1. no-cost ways of saving money and energy

1. no-cost ways of saving money and energy
Power Alert
Page 1 of 2
No- Cost Tips
Ways of saving money
Low Cost Tips
1. Your House
‘’HOME SAVE HOME’’ TIPS TO SAVE ENERGY
A few steps that you can follow with no sweat. It is not like going to the gym and
burning those calories and getting no results. These sections provide you with nocost and low-cost options and tips to increase your energy awareness and help you
to reduce your monthly electricity bill.
2. Kitchen
3. Laundry
4. During the Winter
5. During the Summer
Acknowledgements
1. NO-COST WAYS OF SAVING MONEY AND
ENERGY
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Turn off everything not in use: lights, TVs,
computers, etc.
During hot months, keep curtains closed on the
north, east, and west windows. In winter, let the sun
in and at sunset you can close the curtains to keep
that nice warmth in your house.
Activate "sleep" features on computers and office
equipment that power down when not in use for a while.
Turn off equipment during longer periods of non-use to cut energy costs and
improve longevity.
When cooking, keep the lids on pots. Better yet, use a microwave oven
instead.
Dress appropriately for the weather.
Use an extra blanket on the bed during winter time.
In summer, use fans whenever possible instead of air conditioners, and
ventilate at night this way when practical. Fans cost less to use than air
conditioners.
Check the furnace or air conditioner filter each month, and clean or replace it
as needed. Dirty filters block air flow through your heating and cooling
systems, increasing your energy bill and shortening the equipment’s life.
About 15 percent of an average home energy bill goes to heating water. To
save hot water, take five-minute showers instead of baths. Do only full loads
when using the clothes washer or dishwasher. Use cold water for laundry
and save costs.
Only heat or cool the rooms you need—close vents and doors of unused
rooms.
Only heat or cool the rooms you need - close vents and doors of unused
rooms.
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1/24/2008
Power Alert
Page 1 of 2
No- Cost Tips
Ways of saving money
Low Cost Tips
1. Your House
LOW COST WAYS OF SAVING MONEY AND
ENERGY
2. Kitchen
3. Laundry
1. YOUR HOUSE
4. During the Winter
5. During the Summer
Every household in South Africa can save electricity and
money through the wise use of energy in their homes.
Acknowledgements
Geysers
Water heating is the third largest energy expense in
your home. It typically accounts for about 15% of your
utility bill. There are four ways to cut your water heating
bills: use less hot water, turn down the thermostat on
your water heater, insulate your water heater, or buy a
new, more efficient water heater. Therefore please
consider the following:
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Take showers instead of baths. Bathing uses the most hot water in the
average household.
Set thermostat of electrical geysers at 55 – 60 degrees C. Make sure the
geyser and all hot water steel pipes in the roof are well insulated with
fibreglass or even newspaper.
Solar heating units could reduce the geyser’s electricity consumption by 40%
to 50%. This would result in a saving of about 200kWh to 250kWh of
electricity per month, depending on the number of geysers and the size of
the family.
Lights
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Switch lights off when they are not needed.
Use fewer bulbs with higher wattages. For instance, one 100 watt bulb
produces the same light as two 60 watt bulbs.
Dimming switches reduce electricity consumption.
Use compact fluorescent lamps CFL instead of ordinary bulbs.
Use low-energy lamps for exterior lighting.
Heating
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Use the correct heaters. Infrared electricity heaters are more efficient. An oil
filled heater is the safest type of heater.
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Power Alert
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Insulate the ceiling and seal air gaps in the home.
Ensure that heaters have thermostats.
Use electric blankets but turn them off when in bed.
http://www.poweralert.co.za/poweralert3/hints/hints_and_tips_01_your_house.html
1/24/2008
Power Alert
Page 1 of 2
No- Cost Tips
Ways of saving money
Low Cost Tips
1. Your House
LOW COST WAYS OF SAVING MONEY AND
ENERGY
2. Kitchen
3. Laundry
2. YOUR KITCHEN
4. During the Winter
5. During the Summer
1. Electric stove:
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Acknowledgements
Use a pressure cooker
when preparing foods that
take a long time to cook,
Keep oven doors closed
until food is cooked
A microwave oven is
cheaper to operate than a
stove.
Do not cook food longer
than necessary.
When boiling water, turn the heat down as low as possible so that the water
just boils. Do not cook food with the controls set higher than necessary.
It is more efficient to boil water using a kettle than using a stove.
Clean stove plate reflectors.
Make sure that pots and pans completely cover the stove plates. Small pots
should be heated on the stove's small plates to avoid unnecessary heat loss.
2. Microwave ovens:
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Use a microwave oven to cook small to medium quantities of food
To cook larger portions of meat, it is better to use a conventional oven;
Compare cooking times (keep pressure cooker in mind)
3. Kettle:
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Don't fill the kettle to capacity. Boil enough according to your needs.
Store boiled water in thermo flasks when hot water is frequently used.
Therefore you don’t need to reheat the kettle water again.
4. Refrigerator:
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Don't open the door unnecessarily,
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Make sure the seal is intact,
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1/24/2008
Power Alert
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Turn off empty refrigerator when going on holiday,
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Let hot food cool down before placing them in the refrigerator,
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Defrost your refrigerator regularly,
Store foods apart on refrigerator shelves, it allows for quicker cooling of the
foods.
Position your refrigerator away from a heat source such as an oven, a
dishwasher, or direct sunlight from a window.
Leave a space between the wall or cabinets and the refrigerator or freezer to
allow air to circulate around the condenser coils.
Keep the coils clean.
Make sure the door seals are airtight.
Keep your refrigerator between 2 and 4 degrees Celsius and your freezer at 18 degrees Celsius.
Minimize the amount of time the refrigerator door is open.
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http://www.poweralert.co.za/poweralert3/hints/hints_and_tips_02_your_kitchen.html
Page 2 of 2
1/24/2008
Power Alert
Page 1 of 2
No- Cost Tips
Ways of saving money
Low Cost Tips
1. Your House
LOW COST WAYS OF SAVING MONEY AND
ENERGY
2. Kitchen
3. Laundry
3. YOUR LAUNDRY
4. During the Winter
5. During the Summer
1. Automatic washing
machine:
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Acknowledgements
a front loading washing machine
uses less water and costs less to
operate,
use the cold water setting to cut
down on energy needed to heat the
water,
make sure your load is full before
washing
2. Tumble dryers:
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Those with an electronic humidity control are the most efficient. They
automatically shut off the drying cycle when clothes are dry,
Compact dryers are economical.
Use correct temperature settings to minimise the amount of electricity used,
Remove water before putting clothes into the tumble dryer,
Rather use sunny days for drying clothes outside
3. Ironing:
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Use a thermostat controlled
iron.
switch the iron off once it has
reached the correct temperature
and complete the ironing on
stored energy,
Use distilled water in steam
irons,
Turn the iron off when you are not using it,
By removing clothing promptly from the dryer and folding them carefully,
many items will require no ironing,
Iron low temperature fabrics first to reduce warm-up time
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1/24/2008
Power Alert
Page 1 of 2
No- Cost Tips
Ways of saving money
Low Cost Tips
1. Your House
LOW COST WAYS OF SAVING MONEY AND
ENERGY
2. Kitchen
3. Laundry
4. DURING THE WINTER...
4. During the Winter
5. During the Summer
With winter temperatures falling and heating systems running for longer periods of
time, it's the ideal time to take control of your electric bills.
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Keep your thermostat at the lowest comfortable setting. If you have a heat
pump, adjust your thermostat in small increments to avoid the operation of
the supplemental heat strip in your system. Energy consumption is much
higher when the heat strip is in use. A steady setting on your heat pump
thermostat produces constant comfort and minimizes the use of the less
efficient resistance heat strip.
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Install the heating thermostat on an inside wall and away from windows and
doors.
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Clean or replace filters every month. Dirty filters can increase operating
costs by 20 percent.
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By setting your thermostat back 10 degrees at night (8-10 hours); you'll save
10 percent to 20 percent in heating costs. The lowered thermostat setting
saves energy by reducing the length of time the heating system operates
throughout the night.
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Use ceiling fans in winter to distribute heat around a room.
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Close your fireplace damper when not in use. Consider glass doors to help
prevent heat loss when your heating system is on.
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Use insulated or heavy curtains on windows facing the north side of the
house. Keep curtains and shades closed at night or on cloudy days.
Acknowledgements
When entertaining, lower the thermostat a degree or two before the guests arrive.
That way, you won't overheat
http://www.poweralert.co.za/poweralert3/hints/hints_and_tips_04_winter.html
1/24/2008
Power Alert
Page 1 of 2
No- Cost Tips
Ways of saving money
Low Cost Tips
1. Your House
LOW COST WAYS OF SAVING MONEY AND
ENERGY
2. Kitchen
3. Laundry
5. DURING THE SUMMER...
4. During the Winter
5. During the Summer
With temperatures rising and cooling systems running for longer periods of time, it's
the ideal time to take control of your electric bills.
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Acknowledgements
Set your thermostat on the highest comfortable setting. If you're leaving for
the day, turn it up a couple of degrees. Do not turn your cooling system off
unless you'll be gone for an extended period of time.
Clean or change your filters monthly. Dirty filters can increase operating
costs by 20 percent. Don't block registers and return vents with furniture or
drapes.
Use a ceiling fan or portable fan to supplement your air conditioning. A fan
can make you feel three to four degrees cooler (and only costs a half-cent
per hour to operate) so you can set your thermostat a few degrees higher
and save on cooling costs. Use in occupied rooms since fans cool people,
not rooms. As a safety precaution, turn off ceiling fans when you leave your
home.
For central air conditioning systems, keep the fan switch on your thermostat
in the "auto" position when cooling. This gives you better cooling and
humidity control.
Close blinds, drapes and shades during the hottest part of the day. This
keeps the sun's rays from heating the inside of your house.
If you suspect your air conditioning system is not cooling properly, have it
checked promptly. A unit that is having operational problems can cause
extremely high bills.
If your air conditioning equipment is older and less efficient, compensate by
being extra careful about temperature settings, hours of operation and filter
condition.
Use your microwave or countertop appliances for cooking instead of the
oven or stove.
Make sure your home is properly insulated. In existing homes, wall
insulation may be too expensive to install, so concentrate on attic, ceiling and
floor insulation.
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1/24/2008
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