3 REMOVING OLD THERMOSTAT (cont’d) If no heat anticipator/indication is showing, do not be concerned; move on to the next step. ATTENTION! This product does not contain mercury. However, this product may replace a unit which contains mercury. Installation Instructions for: Horizontal Snap-Action Vertical Snap-Action 1F56N-444 Do not open mercury cells. If a cell becomes damaged, do not touch any spilled mercury. Wearing non-absorbent gloves, take up the spilled mercury and place into a container which can be sealed. If a cell becomes damaged, the unit should be discarded. 1E56N-444 Mercury must not be discarded in household trash. When the unit this product is replacing is to be discarded, place in a suitable container and return to White-Rodgers at 2895 Harrison St., Batesville, AR 72501 for proper disposal. YOUR THERMOSTAT REPLACES System Models Standard Heating & Cooling Systems – 4 or 5 wires Standard Heat Only Systems Standard Central Air Conditioning Gas or Oil Heat Hydronic (Hot Water) Zone Heat – 2 wires Electric Furnace Heat Pump (No Aux or Emergency Heat) Do not short out terminals on gas valve or primary control to test. Short or incorrect wiring will damage thermostat and could cause personal injury and/or property damage. Thermostat installation and all components of the system shall conform to Class II circuits per the NEC code. All Models PREPARATIONS Assemble tools required: power drill, flat blade screwdriver, wire cutter/stripper, level. Failure to follow and read all instructions carefully before installing or operating this control could cause personal injury and/or property damage. THERMOSTAT FEATURES FAN AUTO SYSTEM ON COOL OFF G HEAT RC 4 B O W RH Mounting Screw A KEEP THIS AREA CLEAR OF WIRES R 5 Y 6 Y Hole in Wall Mounting Screw Mounting Hole Mounting Hole Figure 1. Thermostat subbase and wallplate 3 REMOVING OLD THERMOSTAT ! CAUTION To prevent electrical shock and/or equipment damage, disconnect electrical power to the system at the main fuse or circuit breaker until installation is complete. Before removing wires from old thermostat’s switching subbase, label each wire with the terminal designation it was removed from. 1. Remove Old Thermostat: A standard heat/cool thermostat consists of three basic parts: a. The cover, which may be either a snap-on or hinge type. b. The base, which is removed by loosening all captive screws. c. WARNING Do not use on circuits exceeding specifi ed voltage. Higher voltage will damage control and could cause shock or fire hazard. None Millivolt Heat Only Systems – Floor or Wall Furnaces Hydronic (Hot Water) Zone Heat – 3 wires 2 MOUNTING AND WIRING ! All Models Heat Pump (with Aux or Emergency Heat) Baseboard Electric Heating or Line Voltage (120 or 240 Volt) 1 4 The switching subbase, which is removed by unscrewing the mounting screws that hold it on the wall or adaptor plate. Make a note here of the anticipator setting on the old thermostat for future reference and use in step 5. The heat anticipator pointer, if adjustable, will be set at one of a series of numbers representing the current rating of the primary control in your furnace. The number will be one of the following: .2, .4, .8, etc. or 0.2, 0.4, 0.8, etc. A. Remove base from subbase: Loosen the screws on the base and remove. B. Mount switching subbase: Use the screws provided to mount the subbase or wallplate to wall (see Fig. 1). C. Attach wires to appropriate terminals: • For two wire systems (Heat Only or Cool Only). Replace subbase with wallplate. If you have a two-wire Heat Only system, attach one wire to R and one to wire W. If you have a two-wire Cool Only system, attach one wire to R and one to wire to Y. Tighten any unused terminals securely. (see Fig. 5 and 6). • If your system has more than two wires: Use the cross reference chart to determine correct wire connections. If you have a four-wire heat/cool system leave the factory installed jumper between RC and RH attached (see Fig 2.). If your system has five wires remove the factory installed jumper between RC and RH (see Fig 3.). • Electric heat or single stage heat pump systems: These thermostats are configured from the factory to operate a heat/cool, fossil fuel (gas, oil, etc.) forced air system. This is correct for any system that DOES NOT require the thermostat to energize the fan on a call for heat. If your system is an electric heat or heatpump system that REQUIRES the thermostat to turn on the fan on a call for heat, remove the yellow factory-installed jumper wire from the Y terminal and connect it to the A terminal. This will allow the thermostat to energize the fan immediately on a call for heat. If you are unsure if the heating system requires the thermostat to control the fan, contact a qualified heating and air conditioning service person. For single stage heat pump applications (no auxillary heat), install a short jumper wire (not included) across terminals W and Y. If the system has a reversing valve connection energized in Cooling, attach it to O. If the system has a reversing valve connection energized in Heating, attach it to B (see Fig. 4). This thermostat will not provide multi-stage heating or cooling. D. Mount Thermostat Base: Gently push excess wire back into the wall opening and plug hole with a fire-resistant material, such as fiberglass insulation to prevent drafts from affecting thermostat operation. Mount the thermostat base to the subbase using the three captive screws on the thermostat base. (See Fig. 1) Tighten the screws securely. Proceed to Step #5. ! CAUTION Take care when securing and routing wires so they do not short to adjacent terminals or rear of thermostat. Personal injury and/or property damage may occur. TERMINAL CROSS REFERENCE CHART New Thermostat Other Manufacturers’ Terminal Designation Terminal Designation * * RH 4 RH M R5 R RC R R V – – G G G F G G W W W H 4 W Y Y Y C Y6 Y * These are four-wire, single-transformer systems. Factory installed jumper wire between the RH and RC terminals must remain in place. White-Rodgers is a division of Emerson Electric Co. www.white-rodgers.com PART NO. 37-6881A 0730 5 SET HEAT ANTICIPATOR RH Set anticipator to match the setting of your old thermostat you noted in Step 3, or, the anticipator should be set to match the current rating stamped on your main heating control. The heat anticipator is adjustable from 0.15 to 1.2 amps. Adjust the anticipator by rotating the contact arm (see fig. 5). The anticipator setting is indicated by the numbers on the base that the pointer points to. If you are unsure where to set the anticipator contact the heater manufacturer for a recommended setting. Move the pointer counterclockwise to lengthen heating system cycles; move clockwise to shorten heating cycles. Adjustments should not be greater than 1/2 marking at a time. O Y G Compressor Relay Fan Relay RC A Neutral TRANSFORMER Figure 2. Typical wiring for single transformer heating/cooling system RH W TRANSFORMER Hot B A O Heat Relay Y G Compressor Relay Fan Relay 24 VAC 120 VAC RC TRANSFORMER Hot 24 VAC 120 VAC Neutral Neutral Figure 3. Typical wiring for two-transformer heating/cooling system Millivolt Link Arrow points to the current rating of the primary control Figure 5. Anticipator adjustment Factory-Installed Jumper RC G TRANSFORMER NEW THERMOSTAT OPERATION Field-Installed Jumper RH O Fan Relay Hot 6 B 24 VAC 120 VAC Rotate contact arm to adjust heat anticipator For millivolt operation, rotate contact arm to Millivolt Link. Snap on Cover: Carefully align the cover with the base and snap the cover onto the base. W Hot * Y B Compressor Relay ** A 24 VAC 120 VAC Neutral Terminal energized Terminal energized * in cooling Thermostat on Subbase. After power is turned on, use the system switch to select either heating or cooling, or to turn the heating/cooling system off. Use the fan switch to control fan operation. When the fan switch is in the AUTO position, the fan will cycle with the heating or cooling system (the fan will not run if the system switch is in the OFF position and the fan switch is in the AUTO position). When the fan switch is in the ON position, the fan will run continuously, regardless of system switch position (even if the system switch is set to OFF, the fan will run if the fan switch is in the ON position). W * * in heating Figure 4. Typical wiring for single transformer, single stage heat pump system R 120 VAC W Y Heat Relay Hot 24 VAC Neutral TRANSFORMER Thermostat on wallplate. For heat only move the temperature lever to the highest temperature. For cool only move the temperature lever to the lowest temperature. 7 Figure 5. Typical wiring for single transformer heating system SPECIFICATIONS ELECTRICAL DATA Switch Rating...................................... Heating.................................................. Cooling.................................................. Anticipator Rating: Heating.................................................. Cooling.................................................. R W 24 VAC (30 VAC max.) 0.15 to 1.2 Amps 0 to 1.5 Amps Adjustable from 0.15 to 1.2 Amps Fixed 120 VAC Y Compressor Relay Hot 24 VAC Neutral TRANSFORMER Figure 6. Typical wiring for single transformer cooling system THERMAL DATA: Temperature Range............................. 50°F to 90°F (10°C to 32°C) Operating Humidity Range................. 0 – 90% noncondensing THERMOSTAT 6 MV B O Y G W RC RH SYSTEM 6 4 5 Zone Valve 1 2 Hot 24 VAC 120 VAC Neutral TRANSFORMER Figure 7. Typical wiring diagram heat only, 3-wire zone valve systems 8 TROUBLESHOOTING Symptom Possible Cause Corrective Action No Heat/No Cool/No Fan (common problems) 1. Blown fuse or tripped circuit breaker. 2. Furnace power switch to OFF. 3. Furnace blower compartment door or panel loose or not properly installed. Replace fuse or reset breaker. Turn switch to ON. Replace door panel in proper position to engage safety interlock or door switch. No Heat 1. Pilot light not lit. 2. Broken or melted anticipator wire. Re-light pilot. Excessive current or dead short in system. Have a qualified service person check the system before replacing thermostat. Verify thermostat and system wires are securely attached. Your furnace manufacturer or service person can describe how to test the heating system to verify it is operating correctly. If the heating system is capable of operation and the no heat condition persists, replace the thermostat. Set System Switch to Heat and raise temp above room temp. 3. Loose connection to thermostat or system. 4. Thermostat or heating system requires replacement or service. 5. System Switch not set to Heat. Intermittent Heat 1. Furnace Lock-Out Condition Many furnaces have safety devices that shut the system down when a lock-out condition occurs. If the heat works intermittently contact the furnace manufacturer or local service person for assistance. No Cool 1. Loose connection to thermostat or system. 2. Thermostat or cooling system requires replacement or service. Verify thermostat and system wires are securely attached. Your cooling system manufacturer or service person can describe how to test the cooling system to verify it is operating correctly. If the cooling system is capable of operation and the no cooling condition persists, replace the thermostat. Set System Switch to Cool and lower temp below room temp. 3. System Switch not set to Cool. Heat, Cool or Fan Runs Constantly. 1. Possible short in wiring. 2. Possible short in thermostat. 3. Possible short in heat/cool/fan system. Check each wire connection to the thermostat to verify it is neatly looped under the terminals. No extra wire should stick out from under the terminals. Furnace Cycles Too Fast or Too Slow Narrow or wide temperature swing See Step 5, Adjusting the Anticipator. The anticipation setting is the only adjustment that effects the heating cycle rate. If an acceptable cycle rate is not achieved using the anticipator contact a local service person for additional suggestions. The location of the thermostat, size of the Heat/Cool System and current draw can influence the cycle rate. Cooling Cycles Too Fast or Too Slow (narrow or wide temperature swing) 1. Poor thermostat location for sensing room The cycle rate for cooling can not be adjusted. The location of the thermostat, size of the Cool system and temperature. current draw can influence the cycle rate. Contact a local service person for suggestions. 2. Cooling system over or undersized. 3. Excessive Current draw influencing thermostat. Thermostat Setting and Thermostat Thermometer Disagree 1. Thermostat thermometer setting requires adjustment. 2. Thermostat setting lever requires calibration. The thermometer can be adjusted by using a standard slotted screwdriver. Turn the thermometer pointer screw located inside the front cover to change the setting. For calibrating the setting lever contact a local heating and cooling service person. Adjusting Thermometer 1. Thermostat thermometer disagrees with other room thermometers. The thermometer on the thermostat is accurately calibrated at our factory but you can adjust it by using a standard slotted screwdriver. Turn the thermometer pointer screw located inside the front cover to change the setting. HOMEOWNER HELP LINE: 1-800-284-2925 The Emerson logo is a trademark and service mark of Emerson Electric Co.