Hosedown station for efficient instantaneous hot water

Hosedown station for efficient instantaneous hot water
Hosedown station
for efficient instantaneous hot water
Hosedown station
for efficient instantaneous hot water
Spirax Sarco offers a unique single source supply
for wash down installations. Each hosedown station
is supplied with isolation valves, check valves, union
joints, strainers, thermometer, TCO1 temperature
cut-out valve, hosedown gun, high quality dairy hose
and a stainless steel hose rack.
The hosedown station has been designed to provide
hot water economically by blending steam and cold
water quickly to the required user temperature. As
the valve is not thermostatically controlled, in order
to maintain a fixed hot water temperature the cold
water pressure and flowrate must be constant.
The set temperature can be altered by turning the
adjustment knob.
UK Water Byelaws prohibit the direct use of mains
water.
Typical applications
The hosedown station is ideally suited to any general
application where hot water is required for washing
down. Typical applications include washing down
walls, floors, process equipment, vehicles, in dairies,
abattoirs, food and beverage industries, chemical
plants etc.
Typical installation
Steam inlet
Ball valve
Strainer
Cold water inlet
Mixing valve
Check
valve
Ball valve
Check
valve Strainer
Temperature
cut-out valve
Thermometer
Hot water outlet
Note: The valve may be rotated through 180° to suit site installations
The steam inlet should be drained of condensate
(i.e. steam trap set to drain vertical pipework).
Supply pipework should be sized according to standard practice.
The steam inlet would be sized on the steam flowrate (from the
steam consumption chart) at the supply pressure and a steam velocity
of between 15 - 25 m / s.
Cold water pipework should take into account, pressure, pipe length
and acceptable pressure drop.
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How it works
Temperature
adjusting knob
Mixing
chamber
Fixed loading
spring
By-pass
valve
Steam metering
spring
Main steam
valve
The heart of the hosedown station is the steam / water
mixing valve. Cold water is allowed into the mixing
chamber through the by-pass valve. When not in use
cold water pressure acts on either side of the piston.
Opening the gun introduces atmospheric pressure and
a flow of water into the mixing chamber.
The cold water inlet pressure now raises the piston,
compressing the fixed loading spring and lifting the
steam valve off its seat. The steam mixes with the cold
water in the chamber providing hot water at the outlet.
When the cold water supply is isolated (or interrupted)
or the gun is closed the fixed loading spring moves the
piston down, closing the steam valve. If the
piston’s movement is impeded by scale or
Piston
dirt steam would remain in the chamber
and reach the gun. This is why the
Hosedown Station includes a safety device
Cold water
called the TCO1. This temperature cut-out
inlet
valve activates at a temperature of 95°C
to limit the discharge of steam in the event
of a system fault. Maintenance is therefore essential
to ensure continued safe operation.
Steam
inlet
Alternative hot water outlet
Maintenance
Steam
inlet
Cold
water
inlet
Hot water outlet
The valve must be serviced because the operation
described above is dependant upon clean valve
internals. Maintenance will therefore depend upon
geographic area and the type of water. If the cold
water supply is known to be hard, more frequent
maintenance will be needed to provide correct
operation. The hose, gun and their couplings must
also be checked for signs of misuse and wear.
Hosedown gun
The hosedown gun has a ½" NPT female
connection.
User benefits
l Energy efficient: energy is only used when water
is flowing - no storage costs.
l Complete hosedown system from one source
supplied ready for installation.
l Simple hot water temperature control.
Part
trigger
opening
l Compact unit requiring minimal installation space.
l Steam and water supply pressures may range
between *3 - 10.3 bar g.
l Dairy quality hose fitted with swivel coupling at
Full
trigger
opening
hosedown gun.
l High quality hosedown gun suitable for
maximum hosedown temperatures.
*Steam pressure can be as low as 0.5 bar g.
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How to size
The graphs below indicate the maximum flow of hot water at various temperatures for a given steam supply
pressure. The bold blue line shows the maximum cold water flow for a given water supply pressure. When sizing
the valve, ascertain the hot water temperature and quantity required, and the hot water and steam pressure
available.
Plot the cold water supply pressure and read off from the bold blue line the maximum flow of cold water. Plot the
steam supply pressure against the runing temperature required and read off the maximum flow of heated water.
For sizing purposes always select the smaller of the two values because depending on the supply pressures,
there can be an imbalance in the amount of either water or steam heat available. The effect of selecting different
supply pressures or different sizes of valve can easily be compared.
Litres / minute
Example
For steam supply pressure of
6 bar g the mximum flow of hot
water at 50°C is 43 l / min
50 C
0
60 C
70 C
80 C
90 C
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
Supply pressure bar g
½" valve
40 C
75
50 C
50
60 C
70 C
80 C
90 C
25
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
Supply pressure bar g
Litres / minute
Litres / minute
40 C
75
25
Capacities
0
½" valve
50
For cold water supply pressure of
3 bar g the maximum flow of cold
water is 40 l / min
100
100
200
¾" valve
150
50 C
60 C
70 C
80 C
100
50
0
40 C
Steam consumption kg / h
(for maximum water flow)
Valve size
Pressure bar g
½" ¾"
1
60 125
2
90 175
3
135 270
4
160 310
5
175 335
6
180 380
7
210 445
8
225 515
9
245 550
10
260 570
90 C
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
Supply pressure bar g
Note: Size 1" and 1½" valves are available for fixed installations such as periodic filling of hot water tanks.
See seperate literature for technical details.
Mixing valve pressure / spring ranges
Steam pressure Size
Spring
bar g
½" yellow 7.0 - 10.3 ½" green
3.5 - 7.0 ½" black
0.5 - 3.5 ¾" red 7.0 - 10.3 ¾" blue 3.5 - 7.0 ¾" white 0.5 - 3.5 Technical data
Materials
Min water flow
l / min to open
steam valve
4.5
2.7
2.2
8.1
6.8
6.8
Note: Valves are supplied with all 3 springs, the intermediate 3.5 - 7 bar
spring is already fitted into the mixing valve.
Note: A minimum cold water supply pressure of 3 bar g is required to
give a reasonable spray velocity at the gun.
Part Materials
Mixing valve Bronze body, stainless steel internals
Hose Cover and lining EPDM with synthetic textile reinforcement
Gun
Brass insulated with rubber cover.
Maximum working pressure 10 bar g
Maximum temperature 100°C
Hose rack
Stainless steel
Pipeline fittings See seperate literature
Mixing adjustment
Valve
Range °C
size
½"
40 - 90
¾"
40 - 90
Options
Hot water
flow l / min
Hose
Min - Max
Length
3.4 - 112
20 m
6.6 - 212
20 m
Bore
½"
¾"
Spirax-Sarco Limited, Charlton House,
Cheltenham, Gloucestershire, GL53 8ER UK.
Tel: +44 (0)1242 521361 Fax: +44 (0)1242 573342
E-mail: enq@spiraxuk.attmail.com
Internet: www.spirax-sarco.com
© Copyright 2012
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Spirax Sarco is a registered trademark of Spirax-Sarco Limited
SB-P157-01
ST Issue 6
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