GPS Module Datasheet
深圳市天工测控技术有限公司
SKG13BL-Datasheet
GPS Module
Datasheet
Name: Ultra High Sensitivity and Low Power GPS Receiver Module
Model No.:
Revision:
SKG13BL
002
Revision History:
Revision
Description
Approved
Date
001
Initial Release to 001
George
20120703
002
Update office’s address
George
20131119
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SKG13BL-Datasheet
General Description
The SKG13BL is a complete GPS engine module
that features super sensitivity, ultra low power and small
form factor. The GPS signal is applied to the antenna
input of module, and a complete serial data message with
position, velocity and time information is presented at
the serial interface with NMEA protocol or custom
protocol.
It is based on the high performance features of the
MediaTek MT3337 single-chip architecture, Its
–165dBm tracking sensitivity extends positioning
coverage into place like urban canyons and dense foliage
environment where the GPS was not possible before.
The small form factor and low power consumption make
the module easy to integrate into portable device like
PNDs, mobile phones, cameras and vehicle navigation
systems.
Applications
„
„
„
„
LBS (Location Based Service)
PND (Portable Navigation Device)
Vehicle navigation system
Mobile phone
Figure 1: SKG13BL Top View
Features
„
„
Ultra high sensitivity: -165dBm
Extremely fast TTFF at low signal level
„
„
„
„
„
„
„
Built-in 12 multi-tone active interference canceller
Low power consumption: Typical 22mA@3.3V
±11ns high accuracy time pulse (1PPS)
NMEA Output:GGA,GSA,GSV,RMC
„
„
Advanced Features: AlwaysLocate; AIC
QZSS,SBAS(WAAS,EGNOS,MSAS,GAGAN)
UART interface: 4800/9600/38400/115200 bps
Small form factor: 15x13x2.2mm
RoHS compliant (Lead-free)
Pin Assignment
Figure 2: SKG13BL Pin Package
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SKG13BL-Datasheet
Pin Description
Pin
No.
Pin name
I/O
Description
Remark
1
RXD1
O
UART Serial Data Input 1
Leave open if not used
2
TXD1
I
UART Serial Data Output 1
Leave open if not used
3
PPS
O
Time pulse Signal
Leave open if not used
4
TXD0
O
UART Serial Data Output 0
Leave open if not used
5
RXD0
I
UART Serial Data Input 0
Leave open if not used
6
NC
7
FIXLED
O
Fixed
Leave open if not used
8
RESET
I
Module Reset (Active Low Status)
Leave open if not used
9
32K CLK_OUT
O
32.768KHz clock output from RTC
Leave open if not used
10
GPIO13/EINT1
I
Wakeup signal input from such a G sensor
Currently version do not support
11
V_BCKP
I
RTC and backup SRAM power (2.0-4.2V)
May be connect to Battery
12
VCC
P
Module Power Supply
Operating range: 3.0V to 4.2V
13
NC
14
B4800
I
Baudrate set to 4800
Leave open if not used
15
B115200
I
Baudrate set to 115200
Leave open if not used
16
NC
17
VCC_OUT
O
VCC power output
18
GND
G
Ground
19
RF_IN
I
GPS Signal Input
20
GND
G
Ground
21
GND
G
Ground
22
GND
G
Ground
LED Output
Leave open if not used
50Ω@1.57542GHz
Interfaces Configuration
Power Supply
Regulated power for the SKG13BL is required. The input voltage Vcc should be 3.0V to 4.2V range, current is no less
than 100mA. Suitable decoupling must be provided by external decoupling circuitry (10uF and 1uF). It can reduce the
Noise from power supply and increase power stability.
Main power supply Vcc current varies according to the processor load and satellite acquisition. Maximum Vcc peak
current is about 30 mA during acquisition.
Backup Battery Power
In case of a power failure on pin Vcc, real-time clock and backup RAM are supplied through pin V_BCKP. This
enables the SKG13BL GPS Receiver to recover from power failure with either a hot start or a warm start (depending
on the duration of Vcc outage). If no Backup Battery is connected, the receiver performs a cold start upon powered up.
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SKG13BL-Datasheet
Backup Battery Power V_BCKP draws typically 7 uA current in backup state.
RESET
The SKG13BL modules include a RESET pin. Driving RESET low activates a hardware reset of the system. RESET
is only an input and will not reset external circuitry. At power down the reset is forced when the Vcc drops below
2.7V.
NOTE
If not used, leave RESET not connected (floating). Antenna
The SKG13BL GPS receiver is designed for supporting the active antenna or passive antenna connected with pin
RF_IN. The gain of active antenna should be no more than 25dB (18~20dB Typical). The maximum noise figure
should be no more than 1.5dB and output impedance is at 50 Ohm.
NOTE
With passive antenna keep the cable loss at minimum(<1dB). Vcc_out
Antenna power output pin. When user wants to use external active antenna. The pin supply power for active antenna.
UART Ports
There are several function in SKG13BL related to UATR communication, such as UART data transmission/receive
and NMEA sentences input/output. In general, UART0 is as NMEA output and PMTK command input, UAR1 as
RTCM input. The bit rates are selectable from 4800,9600,38400,115200 bps (see table).
Baud rate
9600bps
4800bps
115200bps
38400bps
Pin14:B4800
NC
10K pull-down
NC
10K pull-down
Pin15:B115200
NC
NC
10K pull-down
10K pull-down
EINT1
The default EINT1 function is Standby mode control but the function is not supported; leave signal floating (not
connected).
RF_IN
The transmission line must to be control impedance from RF_IN pin to the antenna or antenna connector of your
choice. (Impedance 50Ω)
32K CLK_OUT
The 32K Out can output 32.768KHz clock which can be used to support some peripherals that need an real time
clock source, don’t need an external crystal and cost saving. The pin also could be programmed to be input pin
which can receive the signal from an external accelerator sensor or vibration sensor to be the wake -up signal of
SKG13BL when the module is in low power mode.
PPS
A pulse per second (1 PPS) is an electrical signal that very precisely indicates the start of a second. Depending
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SKG13BL-Datasheet
on the source, properly operating PPS signals have an accuracy ranging 10ns. The PPS signals are used for
precise timekeeping and time measurement.
FIXLED
The default FIXLED function is valid fix indicator output. Without a valid fix the signal is at low state; during valid
fix condition the signal outputs 50ms pulses every seconds
Advanced Software Features
AlwaysLocate™
AlwaysLocateTM is an intelligent controller of periodic mode. Depending on the environment and motion conditions,
GPS module can adaptively adjust working/standby time to achieve balance of positioning accuracy and power
consumption. In this mode, the host CPU does not need to control GPS module until the host CPU needs the GPS
position data. The following flow chart is an example to make GPS module go into AlwaysLocateTm mode and then
back to normal operation mode.
Embedded Logger function
The Embedded Logger function don’t need host CPU (MCU ) and external flash to handle the operation , GPS Engine
will use internal flash (embedded in GPS chipset ) to log the GPS data (Data format : UTC, Latitude , longitude,
Valid ,Checksum ), the max log days can up to 2 days under AlwaysLocate™ condition .
AIC_Multi-tone active interference canceller
Because different application (Wi-Fi , GSM/GPRS,3G/4G,Bluetooth )are integrated into navigation system , the
harmonic of RF signal will influence the GPS reception , The multi- tone active-interference canceller can reject
external RF interference which come from other active components on the main board , to improve the capacity
of GPS reception without any needed HW change in the design .SKG13BL can cancel up to 12 independent
channel interference continuous wave.
Performance Specification
Parameter
Specification
Receiver Type
L1 frequency band,
Sensitivity
Tracking
Acquisition
-165dBm Typical
-148dBm Typical
Accuracy
Position
Velocity
Timing (PPS)
3.0m CEP50 without SA(Typical Open Sky)
0.1m/s without SA
10ns RMS
Acquisition Time
Cold Start
Warm Start
Hot Start
Re-Acquisition
23s(Typical Open Sky)
23s
1s
<1s
5
C/A code,
22 Tracking / 66 Acquisition-Channel
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SKG13BL-Datasheet
Power Consumption
Tracking
Acquisition
21mA @3.3V Typical
23mA @3.3V
Navigation Data Update Rate
Max 10Hz
Default 1Hz
Operational Limits
Altitude
Velocity
Acceleration
Max 18,000m
Max 515m/s
Less than 4g
Electrical Characteristics
Absolute Maximum Rating
Parameter
Symbol
Min
Max
Units
VCC
-0.3
4.3
V
VIO
-0.3
3.6
V
Backup Battery
V_BCKP
-0.3
4.3
V
RF input power
RF_IN
10
dBm
Human Body Model ESD capability
RF_IN
2000
V
Machine Model ESD capability
RF_IN
100
V
125
°C
260
°C
95
%
Power Supply
Power Supply Volt.
Input Pins
Input voltage on any input connection
Environment
Storage Temperature
Tstg
Peak Reflow Soldering Temperature <10s
-40
Tpeak
Humidity
Note: Absolute maximum ratings are stress ratings only, and functional operation at the maxims is not guaranteed.
Stress beyond the limits specified in this table may affect device reliability or cause permanent damage to the device.
For functional operating conditions, refer to the operating conditions tables as follow.
The SKG13BL module is Electrostatic Sensitive Device (ESD) and may be damaged with ESD or spike voltage.
Although it has built-in ESD protection circuitry at digital I/O, please handle with care to avoid permanent
malfunction or performance degradation. Note that RFIN has no ESD protection circuits.
Operating Conditions
Parameter
Power supply voltage
Backup Battery
Power supply voltage ripple
Supply current, navigation
Supply current, backup state
6
Symbol
Condition
Min
Typ
Max
Units
Vcc
3
3.3
4.2
V
V_BCKP
2
3.3
4.2
V
30
mV
23
mA
Vcc_PP
Vcc=3.3V
Icc
Vcc=3.3V
21
Ibckp
Vcc=3.3V
7
uA
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深圳市天工测控技术有限公司
VCC_OUT
supply
Antenna
SKG13BL-Datasheet
bias
IANT = 18 m
VCC_OUT
3
A
V
Input high voltage
VIH
2
3.6
V
Input low voltage
VIL
-0.3
0.8
V
Output high voltage
VOH
2.4
3.1
V
Output low voltage
VOL
-0.3
0.4
V
Operating temperature
Topr
-40
85
°C
Mechanical Specification
Figure 3: SKG13BL Dimensions
Recommend Layout
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SKG13BL-Datasheet
1 5 .0
1 .2 7
1 .1 5
2 .5
1 .0
0 .8
0 .8
1 3 .0
1 .0
Figure 4: SKG13BL Footprint
Reference design schematic
Figure 5: SKG13BL application circuit that use passive antenna
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SKG13BL-Datasheet
Figure 6: SKG13BL application circuit that use active antenna
Packaging Specification
SKG13BL modules are shipped in reel and with 1000 units per reel. Each tray is ‘dry’ package.
Figure 7: SKG13BL Packaging
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SKG13BL-Datasheet
Manufacturing Process Recommendations
Figure 8: SKG13BL Typical Leadfree Soldering Profile
Note:The final soldering temperature chosen at the factory depends on additional external factors like choice of
soldering paste,size,thickness and properties of the baseboard,etc. Exceeding the maximum soldering temperature
in the recommended soldering profile may permanently damage the module.
Software Protocol
NMEA 0183 Protocol
The NMEA protocol is an ASCII-based protocol,
Records start with a $ and with carriage return/line feed.
GPS specific messages all start with $GPxxx where xxx
is a three-letter identifier of the message data that
follows. NMEA messages have a checksum, which
allows detection of corrupted data transfers.
Table 1: NMEA-0183 Output Messages
NMEA Record
The Skylab SKG13BL supports the following
NMEA-0183 messages: GGA, GSA, GSV, RMC. The
module default NMEA-0183 output is set up GGA、
GSA、RMC、GSV , and default baud rate is set up
9600bps.
Description
Default
GGA
Global positioning system fixed data
Y
GSA
GNSS DOP and active satellites
Y
GSV
GNSS satellites in view
Y
RMC
Recommended minimum specific GNSS data
Y
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GGA-Global Positioning System Fixed Data
This sentence contains the position, time and quality of the navigation fix.
See RMC for Fix Status, Fix Mode, Fix Date, Speed, and True Course.
See GSA for Fix Type, PDOP, and VDOP.
$GPGGA,021514.000,2232.1799,N,11401.1823,E,1,6,1.25,84.0,M,-2.2,M,,*74
Table 2: GGA Data Format
Name
Example
Units
Description
Message ID
$GPGGA
GGA protocol header
UTC Position
021514.000
hhmmss.sss
Latitude
2232.1799
ddmm.mmmm
N/S indicator
N
N=north or S=south
Longitude
11401.1823
dddmm.mmmm
E/W Indicator
E
E=east or W=west
Position Fix Indicator
1
See Table 2-1
Satellites Used
6
Range 0 to 12
HDOP
1.25
Horizontal Dilution of Precision
MSL Altitude
84.0
meters
Altitude (referenced to the Ellipsoid)
AltUnit
M
meters
Altitude Unit
GeoSep
-2.2
meters
Geoidal Separation
GeoSepUnit
M
meters
Geoidal Separation Unit
Age of Diff.Corr.
<Null>
second
Null fields when it is not Used
Diff.Ref.Station ID
<Null>
Checksum
*74
EOL
<CR> <LF>
Null fields when it is not Used
End of message termination
Table 2-1: Position Fix Indicators
Value
Description
0
Fix not available or invalid
1
GPS SPS Mode, fix valid
2
Differential GPS, SPS Mode, fix valid
3
GPS PPS Mode, fix valid
GSA-GNSS DOP and Active Satellites
This sentence contains the mode of operation, type of fix, PRNs of the satellites used in the solution
as well as PDOP, HDOP and VDOP.
$GPGSA,A,3,26,05,18,15,27,29,,,,,,,1.52,1.25,0.87*0F
Table 3: GSA Data Format
Name
Example
Message
$GPGSA
11
Units
Description
GSA protocol header
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SKG13BL-Datasheet
Mode 1
A
See Table 3-2
Mode 2
3
See Table 3-1
ID of satellite used
26
Sv on Channel 1
ID of satellite used
…
05
Sv on Channel 2
…
…
ID of satellite used
<Null>
Sv on Channel 12 (Null fields when it is not Used)
PDOP
1.52
Position Dilution of Precision
HDOP
1.25
Horizontal Dilution of Precision
VDOP
0.87
Vertical Dilution of Precision
Checksum
*0F
EOL
<CR> <LF>
End of message termination
Table 3-1: Mode 1
Value
Description
1
Fix not available
2
2D Fix
3
3D Fix
Table 3-2: Mode 2
Value
Description
M
Manual-forced to operate in 2D or 3D mode
A
Automatic-allowed to automatically switch 2D/3D
GSV-GNSS Satellites in View
This sentence contains the PRNs, azimuth, elevation, and signal strength of all satellites in view.
$GPGSV,3,1,12,15,79,333,42,42,50,127,,29,45,263,44,02,36,124,30*7E
$GPGSV,3,2,12,26,36,226,34,05,35,046,22,27,33,161,29,21,16,319,*7D
$GPGSV,3,3,12,10,15,066,31,18,14,285,45,24,12,319,15,08,09,047,18*7E
Table 4: GSV Data Format
Name
Example
Units
Message ID
$GPGSV
GSV protocol header
Number of Message
3
Total number of GSV sentences (Range 1 to 3)
Message Number
1
Sentence number of the total (Range 1 to 3)
Satellites in View
12
Number of satellites in view
Satellite ID
15
Channel 1(Range 01 to 32)
Elevation
79
degrees
Channel 1(Range 00 to 90)
Azinmuth
333
degrees
Channel 1(Range 000 to 359)
SNR(C/NO)
42
dB-Hz
Channel 1(Range 00 to 99, null when not tracking)
…
Description
…
Satellite ID
02
Elevation
36
12
Channel 4(Range 01 to 32)
degrees
Channel 4(Range 00 to 90)
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Azimuth
124
degrees
Channel 4(Range 000 to 359)
SNR(C/NO)
30
dB-Hz
Channel 4(Range 00 to 99, null when not tracking)
Checksum
*7E
EOL
<CR> <LF>
End of message termination
Depending on the number of satellites tracked multiple messages of GSV data may be required.
RMC-Recommended Minimum Specific GNSS Data
This sentence contains the recommended minimum fix information.
See GGA for Fix Quality, Sats Used, HDOP, Altitude, Geoidal Separation, and DGPS data.
See GSA for Fix Type, PDOP and VDOP.
$GPRMC,023345.000,A,2232.1767,N,11401.1953,E,0.18,151.55,100410,,,A*6B
Table 5: RMC Data Format
Name
Example
Units
Description
Message ID
$GPRMC
RMC protocol header
UTS Position
023345.000
hhmmss.sss
Status
A
A=data valid or V=data not valid
Latitude
2232.1767
ddmm.mmmm
N/S Indicator
N
N=north or S=south
Longitude
11401.1953
dddmm.mmmm
E/W Indicator
E
E=east or W=west
Speed Over Ground
0.18
Knots
Course Over Ground
151.55
Degrees
Date(UTC)
100410
Magnetic variation
<Null>
Magnetic Variation Direction <Null>
Fix Mode
A
Checksum
*6B
EOL
<CR> <LF>
True Course
ddmmyy
Degrees
Null fields when it is not Used
E=east or W=west (Null fields when it is not Used)
A=autonomous, N = No fix, D=DGPS, E=DR
End of message termination
NMEA CMD List
Table 6: NMEA CMD List
NMEA CMD TYPE
Hot Restart
Warm Restart
Cold Restart
Full Cold Restart
port baudrate
13
NMEA CMD Example:
$PMTK101*32<CR><LF>
$PMTK102*31<CR><LF>
$PMTK103*30<CR><LF>
PMTK104*37<CR><LF>
$PMTK251,38400*27<CR><LF>
SKG13BL-DA-001,A/2
深圳市天工测控技术有限公司
SKG13BL-Datasheet
Skylab M&C Technology Co., Ltd.
Address: 9th Floor, Zhongguang Building, Yayuan Road, Bantian, Shenzhen
Phone: 86-755 8340 8210(Sales Support)
Phone: 86-755 8340 8130(Technical Support)
Fax: 86-755-8340 8560
E-Mail: sales1@skylab.com.cn
Website: www.skylab.com.cn
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