Passenger Safety Passenger Safety

Passenger Safety Passenger Safety
Passenger Safety
Issue One: Pre-trip Inspection - Prepare for vehicle walk-around
Preparing the Vehicle
1. Start the engine and turn on the fast idle.
2. Make sure the transmission is in neutral or park and the parking brake is set.
3. Turn on inside & outside lights & 4-way
flashers. 4. Turn on heater or A/C, depending on weather.
5. Briefly test horn and windshield washer/wipers. * It is important to check that the parking brake is set
whether your vehicle is in park or neutral.
**Information taken directly from National RTAP’s Safety Training and Rural Transit Training Module. Photo by Nusura, Inc.
Passenger Safety
Issue One: Pre-trip Inspection - Walk-around front
The following items should be reviewed as you inspect the front of the vehicle:
Front of Vehicle
Front Curb Side
- Frame and underbody
- Frame and underbody
- Tires
- Tires and rims
- Fluid leaks or abnormal engine noise
- Wheel wells
- Headlights (high & low)
- Front door glass
- Check for body damage
- Front turn/4-way signal lights
- Windshield glass not chipped or cracked
- Clearance lights and reflectors
- License plate present and secure
- Mirrors and mirror mounts
- Wiper blades not brittle or torn
- Turn/4-way signal lights
- Clearance lights and reflectors Front Road Side
- Frame and underbody
- Tires and rims
- Wheel wells
- Turn/4-way signal lights
- Clearance lights and reflectors
- Mirrors and mounts
- Driver’s side window
**Information taken directly from National RTAP’s Safety Training and Rural Transit Training Module
Passenger Safety
Quiz One: Pre-trip Inspection - Prepare for vehicle walk-around
Please answer the following questions:
1. The vehicle’s parking brake should be set when you prepare for your pre-trip inspection walk-around.
True or False
(circle one)
2. When conducting the pre-trip inspection walk-around, you should turn on all inside and outside lights as well
as your 4-way flashers.
True or False
(circle one)
3. After you start the engine to prepare for the pre-inspection walk-around, you should not turn on the fast idle.
True or False
(circle one)
Trainee Signature: ________________________________________________________________ Date: _____________
Supervisor Signature: _____________________________________________________________ Date: _____________
Passenger Safety
Quiz One: Pre-trip Inspection - Walk-around front
Please answer the following questions:
1. You should check for fluid leaks or abnormal engine noises during the front walk-around.
True or False
(circle one)
2. It is unimportant if the license plate is present on the front of your vehicle.
True or False
(circle one)
3. You should check the front door glass during the pre-trip inspection front walk-around.
True or False
(circle one)
Trainee Signature: __________________________________________________________ Date: ___________
Supervisor Signature: _______________________________________________________ Date: ___________
Passenger Safety
Issue One: Pre-trip Inspection - Walk-around middle
The following items should be reviewed as you check the middle of the vehicle:
Middle Road Side and Curb Side
- Frame and underbody
- Wheel wells
- Check for body damage
- Clearance lights and reflectors
- Tires and rims
- Air tank and lines (leaks and tampering)
- Passenger windows
**Information taken directly from National RTAP’s Safety Training and Rural Transit Training Module. Photo by Nusura, Inc.
Passenger Safety
Issue One: Pre-trip Inspection - Walk-around rear
The following should be reviewed as you check the rear of the vehicle:
Rear of Vehicle - Frame and underbody
- Tires
- Brake lights (with assistance or a wall)
- Turn/4-way lights - Clearance lights and reflectors
- Check for body damage
- Rear window glass
- License plate present and secure, light working
- Fluid leaks
Rear Road and Curb Side
- Frame and underbody
- Tires and rims
- Wheel wells
- Clearance lights and reflectors
**Information taken directly from National RTAP’s Safety Training and Rural Transit Training Module
Passenger Safety
Quiz One: Pre-trip Inspection - Walk-around middle
Please answer the following questions:
1. The following are included in a walk-around pre-trip inspection of the middle of the vehicle (circle all that
apply):
(a) wheel wells
(b) turn/4-way lights
(c) passenger windows
(d) fluid leaks
2. You should check the body for damage during the pre-trip inspection walk-around.
True or False
(circle one)
Trainee Signature: _______________________________________________________ Date: ____________
Supervisor Signature: ____________________________________________________ Date: _____________
Passenger Safety
Quiz One: Pre-trip Inspection - Walk-around rear
Please answer the following questions:
1. According to the training, how should you check the brake lights of your vehicle? (circle all that apply)
(a) waiting until someone comments that your brake lights are out while you’re on the road.
(b) visually inspecting them yourself before you get in the vehicle and turn it on.
(c) asking a coworker to look at the lights while you engage the brake.
(d) backing close to a wall and looking at the reflection of the brake light in the mirror when engaging the brake.
2. You do not have to check your license plate when you are conducting a pre-trip inspection.
True or False
(circle one)
3. You do not have to check your tires when you are conducting a pre-trip inspection because you will feel that
something is wrong while you are driving.
True or False
(circle one)
Trainee Signature: ___________________________________________________________ Date: __________
Supervisor Signature: ________________________________________________________ Date: ___________
Passenger Safety
Issue One: Pre-trip Inspection - Tires and rims
You should inspect the following each day, before the vehicle is taken out on the road:
Tread depth - should be even from wall to wall & should not be below wear bars. Depth should be 4/32 inch on
steering axle and 2/32 inch on all other axles. Check each tire for minimum wear at the location of greatest wear.
Sidewall cuts - bulges or knots may indicate cord separation, leaving the tire in poor condition.
Punctures - check for nails or other objects in the tires. Even if they don’t leak immediately, a flat can still occur.
Valve stems - flex the stem slightly from side to side and listen for leaking air.
Wheel rim welds - check for cracks or dents.
Inflation - check visually and with a pressure gauge or mallet.
Leaks - check wheels to ensure there is no leaked oil or brake fuel.
Wheel lug nuts - check to ensure they are tight (rust may indicate a loose nut). None should be missing.
Spacers - check for even spacing and no objects between dual wheels.
**Information taken directly from National RTAP’s Safety Training and Rural Transit Training Module
Passenger Safety
Issue One: Pre-trip Inspection - Engine compartment
You should inspect the following each day before you start your route (do not start the vehicle for these tasks):
1. Check for signs of tampering or attached objects.
2. Check fluid levels: oil, washer fluid, antifreeze, battery fluid covers,
power steering, transmission, brake, refrigerant and others from
the A/C system.
3. Check all belts and hoses for wear, and report any that are cracked
or worn.
4. Check belts for snugness (up to 3/4 inch play at center of the belt),
cracks or frays.
5. Check all belts including the fan, A/C compressor, water, power
steering and alternator.
** Information taken directly from National RTAP’s Safety Training and Rural Transit Training Module. Photo by Nusura, Inc.
Passenger Safety
Quiz One: Pre-trip Inspection - Tires and rims
Please answer the following questions:
1. Tread depth should be what on the steering axle? (choose one)
(a) 2/32 inch
(b) 3/23 inch
(c) 4/32 inch
2. If there is a tire puncture that is not leaking while you conduct the pre-trip inspection, you do not need to address the
problem before you start your driving for the day.
True or False
(circle one)
3. You should inspect tire inflation both visually and with a pressure gauge or mallet.
True or False
(circle one)
Trainee Signature: ________________________________________________________________ Date: ____________
Supervisor Signature: _____________________________________________________________ Date: ____________
Passenger Safety
Quiz One: Pre-trip Inspection - Engine Compartment
Please answer the following questions:
1. How much play should there be at the center of a belt? (choose one)
(a) at least 3/4 inch of play
(b) up to 3/4 inch of play
(c) 1/2 inch of play
2. Which of the following are fluid levels that should be checked during pre-trip inspection? (choose all that apply)
(a) oil
(b) battery fluid covers
(c) power steering
(d) transmission
3. The power steering belt does not have to be checked during pre-trip inspection if you check the power steering fluid.
True or False
(circle one)
Trainee Signature: ________________________________________________________ Date: ____________
Supervisor Signature: _____________________________________________________ Date: _____________
Passenger Safety
Issue One: Pre-trip Inspection - On-board
The following items should be reviewed as you conduct your on-board inspection:
Passenger seating area - ensure each seat is secured to the floor and is not damaged. Ensure seatbelts work
and the floor is clean and dry. Check for suspicious objects or those that may have been left by maintenance.
Driver area - ensure you have a fire extinguisher, first aid and biohazard kits, seatbelt cutter (within reach of your
seated position), three triangle reflectors or flares. Check that the emergency equipment is in place and that
your seatbelt functions. Adjust your seat and mirrors; check all gauges as well as for signs of tampering.
Lights, brakes and stairwell - ensure your lights and brakes function properly and that the doors open and close.
Lift and lift door - ensure the door opens and closes and that the light comes on when door is open. Ensure lift
controls are in good shape and that the backup manual lift handle is in place. Check that lift cycles down/up,
unfolds and folds properly. Also check that no hydraulic fliud is leaking and there are no signs of tampering.
Wheelchair securement - ensure that an adequate number of securement devices and seatbelts are available to
secure all wheelchair positions, and check that they all function correctly and are not torn or frayed. Properly
store securement devices and make sure securement tracks are clean and free of debris.
**Information taken directly from National RTAP’s Safety Training and Rural Transit Training Module
Passenger Safety
Issue Two: Post-trip Inspection
The following items should be reviewed when changing vehicle assignments, relieving another driver in
service or at the end of a shift:
- Parking brake should be set and secure.
- All passengers should be off of the vehicle.
- No passenger’s personal property should be
on the bus.
- All windows and hatches should be closed.
- No signs of damage or vandalism are apparent
inside or outside the vehicle.
You should also report any noncritical defects that you observed during your shift to ensure that the
vehicle is in proper working order for the next driver.
**Information taken directly from National RTAP’s Safety Training and Rural Transit Training Module. Photo by Nusura, Inc.
Passenger Safety
Quiz One: Pre-trip Inspection - On-board
Please answer the following questions:
1. In the passenger seating area, as long as the floor is not damaged the cleanliness does not matter.
True or False
(circle one)
2. You should check that the lift functions properly during the on-board pre-trip inspection.
True or False
(circle one)
3. Your seatbelt cutter should be within reach from your seated position.
True or False
(circle one)
Trainee Signature: _________________________________________________________ Date: __________
Supervisor Signature: ______________________________________________________ Date: __________
Passenger Safety
Quiz Two: Post-trip Inspection
Please answer the following questions:
1. Post-trip inspections should take place in the following situations (circle all that apply):
(a) when a driver changes vehicle assignments
(b) when a driver relieves another driver in service
(c) at the end of a driver’s shift
2. You can conduct the post-trip inspection while your final few passengers are on board the vehicle.
True or False
(circle one)
3. You do not have to report noncritical defects during your shift.
True or False
(circle one)
Trainee Signature: _____________________________________________________________ Date: ________
Supervisor Signature: __________________________________________________________ Date: _________
Passenger Safety
Issue Three: Seat Belts - Driver use
According to law, any driver of a Commercial Motor Vehicle
(CMV) must use the seat belt assembly before operating the
vehicle if the vehicle is so outfitted (49 CRF 392.16).
The National Highway Transportation Safety Administration
estimates that safety belts save about 15,000 lives a year.
While seat belt use nationally has increased, the rate of seat belt
use has increased more slowly in rural areas. And, importantly,
while only 20% of the nation’s population lives in rural areas,
60% of all fatal crashes occur there (NHTSA 2006).
Ensure you know your system’s policy about passenger seat belt use.
Wear your seat belt and encourage others to do the same!
**Information taken directly from National RTAP’s Safety Training and Rural Transit
Training Module
**Image by the National Highway Transportation
Safety Administration
Passenger Safety
Issue Three: Seat Belts - Passenger use
Each transit system will have its own seat belt policy, and as a driver, it’s your responsibility to ensure that you
and all of your passengers abide by that policy.
You, as a driver, must always fasten your seat belt, and you should remind passengers to use their seat belts if
the vehicle is so equiped.
**Information taken directly from National RTAP’s Safety Training and Rural Transit Training Module
According to the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), you are required to provide a sealt belt and shoulder
harness as part of the wheelchair securement system. However, you cannot require that passengers with
disabilities use the seat belt and shoulder harness unless all passengers are provided with seat belts and shoulder
harnesses and are required to use them.
**Information taken directly from the Federal Transit Administration’s Civil Rights webpage
Passenger Safety
Quiz Three: Seat Belts - Driver use
Please answer the following questions:
1. According to law, any Commercial Motor Vehicle driver must use a seatbelt if one is provided.
True or False
(circle one)
2. It is estimated that safety belts save about 5,000 lives a year.
True or False
(circle one)
3. Research says 60% of all fatal crashes occur in rural areas.
True or False
(circle one)
Trainee Signature: ___________________________________________________________ Date: __________
Supervisor Signature: ________________________________________________________ Date: __________
Passenger Safety
Quiz Three: Seat Belts - Passenger use
Please answer the following questions:
1. It is a good idea to encourage passengers to use safety belts when they are provided.
True or False
(circle one)
2. According to the ADA, you must provide passengers with a seat belt and shoulder harness if they use the
wheelchair securement system.
True or False
(circle one)
3. According to the ADA, if a passenger is using the wheelchair securement system they must wear a shoulder
strap and seat belt, regardless of whether other passengers must wear safety belts.
True or False
(circle one)
Trainee Signature: ___________________________________________________________ Date: __________
Supervisor Signature: ________________________________________________________ Date: __________
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