(SM-501 Series Installation Instructions).

(SM-501 Series Installation Instructions).
AIR PRODUCTS AND CONTROLS INC.
INSTALLATION AND MAINTENANCE INSTRUCTIONS
FOR SM-501 SERIES DUCT SMOKE DETECTORS
SM-501-N
SM-501-P
4-Wire, Ionization Type
4-Wire, Photoelectric Type
PRODUCT OVERVIEW
PRODUCT APPLICATION
the sampling (high side) and exhaust (low side) tubes should be
measured using a Magnehelic pressure gauge or equivalent. An
acceptable reading is between 0.01 and 1.2 inches of water.
SM-501 Series duct smoke detectors provide early detection of
smoke and products of combustion present in air moving through an
HVAC duct supply, return, or both in commercial, industrial, and residential applications. These devices are designed to prevent the
recirculation of smoke in areas by the air handling system’s fans,
and blowers. Complete systems may be shut down in the event of
smoke detection.
To minimize the impact of air turbulence and stratification on performance, a duct smoke detector should be located as far as possible downstream from any obstruction (i.e. deflector plates, elbows,
dampers, etc.). In all situations, confirmation of velocity and pressure differential within specifications is required.
*
NOTE: For the correct installation of a duct smoke unit, please
refer to the NFPA 72 (National Fire Alarm Code), NFPA 90A
(Standard for Installation of Air Conditioning and Ventilation
Systems),NFPA 92A (Recommended Practice for Smoke Control
Systems.), NFPA 5000 (Building Construction and Safety Code),
IMC (International Mechanical Code), and IFC (International Fire
Code).
REMOTE ACCESSORIES
Audible and visual alarm indicators, remote status indicators, and
remote reset/test switches can be accommodated by the SM-501
Series duct units by connecting to DC voltage output terminals 16
through 21. These terminals are not supervised and the
voltage/current will only be present when the detector unit is in
alarm. The remote pilot (green) LED will be permanently illuminated when connected to the output terminals as long as input power
and detector head are present.
This detector is not intended for open area protection nor should it be used
for early warning detection or replace a regular fire detection system.
SM-501 AT-A-GLANCE
PRODUCT DESCRIPTION
The SM-501 Series smoke detector is fitted with a mounting base that
will accept an ionization smoke detector head model 55000-225APO
(or 55000-250APO) or photoelectric smoke detector head model
55000-328APO (or 55000-350APO). The duct unit supports two sets
of form “C” alarm contacts and one form “C” trouble contact. The trouble contact supervises the presence of the input power and removal
of the detector head.
MODEL NUMBER:
SM-501-N 4-Wire Ionization Duct Smoke Detector
SM-501-P 4-Wire Photoelectric Duct Smoke Detector
DETECTOR HEAD MODEL NUMBER:
Ionization Detector Head:
55000-225APO
Photoelectric Detector Head: 55000-328APO
POWER
*
THE TROUBLE CONTACTS (TERMINALS 13-14-15) ARE
SHOWN IN THE NON-ENERGIZED CONDITION. IN NORMAL
OPERATION, CONTACTS WILL BE REVERSED.
STANDBY CURRENT
ALARM CURRENT
WITH
ACCESSORIES
24VAC
24VDC
115VAC
230VAC
The trouble contacts will not operate in the event of a smoke alarm.
The SM-501 Series duct detector will operate from various input
voltage sources; namely 24VAC, 24VDC, 115VAC and 230VAC.
35.0mA
15.0mA
25.0mA
12.0mA
95.0mA
32.0mA
25.0mA
14.0mA
WITH
ACCESSORIES
74.0mA
56.0mA
32.0mA
16.0mA
280.0mA
165.0mA
50mA
30.0mA
RELAY CONTACT RATINGS:
Alarm contacts:
2 Sets form “C” rated at 10A @ 115VAC resistive
Trouble contacts:
1 Set form “C” rated at 10A @ 115VAC resistive
Air velocity:
500 to 4,000ft/min.
Ambient temperature:SM-501-N: 32°F to 158°F (0°C to 70°C)
SM-501-P: 32°F to 140°F (0°C to 60°C)
Humidity:
10% to 85% RH Non-Condensing/Non-Freezing
Material:
18GA steel back box, clear plastic cover
(Makrolon 94V-0)
Finish:
Gray paint on black box
Dimensions:
9 1/8” L X 7 1/4” W X 2 1/4” H
Max. net wt.:
3 1/2 lbs.
Radioactive element: SM-501-N (Ionization) - Americium 241,
0.9 micro curie.
Do not expose to corrosive atmospheres.
SAMPLING TUBES
The operating principle of a duct detector is based on the Venturi
effect. Two tubes extend into the HVAC duct. Air flowing through the
duct is forced into the air intake (inlet) tube via the air intake holes,
(facing the airflow) and passes over the detector head. The air will
be drawn out via the exhaust tube back into the HVAC duct. (A 7”
exhaust tube is provided in the installation kit.) When the concentration of smoke particles suspended in the air stream reach the alarm
threshold of the detector head, the unit will go into alarm.
The duct smoke detector units are designed to operate in duct widths
from 6” to 10’ wide with an air velocity between 500 to 4,000 feet per
minute. To verify correct installation, the pressure differential between
1
INST APD0191 D090224
MECHANICAL INSTALLATION
LOCATION PREREQUISITES
To ensure the correct operation of the sensing tube, the red end
cap (red stopper in installation kit) must be inserted in the end of the
air intake sampling tube. For custom duct widths, always use the
next longest standard size and cut down to the exact requirement.
This guideline contains general information on duct smoke detector installation, but does not preclude the NFPA and/or ICC documents listed. Air Products and Controls assumes no responsibility for improperly installed duct detectors. To determine the correct
installation position for an SM-501 Series duct smoke detector, the
following factors must be considered.
1)
A uniform non-turbulent (laminar) airflow between
500 ft/min. to 4,000 ft/min. must be present in the HVAC
duct. To determine duct velocities, examine the engineering
specifications that define the expected velocities or use
an Alnor model 6000AP velocity meter (or equivalent).
2)
To minimize the impact of air turbulence and stratification
on performance, a duct smoke detector should be
located as far as possible downstream from any
obstruction (i.e. deflector plates, elbows, dampers, etc.).
In all situations, confirmation of velocity and pressure
differential within specifications is required.
Once the airflow direction has been determined, insert the inlet
and exhaust tubes into the sampling tube connectors fitted to the
back of the duct smoke detector which are equipped with set
screws. These connectors will allow the tubes to be correctly orientated and secured by tightening the set screw. Ensure air
intake sampling tube is positioned so that the inlet holes are
directly facing the airflow.
The pressure differential between the input sampling (high
pressure) tube and exhaust (low pressure) tube for the
SM-501 Series smoke duct detector should be
greater than 0.01 inches of water and less than 1.2 inches
of water.
3)
Identify a code compliant location (supply or return side,
or both) for the installation of the duct unit that will permit
easy access for viewing and serviceability.
4)
When installing on the return side, install duct units prior
to the air being exhausted from the building or diluted with
outside “fresh” air.
5)
When installing duct smoke units downstream of filters,
fires occurring in the filters will be detected, but if the
filters become blocked, insufficient air flow through the
duct unit will prevent the correct operation of the duct
detector. Duct units installed in the supply air side may
monitor upstream equipment and/or filters.
6)
Where possible, install duct detectors upstream of air
humidifiers and downstream of dehumidifiers.
7)
To prevent false alarms, the duct detector should not be
mounted in areas of extreme high or low temperatures, in
areas where high humidity exists, or in areas where the
duct may contain gases or excessive dust.
DUCT PREPARATION
Remove mounting template from the installation kit. Remove
paper backing from the mounting template and affix it to the duct
at the desired location. Using the template as a guide, drill (4)
mounting holes (3/32” diam.) for the # 12 X 1/2” sheet metal
screws packaged in the installation kit. Drill or punch (2) 1 3/8”
holes for inlet sampling and exhaust tubes, using the template as
a guide. Clean all holes.
MOUNTING
After securing the sampling and exhaust tubes to the duct smoke
unit, (or initially placing the tubes through the 1 3/8” holes drilled
or punched in the HVAC duct to accept the inlet sampling and
exhaust tubes and then attaching them to the duct unit), hold the
duct unit assembly in position and use (4) # 12 X 1/2” sheet metal
screws (packaged in the installation kit) to secure the duct smoke
detector to the HVAC duct sheet metal.
SAMPLING TUBE ASSEMBLY
Sampling tubes are to be ordered separately in one of four standard lengths.
STS-1.0
STS-2.5
STS-5.0
STS-10.0
For duct widths of 6” TO 1.0’
For duct widths of 1.0’ TO 2.5’
For duct widths of 2.5’ TO 5.0’
For duct widths of 5.0’ TO 10.0’
AIR SAMPLING VERIFICATION
To ensure correct operation of the duct unit use a Magnehelic differential pressure gauge, Dwyer 2000 or 4000 Series (or equivalent) to determine the differential pressure between the inlet
(high side) and exhaust (low side) tubes. The differential pressure between the two tubes should be greater than 0.01 inches
of water and less than 1.2 inches of water.
Standard sampling tubes are steel tubes with air intake holes
drilled the entire length of the tube. These tubes must be cut to
length and should span the entire width of the duct. Sampling
tubes over 3.0’ must be supported on the opposite side of the duct.
2
INST APD0191 D090224
ELECTRICAL INSTALLATION
POWER CONNECTIONS
Prior to connecting input power to the duct unit, determine the correct input voltage/ current availability and ensure it is connected to the
correct terminals.
115VAC INPUT
Terminals 1,2,3.
24VAC/VDC INPUTS
Terminals 5, 6
24VAC
50/60 Hz
0.2A MAX.
24VDC
0.1A MAX.
+
24VAC OPERATION
115VAC 50/60 Hz
0.1A MAX.
230VAC 50/60 Hz
0.1A MAX.
-
G
24VDC OPERATION
SEE
POWER
CONNECTIONS
230VAC INPUT
Terminals 1,2,4.
115VAC OPERATION
H1
H2
230VAC OPERATION
*TROUBLE
ALARM
ALARM
CONTACTS CONTACTS CONTACTS
10A
10A
10A
REMOTE
ACCESSORIES
*TROUBLE CONTACTS ARE SHOWN
IN NON-ENERGIZED CONDITION.
UNDER NORMAL OPERATION CONTACTS WILL BE REVERSED.
SM-501 DUCT SMOKE DETECTOR
WIRING
* CAUTION: For terminals 7-15 do not use looped wire under terminals. Break wire run to provide for proper supervision of connections.
With detector head removed, connect one of the appropriate dedicated power sources to the applicable terminals (see above). Replace detector head and the unit will be energized. The green pilot LED will be illuminated, and when pressing the test/reset button, the red alarm LED
will be illuminated. This test confirms the correct basic operation of the duct smoke unit, excluding the detector head (see functional testing).
In the event of a fire alarm, certain equipment may be required to be shut down. For example, shut down may be achieved by interrupting the
fan supply source to that particular piece of equipment when wired as indicated below.
EXAMPLE:
AC/+ /H
AC/- /N
DEDICATED INPUT
FAN SUPPLY SOURCE
5
6
24VAC/VDC
7
or
1
2
3
115VAC
NC
3
8
9
C
NO
ALARM RELAY
In alarm 7 and 8 will
open, interrupting
voltage supply to fan
INST APD0191 D090224
FIRE ALARM CONTROL PANEL WIRING
SAMPLE CONTROL PANEL WIRING - STYLE “D” / CLASS “A” IDC (Supervised - A fault condition will not inhibit an alarm response)
UL Listed
Conventional
Fire Alarm
Control Panel
14
15
14
15
11
12
11
12
SM-501 Detector
#1
SM-501
Detector #X
SAMPLE CONTROL PANEL WIRING - STYLE “B” / CLASS “B” IDC (Supervised - A fault condition will not inhibit an alarm response)
14
UL Listed
Conventional
Fire Alarm
Control Panel
14
15
11
11
12
SM-501 Detector
#1
MSR REMOTE ACCESSORY WIRING
15
EOL
End
of
Line
12
SM-501 Detector #X
INTERCONNECTION WIRING
FOR COMMON FUNCTIONS
A jumper wire must be placed between Terminals
14 and 18.
C+
18
T/R
20
P+
21
AL+
17
C-
19
TB+
JUMPER
14
TROUBLE CONTACTS
CANNOT
(AL+)
BE CONNECTED TO FIRE
ALARM PANEL WHEN
USING THIS OPTION
WITHOUT THE USE OF A
SLAVE RELAY
(AL+)
(AL+)
(AL+)
(AL+)
13
MS REMOTE ACCESSORY WIRING
TROUBLE
CONTACTS
CANNOT BE
CONNECTED TO
FIRE PANEL
WHEN USING
THIS OPTION
WITHOUT THE
USE OF A
SLAVE RELAY
4
INST APD0191 D090224
(AL+)
TESTING PROCEDURES
OPERATIONAL TESTING
To determine the correct operation of the SM-501 Series duct smoke
detector, ensure input power is connected and the green pilot LED is
illuminated.
If no test gas is available to conduct functional testing, light a piece of
clothesline (rope) and blow the flame out, hold the smoldering rope 3”
from the detector head and lightly blow across the smoldering area
towards the detector head, the alarm indicator should illuminate within
one minute.
The LED on the detector head of both the ionization and photoelectric
models (55000-225APO or 55000-328APO) will flash while the unit is in
standby mode. The LED on the detector head of both the ionization and
photoelectric models (55000-250APO or 55000-350APO) will not flash
while the unit is in the standby mode. The LED on all the above detector heads will be permanently illuminated when smoke is detected and
the head is in alarm.
Should additional testing also be required for simulated fire conditions,
smoke bombs placed in the duct may not be suited for the particular
detector head (photoelectric or ionization) selected and installed.
Consult the smoke bomb data for proper use and compatibility with
detector type.
S65A ionization detector head 55000-225APO and S60A ionization
detector head 55000-250APO utilize a radioactive source as its means
of detection and will detect smoke particles of between .1 and 1 micron
in size.
S65A photoelectric detector head 55000-328APO and S60A photoelectric detector head 55000-350APO operate on the principle of light scatter and will detect smoke particles of between 1 and 10 microns in size.
When purchasing smoke bombs for additional required functional testing,
ensure smoke particle sizes comply with the criteria as described above.
Above: The LED will be permanently illuminated when the unit is in alarm.
With the air handling unit shut down (not connected), and the clear
cover removed, press and hold the test/reset button on the SM-501.
The red alarm LED on the circuit board will be illuminated and the alarm
relay outputs will change state. Using a multimeter set to OHMS (or
continuity buzzer function on the meter) place the meter probes on the
following terminals, and ensure the contacts are closed (continuity) (89) and (11-12). When releasing the test/reset button these contacts will
open.
Above: For factory recommended functional testing, spray the proper test
gas directly at the detector head from a distance of 12 inches for 2 seconds.
The trouble contacts 13, 14, 15 on the SM-501 detector will not
change state in the event of a fire alarm, operational, or functional
testing. The trouble contacts can be tested by rotating the smoke
detector head counter-clockwise and removing the detector head.
This action will extinguish the green pilot LED and cause the trouble
contacts to change state, (13-14) will be closed (continuity) and (1415) will be open circuit. Replacing the detector head and rotating it
clockwise until it locks, will cause the green pilot LED to be illuminated and the unit will be operational, terminals (13-14) will be an open
circuit and (14-15) will be closed (continuity).
MAINTENANCE
Each installation location must be assessed on its own merits. If
the protected area is of a very dirty nature then the SM-501 Duct
unit(s) will have to be checked and cleaned on a quarterly basis or
when cleaning is required.
As a guideline the smoke detector head should be cleaned every six
months or as required. The best methods of cleaning are to vaccum
the detector head thoroughly or to blow the detector head out using
clean, dry compressed air.
FUNCTIONAL TESTING
Once operational testing is concluded the unit requires functional testing
to determine the correct operation of the detector head.
Do not use chemicals or non-conforming air to clean the detector
head housing as this could contaminate the detector head and
damage the casing.
With the clear cover removed, air handling unit shut down, and using the
Air Products and Controls aerosol test smoke gas part number TG-1000,
spray the test gas directly at the detector head from a distance of 12 inches for 2 seconds.
Sensing tubes must be inspected and cleaned in accordance with
the schedule as determined above, to allow the free flow of air
through both inlet and exhaust tubes.
*
CAUTION: SPRAYING FROM A DISTANCE CLOSER THAN
12 INCHES MAY CAUSE DETECTOR CONTAMINATION.
Consult your local code and AHJ requirements for required
maintenance schedules.
After 15 to 20 seconds the detector head will go into alarm, illuminating
the detector head LED and causing the duct unit functions to operate,
alarm relays will change state, and the alarm related remote accessories, if attached, will function.
5
INST APD0191 D090224
of
of
of
of
6” TO 1.0’
1.0’ TO 3.0’
3.0’ TO 5.0’
5.0’ TO 10.0’--
POWER SUPPLIES
T-PB 202-1
T-PB 202-0
T-PB 303-1
T-PB 303-0
24VAC
24VAC
24VAC
24VAC
@
@
@
@
4.0A
4.0A
3.0A
3.0A
Class
Class
Class
Class
I Power Supply
I Power Supply
II Power Supply
II Power Supply
REPLACEMENT SMOKE DETECTOR HEADS
55000-225APO
S65 Ionization Detector Replacement Head
55000-328APO
S65 Photoelectric Detector Replacement Head
WEATHERPROOF ENCLOSURES
WP-1
Weatherproof Enclosure
widths
widths
widths
widths
For
For
For
For
SAMPLING TUBES
STS-1.0
STS-2.5
STS-5.0
STS-10.0
duct
duct
duct
duct
Solo Aerosol Test Gas
SMOKE TEST GAS
TG-1000
MS- and SHP- SERIES REMOTE ACCESSORIES
MS-RA
Remote Alarm
MS-RA/R
Remote Alarm, push button Test/Reset Switch
MS-RA/P/R
Remote Alarm, Pilot, push-button Test/Reset Switch
MS-KA/R
Remote Alarm, key-operated Test/Switch
MS-KA/P/R
Remote Alarm, Pilot, key-operated Test/Reset Switch
MS-RA/P
Remote Alarm, Pilot
MS-RH
Remote Alarm Horn
MS-RH/KA/P/R
Remote Alarm, Pilot, Horn, key-operated Test/Reset Switch
MS-RH/P/A
Remote Alarm, Pilot, Horn
MS-RH/KA/P/A/T
Remote Alarm, Trouble, Pilot, Horn, key-operated Test/Reset Switch
MS-RA/P/T
Remote Pilot, Trouble
MS-RA/FT/P
Remote Pilot, Trouble, push-button Test/Reset Switch
MS-KA/P/R/T
Remote Pilot, Trouble, key-operated Test/Reset Switch
MS-RD
Remote Alarm
MS-F/T
Remote Trouble
SHP24-1575R
Horn/Strobe, red housing, clear cover
SHP24-1575O
Horn/Strobe, white housing, opaque cover
SHP24-1575W
Horn/Strobe, white housing, clear cover
MSR- SERIES REMOTE ACCESSORIES
Visual Indicators: Alarm, Pilot, Trouble
Buzzer: Programmable for Alarm and Trouble
Buzzer Silence: Visual Notification and Ringback
Detector Test/Reset: Key Operated
LED/Buzzer Test: Push-Button Operated
MSR-100R/W
White Face Plate
MSR-100R/R
Red Face Plate
MSR-100R/S
Stainless Steel Face Plate
MSR-100RS/W/C
White Face Plate; Strobe with Clear Lens
MSR-100RS/W/O
White Face Plate; Strobe with Opaque Lens
MSR-100RS/R/C
Red Face Plate; Strobe with Clear Lens
MSR-100RS/R/O
Red Face Plate; Strobe with Opaque Lens
MSR-100RS/S/C
Stainless Steel Face Plate; Strobe with Clear Lens
MSR-100RS/S/O
Stainless Steel Face Plate; Strobe with Opaque Lens
AVAILABLE ACCESSORIES FOR USE WITH
SM-501 SERIES DUCT SMOKE DETECTORS
AIR PRODUCTS AND CONTROLS INC.
1749 E. Highwood Pontiac, MI 48340 USA
Telephone: (248) 332-3900 www.ap-c.com
Ionization Type, 4-Wire Duct Smoke Detector
Photoelectric Type, 4-Wire Duct Smoke Detector
FOR TECHNICAL SUPPORT CALL 888-332-2241 OR 248-332-3900
A COPY OF THESE INSTRUCTIONS SHOULD BE LEFT WITH THE EQUIPMENT
UNTIL INSTALLATION BY ALL TRADES IS FULLY COMPLETE. FOLLOWING FINAL
INSPECTION, A COPY SHOULD BE LEFT WITH THE OWNER/USER.
NOTICE: The information contained in this document is the most current available at the time of shipment of accompanying product, and is
subject to change without notice. Future references should always be made to the most current revision of this document. The information
contained in all this document should be considered before installing or using the product. Any example applications shown are subject to
the most current enforced local/national codes, standards, approvals, certifications, and/or the authority having jurisdiction. All of these
resources, as well as the specific manufacturer of any shown or mentioned related equipment, should be consulted prior to any implementation. For further information or assistance concerning this product, contact Air Products and Controls Inc. Air Products and Controls Inc.
reserves the right to change any and all documentation without notice.
© Air Products and Controls Inc. 2007
SM-501-N
SM-501-P
INSTALLATION AND MAINTENANCE
INSTRUCTIONS
SM-501 SERIES
DUCT SMOKE DETECTORS
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