material safety data sheet
MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET
Prepared to U.S. OSHA, CMA, ANSI and Canadian WHMIS Standards
1. PRODUCT IDENTIFICATION
CHEMICAL NAME; CLASS:
CHEMICAL FAMILY: Inorganic Gas Mixture
AMMONIA/AIR GAS MIXTURE
PRODUCT USE:
Calibration Standard and Research Mixture
MANUFACTURER
MATHESON TRI-GAS, INC.
959 ROUTE 46 EAST
PARSIPPANY, NJ 07054-0624
USA
Phone: 973/257-1100
EMERGENCY PHONE:
CHEMTREC DOMESTIC U.S.:
CHEMTREC INTERNATIONAL:
1-800-424-9300
1-703-527-3887
CANUTEC (CANADA):
1-613-996-6666
2. COMPOSITION and INFORMATION ON INGREDIENTS
(10,000 ppm = 1%)
CHEMICAL
NAME
CAS #
mole %
EXPOSURE LIMITS IN AIR
ACGIH-TLV
Ammonia
7664-41-7
0.1 to
15.99%
Air
(compressed,
atmospheric)
7727-37-9
Balance
OSHA-STEL
NIOSH
OTHER
TWA
ppm
STEL
ppm
TWA
ppm
STEL
ppm
TWA
ppm
STEL
ppm
IDLH
ppm
25
35
50
35
(Vacated
1989
PEL)
25
35
300
ppm
DFG MAKs:
TWA = 20
PEAK = 2•MAK, 5
min., momentary
value
DFG MAK
Pregnancy Risk
Classification: C
Compressed air is a mixture of approximately 79% Nitrogen, approximately 21% Oxygen
and other trace gases. No exposure limits are applicable to Air, Nitrogen or Oxygen.
NOTE: All WHMIS required information is included. It is located in appropriate sections based on the ANSI Z400.1-1998 format. This product has
been classified in accordance with the hazard criteria of the CPR and the MSDS contains all the information required by the CPR.
NE = Not Established
See Section 16 for Definitions of Terms Used.
AMMONIA, AIR GAS MIXTURE MSDS
PAGE 1 OF 11
EFFECTIVE DATE: JUNE 8, 2005
MATH0010
3. HAZARD IDENTIFICATION
EMERGENCY OVERVIEW: This gas mixture is colorless and has a mild to strong and suffocating Ammonia
odor (depending of level of Ammonia). The Ammonia component of this gas mixture can be extremely
irritating or corrosive at levels possible in this mixture. When the level of Ammonia is at lower levels (less than
1%), irritation of the eyes, skin and respiratory system may occur. When this gas mixture contains a higher
level of Ammonia is at higher levels (greater than 1%), over-exposures to this gas mixture may result in
severe irritation to the eyes, skin, mucous membranes, and other exposed tissue. Delayed pulmonary
damage and breathing difficulty may occur. Severe over-exposures can be fatal. This gas mixture is not
flammable or reactive. Persons who respond to releases of this product must protect themselves from
inhalation of the mixture, especially in areas which are downwind of the release. Extreme caution must be
used when responding to releases. Emergency responders must wear appropriate personal protective
equipment for the situation to which they are responding.
SYMPTOMS OF OVER-EXPOSURE BY ROUTE OF EXPOSURE: The most significant route of over-exposure
for this product is by inhalation.
INHALATION: The Ammonia component of this gas mixture can be extremely irritating or corrosive. At
lower Ammonia concentration levels, this gas mixture may irritate the lungs and throat. When Ammonia
levels are higher, inhalation over-exposures to this gas mixture may result in severe irritation and burns
of mucous membranes, throat and lungs. Delayed pulmonary damage and breathing difficulty may also
occur. Severe inhalation over-exposures can be fatal.
As a result of severe over-exposures to this gas mixture, permanent lung injury may occur.
Prolonged or repeated over-exposures to this gas mixture may cause impaired lung function,
bronchitis, or emphysema.
Note: symptoms can develop after over-exposure to concentrations of Ammonia in ranges which exist
in this gas mixture. The onset of the symptoms of pulmonary edema can be delayed for hours or
days after the exposure.
CONCENTRATION
OF AMMONIA
0.6 - 53 ppm
OBSERVED EFFECT
Odor Threshold
25 - 50 ppm
Irritation of the eyes and mucous membranes, which can be
tolerated for several hours.
100 - 150 ppm
Immediate irritation of the throat, which may be tolerated for an
hour.
400 - 700 ppm
Immediate, severe irritation of the respiratory system and eyes
occurs. This concentration of Ammonia is intolerable for even brief
exposure.
> 5000 ppm
This level of exposure may result in rapid death due to suffocation or
fluid in the lungs. Exposure to concentrations in excess of 5000 ppm
may cause laryngeal spasms, resulting in death.
NOTE:
This gas mixture contains 1-500 ppm Ammonia. Data pertinent to
higher concentrations of Ammonia are provided to give complete
information on effects observed in humans after over-exposures
have occurred.
CONTACT WITH SKIN or EYES: When Ammonia levels are low, this gas mixture may be irritating to the
skin. When Ammonia levels are higher in the mixture, severe irritation of the skin may occur. When this
mixture contains low levels of Ammonia (less than 1%) contact of this gas with the eyes, will cause
watering, pain and irritation. Repeated, low level skin contact may result in dermatitis (dry, red, itchy
skin). When the Ammonia is at concentration, contact with the eyes may cause severe injury and
swelling of the eye tissue. Temporary vision impairment or permanent damage or blindness may occur.
Contact with rapidly expanding gases (which are released under high pressure) may cause frostbite.
SKIN ABSORPTION: Skin absorption is a significant route of exposure for Ammonia following prolonged
low-level exposure.
AMMONIA, AIR GAS MIXTURE MSDS
PAGE 2 OF 11
EFFECTIVE DATE: JUNE 8, 2005
MATH0010
3. HAZARD IDENTIFICATION (Continued)
HEALTH EFFECTS OR RISKS FROM EXPOSURE: Over-exposure to this gas mixture may cause the
following health effects:
ACUTE: At lower Ammonia concentrations, over-exposure to this gas mixture will irritate the skin, eyes and
respiratory system. Over-exposures when Ammonia level is higher may result in severe irritation and
burns of eyes, skin, mucous membranes, and any other exposed tissue. If high concentrations of this
gas mixture are inhaled, delayed pulmonary damage and breathing difficulty may occur. Severe
inhalation over-exposures can be fatal, as a result of lung damage.
CHRONIC: Prolonged or repeated inhalation over-exposures to this gas mixture may cause impaired lung
function and emphysema. Repeated skin contact with low levels may cause dermatitis. Refer to Section
11 (Toxicology Information) for additional data.
TARGET ORGANS: ACUTE: Respiratory system, skin, eyes. CHRONIC: Skin, respiratory system.
HMIS RATING: HEALTH HAZARD = 3
FLAMMABILITY HAZARD = 0
INSTABILITY HAZARD = 0
Hazard Scale: 0 = Minimal 1 = Slight 2 = Moderate 3 = Serious 4 = Severe
4. FIRST-AID MEASURES
GENERAL INFORMATION: In cases of over exposure, delayed onset of life-threatening symptoms may occur.
Remove to fresh air, as quickly as possible. Only trained personnel should administer supplemental oxygen
and/or cardio-pulmonary resuscitation, if necessary. Seek medical attention immediately.
SKIN EXPOSURE: If this gas mixture has contaminated the skin, immediately begin decontamination with
running water. Minimum flushing is for 15 minutes. Remove exposed or contaminated clothing, taking care
not to contaminate eyes. Seek immediate medical attention.
EYE EXPOSURE: If this gas enters the eyes, open exposed eyes while under gentle running water. Use
sufficient force to open eyelids. “Roll" eyes. Minimum flushing is for 15 minutes.
MEDICAL CONDITIONS AGGRAVATED BY EXPOSURE: Acute or chronic respiratory conditions, skin
conditions, or eye disorders may be aggravated by over-exposure to the components of this gas mixture.
5. FIRE-FIGHTING MEASURES
FLASH POINT: Not applicable.
NFPA RATING
AUTOIGNITION TEMPERATURE: Not applicable
FLAMMABILITY
FLAMMABLE LIMITS (in air by volume, %):
Lower (LEL): Not applicable.
Upper (UEL): Not applicable.
0
HEALTH
FIRE EXTINGUISHING MATERIALS: Use extinguishing materials
appropriate for surrounding materials involved in the fire. Water spray
should be used to cool fire-exposed containers.
0
3
INSTABILITY
OTHER
UNUSUAL FIRE AND EXPLOSION HAZARD: The Ammonia component
See Section 16 for
of this gas mixture is severely irritating and presents a significant health
Definition
of Ratings
hazard to firefighters in the concentrations present in this gas mixture.
Ammonia is lighter than air, but conditions associated with a release can cause it to accumulate in low-lying
areas.
EXPLOSION SENSITIVITY TO MECHANICAL IMPACT: Not sensitive.
EXPLOSION SENSITIVITY TO STATIC DISCHARGE: Not sensitive.
AMMONIA, AIR GAS MIXTURE MSDS
PAGE 3 OF 11
EFFECTIVE DATE: JUNE 8, 2005
MATH0010
5. FIRE-FIGHTING MEASURES (Continued)
SPECIAL FIRE-FIGHTING PROCEDURES: Incipient fire responders should wear eye protection. Structural
fire fighters must wear Self-Contained Breathing Apparatus and full protective equipment. Use a water
spray or fog to reduce or direct vapors. Do not direct a water spray at the source of a release. Water spray
should be used with care. Approach fire from an upwind direction, to prevent over-exposure to this gas
mixture. If this product is involved in a fire, fire run-off water should be contained to prevent possible
environmental damage.
6. ACCIDENTAL RELEASE MEASURES
LEAK RESPONSE: Uncontrolled releases should be responded to by trained personnel using pre-planned
procedures. Proper protective equipment should be used In the event of a significant release from a single
cylinder. Call CHEMTREC (1-800-424-9300) for emergency assistance. Or if in Canada, call CANUTEC
(613-996-6666).
Attempt to close the main source valve prior to entering the area. If this does not stop the release (or if it is
not possible to reach the valve), allow the gas to release in-place or remove it to a safe area and allow the
gas to be released there. Monitor the surrounding area for the presence of Ammonia, and oxygen. The level
of must be below those listed in Section 2 (Composition and Information on Ingredients) and the atmosphere
must have at least 19.5 percent oxygen before personnel can be allowed in the area without Self-Contained
Breathing Apparatus.
7. HANDLING and USE
WORK PRACTICES AND HYGIENE PRACTICES
Do not eat or drink while handling chemicals.
Be aware of all potential exposure symptoms; exposures to fatal concentrations of this product could occur
without any significant warning symptoms.
All work operations should be monitored in such a way that emergency personnel can be immediately
contacted in the event of a release.
Workers who handle this gas mixture should wear protective clothing, as listed in Section 8 (Exposure
Controls and Personal Protection).
Instant-acting showers should be available in the event of an emergency.
Eye-wash fountains or similar equipment should be available for eye irrigation.
If ventilation controls are not adequate to control exposure to this gas mixture, proper respiratory
protection equipment should be provided and workers using such equipment should be carefully
trained in its operation and limitations.
Precautions must always be taken to prevent suck-back of foreign materials into the cylinder by using a
check-valve, or vacuum break, since suck-back may cause dangerous pressure changes within the
cylinder.
STORAGE AND HANDLING PRACTICES: Cylinders should be stored upright and be firmly secured to
prevent falling or being knocked-over. Cylinders can be stored in the open, but in such cases, should be
protected against extremes of weather and from the dampness of the ground to prevent rusting. Cylinders
should be stored in dry, well-ventilated areas away from sources of heat or ignition. Do not allow area where
cylinders are stored to exceed 52°C (125°F).
SPECIAL PRECAUTIONS FOR HANDLING GAS CYLINDERS: Compressed gases can present significant
safety hazards. The following rules are applicable to work situations in which cylinders are being used.
Before Use: Move cylinders with a suitable hand-truck. Do not drag, slide or roll cylinders. Do not drop
cylinders or permit them to strike each other. Secure cylinders firmly. Leave the valve protection cap
(where provided) in-place until cylinder is ready for use.
During Use: Use designated CGA fittings and other support equipment. Do not use adapters. Do not use
oils or grease on gas-handling fittings or equipment. Immediately contact the supplier if there are any
difficulties associated with operating the cylinder valve. Never insert an object (e.g wrench, screwdriver,
pry bar, etc.) into valve cap openings. Doing so may damage the valve, causing a leak to occur. Use an
adjustable strap wrench to remove over-tight or rusted caps. Never strike an arc, on a compressed gas
cylinder or make a cylinder part of and electric circuit.
AMMONIA, AIR GAS MIXTURE MSDS
PAGE 4 OF 11
EFFECTIVE DATE: JUNE 8, 2005
MATH0010
7. HANDLING and USE (Continued)
SPECIAL PRECAUTIONS FOR HANDLING GAS CYLINDERS (continued):
Use: Close main cylinder valve. Replace valve protection cap. Close valve after each use and when
empty. Mark empty cylinders “EMPTY”.
PROTECTIVE PRACTICES DURING MAINTENANCE OF CONTAMINATED EQUIPMENT: Refer to current
CGA Guidelines for information on protective practices during maintenance of contaminated equipment.
8. EXPOSURE CONTROLS - PERSONAL PROTECTION
VENTILATION AND ENGINEERING CONTROLS: Use with adequate ventilation to ensure compliance with
exposure limits described in Section 2 (Composition and Information on Ingredients). Local exhaust
ventilation is preferred, because it prevents dispersion of this gas mixture into the work place by eliminating it
at its source. If appropriate, install automatic monitoring equipment to detect the level of Ammonia, and
Oxygen. Eye wash stations/safety showers should be near areas where this product is used or stored.
RESPIRATORY PROTECTION: Maintain the level of Ammonia below those listed in Section 2 (Composition
and Information on Ingredients) and oxygen levels above 19.5% in the workplace. If necessary, use only
respiratory protection authorized in the U.S. Federal OSHA Respiratory Protection Standard (29 CFR
1910.134), or equivalent U.S. State standards and Canadian CSA Standard Z94.4-93. Oxygen levels below
19.5% are considered IDLH by OSHA. In such atmospheres, use of a full-facepiece pressure/demand
SCBA or a full facepiece, supplied air respirator with auxiliary self-contained air supply is required under
OSHA’s Respiratory Protection Standard (1910.134-1998). The following are NIOSH respiratory guidelines
for Ammonia.
AMMONIA
CONCENTRATION
RESPIRATORY PROTECTION
Up to 250 ppm:
Any Chemical Cartridge Respirator with cartridge(s), or any Supplied-Air
Respirator (SAR).
Up to 300 ppm:
Any SAR operated in a continuous-flow mode, or any Powered, Air-Purifying
Respirator with cartridge(s), or any Chemical Cartridge Respirator with a full
facepiece and cartridge(s), or any Air-Purifying, Full-Facepiece Respirator (gas
mask) with a chin-style, front- or back-mounted canister, or any Self-Contained
Breathing Apparatus (SCBA) with a full facepiece, or any SAR with a full
facepiece.
Emergency or Planned Entry into Unknown Concentrations or IDLH Conditions: Any SCBA that has a full
facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure
mode, or any SAR that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressuredemand or other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary SCBA
operated in pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode.
Escape:
Any Air-Purifying, Full-Facepiece Respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, frontor back-mounted canister, or any appropriate escape-type, SCBA.
EYE PROTECTION: Splash goggles or safety glasses. If necessary, refer to U.S. OSHA 29 CFR 1910.133,
or appropriate Canadian Standards.
HAND PROTECTION: Chemically resistant gloves should be worn when using this gas mixture. Wear
mechanically-resistant gloves when handling cylinders containing this gas mixture. If necessary, refer to
U.S. OSHA 29 CFR 1910.138, or appropriate Standards of Canada.
BODY PROTECTION: Use body protection appropriate for task. Transfer of large quantities under pressure
may require protective equipment appropriate to the task. If a hazard of injury to the feet exists due to falling
objects, rolling objects, where objects may pierce the soles of the feet or where employee’s feet may be
exposed to electrical hazards, foot protection should be used, as described in U.S. OSHA 29 CFR
1910.136.
AMMONIA, AIR GAS MIXTURE MSDS
PAGE 5 OF 11
EFFECTIVE DATE: JUNE 8, 2005
MATH0010
9. PHYSICAL and CHEMICAL PROPERTIES
Unless otherwise specified, the following information is for Air, the main component of this gas mixture:
EVAPORATION RATE (nBuAc = 1): Not applicable.
GAS DENSITY: 0.07493 lb/cu ft (1.2 kg/m3)
SPECIFIC GRAVITY (air = 1): 1
FREEZING POINT: -216.2°C (-357.2°F)
SOLUBILITY IN WATER: 0.0292
BOILING POINT( @ 1 atmos.): -194.3°C (-137.8°F)
EXPANSION RATIO: Not applicable.
SPECIFIC VOLUME (ft3/lb): 13.346
ODOR THRESHOLD: 0.6-53 ppm (Ammonia)
MOLECULAR WEIGHT: 28.975
VAPOR PRESSURE (psia): Not applicable.
COEFFICIENT WATER/OIL DISTRIBUTION: Not applicable.
The following information is pertinent to this product:
APPEARANCE, ODOR AND COLOR: This gas mixture is colorless with a mild to strong and suffocating
Ammonia odor, depending on level of Ammonia present.
HOW TO DETECT THIS SUBSTANCE (warning properties): This gas mixture may be lighter than air and
fumes could fume strongly in moist air, producing a cloud of ammonium hydroxide mist. In terms of leak
detection, fittings and joints can be painted with a soap solution to detect leaks, which will be indicated by
a bubble formation. Area monitoring should be performed using appropriate equipment.
10. STABILITY and REACTIVITY
STABILITY: Stable at standard temperatures and pressures.
DECOMPOSITION PRODUCTS: Will react with water or moist air to ammonium hydroxide mist.
MATERIALS WITH WHICH SUBSTANCE IS INCOMPATIBLE: The Ammonia component is not compatible
with most metals, acids, oxidizers. Ammonia can form explosive compounds with mercury, gold or silver.
Ammonia reacts violently with telluriumtetra bromide and tetrachloride, chlorine, bromine, fluorine, or the
interhalogen compounds, and with acid halides, ethylene oxide, and hypochlorites (including household
bleach). Poisoning or death can occur if ammonia (or ammonia-containing products) is mixed with
household bleach. .
HAZARDOUS POLYMERIZATION: Will not occur.
CONDITIONS TO AVOID: Contact with incompatible materials and exposure to moisture. Cylinders exposed
to high temperatures or direct flame can rupture or burst.
11. TOXICOLOGICAL INFORMATION
TOXICITY DATA: The following are human toxicity data, LD50 oral-rat data, mutation data and select LCLo and
TCLo data for the components of this gas mixture (which are present at a level greater than 1 mole%).
Additional animal data are available for the components, but are not being presented in this MSDS.
AMMONIA:
LCLo (inhalation, human) = 30,000 ppm/ 5 minutes
TCLo (inhalation, human) = 20 ppm; irritation
LDLo (unknown, man) = 132 mg/kg
LD50 (oral, rat) = 350 mg/kg
SUSPECTED CANCER AGENT: The components of this gas mixture are not found on the following lists:
FEDERAL OSHA Z LIST, IARC, NTP, CAL/OSHA, and therefore is not considered to be, nor suspected to
be a cancer-causing agent by these agencies.
IRRITANCY OF PRODUCT: Depending on the level of Ammonia, this gas mixture can be severely irritating to
contaminated tissue.
SENSITIZATION TO THE PRODUCT: The components of this product not known to be skin or respiratory
sensitizers.
AMMONIA, AIR GAS MIXTURE MSDS
PAGE 6 OF 11
EFFECTIVE DATE: JUNE 8, 2005
MATH0010
11. TOXICOLOGICAL INFORMATION (Continued)
REPRODUCTIVE TOXICITY INFORMATION: Listed below is information concerning the effects of the
components of this gas mixture on the human reproductive system.
Mutagenicity: This gas mixture is not expected to cause mutagenic effects in humans.
Embryotoxicity: This gas mixture has not been reported to cause embryotoxic effects in humans.
Teratogenicity: This gas mixture contains a component that can cause teratogenic effects in humans.
Reproductive Toxicity: This gas mixture is not expected to cause adverse reproductive effects in humans.
BIOLOGICAL EXPOSURE INDICES (BEIs): There are no Biological Exposure Indices (BEIs) determined for
the components of this gas mixture.
12. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION
ENVIRONMENTAL STABILITY: This gas mixture will be dissipated rapidly in well-ventilated areas.
EFFECT OF MATERIAL ON PLANTS or ANIMALS: Due to the potentially corrosive nature of this gas
mixture, animals exposed to this product may experience tissue damage, burns, and may be killed. Plants
contaminated with this product may be adversely affected.
EFFECT OF CHEMICAL ON AQUATIC LIFE: The Ammonia component of this gas mixture will hydrolyze and
form ammonium hydroxide mist when in contact with water. In the unlikely event that a release of this
product occurs near a river or other body of water, fish and other aquatic life may be harmed.
13. DISPOSAL CONSIDERATIONS
PREPARING WASTES FOR DISPOSAL: Waste disposal must be in accordance with appropriate Federal,
State, and local regulations. Return cylinders with any residual product to Matheson Tri-Gas. Do not
dispose of locally.
14. TRANSPORTATION INFORMATION
THIS MATERIAL IS HAZARDOUS AS DEFINED BY 49 CFR 172.101 BY THE U.S. DEPARTMENT OF
TRANSPORTATION.
PROPER SHIPPING NAME:
Compressed gases, n.o.s. (Air, Ammonia)
HAZARD CLASS NUMBER and DESCRIPTION:
2.2 (Non-Flammable Gas)
UN IDENTIFICATION NUMBER:
UN 1956
PACKING GROUP:
Not Non-Flammable Gas
NORTH AMERICAN EMERGENCY RESPONSE GUIDEBOOK NUMBER (2004): 126
MARINE POLLUTANT: The components of this gas mixture are not classified by the DOT as a Marine
Pollutants (as defined by 49 CFR 172.101, Appendix B).
SPECIAL SHIPPING INFORMATION: Cylinders should be transported in a secure position, in a wellventilated vehicle. The transportation of compressed gas cylinders in automobiles or in closed-body
vehicles present serious safety hazards and should be discouraged.
NOTE: Shipment of compressed gas cylinders which have not been filled with the owner’s consent is
a violation of Federal law (49 CFR, Part 173.301 (b).
AMMONIA, AIR GAS MIXTURE MSDS
PAGE 7 OF 11
EFFECTIVE DATE: JUNE 8, 2005
MATH0010
14. TRANSPORTATION INFORMATION (Continued)
TRANSPORT CANADA TRANSPORTATION OF DANGEROUS GOODS REGULATIONS: This gas mixture
is considered as dangerous goods, per regulations of Transport Canada.
PROPER SHIPPING NAME:
Compressed gases, n.o.s. (Air, Ammonia)
HAZARD CLASS NUMBER and DESCRIPTION:
2.2 (Non-Flammable Gas)
UN IDENTIFICATION NUMBER:
UN 1956
PACKING GROUP:
Not Applicable
HAZARD LABEL:
2.2 (Non-Flammable Gas)
SPECIAL PROVISIONS:
None
EXPLOSIVE LIMIT AND LIMITED QUANTITY INDEX: 0.125
ERAP INDEX:
None
PASSENGER CARRYING SHIP INDEX:
None
PASSENGER CARRYING ROAD VEHICLE OR PASSENGER CARRYING RAILWAY VEHICLE INDEX:
75
NORTH AMERICAN EMERGENCY RESPONSE GUIDEBOOK NUMBER (2004): 126
NOTE: Shipment of compressed gas cylinders via Public Passenger Road Vehicle is a violation of
Canadian law (Transport Canada Transportation of Dangerous Goods Act, 1992).
SPECIAL SHIPPING INFORMATION: Cylinders should be transported in a secure position, in a wellventilated vehicle. The transportation of compressed gas cylinders in automobiles or in closed-body
vehicles present serious safety hazards and should be discouraged.
15. REGULATORY INFORMATION
ADDITIONAL U.S. REGULATIONS:
U.S. SARA REPORTING REQUIREMENTS: The components of this product are subject to the reporting
requirements of Sections 302, 304 and 313 of Title III of the Superfund Amendments and
Reauthorization Act., as follows:
COMPOUND
SARA 302
(40 CFR 355, Appendix A)
SARA 304
(40 CFR Table 302.4)
SARA 313
(40 CFR 372.65)
YES
YES
YES
Ammonia
U.S. SARA THRESHOLD PLANNING QUANTITY: Ammonia = 500 lb (227 kg)
U.S. SARA HAZARD CATEGORIES (SECTION 311/312, 40 CFR 370-21): ACUTE: Yes; CHRONIC: Yes;
FIRE: No; REACTIVE: No; SUDDEN RELEASE: Yes
U.S. TSCA INVENTORY STATUS: Components of this product are listed on the TSCA Inventory.
U.S. CERCLA REPORTABLE QUANTITY (RQ): Ammonia = 100 lb (454 kg)
OTHER U.S. FEDERAL REGULATIONS: Ammonia is subject to the reporting requirements of CFR 29
1910.1000. Ammonia is listed on Table Z.1. Ammonia is subject to the reporting requirements of
Section 112(r) of the Clean Air Act. The Threshold Quantity of Ammonia is 10,000 lbs. Ammonia is
regulated under the Process Safety Management of Highly Hazardous Chemicals (29 CFR 1910.119).
Depending on specific operations involving the use of this product, the threshold quantity for Ammonia is
10,000 lbs. Ammonia is listed as a Regulated Substance in quantities of 10,000 lbs (4,553 kg) or
greater, per 40 CFR, Part 68, of the Risk Management for Chemical Accidental Release Prevention.
However, Ammonia when used as an agricultural nutrient, and when held by farmers, is exempt from all
provisions of this regulation.
CALIFORNIA SAFE DRINKING WATER AND TOXIC ENFORCEMENT ACT (PROPOSITION 65): No
component of this product is on the California Proposition 65 lists.
LABELING: If cylinders of this gas mixture should be labeled for precautionary information per the
guidelines of the CGA. Refer to the CGA for further information.
AMMONIA, AIR GAS MIXTURE MSDS
PAGE 8 OF 11
EFFECTIVE DATE: JUNE 8, 2005
MATH0010
15. REGULATORY INFORMATION (Continued)
ADDITIONAL CANADIAN REGULATIONS:
CANADIAN DSL/NDSL INVENTORY STATUS: The components of this product are listed on the DSL
Inventory.
OTHER CANADIAN REGULATIONS: Not applicable.
CANADIAN ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION ACT (CEPA) PRIORITIES SUBSTANCES LISTS: The
components of this product are not on the CEPA Priorities Substances Lists.
CANADIAN WHMIS CLASSIFICATION and SYMBOLS: This gas mixture would be categorized as a
Controlled Product, Hazard Classes: A (compressed gas), D2A (chronic toxic effects), and D2B (skin &
eye irritation) as per the Controlled Product Regulations. The following symbols are required for WHMIS
compliance for this gas mixture.
16. OTHER INFORMATION
CREATION DATE: May 10, 2000
REVISION DATE: June 7, 2005
REVISION HISTORY: Review and up-date of entire MSDS, June 2005.
MIXTURES: When two or more gases or liquefied gases are mixed, their hazardous properties may combine to create
additional, unexpected hazards. Obtain and evaluate the safety information for each component before you use
the mixture. Consult an Industrial Hygienist or other trained person when you make your safety evaluation of the
end product. Remember, gases and liquids have properties which can cause serious injury or death.
Further information can be found in the following pamphlets published by: Compressed Gas Association Inc. (CGA),
1725 Jefferson Davis Highway, Suite 1004, Arlington, VA 22202-4102. Telephone: (703) 412-0900.
“Safe Handling of Compressed Gases in Containers” (P-1, 1999)
“Safe Handling and Storage of Compressed Gases” (AV-1, 1999)
“Handbook of Compressed Gases” (1992)
PREPARED BY:
CHEMICAL SAFETY ASSOCIATES, Inc.
PO Box 3519, La Mesa, CA 91944-3519
800/441-3365
DEFINITIONS OF TERMS
A large number of abbreviations and acronyms appear on a MSDS. Some of these which are commonly used include the following:
CAS #: This is the Chemical Abstract Service Number that
EXPOSURE LIMITS IN AIR (continued):
uniquely identifies each constituent.
NE:
Not Established. When no exposure guidelines are
established, an entry of NE is made for reference.
EXPOSURE LIMITS IN AIR:
NIC: Notice of Intended Change.
CEILING LEVEL: The concentration that shall not be exceeded
NIOSH CEILING: The exposure that shall not be exceeded during
during any part of the working exposure.
any part of the workday. If instantaneous monitoring is not feasible,
DFG MAK Pregnancy Risk Group Classification: Group A: A
the ceiling shall be assumed as a 15-minute TWA exposure (unless
risk of damage to the developing embryo or fetus has been
otherwise specified) that shall not be exceeded at any time during a
unequivocally demonstrated. Exposure of pregnant women can
workday.
lead to damage of the developing organism, even when MAK and
NIOSH RELs: NIOSH’s Recommended Exposure Limits.
BAT (Biological Tolerance Value for Working Materials) values are
PEL-Permissible Exposure Limit: OSHA’s Permissible Exposure
observed. Group B: Currently available information indicates a risk
Limits. This exposure value means exactly the same as a TLV,
of damage to the developing embryo or fetus must be considered to
except that it is enforceable by OSHA.
be probable. Damage to the developing organism cannot be
The OSHA Permissible Exposure Limits are based in the 1989
excluded when pregnant women are exposed, even when MAK and
PELs and the June, 1993 Air Contaminants Rule (Federal Register:
BAT values are observed. Group C: There is no reason to fear a
58: 35338-35351 and 58: 40191). Both the current PELs and the
risk of damage to the developing embryo or fetus when MAK and
vacated PELs are indicated. The phrase, “Vacated 1989 PEL,” is
BAT values are observed. Group D: Classification in one of the
placed next to the PEL that was vacated by Court Order.
groups A-C is not yet possible because, although the data available
SKIN: Used when a there is a danger of cutaneous absorption.
may indicate a trend, they are not sufficient for final evaluation.
STEL-Short Term Exposure Limit: Short Term Exposure Limit,
LOQ: Limit of Quantitation.
usually a 15-minute time-weighted average (TWA) exposure that
MAK: Federal Republic of Germany Maximum Concentration
should not be exceeded at any time during a workday, even if the 8Values in the workplace.
hr TWA is within the TLV-TWA, PEL-TWA or REL-TWA.
AMMONIA, AIR GAS MIXTURE MSDS
PAGE 9 OF 11
EFFECTIVE DATE: JUNE 8, 2005
MATH0010
16. OTHER INFORMATION (Continued)
DEFINITIONS OF TERMS (continued)
EXPOSURE LIMITS IN AIR (continued):
TLV-Threshold Limit Value: An airborne concentration of a
substance that represents conditions under which it is generally
believed that nearly all workers may be repeatedly exposed without
adverse effect. The duration must be considered, including the 8hour.
TWA-Time Weighted Average: Time Weighted Average exposure
concentration for a conventional 8-hr (TLV, PEL) or up to a 10-hr
(REL) workday and a 40-hr workweek.
IDLH-Immediately Dangerous to Life and Health: This level
represents a concentration from which one can escape within 30minutes without suffering escape-preventing or permanent injury.
HAZARDOUS MATERIALS IDENTIFICATION SYSTEM
HAZARD RATINGS: This rating system was developed by the
National Paint and Coating Association and has been adopted by
industry to identify the degree of chemical hazards.
HEALTH HAZARD:
0 (Minimal Hazard: No significant health risk, irritation of skin or
eyes not anticipated. Skin Irritation: Essentially non-irritating. PII or
Draize = “0”. Eye Irritation: Essentially non-irritating, or minimal
effects which clear in < 24 hours [e.g. mechanical irritation]. Draize
= “0”. Oral Toxicity LD50 Rat: < 5000 mg/kg. Dermal Toxicity
LD50Rat or Rabbit: < 2000 mg/kg. Inhalation Toxicity 4-hrs LC50 Rat:
< 20 mg/L.); 1 (Slight Hazard: Minor reversible Injury may occur;
slightly or mildly irritating. Skin Irritation: Slightly or mildly irritating.
Eye Irritation: Slightly or mildly irritating. Oral Toxicity LD50 Rat: >
500-5000 mg/kg. Dermal Toxicity LD50Rat or Rabbit: > 1000-2000
mg/kg. Inhalation Toxicity LC50 4-hrs Rat: > 2-20 mg/L); 2 (Moderate
Hazard: Temporary or transitory injury may occur. Skin Irritation:
Moderately irritating; primary irritant; sensitizer. PII or Draize > 0, <
5. Eye Irritation: Moderately to severely irritating and/or corrosive;
reversible corneal opacity; corneal involvement or irritation clearing
in 8-21 days. Draize > 0, < 25. Oral Toxicity LD50 Rat: > 50-500
mg/kg. Dermal Toxicity LD50Rat or Rabbit: > 200-1000 mg/kg.
Inhalation Toxicity LC50 4-hrs Rat: > 0.5-2 mg/L.); 3 (Serious
Hazard: Major injury likely unless prompt action is taken and
medical treatment is given; high level of toxicity; corrosive. Skin
Irritation: Severely irritating and/or corrosive; may destroy dermal
tissue, cause skin burns, dermal necrosis. PII or Draize > 5-8 with
destruction of tissue. Eye Irritation:
Corrosive, irreversible
destruction of ocular tissue; corneal involvement or irritation
persisting for more than 21 days. Draize > 80 with effects
irreversible in 21 days. Oral Toxicity LD50 Rat: > 1-50 mg/kg.
Dermal Toxicity LD50Rat or Rabbit: > 20-200 mg/kg. Inhalation
Toxicity LC50 4-hrs Rat: > 0.05-0.5 mg/L.); 4 (Severe Hazard: Lifethreatening; major or permanent damage may result from single or
repeated exposure. Skin Irritation: Not appropriate. Do not rate as
a “4”, based on skin irritation alone. Eye Irritation: Not appropriate.
Do not rate as a “4”, based on eye irritation alone. Oral Toxicity LD50
Rat: < 1 mg/kg. Dermal Toxicity LD50Rat or Rabbit: < 20 mg/kg.
Inhalation Toxicity LC50 4-hrs Rat: < 0.05 mg/L).
FLAMMABILITY HAZARD:
0 (Minimal Hazard-Materials that will not burn in air when exposure
to a temperature of 815.5°C [1500°F] for a period of 5 minutes.); 1
(Slight Hazard-Materials that must be pre-heated before ignition can
occur. Material require considerable pre-heating, under all ambient
temperature conditions before ignition and combustion can occur,
Including: Materials that will burn in air when exposed to a
temperature of 815.5°C (1500°F) for a period of 5 minutes or less;
Liquids, solids and semisolids having a flash point at or above
93.3°C [200°F] (e.g. OSHA Class IIIB, or; Most ordinary combustible
materials [e.g. wood, paper, etc.]; 2 (Moderate Hazard-Materials that
must be moderately heated or exposed to relatively high ambient
temperatures before ignition can occur.
HAZARDOUS MATERIALS IDENTIFICATION SYSTEM
HAZARD RATINGS (continued):
FLAMMABILITY HAZARD (continued):
2 (continued): Materials in this degree would not, under normal
conditions, form hazardous atmospheres in air, but under high
ambient temperatures or moderate heating may release vapor in
sufficient quantities to produce hazardous atmospheres in air,
Including: Liquids having a flash-point at or above 37.8°C [100°F];
Solid materials in the form of course dusts that may burn rapidly but
that generally do not form explosive atmospheres; Solid materials in
a fibrous or shredded form that may burn rapidly and create flash
fire hazards (e.g. cotton, sisal, hemp; Solids and semisolids that
readily give off flammable vapors.); 3 (Serious Hazard- Liquids and
solids that can be ignited under almost all ambient temperature
conditions.
Materials in this degree produce hazardous
atmospheres with air under almost all ambient temperatures, or,
unaffected by ambient temperature, are readily ignited under almost
all conditions, including: Liquids having a flash point below 22.8°C
[73°F] and having a boiling point at or above 38°C [100°F] and
below 37.8°C [100°F] [e.g. OSHA Class IB and IC]; Materials that on
account of their physical form or environmental conditions can form
explosive mixtures with air and are readily dispersed in air [e.g.,
dusts of combustible solids, mists or droplets of flammable liquids];
Materials that burn extremely rapidly, usually by reason of selfcontained oxygen [e.g. dry nitrocellulose and many organic
peroxides]); 4 (Severe Hazard-Materials that will rapidly or
completely vaporize at atmospheric pressure and normal ambient
temperature or that are readily dispersed in air, and which will burn
readily, including:
Flammable gases; Flammable cryogenic
materials; Any liquid or gaseous material that is liquid while under
pressure and has a flash point below 22.8°C [73°F] and a boiling
point below 37.8°C [100°F] [e.g. OSHA Class IA; Material that ignite
spontaneously when exposed to air at a temperature of 54.4°C
[130°F] or below [e.g. pyrophoric]).
PHYSICAL HAZARD:
0 (Water Reactivity: Materials that do not react with water. Organic
Peroxides: Materials that are normally stable, even under fire
conditions and will not react with water. Explosives: Substances
that are Non-Explosive. Unstable Compressed Gases: No Rating.
Pyrophorics: No Rating. Oxidizers: No “0” rating allowed. Unstable
Reactives: Substances that will not polymerize, decompose,
condense or self-react.); 1 (Water Reactivity: Materials that change
or decompose upon exposure to moisture. Organic Peroxides:
Oxidizers: Packing Group II Solids: any material that, either in
concentration tested, exhibits a mean burning time of less than or
equal to the mean burning time of a 2:3 potassium
bromate/cellulose mixture and the criteria for Packing Group I are
not met. Liquids: any material that exhibits a mean pressure rise
time less than or equal to the pressure rise of a 1:1 aqueous sodium
chlorate solution (40%)/cellulose mixture and the criteria for Packing
Group I are not met. Unstable Reactives: Substances that may
polymerize, decompose, condense, or self-react at ambient
temperature and/or pressure, but have a low potential for significant
heat generation or explosion.
Substances that readily form
peroxides upon exposure to air or oxygen at room temperature); 3
(Water Reactivity: Materials that may form explosive reactions with
water. Organic Peroxides: Materials that are capable of detonation
or explosive reaction, but require a strong initiating source, or must
be heated under confinement before initiation; or materials that react
explosively with water. Explosives: Division 1.2 – Explosive
substances that have a fire hazard and either a minor blast hazard
or a minor projection hazard or both, but do not have a mass
explosion hazard. Compressed Gases: Pressure > 514.7 psi
absolute at 21.1°C (70°F) [500 psig]. Pyrophorics: No Rating.
AMMONIA, AIR GAS MIXTURE MSDS
PAGE 10 OF 11
EFFECTIVE DATE: JUNE 8, 2005
MATH0010
16. OTHER INFORMATION (Continued)
DEFINITIONS OF TERMS (Continued)
PHYSICAL HAZARD (continued):
3 (continued): Oxidizers: Packing Group I Solids: any material that,
in either concentration tested, exhibits a mean burning time less
than the mean burning time of a 3.:2 potassium bromate/cellulose
mixture. Liquids: Any material that spontaneously ignites when
mixed with cellulose in a 1:1 ratio, or which exhibits a mean
pressure rise time less than the pressure rise time of a 1:1
perchloric acid (50%)/cellulose mixture.
Unstable Reactives:
Substances that may polymerize, decompose, condense or selfreact at ambient temperature and/or pressure and have a moderate
potential to cause significant heat generation or explosion.); 4
(Water Reactivity: Materials that react explosively with water without
requiring heat or confinement. Organic Peroxides: Materials that
are readily capable of detonation or explosive decomposition at
normal temperature and pressures. Explosives: Division 1.1 & 1.2explosive substances that have a mass explosion hazard or have a
projection hazard. A mass explosion is one that affects almost the
entire load instantaneously. Compressed Gases: No Rating.
Pyrophorics: Add to the definition of Flammability “4”. Oxidizers:
No “4” rating.
Unstable Reactives:
Substances that may
polymerize, decompose, condense or self-react at ambient
temperature and/or pressure and have a high potential to cause
significant heat generation or explosion.).
NATIONAL FIRE PROTECTION ASSOCIATION HAZARD
RATINGS:
HEALTH HAZARD: 0 (material that on exposure under fire
conditions would offer no hazard beyond that of ordinary
combustible materials); 1 (materials that on exposure under fire
conditions could cause irritation or minor residual injury); 2
(materials that on intense or continued exposure under fire
conditions could cause temporary incapacitation or possible residual
injury); 3 (materials that can on short exposure could cause serious
temporary or residual injury); 4 (materials that under very short
exposure could cause death or major residual injury).
FLAMMABILITY HAZARD: 0 Materials that will not burn under
typical fire conditions, including intrinsically noncombustible
materials such as concrete, stone, and sand. 1 Materials that
must be preheated before ignition can occur. Materials in this
degree require considerable preheating, under all ambient
temperature conditions, before ignition and combustion can occur.
2 Materials that must be moderately heated or exposed to
relatively high ambient temperatures before ignition can occur.
Materials in this degree would not under normal conditions form
hazardous atmospheres with air, but under high ambient
temperatures or under moderate heating could release vapor in
sufficient quantities to produce hazardous atmospheres with air. 3
Liquids and solids that can be ignited under almost all ambient
temperature conditions. Materials in this degree produce
hazardous atmospheres with air under almost all ambient
temperatures or, though unaffected by ambient temperatures, are
readily ignited under almost all conditions. 4 Materials that will
rapidly or completely vaporize at atmospheric pressure and
normal ambient temperature or that are readily dispersed in air
and will burn readily.
INSTABILITY HAZARD: 0 Materials that in themselves are
normally stable, even under fire conditions. 1 Materials that in
themselves are normally stable, but that can become unstable at
elevated temperatures and pressures. 2 Materials that readily
undergo violent chemical change at elevated temperatures and
pressures. 3 Materials that in themselves are capable of
detonation or explosive decomposition or explosive reaction, but
that require a strong initiating source or that must be heated
under confinement before initiation.
4 Materials that in
themselves are readily capable of detonation or explosive
decomposition or explosive reaction at normal temperatures and
pressures.
FLAMMABILITY LIMITS IN AIR: Much of the information
related to fire and explosion is derived from the National Fire
Minimum
Protection Association (NFPA).
Flash Point temperature at which a liquid gives off sufficient vapors to form an
ignitable mixture with air. Autoignition Temperature: The minimum
temperature required to initiate combustion in air with no other
source of ignition. LEL - the lowest percent of vapor in air, by
volume, that will explode or ignite in the presence of an ignition
source. UEL - the highest percent of vapor in air, by volume, that will
explode or ignite in the presence of an ignition source.
TOXICOLOGICAL INFORMATION:
Human and Animal Toxicology: Possible health hazards as
derived from human data, animal studies, or from the results of
studies with similar compounds are presented. Definitions of some
terms used in this section are: LD50 - Lethal Dose (solids & liquids)
which kills 50% of the exposed animals; LC50 - Lethal Concentration
(gases) which kills 50% of the exposed animals; ppm concentration
expressed in parts of material per million parts of air or water;
3
mg/m concentration expressed in weight of substance per volume
of air; mg/kg quantity of material, by weight, administered to a test
subject, based on their body weight in kg. Other measures of toxicity
include TDLo, the lowest dose to cause a symptom and TCLo the
lowest concentration to cause a symptom; TDo, LDLo, and LDo, or
TC, TCo, LCLo, and LCo, the lowest dose (or concentration) to
cause lethal or toxic effects. Cancer Information: The sources
are: IARC - the International Agency for Research on Cancer; NTP the National Toxicology Program, RTECS - the Registry of Toxic
Effects of Chemical Substances, OSHA and CAL/OSHA. IARC and
NTP rate chemicals on a scale of decreasing potential to cause
human cancer with rankings from 1 to 4. Subrankings (2A, 2B, etc.)
are also used. Other Information: BEI - ACGIH Biological
Exposure Indices, represent the levels of determinants which are
most likely to be observed in specimens collected from a healthy
worker who has been exposed to chemicals to the same extent as a
worker with inhalation exposure to the TLV.
ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION:
BCF = Bioconcentration Factor, which is used to determine if a
substance will concentrate in lifeforms which consume
contaminated plant or animal matter; EC is the Effect Concentration
in water; EC50 is the Effect Concentration for 50% of the organisms
exposed; NOEC is the No Observed Effect Concentration; MATC is
the Maximum Acceptable Toxicant Concentration; NOLC is the No
Observed Lethal Concentration; TLm = median threshold limit;
Coefficient of Oil/Water Distribution is represented by log Kow or
log Koc and is used to assess a substance’s behavior in the
environment.
REGULATORY INFORMATION:
U.S. and CANADA:
ACGIH: American Conference of Governmental Industrial
Hygienists, a professional association which establishes exposure
limits. This section explains the impact of various laws and
regulations on the material. EPA is the U.S. Environmental
Protection Agency.
NIOSH is the National Institute of
Occupational Safety and Health, which is the research arm of the
U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA).
WHMIS is the Canadian Workplace Hazardous Materials
Information System. DOT and TC are the U.S. Department of
Transportation and the Transport Canada, respectively.
Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act (SARA); the
Canadian Domestic/Non-Domestic Substances List (DSL/NDSL);
the U.S. Toxic Substance Control Act (TSCA); Marine Pollutant
status according to the DOT; the Comprehensive Environmental
Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA or
Superfund); and various state regulations. This section also
includes information on the precautionary warnings which appear
on the material’s package label. OSHA - U.S. Occupational
Safety and Health Administration.
AMMONIA, AIR GAS MIXTURE MSDS
PAGE 11 OF 11
EFFECTIVE DATE: JUNE 8, 2005
MATH0010
Was this manual useful for you? yes no
Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Download PDF

advertisement