OEM Tools Automotive Tools Operating Instructions

OEM Tools Automotive Tools Operating Instructions
Operating Instructions and Parts Manual
24812
Please read and save these instructions. Read through this owner’s manual carefully before using product. Protect
yourself and others by observing all safety information, warnings, and cautions. Failure to comply with instructions
could result in personal injury and/or damage to product or property. Please retain instructions for future reference.
20 TON AIR/MANUAL SHOP
PRESS W/ GAUGE
UNPACKING
After unpacking unit, inspect
carefully for any damage that may
have occurred during transit. Check
for loose, missing, or damaged
parts. If any damage is observed,
a shipping damage claim must be
filed with carrier. Do not use Shop
Press if broken, bent, cracked or
damaged parts (including labels) are
noted. Any Shop Press that appears
damaged in any way, operates
abnormally or is missing parts should
be removed from service immediately.
If you suspect that the Shop Press
was subjected to a shock load (a
load that was dropped suddenly,
unexpectedly, etc.) immediately
discontinue use until it has been
checked by a factory authorized
service center.
WARNING
The following safety information is provided as guidelines to help you operate your 20 Ton Air/Manual Shop Press w/
Gauge under the safest possible conditions. Any tool or piece of equipment can be potentially dangerous to use when
safety or safe handling instructions are not known or not followed. The following safety instructions are to provide
the user with the information necessary for safe use and operation. Please read and retain these instructions for the
continued safe use of your service system. Failure to follow instructions listed below may result in serious injury. In
addition, make certain that anyone that uses the equipment understands and follows these safety instructions as well.
WARNING
This product contains chemicals known to the State of California to cause cancer and birth defects or other reproductive harm.
Explanation of Safety Signal Words
Indicates a potentially hazardous situation which, if not avoided, could result in death or
WARNING : serious
injury.
: Indicates a potentially hazardous situation which, if not avoided, may result in minor or
CAUTION moderate injury.
: Used without the safety alert symbol indicates a potentially hazardous situation which, if
CAUTION
not avoided, may result in property damage.
Notes
: Provide clarity and helpful information.
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Operating Instructions and Parts Manual
24812
20 TON AIR/MANUAL SHOP
PRESS W/ GAUGE
8. Check for damage. Check your tool regularly. If
part of the tool is damaged it should be carefully
inspected to make sure that it can perform its
intended function correctly. If in doubt, the part
should be repaired. Refer all servicing to a qualified
technician. Consult your dealer for advice.
Thank you very much for choosing an OEMTOOLS
Product!
For future reference, please complete the owner’s
record below:
Model: _______________ Purchase Date: _______________
Save the receipt, warranty and these instructions. It is
important that you read the entire manual to become
familiar with this product before you begin using it.
This machine is designed for certain applications
only. OEMTOOLS cannot be responsible for issues
arising from modification. We strongly recommend
this machine is not modified and/or used for any
application other than that for which it was designed.
If you have any questions relative to a particular
application, DO NOT use the machine until you have
first contacted OEMTOOLS to determine if it can or
should be performed on the product.
9. Keep away from flammables. Do not attempt to
operate this tool near flammable materials or
combustibles. Failure to comply may cause serious
injury or death.
10. Store idle tools out of the reach of children and
untrained persons. Tools may be dangerous in the
hands of untrained users.
11. Do not use the shop press to compress spring
or any other item that could disengage and
cause a potential hazard. Never stand directly
in front of loaded press and never leave loaded
press unattended.
•
Maintain tools with care.
•
Keep tools dry and clean.
•
Properly maintained tools are less likely to bind and
are easier to control. Do not use a damaged tool.
Tag damaged tools “Do not use” until repaired.
1. Know your tool. Read this manual carefully. Learn
the tool’s applications and limitations, as well as,
potential hazards specific to it.
•
Check for misalignment or binding of moving parts,
breakage of parts, and any other condition that
may affect the tool’s operation.
2. Keep work area clean and well lit. Cluttered or dark
work areas invite accidents.
•
If damaged, have the tool serviced before using. Many
accidents are caused by poorly maintained tools.
3. Keep children away. All children should be kept
away from the work area. Never let a child handle a
tool without strict adult supervision.
•
Use only accessories that are recommended by the
manufacturer for your model. Accessories that may
be suitable for one tool may become hazardous
when used on another tool.
•
Tool service must be performed only by qualified
repair personnel. Service or maintenance
performed by unqualified personnel could result in
a risk of injury.
•
When servicing a tool, use only identical
replacement parts. Use of unauthorized parts or
failure to follow maintenance instructions may
create a risk of injury.
•
Maintain a safe working environment. Keep the
work area well lit. Make sure there is adequate
surrounding workspace. Keep the work area free
of obstructions, grease, oil, trash, and other debris.
Do not use this product in a damp or wet location.
•
Maintain labels and nameplates on this product.
These carry important information. If unreadable or
missing, contact OEM for a replacement.
IMPORTANT INSTRUCTIONS
AND SAFETY RULES
4. Do not operate this tool if under the influence
of alcohol or drugs. Read warning labels on
prescriptions to determine if your judgment or
reflexes are impaired while taking drugs. If there is
any doubt, do not attempt to operate.
5. Use safety equipment. Eye protection should
be worn at all times when operating this tool.
Use ANSI approved safety glasses. Everyday
eyeglasses are NOT safety glasses. Dust mask,
non-skid safety shoes, hard hat or hearing
protection should be used in appropriate conditions.
6. Wear proper apparel. Loose clothing, gloves, neckties, rings, bracelets or other jewelry may present a
potential hazard when operating this tool. Keep all
apparel clear of the tool.
7. Don’t overreach. Keep proper footing and balance
at all times when operating this tool.
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Operating Instructions and Parts Manual
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20 TON AIR/MANUAL SHOP
PRESS W/ GAUGE
•
Keep the handle dry, clean, and free from brake
fluid, oil, and grease.
•
Before use, read and understand all warnings,
safety precautions, and instructions as outlined
in the vehicle manufacturer’s service manual. It
is beyond the scope of this manual to properly
describe the correct procedure and test data for
each vehicle.
•
The manufacturer declines any and all responsibility
for damage to vehicles or components if said
damage is the result of unskillful handling by the
operator or of failure to observe the basic safety
rules set forth in the instruction manual.
•
This equipment is intended only for professional
use by personnel trained in performing the service
functions for which it is has been designed
•
Always perform vehicle service in a properly
ventilated area. Never run an engine without proper
ventilation for its exhaust. Stop work and take
necessary steps to improve ventilation in the work
area if you develop momentary eye, nose, or throat
irritation as this indicates inadequate ventilation.
•
This equipment is designed for servicing a variety
of vehicles in a safe, convenient manner. However,
differences in vehicle makes and models may make it
impossible to use this equipment as it is intended. Do
not attempt to force the use of this equipment on an
application for which it is not designed to perform.
•
Engine parts that are in motion and unexpected
movement of a vehicle can injure or kill. When
working near moving engine parts, wear snug fit
clothing and keep hands and fingers away from
moving parts. Keep hoses and tools clear of
moving parts. Always stay clear of moving engine
parts. Hoses and tools can be thrown through the
air if not kept clear of moving engine parts.
•
The procedures documented in this manual are to
serve as guidelines for the use of this equipment.
•
In addition to these guidelines, always follow the
manufacturer’s recommended procedures when
servicing each unique vehicle.
•
The use of this equipment is simple and
straightforward if you follow the instructions. When
operating this equipment, use common sense, and
always stop to think before using a Shop Press or
lifting a vehicle
•
The unexpected movement of a vehicle can injure
or kill. When working on vehicles always set the
parking brake or block the wheels.
•
Avoid accidental fire and/or explosion. Do not
smoke near engine fuel and battery components.
•
The warnings, precautions, and instructions
discussed in this manual cannot cover all possible
conditions and situations that may occur. The
operator must understand that common sense and
caution are factors which cannot be built into this
product, but must be supplied by the operator.
•
For safety purposes and the prevention of damage
to expensive components it is advised that the user
have an understanding of basic automotive repair
and a working knowledge of automotive systems.
•
We believe the information contained herein to be
reliable. However, general technical information
is given by us without charge and the user shall
employ such information at their own discretion
and risk. We assume no responsibility for results or
damages incurred from the use of such information
in whole or in part. Always refer to specific
instructions and technical information supplied by
vehicle manufacturer.
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Operating Instructions and Parts Manual
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20 TON AIR/MANUAL SHOP
PRESS W/ GAUGE
Use only on a hard, level and flat surface capable of
bearing the combined weight of the Shop Press, the
operator and any tools being used.
PRODUCT SPECIFICATIONS
Capacity
20 Tons
Overall Height
70 3/4”
Overall Width
28 7/8”
Working Height
29 1/2”
Measurement Between
Uprights
21 1/8”
Adjustment Spacing
5”
Working Range
0” - 40 1/2”
Base Measurement
25” W x 28” L
Movable Piston Assembly
Yes
Ram Travel
7 1/4”
Air Pressure
110 - 120 Psi
Air Inlet Fitting
1/4” NPT
Before each use, inspect the general condition of the
Shop Press. Check for oil leaks, press operation, loose
components. If a problem occurs, have the problem
corrected before further use.
TO PREVENT SERIOUS INJURY: DO NOT USE A
DAMAGED OR MALFUNCTIONING PRESS
If in doubt about the safety of your project, we advise
you to have the work done by a professional familiar
with applicable safety practices.
WARNING
Like all shop equipment there is potential danger
when operating this press. Accidents are frequently
caused by lack of familiarity or failure to pay
attention. Use this press with respect and caution
to decrease the risk of operator injury. If normal
safety precautions are overlooked or ignored,
serious personal injury may occur.
ASSEMBLY
PRODUCT DESCRIPTION
Use the exploding drawing in this manual as your guide
to assemble. Lay all parts and assemblies out in front of
you before beginning.
The 20-ton heavy duty H-frame shop press utilizes an air
powered hydraulic bottle jack that delivers up to 20 tons
of pressing force. When components need to be removed
or assembled, this press delivers the controlled power to
get the job done. The pressing ram head is forced down
by the pressure of the bottle jack’s piston pressing against
the top plate. Heavy return springs collapse the bottle jack
piston after the job is finished.
It is advised that you get someone to help stand up
and balance the parts during assembly.
Note: Do not fully tighten any bolts unless told to do so.
1. Attach one base section (21) to left post (20) and
lower cross member (26) using bolts (25), washers
(22), lock washer (23) and nuts (24), then attach
another to right post (20) and the lower cross
member.
NEVER use for any purpose other than those uses
outlined above!
2. Put the press frame in an upright position,
and insert the under plate (7) to the two upper
crossbeams at the same time, then secure this
crossbeam to the posts with bolts (9), washers
(13), lock washers (12) and nuts (11).
Before using this product, read the operator’s manual
completely and familiarize yourself thoroughly with the
product, its components and recognize the hazards
associated with its use.
3. Put another upper crossbeam into position
and insert the under plate (7) to the two upper
crossbeams at the same time, then secure this
crossbeam to the posts with bolts (9), washer (13),
lock washers (12) and nuts (11).
Wear appropriate safety gear, including heavy-duty work
gloves and ANSI-approved safety goggles during use.
Always evaluate your task before using this press. Use
as intended only.
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Operating Instructions and Parts Manual
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20 TON AIR/MANUAL SHOP
PRESS W/ GAUGE
WARNING
4. Screw the upper round nut (6) onto the ram (3),
insert the ram into the hole in the under plate (7),
then screw the under round nut (8) onto the ram
and attach the serrated saddle (5) to the ram.
The maximum load is 20 tons. DO NOT exceed this
rated capacity. Never apply excessive force to a
workpiece and always use the pressure gauge to
accurately determine the applied load.
5. Join the two press bed frames (18) together by
inserting the four bolts (27) through the bushings
(28) and the holes in the bed frames, then tighten
the four bolts, washers (14), lock washers (15) and
nuts (16).
NEVER Stand directly in front of a loaded press and
never leave loaded press unattended.
AVOID OVERLOAD. Exceeding rated press capacity
can damage the press, shatter a workpiece, or
launch a press pin causing a severe impact injury.
When the press has reached its maximum pressure
or the pump lever becomes stiff to operate, the
press has reached its limit. Never use a cheater
pipe for extra leverage.
6. Insert the bed frame pins (19) into the holes in the
post, and then insert the joined press bed frame
(18) into press frame and onto bed frame pin.
7. Attach the pump and air motor assembly to the
right post using bolts (29) and washers (14),
then insert the jack handle (48) into the handle
bracket (38).
8. Connect the hydraulic hose fitting (57) to the
connection nut (58) and assemble the pressure
gauge (1) to the pressure gauge connection nut
(59) which is on top of the ram (3).
OPERATION SAFETY. Applying pressure to parts
with this press can cause them to spring out and
strike you or bystanders with deadly force. Verify
that bystanders are a safe distance away from
the press during operations. Make sure that you
are wearing leather gloves and safety glasses
with a face shield. Heavy leather boots with extra
toe protection are also required. Under some
conditions, a hard hat may be needed.
9. Tighten all bolts and nuts.
NOTICE: Before disassembly, carefully slide bed to
its fully lowered position.
OPERATION
WORKPIECE SUPPORT. When a part is pressed
free, a workpiece may shift suddenly or fall from
the press, causing a crushing injury to your foot
or leg. Use a catch basket and support long or
awkward workpieces with stands or chains,
or have an assistant support the end of a long
workpiece during pressing operations.
BEFORE FIRST USE
Pour a teaspoon of good quality air tool lubricant
into the air supply inlet of the control valve,
connect to an air supply and operate for 3 seconds
to evenly distribute lubricant.
Purge air from the hydraulic system:
UNSAFE WORKPIECE. Applying pressure to
unstable objects can cause the object to eject,
causing an impact injury. Never apply pressure to
balls, round objects, springs, or elastic items.
MANUAL SYSTEM: Open the release valve (41) by
turning it counterclockwise. Pump several strokes
to eliminate any air from the system
AVOIDING PROJECTILE INJURIES. Being hit
by a launched workpiece or press tooling can
cause severe impact injury or death. When using
the press, stand out of the way of any possible
projectile path. Never press with rods or pins that
are long enough to shift off-center and kick out
under a load. Never stack rods and spacers to
create an extended press pin. If pressing must
occur with an extended press pin, the pin must
be fastened with a safety chain or the press pin
must be enclosed in a safety cage to eliminate a
projectile hazard.
AIR OPERATING SYSTEM: Open the release valve
(41) by turning it counterclockwise. Connect the air
inlet fitting (39) to the shop air supply, then turn on
the air valve (40) letting the pump eliminate any air
in the system.
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Operating Instructions and Parts Manual
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20 TON AIR/MANUAL SHOP
PRESS W/ GAUGE
CORRECT TOOLING. Without using the correct
spring caging tool or jig to hold the spring-loaded
workpiece, the workpiece may shift suddenly,
launching springs that could cause a severe impact
injury. Never use this press to unload spring-loaded
assemblies without also using the correct spring
caging tool or jig.
3. Place workpiece on bed frame, using every
precaution necessary to ensure your safety and
prevent property damage. Position workpiece in a
manner which will not allow it to inadvertently fall
from bed.
4. Close the release valve by turning it clockwise.
5. Connect the air inlet fitting (39) to shop air
supply, then turn on the air valve (40), let the
pump work until serrated saddle (5) nears
workpiece, then turn off the air valve. For Manual
Operation: Pump the Handle until the Serrated
Saddle nears the workpiece.
CORRECTING MISALIGNED LOADS. If a
workpiece becomes misaligned during pressing
operations, it may slip out of the press and cause
severe impact injury. Never attempt to realign
a workpiece while it is under pressure. Relieve
hydraulic pressure, and start pressing operations
over if a workpiece or press pin has moved or
become misaligned. Relieve hydraulic pressure
if you suspect the workpiece is in a bind, or
structural failure is imminent.
6. Align ram and workpiece to ensure center-loading.
7. Apply load to workpiece by turning on the air valve.
For Manual Operation: Pump the Handle.
Do not overload workpiece.
8. Stabilize workpiece in a manner which will not allow
it to inadvertently fall from the bed once the load is
removed, then turn release valve counterclockwise
to retract the ram and remove workpiece. Do not
turn the release valve counterclockwise more than
1 full turn.
SAFE WORKING ZONE. Falling tooling, arbor
plates, or a shifting workpiece can cause a
crushing injury to your leg or foot. Keep out
from under the bed, do not work under the
press when it is loaded, and never leave the
press loaded and unattended.
Note: To protect your ram, do not continue to operate
pump after it is fully extended or retracted.
AVOIDING INCORRECT PRESS OPERATIONS.
Some workpieces cannot withstand the force
of pressing and can explode, causing an impact
injury. Other workpieces have hidden retaining
rings, shoulders, pins, welds, or are integral and
cannot be pressed apart. Before using this press,
make sure that you understand how a component
is built and pressed apart.
WARNING
To reduce the risk of personal injury and/or property
damage, ensure that the rated working pressure of
each pressurized attachment be equal to or greater
than the rated working pressure developed by the
hydraulic pump.
AVOIDING SPRING-BACK HAZARDS. Under heavy
pressing operations, when some parts finally
break free of the host workpiece, sudden hydraulic
press unloading can result in spring-back. As a
result, a workpiece, press pin, or arbor plate can
spring up and fall from the bed, causing a crushing
injury to your foot or leg. Before press operations
begin, anticipate what the workpiece may do if
this sudden unloading occurs, and secure the
workpiece so it will not fall.
WARNING
The hydraulic power unit provided with this device is
intended to be used as an integral part of this press
and not as a stand-alone jacking device separate of the
press. Never use the hydraulic power unit provided with
this press for any purpose other than that for which it is
intended.
1. Insert the support pins to desired height, and then
lower the bed. Ensure bed frame is fully rested on
the support pins.
2. Place arbor plates on the bed frame as needed.
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Operating Instructions and Parts Manual
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20 TON AIR/MANUAL SHOP
PRESS W/ GAUGE
Figure
Description
Quantity
24812-1
Pressure Gauge
1
24812-2
Nylon Ring
1
24812-3
Ram Assembly
1
24812-4
Lock Nut
1
24812-5
Serrated Saddle
1
24812-6
Upper Round Nut
1
24812-7
Under Plate
1
24812-8
Under Round Nut
1
24812-9
Bolt
8
24812-10 Upper Crossbeam
2
24812-11 Nut
8
24812-12 Lock Washer
8
24812-13 Washer
8
24812-14 Washer
16
24812-15 Lock Washer
12
24812-16 Nut
12
24812-17 Heel Block
2
24812-18 Press Bed Frame
2
24812-19 Bed Frame Pin
2
24812-20 Post
2
24812-21 Base Section
2
24812-22 Washer
4
24812-23 Lock Washer
4
24812-24 Nut
4
24812-25 Bolt
4
24812-26 Lower Cross Member
1
24812-27 Bolt
4
24812-28 Bushing
4
24812-29 Bolt M
8
24812-30 Side Bar
4
24812-31 Bolt
4
24812-32 Pump Assembly
1
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PRESS W/ GAUGE
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20 TON AIR/MANUAL SHOP
PRESS W/ GAUGE
The manufacturer and/or distributor have provided
the parts list and assembly diagram in this manual
as a reference tool only. Neither the manufacturer
nor distributor makes any representation or warranty
of any kind to the buyer that he or she is qualified to
make any repairs to the product, or that he or she is
qualified to replace any parts of the product. In fact, the
manufacturer and/or distributor expressly states that all
repairs and parts replacements should be undertaken
by certified and licensed technicians, and not by the
buyer. The buyer assumes all risk and liability arising
out of his or her repairs to the original product or
replacement parts thereto, or arising out of his or her
installation of replacement parts thereto.
MAINTENANCE
Note: Not all components of the Shop Press
are replacement items, but are illustrated as a
convenient reference for location and position in the
assembly sequence.
Remove the oil filler nut (55) on the pump, if it is not
adequate, fill with hydraulic jack oil as necessary,
the replace the oil filler nut, purge air as described in
BEFORE FIRST USE above.
Use caution when troubleshooting a malfunctioning
jack. Stay well clear of the supported load. Completely
resolve all problems before use. If the press is
malfunctioning, have a qualified technician inspect and
repair the press before use. After the press is repaired:
test it carefully without a load by raising it and lowering
it fully, checking for proper operation.
Check ram and pump piston for signs of rust on a regular
basis. Clean as needed with a lint free, oil saturated cloth.
Before each use, inspect press for damage. Do not use
if bent, broken, cracked, leaking or otherwise damaged
components are noted. Periodically, lightly oil all moving
parts, including the pump piston and ram.
ADDING/CHANGING OIL TO BOTTLE JACK
Important: Use only good grade hydraulic jack oil. Avoid
mixing different types of fluid and NEVER use brake
fluid, turbine oil, transmission fluid, motor oil or glycerin.
Improper fluid can cause premature failure of the jack
and the potential for sudden and immediate loss of load.
Premium hydraulic jack oil or equivalent recommended.
If press will not be in use for some time: Pour a teaspoon
of good quality air tool lubricant into the air supply inlet of
the control valve, connect to an air supply and operate for
3 seconds to evenly distribute lubricant.
TROUBLESHOOTING
Symptom
Possible Causes
Corrective Action
• Release valve not tightly closed
• Faulty/Loose couplers
• Oil level in pump is low
• Release valve not fully closed
• Ensure release valve tightly closed
• Remedy overload condition
• Replace/Tighten couplers
• Fill and bleed system
• Tighten release valve
• Release valve not tightly closed
• Ram malfunction
• Ensure release valve tightly closed
• Contact OEMTOOLS
Ram will not retract after unloading
• Reservoir overfilled
• Linkage binding
• Drain fluid to proper level
• Clean and lubricate moving parts
Poor pressing performance
• Fluid level low
• Air trapped in system
• Ensure proper fluid level
Ram will not extend to full extension
• Fluid level low
• Ensure proper fluid level
Oil leak from ram
• Ram malfunction
• Contact OEMTOOLS
Ram will not press load
Ram bleeds off after press operation
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9
• Follow Bleeding/Venting
instructions
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