Oracle Tuning Pack Data Sheet
Oracle Tuning Pack, an add-on pack for management of Oracle
Database 11g, offers an extremely cost effective and easy-to-use
solution that automates the entire application tuning process.
• SQL Tuning Advisor
• Automatic SQL Tuning
• Real-Time SQL Monitoring
• SQL Profiles
• SQL Access Advisor
Enhancement of SQL performance is achieved through real-time
monitoring and SQL Advisors that are seamlessly integrated with the
Enterprise Manager, and together provide a comprehensive solution
for automating the complex and time-consuming task of application
• SQL Tuning Sets
• Object Reorganization Wizard
For database administrators and application developers, application tuning is a
critically important area and a considerable amount of their time is spent performing
• Comprehensive solution for
application and SQL tuning
that eliminates need for
manual tuning.
this very important function. A poorly tuned business application can potentially
affect not just a few users but an entire business operation and for this reason
companies invest significant resources to ensure smooth running of applications
vital for their businesses.
• Provides automatic tuning of
SQL statements.
• Enhances system
performance and reliability
and significantly lowers
management costs.
SQL Access Advisor
The design of the database schema can have a big impact on the overall application
performance. SQL Access Advisor, provides comprehensive advice on how to
optimize schema design in order to maximize application performance. SQL Access
and SQL Tuning Advisors, together, provide a complete solution for tuning database
applications. The SQL Access Advisor accepts input from all possible sources of
interest, such as the cursor cache, the Automatic Workload Repository (AWR), any
user-defined workload, and will even generate a hypothetical workload if a schema
contains dimensions or primary/foreign key relationships. It comprehensively
analyzes the entire workload and provides recommendations to create new partitions
or indexes if required, drop any unused indexes, create new materialized views and
materialized view logs. Determining the optimal partitioning or indexing strategy
for a particular workload is a complicated process that requires expertise and time.
SQL Access Advisor considers the cost of insert/update/delete operations in addition
to the queries on the workload and makes appropriate recommendations,
accompanied by a quantifiable measure of expected performance gain as well as
scripts needed to implement the recommendations. The SQL Access Advisor takes
the mystery out of access structure design process. By automating this very critical
function, SQL Access Advisor obviates the need for the error-prone, lengthy, and
expensive manual tuning process.
SQL Tuning Advisor
Manual SQL tuning is a complex process that presents many challenges. It requires
expertise in several areas, is very time consuming, and requires an intimate
knowledge of the schema structures and the data usage model of the application. All
these factors make manual SQL tuning a challenging and resource intensive task that
is ultimately very expensive for businesses.
SQL Tuning Advisor is Oracle’s answer to all the pitfalls and challenges of manual
SQL tuning. It automates the SQL tuning process by comprehensively exploring all
the possible ways of tuning a SQL statement. The analysis and tuning is performed
by the database engine’s significantly enhanced query optimizer. Four types of
analysis are performed by the SQL Tuning Advisor:
Statistics Analysis: In this analysis objects with stale or missing statistics are
identified and appropriate recommendations are made to remedy the problem.
SQL Profiling: This feature, introduced in Oracle Database 10g, revolutionizes
the approach to SQL tuning. SQL Profiling tunes SQL statements without
requiring any change to the application code.
Access Path Analysis: In this analysis new indexes that can significantly
enhance query performance are identified and recommended.
The output of this analysis is in the form of recommendations, along with a rationale
for each recommendation and its expected performance benefit.
The SQL Tuning Advisor offers a powerful, intuitive, and user-friendly way for
performing SQL tuning. Tuning of SQL statements no longer has to be the domain
of experts. Oracle has built a tuning expert inside the database engine to perform
this very important function for the database administrators in a fraction of the time
and cost needed to carry out the same task manually.
Automatic SQL Tuning Advisor
The SQL Tuning Advisor also runs in automatic mode. In this mode, the advisor
runs automatically during system maintenance windows as a maintenance task.
During each run, the advisor selects high-load SQL queries in the system, and
generates recommendations on how to tune them.
Figure 1: Automatic SQL Tuning Results Summary
The Automatic SQL Tuning Advisor can be configured to auto-implement SQL
Profile recommendations. If you enable automatic implementation, the advisor will
create SQL Profiles for only those SQL statements where performance improvement
would be at least threefold. Other types of recommendations such as to create new
indexes, refresh optimizer statistics or restructure SQL can only be implemented
manually. DML statements are not considered for tuning by the Automatic SQL
Tuning Advisor.
You can view a summary of the automatic SQL tuning results over a specified
period, and can view a detailed report on recommendations made for all SQL
statements processed. The recommendations can then be implemented selectively
by a manual process. You can also view the recommendations that were
automatically implemented.
Real-time SQL Monitoring
The first step in SQL tuning is identifying poor SQL that is consuming excessive
system resources. Traditionally, DBAs have always struggled with long-running
SQL in live production environments because they never had the tools to figure out
if the long-running query was moments away from completion or a run-away query
that could take an inordinate amount of time to complete. Real-Time SQL
Monitoring introduced in Oracle Database 11g provides the fastest and easiest way
to identify and fix performance problems with long running SQL statements. Live
visual displays track the details of SQL execution using new, fine-grained SQL
statistics that are updated automatically at no cost to the performance of production
By default, SQL monitoring is automatically started when a SQL statement runs
parallel, or when it has consumed at least 5 seconds of CPU or IO time in a single
execution. Once monitoring is initiated, an entry is added to performance views.
This entry tracks row source information at each step of the execution collecting key
performance metrics, including the elapsed time, CPU time, number of reads and
writes, I/O wait time and various other wait times. This allows the DBAs to decide
whether to let the query complete or terminate the query.
Figure 1: Real Time SQL Monitoring
Real Time SQL Monitoring has been enhanced in Oracle Database 11g Release 2 to
support execution plans that are being executed in part by the Oracle Database
machine, Exadata.
DBAs now have a powerful tool to track complex execution plans, identify poor
Oracle Tuning Pack 11g
delivers maximum benefits
when used with the following
Oracle products:
indexing mechanisms and identify skew in parallel queries– all in real time.
Object Reorganization Wizard
Oracle Tuning Pack also provides the ability to reorganize objects. Managing the
• Oracle Diagnostics Pack
• Oracle Configuration
Management Pack
space usage of your tablespaces efficiently by removing wasted space is not only a
good space management practice but it also enhances performance by reducing
unnecessary disk I/Os. Reorganization is used for: 1) rebuilding indexes and tables
• Oracle Provisioning Pack
that are fragmented, 2) relocating objects to another tablespace, and 3) recreating
• Oracle Database Change
objects with optimal storage attributes.
Management Pack
• Oracle Real Application
Testing Option
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