null  null
THE ULTIMATE GUIDE TO
MOUNTAIN BIKE TRAVEL
2
nd
EDITION
We all know the feeling of carving that left/right/left on your local trail,
the one you’ve ridden what seems like a few hundred times. It doesn’t even feel as if you had to
turn the bars to get through that old familiar section– it was like the gears changed themselves;
the brakes knew when to slow down; and your wheels were the ones driving you through the
trees. Perhaps you’ve been at it since the days of fully-rigid frames and steel everything, or
maybe you’ve only been riding for a handful of years. Regardless, somewhere along the way,
you’ve thought about the wonderful places your mountain bike could take you beyond your
local forests.
If that is the case, you’ve come to the right place. We’ve created this guide as a comprehensive
resource for anyone planning a mountain bike trip– whether you’re doing one entirely on your
own, with a guide or guiding company, or something in between.
At Sacred Rides, we’ve been leading mountain bike trips around the world since 1996 – we’ve
made a few mistakes along the way, but in the process we’ve also learned just about everything
there is to know about planning and executing a successful mountain bike trip – from when you
first start dreaming, all the way to stepping off the plane when you get home. And we want to
share that with you, in the hopes that it will help you pull off amazing mountain bike trips.
In this guide you’ll find tips on how to decide on the type of trip for you, how to book a cheap
flight, a comprehensive primer on travel insurance, maintenance tips, bike packing tips, and
more.
If you have any comments about any of the content in this guide, or there’s anything we
missed, just drop us a line at [email protected], or call us at 1-888-423-7849 (toll-free North
America) or +1-647-728-7930 (int’l). We’re always happy to talk mountain biking and travel!
We hope this guide serves you well for years to come (and yes, we will be updating it and
notifying you when updates are available).
Happy trails,
The Sacred Rides Office Team
Mike, Nate, James, Meagan, and Mark
2
TABLE OF CONTENTS
PLANNING YOUR TRIP.........................................................................................................................................4 THIRTEEN WAYS TO BE A MOUNTAIN BIKE AMBASSADOR ....................................................................................5 ON YOUR OWN OR WITH A GUIDE? ............................................................................................................................8 HOW TO ‘SELL’ A MOUNTAIN BIKE TRIP TO YOUR SIGNIFICANT OTHER ............................................................ 11 MOUNTAIN BIKE TIPS ...................................................................................................................................... 12 HOW TO SET UP YOUR MOUNTAIN BIKE............................................................................................................... 13 WHAT TO PACK WHEN GOING ON A MOUNTAIN BIKE RIDE ................................................................................... 19 PRE-­RIDE CHECKLIST ............................................................................................................................................. 20 TWO ON-­TRAIL MAINTENANCE TIPS TO SAVE YOUR RIDE ................................................................................. 21 TOP 7 TIPS ON KEEPING YOUR BIKE IN TIP-­TOP SHAPE ..................................................................................... 23 HOW TO ADJUST YOUR REAR DERAILLEUR .......................................................................................................... 26 10 AWESOME ACCESSORIES FOR “SERIOUS” MOUNTAIN BIKERS ........................................................................ 31 TRAINING, NUTRITION, AND HEALTH ........................................................................................................ 35 NUTRITION FOR BEFORE, DURING, AND AFTER YOUR RIDE .................................................................................. 36 STEVEN’S TOP 10 TRAINING TIPS ......................................................................................................................... 43 FOUR STRETCHES FOR YOUR NEXT ADVENTURE .................................................................................................. 46 6 EXERCISES TO GET YOU PRIMED FOR A MOUNTAIN BIKE TRIP ....................................................................... 48 THE SCIENTIFIC SEVEN-­MINUTE WORKOUT ......................................................................................................... 50 18 TIPS FOR AVOIDING MOUNTAIN BIKE INJURIES .............................................................................................. 51 TRAVELING WITH YOUR MOUNTAIN BIKE................................................................................................ 54 7 THINGS TO THINK ABOUT WHEN TRAVELLING ABROAD (TO MOUNTAIN BIKE).......................................... 55 WHAT TO PACK FOR A MOUNTAIN BIKE TRIP ........................................................................................................ 57 TIPS FOR FLYING WITH YOUR MOUNTAIN BIKE ..................................................................................................... 58 A GUIDE TO PROTECTING YOUR MOUNTAIN BIKE .................................................................................................. 61 HOW TO PACK YOUR MOUNTAIN BIKE IN A BOX FOR SHIPPING OR FLYING....................................................... 64 8 QUESTIONS TO ASK WHEN RENTING A MOUNTAIN BIKE .................................................................................... 68 11 TIPS FOR BOOKING A CHEAP FLIGHT ................................................................................................................ 70 TOP 10 AIRLINES FOR MOUNTAIN BIKE TRAVEL ................................................................................................. 72 VISAS AND ENTRY REQUIREMENTS ........................................................................................................................ 73 HEALTH AND SAFETY ISSUES FOR MOUNTAIN BIKE TRAVELERS ......................................................................... 75 VACCINATIONS......................................................................................................................................................... 80 TRAVEL INSURANCE: A PRIMER.................................................................................................................... 81 WHAT COVERAGE DO YOU NEED AS AN ADVENTURE TRAVELLER? ....................................................................... 82 WHO SHOULD BUY TRAVEL INSURANCE? ............................................................................................................... 83 WHEN SHOULD YOU BUY YOUR TRAVEL INSURANCE? ........................................................................................... 83 THE 2 MOST POPULAR TYPES OF TRAVEL INSURANCE ........................................................................................ 83 HOW TO SELECT A PLAN BASED ON YOUR NEEDS ................................................................................................... 85 FIVE “LOOPHOLES” AND HOW TO AVOID THEM ................................................................................................... 87 TOP 9 TRAVEL INSURANCE FAQS .......................................................................................................................... 88 WHERE SHOULD YOU BUY YOUR TRAVEL INSURANCE? ......................................................................................... 90 BONUS! .................................................................................................................................................................. 91 37 REASONS WHY MOUNTAIN BIKING IS JUST LIKE SEX ..................................................................................... 92 3
PLANNING YOUR TRIP
4
Thirteen Ways to Be a Mountain Bike Ambassador
adapted from ethicaltraveler.org and imba.com
Whether you’re going for a spin on your local trails or venturing to foreign lands, once
you strap on a helmet and throw your leg over your fat-tired steed, you’ve earned your
title as a mountain biker. Now we all know mountain bikers to be a jovial folk: kind,
good-humoured and respectful. And we’d like to keep it that way, in all four corners of
the world. Follow these 13 guidelines for mountain bike travel, and you’ll help forge a
reputation for our beloved sport that we’re all proud of.
When Traveling
1) BE AWARE OF WHERE YOUR MONEY IS GOING, and patronize locally-owned
inns, restaurants, and shops. Try to keep your cash within the local economy, so the
people you are visiting can benefit directly from your visit.
2) Before visiting any foreign land, TAKE THE TIME TO LEARN BASIC COURTESY
PHRASES : greetings, "please" & "thank you," and as many numbers as you can handle
(those endless hours in airport waiting lounges, or aboard trains and boats, are all
opportunities for this). It's astonishing how far a little language goes toward creating a
feeling of goodwill.
3) REMEMBER THE ECONOMIC REALITIES OF YOUR NEW CURRENCY. A few
rupees, reais or Nuevo soles one way or another is not going to ruin you. Don't get all
bent out of shape over the fact that a visitor who earns 100 times a local's salary might
be expected to pay a few cents more for a ferry ride, a museum entrance, or an egg.
4) CURB YOUR ANGER, AND CULTIVATE YOUR SENSE OF HUMOR. Anger is a
real issue for westerners—even the Dalai Lama remarks on this. It's perversely
satisfying, but it never earns the respect of locals, or defuses a bad situation. A light
touch—and a sense of cosmic perspective—are infinitely more useful. As former Merry
Prankster Wavy Gravy says: "When you lose your sense of humor, it's just not funny
anymore."
5) LEARN TO LISTEN. The ability to listen is the essence of diplomacy, on both the
personal and international levels. Many of the world's conflicts arise when people feel
5
marginalized. Wherever you're from, listen well—and with respect—to all points of
view.
6) LEARN TO SPEAK . People from wealthy and powerful countries often express
their opinions as if they are the absolute truth. Such preaching invites anger and
resentment. We suggest tempering conversations with phrases like "I believe," or "My
view is," rather than, "Everybody knows...."
7) The single most useful phrase any traveler can learn: "CAN YOU PLEASE HELP
ME?" Rarely, in any country or situation, will another human being refuse a direct
request for help. Being of service, and inviting others to reciprocate, is what the phrase
global community is all about.
8) LEAVE YOUR PRECONCEPTIONS ABOUT THE WORLD AT HOME. The
inhabitants of planet Earth will continually amaze you with their generosity, hospitality
and wisdom. Be open to their friendship, and aware of our common humanity,
delights, and hardships.
9) NEVER FORGET KURT VONNEGUT JR'S BEST LINE: "Peculiar travel suggestions
are dancing lessons from God." In other words: go with the flow, and give free rein to
your sense of adventure!
6
On the Trails
10) Respect trail closures and only RIDE OPEN TRAILS. — ask a local bike shop or land
manager for clarification if you are uncertain about the status of a trail. Do not trespass
on private land. Obtain permits or other authorization as required. This also means
staying on existing trails and not creating new ones.
11) Be sensitive to the dirt on which you ride and always strive to LEAVE NO TRACE
other than your tire tracks. Wet and muddy trails are more vulnerable to damage than
dry ones. Never throw away trash, and if you come across the odd wrapper, pick it up,
if simply out of respect for those who’ve spent countless hours building and
maintaining those very trails.
12) YIELD APPROPRIATELY: Do your utmost to let your fellow trail users know you're
coming — a friendly greeting or bell ring are good methods. Try to anticipate other trail
users as you ride around corners. Bikers should yield to other non-motorized trail users,
unless the trail is clearly signed for bike-only travel. Bicyclists traveling downhill should
yield to ones headed uphill, unless the trail is clearly signed for one-way or downhillonly traffic. In general, strive to make each pass a safe and courteous one.
13) BE RESPONSIBLE & PLAN AHEAD: Know your equipment, your ability, your
limits and the area in which you are riding. Prepare accordingly and strive to be selfsufficient: keep your equipment in good repair and carry necessary supplies in case of
mechanical breakdown and changes in weather. If riding solo on unfamiliar trails,
always let someone know where you’ll be and how long you plan to be away for.
Always wear a helmet and appropriate safety gear.
7
On your own or with a guide?
by Nate Lessnick, Operations Director at Sacred Rides
The age-old question: should I do it on my own, with all the freedom and all the
research and work that entails, or sacrifice some of that freedom for the fun of being in
a group and relief of having all the details taken care of by someone else? To make the
decision easier, we’ve made some comparison charts, comparing the pros and cons of
doing a trip on your own vs. with a guide.
ON YOUR OWN
PROS
CONS
CHEAPER
Save your dough – mainly for bike parts,
bike gear, bike mags, bike movies. And
beer.
A LOT OF WORK
Gotta organize it all – get maps, book hotels,
rent a van or find a shuttle, pack food, chill
beers, pack first aid and full tool kit.
YOUR OWN PACE
March to the beat of your own drum –
ride the trails you want at your own pace.
WHERE AM I?
At some point, somewhere along the way,
you’re likely to get lost. This can very well fall
under Pros, just not after watching 127
Hours.
MAKE FRIENDS ON THE WAY
Go with the flow – bring some homemade
jerky and cans of microbrew, and you’ll
likely make some new riding buddies on
the trails or at the local bike shop.
SOMEONE TO PUSH YOU
Progression in any sport involves pushing
yourself, something most easily achieved
when playing with and learning from better,
more accomplished players.
FREEDOM…
Ask any mountain biker: there’s
something deeply humbling and
rewarding about riding solo, of being one
with machine and trail with no other
sound but that of your own grunts and
chain slap.
…OR LONELINESS?
Who’s going to be tossing high fives and egoboosts your way after making it up that
monster climb or clearing that log drop when
on your own?
ON A BUDGET
THE JOY OF SHARING
8
The belief that you need to blow a ton of
cash on a trip and a bike to have a good
time is a bunch of bologna. With the right
attitude, roughing it on new trails with an
old-school hardtail can make for the best
of stories.
Your friends and relatives will quickly tire of
hearing about your solitary two-wheeled
escapade. Sharing photos, videos and stories
for months, even decades after a trip with
friends from around the world is one of the
biggest draws of traveling in a group.
WITH A GUIDE
PROS
CONS
LOCAL TRAIL KNOWLEDGE
Just as you know the ins and outs of your
local trail system, a mountain bike guide
will know exactly where the best trails are
(some trails in remote areas can only be
accessed with a guide), which sights to see
and which hidden gems to check out.
NOT ALWAYS YOUR PREFERRED
PACE
Although most itineraries tend to be
designed for specific skill and fitness
levels, traveling with a group inevitably
means having to wait or hustle after
someone else at some point.
SAFETY AND SECURITY
Regardless of your skill level, knowing that
a guide is ahead of you and another is
behind you in case anything goes awry is
damn reassuring, especially on foreign dirt.
(MOSTLY) SET ITINERARY
An easy-going nature is more or less
mandatory for maximum enjoyment as
you’ll be following a set itinerary and daily
schedule that will most likely need to be
adhered to. Most companies allow for
some flexibility in the itinerary, however.
FUN IN NUMBERS
Much like sex, riding on your own,
although at times satisfying, just isn’t as
fun. The joys of mountain biking often
involve laughing over that ladder bridge
bail or reminiscing about that sweet gnarly
descent with a bunch of other helmet-clad
nutcases.
SOMETIMES THERE’S A JERK
Who’s to say you’re even going to like
your new riding crew? Although most
mountain bikers tend to be of jovial, fairtempered nature, we all know one or two
wackos who seem hell-bent on giving us a
bad rep.
LOCAL EXPERTISE
As with any form of travel to foreign
OUT OF YOUR COMFORT ZONE
An openness to new experiences and a
9
countries, whether it be museum hopping
or wine tasting, you’re bound to learn
more, gain a greater understanding of local
customs and ways of life, and just get more
out of the whole experience when
following a knowledgeable expert.
willingness to try new things is par for
the course, as at one point or another, you
may very well be pushed out of your
comfort zone or sense of familiarity.
NO DETAILS TO SWEAT OVER
You’re free to focus fully on the ride, and
have someone else sweat over the small,
yet paramount details, like getting all riding
permits and making sure beers are chilled
at the end of an epic ride.
MORE $
Unless you plan on crashing at the RitzCarlton and dining on caviar, it pretty
much goes without saying: you’ll be
paying more for a guided trip.
About Nate
I fell in love with the outdoors and riding a bike at an early age. Joining the Sacred Rides crew
as the ops director in 2012 has allowed me to combine my passions for traveling, mountain
biking and building one awesome company. Perhaps the greatest satisfaction I get is seeing
other people live life to the fullest and making their dreams a reality.
10
How to ‘Sell’ a Mountain Bike Trip to Your Significant Other
By Mike Brcic, Founder/Chief Happiness Officer,
Sacred Rides
If you're a mountain biker of a certain vintage, it's probably not as easy to just take off
somewhere with your bike as it used to be: there are other people to bring into the
decision-making process when considering/planning a mountain bike trip - people like
your spouse, your kids, etc...
So if you find yourself in a situation where you have to get consent from a significant
other for your mountain bike wanderings, here are a few suggested strategies:
1) "Honey, it will make me a much happier - and hence much better husband/wife/father/mother."
2) "I'll be in such good shape after a week of mountain biking that I'll have way more
energy to help around the house."
3) "I NEED to go on a mountain bike trip. It's burning a chainring-sized hole in my
heart."
4) "Please. Please. Please. Can I go? Can I? Can I?" (repeat daily until he/she relents)
5) "Let me go on this mountain bike trip and you can go on that ______ trip you've
always wanted to go on." (a classic and time-tested strategy)
6) Get your partner hooked on mountain biking and bring him/her with you. This
strategy has the highest longterm odds of ensuring lots of mountain bike trips are in
your future. Send them on a skills camp to start!
7) Stash a suitcase somewhere, then just say you're going to the store to get some milk.
Then grab the suitcase, hop on your bike, and slip out the back door. (n.b.: this strategy
is NOT recommended if you actually want to stay with your significant other.)
About Mike
I'm the founder of Sacred Rides. I started this company way back in 1996 in beautiful Fernie,
British Columbia, out of a passion for mountain biking and beautiful places. 17 years later I'm
proud to have brought mountain biking and mountain bikers to the four corners of the globe!
11
MOUNTAIN BIKE TIPS
12
How to Set Up Your Mountain Bike
By Karen Eller, 3x Transalp Challenge winner
You just got your brand new mountain bike home from the store. Awesome! Except for
the fact that your mountain bike is set up for the average mountain biker, and you’re
not average, are you?
Here are a few tips for making your mountain bike a natural extension of you:
Regardless of whether you already have your own bike or if you've just bought a new
one, there are many ways to improve its performance and riding features.
When new to the sport, you very quickly find yourself in front of a wall of specific
terms, bike slang and technical details. It may not be easy to remember everything at
first. However, there are some essentials to know. Additionally, it is a huge benefit if
you are able to adjust your bike’s basic settings by yourself.
A saddle at the wrong height wastes a lot of energy, a stem that’s too long puts the load
on the front of the body in sitting position and makes the bike more difficult to control.
A handlebar that’s too low will make the bike unnecessarily nervous. Unlike a car, bike
components such as the fork and shock should be set according to the rider. While a
mountain bike can seem so simple at first glance, it becomes a really complex sports
engine when it comes to settings.
Each one of you should take the opportunity to have a perfectly adjusted bike from the
beginning and be present while these settings are being done. Don’t forget that bikes
need to be checked from time to time, even old ones!
13
Cockpit
The handlebar and the stem are the bike’s control center (cockpit), just like the steering
wheel and the column are a cars control center. Begin moving the gear and brake
levers inwards so that you can use the brake lever ideally with just one finger or a
maximum of two. Once these are properly placed, turn the bar on its axis to find a
comfortable position in which your wrists are as straight as possible.
The handlebar should more or less correspond to the width of your shoulders. Bikers
with narrow shoulders can possibly shorten their handlebar, while those with wider
shoulders should choose one accordingly.
Sitting Position
Professional bikers immediately notice every millimeter that their saddle was moved
higher or lower, because they have their specific sitting position almost printed in their
DNA. This demonstrates the importance of an optimal combination of height, position
and gradient of the saddle.
First of all, your seat post should have a quick release (or even better, a dropper post). As
a result, you can easily lower your saddle before a descent. In addition to this technical
detail and before going any further, you will have to adjust your saddle to the correct
height. To do this, sit on your bike with your heel (in cycling shoes!) on the pedal placed
at its lowest point, but aligned with the seat post (so slightly inclined). Your leg should
not be completely tensed. You can mark your optimal saddle height with a line of
permanent marker in order to quickly find your correct height after a descent.
14
The next step is to adjust the horizontal position of the saddle on the seat post. To do
this, a second person is needed. Attach a weight to a string and make it hang from your
tibial plateau (the bone just below the kneecap) while sitting on your bike. As a general
rule, it is assumed that when the foot pedal is clicked in the horizontal position, the
string should fall just behind or in line with the axis of the pedal. If the string does not
fall correctly, then you have to move your saddle accordingly until the right position is
found! A saddle that sits too far forward causes pain in the knees while a saddle that sits
too far back overloads the calf muscles.
The gradient of the saddle is the final touch and plays an important role in the comfort
of the bike. This setting allows shoving of pressure points while sitting. You can check
the angle of your seat with a bubble level. If your saddle points too far down, you will
slide forward and there will be too much pressure exerted on the bottom of your palms.
On the other hand, if your saddle points too far up, it can cause uncomfortable pressure
in the crotch. Some bikers ride with a slightly downwardly inclined seat, but normally it
is better to have it perfectly horizontal for best allocation of your body weight. Although
in the end it is up to the individual to decide!
Fork Settings
Currently, the most used forks on the bike scene are produced by FOX and Rock Shox.
Air and oil suspensions have replaced metal springs, which means that you can adjust
15
the stiffness of the fork by adjusting the air pressure with a small pump and you can set
the damping (compression and rebound) by rotating a knob.
On FOX forks, attach your shock pump to the valve placed on the left of the crown.
Normally, you should pump the equivalent of your own weight in PSI (you will find this
unit on all pumps). Sometimes, a little less is enough for a very comfortable setting.
Rebound can be adjusted using the red knob under the right tube. When rotating it
inwards, the rebound gets slower. From a fully open position, turn the knob 1 to 3
times. This should suit most trails.
On Rock Shox forks, you will find a weight/air pressure chart printed on the tube - a
small detail that facilitates settings. These forks have a negative chamber in the lower
part of the tube and a positive chamber in the upper part which must be adjusted
accordingly. The chart defines a scale of settings for each of them but in general, we just
choose the smaller value. Just as for FOX, the rebound knob is underneath the right
tube. Once these settings are done, there is not much left to adjust. From this point we
use a Lockout system to completely block the fork when pedaling uphill on asphalt.
Shock Settings
Most air shock models are produced by FOX and are set in the same way as forks. You
adjust stiffness with a shock pump and rebound with a knob (usually red, as on the
forks). However, we barely find any recommendations about air pressure on the bikes.
So you just have to try and get the right feel.
From here on, you have to add an important new technical word to your bike
vocabulary: sag. According to your rear triangle system, you will need a sag of between
20 and 30 percent of the piston length. To check this, shove the rubber O-ring to the
very end of the shock shaft. Then, sit on your saddle and see how far the shock travels
16
supporting only your body weight. The distance from the shock shaft to the edge of the
rubber O-ring is the sag. However, for an accurate setting, it is better to get advice from
your local dealer or from an expert. Do not forget that only an optimally adjusted fully
will make for the most fun!
Same as with the fork, the rebound is set according to individual preferences. From a
fully open position, 2-3 knob turns are usually enough. Caution: you must proceed in a
systematic way! This means, you have to screw the knobs one after the other and not
all at the same time. Eventually, you can do the following check: sit on your bike and
ride down a sidewalk, still sitting on your saddle. Your shock should normally bounce
one and a half times. If this is the case, then the setting is correct.
Some models have a shock Lockout or Platform system, which you can activate with a
small lever. When flapping it down, the rear triangle either becomes completely stiff
(Lockout) or resistant without being completely blocked (Platform). This setting is
intended to facilitate uphill pedaling and avoid annoying seesaws. Currently, some
manufacturers (eg. Rock Shox or SCOTT) enable you to block the shock with a small
lever placed on the handlebar. The big advantage of this system is that you no longer
need to remove your hand from the bars while riding.
To use these functions correctly and optimally, you should definitely spend some time
trying different settings, learn to read the terrain in which you ride and develop a
certain feeling to determine which setting you need. Practice makes perfect!
Tip:
If you go on a bike tour with a big backpack, it is better to set your fork and shock
accordingly (i.e. stiffer) or determine the sag once you’re all geared up.
Tire Pressure and Choice
There is no bike part that is less considered than tires. Yet, tires have the greatest
influence on riding behavior, rolling resistance and safety. You can read the width of a
tire– always measured in inches – on the tire’s edge. The narrower the tire, the less
comfortable and more likely they are to puncture. Lightweight women obviously do not
17
need 2.4 inch monsters, but there is nothing to say against a fair 2.25 inch pair. Note:
tires under 2 inches should no longer be considered as mountain bike tires.
With regards to the tire pressure, you should not go beyond 30 psi. Only bikers over 80
kilos need that much pressure, or even more. Men usually inflate their tires with more
air pressure than required as this setting depends on their own body weight. The
lighter you are, the lower your tire pressure should be. The minimum pressure
recommended by the manufacturer is always written on the edge of the tire.
Concerning tire choice, you should not only take into account a low rolling resistance
but you should also pay attention to the transfer of braking forces on the ground. Your
local store will give you best advice if you tell them where you intend to ride.
About Karen
Karen was born and raised in Munich, Germany, and was primarily a skier until the age of 15.
She has won the TransAlp Challenge three times, and has had various podiums at other
marathon and enduro-style events. She is a founder of SCOTT’s Contessa Team, a coach,
author, and all-round bike lover.
18
What to pack when going on a mountain bike ride
By Nate Lessnick
The bare necessities
1. Hydration pack
There are many to choose
from, so we suggest you
narrow it down to features
that are important for you
(ventilation, size of pockets,
breathability, etc.). Our guides
– who need to lug a ton of gear
with them – happen to be big fans of Osprey’s
Raptor packs.
2. Lots and lots of water
When going on a 3 to 6 hour day ride, you’ll
want to bring at least 3
litres of water with you. A
combination of water
bladder and bottle works
best. Remember that it’s
always better to have more
than not enough. It’s also
wise to pack some form of
electrolytes, either in
powder or tablets. For
something that tastes good
and works well, we
recommend Nuun hydration tablets.
3. Spare tubes, pump and tire leavers
A flat tire is one of the most common bike
hiccups you’ll encounter – so be prepared. 2
spare tubes should suffice depending on the
length of your trip, and 2-3 tire leavers. If
you’re going on a multiday trip, it’s a good idea
to pack a patch kit to fix punctured tubes in
the evenings or on long shuttle drives. Grab a
pump that’s compatible with both Presta and
Schrader valves (like this one, by Lezyne), and
make sure the tubes you buy fit your tire size.
4. Multitool and chain breaker
You should always ride with a good multitool.
No need to spend over $30 – a basic multitool
with hex wrenches and Phillips screwdriver
will come in handy in a pinch (like this one, by
Topeak). More expensive multitools will often
come with a small chain breaker tool,
although we find it better to buy this piece
separately as its easier to handle
and more reliable.
5. Chain lube, spare chain links and/or Quick
Link
Pack a small bottle of chain lube as it always
comes in handy (staff pick: Boeshield T-9 – it’s
good stuff). Always be sure to carry a few
spare links or better yet, use a Powerlink that
unhooks and easily re-attaches when a
chain is compromised.
6. Spare derailleur hanger
A derailleur hanger is the small piece that
connects your rear derailleur to your bike
frame. A bad bend or a break means you’re
faced with a long walk home. Hangers are
generally unique to each bike, and shops will
generally only stock hangers for the models
they sell, so be sure to pack a spare that’s fit
for your bike.
7. ID, cell phone and money
Should-haves
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Gloves
Sunglasses
Rain jacket
Duct tape
Zip ties
Swiss army knife
Nice-to-haves
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Camera and/or GoPro
Sunscreen and bug repellent
Night light
GPS
Cans() of beer
Spare socks & underwear for ride
home
19
Pre-Ride Checklist
6 to-do’s before hopping on your bike
You should inspect your bike before every ride to avoid potential problems on the
trail. Use the following quick checklist before each ride to improve riding efficiency
while maximizing safety.
1. Let your bike fall. Pick your bike up 5-6 inches off the ground and let it drop.
Investigate any rattling or odd noises when it hits the ground. They could be signs of
loose parts.
2. Test the brakes. Engage the brake levers to make sure they are functioning
properly. They should snap back into position after letting go. Test out your leverreach (how far you need to squeeze your brakes before then engage with the brake
pads), and adjust them if needed. This is usually done through a dial on the lever
body, or on older models, with a small Allen key.
3. Tires OK? Make sure the tires are inflated according to the specifications on the
side wall of each tire. Check for cuts, tears, and rips and replace if necessary. This step
only takes a minute, but it is one of the most important steps you should take to
ensure safety and efficiency before every ride.
4. Spin the wheel. It should spin freely without wobbling and there should be no
contact between with the brake pads.
5. Secure the wheel. Most mountain bikes have quick release levers, which are levers
located at the hub (center of the wheel) that allow for easy removal or adjustment of
the wheel without using a tool. These should be securely tightened.
6. Secure the headset. The headset is the short tube located at the front of the bike
connecting the forks and the bike frame. Your handlebars slip into this tube, which
pivots to allow steering. To test if the headset is secure, apply the front brakes while
gently tilting the bike forward and back (your rear tire should raise up and down).
Listen for clicking, which is a sign of a loose headset. Tighten if necessary.
Sacred Rides Mountain Bike Adventures
www.sacredrides.com
20
Two On-Trail Maintenance Tips to Save Your Ride
By James Fedosov
Having to do these two different fixes is pretty much inevitable if you own a
mountain bike (or any bike at all, really), so read up– they just might save you from
walking home.
The flat tire fix
You might not be a real cyclist if you don’t know how to fix a flat. In order to change
that, follow these steps:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
First, you need to take your wheel out of the fork or rear dropouts, depending on
which wheel has the flat. The easiest way to do this trail-side is to flip your bike upside
down (onto its seat and handlebars). Then, loosen the quick-release or axle nut holding
your wheel to the bike, and pull the wheel up towards you. Bear in mind to disengage
v-brakes if you have them, and if it is the rear wheel, pull the derailleur out of the way
as well.
Once the wheel is off, you should reach for your trusty tire levers. Slip the flat end of
one lever over the rim and under the tire’s bead (stiff edges of your tire), and push
down on the end of the lever still in your hand. This will bring the bead over the rim.
Next, use the second lever to get under the gap between bead and rim that you just
created with the first lever. Slide the second lever all the way around the wheel– so
that one side of the tire is completely off the rim.
Remove the old tube, and if you have the time (and patience), inspect it for where the
puncture was by re-inflating it and searching for the leaky spot. Note that if you see
two small holes next to each other (think snakebite-looking), that you likely had a
pinch flat– a result of underinflation.
Be sure to run your fingers along the inside of the tire and rim, in search of the any
debris that could have caused the flat (a thorn, piece of glass, or small nail or rock).
Patch the tube, or grab a new one out of your pack. Inflate it enough that it will just
hold its shape. This makes putting it back into the tire and onto the rim much easier.
Put the valve stem through the corresponding hole in your rim, and slide the tube into
the tire. Using your palms, work the bead of the tire back onto the rim. Try starting by
the valve stem and finishing at the opposite side. Be careful to not pinch the tube in the
process!
Re-pump your tire to the desired psi, ensuring that the tire’s bead is seated
correctly on the rim. This will ensure smooth rolling over even terrain.
Sacred Rides Mountain Bike Adventures
www.sacredrides.com
21
Repairing a broken chain
One minute you’re pedaling towards that big climb, the next minute, your pedals are spinning
so freely, you’d think you were in some sort of super granny-gear ….if it weren’t for the fact
that you were no longer being propelled forward, and the nice big *kwa-PING* telling you
that you just snapped your chain. Bummer.
Check out these steps before you head out, and you’ll be laughing along again in no time:
• Flip your bike upside-down, onto its seat and handlebars.
• If it isn’t still in place, feed the chain around the front chainring, and through the
derailleur and corresponding rear cog. This can be tricky while your bike is upside
down, so use caution to do it right the first time.
• Next, if you have one on your multi-tool or chainbreaker, use the chain hook to hold
the two ends of the chain together. Be sure to place the hook two links on either side of
the break, to make working on it easier.
• Since you will likely be able to re-use the end of the chain with the inner plates, it does
not need any extra attention. However, if the end with the outer plates is bent, you
will need to remove one extra link in order to have one end with a working inner plate,
and the other with a working outer plate.
• To do so, place your chain in the chain breaker, aligning the tool’s plunger (the part
that drives the pin out of the chain) in line with the corresponding pin. Hold the chain
in place, and tighten the chain breaker by turning it’s handle (or in some cases, an
Allen key) in a clockwise direction. This will drive the pin out of the plates, and leave
you with a working outer plate.
• Re-align the inner and outer plates from each end of the chain with your fingers.
Then, insert the “pilot end” (the end that is slightly rounded) of your new replacement
pin into the hole of the plates.
• Use the chain tool to drive the replacement pin into the plates, re-connecting your
chain. You should not need excessive force to push the pin in, and make sure to stop
when the pin is fully seated. If the link is stiff, work it back and forth with your fingers
to loosen it up.
N.B If you are using a SRAM Powerlink chain, common on many mountain bikes, there are
replacement “master links”, typically gold in colour, that will re-connect your chain without
(or at least with minimal) tools. They are very handy to have on hand!
About James
I’ve been addicted to all things cycling from a very young age. Growing up in Niagara
allowed me to feed my need for cross country racing through my grade school years. I now
race and ride all type of bikes– fixed gear to downhill. When I’m not working as Sacred
Rides’ Rider Experience Director, I study for my B.Sc. in Nutrition at the University of
Guelph!
Sacred Rides Mountain Bike Adventures
www.sacredrides.com
22
Top 7 Tips on Keeping Your Bike in Tip-Top Shape
By the team at Sacred Rides
You’ve already spent a pretty penny on your bike, so why not squeeze every ounce
of pure blissful joy out of it? Regular preventive maintenance will keep your bike
rolling safely for longer. And doing your own bike maintenance saves labour costs,
and proves an invaluable skill to have in your back pocket in case a mechanical
threatens to ruin your ride. It's quite easy to take care of your own bike, and can
mean the difference between riding all day or walking home.
Here are our top 7 tips on keeping your bike ride-ready:
#1: Clean your bike.
Want to extend the life of your ride? Keeping it clean on a consistent basis is a surefire way of doing so.
What to do: Use a basic biodegradable cleaner such as Simple Green, a sponge, a towel
and an old toothbrush to clean everything: the frame, chain, chain rings, cassette,
derailleurs, pedals, brakes, and seat. No need to use bucket-loads of water or strong
jets; a gentle rain-like spray or mist will do just fine to rinse away any soap residue.
Also, remove the seat post for a thorough clean, and add a small amount of bike
grease before reinstalling it.
#2: Inspect your brakes.
Brakes are a vital part of your bike, and ensuring they are in good working condition
and properly adjusted can mean the difference between a flawlessly-maneuvered
corner and losing control, which could lead to serious injuries. Keep these puppies
running smoothly and they’ll pay you back in spades.
What to do: Check the brake pads, the small rectangular metallic and/or rubberized
surface that actually rubs against the disk (or wheel rim). These wear down over time
and need to be replaced. Use a flashlight to assess whether the pads are wearing
evenly and replace them if they show excessive wear.
#3: Watch your wheels.
Wheels (rims) hold your tires in place and provide stability and smoothness while
Sacred Rides Mountain Bike Adventures
www.sacredrides.com
23
riding. Properly tuned and trued wheels (that don’t wobble or rub against the brakes)
mean consistent contact between tires and dirt.
What to do: Elevate your bike and spin the wheels; both should move smoothly,
without wobbling. A wobbly rim can be adjusted with a spoke wrench - a simple fix a
bike mechanic should take on if you’re not sure what you’re doing. Replace your
wheels if denting or other damage is excessive.
#4: Inspect the drivetrain.
A bike’s drivetrain includes the pedals, chain, chainring, derailleur (the ingenious
little device that moves the chain to make riding easier or harder) and rear-wheel
cassette (the set of teeth attached to your rear wheel). The drivetrain is important
because it transfers the power generated by your legs to the rear wheel, which
moves the bike.
What to do: You’ll likely need a partner or bike stand to assist with this part of the
tune-up. Raise the rear wheel and spin as you did when checking the wheels (task #3
above). This time, shift through all the gears. Shifting should be smooth and easy to
perform. Inspect the chain, chainrings, derailleur and cassette for damage (excessive
wear, missing teeth, dents, scrapes, etc.). Note that small chainrings wear out sooner
than large chainrings, and that the chain is the most frequently replaced component
of the drivetrain (should be done every 2,000-3,000 miles). Replacement cost is
generally between $20 and $50. Waiting too long to replace a chain will wear down
the other drivetrain components faster. If shifting is not smooth, it’s best to take your
bike to a repair shop to have it looked at by a professional.
#5: Check both tires.
Mountain bike tires offer traction with the ground, allowing travel over a variety of
unlikely surfaces, like mud, rocks, roots and ladder bridges. In addition, they form a
flexible cushion which helps smooth out bumps and thumps along the way, making
for a more comfortable ride.
What to do: First, check your tire pressure. The ideal pressure will vary according to
the terrain you’re riding, but as a general rule, you’ll want to keep your tire pressure
between 30-45 psi. Lower psi will provide more traction (grip) on technical and loose
terrain, but is more prone to flats. Air will escape naturally from your tires, so be sure
to invest in a good floor pump with gauge, and check tire pressure often. Second,
Sacred Rides Mountain Bike Adventures
www.sacredrides.com
24
check your tires for splits, cracks or tears, especially along the side-walls (where the
tire doesn’t touch the ground). You’ll also want to check the tread for uneven or
excessive wear, in which case you’ll want to have it replaced. Damaged tires are
prone to burst, causing a sudden loss of control—a potentially dangerous situation.
Changing tubes and tires is a simple fix that requires tire levers and a pump to reinflate the inner tube.
#6: Check the cables.
Cables are either made of tightly coiled metal wire or oil caged in a plastic housing.
Cables connect the shifters and brakes on the handlebars to the derailleur and brake
pads. Those connected to the shifters assist with moving the chain from one gear to
another via the derailleur, while those connected to the brakes aid in stopping the
bike when the lever on the handlebars is pulled.
What to do: Inspect the cable and surrounding rubber housing for cracks, crimps,
rust, dirt and looseness. New cables and/or oil make shifting and braking smooth,
which increases bike performance. If braking/shifting is not optimal, get your cables
replaced or oil changed at your local bike shop. Unless you're well trained in this task,
changing cables/oil can be tricky and time consuming. Schedule replacement every 25 years based on use. If you ride your bike year-round, consider replacing your
cables/oil yearly.
#7: Add lubricant.
Oil lubricant coats the chain and other components of the drivetrain, helping them
last longer and work more efficiently. Lube also reduces accumulation of dirt and
grime, which helps increase performance of the moving parts.
What to do: Apply lubricant evenly to the chain while slowly rotating the pedals in a
counter-clockwise direction. Also, remember to lube moving parts on the derailleur,
the pivot point on the brake levers and any exposed cable wire. Remember to wipe
off any excess oil with a clean, dry rag, especially on the chain. A properly lubricated
bike makes shifting and braking smooth, thereby increasing performance. You can
fix minor rust spots by rubbing them with steel wool. You may want to wear work
gloves to protect your hands as steel wool can cause splinters in your skin. It is usually
too difficult to remove rust from certain components (e.g., the chain), which should be
simply be replaced.
Sacred Rides Mountain Bike Adventures
www.sacredrides.com
25
How to Adjust Your Rear Derailleur
By Syd, singletracks.com
Your rear derailleur is one of the key components of your bike – one you use (or
should be using) often, and one that can seriously affect your ride if it’s not working
properly. Rather than taking it in to your local bike shop every time it’s ghost shifting
or jamming your chain into your spokes, take a few minutes to get to know your rear
derailleur and make friends with it.
Before we get started there are a few derailleur parts I’d like to illustrate and explain.
Sacred Rides Mountain Bike Adventures
www.sacredrides.com
26
Limit Screws
There are three limit screws (shown above): the B-screw (B-tension adjustment)
found on both Shimano and SRAM rear derailleurs, the H-screw (high gear limit
stop), and the L-screw (low gear limit stop).
B-tension Adjustment
The B-screw controls the derailleur body’s angle in relation to the sprocket-set. Shift
to the largest sprocket and check the distance between the guide pulley and the large
sprocket. Adjust the B-screw until the pulley rubs the large sprocket, and then
tighten the screw until it barely clears and the chain does not bind.
High Gear Limit Stop
The H-limit screw high gear limit stop prevents the guide pulley from shifting any
further past the highest gear and into the axle. In order to adjust it properly there
must be zero tension on the lower inner cable. If you feel tension, loosen the cable
adjuster until there is none. Now check from behind to see how the chain is riding on
the smallest sprocket. If it looks like it wants ride off into the axle, tighten the H-screw
clockwise until it lines up. If it looks like it is rubbing on the next gear, loosen the
screw until the chain is nicely centered on the sprocket. Now re-adjust the cable
tension until the derailleur shifts smoothly down to the next gear.
Sacred Rides Mountain Bike Adventures
www.sacredrides.com
27
Low Gear Limit Stop
The L-limit screw prevents the guide pulley from shifting any further past the lowest
gear and into the wheel spokes. Shift down to the lowest gear, step behind the bike,
and check how the chain rides on the sprocket. If it looks like it wants to ride into the
spokes, tighten the L-screw clockwise until it is centered on the sprocket. If it looks
like it wants to shift down, loosen the screw until it lines up. As an extra precaution
you can use your thumb to gently push the derailleur body and make sure the chain
will not run into the spokes, as this could obviously have a nasty effect on both you
and your bike.
Now that we have the limit screws figured out, let’s start adjusting your gears. This
article assumes you’re using a conventional derailleur where the default, no-tension
state places the chain in high gear (smallest cog in the back).
Sacred Rides Mountain Bike Adventures
www.sacredrides.com
28
NOTE: Stop here and read this first. Check your chain to make sure it isn’t bent. Look
down the chainline as you back pedal and look for twisting. If anything looks wonky,
replace the chain first.
NOTE 2: Check the cassette and chain rings to make sure the teeth are straight and
none are missing or bent. Both these items will make smooth shifting impossible.
Replacing Cables and Housing
Starting from the top, shift all the way into high gear. From here, if you want to
replace the cable (’tis the season), you would release the bolt that holds the cable at
the rear derailleur and remove the old cable. After opening up your shifter pod,
(SRAM X.0, x-9, x-7) it’s just a matter of loosening up the single screw on the pod,
pulling the cable out, and inserting a new cable (replace cap). For Shimano shifters
there is a plastic cover to remove (near the thumb shifter); pull out the old cable and
insert the new one (replace plug).
Check out your cable housing and remove the housing caps to get a better look. If the
ends look frayed it may be time to replace the cable housing as well. If you do decide
to change the housing, use the existing pieces to match the lengths. Cutting shifter
cable housing requires a proper cutter (not a side cutter as it squishes the housing and
increases drag on the cable); try the Park CN-10 cutter. Using a proper cutter also
ensures a nice clean, straight cut essential for proper shifting. Once the housing is all
cut and installed with cable ends, feed the shifting cable through and down to your
derailleur. Do not attach the cable at this point.
Alignment and Tensioning
Check out the alignment of your derailleur in two spatial planes. From behind the
bike, first check to see if your derailleur hanger is straight. Next, look at the two
jockey pulleys and the cassette body to make sure they all line up – there shouldn’t
be an angle between them. If there is and it’s small, you can try to bend it back by
hand. Looking top down at the derailleur, check out the pulley positions again, this
time relative to the cassette body. They should be straight from this angle as well; if
not, you may be able to tweak the derailleur hanger to get them in line.
Sacred Rides Mountain Bike Adventures
www.sacredrides.com
29
After all the limits are set, let’s get the chain in place and install the shifting cable.
Both Shimano and SRAM derailleurs have a small detent with mounting bolt where
the cable goes. Before you tighten down the cable, double check that everything is
routed properly and you have turned the adjuster screw all the way in and then out
two turns (more on this later). Pull the cable and tighten it in. Turn the pedals and
pay attention to the rear cassette as you go and shift up one gear. If the derailleur
hesitates then you need to turn out the adjuster screw on the shifter pod (half turns)
until it shifts. Shift down and back up again checking to see you get a clean shift. If
you’re satisfied, try shifting up again; if the shift is jumping almost two gears at a time,
you went to far. Check to see (viewed from behind) that in any given gear,
everything is in line as you shift. The chain line on each gear should be dead on.
Once you have the derailleur shifting smoothly on the stand, get out there and test it
out! Adjusting a rear derailleur takes patience but in the end it’s a great skill for any
mountain biker to have.
Sacred Rides Mountain Bike Adventures
www.sacredrides.com
30
10 Awesome Accessories for “Serious” Mountain Bikers
by Mike Brcic, Sacred Rides
So you’ve gotten serious about mountain biking, and are ready to splurge on some
accessories and/or upgrade the ones you already have.
Here are 10 accessory upgrades that will help you get more out of the sport and ride
safer and with more enjoyment. They’re ranked in order from most important to
least (get the ones at the top of the list first).
Total expenditure (for really good accessories): ~$2400. If you buy them all at once,
see if the shop will cut you a bit of a deal.
1. An Expedition-Style Hydration Pack: water bottles that affix to a water bottle
cage on your frame are the cheapest option, but they generally don’t carry
enough water for a long-distance ride. If you’re planning on doing any rides
that are more than 2 hours long you should invest in a hydration pack (i.e. a
small pack that goes on your back and has a water bladder and hose). We love
Osprey Packs – they’re some of the best-built and feature-rich packs on the
market.
COST: $150
2. Dropper seatpost: unless you’re riding DH exclusively, a dropper post (i.e. a
seatpost whose height you can control with a handlebar mount) is one of the
best upgrades you can get.
COST: $300
3. Knee/shin and/or Elbow Pads: If you’re getting serious about mountain
biking, you’re probably riding more aggressive terrain, and probably wiping
out more often. Invest in a set of arm and leg armour to protect your hide. If
you can only afford one of the two, go for knee/shin protection (your legs tend
to get beat up more than your arms).
You can go one of two ways with this: a) knee pad only or b) knee and shin
protection. I recommend the knee/shin combo – my shins tend to get pretty
beat up my pedals on particularly difficult rides.
Sacred Rides Mountain Bike Adventures
www.sacredrides.com
31
COST: $120 (for arm and leg protection)
4. Shoes (and Pedals): You probably started out riding flat pedals with sneakers.
Now that you’re an ‘official’ mountain biker, it’s time to graduate to proper
pedals and shoes.
Unless you’re riding a lot of North-shore-type trails with lots of stunts and
aerial features (for which being able to dismount quickly is a must),
SPDs/clipless pedals are a great investment– you’ll feel more “at one” with your
bike, and your pedal stroke will be more efficient.
Of course, SPD pedals will require the appropriate shoe. Get a pair with a nice
stiff sole to make your pedaling more efficient, but make sure they’re still
comfortable.
COST: $250 for pedals and shoes
5. Protective Glasses with Removable Lenses: You’re riding with glasses, right?
Please tell me you ride with glasses!
If you shelled out for just a basic set of glasses with clear lenses, now you can
upgrade to a set with removable lenses. Multiple lenses will allow you to a)
select different style/colour lenses for different lighting conditions and b)
replace lenses that are scratched, fogged or dirty so you can see again. Get a set
with polarized lenses.
COST: $100
6. Night Lights: Mountain biking is awesome. Mountain biking at night is even
more awesome. The trails are way less busy, everything’s quieter, and
everything’s just a little bit cooler.
Don’t ride at night with just a $30 headlamp – you won’t see well enough and
will likely tag a tree or two along the way. Invest in a good set of lights. A few
things to consider:
a) brightness (how many lumens)
b) how long the battery lasts
c) how quickly the batteries recharge
d) if you want a headlamp add-on (in addition to the bar mounts)
Sacred Rides Mountain Bike Adventures
www.sacredrides.com
32
e) does it offer different brightness modes?
COST: $300 for a decent set
7. POV Camera: Now that you’re shreddin’, you want to capture all your
awesomeness on film. GoPro and Contour make two of the best cameras on
the market, and get a chest mount to go along with your camera (helmet and
handlebar-mounted footage is usually pretty shaky).
COST: $400
8. Chainbreaker: if you’ve been using a chainbreaker as part of a multi-tool, you
know by now that they’re usually pretty crappy. Investing in a good quality
standalone chainbreaker will make those trailside emergency chain fixes way
easier and quicker.
COST: $40
9. Bike Stand: if you’re going to get serious about mountain biking, you should get
serious about mountain bike maintenance. At the very least you should be
able to tune/clean your drivetrain, replace your brake pads, and be able to
clean and lube your bike. All of this is way easier on a proper bike stand.
COST: $250
10. Travel Case/Bag: You’ve invested $5000 in your carbon-fiber beauty and
you’re going to ship it across the world in a cardboard box? What are you,
nuts?
If you want to properly protect your bike for airline travel, you need to invest
in either a hard-shell bike case or bike bag. We recommend high-quality bike
bags for ease of use and portability. See ‘A Guide to Protecting Your Mountain
Bike’ in this guide.
COST: $400
11. An Awesome Jersey: it’s time to graduate from your ‘Team Building Exercise
‘99’ t-shirt to a proper mountain bike jersey. There are generally two styles:
a) Form-fitting XC jersey: tight-fitting, usually with a front zipper (either full or
¾) and back pockets
Sacred Rides Mountain Bike Adventures
www.sacredrides.com
33
b) All-mountain/freeride jersey: looser-fitting jersey, usually worn over
armour, without zippers or back pockets.
Get the appropriate one for your riding style, and get one made of fabric that
wicks away sweat. If you can afford it, get 2 (or more) of them. Unless you don’t
care about hygiene, you can’t really get more than one ride out of a jersey
before having to wash it.
COST: $75
12. Riding Buddy: Ok, technically not an accessory, but a good riding buddy or
two makes every ride that much better.
COST: a few beers every now and then
Sacred Rides Mountain Bike Adventures
www.sacredrides.com
34
TRAINING, NUTRITION,
AND HEALTH
Sacred Rides Mountain Bike Adventures
www.sacredrides.com
35
Nutrition for before, during, and after your ride
One of the easiest ways to feel better about your physique and your riding abilities
(aside from hitting them gym) is managing what you eat. In the next few sections,
you’ll read about how best to manage what you eat before, during, and after your
ride, as well as a recipe corresponding to each.
The Pre-Ride Meal
Feeling light headed during your morning interval session? Hungry soon after you
eat that morning bagel? These are results often related to an unbalanced breakfast.
Science has shown that there is in fact NO one- size fits all optimal macronutrient
ratio (carbohydrates to proteins to fats). That said, there are a few rules of thumb to
go by, if investing in a sports nutritionist to customize a plan for you is out of your
means or interest.
5 Tips for your Pre-Ride Meal
•
•
•
•
•
Try to consume your Pre-Ride Meal at least 1 hour prior to riding to avoid
stomach cramping.
Consume 250 mL of water at least 1 hour prior to riding to avoid stomach
cramping, dehydration (and having to pee the moment you saddle up).
Reach for real, whole foods (you will be eating bars and gels soon enough!).
Include a combination of all the macronutrients: carbohydrates, protein and
fats.
For the “Rule of Thumb Ratio”, here you go: 60% carbohydrate, 20% fat, and
20% protein (again, this is only a rule of thumb and the ratio differs amongst
individuals).
Sacred Rides Mountain Bike Adventures
www.sacredrides.com
36
5-minute Blueberry Breakfast Bowl
If a pre-work pedal is your thing, this recipe is for you! Sitting at an approximate 550
calories, this dish replenishes your overnight deficit fueling you for your pre-work
pedal. This recipe is 100% gluten free.
Ingredients
• 1/2 banana
• 1/4 cup Quinoa Flakes (Oatmeal would be the
alternate)
• 1/4 cup water
• 1 tsp of coconut oil
• 1/2 cup blueberries (Frozen, organic is my
personal preference)
• 1 tbsp hemp seed
• 1 tbsp chia seeds
Preparation
• In a microwave safe bowl, add banana,
Quinoa Flakes and water.
• Microwave on high for 3 minutes.
• With a fork, mash coconut oil into softened banana and cooked Quinoa Flakes.
• Fold in blueberries (I use frozen blueberries, as they defrost while cooling
down the bowl enough to eat right away!).
• Top with 1 tbsp hemp seed and 1 tbsp chia seeds.
• Eat.
Preparation Time: 5 minutes.
Recipe developed and tested by Sacred Rides very own Meagan Broughton, Business
Development Director and food-loving cyclist.
Sacred Rides Mountain Bike Adventures
www.sacredrides.com
37
The Ride “Meal”
If you are anything like me, and most avid cyclists I know, you like to eat - a lot. This
shouldn't change when on the bike. Eat, a lot, and often. Eating on the bike will
avoid the infamous “bonk” and reduce the chances of gorging when you and your
dirty bike roll back home.
Science has shown that there is in fact NO one- size fits all optimal macronutrient
ratio (carbohydrates to proteins to fats). That said, there are some rules of thumb to
go by, if investing in a sports nutritionist to customize a plan for you is out of your
means or interest.
Fuel:
Consume 30-60 grams of carbohydrate per hour. This equates to 120-240
calories per hour and can be a combination of both liquids and solids.
For example:
- 1 Carrot Cake Clif Bar has 45 grams of carbohydrates and 240 calories.
- 1 Cashew Lara Bar has 23 grams of carbohydrates and 230 calories.
•
Hydration:
• Consume 1 bottle (750 mL) of water and 1 bottle of sports drink to replenish
electrolytes every hour.
For example:
- 2 scoops of Mandarin Orange HEED has 54 grams of carbohydrates and 200 calories.
Timing:
• Eat before you are hungry.
• Drink before you are thirsty.
• Begin consumption no later than 30 minutes into your ride. Aim to consume
calories and hydrate every 30 minutes.
• For rides 3+ hours, consider bringing “real” foods along that are high in
carbohydrates, low in protein and moderate in fat.
If you have had your fair share of store bought bars and just can’t choke down
another, try giving these real food brownie bars a try. Your kids will even like them!
Sacred Rides Mountain Bike Adventures
www.sacredrides.com
38
Chocolate Fudge Raw Vegan Brownie Bars
This recipe is 100% gluten free, vegan and paleo.
Ingredients:
• 2 cups Roasted Mixed Nuts (I suggest Central Roast Roasted Mixed Nuts with
Sea Salt)
• 2 cups Medjool Dates (pitted)
• 1 cup Cacao Powder + 3 tbsp for dusting
• 1 tsp Pure Vanilla Extract
Preparation:
• Using a food processor or coffee bean grinder, grind 1 cup nuts into flour. (If
there are still some larger pieces, don’t stress, as long as most has turned to
flour). Set aside.
• Roughly chop the other 1 cup nuts (I do this by hand). Set aside.
• Using a food processor, blend dates until a dough forms. (It will likely turn into
a big ball, so spread it out with a spatula). Add vanilla and 1 cup cacao powder
to the dates and blend until combined.
• Add all nut flour and roughly chopped nuts to the date mixture and blend
until just combined. (Do not over combine at this point, as you want to keep
the integrity of the larger nut pieces as they add great texture!).
• Line a standard size baking sheet with parchment paper.
• Place dough on the parchment lined baking sheet and press evenly with your
hands or a rolling pin.
• Dust with cacao powder (this make them less sticky when handling).
• Freeze overnight. Cut while frozen.
Preparation Time: 20 Minutes
Storage Tips:
Store in airtight container in the freezer. Edible right from the freezer and will keep
for weeks!
Makes: 15 Squares
Sacred Rides Mountain Bike Adventures
www.sacredrides.com
39
The Post-Ride Meal
Rubbery legs, salt laced dirty face, raccoon eyes, and a killer farmers tan. The ride is
done, and it’s time to refuel. But with what? As noted in The Pre-Ride Meal post,
Science has shown that there is in fact NO one- size fits all optimal macronutrient
ratio (carbohydrates to proteins to fats). That said, there are some rules of thumb to
go by, if investing in a sports nutritionist to customize a plan for you is out of your
means, or interest.
Within 15 minutes of finishing your ride:
•
•
•
•
Reach for real, whole foods (tell me you are sick of gels and bars by now?).
Include mostly carbohydrates with some protein (the carbohydrates will refill
your used up glycogen/energy stores in your muscles and the proteins will
assist with muscle recovery).
Chug back 250 mL of fluids– those with electrolyte-replacements are
recommended.
Some “Fast Food” ideas include: banana with nut butter, eggs on toast, muesli
cereal with dairy milk or nut milk.
Within an hour of finishing your ride:
•
•
•
Reach for real, whole foods (yep, again!).
Include a combination of all the macronutrients: carbohydrates, protein and
fats
For the “Rule of Thumb Ratio”, here you go: 60% carbohydrate, 20% fat, and
20% protein (again, this is only a rule of thumb and the ratio differs amongst
individuals and the specifics of your ride)
In summary, don’t stress too much about the ratios, just get it in to you! Real, whole
foods will always treat you best.
Try out the colourful, flavourful and macronutrient-filled recipe, sure to please every
hungry rider!
Pad Thai with Fresh Lime and Ginger
(This recipe is 100% gluten free).
Ingredients:
• 6 chicken thighs, cubed
• 2 red onion, diced
Sacred Rides Mountain Bike Adventures
www.sacredrides.com
40
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
1 tbsp coconut oil
2 x 340 g bags, broccoli slaw
1 x 170 g bag, snow peas
1 red pepper, chunked (see photo)
1 tsp red pepper flakes
1/2 cup fresh cilantro, chopped
1 ½ cups long grain white rice
Sauce:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
540 mL / 19 fl oz canned whole tomatoes
1/4 cup almond butter
1/4 cup almond milk
5 dates
2 limes, zest and juice
2 tbsp apple cider vinegar
2 tbsp fish sauce
1 tbsp fresh ginger
2 cloves fresh garlic
To taste, Himalayan rock salt
Preparation:
• Prepare rice as directed. Set aside.
• In a large heavy saucepan, sauté onions, chicken and coconut oil on medium
heat for 10 minutes or until chicken juices run clear. Stir occasionally. Add red
pepper flakes and red pepper. Sauté for an additional 2 minutes.
• In a blender, add all Sauce ingredients. Pulse until smooth.
• To the chicken pot, add broccoli slaw, snow peas, cilantro and Sauce. Fold
ingredients together. Simmer for an additional 10 minutes or until the broccoli
slaw turns vibrant green and sauce is hot through.
• Serve over rice.
• Garnish with fresh cilantro or chopped almonds.
Preparation Time: 45 mins
Serves: 6
About Meagan
Meagan lives in Collingwood, ON, only a few pedal strokes to the area’s most technical
singletrack, longest downhills, and picturesque country roads. She is an ambassador for
Oakley, TREK Women, and the YMCA, and strives to help build a community of women
Sacred Rides Mountain Bike Adventures
www.sacredrides.com
41
dedicated to progressing women’s cycling. She’s also Sacred Rides’ super-rad Business
Development director.
Sacred Rides Mountain Bike Adventures
www.sacredrides.com
42
Steven’s Top 10 Training Tips
By Steven Moniz, personal trainer and founder of Monvida Sports
1. Start early (training a couple of months in advance)
You were probably there once in your life, where you said to yourself, “I will start
working out next week, or next month”. The problem with telling ourselves this is
that we put a lot of pressure, and in the end, cramming way too much training in a
very short period of time. You never want to start training two weeks out. Giving
yourself at least two months will help your body progress a lot better, without
increasing your risk of injury or exhaustion in the process. No one wants to get
injured or sick right before their trip! My recommendation is start your training three
months in advance to optimize performance.
2. Rise, shine and train
The great thing about doing your workout early in the morning is that you get it out
of the way, so it doesn’t leave you with the option to make up an excuse later on in
the day as to why you can’t workout. Life gets in the way, so get your workout done
before!
3. Do it gradually
Starting off with the basics and working your way up is the best way to train for
anything. For instance working up from twice a week to 3 times a week, starting off
with a squat and progressing to a jump squat. Doing things gradually will not only
improve your performance, it will also prevent INJURIES.
4. Work on balance
As you know, being on a bike, riding over obstacles, turning corners, and keeping
stable as you are airborne coming off a drop, will need balance! So exercises that
emphasize single leg, or working on unstable pieces of equipment, like Bosu balls,
stability balls, and balance boards will really help with increasing your spatial
awareness.
5. Work on leg endurance and strength
Leg endurance is crucial when it comes to the sport of mountain biking, due to the
fact that the only thing propelling you forward are you legs! A lot of mountain bikers
think that because they ride a bike, they don’t need to strengthen their legs because
Sacred Rides Mountain Bike Adventures
www.sacredrides.com
43
“that’s what mountain biking is supposed to do”. Working on increasing the strength
and endurance in your legs will help you go for longer rides, without feeling the
fatigue you would normally feel on shorter rides. Strengthening your legs will also
prevent injuries from happening and hopefully keep you at the front of the
mountain biking pack, instead of behind. Remember that the view never changes
for the person behind!
6. Strengthen your upper body
As you work on your leg endurance you must also work on your upper body. Holding
your body up on your handlebars will tire you out. Strengthening exercises like
pushups, and planks on your hands, will Increase your upper body strength and
endurance to keep you stabilized and strong enough, to prevent your arms from
collapsing from right under you.
7. The fundamentals
Training with fundamental exercises will help keep the your prime movers strong,
without having to complicate things. This means, squats, deadlifts, and planks. Each
one of these exercises will work on your, legs, core and upper body, to keep you
efficient The great thing with these exercises is that you’re not isolating anything, so
less time in the gym and your body will work as one unit with these great functional
exercises.
8. Work on your weakest link before it breaks
Whether it is posture, old injuries, or just weakness in certain muscles, getting those
issues taken care of early will help you big time in the long run. I would suggest
talking to a strength coach, physiotherapist, or massage therapist to deal with the
issues before they become big problems. And once those issues are fixed your body
will perform at its best, and you will feel the difference. Remember your body is only
as strong as its weakest link.
9. ALWAYS remember to recover properly!!! Stretch, foam roll, and ICE
Training is only half of the journey. Recovery is the other half, without the recovery,
over training starts to happen, and with overtraining comes, injuries, exhaustion,
and do I dare say not being motivated to ride! So a proper stretching, foam rolling and
icing routine, will definitely help and really improve your performance on a
Sacred Rides Mountain Bike Adventures
www.sacredrides.com
44
mountain bike. In order, you should train, foam roll, stretch and then later on at
night ice.
10. Energize, sustain and recharge
Fueling up before, during, and after your ride will add to your performance on your
mountain bike. Think about it like a Ferrari with premium gas, the minute you put
regular in it, the car will not perform close to where it should, or it won’t even start at
all. That goes with the body, if you fuel up properly, you will have the energy to ride,
sustain it throughout the day and also recover a lot faster, so that you can continue
your trip without the infamous BONK occurring.
About Steven
Steven Moniz is a mountain biker, personal trainer, and the founder of Monvida Sports Inc.
He currently lives in Toronto, ON.
Sacred Rides Mountain Bike Adventures
www.sacredrides.com
45
Four Stretches for Your Next Adventure
Often neglected but just as important as the training routine is the post-workout
recovery, or as I like to call it, the “R&R”. A proper cool-down and recovery strategy,
which includes icing, stretching, and soft tissue manipulation like foam rolling or
massage therapy, is extremely important to prevent overtraining and injury; with a
proper recovery and stretching routine you can substantially decrease your chance of
getting injured. Aerobic and strength training activities cause muscles to shorten, but
with a proper stretching routine you keep muscles limber and help improve the
range of motion in your joints. This will allow you to stay efficient and better your
performance in whatever adventure you take on. It will also help to prevent overuse
injuries from occurring because the muscles that do become tight during your
activities are being stretched immediately after and this will keep them from getting
tighter and tighter.
Included below are a few stretches you should incorporate into your routine. Try and
hold each stretch for approximately 30 seconds, and remember to do it gently,
absolutely NO PAIN. And always consult a doctor before performing any exercise
routine.
1
2
Hi p F l exo r Co br a Step forward and lower yourself to place
one knee down on a mat or soft surface.
Extend your front forward (lean), making
sure that your shoulders are square and
chest is up, focusing on the stretch
happening in the hip of the leg on the
floor.
Start in a push-up position. Slowly, and as
far as you feel comfortable, straighten
your arms and bring your chest up. You
should feel the stretch in the front of
your stomach. Try doing it in the
morning and before you go to bed.
Sacred Rides Mountain Bike Adventures
www.sacredrides.com
46
3
4
Chest a nd S ho u l der
Ha m st r i ng Place your arm against the wall, making
sure not to shrug your shoulders. Turn
your chest away from the wall and look
straight ahead, while keeping the length
of your arm against the wall. You should
feel this stretch in the front of your
shoulders and your chest. Place one foot in front of the other, with
the toe of your front foot pointing to the
sky. As you bend over, make sure to
bend at the waist and not your back. You
should feel the stretch in the back of your
front leg. You can place your hands to
support yourself on the opposite leg.
Sacred Rides Mountain Bike Adventures
www.sacredrides.com
47
6 Exercises to Get You Primed for a Mountain Bike Trip
1
2
S qu a t s
Squats work your glutes, hamstrings and quads. Start with
your feet shoulder-width apart, your core tight and spine
neutral. As you come down, bend at your hips and knees,
making sure your knees don’t pass your toes, and stop
when you’re parallel to the floor. On your way up,
emphasize pressing through your heels.
3
Single leg deadlifts emphasize the posterior
side of your body by working your glutes,
hamstrings and quads. Start off by balancing
on one leg then lean forward, making sure to
keep your core tight and spine is neutral. Stop
once your upper body is parallel to the floor.
Squeeze your glutes and hamstrings on the
working leg to get back to the starting position.
4
P u sh-u ps
Push-ups are an upper body exercise to improve upper
body strength by working your chest, arms and shoulders.
Place your hands shoulder-width apart and bring you
chest as close to the floor as you can without touching it.
As you return to the starting position don’t lock out your
elbows. Also make sure to look at something a foot in front
of you to prevent you from bobbing your head and
reaching to the floor with your chin closer to the floor
rather than your chest.
S i ng l e Leg D ea dl i f t s
Lu ng es
Lunges are a lower body exercise that work
your glutes, hamstrings and quads. You’ll be
starting lunging out making sure that your
knee does not pass you toe and that most of
your weight is on your front leg. Also make
sure you back leg is bent and as you come back
up press through your heel. Repeat with your
other leg when done. Throughout this exercise
make sure that your chest is out, core is tight
and spine is neutral.
Sacred Rides Mountain Bike Adventures
www.sacredrides.com
48
5
Bent O v er R o ws
This a great exercise to balance the body from becoming
too chest dominant from riding the bike all day. Bent over
rows work your back and arms. Start with your feet in a
staggered position and your body bent over and parallel to
the ground. You will then row the weighted object up,
making sure that you keep your core tight and spine
neutral. Slowly lower the weight and repeat.
6
P l a nk s
This exercise strengthens your core and builds
endurance in your arms, shoulders, and core
muscles. Start on your elbows with your spine
as straight as possible. Hold this position for the
desired length of time, and do not twist or sag
at waist. If you want to mimic being on a
mountain bike, do the plank on your hands to
strengthen the stabilizer muscles in your
shoulder joint. Perform 3 sets of 20 repetitions
with 30 seconds of rest between sets. Hold
them for 25 seconds, and then increase your
time accordingly. To improve endurance,
perform the exercise in a circuit format — one
after another with very little to no rest.
Sacred Rides Mountain Bike Adventures
www.sacredrides.com
49
The Scientific Seven-Minute Workout
Adapted from ACSM’s Health and Fitness Journal
Don’t have a gym membership or exercise equipment at home? This 7-minute
workout can be done in the privacy of your own home with no equipment other
than a chair. In 12 exercises deploying only body weight, a chair and a wall, it fulfills
the latest mandates for high-intensity effort, which essentially combines a long run
and a visit to the weight room into about seven minutes of steady discomfort — all of
it based on science.
Spend 30 seconds on each exercise for best effect and allow 10-15 seconds rest in between each
exercise- Click here for a link to the article and then scroll down and click on images for more detail
on how to do each exercise.
Sacred Rides Mountain Bike Adventures
www.sacredrides.com
50
18 Tips for Avoiding Mountain Bike Injuries
By Mike Brcic, Sacred Rides
Let’s face it, injuries are a regular part of mountain biking – it’s a riskier sport than,
say, hiking. But that doesn’t mean injuries have to be an unavoidable part of the
sport. A little bit of preparation and a dose of smarts can help you avoid a lot of
injuries.
Mountain bike injuries fall into 2 general categories:
a) Wear-and-tear type injuries as a result of poor preparation/overtraining/riding
too long
b) Injuries sustained through crashes
The key to avoiding injuries of type a is some basic preparation. The key to avoiding
type b injuries is not being dumb.
1. Get fit: the best way to prevent wear-and-tear injuries is to get as fit as possible especially with respect to back injuries, which are common for mountain bikers
due to our hunched-over position and repetitive strain on our core. Get in the
groove of a regular strength training program, and make sure you’re training your
core: bicycle crunches, lateral raises, etc…
2. Get limber: make flexibility a regular part of your fitness routine. Start and end
each workout session with 5-10 minutes of flexibility training (see ‘Steve’s
Mountain Biking Warmups and Stretches’ below). Get into yoga – yoga and
mountain biking are a perfect complement to each other, like peanut butter and
chocolate. The added flexibility and strength from your yoga practice will serve
you well on the trail and help you ride better and more injury-free! (BTW we’ve
got some amazing yoga/MTB camps for women)
3. Stretch before you ride: riding without warming up is a great way to get injured!
Take 5 to 10 minutes before your ride to stretch (see ‘Steve’s Mountain Biking
Warmups and Stretches’ below). If you don’t have time to stretch, then at least try
to start your ride off with 15-20 minutes of easy riding so you can warm up before
you get into the hard stuff.
4. Plan your ride: know where you’re going and how long it will take to finish your
ride. One of the most common causes of injury is fatigue: when you’re tired you’re
more prone to wear-and-tear injuries as well as crashes. Poor planning can mean
your 2-hour ride turns into a 6-hour epic, riding the last 2 hours on empty, and/or
Sacred Rides Mountain Bike Adventures
www.sacredrides.com
51
riding in the dark.
5. Make sure your bike is in good shape and give it a full inspection before you
ride: nothing ruins your day more than taking air off a jump and having your
front wheel come out of the fork because the axle wasn’t screwed in (trust me on
this one). Make sure all the bolts and quick releases are tight, check your frame for
cracks, etc… see ‘Top 7 Tips on Keeping Your Bike in Tip-Top Shape’ in this guide.
6. Wear a helmet: I shouldn’t even have to write this, but it amazes me that to this
day I still see people riding trails (often difficult ones) on $3000 bikes without a
helmet (that they can buy for $40). Don’t be fool.
7. Wear cycling glasses: the 2nd best way to ruin your day (other than your wheel
falling off mid-jump) is getting a branch in the eye because you forgot to bring
your cycling glasses. You can get a decent pair of clear glasses at your local bike
shop for under $30, or at the very least, throw on a pair of sunglasses (not
recommended if you are riding in forested areas as you will find it hard to see)
8. Wear body armour: knee and arm pads are inexpensive (compared to the cost of
a mountain bike), and unless you’re riding a trail that you know for sure you won’t
wipe out on, there’s no good reason not to wear them. They can save you a lot of
skin. If you’re riding something super-gnarly, then full-body protection is a good
choice as well.
9. Set up your bike properly: having your bike set up and tuned to your body will
reduce wear-and-tear injuries, particularly on your wrists. Having your wrists
under- or over-rotated because of poorly set up brake levers is an easy way to
having ongoing wrist problems, which can often take a really long time to heal. So
set up your bike properly (see ‘How to Set Up Your Mountain Bike’ in this guide).
10. Keep well-hydrated: a good rule of thumb is to carry at least 50% more water than
you think you’ll need. You never know what might happen, and getting
dehydrated is a quick way to hit the wall and deplete your energy stores, which
leads to fatigue and injuries.
11. Keep your glucose levels up: bring plenty of energy bars, energy gels, or energy
drinks with you and snack along the way to keep your energy level up and
prevent bonking.
12. Know good body positioning: Stay centred in your cockpit, with your weight
evenly distributed between your front and back wheels. This requires moving
Sacred Rides Mountain Bike Adventures
www.sacredrides.com
52
your body back and forth in the cockpit as you climb/descend, and will help you
stay on your bike (as opposed to off it, on the ground).
13. Get out of your saddle: one of the common mistakes beginners make is always
staying seated. Getting out of your saddle takes the weight off your saddle and
onto your pedals, moving your centre of gravity lower and making you stable
(think Formula One car versus double-decker bus: which would you rather be in
when taking a corner at 200 km/h). So when the going gets rough (i.e. technical
terrain) or when you’re going over undulating terrain, get out of your saddle.
14. Scope Out Your Drops: If you’re going to take air, scope out the jump and the
landing before you drop. You should never hit jumps and drops blind – this is a
quick ticket to the hospital.
15. Don’t get cocky: building your mountain biking skills and confidence is all about
small gains and progression. Build your skills in small steps and don’t overestimate
your skills. If you get cocky and decide that you can go from a beginner trail to a
Whistler Bike Park double-black-diamond, or go from 2-foot-drops to 40-foot gap
jumps, you’ll quickly discover the error of your ways. Nothing shatters your
mountain bike confidence more than a big crash, so push your limits gradually!
16. Look ahead: when I’m riding I like to look at least 40 feet ahead on the trail. This
allows me to see what’s coming up and prepare myself; while looking ahead I can
still see what’s directly in front, but if I’m looking down at my front wheel I’m
going to get surprised by trail features and probably wipe out a lot.
17. Know how to eject: even if you do all of the above, you’re still going to wipe out
from time to time. Knowing how to eject can save your hide. One great way to
eject is something our lead instructor Johanna calls the ‘North Shore eject’, where
you lift your leg over the top tube and jump off to one side of the bike (this is
especially effective when you’re riding obstacles that are off the ground).
18. Take a mountain bike skills course: there are dozens of great mountain bike
skills camp providers around the world. You’ll be amazed at how a day or two of
instruction with a great instructor can improve your riding and help you build
confidence (BTW, did I mention we offer a number of mountain bike skills camps
for women?).
Sacred Rides Mountain Bike Adventures
www.sacredrides.com
53
TRAVELING WITH
YOUR MOUNTAIN BIKE
Sacred Rides Mountain Bike Adventures
www.sacredrides.com
54
7 Things to Think About When Travelling Abroad (To Mountain Bike)
By Mike Brcic
1. What are the entry requirements into the country?
Do I need a visa? If so, can I get it on entry or do I need to get it in advance? Do I need
a passport? You can find answers to questions such as these at Visa HQ or Project
Visa.
2. Are there any entry fees?
Some countries charge an entry fee or reciprocity fee (such as Chile). Google ‘[your
citizenship] traveling to [intended destination country] entry fees’ to find out if you’ll
need to pay any fees when you enter the country. Some fees can be as high as $150,
so do some research in advance.
3. Will I need vaccinations?
Travel in many countries may necessitate some vaccinations. Check out the
MDTravelHealth website for some preliminary information, and then visit a local
travel clinic for up-to-date/in-depth information and vaccinations.
4. What’s the best way to get local currency?
Usually the best way to get local currency is via a local ATM – withdraw enough cash
to get by for a few days (but not so much that if you lose it/get robbed you’ll be out a
ton of money) and your bank will usually convert it at a favourable rate. Check with
your bank about foreign withdrawal fees, as they can often be hefty.
Alternatives include traveler’s checks (which many vendors don’t accept, so they
have to be converted to local currency), USD (which is widely accepted in most
countries around the world, albeit often at a poor exchange rate), or credit cards
(which can be widely accepted depending on your destination, and usually result in a
favourable exchange rate).
5. What are the hospitals and medical facilities like?
If something serious happens, like a serious illness or injury, are the local hospitals
equipped to handle it, or will you have to be flown home to get the proper care?
Where are the best facilities in your intended destination? Find out in advance so
you can demand the best care if something does happen.
Again, MDTravelHealth is a great resource for research about medical facilities in your
intended destination.
Sacred Rides Mountain Bike Adventures
www.sacredrides.com
55
6. How good is local cell service?
If you’re traveling on your own and are going to be getting into remote areas, and
especially if you’re doing something risky like hardcore mountain biking, it’s prudent
to find out if you can reach help on your cell or if other means of communication (e.g.
a satellite phone) will be required.
OpenSignal is a great resource for finding out if and where you can get coverage in
your intended destination. Type in your destination to see coverage and then find
out if your carrier can be accessed via roaming with the local carriers.
7. Is it safe?
Every country in the world has some sort of safety risks. Unless you like living on the
edge, it’s prudent to do a bit of research in advance to find out if there are any areas
you should avoid, and what precautions to take.
The Government of Canada keeps a pretty good and regularly updated database of
travel advisories around the world. Keep in mind, though, that embassies tend to
take a very conservative approach to risk management, and a) will often inflate the
actual risk, sometimes significantly, and b) often don’t have the resources to get up-todate, on-the-ground information.
I’ve travelled to many areas around the world that were subject to travel advisories,
yet when I arrived I found no evidence of any significant safety risk, often because
the local embassy hadn’t bothered to follow up on a travel advisory and/or hadn’t
been to the area in years.
The best approach is to try and get local advice: connect with locals in the area and
find out what the real situation is. Reach out to them via online forums, friends of
friends, Facebook, Twitter, etc… and get the insider’s perspective. You may even
make new friends that you can visit when you get to your destination!
Sacred Rides Mountain Bike Adventures
www.sacredrides.com
56
What to pack for a mountain bike trip
By the Sacred Rides Team
We’re sure that most people reading this have been on enough mountain bike rides
to know what they pack on a day trip into the woods. That being said, we’ve
compiled a fairly (read: “very”) comprehensive list of items that could be taken in a
pack on a day trip, or in a suitcase and in your bike bag for a flight across the world.
This is best used as a base to pick and choose freely from, in accordance with your
destination and needs.
On the bike:
• Jersey(s)
• Cycling shorts with a quality
chamois
• Helmet (a total no-brainer ….get it)
• Full-finger bike gloves with a
padded palm (you’ll be grateful for
more than one pair on a week-long
trip)
• Cycling socks (synthetic or
lightweight wool)
• Arm warmers
• Leg warmers (or long bibs)
• Cycling shoes
• Hydration pack with zippered
utility pockets (we happen to be big
fans of Osprey's Raptor Series)
• More water than you think you
need (because you just never know)
•
•
Chill time:
• Swimwear
• Flip flops and towels
• Cotton t-shirt
• Cotton hooded sweater
• Jeans
• Trail shoes or boots
Personal and first-aid:
(Refer to our section above, entitled
“Medical Kit” for an in-depth look at what
you might need for First Aid)
•
On and off the bike:
• Quality rain jacket (preferably
Goretex, with pit-zips for
ventilation)
• Wind Jacket (lightweight and
form-fitting)
• Sweater (fleece and form-fitting
mid-layer)
• Top and bottom base layer
(synthetic or lightweight wool)
• Sunglasses (polarized are ideal)
Camera (phone or point-and-shoot,
and a GoPro or other POV camera if
you’ve got one)
Ear warmer
•
•
•
•
•
•
Toiletries (toothbrush and
toothpaste, shampoo and
conditioner, soap, etc.)
Sunscreen (oil-free for sport)
Insect repellent (with DEET)
Anti-bacterial wipes and/or gel
Toilet paper (depending on where
you’re going, this could be difficult
to find!)
Chamois crème
Basic First Aid kit (ibuprofen, band
aids, polysporin, tweezers)
Sacred Rides Mountain Bike Adventures
www.sacredrides.com
57
Tips for flying with your mountain bike
By Mike Brcic
1. Get a proper case
If you plan on traveling more than once with your mountain bike, or are doing
multiple legs on your journey, invest in a proper case for your bike. Nothing sucks
more than getting to your destination, opening up your cardboard bike box and
finding a bent or broken derailleur hanger or brake rotor, and then spending half a
day looking for bike shops to fix the problem.
2. Clean your bike before you go
Some countries (like New Zealand, for instance) are
really strict about foreign dirt coming into the
country; your dirt-caked tires might look really cool,
but they could also result in your bike being
impounded. Do your research, and if you need to,
give your bike a proper cleaning and washing before
packing it up for travel. Plus it’s a lot nicer pulling a
clean bike out of your case and caking it with fresh
local dirt!
3. Don’t just use your bike bag for your bike
All airlines have a maximum weight allowance for your main checked baggage, but
you can often get around this by transferring clothes and other gear from your
luggage to your bike case (you usually pay a flat rate to bring a bike on the plane, with
no weight restriction). If you’ve followed suggestion #2, then you can kill two birds
with one stone by wrapping your bike clothes (jerseys, shorts, armour, etc...) around
your bike frame to further protect it.
4. Bring lots of riding clothes
Let’s face it, mountain bike gear gets dirty – and really stinky –
fast. You may think you can get more than 1 day out of a
jersey, but trust me – after you’ve put a hard day of riding into
a jersey or shorts, you’re really not going to want to put them
on again the next morning. And you probably don’t want to
spend a big chunk of our vacation sitting at laundromats, so
bring at least 3 or 4 jerseys and shorts if you have them.
Ditto with socks.
Sacred Rides Mountain Bike Adventures
www.sacredrides.com
58
5. Shipping vs. Flying vs. Renting
If you’re flying to your destination then you have three options for having a bike at
your destination: ship it via mail/courier or bring it with you on the plane or rent a
bike.
Shipping
If you’re staying within your continent (e.g. North America, or Europe) then shipping
your bike may make sense: you don’t have to lug it around with you, courier
companies are usually more careful with your bike than airline baggage handlers,
and you can purchase insurance easily. Here are a few shipping options:
•
FedEx (They will insure your bike case.)
•
UPS (According to Adventure Cycling Association, UPS costs more and takes
longer than FedEx. They will not insure your bike case.)
•
Bikeflights (Prides itself on being the “easiest and cheapest” way to ship a bike.
Flying
If you’re flying away from your home continent, then it’s usually prohibitively
expensive to ship your bike (for example, shipping a bike from our office in Toronto
to Lima, Peru is about $600 CAD) and it makes more sense to bring it with you on the
plane. Most airlines charge an extra fee for transporting a bike, generally anywhere
from $50-$250 each way. Although it’s a bit of a hassle to pack up your bike and lug it
with you to the airport, it’s usually not as much hassle as you might think.
See our section on ‘TOP 10 AIRLINES FOR TRAVEL WITH A MOUNTAIN BIKE’ for
more information on the best airlines to travel with when you’re bringing a bike with
you.
Renting
A final option is to rent a mountain bike at your destination. While we generally
recommend our Riders – and all mountain bike travelers - bring their own bikes with
them (you’ll usually ride better on a familiar bike, unless your familiar bike is a piece
of crap), sometimes it’s just more convenient to rent, for example if you’re planning
on traveling on after your mountain bike trip and don’t want the hassle of lugging
your bike around or storing your bike.
A few recommendations re: rental bikes:
1. Plan ahead: in high season many shops are slammed and may not have
availability at the last minute, so book your bike well in advance
2. Ask for exact details on brand, model and year of their fleet.
3. Ask how often they maintain their fleet: are they inspected and maintained
after each ride, or on a periodic basis?
Sacred Rides Mountain Bike Adventures
www.sacredrides.com
59
4. Ask about their damage policy: for instance, whose responsibility is it if the
derailleur hits a rock and the hanger snaps off? Or whose responsibility is it if
the front fork blows out and leaks oil all over the place?
5. Sizing is super-important: a medium Specialized doesn’t fit the same as a
medium Santa Cruz. If you’re interested in a rental, find out the model and
then find a local shop in your area that sells or rents the same bike, and go to
the store and try out bikes to find your size.
At Sacred Rides we’ve partnered with great local bike shops and rental shops in all of
our destinations to ensure that we have high-quality mountain bike rentals for our
Riders. Whether you’re traveling with us or on your own, feel free to drop us a line to
ask about rental options in our destinations.
6. Check your airline’s baggage policies
It pays to read the fine print about baggage policies: some airlines even go so far as to
prohibit bikes on planes. Read the fine print about weight restrictions, bike fees, etc..
before you decide to book that flight.
Sacred Rides Mountain Bike Adventures
www.sacredrides.com
60
A guide to protecting your mountain bike
By Mike Brcic
There are many ways to protect your mountain bike during travel – whether it’s by
train, plane or automobile. Here we’ll outline the 3 main methods (hard shell case, soft
shell case/bike bag, cardboard box) and outline pros and cons of each. If you’re
traveling by car you’re probably using a bike rack, and because they generally don’t
require packing or protection we’re not going to go into that here.
Hard Shell Case (or Bike Box)
A hard-shell case is just what it sounds like: a hard
shell to protect your bike from bumps and bruises
incurred when getting tossed around by baggage
handlers, taxi driver, or you when you’re getting
impatient. They’re generally made of high-strength,
durable plastic and if you’re planning on travelling a
lot and/or have an expensive bike, they’re a great choice.
Pros:
Cons:
•
Highest level of protection
•
Expensive (generally starting at
•
Very durable
$500+)
•
Some boxes have compartments
•
Heavy and bulky
for parts
•
May incur extra weight charges
when flying
•
Rollers on some models make
•
You will almost always pay
them easy to transport
airline bike charges (if
applicable)
Good for: Frequent travelers, people with really expensive bikes who are concerned
about any damage
Sacred Rides Mountain Bike Adventures
www.sacredrides.com
61
Soft Shell Case (or Bike Bag)
A soft-shell case or bike bag is a specialty bag made
specifically for transporting bikes. They’re usually
made of high-durability nylon and often have
several compartments so you can easily store your
bike parts (such as pedals, wheels, saddle, etc…)
There is a wide variety in quality and pricing, so as
with anything – you get what you pay for. We
recommend you purchase a high-quality bag made
by a reputable manufacturer that will guarantee your bag. We sell the amazing Pika
Packworks bag at our online store. They’re handmade in Utah, and are built to last.
And we’ve gotten away with checking them in as regular baggage many times,
saving us thousands of dollars in airline bike fees over the years. Do this two or three
times and the bag’s paid for itself!
Pros:
•
More affordable than hard-shell
cases
•
High level of durability (if you
buy a good one)
•
Usually have lots of
compartments for wheels, parts,
etc…
•
Often have extra room for other
baggage (e.g. bike clothing),
which can save you airline fees
•
Lighter than hard-shell cases
•
Some bags can pass as regular
luggage and save you airline
bike fees (which can be as much
as $200 each way!)
Cons:
•
Lower level of protection than
hard-shell cases
•
Not as durable as hard-shell
cases
•
Good bags are moderately
expensive ($300-$500)
Good for: Frequent travelers who want a moderately high level of protection for their
bike, but are OK accepting the risk that there may be minor damage to their bike if it
is handled poorly - in our experience with dozens of customers using our Pika
Packworks bag, we’ve never heard of any major damage beyond a bent rotor (which
was quickly and easily bent back).
Sacred Rides Mountain Bike Adventures
www.sacredrides.com
62
Cardboard Box
The cheapest option for protecting your bike is
a cardboard bike box, the kind you can get
from your local bike shop for free.
These are only recommended if you’re unsure
whether you’ll ever be traveling again with
your mountain bike and aren’t sure you want
to invest in a bike bag or hard shell case. A
better option than a cardboard box (and still
much cheaper than buying a bike bag or hard
shell case) is renting a bike bag or hard shell bike case – ask around at your local bike
shops.
Pros:
•
Cheap (i.e. free)
•
Easy to get (from your local bike
shop)
•
Lighter than other options
Good for: one-time users who aren’t sure
they’ll be doing more travel with their
bike and don’t want to commit the $ for
a bike bag or hard-shell case.
Cons:
•
Lowest level of protection
•
Not very durable (you can
usually only get 1 trip out of a
cardboard box before it falls
apart)
Sacred Rides Mountain Bike Adventures
www.sacredrides.com
63
How to Pack Your Mountain Bike in a Box for Shipping or Flying
From www.singletracks.com
A mountain bike may seem like a large, unwieldy object when it comes to shipping or
flying cross-country, but if you know what you’re doing, you can easily pack your
mountain bike into a nice, neat box. Here’s a step-by-step article to show you how.
Get a box.
If you can’t afford the $ for a soft or hard-shell case for your bike (however, if you’ve
spent more than $2000 on your bike, then it’s silly to not spend an additional $300$400 to properly protect it), then use a cardboard bike box. If you saved the box your
bike originally shipped in, +1 for you. If not, don’t worry–you can usually find a bike
box at your local bike shop, and oftentimes they’ll even give you one for free (if not
free, then for a nominal fee). Boxes come in all sizes based on the bike type, so look
for a box that held a mountain bike your size or larger.
I ride a size XL 29er, which means boxes are hard to come by locally but I’ve found
hybrid bike boxes usually work, as long as they’re meant for a size XL bike.
Sacred Rides Mountain Bike Adventures
www.sacredrides.com
2. Prepare for disassembly.
Shift your rear derailleur to the
largest cog on your cassette to tuck
the derailleur in as much as
possible. Grab all the tools you’ll
need and make sure to keep them
together; if you’re flying, you’ll need
these exact tools on the other end
of your trip.
3. Begin disassembly.
The idea is to disassemble your
bike as little as possible while fitting
the bike in the box as securely as
possible. Remove your front wheel.
Pedals will almost always need to
be removed; in fact, many airlines
require this step.
Next, remove the seat post (leave
the saddle attached). Remove the
stem (with handlebars still attached) from your fork. Remember to bolt your stem cap
back on so you don’t lose any hardware.
At this point you can
test to see if your bike
will fit in the box
lengthwise. If not, it’s
time to make more
room!
4. Continue
disassembly.
Note, this is only
required if your bike
didn’t fit after
completing all the
items in step 3.
Remove the air from
your rear tire to gain an extra inch or two in length. Remove the tire entirely if you
could use even more room.
Sacred Rides Mountain Bike Adventures
www.sacredrides.com
If the bike still won’t fit (but it’s close), try
turning your fork around 180 degrees.
Your disc brake caliper may be jutting
out, so remove it if necessary (I don’t like
to do this but in my case, it was
necessary).
Bike still doesn’t fit? You need a longer
box.
5. Pack the box.
Slip the front wheel and seatpost/saddle
inside the box wherever they will fit and
rest your handlebars over the top tube of
the frame. The hybrid bike box I’m using
isn’t super wide, so fitting my front wheel
in beside the frame is a no go. To make it
all work, I removed my tire from the rim
and folded the tire up on top of the bike
(extra padding!). The rim fit in beside the
bike no problem. If your wheel uses a QR
skewer, you may need to remove this to fit
the wheel beside your frame.
Keep all the hardware you removed,
including pedals, caliper bolts, and
skewers, in a ziplock baggie, and tape it to
the inside of the box. If you’re bringing
tools, I suggest placing those in a bag too
and taping them inside the box.
6. Pad the bike.
Ideally your bike will be shipped upright
(and not on its side); most bike boxes are
marked “this end up,” but that’s no
guarantee. For this reason, padding is key.
First, identify any punch points–places
where the box looks like it’s bulging near
the rear derailleur or fork. Slip styrofoam
Sacred Rides Mountain Bike Adventures
www.sacredrides.com
between the bike and the box at these points and add tape to keep the packing
materials in place.
Many bike shops will give you packing materials along with the bike box, so just ask!
For example, many bikes ship plastic bits to protect QR fork mounts and rear axles, so
pick these up if you can find them.
Next, look for any items that might rub together in transit. Metal on carbon fiber isn’t
good, so add padding to any parts or loose items that might cause problems.
Finally, identify any spots where the bike might have an opportunity to move up
and down or side-to-side in the box. Pack lightweight materials in to keep the bike as
stable as possible. When I’m traveling, I like to put some of my clothes in the box as
padding, which also saves me from checking (and paying for!) a second bag at the
airport.
Parting Shot
If you choose to use a cardboard box, you should be able to get at least a couple round
trips out of it… but throw the box away if it becomes damaged.
It’s pretty easy to pack a bike in a box, and the whole process should take less than
an hour. Reassembly is often even faster–just reverse the steps above and ride away!
Sacred Rides Mountain Bike Adventures
www.sacredrides.com
8 Questions to ask when renting a mountain bike
by Mike Brcic, Sacred Rides
How often are the bikes maintained?
Some shops do an awesome job of maintaining their bikes; they clean, lube, and
repair broken parts after every rental. Other shops might not be so diligent, and
nothing can ruin your ride more than a bike that keeps breaking down. So make
sure you ask about their maintenance policies.
What year are the bikes?
Are the bike new this year, or are they a few years old? Most bike shops replace
their rental fleets every year, but some don’t. Rental bikes get beat up pretty bad, so
the shelf life for a rental bike is usually not more than 1 year, depending on how
often they get rented/used.
How do you assess damage vs. wear & tear?
Rental bikes get a lot of abuse, especially if you’re using them at a lift-accessed bike
park. A lot of the abuse is regular ‘wear-and-tear’ (that bike shops shouldn’t charge
you for, like a slightly bent derailleur) but often it crosses into the area of actual
damage (like a derailleur that’s broken right off the frame, which they should
charge you for). Ask the rental shop in advance what their policy is regarding
damage vs. wear-and-tear.
And on that note, do a full bike check with the shop before you take the bike out of
the store, and note any existing damage (just like you would with a rental car).
What kind of pedals does the bike have?
Most rentals have flat pedals (i.e. pedals you can use regular shoes on). Some have
combination flat/SPD pedals (i.e. flat on one side, SPD on the other). Very few rental
bikes come with SPDs, so if you do want to ride with your SPD shoes, you’ll need to
bring your shoes and pedals with you – or you can ask if the shop has the
appropriate pedals for your shoes and can put them on for you. If not, then ask if
they can put your pedals on the rental bike for you, to save you having to lug a
pedal wrench around.
Does the seatpost have a quick release?
Depending on the type of riding you’re doing, a quick release seatpost (vs. fixed) is
often very useful to have. Many rental bikes come with fixed seatposts, so ask in
advance!
Sacred Rides Mountain Bike Adventures
www.sacredrides.com
Are the components stock or have any of them been replaced?
Sometimes shops will swap out the stock parts on a rental bike with cheaper parts,
to avoid having expensive parts get thrashed. If you have your heart set on a bike
with XT components, then make sure that the XT components that usually come
with a certain make/model are actually on the bike you’re going to ride.
Do you offer a discount for multi-day rentals?
Most shops do, but often they don’t post it on their website. If they don’t have a
multi-day rate, then try and negotiate one. You should be able to at least get a free
day for a 7-day rental.
Do you charge a security deposit or take a pre-authorization on my card?
Often shops will take some sort of deposit or pre-authorization on your credit card
when you rent it. We’ve heard of some shops charging as much as $2000, so if you
have limited available credit on your card, find out how much the deposit/pre-auth
is in advance, to avoid any last-minute surprises and/or no bike!
Sacred Rides Mountain Bike Adventures
www.sacredrides.com
11 Tips for booking a cheap flight
By Nate Lessnick
1. Sign Up for Alerts
First, sign up for AirFareWatchDog’s fare alerts and email newsletter that sends
cheap flight deals based on your home airport. Most domestic deals are under or
around $200 – and some are so low, it’s mind-boggling.
2. Follow Airlines on Social Media
Friend or follow carriers you’re most likely to use and keep tabs on what they’re
offering. Airlines often tout pretty amazing deals on Facebook and Twitter and they
go fast, so get ready to jump on an opportunity when you see one.
3. Sign Up for Third-Party Fare Alerts
Whether you prefer Orbitz, Bing Travel or FareCompare, sign up for fare alerts so
when flights become available in your budget, you can jump on the deal.
Travelocity's FareWatcherPlus feature also lets you track airfare for up to 10 routes at
once. Other sites such as Yapta allow you track your specific itinerary and let you
know if the airline owes you a price-drop refund.
4. Know When — Exactly — to Buy
While searching for deals, remember that traveling on a Tuesday, Wednesday and
Saturday are the cheapest days to fly, while Friday and Sunday are the busiest travel
days and the most expensive. The most cost-efficient time to fly is also first thing in
the morning and red-eyes, followed by lunch time and dinner-hour flights. The best
times to purchase an airline ticket, however, is Tuesday at 3 p.m. or Friday at 4 p.m.
ET, as discounted flights hit the sites.
5. Use Priceline for Last-Minute Trips
Short on time to purchase airfare? You can name your own price on Priceline.com.
Although you won't know the exact flight times or airline you’ll be flying with until
you pay, it’s possible to save 50%. Hotwire.com can also be useful for last minute trips.
6. Hire a Travel Agent
Despite the plethora of websites mentioned earlier designed to allow anyone to snag
deals on airfare, there are many instances when contacting a travel agent makes
Sacred Rides Mountain Bike Adventures
www.sacredrides.com
sense. Hiring a professional at Flight Centre or the Adventure Travel Company, for
example, will often pay for itself and more with the discounts they’ll find you, not to
mention the time and hassle of sifting through all the information they’ll save you.
7. Consider Hotel + Air Packages
If you are planning on arriving to your destination a few days prior to your trip start
date, it's often cheaper to buy an air-plus-hotel package rather than airfare alone,
especially for last minute travel. In some cases, the deal will include wholesale airfares
that are only available as part of a package. Travelocity’s "TotalTrip" offerings often
pop up with hotel-plus-air for half the price of air alone. Lastminute.com is also a great
source for finding last minute packages.
8. Test the 24-Hour Rule
After booking your flights, check the next morning to see if the price of your airfare
fell. If it did, give the airline a call to see if you can cancel your flight and rebook
without penalty.
9. Become a Frequent Flier
It pays to cozy up to your airline of choice. Become an elite member of the airline's
frequent-flier program or use a credit card that's tied to the airline to get a leg up on
other travelers. Likewise, be sure to use a credit card with travel rewards and to rack
up points on an Air Miles card whenever possible.
10. Book six weeks in advance
Studies have shown that the best time to purchase your airfare is about six weeks
prior to travel. The reason being that around this time, prices drop below the average
fare.
11. Check out Google Flights
Google’s new Flights feature is super basic but super fast and effective. Check it out:
https://www.google.com/flights
Sacred Rides Mountain Bike Adventures
www.sacredrides.com
Top 10 Airlines for Mountain Bike Travel
By Nate Lessnick, Sacred Rides
We’ve meticulously researched which airlines are most bike-friendly (relatively speaking) and have
maintained respectable Skytrax ratings (the world's leading airline and airport review site) over the
years, and summed up our findings in the following table. Remember that if lugging your bike across
the globe appears to be too cumbersome and costly a task, we offer mountain bike rentals in all of our
destinations.
Disclaimer: The information presented is current as of July 2014. Airline policies have a tendency to change
without warning, so be sure to check details before you book your flight. If you’ve experienced bikeunfriendliness or lackluster service from any of the following airlines, let us know.
Our
Ranking
Airline
Weight/Size limits
Fee(s) for bike/Additional notes
Skytra
x
rating
1
Southwest
Max weight: 50lb (23kg)
Max size: 62in (157cm)
3 Star
2
Qatar
Airways
3
5
Westjet
6
Air New
Zealand
7
LAN
8
Singapore
Airlines
Thai
Airways
Counts as checked baggage regardless of class of
service.
Free for "Classic" or "Classic Plus" ticket holders.
"Economy" ticket holders are charged the regular
$20 bag fee.
$20-$23 CAD/USD as second bag. Additional fee per
kg will apply for excess weight
Excess baggage fees vary depending on where your
flight begins and ends (Canada and US = $150).
Mountain bikes need to be clean/dirt free and will
be inspected.
Free if within weight and size restrictions - counts
as one checked piece of luggage.
Bikes count as regular checked baggage, otherwise
no additional fees apply
Free if within weight restrictions - counts as one
checked piece of luggage.
$119 USD fee applies if length is between 62in to
80in.
$238 USD fee applies if length exceeds 80in.
$50 CAD/USD one-way handling fee.
Counts as one piece of baggage towards the max
number of checked bags allowed by fare type.
Single fixed handling charge waived for Latitude
and Executive fare customers for travel within
Canada, and between Canada and the US.
4 Star
4
Virgin
America
Frontier
Max weight: 50lb (23kg)
70lb/32kg if
Business/1st
Max weight: 50lb (23kg)
Free if within weight and size restrictions - counts
as one checked piece of luggage if in a hard-sided
bicycle box.
Free if within weight restrictions - counts as one
checked piece of luggage.
9
10
Air Canada
Max weight: 50lb (23kg)
Max weight: 50lb (23kg)
Max size: 62in (157cm)
Max weight: 50lb (23kg)
Max size: 80in (2m)
Max weight: 50lb (23kg)
Max size: 80in (2m)
Max weight: 70lb (32kg)
Max size: 115 in (2.9m)
Max weight: 50lb (23kg)
(70lb/32kg if in Business
& First Class)
Max size: 62in (157cm)
Max weight: 70lb (32kg)
Max size: 115in (2.9m)
Sacred Rides Mountain Bike Adventures
www.sacredrides.com
5 Star
3 Star
3 Star
4 Star
3 Star
5 Star
4 Star
4 Star
Visas and Entry Requirements
Many countries around the world have visa requirements and other restrictions on
traveling. Before you travel it’s prudent to do your research – for some countries it
may take up to 3 months to get a travel visa, so make sure you check out
requirements as soon as you’ve selected your destination(s)!
Here are a couple of great resources on entry requirements for countries around the
world:
Visa HQ: select your country of citizenship and then the site will update the country
list with requirements for your citizenship. Make sure you click on the
country/countries you’re visiting to get complete information (such as passport
validity requirements).
Project Visa: simply select the country you’re traveling to and then read the
information provided.
Sacred Rides Mountain Bike Adventures
www.sacredrides.com
HEALTH AND
VACCINATIONS
Sacred Rides Mountain Bike Adventures
www.sacredrides.com
Health and Safety Issues for Mountain Bike Travelers
Below are listed some common concerns related to mountain bike travel.
Altitude sickness
If you’re mountain biking in the mountains, altitude sickness may be a risk. Altitude
sickness may develop in travelers who ascend rapidly to altitudes greater than 2500
m, including those in previously excellent health. Being physically fit in no way
lessens the risk of altitude sickness. Those who have developed altitude sickness in
the past are prone to future episodes. The risk increases with faster ascents and
higher altitudes.
Symptoms of acute mountain sickness, the most common form of the disorder, may
include headaches, nausea, vomiting, dizziness, malaise, insomnia, and loss of
appetite. Severe cases may be complicated by breathlessness and chest tightness,
which are signs of pulmonary edema (fluid in the lungs), or by confusion, lethargy,
and unsteady gait, which indicate cerebral edema (brain swelling).
Altitude sickness may be prevented by taking acetazolamide 125 or 250 mg twice
daily starting 24 hours before ascent and continuing for 48 hours after arrival at
altitude. You’ll need a prescription from your doctor to get acetazolamide.
Other measures to prevent altitude sickness include
•
Ascend gradually or by increments to higher altitudes
•
Avoid overexertion
•
Eat light meals
•
Avoid alcohol
Bites and stings from larger animals
As mountain bikers we tend to travel to off-the-beaten-path and remote areas,
where we can often encounter critters and animals that we don’t find in urban and
more developed areas. This risk can go up significantly if traveling in less-developed
areas.
Any bite or scratch by a mammal, including bats, should be promptly and thoroughly
cleaned with large amounts of soap and water, followed by application of an
antiseptic such as iodine or alcohol. The local health authorities should be contacted
immediately for possible post-exposure rabies treatment, whether or not the person
has been immunized against rabies. It may also be advisable to start an antibiotic,
since wounds caused by animal bites and scratches frequently become infected.
Sacred Rides Mountain Bike Adventures
www.sacredrides.com
In the event of a venomous snake bite, move the victim a safe distance from the
snake and place him or her at rest, with the affected extremity immobilized and kept
below the level of the heart. Remove constrictive clothing and jewellery. Apply a
pressure bandage, which does not impede blood flow. Avoid tourniquets, which are
no longer recommended. Bring the victim immediately to the nearest medical facility
for administration of anti-venom and supportive care.
If bitten by a scorpion, apply ice, immobilize the affected body part, and seek
immediate medical help. Scorpion bites are painful but generally not dangerous,
except in infants. To prevent scorpion bites, sleep under mosquito nets, wear gloves
and protective clothing when working around piles of wood or leaves, and be sure to
inspect and shake out clothing, shoes, and sleeping bags before use.
Food and water precautions
A broad range of diseases may be acquired by consuming contaminated food or
water. When traveling in developing countries, it is essential to exercise discretion in
the choice of meals and beverages.
Do not drink tap water unless it has been boiled, filtered, or chemically disinfected.
Vigorous boiling for one minute is the most effective means of water purification. At
altitudes greater than 6500 feet (2 km), boil for three minutes.
Chemical disinfection with iodine is also effective, as are water filters. Those with
smaller pores (reverse osmosis filters) provide the broadest protection, but they are
relatively large and are readily plugged by debris. Those with somewhat larger pores
(microstrainer filters) are ineffective against viruses, although they remove other
organisms. Objective data comparing different filters is limited. In all instances,
manufacturers' instructions must be carefully followed for the filters to operate
effectively.
Do not drink unbottled beverages or drinks with ice. Do not eat fruits or vegetables
unless they have been peeled or cooked. Avoid cooked foods that are no longer
piping hot. Cooked foods that have been left at room temperature are particularly
hazardous. Avoid unpasteurized milk and any products that might have been made
from unpasteurized milk, such as ice cream. Do not eat raw or undercooked meat or
fish. Avoid food and beverages obtained from street vendors.
Sacred Rides Mountain Bike Adventures
www.sacredrides.com
Jet lag
Jet lag is common when a traveler crosses more than five time zones. Symptoms may
include sleep difficulty, fatigue, malaise, nausea, loss of appetite, and other
gastrointestinal symptoms. Levels of performance, both intellectual and physical,
may be less than par. Sleeping pills may be helpful in promoting sleep and adjusting
to a new time zone after arrival. Options include newer medications such as zolpidem
(Ambien) (PDF), as well as short-acting benzodiazepines such as temazepam (Restoril).
The chief side-effect of all sleeping pills is drowsiness or dizziness upon awakening.
Other helpful measures include:
•
Get adequate rest before departure
•
Drink plenty of fluids
•
Eat light meals
•
Avoid alcohol
Upon arrival, get exposure to natural sunlight and readjust your schedule for meals,
sleep, etc.) as soon as possible
Medical kit
If you’re planning on mountain biking in remote areas where quick evacuation
and/or communication with evacuation personnel are difficult, you should pack a
personal medical kit. The contents of the kit will vary depending upon the carrying
capacity of your pack (our guides use Osprey Raptor 18s, which are big enough to
store a pretty large first aid kit), your destination, the duration of your trip, the range
of potential exposures, the age and health of the riders in your group, and the
availability of medical care.
Sacred Rides Mountain Bike Adventures
www.sacredrides.com
The following should be considered for inclusion in the kit:
Medications
(these can be stored in small plastic
containers to save space – remember to
label clearly)
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Antibiotic for travelers' diarrhea
Antibiotic for skin infection
Antibiotic for respiratory
infection
Antidiarrheal drugs (e.g.
loperamide, diphenoxylate,
kaolin-pectin)
Drugs for motion sickness (e.g.
meclizine)
Acetazolamide (for altitude
sickness)
Acetaminophen (Tylenol)
Acetaminophen with codeine
Anti-inflammatory drugs (e.g.
ibuprofen)
Antiemetic (e.g.
prochlorperazine for nausea)
Antihistamines (e.g. Benadryl)
Decongestants
Antibacterial ointment for cuts
or abrasions (e.g. Bactroban)
Epinephrine injection (e.g.
EpiPen) - for those with a
history of allergies to insect
stings or other severe allergic
reactions
First aid supplies
•
Bandages
•
Gauze and gauze rolls
•
Adhesive or paper tape
•
Ace bandage
•
Scissors
•
Pocket knife
•
Tweezers
•
Thermometer
•
Tincture of iodine
•
SAM Splint
•
Moleskin (for blisters)
Other
•
Sanitary napkins
•
DEET- containing insect
repellent
•
Permethrin-containing insect
spray
•
Sun block
•
Sunglasses
•
Hat for sun protection
•
Oral rehydration salts
•
Water purification tablets
•
Sterile needles
•
Syringes
Sacred Rides Mountain Bike Adventures
www.sacredrides.com
Sun exposure and heat stroke
All mountain bikers should protect themselves from excessive sun exposure. Adverse
effects include sunburn, sunstroke, damage to the eyes, and skin cancer. Especially in
the tropics, riders should stay out of the midday sun, wear sunglasses, and apply
sunscreen with SPF 15 or higher, with both ultraviolet A (UVA; wavelength 315-400
nm) and ultraviolet B (UVB; wavelength 280-315 nm) protection. Sunscreen should be
generously applied to all exposed parts of the body approximately 30 minutes before
sun exposure and should be reapplied after swimming or vigorous activity. Surfaces
such as water, snow, and sand may reflect ultraviolet light and increase the sun’s
effect.
Heat stroke may occur in those who are exposed to excessively high temperatures for
a number of days. The elderly are at greatest risk, especially those with chronic
medical problems. Heat stroke often occurs during physical exertion but, particularly
in the elderly, may also occur at rest. The first sign may be an abrupt collapse, but
there may be early, subtle findings, including dizziness, weakness, nausea,
headache, confusion, drowsiness, and unreasonable behaviour. If early symptoms of
heat illness are observed, remove the victim from direct sunlight, loosen clothing,
give cold fluids, and make sure the victim rests for at least 24 hours. In the event of
heat stroke, the victim should be brought immediately to the nearest medical facility.
To prevent heat stroke, drink plenty of fluids, eat salty foods, protect yourself from
sun exposure, and avoid alcohol and strenuous exercise when the temperature is
high.
Vaccinations
Depending on the area you’re traveling to, it may be wise to get vaccinated against
disease.
One of the best resources for health-related resources and vaccination advice for
travelers is MD Travel Health. Their site gives country and even region-specific
information for travelers: what diseases are common, what vaccinations are
recommended, how to prevent common traveling illnesses, etc.. Click on the link
above and then click on the ‘destinations’ link to get information on specific
destinations.
For the best and most-up-to date information, however, we recommend you visit a
local travel clinic and speak to a doctor about your specific trip details: areas you’re
going to, type of traveling you’re doing, etc… MD Travel Health has a great listing of
clinics you can access by clicking here.
Sacred Rides Mountain Bike Adventures
www.sacredrides.com
Travel Insurance: A Primer
Sacred Rides Mountain Bike Adventures
www.sacredrides.com
Adapted from www.travelinsurancereview.net
Travel insurance is, on the surface, a pretty simple thing: go to a travel insurance
website, plug in your details, review the quote and then purchase. Or talk to a travel
agent and get them to create a package for you. But like house insurance, life
insurance, or car insurance, there’s a lot to consider when you really get into it, and
you may end up finding out the hard way that you really should have done your
homework before buying.
What coverage do you need as an adventure traveller?
While the following is not an exhaustive list of all the coverages available with travel
insurance plans, it describes those that are most useful to adventure travelers.
Evacuation and repatriation coverage provides the coordination and funds
necessary to arrange for a medically necessary evacuation or to return your body
home for burial. (Review the details of evacuation and repatriation coverage.)
Medical coverage provides advance payments or reimbursement for medical and
dental care received on your trip – even in a foreign country. (Review the details of
medical coverage.)
Financial default coverage provides reimbursement for your pre-paid non
refundable trip costs when a travel supplier ceases operations. (Review the details of
financial default coverage.)
Trip cancellation coverage provides reimbursement of your pre-paid non refundable
trip costs when the trip has to be cancelled for a covered reason. (Review the details
of trip cancellation coverage.)
Accidental Death and Dismemberment coverage provides a lump sum payment to
you or to your family if you are disabled or die on your adventure trip. (Review the
details of AD&D coverage.)
Travel delay coverage provides a per-day amount for unexpected lodging, meals and
transportation when your travel is delayed a certain number of hours for a covered
reason. (Review the details of travel delay coverage.)
Sacred Rides Mountain Bike Adventures
www.sacredrides.com
Who should buy travel insurance?
You should purchase adventure travel insurance if you are:
A traveler on organized adventure tours – in many cases, tour operators will require
proof of travel insurance at the start of the trip and they’ll expel you without it.
An individual and experienced adventure traveler – no matter how experienced
you are at your preferred activity, accidents and illnesses can happen anywhere and
without travel insurance coverage for adventure activities, none of the coverages will
be available to you on your trip.
A newbie on a learning adventure – even if you’ve joined a trip so you can learn a
new skill, it’s important to have the right coverage for the activity. Without it, all your
coverage will be invalidated.
When should you buy your travel insurance?
Purchase your policy just after making your first trip payment. In some situations,
this timing is important because of some benefits, such as:
•
pre-existing medical condition waivers,
•
‘cancel for any reason’, and
•
‘cancel for work reasons’
are only applicable if the policy is purchased within a certain number of days (usually
10-15) from making your initial trip deposit. Plus, you’ll benefit from the longest
period of cancellation coverage.
Remember that most travel insurance companies offer a free look period with a
refund if you decide the plan is not what you need.
The 2 Most Popular Types of Travel Insurance
The two basic types of travel insurance are:
1. Vacation Plans (provides the most coverage, including trip cancellation)
This type of plan provides the most coverage in a single package, including
cancellations, medical emergencies, evacuations, loss or delays, luggage, assistance,
and more. Vacation plans are very popular with travelers because they provide a
simple solution to their needs. Vacation plans include coverage for:
Sacred Rides Mountain Bike Adventures
www.sacredrides.com
Cancelled trips
•
Interrupted trips
•
Medical emergencies
•
Emergency evacuation
•
Delayed baggage or trips
•
Lost baggage
•
24/7 Assistance
•
and several other coverages
If you are looking for ‘travel insurance’ for your next vacation, you need a vacation
plan.
2. Travel Medical Plans (Medical coverage while traveling abroad)
Travel medical plans are for travelers leaving their home country who are not
concerned with cancellation or other factors – they just want coverage in case they
get sick or hurt while abroad, and don’t want to be hit with a massive hospital bill.
This type of plan focuses on medical emergencies, evacuation, and sometimes life
insurance. A travel medical insurance plan is perfect if you are traveling outside your
home country and are not concerned with cancellation, interruption, delays, and
baggage.
Travel medical plans focus on coverage for:
•
Medical expenses
•
Emergency evacuations
Some types of travel medical plans provide benefits such as medical coverage for preexisting conditions, multi-trip and renewable protection, emergency medical
evacuation, and coverage for long-term travel abroad.
Specialty plans (evacuation-only, travel accident, rental car)
Beyond the two basic types, there are specialized plans to meet unique needs.
Evacuation plans focus on emergency evacuations, and are often sold on an annual
basis as a membership. With an evacuation plan, the company arranges transport,
and you won’t lose your savings to a costly emergency medical evacuation
Accident plans provide life insurance style coverage for travelers It pays benefits if
you should have a serious injury that results in dismemberment or loss of life.
Sacred Rides Mountain Bike Adventures
www.sacredrides.com
Benefits paid by these accident plans are in addition to any benefits paid by separate
life insurance plans.
How to select a plan based on your needs
Each travel insurance company has a variety of plans to choose from. These plans
will each have varying coverage, which makes some plans more affordable and other
plans higher priced.
When you start comparing plans, you will need some criteria to help you prioritize
and narrow down your choices. Use a list of coverages that you think are the most
important for your trip. You might also factor in minimum coverage amounts on
certain coverages like medical expenses.
The following is not a complete list of coverage, but simply a prioritized list of the most
important coverages for their trip:
Sacred Rides Mountain Bike Adventures
www.sacredrides.com
Most Popular Coverage Criteria
•
Emergency Medical (at least
$50,000)
•
Medical Evacuation (at least
$100,000)
•
Pre-existing Medical Conditions
•
Cancel For Any Reason
•
Hazardous Sports
•
Hurricanes & Weather
•
Terrorism
•
Employment Layoffs
•
Missed Connections
•
Rental Car Coverage
Medical Related
•
Primary Medical
•
Emergency Medical
•
Pre-existing Medical
•
Medical Deductible
Evacuations
•
Medical Evacuation
•
Non-Medical Evacuation
Loss or Delays
•
Travel Delay
•
Baggage Delay
•
Baggage Loss
•
Missed Connections
Cancellations
•
Trip Interruption
•
Hurricane & Weather
•
Terrorism
•
Financial Default
•
Employment Layoff
•
Cancel For Work Reasons
•
Cancel For Any Reason
Life Insurance
•
Accidental Death
•
Air Flight Accident
•
Common Carrier
Sports
•
Hazardous Sports
Other Benefits
•
Rental Car
•
Money Back Guarantee
•
24 Hour Assistance Service
•
Identity Theft
•
Renewable Policy
•
All Events Upgrade
Sacred Rides Mountain Bike Adventures
www.sacredrides.com
Five “Loopholes” and How to Avoid Them
An insurance policy is a legal contract. The coverage, exclusions, and ‘small print’ of
the insurance plan are available to read in something called the Policy Certificate.
Many travelers buy insurance and assume ‘everything’ is covered, but as with all
insurance plans that’s not the case. Travelers get frustrated if a claim is delayed or
denied, and assume that they have been cheated because of a ‘loophole’. These
frustrations could be avoided by understanding the policy, knowing what is covered,
and what is not covered.
Here are the most common ‘loopholes’, and how to avoid them:
1. Not a Covered Reason for Cancellation: Read and understand the list of covered
reasons in the policy, and if in doubt select the optional “Cancel for any reason” rider
or a plan that includes that coverage.
2. Pre-Existing Conditions: Only buy a plan that offers a waiver to the pre-existing
condition exclusion, and make sure you meet the requirements for it to apply.
3. Coverage Exclusions: Read and understand the list if exclusions in the policy
certificate
4. Incomplete Documentation: Contact the insurance company as soon as you have
any issue, and start saving all receipts and documentation
5. Enrolling Too Late: Get your travel insurance as soon as you make a trip payment.
Sacred Rides Mountain Bike Adventures
www.sacredrides.com
Top 9 Travel Insurance FAQs
1. Doesn’t my credit card have travel insurance?
No, not in the way most travelers want it to. Credit cards that have ‘travel insurance’
provide little coverage, but nothing in comparison to a separate policy from a travel
insurance company.
Some cards provide cancellation coverage, but with an annual limit ($1,500-$2,500 per
12 month period), and the list of covered reasons is limited. Interruption coverage is
limited as well, as is travel delay coverage. Most importantly though, is that almost no
credit cards provide medical expense or evacuation coverage.
2. Won’t my regular health insurance cover me abroad?
Not completely. Most regular health insurance plans provide partial or no coverage
while you are traveling in another country. For Medicare, there is never coverage
abroad.
Countries with ‘universal health care’ might assist with minor needs, but they are
under no obligation to do so. In the event of major or ongoing medical expenses, they
would cease to help, and they would never pay to evacuate you or help you return
home.
3. Are hurricanes covered?
Yes, many plans cover hurricanes and weather under trip cancellation coverage.
To be covered you need to 1) make sure it is listed as a covered reason, 2) buy before
the storm is named, 3) insure for the full trip cost, and 4) some plans require that you
buy soon after your trip payment to avoid the waiting period.
4. Are pre-existing conditions covered?
Yes, many plans offer a waiver that removes the pre-existing condition exclusion. To
be covered you need to 1) buy your plan soon after your first trip payment, 2) insure
for the full trip cost, 3) be medically cleared for travel at the time of purchase.
5. What does travel insurance cost?
Insurance costs 4-8% of the trip cost (pre-paid, non-refundable expenses). Basic plans
Sacred Rides Mountain Bike Adventures
www.sacredrides.com
can be very budget-minded at less than 4%, and premium vacation plans can be over
12%. Travel medical insurance is sold on a trip=length basis, and can be as little as
dollars per day.
6. When should I purchase my plan?
Within days of making your initial trip deposit. There are many benefits to
purchasing the plan sooner, including maximizing the period of cancellation
coverage, and being eligible for pre-existing condition coverage and hurricane
coverage.
7. How do I know I can trust the company?
The companies Sacred Rides recommends, and the ones featured by insurance
comparison website Squaremouth.com are companies that have years of experience
with solid AM Best ratings of financial stability, and they comply with a Zero
Complaint Policy.
8. What is the refund policy?
A 100% refund of premium within the Free Look Period is guaranteed by almost all
companies. This allows travelers to review their policy and return it for any reason
with the time period (less a small administration fee $5-$8)
9. How do I buy travel insurance?
Travel insurance can be quoted and purchased instantly online using a credit card.
Since travel insurance is a temporary insurance product, there is generally no
underwriting period or medical examination required. You can get a quote online,
buy with a credit card, print your email confirmation, and you’re all done.
Sacred Rides Mountain Bike Adventures
www.sacredrides.com
Where should you buy your travel insurance?
At Sacred Rides, we have partnered with two reputable companies to offer travel
insurance to our Riders (our clients):
Bikeflights.com: for North American Riders
World Nomads: for International Riders
Although we recommend bikeflights.com and worldnomads.com for purchasing
insurance, there are a whole host of considerations when buying insurance, and
their plans may not be right for you.
Squaremouth offers a great travel insurance comparison tool. Click here to access the
tool.
Sacred Rides Mountain Bike Adventures
www.sacredrides.com
BONUS!
Sacred Rides Mountain Bike Adventures
www.sacredrides.com
37 Reasons Why Mountain Biking Is Just Like Sex
by Mike Brcic, Sacred Rides, and Sacred Rides Facebook Fans
1. You don't need a partner to have fun...
2. ...But it's better with someone else, and even better in a group.
3. Accessories make the ride more fun.
4. Frequent hydration leads to better endurance.
5. It's all about body position.
6. Sometimes you're just hanging on for dear life.
7. Although you sometimes have to pay admission, it's better when it's free.
8. You should try to stay away from the wet spots.
9. You can get multiple orgasms from one ride.
And from our Facebook fans…
10. If you ride too hard or too long, you're sore for a week
11. Some say the dirtier the ride the better..
12. The first time generally hurts
13. The more you pay, the better the ride.
14. If it's squeaky, you need to lube it.
15. Not all videos are good, but every once in a while a lil pearl comes along that goes
down in history.
16. As much as we might drool over our mates' rides, we all know that ours is the one.
17. We all remember our first ride
18. Treat your ride with respect and she'll stay true to you forever.
19. NEVER EVER pee when you are riding!!!
20. An extra three inches really helps
21. Some freaks like to wear skin tight lycra and funny shoes
22. Make sure you're pumped up hard first
Sacred Rides Mountain Bike Adventures
www.sacredrides.com
23. Everyone thinks what's between their legs is the best
24. It can be more enjoyable with two or three friends.
25. It's ok to eat a sandwich half way through.
26. Sometimes you get some scrapes and bumps.
27. No two rides are ever the same
28. Just when you think you are exhausted and have had enough, you always find
one more burst of energy to complete the ride to your satisfaction
29. What goes up must come down
30. It's definitely slipperier in the wet
31. It's safer if you wear protection
32. It's safer with the right rubber
33. If you do it in the forest, bring bugspray
34. It takes more skill to go slower
35. You can increase your endurance with practice
36. You can fit in a quickie during lunchtime
37. The best bits are really hard
Thanks for reading – we hope to share a trail with you one day!
Sacred Rides Mountain Bike Adventures
www.sacredrides.com
Was this manual useful for you? yes no
Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Download PDF

advertisement