Series P Linear Spring Cylinder Actuator brochure

Series P Linear Spring Cylinder Actuator brochure
PRECISION I RELIABILITY I PERFORMANCE
Series P Linear Spring Cylinder Actuator
Contents
Series P Linear Spring Cylinder Actuator overview
01
Design features & performance benefits
02
Engineering data
02
Component list and materials of construction
04
Principles of operation
05
Air fail action 06
Improving actuator stroking speeds
07
Hand wheel operators
08
Standard dimensions & weights
09
Designed for fitting onto a wide range of control
valves, louvres or dampers, these high power
actuating units are for use in on/off, or modulating
service. Their thrust capacity is much greater than
similar size diaphragm spring actuators thanks to air
pressures as high as 150psig (10bar) being used.
They operate either as a single, or double-acting
unit and a range of springs is available to provide
positive air fail action, which is field reversible.
Positioners are normally yoke mounted and of
the double-acting type providing air to both sides
of the piston and giving a robust and precise unit
that is resistant to load fluctuations and transients.
SERIES
P ACTUATOR
Series P Linear Spring Cylinder Actuators
01
Design features
High thrust capability capable of using air supplies up to 150psig (10bar)
Multi-size options with long stroke capability
Robust components for trouble free, low cost ownership
Positive spring air fail action, which is field reversible
Lightweight corrosion resistant construction
Rotary options available
Performance benefits
High degree of stem positioning accuracy
Cylinder design has lower air consumption than a comparable
diaphragm actuator
Highly stable providing inherent stiffness over full stroke
Highly responsive with minimum latency on movement or positioning
High resolution of stem positioning for up to 5in strokes
as standard with longer strokes available
Adjustable actuating forces to suit different applications
Rigorous in-field testing
Manufactured to ISO 9001 certification
Series P Linear
Spring Cylinder Actuator
Engineering data
A range of compact, highly effective and reliable high-thrust pneumatic
actuators, the Severn Glocon Series P is capable of working in the
most punishing environments. Designed for use in on/off or modulating
applications, they are capable of working up to 150psig (10bar) pressure.
An internal spring allows for positive air fail action and the actuator is fully field
reversible without any additional parts. The fitting of a yoke mounted double-acting
positioner allows air to be fed to both sides of the piston, providing exceptionally
stiff, precise movement, together with very high frequency response. This is of
particular benefit to provide control where line pressure fluctuations are an issue.
02
Series P Linear Spring Cylinder Actuators
Engineering data
(continued)
Ambient operating temperature
Operating supply gases
For standard materials:–20 °C to +80 °C.
For special materials : –55 °C to +100 °C.
For other operating temperatures please contact us.
Air, nitrogen and oxygen. Options: methane (natural gas)
filter regulator recommended to ensure clean supply.
Air fail action
Actuator sizes
Positive air fail action from internally mounted springs.
Action is field reversible without additional parts.
The range includes four standard sizes: 25, 50, 100, 200in²
(nominal piston area). Please contact us for more
information on oversized actuators up to 600in².
Actuator mean thrust capability
Actuator strokes
Supply Pressure 150psig (10bar).
Standard range up to 5in (see table 2 on page 4).
For longer strokes please contact us.
Actuator Thrust available
Size
IbFkN
Hand wheels
A range of geared handwheels for top or underside cylinder
mounting is available.
Positioner input signals
Using yoke mounted external positioners, normally
double acting type, 3-15psig (0.2-1.0bar), 4-20,
digital. Also spilt ranges of the above signals.
Digital “Smart” positioners are available.
25
3,000
13.2
50
6,300
28.2
100
12,700
56.0
200
25,300
111.5
Hysterisis and linearity
Within +/- 1%.
Pneumatic supply pressure
Speed and sensitivity
Minimum 5psig (0.33bar) above calculated actuator
requirement. Maximum to actuator is 150psig (10bar).
Signal change of 0.01psig (0.013mA) reverses.
Table 1: Series P Linear Spring Cylinder Actuator – Cylinder and stem size details
Cylinder
Size
Actuator dimensions
Stroke
in
cm
25
0.75
20
25B
4.0
50
50B
Effective area of cylinders
Bore diameter
Upper area
Lower area
in
cm
in²
cm²
in²
cm²
6
15.2
28.3
182
27.8
100
6
15.2
28.3
182
1.5
40
8
20.3
50.3
325
2.5
63
8
20.3
50.3
12
30.5
113.1
Stem area
Maximum
volume
over piston
Stem dimensions
Stem diameter
ins
cm
in²
cm²
in³
cm³
179
0.75
1.90
0.44
2.80
105
1721
27.8
179
1.38
3.50
1.48
9.70
185
3032
49
316
1.25
3.17
1.23
7.70
295
4834
325
49
316
1.38
3.50
1.48
9.70
550
9013
729
111.3
718
1.5
3.81
1.76
11.60 930
15239
100
2.5
63
100-5
5.0
125
12
30.5
113.1
729
111.3
718
1.5
3.81
1.76
11.60 1320
21757
100-6
6
150
12
30.5
113.1
729
111.3
718
1.5
3.81
1.76
11.60 1820
29999
100-12
12
300
12
30.5
113.1
729
111.3
718
1.5
3.81
1.76
11.60 1820
29999
100B
4.0
100
12
30.5
113.1
729
111.3
718
1.5
3.81
1.76
11.60 1120
18354
200-5
5.0
125
16
40.6
197
1271
195
1258
2.25
5.72
3.98
25.70 3340
54732
200-6
6.0
150
16
40.6
197
1271
195
1258
2.25
5.72
3.98
25.70 3340
54732
200-12
12.0
300
16
40.6
197
1271
195
1258
2.25
5.72
3.98
25.70 4740
77675
200B
5.0
125
16
40.6
197
1271
195
1258
2.25
5.72
3.98
25.70 3340
54732
Note: Suffix B denotes baseplate actuators used to operate butterfly valves
or similar and are not normally used to operate globe or angle control valves.
Series P Linear Spring Cylinder Actuators
03
Component list and materials of construction
3
6
2
7
1
8
11
5
4
9
10
Table 2: Series P Linear Spring Cylinder Actuator – Materials of construction
Key
No.
Materials of construction
Component
Standard
Offshore 1
Offshore 2
1
Cylinder
GRP Carbon steel plated or stainless steel
Stainless steel
2
Piston
Aluminium
Aluminium or carbon steel plated
Aluminium or stainless steel
3
Top plate
Aluminium
Carbon steel plated
Stainless steel
4
Yoke & base plate
Aluminium
Carbon steel plated
Carbon steel or stainless steel
5
Piston rod / actuator stem
Stainless steel
Stainless steel
Stainless steel
6
Tie rods / tension unit
Stainless steel
Stainless steel
Stainless steel
7
Air fail spring
Alloy steel – Epoxy painted
Alloy steel – Epoxy painted
Alloy steel
– Epoxy painted
8
“O” ring seals
Nitrile
Nitrile / Viton
Nitrile / Viton
9
Stem clamp / anti rotation
Stainless steel
Stainless steel
Stainless steel
10
Plug lock nut
Stainless steel
Stainless steel
Stainless steel
11
Guide brushes
Bronze
Bronze
Bronze
*
**
This material which is constructed of a fibre reinforced thermoset epoxy matrix has 25% the weight of steel or brass. It has
*
excellent all round corrosion resistance with no problems in salt or chlorinated water environments. Ideal for all common
gases, this material is suitable for the temperature range –73 °C to 132 °C and has low thermal expansion characteristics.
**The yoke & base plate is a 2 piece construction for sizes 100-5 and 200, normally in carbon steel.
04
Series P Linear Spring Cylinder Actuators
Principles of operation
Series P Linear Spring Cylinder Actuators do not require
the internal spring for positioning when operated as a
double acting unit through a positioner as the spring
serves only as a fail-safe device. By fitting a spring with
the appropriate thrust it is not necessary to utilise the
valve flow direction to achieve the air fail position.
The result is a vast improvement over typical spring
opposed diaphragm units in which spring rates remain
the same throughout the stroke.
For example when a valve is operated close to its seat
with the flow over the plug, sudden changes in the
dynamic force can cause the valve to “bath-plug” and
slam shut if the actuator has insufficient stiffness. For
this reason flow over the plug options are to be avoided
in control applications when specifying spring opposed
diaphragm actuators. By contrast, Series P products
enable operation with the flow either over, or under,
the valve plug with precise positioning under severe
throttling conditions.
Table 3 below details the standard springs available for
the Series P range. Whichever spring thrust is selected,
the field reversibility of the actuator is unaffected.
Inherent actuator stiffness and stability
Actuator stiffness is defined as its ability to withstand
suddenly changing dynamic forces acting on the valve trim
as a result of varying process requirements. In order to be
positioned accurately within the operator requirements,
the actuator requires an inherent stiffness to minimise
fluctuations in its position and this is achieved in the Series
P range by delivering air to both sides of the cylinder piston.
Table 4 (below) shows the maximum valve seating
force available for standard spring and air pressure
combinations, with the Series P Actuators built for air
fail close and alternatively air fail open operation.
Table 3: Series P Linear Spring Cylinder Actuator – Cylinder spring data
Cylinder dimensions
Cylinder
size
Stroke
(in)
Spring
design
Spring to close
Spring rate
(lb/in)
Spring to open
Spring Spring
Spring
Spring
extended (lb) retracted (lb) extended (lb) retracted (lb)
25
0.75
Standard
180
315
450
450
315
25
0.75
Heavy
445
778
1112
1112
778
25B 4.00Standard 75
250
550 N/A N/A
50
1.50
Standard
164
328
574
574
328
50
1.50
Medium
398
796
1393
1393
796
50
1.50
Heavy
550
1092
1911
1911
1092
50B4.00Light200 500 1300N/AN/A
50B 4.00Standard 200 800 1600 N/A N/A
100
2.50
Light
372
745
1675
1675
745
100
2.50
Standard
550
1100
2475
2475
1100
100
2.50
Heavy
700
1400
3150
3150
1400
100B 4.00Standard 400 800 2400 N/A N/A
100B4.00Heavy 600 1200 3600 N/A N/A
200
5.00
Multi-pack
260
1560
2860
2860
1560
200
5.00
Heavy
800
4800
8800
8800
4800
200
5.00 Intermediate 100
600
1100
1100
600
200
5.00
Medium
90
540
990
990
540
200
5.00
Light
70
420
770
770
420
200B 5.00Multi-pack 260 1560 2860 N/A N/A
Note: Suffix B denotes baseplate actuators used to operate butterfly valves or similar.
Table 4: Series P Linear Spring Cylinder Actuator – Maximum available seating trust lbF
Supply
Cylinder actuator size
Cylinder actuator size
Pressure
Standard spring – Air fail close
Standard spring – Air fail open
psig
25
50
100
200
25
50
100
200
40 1428278055508320 663 13871987
6620
60
1985
3270
7780
12180
1220
2367
4205
10480
80
2540
4250
10000
16040
1776
3348
6432
14340
100
3098
5250
12230
19900
2333
4329
8659
18200
150
4490
7680
17800
29550
3724
6780
14226
27850
Note: The air pressure is applied above the piston in each case.
Series P Linear Spring Cylinder Actuators
05
Air fail action
The standard range of springs shown in Table 3 (page 5) provide the main
source available thrust for the Series P actuators in the event of air failure.
However, some applications require even greater actuator air failure thrusts and
this can be provided with the fitting of auxiliary equipment to utilise the supply
air held within the cylinder volume in order to provide the additional thrust.
Cylinder actuator with air spring
In this air fail safe system, the stored volume
within the cylinder is used for failure protection
and forms the air spring which is additional to
any mechanical springs fitted internally in the
cylinder. Diagram 1 shows a typical layout for this
arrangement. The normal double-acting positioner
is operated as a three way unit to supply air to the
underside of the cylinder piston. Should the valve
drop below a predetermined level, air is locked
onto the upper side of the cylinder piston in order
to close the actuator. The control circuit includes a
pressure regulator which is set to give the required
level of pressure compatible with closing the
actuator under failure conditions.
Diagram 1: Air spring using actuator volume only
Cylinder actuator with air spring and external
volume tank
In some cases, the internal volume of the cylinder
actuator is insufficient to cause the actuator/valve
assembly to fully stroke upon air failure.
To overcome this, an external volume tank is
fitted to supply the additional air control circuit
and the positioner now operates as a doubleacting unit. Diagram 2 shows that additional
lock-up valves have now been fitted to each side
of the cylinder to both exhaust the underside of
the piston and pressurise its topside in the event
of air failure. The Series P volume tank, along with
the valve used for pressurising, is sized to ensure
that the actuator will fully stroke.
Diagram 2: Air spring using separate volume tank
Fail fix in the event of air failure
Where applications require the system to hold the
actuator in its last operating position in the event
of air failure, a three way switching valve is used
to sense the air supply (Diagram 3).
Failure of the air supply causes the valve to
operate and initiate the signal connections. The
two lock-up valves hold the existing pressure on
both sides of the cylinder piston, thus locking it
into place.
Diagram 3: Fail fix actuator lock-up configuration
06
Series P Linear Spring Cylinder Actuators
Improving actuator stroking speeds
Series P Linear Spring Cylinder Actuators can be fitted with volume boosters
in order to improve the response times and actuator stroking speeds
(for more information please see specification bulletin number (SGI-B 10).
Table 5: Series P Linear Spring Cylinder Actuator – Stroking speeds
*
Actuator designation
Actuator
Size
With positioner Stroke
in
With model 1000 booster
Total time open Total time close Total time open Total time close
mm
sec
sec
sec
sec
25
0.75
20
<2
<2
1
1
25
4.00
100
<3
<3
<2
<2
50
1.50
40
<5
<5
<2
<2
50
4.00
100
<5
<4
3
<2
100
2.50
651616<4<3.5
100
5.00
125
35
34
7
6.5
100
6.00
150
42
40
8
7.5
100
4.00
100
13.5
11
3
<2
200
5.00
125
65
62
15
14
200
6.00
150
75
73
15.5
14.5
Speed depends upon positioner selected and size fittings and of pipe work. The illustration data is based on a digital
*
positioner calibrated at 4-20mA and 7bar air supply. Linear Spring Cylinder Actuator fitted with fail close standard spring.
Note:
1 Model 1000 Boosters fitted to top and bottom ports of Actuator, with 1/4in fittings between cylinder
and boosters, and separate 12mm diameter feed for boosters. 7bar air supply used.
2 For sizes or strokes outside these listed or faster stroke speeds please contact us.
Hand wheel operators
Two types of geared hand wheel are available for fitting to
the Series P range of cylinder actuators, as follows:
1 Top mounted, continuously connected unit which is
rated up to the full output thrust of the actuator.
2 Side mounted de-clutchable unit which is fitted below
the actuator cylinder, leaving
the top free for other accessories to be fitted. Table
6 shows the maximum output thrusts generated by
these units.
Continuously connected hand wheel
Designed by Severn Glocon, this hand wheel can be used
to extend, or retract the stem as well as acting as either
a high, or low limit stop. A neutral position is indicated
on the mechanism when the actuator is in automatic
operational mode. The geared unit is sealed within a
weather resistant enclosure and the ratios selected
ensure a low torque input for high output thrusts.
Turning the wheel moves the screw against the locknut in
order to retract the stem. Moving the wheel in a counter
clockwise direction brings the lower portion of the screw
into contact with the shoulder on the stem, forcing the
stem to extend.
A neutral position is obtained with the handwheel
screw in any position other than the indicated
central neutral, providing a stop to limit travel in
either direction.
De-clutchable hand wheel
Available throughout the range of actuator sizes
up to 12in (300mm), the hand wheels are capable
of providing forces in either direction. The gearing
has been selected to ensure easy operation up
to its maximum thrust capability (see Table 6 on
page 8). The side mounted hand wheel unit may
be fitted retrospectively if required. De-clutchable
hand wheels provide the same positional accuracy
as the positioning actuators. Fitted with a manual
changeover valve the Series P actuator is isolated
during hand wheel operation.
Positional accuracy
The de-clutchable hand wheels provide the same
positional accuracy as the positioning actuators.
Fitted with a manual changeover valve the Series P
Actuator is isolated during hand wheel operation.
Series P Linear Spring Cylinder Actuators
07
Hand wheel operators
Table 6: De-clutchable side mounted hand wheel specification
Actuator
Hand wheel diameter
Turns (in)
Turning force
Sizein mm
TravellbFkgFlbFkgF
25
6
150
35
50
8
203
45
1001025445
200/5
1230560
Top mounted continuously connected
hand wheel and Series P Actuator
23
45
46
50
Series P Linear Spring Cylinder Actuators
10
2000
910
20
3000
1360
215000
2270
237000
3180
Side mounted de-clutchable
hand wheel and Series P Actuator
Side mounted de-clutchable
hand wheel and Series P Actuator
08
Output thrust
Standard dimensions & weights
Table 7: Dimensions
Actuator
Diameter D
Length E
Length M1
Length E1
Length M2
Length E2
Size inmminmminmminmminmmin mm
25 8.25 21014.38365 8.63 21127.25692 –
–
–
–
50 10.25 26018.62472 9 22931.75806 –
–
–
–
100-2.5
15.37539023.88605 10.13 25739.881013 –
–
–
–
100-515.375390 39.51005 –
–
–
– 8.63 220 54.75 1390
100-615.375390 40.91040 –
–
–
– 8.63 220 55.71 1415
100-12
15.375
390531346 – – – – 8.63220822085
200-6 20.75 52744.301125 –
–
–
– 8.63 22059.101500
200-12
20.75
527561425 – – – – 8.63220852160
Table 8: Weights
Actuator
Actuator only
With top mounted hand wheel
With side mounted hand wheel
Size lbkg Ib kg Ib kg
25
50
100-2.5
200-6
21
36
85
340
P Series dimensions
9.5
16.3
38.6
155
49
72
145
–
22.2
32.7
65.8
–
Top mounted
hand wheel dimensions
–
–
–
510
–
–
–
232
Side mounted
hand wheel dimensions
Series P Linear Spring Cylinder Actuators
09
06
05
02
04
07
03
01
08
20
19
09
11
12
13
14
21
16
15
17
10
18
01 Severn Glocon Group plc
04 Severn Unival
10 Severn Glocon
16 Severn Glocon India
Mars Valve UK
Gloucester England UK
05 Severn Ball Valves
11 Severn Valve Solutions
17 Severn Glocon
L.B.Bentley
Stroud England UK
06 Severn Norway
12 Severn Glocon
18 Severn Glocon Australia
Ionex SG
Nailsworth England UK
07 Severn Glocon Atlantic Canada
13 Severn Glocon
19 Severn Glocon
02 Severn Unival
08 Severn Glocon
14 QTRCO SG
20 Severn Glocon
03 Severn Subsea Technologies
09 Severn Glocon
15 Severn Glocon FZE
21 Severn Glocon
Gloucester England UK
Brighouse England UK
Redruth England UK
Widnes England UK
Aberdeen Scotland UK
Bergen Norway
Newfoundland Canada
Calgary Canada
Houston Texas USA
Rio Brazil
Chennai India
Basra Iraq
Saudi Arabia
Perth Australia
Doha Qatar
Beijing China
Dubai
Dubai
Kuala Lumpur Malaysia
Seoul Korea
Tokyo Japan
PRECISION I RELIABILITY I PERFORMANCE
Olympus Park Quedgeley Gloucester
Gloucestershire GL2 4NF England
T. +44 (0)845 223 2040 F. +44 (0)845 223 2041 sales@severnglocon.co.uk www.severnglocon.com
The Severn Glocon Group policy is one of continuous improvement and
we reserve the right to modify these specification details without notice.
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