LM79XX Series 3-Terminal Negative Regulators
LM79XX Series 3-Terminal Negative Regulators
General Description
The LM79XX series of 3-terminal regulators is available with
fixed output voltages of b5V, b8V, b12V, and b15V.
These devices need only one external componentÐa compensation capacitor at the output. The LM79XX series is
packaged in the TO-220 power package and is capable of
supplying 1.5A of output current.
These regulators employ internal current limiting safe area
protection and thermal shutdown for protection against virtually all overload conditions.
Low ground pin current of the LM79XX series allows output
voltage to be easily boosted above the preset value with a
resistor divider. The low quiescent current drain of
Connection Diagrams
these devices with a specified maximum change with line
and load ensures good regulation in the voltage boosted
mode.
For applications requiring other voltages, see LM137 data
sheet.
Features
Y
Y
Y
Y
Thermal, short circuit and safe area protection
High ripple rejection
1.5A output current
4% tolerance on preset output voltage
Typical Applications
TO-220 Package
Fixed Regulator
Front View
*Required if regulator is separated from filter capacitor by
more than 3× . For value given, capacitor must be solid
tantalum. 25 mF aluminum electrolytic may be substituted.
TL/H/7340 – 3
TL/H/7340 – 14
Order Number LM7905CT, LM7912CT or LM7915CT
See NS Package Number TO3B
C1995 National Semiconductor Corporation
TL/H/7340
² Required for stability. For value given, capacitor must be
solid tantalum. 25 mF aluminum electrolytic may be substituted. Values given may be increased without limit.
For output capacitance in excess of 100 mF, a high current
diode from input to output (1N4001, etc.) will protect the
regulator from momentary input shorts.
RRD-B30M115/Printed in U. S. A.
LM79XX Series 3-Terminal Negative Regulators
November 1994
Absolute Maximum Ratings (Note 1)
If Military/Aerospace specified devices are required,
please contact the National Semiconductor Sales
Office/Distributors for availability and specifications.
Input-Output Differential
(Vo e b5V)
(Vo e b12V and b15V)
Input Voltage
(Vo e b5V)
(Vo e b12V and b15V)
Power Dissipation (Note 2)
Internally Limited
Operating Junction Temperature Range
0§ C to a 125§ C
b 65§ C to a 150§ C
Storage Temperature Range
Lead Temperature (Soldering, 10 sec.)
230§ C
b 25V
b 35V
25V
30V
Electrical Characteristics Conditions unless otherwise noted: IOUT e 500 mA, CIN e 2.2 mF, COUT e 1 mF,
0§ C s TJ s a 125§ C, Power Dissipation s 1.5W.
Part Number
Output Voltage
b 5V
Input Voltage (unless otherwise specified)
b 10V
Symbol
VO
DVO
DVO
LM7905C
Parameter
Conditions
Output Voltage
TJ e 25§ C
5 mA s IOUT s 1A,
P s 15W
Line Regulation
TJ e 25§ C, (Note 3)
Load Regulation
Min
Typ
Max
b 4.8
b 4.75
b 5.0
b 5.2
b 5.25
V
V
V
50
mV
V
mV
V
(b20 s VIN s b7)
8
(b25 s VIN s b7)
2
(b12 s VIN s b8)
TJ e 25§ C, (Note 3)
5 mA s IOUT s 1.5A
250 mA s IOUT s 750 mA
15
5
1
IQ
Quiescent Current
TJ e 25§ C
DIQ
Quiescent Current
Change
With Line
IOMAX
15
100
50
mV
mV
2
mA
0.5
mA
V
mA
(b25 s VIN s b7)
With Load, 5 mA s IOUT s 1A
Vn
Units
0.5
Output Noise Voltage
TA e 25§ C, 10 Hz s f s 100 Hz
Ripple Rejection
f e 120 Hz
Dropout Voltage
TJ e 25§ C, IOUT e 1A
1.1
V
Peak Output Current
TJ e 25§ C
2.2
A
Average Temperature
Coefficient of
Output Voltage
IOUT e 5 mA,
0 C s TJ s 100§ C
0.4
mV/§ C
54
125
mV
66
(b18 s VIN s b8)
dB
V
Typical Applications (Continued)
Variable Output
TL/H/7340 – 2
*Improves transient response and ripple rejection. Do not increase beyond 50 mF.
#
R1 a R2
VOUT e VSET
R2
Select R2 as follows:
LM7905CT
300X
LM7912CT
750X
LM7915CT
1k
J
2
Electrical Characteristics (Continued) Conditions unless otherwise noted: IOUT e 500 mA, CIN e 2.2 mF,
COUT e 1 mF, 0§ C s TJ s a 125§ C, Power Dissipation e 1.5W.
Symbol
Part Number
LM7912C
LM7915C
Output Voltage
b 12V
b 15V
Input Voltage (unless otherwise specified)
b 19V
b 23V
Parameter
Conditions
Min
Typ
Max
Min
Typ
Units
Max
VO
Output Voltage
TJ e 25§ C
5 mA s IOUT s 1A,
P s 15W
b 11.5 b 12.0 b 12.5
b 11.4
b 12.6
(b27 s VIN s b14.5)
b 14.4 b 15.0 b 15.6
b 14.25
b 15.75
(b30 s VIN s b17.5)
V
V
V
DVO
Line Regulation
TJ e 25§ C, (Note 3)
5
80
(b30 s VIN s b14.5)
3
30
(b22 s VIN s b16)
5
100
(b30 s VINs b17.5)
3
50
(b26 s VIN s b20)
mV
V
mV
V
DVO
Load Regulation
TJ e 25§ C, (Note 3)
5 mA s IOUT s 1.5A
250 mA s IOUT s 750 mA
15
5
200
75
15
5
200
75
mV
mV
3
1.5
3
mA
IQ
Quiescent Current
TJ e 25§ C
1.5
DIQ
Quiescent Current
Change
With Line
0.5
(b30 s VIN s b14.5)
0.5
With Load, 5 mA s IOUT s 1A
Vn
IOMAX
Output Noise Voltage
TA e 25§ C, 10 Hz s f s 100 Hz
Ripple Rejection
f e 120 Hz
Dropout Voltage
Peak Output Current
Average Temperature
Coefficient of
Output Voltage
IOUT e 5 mA,
0 C s TJ s 100§ C
0.5
(b30 sVIN s b17.5)
0.5
mA
V
mA
300
375
mV
54
70
(b25 s VIN s b15)
54
70
(b30 s VINs b17.5)
dB
V
TJ e 25§ C, IOUT e 1A
1.1
1.1
V
TJ e 25§ C
2.2
2.2
A
b 0.8
b 1.0
mV/§ C
Note 1: Absolute Maximum Ratings indicate limits beyond which damage to the device may occur. Operating Ratings indicate conditions for which the device is
intended to be functional, but do not guarantee Specific Performance limits. For guaranteed specifications and test conditions, see the Electrical Characteristics.
Note 2: Refer to Typical Performance Characteristics and Design Considerations for details.
Note 3: Regulation is measured at a constant junction temperature by pulse testing with a low duty cycle. Changes in output voltage due to heating effects must be
taken into account.
Typical Applications (Continued)
Dual Trimmed Supply
TL/H/7340 – 4
3
Design Considerations
Where:
The LM79XX fixed voltage regulator series has thermal
overload protection from excessive power dissipation, internal short circuit protection which limits the circuit’s maximum current, and output transistor safe-area compensation
for reducing the output current as the voltage across the
pass transistor is increased.
Although the internal power dissipation is limited, the junction temperature must be kept below the maximum specified temperature (125§ C) in order to meet data sheet specifications. To calculate the maximum junction temperature or
heat sink required, the following thermal resistance values
should be used:
Package
TO-220
Typ
iJC
§ C/W
Max
iJC
§ C/W
Typ
iJA
§ C/W
Max
iJA
§ C/W
3.0
5.0
60
40
TJ
TA
PD
iJA
iJC
iCA
iCS
iSA
e Junction Temperature
e Ambient Temperature
e Power Dissipation
e Junction-to-Ambient Thermal Resistance
e Junction-to-Case Thermal Resistance
e Case-to-Ambient Thermal Resistance
e Case-to-Heat Sink Thermal Resistance
e Heat Sink-to-Ambient Thermal Resistance
Typical Applications (Continued)
Bypass capacitors are necessary for stable operation of the
LM79XX series of regulators over the input voltage and output current ranges. Output bypass capacitors will improve
the transient response by the regulator.
The bypass capacitors, (2.2 mF on the input, 1.0 mF on the
output) should be ceramic or solid tantalum which have
good high frequency characteristics. If aluminum electrolytics are used, their values should be 10 mF or larger. The
bypass capacitors should be mounted with the shortest
leads, and if possible, directly across the regulator terminals.
TJ Max b TA TJ Max TA
PD MAX e
or
iJC a iCA
iJA
e
a
iCA
iCS
iSA (without heat sink)
Solving for TJ:
TJ e TA a PD (iJC a iCA) or
e TA a PDiJA (without heat sink)
High Stability 1 Amp Regulator
TL/H/7340 – 5
Load and line regulation k 0.01% temperature stability s 0.2%
² Determine Zener current
² ² Solid tantalum
*Select resistors to set output voltage. 2 ppm/§ C tracking suggested
4
Typical Applications (Continued)
Current Source
*IOUT e 1 mA a
5V
R1
TL/H/7340 – 7
Light Controller Using Silicon Photo Cell
TL/H/7340 – 8
*Lamp brightness increase until iI e iQ ( & 1 mA) a 5V/R1.
² Necessary only if raw supply filter capacitor is more than 2× from LM7905CT
5
Typical Applications (Continued)
High-Sensitivity Light Controller
TL/H/7340 – 9
*Lamp brightness increases until ii e 5V/R1 (Ii can be set as low as 1 mA)
² Necessary only if raw supply filter capacitor is more than 2× from LM7905
g 15V, 1 Amp Tracking Regulators
TL/H/7340 – 1
Load Regulation at DIL e 1A
Output Ripple, CIN e 3000 mF, IL e 1A
Temperature Stability
Output Noise 10 Hz s f s 10 kHz
( b 15)
40 mV
100 mVrms
50 mV
150 mVrms
( a 15)
2 mV
100 mVrms
50 mV
150 mVrms
*Resistor tolerance of R4 and R5 determine matching of ( a ) and ( b )
outputs.
**Necessary only if raw supply filter capacitors are more than 3× from regulators.
6
b 5V
TL/H/7340 – 12
Schematic Diagrams
7
b 12V and b 15V
TL/H/7340 – 13
Schematic Diagrams (Continued)
8
9
LM79XX Series 3-Terminal Negative Regulators
Physical Dimensions inches (millimeters)
TO-220 Outline Package (T)
Order Number LM7905CT, LM7912CT or LM7915CT
NS Package Number T03B
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