MAINTENANCE GUIDE NELSON 700 SERIES WATERERS

MAINTENANCE GUIDE NELSON 700 SERIES WATERERS
MAINTENANCE GUIDE
NELSON 700 SERIES WATERERS
PAGE
How Nelson 700 Series Waterers Work .......................................................................1
Model Number Location................................................................................................1
Cleaning the Waterer ....................................................................................................1
Adjust Control Valve ......................................................................................................2
Adjust Water Level In Drinking Bowl ............................................................................2
Weight Installation ........................................................................................................3
Testing Heater & Thermostat ........................................................................................3
Replacing Heater & Thermostat ..........................................................................3 & 10
Tighten Screws..............................................................................................................4
Replacing Control Valve, Filter & Plumbing ........................................................4 & 11
Overflow & Dripping .....................................................................................................4
Freeze-up.......................................................................................................................5
Taking Waterer Out of Service ......................................................................................6
Warranty .......................................................................................................................6
Installation In Freezing Climates - Protecting Vertical Waterline ...............................8
Installation In Freezing Climates - Plumbing Inside Waterer ......................................9
Warnings .....................................................................................................................12
Top Cover Not Latching or Not Unlatching.................................Call Factory for Advice
HOW NELSON 700 SERIES
WATERERS WORK
Operating Principal - Nelson 700 Series
Waterer utilizes a patented weight-activated
valve. As an animal drinks from the bowl,
there is less weight in the drinking bowl,
eventually the lead counter weight causes the
beam to pivot which opens the valve. Water
refills the drinking bowl. When the drinking
bowl becomes heavy enough with water the
beam returns to its balanced position, pivoting
off the valve and shuts off. The weight of the
water in the drinking bowl opens and closes
this valve. There are no float valves or paddle
valves to cause problems.
Electric Heater - All Nelson 700 series are
available with or without electric heaters. The
optional heater is located below the
crossbeam underneath the drinking bowl
where it will heat the air that surrounds the
drinking bowl. The heater is thermostatically
controlled and is designed to cycle, meaning
that it automatically turns on and shuts off as
necessary. When the heater is on, it can get
very hot (red hot). The thermostat is attached
to the electrical junction box. It is preset at the
factory and does not require adjustment.
1
MODEL NUMBER LOCATION
Waterer model number is located on the
nameplate. Model number is also present on
the shipping box, packing list and invoice.
WARNING! TURN OFF
ELECTRICITY WHEN
SERVICING WATERER.
Always turn off power to waterers
when using a tool to service or
maintain waterer to eliminate risk
of electrocution. Read all warnings
on page 12.
Questions?
or to place an order:
Phone: 888-844-6606
www.nelsonmfg.com
Monday-Friday 7:30-5:00 CST
Beam Lock
Lever
2. Next, lock the pivot beam with the beam
lock lever to close the valve.
3. Then, lift the drinking bowl out of the
cage, empty the bowl and wipe it with a cloth.
CLEANING WATERER
Removing the Drinking Bowl for Cleaning
1. To remove the cover on all round models
simply push down on the brass button in front
of the housing and rotate the cover counter
clock-wise. Then lift the cover off. To remove
the cover of models 730-10W and 760-10W,
which are wall-mounted models with flat backs,
push sideways on the brass latch button, lift
the front of the cover and pull forward.
4. Replace the drinking bowl in the cage and
unlock the pivot beam with the beam lock
lever. Water should refill the drinking bowl.
5. Next, replace the cover by rotating it
clock-wise until the cover latches. For models
730-10W and 760-10W, slide the back-end of
the cover in place and then latch the front end
down.
6. Verify waterer properly refills and shutsoff before leaving.
Remove Mineral Deposits From Drinking
Bowl - Over an extended period of time
mineral deposits can form on the stainless
steel bowl. Mineral deposits are often white
and chalky in substance. To remove mineral
deposits, soak the drinking bowl for 24 hours
in a solution consisting of 50% white vinegar
and 50% water. The mineral deposits should
then easily wipe away. NOTE: DO NOT allow
a horse to be exposed to a waterer unless the
drinking bowl is in place and the top cover is
latched. Read all warnings on page 12.
ADJUST CONTROL VALVE
Adjusting the control valve is necessary
when installing a new waterer, after parts are
replaced in an existing waterer and if the
waterer is dripping and not shutting off (See
Dripping & Overflow).
Water Spout Tube
Beam
Lock Lever
Valve
Adjustment
Screw
A solution of 50% white
vinegar and 50% water
removes mineral deposits.
ADJUST WATER LEVEL IN DRINKING
BOWL
The level of water in the drinking bowl can
be controlled by changing the position of the
counter weight. Normal water level is about 21/2 inches from bottom of the bowl. Level of
water in bowl may be raised or lowered (total
variation about 1 inch) by moving counter
weight toward or away from cross beam.
Moving weight away from cross beam raises
water level as it then requires more water in
bowl to balance beam. To change position of
weight, loosen the nut and slide to desired
position. Tighten nut making certain weight is
square with beam. Weight should not touch
insulation or anything which would prevent
free movement of beam. Level of water
should not contact cast aluminum top cover.
This will promote freeze-up as top casting will
transfer the heat of the water to the air.
Counter Weight
1. Turn off electricity to waterer.
2. Remove top aluminum cover.
Clean Underneath Drinking Bowl
1. Turn off electricity to waterer.
2. Remove the top cover, lock the beam
with the beam lock lever and remove the
drinking bowl.
3. Turn water off at brass shut-off valve
and disconnect flare nut with flare fitting
connecting the brass shut-off valve to the
copper water supply tube. This is a good
opportunity to inspect your inline water filter
for sediment buildup.
4. Unfasten cross beam by removing cross
beam screws and hang cross beam and cage
on edge of housing to allow room to vacuum.
5. Use a Wet/Dry Shop Vacuum to remove
debris, under bowl.
3. Next, lock the pivot beam with the beam
lock lever to close the valve.
4. Remove drinking bowl.
5. Open the brass shut-off valve by turning
it counter clockwise.
6. Using coin or screwdriver, turn control
adjustment screw (3/8” stainless steel screw
in brass bushing) until a very small stream
flows from the water spout tube and breaksup into drops about 3” below tube outlet.
Then turn control valve adjustment screw
counter-clockwise which will cause water to
stop flowing. Then turn the screw an additional
1/4 turn counter clockwise.
7. Replace drinking bowl, release beam lock
lever, and observe water refilling bowl.
RATE OF FLOW – BRASS SHUT-OFF
VALVE
The brass shut-off valve has two functions.
1. Regulate rate of water flow into drinking
bowl. 2. Shut-off water supply when
necessary.
Brass
Shut-Off
Valve
Note: If, after initial adjustment, water
does not completely shut-off and drips, lock
the beam lock lever and turn the control
valve adjustment screw another 1/4 turn
counter-clockwise. Continue this process at
1/4 turn intervals until water shuts-off
completely after refilling.
The brass shutoff valve should be opened 1
to 3 turns (or more, depending on water
pressure) for normal operation. Water should
2
not swirl out of bowl when refilling. Note: If
water seeps from top of brass shut-off valve,
tighten packing nut located below valve handle
on valve stem. Tighten no more than
necessary to stop leakage.
TESTING HEATING ELEMENT &
THERMOSTAT
Test heating element and thermostat with
ohm meter.
Heater
Assembly
THERMOSTAT
1. Remove thermostat from waterer (See
Removing/Replacing Heater & Thermostat).
2. Place thermostat in freezer for 30
minutes. The thermostat is basically a switch.
The cold will cause the thermostat to close.
3. Remove from freezer and test the
thermostat for continuity using ohm meter. If
continuity is noted, thermostat is working
properly. If continuity is zero or infinity,
thermostat has failed.
Ohm Meter
Thermostat
Ohm Meter
REPLACING HEATER & THERMOSTAT
HEATER
1. Remove heater from waterer (See
Removing/Replacing Heater & Thermostat).
2. If the heating element is bent or warped,
replace heater. A bent or warped heater is an
indication that excessive water has been
spilled on heater when heater has been on.
Heating element will likely fail in the near
future. Excessive water spilled on the heating
element likely is an indication that there is
sediment in the valve and dripping and
overflowing is occurring. See section Dripping
& Overflow.
3. Test heater for continuity using an ohm
meter. Heating element should be replaced if
Ohmmeter is reading either zero or infinity.
Heating element is ok if ohmmeter display
reads 53-63 ohms on 250-watt element
(heater in model 730 waterers) and 41-48
ohms on 325-watt element (heater in model
760 waterers).
WARNING! TURN OFF
ELECTRICITY WHEN
SERVICING WATERER.
Always turn off power to waterers
when using a tool to service or
maintain waterer to eliminate risk
of electrocution. Read all warnings
on page 12.
Use written instructions below in
conjunction with Heater & Thermostat
Installation Diagrams on page 10.
allow the heater assembly to be removed from
the waterer. The heater assembly consists of
the heating element, heat deflector, and two
sets of ceramic insulators. There are three
ceramic insulators to a set for a total of six
ceramic insulators. Also included are two
bolts, four nuts and two washers. Now when
you purchase a heater it comes as a heater
assembly.
8. Locate the heater assembly so that the
tip of the heating element is on the same side
as the reflector shield located at the end of the
cross beam. Snap the strain relief connector
to the end of the power cord at the base of the
stripped wires. The head of the strain relief
connector should be pointed at the heating
element.
9. Loop the power cord of the heater over
the cross beam along the side of the housing.
Place the stripped wires through the junction
box in the knock out hole located underneath
the thermostat. Snap the strain relief connector
into the hole. Connect the wires within the
junction box and your heater should work fine.
WEIGHT INSTALLATION
1. To eliminate risk of electrocution turn off
electric power supply to waterer.
2. Turn off water to waterer at brass shut-off
valve.
3. Remove the pivot beam and cage for
easy access to the junction box.
A. This is accomplished by first
removing the lead counter weight.
B. Next remove the cotter key from the
tapered end of the brass pivot shaft and
slide the brass pivot shaft out.
C. The pivot beam and cage may then
be removed as a unit.
4. Remove the cover to the junction box and
disconnect all wires in the junction box.
5. Take out the thermostat by removing the
mounting nut located inside the junction box
from the thermostat housing. The thermostat
is then free to be removed.
Weight Installation:
1. Remove shipping pads from lead weight
before installation.
2. Top side of weight is indicated on weight.
3. Moving weight in toward center lowers
water level. Moving weight out from center
increases water level.
6. With a pair of pliers squeeze the end of the
strain relief and pull it out of the junction box
Questions?
7. Next remove the two nuts securing the
heater assembly to the cross beam. This will
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Monday-Friday 7:30-5:00 CST
3
has come out of position, reposition shaft and
replace the cotter key.
WARNING! TURN OFF
ELECTRICITY WHEN
SERVICING WATERER.
Always turn off power to waterers
when using a tool to service or
maintain waterer to eliminate risk
of electrocution. Read all warnings
on page 12.
TIGHTEN SCREWS
TOP VIEW:
COVER & BOWL REMOVED
HEATER
ASSEMBLY
SCREWS
4. Check the position of the beam lock lever
making sure it does not interfere with the
movement of the pivot beam or drinking bowl.
5. Finally, check for obstructions below the
drinking bowl that prevents the free
movement of the pivot beam or the drinking
bowl. The brass shut-off valve on the water
supply line is usually the obstruction. Inspect
the water supply line for interference with any
moving parts.
B. ADJUSTING THE CONTROL VALVE
Water Spout Tube
Beam
Lock Lever
Valve
Adjustment
Screw
C. INSPECTING/REPLACING INLINE
WATER FILTER & CONTROL VALVE
If dripping and overflow continues and
there is no obstruction and the control
valve has been adjusted, you will need to
remove the inline water filter and control
valve to inspect for sediment or worn
components. Use the instructions below in
conjunction with the diagrams and
instructions on page 11.
1. To remove the filter and control valve for
inspection you will need to shut-off electric
power and shut-off the water supply at the
brass shut-off valve.
2. Next, unfasten the fitting connecting the
brass shut-off valve to the copper water supply.
3. Then remove the nylon inline filter located
just inside the copper water supply tube. A
tool such as a pocket knife or needle nose
pliers may be required. Now if you see
sediment you will need to clean or replace the
filter. Also inspect the filter carefully for tears
and, if torn, replace the filter.
Shut-off
Valve
CROSS
BEAM
SCREWS
BRASS
PIVOT SHAFT
WEIGHT
ADJUSTMENT
SCREW
Tighten Screws: 1. Tighten screws every fall.
2. Tighten cover clip screws on top cover
casting. 3. Verify cotter pins are in each end of
brass pivot shaft.
DRIPPING & OVERFLOW
Filter
1. Remove top aluminum casting.
2. Lock the pivot beam with the beam lock
lever to close the valve.
3. Remove drinking bowl.
4. Open the brass shut-off valve by turning
counter clockwise.
A waterer that drips when it should be shutoff most likely has sand or other sediment in
the control valve. Other causes could be an
obstruction which interferes with the
movement of the pivot beam or the control
valve is out of the adjustment. Follow the steps
A through C below to isolate and resolve the
dripping problem.
5. Using coin or screwdriver, turn control
adjustment screw ( 3/8” stainless steel screw in
brass bushing) clockwise until a very small
stream flows from the water spout tube and
breaks-up into drops about 3” below tube outlet.
Then turn control valve adjustment screw 1/4
counter-clockwise which will cause water to stop
flowing. Then turn the screw an additional 1/4
turn counter clockwise.
A. CHECKING FOR OBSTRUCTION
6. Replace drinking bowl, release beam lock
lever, and observe water entering bowl.
1. To look for an obstruction start with the
cover and drinking bowl removed, check the
cross beam screws to make sure they are tight.
2. The counterweight must be securely
mounted on the pivot beam.
3. Next examine the brass pivot shaft. If a
cotter key is missing and the brass pivot shaft
4
Shut-off valve must be installed
properly to service filter (see page 7).
Note: If, after initial adjustment, water does
not completely shut-off and drips, lock the beam
lock lever and turn the control valve adjustment
screw another 1/4 turn counter-clockwise.
Continue this process at 1/4 turn intervals until
water shuts-off completely after refilling.
4. Next remove the control valve to inspect
for sediment and worn valve parts. With the
power and water still off, remove the lead
weight then remove the cotter pin from the
tapered end of the brass pivot shaft and slide
the shaft out. The pivot beam and cage may
then be removed as a unit. Remove the brass
hex nut that secures the control valve to the
bracket.
5. Next unfasten the water supply hose and
the copper water spout tube from each end of
the control valve.
6. Unscrew the valve cap from the bottom
of the control valve to remove the valve stem
and stainless steel spring. Now rinse the
individual valve components thoroughly with
water. Sediment impeding the control valve
may not be visible.
Brass Hex Nut
Control
Valve
Complete
Valve
Body
Ports are
labeled
“IN” and
“OUT”
Control
Valve
Port
on its own individual electrical circuit so as to
reduce nuisance tripping.
NEXT STEP - If it is verified that there is
electrical power to the waterers go to Step
2 - “Inspect Waterer”.
2. INSPECT WATERER
Valve
Stem
O-ring
Brass Screw
Valve Cap
Black O-ring
7. Inspect the valve body by holding it up to
the light. Examine the valve body for cracks.
A black o-ring is located on the valve cap at
the base of the threads. Closely examine the
cavity the valve stem occupies. It should be
smooth. Replace the valve if there are any
nicks or gouges in valve body. Inspect the
valve stem for wear. Focus on the black
rubber seat located at the base of the stem. It
should be smooth. Replace valve stem if
there are any nicks or gouges. A small black
o-ring is located at the head of the stem.
8. Before reassembling the control valve
lubricate the valve stem with a liberal amount
of petroleum jelly.
9. It’s important to tighten the brass screw
at the end of the valve stem.
10. Insert the stem followed by the spring
into the valve body. Tighten the valve cap with
your hands. DO NOT use a wrench. Nelson
sells internal valve components or the entire
valve as replacement parts. Refer to your
parts list when ordering parts.
11. When replacing the control valve make
certain water flows through the valve in the
proper direction. Otherwise it will not shut-off.
Connect the water supply tube to the IN port
on the control valve and the copper water
spout tube to the OUT port.
12. When reassembling the pivot beam and
cage to the cross beam it is much easier to
insert the brass pivot shaft with the lead
weight and control valve adjustment screw
removed.
13. Now adjust the control valve and your
problems with dripping and overflow should
be fixed.
Large Cold Water Filter: If your water
contains large amounts of debris, and/or if
you have a large number of waterers,
install one large cold water filter at a
convenient non-freeze location. Consult a
licensed plumber.
Flush Waterline Before Installation. If
waterline is not thoroughly flushed, the
inline filter will clog and the control valve
may not seal, resulting in dripping and
overflow.
FREEZE-UP
If it is a cold day and the waterer is not
refilling or there is ice in the drinking bowl, it is
likely that freeze up has occurred. Follow the
steps below to isolate and resolve the freezeup problem.
1. INSPECT ELECTRICAL CIRCUIT
A. Freeze-up may be the result of a blown
fuse or tripped circuit breaker. If a fuse has
blown or a breaker has tripped, there may be a
safety issue with the circuit. DO NOT turn
electrical power on to the waterers until a
licensed electrician has inspected the circuit.
Keeping electrical power OFF to the circuit will
eliminate risk of electrocution.
B. Freeze-up may be the result of not having
the electrical power switched on to the
waterer. This is common during the first cold
weather of the season as it is recommended
that electrical power be turned off to waterers
during non-freezing months. Sometimes the
electrical circuit is not turned on for a new
installation.
C. Nuisance tripping from Ground Fault
Interrupters (GFIs) may cause freeze-up. If
GFIs are used, it is best that each waterer be
A. Remove the top cover and drinking bowl
to visually inspect the heater. If temperatures
are below freezing, the heater should be
cycling, turning off and on. The colder the
outside temperature the longer the heater will
remain on during the cycle. If the heater is
working, the crossbeam under the drinking
bowl should be warm or even hot to the
touch, so be careful. You may see a red glow
under the cross beam as the heater can
become red hot.
NEXT STEP - If there is electrical power to
waterer and heater is not cycling, go to
Section “Test Heater & Thermostat”.
NEXT STEP - If the heater is cycling but
water is not refilling, go to Step 3 – “Other
Causes for Freeze-Up”.
3. OTHER CAUSES FOR FREEZE-UP
A. Brass Shut-Off Valve & Water Supply
Hose Location (See diagram on page 9.)
Failure to install the shut-off valve and water
supply hose in the proper location may result
in freeze-up and the inability to shut-off the
water supply and service the inline water filter.
Relocate brass shut-off valve and water supply
hose if originally installed incorrectly.
B. Inadequate Heat Well Size
The most efficient method used to protect
the riser pipe from freezing is to utilize the
earth’s heat. Ground heat is obtained by
digging a hole, otherwise known as a heat well
directly below the waterer. The earths heat
naturally rises and circulates around the
waterline protecting it from freezing. The wider
& deeper the heat well, the more ground heat
can be obtained. Freeze-up can occur if the
heat well is not large enough. Installation
instructions state, that when using ground
heat to protect the riser pipe from freezing. It is
necessary to extend an 8 to 10 inch diameter
Questions?
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Monday-Friday 7:30-5:00 CST
5
hole 4 or more feet below the frost line. For
example, if the frost line is 4 ft, the hole
should extend down 8 or more feet. If the
heat well does not generate enough ground
heat to protect the waterline from freezing, you
can purchase Nelson’s Waterline Insulation,
accessory 1004 direct from the factory. It
retains the heat in the waterline while allowing
the ground heat to rise and circulate around
the waterline.
C. Obstructions In Heat Well
Waterline freeze-up can result from the heat
well being blocked with an obstruction. It’s
not uncommon for people to choke off the
naturally rising geothermal heat by filling the
heat well with insulation, sand or dirt. This
prevents ground heat from circulating and
causes the waterline to freeze.
D. Vertical Water Line Makes Contact With
Heat Well
A vertical waterline that is bowed and
makes contact with the wall of the heat well or
mounting base above the frost line can freeze
at point of contact. This is common with freestanding models not wall-mounted models.
Nelson Waterline Insulation Acc. 1004 over the
vertical waterline prevents direct contact
between waterline and heat well. Insert
insulation between the wall of the hole and the
waterline if contact is unavoidable.
F. Heat Tape
Locating heat tape or heat cable too close to
the waterer’s thermostat can warm the
thermostat, preventing it from activating the
heater when the temperature is cold.
Conversely, heat tapes often come with
thermostats. If the heat tapes thermostat is
located too close to the waterers heater, the
heat tape my not be activated when
necessary. Waterline freeze-up can result.
G. Copper Water Spout Tube Makes
Contact With Cover
DO NOT allow the copper water spout tube
to come in contact with the top cover of
waterer. Water may freeze at point of contact.
The copper water spout tube may be bent
slightly to eliminate contact or be covered with
Nelson
Thermal
Cap
ACC.#TC730 for Models 730
ACC.#TC760 for Models 760
Wall-mounted models - It’s common for
models mounted to the wall to have air gaps
underneath where the waterline comes into the
waterer and in the back where the waterer
mounts against the wall. Air gaps in these
areas can freeze the waterline and also cause
the heater to run excessively, substantially
increasing the cost of operation and reducing
heater and thermostat life. Gaps underneath
the waterer can also allow easy entry for mice.
Material used to seal the area depends on the
size of the gap. Sheet metal and or chalking
with an all-weather sealant may be necessary.
6
Waterer is not going to be used for an
extended period.
1. Remove top cover and lock down
balance beam with beam lock lever.
2. Remove and empty drinking bowl.
3. Inspect area below drinking bowl and
cross beam. Remove debris with wet/dry
shop vacuum if necessary. See Section
“Cleaning Waterer”.
4. Turn-off water at brass shut-off valve.
5. Place drinking empty drinking bowl back
into waterer.
6. Place top cover on housing and latch
securely.
7. Over top cover install Nelson Thermal
Cap Accessory. The Nelson Thermal Cap is
designed to reduce energy consumption and
to keep the waterer clean when not in service.
WARRANTY
E. Air Gaps
Free-standing models - It’s common for
models mounted to a concrete pad or to a
concrete pipe to have air gaps between the
housing and concrete base. Air gaps in these
areas can freeze the waterline and also cause
the heater to run excessively, substantially
increasing the cost of operation and reducing
heater and thermostat life. Seal the air gaps
by caulking with an all-weather sealant where
the waterer and base contact.
TAKING WATERER TEMPORARILY
OUT OF SERVICE
electricians tape to insulate.
H. Water Level In Drinking Bowl
The water level in the drinking bowl should
be adjusted such that water does not come
into contact with the cover. The aluminum
cover may conduct heat away from the water
in the bowl, causing the water to freeze.
I. Voltage Drop
Voltage drop is the reduction in voltage in an
electrical ciruit between the source and the
waterer. If the proper sized wire is not used
to accommodate for voltage drop, inadequate
voltage will result. The heater will not heat to
capacity and freeze-up will result. This
problem is more common when the waterers
are located a long distance from the electrical
source.
Nelson Manufacturing Company will repair
or, at its option, replace without charge, any
parts found defective upon examination at the
factory if returned within the guarantee period,
transportation charges prepaid. Replacement
shipment will be made transportation charges
prepaid. Nelson Waterers are guaranteed
against defects in workmanship and/or
materials for one year. Nelson heaters and
thermostats are guaranteed against defects in
workmanship and/or materials for three years.
WARNING! TURN OFF
ELECTRICITY WHEN SERVICING
WATERER.
Always turn off power to waterers
when using a tool to service or
maintain waterer to eliminate risk
of electrocution. Read all warnings
on page 12.
Questions?
Phone: 888-844-6606
www.nelsonmfg.com
Monday-Friday 7:30-5:00 CST
Waterer Components - Top Cover & Bowl Removed
STRAIN RELEIF
CONNECTOR
LOCATION OF INLINE
WATER FILTER
THERMOSTAT
BRASS SHUT-OFF VALVE
HEATER ASSEMBLY SCREWS
HANDY BOX
HEAT SHEILD
(BOTTOM PART OF
HEATER ASSEMBLY)
CROSS BEAM
HEATING ELEMENT
(LOCATED UNDER CROSS BEAM)
WATER SPOUT TUBE
WATER SUPPLY HOSE
CONTROL VALVE
ADJUSTMENT SCREW
BRASS PIVOT SHAFT
COUNTER WEIGHT
PIVOT BEAM
WATERER COMPONENTS
Pivot Beam is similar to the long board of a
teeter totter. Attached to one end of the pivot
beam is the drinking bowl cage and on the other
end of the pivot beam is the counter weight.
The pivot beam pivots on the brass pivot shaft.
The weight of the water in the drinking bowl
causes the pivot beam to pivot and activate the
control valve. The control valve regulates water
coming into the drinking bowl.
Control Valve Adjustment Screw is located
in the pivot beam directly above the control
valve. The control valve adjustment screw
opens and closes the control valve. The
control valve regulates water coming into the
drinking bowl.
Control Valve –The control valve regulates
the water refilling the drinking bowl. It is
located directly below the control valve
adjustment screw. The control valve will
operate on water pressure from 20 to 80 psi.
Optimal pressure range is 40-60 psi. Consult
a qualified plumber if your water pressure falls
outside of this range. The inlet and outlet
ports of the control valve are imprinted on the
control valve just below the port holes. “IN” is
the port hole the water supply hose feeds and
“OUT” is the port hole that feeds the copper
water spout tube.
Brass Pivot Shaft – The pivot beam pivots
on the brass pivot shaft. The brass pivot shaft
connects the pivot beam and drinking bowl
cage to the cross beam.
Counter Weight – The counter weight is
attached to the pivot beam on the opposite
end from the drinking bowl. Stamped on the
counter weight is the word “TOP”, which is to
face up when installed.
Beam Lock Lever. Locking the pivot beam
with the beam lock lever prevents water from
coming out the water spout tube while the
drinking bowl is removed for cleaning or other
maintenance.
Brass Shut-off Valve regulates the rate of
water flow. Turn the shut-off valve clockwise
to close and counter clockwise to open.
There are several important reasons to locate
the brass shut-off valve and water supply hose
in the correct location: 1) freeze protection 2)
easy access to the shut-off valve and 3) easy
access to the inline water filter.
Water Supply Hose fastens to the brass
shut-off valve on one end and to the “IN” port
of the control valve on the other end. Proper
location of the water supply hose and brass
shut-off valve are important for several
reasons: 1) freeze protection 2) easy access
to the shut-off valve and 3) easy access to the
inline water filter.
Inline Water Filter - is shaped like a pencil
and located inside the water supply hose
where hose fastens to the brass shut-off
valve. The filter’s purpose is to trap sediment
in the water before the sediment travels
downstream to the control valve. A slow
down in rate of water flow into the drinking
bowl is an indication that the filter is filling with
sediment and may need to be cleaned
Copper Water Spout Tube fastens to the
“OUT” port of the control valve and refills the
drinking bowl with water from above.
Heater is located under the cross beam.
The heater heats the air that surrounds the
drinking bowl. The heater is activated by the
thermostat, turning on and off as necessary.
The heater will get very hot (red hot).
Thermostat is cylinder shaped metal tube
located on the outside of the electrical junction
box. The thermostat acts as a switch, turning
the heater on and off depending on
temperature.
Strain Relief Connector is located in
electrical junction box and prevents the heater
cord from being pulled out of the electrical
junction box.
7
Installation In Freezing Climates - Protecting Vertical Waterline
FREE-STANDING MODEL
TOP COVER
CASTING
ALWAYS TURN OFF ELECTRICITY TO WATERERS:
1. after winter season when temperatures are
consistently above freezing.
2. when using a tool to service or maintain waterer.
CONCRETE PAD
NELSON WATERLINE INSULATION
ACCESSORY #1004. LEAVE 2” AIR
GAP BETWEEN INSULATION AND
HEATER ASSEMBLY IN WATERER.
WALL-MOUNT MODEL
WALL
WATER AND ELECTRIC LINES
730-10C
* DRAIN PIPE:
MODEL 730-24 – 8” ID DRAIN PIPE
MODEL 760-24 – 10” ID DRAIN PIPE
* PVC OR ADS CORRUGATED
NON-PERFORATED PIPE TO KEEP HOLE
FROM FILLING WITH DIRT.
NO INSULATION BELOW
HORIZONTAL WATERLINE
SEAL AIR GAP BETWEEN
BOTTOM PLATE AND
6” SCH 40 PVC PIPE WITH
ALL-WEATHER SEALANT
6“ SCH 40 PVC PIPE 6.625” OD EXTEND
NO MORE THAN 1/2” THROUGH
BOTTOM PLATE INTO WATERER
NELSON WATERLINE
INSULATION ACCESSORY #1004.
EXTEND NO MORE THAN 1/2” THROUGH
BOTTOM PLATE INTO WATERER
DEPTH OF HOLE BELOW
WATERER DEPENDS ON
DEPTH OF FROST LINE.
HOLE SHOULD EXTEND
DOWN 4-6 FEET BELOW
THE FROST LINE
WATER &
ELECTRIC LINES
DEPTH OF HOLE BELOW WATERER
DEPENDS ON DEPTH OF FROST LINE.
HOLE SHOULD EXTEND DOWN 4-6 FEET
BELOW THE FROST LINE
8
Installation In Freezing Climate - Plumbing Inside Waterer
TOP VIEW COVER AND BOWL REMOVED
WATER
SUPPLY
HOSE
SHOULD
BE
LOCATED
OVER
CROSS
BEAM,
ON SAME
SIDE AS
HOLE IN
CROSS
BEAM, ON
OPPOSITE
SIDE OF
WATER
SPOUT
TUBE.
WARNING! SHUT-OFF
VALVE AND WATER
SUPPLY HOSE
LOCATION
Failure to install the
shut-off valve and water
supply hose in the proper
location may result in
freeze up and the inability
to shut-off the water
supply and service the
inline water filter.
COPPER WATER
SPOUT TUBE
CROSS BEAM HOLE
BRASS SHUT-OFF LOCATION
WATER FILTER LOCATION
• Flush waterlines before inserting filter and using waterers. If waterline is not
completely flushed of debris, filter may clog and control valve may not function
properly resulting in dripping and overflow.
• Install a large cold water filter in a non-freeze location if your water contains a lot of
debris and/or if you have a large number of waterers.
• DO NOT bend/crimp copper tube leading to brass shut-off valve.
Filter
Shutoff
Valve
760-24
3“
Copper Tube
9
HEATER & THERMOSTAT INSTALLATION DIAGRAMS
TOP VIEW: COVER & BOWL REMOVED
WARNING! TURN OFF ELECTRICITY WHEN SERVICING WATERER
Always turn off power to waterers when using a tool to service or
maintain waterer to eliminate risk of electrocution. Waterers should be on
dedicated circuits.
ELECTRICAL
JUNCTION BOX
STRAIN RELIEF CONNECTOR
HEAT SHEILD
THERMOSTAT
ELECTRICAL JUNCTION BOX COVER:
• Replace old cover with new cover provided with heaters & thermostats.
THERMOSTAT IS LOCATED IN ELECTRICAL JUNCTION BOX
AS INDICATED IN DIAGRAM.
STRAIN RELIEF CONNECTOR PREVENTS HEATER CORD FROM BEING
PULLED OUT OF JUNCTION BOX. SEE INSTRUCTIONS BELOW.
•Locate Connector on heater cord with large head of Connector on heating
element side. Allow enough cord on junction box side for wire
connections to be made inside junction box.
•Insert Connector and heater cord in junction box (as indicated in
diagram) using pliers and fingers until Connector snaps in place.
•Test by pulling on heater cord toward heating element. Connector and
heater cord should not pull out of junction box.
POWER SUPPLY MUST PROVIDE:
•A HOT wire which is connected to remaining BLACK wire of thermostat.
WATER
SPOUT
TUBE
•A NEUTRAL wire which is connected to WHITE wire of heater.
•A GROUND wire which must be connected to the ground screw in the
handy box. This will ground both the waterer and the heating element.
INTENDED USE:
• Thermostat Part 758 is designed for both Models 730 & 760.
• Heater Parts 755C & 755HA are designed for Model 730 Waterers only.
• Heater Parts 785C & 785HA are designed for Model 760 Waterers only.
• Heater’s Parts 755C & 785C come with Heating Element, Heat Shield,
Ceramic Insulators, Strain Relief Connector and Cover for Junction Box.
• Do not use for any other application.
HEATING
ELEMENT
(BELOW
CROSS BEAM)
CERAMIC
INSULATORS
HOLE IN
CROSS BEAM
WARNING! USE CARE NOT to spill water on heating element. Water on
heating element reduces heater life and may lead to freeze-up. Keep area
below drinking bowl as dry and clean as possible.
Heater & Thermostat Wiring Diagram
WARNING! ELECTRICAL INSTALLATION
& MAINTENANCE
Use a licensed electrician to install and maintain the
Waterer, so you can be assured that you have complied
with all national and local electrical codes and that you
have not created a risk of electrocution or fire. Improper
installation or maintenance may result in serious injury or
death for personnel or animals or damage to structures.
A LICENSED ELECTRICIAN WILL DETERMINE:
A) Type and size of service wire, B) grounding procedure,
and C) proper fusing of heater.
ELECTRICAL
JUNCTION BOX
GROUND WIRE: The heating element is grounded to the
waterer by a green ground screw at the factory. The ground wire
from the power service should be secured to the waterer with
the second green ground screw provided in the handy box. When
using wire-nuts, follow instruction on wire-nut box. Tape wire
nuts to wire to prevent loosening.
FUSING: Waterers must be individually fused. Do not over fuse.
Consult a licensed electrician. Heating rating @ 120 volts AC.
QUESTIONS?
Phone: 888-844-6606
Monday-Friday 7:30-5:00 CST
HEATER #
755
785
DEDICATED CIRCUITS – Waterers must be on dedicated
circuits. TURN POWER OFF after the Winter heating season when
heaters are no longer needed (temperatures are consistently
above freezing) or when performing maintenance on waterers.
10
Instructions For Replacing Plumbing Parts Including Control Valve & Filter
TOP VIEW: COVER & BOWL REMOVED
Water
Supply
Hose
Beam
Lock
Lever
WATER FILTER LOCATION
Brass Shut-off Valve
Copper Tube
Brass Shut-off Valve
Filter
Cross Beam
• Water supply hose and shut-off valve should be located as shown in diagram
on left for easier filter access and maximum freeze protection.
• Install a large cold water filter in a non-freeze location if your water contains a
lot of debris and/or if you have a large number of waterers.
• DO NOT bend/crimp copper tube leading to brass shut-off valve.
CONTROL VALVE LOCATION
Water
Supply
Hose
Copper Water
Spout Tube
Hole In
Cross Beam
Control Valve
Adjustment Screw
WARNING! TURN OFF POWER WHEN
SERVICING WATERER.
Always turn off power when using a tool
to service or maintain waterer to
eliminate risk of electrocution. Waterers
should be on dedicated circuits.
Tools Needed:
• Safety glasses
• (1) needle-nose pliers - medium to small size.
• (1) open end or adjustable wrench - 11/16”
• (1) open end wrench - 3/4”
• (1) open or boxed end wrench - 7/8”
• (1) open or boxed end wrench - 7/16”
• (1) straight bit screw driver - 1/4”
Removing Filter and Control Valve
1. Unlatch and remove top cover casting.
2. Lock the balance beam off the valve using
the beam lock lever. This prevents the valve
from opening and water pouring from water
spout tube.
3. Remove drinking bowl.
4. Shut-off water supply at the brass shut-off
valve. (If brass shut-off valve is hard to
access, it may be easier to come back to
steps 5 and 6 after completing steps 7-9.)
5. Using a 3/4” open end wrench, unfasten the
flare nut connected to the shut-off valve. A
second wrench (11/16” open or adjustable)
may be needed to hold the brass shut-off valve
in place while unfastening the brass flare nut.
Control Valve
Adjustment Screw
Pivot
Beam
Copper
Water
Spout
Tube
Brass
Pivot Shaft
Pivot Beam
Counter Weight
Control Valve
6. Using needle nose pliers remove nylon water
filter located just inside the water supply
tube. Set the filter aside for cleaning.
7. Using 7/16” wrench remove the lead counter
weight and set aside.
8. Using needle nose pliers remove the cotter
pin on the tapered end of the brass pivot
shaft and slide the pivot shaft out.
9. The pivot beam and cage may then be
removed as a unit. With the pivot beam and
cage removed, it is a good opportunity to
clean under the cross beam and heater if
debris is present. Mice have been known to
build nests in this area. A wet/dry shop
vacuum works well.
10. Disconnect water spout tube from plastic locator.
11. Using a 7/8” open or box end wrench,
remove brass hex nut secures the control
valve to the bracket. Plumbing should lift out.
12. Using hands, unscrew water supply hose
and water spout tube from each end of the
control valve.
13. When installing new control valve, make
certain water flows through the valve in the
proper direction; otherwise, it will not shutoff. The words “IN” and ‘OUT” are
imprinted on the valve directly below the
port holes. Connect the water supply hose
to the “IN” port. Connect the copper water
spout tube to the “OUT” port. Before
connecting the water supply line apply
Teflon® pipe tape to the threads of the
brass fittings. Avoid pipe joint compound,
as some brands harden and fail over time.
Cross Beam
14. *Reassemble parts (see note).
15. With beam lock lever still locking pivot
beam off valve, open brass shut-off valve.
16. Adjust control valve at valve adjustment
screw.
a. Using screw driver, turn valve adjustment
screw (3/8” stainless steel screw in brass
bushing) until very small stream flows from
the water spout tube and breaks –up into
drops about 3” below tube outlet. Then turn
control valve adjustment screw 1/4 turn
counter-clockwise which will cause water to
stop flowing.
Note: If, after initial adjustment, water does
not completely shut-off and drips, lock the
beam lock lever and turn the control valve
adjustment screw another 1/4 turn counterclockwise. Continue the process at 1/4 turn
intervals until water shuts-off completely
after refilling.
17. Insert stainless steel bowl back into
waterer, release beam lock lever to allow
refilling and latch top cover to housing.
*Note: It is much easier to install the lead
counter weight and control valve adjustment
screw onto the pivot beam and cage AFTER
installing pivot beam and cage to the cross
beam with the brass pivot shaft.
QUESTIONS?
Phone: 888-844-6606
Monday-Friday 7:30-5:00 CST
11
Warnings: Nelson 700 Series Waterers
TURN OFF POWER
TO WATERERS
AFTER WINTER SEASON
Keep drinking bowl in place and
top cover latched at all times.
Wall must be
strong and rigid.
No Air Gaps
Concrete Pad
Seal Air Gaps
Between Bottom
Plate of Waterer
and PVC Pipe.
PVC Pipe protects
the water and
electrical lines.
Frost Depth
Frost Depth
Water and
Electric Lines
Heat Well Transmits
Ground Heat up to the Waterer
Water and
Electric Lines
Heat Well Transmits
Ground Heat up to the Waterer
WARNING! Electrical Installation & Maintenance
Use a licensed electrician to install and maintain the Waterer, so that
you can be assured that you have complied with all national and local
electrical codes and that you have not created a risk of electrocution or
fire. Improper installation or maintenance may result in serious injury or
death for personnel or animals or damage to structures.
WARNING! Top Cover & Drinking Bowl
Drinking Bowl should be in waterer and top cover latched to waterer at
all times unless personnel are at waterer performing maintenance such
as cleaning, inspecting or replacing parts. Failure to comply may give
animals access to power supply and may result in serious injury or
death to personnel or animals or damage to structure.
WARNING! Turn Off Electricity When Servicing Waterer
Always turn off power to waterers when using a tool to service or
maintain waterer to eliminate risk of electrocution. Waterers should be
on dedicated circuits.
WARNING! Seal Air Gaps
Seal small air gaps between concrete base and housing of freestanding models and between 6” SCH 40 PVC Pipe and bottom plate
on wall mount models. Use all-weather silicon sealant on outside of
housing for small air gaps. Call factory or consult installation instructions
if a large gap exists. Air gaps allow cold air to enter waterer and can
result in freeze-up, excessive energy consumption, and shortened
heater and thermostat life.
WARNING! Turn Off Electricity After Winter Season
Always turn off electricity to waterers when heaters are no longer
necessary (temperatures are consistently above freezing) to eliminate any
risk of accident resulting in electrocution or fire. Waterers should be on
dedicated circuits.
WARNING! Mounting Base
Do not mount or set waterers with heaters on top of wooden or
combustible bases. This may result in serious injury or death for
personnel or animals or damage to structures.
WARNING! Inspect Waterers Daily
Inspect and clean waterers daily. Cleaning (emptying) the drinking
bowl will allow you to verify waterers are automatically refilling and
heaters are working. If a waterer is not refilling as a result of a power
outage and resulting freeze-up or a component failure, animals will not
have water. This could lead to dehydration, illness or death.
WARNING! DO NOT expose animals to electrical wires
All electrical wires and insulation should be covered with protective PVC pipe
or metal conduit pipe. This will help prevent animals from chewing through
electrical wires and creating a risk of fire or electrocution. Consult a licensed
electrician to assure you are complying with all local and national codes.
WARNING! USE CARE NOT to
spill water on heating element
Water on heating element reduces
heater life and may lead to freezeup. Keep area below drinking bowl
as dry and clean as possible.
Questions?
or to place an order:
Phone: 888-844-6606
www.nelsonmfg.com
Monday-Friday 7:30-5:00 CST
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