DMX Basics/LOR - Woodinville Wonderland

DMX Basics/LOR - Woodinville Wonderland
y
DMX & Your Holiday
Display - Is It For
Y ?
You?
Mark “Zman” Zembruski
Disclaimer: There is much information, and options available for DMX. All
subject matter
matter, references and resources covered in this presentation are
at the sole discretion of the author and are based on personal experience,
research or preferences.
Copyright Woodinville Wonderland 2010
DMX – L
Qu st Begin
gn
Lett th
the Quest
You already have an outstanding Christmas display. It’s
all the rave in the ‘hood. However, something is missing,
you want to take your display to the next level
level, and
BOOM, you slam into DMX! What is it? Can I use it?
How do I integrate it? Isn’t it expensive? What’s all the
hype anyway? You already know AL, LOR and possibly
DIY, but these 3 little letters start to strike fear in
your heart. Shake your lighting confidence. You get the
g and have nightmares
g
about that 3
cold sweats at night
headed monster, D-M-X !!!!!! Attending this session will
slay that monster, make sleep more peaceful, and get
you excited about your display again. OK, maybe this is
b t th
i a mystery
t
b t DMX you can’t
’t
nott you, but
there is
about
quite put your finger on. This session will peel the onion
back, without the tears, and give you the information
you need to determine whether this option is possible in
your display.
B fforewarned,
Be
d it’
it’s a very slippery
li
slope…………………
l
9/7/2010
Copyright Woodinville Wonderland 2010
2
DMX – Iss Itt For You?
•
•
•
•
•
•
What is it?
Common Terms
Requirements
Miscellaneous
DMX vs AC Control
DMX Set Up
•
•
•
•
•
DMX Channel Mapping
Ad nt
s
Advantages
Disadvantages
Summary
DMX Supplement
– Channel Allocation / Base Addressing
– LOR – DIY – Cabling
g
• LOR Use Model – LOR Sample DMX Sequence Set Up – LOR
DMX Test Console
9/7/2010
Copyright Woodinville Wonderland 2010
3
DMX - What is it?
• DMX = Digital Multiplexed Signals
• DMX512 is a Lighting Protocol / Standard
– Created in 1986 by the United States Institute for
Th t T
h l
Theatre
Technology
(USITT)
– Language to standardized the interface between
controllers, dimmers and fixtures
• AL – Dlight – LOR - Renard are all LANGUAGES
– Leverages EIA-485 standard for wiring
• Also referred to as RS485
• Influences ALL DMX limitations
• Relies on a Transmit (Tx) and Receive (Rx) on a twisted
wire pair, plus a common/ground
– 8bit Stream Data (0 to 255)
– Enhanced during the 90’s
90 s out of necessity
• Updated by Entertainment Services & Technology
Association (ESTA)
• Evolved into DMX512A
• DMX512A supports 2 twisted pairs plus a common/ground
– Allows RS485 to work in full duplex mode
• RDM (Remote Device Mgmt) was the primary by-product
– Provides “real time” fixture status updates
• F
For th
the Ch
Christmas
ist s Light
Li ht enthusiast,
th si st DMX is
just another lighting OPTION!
9/7/2010
Copyright Woodinville Wonderland 2010
4
DMX – Common Terms
• DMX “Network”
Network = DMX Universe
– Consists of a “Controller” and spectrum of
independent channels, distributed across DMX
Fixtures
• DMX lights = DMX Fixtures or Loads
• Generally one Universe allows 32 different/unique
fixtures
– RS485 dependent. Newer RS485 drivers are
increasing this limitation.
• DMX Channels
– On / Off / Range / Intensity Value
• One DMX universe has a maximum of 512
independent channels
• Typically channels distributed across multi-channel
DMX Fixtures
– 16 Channels allocated to a fixture (typically)
– 32 devices x 16 channels = 512
9/7/2010
• Channel Range (Intensity Value) - from 0 (off) to
anything greater than 0 = (on) - up to 255 (100%)
– Not
N t uncommon f
for channels
h
l tto have
h
different
diff
t
sub-features within a channels range ex. 0-25
pulse strobe, 26-75 medium strobe etc…
Copyright Woodinville Wonderland 2010
5
DMX - Requirements
• DMX Hardware
– What’s
H d
Wh t’ needed:
d d
– DMX Controller / Console
• Not required for a Christmas display
– Certainly helps with testing & set up
• Manual (Physical Device)
• Directly Connects to DMX Universe fixtures
Chauvet DMX-55 Console
– DMX Programming
P
i - Computer
C
t
• Interfacing software
• Replaces the need for a physical console (above)
– Light
Light-O-Rama
O Rama (S1 or S2)
S2), Vixen,
Vixen Light Show Pro
Pro,
Animation Director
– DMX Dongle (Required)
• Gateway into the DMX Universe
• Off loads the computer from having to convert
program values (above) into DMX values (0-255),
creates the DMX Packet information,, then streams it
– Brokers all the translation and communications for the
DMX Universe
» Talks non-stop in the ‘DMX Conversation’
– USB Communications interface to Dongle
9/7/2010
Copyright Woodinville Wonderland 2010
6
DMX - Requirements
qu r m nts
• DMX Hardware – What’s needed: (Con’t)
– DMX Fixtures ((Loads / Devices / Lights)
g
)
• “Obedient Listener”
– Waits to be told what to do
• One or Multiple DMX Channels per device
– C
Control
feature
functions
t l Fixture
Fi t
f t
f
ti
– Ranges from 1 channel (on/off) to multiple channels
– R, G, B, Shutter, Dimmer, Gobo, Spin, Pan, Tilt,
Strobe
– Direct correlation between DMX fixture channels
and Sequence programming channels
» Although you MAY NOT need to put all DMX
Channels into y
your sequence.
If you
q
y do not use the
ff t it d
d tto b
d and
d lleft
ft
effect,
does nott need
be programmed
alone (more on this later)
– DMX Splitter (Optional)
• 3 Primary
y roles ((depending
p
g on device))
– Branches existing Universe Daisy Chain
» Allows flexibility of interconnect
» Each branch requires termination
– Opens
p
gateway
g
y to parallel
p
Universes
– Boosts DMX signal
» Extends 32 device limit to the new branch
9/7/2010
Copyright Woodinville Wonderland 2010
7
DMX - F
tur s
Fixtures
• Hundreds of Fixture Types Support DMX
• Controllable
C t ll bl Intelligent
I t lli
t Eff
Effects
t
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
Floods
Mi
Mirror
Balls
B ll
Snow
Fog
Strobes
LED Floods / Panels
Special Effects
• F
Fire
• Fireworks
• Confetti
– RGB Pixel
Pi l O
Options
ti
9/7/2010
– Lasers
– Spot
S t Li
Lights
ht
– AC Dimmer Packs
– Incandescents
– Yoke / Moving Head
– Scanners
– Bubbles
– Animatronics
• Motors
• Servos
• Animation / Video
Copyright Woodinville Wonderland 2010
8
q
DMX - Requirements
• Communication and Power
– DMX signal requires a continuous Daisy
Chain communications interconnect
• DMX Output -> Load -> Load -> Termination
– DMX output = DMX Dongle or Console
– All Fixtures have DMX In – DMX Out plugs
• Maximum Length of Daisy Chain 1200m / ~4000ft
• Termination = 120 Ohm .25W resistor
– Across Pins 2 & 3
– Required at the end of the Daisy
y Chain to eliminate DMX
signal reflections
– DMX Fixture – May a have Terminator built in
– Terminating Plug
– DIY Methods
M th ds
– Power is separate from communications
• Each fixture will have its own power requirement
9/7/2010
Copyright Woodinville Wonderland 2010
9
DMX - Requirements
• Communication
(Con’t)
C
i i and
d Power
P
(C ’ )
– Communications Interconnect (Cabling)
• XLR 3 Pin Connector (Most common,
common functional,
functional not
DMX512A compliant)
• XLR 5 pin Connector (DMX Standard)
3 pin XLR male/female
– As DMX512A progresses, these will be more commonplace
but it will take many years to replace 3 pin devices
• XLR 3 to XLR 5 adaptors can be made or bought
• XLR Trivia – What does it mean?
– Cannon Electric in Los Angeles, 1958 creates Cannon
Plug/Connector now part of ITT
Plug/Connector,
» Cannon X series, later added a Latch, finally added
Rubber to cover connections
• 3 Primary Interconnect cables:
d (XLR 3 & 5 Pin)
Pi )
– DMX C
Cords
» Specially Shielded
» 120 Ohm
– Microphone Cord (XLR 3 Pin)
» Acceptable
A
t bl for
f runs of
f under
d 500 ft
» 75 ohm
– DIY RJ45 with Cat5e
» http://www.esta.org/tsp/working_groups/CP/docs/DM
X
XoverCat5_Summ.pdf
C t5 S
df
» XLR 3 & 5 Pin to RJ45 converters available
9/7/2010
Copyright Woodinville Wonderland 2010
10
DMX Dongle
USB
DMX Cable(s)
D
( )
Wireless DMX
Optional
Computer
Wireless DMX
p
Optional
Terminator
DMX AC Dimmer Packs
DMX Splitter (4 way / Optional)
Terminator
Color Wash
Yoke
9/7/2010
Strobe
DMX C
Components
t & Fixtures
Fi t
Example of a DMX Universe
Copyright Woodinville Wonderland 2010
11
DMX - M
sc an ous
Miscellaneous
•
Intelligent Channels
–
AKA “Smart” or “Ichans”
S
ifi tto A
i t d Li
hti and
d Li
ht O R
– Specific
Animated
Lighting
Light-O-Rama
–
–
•
•
• These are not DMX512A protocol
• Created by AL and LOR to supported vendor effects
– Fade, Shimmer, Twinkle, Programmable
Number of Intelligent Channels is Universe (Hardware) Dependant
Limited number of Intelligent Channels
•
•
•
•
AL = 16 or 32 LOR = 128 (with latest firmware)
Able to “float” on “As Needed” basis
Convert Vendor Effect to DMX512 value (0
(0-255)
255)
Careful not to exceed Smart Channel Limit
– Unpredictable results
Parallel Universes (multiple) can and do often co-exist
•
•
No DMX protocol limit to the amount of parallel universes
Hardware dependent limitation
Art-Net - ACN – E1.31 - What are they, how does it relate
to DMX
–
–
–
–
–
–
9/7/2010
Ability to run DMX over Ethernet
Argument is that topology is simpler, star vs daisy chain
Ethernet Equipment is typically cheaper
More data down a single wire
Getting some attention on the DIY forums
Generally something the average user does not need to consider
Copyright Woodinville Wonderland 2010
12
DMX vs. AC Control
Paradigm Shift –
another”
thinking to another
“A change from one way of
• AC Control (AL-LOR-Dlight-DIY)
– Controllers – Channels – Lights
• “X” amount of controllers dictates:
• “Y” amounts of Channels that:
• Equates
E
to “Z” number
b of
f lights
li h
– On/Off – Simple Ramps – 2-3 Effects
• DMX
– Fixtures – Channels – Controller (Universe)
• “X”
X fixtures (with specific features) requires
requires:
• “Y” Channels that:
– Range of Values: 0-255, supports Multiple Effects
• Resides
R id iin our U
Universe
i
(C
(Controller)
t ll )
How do we manage this……………..
9/7/2010
Copyright Woodinville Wonderland 2010
13
DMX S
r t ca )
Sett Up ((Critical)
• To understand DMX, you HAVE to
UNDERSTAND the foundation for
F
communicating to DMX Fixtures
• Fixture Channel Allocation & Base Addressing
are the key to success
– Fixtures have a set amount of channels to control
features (Slides 15-16)
• Fixture’s documentation will
ll describe functions
f
– Channel 1 of Fixture gets assigned as the Base
Address in the DMX Budget (Slides 17-19)
• Between the DMX fixture(s) Base Address and
Channel Allocation, it is set up to only listen,
and respond to commands on their assigned
DMX Channels (Slides 20-22)
•
•
9/7/2010
The combination of “ControllerID-DMX Channel(s) is what gets
p t into
put
i t your sequence
s
(Slid s 31-36)
(Slides
31 36)
The fixture(s) will only respond to commands within the
Channel Assignment and ignores all other DMX commands
Copyright Woodinville Wonderland 2010
14
DMX – Channel Allocation ((Critical))
• To understand DMX, you HAVE to
UNDERSTAND Base Addressing
g and
Channel Allocation
• Each unique DMX fixture will have a set
amount of “channels”
channels that control feature
functions
– Referred to as fixture channel allocation / map
p
• Fixtures have at least one channel
– Required for Base Address
• Typical configuration is more like 3-10
f
d
d
ld h
• Some fixtures,
depending
on f
features, could
have 16
or more channels
– Not all fixture channels may need to be used in
your di
display,
l
b
butt th
they have
h
to
t be
b allocated
ll
t d in
i th
the
DMX Plan
• Not used correlates to not used in sequencing
– There
Th
can be
b no channel
h
l overlaps
l
between
b t
unique fixtures in the DMX Plan
9/7/2010
Copyright Woodinville Wonderland 2010
15
DMX – Channel
hann Allocation
ocat on
• 4 Fixture Universe Example
Moving Head – 8 Channel
Flood Wash – 6 Channel
AC Dimmer Pack – 16
Channels ((1-16))
Strobe – 3 Channel
9/7/2010
Copyright Woodinville Wonderland 2010
16
DMX – Base Address ((Critical))
• DMX Fixtures need an identity to know
where they reside in the DMX Budget, then
listen for what to do and when to do it.
– Each unique DMX fixture has to have a unique
Base Address
• “DMX B
Budget”
Channels
universe)
d ” iis 512 Ch
l (per
(
i
)
• Base Address determines the fixture(s) location in
the DMX Budget
• Base
B s Addresses
Add ss s can be
b randomly
d ml assigned
ssi
d anywhere
h
in
i
the range of 1 – 512
• Typically Base Address/channels are assigned
easier
sequentially in the DMX Plan to make mapping easier,
but they do not HAVE to be sequential
• “Like” fixtures can have the same Base Address.
These are referred to as SLAVES and will respond
exactly
tl as the
th “Master”
“M t ” device
d i does
d
• Base Address is configurable for every DMX fixture
– DMX Dipswitch – Binary address
– LED program
pr r m screen
scr n
– DMX Address Editor – Stand alone device or unit
9/7/2010
» Fixture plugs into Unit and Base Address is flashed
Copyright Woodinville Wonderland 2010
17
DMX – Base
as Address
r ss
• Example of DMX Dipswitch Binary Assignment Table
Fixture base
address assigned
to 1 in picture
9/7/2010
Example Dipswitch:1-9
for D
f
DMX Base
Assignment and #10
(Option) for modal
operations
Copyright Woodinville Wonderland 2010
DMX Out
Female
DMX In
Male
18
DMX – Base
as Address
r ss
• Example of DMX Fixture - LED Program Screen
Fixture Base
Address
assigned
i
d to 65
programmed via
push button
interface
Example of fixture with
both 3 & 5 pin XLR
interfaces Both with
interfaces.
DMX In/Out plugs
9/7/2010
Copyright Woodinville Wonderland 2010
19
DMX – Channel Mapping
• 4 Fixture
Universe
Example
Fi t
U
i
E
l – 512 Channels
Ch
l
– Strobe = 3 channels
• Randomly assign Base Address of 10
–
–
–
–
DMX Channel 10 is channel 1 of the Strobe
DMX Channel 11 is channel 2 of the Strobe
DMX Channel 12 is channel 3 of the Strobe
DMX Ch
Channels
the St
Strobe
l 10-12
10 12 are dedicated
d di t d tto th
b
– Color Wash = 6 Channels
• Base Address can be ANYTHING besides 10-12
• To keep some sequential order, Base Address gets
assigned to 13
– DMX Channel 13 is channel 1 of Wash
– DMX Channels 14 – 18 are channels 2 – 6 of Wash
– DMX Channels 13- 18 are dedicated to the Wash
– Note: Channels 1 and 5 on color wash,
wash plus 1 and 3
on strobe are good examples where a channel has
multiple feature options on the same channel. They
are controlled within the 0
0-255
255 value range.
range This is
important to understand
Note – refer to Supplement section slides 31 – 37 for LOR assignment example
9/7/2010
Copyright Woodinville Wonderland 2010
20
DMX – Channel Mapping
• 4 Fixture
Universe
Example
Fi
U
i
E
l – 512 Channels
Ch
l
– Moving Head (Yoke) Light = 8 Channels
• Base Address can be ANYTHING besides 10-18
d
h
ll assign Base
B
dd
h
• To randomize
things
we will
Address
to the
Yoke of 35
– DMX Channel 35 is Channel 1 of Yoke
8 of Yoke
– DMX Channels 36 – 42 are channels 2
2-8
– DMC Channels 35 – 42 are dedicated to the Yoke
– AC Dimmer Packs = 16 Channels
• Base Address can be ANYTHING besides 10-18, 36-42
• To keep some sequential order, Base Address gets
assigned to 43
Ch
l 43 is channel
h
l 1 of
f this Dimmer
Di
P k
– DMX Channel
Pack
– DMX Channels 44-58 are channels 2 – 16
– DMX Channels 43-58 are dedicated to the Dim Pack
– Create a channel map that makes sense to YOU!
• DMX has no predefined map – free assignment
– K.I.S.S. “Keep
p It Stupid
p Simple”
p
• Caution – Ensure channel map has NO overlaps
Note – refer to Supplement section slides 31 – 37 for LOR assignment example
9/7/2010
Copyright Woodinville Wonderland 2010
21
DMX - Advantages
• DMX is an open, published protocol
– Clearly defined standard, that is used world wide
– Not p
proprietary
p
y to lock you
y into hardware
• Example : Animated Lighting, Light O Rama
– Runs at 250 Kbs - Which:
• Allows more channels:
– 512 per Universe
U i
• Reality 32 Unique Loads (Maximum per Universe)
• “Real” limitation is your available amperage
– Unlimited “Like” Devices or “Slave” Devices
»
»
»
Slave device
Sl
d i = fi
fixtures
t
with
ith same B
Base A
Assignment
i
t
Each Fixture will have own power
Reside within the daisy chain or Parallel Universe
• With longer interconnect length
M xim m Length
L n th of
fD
is Chain
Ch in 1200m / ~4000ft
4000ft
– Maximum
Daisy
• Multitude of DMX Dongle options
– Branded off the shelf products
• LOR – AL – Enttec Pro and more….
more
– Plethora of DIY equipment
• http://doityourselfchristmas.com
• http://diylightanimation.com/
• Due
D to
t DMX512A protocol,
t
l easier
i to
t blend
bl d products
d t
9/7/2010
Copyright Woodinville Wonderland 2010
22
g
DMX - Advantages
• More reliable protocol
– Faster and continuous communications
• DMX Packets are sent continuously to all 512 channels, 44 times a second
(AL LOR
Light) are sent on as needed basis
• Other lighting protocols (AL,
LOR, D
D-Light)
– Less chance for stuck channels
• Hardware and software typically do not require firmware updates
• More light / channels for your $$
– Intelligent fixtures that do more than just on/off
• 1 DMX flood light supports “16 Million Colors”
– Ex. - 1 DMX Flood replaces 4 LED / incandescent R-G-B-W Floods
– Still retain the benefit of LED technology
gy
– Gain more colors for washing
– Cheapest cost per channel for Christmas light displays
• Amoritize the cost to gain access to 512 channels for animation purposes
– 32 - 16 channel controllers
»
»
@ ~ $150 each = $4800 (LOR PC Kits)
@ ~ $90 each = $2880 (Lynx DIY)
• More Pop and Sizzle for your display
– WOW! Factor
– Your display will be unique and provide more a memorable
experience for your visitors
– Continues to be more unique development within the DMX world
th regular
than
l li
lighting
hti techniques.
t h i
• There are many Forums available for help and advice
9/7/2010
Copyright Woodinville Wonderland 2010
23
g
DMX – Dis-Advantages
• Sophistication can be costly
– High Effect Fixtures = $$
• Prices are becoming more reasonable over time
• Will have a learning curve
– Anything new falls into this category
• Different hardware requirements
– Dongles – Fixtures – Cabling
– Fixtures require weatherproofing
• Majority of fixtures “Indoor”
Indoor rated
• Outdoor available but $$
• Requires another “Plan”
– DMX Fixture / Channel Assignment / map
– Communication / Power Scheme
– Fixture measurements (Moving/scanning devices)
• Horizontal / vertical limits of fixture movement
movement, focusing etc….
etc
• More Channels in Sequences
– Extra sequencing considerations
• Measurements
M
t / Patterns
P tt
/ Ch
Channell Interactions/Dependencies
I t
ti
/D
d
i
• Competes For a Slice of Our Display Budgets
9/7/2010
Copyright Woodinville Wonderland 2010
24
DMX – Resources
•
USITT
•
ESTA
•
DMX For Dummies
•
DMX YouTube Video Series – (Very good, very easy and comprehensive)
•
DMX512-A – Wikipedia
•
Christmas in Shirley
•
Ujjal’s 512 Website
•
RS485 References
•
DMX Fixture Vendors (sample)
–
http://www.usitt.org/DMX512.aspx
–
http://www esta org/
http://www.esta.org/
–
http://www.dovesystems.com/index2.php?option=com_content&do_pdf=1&id=30/
–
http://www.youtube.com/view_play_list?p=F66259177229499F&search_query=dmx+inf
http://www youtube com/view play list?p=F66259177229499F&search query=dmx+inf
o&rclk=pti
–
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/DMX512-A
–
http://christmasinshirley.com/wiki/index.php?title=DMX
–
http://www.dmx512-online.com/
–
–
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/EIA-485
http://www.lammertbies.nl/comm/info/RS-485.html
–
Chauvet
-
Martin Entertainment
–
Elation
-
Gearsource (Used)
–
Music Trends
-
Deal Monger (Used)
9/7/2010
•
http://www.chauvetlighting.com/
•
http://www.elationlighting.com/
http
//www.elationlighting.com/
•
www.musictrends.com/
http://martin.com
http://www.gearsource.com/
http
//www.gearsource.com/
http://shop.ebay.com/deal-monger/
Copyright Woodinville Wonderland 2010
25
y
Summary:
• DMX is a language, just like all the other products we use
– AL, LOR, Dlight, Renard are languages that speak to AC/triac
controlled hardware through specific firmware & programming
• DMX provides a plethora of lighting OPTIONS
– BUT, it is just another
to a display
h way to add lighting
l h
l
• DMX will add a whole new aspect to your display
– Wow! & Cool Factor
– Creates better memories for your visitors
• Differentiate y
your display
p y from others
• There are considerations before implementing
– DMX may or may not be applicable for you
9/7/2010
Copyright Woodinville Wonderland 2010
26
Supplement
Light-O-Rama
Use Model
U
M d l
Base Assignment / Channel Map Example
DMX Test Console
Do it Yourself - DIY
C bl
Cabling
9/7/2010
Copyright Woodinville Wonderland 2010
27
DMX & Light-O-Rama
2 Use
U Models
M d l
1. iDMX within LOR Network
– LOR
LOR’ss DMX “Dongle”
Dongle
• Resides inline within LOR network
– “Just another controller”
• Translates LOR to DMX
– Requires
Adaptor
for communication
R
i
RS485 Ad
t f
i ti
• TIA/EIA 568B (Standard Ethernet Cat 5) & XLR 3 Pin
DMX Cable
– Powered by USB485B,
USB485B LOR Controller or 12VDC
Power Supply
– Compatible with Easy Link Lighters
– Maximum 224 Universes today
per
y (1
( iDMX required
q
p
Universe)
• Daisy Chained per DMX512
• S2 Supports 4 Networks
– 458
458,752
752 addressable DMX addresses
– Manage latency with RS485 Network Repeater (LOR
Accessories)
– You will exhaust comms bandwidth and CPU before you ever
reach the limit
– Reality is closer to 5000 channels
– Latest iDMX firmware recommended, 1.4.1 to fully support
DMX512 protocol
9/7/2010
Copyright Woodinville Wonderland 2010
28
DMX & Light-O-Rama
2 Use
U Models
M d l
2. LOR Controller in pure DMX Universe
–
Most LOR Controllers Support
DMX
pp
–
DMX AC Dimmer Pack
–
Auto detects between LOR or DMX signals
–
• Firmware upgrade to 4.20 or higher required
• Fixture within DMX Universe
• 16 channels
• Very economicall (PC
(P Kits)) Compared
d to other
h branded
b
d d
products
LOR1600W
LOR800W
LOR1602W
CMB16D (DC card)
LOR1602MP3
CTB08D
CTB16D
CTB16PC
CTB16K (all formats)
CTB16PC kits
• In DMX Universe, listens and reacts to DMX512 only
• DMX Base Assignment
–
–
–
–
Controller ID = Base Assignment
Starts at channel 1
Sequential through 16
Refer to DMX-DOC below for Base Assignment mapping
Communication
• ‘May ‘ require a special XLR to RJ45 adaptor
–
Depends on DMX Dongle / Position in Daisy Chain
–
Doug Fleenor Design – Why Terminate?
» http://www.dfd.com/whyterm.html
• Custom DIY – Refer to DMX-DOC below for diagram
urchase from LOR On
On-line
l ne store (Accessories)
(Accessor es)
• Purchase
• If last fixture in Universe still requires termination
–
9/7/2010
• TIA/EIA 568B (Standard Ethernet Cat 5)
LOR DMX-DOC
DMX DOC Resource Document:
• http://www.lightorama.com/Documents/DMX-DOC.pdf/
Copyright Woodinville Wonderland 2010
29
DMX & L
ght O ama
Light-O-Rama
DMX Base Address to LOR Controller ID Map
• LOR Controller IDs use Hex
• DMX channels are sequential
9/7/2010
Copyright Woodinville Wonderland 2010
30
DMX & Light-O-Rama
Base
Address
/ Sequence
/ Channel
Example
B
Add
S
Ch
l - Mapping
M
i E
m l
• Remember our 4 fixture universe example?
Yokes (8 ch) / Strobe (3ch) / (2) - Color Wash (6ch) /
• (2) -Yokes
Dimmer Pack (16 ch)
• Adding - iDMX with a Controller ID of A1 = DMX 512 Mode
•
9/7/2010
When plugged into LOR Network:
• LOR sees 1 Controller on the network
Copyright Woodinville Wonderland 2010
31
DMX & Light-O-Rama
Base
Address
/ Sequence
/ Channel
Example
B
Add
S
Ch
l - Mapping
M
i E
m l
• Color Wash 1 (6 Ch)
•
Base Assignment =
1
(A1-1)
(A1
1)
•
Base Assignment =
7
(A1-7)
•
Base Assignment =
17
(A1-17)
•
Base Assignment
g
=
23
((A1-23))
•
Base Assignment =
33
(A1-33)
•
•
•
LOR CTB16PC (ex)
Base Assignment = 49 (A1-49)
LOR Controller ID = 04 (Per chart on Slide 30)
• Yoke 1 (8 Ch)
• Color Wash 2 (6 Ch)
• Yoke 2 (8 Ch)
• Strobe (3 Ch)
• AC Dimmer
D mmer Pack
ack ((16
6 Ch)
h)
– Remember the Base Address = Ch 1 of the fixture
– Before you connect your DMX Universe, you need to ensure
your fixture Base Addresses are set to the appropriate values
9/7/2010
Copyright Woodinville Wonderland 2010
32
DMX & Light-O-Rama
Base
Address
/ Sequence
/ Channel
Example
B
Add
S
Ch
l - Mapping
M
i E
m l
• Channel Property Grid - DMX section in Sequence
Template – It shows our LOR channel assignment
• 512 Channels available
9/7/2010
Copyright Woodinville Wonderland 2010
33
DMX & Light-O-Rama
Base
Address
/ Sequence
/ Channel
Example
B
Add
S
Ch
l - Mapping
M
i E
m l
• LOR Channel Property Grid - DMX section in Sequence
– It shows our LOR channel assignment.
Template
p
g
b iDMX ID = A1
Remember
Color Wash’s only
using 5 of 6 channels
but you still have to
account for all 6
Strobe only using 2 of 3
channels put here for
channels,
organization
Which is why we
start the
h Yoke
Y k
channel assignment at
7. Yokes only using 6
of 8 channels
9/7/2010
Copyright Woodinville Wonderland 2010
34
DMX & Light-O-Rama
Base
Address
/ Sequence
/ Channel
Example
B
Add
S
Ch
l - Mapping
M
i E
m l
• LOR Channel Property Grid - DMX section in Sequence
– It shows our LOR channel assignment.
Template
p
g
b iDMX ID = A1
Remember
• Secondary set of Wash’s and Yoke
Second set of Color
Wash’s only using 5
of 6 channels but
you still have to
account for all 6
Second Yoke only
g 6 of
f 8 channels,,
using
which is why we start
at 21
9/7/2010
Copyright Woodinville Wonderland 2010
35
DMX & Light-O-Rama
Base
Address
/ Sequence
/ Channel
Example
B
Add
S
Ch
l - Mapping
M
i E
m l
• LOR Channel Property Grid - DMX section in Sequence
– It shows our LOR channel assignment.
Template
p
g
b iDMX ID = A1
Remember
• AC Dimmer Pack
AC Dimmer Pack,
“CTB16PC” starting
address conforms to
DMX Base
ID/Controller ID
Map LOR Controller
ID is set to “04”
9/7/2010
Copyright Woodinville Wonderland 2010
36
DMX & Light-O-Rama
Hardware
Editor / T
Testt C
Console
H d
Edit
l
• LOR Test Console
•
•
•
•
9/7/2010
Software version of DMX Console
Test communications with DMX Universe / Fixtures
Access to all 512 DMX Channels
“Select Channel Group” cycles Console in banks of 16 channels
Copyright Woodinville Wonderland 2010
37
•
•
•
DMX – Do It Yourself (DIY)
Controllers/Dimmers – Adaptors – Splitters
–
DIY Light Animation – “Lynx”
–
Do It Yourself Christmas – “Renard”
Renard
–
–
Many options out there - Google ‘DIY DMX’
DMX512 is a standard
• http://diylightanimation.com/
• http://doityourselfchristmas.com/forums/forumdisplay.php?f=34
• All designs need to comply with the USITT DMX512A Protocol
Sequencing Software
–
Light Show Pro
• http://www.lightshowpro.com
• Generic – Native DMX output
– Supports broadest range of DMX Dongles to date
Pros / Cons (you decide)
–
Very cost effective
–
Require assembly
–
Possible unique connection requirements
–
Provide some unique options
9/7/2010
Ch p t per
p channel
h nn l DMX option
pti n available
il bl
• Cheapest
• Time – Soldering – Enclosures considerations
• Typically
T picall TIA/EIA 568B (Standard Ethernet Cat 5)
• XLR to RJ45 Adaptors (Parts and Assembly considerations)
• DIY - Cheaper than ‘Off the Shelf’ DMX cables
• Lynx Express – Light Curves to normalize ramps & fades
• Cost effective Wireless DMX – eliminates most cabling interconnect
• Mix and Match with Branded products to extend and preserve existing hardware
investment
Copyright Woodinville Wonderland 2010
38
DMX – Cabling
a ng
•
Primary DMX Connection Diagrams
 DMX Connection Consideration / Options

DIY or Off the Shelf

LOR to Lynx – Application Specific
http://diylightanimation.com/wiki/index.php?title=Light-ORama_ControllersCat 5 Info - DIY
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Category_5_cable/



DMX Components
p
– DIY - Cable
 Parts Express


http://www.parts-express.com/wire-cable.cfm

http://www.shopesc.com/dmxcable.html/
p
p
Entertainment Systems Inc
DMX Data Tester

9/7/2010

Assists with troubleshooting DMX signal output
Copyright Woodinville Wonderland 2010
39
Thank you!
Contact Info:
Email - modec@frontier.com
Website - www.woodinvillewonderland.com
User Name - Zman on all the forums
9/7/2010
Copyright Woodinville Wonderland 2010
40
Was this manual useful for you? yes no
Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Download PDF

advertising