Welding - University of Arkansas Division of Agriculture

Welding - University of Arkansas Division of Agriculture
4-H O-Rama
Updated for 2015
State 4-H O-Rama – Senior 4-H’ers
Agriculture Systems Technology Management
The welding contest is designed to give youth an opportunity to demonstrate their knowledge and skills in
arc welding. Safety will be stressed throughout the contest.
Provided through this project area include: Wise use of resources, planning/organizing, goal setting,
critical thinking, problem solving, decision making, learning to learn, self-esteem, leadership, cooperation,
social skills, time management, career exploration
1. To show skill(s) in the safe handling and application of Arc Welding, equipment and supplies.
2. To show skills in selecting and utilizing Arc Welding equipment and supplies.
3. To show skills in making a weld bead in the flat position, a square groove welded, butt joint in the
flat position, and fillet welded, corner joint in the vertical position - up direction.
Each county may enter no more than two senior 4-H members in the 4-H Welding contest at the Arkansas
4-H O-Rama. No individual who has previously won first place in this activity is eligible to compete.
Scores of the competitors will be ranked individually.
This contest will include (time limits as shown):
1. Written Examination (20 minutes)
2. Shielded Arc Metal Welding skills event (30 minutes)
3. Identification (15 minutes)
Designated judges will preside over the event and their decisions will be final.
Written Examination
SMAW Skills Event
Identification Test
4-H O-Rama
Updated for 2015
Event No. I - Written Examination
Will consist of 25-30 multiple choice, true-false and/or fill in the blank questions. Included will be
questions on safety, equipment, methods, power sources, weld types and weld quality. The questions will
be based on the reference source: Arcs and Sparks, Shielded Metal Arc Welding (4-H 573) from The
Ohio State University Extension. The reference materials can be obtained from the 4-H State Office or
directly from Ohio State University Extension.
1. Four penalty points will be given for each question answered incorrectly or unanswered.
2. Time limit is 20 minutes.
Scoring: Number of Questions Missed x 4 = Penalty Points
For the SMAW skills event each welding contestant will demonstrate their SMAW ability by making two of
the following welds: a 3" long bead on plate weld, a 3" long double square groove weld and a 3" long fillet
weld. Welding will be done using a Shielded Metal Arc Welding Power Source and 1/8” diameter, AWS
type E-6011 electrodes. The power sources, base metal, electrodes and fully equipped welding stations
will be provided. Each contestant will be given a copy of Welding Procedure for Event No. II - SMAW
SKILLS for study and use during event II.
NOTE: Each contestant will be suitably attired for SMAW, by wearing industrial quality eye
protection, long sleeve shirt, long pants and high top foot protection (no athletic foot wear).
Gauntlet leather welding gloves and welding helmets with a #10 filter plate will be provided but
any welding contest participant may bring and use their own welding equipment. Contestants
wearing shorts, short sleeved shirt or any inappropriate clothing or footwear will not be permitted
to weld. Industrial quality eye protection (clear or shaded) will be worn in the contest area where
the Weldment is being created and especially under the welding helmet during welding.
1. One penalty point will be given for each evaluation point missed (100 - total evaluation points
2. Time limit is 30 minutes.
Scoring: Evaluation Points Missed x 1 = Penalty Points
Event No. III – Material & Parts Identification
The proper identification of welding industry items will consist of 10 materials, tools, and/or parts to be
identified by each contestant. There will be a predetermined list of materials, tools, and parts used for the
contest (attached). The resource materials listed below will assist in the study process for this event.
4-H Arcs and Sparks, Shielded Metal Arc Welding (4-H 573) from the Ohio State University Extension.
Lincoln Electric Guide for Safe Arc Welding, www.lincolnelectric.com
The high-point individual will receive a trophy. Individuals scoring second-, third-, fourth-, and fifth-place
will receive ribbons. All others will receive participation ribbons.
4-H O-Rama
Updated for 2015
Committee Members:
Noah Washburn –
Keith Gresham –
Les Walz
Adam Willis
4-H Program Director
CEA Dallas Co.
CEA Cleveland Co.
CEA Newton Co.
1. To show skill(s) in the safe handling and application of SMAW equipment and supplies.
2. To show skills in selecting and utilizing SMAW equipment and supplies.
3. To show skills in making a weld bead in the flat position (1G), a square groove welded butt joint in
the flat position (1G) and fillet welded, corner joint in the vertical position -up direction (3F-Up).
Material and Equipment:
1. Metal - 3 pieces 3 inches x 3 inches
2 pieces 2 inches x 3 inches
2. Filler metal - 1/8 inch diameter E6011electrodes
3. Safety equipment (eye, face, hand, and body)
4. SMAW power source and equipment
5. Chipping hammers with wire brush
6. Combination and Vise-Grip™ pliers
7. Cooling and stub buckets
8. Welding table
4-H O-Rama
Updated for 2015
1. Determine that the low carbon steel base metal (1/4 inch thick) and filler metal (E-6011electrode,
1/8 inch diameter) are sufficient and suitable for use.
2. Check the set-up of the SMAW power source and equipment. If not operating properly, ask for
3. Set the arc welding current selector of the power source to a value based upon the low carbon
steel base metal thickness and the electrode (diameter) selected (use either 90, 105 or 120
AMPS). Use a 3x3 piece of base metal for setting power source and practicing welding.
4. Insert the electrode into the electrode holder at a 90E angle.
5. Start the arc by striking the electrode like a match. Using the backhand welding technique
maintain a travel angle of 10E - 30E with an “effective” work angle of 90E.
6. Hold a constant arc length (1/8 inch or equal to the diameter of the electrode core wire).
7. Use a uniform travel speed, ripples (with slag removed) will show a half moon or crescent shape.
8. Bead width, including the slag cover, should be approximately 2 but less than 3 electrode
(coating) diameters wide.
9. When stopping the weld, raise the electrode slowly and go back over about 1/2 to 3/4 inch of the
weld, then lift the electrode to extinguish the arc. This technique will provide filler metal to fill the
weld crater as the weld pool solidifies.
10. After running a sample bead on your test plate; readjust the current selector, as necessary. If the
electrode sticks to the base metal, increase the current setting. If the electrode spatters too much
and the crater becomes too large, then decrease current setting.
11. For the Weld Bead, make a single pass across one 3x3 piece of base metal. The weld bead
should be 2 1/2 inches long. The weld bead is to be made in the flat or 1G position. Make the
weld after you have tacked the pieces together for the groove weld. See illustration.
12. For the Groove Welded, Butt Joint, space 2 pieces of 3x3 base metal, 1/16 to 1/8 inch apart or
equal to the electrode core wire diameter. Then without changing the space between the two
4-H O-Rama
Updated for 2015
pieces of base metal; tack weld both pieces of base metal together in the flat or 1G position. See
Now, make one pass on each side of the butt joint using the welding technique of Para 5 above.
Before making the pass on the second side; clean the side, removing all slag at the root.
Hold the proper arc length (approximately 1/8 inch) with the arc pushed halfway into the groove.
Travel fast enough to keep the arc at the front edge of the weld pool.
Allow the completed square groove weld to cool.
For the Fillet Welded, Corner- Joint, tack weld the 2 inch ends of the 2 pieces of 2x3 base metal
to the middle of the 3x3 base metal (without the weld bead) forming a corner joint. See
Now, make a single pass fillet weld progressing vertically uphill (3F-up). Use the back hand
welding technique with a slight weaving motion or using a whipping motion. Maintain a travel
angle of 0E-10E with a work angle of 45E. Start the weld a 1/2 inch above the lower piece of base
Hold a short arc length (no more than a 1/8 inch). Travel fast enough to keep the arc at the front
edge of the weld pool and the weld pool under control.
Allow the completed weldment to cool. There should be three welds on the weldment - a weld
bead, a double square groove weld and a single fillet weld.
Clean all welds with a chipping hammer and wire brush. Also, clean up all unused electrodes,
electrode stubs and any other waste material by properly disposing of these items in the stub
Once the weldment has been cooled and cleaned, submit the weldment to your judge for
4-H O-Rama
Updated for 2015
Event No. II - SMAW Skills
Participant’s Name_____________________________________ County ____________________
Weld: Bead/Groove/Fillet
Points Earned
1. Bead Width
______ /______ /______
2. Bead Height
______ /______ /______
3. Appearance smooth & uniform
______ /______ /______
4. Face of weld slightly convex, free of porosity
and free of excessive reinforcement
______ /______ /______
5. Edge of bead –
no over lapping or undercutting
______ /______ /______
6. Start and Stop – full size
______ /______ /______
7. Followed Welding Procedure
______ /______ /______
8. Safety Practice
______ /______ /______
Weighting factor
______ /______ /______
______ /______ /______
The Arkansas Cooperative Extension Service offers its programs to all eligible persons regardless of race, color, national origin,
religion, gender, age, disability, marital or veteran status, or any other legally protected status, and is an Affirmative Action/Equal
Opportunity Employer.
4-H O-Rama
Updated for 2015
Score: __________
Name: __________________________
County: __________________________
Instructions All Contestants: Write the tag number on the line to the left of the most correct name for each part.
_____ Flat Soap Stone
_____ Flat Butt joint
_____ Arc Welding Power Source
_____ E-6010 Electrode
_____ C-Clamp
_____ ABC Fire Extinguisher
_____ Work piece Connection (Ground Clamp) _____ Power Cord
_____ Electrode Holder
_____ Combination Square
_____ 7” Angle Grinding Wheel
_____ Lap Joint
_____ Stringer Bead
_____ Polarity Switch
_____ Tee Joint
_____ Rod Stub Bucket
_____ E-6013 Electrode
_____ Corner Joint
_____ Electrode Lead
_____ #10 Filter Shade Lens
_____ Framing Square
_____ Tack Weld
_____ Clear Cover Plate Lens
_____ Amperage Output Gauge
_____ Gauntlet Leather Welding Gloves
_____ Ground Lead
_____ Welding Jacket or Sleeves
_____ Wire Brush
_____ Hand-Held Welding Shield
_____ Round Soap Stone Holder
_____ Industrial Quality Safety Glasses
_____ Ear Protection
_____ Industrial Quality Safety Goggles
_____ Fillet Weld
_____ Arc Weld Gauge
_____ E-6011 Electrode
_____ Speed Square
_____ Leather Rod Pouch
_____ Welding Shield or Curtain
_____ Tongs
_____ Angle Grinder
_____ Magnetic Torpedo Level
_____ 14” Chop Saw Blade
_____ Round Soap Stone
_____ E-7018 Electrode
_____ Slip-Joint Pliers
_____ Locking Plier (Vise-Grip)
_____ Spring Handle Chipping Hammer
_____ Ball Pein Hammer
_____ 4 ½” Angle Grinding Wheel
_____ Flat Soap Stone Holder
_____ Bench Grinder
_____ Power Switch
_____ Hack Saw
_____ Chop Saw
_____ Automatic Welding Helmet
_____ Welding Cap
_____ Welding Helmet with Flip Front
_____ Tape Measure
_____ Cross Pein Hammer
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