KODAK PROFESSIONAL PORTRA
400 Film
September 2010 • E-4050
TECHNICAL DATA / COLOR NEGATIVE FILM
KODAK PROFESSIONAL PORTRA 400 is the world's finest
grain high-speed color negative film. At true ISO 400
speed, this film delivers spectacular skin tones plus
exceptional color saturation over a wide range of lighting
conditions. PORTRA 400 Film is the ideal choice for
portrait and fashion photography, as well as for nature,
travel and outdoor photography, where the action is fast or
the lighting can't be controlled.
TECHNOLOGY
STORAGE AND HANDLING
Store unexposed film at 21° C (70° F) or lower in the
original sealed package. For extended periods, store film at
13° C (55° F) to preserve consistency.
To avoid moisture condensation on film that has been
refrigerated, allow the film to warm up to room
temperature before opening the package. Typical warm-up
times are given in the table below.
BENEFIT
• World’s finest-grain
• Incorporates Entertainment
400-speed color negative
Imaging’s KODAK VISION Film
film
Technology
• Ideal for scanning
• Antenna Dye Sensitization in
cyan and magenta emulsion
• Extraordinary enlargement
layers
capability from a 35 mm
negative
• Kodak’s Proprietary Targeted
Advanced Development
Accelerators
• Micro-Structure Optimized
T-GRAIN® Emulsions
• Optimized Emulsion Spectral
Sensitivity and Image Modifier
Chemistry
• Beautiful, natural skin tones
and superb color
reproduction
• Kodak’s Proprietary DIR
Couplers
• Optimized sharpness
• Distinct edges, fine detail
• Unified Film Emulsion
Technology
• Printing compatible with
other KODAK Films
Size
Warm-Up Times (Hours) to Reach Room
Temperature of 21° C (70° F) From a Storage
Temperature of:
-18° C (0° F)
2° C (35° F)
13° C (55° F)
1
3 ⁄4
1 ⁄2
135 magazine
1 ⁄2
1 ⁄4
1
10-sheet box
1 ⁄2
1
1
120/220
Load and unload roll-film cameras in subdued light.
Total darkness is required when you load and unload sheet
film holders.
Process film as soon as possible after exposure. Protect
negatives from strong light, and store them in a cool, dry
place. For long-term storage, keep negatives at a
temperature between 2° C (35° F) and 13° C (55° F) and at
a relative humidity between 30 and 35 percent.
SIZES AVAILABLE
DARKROOM RECOMMENDATIONS
Availability may differ from country to country. See your
dealer who supplies KODAK PROFESSIONAL Products.
Do not use a safelight. Handle unprocessed film in total
darkness.
Size/Format
Code
Base
135
5056
0.13 mm (0.005 inch)
acetate
120/220
6056
0.10 mm (0.004 inch)
acetate
4056
Sheets
©Eastman Kodak Company, 2010
0.19 mm (0.007 inch)
ESTAR Thick
EXPOSURE
Electronic Flash
Film Speed
Use the appropriate guide number in the table below as
starting-point recommendations for your equipment.
Select the unit output closest to the number given by your
flash manufacturer. Then find the guide number for feet or
metres. To determine the lens opening, divide the guide
number by the flash-to-subject distance. If negatives are
consistently too dense (overexposed), use a higher guide
number; if they are too thin (underexposed), use a lower
number.
Use the speed numbers in the tables below with cameras
or meters marked for ISO, ASA, or DIN speeds or exposure
indexes (EIs). Do not change the film-speed setting when
metering through a filter. Metering through filters may
affect light meter accuracy; see your meter or camera
manual for specific information. For critical work, make a
series of test exposures.
Light Source
KODAK
WRATTEN
Gelatin Filter*
ISO Speed
Guide Number
Distances in Feet/Metres
Unit Output (BCPS)*
None
400
350
85/26
Photolamp (3400 K)
No. 80B
125
500
100/30
Tungsten (3200 K)
No. 80A
100
700
120/36
Daylight or Electronic Flash
1000
140/42
1400
170/50
Daylight
2000
200/60
Use the exposures in the table below for average frontlit
subjects from 2 hours after sunrise to 2 hours before
sunset.
2800
240/70
4000
280/85
*
*
‡
For best results without special printing.
Lighting Conditions
Shutter Speed (second)
and Lens Opening
Bright or Hazy Sun on Light Sand or
Snow
1/500
f/16
Bright or Hazy Sun (Distinct
Shadows)
1/500
f/11*
Weak, Hazy Sun
(Soft Shadows)
1/500
f/8
Cloudy Bright
(No Shadows)
1/500
f/5.6
Heavy Overcast or Open Shade‡
1/500
f/4
Use f/5.6 for backlit close-up subjects.
Subject shaded from the sun but lighted by a large area of sky.
*
5600
340/100
8000
400/120
BCPS = beam candlepower seconds
Fluorescent and High-Intensity Discharge Lamps
Use the color-compensating filters and exposure
adjustments in the tables below as starting points to
expose this film under fluorescent or high-intensity
discharge lamps. For critical applications, make a series of
test exposures under your actual conditions.
To avoid the brightness and color variations that occur
during a single alternating-current cycle, use exposure
times of 1⁄60 second or longer with fluorescent lamps;
with high-intensity discharge lamps, use exposure times of
1⁄125 second or longer.
Adjustments for Long and Short Exposures
No filter correction or exposure compensation is required
for PORTRA 400 Film for exposures from 1⁄10,000 second
to 1 second. For critical applications with longer exposure
times, make tests under your conditions.
Type of Fluorescent Lamp
Daylight
White
Exposure
Adjustment
20R + 5M
+1 stop
40B + 5C
+1 2/3 stop
Warm White
40B + 40C
+2 stops
Warm White Deluxe
40B + 50C
+2 stops
Cool White
30B
+1 stop
40C + 10M
+1 stop
KODAK Color
Compensating
Filter(s)
Exposure
Adjustment
High-Pressure Sodium
Vapor
50B + 70C
+2 2/3 stops
Metal Halide
5C + 10M
+2/3 stop
Mercury Vapor with
Phosphor
30B + 5C
+1 stop
80R
+1 2/3 stop
Cool White Deluxe
High-Intensity Discharge
Lamp (CCT)
Mercury Vapor without
Phosphor
2
KODAK Color
Compensating
Filter(s)
KODAK PROFESSIONAL PORTRA 400 Film • E-4050
RETOUCHING
PRINTING NEGATIVES
You can retouch the sheet and 120 / 220 sizes on both the
base side and the emulsion side. Retouch only the
emulsion side on the 135 size.
For information on retouching equipment, supplies, and
techniques, see KODAK Publication No. E-71, Retouching
Color Negatives.
Optical Printing
PROCESSING
Process PROFESSIONAL PORTRA 400 Film in KODAK
FLEXICOLOR Chemicals for Process C-41 using the
replenishment and wash rates in the tables below. Note
that the developer replenishment rates are starting-point
recommendations only and may vary due to the amount of
exposure to the film, scene content, and the presence/
absence of sprocket holes.
Replenishment and Wash Rates
*
Digital Printing
You can scan your image to a file and print digitally to —
KODAK PROFESSIONAL SUPRA ENDURA VC Digital
Paper
KODAK PROFESSIONAL ULTRA ENDURA Paper
KODAK
FLEXICOLOR
Developer
Replenisher
KODAK
FLEXICOLOR
Developer
Replenisher
LORR
KODAK
FLEXICOLOR
Bleach III,
Fixer, and
Stabilizer
Wash
Water*
135
1400 mL/m2
130 mL/ft2
700 mL/m2
65 mL/ft2
861 mL/m2
80 mL/ft2
31 L/m2
2.9 L/ft2
120/
220
1400 mL/m2
130 mL/ft2
700 mL/m2
65 mL/ft2
1023 mL/m2
95 mL/ft2
31 L/m2
2.9 L/ft2
4x5
inch
1722 mL/m2
160 mL/ft2
861 mL/m2
80 mL/ft2
1152 mL/m2
107 mL/ft2
59 L/m2
5.5 L/ft2
Film
Size
This film is optimized for printing on KODAK
PROFESSIONAL SUPRA ENDURA VC Digital and ULTRA
ENDURA High Definition Papers.
Make color slides and transparencies by printing the
negatives on KODAK PROFESSIONAL ENDURA
Transparency Display Material or KODAK
PROFESSIONAL ENDURA Clear Display Material.
Make black-and-white prints on any of the materials
mentioned above using the recommendations in KODAK
Publication CIS-274, Printing Black-and-White Images
Without KODAK Black-and-White Papers.
KODAK PROFESSIONAL ULTRA ENDURA High
Definition Paper
KODAK PROFESSIONAL ENDURA Transparency
Display Material
KODAK PROFESSIONAL ENDURA Clear Display
Material
KODAK PROFESSIONAL ENDURA Metallic VC Digital
Paper
Rates are for first wash and a two-stage countercurrent final wash. Double
these rates for a single stage final wash.
JUDGING NEGATIVE EXPOSURES
You can check the exposure level with a suitable electronic
densitometer equipped with a filter such as a KODAK
WRATTEN Gelatin Filter No. 92 or the red filter for
Status M densitometry. Depending on the subject and the
light source used for exposure, a normally exposed and
processed color negative measured through the red filter
should have the approximate densities listed below.
Because of the extreme range in skin color, use these red
density values for a normally lit forehead only as a guide.
For best results, use a KODAK Gray Card (gray side).
Area Measured
Density Reading
KODAK Gray Card (gray side) receiving same
illumination as subject
0.77 to 0.87
Lightest step (darkest in the negative) of a
KODAK Paper Gray Scale receiving same
illumination as subject
Highest diffuse density on normally lighted
forehead
—light complexion
—dark complexion
1.13 to 1.23
1.08 to 1.18
0.93 to 1.03
KODAK PROFESSIONAL PORTRA 400 Film • E-4050
3
SCANNING NEGATIVES
IMAGE STRUCTURE
You can easily scan PROFESSIONAL PORTRA 400 Film
negatives with a variety of linear-array-CCD,
area-array-CCD, and PMT film scanners. You can scan
negatives on desktop scanners as well as high-end drum
scanners.
Because no standards exist to define the colored filter
sets that film scanners use to capture the red, green, and
blue information of the film image, each manufacturer’s
scanner has its own characteristic output. The output
depends on the scanner’s sensitivity to the dyes in the film.
This sensitivity is determined by the spectral distribution
of the colored filter sets and/or the spectral sensitivity of
the charge-coupled-device (CCD). In addition to these
spectral specifications, scanner output depends on the
look-up tables or matrices that the scanner uses to output
information for CRT monitors, transmission, etc. These
tables or matrices are part of either “plug-in” programs
used with specific software packages designed for image
manipulation, updateable ROMs included with the
equipment, or fixed algorithms for calibrating and
balancing, similar to those used in photographic color
printing equipment.
The generic “color negative film” channel designation
available with scanner software is only a starting point.
You can adjust the final color balance and the
scene-dependent contrast and brightness of an image by
using the scanner’s controls during pre-scan, or by using
an image-manipulation software program or workstation
after acquisition. Some scanners allow you to use “plug-in”
programs to customize scanner setups.
For more information, visit the following Web sites.
Print Grain Index
To access
Go to
Film Terms for KODAK
PHOTO CD Imaging
Workstations
www.kodak.com/go/pcdFilmTerms
Drivers for KODAK Film
Scanners
www.kodak.com/go/scannerDrivers
The Print Grain Index number refers to a method of
defining graininess in a print made with diffuse-printing
illumination. It replaces rms granularity and has a different
scale which cannot be compared to rms granularity.
• The method uses a uniform perceptual scale, with a
change of four units equaling a just noticeable difference
in graininess to 90 percent of observers.
• A Print Grain Index rating of 25 on the scale represents
the approximate visual threshold for graininess. A
higher number indicates an increase in the amount of
graininess observed.
• The standardized inspection (print-to-viewer)
distance for all print sizes is 14 inches, the typical
viewing distance for a 4 x 6-inch print.
• In practice, larger prints will likely be viewed from
distances greater than 14 inches, which reduces
apparent graininess.
• Print Grain Index numbers may not represent
graininess observed from more specular printing
illuminants, such as condenser enlargers.
Negative Size: 24 x 36 mm (Size 135)
Print Size in inches
4x6
8x10
16x20
Magnification
4.4X
8.8X
17.8X
37
59
89
Print Grain Index
Negative Size: 6 x 6 cm (Size 120/220)
Print Size in inches
4x6
8x10
16x20
Magnification
2.6X
4.4X
8.8X
25
37
59
Print Grain Index
Negative Size: 4 x 5 Inches (Sheets)
Print Size in inches
4x6
8x10
16x20
Magnification
1.2X
2X
4X
Less than 25
Less than 25
36
Print Grain Index
For more information, see KODAK Publication No.
E-58, Print Grain Index—An Assessment of Print Graininess
from Color Negative Films.
4
KODAK PROFESSIONAL PORTRA 400 Film • E-4050
CURVES
Spectral-Dye-Density Curves
Characteristic Curves
4.0
2.5
Typical densities for a midscale neutral subject
and D-min.
Exposure: Daylight
Densitometry: Status M
Log H Ref: -1.44
DIFFUSE SPECTRAL DENSITY
2.0
DENSITY
3.0
2.0
1.0
B
Midscale Neutral
1.5
1.0
Minimum Density
0.5
G
R
0.0
-4.0
-3.0
-2.0
-1.0
0.0
0.0
1.0
400
500
200
YellowForming
Layer
100
70
50
B
G
30
RESPONSE (%)
LOG SENSITIVITY *
Effective Exposure: 1/50 Second
Exposure: Daylight
Densitometry: Status M
Density: 0.2>D-min
2.0
700
Modulation Transfer Function
Spectral-Sensitivity Curves
4.0
3.0
600
WAVELENGTH (nm)
LOG EXPOSURE (lux-seconds)
E4040C
CyanForming
Layer
MagentaForming
Layer
1.0
R
20
10
7
5
3
Exposure: Daylight
Process: C-41
2
0.0
250
300
350
400
450
500
550
600
650
700
WAVELENGTH (nm)
2
*Sensitivity = reciprocal of exposure (erg/cm ) required
to produce specified density
KODAK PROFESSIONAL PORTRA 400 Film • E-4050
750
1
1
E4040P
2
3 4 5
10
20
50
100
200
600
SPATIAL FREQUENCY (cycles/mm)
5
KODAK PROFESSIONAL PORTRA 400 Film
MORE INFORMATION
Kodak has many publications to assist you with
information on Kodak products, equipment, and materials.
The following publications are available from Kodak
Customer Service, or you can contact Kodak in your
country for more information.
E-30
Storage and Care of KODAK Photographic
Materials—Before and After Processing
E-58
Print Grain Index
E-71
Retouching Color Negatives
E-4021
KODAK PROFESSIONAL PORTRA and SUPRA
ENDURA Papers
E-4020
KODAK PROFESSIONAL ULTRA ENDURA Paper
E-4038
KODAK PROFESSIONAL ENDURA Transparency
and Clear Display Materials
E-4028
KODAK PROFESSIONAL ENDURA Metallic
Paper
E-4035
KODAK PROFESSIONAL ULTRA COLOR 100UC
and 400UC Films
J-38
Using KODAK FLEXICOLOR Chemicals in
Sink-Line, Bath, and Rotary-Tube Processors
Z-131
Using KODAK FLEXICOLOR Chemicals
Kodak, Kodak Professional, Endura, Estar, Flexicolor, Portra, Supra, T-Grain, Ultra, and
Wratten are trademarks.
New 9-10
Printed in U.S.A.
KODAK PROFESSIONAL PORTRA 400
Film
KODAK Publication No. E-4050
Film & Photofinishing Systems Group
EASTMAN KODAK COMPANY • ROCHESTER, NY 14650
For the latest version of technical support publications for KODAK
PROFESSIONAL Products, visit Kodak on-line at:
http://www.kodak.com/go/professional
If you have questions about KODAK PROFESSIONAL Products,
call Kodak.
In the U.S.A.:
1-800-242-2424, Ext. 19, Monday–Friday
9 a.m.–7 p.m. (Eastern time)
In Canada:
1-800-465-6325, Monday–Friday
8 a.m.–5 p.m. (Eastern time)
Note: The Kodak materials described in this publication for
use with KODAK PROFESSIONAL PORTRA Films are
available from dealers who supply KODAK
PROFESSIONAL Products. You can use other materials,
but you may not obtain similar results.
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