Portable test instruments for the maintenance of electrical power

Portable test instruments for the maintenance of electrical power
Portable test instruments
for the maintenance of
electrical power systems.
WWW.MEGGER.COM
The word ‘Megger’ is a registered trademark
Energy producers and suppliers are obliged to provide a high
quality, reliable supply to their customers. Asset reliability is
increasingly important in today’s regulated energy markets,
as when a fault arises, it costs time and money.
As demand for energy increases, so does the strain on
infrastructure, so maintaining the system to prevent faults is
reliant on good asset management and condition monitoring.
If the worst should happen and there is a failure, the fault
needs to be found and fixed quickly to minimise the supply
outage time and customer minutes lost.
Megger has been providing electrical testers for the
maintenance of electrical equipment for over 100 years.
Megger offers an extensive range of test equipment to
analyse the condition of substation assets that include all
types of Transformers, Circuit Breakers, Protection Relays and
High Voltage Cables.
Recently Megger has further expanded its expertise with
the acquisition of Seba KMT, the cable test company. This
brings considerable expertise in the field of cable insulation
diagnosis and fault location.
Already known as experts in insulation testing, Megger now
has additional capabilities in insulation diagnostics, which
include VLF 0.1 Hz, both sine wave and cosine rectangular
methods for XLPE cables, partial discharge detection and
partial discharge mapping.
This compliments the current range of hand held low voltage
d.c. insulation testers, 5 and 10 kV diagnostic instruments
and other a.c. and d.c. testing instrumentation, including
10 kV capacitance and tan delta, and frequency domain
spectroscopy (FDS), to provide the most comprehensive
insulation diagnostics offer on the market today.
2
MEGGER
Seba KMT are world leaders in cable fault location equipment
that is used to find and locate underground cable faults
quickly. These can be stand-alone portable units or, like some
of the cable diagnostic solutions, can be professionally fitted
into a vehicle. Cable test vans can be designed to customer
requirements to include a variety of test equipment.
Other Megger specialities include protection relay testing,
using primary or secondary test methods, with simple single
phase test sets or more sophisticated 3-phase and multiple
channel automatic units, to verify the performance of today’s
multi-function complex relays.
The acquisition of Relay Engineering Services (RES) added
additional expertise in this area and the unique PCA2
protection condition analyser, an on-line “first trip” tester,
quickly tests the relay and circuit breaker performance
together on distribution circuit breakers.
It is most important that a circuit breaker operates correctly
when it is called to do so, and it can be tested for it’s
performance; it’s operation timing, motion and travel as well
as contact resistance can be tested while in operation. From
small distribution breakers to high voltage transmission or
generation breakers, Megger has a solution to safely test
these assets even while the asset is earthed or grounded.
A range of transformer testers is available from Megger;
winding resistance and turns ratio measurements test the
coils and tap changer while oil test sets check the condition of
the insulating oil. FDS establishes the insulation condition and
moisture content in the transformer and frequency response
analysis (FRA) gives a “fingerprint” of the transformer for
comparisons at maintenance periods or after a fault.
As the inventor of the insulation tester and multimeter,
Megger is well known for general electrical test equipment.
As Megger continually expands it’s range you will find many
new types of test equipment in this catalogue.
Contents
D.C. diagnostic insulation testers Low resistance testing pages 4 to 5
D.C. overvoltage or withstand testing
pages 24 to 25
Contact resistance testing pages 6 to 7
A.C. insulation testers
pages 26 to 27
Circuit breaker analyser systems pages 8 to 9
VLF insulation testing of cables
pages 28 to 29
Primary injection testing pages 10 to 11
Partial discharge detection and
mapping
pages 30 to 31
Relay testing pages 12
Time domain reflectometery
pages 32 to 33
Complex relay testing pages 13 to 14
Cable fault location systems
pages 34 to 36
Transformer testing pages 15 to 16
Underground cable fault pin-pointing
pages 37 to 41
Earth or ground testers page 17
Cable sheath fault location
pages 42 to 43
Battery testing page 18
Cable route tracing and identification
pages 44 to 45
Power quality testing page 19
Cable test vans
General testers pages 20 to 21
Test van equipment
pages 48 to 49
Testing data management software pages 22 to 23
pages 46 to 47
pages 50 to 51
CONTENTS
3
D.C. diagnostic insulation testers
Regular insulation resistance testing is one of the most cost effective, non-destructive
methods of identifying ageing in electrical equipment. With over 60% of equipment failures
being ascribed to insulation breakdown, it is a key area to monitor. Diagnostic d.c. testing is
probably the easiest and most convenient method of achieving this due to the small size and
weight of the equipment.
5 kV insulation resistance tester
MIT515
Offering CATIV safety and Megger’s unique dual case design,
MIT515 is an easy to operate insulation resistance tester that
is very tough. Measuring up to 10 TΩ, it allows IR, timed IR,
polarisation index (PI) and dielectric absorption ratio (DAR) to
be measured automatically.
5 kV diagnostic insulation resistance
tester
MIT525
The fast charging MIT525 performs all the insulation tests
offered by MIT515 and extends the testing capabilities to
include Step Voltage, Dielectric Discharge and ramp testing.
Test data can be downloaded in real-time using the 10 kV
isolated USB port, or stored in the instrument’s advanced
memory. Smaller and lighter than its predecessors these new
testers are easier to store on a van, fit in an overhead locker
on an aircraft and are more convenient to carry
to the job.
10 kV diagnostic insulation resistance
tester
A choice of 5 kV, 10 kV and
the new 15 kV insulation
resistance testers to suit
your needs and budgets
MIT1025
The fast charging MIT1025 tests insulation to 20 TΩ at test
voltages up to 10 kV. It has increased diagnostic potential
over its predecessors by offering IR, timed IR, polarisation
index (PI), dielectric absorption ratio (DAR), Step Voltage,
Dielectric Discharge and ramp testing as automatic tests. The
results are time and date stamped and stored on board or
they can be down loaded in real-time.
15 kV diagnostic insulation tester
MIT1525
Offering test voltages up to 15 kV and a maximum insulation
resistance reading of 30 TΩ the MIT1525 extends the users’
ability to monitor the aging of insulation. Diagnostic tests
available include IR, timed IR, polarisation index (PI), dielectric
absorption ratio (DAR), Step Voltage, Dielectric Discharge and
ramp testing as automatic tests. The results are time and date
stamped and stored on board or they can be downloaded in
real-time.
4
D.C. DIAGNOSTIC INSULATION TESTERS
5 kV utility insulation resistance tester
S1-568
With exceptionally high noise rejection, the S1-568 offers
the full gamut of automatic insulation tests with 8 mA of
noise rejection, IR, timed IR, polarisation index (PI), dielectric
absorption ratio (DAR), programmable Step Voltage (SS),
Dielectric Discharge (DD) and ramp. The S1-568 allows the
operator to control the test remotely from a computer using
the 10 kV isolated USB port, to store the date and time
stamped results on board or to download them in real time
using Bluetooth. This is the perfect tester for the itinerant
contractor as it will give results in any electrical environment.
10 kV utility insulation resistance tester
S1-1068
With a full 8 mA of noise rejection and 4 levels of filtering
S1-1068 obtains meaningful results in extremely hostile
environments. Offering the full gamut of automatic
insulation tests, IR, timed IR, polarisation index (PI), dielectric
absorption ratio (DAR), Step Voltage, Dielectric Discharge
and ramp, the S1-1068 allows the operator to control the
test remotely from a computer using the 10 kV isolated USB
port, to store the date and time stamped results on board or
to download them is real time using Bluetooth. This is the
perfect tester for the itinerant contractor as it will give results
in any electrical environment.
15 kV utility insulation resistance tester
S1-1568
A maximum resistance measurement of 35 TΩ and 15 kV test
voltage are additional features of this instrument, which
displays the same exceptionally high noise rejection as the
other testers in the series. Diagnostic tests available include
IR, timed IR, polarisation index (PI), dielectric absorption ratio
(DAR), Step Voltage, Dielectric Discharge and ramp testing as
automatic tests. The results are time and date stamped and
stored on board or they can be downloaded in real-time.
Model
MIT515 MIT525 S1-568 MIT1025S1-1068 MIT1525S1-1568
Test voltage
15.0 kVn
n
10.0 kV
n
n
n
n
5.0 kV
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
2.5 kV
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
1.0 kV
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
500 V
n
n
n
n
n
250 V
n
n
n
10 V steps from 50 V to 1 kV n
n
n
n
n
n
n
25 V steps from 1 kV to max test voltage
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
Measurement
Max reading
Min reading
Voltage
Capacitance
Leakage current
Test types
Timed insulation resistance
n
Polarisation index
n
Dielectric absorption index
n
Step voltage
Dielectric discharge
Ramp
Other feature
Analogue and digital display
n
n
Short circuit current
3 mA
3 mA
Rechargeable
n
n
Timer control and display
n
n
Max noise rejection
3 mA
3 mA
Remote control via USB port
USB output
n
n
Bluetooth output
Software
PowerDB Lite
10 TΩ
10 kΩ
n
n
n
n
10 TΩ
10 kΩ
n
n
n
15 TΩ
10 kΩ
n
n
n
20 TΩ
10 kΩ
n
n
n
35 TΩ
10 kΩ
n
n
n
30 TΩ
10 kΩ
n
n
n
35 TΩ
10 kΩ
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
6 mA
3 mA
6 mA
4 mA
6 mA
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
8 mA
3 mA
8 mA
4 mA
8 mA
nnn
n
n
n
n
n
nnn
n
n
n
n
n
D.C. DIAGNOSTIC INSULATION TESTERS
5
D.C. overvoltage or withstand testing
High voltage d.c. testers are sometimes known as pressure testers or Hi Pots. They are a
convenient way to stress the insulation of cables other than XLPE using above-rated voltages
to identify any weakness in the insulation and current leakage.
Portable high voltage tester
HV tester 25 kV
This high-voltage generator offers a variable DC output
voltage from 0 to 25 kV with an output current of 1.5 mA at
the maximum voltage. It is mains or battery powered, and
this combined with its low weight makes it ideal for field use.
The ground safety circuit and integrated discharge enhance
the operator’s safety.
Portable high voltage test set for d.c.
voltage testing of cable and cable
installations
HV test set 50 kV,
HV test set 80 kV and
HV test set 110 kV
This range of three HV test sets is for the d.c. voltage testing
of cables and cable installations in accordance with the
international standards. Each set consists of a control unit and
HV unit. Because they
are small and light the
test sets can easily be
transported and used
on-site.
40 kV test unit
T99/1
The high voltage test unit is portable and powerful, able to
generate a DC voltage of up to 40 kV. The T 99/1 is used for
testing of cables, cable accessories, plant and installations. It
can be powered from an external 12 V battery.
70 kV, 120 kV and 160 kV d.c. dielectric
test set
220000 series
220000 series provides a dependable,
safe, lightweight and portable d.c.
voltage source for testing the quality
and integrity of electrical power cables,
cable installations, motors, switchgear,
insulators, transformers and capacitors.
Each test set comes in two units, the
HV unit and the controller.
220000 series has advanced
performance with longterm reliability provided
by filtered half-wave
rectification
6
D.C. OVERVOLTAGE OR WITHSTAND TESTING
High voltage test sets
70 kV d.c. Portable HV test system
T26/1A 200 kV, T26/1B
400 kV and T26/1C 800 kV
HPG70-K
These high-voltage test sets are mobile systems for highvoltage testing of cables, cable systems and installations as
required by current regulations (VDE) with DC voltages of
up to 400 kV, 650 kV and 860 kV respectively. The sets are
suitable for installation into trailers and on-site testing as
stationary test set. The spatial separation of the operating
and high-voltage units makes it possible to operate the sets
from outside the immediate danger area. Their modular
structure makes them easy to set up. Primarily designed
for power supply companies, cable laying firms and cable
manufacturers
for the DC voltage
testing of highvoltage systems
and cables, their
short-circuitproof output
circuit and high
power make
them suitable
for use in fault
location as a
burn-down
unit for
burning highimpedance and
intermittent
cable
fault.
Model
D.C. output Continuous output current HV tester 25 kV
HV test set 50 kV
A fully insulated test set for DC testing up to 70 kV, this
system is ideal for stand-alone applications. The DC voltage
is obtained through a bridge rectifier which ensures a very
low test voltage ripple. Moreover the DC voltage is measured
on the output side thus ensuring a precise output voltage.
Applications include testing of cables, switchgear, currenttransformers, MV plant and components.
HV test set 80 kV
HV test set 110 kV
T99/1
T26/1A
0 to -25 kV
0 to 50 kV
0 to 80 kV
0 to 110 kV
0 to 40 kV
200 kV
1.5 mA
6 mA
5 mA
4 mA
2.5 mA
9 mA
Short circuit current output
300 mA
Mains operation
n
Battery operation
nn
Weight
Model
D.C. output 13.5
n
13 + 17 kg
n
13 + 18.5 kg
n
13 + 20 kg
n
15 kg
T26/1B T26/1C 220070220123220163HPG70-K
400 kV
800 kV
0 to 70 kV
0 to 120 kV
0 to 160 kV
0 to 70 kV
Continuous output current 4 mA
2 mA
3.5 mA
2.5 mA
2 mA
10 mA
Short circuit current output
300 mA
n
n
55 mA
Mains operationn
n
Battery operation
Weight
10.5 + 20 kg
10.5 + 30 kg
10.5 + 33 kg
18 + 20.5 kg
D.C. OVERVOLTAGE OR WITHSTAND TESTING
7
A.C. insulation testers
A.C. insulation testers most closely replicate the normal operating condition for a substation
asset. Consequently they provide the most accurate indication of the insulation condition.
10 kV and 30 kV high voltage amplifier
VAX214 and VAX230
A variable frequency, high
voltage source for use with
the IDAX system described
on page 41.
These VAX HV amplifiers
offer advance cable
diagnostics, including water
tree detection in XLPE cables
using DFR techniques.
Low voltage a.c. capacitance and tan
delta test bridge
CB100
Lightweight and low-cost the
CB100 is ideal for workshop
use. Manually balanced it offers
direct readout of tan delta
and capacitance, overcoming
interference by using a test
frequency of 80 Hz or 100 Hz.
D.C. and a.c. HV test system
2.5 and 12 kV a.c. semi-automatic
capacitance and tan delta test bridge
670000 series
These instruments
feature automatic
balancing of
dissipation factor and
manual balancing
of capacitance
and interference
suppression, allowing
use in energised HV
substations. There is
direct readout of tan
delta, capacitance and
watts dissipated.
670000 comes complete with interference
suppression circuits for testing in highvoltage switchyards, automatic balancing
of dissipation factor, and direct readout
of capacitance, dissipation factor and
watts dissipated
A.C. HV test sets
HPA35, HPA50, HPA58
and HPA78
Capable of testing to 35 kV
a.c., 50 kV a.c., 58 kV a.c.,
and 78 kV a.c. respectively,
these test sets are suitable for
testing item with low capacity.
They are of two piece design
of control unit and resin-cast
HV unit.
8
A.C. INSULATION TESTERS
HPG50-D, HPG70-D and
HPG80-D
These two unit test
sets are capable of
testing to 35 kV a.c.
and 100 kV d.c., 50 kV
a.c. and 140 kV d.c.,
and 58 kV a.c. and
150 kV d.c. respectively.
These voltages are
continuously adjustable
with a continuous
output of 1.2 kVA and
up to 3 kVA for
60 minutes. The
separation between
the HV units and
the controller units
contribute to the ease of operation.
D.C. and a.c. HV test system
HPG50-H, HPG70-H,
HPG80-H and HPG110-H
Designed on a two unit basis, these test
sets are capable of testing to 35 kV a.c.
and 50 kV d.c., 50 kV a.c. and 70 kV d.c.,
58 kV a.c. and 80 kV d.c, and 78 kV a.c.
and 110 kV d.c respectively. These voltages
are continuously adjustable with a
continuous output of 1.2 kVA and up to
3 kVA for 60 minutes.
12 kV a.c. Tan δ test system
Delta4000 series
Tough yet light and designed to work reliably in highinterference areas, like substation switchyards, Megger’s
DELTA4000 series diagnostic insulation systems offer
time saving fully automatic power factor/tan delta
measurement and tip-up testing. Also provided are
facilities for full manual control –including the ability to
vary the applied voltage up to 12 kV during testing – to
cater for special testing requirements.
Accurate and dependable temperature correction, based
on the actual condition of the test object, can be applied
to results using a novel technique, which works with data
acquired from a separate dynamic frequency response
(DFR) test. Automatic detection of non-linear response,
which suggests the need for further (tip-up) testing and
which is often a useful indicator of incipient insulation
problems, is also provided. Despite their small size and
low weight, Megger’s DELTA4000 series test sets offer
comprehensive facilities for assessing the condition of
electrical insulation in all types of high-voltage equipment,
including transformers, bushings, circuit breakers, cables,
lightning arrestors and rotating machinery as well as
measuring the excitation current of transformer windings.
The test sets generate their own test voltage, which is
independent of supply quality. A further benefit of this
approach is that it allows the test voltage to be varied in
frequency from 1 Hz to 500 Hz, making the instruments even
more versatile. There is the option of on-board computer or
using an external computer to control the Delta 4000.
For multiple frequency tan delta measurement see FDS on
page 41.
100 kV 50 Hz test system
HPA100AC and HPA130DC
Offering continuous testing
with a.c. voltages up to
100 kV at 5 kVA, this is
a powerful test set. The
unit has been designed for
mounting in cable test van
and can be used for testing of
cable systems and for burning
down high-resistance cable
faults with a high breakdown
voltage. The test set can be equipped with a rectifier
accessory for d.c. testing up to 130 kV.
A.C. high voltage test system
T22/1
This system is of two piece design and offers continuously
variable test voltages up to 75 kV. Its performance is
expandable to 150 kV a.c. by the addition
of a second transformer. It features
built-in overload protection. The test
set can be equipped with a
rectifier accessory
for d.c. testing
up to 80 kV.
The own noise-level of the test system is below 1%, so it is
also suitable as a voltage source for PD-measurements.
Model
a.c. output in kV
DELTA DELTA HPA35 HPA50 HPA58 HPA78 HPA100ACT22/1 HPG50-DHPG70-DHPG80-DHPG50-HHPG70-HHPG80-HHPG110-H
4310
4110HPA130DC
0 - 12 0 - 12 0 - 35 0 - 50
0 -58
0 - 78
100
0-75
0- 35
0 - 50
0-58
0- 35
0- 50
0- 58
0- 78
expandable
150
d.c. output in kV with accessories
130
80
0 - 100
0 -140
0 -150
0-50 0 - 70
0 - 80
0 - 110
Continuous output current In in mA
100
100
output in KVA
1.21.21.21.21.21.2 5 1 1.21.21.21.21.21.21.2
On-board computer
n
Temperature correction
Weight in kg
n
n
15 + 22 14 + 22 13 + 17
75 + 225 19 + 29 26 +94 26 + 114 26 + 124 26 + 48 26 +66 26 + 76 108 + 95
A.C. INSULATION TESTERS
9
VLF insulation testing of cables
Very Low Frequency (VLF) 0.1 Hz testing is used on XLPE cables as an alternative to d.c.
testing to prevent polarisation and premature damage to the insulation. It is designed to
identify weak spots due to electrical trees in the insulation.
Cosine rectangular 0.1 Hz systems have been developed to meet international standards
such as IEC HD 620/621 and IEEE 400. The benefit of the cosine rectangular waveform is that
you can test longer cables to the standards of 0.1 Hz.
Many of our VLF test systems also feature dc and pulsed dc outputs to enable sheath testing,
and sheath fault pin-pointing using the ESG NT. See page 18.
VLF and DC cable 20 kV post repair cable
tester
Easytest 20 kV
The Easytest is a
simplified version of
the standard cosine
rectangular VLF test.
Typically, a test
is performed in
accordance with
company specifications
after repairs or after
a new cable has been
installed.
High power VFL test systems
VLFCR 60 HP, VLFCR 80 base
and VLFCR 80 plus
A trio of powerful Cosine rectangular wave form 0.1 Hz
testers, testing to 60 kV and 80 kV. With built–in breakdown
detection and leakage current measurement these
systems are ideal for use in off-shore situations or for long
underground cables.
28 kV, 40 kV and to 60 kV VLF cosine
rectangular waveform test systems
VLFCR 28 kV, VLFCR 40 kV
BASIC, VLF-CR 40 kVPlus,
VLFCR 60 kV BASIC and
VLFCR 60 kVPlus
This range of insulation testers combine VLF, d.c. and sheath
fault testing. The cosine rectangular waveform at 0.1 Hz is
ideal for longer cable runs where true sine
wave VLF sets may have to reduce
the test frequency to levels
not compliant with the
standards (<0.1 Hz). With
a range of up to
22 km depending on
model, these testers
have a high test
capacitance capability,
an integrated discharge
system and benefit from
two part design. Cosine
rectangular waveform also
allows leakage current
measurement. Using Winkis
VLF allows all test results
to be logged. There is a tough
transit case option for
off-shore use.
10 VLF INSULATION TESTING OF CABLES
Cable diagnosis system
CDS
A universal dielectric
diagnostic systems for PE,
XLPE and paper insulated
cables, it combines the
well accepted methods of
isothermal relaxation current
measurement and return
voltage to measure cable
aging and deterioration
diagnostics in a single unit.
34 kV sine wave VLF test system
54 kV sine wave VLF test system
VLF sinus 34 kV
VLF sinus 54
For those who want to test at
0.1 Hz sine wave voltage the
tough and portable, the VLF
Sinus 34 kV is an ideal test
system for medium voltage
cables. It is air cooled, so it
can be used continuously. The
system is easy to use, thanks
to its single-button operation
and clear, simple menu
structure and colour display.
In addition to sine wave a.c.,
its output voltage shapes also
include positive and negative
d.c., square wave and
pulsed d.c. for sheath-fault
pinpointing. There is a tan ∂ accessory available.
VLF Sinus 54 kV is a ideal system for all those who need to
test with a 0.1 Hz sine wave voltage. The VLF system can be
integrated into a fault location system or with the optional
tan ∂ test attachment as part of a diagnostic test van. The
system is designed for continuous operation for increased test
efficiency.
As with the Sinus 34 kV sheath fault location can be carried
out using the ESG NT pin-pointer. See page 18.
Tan ∂ attachment
This allows the precise determination of the condition of
a cable, identifying aging effects such as the degree of
humidity and water treeing. It is used in combination with
the VLF sine systems listed above.
45 kV sine wave VLF test system
VLF sinus 45
Testing at a choice of 0.1 Hz
and 0.01 Hz testing frequency
this test system outputs a
sine waveform of test voltage
between 0 and 45 kV peak
for testing medium voltage
cables. Integrated tan δ
measurement is included.
Model
Test voltage
VLF test voltage
frequency
wave form
Testing cable capacitance (at max. voltage)
d.c.
Easytest 20 kV
0 … 20 kV peak
0.01 to 0.1 Hz
Simplified cosine rectangular
VLF CR 28 kV
0 … 28 kV eff
0.1 Hz
cosine rectangular
VLF CR 40 kV Basic
0 to 40 kV eff
0.1 Hz
cosine rectangular
VLF CR 40 kV Plus
0 to 40 kV eff
0.1 Hz
cosine rectangular
VLF CR 60 kV Basic
0 to 60 kV eff
0.1 Hz
cosine rectangular
VLF CR 60 kVplus
0 to 60 kV eff
0.1 Hz
cosine rectangular
0,5μF(0.1 Hz)/
5μF(0.01 Hz)
0 … 20 kV
5 µF
2.4 µF
4.8 µF
1 µF
2 µF
0 to -28 kV
0 to -40 kV
0 to ±40 kV
0 to -60 kV
± 0 to ±60 kV
0 … 50 mA
0 to 12 mA
0 to 7 mA
0 to 7 mA
0 to 5 mA
0 to 5 mA
Sheath testing
0 to 5 kV or 0 to 10 kV
2 to 10 kV
2 to 10 kV
2 to 10 kV
2 to 10 kV
2 to 10 kV
Sheath pinpointing
0 to 5 kV or 0 to 10 kV
01:03
2 to 10 kV
1:3, 1:4 or 1:9
2 to 10 kV
1:3, 1:4 or 1:9
2 to 10 kV
1:3, 1:4 or 1:9
2 to 10 kV
1:3, 1:4 or 1:9
2 to 10 kV
1:3, 1:4 or 1:9
17 kg
25 + 25 kg
55 + 48 kg
55 + 48 kg
85 + 48 kg
85 + 48 kg
Output current measurement
Test voltage
Pulse rate
Weight
Model
Test voltage
VLF test voltage
frequency
wave form
VLF Test System CR 60 kV HP
0 to 60 kV rms
0.1 Hz
cosine rectangular
VLF Test System
80 kV base
0 to 80 kV rms
0.1 Hz
cosine rectangular
VLF Test System
80 kV plus
0 to 80 kV rms
0.1 Hz
cosine rectangular
Testing cable capacitance (at max. voltage)
6.5 µF
2.0 µF
2.5 µF
d.c.
0 to ±60 kV
0 to - 80 kV
0 to ± 80 kV
VLF Sinus 34 kV
VLF Sinus 45 kV
0 to 34 kV peak
0.01 to 0.1 Hz
Sine
0 to 45 kV peak
0.01 to 0.1 Hz
Sine
0.6 μF(0.1 Hz)/
0.6 µF
5 μF(0.01 Hz)
0 to ± 34 kV
0 to ± 45 kV
VLF Sinus 54 kV
0 to 54 kV peak
0.01 to 0.1 Hz
Sine
1 µF(0.1 Hz)/
5 µF(0.01 Hz)
0 to ± 54 kV
Output current measurement
0 to 17 mA
-12.5 mA
±12.5 mA
0 to 14 mA
0 to 20 mA
0 to 35 mA
Sheath testing
0 to 10 kV
0 to 10 kV
0 to 10 kV
0 to 5 kV or 0 to 10 kV
0 to 5 kV, 10 kV, 20 kV
0 to 5 kV or 10 kV
0 to 10 kV
1:3, 1:5 or 1:9
0 to 10 kV
1:3, 1:5 or 1:9
0 to 10 kV
1:3, 1:5 or 1:9
0 to 5 kV or 0 to 10 kV
1:3 or 1:4
0 to 5 kV, 10 kV, 20 kV
1:3 or 1:4
0 to 5 kV or 10 kV
1:3 or 1:4
8380 kg
380 kg
380 kg
25 kg
50 kg
110 kg
Sheath pinpointing
Test voltage
Pulse rate
Weight
VLF INSULATION TESTING OF CABLES 11
Partial discharge detection and mapping
Partial discharge detection and mapping are powerful techniques to diagnose the condition
of a cable network and to predict where faults are likely to occur. By allowing the
replacement of damaged cable in advance of failure, it prevents power users losing supply
unexpectedly. These compact systems measure partial discharges at points along a cable
using the damped a.c. method (DAC). This allows diagnosis using partial discharge mapping.
28 kV partial discharge systems
OWTS M28
It is based on a single, fully integrated HV enclosure which
includes all functions and components of the HV and the
PD diagnosis technology. Operation and control, as well as,
evaluation of the data are carried out easily with a standard
notebook connected to the high-voltage unit via WLAN or
Ethernet. These systems measure partial discharge by means
of damped a.c., offer on-line processing for complex diagnosis
as well as tan ∂ measurement.
OWTS diagnostic connection set
Since a PD-free connection to the test object is essential for
sensitive PD measurements, the OWTS connection set has
been developed. This connection set allows the user to make
a PD free connection to the test object for the majority of
the available switchgear systems. A reliable connection and
sensitive PD measurements are thereby guaranteed.
Partial discharge pin-pointing system
PD LOC
The PD LOC system solves the problem of pinpointing for
mixed cables (XLPE / PILC) and for PD in joints of single
core cables. In the field the exact location of the joints is
not generally known, and these joints cannot be localised
using audio frequency methods. This system has an impulse
transmitter that uses a inductive coupler to inject a signal
into the cable. While the receiver and evaluating unit consists
of an input amplifier for processing the signal and a control
unit in a single case. The visualisation of the distance system’s
transmitter location is performed by using a TDR in a separate
menu, by means of an additional PD software function.
Partial discharge diagnosis systems for
HV cables up to 150 kV and 250 kV
OWTS HV150 and OWTS HV250
Designed for the non-destructive testing of HV cables, these
OWTS HV systems use damped a.c. voltages to locate partial
discharge faults in all types of power cables. The OWTS HV
offers advanced PD detection, site localisation and integrated
dielectric loss (tan ∂) measurement as well as real-time
analysis and reporting using Explorer software. The modular
design of the OWTS HV systems make them relatively
portable.
THE PD level is measured in accordance with IEC 60270, there
are adjustment features to optimise detection sensitivity and
an automatic calibration mode with a joint location feature.
The control unit, a notebook, is menu driven, and the HV coil
unit HV divider and PD analyser come in separate units while
the HV source and switch are combined in the 150 kV unit
and separated in the 250 kV unit.
12 PARTIAL DISCHARGE DETECTION AND MAPPING
Partial discharge detector
TE PDS
This provides an inductive and capacitive sensor for quality
assessment by detecting partial discharge in joints and
terminations of HV insulated cables.
Time domain reflectometery
A well-established technique for fault location in both high and low voltage cables, time
domain reflectometery has been explained as radar for cable. The reflected wave will show
you the distance to the fault. These TDRs can be used with surge generators to form a
complete cable fault location system.
Portable reflectometer for fault location
systems
Teleflex SX
With a range of between 20 m to 160 km Teleflex SX is a
powerful TDR. It is easily operated using the touch screen
and control knob and it automatically analyses the trace to
give the cable end and
fault distance indication.
It supports all existing prelocation technologies and is
compatible with all HV fault
location systems.
Advanced portable reflectometer for
fault location systems
Teleflex VX
Teleflex VX is especially designed for the fast processes
during fault location in power cables. The new hardware
with significantly improved specification such as sampling
frequency, pulse width and pulse amplitude, offers a
longer range, higher resolution and above all, improved
measurement.
When used with a surge generator the ΔU trigger technology
always provides the perfect trigger timing. The ARMslide
records 15 traces in one shot and allows the selection of
the best trace, especially for wet and long cables. The
ProRange function allows a range-based gain adjustment,
displaying distant reflections with the same amplitude as
those from short distances. With its large bright colour
display Teleflex VX is operated using standard jog dial rotary
controller, common to the Teleflex range.
The USB interface permits a very easy data transfer either
as PDF files, as data set to the Winkis database software, or
directly to a printer.
Single-phase power cable reflectometer
TeleflexT3060
This tough battery or mains operated reflectometer can be
used stand-alone or with a surge generator for ARM, ICE
and voltage decay fault location methods, the latter pair
extending the range
from 8 km up to
64 km. There is
a choice of three
menus to operate it,
“EasyGo” mode with
automatic operation
and measurement
through to a
customisable expert
mode.
TIME DOMAIN REFLECTOMETERY 13
Time domain reflectometery
Three-phase time domain reflectometer
Single channel LV cable fault locator
MTDR300
TDR1000/3P
The 3-phase MTDR300 has a range from 100 m to 55 km is
designed to rapidly and accurately pre-locate faults in power
cable networks. Operation is via a single jog-dial and an easyto-use menu with pull-downs. All the operator has to do is
select the operation and click to confirm.
The MTDR300 is available
as part of a Megger CFL
or PFL system and as a
stand-alone unit, housed
in a rugged field proven
case.
A very capable TDR for identifying
and locating faults on metallic
cables. The TDR1000 is suitable for
use on both dead and live cables
without a blocking filter, up to
CATIII 300 V phase-to-earth. Using
a 2 ns pulse the TDR1000/3P’s near
end performance is exceptional
while offering a maximum range
of 5 km. There is a CATIV 300 V
filter available as an accessory.
Cable monitor and fault location system
Teleflex LV monitor
Dual channel LV cable fault locator
TDR2000/3P
For use on low voltage cables, this TDR based system is
installed on the network and monitors the current and
voltage to locate permanent, transient and intermittent
faults. At least one of the phases must be live to power the
instrument which can be controlled locally using Bluetooth
or remotely using GSM, making more efficient use of fault
location specialist’s time.
A state of the art two-channel TDR with a high resolution
colour display capable of identifying and locating faults on
metallic cables. The TDR2000 /3P is suitable for use on dead
or live cables without a blocking filter, up to CATIII 300 V
phase-to-earth with a range of up to
20 km. Ultra fast pulse for
near-end fault location
and automatic fault
location. TraceXpert PC
software included.
TDR2000/3P can identify and
locate a wide range of faults
on metallic cables from a few
metres to 20 km depending on
cable type
Model
Range
Output pulse
Pulse width
Velocity factor range
Teleflex VX-P
20m to 1280 km
TeleflexSX
20 m to 160 km
TeleflexT3060
10 m to 50 km
MTDR300
55 km
TDR2000/3P
0.5 m to 20 km
TDR1000/3P
0.5 m to 5 km
30 to 160 V
5 to 50 V
35 V
25 V
20 V
5V
20 ns to 10 μs
20 ns to 10 µs
35 ns to 4 µs
50 ns to 10 µs
2 ns to 4 µs
2 ns to 4 µs
20 to 99%
3 to 50 %
3 to 50 %
16 to 50 %
30 to 99 %
20 to 99%
Resolution
0.1 m
0.1 m
0.8 m
0.82 m
0.1 m
0.1 m
Weight
20 kg
10 kg
6 kg
6.7 kg
1.7kg
0.6 kg
14 TIME DOMAIN REFLECTOMETERY
Cable fault location systems
The fundamental objective of any cable fault location system is to provide quick, effective,
accurate and safe fault location, resulting in reduced system outages and “Customer Minutes
Lost”. Megger’s fault location systems help you quickly find the location of the underground
fault.
Highly portable fault location system
EZ-Thump4 and EZ-Thump12
Weighing less than 33 kg the EZ-Thump series are the most
portable fault location systems on the market. It utilises the
“Easy Go” test system, which is easy to operate, interprets
the results and requires minimal training to find faults.
On-board is a TDR
with a 7.6 km range
and arc reflection at 4
or 12 kV respectively
for pre-locating.
For pinpointing,
EZ-Thump offers
a surge energy of
500 j, d.c. testing
for breakdown
detection and
insulation resistance
measurement. The
units are operated
from line or the
internal battery. They
can fit in the boot of
a car, making them
ideal for a flexible
quick response fault
finding strategy.
Portable cable fault locating system
ST16
This neat, compact system
can be powered by
on-board batteries or main
supply. It utilises the “Easy
Go” test system, which is
easy to operate, interprets
the results and requires
minimal training to find
faults. Proof test at 8 or 16
kV , surge energy 1500 J,
features ICE, ARC reflection
(ARM), decay and sheath
test modes.
20 kV fault location system
32 kV fault location system
PFL32M1500
With integral TDR this
rugged fault location
system proof /burns at
32 kV and its surge
output is 1500 J.
PFL22M1500
This tough portable system
offers cable and fault
diagnosis, pre-location,
fault conditioning and
pin-pointing using the
acoustical method. There
is a 20 kV output for
insulation testing and proof
/ burn. The surge energy is
1550 J at 8 or
16 kV. The TDR has a range
of 50 m to 55 km.
CABLE FAULT LOCATION SYSTEMS 15
Cable fault location systems
Battery operated cable fault location
system
Mobile cable testing and fault location
system
SFX15 and SFX25
SPG40
Offering 15 kV and
25 kV output voltages
respectively these
systems can provide
the full surge energy
for up to 1.5 hours
continuously, making
them prefect for
fault location on low
and medium voltage
networks. ARM is used
for high resistance faults
while low resistance
faults can be located
with the TeleFlex
SX module without
recourse to high voltage
methods.
The SPG 40 is a mobile, multi-functional
system for testing, prelocation,
pinpointing and converting cable faults
in low and medium voltage networks.
The system is controlled directly via the
connected TFX-SX reflectometer or the
integrated control panel. All functions
of the system can be easily performed
using the selector knob. With d.c. output
up to 40 kV and surge energies of 1000
J or 2000 J this is a powerful system yet
the integrated safety system ensures the
highest degree of safety is guaranteed.
5 kV fault locating system
SPG5-1000
This 5 kV system is designed for testing,
fault conditioning, pre-location and
pinpoint of faults in distribution
networks. The pre-location method
“ICEplus” offers the operator a tool for
pre-locating faults in branched systems to
locate.
32 kV fault location system
SFX32
SFX32 is a mobile system for
testing and fault locating on low
and medium voltage cables as
the test and surge voltages can
be up to 32 kV. The Short Period
Arc Reflection Method is used
for prelocation of high resistance
faults up to 32 kV while low
resistance faults can be located
with the Teleflex TFX-SX TDR
module without recourse to high
voltage methods. The burning
of faults is possible at all voltage
levels by short-term burning.
1750 Joules with a vehicle
mounted option of 3500 J
of surge energy provide the
necessary high power for fast and
accurate pinpointing cable faults
by the acoustic method.
Model
8 kV fault locating system
SFX8-1000
With an output surge of 1000 J and
voltages of up to 8 kV SFX8-1000 is the
perfect for finding faults on low and
medium voltage cables. For pre-location
ARM, ICE modes can be used with the TDR
having a maximum range of 160 km. The
pre-location unit TeleflexSX can be battery
operated and stand alone or integrated
with the surge unit on the wheeled
mounting frame.
EZ-thump4 EZ-thump12 SPG5-1000 SFX8-1000 ST16
Max output voltage
0 to 4 kV
0 to 12 kV
0 to 5 kV
Surge energy output
500 J
500 J
1000 J
TDR range
7.6 km
7.6 km
Pre-location method
PFL22M1500PFL32M1500SFX15
SFX25
SFX32
2, 4 and 8 kV 8 and 16 kV 10 and 20 kV 16 and 32 kV 7.5 and 15 kV 12.5 and 25 kV 0 to 30 kV
SFX40
40 kV
1000 J
1500 J
1500 J
1500 J
1150 J
1150 J
1750 J
1000 J
160 km
7.5 km
55 km
55 km
160 km
160 km
160 km
160 km
ARM
n
nn
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
ICEn
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
Decayn
n
Insulation
nn
Fault conditioning
n
n
n
n
nn
n
Proof/burnn
n
n
n
nn
n
Pin-pointing
n
n
n
n
n
n
Sheath fault n
n
nn
n
Mains operation
n
n
n
Battery operation
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
nnn
n
n
n
n
n
Width
355 mm
355 mm
520 mm
530 mm
500 mm
536 mm
536 mm
600 mm
600 mm
800 mm
520 mm
Weight
33 kg
33 kg
45 kg
90 kg
135 kg
131 kg
131 kg
110 kg
110 kg
140 kg
116 kg
16 CABLE FAULT LOCATION SYSTEMS
Underground cable fault pin-pointing
These are used in conjunction with a surge generator or sheath fault locator pulsed energy
source to find the exact location of a fault.
Surge wave receiver for acoustic and
electromagnetic fault pin-pointer
digiPhone +
This instrument sets the standard, by
integrating audio and electro-magnetic
functionality in to one simple to
understand, colour display. Combining
two new technologies for efficient
noise suppression, it offers exceptional
acoustic performance which lets pass
only the fault noise. This means it is
possible to lower the surge energy and
to find faults in noisy environments.
The operator’s hearing is protected
by auto proximity mute, turning off
the head set as a hand approaches the
sensor handle and turning it on again
once mechanical oscillations have
ceased, and limiting the earphone
output to 84 db(A).
Cable tracing is simplified using the
left right indicator keeping the sensor
over the cable while
the compass indicated
the direction to the
fault and the digital
readout displays the
distance to the fault.
High voltage bridge for fault location in
long cables
HVB10
Multi purose pin-pointer set
HVB10 is a highly accurate
high-voltage bridge
designed to locate cable
and sheath faults, perform
sheath testing, and
pinpoint sheath faults,
especially suited to long
HV cables. With its high
resolution, intermittent
fault detection function,
and load adaptation for
faster cable charging, it is an
indispensable tool.
Digiphone + NT set
This set combines capabilities of the digiphone + and ESG NT
allowing the user to carry a single instrument to locate cable
faults and sheath faults in their vehicle.
It accurately pre-locates
cable interruptions and
short-circuit faults, and
detects high-resistance conductor faults that cannot be prelocated with impulse reflection based methods.
The HV bridge is equipped with a powerful discharge unit
which allows the safe discharge of cables with a capacity
of up to 25 µF. Prior to each test, a capacity measurement
ensures that the expected discharge energy does not exceed
these parameters and damage the instrument making it very
suitable for very long cables and their parameters.
HVB10 can also be used for sheath testing and sheath fault
pre-location and pinpointing.
UNDERGROUND CABLE FAULT PIN-POINTING 17
Cable sheath fault location
Sheath faultpin-pointer
ESG NT
Used with any dc or pulsed dc sheath test output such as
from the MFM10 or MMG10 as a transmitter, the ESG NT
pinpoints a sheath fault using the step voltage or pool of
potential technique. The easy-to-use instrument utilises a TFT
colour display which is very readable in bright sunlight and
has auto or manual sensitivity adjustment. Just switch on and
go! The display can be a simple digital bar graph, or show the
deflections of the last 7 pulses. A fully automatic calibration
keeps the display always at zero and the integrated noise
suppression eliminates all influences by DC, Railway currents,
industrial plants and high resistive soil environment. The step
voltage is measured using two earth rods.
Sheath fault location system
MFM10
This is a highly portable system is enclosed in an IP53 wheeled
case. Automatic measurement enables the testing of cable
sheaths as well as the pre-location and pin-pointing of cable
sheath faults. A single test lead makes connection easy and
the unit will test its own connections for pre-location. The
sheath fault pre-location method is automatic, the operator
just enters the overall cable length. The ± 10 kV dc output
permits the testing of HV cables. The bi-polar function
eliminates the external thermoelectric and galvanic effects on
pre-location considerably enhancing the accuracy.
18 CABLE SHEATH FAULT LOCATION
Sheath tester
MMG10
Designed for the voltage testing of PE and PVC cables and
the location of sheath faults in shielded plastic cables in
conjunction with a pin-pointer. When used with the optional
MVG5, the system can be used for prelocation of sheath
faults on MHV shielded cables and line to earth faults on
plastic insulated LV cables.
Earth fault locator for fault location in
isolated systems
Geolux GL 660-1
Important control, signal and supply systems, such as those
for railway installations, hospitals, power plants or other
industrial facilities, are designed to be potential free and are
monitored by earth fault indicators in order to ensure safe
and uninterrupted operation. A single earth fault will cause
no service interruption, with the occurrence of a second earth
fault there is a high risk of partial or complete breakdown of
the installation. All earth faults must be located and repaired
as fast as possible. The GL 660 transmitter directly connects to
live cables, up to 660 V, and generates a low frequent signal
which allows the fault to be traced by the clamp and receiver
to the fault position.
Cable route tracing and identification
Cable location system
Ferrolux FL10
This system can be used to accurately trace
buried cable to a depth of 7 m with arrows
offering precise left-right guidance. When
used in conjunction with an audio
frequency generator location and depth
of the cable can be recorded in the
receiver unit and downloaded. The
route sensor unit weighs less than
1 kg to reduce operator fatigue.
Utility services detection and location
system
EasyLoc
A fast and easy-to-use system for the detection and tracing
of underground cable runs and pipe networks. The receiver
unit displays the signal level and has a max marker to help
with location. The operator is given both aural and visual
confirmation of location. EasyLoc also gives an approximate
depth measurement.
Phase verification system
PVS100
Phase identification on
live systems is necessary
when preparing for or and
restructuring networks,
for recording, updating
and revising planning
documentation as well as for
planning and setting up of
new network systems.
The PVS 100 system consists
of two identical devices, one
of which is used as a base
station and is connected to a
known reference phase. The
second device (the mobile
unit) can be connected anywhere in the network. The
phasing can be determined across various voltage levels by
comparing the angle of the phase currently being tested
with that of the reference phase. Automatic comparison with
a direct indication of the phase assignment takes place by
synchronising the two devices via a GSM connection, using
GPS as a highly accurate time base.
Cable Identifier
CI
The system identifies a particular cable by means of a current
impulse generator and receiver. The receiver is connected to a
flexible CT or a pad style detector to receive the identification
signal. The pulse
generator transmits
single sawtooth
pulses with a peak
current up to
100 A into the cable
being identified.
= special software
controls and verifies
all parameters of the
received pulse.
Phase identification in earthed and
shorted MV cables
PIL8 Phasenlux
Using three pairs of transceiver clamps connected without
any leads, one to each of the short circuited phases. The PIL8
transceiver clamps do not require a power supply.
At the other end of the cable an audio frequency current
is injected into the cable by means of a battery operated
generator/receiver. This induces a voltage in the transceiver
clamps which is rectified and stored in a capacitor. When
sufficiently charged the clamp transmits a coded signal to the
receiver indicating the designated phase to which the pairs of
clamps has been connected.
The PIL 8 meets the requirement of EN50110-1 (VDE 0105
part 1), in as much as its application eliminates the need to
disconnect the
short circuiting
and earthing
circuit. After
installation of
the three pairs
of clamps, the
chamber can be
closed greatly
enhancing
safety.
DETEX
The Detex range of testers
is ideal for determining the
presence of voltage, be it phase to
earth or phase to phase. A verification
unit is available to ensure safe operation.
Voltage detectors are suitable for
voltages from 2.3 kV to
550 kV. Models are available with
electronic LED and audible
DETEX Voltage detectors
are available in seven models
indication or neon indication.
that cover a range from
distribution class to transmission
line voltages up to 550 kV
CABLE ROUTE TRACING AND IDENTIFICATION 19
Cable test vans
SEBAKMT, a subsidiary of Megger are the world leader in van-mounted cable fault, test and
diagnostic systems.
Fully integrated single or three-phase
cable fault location van
Centrix system
The Centrix system is an all-in-one, multi-function cable fault
location solution mounted in a test van. It has a single, easy
to use controller that operates the whole system from the
comport of the operators cabin. All functions are accessed via
the central, jog dial operated control unit, from insulation
tests, to VLF, TDR reference traces to the various cable fault
methods such Arc Reflection and ICE. All tests and system
status are shown on a high resolution colour display allowing
instant analysis of fault traces which can be saved into
the memory or a USB stick and called back for comparison
later. Each system is configured to customer requirements,
including options for cable test and diagnosis.
The simple single jog dial operation makes the Centrix
system easy to use and to understand which reduces the
training time and effort required learning the operation of
the system. It also allows users to quickly start operating the
system if it is not used regularly by the same engineers.
Compact City
The Compact City is a complete test and fault location system
suitable for installation into very small vehicles. It consists
of the SPG 40, a mobile, multifunctional system for testing,
prelocation, pinpointing and burning of cable faults in low
and medium voltage networks and a pin-pointing device.
The system is controlled directly via the connected Teleflex
SX reflectometer or the control panel, either integrated or as
19” version. All functions of the system are easily managed by
the rotary encoder in the control panel. The system supports
easy and clear handling, even for inexperienced users.
20 CABLE TEST VANS
Modular single or three-phase cable fault
location van
Variant and Classic
The Variant and Classic are modular three or single phase
systems for testing and fault location on power cables in
low and medium voltage networks. They offer a maximum
variability in the equipment options and features of a cable
test and fault location system.
The flexibility of both formats permits a very specific
customer suited adaptation of the system for cable testing,
surge energy for the pinpointing, burning and sheath fault
location.
System R 30 fault location
system for all applications
The System R 30 is the largest most powerful test van system
within the SebaKMT product range. All functions and voltage
ranges are full integrated and three phased.
DC test voltage levels, including the well-known decay
travelling wave prelocation method are available up to 110
kV in the standard version (400 kV optional), thus keeping
and extending the worldwide standards set by
System R 30 A PLC operated central control unit monitors the
safety and all vital functions of the system. The integrated
safety system concept and the separation transformer for
defined potentials, guarantees high safety standards for the
user and the equipment.
Flexible solution to integrate portable
equipment into a combined system
NSF E
The NSF E system control panel provides the possibility to
combine up to four separate units into one single system
and to manage their operation via a central control while
providing the best of operational comfort and safety.
The NSF E system control panel has an integrated, adaptable
control with rotary encoder. This control can be configured
for almost any device. The control includes power switches,
HV on/off, emergency off and an integrated FU/EP safety
system. The display shows the input voltage and current, the
messages of the safety system and the selection menu for the
connected devices. All messages appear in full text in user
language.
With its standard 110 kV/290 mA DC testing, its widely
approved and well known Arc Reflection Method up to 50 kV
ARM prelocation and 3 kV to 50 kV surging with up to 2500
J, the R 30 Systems covers all requirements in the range of
low voltage up to high voltage without any difficulty.
Optional the system offers 0,1 Hz cosine rectangular VLF test
systems up to 70 kVrms and test capacity of 5 µF @ 0,1 Hz.
Burning with 15 kV / 25 A and surging with 80 kV and 3200 J.
For higher voltage the R 30 system can be optional equipped
with up to 400 kV DC and 400 kV Decay.
Centrix D- Diagnose
All operational modes controlled by a central system control
panel which selects the operation via motor driven HV
switches, like all SebaKMT systems, the R 30 includes an
extensive safety system, which provides the maximum safety
for operator, personal and equipment during the operation
of the system.
With the Centrix Diagnose, SebaKMT offers a combination
of the Centrix cable fault location system and a cable testing
and diagnosis system. The base unit is a Centrix system
either in a single or three phased version up to 80 kV. This
system can be equipped with 0.1 Hz VLF sinusoidal testing
in combination with tan delta diagnosis or the 0.1 Hz cosine
rectangular VLF technology. A fully integrated OWTS partial
discharge diagnosis unit is also available. See page 12 for
details.
CABLE TEST VANS 21
Test van equipment
Surge wave generators, active filters and burn down units for mounting in vans, or
stand-alone usage.
Surge wave generator
SWG500
SWG 500 operates in the mid-voltage range, with output
voltages of 4 to 16 kV while its surge energy is in the lower
range up to 500 J. The three voltage ranges are switchable
and allow at each voltage stage the full surge energy of 500
Joule to be used
Surge wave generator
SWG505
SWG 505 is used, where high voltages and high surge
energies are not the deciding factor but where price,
portability and value for money are important. It outputs
voltages 3 - 5 kV
When used with the digiPHONE+, the 500 Joule surge energy
is more than sufficient for most of the applications.
Arc reflection adapter
M219
The Arc Reflection Adapter M219 is used for fault location
on low-, medium and high voltage cables. The M219 causes a
low resistive arc at the fault spot. At the same time the M219
also protects the reflectometer from the high voltage in
the cable
Arc stabilisation filter for cable fault
prelocation with the ARM method
LSG300
High resistive faults and intermittent faults can easily be
located with the ARM Method. Typically the fault resistance
is too high for direct measurement with a TDR. A surge
generator combined with the LSG 300 creates a stable low
resistance arc at the fault, which is then clearly located by a
TDR like a low resistance fault.
This compact and easy to use Arc Stabilisation Filter is suitable
for use in a modular system or installed in a cable test van.
The LSG 300 is an effective aid to prelocate the majority of
cable faults, quickly and accurately and is suitable for use by
operators of all experience levels.
High powered surge wave generator
SWG1750 series
Available is single
or two unit systems
SWG1750 can
generates surge
energies of 1750 J for
the single unit system
and 3500 J for the
two unit system. The
output voltages are
8 to 32 kV.
22 TEST VAN EQUIPMENT
Arc stabilisation unit
LSG3-E
The LSG 3-E operates with an active prelocation technology.
It contains an own HV source and a surge capacitor. It
discharges a surge voltage discharge of up to 2 kV with 640
Joule surge energy into the arc ignited before, which then
automatically followed by the reflectometer measuring pulse,
showing the fault as a negative reflection. Additionally the
2 kV surge generator can also be used for LV fault
prelocation and pinpointing without the need for an
additional surge generator.
Arc reflection energy separation filter
ETF3
ETF3 kV was developed for the fault location on symmetrical
communication and pilot cables. The combination of burn
unit, ETF3 and a reflectometer permits fast fault prelocation
on high resistive and humid cable faults. The ETF3 provides
a solution for applications where cable type and their
permitted test voltage is limited to a level which prevents the
use of the standard burn and fault location technologies.
The burn procedure can be directly observed on the display
of the connected reflectometer. As soon as the fault becomes
low resistive, the fault distance is visible. This permits a
“cable preserving” limitation of the burn time to the minimal
required duration.
Burn and proof test system for MV cables
BPS5000-D
Normally installed in a van
system BPS5000-D can be
used as a portable device
for fault conversion. Digital
control it easy to operate
as burn unit to convert of
difficult to locate cable
faults and permits the
operation of a connected
HV DC test system and a
VLF cosine rectangular test
system. It offers an a.c.
current of up to 110 A and
a d.c. current of 6 A.
TDR range extender
LDE800
The LDE 800 is an add-on for long range TDRs for
optimisation of pulse, impedance and signal to noise ratio
measurements on cables with extreme parameters such as
very long cables, high attenuation, high resistive values,
and very high or low impedances as found in sub sea
cables, overhead lines, heating cables and district heating
monitoring. Instead of the impulse generation by the
reflectometer, the LDE 800 generates its own measuring
pulses up to 2000 V, which are then processed by the
reflectometer in the passive transient mode. In practice
measurements on HV DC links, ranges of more than 500 km
have been achieved.
Cable fault converter
BT500-IS-1
For converting high resistance faults in signal, control and
telecommunication cables into low resistance faults. Used
with MVG5 it can be used for prelocation of sheath faults on
shielded cables with PVC and PE insulation.
15 kV Burn-down unit
T 22/13 B
The unit acts as a current source for locating faults in power
and control cables. It is primarily used for burning down high
impedance and intermittent cable faults in low and medium
voltage power supply networks. In addition, it can be used
in conjunction with the appropriate connecting devices and
a time domain reflectometer (TDR) for prelocation with the
Decay/Arc Reflection Method.
With a maximum burn-down current of 25 A and a
continuously variable voltage between 0 and 5 kV, the
T22/13 B output can be pulsed for earth fault leakage
location.
TEST VAN EQUIPMENT 23
Low resistance testing
Low resistance testers or micro ohmmeters have many applications. Most are used for
testing the integrity of joints, as there can be serious consequences if there are bad
connections in critical electrical systems, poor earths, heating in connections, broken rails
on the railways, or on aircraft wings. Routine maintenance using low resistance testers,
sometime known as Ducter low resistance ohmmeters, can highlight problems before they
become catastrophic.
10 A micro-ohmmeter with test results
storage and downloading
DLRO10X
Dual power 10 A micro-ohmmeter with
IP rating
DLRO10HD
The DLRO10X offers a 0.1 µΩ resolution with a maximum
capability of 2 kΩ. Fast testing ability means users can achieve
results in less than 3 seconds. At only 2.5 kg it is the smallest,
lightest and most sophisticated 10 A
low resistance ohmmeter available
making it convenient for general
testing.
The DLRO10X has the
capability of measuring
inductive loads such as
transformers and motor
windings. The DLRO10X
adds on-board memory,
RS232 download capability,
maximum setting and manual
or automatic range control to
the features of the DLRO10.
Uses easily interchangeable batteries.
DLRO10X has real-time
download of results and
on-board storage for later
download to a PC
DLRO 10X has real-time download
of results and on-board storage
for later download to a PC
Why test for resistance?
Low resistance measurements are required to prevent
long term damage to existing equipment and to
minimize energy wasted as heat. They indicate any
restrictions in current flow that might prevent a machine
from generating its full power or allow insufficient
current to flow to activate protective devices in the
case of a fault. Periodic tests are made to evaluate an
initial condition or to identify unexpected changes in
the measured values, and the trending of this data helps
indicate and may forecast possible failure conditions.
Excessive changes in measured values point to the need
for corrective action to prevent a major failure.
DLRO10 HD is a tough low resistance
ohmmeter which is designed to
withstand the inclement conditions
of real world testing. Rated at IP65
when the lid is closed and IP45
when operating under battery
power, the DLRO10HD has a
resolution of a 0.1 µΩ. There are
also 2 power output levels
to assist with condition
diagnosis. One is limited to
avoid heating the test sample
while the other maintains a set
high power output.
10 A Micro-ohmmeter
DLRO10
The DLRO10 offers a 0.1 µΩ resolution with a maximum
capability of 2 kΩ. Fast testing ability means
users can achieve results in
less than 3 seconds. At only
2.5 kg the smallest, lightest
and simplest-to-use 10 A low
resistance ohmmeter available.
Uses easily interchangeable
batteries.
DLRO10 has bright 41⁄2 digit LED
display making it easy to read
under all lighting conditions
Low resistance testers or micro ohmmeter
Nominal current No of ranges with power limited to 0.25 W
No of higher power ranges
Display
DLRO10HDDLRO10X DLRO10
Up to 10 A
Up to 10 A
Weight
24 LOW RESISTANCE TESTING
Up to 2 A
2 2
LCD Backlit
LCD Backlit
n
LED 41/2 digit
LED 31/2 digit
n
n
Power supply
Rechargeable battery
BT51
666
Results storage and Download
Mains
Up to 10 A
n
optionaloptional
n
n
n
n
6.7 kg
2.6 kg
2.6 kg
4.5 kg
2 A bond tester
BT51
Low resistance ohmmeter ideally suited for bond
testing applications, i.e. aircraft frames.
Four terminal method of
measurement ranges
0-20.00 mΩ and
0-2000 mΩ. Test
current is 2A.
Wind turbine lightning protection test
leads sets
KC
The KC series of test leads provide a
complete and convenient solution to
the problem of finding reliable test
leads that are long enough for testing
the continuity of lightning protection
conductors in wind turbines.
KC-series wind turbine test leads are
available in 100 m, 50 m and 30 m
versions that are equally suitable for use
on site or in the manufacturing plant.
All lead set versions are 10 A rated.
Clips and leads for low resistance testing
Megger ohmmeters require test leads, two potential (voltage) and two current, to make low-resistance measurements. In
addition to individual current and potential leads sets, duplex leads that combine current and potential connections in one lead
are offered. A variety of terminations, C-clamps, Kelvin clips, fixed point, and helical spring-point leads are available.
For measurement of
Lead type
Termination
Test current
Potential Single 2 pieces Hand spike Current Single 2 pieces Current clip 10 A Single 1 piece Heavy duty C-clamps 10 A Current and potential Duplex 1 piece DH2 handspike with helical sprung contacts 10 A Current and potential Duplex 1 piece DH3 handspike with helical sprung contacts 10 A Current and potential Duplex Lead set DH1 handspikes with helical sprung contacts 10 A Current and potential Duplex Lead set DH4 handspikes one with indicator light 10 A Current and potential Duplex Lead set DH5 handspikes one with indicator light 10 A Current and potential Duplex Lead set DH6 handspikes one with indicator light (600 V) 10 A Current and potential Duplex Lead set 1.3 cm silver-plated Kelvin clip 10 A Current and potential Duplex Lead set 4.0 cm silver-plated Kelvin clip 10 A Current and potential Duplex Lead set Hand spikes with helical spring-loaded contacts 10 A Current and potential Duplex Lead set Helical hand spikes with spring points and 10 A current push button switch Current and potential Duplex Lead set Heavy duty straight fixed contacts 10 A Current and potential Duplex Lead set Heavy duty 5 cm C-clamps 10 A Current and potential Duplex Lead set Hand spikes with replaceable needle points 10 A Current and potential Duplex Lead set Heavy duty 10 cm C-clamps 100 A Current and potential Single Lead set Heavy duty 10 cm C-clamps 100 A Current and potential Duplex Lead set 2 x current leads with 7.6 cm clamps 100 A 2 potential leads with 2.5 cm battery clips Current and potential Duplex Lead set 2 x current leads with 4.5 cm clamps 100 A 2 potential leads with 2.5 cm battery clips 600 A Current and potential Duplex Lead set 2 x 25 mm2 current leads with clamps 2 potential leads with clips 600 A Current and potential Duplex Lead set 2 x 50 mm2 current leads with clamps 2 potential leads with clips 600 A Current and potential Duplex Lead set 2 x 7 0 mm2 current leads with clamps 2 potential leads with clips 600 A Current and potential Duplex Lead set 2 x 95 mm2 current leads with clamps 2 potential leads with clips
Length
2.0
5.5
9.0
2.0
5.5
9.0
5.0
8.0
6.0
9.0
2.5
1.2
2.5
1.2
2.0
2.0
5.5
9.0
2.0
5.5
9.0
5.5
m
m
m
m
m
m
m
m
m
m
m
m
m
m
m
m
m
m
m
m
m
m
2.0 m 5.5 m 9.0 m 2.0 m 5.5 m 9.0 m 2.0 m 5.0 m 8.0 m 5.0 m 10.0 m 10.0 m 15.0 m 15.0 m 5.0 m 5.0 m 5.0 m 5.0 m 10.0 m 10.0 m 15.0 m Reference no
242021-7
242021-18
242021-30
242041-7
242041-18
242041-30
242144-16
242144-26
6111-023
6111-024
6111-022
6111-503
6111-517
6111-022
241005-7
242006-7
242006-18
242006-30
242011-7
242011-16
242011-30
242009-18
242002-7
242002-18
242002-30
242004-7
242004-18
242004-30
242003-7
242004-2-16
242004-2-26
242004-2-16
830255
830258
6220-787
6220-755
6220-756
6220-757
LOW RESISTANCE TESTING 25
Contact resistance testing
For testing circuit breaker contact resistance in compliance with IEC62271-100, specialist low
resistance testers are used with a high output current. For this and other applications that
require a higher test current, Megger offers an extensive range of testers that will fit your
testing regime.
Testing with DualGround™
Deregulation changed the business environment
for utilities, switchgear owners and their service
companies. It has increased the emphasis on efficiency
of operation, maintenance and service levels. Likewise
the internationalisation of the business has brought new
challenges by increasing the emphasis on health and
safety and environmental compliance.
Experience has shown that the switch gear is less able
to be taken out of service for testing. And when it is,
it is available for shorter periods. Network operators
and service companies are under continued pressure
to maintain and improve their safety record. Safety
organisations and labour organisations rightly increase
their demands for safe working practices. Deregulation
has led to the codification of safe working and the
increasing tightening of regulation. Having a good
safety record is a crucial asset to attract investment.
In all substations the capacitive coupling from live
high voltage conductors induces dangerous currents
in parallel conductors. Grounding both sides of the
equipment under test will lead the induced currents to
earth, providing a safe area for the test personnel.
Testing is much safer using the DCM module and
DualGround.
With only one side grounded the induced current can
reach values high enough to be harmful or lethal for
humans.
Hand-held 200 A micro-ohmmeter
MOM2
Tough and weighing just 1 kg,
the MOM2 micro-ohmmeter
from Megger is capable
of carrying out tests at
currents up 220 A. This
makes it a convenient and
time saving alternative, in
many applications, to bulky
conventional high-current
micro-ohmmeters that
typically weigh ten times
as much.
A key benefit is
that this instrument
operates from
rechargeable batteries
giving over 2,000
measurements per charge,
allowing a full day’s testing to be
done where there is no mains supply.
The MOM2 is suitable for an range of applications, including
testing busbar and cable joints, and carrying out contact
resistance measurements on low-, medium- and high-voltage
circuit breakers. Circuit breaker tests performed with the
instrument conform fully to IEC and IEEE standards.
In addition, to ensure maximum user safety, particularly in
substation applications, the MOM2 supports DualGround
testing for circuit breakers. This allows both sides of the
circuit breaker to be earthed while the test is performed,
thereby eliminated potential hazards from induced voltages.
MOM2 high-current micro-ohmmeter use ultra-capacitor
technology to achieve its size. In a patent-pending circuit,
a capacitor with a value of hundreds of farads is charged
from the battery, and then discharged into the circuit under
test. Voltage and current in the test circuit are monitored
continuously during the discharge, and an average value of
resistance is displayed.
Testing is much safer using the DCM module and DualGround.
Depending on the resistance of the test circuits, a guaranteed
minimum test current of 100 A can be achieved for 3 seconds,
with higher currents up to 220 A for shorter periods.
The MOM2 is auto-ranging and measures resistance from
1 µΩ to 1 Ω. Results are shown on large LCD display that
includes an analogue arc to show the start of charge of the
ultra-capacitor. 190 tests results can be stored on-board and
be downloaded via a wireless Bluetooth connection. The
Bluetooth facility can also be used with a headset to provide
an audible pass/fail signal against user adjustable limits as
tests are performed.
With only one side grounded the induced current can reach values
high enough to be harmful or lethal for humans.
26 CONTACT RESISTANCE TESTING
600 A and 200 A micro-ohmmeter
600 A low resistance ohmmeter
DLRO600 and DLRO200
Provides the operator with
high resolution, 0.1 µΩ,
portable method of
performing on-site low
resistance measurements.
The test current is variable
from 10 A to 600 A or 200
A respectively, in 1 A steps,
enabling the user to perform
all the required tests with a
single instrument. The unit
can be used to test small circuit
breaker contact resistance to
IEC 62271-100, switch contacts,
busbars, joints, splices, fuses and
rail bonds. The full keyboard
makes labelling and storing of
results quick and easy.
MOM690A
Offering a test current from 0 to
600 A d.c. the MOM690A has a
measurement range up to 200 mΩ
with a resolution of 1 µΩ. The
MOM690A can programmed to
perform an individual test or an
entire series and store the results.
There is an a.c. output for quick and
easy demagnetization of CTs.
DLRO600 measures resistances
between 0.1 Ω and 1 Ω, at high
currents. It can provide test
currents from 10 amps up to
600 amps subject to the load
resistance and supply voltage. It
is ideal for testing busbars
A large liquid crystal display
provides all the information
needed to perform a test; all test
parameters and measurement
results are displayed.
600 A and 200 A micro-ohmmeter with
DualGround safety
MJÖLNER600 and MJÖLNER200
By being able to operate with both sides
of the circuit breaker earthed,
Mjölner adds a new level of safety
to the tester of CBs.
600 A and 200 A micro-ohmmeter
MOM600 and MOM200
The ripple free d.c. test current
can be varied from 5 A to 600 A
or 200 A, depending on model,
with a maximum continuous current
of 300 A or 100 A respectively.
The measuring range is up to 1 Ω
with a resolution as low as 0.1 µΩ
depending on the resistance being
measured. Equipped with a USB port for
downloading of data the Mjölner series of products can add
a further level of safety for the operator by being remotely
controlled.
The both these low
resistance ohmmeters have
a measurement range up
to 2 mΩ with a resolution
of 1 µ Ω. They offer a
choice of maximum current
of 600 A and 200 A and
the MOM200 weighs as
little as 14 kg.
Circuit breaker
For measurement of
contact resistance testers
DLR0600
Test currents
10 A-600 A
Current steps
1 A
DLRO200
10 A-200 A
MOM690A
0-800 A
MOM600A
0-600 A
MOM200A
0-200 A
1 A
MJÖLNER600MJÖLNER200 MOM2
5 A-200 A
5 A-200 A
1 A
1 A
220 A-50 A
Max. test time at continuous >60 sec
>10 min
10 sec
15 sec
20 sec
15 sec
2 min
3 sec max. current
discharging
Measurement range
Best resolution
0.1 µΩ-
999.9 mΩ
0.1 µΩ
0.1 µΩ-
0-0-0-0-0-0999.9 mΩ
200 mΩ
1999 µΩ
19.99 mΩ
999.9 mΩ
999.9 mΩ
1000 mΩ
0.1 µΩ
1.0 µΩ
1.0 µΩ
1.0 µΩ
0.1 µΩ
0.1 µΩ
Ripple free d.c.n
n
DualGroundn
n
Remote controln
n
Built-in printern
n
1.0 µΩ
n
Result storage
n
nn
Downloading to PC
n
n
nn
n
n
Power supply
Mains
Rechargeable battery
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
14.5 kg
14.5 kg
23.7 kg
24.7 kg
14.6 kg
13.8 kg
13.8 kg
1.0 kg
Weight
CONTACT RESISTANCE TESTING 27
Circuit breaker analyser systems
IEC62271-100 recommends that contact travel and speed are tested as well as closing and
opening times, resistance of the main contacts and synchronisation of the contact operation.
As circuit breakers are electro mechanical devices, the electrical and mechanical operation
should be tested. It is essential that circuit breakers operate correctly when the protection
systems detect a fault to avoid catastrophic failure. Megger offers a full suite of circuit
breaker analysis tools to help ensure they do.
Circuit breaker analyser system
with DualGround safety
TM1800
Designed on an
expandable
modular concept,
TM1800 is
capable of taking
48 + 48 timing
channels and
measures
circuit
breaker
timing
and motion. The
timing M/R module offers 40 kHz
sampling making it ideal for multiple-breaks
per phase systems.
Other measurements it can make include coil current,
dynamic resistance (DRM), vibration. The stand-alone
functionality means that the test engineer has only to bring
one instrument on site which is tough enough to deal with
the conditions.
Circuit breaker analyser with
DualGround safety
TM1700 series
Offering four models, starting from
PC-remote controlled
to fully standalone, all of
which can be
controlled from
a computer
using the data
management and
analysing software
CABA Win.
The robust design
assists the user to
achieve efficient and
reliable circuit breaker
testing. All inputs and
outputs on the instrument will withstand the challenging
environment in high-voltage substations and industrial
environments. Galvanically isolated inputs and outputs makes
it possible to perform all relevant measurements in one test,
eliminating the need for new setup and re-connections.
The timing measurement inputs use a patented Active
Interference Suppression algorithm to ensure correct timing
and accurate PIR (Pre-Insertion Resistor) values even at high
capacitively coupled interference currents. The user can
perform the test by simply turning the test switch without the
need for settings. The operator is only one click away from
advanced help functions such as connection diagrams.
Circuit breaker analysis software
Circuit breaker analyser
EGIL
Designed using
the experience
gained from
our larger
instruments, the
EGIL is intended
for breakers with
one break per
phase.
Its size and
simplicity makes
it attractive to
smaller power plants and maintenance departments. Now can
be used with SDRM.
28 CIRCUIT BREAKER ANALYSER SYSTEMS
CABA Win
The ability to accurately compare circuit breaker tests with
previous test results is essential. CABA Win helps achieve this,
by ensuring the tests are conducted in exactly the same way
and under the same conditions as those conducted earlier.
Comparison can then provide a clear picture of any deviations
and changes and a decision can be made to keep the CB in
operation or take it out of service for further investigation.
Static dynamic resistance measurement
SDRM
Used together with TM1800, TM1700 or EGIL SDRM
measures the contact resistance while the circuit breaker is
in operation. It can be used to assess the condition of the
contacts and the arcing contact length in SF6 Circuit Breakers.
On-Load Protection Condition Analyser
Vacuum tester
VIDAR
PCA2
Developed in conjunction
with a major European
utility, the PCA2 is a complete
substation protection
performance evaluation
and recording system.
It tests several elements
of the protection system
(Relay, Breaker & Battery)
simultaneously. Its advanced
software-controlled current
source can inject a precise
current into the relay even
whilst the system is ON-LOAD.
The critical ‘first-trip’ of both
relay and breaker can then be captured and analysed.
Performing such a test on a system that has not operated for
a long time then yields very useful data as to how the system
would perform given a real fault.
As well as operate times, the battery voltage and trip-coil
current profile can also be recorded providing data on vital
aspects of breaker and overall protection system condition.
Accessories
VIDAR enables you to check the integrity of the vacuum
interrupter quickly and conveniently
by means of the known relationship
between the flashover voltage and
the vacuum interrupter. A suitable d.c.
test voltage is applied to the breaker,
and the result is known immediately.
Frist trip tester
B10E
A useful power supply unit
providing a controllable d.c. power
source to supply the circuit breaker
under test. It is also used for
minimum trip coil voltage tests to
make sure it will still operate if the
voltage drops.
Vibration kit
Linear Transducers
A range of linear transducers is
available.
Includes SCA606, CABA Win vibration
software and one vibration channel.
SSR kit
Rotary transducers
Synchronised switching relay test kit for
TM1800 including accessories, software and
cables.
Rotary transducers are
available in analogue
and digital forms.
Current sensor
100 A a.c./d.c. clamp for first trip analysis.
Rotary transducer
mounting kit
Temperature sensor
The ambient temperature is
automatically measured and
stored with the test result.
Vibration testing direct method for mechanical function
A CIGRE study on the installed base of active circuit breakers shows that the reason
for malfunction of HV CBs is mostly caused by mechanical faults. Vibration testing
is a direct measurement of the mechanical behaviour of the circuit breaker. It is
possible to distinguish a normal mechanical behaviour from an abnormal behaviour.
If the circuit breaker behaves normally the mechanical system is in good order.
Abnormal behaviour indicates that something is different from the expected and
the circuit breaker is in need of overhaul or further investigation.
Interpretation is easy with CABA Win Vibration software, based on voice
recognition algorithms that are adapted for circuit breaker vibrations. Based on
the software analysis the interpretation is green, yellow or red. Green and red are
straight forward, while yellow requires further investigation of the data. In the
same way as with DRM measurement it is possible for the knowledgeable user to
deduce very detailed information about the circuit breaker. The time shift and
deviation curves from CABA Win Vibration are intuitive for someone with insight of
the circuit breaker mechanics.
CIRCUIT BREAKER ANALYSER SYSTEMS 29
Primary injection testing
Primary injection testing requires the system to be taken out of service and consequently
is usually conducted during commissioning. It does however test the complete system, the
current transformer, conductors, connection points, relay protection and circuit breakers.
Primary current injection test system
INGVAR
This 5000 A 2 piece
portable test system is
designed for primary
injection testing
of protective relay
equipment and circuit
breakers. Unique I/30
function allows the
current to be pre-set
using low current to
prevent test sample
heating.
Ideal for commissioning protection systems, testing MCCBs
and many other high current applications.
Primary current injection test system
ODEN AT
The ODEN AT primary
current injection test system
consists of a control unit
together with one, two or
three current units offering
an maximum output of
13 kA for one second and
3800 A continuous. There
are three versions of the
current unit: S, X and H.
The S and X current units
are identical except that
the X unit has an additional
30/60 V output. The H unit
is rated for even higher
current. This makes an
ODEN AT system very
flexible. Each component is
portable, and ODEN AT can
be quickly assembled and
connected.
The control unit has many advanced features – a
measurement section that can display turns ratio as well as
time, voltage and current. A second measurement channel
can be used to test an additional current or voltage. Current
transformer turns ratio, impedance, resistance, power, power
factor (cos φ) and phase angle are calculated and shown
in the display. Current and voltage can be presented as
percentages of nominal value. The fast-acting hold function
freezes short-duration readings on the digital display; when
the voltage or contact signal arrives at the stop input,
the object under test interrupts the current or injection is
stopped.
30 PRIMARY INJECTION TESTING
Primary current injection test set
PCITS2000/2
PCITS2000/2 enables you to test relay
protection systems and their CTs
together. Its built-in timer records
protection relay operation. Tough
and self- contained with a hand-held
controller, the operator can work
close to the relay. The maximum
output current is 2000 A a.c. By simply
changing the range switch, half the
rated output can be obtained at twice
the voltage. Additionally, a separate
auxiliary voltage output of 250 V,
2 A a.c. or 125 V, 2 A a.c. is available
for testing voltage operated relay
coils or checking the magnetisation
characteristics of current transformers.
All outputs are fully variable and each
test set has a nominal duty cycle when
delivering full current and voltage.
Continuous operation is possible at
40% of maximum current. These tough
self-contained test sets are designed
for operation by one person and are
comparatively light. With a separate
hand-held controller connected by
an expandable cable it allows the
operator to work close to a protective relay while controlling
a test.
Current supply units
CSU600A and CSU600AT
These high-current
supply units have
two main fields of
application. The first
is to conduct primary
tests on protective
relays. The second field
of application involves
conducting current
tests on low-voltage
circuit breakers and
overcurrent devices.
Both outputting 600 A
the CSU60A requires
the use of an external
timer and ammeter, while the CSU600AT comes with built
in timer and analogue ammeter that provides rough current
settings quickly and easily, reducing connection time to a
minimum.
Circuit breaker and overcurrent relay
test set
MS2A
High current probe
HCP2000
This allows testing of
automatic circuit breakers or
MCCBs without uninstalling
the breaker. Found in power
plants industry MCCB have
a trip current between 16 A
and 1500 A.
MS2A is capable of
testing the timedelay characteristics
of overcurrent
relays, motor
overload relays and
moulded-case circuit
breakers, rated up
to 125 amperes,
when following
the recommended
test procedure for
testing the time
delay of these
devices at three times their rating.
Current transformer switchbox
Higher currents are available for the short durations required
to test an instantaneous trip element. For example, the test
set will provide a maximum short duration output of 750
amperes through a typical, 125 ampere, moulded-case circuit
breaker.
For use with ODEN AT the
switchbox facilitates CT testing.
The secondary windings of the CT
are connected to the switchbox
inputs and the outputs are
connected to ammeter 2 of the
ODEN AT. It can handle up to
5 secondary windings.
High current serial bar
Multi-cable high current
cable sets for use
with ODEN
For the serial connection of ODEN
current units.
Timer unit
Length
Impedance
(Twisted-pair cables)
TM200
Cross section area: 240 mm2 (2x120)
2 x 0.5 m (1.6 ft)
0.21 mΩGA-12205
2 x 1 m 3.3 ft) 0.32 mΩGA-12210
2 x 1.5 m (4.9 ft)
0.42 mΩGA-12215
2 x 2 m (6.6 ft)
0.53 mΩGA-12220
Cross section area: 360 mm2 (3x120)
2 x 0.5 m (1.6 ft)
0.18 mΩGA-12305
2 x 1 m (3.3 ft) 0.25 mΩGA-12310
2 x 1.5 m (4.9 ft)
0.32 mΩGA-12315
2 x 2 m (6.6 ft) 0.39 mΩGA-12320
This timer unit, designed for use
with ODEN A and CSU600A, has
the precision that makes is ideal
for many substation uses.
Cross section area: 480 mm2 (4x120)
2 x 0.5 m (1.6 ft) 0.16 mΩGA-12405
2 x 1 m (3.3 ft) 0.21 mΩGA-12410
2 x 1.5 m (4.9 ft) 0.27 mΩGA-12415
2 x 2 m (6.6 ft) 0.32 mΩGA-12420
Phase angle meter
2 x 0.5 m (1.6 ft) 0.14 mΩGA-12605
2 x 1 m (3.3 ft) 0.18 mΩGA-12610
PAM400 series
2 x 1.5 m (4.9 ft) 0.21 mΩGA-12615
2 x 2 m (6.56 ft) 0.25 mΩGA-12620
Cross section area: 720 mm2 (6x120)
Cable set, 2 x 5 m (16 ft), 120 mm2
Cross section area: 120 mm2
Weight: 15.2 kg (33.5 lbs)
PAM instruments display the phase angle which is calculated
from the relationship between two power signals, current,
voltage or any combination. For more information see
page 36.
Impedance: 2.2 mΩ GA-12052
Cable set, 2 x 5 m (16 ft), 25 mm2
Cross section area: 25 mm2
For the 30/60 V output of current unit X
Weight: 4 kg (8.8 lbs)
GA-02052
PRIMARY INJECTION TESTING 31
Relay testing
Distribution systems are protected by increasingly complex relays which require testing.
Since the 1970s the Sverker series of relay testers has been class leaders, being small, light
and simple to operate. Over the years more features have been added to enable the testing
of more complex relays resulting in the variable phase shift and frequency features of the
Sverker 780. Now new technology pushes the boundaries even further with the SMRT1, a
revolutionary new concept in automatic relay testing, which makes high power complex
testing available in a very small, extraordinarily light package.
Relay testing unit
SVERKER650
The Sverker 650
enjoys a wellearned reputation
for reliability and
convenience. Compact
and powerful, it
provides all of the
functions needed for
secondary testing of
any types of singlephase protection now
available. It features
logical design, and
it is extraordinarily
easy to learn and use.
Its compact design
and low weight makes it extremely portable. Accessories for
SVERKER 650 includes a test lead set and a rugged transport
case and the ACA120 voltage source which makes it easier to
test directional relays.
Automatic single phase relay test set
SMRT1
Weighing in at only 3.2 kg the SMRT1 is an amazingly
powerful relay test set. With a single current and voltage
generators, the current channel outputs 60 A at 400 VA while
the voltage channel outputs up to 300 V or can be converted
to a current channel outputting 15 A constant. 150 VA
Should you want more channels the instrument can be daisy
chained together to give more channels or more power.
Three SMRT1 connected together will make a fully automatic
3-phase set.
All this power can be controlled with STVI manual controller
or by use of a laptop and AVTS relay testing software using
Bluetooth® or Ethernet connection.
32 RELAY TESTING
Relay testing unit
SVERKER750 and SVERKER780
The SVERKER 750 and SVERKER780 feature many functions
that make relay testing more efficient. The measurement
section can display, in addition to time, voltage and current
Z, R, X, S, P, Q, phase angle and cos φ. The voltmeter can also
be used as a 2nd ammeter when testing differential relays.
All values are presented on a single easy-to-read display.
Directional protective equipment can be tested efficiently by
means of the built-in variable voltage source.
The SVERKER 780 has a continuous phase shift function and
adjustable frequency. Automatic reclosing devices can also be
tested.
Both units are available in an optional impact resistant and
waterproof (IP65) high density plastic-case with wheels and
retractable handle.
Voltage and current source
CSU20A
Small and light this
power source is
primarily intended
for use with Sverker
750 and Sverker780
but is in essence a
multipurpose a.c. and
d.c. source featuring
one a.c. current and
voltage output, a fully
rectified d.c. output
and a half wave
rectified output for
harmonic restraint
testing.
Variable voltage source
ACA120
Powered by 110 V a.c. the ACA120 provides a variable voltage
output from 0 V to 120 V for directional protection testing.
Phase selector switch
PSS750
Because it is a
passive design, the
PSS750 has many
applications, any of
the inputs may be
used for current or
voltage. It simplifies
phase switching and
select fault type,
phase reversing and
facilitates creating
variable phase shift.
Test terminal blocks
States switches
Covers the complete area of panel connections from
terminal blocks to knife switches. All products give long-term
connection quality and mechanical stability. States switches
are UL listed, and CSA certified.
Timer unit
TM200
This timer unit,
designed for use
with SVERKER, has
the precision that
makes it ideal for
many substation
uses.
States switches are UL listed, and
CSA certified
RELAY TESTING 33
Relay testing
More complex relays require a more flexible testing solution and Megger has a wide variety
of units for these applications. The new 3 channel SMRT36 has a class leading constant
power output in a field portable case the size of a 5 kV insulation tester! It can be manually
controlled from a touch screen interface or by using PC control running AVTS software. This
software is a full relay database management system allowing you to manage your assets
effectively. It can be used with the MPRT and with the new single channel SMRT1 which can
be connected via ethernet with the SMRT36 to make a 4 channel unit. 3 SMRT1s can also be
connected together to make a 3 channel unit or more, however many channels you want.
Megger also has the well-established simple to operate Freja test system with the Freja306
utilising the CA30 amplifier to provide higher test currents and up to 6 current channels.
SMRT Touch view interface
STVI
The Smart Touch View Interface™ (STVI) is Megger’s second
generation of handheld controllers for the new SMRT and
older MPRT1 relay test systems. The STVI, with its large, full
colour, new high resolution, and high definition TFT LCD
touch screen allows the user to perform manual, steady-state
and dynamic testing quickly and easily using the Manual or
Sequencer test screens, as well as using built-in preset test
routines for most popular relays.
Ergonomically designed for either right or left hand
operation using the rubber cushion grips, the centrally
located control knob, and the touch screen, the STVI is
extremely easy to use. Use the new built-in stand for singlehanded operation. The STVI uses a standard Ethernet cable,
and Power Over Ethernet (POE) operation. The STVI includes
non-volatile built-in data storage for saving tests and test
results. A USB port is provided for transferring test results
to your PC.
34 RELAY TESTING
Relay testing system
SMRT36
For size, weight, and features the SMRT36 is conceivably
the smallest, lightest, highest output powered, complete
three phase relay test system in the world today. The
test system may be customized by adding the number of
Voltage-Current, “VIGEN”, modules needed for specific test
applications. For electric utility use, the SMRT36 with three
VIGEN Modules provides complete three-phase testing of
three-phase impedance, directional power, negative sequence
overcurrent and other devices that require a three-phase
four-wire wye connected source.
With three modules, output current and VA is tripled for high
instantaneous or high burden overcurrent relays. With the
voltage channels converted to currents, the same unit can
provide 6-phase current. The SMRT36 VIGEN modules also
provide high power in BOTH the voltage and current channels
to test virtually any relay.
Relay testing software System
Low cost relay test set
AVTS
SMRT33
The SMRT33 provides high power in BOTH the voltage and
current channels to test virtually all types of protective relays
used in heavy industrial, distributed generation and low to
medium voltage distribution substations. The SMRT33 has
the “smart” combination of high compliance voltage and
high current to test all electromechanical, solid-state and
microprocessor-based overcurrent relays, including high
impedance directional ground overcurrent. In addition, the
unit includes capability to test IEC 61850 devices.
The SMRT33 test system has the ability to be manually
controlled with Megger’s new Smart Touch View Interface™
(STVI). The STVI, with its large, full colour, high resolution,
TFT LCD touch screen allows the user to perform manual,
steady-state and dynamic testing quickly and easily using
the manual test screen, as well as using built-in preset test
routines for most popular relays.
6 current and 4 voltage channels relay
test set
SMRT410
The SMRT410 provides a complete multi-phase test system for
commissioning of protection systems. With up to 4 voltage
channels and 6 high current channels, the SMRT410 meets
every testing need. The SMRT410 VIGEN modules also provide
high power in BOTH the voltage and current channels to
test virtually all types of protective relays. The SMRT410
test system may be customized by adding the number of
Voltage-Current, “VIGEN”, modules needed for specific test
applications.
The SMRT410 test system has the ability to be manually
controlled with Megger’s Smart Touch View Interface™
(STVI).
GPR timing reference
For full automatic testing the SMRT36 may be controlled
by Megger Advanced Visual Test Software (AVTS). AVTS is
a Microsoft® Windows® XP®/Vista™/7 compatible software
program designed to manage all aspects of protective relay
testing using the new Megger SMRT. More flexibility has
been added as well as some new and
powerful features.
AVTS comes in three different levels:
n
SE test
n
Advanced test
n
Professional test
Every unit comes with AVTS SE.
It includes online vector control
for single and multi-state timing
tests including reclosing, online
AVTS can display the
ramp control for automatic ramping of
voltage and current
voltage, AVTS can display the current,
output waveforms in
phase angles or frequency to voltage
time sequence with
and current output waveforms in find
the binary inputs and
outputs
minimum operating/pickup and time
sequence with drop out tests and online
Click-On-Fault the binary inputs and for dynamic tests of
impedance relays outputs with the ability to import specific
relay impedance characteristics. The user may also save,
execute and print relay specific test modules and results.
Test results may also be exported directly to Microsoft
Word. The SE version also includes new enhanced relay test
wizards for over-current, voltage, differential, impedance
and frequency relays, making relay testing swift and easy.
The AVTS Advanced Test version includes the powerful
test editor, dynamic control including dynamic end-to-end
testing capability, modbus communication test capability,
ASPEN OneLiner™ or Electrocon CAPE™ SS1 File Converter
for dynamic testing, and easy-to-use programming tools for
creating and editing test modules.
The AVTS Professional Test version includes all of the features
of the SE and Advanced versions plus some other powerful
test tools and features. It includes the DFR Waveform Viewer,
One-Touch™ test for fully automatic tests, and Waveform
Digitizer to digitise scanned waveforms of electro-mechanical
over current time curves.
MGTR
MGTR is a small, lightweight, field portable, GPS satellite
receiver system specifically designed to perform end to end
tests of line protection MGTR is a portable schemes, with
Megger relay GPS system designed to test systems. MGTR
provides a precise enable end-to-end tests.
Programmed Output Pulse (POP), with 100 nanoseconds
of resolution. This output pulse provides a trigger
synchronization
of two or more
SMRT test systems
to less than ±1 µS
of the Coordinated
Universal Time
(UTC).
Protective relay tool kit
K500
A comprehensive range of relay tools containing over
40 specific items. The whole kit is supplied in either a
lightweight soft case or a tough lockable vinyl case.
MGTR is a portable
GPS system designed to
enable end‑to‑end tests
RELAY TESTING 35
Relay testing
Relay testing system
FREJA 406 and FREJA 409
Offering high current and high power output
(60 A / 300 VArms) per phase FREJA 400 series is quick and
easy to use. The tough hardware is built for field use over a
wide temperature range, with intelligent software to perform
rapid testing.
The instruments have the “smart” combination of
high compliance voltage and high current to test all
electromechanical, solid-state and numerical-based
overcurrent relays, including voltage controlled, voltage
restraint and directional overcurrent.
With three current generators and four voltage generators
the instruments provides a complete three-phase test system
for commissioning of three phase protection systems.
The FREJA 406 provides up to 6 current generators while the
FREJA 409 can provide 9 current generators by converting
the voltage channels to currents. The generators also provide
high power in both the voltage and current channels to test
virtually all types of protection relays.
Current amplifier
CA30
The CA30 is a
3-channel current
amplifier with a
switched mode
power supply capable of delivering up to 3 x 35 A. Maximum
output power is
250 VA per channel, and the maximum compliance voltage is
50 Vrms. The amplifier can generate 50 Vrms up to a current
generation of 5 A per channel.
Phase angle meter
PAM410
The instrument displays
phase angle directly,
with a resolution of
0.1º, no calculation
or interpolation is
needed. Voltages up
to 500V and currents
up to 25A can be
connected directly to
the instrument, and
the current range can
be readily extended by using
external current transformers.
PAM420
Relay testing software
FREJA Win
In FREJA™ Win, the all-round General instrument program
serves as a convenient, easy to understand, user-friendly
toolbox. On the Connect page, you can enter information
about how to connect the relay, including pictures if so
desired. On the Sequence page, you can vary all generator
parameters independently. You can have up to 25 different
states (prefault, fault1, prefault, fault2, prefault, fault3
etc.). This is useful when testing auto reclose relays or motor
protection. It’s also possible to generate up to the 25th
harmonic.
On the Ramp page, you can ramp all generator parameters
independently. Amplitudes and angles are shown on a vector
diagram, and values can be set using the knob on FREJA or
the PC keyboard and mouse, on-line as well.
It is capable of
displaying phase angle
with a resolution of
0.1º, voltage, current,
frequency and timing.
The phase angle is
calculated from the
relationship between
two power signals,
which can be two
currents, two voltages
or any combination.
Currents up to 25 A and
voltages up to 500 V can be
applied directly to the instrument.
The current input range can be
extended by using external current
transformers.
Calibration box
CF90100
This handy product makes it possible to calibrate the Freja at
any time on-site and instead of sending the Freja away for
calibration, the CF90100 is calibrated annually.
36 RELAY TESTING
Transformer testing
Transformers are one of the most critical and expensive assets in a substation. If a large
transformer fails it will be a major problem for the asset owner. It will be expensive to repair
or replace and there may not be a replacement of the required type available at short notice.
Extending transformer life and predicting failure is becoming increasingly important to asset
owners and managers. Luckily, Megger can help.
Megger’s transformer test equipment is tough, light and with all the functionality you need.
Current transformer testing
When commissioning protection systems and after a fault
occurs it is necessary to check that the CTs are providing the
protective relays with the correct outputs.
Step-up transformer
MAGNUS
MAGNUS permits the
preparation of excitation
curves for CTs, to
demagnetize their cores
and turns ratio tests on
voltage transformers.
Despite its size
16 Kg it can deliver
1 A at 2.2 kV. for
rapid testing.
Relay and current transformer tester
MRCT
This a light, tough,
portable unit is
used to perform
demagnetization, ratio,
saturation, winding
resistance, polarity,
phase deviation, and
insulation tests on
current transformers.
The MRCT automatically
calculates ratio errors,
saturation curves, and
knee points. The MRCT provides automatic testing of single
and multi ratio CTs, reducing testing time and increasing
productivity. The MRCT will directly connect to multi ratio
CT’s and perform all tests – saturation, ratio and polarity,
winding resistance and insulation – on all taps with the push
of a button and without changing leads.
The MRCT can be controlled via Megger’s Smart Touch View
Interface (STVI) controller.
Hand-held transformer tester
Hand-held TTR
TTR100
TTR25
With the limitation that one
has to test phase by phase,
TTR100 is the low cost solution
for three-phase transformer
testing. The lightest and most
portable TTR test set available,
it offers a full set of tests
including; transformer turns
ratio, excitation current, phase
angle deviation, winding
resistance and transformer
polarity, the results can
be stored on board for later
downloading.
TTR25 is an automatic handheld
transformer ratio test set used
to measure the turns ratio,
excitation current and polarity
of windings in distribution and
power transformers, potential
and current transformers, and
tapped transformers.
TTR25 is designed to operate
in tough environments. It
is extra rugged, with a high
impact, shock resistant case, yet
incredibly lightweight.
With a turn ratio of 20,000:1,
the TTR100 offers the highest
turns ratio accuracy in the
industry of 0.1%. The TTR100
features special software
capabilities.
TTR25 is designed to operate
in tough environments. It is
extra rugged, with a high
impact, shock resistant case,
yet incredibly lightweight
With a turn ratio of 20,000:1, the TTR100
offers the highest turns ratio accuracy in
the industry of 0.1%. The TTR100 features
special software capabilities
TRANSFORMER TESTING 37
Transformer testing
1 time connection principle – Megger 3-phase turns ratio and winding resistance testers
allow the connections to be made once and all the tests to be carried out without having
to swap the leads and re-connect each time you want to test another winding. This speeds
up the testing substantially, especially on large power transformers with multiple taps. The
leads are compatible with both the TTR300 and MTO300 series.
TTR with PowerDB lite
TTR310
TTR310 has an easy-to-read,
high-contrast LCD that can
be seen in bright sunlight
and provides the user
interface for instrument
set-up and test operation.
It comes complete with
PowerDB LITE software.
TTR310 can store test
results, upload results to
a PC (via RS232 serial port), and/or print them in the field
via optional thermal paper printer, without the use of an
external computer. TTR310 has fully automatic operation
(either stand-alone or remote-control), is field upgradeable
to a TTR330 or TTR320 without compromise to calibration
and has built-in capability for storing test results into internal
memory in an open data format for direct input into Excel®
or XML format via PowerDB.
TTR300 is available for PC control only.
TTR with PowerDB lite and colour display
TTR320
TTR320 has a high contrast bright 5.7”
full VGA colour display can be
seen in direct sunlight. It has
a full keyboard for
entering nameplate
information.
Communications
ports include
RS-232, USB
and Ethernet
ports for easy
on-board storage,
downloading and
printing of test
results. PowerDB
LITE software is
included, so you can
perform data analysis and
trending of results. TTR320
has fully automatic operation
(standalone or remote-control),
is field upgradeable to TTR330 without compromise to
calibration. It has a graphical user interface with easy-toread ICON based screens and automated setup and control.
You can store test results in an open XML format, to either
internal memory or to an external USB storage device.
38 TRANSFORMER TESTING
Advanced TTR test set with
PowerDB OnBoard
TTR330
TTR330 has a new user interface that lets you interact with
the PowerDB OnBoard software system through keyboard
and navigation keypads as displayed on an 8.4” VGA bright
colour screen. PowerDB OnBoard displays the actual test form
directly on the screen. TTR330 also lets you customize test
forms via optional full-version PowerDB. TTR330 has three
communications ports (two USB, one Ethernet). The USB
host ports can be used for connecting directly to an optional
printer (to print full size A4 completed test forms) and for
data storage to a USB memory device (for later printing,
analysis, archiving, and trending). The Ethernet port allows
TTR330 to interface bi-directionally to a PC. TTR330 has fully
automatic operation (stand-alone or remote control) with
user interface via on-screen customizable test forms and builtin capability for storing test results, in an open XML format,
to either internal memory or to an external USB storage
device.
TTR330 has PowerDB for rapid report generation.
TTR330 has PowerDB for rapid report generation
Transformer ohmmeter
MTO210
MTO210 is a lineoperated, fieldportable instrument
designed specifically
to measure the d.c.
resistance of all
types of magnetic
windings safely
and accurately. Its
main use is for all
types of transformer
windings but it can also test rotating machine windings and
perform low-current resistance measurements on connections,
contacts and control circuits.
Transformer ohmmeter with Power DB
on-board
MTO330
As the MTO 320 but
with power DB on
board, displaying
the actual test
form on screen.
MTO measures
d.c. resistance
of all types of
transformer
windings within the
defined ranges of
current and resistance.
Three features combine to make this instrument unique
n
dual measurement
n
load tap-changer testing
n
safety shutdown
The dual set of potential inputs measure the resistance of the
primary and secondary windings of a single- or three-phase
transformer simultaneously speeding up the measurement.
To achieve a tenfold improvement in reading time, a
balancing current is applied to the secondary to attenuate the
circulating current induced when the test current is applied
to the primary winding. When testing the windings and
contact resistance on tap-changers with make-before-break
contacts and voltage regulators, the internal shutdown circuit
of MTO210, which will be triggered by a voltage kickback of
a few microseconds if the tap-changer contacts are opened,
can be used to check for pitted or misaligned contacts as the
instrument will shut down if either condition occurs. Users
are protected by the shutdown circuit safety feature: any
inadvertent disconnection of a test lead or loss of power to
the instrument will safely discharge the energy stored in the
test sample.
Transformer ohmmeter with graphical
interface
MTO320
MTO320 provides a fully automatic six-winding resistance
measurement capability, even on 3-phase transformers with
tap changers. During tap changes, the unit also continuously
monitors for any break-before-make conditions. The high
contrast bright 5.7” full VGA colour display can be clearly
read in direct sunlight. The graphical user interface allows
automated setup and control through easy-to-read icon based
screens. The full QWERTY keyboard speeds the entering of
information such as nameplate-type data.
Communications is via RS-232, USB and Ethernet ports for
easy on-board printing and storage, and downloading of test
results.
Once testing is complete, the unit will automatically
demagnetize the transformer.
Supplied with PowerDB LITE PC software application, the user
can perform data analysis and trending of results.
Universal lead sets
For use with MTO300 and TTR300 series products (up to 10
A d.c. max) 3-phase shielded test lead set, X and H windings.
Two length options 18 m or 9 m and 10 m extension.
PowerDB OnBoard –
consistent and repeatable
PowerDB OnBoard comprises the powerful PowerDB asset
management software embedded within the instrument,
running on a Windows operating system. Without the
need for an external computer, PowerDB OnBoard brings
field based users consistent, repeatable tests across
instruments, unprecedented data analysis (including
historical trend charting) and asset management tools, all
from on-screen ‘forms based’ views.
Also included are a number of new communication
technologies, providing a near seamless interface
between the instrument and optional peripheral
equipment, such as an “in-lid” USB full-sheet thermalpaper printer, USB flash drive, and external PC (via
Ethernet port). For advanced users, a USB router can be
connected to the instrument to provide simultaneous
access to other equipment, such as a mouse or a
keyboard. Storage space is provided by either the
internal flash memory or external USB flash drive –
sufficient to save literally tens of thousands of test
data sets.
Reduced training time
A common user interface reduces the training time
needed to understand the different instruments that
a busy test engineer has to use. New instruments with
PowerDB OnBoard such as TTR330 are truly forms-based,
have a large 8.4” full-VGA bright colour display, and
let you set up and control the instruments through
on-screen test form views. On-screen test forms are
exact replicas of the test forms which are printed as a
permanent test form record once testing is complete.
They are secure reports and generated directly from
instrument so no human interface is needed.
For more information see page 38.
TRANSFORMER TESTING 39
Transformer testing
Dielectric strength testing
Oil is an efficient coolant with a high flash point and high dielectric strength when used as
an insulator in transformers. The insulation properties can change due to oxidation, acids,
sludge, gas and water absorption. These changes can be monitored using a dielectric Megger
OTS test set.
60 kV, 80 kV and 100 kV automatic
laboratory oil test sets
OTS60AF, OTS80AF and
OTS100AF
Designed for Laboratory use, these instruments
measure the dielectric strength of mineral,
ester and silicon insulating oils. With
re-thought out ergonomics,
the vessels and chambers are
particularly easy to drain
and clean out. The screw
adjusted electrodes have a
unique mechanism to lock
precisely the electrode gap.
The detection circuit offers
direct measurement of both
voltage and current and the
system has an ultra fast HV
switch off time of less than 10 μs
to reduce oil deterioration.
Each instrument has a large, bright, coloured screen to make
user interface intuitive. To assist with the labelling of results
files and recording of comments there is a phone-like 12 key
alphanumeric pad.
The products can be configured to meet the testing
requirements of the laboratory.
Karl Fischer testing
Karl Fischer testing uses the titration method to measure the
amount of water in fluids such as insulating oil. It has become
a standard test done on transformer insulating oil.
Variable specific gravity moisture in oil
test set
KF-LAB
Easy to use test set that titrates for specific gravities between
0.60 and 1.40. Designed specifically for laboratory use, the
KF-LAB is mains powered only.
Portable moisture in insulating oil test
set
KF875
Optimised for oils with an SG of 0.875, the KF875 is easy to
use, portable one button test set with integral printer. Can
be powered from mains, internal rechargeable battery or car
battery. Ideal for on site use.
40 TRANSFORMER TESTING
60 kV and 80 kV portable automatic oil
test sets
OTS60PB and OTS80PB
Weighing in at only 16 kg the OTS60PB is the lightest,
most portable oil test set available. Meanwhile the
OTS80PB is the most flexible test set because it offers
more power in a test set which weighs less than 21 kg.
Featuring the same easy-empty vessel and quick-drain
chamber design as the laboratory models, the large,
bright, colour screens are easy to read
in sun light. Features like the electrode
precision lock and ultra fast HV switch
off time are particularly important for
instruments that may not be used in the
ideal environment. The OTSPBs can be
configured to match the users needs.
60 kV manual oil test set.
OTS60SX
Light semi-automatic 60 kV oil dielectric strength test set
which is simple to use and can be powered from a range of
mains supplies.
Digital voltage checker for oil test sets
up to 80 kV and 100 kV
VCM80D and VCM100D
Designed for checking the output voltage of the OTS
AF and OTS PB test sets, these checkers show the output
voltage in digital read out and this can be compared with
the instrument
reading.
Frequency domain spectroscopy (FDS)
FDS, also known as dielectric frequency response (DFR) is the most powerful tool for
assessing the moisture in the oil and cellulose components of power transformers. Because it
scans the dielectric losses in the system across a spectrum of frequencies and then compares
them to a modelled curve, results are independent of temperature. Before FDS, the only way
to tell the moisture content in a transformer was to open it up and take a sample of the
cellulose insulation for analysis.
Insulation diagnostic analyser
IDAX300 and IDAX350
A reliable
and accurate
method for
assessment
of the
condition of
the insulating
components of
transformers and bushings, IDAX 300 exploits FDS techniques
and state-of-the-art software to make a transformer moisture
assessment in less than 18 minutes. It measures capacitances
and tan∂ or power factor of the insulation between the
transformer windings at multiple frequencies and plots
the resultant curve. Comparing this measured curve with a
modelled one allows calculate the moisture content.
The IDAX 350 incorporates an on-board PC for results analysis
and reporting with-in the enclosure.
Sweep frequency response analyser
FRAX101
SFRA is a method
for assessing
whether or not
a transformer has
been subject to
mechanical
damage,
for example
when
moved or from
a lightning strike.
FRAX101 and its software allows
repeatable fingerprinting of transformers so
that a scan can be run whenever it experiences a traumatic
event such as transportation, severe fault or overhaul,
allowing it to go back on line faster. Ideally a transformer is
fingerprinted at birth, but now is a good time so any future
problems can be diagnosed. Compatible with all international
standards for SFRA, FRAX101 can be battery powered and has
wireless communication with a computer.
High voltage amplifier for IDAX300
VAX020
Adding the
VAX020 to
the IDAX300
expands the
test voltage
range from
200 V to 2 kV.
This improves
IDAX’s test
performance in terms of accuracy in environments with
extremely high interference such as HVDC substations.
Sweep frequency response analyzer with
Power DB
FRAX150
Like FRAX 101 offers
all the benefits of
SFRA for diagnosis
of damage to
transformers, but
it is built into a
tough carry case
which includes
an on-board
computer
making it
even more
transportable. There
is a large bright screen
to make it comfortable
to use even in bright sun light.
Data can be stored on the hard-drive and can be downloaded
using the galvanically isolated USB port.
Capacitance and dissipation factor
test set
CDAX605
Designed to be used with an external power source or
generator, it is a precision instrument using a combination
of bridge and direct (vector) measurements and is capable of
measuring capacitive, resistive and inductive loads.
CDAX 605 is designed for laboratory, production line or field
testing of electrical equipment insulation and insulating
materials as well as e.g. calibration of CCVTs and other ratio
devices. A test set with unique high accuracy for the most
demanding applications.
TRANSFORMER TESTING 41
Earth or ground testers
Earth or ground resistance testing
One of the most important considerations in an electrical system is the resistance of the
earth for reliable operation and safety. Whether you are doing a ground resistivity survey
to plan the location of a substation or testing an earth electrode Megger has an earth tester
suitable for the job. Megger has more than 50 years’ experience of designing and building
earth resistance testers. The latest generation is CATIV rated, and have tough moulded cases.
Variable test frequency keeps noise down, reliability up.
High resolution earth tester
Earth ground testers
DET2/2
Our top of the range earth tester. High resolution to 1 mΩ.
This level is required to measure resistivity to adequate depth
on many substation and communication sites. Measurement
of the low earth values required on many installations, to
meet Ground Potential Rise (GPR) requirements, need this
resolution to ensure valid results. Superior noise filtering
greater than 40 V peak to peak to
retain resolution under real test
conditions.
DET3 and DET4
All models include these features
n
Extra large selector switch
n
E
xtra large, clear display for easier operation in outdoor
conditions
n
Simple one button operation
n
B
attery powered with a bar graph that updates battery
strength
n
Noise reduction up to 40 V peak to peak
n
Safety rating of CATIV 100 V
n
IP54 rated (water/dust ingress) for extra protection in
harsh conditions
DET3TD - offers a complete kit for customers wishing to
conduct earth electrode testing using the two and three pole
techniques.
DET3TC- when used with the optional ICLAMP allows fall of
potential testing using the ART technique without needing to
disconnect the electrode under test.
DET2/2 has excellent noise filtering
and is ideal for big earth systems
DET4TD2 - is a complete earth testing kit for users needing
the flexibility to use either the two and three pole electrode
techniques or the four pole soil resistivity test.
DET4TR2 - is similar to DET4TD2, with the added advantage
of using rechargeable batteries. You can also get an adaptor
to charge your tester from your vehicle.
Earth leakage clamp
DCM300E
Measurement of leakage current.
For stable readings down to very
low current value with a 0.01 mA
resolution. Current measurement
ranges from 30 mA up to 300 A.
DET4TC2 - is a four pole tester with extended resistance
range and variable test
frequency. Use it for ART
testing, two or three pole
testing, four pole resistivity
testing and stakeless testing.
DET4TCR2 - is similar to
DET4TC2, with the added
advantage of using
rechargeable batteries.
You can also get an
adaptor to charge
your tester from
your vehicle.
DET4TC2 comes as
a bare tester or in
a full kit
DCM300E was designed
with safety in mind.
It exceeds the
requirements of
IEC1010-2-32
42 EARTH OR GROUND TESTERS
Each instrument includes everything you need to test:
Comes complete with test leads, stakes, batteries, calibration
certificate and rugged polypropylene carry case.
Earth resistance clamp testers
DET14C and DET24C
Earth resistance clamp testers are suitable
for measuring earth resistance of
installations such as buildings, pylons
and RF transmitter sites and for
inspection of lightning protection
systems.
n
n
E
lliptical clamp shape improves
access to earth cables and
straps up to 50 mm
L ow maintenance flat jaw
interface
Professional earth test kit
Megger’s Professional Earth Test Kit is designed to be as
practical as possible. Housed in a tough polyethylene carry
case, the kit is stored neatly, well-protected and easy to
transport. In use the reels are fitted and retained on the spike
handles, simply run out the test lead to the instrument and
plug in, plug the other end directly into the spike, and test.
When the test is complete, unplug the test leads and wind
them in, whilst still on the spike.
n
Ideal for use with whole range of Megger earth testers
n
4
wires on easy-wind reels make it quick to get testing
and quick to pack away again
n
1 croc clip test wire
Fibre-glass measuring tape to assist accuracy depth
n
M
easures ground resistance
from 0.05 Ω to 1500 Ω
n
n
Auger style spikes make it easy to deploy and to check
n
M
easures true RMS
ground leakage
current from 0.5 mA
rms to 35 A rms
n
Tough easy store case
n
Automatically self
calibrates
n
Auto ranging
n
H
igh and low
alarms
n
Memory and
downloading
n
C
AT IV 600 V safety rating
Everything you
need for earth
ground testing,
including a
tough moulded
polyethylene case
Earth or ground testers
DET2/2
DET4TCR2 DET4TC2 DET4TR2 DET4TD2 DET3TC
DET3TD
DET14C
DET24C
Test techniques available
n
n
n
n
n
4 pole resistivity test
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
3 pole electrode test n
nn
3 pole electrode test with ART
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
2 pole electrode test
n
nn
n
Stakeless test
Power
n
nn
Rechargeable
n n
n
n
n
n
Dry cells
Warnings
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
Excessive noise
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
Potential spike resistance high
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
Current spike resistance high
Resistance range
0.010 Ω-0.01 Ω-0.01 Ω-0.01 Ω-0.01 Ω-0.01 Ω-0.01 Ω-0.05 Ω-0.01 Ω
19.99 k Ω
200 k Ω
200 k Ω
20 k Ω
20 k Ω
2.0 k Ω
2.0 k Ω
1.50 k Ω
1.50 k Ω
Resolution0.001 Ω0.01 Ω0.01 Ω0.01 Ω0.01 Ω0.01 Ω0.01 Ω0.01 Ω0.01 Ω
Earth current range
n
n
0.02 mA to 35 A
0.5 mA to 19.9 A
n
nn
Test frequency
105 Hz-160 Hz 94 Hz, 94 Hz, 128 Hz
128 Hz
128 Hz
128 Hz
1500 Hz
1500 Hz
105 Hz, 105 Hz, 111 Hz, 111 Hz, 128 Hz
128 Hz
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
Noise rejection 40 V peak to peak
Test results storagen
n
Downloadable test resultsn
Supplied with basic test lead set
n
n
n
n
n
n
IEC61010-1 safety rating
CAT III
CAT IV
CAT IV
CAT IV
CAT IV
CAT IV
CAT IV
CAT IV
CAT IV
300 V
100 V
100 V
100 V
100 V
100 V
100 V
600 V
600 V
Weatherproof and dust proof to IP54
IP54
IP54
IP54
IP54
IP54
IP54
IP30
IP30
n
n
n
n
Supplied with Power DB earth testing forms
EARTH OR GROUND TESTERS 43
Battery testing
With the increasing dependency of back-up systems on battery strings, and the escalating
cost of replacing batteries, instrumentation and software systems that can measure, trend
and manage the life-cycle of cells is a cost effective option. There are two methodologies
for testing batteries; the first, impedance testing is an on line test and can be performed
frequently to identify individual weak cells before they fail. The second, battery discharge
test is, normally, an off-line test and tests the actual output of the whole battery under load
conditions. This will show what will actually happen if the battery is required to take the
load. Most battery systems are floating and have earth leakage monitors and trips if there is
an earth fault. The Battery Ground Fault Tracer allows you to trace a faulty circuit easily in a
complex floating system.
Battery impedance test equipment
BITE3
BITE3
determines the
health of lead-acid cells up to
2000 Ah by taking measurements
of the most important battery
parameters
Battery impedance tester for up to
7000 Ah cells
BITE2P
A rugged durable instrument
whose enhanced
capabilities make it
easier to determine
the true state of health
of a battery system,
terminal plate to terminal
plate. BITE2P is ideal for
battery systems up to 7000
Ah, used in substations,
generating stations, telephone
exchange UPS systems and
cabinetised UPS batteries,
railway substations, signal and
communications installations.
BITE 2P Battery Impedance Test Equipment determines the
condition of lead-acid and nickel-cadmium cells up to 7000 Ah
44 BATTERY TESTING
Geolux GL660-1
For fault location in
isolated, earth free
d.c. battery systems
as used in railway
signalling, hospitals
and power plants etc.
the GL660 directly
connects to the
faulty line with live
voltages up to 660 V,
and generates a low
frequent pulsed signal which allows the tracing by a specific
receiver along the faulty line to the fault position.
BITE3 battery impedance test
equipment determines the health
of lead-acid cells up to 2000 Ah
by taking measurements of
the most important battery
parameters, cell impedance,
an internal ohmic test,
cell voltage, intercell
connection resistance and
ripple current.
For the first time in a
battery test instrument,
BITE3 measures float
current and the harmonic
content of the ripple current.
There is a built-in spectrum
analyser to show the harmonic
content of the ripple current. It
has firmware that instrument
that can be upgraded through
the Internet.
D.C. earth fault locator
A single earth fault will cause no service interruption however
with the occurrence of a second earth fault there is a high
risk of partial or complete breakdown of the installation,
consequently any earth fault must be located and repaired as
fast as possible. The GL660-1 can locate faults up to 150 kΩ
even in noisy environments and without the need to switch
off the system.
Battery ground fault tracer
BGFT
A manually balanced instrument that identifies, tracks and
locates ground faults in unearthed d.c. battery systems,
on-line. Effective in high electrical noise environments, as
the strength of test current can be adjusted. Useful for
industries where power supply for operating measurement,
communication and control equipment is critical.
The Battery Ground-Fault
Tracer is an economical,
manually-balanced instrument
that identifies, tracks and
locates ground faults in
ungrounded d.c. battery
systems - on-line. It is
particularly effective in a high
electrical noise environments,
as the strength of the test
current can be adjusted
Battery load tester
TORKEL860
Battery load tester for utility applications
TORKEL840
TORKEL860 is built
for peripatetic battery
maintenance engineers,
who encounter battery
systems ranging from 12 V
to 480 V. It can handle a
discharge rate of 110 A and
offers the same benefits as
the TORKEL840 including
the ability to expand the
system should higher
discharge rate be required.
Designed to be used for battery systems ranging from 12 to
250 V which are often encountered in switchgear and similar
equipment, TORKEL840 can discharge a battery at up to 110
A, and if higher current is needed, two or more TORKEL840
units, or extra load units (TXL), can be linked together.
Tests can be conducted at constant current, constant power,
constant resistance or in accordance with a pre-selected load
profile.
Battery load tester for telecom
applications
Battery voltage monitoring
TORKEL820
During a power outage, crucial telecommunication and radio
equipment must be kept operating by batteries. Back up
batteries ability to perform this task should be checked to
prevent expensive downtime in the event of a power failure.
Combining efficiency with portability, TORKEL820 can
discharge 24 and 48 V batteries at a current of 270 A and
12 V batteries at 135 A. The discharging can proceed at
constant current, constant power or constant resistance, or in
accordance with a pre-selected load profile to reflect are reallife incident.
For higher discharge rates two or more TORKEL820 units and/
or extra load units TXL.
Battery extra load
TXL
For use with the TORKEL
testers which controls the test,
the extra load units allow the
battery to be discharged at a
greater rate.
There is no need to disconnect the battery from its regular
load to test it with TORKEL as the unit adjusts to include
the load currents in the test parameters. There is a user
adjustable alarm and shutdown to prevent deep discharge
of the battery. TORKEL WIN software allows the progress of
the test to be monitored in real time as well as recording the
result, post-test analysis and report generation.
BVM series
BVM is a battery voltage
measurement device
that is used for
the capacity
testing of large
battery banks.
When used
in conjunction
with TORKEL
unit, and test
data management
software, the BVM enables the user to perform a completely
automated battery bank capacity test, according to IEC test
method. The test also meet NERC/FERC requirements.
Digital hydrometer
For determining the specific
gravity of flooded cells,
electrolyte is simply drawn
in and the specific gravity
and temperature are
determined in five seconds.
It provides memory for both
temperature and specific
gravity for eight tests
of 256 cells each. The
stored data can be easily
downloaded into any PC.
Other useful instruments include:
Battery testing software
TORKEL Win PC Software
TORKEL Win allows remote control of TORKEL battery
load testers, recording time, voltage current and discharge
capacity, and permitting the display of voltage curves and
production of reports.
DLRO10X – For checking of cell interconnections, see
page 24.
DCM340 – Clamp-meter for measuring load currents,
see page 48.
AVO410 – Multimeter for battery voltage
measurement, see page 48.
BATTERY TESTING 45
Power quality testing
With the increased sophistication of electrical and electronic equipment, and new micro
generation systems being added to the grid, there is now more than ever attention being
paid to the quality of supply. Power quality surveys on electrical noise, lamp flicker, load
balancing, power factor correction and motor in-rush studies can all be carried out with
Megger power quality analysers.
High voltage overhead line ammeter and
distribution line profiler
MDP series
With virtually unlimited
data recording capacity, easy
installation and lightweight
durable construction, MDP
gives power utilities a
convenient and accurate way
of acquiring information
needed to monitor power
flow on feeders and
overhead lines.
Power quality analysis software
MetReport
MetReport is an extremely powerful, fully functional,
and stand-alone report generation tool for the Megger
PA-9Plus power quality analysers. Its primary purpose is to
dramatically improve and extend reporting capabilities. In
today’s economy, time is money. Power and power quality
professionals sometimes spend countless hours every year
creating customized reports supporting their analysis studies.
MetReport automates this tedious task while improving the
accuracy and reliability of the entire reporting process.
MDP1 records actual current
RMS magnitude up to 1000
A, with an additional 200 A
over-range.
MDP2 adds recording
of relative voltage RMS
magnitude together with
power and power factor.
The MDP3 provides facilities
for waveform capture
as well as the recording
harmonics and THD.
3-phase power measurement meter
PMM-1
Measures a.c./d.c. voltage, a.c. primary and secondary current,
power, power factor, reactive power, phase angle and
frequency of single and three phase electrical systems with
extreme accuracy. Integral solid state timer for continuity
and voltage sensing and harmonic measurement up to 49th
harmonic. For detailed waveform analysis a high-speed
capture function allows 20 measurements per second. A data
port allows bi-directional communication.
MetReport utilizes data files obtained from the PA-9 Wireless
and PA-9Plus to rapidly produce completely customizable
reports targeted to your particular applications and
requirements. Some examples include: Power quality studies,
harmonics analysis, power factor and energy consultation,
tolerance curve studies (CBEMA/ITIC, SEMI F47, User Defined),
auto data analysis pass/fail reports, EN50160 compliance,
and IEEE/IEC Flicker. The key to quickly learning and using
MetReport is the integrated wizard function. This wizard
effortlessly takes you through the entire report creation,
customization, and generation process. Several sample report
templates are included for review, and may be modified to
meet your specific needs.
All reports are output as standard Microsoft Word documents.
Power multimeter
multi-function measuring
instrument with simultaneous
measurement and display of all
three-phase system parameters
46 POWER QUALITY TESTING
Power quality analysers
PA9 Wireless
The Megger PA9 Wireless is
the latest innovation of the
successful PA-9 Power Quality
Analyser platform. It
simultaneously records
power quality and power
flow information. PA9
Wireless incorporates
newly enhanced key
features including a
wireless modem for remote
communication, a full 12 MB
of non-volatile internal memory
and standard auxiliary power input
capabilities as well as an optional
PA9 Wireless Starter Kit,
external flash card for added memory. shown here, includes
4 voltage cables and
The unique wireless modem allows
Power quality analyser
the user to configure the unit
remotely, view real-time data via
the remote screen, and preview all recorded data without
downloading the data. The wireless modem allows for
remote analysis of data, remote data retrieval capabilities
and remote unit configuration. The unit intelligently
downloads, previews and retrieves only the information of
interest. It trends voltage, current, imbalance power, energy,
events, flicker (PST/PLT), THD, TDD, individual harmonics,
and frequency. Operating in real-time, it graphically displays
harmonic content, power and source direction. It has remote
communications and alarm capabilities. PA9 wireless includes
3 rain-tight CTs enhanced MEGPA9IEC software.
Power quality analysis system
PQA100 series
This tough, IP65, series of testers is intended for use on public
networks and so offers CAT IV safety. It is available in 3
versions which can easily be upgraded via a license, There are
different versions of the PQA 1000 available:
PQA 1000 Basic: the device is suitable for load analysis, datalogging and online analysis of the network.
PQA 1000 Standard: this version records about 2,000
additional parameters (harmonics and inter-harmonics) and
generates automatic power reports according to EN 50160,
IEC 61000-2-2 or IEC 61000-2-4 standards.
PQA 1000 Professional: this version adds fast oscilloscope
traces and 10 msr.m.s. recordings with advanced trigger
functions. The automatic trigger function automatically
adjusts all triggers to the network disturbances.
The optional ripple control signal analysis makes possible to
trigger a ripple control frequency. The complete message
will be displayed and disturbances in the signal form can be
analysed.
Power quality analysers
PA9plus
The PA9plus has enhanced
standard key features including
a fast digital signal processor
to support future evolving
features and capabilities,
a full 12 MB of internal,
non-volatile memory and
incorporated auxiliary
power input capabilities.
The product offers testing
to the relevant standards
(EN50160, IEC61000 series,
IEEE1159, IEEE519).
Data can be downloaded from
On-site
PA9 without interrupting the
trending, analysis and data
instrument recording events.
retrieval without a computer
The optional removable memory
and intelligent downloading
allows internally recorded data to
be copied to an external compact flash card using the
same technology you see with most digital cameras.
Without a computer on site, data can be copied, manually
or unattended, from the instrument to external memory
cards, increasing the effective instrument memory storage
to the size of the memory card used. You can program new
configuration setups in the same, simple manner.
Impedance meter
NIM1000
With a test current of
up to 1 kA the NIM1000
measures the network
impedance of the phase
and neutral conductors
to the 10th harmonic. It
highlights load-sensitive
and neutral faults,
detects poor contacts
and unseen problems.
It is also useful for
measuring the earth
loop impedance close to
the source of supply
POWER QUALITY TESTING 47
General testers
Electrical contractors throughout the world depend on hand-held test equipment to ensure
installations are safe and function correctly. Count on Megger to produce tough machines
that are designed to surpass the requirements of wiring regulations.
Multimeters
AVO300 and AVO310
Tough and simple multimeters offering a
large single parameter display and autoranging.
AVO410
A CAT IV 600 V multimeter that
offers true rms on a.c. functions. It
is auto ranging with the option of
manual range selection. AVO410
has data hold and max and min
measurements. It has a capacitance
range to 600 µF and frequency to 60
MHz.
Earth loop impedance testers
Clampmeters
DCM series
A choice of 3 clamp meters
and a fork multimeter for
use during the installation,
maintenance and checking
of electrical systems and
equipment.
DCM clampmeters are ideal
for use in the installation,
maintenance, monitoring or
checking of electrical systems
and equipment.
Isolation test kits
TPT200 series and MPU690
These CATIV 1000 V 2-pole tester
indicate the presence of voltage using
either an LED array or an LCD screen.
The MPU690 proving unit confirms the
correct functioning before and after
proving that the circuit is not live.
LT300
A high current loop tester that is
ideal for industrial applications with
50 V to 500 V and 16 Hz to 400 Hz
operational range. LT300 offers
users the assurance of a CAT IV
rating.
Multifunction tester
LTW300 Series
2-wire non-tripping loop testers that makes loop impedance
testing simple where there is no neutral present.
LTW425
2-wire non-tripping loop tester that
makes measurement close to the
source of supply possible as it can
measure loop impedance down to 3
decimal places.
48 GENERAL TESTERS
MFT1700 series
Offering insulation resistance,
continuity, earth loop impedance,
RCD and earth electrode testing
in one tester. Ideal for installation
testing and periodic inspection,
the top of the
range model
offers Bluetooth
connectivity
for paperless
certification.
Pocket sized insulation and continuity
tester
MIT200 series
The MIT200 series are CATIII 600 V tested offering 250, 500
and 1000 V test voltages and have applications in electrical
contracting, on domestic and industrial systems, as well as
site maintenance and service departments. They are small and
lightness making them ideal for those engineers that need to
carry them for extended periods.
Insulation resistance and continuity
testers for electricians
MIT300 series
Tough enough to soak up the
treatment meted out to testers
on site, the MIT300 series
offer CATIV 300 V safety with
flexibility. The MIT300 comes
in five versions from a basic
two-test voltages digital tester
to a downloading three-test
voltages tester.
Insulation resistance and continuity
testers for industrial maintenance
MIT400 series
MIT400 series testers offer
CATIV 600 V safety in a
convenient easy to hold
format. MIT400 series are
true diagnostic instruments
measuring insulation resistance
up to 200 GΩ, they measure
insulation deterioration long
before most testers even offer a
reading. They offer functions such
as TRMS voltage measurement,
polarisation index (PI), dielectric
absorption ratio (DAR) and
capacitance measurement.
Insulation resistance and continuity
testers for telecommunications
MIT480 series
MIT480 series testers offer 50 and 100 V test voltages, ideal
for the telecoms industry. They all provide CATIV 600 V safety.
MIT480 series also offers frequency, capacitance and distance
by capacitance functions and a 75 V live circuit inhibit feature
to match the special needs of telecoms engineers.
Portable appliances testing
A range of testers are offered for in-service inspection and
testing of electrical equipment in accordance with the IEE
code of practice.
PAT300 series
Offers a sophisticated tester with
on-board asset database for high
speed testing, and data download for
certification.
PAT400 series
Designed for those who want to
conduct the regime but do not need
to store the results on the machine.
Why CATIV?
A minor fault becomes a big problem on Category IV
high energy unfused supplies!
A distant lightning strike can produce a transient of
several kV on the supply. The transient may only lasts
for a few tens of microseconds and is likely to do little
damage.
The problem is that it may initiate an arc and this arc
then presents a low impedance path for current from the
mains supply.
Often, that supply can deliver 1000 A or more until the
breaker or other protective device operates. In that time,
the amount of energy liberated is easily enough to start
a fire or even cause an explosion. If the arc is within a
test instrument there is a high probability that you will
be injured or worse!
The solution is simple – design the instruments with
protection and internal clearances that are large enough
to prevent transients from establishing an arc and along
with appropriate protection devices. Guidance to this
is given in IEC61010 in order to comply with category
ratings defined in IEC60664.
In practice, transients are damped quite quickly as they
pass through a typical distribution system. As you can see
from the diagram CATIV is recommended for use outside
and to the consumer unit. Specify
Megger CATIV testers to make sure you are safe and
secure. Not only could they save your life, but they are
economical too.
Using an instrument with a higher installation
category rating does not alone create a safer working
environment. You should always follow correct work
practices to keep you and others safe.
GENERAL TESTERS 49
Testing data management software
Testing data management software
PowerDB
Do you have problems managing test data?
Once tests have been done on site there is the issue of
recording and managing the data. This may have been
recorded by a number of field engineers or 3rd party
contractors. How do you correlate all this data and store it so
that it can be used efficiently for maintenance or referenced
for auditing?
If IT implementation is a problem, PowerDB can even host
your data on a dedicated server, to reduce reliance on
company IT systems.
This economic software package has been designed for
Utilities, OEMs, HV contractors, maintenance, service and
commissioning companies. In fact, anyone involved in
substation asset testing.
EASIER MANAGEMENT OF TEST DATA
PowerDB software allows the user to manually enter test
results into specifically designed forms for testing substation
assets such as transformers, CTs, batteries and relays. It allows
the user to quickly and easily enter the test results straight
into a unique test data form on a laptop.
This form can then be sent over the internet to be
synchronized with the PowerDB database, which stores and
manages the data so that it can be easily referenced.
PowerDB is specifically designed for storing and managing
data from commissioning and maintenance, including analysis
and trending of test results.
PowerDB can then quickly create entire test documentation
packages that include test reports, comment and deficiency
summaries, table of contents and field service reports.
PowerDB’s test forms are designed to be used with each
of the following Centres:
Batteries Cables Circuit Breakers Coordination Data Disconnects Generators Ground Fault Tests Ground Mat/Grid Tests Instrument Transformers Power Transformers
Insulation Fluids
Loadbreak Switches
Motor Control
Power Factor Tests
Relays
Switchboards
Transfer Switches
Watthour Meters
Transducers
PowerDB offers a straightforward approach to data
management. The basic step in creating this user-friendly
package was to make test data entry screens and printed
forms identical. Users will appreciate that what they see
on the screen is what they will get in the printed version.
PowerDB simplifies testing and data management by
allowing users to
deliver reports
electronically.
The software
will execute
several tasks
including
equation
calculations,
temperature,
correction
factors and
charting.
PowerDB helps predict possible equipment
failure by trending results, which can be stored in
PowerDB or imported from other software. This
makes transitions to PowerDB easy.
Industry standard test forms are not
always what a company
needs. So PowerDB software
allows the user to customize
forms. With a drag and drop
feature anyone, even those
without database experience,
can create a form simply by
dragging and dropping in tables,
text boxes, images, charts
and more, to create a
customized form.
And, with
VBScript,
calculations
can be defined,
tables looked
50 TESTING DATA MANAGEMENT SOFTWARE
up, and it can
even interact
with other
applications. One
time definition
of common items
can be used to
put logos, headers
and footers on
every page or in
many multiple
forms. One change will automatically update every form the
common item is used in.
There are three ways to document testing using the PowerDB
software. First and foremost, data fields can be filled in using
manual entry, standardizing the reporting of test results.
Second, forms can be filled in using other applications,
including Megger’s AVTS, entering data into the fields using
information stored in the other applications. Finally,
the software can communicate directly with test and
measurement equipment produced by Megger.
BUILT-IN REPORT FLEXIBILITY
PowerDB can create reports in one step, with customisable
sorting of the order of test forms. Forms can be removed, and
page numbering will be automatically adjusted. In a single
COMPUTERIZED MAINTENANCE MANAGEMENT
SYSTEM SUPPORT
Many electrical utilities and other company operations have
invested in sophisticated CMMS systems, such as Digital
Inspection’s Cascade and MRO Software’s MAXIMO. However,
due to test instrument specific software packages and
handwritten test results, these firms often struggle to get test
data into their systems. One electric utility even referred to
getting data into the CMMS as ‘feeding the monster’.
PowerDB’s speciality is ‘feeding the monster’!
print job, supplementary reports can also be printed at the
same time as the primary report. The supplementary reports,
including comment and deficiency summary reports, open
up the data and information for all of the equipment tested
on one job. Finally, all of the information can be generated
for the on-demand world using the optional PowerDB Web
server. All of the user’s important information is published to
the Web and can be accessed from anywhere in the world.
PowerDB allows you to link easily with the CMMS system so
that the system can pre-populate the PowerDB equipment
database, send PowerDB all work orders, add forms based
on the job plans, and even return the measurement points,
obtained from a multitude of test sets, back to the CMMS
system.
Furthermore, Megger will work directly with your CMMS
personnel to integrate your data into your internal CMMS
system.
Simplifying the compilation and reporting process
The new PowerDB software package eliminates many
common paperwork and recording problems. With the
software, the number of man-hours devoted to preparing
reports will be minimal. The user can customize the reports
to be what a job requires but will not have to write the
report, which is automatically generated by the software.
Included in the reports are a table of contents, data sheets,
as well as comment and deficiency summaries. PowerDB
even comes with a built-in spell check.
Automatically generated professional reports means that
a testing company, for instance, is able to complete jobs
faster and in a more efficient manner. PowerDB is wellsuited for technicians who prefer to spend a minimum
amount of time writing reports and want a more concise
way to process data.
Electronic records of test data can create a couple of
different problems for companies and utilities. While many
electronic records are hard to locate due to the vast amount
of records kept on one system PowerDB makes it easier.
By using its relational database it is much easier to find
present and past records. And, because it has multiple safe
guards, PowerDB prevents lost data. By saving documents
that are in progress to multiple places, the problem of lost
data is eliminated. PowerDB also synchronizes the date
to several machines, meaning that a single crash does not
create a costly loss of data.
TESTING DATA MANAGEMENT SOFTWARE 51
Local in more places
Megger has technical support offices in 14 locations, and distributors in
170 countries. Call Megger today for help with your application problems.
United Kingdom
Megger Limited
Archcliffe Road
Dover CT17 9EN
T: +44 (0)1304 502101
F: +44 (0)1304 207342
E: uksales@megger.com
Australia
Megger Pty Limited
Unit 1, 11-21 Underwood Road
Homebush
NSW 2140
T: +61 (0)2 9397 5900
F: +61 (0)2 9397 5911
E: auenquiries@megger.com
UAE
Megger
PO Box 500503
Office 209
Building 14
Dubai Internet City
Dubai
T: +971 4 443 5489
E: mesales@megger.com
Canada
Megger Limited
Unit 106-550 Alden Road
Markham
Ontario L3R 6A8
T: + 1 416 298 6770
F: + 1 416-298-0848
E: caenquiries@megger.com
E: cainfos@megger.com
France
Megger SARL
23 rue Eugène Henaff
Za du Buisson de la Couldre
78190 TRAPES
T: +33 1 30 16 08 90
F :+33 1 34 61 23 77
E: Infos@megger.com
Deutschland
Megger GmbH
Obere Zeil 2
61440 Oberursel
T: +49 6171-92987-0
F: +49 6171-92987-19
E: DEanfrage@megger.com
Sverige
Megger Sweden AB
Rinkebyvägen 19, Box 724,
SE-182 17 Danderyd
T: +46 (8) 747 24 30
F: +46 (8) 747 12 09
E: SVinfo@megger.co
USA
Megger
4271 Bronze Way,
Dallas, TX 75237-1019
T: +1 800 723 2861
F: +1 214 331 7399
E: sales@megger.com
India
Megger (India) Pvt Limited
501 Crystal Paradise Mall
Off. Veera Desai Road
Andheri (w)
Mumbai 400053
T: +91 22 26740468
F: +91 22 26740465
E: INenquiries@megger.com
Schweiz
Megger Schweiz AG
Ob. Haselweg 630
5727 Oberkulm
Aargau
T: +41 62 768 20 30
F: +41 62 768 20 33
E: CHanfrage@megger.com
USA
PowerDB
4064 State Highway 6 South
College Station, TX 77845
T: +1 979 690 7925
F: +1 979 690 0276
E: sales@megger.com
South Africa
Megger
PostNet Suite 242,
Private Bag X3,
Bloubergrant, 7443
T +27 (021) 557 6572
F +27 (086) 521 4576
E: SAenquiries@megger.com
Thailand
Megger
30 / 46 Moo 13
Nongprue, Banglamung
Chonburi 20150
T: +66 860103395
E: THenquiries@megger.com
USA
Megger
Valley Forge Corporate Centre
2621 Van Buren Avenue
Norristown, PA 19403
T: +1 610 676 8500
F: +1 610 676 8610 (from the US
8610)
E: sales@megger.com
The products featured in this catalogue are available from:
WWW.MEGGER.COM
Rivium 2e straat 12
2909 LG Capelle a/d IJssel
T: 010 • 2 888 000
F: 010 • 2 888 010
verkoop@euro-index.nl
www.euro-index.nl
Copyright © 2013 Megger Limited Archcliffe Road Dover CT17 9EN
Printed in the UK BP /9K Part No 81907
Service van EURO-INDEX b.v.
EURO-INDEX b.v. verleent service op alle meetinstrumenten uit haar leveringspakket en biedt de faciliteiten, kennis
en hoog gekwalificeerd personeel voor (preventief) onderhoud, reparatie en kalibratie van uw meetinstrumenten.
Geautoriseerd Service Centrum ..................................................................
EURO-INDEX b.v. is van alle vertegenwoordigde merken een
Geautoriseerd Service Centrum.
Dit betekent dat uw instrumenten worden behandelt door goed opgeleid en
kundig personeel, dat beschikt over de juiste gereedschappen en software.
Er worden uitsluitend originele onderdelen toegepast en de garantie van uw
instrument, evenals de certificering (ATEX, EN50379, etc.)
MEER INFO
blijven intact.
Service en kalibratielaboratorium ..................................................................
EURO-INDEX b.v. beschikt over een bijzonder modern service- en kalibratielaboratorium met RvA accreditatie naar NEN-EN-ISO/IEC 17025. Deze accreditatie
geldt voor verschillende grootheden, zoals gespecificeerd
MEER INFO
in de scope bij accreditatienummer K105.
KWS® .............................................................................................................
KWS is een een uniek servicesysteem voor uw meetinstrumenten met periodiek
onderhoud en kalibratie. Veel zaken worden voor u geregeld, zodat u zonder
zorgen gebruik kunt maken van uw meetinstrumenten.
MEER INFO
De kosten zijn laag en voorspelbaar.
Digitale toegang tot uw kalibratiecertificaten met Mijn KWS ..........................
Via het Mijn KWS webportal heeft u altijd en overal beschikking
MEER INFO
over uw kalibratiecertificaten en gerelateerde documenten.
Verhuur van meetinstrumenten .....................................................................
ƒƒ
Uitgebreid assortiment
ƒƒ
Deskundig advies
ƒƒ
Instrumenten worden geleverd
Bekijk de video en
ontdek alles over KWS
Servicebalie
Kalibratie rookgasanalyse
herleidbaar kalibratiecertificaat
met accessoirepakket en
MEER INFO
EURO-INDEX Academy .....................................................................................
ƒƒ
Producttrainingen (individueel en klassikaal)
ƒƒ
Seminars
ƒƒ
Demonstratie- en instructievideo’s
Seminars en workshops
MEER INFO
Kalibratie thermografie
Wijzigingen voorbehouden EURO-INDEX® NL 16003
Was this manual useful for you? yes no
Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Download PDF

advertising