Autotrol Brand Performa™ Valve / 400 Series Controls

Autotrol Brand Performa™ Valve / 400 Series Controls
1237853 Rev C.fm Page 1 Tuesday, February 17, 2004 4:23 PM
Autotrol® Brand Performa™ Valve / 400 Series Controls
Water Conditioning Control System
Home Owner Installation, Operation, and
Maintenance Manual
For sales or service questions please
contact your local dealer:
Your Local Dealer Is:
1237853 Rev C.fm Page 2 Tuesday, February 17, 2004 4:23 PM
Table of Contents
Safety Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Valve Illustration. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Disinfection of Water Conditioners . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Placing Conditioner into Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Preventive Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
Common . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
Performa/440i Troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
Performa/460i Troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
Valve Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
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Safety Information
This water conditioner’s control valve conforms to NSF/ANSI 44 for materials and
structural integrity only. Generic systems were tested and certified by WQA as
verified by the performance data sheet.
•
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Please review this entire Installation and Operation manual before installing
unit.
As with all plumbing projects, we recommend that this Water Conditioning
Unit be installed by a trained professional water treatment dealer. Please
follow all local codes for plumbing this unit.
Follow local electrical codes. Install a correctly sized electrical bonding jumper
between the inlet and outlet pipes when these devices are installed in metallic
plumbing systems.
Inspect this unit carefully for carrier shortage or shipping damage before
beginning installation of unit.
This system is not intended to be used for treating water that is
microbiologically unsafe or of unknown quality without adequate disinfection
before or after the system.
This system is to be used only for potable water.
Use only lead-free solder and flux, as required by federal and state codes,
when installing soldered copper plumbing.
Use caution when sweat joining metal pipes near this water conditioning
system. Heat can adversely affect the plastic used in this system and bypass
valve.
Use only silicone grease for lubrication of this unit.
Use only the power transformers supplied with this conditioning systems
control valve unit.
Do not allow this water conditioning unit to freeze. Damage from freezing will
void this water conditioning unit’s warranty.
Do not store flammable or volatile chemicals near this water conditioning unit.
Do not store flammable or volatile chemicals near this water conditioning
unit.For the purpose of plumbing system sizing, only the rated service (i.e.
"Normal") flow and corresponding pressure loss may be used. The rated
service flow rates are the flow rates at which the performance capabilities of
these devices were evaluated.
Contact your local Professional Water Dealer for system service, and to obtain
Autotrol brand replacement parts for this control valve unit.
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Valve Illustration
Autotrol Performa Valve Control Module
Control
Drain Control
Brine Refill Control
Injector Screen
Figure 1
1265 Bypass
B Y PA S S
B Y PA S S
Figure 2
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Introduction
The Performa series control incorporates five cycles during operation, Figure 3
and is responsible for directing the flow of water during all phases of regeneration.
The water conditioner consists of a control valve, mineral tank, resin and a salt
storage tank. During the service cycle, hardness contaminants are removed from
the water by the resin bed. The regeneration process consists of backwash, brine
and slow rinse, fast rinse and brine refill cycles. During the regeneration process
the hardness contaminants are removed from the resin bed and flushed to the
drain, while the resin bed is regenerated with brine. A description of each cycle
and its function is listed below:
1. Service (Downflow):
Untreated water is directed down through the resin bed and up through the
riser tube. The hardness ions attach themselves to the resin and are removed
from the water. The water is conditioned as it passes through the resin bed.
2. Backwash (Upflow):
The flow of water is reversed by the control valve and directed down the riser
tube and up through the resin bed. During the backwash cycle, the bed is
expanded and debris is flushed to the drain.
3. Brine/Slow Rinse (Downflow):
The control directs water through the brine injector and brine is drawn from
the salt tank. The brine is then directed down through the resin bed and up
through the riser tube to the drain. The hardness ions are displaced by
sodium ions and are sent to the drain. The resin is regenerated during the
brine cycle. Brine draw is completed when the air check closes.
4. Fast Rinse (Downflow):
The control directs water down through the resin bed and up through the riser
tube to the drain. Any remaining brine residual is rinsed from the resin bed.
5. Brine Refill (Downflow):
Brine refill occurs at the end of the regeneration. Softened water is directed to
the salt tank at a controlled rate, to create brine for the next regeneration.
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From Brine
Tank
SERVICE
BACKWASH
BRINE/SLOW RINSE
To Brine
Tank
FAST RINSE
BRINE REFILL
(Soft Water)
Figure 3
Installation
All plumbing must conform to local codes.
Inspect unit carefully for carrier shortage or shipping damage.
Location Selection
1. The distance between the unit and a drain should be as short as possible.
2. If it is likely that supplementary water treating equipment will be required, make
certain adequate additional space is available.
3. Since salt must be added periodically to the brine tank, the location should be
easily accessible.
4. Do not install any unit closer to a water heater than a total run of 10 feet (3 m)
of piping between the outlet of the conditioner and the inlet to the heater. Water
heaters can sometimes overheat to the extent they will transmit heat back
down the cold pipe into the unit control valve.
Hot water can severely damage the conditioner. A 10-foot (3-m) total pipe run,
including bends, elbows, etc., is a reasonable distance to help prevent this
possibility. A positive way to prevent hot water from flowing from heat source
to the conditioner, in the event of a negative pressure situation, is to install a
check valve in the soft water piping from the conditioner. If a check valve is
installed, make certain the water heating unit is equipped with a properly
rated temperature and pressure safety relief valve. Also, be certain that
local codes are not violated.
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5. Do not locate unit where it or it’s connections (including the drain and overflow
lines) will ever be subjected to room temperatures under 34oF (1oC) or over
120oF (49oC).
6. Do not install unit near acid or acid fumes.
7. The use of resin cleaners in an unvented enclosure is not recommended.
Water Line Connection
The installation of a bypass valve system is recommended to provide for
occasions when the water conditioner must be bypassed for hard water or for
servicing.
The most common bypass systems are the Autotrol® Series 1265 bypass valve
(Figure 4) and plumbed-in globe valves (Figure 5). Though both are similar in
function, the 1265 Autotrol bypass offers simplicity and ease of operation.
Not in Bypass
Out
In
In Bypass
Out
BY
In
PA S S
BY
PA S S
BY
BY
PA S S
PA S S
Water
Conditioner
Water
Conditioner
Figure 4 Autotrol Series 1265 Bypass Valve
Not in Bypass
In Bypass
Water
Conditioner
Water
Conditioner
Figure 5 Typical Globe Valve Bypass System
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Drain Line Connection
1. Ideally located, the unit will be above and not more than 20 feet (6.1 m) from the
drain. For such installations, use an appropriate adapter fitting (not supplied), to
connect 1/2-inch (1.3-cm) plastic tubing to the drain line connection of the control
valve.
2. If the unit is located more than 20 feet (6.1 m) from drain, use 3/4-inch (1.9-cm)
tubing for runs up to 40 feet (12.2 m). Also, purchase appropriate fitting to
connect the 3/4-inch tubing to the 1/2-inch NPT drain connection.
3. If the unit is located where the drain line must be elevated, you may elevate the
line up to 6 feet (1.8 m) providing the run does not exceed 15 feet (4.6 m) and
water pressure at conditioner is not less than 40 psi (2.76 bar). You may
elevate an additional 2 feet (61 cm) for each additional 10 psi (0.69 bar).
4. Where the drain line is elevated but empties into a drain below the level of the
control valve, form a 7-inch (18-cm) loop at the far end of the line so that the
bottom of the loop is level with the drain line connection. This will provide an
adequate siphon trap.
5. Where the drain empties into an overhead sewer line, a sink-type trap must be
used.
IMPORTANT: Never insert drain line into a drain, sewer line or trap. Always
allow an air gap between the drain line and the wastewater to prevent the
possibility of sewage being back-siphoned into conditioner.
Right WayCorrect Way
Drain Line Tube
Drain
Figure 6
Note: Standard commercial practices have been expressed here. Local codes
may require changes to these suggestions.
Brine Line Connection
It will be necessary to install the brine tube and line to a fitting installed on the air
check. Teflon* tape all threaded connections.
Be sure all fittings and connections are tight so that premature checking does not
take place. Premature checking is when the ball in the air check falls to the bottom
before all brine is drawn out of the brine tank. See Placing Conditioner into
Operation section.
*Teflon is a registered trademark of E.I. DuPont de Nemours and Company, Inc.
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Overflow Line Connection
In the absence of a safety overflow and in the event of a malfunction, the BRINE
TANK OVERFLOW will direct “overflow” to the drain instead of spilling on the floor
where it could cause considerable damage. This fitting should be on the side of
the cabinet or brine tank.
To connect overflow, locate hole on side of brine tank. Insert overflow fitting (not
supplied) into tank and tighten with plastic thumb nut and gasket as shown
(Figure 7). Attach length of 1/2-inch (1.3-cm) I.D. tubing (not supplied) to fitting
and run to drain. Do not elevate overflow line higher than 3 inches (7.6 cm) below
bottom of overflow fitting. Do not tie into drain line of control unit. Overflow line
must be a direct, separate line from overflow fitting to drain, sewer or tub. Allow an
air gap as per drain line instructions (Figure 6).
Overflow Fitting
Installed
Brine Tank
Connect 1/2-inch (1.3-cm)
Tubing or Hose and Run
to Drain
Figure 7
Low Voltage Transformer
Use only the included transformer for powering the 400 series timers. Connect the
plug of the transformer secondary cable to the mating socket on the control (see
Figure 8).
Be certain that the transformer is plugged into a correct voltage source that is not
controlled by a wall switch.
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Increasing the Length of the Transformer Cord
If it is necessary to extend the length of the transformer cord, an optional 15-foot
(4.6-m) extension is available (see Figure 9).
Figure 8
Figure 9
Disinfection of Water Conditioners
The materials of construction of the modern water conditioner will not support
bacterial growth, nor will these materials contaminate a water supply. In addition,
during normal use, a conditioner may become fouled with organic matter, or in
some cases with bacteria from the water supply. This may result in an off-taste or
odor in the water.
Thus, your conditioner may need to be disinfected after installation. Some
conditioners will require periodic disinfection during their normal life. Consult your
installing dealer for more information on disinfecting your conditioner.
Depending upon the conditions of use, the style of conditioner, the type of ion
exchanger, and the disinfectant available, a choice can be made among the
following methods.
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Sodium or Calcium Hypochlorite
Application
These materials are satisfactory for use with polystyrene resins, synthetic gel
zeolite, greensand and bentonites.
5.25% Sodium Hypochlorite
These solutions are available under trade names such as Clorox*. If stronger
solutions are used, such as those sold for commercial laundries, adjust the
dosage accordingly.
1. Dosage
a. Polystyrene resin; 1.2 fluid ounce per cubic foot.
b. Non-resinous exchangers; 0.8 fluid ounce per cubic foot.
2. Brine tank conditioners
a. Backwash the conditioner and add the required amount of hypochlorite
solution to the brine well of the brine tank. The brine tank should have water
in it to permit the solution to be carried into the conditioner.
b. Proceed with the normal regeneration.
Calcium Hypochlorite
Calcium hypochlorite, 70% available chlorine, is available in several forms
including tablets and granules. These solid materials may be used directly without
dissolving before use.
1. Dosage
a. Two grains (approximately 0.1 ounce) per cubic foot.
2. Brine tank conditioners
a. Backwash the conditioner and add the required amount of hypochlorite to
the brine well of the brine tank. The brine tank should have water in it to
permit the chlorine solution to be carried into the conditioner.
b. Proceed with the normal regeneration.
Placing Conditioner into Operation
Initial Start-Up
After the water conditioning system is installed, the conditioner should be
disinfected before it is used to treat potable water. Refer to the Disinfection of
Water Conditioners section in this manual. Complete the following steps to place
the conditioner into operation:
1. Remove control valve cover.
Note: The following steps will require turning the indicator knob (Figure 10)
to various positions. Insert a wide-blade screwdriver into arrow slot in
indicator knob and press in firmly. With knob held in, rotate
*Clorox is a trademark of the Clorox Company.
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COUNTERCLOCKWISE only until arrow or knob points to desired position.
Rotation is made much easier if you grasp the camshaft with your free hand
and turn it at the same time. Then permit knob to spring back out.
2. Insert screwdriver into slot in indicator knob (Figure 10). Press in and rotate
knob COUNTERCLOCKWISE until arrow points directly to the word
BACKWASH.
3. Fill resin tank with water.
a. With water supply off, place the bypass valve(s) into the “NOT IN BYPASS”
position.
b. Open water supply valve very slowly to approximately the 1/4 open
position.
IMPORTANT: If opened too rapidly or too far, resin may be lost. In this position,
you should hear air escaping slowly from the drain line.
c. When all of the air has been purged from the tank (water begins to flow
steadily from the drain), open the water supply valve all the way.
d. Allow water to run to drain until clear.
e. Turn off water supply and let the unit stand for about five minutes. This will
allow all trapped air to escape from the tank.
4. Add water to brine tank (initial fill).
With a bucket or hose, add approximately 4 gallons (15 liters) of water to brine
tank. If the tank has a salt platform above the bottom of the tank, add water
until the level is approximately 1 inch (25 mm) above the platform.
5. Put into operation.
a. Open water supply valve slowly to full open position.
b. Carefully advance indicator knob COUNTERCLOCKWISE to center of
FAST RINSE/REFILL position and hold there until water starts to flow
through brine line into brine tank. Do not run for more than two minutes.
c. Advance indicator knob COUNTERCLOCKWISE until arrow points to the
center of the BRINE/SLOW RINSE position.
d. With the conditioner in this position, check to see if water is being drawn
from the brine tank. The water level in the brine tank will recede very slowly.
Observe for at least three minutes. If the water level does not recede or
goes up, or if air enters the transparent air check chamber and the ball falls
and seats, reference Troubleshooting section.
e. Advance indicator knob COUNTERCLOCKWISE to CONDITIONED
WATER.
f. Run water from a nearby faucet until the water is clear and soft.
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400 Series Control Settings
440i Control
Day Arrow
Skipper Pins
Indicator Knob
Timer
Locking Pin
Skipper Wheel
Time Arrow
Timer Knob
Figure 10
Programming
1. Set days of regeneration on skipper wheel (Figure 10).
• Pull all skipper pins outward (away from control).
• Rotate skipper wheel until day arrow points to current day or number 1.
• Depress skipper pin(s) at day(s) for which regeneration is desired.
2. Set the time of day.
• Grasp timer knob and pull outward.
• Rotate in either direction until the timer arrow points to the actual time of
day.
• Release timer knob.
Note: With the time of day properly set, the conditioner will regenerate at about
2:30 a.m. If you prefer to have the unit regenerate at an earlier or later time, simply
set current time-of-day accordingly (e.g., to have the unit regenerate at 4:30 a.m.—
two hours later—set the clock two hours earlier than the actual time of day.)
Note: The Timer Locking Pin should always be horizontal (Figure 10) during
operation.
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460i Control
Water Flow Indicator
Hour Time Display
PM Indicator
Access Door
Raised
Tab
Jumper
Transformer Plug
Receptacle
Indicator Knob
Timer
Locking Pin
Spare
Jumper
Time Set Button
Figure 11
Programming
Plug the wall-mount transformer into a functioning electrical outlet that is not
controlled by a switch. Plug the transformer into the transformer plug receptacle
on the control.
Open the access door by pushing the raised tab on the door toward the left while
pulling the tab out (Figure 11).
Time of Day Setting
With the jumper on the set of pins next to the word TIME (Figure 12), set the time
of day to the closest hour by pressing the black TIME SET button. PM hours are
indicated by a light next to the letters PM on the display window.
Note: The use of a small needle-nose pliers will aid in moving the jumper.
Note: The unit is factory set to regenerate at 2:00 a.m. If you prefer to have the
unit regenerate at an earlier or later time, simply set the current time of day
accordingly (e.g., to have the unit regenerate at 4:00 a.m.—two hours later—set
the clock two hours earlier than the actual time of day).
Note: The Timer Locking Pin should always be horizontal (Figure 11) during
operation.
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Hardness Setting
Move the jumper to the set of pins next to the word HARDNESS (Figure 13).
Press the black TIME SET button until the hardness of the incoming water supply
is displayed. The hardness range is from 1 to 99 grains per gallon.
To change water hardness stated in parts per million (PPM) to grains per gallon
(GPG) use this formula:
Parts per Million = Grains per Gallon
17.1
Figure 12
Figure 13
Figure 14
Capacity Setting
Move the jumper to the set of pins next to the word CAPACITY (Figure 14). Press
the black TIME SET button until the correct capacity value is displayed. The
capacity range is 1 to 99 kilograins. Refer to the Suggested Salt Dial Settings
table.
Return the jumper to the top set of pins next to the word TIME and replace the
access door. The jumper must NOT be left on any pins other than the top pair
next to the word TIME. Otherwise, the unit may show a blank display.
Note: A spare jumper is located on the bottom set of pins.
In the event that the hardness or capacity setting must be changed, simply follow
the appropriate steps described above.
Calendar Override Setting
1. Disconnect power.
2. Place jumper on Pin A and reconnect power.
3. Move jumper to Pin B. A zero will appear, indicating zero days of calendar
override. All 460i controllers are preprogrammed in this manner at the
manufacturer.
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4. Depress the black TIME SET button. The numbers will roll from “0” to “15.”
Release the switch at the desired number of days for the calendar override. For
example, releasing the switch at “10” would program a 10-day calendar
override.
5. Disconnect power.
6. Place jumper back on TIME and reconnect power.
7. The calendar override program is maintained during power outages by the
NOVRAM circuitry.
8. To remove the calendar override, follow the same steps above and program
back to “0.”
Common Features
When using the Performa valve with the 440i or 460i controls, there are several
features and procedures that are unique to the 400 series controls. They are as
follows:
Salt Dial Adjustment
These models may be adjusted to produce maximum to minimum conditioning
capacities by setting the salt dial, which controls the amount of salt used per
regeneration. When desired, the minimum setting may be used on installations if
the frequency of regeneration is increased to compensate for lower regenerated
conditioning capacity. The installing dealer will set the unit for proper salt usage.
Further adjustments are needed only if the hardness of the water supply changes
or if water use changes dramatically. Capacity will need to be adjusted
accordingly.
To adjust salt dosage, insert a small screwdriver into the white indicator knob and
move pointer to proper salt setting (Figure 13).
Note: To convert the salt settings from English to metric, divide by 2.2 (e.g., 12
pounds ÷ 2.2 = 5.5 kg of salt).
Indicator Knob
Figure 13
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Table 1 – Suggested Salt Dial Settings (Pounds of Salt) For Various Size Softeners
Capacity
Setting
(Kilograins)
0.5 Ft3
0.75 Ft3
1.0 Ft3
1.25 Ft3
1.5 Ft3
1.75 Ft3
2.0 Ft3
12
4.5
—
—
—
—
—
—
16
9.0
5.5
—
—
—
—
—
20
—
8.5
6.0
—
—
—
24
—
14.0
8.5
—
—
—
30
—
—
15.0
11.0
9.0
—
—
32
—
—
18.5
12.5
10.0
9.0
—
7.0
35
—
—
—
16.0
12.0
10.0
9.0
40
—
—
—
11.5*
17.0
14.0
12.0
48
—
—
—
—
14.0*
10.5*
17.0
60
—
—
—
—
—
—
15.0*
*This setting requires the use of “XS” (extra salt) cam and doubles the amount of
the setting.
The amount of salt placed in the brine tank has nothing to do with the amount of
salt used during the regeneration cycle. Water will dissolve and absorb salt only
until it becomes saturated. A given amount of brine (salt-saturated water) contains
a specific amount of salt. The salt dial controls the amount of brine used during
the regeneration cycle (e.g., when set at 15 pounds (6.8 kg) the amount of brine
the conditioner will use for each regeneration will contain 15 pounds (6.8 kg) of
salt, etc.)
Never let the amount of salt in the brine tank be lower than the normal liquid level.
Do not overload the brine tank with salt.
Guest Cycle (Manual Regeneration)
When abnormally high water usage exhausts your water conditioner’s capacity
ahead of schedule, an extra regeneration can be achieved. Depress the indicator
knob on the 440i (Figure 10) with a wide-blade screwdriver and turn
COUNTERCLOCKWISE to START to initiate a regeneration. For the 460i, simply
depress the indicator knob (Figure 11). It will take a few minutes for regeneration
to start. A normal regeneration will take approximately two hours.
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Preventive Maintenance
Inspect and clean brine tank and screen filter on end of brine pickup tube once a
year or when sediment appears in the bottom of the brine tank.
Clean injector screen and injector once a year:
1. Unplug the wall-mount transformer.
2. Shut off water supply or put bypass valve(s) into bypass position.
3. Relieve system pressure by opening valve No. 7
(at rear) with a screwdriver.
4. Using a screwdriver, remove injector screen and injector cap (Figure 15).
5. Clean screen using a fine brush. Flush until clean.
6. Using a needle-nose pliers, pull injector straight out.
7. Flush water into the injector screen recess of the valve body to flush debris out
through the injector recess.
8. Clean and flush the injector.
9. Lubricate the O-rings on the injector, injector cap and injector screen with
silicone lubricant.
10. Reinstall the injector, injector cap and injector screen. See IMPORTANT note.
11. Plug the wall-mount transformer into outlet; reset time of day.
12. Slowly open water supply valve or return bypass valve(s) to the “not in bypass”
position.
IMPORTANT: Do not overtighten the plastic cap. Seat the cap lightly into
position. Overtightening may cause breakage of the plastic cap that may not be
immediately evident.
Injector Screen
Turbine
Cap
Injector
Figure 15
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Replacement Parts for Autotrol Brand Performa Control
Performa Valve
2
13
13
4
5
15
14
9
10
1
3
6
7
12
5
6
19
14
8
3
12
8
8
11
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Performa Valve & Tank Adapter Module
Code
1
Part No.
1035606
2
3
4
5
6
1035625
1035627
1031391
1000209
1000210
1000211
1000212
1000213
1000214
1000215
1030502
1032970
1032971
1032972
1030272
7
1000217
1000218
1000219
1030303
8
9
10
11
12
13
1034261
1034263
1002449
1000226
1010429
1035622
1001606
1001670
1041210
1001608
1001609
1001613
1001614
1001615
1001769
1001603
Description
Valve Assembly, w/o Flow Controls
(440i, 460i)
Camshaft:
440i, 460i Standard
440i, 460i Extra Salt **
Timer Locking Pin
Drain Control Assembly:
No. 7 (1.2 gpm; 4.5 Lpm)
No. 8 (1.6 gpm; 6.1 Lpm)
No. 9 (2.0 gpm; 7.6 Lpm)
No. 10 (2.5 gpm; 9.5 Lpm)
No. 12 (3.5 gpm; 13.2 Lpm)
No. 13 (4.1 gpm; 15.5 Lpm)
No. 14 (4.8 gpm; 18.2 Lpm)
Ball, Flow Control
Injector Assembly:
“A” Injector - White
“B” Injector - Blue
“C” Injector - Red
“D” Injector - Green
Injector Cap Assembly:
“A” Cap
“B” Cap
“C” Cap
“D” Cap
Brine Refill Control (440i and 460i):
1 to 10 Pounds Salt
3 to 19 Pounds Salt
Drain Fitting Elbow (3/4” hose barbed)
Screen/Cap Assembly
O-Ring
Tank Ring
Plumbing Adapter Kits:
3/4-inch Copper Tube Adapter Kit
1-inch Copper Tube Adapter Kit
1-1/4-inch Copper Tube Adapter Kit
22-mm Copper Tube Adapter Kit
28-mm Copper Tube Adapter Kit
3/4-inch CPVC Tube Adapter Kit
1-inch CPVC Tube Adapter Kit
25-mm CPVC Tube Adapter Kit
3/4-inch NPT Plastic Pipe Adapter Kit
1-inch NPT Plastic Pipe Adapter Kit
20
Qty.
1
1
1
1
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1237853 Rev C.fm Page 21 Tuesday, February 17, 2004 4:23 PM
14
15
*
*
1001604
1001605
1001611
1001610
1001612
1033444
1001580
1041174
1000062
3/4-inch BSPT Plastic Pipe Adapter Kit
1-inch BSPT Plastic Pipe Adapter Kit
3/4-inch BSPT Brass Pipe Adapter Kit
1-inch NPT Brass Pipe Adapter Kit
1-inch BSPT Brass Pipe Adapter Kit
Turbine Assembly (460i only)
Spring, Flapper Valve
Valve Disc Kit:
Standard
I-Lid Cover
* Not Shown
**Soft water refill is not available with the extra salt cam.
21
1
1
1237853 Rev C.fm Page 22 Tuesday, February 17, 2004 4:23 PM
Replacement Parts
460i
440i
2
1
3
DAY
BR
IN
SLO E/
W
RIN
SE
FA
S
RE T RIN
FIL S
E/
CO L
N
WAT DIT
ER IONE
D
6P
M
MA
PR NUA
E
L
CLOSS RE
BA MIDN
CK KNO GE
CK
WIS B A NE
IG
WA
H
E TOND RAIO
STA
SH T
TU N
"STA
RT
R :
RT N CO
" Ð UN
TO
RE TE
LE RTIMSET
AS
E
PU E OF
ANLL KN DAY
DR O
3A
OTAB
M
TE
3P
M
NO
ON
6A
M
9A
M
1265 Bypass Valve
B Y PA S S
B Y PA S S
Performa Series Accessories
Part
No.
Code
1
2
3
1000810
1000811
1000812
1000813
1000814
1030234
*
Description
Qty.
440i Assembly
460i Assembly
Transformer
Japanese
North American
Australian
British
European
Transformer Extension Cord 15 foot (4.5 m)
1
1
1
1
Bypass Body Assembly
1
Bypass Valve
1
1040930
22
1237853 Rev C.fm Page 23 Tuesday, February 17, 2004 4:23 PM
Tube Adapter Kits
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
1001606
1001670
1041210
1001608
1001613
1001614
1001615
1001769
1001603
1001604
1001605
1001611
1001610
1001612
1040547
3/4-inch Copper Tube Adapter Kit
1-inch Copper Tube Adapter Kit
1-1/4-inch Copper Tube Adapter Kit
22-mm Copper Tube Adapter Kit
3/4-inch CPVC Tube Adapter Kit
1-inch CPVC Tube Adapter Kit
25-mm CPVC Tube Adapter Kit
3/4-inch NPT Plastic Pipe Adapter Kit
1-inch NPT Plastic Pipe Adapter Kit
3/4-inch BSPT Plastic Pipe Adapter Kit
1-inch BSPT Plastic Pipe Adapter Kit
3/4-inch BSPT Brass Pipe Adapter Kit
1-inch NPT Brass Pipe Adapter Kit
1-inch BSPT Brass Pipe Adapter Kit
90-degree Elbow Adapter Kit
23
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1237853 Rev C.fm Page 24 Tuesday, February 17, 2004 4:23 PM
Troubleshooting
The technology upon which the Performa control is based is well established and
proven in service over many years. However, should a problem or question arise
regarding the operation of the system, the control can be very easily serviced. The
control module can be quickly replaced or adjustments can be made at the
installation. We recommend that you contact your local professional water
treatment dealer for most concerns. For parts mentioned, refer to exploded views
in the Replacement Parts section of this manual.
IMPORTANT: Service procedures that require the water pressure to be
removed from the system are marked with a ! after the possible cause. Refer to
Preventative Maintenance section for instructions.
Common
Problem
1. Brine tank
overflow.
Possible Cause
a. Uncontrolled brine refill
flow rate.
b. Air leak in brine line to air
check.
c. Drain control clogged
with resin or other debris.
2. Flowing or
dripping water at
drain or brine line
after regeneration.
3. Hard water
leakage after
regeneration.
Solution
a. Remove brine control to
clean ball and seat.
b. Check all connections in
brine line for leaks. Refer to
instructions.
c. Clean drain control.
a. Valve stem return spring
weak.
a. Replace spring. (Contact
dealer.)
a. Improper regeneration.
a. Repeat regeneration after
making certain correct salt
dosage was set.
b. Replace bypass valve.
(Contact dealer).
c. Replace O-ring. (Contact
dealer.)
b. Leaking of external
bypass valve.
c. O-ring around riser pipe
damaged.
24
1237853 Rev C.fm Page 25 Tuesday, February 17, 2004 4:23 PM
4. Control will not
draw brine.
a. Low water pressure.
b. Restricted drain line.
c. Injector plugged !
d. Injector defective !
e. Valve disc 2 and/or 3 not
closed.
f.
Air check valve
prematurely closed.
a. Make correct setting
according to instructions.
b. Remove restriction.
c. Clean injector and screen.
d. Replace injector and cap.
(Contact dealer.)
e. Remove foreign matter from
disc and check disc for
closing by pushing in on
stem. Replace if needed.
(Contact dealer).
f. Put control momentarily into
brine refill. Replace or repair
air check if needed. (Contact
dealer).
Performa/440i Troubleshooting
Problem
1. Control will not
regenerate
automatically.
Possible Cause
a. Transformer or motor not
connected.
b. Defective timer motor.
c. Skipper pins not down on
timer skipper wheel.
d. Binding in gear train of
timer.
Solution
a. Connect power.
b. Replace motor. (Contact
dealer.)
c. Depress pins for days
regeneration required.
d. Replace timer. (Contact
dealer.)
2. Control
regenerates at
wrong time of day.
a. Timer set incorrectly.
a. Correct time setting
according to instructions.
3. Control will not
draw brine.
a. Low water pressure.
a. Set pump to maintain 20 psi
at softener.
b. Change drain to remove
restriction.
c. Clean injector and screen.
d. Replace injector. (Contact
dealer).
e. Put control momentarily into
brine/slow rinse. Replace or
repair air check if needed.
(Contact dealer).
f. Turn to horizontal position.
b. Restricted drain line.
c. Injector plugged.
d. Injector defective.
e. Air check valve closes
prematurely.
f.
Timer locking pin not
horizontal.
25
1237853 Rev C.fm Page 26 Tuesday, February 17, 2004 4:23 PM
Problem
Possible Cause
4. System using
more or less salt
than salt dial
setting.
a. Foreign matter in
controller causing
incorrect flow rates.
b. Defective controller
Solution
a. Remove brine control and
flush out foreign matter.
Manually position control to
brine/slow rinse to clean
controller (after so doing
position control to "purge” to
remove brine from tank).
b. Replace brine control.
(Contact dealer.)
5. Intermittent or
irregular brine
draw.
a. Low water pressure.
6. No conditioned
water after
regeneration.
a. No salt in brine tank.
b. Injector plugged.
c. Air check valve closes
prematurely.
a. Add salt to brine tank.
b. Clean injector and screen.
c. Put control momentarily into
brine/slow rinse. Replace or
repair air check if needed.
(Contact dealer.)
7. Control
backwashes or
purges at
excessively low or
high rate.
a. Incorrect drain controller
used.
b. Foreign matter affecting
controller operation.
a. Replace with correct size
controller. (Contact dealer).
b. Remove drain controller and
clean ball and seat.
b. Defective injector.
a. Set pump to maintain 20 psi
at softener.
b. Replace injector. (Contact
dealer.)
Performa/460i Troubleshooting
Problem
1. Clock does not
display time of
day.
Possible Cause
a. Transformer cord
unplugged.
b. No electric power at
outlet.
c. Defective transformer.
d. Defective circuit board.
2. Clock does not
display correct
time of day.
a. Outlet operated by
switch.
b. Incorrect voltage or
frequency (Hz).
c. Power outages.
26
Solution
a. Connect power.
b. Repair outlet or use working
outlet.
c. Replace transformer.
(Contact dealer.)
d. Replace timer. (Contact
dealer.)
a. Use outlet not controlled by
switch.
b. Replace timer with one of
correct voltage and
frequency (Hz). (Contact
dealer.)
c. Reset clock.
1237853 Rev C.fm Page 27 Tuesday, February 17, 2004 4:23 PM
Problem
Possible Cause
Solution
3. Time display
continues to
advance.
a. Defective time set switch.
a. Replace timer. (Contact
dealer.)
4. Time display
shows something
other than time of
day.
a. Electrical interference.
a. Disconnect power to unit.
Restore power and reset
time of day display.
b. Replace timer. (Contact
dealer.)
5. No water flow
display when
water is flowing.
a. Bypass valve in bypass.
b. Defective circuit board.
b. Meter probe
disconnected or not fully
connected to meter
housing.
c. Restricted meter turbine
rotation due to foreign
material in meter !
d. Defective meter probe.
e. Defective circuit board.
6. Control
regenerates at
wrong time of day.
a. Power outages.
b. Clock set incorrectly.
27
a. Shift bypass valve to not-inbypass position.
b. Fully insert probe into meter
housing.
c. Remove meter housing, free
up turbine and flush with
clean water. Turbine should
spin freely. If not, replace
meter. (Contact dealer).
d. Replace timer. (Contact
dealer.)
e. Replace timer. (Contact
dealer.)
a. Reset clock to correct time of
day.
b. Reset clock to correct time of
day.
1237853 Rev C.fm Page 28 Tuesday, February 17, 2004 4:23 PM
Problem
7. Timer stalled in
regeneration
cycle.
Possible Cause
a. Motor dead.
b. Motor runs backward.
c. No electric power at
outlet.
d. Broken gear.
e. Defective switch.
f.
Air leak in brine
connections.
g. Binding of camshaft.
h. Water pressure greater
than 125 psi (8.6 bar)
during regeneration !
i. Defective circuit board.
Solution
a. Replace timer. (Contact
dealer.)
b. Replace timer. (Contact
dealer.)
c. Repair outlet or use working
outlet.
d. Replace timer. (Contact
dealer.)
e. Replace timer. (Contact
dealer.)
f. Check all junction points and
make appropriate
corrections.
g. Remove foreign object
obstruction from valve discs
or camshaft.
h. Install pressure regulator.
i.
Replace timer. (Contact
dealer.)
8. Continuous
regeneration.
Camshaft does
not stop at the end
of regeneration.
a. Broken switch actuator
on gear.
b. Defective switch.
a. Replace timer. (Contact
dealer.)
b. Replace timer. (Contact
dealer.)
9. Control will not
regenerate
automatically or
when button is
pressed.
a. Electric cord or
transformer unplugged.
b. No electric power at
outlet.
c. Defective motor.
a. Connect power.
d. Broken gear.
e. Binding in gear train.
f.
10. Control will not
regenerate
automatically but
will regenerate
when button is
pressed.
Defective switch.
a. If water flow display is not
operative, refer to Item 5.
b. Defective circuit board.
c. Incorrect hardness and
capacity settings.
28
b. Repair outlet or use working
outlet.
c. Replace timer. (Contact
dealer.)
d. Replace timer. (Contact
dealer.)
e. Replace timer. (Contact
dealer.)
f. Replace timer. (Contact
dealer.)
a. Same as Item 5.
b. Replace timer. (Contact
dealer.)
c. Set to correct values. See
Programming section.
1237853 Rev C.fm Page 29 Tuesday, February 17, 2004 4:23 PM
Problem
11. Run out of soft
water between
regenerations.
Possible Cause
a. Improper regeneration.
b. Incorrect salt setting.
c. Incorrect hardness or
capacity settings.
d. Water hardness has
increased.
e. Restricted meter turbine
rotation due to foreign
material in meter !
12. Brine tank
overflow.
a. Brine valve disc 5 being
held open by foreign
matter.
b. Uncontrolled brine refill
flow rate.
c. Valve disc 2 not closed
during brine draw causing
brine refill.
d. Air leak in brine line to air
check.
e. Improper drain control for
injector.
f.
13. System using
more or less salt
than salt control is
set for.
Drain control clogged
with resin or other debris.
a. Inaccurate setting.
b. Foreign matter in
controller causing
incorrect flow rates.
c. Defective controller.
29
Solution
a. Repeat regeneration,
making certain that correct
salt dosage is used.
b. Set salt control to proper
level. See salt setting chart.
c. Set to correct values. See
Programming section.
d. Set hardness to new value.
See Programming section.
e. Remove meter housing, free
up turbine and flush with
clean water. Turbine should
spin freely; if not, replace
meter. (Contact dealer.)
a. Manually operate valve stem
to flush away obstruction.
b. Remove variable salt
controller to clean it and the
ball.
c. Flush out foreign matter
holding disc open by
manually operating valve
stem.
d. Check all connections in
brine line for leaks. Refer to
instructions.
e. Too small of a drain control
with a “B” or “C” injector will
reduce draw rates.
Reference Pressure
Graphs.
f. Clean drain control.
a. Make correct setting.
b. Remove variable salt
controller and flush out
foreign matter. Manually
position control to brine draw
to clean controller (after so
doing, position control to
“purge” to remove brine from
tank).
c. Replace defective part.
(Contact dealer.)
1237853 Rev C.fm Page 30 Tuesday, February 17, 2004 4:23 PM
Problem
14. Intermittent or
irregular brine
draw.
Possible Cause
a. Low water pressure.
b. Defective injector !
15. No conditioned
water after
regeneration.
a. Unit did not regenerate.
b. No salt in brine tank.
c. Plugged injector !
d. Air check valve closed
prematurely.
30
Solution
a. Set pump to maintain at
least 20 psi (1.38 bar) at
softener.
b. Replace both injector and
injector cap. (Contact
dealer.)
a. Check for power.
b. Add salt to brine tank.
c. Remove injector and flush it
and injector screen.
d. Put control momentarily into
refill to free air check.
Replace or repair air check if
needed. (Contact dealer.)
1237853 Rev C.fm Page 31 Tuesday, February 17, 2004 4:23 PM
Valve Specifications
Working Pressure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20-120 psi (1.38 - 8.27 bar)
Standard 12 Volt Transformer Input Electrical Rating . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 115V 60 Hz
Optional 12 Volt Transformer Input Electrical Rating . . . . . . . . . . 115V 50 Hz, 230V 50 Hz,
230V 60 Hz, 100V 60 Hz, 100V 50 Hz
Operating Ambient Temperature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 ° F to 120 ° F (1 ° C to 49 ° C)
Operating Water Temperature. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 ° F to 100 ° F (1 ° C to 38 ° C)
31
1237853 Rev C.fm Page 32 Tuesday, February 17, 2004 4:23 PM
For service or parts, please contact your local professional
water treatment dealer.
© Copyright 2004 GE Water Technologies
Printed in the USA P/N 1237853 Rev. C
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