the VMC software
supports age verification and that age verification
will be switched on at xx.xx.xxxx automatically and
the level of age will be changed to the default
checking.
Ident “DRAVP” (hex 0x44 0x52 0x41 0x56 0x50)
Used to prevent misinterpretation of this command and to separate it
against possible other manufacturer defined 17 FF 05 commands.
The Age Verification Device takes the given age and responses with the diagnostic response. The
VMC will detect, that an Age Verification Device is connected (or built in as a subdevice in cashless),
which is doing age verification.
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As the verification of the requested minimum age is depending of the (later) inserted media, the
requested minimum age is only set to the age verification device. Whether a verification is really
possible, will be messaged later within the DRAVS command.
The DRAVP command will be sent by VMC always after power up and after each RESET within the
known initializing sequence to the Age Verification Device (cashless or stand alone). If the VMC is
aware of a necessary age, the minimum age will be set to a value > 0, i.e. for today’s cigarette vendor
to 0x12 = 18.
If different products with different age levels are sold, the VMC may send this command before each
vend transaction and temporarily change age due to selected product minimum age. Switch off of the
age verification is only allowed, if all selections of the vendor do not require a verification.
The age verification device responds with:
Z1 :
Z2 :
DIAGNOSTICS Response
Age verification on/off
Z3 :
Length, the number of bytes of this command, not including Z1-Z3,
therefore set to 6.
Z4
Feature Byte
b0 = 0
b0 = 1
b1...b6
b7= 0
b7= 1
Z5-Z9
MDB/ICP Version 4.2
A customer card is not in reading position, but may
be inserted (refer to b7)
A customer card is in reading position.
Reserved, should be set to 0
A customer card is not inserted
A customer card is inserted, but may not be in
reading position (refer to b0)
Ident “DRAVP” (hex 0x44 0x52 0x41 0x56 0x50)
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11.2.3 Check of Age Verification
Diagnostic Request Age Verification Status (DRAVS)
If the VMC activated the age verification with DRAVP, the Age Verification Device is checking each
inserted media for age information and sends after insertion the DRAVS response to the VMC. The
VMC may send the command itself to the age verification device, to get an actualisation of the status.
The verification device answers with the actual response. The command may be sent in all MDB
states (especially within cashless devices).
expansion
(17H)
(67H)
(6FH)
Diagnostics
Request
(FFH)
Y1
Age verification Status
(0x06)
Y2
length
Features
Ident
Y3
Y4
Y5-Y9
Y1 :
DIAGNOSTICS Request
Y2 :
Age Information
Y3 :
length, the number of bytes of this command, not including Y1-Y3, therefore
set to 6
Y4
Feature bits
b0..b7:
Reserved, should be set to 0
Y5-Y9
Ident “DRAVS” (hex 0x44 0x52 0x41 0x56 0x53)
If the VMC has activated the age verification with the DRAVP, each inserted media will be checked
for age information and after insertion, the DRAVS response will be sent to the VMC.
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Diagnostics
Response
(FFH)
Z1
Age
(0x06)
length
feature byte 1 feature byte 2 Ident
Z2
Z3
Z4
Z5
Z6-Z10
Z1 :
DIAGNOSTICS Response
Z2 :
Age verification status
Z3 :
length, the number of bytes of this command, not including Z1-Z3, therefore
set to 7
b0=0:
b0=1:
A customer card is not in reading position, but may be
A customer card is in reading position
b1=0:
b1=1:
Age information is not available on the customer card
Age information is available on the customer card
b2=0:
b2=1:
Age verification is not possible (MSAM error or no MSAM)
Age verification is possible (MSAM ok and present)
b3=0:
b3=1:
The age level from DRAVP command can’t be checked
The age level from DRAVP command (or a higher value) can
be checked
b4=0:
The customer is not allowed to buy the product, because the
age information on the card is less than the value in DRAVP
The customer is allowed to buy the product, because the age
information on the customer card is equal or greater than the
value in DRAVP
reserved, should be set to zero
Age verification information *) is valid
b4=1:
b5=0:
b6=0:
b6=1:
b7=0:
b7=1:
b0…b3:
MDB/ICP Version 4.2
Age verification information *) is invalid and set to 0, because
age verification is under progress (busy)
A customer card is not inserted
A customer card is inserted, but may not be in reading
position (refer to b0)
Reserved, should be set to 0
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Z6Z10
b4=1:
Age verification done by private ident media 1
b5=1:
b6=1:
Age verification done by private ident media 2
Age verification done by driving license reader
b7=1:
Age verification done by public cash card
Ident “DRAVS” (hex 0x44 0x52 0x41 0x56 0x53)
*) Age verification information refers to feature byte 1 (b1…b4) and feature byte 2 (all bits)
**) must be valid only, if age verification is positively checked (b4=1 of feature byte 1)
If a DRAVS response with positive checked age information sent from the age verification device, the
VMC will enable the vend for selected product for typically 30 seconds. This duration should be
programmable.
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11.3 MDB Interface
11.3.1 MDB initializing
The general MDB-session consists of the known init-sequence as well as the polling sequence. The
init sequence is extended with the DRAVP command.
RESET – 10h
POLL – 12h
To obtain “JUST RESET” response
SETUP CONFIGURATION DATA – 11 00h
To send the VMC’s configuration data and obtain the reader’s data
SETUP MAX/MIN PRICE – 11 01h
To send the maximum and minimum prices in the VMC. (Reader Level 01/02 syntax, 16 bit
credit).
EXPANSION REQUEST ID – 17 00h
To obtain additional reader information and options (options in Level 03+ only)
EXPANSION ENABLE OPTIONS – 17 04h (Level 03+ only)
To enable desired options
SETUP MAX/MIN PRICE – 11 01h (Level 03+ and option bits 1 & 2 only)
To send the maximum and minimum prices in the VMC. (Reader Level 03+, 32 bit credit).
DRAVP – 17 ff 05 06 Age ‘D’ ‘R’ ‘A’ ‘V’ ‘P’
*)
switch on or off youth protection, set age level to be checked
POLL – 12h
To obtain “DRAVP” response
**)
READER ENABLE – 14 01h
To enable reader (if desired)
POLL – 12h
To obtain further responses, loop it.
*) the DRAVP may be sent in the following contents as often as needed, to switch on or off the verification or to
change the verification age.
**) the cashless reader as well as the Age Verification Device are required to check the actual date and it is
suggested for the VMC, to send an expansion diagnostic date/time command to actualize the date within the age
verification device.
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11.3.2 MDB Polling Loop, Vend Sequence
The polling loop will lead to a vend following the known sequence and is extended with an optional
DRAVS.
Customer inserts card
POLL – 12h
DRAVS, card present, age verification status
POLL – 12h
Begin Session (value = 0, > 0 or –1).
*)
Customer presses selection and/or inserts money.
VEND REQUEST – 13 00 xx xx xx xx yy yyh
ACK (xx = vend price, yy = selection number)
**)
POLL – 12h
looped until vend approved or denied is sent. During this loop, display messages should be
shown on the vending machines display
VEND SUCCESS/FAILED – 13 02 yy yyh or 13 03h
vend is completed
**)
SESSION COMPLETE – 13 04
close session
POLL – 12h
End session
*) only if cashless is used, independent of cashless credit
**) only if cashless payment is done
All answer will be seen in the known format, the new command DRAVS is enabling a cash vend, if
the "age valid" (b4 = 1) is set.
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11.4 Age Verification Device Command/Response Formats
11.4.1 Reset
RESET
(68H)
Reader response:
No Data response
11.4.2 Setup
Config
Data
(00H)
Y1
SETUP
(69H)
Y1 :
Y2 :
Y3 :
Y4 :
Y5 :
VMC
Feature
Level
Y2
Columns
on
Display
Y3
Rows
On
Display
Y4
Display
Info
Y5
Configuration data.
VMC is sending its configuration data to reader.
VMC Feature Level.
Indicates the feature level of the VMC. The available feature levels are:
01 – the actual used level is 1
Columns on Display. The number of columns on the display. Set to 00H if the display is
not available to the reader.
Rows on Display.
The number of rows on the display
Display Information - xxxxxyyy
xxxxx =
Unused
yyy =
Display type
000 :
Numbers, upper case letters, blank and decimal point.
Full ASCII
001 :
010-111:
Unassigned
Reader Response:
Reader
Config
Data
(01H)
Z1
Reader
Feature
Level
Country
Code
High
Country
Code
Low
Scale
Factor
Decimal
Places
Z2
Z3
Z4
Z5
Z6
Z1 :
Application
Maximum
Response
Time
Z7
Miscellaneous
Options
Z8
READER - Configuration data.
Indicates the Age Verification Device is responding to a SETUP – Configuration data
request from the VMC.
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Z2 :
Z3-Z4 :
01 – the actual used level
Country / Currency Code - packed BCD.
The packed BCD country / currency code of the reader can be sent in two different forms
depending on the value of the left most BCD digit.
If the left most digit is a 0, the International Telephone Code is used to indicate the
country that the reader is set-up for. For example, the USA code is 00 01H (Z3 = 00 and
Z4 = 01).
If the left most digit is a 1, the latest version of the ISO 4217 numeric currency code is
used (see Appendix A1). For example, the code for the US dollar is 18 40H (Z2 = 18
and Z3 = 40) and for the Euro is 1978 (Z3 = 19 and Z4 = 78). Use FFFFh if the country
code in unknown.
For level 3 cashless readers, it is mandatory to use the ISO 4217 numeric currency code
(see Appendix A1).
Z5 :
Scale Factor.
The multiplier used to scale all monetary values transferred between the VMC and the
reader.
Z6 :
Decimal Places.
The number of decimal places used to communicate monetary values between the VMC
and the age verification device.
All pricing information sent between the VMC and the Age Verification Device is scaled
using the scale factor and decimal places. This corresponds to:
ActualPrice = P ⋅ X ⋅ 10 − Y
where P is the scaled value send in the price bytes, and X is the scale factor, and Y is
the number of decimal places. For example if there are 2 decimal places and the scale
factor is 5, then a scaled price of 7 will mean an actual of 0.35.
Z7 :
Application Maximum Response Time - seconds.
The maximum length of time a reader will require to provide a response to any command
from the VMC. The value reported here supersedes the payment reader’s default NONRESPONSE time defined in section 7.5 if the value reported here is greater.
Z8 :
Miscellaneous Options – xxxxyyyy
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11.4.3 Poll
POLL
(6AH)
The POLL command is used by the VMC to obtain information from the verification device. In addition
to an ACK, the VMC may receive the following POLL responses from the verification device.
Reader responses:
Just
Reset
(00H)
Z1
Z1 :
Reader
Config
Info
(01H)
Z1
JUST RESET
Indicates the device has been reset.
Note: the difference between ACK and JUST RESET responses is:
00H 00H*
=JUST RESET
00H*
=ACK
*mode bit=1
Reader
Feature
Level
Country
Code
High
Country
Code
Low
Scale
Factor
Decimal
Places
Z2
Z3
Z4
Z5
Z6
Display
Request
(02H)
Z1
Display
Time
Display
Data
Z2
Z3-Z34
Application
Maximum
Response
Time
Z7
Miscellaneous
Options
Z8
Z1 :
DISPLAY REQUEST
The Age Verification Device is requesting a message to be displayed on the VMC’s
display.
Z2 :
Display Time - 0.1 second units
The requested display time. Either the VMC or the Age Verification Device may
overwrite the message before the time has expired.
Peripheral
ID
(09H)
Z1
Manufacturer
Code
Serial
Number
Model
Number
Software
Version
Optional
Feature bits
Z2-Z4
Z5-Z16
Z17-Z28
Z29-Z30
Z31 - Z34
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Z1 :
PERIPHERAL ID
Age Verification Device is sending peripheral ID information.
Z2 - Z4 :
Manufacturer Code - ASCII
Identification code for the equipment supplier. Currently defined codes are listed in
the EVA document entitled "European Vending Association Data Transfer
Standard" (EVA-DTS), the Audit Data
Lists section, sub-section 2, "Manufacturer Codes".
Z5-Z16 :
Serial Number – ASCII
Factory assigned serial number.
Z17-Z28 :
Model Number - ASCII
Manufacturer assigned model number.
Z29-Z30 :
Software Version - packed BCD
Current software version.
Z31- Z34
Optional Feature Bits. Each of the 32 bits indicate an optional feature availability.
Bits should be sent in descending order, i.e. bit 31 is sent first and bit 0 is sent last.
Options must be enabled by the VMC using the Expansion Optional Feature Bit
Enable (17H-04H) command and all features are disabled after a reset. Currently
defined options are:
b0 - File Transport Layer supported
b1 to b31 not used (should be set to 0)
Malfunction / Error
Error Code
(0AH)
Z1
Z2
Z1 :
MALFUNCTION/ERROR
The Age Verification Device is reporting a malfunction or error.
Z2 :
Error Code - xxxxyyyy
Transient Error Handling
The error will be reported to the VMC until it has been ACKnowledged. The error state will be
cleared in the age verification device, and normal operations will continue.
Non-transient Error Handling
The error will be reported to the VMC at each POLL as long as it exists. If the Age Verification
Device is still functional, multi-message responses will allow normal responses in addition to
the error report.
Time/Date
Request
(11H)
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Z1
Z1 :
TIME DATE REQUEST
In certain circumstances it will be necessary to synchronize the real time clock of the
Age Verification Device with real time clock of the VMC. The Age Verification Device
will respond with TIME/DATE REQUEST to a POLL command of the VMC. The VMC
will follow with the EXPANSION-WRITE TIME/DATE FILE to the age verification
device.
11.4.4 Expansion commands (request ID)
Expansion
(6FH)
Request
ID
(00H)
Y1
Manufacturer
Code
Serial
Number
Model
Number
Software
Version
Y2-Y4
Y5-Y16
Y17-Y28
Y29-Y30
Y1 :
REQUEST ID
The VMC is requesting Age Verification Device identification information. The
information included above (Y2-Y30) provides the Age Verification Device with VMC
identification information.
Y2-Y4 :
Manufacturer Code - ASCII
Identification code for the equipment supplier. Currently defined codes are listed in
the EVA document entitled “The Data Transfer Standard EVA-DTS" document, the
Audit Data Dictionary section, chapter 4, "Manufacturer Codes".
Y5-Y16 :
Serial Number - ASCII
Factory assigned serial number.
Y17-Y28 :
Model Number - ASCII
Manufacturer assigned model number.
Y29-Y30 :
Software Version - packed BCD
Current software version.
Age Verification Device response:
Peripheral
ID
(09H)
Z1
Manufacture
Code
Serial
Number
Model
Number
Software
Version
Optional
Feature Bits
Z2-Z4
Z5-Z16
Z17-Z28
Z29-Z30
Z31-Z34
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11.4.5 EXPANSION - Write Time/Date File
Expansion
(6FH)
Write Time/
Date File
(03H)
Y1
Time
Date
Y2-Y11
Y1 :
WRITE TIME/DATE FILE
The VMC requests to write the Time/Date file.
Y2- Y11:
Time/Date to synchronize the Age Verification Device real time clock. The date bytes
are BCD encoded.
Y2
Y3
Y4
Y5
Y6
Y7
Y8
Y9
Y10
Y11
= Years (Range: 00..99)
= Months (Range: 01..12)
= Days (Range: 01..31)
= Hours (Range: 00..23)
= Minutes (Range: 00..59)
= Seconds (Range: 00..59)
= Day of Week (Range: 01..07, Monday = 1..Sunday = 7)
= Week Number (Range: 01..53)
= Summertime (Range: 00..01, Summertime = 1)
= Holiday (Range: 00..01, Holiday = 1)
If any item of the time/date is not supported use FFH instead.
11.4.6 EXPANSION - Diagnostics
Expansion
(6FH)
Diagnostics
(FFH)
Y1
Y1 :
Y2-Yn :
User
Defined
Data
Y2-Yn
DIAGNOSTICS.
Device manufacturer specific instruction for implementing various manufacturing or test
modes.
User Defined Data.
The data portion of this command is defined by the manufacturer and is not part of this
document.
Age Verification Device response:
Diagnostics
Response
(FFH)
Z1
Z1 :
Z2-Zn :
User
Defined
Z2-Zn
DIAGNOSTICS RESPONSE.
User Defined Data.
The data portion of this response is defined by the manufacturer and is not part of this
document.
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11.5 Age Verification Device Non-Response Time
The default maximum non-response time for the Age Verification Device is 5 seconds. This
is the maximum time for which an Age Verification Device will not respond to a command or a
POLL with ACK, NAK or a message. The “Application Maximum Response Time” reported in
byte Z7 of the Age Verification Device Configuration Data supersedes this default value if Z7
is greater.
.
11.6 Age Verification Device Power Requirements
The current draw for any Age Verification Device must fall within the following limits. All
measurements are at the minimum VMC Voltage Output.
Idle mode = 300 mA. (avg.) continuous
Transport or Read/Write cycle = 1.5 A @ 50% maximum duty cycle up to 5 seconds.
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Appendix 1
Currency Codes
A1.1 Information
The following Tables of Codes for the Representation of Currencies and Funds are
provided by the Secretariat of ISO 4217 MA. It is provided here to be used for the MDB
currency code information sent between the credit peripherals and the VMC.
Table A.1 Currency and Funds Code List (English alphabetical order by entity)
Table A.2 Funds Codes Registered with the Maintenance Agency
Table A.3 Codes for Historic Denominations of Currencies and Funds
A1.2 MDB/ICP Use
As stated in the individual credit device sections, the two byte, packed BCD country / currency
code of the coin changer, bill validator, and card reader devices can be sent in two different
forms depending on the value of the left most BCD digit.
If the left most digit is a 0, the International Telephone Code is used to indicate the country
that the reader is set-up for.
For example, the USA telephone code is 001 which translates into the
MDB code as 00 01h (Zx = 00h and Zy = 01h).
If the left most digit is a 1, the latest version of the ISO 4217 numeric currency code is used as
listed in this Appendix.
For example, the code for the US dollar is 840 which translates into the
MDB code as 18 40h (Zx = 18h and Zy = 40h).
The code for the Euro is 978 which translates into the MDB code
as 1978h (Zx = 19h and Zy = 78h).
FFFFh should be used if the country code in unknown (Zx = FFh and Zy = FFh).
Note that for level 3 cashless readers, it is mandatory to use the the ISO 4217 numeric
currency code.
MDB/ICP Version 4.2
February, 2011
A1•1
Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
Table A.1 Currency and Funds Code List (English alphabetical order by
entity)
ENTITY
Currency
Code
Alphabetic
Numeric
Decimal
Position
__________________________________________________________________________________
AFGHANISTAN
ALBANIA
ALGERIA
AMERICAN SAMOA
ANDORRA
ANGOLA
ANGUILLA
ANTARCTICA
ANTIGUA AND
BARBUDA
ARGENTINA
ARMENIA
ARUBA
AUSTRALIA
AUSTRIA
AZERBAIJAN
BAHAMAS
BAHRAIN
BANGLADESH
BARBADOS
BELARUS
BELGIUM
BELIZE
BENIN
BERMUDA
BHUTAN
Afghani
Lek
Algerian Dinar
US Dollar
Spanish Peseta
French Franc
Andorran Peseta
New Kwanza
Kwanza Reajustado
East Caribbean
Dollar
No universal
currency
East Caribbean
Dollar
Argentine Peso
Armenian Dram
Aruban Guilder
Australian Dollar
Schilling
Azerbaijanian Manat
Bahamian Dollar
Bahraini Dinar
Taka
Barbados Dollar
Belarussian Ruble
Belarussian Ruble
Belgian Franc
Belize Dollar
CFA Franc BCEAO+
Bermudian Dollar
(customarily known
as Bermuda Dollar)
Indian Rupee
Ngultrum
AFA
ALL
DZD
USD
ESP
FRF
ADP
AON
AOR
XCD
004
008
012
840
724
250
020
024
982
951
2
2
2
2
0
2
0
2
2
2
XCD
951
2
ARS
AMD
AWG
AUD
ATS
AZM
BSD
BHD
BDT
BBD
BYB
BYR
BEF
BZD
XOF
BMD
032
051
533
036
040
031
044
048
050
052
112
974
056
084
952
060
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
3
2
2
0
0
0
2
0
2
INR
BTN
356
064
2
2
__________________________________________________________________________________
+ CFA Franc BCEAO; Responsible authority: Banque Centrale des Etats de
l'Afrique de l'Ouest.
MDB/ICP Version 4.2
February, 2011
A1•2
Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
Table A.1 (Continued)
_________________________________________________________________________________
ENTITY
Currency
Code
Decimal
Alphabetic
Numeric
Position
__________________________________________________________________________________
BOLIVIA
Boliviano
Mvdol*
Convertible Marks
Pula
Norwegian Krone
Brazilian Real
US Dollar
BOB
BOV
BAM
BWP
NOK
BRL
USD
068
984
977
072
578
986
840
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
Brunei Dollar
Lev
Bulgarian LEV
CFA Franc BCEAO+
Burundi Franc
Riel
BND
BGL
BGN
XOF
BIF
KHR
096
100
975
952
108
116
2
2
2
0
0
2
CFA Franc BEAC#
Canadian Dollar
Cape Verde Escudo
Cayman Islands
Dollar
CFA Franc BEAC#
XAF
CAD
CVE
KYD
950
124
132
136
0
2
2
2
XAF
950
0
CFA Franc BEAC#
Chilean Peso
Unidades de
fomento*
Yuan Renminbi
Australian Dollar
Australian Dollar
XAF
CLP
CLF
950
152
990
0
0
0
BOSNIA & HERZEGOVINA
BOTSWANA
BOUVET ISLAND
BRAZIL
BRITISH INDIAN
OCEAN TERRITORY
BRUNEI DARUSSALAM
BULGARIA
BURKINA FASO
BURUNDI
CAMBODIA
CAMEROON
CANADA
CAPE VERDE
CAYMAN ISLANDS
CENTRAL AFRICAN
REPUBLIC
CHAD
CHILE
CHINA
CNY
156
CHRISTMAS ISLAND
AUD
036
COCOS (KEELING)
AUD
036
ISLANDS
COLOMBIA
Colombian Peso
COP
170
COMOROS
Comoro Franc
KMF
174
_____________________________________________________________________________
+ CFA Franc BCEAO; Responsible authority: Banque Centrale des Etats de
l'Afrique de l'Ouest.
2
2
2
2
0
# CFA Franc BEAC; Responsible authority: Banque des Etats de l'Afrique
Centrale.
•
Funds code [See table A.2(E) for definitions of funds types].
MDB/ICP Version 4.2
February, 2011
A1•3
Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
Table A.1 (Continued)
_________________________________________________________________________________
ENTITY
Currency
Code
Decimal
Alphabetic
Numeric
Position
_________________________________________________________________________________
CONGO
CONGO, THE DEMOCRATIC
REPUBLIC OF
COOK ISLANDS
COSTA RICA
COTE D'IVOIRE
CROATIA
CUBA
CYPRUS
CZECH REPUBLIC
DENMARK
DJIBOUTI
DOMINICA
CFA Franc BEAC#
Franc Congolais
XAF
CDF
950
976
New Zealand Dollar
NZD
554
Costa Rican Colon
CRC
188
CFA Franc BCEAO+
XOF
952
Kuna
HRK
191
Cuban Peso
CUP
192
Cyprus Pound
CYP
196
Czech Koruna
CZK
203
Danish Krone
DKK
208
Djibouti Franc
DJF
262
East Caribbean
XCD
951
Dollar
DOMINICAN REPUBLIC
Dominican Peso
DOP
214
EAST TIMOR
Timor Escudo
TPE
626
Rupiah
IDR
360
ECUADOR
US Dollar
ESD
840
EGYPT
Egyptian Pound
EGP
818
EL SALVADOR
El Salvador Colon
SVC
222
EQUATORIAL GUINEA
CFA Franc BEAC#
XAF
950
ESTONIA
Kroon
EEK
233
ERITREA
Nakfa
ERN
232
ETHIOPIA
Ethiopian Birr
ETB
230
FAEROE ISLANDS
Danish Krone
DKK
208
FALKLAND ISLANDS
Falkland Islands
(MALVINAS)
Pound
FKP
238
_____________________________________________________________________________
# CFA Franc BEAC; Responsible authority: Banque des Etats de l'Afrique
Centrale.
0
2
2
2
0
2
2
2
2
2
0
2
2
0
2
2
2
2
0
2
2
2
2
2
+ CFA Franc BCEAO; Responsible authority: Banque Centrale des Etats de
l'Afrique de l'Ouest.
* Funds code [see Table A.2 (E) for definitions of funds types].
MDB/ICP Version 4.2
February, 2011
A1•4
Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
Table A.1 (Continued)
________________________________________________________________________________
ENTITY
Currency
Code
Decimal
Alphabetic
Numeric
Position
________________________________________________________________________________
FIJI
FINLAND
FRANCE
FRENCH GUIANA
FRENCH POLYNESIA
FRENCH SOUTHERN
TERRITORIES
GABON
GAMBIA
GEORGIA
GERMANY
GHANA
GIBRALTAR
GREECE
GREENLAND
GRENADA
Fiji Dollar
Markka
French Franc
French Franc
CFP Franc
French Franc
FJD
FIM
FRF
FRF
XPF
FRF
242
246
250
250
953
250
2
2
2
2
0
2
CFA Franc BEAC#
Dalasi
Lari
Deutsche Mark
Cedi
Gibraltar Pound
Drachma
Danish Krone
East Caribbean
Dollar
French Franc
US Dollar
Quetzal
Guinea Franc
Guinea-Bissau Peso
CFA Franc BCEAO+
Guyana Dollar
Gourde
US Dollar
Australian Dollar
XAF
GMD
GEL
DEM
GHC
GIP
GRD
DKK
XCD
950
270
981
276
288
292
300
208
951
0
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
FRF
USD
GTQ
GNF
GWP
XOF
GYD
HTG
USD
AUD
250
840
320
324
624
952
328
332
840
036
2
2
2
0
2
0
2
2
2
2
Lempira
HNL
340
2
GUADELOUPE
GUAM
GUATEMALA
GUINEA
GUINEA-BISSAU
GUYANA
HAITI
HEARD AND
MCDONALD ISLANDS
HONDURAS
_____________________________________________________________________________
# CFA Franc BEAC; Responsible authority: Banque des Etats de l'Afrique
Centrale.
+ CFA Franc BCEAO; Responsible authority: Banque Centrale des Etats de
l'Afrique de l'Ouest.
MDB/ICP Version 4.2
February, 2011
A1•5
Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
Table A.1 (Continued)
_______________________________________________________________________________
ENTITY
Currency
Code
Decimal
Alphabetic
Numeric
Point
________________________________________________________________________________
HONG KONG
HUNGARY
ICELAND
INDIA
INDONESIA
INTERNATIONAL
MONETARY FUND
(IMF)**
IRAN (ISLAMIC
REPUBLIC OF)
IRAQ
IRELAND
ISRAEL
ITALY
JAMAICA
JAPAN
JORDAN
KAZAKHSTAN
KENYA
KIRIBATI
KOREA, DEMOCRATIC
PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF
KOREA, REPUBLIC OF
Hong Kong Dollar
Forint
Iceland Krona
Indian Rupee
Rupiah
SDR
HKD
HUF
ISK
INR
IDR
XDR
344
348
352
356
360
960
2
2
2
2
2
N.A.
Iranian Rial
IRR
364
2
Iraqi Dinar
Irish Pound
New Israeli Sheqel*
Italian Lira
Jamaican Dollar
Yen
Jordanian Dinar
Tenge
Kenyan Shilling
Australian Dollar
North Korean Won
IQD
IEP
ILS
ITL
JMD
JPY
JOD
KZT
KES
AUD
KPW
368
372
376
380
388
392
400
398
404
036
408
3
2
2
0
2
0
3
2
2
2
2
Won
KRW
410
0
_____________________________________________________________________________
* Currency name was effective 4th September 1985
** This entry is not derived fron ISO 3166, but is included here in alphabetic
sequence for convenience.
MDB/ICP Version 4.2
February, 2011
A1•6
Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
Table A.1 (Continued)
________________________________________________________________________________
ENTITY
Currency
Code
Decimal
Alphabetic
Numeric
Point
________________________________________________________________________________
KUWAIT
KYRGYZSTAN
LAO PEOPLE'S
DEMOCRATIC
REPUBLIC
LATVIA
LEBANON
LESOTHO
Kuwaiti Dinar
Som
Kip
KWD
KGS
LAK
414
417
418
3
2
2
Latvian Lats
Lebanese Pound
Rand
(financial Rand)*
Loti
Liberian Dollar
Libyan Dinar
LVL
LBP
ZAR
ZAL
LSL
LRD
LYD
428
422
710
991
426
430
434
2
2
2
2
2
2
3
Swiss Franc
Lithuanian Litas
Luxembourg Franc
Pataca
Denar
CHF
LTL
LUF
MOP
MKD
756
440
442
446
807
2
2
0
2
2
LIBERIA
LIBYAN ARAB
JAMAHIRIYA
LIECHTENSTEIN
LITHUANIA
LUXEMBOURG
MACAU
MACEDONIA, THE
FORMER YUGOSLAV
REPUBLIC OF
MADAGASCAR
MALAWI
MALAYSIA
MALDIVES
MALI
MALTA
MARSHALL ISLANDS
MARTINIQUE
MAURITANIA
MAURITIUS
MEXICO
Malagasy Franc
MGF
450
0
Kwacha
MWK
454
2
Malaysian Ringgit
MYR
458
2
Rufiyaa
MVR
462
2
CFA Franc BCEAO+
XOF
952
0
Maltese Lira
MTL
470
2
US Dollar
USD
840
2
French Franc
FRF
250
2
Ouguiya
MRO
478
2
Mauritius Rupee
MUR
480
2
Mexican Peso
MXN
484
2
Mexican Unidad de
MXV
979
2
Inversion (UDI)*
MICRONESIA
US Dollar
USD
840
2
MOLDOVA, REPUBLIC OF
Moldovan Leu
MDL
498
2
MONACO
French Franc
FRF
250
2
_____________________________________________________________________________
* Funds code [ See table A.2(E) for definitions of funds types].
+ CFA Franc BCEAO; Responsible authority: Banque Centrale des Etats de
l'Afrique de l'Ouest.
MDB/ICP Version 4.2
February, 2011
A1•7
Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
Table A.1 (Continued)
________________________________________________________________________________
ENTITY
Currency
Code
Decimal
Alphabetic
Numeric
Point
________________________________________________________________________________
MONGOLIA
MONTSERRAT
Tugrik
East Caribbean
Dollar
Moroccan Dirham
Metical
Kyat
Rand
Namibia Dollar**
Australian Dollar
Nepalese Rupee
Netherlands Guilder
Netherlands
Antillian Guilder
CFP Franc
New Zealand Dollar
Cordoba Oro
CFA Franc BCEAO+
Naira
New Zealand Dollar
Australian Dollar
US Dollar
Norwegian Krone
Rial Omani
Pakistan Rupee
US Dollar
MOROCCO
MOZAMBIQUE
MYANMAR
NAMIBIA
NAURU
NEPAL
NETHERLANDS
NETHERLANDS
ANTILLES
NEW CALEDONIA
NEW ZEALAND
NICARAGUA
NIGER
NIGERIA
NIUE
NORFOLK ISLAND
NORTHERN MARIANA
ISLANDS
NORWAY
OMAN
PAKISTAN
PALAU
MNT
XCD
496
951
2
2
MAD
MZM
MMK
ZAR
NAD
AUD
NPR
NLG
ANG
504
508
104
710
516
036
524
528
532
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
XPF
NZD
NIO
XOF
NGN
NZD
AUD
USD
953
554
558
952
566
554
036
840
0
2
2
0
2
2
2
2
NOK
OMR
PKR
USD
578
512
586
840
2
3
2
2
_____________________________________________________________________________
+ CFA Franc BCEAO; Responsible authority: Banque Centrale des Etats de
l'Afrique de l'Ouest.
# The lowest unit of recorded value for the Iraqi Dinar is the Dirham
(1 Iraqi Dinar = 20 Dirhams).
** The Namibia Dollar becomes effective September 15th 1993
MDB/ICP Version 4.2
February, 2011
A1•8
Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
Table A.1 (Continued)
______________________________________________________________________________
ENTITY
Currency
Code
Decimal
Alphabetic
Numeric
Point
________________________________________________________________________________
PANAMA
Balboa
US Dollar
Kina
Guarani
Nuevo Sol
Philippine Peso
New Zealand Dollar
Zloty
Portuguese Escudo
US Dollar
Qatari Rial
French Franc
Leu
Russian Ruble
Russian Ruble
Rwanda Franc
St Helena Pound
East Caribbean
Dollar
East Caribbean
Dollar
French Franc
PAB
USD
PGK
PYG
PEN
PHP
NZD
PLN
PTE
USD
QAR
FRF
ROL
RUR
RUB
RWF
SHP
XCD
590
840
598
600
604
608
554
985
620
840
634
250
642
810
643
646
654
951
2
2
2
0
2
2
2
2
0
2
2
2
2
2
2
0
2
2
XCD
951
2
FRF
250
2
East Caribbean
Dollar
XCD
951
2
Tala
Italian Lira
Dobra
WST
ITL
STD
882
380
678
2
0
2
Saudi Riyal
SAR
682
2
PAPUA NEW GUINEA
PARAGUAY
PERU
PHILIPPINES
PITCAIRN
POLAND
PORTUGAL
PUERTO RICO
QATAR
REUNION
ROMANIA
RUSSIAN FEDERATION
RWANDA
ST HELENA
ST KITTS - NEVIS
SAINT LUCIA
ST PIERRE AND
MIQUELON
SAINT VINCENT
AND THE
GRENADINES
SAMOA
SAN MARINO
SAO TOME AND
PRINCIPE
SAUDI ARABIA
_____________________________________________________________________________
MDB/ICP Version 4.2
February, 2011
A1•9
Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
Table A.1 (Continued)
________________________________________________________________________________
ENTITY
Currency
Code
Decimal
Alphabetic
Numeric
Point
________________________________________________________________________________
SENEGAL
SEYCHELLES
SIERRA LEONE
SINGAPORE
SLOVAKIA
SLOVENIA
SOLOMON ISLANDS
CFA Franc BCEAO+
Seychelles Rupee
Leone
Singapore Dollar
Slovak Koruna
Tolar
Solomon Islands
Dollar
Somali Shilling
Rand
Spanish Peseta
Sri Lanka Rupee
Sudanese Dinar
Surinam Guilder
Norwegian Krone
XOF
SCR
SLL
SGD
SKK
SIT
SBD
952
690
694
702
703
705
090
0
2
2
2
2
2
2
SOMALIA
SOS
706
2
SOUTH AFRICA
ZAR
710
2
SPAIN
ESP
724
0
SRI LANKA
LKR
144
2
SUDAN
SDD
736
2
SURINAME
SRG
740
2
SVALBARD AND
NOK
578
2
JAN MAYEN
ISLANDS
SWAZILAND
Lilangeni
SZL
748
2
SWEDEN
Swedish Krona
SEK
752
2
SWITZERLAND
Swiss Franc
CHF
756
2
SYRIAN ARAB
Syrian Pound
SYP
760
2
REPUBLIC
TAIWAN, PROVINCE
New Taiwan Dollar
TWD
901
2
OF CHINA
TAJIKISTAN
Tajik Ruble
TJR
762
0
__________________________________________________________________________________
+ CFA Franc BCEAO; Responsible authority: Banque Centrale des Etats de
l'Afrique de l'Ouest.
MDB/ICP Version 4.2
February, 2011
A1•10
Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
Table A.1 (Continued)
_______________________________________________________________________________
ENTITY
Currency
Code
Decimal
Alphabetic
Numeric
Point
________________________________________________________________________________
TANZANIA, UNITED
REPUBLIC OF
THAILAND
TOGO
TOKELAU
TONGA
TRINIDAD AND
TOBAGO
TUNISIA
TURKEY
TURKMENISTAN
TURKS AND CAICOS
ISLANDS
TUVALU
UGANDA
UKRAINE
UNITED ARAB
EMIRATES
UNITED KINGDOM
UNITED STATES
Tanzanian Shilling
TZS
834
2
Baht
CFA Franc BCEAO+
New Zealand Dollar
Pa'anga
Trinidad and Tobago
Dollar
Tunisian Dinar
Turkish Lira
Manat
US Dollar
THB
XOF
NZD
TOP
TTD
764
952
554
776
780
2
0
2
2
2
TND
TRL
TMM
USD
788
792
795
840
3
0
2
2
Australian Dollar
Uganda Shilling ++
Hryvnia
UAE Dirham
AUD
UGX
UAH
AED
036
800
980
784
2
0
2
2
Pound Sterling
US Dollar
(Same day)*
(Next day)*
US Dollar
GBP
USD
USS
USN
USD
826
840
998
997
840
2
2
2
2
2
UNITED STATES
MINOR OUTLAYING
ISLANDS
_____________________________________________________________________________
+ CFA Franc BCEAO; Responsible authority: Banque Centrale des Etats de
l'Afrique de l'Ouest.
++ The Uganda Shilling was denominated as from 18 May 1987.
* Funds code [ See table A.2(E) for definitions of funds types].
MDB/ICP Version 4.2
February, 2011
A1•11
Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
Table A.1 (Continued)
________________________________________________________________________________
ENTITY
Currency
Code
Decimal
Alphabetic
Numeric
Point
________________________________________________________________________________
URUGUAY
UZBEKISTAN
VANUATU
VATICAN CITY STATE
(HOLY SEE)
VENEZUELA
VIETNAM
VIRGIN ISLANDS
(BRITISH)
VIRGIN ISLANDS (U.S.)
WALLIS AND FUTUNA
ISLANDS
WESTERN SAHARA
YEMEN
YUGOSLAVIA
ZAMBIA
ZIMBABWE
Peso Uruguayo
Uzbekistan Sum
Vatu
Italian Lira
UYU
UZS
VUV
ITL
858
860
548
380
2
2
0
0
Bolivar
Dong
US Dollar
VEB
VND
USD
862
704
840
2
2
2
US Dollar
CFP Franc
USD
XPF
840
953
2
0
Moroccan Dirham
Yemeni Rial
New Dinar
Kwacha
Zimbabwe Dollar
MAD
YER
YUM
ZMK
ZWD
504
886
891
894
716
2
2
2
2
2
_________________________________________________________________________________
MDB/ICP Version 4.2
February, 2011
A1•12
Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
Table A.1 (Continued)
______________________________________________________________________________
ENTITY
Currency
Code
Decimal
Alphabetic
Numeric
Position
________________________________________________________________________________
Entity not applicable
Gold
XAU
959
N.A.
European Composite
Unit (EURCO)
XBA
955
N.A.
European Monetary
Unit (E.M.U.-6)***
XBB
956
N.A.
European Unit of
Account 9
(E.U.A.- 9)
XBC
957
N.A.
European Unit of
Account 17
(E.U.A.- 17)
XBD
958
N.A.
Palladium
XPD
964
N.A.
Platinum
XPT
962
N.A.
Silver
XAG
961
N.A.
Bond Markets Units
_____________________________________________________________________________
***
E.M.U.-6 is sometimes known as the European Currency Unit. This should not be confused
with the settlement unit of the European Monetary Cooperation Fund (E.M.C.F.) which has
the same name (see entry for 'European Monetary Cooperation Fund' in this table).
MDB/ICP Version 4.2
February, 2011
A1•13
Multi-Drop Bus / Internal Communication Protocol
Table A.1 (Continued)
________________________________________________________________________________
ENTITY
Currency
Code
Decimal
Alphabetic
Numeric
Position
________________________________________________________________________________
Entity not applicable
Special settlement currencies
UIC-Franc
Gold-Franc
Codes specifically
reserved for testing
purposes
The codes assigned for
transactions where no
currency is involved
are:
euro*
XFU
XFO
Nil
Nil
N.A.
N.A.
XTS
963
N.A.
999
N.A.
978
2
XXX
EUR*
__________________________________________________________________________________
*
On 1 January 1999, the euro will become the currency of those Member States of the European Union which
adopt the single currency in accordance with the Treaty establishing the European Community. This
code has been issued now so that technical preparations can be started. The code element “EU” has been
reserved by the ISO 3166 Maintenance Agency for use within ISO 4217 where “R” has been appended to
make an acceptable mnemonic code.
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Table A.2 Funds Codes Registered with the Maintenance Agency
CURRENCY
Currency Fund Type
Code
Decimal
AUTHORITY
Alphabetic Numeric Position
_________________________________________________________________________________
BOLIVIA
Mvdol
BOV
984
2
CHILE
Unidades de
Fomento
CLF
990
0
MEXICO
Mexican Unidad
de Inversion (UDI)
MXV
979
2
Same day
Next day
USS
USN
998
997
2
2
UNITED STATES
US Dollar
_________________________________________________________________________________
Definitions of the fund types listed above
BOV: For indexation purposes and denomination of certain finacial instruments (ex. treasury bills). The Mvdol is
set daily by the Central Bank of Bolivia based upon the official USD/BOB rate.
CLF: This development unit has been approved by the Chilean government for use in insurance transactions (with
effect from 10 April 1980).
ECV: A daily indexation mechanism set by the Ecuadorian Central Bank. The UVC is set according to the
variation of the Consumer price Index (Urban), as compiled by the National Census and Statistics Institute (INEC).
MXV : The UDI is an inflation adjusted mechanism set by the Central Bank of Mexico according to the variation in
the Mexican Consumer Price Index. The value of the UDI is expressed in terms of Mexican Pesos per UDI. It is used
to denominate mortgage loans, some bank deposits with maturities of 3 month or more and Government bonds
(UDIBONOS).
USN: "Next day" funds are immediately available for transfer in like funds, and subject to
settlement, available the next business day for same day funds transfer or withdrawal in cash.
USS: "Same day" funds are immediately available for transfer today or for withdrawal in cash,
subject to the settlement of the transaction through the payment mechanism used.
(USD designates the US Dollar, the currency designator when an accumlation of amounts contains more than one
funds type.)
______________________________________________________________________
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Table A.3 Codes for Historic Denomination of Currencies and Funds
ENTITY
Historic
Currencies
Code
Numeric
WD
________________________________________________________________________________
ALBANIA
Old Lek
ALK *
-
12/89
ANGOLA
Kwanza
AOK
-
03/91
ARGENTINA
Peso Argentino
Austral
Peso
ARP
ARA
ARY*
-
07/85
01/92
1989/1990
BELGIUM
Convertible Franc
Financial Franc
BEC
BEL
993
992
03/90
03/90
BOLIVIA
Peso
BOP
-
02/87
BOSNIA & HERZEGOVINA
Dinar
BAD
070
09/97
BRAZIL
Cruzeiro
Cruzado
New Cruzado
Cruzeiro
Cruzeiro Real
BRB
BRC
BRN
BRE
BRR
076
987
03/86
02/89
03/90
08/93
07/94
BULGARIA
Lev A/62
Lev A/52
BGK*
BGJ*
-
1989/1990
1989/1990
BURMA#
N/A
BUK
-
02/90
CHINA
Peoples Bank
Dollar
CNX*
-
12/89
CROATIA
Dinar
HRD
-
01/95
CZECHOSLOVAKIA
Krona A/53
Koruna
CSJ*
CSK
200
1989/1990
03/93
ECUADOR
Sucre
Unidad del Valor constante
(UVC)*
ECS
ECV
218
983
9/00
9/00
EQUATORIAL GUINEA
Ekwele
Ekwele
GQE
EQE*
226
-
06/86
12/89
_________________________________________________________________________
* Non ISO code
# Change in country name
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Table 3 (Continued)
____________________________________________________________________________
ENTITY
Historic
Currencies
Code
Numeric
WD
________________________________________________________________________________
EUROPEAN MONETARY European Currency
XEU
954
01/99
COOPERATION FUND
Unit (E.C.U)
(EMCF)**
GERMAN DEMOCRATIC
REPUBLIC
Mark der DDR
DDM
278
07/90 to
09/90
GEORGIA
Georgian Coupon
GEK
268
10/95
GUINEA
Syli
Syli
GNS
GNE*
-
02/86
12/89
GUINEA BISSAU
Guinea Escudo
GWE
-
Between 19781981
ICELAND
Old Krona
ISJ*
-
1989/1990
ISRAEL
Old Shekel
Pound
ILR*
ILP
-
1989/1990
Between 19781981
LESOTHO
Maloti
LSM
-
05/85
LAO
Kip Pot Pol
LAJ*
-
12/89
LATVIA
Latvian Ruble
LVR
-
12/94
LITHUANIA
Talonas
LTT
-
07/93
LUXEMBOURG
Convertible Franc
Financial Franc
LUC
LUL
989
988
03/90
03/90
MALDIVES
Maldive Rupee
MVQ*
-
12/89
MALI
Mali Franc
MAF*
MLF
446
12/89
11/84
MALTA
Maltese Pound
MTP
-
06/83
MEXICO
Mexican Peso
MXP
_______________________________________________________________________
01/93
* Non ISO code
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Table 3 (Continued)
________________________________________________________________________________
ENTITY
Historic
Currencies
Code
Numeric
WD
________________________________________________________________________________
MOZAMBIQUE
Mozambique Escudo
MZE
Between 19781981
NICARAGUA
Cordoba
NIC
-
10/90
PERU
Sol
Inti
Sol
PES
PEI
PEH*
-
02/86
07.91
1989/1990
POLAND
Zloty
PLZ
616
01/97
ROMANIA
Leu A/52
ROK*
-
1989/1990
SOUTH AFRICA
Financial Rand
ZAL
991
03/95
SOUTHERN RHODESIA#
Rhodesian Dollar
RHD
-
Between 19781981
SPAIN
Spanish Peseta
("A" Account)
ESA
996
Between 19811983
(convertible Peseta
Accounts)
ESB
995
12/94
SUDAN
Sudanese Pound
SDP
-
06/98
UNION OF SOVIET
SOCIALIST REPUBLICS#
Rouble
SUR
-
12/90
YEMEN,
DEMOCRATIC OF
Yemeni Dinar
YDD
720
09/91
UGANDA
Uganda Shilling
Old Shilling
UGS
UGW*
-
05/87
1989/1990
UKRAINE
Karbovanet
UAK
804
09/96
___________________________________________________________
* Non ISO code
# Change in country name.
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Table 3 (Continued)
________________________________________________________________________________
ENTITY
Historic
Currencies
Code
Numeric
WD
________________________________________________________________________________
URUGUAY
Old Uruguay Peso
UYN*
12/89
Uruguayan Peso
UYP
-
03/93
VIETNAM
Old Dong
VNC*
-
1989/1990
YUGOSLAVIA
New Yugoslavian
Dinar
Yugoslavian Dinar
YUD
-
01/90
YUN
890
11/95
ZAIRE
Zaire
New Zaire
ZRZ
ZRN
180
02/94
06/99
ZIMBABWE
Rhodesian Dollar
ZWC*
-
12/89
N/A
11/99
ENTITY AND
RINET
XRE
CURRENCY NOT
Funds Code
APPLICABLE
___________________________________________________________
* Non ISO code
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ANNEX
INFORMATION TO BE PROVIDED BY THOSE MAKING APPLICATION FOR THE ISSUE
OF NEW CODES, AMENDMENTS AND DELETIONS.
Applications for additions or changes to the code lists are acceptable from any source. However, on
order to ensure rapid processing by the Secretaries, the information required from applicants has been
laid down as follows:
(a) Name of entity
(b) Name of currency
(c) The institution responsible for the currency (name and place of
operation).
(d) Requirements:
(1) Whether currency or funds code: if funds code, give
definition and proposed use;
(2) If new code, make proposal;
(3) If revision, state existing code and make proposal;
(4) If deletion, indicate code to be deleted;
(e) Reason for application;
(f) Evidence of support (currency code only);
(g) Date of implementation (indicate if special conditions of urgency apply);
(h) Application submitted by (name, address, telephone, telex numbers, etc,
of applicant);
(i) Date of application.
Applications should be addressed to
Miss A M Wadsworth Tel. (0181) 996 7466 National
Secretariat for ISO4217MA
+44 181 996 7466 International
BSI
389 Chiswick High Road
Fax (0181) 996 7466 National
London
+44 181 996 7466 International
W4 4AL United Kingdom
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Appendix 2
Battery Operated Card Reader
A2.1 Special Application
The Battery Operated Card Reader described below is a special application of the MDB/ICP
specification (non-standard) and is not sanctioned by NAMA. It is provided here to document
an application that exists in use today.
A2.2 Extension to MDB/ICP – Card Reader Using Standby Feature
Some Vending machines use battery operated equipment. According to this feature, these
machines and all devices used within these machines must provide a standby operating
mode.
During standby operation - necessary for saving battery power while the machine is not in use
- all devices shall consume a minimum standby current. Any device is equipped with some
hardware wake-up mechanism. Both standby current and wake-up mechanism is to be
defined in the device related hardware specification.
After wake-up, a device uses normal operating current, until a defined shutdown sequence is
established and the device enters standby mode again.
The following specification shows the extensions and procedures for a normal MDB/ICP card
reader and VMC-controller necessary to do wake-up and shut down sequences. The hardware
specification related to wake-up is a separate BDTA-document. To understand the following
details, it is necessary to know, that a separate bi-directional wake-up pin is applied to the
card-reader. Pulling the wake-up line (from the card-reader while a card is inserted), both cardreader and VMC will be brought to normal operation mode.
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A2.3 Extension to MDB/ICP – SETUP Config Data
SETUP
(11H)
Config
Data
(00H)
Y1
VMC
Feature
Level
Y2
Columns
on
Display
Y3
Rows
on
Display
Y4
Display
Info
Y5
Y1 :
Configuration data.
VMC is sending its configuration data to reader.
Y2 :
VMC Feature Level.
Indicates the feature level of the VMC. The available feature levels are:
01 - The VMC is not capable or will not perform the advanced features
as specified in Table 1: COMMANDS & RESPONSES following
Section 7.3.2. The reader will not provide advanced information to
the VMC, but can do the advanced features internally (transparently
to the VMC). The reader has no revaluation capability.
02 - The VMC is capable and willing to perform the advanced features as
specified in Table 1: COMMANDS & RESPONSES following
Section 7.3.2. The reader will provide advanced information to the
VMC (if possible) and will not do the advanced features internally.
03 - The VMC is able to support level 02, but also supports some or all of
the optional features listed in the EXPANSION ID command (i.e., file
transfer, 32 bit credit, multi-currency / language features, negative
vend, and / or data entry).
81H: VMC is Level 01, but battery operated.
82H: VMC is Level 02, but battery operated.
83H: VMC is Level 03, but battery operated.
Y3 :
Columns on Display. The number of columns on the display. Set to 00H if
the display is not available to the reader.
Y4 :
Rows on Display.
The number of rows on the display.
Y5 :
Display Information - xxxxxyyy
xxxxx = Unused
yyy =
Display type
000 :
Numbers, upper case letters, blank and decimal point.
001 :
Full ASCII
010-111: Unassigned
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Reader
Config
Data
(01H)
Z1
Reader
Feature
Level
Z2
Country /
Currency
Code
High
Z3
Country /
Currency
Code
Low
Z4
Scale Decimal Application Miscellaneous
Factor Places Maximum Options
Response
Time
Z5
Z6
Z7
Z8
Z1 :
READER - Configuration data.
Indicates the payment media reader is responding to a SETUP Configuration data request from the VMC.
Z2 :
Reader Feature Level.
Indicates the feature level of the reader. Currently feature levels are:
01 - The reader is not capable or will not perform the advanced features
as specified in Table 1: COMMANDS & RESPONSES following
Section 7.3.2. The reader will not provide advanced information to
the VMC, but can do the advanced features internally (transparently
to the VMC). The reader has no revaluation capability.
02 - The reader is capable and willing to perform the advanced features
as specified in Table 1: COMMANDS & RESPONSES following
Section 7.3.2. The reader will provide advanced information to the
VMC (if possible) and will not do the advanced features internally.
03 - The reader is able to support level 02, but also supports some or all
of the optional features listed in the EXPANSION ID command (i.e.,
file transfer, 32 bit credit, multi-currency / language features,
negative vend, and / or data entry).
80H: This bit is additionally set, if the reader is capable to work in battery
operation mode and should be compared with the VMC against its own
working mode. This is also done from the reader against the VMCs
request in Y2.
Z3-Z4 : Country / Currency Code - packed BCD.
The packed BCD country / currency code of the changer can be sent in
two different forms depending on the value of the left most BCD digit.
If the left most digit is a 0, the International Telephone Code is used to
indicate the country that the changer is set-up for. For example, the USA
code is 00 01H (Z3 = 00 and Z4 = 01).
If the left most digit is a 1, the latest version of the ISO 4217 numeric
currency code is used (see Appendix A1). For example, the code for the
US dollar is 18 40H (Z2 = 18 and Z3 = 40) and for the Euro is 1978 (Z3 =
19 and Z4 = 78). Use FFFFh if the country code in unknown.
For level 3 cashless readers, it is mandatory to use the ISO 4217 numeric
currency code (see Appendix A1).
Z5 :
Scale Factor.
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The multiplier used to scale all monetary values transferred between the
VMC and the reader.
Z6 :
Decimal Places.
The number of decimal places used to communicate monetary values
between the VMC and the payment media reader.
All pricing information sent between the VMC and the payment media
reader is scaled using the scale factor and decimal places. This
corresponds to:
ActualPrice = P ⋅ X ⋅ 10 − Y
where P is the scaled value send in the price bytes, and X is the scale
factor, and Y is the number of decimal places. For example if there are 2
decimal places and the scale factor is 5, then a scaled price of 7 will
mean an actual of 0.35.
Z7 :
Application Maximum Response Time - seconds.
The maximum length of time a reader will require to provide a response
to any command from the VMC. The value reported here supercedes the
payment reader’s default NON-RESPONSE time defined in section 7.5 if
the value reported here is greater.
Z8 :
Miscellaneous Options - xxxxyyyy
xxxx:
Unused (must be set to 0)
yyyy:
Option bits
b0=0:
The payment media reader is NOT capable of restoring funds
to the user’s payment media or account. Do not request
refunds.
b0=1:
The payment media reader is capable of restoring funds to the
user’s payment media or account. Refunds may be requested.
b1=0:
The payment media reader is NOT multivend capable.
Terminate session after each vend.
b1=1:
The payment media reader is multivend capable. Multiple
items may be purchased within a single session.
b2=0:
The payment media reader does NOT have a display.
b2=1:
The payment media reader does have its own display.
b3=0:
The payment media reader does NOT support the
VEND/CASH SALE subcommand.
b3=1:
The payment media reader does support the VEND/CASH
SALE subcommand.
b4-b7=0 Any future options must be covered by the EXPANSION
COMMAND option bits.
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Note: The following changes are the only changes to upgrade to battery operated
readers:
If a VMC is battery operated, it signals the card reader with the flag 80H to work in battery
operation mode. Within byte Z2 the reader also sets the flag to 80H to signal standby feature
capability.
If only one of both is in standby capability, this results in an configuration error and the
manufacturers should deal with handling of this condition. Assume that at least one device will
not enter standby mode and therefore battery lifetime is dramatically reduced!
A2.4 VMC-Reader Operation Sequences
The VMC and the Reader should operate during battery mode in the following way:
After wake-up, the VMC starts with the normal sequences:
Reset
Setup/Config
MAX/MIN-price
Identify
Enable
Poll
During these sequences, the VMC has two possibilities to signal the Card-Reader, not to enter
standby-mode again:
Pulling the wake-up pin to low level
Running poll sequences in continuos timing.
If neither the wake-up pin is driven low, nor any command is further sent to the card reader,
the reader enters standby state after its Application Maximum Response Time (normally
defined to 5 sec in ICP, but sent in byte Z7 of status response)
During card operation, the sequences continue normally with
Begin Session
Vend Request
Vend Accepted
Vend Success
Cancel Session/Session Complete
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Whenever a cancel session or session complete command is received, the reader should stop
all internal work after a defined timeout period (Application Maximum Response Time) is
finished after the last command sequence and after the wake-up pin is not pulled low.
The VMC should stop polling after the cancel session or session complete command and
additionally should no longer pull wake-up pin.
If even the reader or the VMC may wish any further communication (i.e. for additionally trailing
display messages or multi vend purposes or etc.) the reader can use any non idle answer to
the poll command (i.e. the display message) whereas the VMC can continue polling or pulling
the wake-up pin.
Note that the wake-up pin may not be used from the reader to hold on operation, cause
dynamic system consideration and of course holding more devices within the system in normal
operation mode is not a good job.
The reader should be in a power saving mode after this timeout period where power
consumption is less than 10 uA.
To allow the reader holding VMC operating, at least 5 poll have to be sent, after the cancel
session or session complete. If any one of these polls is answered different with only a ACK, 5
polls have to be sent again. Note, that if a display message is sent, display time is added!
If the reader entered standby state, and a new card is inserted, the procedure starts a again.
Whenever during this next session, the reader should avoid all unnecessary work, i.e. display
messages like „reader xyz, Software version 99.4711“ or „checking RAM“ and so on should be
avoided. While in battery operation, the user has inserted a card and is waiting for display of
his fund, to continue with a vend and is not interested in service related messages.
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A2.5 Session Example
Card inserted
Reader pulls wakeup pin
Card reader runs
Reset procedure
and waits for VMC
command
VMC is entering
normal operation
mode and running
internal reset
procedure
VMC is pulling
wake-up pin low
and/or starting
command
sequence.
This has to be done
within the ICP
default max. appl.
Response time, in
any other case the
reader may enter
standby mode
again.
Reader answers
commands, checks
card and monitors
wake-up line
If the reader will be
enabled, begin
session is sent
Normal vend
sequence will
continue
VMC displays credit
and waits for user
action
If a vend is
requested, vend
request will be sent
VMC signals vend
success
VMC sends session
complete
The reader waits for
poll and starts
standby timeout
with it's own max.
appl. Response
time
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VMC sends at least
five polls and stops
pulling the wake-up
line
The reader sends a
display request with
a duration of 10 sec
for a finishing thank
you message.
VMC displays
messages for 10
sec, and polls
during these 10
sec. After the 10
sec have elapsed,
additionally 5 poll
will be sent
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A2.6 Hardware Considerations
Hardware Considerations
Within this special battery operation, the pin 3 of MDB/ICP connector is used as a wake-up
signal. Refer to special BDTA-hardware specification.
To show an example of the timing for this pin, refer to the following diagram, which gives an
example of all special timing problems related to more than one wake-up condition.
C
D
A
B
Position A:
Position B:
Position C:
Position D:
mechanical switch on VMC is pulling pin 3 low (i.e. door switch)
mechanical switch is released
card reader has finished reset routines and pulls pin 3 low
VMC has finished reset routines and pulls pin 3 low too.
If a card is inserted first, pin 3 may be pulled low first at position B.
If VMC is waked up via other means, maybe card reader is waked up at position D first.
In any case, this is a good example to clarify different waveform conditions on pin 3. Please
note that any device may release pin 3 after a short duration (<1ms) cause pin 3 should work
as dynamically wake-up. Holding pin 3 permanently low may prevent other devices from wakeup, i.e. after all devices ran into timeout and one is still holding pin 3, the other can no longer
enter ready state (Note i.e. to door-switches etc.)
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Appendix 3
MDB Recommended “Best Practices”
The following sections make recommendations that are intended to help reduce
compatibility issues. Note that when developing a device you should not assume
other devices or VMCs will follow these recommendations. Your device or VMC
must meet the full MDB specifications!
1. Physical Connections (Power/Voltage/Connection)
2. Timing Considerations (Lowest Level/Time-out)
3. Commands, Repetition, ACK, NAK
4. Logical Level, Processing
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1.
Physical Connections (Power/Voltage/Connection)
Voltage specification (General)
Verify that the VMC meets the min MDB voltage at max load with the min input line
voltage.
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2.
Timing Considerations (Lowest Level/Time-out)
Timing Considerations (General)
To avoid timing issue (Section 3.1 Timing Definitions) it is recommended that you
allow for some margin in your design. See table below:
Item
Communication startup
Communication response time
(when waiting for a response)
Communication response time
(when sending a response)
Interbyte time (when receiving data)
Interbyte time (when sending data)
Non-Response time (the time the
device may be busy performing
other processes. I.e., validating
coins)
Application Non-Response time
(time that can be reprogrammed to
be different from the default NonResponse time.
MDB Specification
200ms
5ms max
Tolerated values
500ms
20ms*
5ms max
4ms
1ms max
1ms max
Varies per device
5ms*
0.8ms
Plus the time
between polls
Varies per device
Plus the time
between polls
*Using the tolerated values will provide compatibility with older equipment
manufactured under the EVMMA version of the MDB specification that had the
Communication response time at 20ms and Interbyte time at 5ms. The transmitting
device must always use the values of the MDB specification.
VMC
Peripheral
Byte time
Inter-byte Time
Response Time
A
B
C
Please note, that the receiving device at the bus (master or slave) will get a receive
interrupt (using standard UART devices) only after the byte is fully transmitted.
These are the positions A, B, and C in the above diagram.
Therefore, the receiving device needs to set a higher value for the interbyte timeout,
because it needs to add at least the transmission time for one byte (which is 1 start
bit + 9 data bits + 1 stop bit at a rate of 9600 baud equal 1.2 ms). The same happens
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for the response timeout, because the response is first detected, while the first byte
is fully received.
Another common implementation error is checking the response timeout after the
whole response message is received. This will never work because if, for example,
the response is more than 5 bytes, the transmission time for 5 bytes will be more
than 5 ms and will always timeout.
POLL Frequency (General)
Section 2.4.3 states, “Each peripheral should be polled every 25-200 milliseconds.”
However, the VMC is likely to stop communication during a vend or at other times
when it does not need to communicate with the peripherals. Note that this may
cause the peripheral(s) to RESET, see "Non-communication Time-out"-section in
this document.
Because of this, poll frequency is not as important as many people think it is.
While not specifically prohibited, polling at a high rate while waiting for a response
will usually delay the response, as the peripheral will have to service the POLL.
Polling at a very low frequency, however may decrease coin or bill acceptance rate.
For all devices, the recommended VMC POLL frequency is 125ms - 200ms.
Example for a cashless device card acceptance:
Polls to cashless
Response from cashless
Card inserted, reader
begins checking it and is no
longer able to respond
VMC has received the
begin session!
Card validated, reader is
able to respond with begin
session, but has to wait for
the next poll.
As shown in the above diagram, the time from card insertion to credit being
displayed on the vending machine is not specifically related to the polling rate. After
the card is inserted, the card reader validates the card. During this time, some card
readers are no longer able to answer the poll, others answer with an ACK only.
When card validation is finished, the reader is ready to send the begin session,
which will result in the balance of the card being displayed on the VMC. Obviously,
this and only this depends on polling frequency. The time to the next poll has to be
added to the validation time to get the maximum time before the credit is displayed.
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Please note that some readers may need significant processing time to answer the
polls. If a developer increases the polling frequency, this would extend the validation
time instead of getting a faster reaction with begin session.
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Example for a coin acceptor:
Polls to coin mech
Response from coin
mech
Coin inserted
Coin validated
Coin Accepted message
sent to VMC, coin mech
re-enables acceptance.
Note that some coin acceptors can send more than one coin message in response to
a poll. The VMC must be able to parse multiple coin messages from one poll
response.
General Data Response Timeout
Unless otherwise specified, a VMC should wait at least 30 seconds for a response to
commands that require data to be returned. This does not infer that the device is not
ACKing POLL commands, but rather the VMC is waiting for data pertaining to the
command. I.e., for a PAYOUT VALUE command, the coin mech should respond to
each PAYOUT VALUE POLL within 30 seconds.
Non-communication Timeout (General)
If a peripheral does not communicate with the VMC for an extended period of time,
that peripheral should take care of any relevant house-keeping and then RESET.
This time should be of sufficient length to guarantee that communications with the
VMC have been completely lost. The recommendation is to wait at least 10 times the
max response time for a device.
If the VMC does not successfully communicate with a peripheral for the ‘application
maximum response time’, it should attempt to RESET that peripheral once every 10
seconds (Section 2.4.3 POLLing) and continue operations (if possible) with the other
MDB peripheral(s) that are still responsive.
Poll Responses covered by note 1 -Sent once each occurrence (Coin Mech)
Some devices send this response each time the changer detects the condition. For
example, the changer sees the gate open so it sends the escrow request, if the next
time it checks it see the gate open it will send the escrow request again. Other
devices will only send it once until the gate returns to the normal position.
It is recommended to send it only once.
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3.
3.
Commands, Repetition, ACK, NAK
NAK and RET (Section 2.2 Block Format)
The purpose of a NAK is ONLY to indicate a message has been received with a bad
checksum. NAK is never intended to be used for a command that is understood, but
not executable.
Since the error may be caused by the corruption of the address byte (shown in the
following example), it is not recommended to use the NAK, but rather to not
response. The 5ms non-response timeout will be treated as if it were a NAK (Section
2.2 Block Format/Master-to-Peripheral, Peripheral-to-Master and Response Codes).
RET is a VMC-only response that is sent to a peripheral to force it to retransmit its
previous (and presumably good) response. (Section 2.2 Block Format/Response
Codes).
Example of NAK or ‘no NAK’ with an error in the address byte:
The following example shows how you can get in trouble with a simple RESET
COMMAND sent to a cashless device. Whereas the cashless device itself receives
the command without error, the bill validator in the system sees a voltage transient
(corruption) of the address byte.
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VMC sends
Cashless
received
Billval
received
POLL to
cashless
POLL valid
CRC
command to
other address
Sends ACK to
previous
received just
reset
ACK
ACK
RESET to
cashless
RESET valid
Checksum
Instead of
command to its
address,
receives
command to
address 30H
with Checksum
10H (because
the destination
10H address
byte was
modified by
transient
voltage)
Cashless
response
Bill validator
response
Sends a JUST
RESET
Sends nothing
Nothing
Nothing
Sends ACK
after 4ms
Sends ACK
after 1ms
Sends ACK
after 3ms
Sends NAK
after 1 ms
Sends NAK
after 4 ms
Sends nothing
As is shown, with only a single bit toggled (10h is modified to 30h). Three different
reactions are possible:
* 1st Example (shown in Blue):
The VMC receives a NAK first, but 3ms later, an ACK would arrive. If the VMC
immediately sends a different command after the NAK the further answer of the next
device would collide with the ACK of the cashless and cause a second failure.
** 2nd Example (shown in Red):
The VMC receives the correct ACK first and continues immediately (if it is using a
very fast polling rate). The NAK of the bill validator will collide in any case with the
next message and cause further errors!
*** Last example (shown in Green):
The VMC receives the correct ACK first and continues immediately (if it is using a
very fast polling rate). The bill validator will not cause any further errors, because it
sends nothing. In this, and only this case, if the cashless device has a checksum
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**
***
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error too, both devices would not answer. The VMC would then repeat the command
after 5 ms, because it would interpret the timeout as an NAK.
Recommendations from here:
Newer peripherals should never send a NAK, to avoid further handling errors.
Newer VMCs should never try to increase the polling rate if they receive a NAK from
a peripherals, instead they should wait for the full timeout period to expire (and skip)
further ACK’s and NAK’s from other peripherals. Please note that if you have four
peripherals on the bus, the VMC may receive at least four ACK’s and/or NAK’s in or
out of sequence!
To improve system reliability you should implement the bit counting method defined
in the note of page 2-4 of the MDB specification.
Command Repetition (General)
VMC commands which are not ACKed should be repeated for the duration of the
non-response time-out. If the command is not a POLL it is recommended that the
command should alternate with a POLL. This does not mean that the VMC cannot
communicate with other peripherals on the bus, but it should continue to
communication with any non-responsive peripheral until it can reliably conclude that
it is offline. At that point, it should start trying to RESET that peripheral once every 10
seconds. (Section 2.4.3 POLLing). When it receives a response to the RESET the
VMC will need to re-initialize the peripheral.
Command Repetition (special commands)
VMC commands which are not ACKed should be repeated for the duration of the
non-response time-out. Please note, that this is a general guideline, which in some
circumstances may not be a “successful” implementation.
Condition 1 (coin mech dispense)
If a dispense command is not ACKed, this may be
a) a misunderstanding by the peripheral
b) a corrupted bus signal
c) another peripheral corrupting the bus
If the command itself did not arrive at the coin mech, repetition is ok. If the command
arrived at the coin mech, but the VMC did not see the ACK, repetition obviously
leads into multiple coin dispense!!!
In this situation, it is recommended not to re-send the command multiple times,
although the choice is ultimately down to the system designer, and to wait for a while
before restarting communications. This will allow any noise on the bus to dissipate.
Condition 2 (bill validator or coin mech acceptance)
If a bill validator accepts a bill or a coin mech accepts a coin, this is reported during
the next poll to the VMC. This message is then ACK’ed by the VMC.
If this ACK is not detected by the bill validator or coin mech, for whatever reason, the
peripheral repeats the message (this means, the same coin or bill value is sent
again).
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If the bill or coin value message did not arrive at VMC, repetition is ok. However, if
the command arrived at the VMC, but the bill validator or coin mech did not see the
ACK, repetition obviously leads into increasing credit!!!
Recommendation to minimize this effect especially for bill validators with high
denomination values:
Whenever a VMC receives a bill (or coin) message, it should send the ACK, process
the bill (or coin), wait for the recommended maximum response timeout (20ms) and
send an additional poll.
If the VMC receives the same bill (or coin) message again after 20ms, (instead of
receiving an ACK only) this can be assumed to be a repetition due to non-received
ACK. If nothing is reported or a different value is sent, the ACK was understood or a
new bill (or coin) has arrived.
This solution assumes, that bill (or coin) insertion is much slower than 20ms (which
obviously is true especially for bill vals)
Command Order (General)
In most cases the VMC can send any command at any time in any order. Note the
Cashless device spec is the only peripheral that defines the sequence of commands.
Command Out-Of-Sequence (Cashless Payment Device)
If the VMC receives a Command Out-Of-Sequence from a cashless payment device,
it is a clear indication that the state of the cashless payment device is no longer in
synch with the VMC. The VMC should take care of any relevant house-keeping and
then issue a RESET to the cashless payment device. This will put both parties in a
known state of operation.
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4.
Logical Level, Processing
Maintaining MDB Level Compatibility (General)
In a system where the peripheral supports a higher level MDB protocol than the
VMC, the peripheral should revert to the lower level MDB protocol to communicate
with the VMC. (Section 1.3.1 Levels and Section 2.4.4 Levels)
In a system where the VMC supports a higher level MDB protocol than a peripheral,
it is the responsibility of the VMC to revert to the lower level MDB protocol when
communicating with the peripheral. (Section 1.3.1 Levels and Section 2.4.4 Levels)
Response data length (General)
Note that some responses for peripherals can be variable length (tube status, poll,
etc.). For example, a peripheral can send multiple messages in response to a poll
command. Note that the 9th mode bit should be set on the last byte of the data being
received (see section 2.5 Typical Session Examples)
Scale Factors (General)
The VMC needs to be able to handle devices with different scaling factors. The
VMC needs to determine the least common dominator and adjust the values from
each device.
Decimal point (General)
The decimal point information is only used to set the position on a credit display (it
doesn’t adjust the values).
Country Codes (General)
Do not require devices to have the same country code. In July 2000 the spec
changed to use the ISO4217 numeric currency codes. Devices before that date
used the international telephone codes.
Just Reset (General)
If a device sends a just reset response, the VMC should re-initialize the device
(request setup information, re-enable the device, etc.). Don’t send a reset
command.
Multiple Coin Reporting
The VMC must take into account that coin mechs can send the value of more than
one coin in one poll response.
Multiple Bill Reporting
The VMC must take into account that bill validators can send the value of more than
one bill in one poll response.
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Power-Up Sequence (Cashless Payment Device)
The following sequence is recommended as the power-up process for cashless
payment devices. Post-RESET ACKs are not explicitly listed and are implied.
Send RESET until ACKed.
POLL until JUST RESET response.
Send SETUP/CONFIG command.
POLL until READER CONFIG response.
Send MAX/MIN PRICE command.
Send EXPANSION ID REQUEST.
POLL until PERIPHERAL ID response.
Send READER ENABLE command when ready.
Cashless Payment Device Enable/Disable (Cashless Payment Device)
While it is specifically allowed for “grandfather” reasons, a VMC should never need
to disable a cashless payment device during a session. However, if this does occur,
the cashless payment system should complete the session-in-progress normally
(Section 7.4.12 READER – Disable), and subsequently refuse to start any new
sessions with the VMC until enabled.
Level 2 BEGIN SESSION Command (Cashless Payment Device)
The description of Byte Z8 of the Level 02/03 BEGIN SESSION message (Section
7.4.4 POLL) appears to match the EVA-DTS Standard v.5.0, App. A.1 Definitions. All
NAMA MDB specification references in this document are based on Version 3.0
(Draft 1), dated March 26, 2003, always refer to the latest EVA-DTS version.
Cashless Payment Device Discounting (Cashless Payment Device)
The VMC should not make any financial decision(s) based on the BEGIN SESSION
balance. Some cashless peripherals support various types of discounting.
Consequently, the VMC should not terminate a session if the reported balance is
less than the minimum price or refuse to issue a VEND REQUEST when the list
price of a selected item exceeds the reported balance of funds.
Similarly, if a cashless payment device reports a starting balance of 0xFFFF in the
BEGIN SESSION message, the VMC should proceed normally i.e., permit a product
selection. A BEGIN SESSION balance of 0xFFFF means that the available fund
balance is not currently known and/or should not be displayed. It is not meant to
suggest that the balance is insufficient for operation. An appropriate message for the
customer should be displayed instead of the balance – i.e. “Please make a
selection”.
Revalue Limit Requests (Cashless Payment Device)
Similar to discounting, some cashless devices are capable of granting “bonus” credit
to users (i.e., giving $6.00 credit for a $5.00 bill). There may also be cases where a
cashless device pre-deducts sales tax resulting in a credit that is less than the
amount in the REVALUE command. Finally, most cashless devices that store credit
on the media have a maximum allowable credit.
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Consequently, the VMC should issue a REVALUE LIMIT REQUEST prior to
determining which fund sources (e.g. note values) are applicable to a user. In a
multivend environment, this means the VMC must issue multiple REVALUE LIMIT
REQUESTs.
If a cashless device cannot accept credit, either because the operation is not
acceptable at this time or because the current media has reached its maximum
credit limit, the device should respond to a REVALUE LIMIT REQUEST with a
REVALUE DENIED not a REVALUE LIMIT of $0.00. The REVALUE DENIED
response clearly signals that revalue is not an acceptable operation.
Balance Display (Cashless Payment Device)
For VMCs that opt to show the available funds, it is important to consider the
following:
Cashless payment devices with active discounts will deduct less than the VEND
REQUEST amount. The displayed balance in the VMC must reflect the difference
between starting balance and the amount in the VEND APPROVED message (not
the VEND REQUEST). This assures that the displayed balance on the VMC is
correct, and (where applicable) matches the cashless payment device’s display.
Because the REVALUE APPROVED message does not contain an amount field like
VEND APPROVED, the VMC is not capable of tracking card balance correctly in a
“bonusing” environment.
Multi-Vend (Cashless Payment Device)
Multi-vending is the practice of vending multiple products within a single session.
While multi-vending is a function of the VMC, it should only be attempted when the
multivend bit (b1) of the Miscellaneous Options byte (Section 7.4.2 Setup- Config
Data/ Byte Z8) of the cashless device’s configuration data is set (b1=1).
If a VEND DENIED scenario occurs during a multi-vend session, the VMC has the
option to terminate or continue the vend session. It may be that the user tried to buy
something that cost more than his balance. If the VMC has less expensive goods to
vend, continuing the session would give the user an opportunity to select something
affordable.
If a VEND FAILURE scenario occurs during a multi-vend session, the VMC should
always issue a VEND FAILURE to the cashless payment device. The VMC has the
option to terminate or continue the vend session. It may be that the user selected an
empty column, and another selection will be successfully vended.
Display Messages (Cashless Payment Device)
If Byte Y3 (Columns) and/or Y4 (Rows) of the SETUP/CONFIG message are zero,
VMC display is not available for use by the cashless payment device (Section 7.4.2
SETUP – Config Data).
If the display is available, a Display Request message can be sent anytime after the
power-up sequence has been completed. In practice, there are only a few
conditions under which the cashless payment device should make a Display
Request:
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1. Immediately after the power-up sequence is completed to display the cashless
payment system’s software revision number. This should not create significant
problems because it only happens at power-up.
2. Anytime the cashless device is out of service.
3. In the enabled state to indicate an error accessing the media (e.g. busy signal for
a credit card reader). This should not create a conflict because a) it is transient,
and b) the user should be concentrating on the purchase process.
4. In the enabled state to prompt the user (e.g. for a PIN). This should not create a
conflict because a) it is transient, and b) the user should be concentrating on the
purchase process.
5. In the enabled state to inform the user of the funds available for purchase. This
should not create a conflict because a) it is transient, and b) the user should be
concentrating on the purchase process.
6. During session idle (e.g. after a VEND DENIED to indicate the reason for the
refusal). This should not create a conflict because a) it is transient, and b) the
user should be concentrating on the purchase process.
If the VMC reports itself to support Full ASCII (Y5 = xxxx001b) then it will support all
printable ASCII characters (0x20 thru 0x7F). If values outside this range are used,
the results are dependent upon the actual display controller chip. This is strongly
discouraged.
Selected Number (Item Number or Product Code?) (Cashless Payment Device)
The selected number should be the vending machines selection number, which is
normally the product key index. If the VMC i.e. has a two digit input, where one is
alphanumerical, (“A-1” or “C-6” or ..), it has to convert it in a appropriate way to a
number. To be compatible to all versions of card-readers and DTS-versions, ensure
the number is in the range of 1-n. The maximum of n depends on the level used and
options (1-255 or 1-65535).
The conversion method and the maximum selection number should be published by
the VMC vendor to ensure the correct settings of the cashless device. Vice-versa,
the cashless device vendor should publish the maximum usable numbers of
selection, and the default action, if a selection number out of this range is sent.
Normally, this default action should result in a simple conversion to the maximum
number and accepting the price from the vending machine, skipping all internal
discounts etc.
Combining a VMC and a cashless device which do not have compatible maximum
selection numbers is not an issue MDB has to solve, but is an application setup
error.
Bill Stacking/Escrowing (Cashless Payment Device)
As a general practice, the VMC should escrow any bills tendered for credit to a
cashless payment device until it has verified that the cashless payment medium can
accept the full credit amount. This is done via the REVALUE LIMIT REQUEST
command/response sequence. Once the value has been deemed acceptable, the
VMC should stack/secure the bill prior to issuing the REVALUE REQUEST to the
cashless payment device. This provides maximum protection against theft attempts.
(Section 7.4.16 Revalue)
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Mixed Tender Transactions (Cashless Payment Device)
Historically, this practice has been avoided by the VMC disabling the other
peripherals when one becomes active (i.e., if someone inserts a bill into the
validator, the VMC will disable the cashless payment device). If mixed tender
transactions are to be supported, we must determine which fund source has priority
for purchases, as well as for dispensing change.
There are two issues here:
1. If revalue is permitted, always revalue first, and then any purchase(s) should be
from the card.
2. If revalue is not allowed, use cash first, and then deduct remaining funds from
card.
Example: A mixed-tender VMC accepts $1.00 bill and a user inserts a $5.00 card.
Revalue Permitted: The $1.00 bill is stacked and a REVALUE REQUEST for $1.00 is
sent to the cashless payment device. Once approved, any purchases should come
from the $6.00 card balance.
Revalue Not Permitted: The $1.00 remains in escrow. The user selects a $1.50 item.
The VMC sends a VEND REQUEST for $0.50 to the cashless payment device. If
and only if it gets a ‘vend approved’, it will use/stack the $1.00 in escrow and sell the
product. If it cannot stack it, the vend will be aborted and a vend failure will be sent.
(Note: The cashless payment device will assume a $0.50 product was sold even
though the Item Number may have been sold previously for $1.50.)
Obviously, this combination of settings causes more problems than the “non
stacking” combination.
First: if the cashless gives a discount, the discount may reduce the price to a value
less than the vend request (because the calculation uses the $1.50 value). This
would result in stacking less than the whole bill, which is not possible! In this case, a
vend denied should be sent. This method would temporarily disable the mixed
payment.
Second: if refund is not possible, aborting of a vend will result in a credit loss
situation. The VMC should use the opposite vend procedure – i.e. first stack the bill
and then send the vend request. But, if in this case a ‘vend denied’ is received, the
VMC needs to give change for at least the bill value!
MDB does not specify handling procedures for all these combinations – the operator
needs to check the VMC and/or cashless capabilities as this is not an issue with the
standards but a “market feature” problem.
Fund handling with a VEND FAILURE (Cashless Payment Device)
Normally funds are the responsibility of the fund source, (i.e., the cashless payment
device). If a VEND FAILURE occurs the funds in question can be handled as
follows:
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NOTE: To prevent double refunds where the cashless payment device
provides a process for refunds, the cashless device must indicate that the
media supports refunds, regardless of whether or not it can actually transfer
the lost funds back to the payment media.
The correct handling for vend failure is always, that no credit should be converted i.e.
cash credit is escrowed, card credit is refunded. Card credit will never be
transformed to cash!!
If the cashless device is not capable of refunding, for whatever reason, the VMC,
and maybe the cashless device, may produce a log file or a statistic to ensure this is
recorded. However, the credit balance in this case is always lost and may only be
refunded to the customer by manual intervention (hotline, etc.)
If the cashless device is capable of refunding, nothing else is necessary. Sometimes,
if a special card is used or the card is no longer present, refunding is not possible. In
this case the same procedure as described above must be followed.
If the system allows the card refund amount to be transformed to cash, the following
should be taken into account:
a. The VMC can make a record of the lost funds and remove them from escrow.
b. The VMC can retain the credit and allow it to be used as part of a cash purchase.
c. The VMC CANNOT dispense the funds as change. In the case of a credit card
charge or where the original source of funds was a credit card transaction, this
constitutes a cash advance, all be it small.
d. Please note further, that the VMC may have problems dealing with a discount
amount.
e. Please note further, that the cashless payment scheme may not allow this
behaviour.
Fund Handling with a Negative Vend Failure
After a vend is approved, it is up to the cashless device how it handles the negative
vend value
State Machine (Cashless Payment Device)
The defined state machine within the standard is information for both VMC and
cashless programmers of the logical steps required to run the device.
In any case, the state machine should never be used as medium to swap the
Master-/Slave device functions. In MDB, the VMC is always the Master device. This
results in a unspecified sequence of commands for the VMC (as for all other
devices). i.e. even if the device has reached the begin session state, the VMC is
allowed to send, for example, an FTL command. If the cashless is not able to
support this command in the current state, it may send the applicable response (i.e.
FTL denied), but will continue in the reached state!!
Further examples of this are multiple “Vend Session Complete” or similar
commands. Because the cashless device enters the inactive state with the first vend
session complete, further repeated commands will never produce any problems and
may simply be ignored.
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A lot of cashless devices use the “out of sequence” message in this case. This may
be appropriate in terms of “educating the VMC programmer”, but will never solve the
issue. The “out of sequence” message usually causes the VMC to send a reset
command to re-sync the devices. This is not a problem for the VMC, but can cause
the cashless device to run into problems - mainly because the reset sequence of a
lot of cashless devices can take many seconds, during which the customer is unable
to use their cards. This obviously can lead to complaints.
The “Out of sequence” message should be the last resort for a cashless device, to
be used only if it is unable to solve state machine problems any other way.
Unfortunately, due to the polling mechanism with a finite polling frequency, the loss
of synchronisation between the VMC and the cashless state is unavoidable.
An example of this is as follows:
After a card insertion we get a begin session.
Both devices enter the session idle state.
The customer presses the escrow lever and takes the card out simultaneously.
The VMC would send a Reader Cancel command, whereas the cashless would like
to transmit an end session (because its session ended when the card was taken
out).
The situation then arises that the cashless device is in the inactive state (no card
present), but cannot send the message to the VMC (no poll available, instead a
wrong command for this state).
The VMC, on the other hand, believes it is sending the correct command, as it is still
in the session idle state. Hence, it would repeat the cancel session, until it is
answered. It would then get a totally unnecessary “out of sequence”, and maybe an
additional "end session".
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