Wind River Product Installation and Licensing Administrator`s Guide

Wind River Product Installation and Licensing Administrator`s Guide
Wind River Product Installation and Licensing Administrator's Guide, 2.6
Wind River
Product Installation
and Licensing
®
ADMINISTRATOR'S GUIDE
2.6
Copyright © 2015 Wind River Systems, Inc.
All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced or transmitted in any
form or by any means without the prior written permission of Wind River Systems, Inc.
Wind River, Tornado, and VxWorks are registered trademarks of Wind River Systems, Inc.
The Wind River logo is a trademark of Wind River Systems, Inc. Any third-party
trademarks referenced are the property of their respective owners. For further information
regarding Wind River trademarks, please see:
www.windriver.com/company/terms/trademark.html
This product may include software licensed to Wind River by third parties. Relevant
notices (if any) are provided in your product installation at one of the following locations:
installDir/product_name/3rd_party_licensor_notice.pdf
installDir/legal-notices/
Wind River may refer to third-party documentation by listing publications or providing
links to third-party Web sites for informational purposes. Wind River accepts no
responsibility for the information provided in such third-party documentation.
Corporate Headquarters
Wind River
500 Wind River Way
Alameda, CA 94501-1153
U.S.A.
Toll free (U.S.A.): 800-545-WIND
Telephone:
510-748-4100
Facsimile:
510-749-2010
For additional contact information, see the Wind River Web site:
www.windriver.com
For information on how to contact Customer Support, see:
www.windriver.com/support
Wind River Product Installation and Licensing
Administrator's Guide
2.6
10 Mar 15
Contents
1
Overview ......................................................................................................
1
2
Workflow for License Management and Product Installation .................
3
2.1
How Licensing Works ....................................................................................................
3
2.1.1
Types of Workstation License ..........................................................................
4
Node-locked License (NL) ...............................................................................
Floating License (FL) ........................................................................................
Named-User License (NU) ..............................................................................
4
4
4
Installation and Licensing Tasks for License Servers ..............................................
5
Additional Licensing Tasks ..............................................................................
6
Installation and Licensing Tasks for Workstations ..................................................
7
Obtaining Server License Files .................................................................
9
3.1
Before You Begin .............................................................................................................
9
3.2
What Is a License Server? ..............................................................................................
9
3.2.1
Do You Need to Install a License Server? ......................................................
9
3.3
Obtaining Server License Files .....................................................................................
10
3.4
License Maintenance and Management Tasks ..........................................................
13
Single License Server ........................................................................................
Multiple License Servers ..................................................................................
13
14
Obtaining Workstation Licenses ...............................................................
15
4.1
Obtaining a Node-Locked License File .......................................................................
15
4.2
Obtaining a Floating or Named-User License File ...................................................
18
Preliminary Tasks ..............................................................................................
Obtaining a License File ...................................................................................
18
19
2.2
2.3
3
4
iii
Wind River Product Installation and Licensing
Administrator's Guide, 2.6
5
Installing Wind River Products ..................................................................
21
5.1
Before You Begin .............................................................................................................
21
5.1.1
Choose Your Installation Method ...................................................................
21
5.1.2
Gather Materials and Resources .....................................................................
23
5.1.3
Prepare the Computer ......................................................................................
23
5.2
Method 1: An Administrator Installs the Products on Each Workstation ............
24
5.3
Method 2: An Administrator Installs the Products on Workstations through a
Command-Line Sequence ..............................................................................................
25
5.4
Method 3: Developers Install the Products on Their Workstations ......................
25
5.5
Method 4: An Administrator Installs the Products on a Shared File Server .......
27
5.5.1
Network and File System Considerations .....................................................
27
5.5.2
Installing a Product for Shared Use ................................................................
27
5.6
Using the Installer Program ..........................................................................................
28
5.7
Post-Installation Tasks ...................................................................................................
37
Convert Temporary Activations to Permanent .............................................
Restart Your License Server .............................................................................
Failed Installation ..............................................................................................
Adding to Your Installation .............................................................................
Uninstallation ....................................................................................................
Moving an Installation .....................................................................................
37
37
37
37
38
38
Atypical Installations .....................................................................................................
38
5.8.1
Downloading Products for Later Installation ...............................................
38
5.8.2
Cross-Host Installation .....................................................................................
40
5.8.3
Incremental Installation ....................................................................................
40
5.8.4
Revision-Controlled Installation .....................................................................
40
5.8.5
Installing Multiple Products ............................................................................
41
5.8.6
Keyboard-Only Installation .............................................................................
42
Maintaining Your Wind River Product Installation ...................................
43
6.1
The Product Maintenance Tool .....................................................................................
43
6.1.1
Launching the Maintenance Tool ....................................................................
43
Installing Product Updates ............................................................................................
45
DVD .....................................................................................................................
Download ...........................................................................................................
About Legacy Products ....................................................................................
45
45
47
Applying Software Patches ...........................................................................................
48
5.8
6
6.2
6.3
iv
Contents
Examining the Contents of a Patch .................................................................
49
Adding Board Support Packages .................................................................................
50
6.4.1
Installation through ESD ..................................................................................
50
6.4.2
Installation by Download ................................................................................
51
Removing Wind River Products ...................................................................................
52
About Modified Files ........................................................................................
52
6.5.1
Removing Products through the Maintenance Tool ....................................
53
6.5.2
Removing a Service Pack .................................................................................
53
6.5.3
Removing Patches .............................................................................................
54
6.5.4
Removing a Development Workstation License File ...................................
54
6.6
Reviewing the Contents and History of Your Installation ......................................
54
6.7
Reviewing Your License Configuration ......................................................................
55
Viewing Your Current Configuration ............................................................
Changing Your License Configuration ..........................................................
Diagnosing License Issues ...............................................................................
55
56
57
Configuring the Maintenance Tool ..............................................................................
57
Update Location Settings .................................................................................
Network Settings ...............................................................................................
58
60
Permanently Activating a Temporary License .........................................
61
7.1
Introduction ......................................................................................................................
61
7.2
Activating Temporary Licenses ....................................................................................
61
7.2.1
Distributing License Files .................................................................................
62
7.2.2
Setting an Environment Variable to Access a License Server .....................
62
7.2.3
Reinstalling the Product ...................................................................................
62
Finding Your Computer’s Host ID ...............................................................................
63
7.3.1
To find a host ID on a computer running a Windows operating system: .
63
7.3.2
To find a host ID on a computer running a Linux operating system: .......
63
Installing the License Administration Tools .............................................
65
8.1
Overview of License Server Tasks ...............................................................................
65
8.2
Prepare ...............................................................................................................................
66
Hardware and Software Requirements ..........................................................
66
Installing the License Administration Tools .............................................................
67
What Tools Are Installed? ................................................................................
68
6.4
6.5
6.8
7
7.3
8
8.3
v
Wind River Product Installation and Licensing
Administrator's Guide, 2.6
9
10
11
vi
Controlling Access to Products with the User Options File ...................
71
9.1
Introduction ......................................................................................................................
71
Do You Need to Configure a User Options File? ..........................................
72
9.2
Identifying Software Packages in Your License File ................................................
72
9.3
Creating a User Options File .........................................................................................
73
9.4
Specifying Users for Each Licensed Package .............................................................
73
Adding Names to the User Options File .......................................................
Case Sensitivity ..................................................................................................
73
74
9.5
Defining User Groups ....................................................................................................
75
9.6
Controlling Access with the INCLUDE and EXCLUDE Keywords ......................
75
9.6.1
Restricting Access to a Single Product ...........................................................
76
9.6.2
Restricting Access to a Single License Type ..................................................
76
9.7
Controlling Access with PROJECT and LM_PROJECT ..........................................
77
9.8
Additional Allocation Methods ...................................................................................
78
9.9
Rereading the Updated User Options File .................................................................
78
9.10
Debugging with the User Options File .......................................................................
78
9.11
Sample User Options File ..............................................................................................
79
Starting Your License Server .....................................................................
81
10.1
Before You Begin .............................................................................................................
81
10.2
Starting a License Server ................................................................................................
81
10.2.1
Starting the License Server Using the LMTOOLS Utility (Windows Only)
82
10.2.2
Starting the License Server from the Command Line ..................................
83
Re-starting the License Server with a Startup Script ...................................
84
License Usage Logging and Reporting ....................................................
85
11.1
Do You Need to Track License Usage? ........................................................................
85
11.2
Before You Begin .............................................................................................................
86
11.3
Logging License Usage ...................................................................................................
86
Viewing the Current Settings for Usage Logging .........................................
Customizing the Filenames of Usage Logs ...................................................
Configuring the Location of Logfiles .............................................................
Controlling Which License Events Are Logged ...........................................
Rotating Logfiles ...............................................................................................
87
87
88
88
89
Contents
Reference: wrsd_util .........................................................................................
The Log Options File (wrsdlog.opt) ...............................................................
89
90
Reporting License Usage ...............................................................................................
92
Generating Reports ...........................................................................................
Syntax and Options for wrsd_report ..............................................................
Case Sensitivity ..................................................................................................
Generating Usage Reports for Information Only .........................................
92
93
95
95
Sample Reports ..........................................................................................
97
Introduction .......................................................................................................
Example: A Typical Report for Submission to Wind River .........................
Example: Output-Format Variations for the Same Input ............................
Example: Generating Reports to Resolve a License Conflict ......................
97
97
98
98
11.4
12
13
Maintaining a License Server .................................................................... 101
13.1
Before You Begin ............................................................................................................. 101
13.2
Maintaining a License Server ....................................................................................... 101
Viewing the Status of the License Server .......................................................
Changing Your Server License File .................................................................
Stopping a License Server ................................................................................
Deactivating a License Server ..........................................................................
Troubleshooting License Server Problems .....................................................
Removing the License Administration Tools ................................................
14
Configuring Borrowing of Wind River Product Licenses ....................... 107
14.1
Understanding Borrowing ............................................................................................. 107
14.2
Do You Need to Configure Borrowing? ...................................................................... 108
14.3
Setting Up the License Server for Borrowing ............................................................ 108
14.4
15
102
102
103
104
104
105
14.3.1
Allowing or Restricting Borrowing ................................................................ 108
14.3.2
Restricting the Number of Licenses That Can Be Borrowed ...................... 109
14.3.3
Changing the Borrow Period ........................................................................... 109
Setting Up a Workstation for Borrowing .................................................................... 111
14.4.1
Configuring Borrowing Using the Command Line ..................................... 111
14.4.2
Configuring Borrowing Using the Windows LMTOOLS Graphical Utility 112
14.5
Initiating Borrowing ....................................................................................................... 113
14.6
Returning Borrowed Licenses Early ............................................................................ 114
Setting Up a Single License Server for Multiple Products ...................... 115
15.1
Should You Use a Single Server for Multiple Products? ......................................... 115
vii
Wind River Product Installation and Licensing
Administrator's Guide, 2.6
15.1.1
15.2
Keeping License Server Files Separate ....................................................................... 116
15.3
Merging License Server Files ........................................................................................ 117
15.3.1
15.4
16
Understanding How FLEXlm Searches License Files .................................. 115
Creating a Merged License File ....................................................................... 117
Removing Wind River Products from Merged License Files ................................. 118
Troubleshooting .......................................................................................... 119
16.1
Introduction ...................................................................................................................... 120
16.2
Troubleshooting the Installation and Maintenance Processes ............................... 120
“Bad Interpreter” Error on Linux Hosts ........................................................
Older Versions of the Installer Crash During Entitlement Process ............
The Maintenance Tool Starts Slowly or Hangs .............................................
Installation Process Is Slow or Times Out .....................................................
The setup.log File Shows “Dependency Issues” ..........................................
Expected Software Was Not Installed ............................................................
Start Menus Do Not Appear as Expected in GNOME .................................
The Installer Reverts to Text Mode (Solaris Hosts) ......................................
16.3
Common Licensing Issues ............................................................................................. 124
License Overdraft Needed ...............................................................................
Slow Performance Due to License Configuration ........................................
License Denial with Multiple VNC Sessions ................................................
License Denial with a Dummy Username .....................................................
Build Farm’s Dummy Username Not Working as Expected ......................
Error=-84 .............................................................................................................
License Denial Although Named Users Are Listed .....................................
Named Users Are Occupying Floating License Seats ..................................
Logfiles Are Too Large .....................................................................................
Borrowing Not Working as Expected .............................................................
A
120
121
121
121
122
122
123
123
124
124
125
126
126
126
127
128
128
128
Command-Line Installation ........................................................................ 131
Sample Command-Line Sequence: Windows Host ..................................... 136
Sample Command-Line Sequence: UNIX Host ............................................ 136
Sample Command-Line Sequence: Using Yum to Install a Single RPM Package
136
Sample Command-Line Sequence: Using Yum to Install an Older Version of an
Installed Package ................................................................................ 137
B
viii
FLEXlm User Options File Reference ....................................................... 141
B.1
What Does This Reference Cover? ............................................................................... 141
B.2
User Options File Syntax ............................................................................................... 142
B.2.1
Comments .......................................................................................................... 142
B.2.2
Feature Specification ......................................................................................... 143
Contents
B.3
B.2.3
Type Specification ............................................................................................. 143
B.2.4
Order of Precedence in the User Options File ............................................... 144
Action Keywords ............................................................................................................. 145
BORROW_LOWWATER ..................................................................................
DEBUGLOG .......................................................................................................
EXCLUDE ...........................................................................................................
EXCLUDE_BORROW .......................................................................................
EXCLUDEALL ...................................................................................................
GROUP ...............................................................................................................
HOST_GROUP ..................................................................................................
INCLUDE ...........................................................................................................
INCLUDE_BORROW .......................................................................................
INCLUDEALL ...................................................................................................
MAX ....................................................................................................................
MAX_BORROW_HOURS ................................................................................
NOLOG ...............................................................................................................
RESERVE ............................................................................................................
C
145
145
145
146
147
147
147
148
148
149
149
150
151
151
FLEXlm Command Reference ................................................................... 153
C.1
What Does This Reference Cover? ............................................................................... 153
C.2
License Manager Daemon Command-Line Syntax .................................................. 153
lmgrd Command-Line Options ....................................................................... 153
C.3
License Administration Tools ....................................................................................... 154
lmutil Universal Command-Line Options ....................................................
lmborrow ............................................................................................................
lmdown ...............................................................................................................
lmnewlog ............................................................................................................
lmremove ............................................................................................................
lmreread ..............................................................................................................
lmstat ...................................................................................................................
lmswitchr ............................................................................................................
D
155
155
157
157
158
158
159
159
Glossary ...................................................................................................... 161
ix
Wind River Product Installation and Licensing
Administrator's Guide, 2.6
x
1
Overview
This document guides you through the process of installing Wind River products
and managing your licenses for those products.
This guide is designed for system and license administrators, or for users who fill
those roles in their organization. It outlines advanced configuration tasks for
managing product licenses and installations for a workgroup. For a guide
designed for developers, see the Wind River Product Installation and Licensing
Developer’s Guide.
The tasks described in this guide include:
■
Obtaining a license file for a license server.
■
Obtaining a license file for a developer workstation.
■
Installing Wind River products on a single developer’s workstation, a group
of workstations, or a shared file server.
■
Installing patches, service packs, and BSPs.
■
Removing Wind River products.
■
Installing and configuring a license server.
■
Reporting license usage.
■
Setting up license borrowing.
■
Configuring a user options file to control workgroup members’ access to
products.
■
Using a single license server for multiple Wind River products.
Additional Documentation
Once you have installed your Wind River products, consult the getting started
guide, release notes, and other documentation for your product. These are
available within the installed products and on the Web at
www.windriver.com/support
1
Wind River Product Installation and Licensing
Administrator's Guide, 2.6
2
2
Workflow for License Management
and Product Installation
2.1 How Licensing Works 3
2.2 Installation and Licensing Tasks for License Servers 5
2.3 Installation and Licensing Tasks for Workstations 7
2.1 How Licensing Works
Many Wind River products are license-managed. This means that your
organization buys a license that allows your developers to run a certain number of
copies (also known as seats) of a Wind River product simultaneously.
When a developer launches a license-managed product, the product requests a
license. If the computer is configured to use a node-locked license, the license request
and allocation all transparently happen on the local computer (node). If the
computer is configured to use floating or named-user licenses, the product requests
a license, and that request is transmitted (through a TCP/IP network) to a license
server. If that license server has available seats for the requesting product, it
allocates a seat for the requesting node, and sends it to the node over the network.
The license server runs as a daemon process on the network, listening for license
requests from development workstations. This means that a workstation
configured for a floating or named-user license must be connected to the network
in order to retrieve a license. Licenses can be borrowed so that the product can be
used while the workstation is disconnected from the network.
For information on license servers, see 8. Installing the License Administration Tools.
For instructions on license borrowing, see 14. Configuring Borrowing of
Wind River Product Licenses.
3
Wind River Product Installation and Licensing
Administrator's Guide, 2.6
2.1.1 Types of Workstation License
There are three different types of workstation license:
Node-locked License (NL)
Node-locked licenses are best for products installed on a single development
workstation. The products are not shared over the network, but they can be used
by anyone with physical access to the workstation. The products can function
when the workstation is disconnected from the network.
NOTE: You do not have to report node-locked license usage to Wind River.
Floating License (FL)
Floating licenses allow you to share a pool of license seats among a group of users.
For example, suppose 30 developers use Wind River Workbench, but only ten
copies of Workbench are running at any given time. In this scenario, you only
require ten floating license seats of Workbench. When all ten seats are allocated, no
other instances of Workbench can start.1
Your organization buys a specific number of seats for each product, and when they
are all in use, no other developers can use that product until someone else finishes.
The development workstation must be connected to the network to request a
license from the license server.
NOTE: You do not have to report floating license usage to Wind River.
Named-User License (NU)
Named-user licenses are development seats that are licensed to a specific user. The
software seat (including development tools, OS, and middleware) can be used only
by the designated user from one computer at a time.
This kind of license cannot “float” among different users, and cannot “straddle”
computers. That is, it does not allow a single user to run the software on different
computers simultaneously.
For example, in the foo_NU workgroup there are two named-user license seats.
The designated users of these seats are userA and userB. userA can run
Wind River Workbench on an office PC, then move to a lab workstation and run
Workbench again. However, in doing this, userA is occupying both named-user
licenses. Therefore, when userB tries to run Wind River Workbench, requiring a
third seat, his license request is denied, and he cannot use the product.1
To avoid license conflicts such as this, the license administrator can configure the
user options file to restrict license usage by user, group, or product. For details on
configuring the user options file, see 9. Controlling Access to Products with the User
Options File.
1. Under certain conditions, Workbench can be used without consuming a license seat. For
details, see the Wind River Workbench User’s Guide.
4
2 Workflow for License Management and Product Installation
2.2 Installation and Licensing Tasks for License Servers
With named-user licenses, the license server generates a usage report, which you
send to Wind River each quarter. Wind River then reviews the usage reports for
adherence to your license agreement.
NOTE: You must report named-user license usage to Wind River on a quarterly
basis. For more information, see 11. License Usage Logging and Reporting.
2.2 Installation and Licensing Tasks for License Servers
Before you can get a license server up and running, you must complete several
tasks, described briefly in this section. For more details, see the sections referenced
in each topic.
Step 1:
Obtain a server license.
Log in to the Wind River licensing Web site, add a license server to your account,
and download a server license. For detailed instructions on this step, see
3. Obtaining Server License Files.
Step 2:
Install the license server software.
Once you have a server license in hand, you must install the tools and utilities for
running a license server. For details, see 8. Installing the License Administration Tools.
Step 3:
Provision your licenses.
If your organization has purchased any named-user (NU) licenses, you can control
users’ access to these products by writing a user options file. For more information
on the user options file, see 9. Controlling Access to Products with the User Options
File.
Step 4:
Start your server.
You can start the server from the command line or, if your license server is a
Windows system, you can use the LMTOOLS utility. For instructions, see
10. Starting Your License Server.
Step 5:
Log and report license usage.
If your organization has purchased any named-user (NU) licenses, you must
gather data on their use and report this to Wind River each quarter. For
instructions on how to configure logging and how to generate reports, see
11. License Usage Logging and Reporting.
5
Wind River Product Installation and Licensing
Administrator's Guide, 2.6
Additional Licensing Tasks
In addition to the minimum steps above, you may need to do some of the following
tasks to maintain your license server and to ease your developers’ use of
Wind River products.
■
Keep your server healthy and current.
You can
■
–
Check on the status of your server.
Viewing the Status of the License Server, p.102.
–
Update your license file (such as when your organization has purchased
additional seats or products).
Changing Your Server License File, p.102.
–
Stop and restart the server (in order to force a reread of the license file or
server configuration, for example).
Stopping a License Server, p.103.
–
Diagnose issues with your license server.
Troubleshooting License Server Problems, p.104.
Set up borrowing of license files.
If your developers will use license-managed products while travelling or
otherwise disconnected from the network, you must configure their
computers to borrow a license for a set period of time. For details about
borrowing, see 14. Configuring Borrowing of Wind River Product Licenses.
■
Manage license files.
If your organization uses more than one license-managed Wind River product,
or FLEXlm-managed products from other vendors, you may find it convenient
to merge the server licenses so that one license server can assign licenses for all
products. For more information about how to merge license files, see
15. Setting Up a Single License Server for Multiple Products.
■
Rehost product seats on a different development workstation or license server.
After you remove a product from a workstation, you can reassign its license to
another workstation (for a node-locked license) or back to the pool of seats to
be allocated by a license server (for floating and named-user licenses). For
details about rehosting and obtaining new licenses, see Rehost, p.14.
■
Uninstall a license server.
You may discover that you must uninstall a license server from its host
computer, for example if the computer is being decommissioned and you want
to move the license server to a new system. For instructions on how to
uninstall a license server, see Removing the License Administration Tools, p.105.
6
2 Workflow for License Management and Product Installation
2.3 Installation and Licensing Tasks for Workstations
2.3 Installation and Licensing Tasks for Workstations
Once your license server is set up, you must complete several tasks to allow
developers to use Wind River license-managed products.
Step 1:
Generate product activation files.
Your organization may have purchased any of the three license types (or some
combination thereof), and you generate product activation files differently
depending on the type of license you have. Instructions for obtaining workstation
licenses are located in 4. Obtaining Workstation Licenses.
Step 2:
Install Wind River products on development workstations.
Your developers can wait for you to give them a product activation file before
installing, or they can install and register for a temporary license. For instructions
on the various methods of installation, see 5. Installing Wind River Products.
Step 3:
Activate workstation licenses.
If your developers installed their license-managed products using a temporary
license (also known as temporary activation), you or they must permanently activate
those products. For more information about the ways to activate a workstation
license, see 7. Permanently Activating a Temporary License.
7
Wind River Product Installation and Licensing
Administrator's Guide, 2.6
8
3
Obtaining Server License Files
3.1 Before You Begin 9
3.2 What Is a License Server? 9
3.3 Obtaining Server License Files 10
3.4 License Maintenance and Management Tasks 13
3.1 Before You Begin
Before starting, locate the License Administrator Essentials sheet that came in your
Wind River product box. It contains a code you will need in order to create and
manage licenses on the Wind River licensing Web site.
3.2 What Is a License Server?
A license server is an application made up of two processes: a FLEXlm-based license
manager daemon and a vendor-specific daemon. The license server runs on a
computer that is accessible to your developers over a network (ideally on the same
subnet as the development workstations), and it grants them permission to run
specific Wind River products.
This granting of permission is based on the contents of the server’s license file,
which describes how many seats of each product can be used simultaneously.
3.2.1 Do You Need to Install a License Server?
Whether or not you must install a license server depends on the type of license(s)
your organization purchased for its Wind River products.
■
If your organization purchased floating (FL) or named-user (NU) licenses, you
must set up a license server to allocate those licenses to your developers.
9
Wind River Product Installation and Licensing
Administrator's Guide, 2.6
■
If your organization has purchased only node-locked (NL) licenses, you do not
need to set up a license server. However, you must obtain node-locked license
files for each development workstation. Skip the remainder of this section and
go on to 4. Obtaining Workstation Licenses.
3.3 Obtaining Server License Files
Complete the following steps to obtain a license file for the computer that will act
as your license server.
1.
Log in to the Wind River licensing Web site and create your account.
2.
Activate your license.
3.
Add your license server as a new host.
4.
Activate your products and get a license file for your license server.
These tasks are described in greater detail in the following sections.
Step 1:
Log in to the Wind River licensing Web site and create your account.
1.
Figure 3-1
10
Locate your License Administrator Essentials sheet, as in Figure 3-1. You will
need information from it to complete this task.
Sample License Administrator Essentials Sheet
3 Obtaining Server License Files
3.3 Obtaining Server License Files
2.
Go to http://www.windriver.com/licensing.
3.
Check the list of products that can be activated from this site to be sure your
product appears here. If it appears in the list, click Login.
NOTE: Some older products cannot be activated from the licensing Web site;
to activate those products, see the installation information that was included
with the products. If you do not have access to installation instructions for an
older product, contact Wind River Customer Support or e-mail to
license@windriver.com.
4.
Click Log In to the Product Activation Portal and log in to the site:
■
If you already have a Wind River User ID and Password (for example
because you previously logged in to this site or the Wind River support
site), type them and click Login.
or
■
Step 2:
If you are not yet a registered user on any Wind River site, click
Register for a User ID and Password. Type your user profile information,
including your license number from the License Administrator Essentials
sheet. Type a password, confirm it, then click Submit.
Activate your license.
1.
Click Activate your products to open the Add Licenses screen. Type in your
License Number and License Administrator Token from the License
Administrator Essentials sheet.
If you expect to eventually manage several licenses, also type in a label (for
example, VxWorks GPP 3.9 or Alameda Campus) to make it easier to identify
this particular license in the future.
2.
Click Submit. On the Add Licenses Confirmation screen, check to be sure all
the information is correct.
Your license has now been added to your account. If you order additional
Wind River products in the future, click Manage Licenses and then click
Add New License to add the new products to your account.
Step 3:
Add your license server as a new host.
Once your license has been activated, use the Manage Hosts screen to add
information about the computer that will act as your license server. If you have any
license server hosts already defined, they appear on this screen.
1.
To add a host, click Add New Host.
2.
On the Create Host screen, enter the host computer’s name, host ID, and other
requested information.
NOTE: For descriptions of the fields, including instructions for finding your
host ID, click More information.
3.
When you have filled in all required fields, click Create.
Your new host appears on the Create Host Confirmation screen.
11
Wind River Product Installation and Licensing
Administrator's Guide, 2.6
Step 4:
Activate your products and obtain a license file for your license server.
1.
After you have added a license server host to your account, click
Manage Licenses to activate the products you have purchased.
2.
From the drop-down list next to the license on the Manage Licenses screen,
select Activate Products.
From this screen you can activate all or some of your available seats for a
particular product. For information on the other actions available on the
Manage Licenses screen, see 3.4 License Maintenance and Management Tasks,
p.13.
3.
To activate a product, select the check box next to the product code and click
Next.
4.
In the Quantity field, type the number of seats to allocate.
NOTE: If you are activating a node-locked license, you can choose 0 or 1 from
the drop-down list.
5.
From the Host Label drop-down list, select the computer to which these seats
should be assigned. If you defined only one host, that appears by default.
■
If you defined more than one host and you want to distribute the available
seats between them, assign some seats to the first computer, then click
Add Row and assign others to another computer.
■
If you want to add another license server host computer to your account
now, click Create New Host.
NOTE: Server licenses are cumulatively generated, which means that as you
assign new products to this host, the license file will include the previous
products along with the new ones.
To get a license file that lists only the new product you are assigning in this
session, select Do not generate cumulative licenses.
6.
When you have finished assigning seats, click Next.
7.
On the Verify/Generate screen, confirm that you have allocated the correct
number of seats to the correct computer(s), then click Next.
8.
On the Download/E-mail Licenses screen, enter an e-mail address for the
person who should receive the summary of allocations.
9.
Click Download if you want to download the server license file now. If you
would prefer to have it e-mailed to you or to someone else, fill in the form and
click Send.
NOTE: You can both download the license file and receive it in e-mail.
If you chose to send licenses by e-mail, the E-mail Licenses Confirmation
screen displays to whom they were sent.
Once you have the server license file (WRSLicense.lic), see 8. Installing the License
Administration Tools for instructions on how to use it.
12
3 Obtaining Server License Files
3.4 License Maintenance and Management Tasks
3.4 License Maintenance and Management Tasks
The following additional actions are available from the drop-down list next to each
license on the Manage Licenses screen.
■
Installation Keys
This screen shows the installation keys associated with the products covered
by this license. You can use these installation keys to install license-managed
products on the appropriate workstations.
■
View Products
Use this screen to see information such as how many seats of a particular
product were purchased under a license, the support status of that product,
and the expiration date of the license.
■
View Temporary Activations by Users
This screen shows which developers (if any) have installed a license-managed
product and requested temporary activation. For instructions on how to
permanently activate these products, see 7. Permanently Activating a
Temporary License.
NOTE: This option is available only if one or more of your developers has
requested a temporary license to activate a license-managed product.
■
License Info
Use this screen to view contact information for the person responsible for this
license. This information is only available if it was entered when the license
was activated.
Single License Server
Merging License Files for Wind River Products
Wind River recommends that whenever possible, you put each Wind River license
file on a separate license server. This is the simplest approach because you
eliminate the need to merge license files, or to control access to products by
specifying user inclusions and exclusions. In this case, the only action you must
perform is to install the product on a development computer or a file server, then
point to the license server from the development computer’s license file.
However, if you must use one license server to distribute licenses for more than
one Wind River product, you can merge the license information into one file. For
instructions on how to do this, see 15.3 Merging License Server Files, p.117.
13
Wind River Product Installation and Licensing
Administrator's Guide, 2.6
Multiple License Servers
If you have more than one license server defined, the following actions are
available on the Manage Licenses screen.
■
License Files by Host
Click the appropriate host name to view the active seats assigned to that host
for a particular license and product.
You can also download the server license file associated with that host.
NOTE: This option is available only if you have more than one license server
defined.
■
Rehost
Use this screen to remove seats of a product from the pool allocated by a
particular license server and assign them to a different license server.
a.
From the Select server for rehost drop-down list, select the license server
from which you want to remove product seats, then click Rehost.
b.
From the Rehost screen, select the reason for rehosting from the
drop-down list, then type the number of seats you want to reallocate in the
Rehost Qty field for each product and type of license. Click Next.
c.
Click Return the seats to pool if you do not want to reassign them now, or
type the number of seats and select the host to which you want to assign
the product seats.
To allocate seats between more than one server, select a server in the
drop-down list and assign the correct number of seats, then click
Add Row to select another existing server or Create New Host to define a
new server and assign an appropriate number of seats.
d. On the Rehost Verification screen, make sure that product seats are now
assigned to the correct license server. Read the text on the screen, select
I agree with the Software License Agreement, and then click Next.
e.
The Confirmation screen displays the completed reallocation.
NOTE: The rehost option is available only if you have more than one license
server defined.
14
4
Obtaining Workstation Licenses
4.1 Obtaining a Node-Locked License File 15
4.2 Obtaining a Floating or Named-User License File 18
4.1 Obtaining a Node-Locked License File
Node-locked licenses are for products that are installed on a single development
workstation, and not shared over a network. (See 2.1.1 Types of Workstation License,
p.4, for descriptions of all license types.)
Complete the following steps to obtain a node-locked license file for a
development computer.
1.
Log in to the Wind River licensing Web site and create your account.
2.
Activate your license.
3.
Add your development computer as a new host.
4.
Activate your products and get a license file for the development computer.
These tasks are described in greater detail in the following sections.
Step 1:
Log in to the Wind River licensing Web site and create your account.
1.
Locate your delivery communications from Wind River:
■
If you received your products through electronic software delivery (ESD),
the email you received from Wind River acknowledging your order.
■
If you received physical media (discs), the License Administrator Essentials
sheet, as in Figure 4-1. You will need information from it to complete this
task.
15
Wind River Product Installation and Licensing
Administrator's Guide, 2.6
Figure 4-1
Sample License Administrator Essentials Sheet
2.
Go to http://www.windriver.com/licensing.
3.
Check the list of products that can be activated from this site to be sure your
product appears here. If it appears in the list, click Login.
NOTE: Some older products cannot be activated from the licensing Web site;
to activate those products, see the installation information that was included
with the products. If you do not have access to installation instructions for an
older product, contact Wind River Customer Support or e-mail to
license@windriver.com.
4.
Log in to the site:
■
If you already have a Wind River User ID and Password (for example
because you previously logged in to this site or the Wind River support
site), type them and click Login.
or
■
16
If you are not yet a registered user on any Wind River site, click
Register for a User ID and Password. Type your user profile information,
including your license number from the License Administrator Essentials or
the Developer Essentials sheet. Type a password, confirm it, then click
Submit.
4 Obtaining Workstation Licenses
4.1 Obtaining a Node-Locked License File
NOTE: If you do not have your Essentials sheets, but do have an existing
Wind River Workbench installation of version 3.3 or higher, you can find your
license number by launching Workbench and selecting
Help > About Wind River Workbench.
Step 2:
Activate your license.
1.
Click Activate your products to open the Add Licenses screen. Type in your
License Number and License Administrator Token from the License
Administrator Essentials sheet.
If you expect to eventually manage several product licenses, also type in a label
(for example, VxWorks GPP 3.9 or Alameda Campus) to make it easier to
identify this particular license in the future.
2.
Click Submit. On the Add Licenses Confirmation screen, check to be sure all
the information you typed in is correct.
Your license has now been added to your account. If you order additional
Wind River products in the future, click Manage Licenses and then click
Add New License to add the new products to your account.
Step 3:
Add your development computer as a new host.
Once your license has been activated, use the Manage Hosts screen to add
information about the development computer. If you have any hosts already
defined, they appear on this screen.
1.
To add a host, click Add New Host.
2.
On the Create Host screen, enter the host computer’s name, host ID, and other
requested information.
NOTE: For descriptions of the fields, including instructions for finding your
host ID, click More information.
3.
Step 4:
When you have filled in all required fields, click Create. Your new host
appears on the Create Host Confirmation screen.
Activate your products and obtain a license file for the development computer.
1.
After you have added the development computer to your account, click
Manage Licenses to activate the products you have purchased.
2.
From the drop-down list next to the license on the Manage Licenses screen,
select Activate Products.
3.
Select the product you want to allocate to this development computer (look for
NL in the License Type column). Click Next.
4.
From the Host Label drop-down list, select this development computer, then
click Next.
5.
Confirm that you selected the correct host, then click Next.
6.
Click Download to download the license file immediately, or enter an e-mail
address if you want the license file to be sent to the person responsible for this
host computer. If you entered an e-mail address, click Send.
17
Wind River Product Installation and Licensing
Administrator's Guide, 2.6
NOTE: You can both download the license file and receive it in e-mail.
If you download the file, you must be sure to preserve the .lic ending on the
license file or the file will not work properly. On Windows systems, you can do
this by selecting All Files rather than Text Document from the Save as type
drop-down list.
7.
If you chose to send licenses by e-mail, the E-mail Licenses Confirmation
screen displays to whom they were sent.
Once you have the node-locked license file, see 5. Installing Wind River Products, for
instructions on how to use it.
4.2 Obtaining a Floating or Named-User License File
Floating Licenses (FL)
Floating licenses allow you to share a pool of license seats among users. Any user
can take a license, up to the number of seats licensed. With floating licenses, you
must set up a license server, and the development workstations must be connected
to it over the network.
Named-User Licenses (NU)
Named-user licenses are assigned to a specific user. The license administrator
controls license access by configuring a user options file. With named-user
licenses, you must set up a license server, and the development workstations must
be connected to it over the network. Node-locked licenses are for products that are
installed on a single development workstation, and not shared over a network.
See 2.1.1 Types of Workstation License, p.4, for descriptions of all license types.
Preliminary Tasks
Before obtaining a floating or named-user license, you should have completed
these tasks:
18
1.
Create an account on the Wind River licensing Web site and get a license file
for your license server computer, as described in 3. Obtaining
Server License Files.
2.
Install and configure the license server, as described in 8. Installing the License
Administration Tools.
3.
For named-user licenses, configure your license server for license usage
reporting, as described in 11. License Usage Logging and Reporting.
4 Obtaining Workstation Licenses
4.2 Obtaining a Floating or Named-User License File
Obtaining a License File
Obtaining a floating or named-user license consists of two tasks: allocating the
appropriate product seat(s) to a specific license server, and creating a license file for
the development computer by extracting information from the server’s license file.
Step 1:
Log in to the Wind River licensing Web site.
Go to http://www.windriver.com/licensing and log in as described in Step 1 under
4.1 Obtaining a Node-Locked License File, p.15.
Step 2:
Assign floating or named-user seats to a license server
1.
Click the Manage Licenses tab, and from the drop-down list next to the
appropriate license, select Activate Products.
2.
Select the product for which you want to get a license (look for FL or NU1 in
the License Type column), then click Next.
3.
Type the number of seats you want to allocate, select the license server to
which you want to allocate them, and click Next.
4.
Verify the number and type of seats that are assigned to the listed license
server, then click Next.
5.
Click Download to download the new server license file immediately, or enter
an e-mail address if you want the license file to be sent to the person
responsible for this computer. If you entered an e-mail address, click Send.
NOTE: You must be sure to preserve the .lic ending on the license file or the file
will not work properly. On Windows systems, you can do this by selecting
All Files rather than Text Document from the Save as type drop-down list.
6.
Step 3:
Replace the existing license server file with this new file, which contains the
newly allocated seat(s) along with any previously assigned seats.
Create a product activation file from a server license file.
There are two types of product activation file: install.txt and WRSLicense.lic. Both
are created by extracting information from the server license file, and both
permanently activate products so that developers can begin using them.
1.
In your server license file, near the bottom, you will see lines similar to the
following:
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
Begin: client license -------------------For developer(s) using LAC: #####-####-##### send the contents between
Begin: install.txt and End: install.txt below.
In case of a new install ask the developer to paste this content into
an install.txt file and run setup using this file.
In case of an existing install requiring a permanent activation, ask
the developer to paste this content into
<InstallDir>/license/WRSLicense.lic file.
# Begin: install.txt
# Serial Number: #####-########-##########
# Uncomment the next 2 lines before use.
# SERVER servername hostID portnumber
# USE_SERVER
#--#% Keys
#--#CDR-firstProductInformation
1. In older licenses, NU (named user) may appear as UU (unique user).
19
Wind River Product Installation and Licensing
Administrator's Guide, 2.6
#--#CDR-secondProductInformation
#--#CDR-thirdProductInformation
# End: install.txt
# End: client license
2.
----------------------
Copy the lines that appear in bold above, and paste them into a text file named
install.txt or WRSLicense.lic:
■
Create an install.txt file if the license-managed products have not yet been
installed.
or
■
Create a WRSLicense.lic file and copy it into the installDir/license
directory of an already-installed product.
NOTE: The lines are not bold in the server license file itself.
NOTE: On Linux and Solaris hosts, ensure that the license file is in a usable
format. You may need to perform a dos2unix conversion.
3.
Uncomment these two lines:
# SERVER servername hostID portnumber
# USE_SERVER
4.
Save the file, then use it or distribute it to your developers.
For more information about installing products on development computers, see
5. Installing Wind River Products.
For more information about permanently activating products, see 7. Permanently
Activating a Temporary License.
20
5
Installing Wind River Products
5.1 Before You Begin 21
5.2 Method 1: An Administrator Installs the Products on Each
Workstation 24
5.3 Method 2: An Administrator Installs the Products on Workstations
through a Command-Line Sequence 25
5.4 Method 3: Developers Install the Products on Their Workstations 25
5.5 Method 4: An Administrator Installs the Products on a Shared
File Server 27
5.6 Using the Installer Program 28
5.7 Post-Installation Tasks 37
5.8 Atypical Installations 38
5.1 Before You Begin
5.1.1 Choose Your Installation Method
As administrator, you have several options in deciding how to deploy Wind River
products in your organization. You can choose from the methods described below.
Method 1: An administrator installs the products on each workstation.
With this method, you install Wind River products for your workgroup members
on their individual workstations.
This option is useful if
■
You want to limit the possibility of installation errors and user errors.
■
You have a relatively small workgroup.
■
Some of your workgroup members require a different installation than others
(such as different product features or a node-locked license).
21
Wind River Product Installation and Licensing
Administrator's Guide, 2.6
For detailed instructions on this method, see 5.2 Method 1: An Administrator Installs
the Products on Each Workstation, p.24.
Method 2: An administrator installs the products on each workstation through a command-line
sequence.
With this method, you install Wind River products on each workstation silently,
through a pre-defined command-line sequence.
This option is useful if
■
You want to limit the possibility of installation errors and user errors.
■
You want to achieve identical installations across the workgroup.
For detailed instructions on this method, see 5.3 Method 2: An Administrator Installs
the Products on Workstations through a Command-Line Sequence, p.25.
Method 3: Developers install the products on their workstations.
With this method, you must distribute the installation media (or images) to your
workgroup, and provide them with instructions and the product activation file.
This option is useful if some of your workgroup members require a different
installation than others (such as different product features, a different installation
directory, or a node-locked license).
For detailed instructions on this method, see 5.4 Method 3: Developers Install the
Products on Their Workstations, p.25.
Method 4: An administrator installs the products on a shared file server.
With this method, you make the Wind River products available to your workgroup
by installing them on a file server. Developers will then run the products remotely
from their workstations.
This option is useful if you have
■
■
■
a fast network
limited disk space on individual workstations
a large workgroup
Also, having only one installation can save you time with maintenance tasks, such
as installing patches.
NOTE: This method works best when your server hardware and network
environment can provide speedy performance.
For detailed instructions on this method, see 5.5 Method 4: An Administrator Installs
the Products on a Shared File Server, p.27.
22
5 Installing Wind River Products
5.1 Before You Begin
5.1.2 Gather Materials and Resources
Once you have chosen your installation method, make sure you have the following
required materials and resources:
■
If you used electronic software delivery (ESD) to obtain your products, the
email you received from Wind River announcing the release.
■
If you received physical media, your product box, which includes:
■
–
installation media (discs or image files)
–
the Developer Essentials sheet
Several gigabytes (GB) of disk space on your development workstation for
standard installations.
The amount of disk space required varies for each product. The Installer
reports the product’s disk space needs as well as how much space is available.
■
Write permissions to your installation directory.
■
Administrator or power user privileges (Windows hosts).
■
For installation on Linux and Solaris hosts, it is recommended that you install
from an account other than root.
■
For typical installations, one of the following:
–
For RPM-based products, the username and password that your product
repository requires.
–
A product activation file to permanently activate your products during
installation (see 4. Obtaining Workstation Licenses).
–
A license authorization code (LAC) and Internet access to temporarily
activate your products.
NOTE: You can install Wind River products before or after generating a
product activation file. Your developers can wait for you to give them a
product activation file before installing, or they can install using installation
keys from the Developer Essentials sheet and receive a temporary license.
■
For atypical installations, installation keys (printed on your Developer
Essentials sheet).
5.1.3 Prepare the Computer
Close Wind River Programs
Before installing new products, you must close any Wind River programs or tools
that may be running, including the Wind River registry. If the Installer is blocked
by a process, it displays an error, showing the process ID.
Locked and Modified Files
If the Installer encounters a locked file (such as if an external editor has locked a
source file that must be updated), it saves it as fileName.new in the same directory
as the original.
23
Wind River Product Installation and Licensing
Administrator's Guide, 2.6
If the Installer encounters any user modifications to a file that it needs to update, it
creates a fileName.wrsav file in the installDir/maintenance/backup directory.
If any problems were found in creating .new files, these issues are logged in the
installDir/setup.log file; any user modifications are listed in
installDir/modifiedfiles.log.
Disable Virus Scanners
Virus scanners can interfere with software installation, locking files that the
Installer must update. Wind River recommends shutting down virus scanner
applications before installing products or product updates.
5.2 Method 1: An Administrator Installs the Products on Each
Workstation
In this method, you install the software for your workgroup members on their
individual workstations.
Step 1:
Generate a product activation file or files.
Follow the instructions in 4. Obtaining Workstation Licenses to create a product
activation file or files for your workgroup (usually called install.txt and located in
the product’s installation directory):
■
For workgroup members who will use floating (FL) or named-user (NU)
licenses, you can use the same product activation file.
■
For workgroup members who require node-locked licenses, you must either:
–
Create a unique product activation file for each node (workstation).
or
–
Step 2:
Install on a developer’s workstation with a temporary license, then
provide him or her with a unique license file later. (For details, see
7. Permanently Activating a Temporary License.)
Install the products on each workstation.
■
For GUI installation, see 5.6 Using the Installer Program, p.28.
■
For installation from the command line, see A. Command-Line Installation.
NOTE: For best performance and to achieve uniformity across installations, make
sure that all content you want to install is located locally.
24
5 Installing Wind River Products
5.3 Method 2: An Administrator Installs the Products on Workstations through a Command-Line Sequence
5.3 Method 2: An Administrator Installs the Products on Workstations
through a Command-Line Sequence
In this method, you install the software on each workstation silently, using a
command-line sequence. This method is similar to 5.2 Method 1: An Administrator
Installs the Products on Each Workstation, p.24, except that it results in identical
installations on all workstations.
Step 1:
Generate a product activation file or files.
Follow the instructions in 4. Obtaining Workstation Licenses to create a product
activation file or files for your workgroup (usually called install.txt and located in
the product’s installation directory):
■
For workgroup members who will use floating (FL) or named-user (NU)
licenses, you can use the same product activation file.
■
For workgroup members who require node-locked licenses, you must either:
–
Create a unique product activation file for each node (workstation).
or
–
Step 2:
Install on a developer’s workstation with a temporary license, then
provide him or her with a unique license file later. (For details, see
7. Permanently Activating a Temporary License.)
Install the products on each workstation.
Determine the options and arguments you want to specify in the command-line
sequence. See A. Command-Line Installation for the complete list of options.
Then, on each development computer, run the same command sequence to install
the products.
5.4 Method 3: Developers Install the Products on Their Workstations
In this method, users install the software on their own workstations individually.
Step 1:
Generate a product activation file or files for your workgroup.
Follow the instructions in 4. Obtaining Workstation Licenses to create a product
activation file or files for your workgroup (usually called install.txt and located in
the product’s installation directory):
■
For workgroup members who will use floating (FL) or named-user (NU)
licenses, you can distribute the same product activation file to all users.
■
For workgroup members who require node-locked licenses, you must either:
–
Create a unique product activation file for each node (workstation).
or
25
Wind River Product Installation and Licensing
Administrator's Guide, 2.6
–
Step 2:
Instruct workgroup members to install with a temporary license, then
provide him or her with a unique license file later. (For details, see
7. Permanently Activating a Temporary License.)
Make the installation media accessible to workgroup members.
You can do this by either
■
Uploading the media images to a shared network directory.
or
■
Creating enough physical media to distribute to workgroup members.
CAUTION: If your workgroup members will install the product from a shared
!
network directory, ensure that the directory name and path do not include any
of the following characters:
[space character] ! # % < > ?
Note in particular that space characters (such as in the directory name
Documents and Settings) are not permitted. If there is a space character
anywhere in the absolute path, some elements of the installed products will
not be available.
NOTE: Installing a Wind River product from a shared network directory is
slower than from a local directory or physical media. Performance can vary
greatly, depending on several factors, including file system performance. For
convenience, the Installer displays your copy speed during the installation
process.
Step 3:
Distribute materials to the developers.
Provide workgroup members with
■
the product activation file1
■
the installation media or a pointer to the uploaded images
■
installation instructions:
–
For GUI installation, the instructions in 5.6 Using the Installer Program,
p.28.
or
–
For command-line installation, the instructions in A. Command-Line
Installation, or a specific command sequence that you have determined.
1. As mentioned above, if you have workgroup members who require node-locked
installations, you can instruct them to follow the Temporary activation option, then provide
them with license files later. For details, see 7. Permanently Activating a Temporary License.
26
5 Installing Wind River Products
5.5 Method 4: An Administrator Installs the Products on a Shared File Server
5.5 Method 4: An Administrator Installs the Products on a Shared
File Server
This method involves installing a Wind River product on a file server for remote
(client-side) execution. In this scenario, you will install the product on a file server,
and members of your workgroup will run the software from their own
workstations.
NOTE: Shared installations in which the software is being run on the server, but
viewed remotely (such as VNC or remote desktop), are not currently supported.
5.5.1 Network and File System Considerations
If you are planning to install on a file server, consider that performance can vary
greatly when running applications from a file-server-mounted drive. At a
minimum, you should have a 100 Mbit network, and a high-performance file
server.
5.5.2 Installing a Product for Shared Use
Step 1:
Generate a product activation file.
A shared file server installation requires that your users have floating (FL) or
named-user (NU) licenses. You cannot use a node-locked license with a shared
installation.
When you generate your product activation file, it will contain information about
which license server will allocate licenses to the users of this installation.
Step 2:
Install the product.
To install a Wind River product on your file server, follow the instructions for
either GUI or command-line installation:
■
For GUI installation, see 5.6 Using the Installer Program, p.28. When you are
prompted to choose temporary or permanent activation, choose the
Permanent activation option and provide the product activation file you
generated in Step 1.
■
For installation from the command line, see A. Command-Line Installation.
NOTE: If your organization’s environment includes more than one host OS type,
use the instructions at 5.8.1 Downloading Products for Later Installation, p.38. When
you download products and updates, you can choose from all available host OSes .
The resulting downloaded materials will be installable on the OSes you selected.
Step 3:
Verify the installation.
Inspect the file installDir/setup.log and verify that it does not contain any errors.
Also, you can run the following from the command line:
cd installDir
wrenv -o validate
If your installation was successful the command-line sequence above returns okay.
27
Wind River Product Installation and Licensing
Administrator's Guide, 2.6
If your installation has errors, contact Wind River Customer Support and provide
the following files:
■
■
■
■
Step 4:
installDir/setup.log
installDir/install.log
installDir/maintenance/wrInstaller/$host/configuration/*.log.
installDir/productDir/install-productName.log
Notify your workgroup of the location of the product installation.
Installation is complete, and the products are ready for use.
5.6 Using the Installer Program
To install a Wind River product on your development workstation, complete the
following steps.
Step 1:
Launch the Installer.
Launch the Installer in one of the following ways:
■
Put the disc into your drive.
If your product includes more than one disc, begin with the disc labeled
Install First.
■
Navigate to the product image, and run
–
setup.exe on Windows
–
setup_linux on Linux
–
setup_solaris on a Solaris system
NOTE: If the DVD contains <order_number>.zip files, unzip the files and then run
the setup program.
NOTE: When you are prompted to choose an installation directory, ensure that the
directory name and path you choose do not include any of the following
characters:
[space character] ! # % < > ?
Note in particular that space characters (such as in the directory name
Documents and Settings) are not permitted. If there is a space character anywhere
in the absolute path, some elements of the installed products will not be available.
NOTE: If you are installing a product suite that includes more than one product
(such as a Wind River Platform), be sure to choose the same installation directory
for all products.
Read each Installer screen and provide the requested information, then click Next.
28
5 Installing Wind River Products
5.6 Using the Installer Program
If you encounter problems during the installation process, click the Help button in
the Installer program. The Installer’s Help system offers screen-by-screen
instructions in greater detail than what is described here.
Step 2:
Configure online update settings.
On the Online Update Settings screen, you can choose whether to do the
following:
■
Look for updates to the Installer program itself.
■
Look for updates to your Wind River products.
■
Check the sources that the Installer is drawing from to find Wind River
software.
■
Use a proxy server to connect to the Internet, in order to find Installer updates
and product updates.
CAUTION: Any changes you make to this screen are saved when you click Next. To
cancel your changes, click Cancel and exit the Installer.
NOTE: When you choose to update your products or the Installer, please be patient
as the Installer checks for updates online. The process of fetching a list of available
content can take some time.
Installer Updates
When Wind River makes changes to the Installer program, it makes the latest
version available to you on an update server. If you select the option to update the
Installer, and if there is an updated version available, the Installer program
updates itself, and then restarts itself.
NOTE: For some Wind River products, the Installer-update option on this screen
may be disabled. When this option is disabled, it is a measure to ensure the
repeatability or certification of a product installation.
Wind River recommends you update the Installer program when possible. If you
wish to skip these updates, you can clear this option, but you may encounter
installation problems that are resolved in an updated version.
NOTE: In order for the Installer program to update itself, your computer must have
access to the Internet.
Product Updates
Just as with updates to the Installer, Wind River makes product updates available
on an update server. Updates to products are typically placed in an update
repository.
NOTE: For some Wind River products, the product-update option on this screen
may be disabled. When this option is disabled, it is a measure to ensure the
repeatability or certification of a product installation.
If you select the product-update option, and if an updated version of your product
is available, you can install it as part of the current installation process (a later
29
Wind River Product Installation and Licensing
Administrator's Guide, 2.6
screen in the Installer will display product updates to install). Doing so can save
you time: rather than installing the older version and then running the Installer
program again to update your products, you simply install the updated version
the first time.
If you do not select this option, you can update your products later, in a separate
installation process, using the Product Maintenance Tool. For information on the
Maintenance Tool, see 6. Maintaining Your Wind River Product Installation.
NOTE: In order to install product updates, your computer must have access to the
Internet.
Software Sources
This area of the screen offers advanced options for configuring the locations that
the Installer program draws from to find Wind River products and updates.
■
Set default authentication information
If the product update locations listed in the Software Sources area require
authentication, type the required Username and Password.
If your update location(s) require authentication and you leave these fields
blank, you (and any user who subsequently uses this instance of the Installer
program) will be prompted to enter the correct credentials before the content
can be installed.
If you enter a username and password and select Save password, the Installer
retains this authentication information in an encrypted form and will use it for
future installation actions.
NOTE: In addition to this default authentication, you can also give inputs for
repository-specific authentication. See Edit, p.31 below.
■
Set locations the installer should use to search for content
This table lists the locations known to the Installer program for finding
Wind River products and product updates.
NOTE: Tip: If the path to a particular location is longer than can be displayed
in the table, hover over it to see the untruncated path.
Review the list and change it if necessary:
–
Add
You might add a location if, for example, your site administrator has
configured a local server for product updates, or if Wind River has
directed you to use an alternate location.
In the Add Repository dialog, do the following, then click OK:
–
Select the type of repository you are adding:
Yum Repository (for a repository that contains yum metadata and
RPM-based content)
or
30
5 Installing Wind River Products
5.6 Using the Installer Program
Wind River Repository (for a repository that contains either a
Wind River-proprietary sdf.xml file or a .repo file)
–
Type a name for the repository, and either type its location or click
Local to browse to it if it resides on your host.
–
If the repository you are adding requires its own authentication, you
can select Use repository-specific authentication and type the
required Username and Password. This means that when the Installer
contacts this repository for products or updates, it already has the
correct login credentials, so users won’t be prompted for them.
These credentials are specific to this repository; they are distinct from
any default authentication that other repositories might require. For
information on entering default authentication information, see Set
default authentication information.
–
Import
To import an existing repository (for example, if you or your administrator
has already created a repository for product updates), click Import and
browse to its location. Imported repositories must have the file extension
.repo.
–
Edit
To change the properties of a location, select it and click Edit to
–
Change the name of a location.
–
Change the update repository it points to.
The Local button lets you browse to it if it resides on your host.
–
Enter repository-specific authentication information.
If the repository you are editing requires its own authentication, you
can select Use repository-specific authentication and type the
required Username and Password. This means that when the Installer
contacts this repository for products or updates, it already has the
correct login credentials, so users won’t be prompted for them.
If you do this, after you click OK, notice that in the Software Sources
table the location’s entry in the Authentication column has changed.
These credentials are specific to this repository; they are distinct from
any default authentication that other repositories might require. For
information on entering default authentication information, see Set
default authentication information.
–
Remove
To remove an update location, select its name and click Remove.
–
Enable or disable a location.
To change the availability of a listed location, simply select or clear its
checkbox.
Disabling a location in this way serves the same function as Remove, but
with the added convenience that the location can be easily re-enabled
without browsing.
–
Filter the list.
31
Wind River Product Installation and Licensing
Administrator's Guide, 2.6
You can use the textbox above the list of locations to filter for, say, a
product name that you do not want to update (and would therefore
disable); or for a custom location that your organization has created; or for
Wind River Linux 4.x prebuilt components, for example.
Network Settings
In this section of the screen you can test your Internet connection and configure
how you want to handle parallel download connections and whether to use a
proxy server.
■
Internet Connection
Updating the Installer and your Wind River products requires a connection to
the Internet. You can click the Test Internet Connection button to ensure that
the computer you’re installing on can contact the Wind River cloud.
■
Enable parallel downloading up to 4 HTTP connections
This option is enabled by default. It directs the Installer to download content
as efficiently as possible using up to four parallel HTTP connections.
To disable parallel downloads, clear the checkbox.
■
Proxy Server
If your computer connects to the Internet through a proxy server, select the
Connect to Internet using proxy server option. When you select this option,
additional fields appear on this screen. Use these fields to enter the type of
proxy server (Web proxy or SOCKS proxy), IP address, and port. The Installer
program does not support NTLMv2 proxy servers.
If your proxy server is set up to require login information, select
Requires Authentication and enter your username and password in the
additional fields that appear.
If you do not have Internet access, Wind River can make the Installer updates
and product updates available on physical media. Contact Wind River
Customer Support for assistance.
Alternatively, if the development computer does not have Internet access but
another computer in your organization does, you can use that computer to
download the products and online updates, and then install them on the
development computer. For detailed instructions, see 5.8.1 Downloading
Products for Later Installation, p.38.
Step 3:
Typical or Custom
On this screen you can choose whether to install your Wind River product by
following a typical or a custom workflow.
Typical
If you choose this workflow, the Installer program installs the standard features, all
target architectures, and all start menus and desktop shortcuts, for your product.
The Installer program opens the End User License Agreement and when you
accept its terms, the Installer performs the installation without showing any
further options or screens until the installation is complete.
32
5 Installing Wind River Products
5.6 Using the Installer Program
NOTE: If you are installing Wind River Linux 7, you will see an extra screen that
runs the Git-based installation process for that product. Click Help on the Run
Wind River Linux 7 installation screen for more information.
Custom
To tailor your installation and install only the features, architectures, and RPMs
you select in the following screens, choose the custom installation workflow.
Step 4:
Decide whether to install the content or to create a local download.
On the Install or Download screen, direct the Installer either to install the
Wind River content right away, or to create a local copy of it for future installation.
■
Select Install to continue the installation process.
or
■
Select Local download if you want to create a copy of the content on this host,
to be installed later (on this or any other host). The content will be saved to the
installDir/download directory.
NOTE: This step describes capabilities that are not available for installation
operations that use WindShare.
Step 5:
Choose your activation type.
On the Choose Activation Type screen, select the type of installation you want:
■
Use your existing product activation (install.txt) file
NOTE: This option appears only if you have previously installed Wind River
products.
If you have previously installed Wind River products, you may already have
a product activation file (install.txt) that you used for those products. In some
cases, you can use the same product activation file for your current
installation.
If you received a new product activation file for the products you are currently
installing, Wind River recommends you use the most recent file. To do so,
select Permanent activation.
■
Temporary activation
Select this option if you wish to install and use the products right away, but for
a limited time (usually 31 days).
To continue using them beyond that period, you must eventually perform a
permanent activation. The permanent activation allows you to use the same
installation; you will not need to re-install your Wind River products. For
details on converting a temporary installation to a permanent one, see
7. Permanently Activating a Temporary License.
If you select the Temporary activation option, another screen appears where
you will enter the license authorization code (LAC) and some other user
information. The Installer program will then retrieve your temporary license.
33
Wind River Product Installation and Licensing
Administrator's Guide, 2.6
Because of this retrieval process, you must have Internet access in order to use
this method.
■
Permanent activation
Select this option if you have a product activation file for this installation.
To use this option, click Browse and navigate to the directory location of your
product activation file.
You do not need Internet access to install and activate Wind River products
using this option.
■
Manually enter all installation keys
This method is used only in rare cases. If you need to use this option, contact
Wind River Customer Support.
Step 6:
Select the target architectures to install.
If the products you are installing have any architecture-specific content, the
Choose Installation Filters screen appears. Use this screen to refine your
installation by selecting the particular target architectures for which to install.
If you are not sure, you can accept the default setting, which is to install for all
architectures. However, clearing unneeded architectures reduces the size of your
installation, and can also avoid confusion over extraneous components or files.
If you do not select any target architectures, the Installer warns you that only
architecture-independent features will be installed.
Step 7:
Select host types.
If you selected Local download in Step 4, the Choose Installation Filters screen
also includes host OSes. Select the host types that your Wind River products will
be installed on.
Step 8:
Select the products to download or install.
On the Select Products screen, you can
■
Choose the specific products to download or install.
■
Review the installation directory and disk space that the products will use.
■
Set options for how to start your programs.
Selecting Products to Download or Install
The list shows all products and features that your license entitles you to, and
according to any architecture-specific filters you may have specified.
Review the product list on this screen carefully. If it does not show the products
you intend to install, this means that the Installer has not detected the new product
activation file. In this case, click Back to return to the Choose Activation Type
screen.
You can expand the nested items in the list, and select just the products and
features you want to install.
!
34
CAUTION: Use caution when clearing (de-selecting) features, as failing to install
critical features can prevent the products from functioning properly.
5 Installing Wind River Products
5.6 Using the Installer Program
The icons in the product list use the following symbols:
Table 5-1
Symbol
Meaning
A category of installable content, such as a group of
related RPMs.
A category of installed content, such as a group of
installed and related RPMs
Installable Wind River proprietary content.
Wind River Proprietary content that is already
installed.
Wind River Proprietary or RPM content that is an
update of features already installed.
Remote content overlay (content located outside your
host, such as on the Web).
RPM (singleton—cannot coexist with other versions
of itself) content that can be installed and updated.
RPM (singleton—cannot coexist with other versions
of itself) installed content.
RPM (non-singleton—can be installed alongside
different versions of itself) content that can be
installed.
RPM (non-singleton—can be installed alongside
different versions of itself) installed content.
Additional information is available about this content.
Mouse over the symbol to see the information.
NOTE: These symbols can be combined in an icon so that you might see, for
example:
■
an information symbol over a plugin symbol—meaning installable content
that has additional information
or
■
a plugin symbol over a globe symbol over a folder symbol—meaning a group
of installable content pieces that come from a remote source
About Singleton Packages
Some content units are created as singletons, meaning that they cannot coexist with
other versions of themselves. A singleton package, in other words, can be updated
or removed, but there can only be one version of it in your installation.
Other packages, designated as non-singleton, can be installed in parallel in
different versions.2 For example, if fooPkg is non-singleton, you could update your
35
Wind River Product Installation and Licensing
Administrator's Guide, 2.6
existing installation of fooPkg 1.0 with fooPkg 1.0.1 without overwriting the
fooPkg 1.0 installation. Conversely, if barPkg is singleton, your existing
installation of barPkg 3.1 will be replaced by barPkg 3.2 when you update that
package.
About Dependencies
The Installer calculates dependencies among products, and includes whatever
packages are necessary to produce a viable installation.
If, for example, you select only a subset of the products listed on this screen, some
additional pieces that you did not select may be included for installation. These
pieces are marked with (required) after the package name.
Installation Directory
The products you select on this screen will be installed (or downloaded) into the
directory named here. This directory path is the one you specified at the very
beginning of the installation process.
If you want to change the installation directory, restart the Installer and specify the
new directory in the first Wind River Installer dialog.
Disk Space Information
This screen shows the total disk space required for the products and features listed,
as well as the amount of disk space available.
In calculating available disk space, the Installer also takes into account any quota
restrictions in place.
If you do not have sufficient disk space for the installation, the Installer shows an
error message. In order to continue installing, you must free enough disk space for
the installation.
Shortcut Options
Use these options to set how you will launch your Wind River products once they
are installed. You can create a desktop shortcut and specify a Start menu entry.
NOTE: On UNIX systems, the Installer creates Start menu entries and desktop
shortcuts according to the free desktop entry specification. Desktop managers
supporting this mechanism are available for all supported UNIX and Linux
systems. If you have configured your system to use a different desktop manager,
or only a window manager, these shortcuts and menu entries may not be
accessible.
Step 9:
Install (or download).
After you have accepted the license agreement(s), check over the list of content
once more. When you are ready to launch the installation, click Install (or
Download if you selected Local download in Step 4). The last screens offer a
summary of your installation and a link to product information.
2. This feature is similar to the installonlypkgs option in the yum tool.
36
5 Installing Wind River Products
5.7 Post-Installation Tasks
NOTE: If you are installing Wind River Linux 7, you will see two extra screens that
check preconditions and run the Git-based install process for that product. Click
Help on these screens for more information.
Step 10:
Follow up.
Now that you have finished this process, take stock of any additional tasks. For
example, if you created a local download for later installation, repeat these steps to
install the material. Or you may need to convert a temporary product activation to
permanent, or install a BSP. Some follow-up actions are described in
5.7 Post-Installation Tasks, p.37.
5.7 Post-Installation Tasks
Convert Temporary Activations to Permanent
If you installed using a product activation file, your Wind River products are now
installed, activated, and ready for you to begin working with them.
However, if you installed using a license authorization code or installation keys,
you may use your products now, but eventually you must permanently activate
them to continue working with them. For instructions on how to do this, see
7. Permanently Activating a Temporary License.
Restart Your License Server
If you installed new products (rather than updates to existing installed products),
and your organization uses a license server to manage Wind River software
licenses, you must restart the license server after product installation, in order for
workgroup members to use the new licenses.
Failed Installation
If you were not able to install, contact Wind River Customer Support and be ready
to provide the following files:
■
■
installDir/setup.log
installDir/maintenance/wrInstaller/hostType/configuration/*.log.
Additionally, see 16. Troubleshooting for help with some of the more common issues
that can arise during installation.
Adding to Your Installation
For information on installing a service pack, patch, or BSP, see 6. Maintaining Your
Wind River Product Installation.
37
Wind River Product Installation and Licensing
Administrator's Guide, 2.6
Uninstallation
For instructions on removing Wind River products, see 6.5 Removing Wind River
Products, p.52.
Moving an Installation
If you want to produce an identical installation in a different location, Wind River
recommends that you simply re-install into the second location. The method
described at 5.8.1 Downloading Products for Later Installation, p.38, is particularly
useful in such cases.
While it is possible to move, copy, or relocate a Wind River product installation,
there are some caveats. Some products may not support moving the original
installed location because of host-specific actions performed by post-installation
scripts that link your computer to the product.
Specific cases in which moving the installation breaks products or functionality
include registering the Wind River Probe to Windows; and copying DLLs into the
System folder.
5.8 Atypical Installations
This section describes atypical installation scenarios. You may not need the
instructions in this section, depending on the products you have already installed,
and the specific constraints of your workgroup’s environment.
5.8.1 Downloading Products for Later Installation
For many products, the Wind River Installer provides a download-before-installing
capability, in which you follow the same process as you would for a standard
installation, but the installable material is copied to the host, rather than actually
installed.
This capability is particularly useful for sites where the development workstation
is not connected to the Internet. In these cases, the download action can be
performed on a different, Internet-connected computer; and the files can be moved
to the unconnected workstation, where they are then installed.
NOTE: The download-before-installing method can only be used for content that
can be installed. For example, you cannot download a service pack or other update
to a product if you have not installed the base product that the update applies to.
Downloading Through the Installer’s GUI
1.
38
On an Internet-connected computer, launch the Installer. See Step 1 for specific
instructions.
5 Installing Wind River Products
5.8 Atypical Installations
2.
Proceed through the screens of the Installer, with the following particular
selections:
a.
On the Install or Download screen, select Local download.
b.
On the Choose Activation Type screen, Wind River recommends that you
select either Use your existing product activation file or
Permanent activation. When you are creating a local download to be
installed later, Temporary activation is likely not a wise choice, because
with that kind of activation, the software components are licensed for only
30 days.
For detailed instructions, see 5.6 Using the Installer Program, p.28, or the Help
system within the Installer program.
3.
At the final screen, click Download.
When the download operation is complete, a new directory named download
appears in your installDir. The download directory contains the downloaded
content.
4.
When you are ready to install the downloaded material, go to
installDir/download (or move the contents of installDir/download to the
intended computer).
5.
Install the downloaded material. For detailed instructions, see 5.6 Using the
Installer Program, p.28.
Downloading from the Command Line
1.
On an Internet-connected computer, type the following command sequence:
% setupHostType -silent -nosplash -download [path] -installKeys path
■
In the setup command, HostType can be .exe, _linux, _linux32, or _solaris.
■
For -download, specifying a path to your installation directory is optional.
If path is not specified, the products are downloaded into your existing
installation directory, or into a new WindRiver directory if no Wind River
products have been installed.
In either case, the download operation creates a new directory named
download, containing the downloaded material.
■
For -installKeys, path is the absolute path to the location of the install.txt
file.
See A. Command-Line Installation for details on command-line arguments to the
Installer.
2.
When you are ready to install the downloaded material, go to
installDir/download (or move the contents of installDir/download to the
intended computer).
3.
Install the downloaded material. For detailed instructions, see
A. Command-Line Installation.
39
Wind River Product Installation and Licensing
Administrator's Guide, 2.6
5.8.2 Cross-Host Installation
The Wind River Installer detects the operating system (Linux, Solaris, or Windows)
of the host you install products onto. By default, it installs only that version of the
product. For example, if you insert the DVD for the Wind River VxWorks
Platforms product into a Linux host computer, only the Linux version of that
product will be installed.
The Installer does not support installing products on one host type, to be run on a
different host type.
However, if you need to do a cross-host installation, consider using the
download-before-installing method (described in 5.8.1 Downloading Products for Later
Installation, p.38). This method can be used to download Wind River products on
one computer for eventual installation on another. When you use this process, you
can select the OS of the eventual host.
5.8.3 Incremental Installation
An incremental installation adds to an existing product installation. An
incremental installation can be performed in situations such as the following:
■
You installed only certain features of a Wind River product (by selecting only
certain architectures or features during installation) and now wish to add the
excluded features.
■
You are installing complementary Wind River products (for example, adding
On-Chip Debugging to your existing installation of Wind River Workbench).
When you do an incremental installation, you can again choose target architectures
and features. However, you cannot reinstall products and features that are already
installed. The Installer program offers only those products or features that are not
yet present in your installation. If you wish to reinstall, you must first remove the
product. For information on removing products, see 6.5 Removing Wind River
Products, p.52.
5.8.4 Revision-Controlled Installation
You can use Wind River products in a source-controlled environment. However,
you cannot install the products directly into a source control system or link the
Installer program to it. You must first perform the installation; then apply
configuration management.
Typically, organizations that use a CM system with Wind River products first
perform the installation, then contribute it to their system as version one. Any
product updates subsequently installed then become version two.
There are some caveats to consider if you will use revision control:
40
■
Because of the size of Wind River products, you must be prepared that a
source-controlled Wind River software repository will necessarily be quite
large.
■
With most source control systems, you lose write permissions to the files being
managed. In order to update Wind River products, the installation must be
writable.
5 Installing Wind River Products
5.8 Atypical Installations
5.8.5 Installing Multiple Products
You can install multiple Wind River products on the same host computer. Keep in
mind the following supported and unsupported variations:
■
Multi-Product Installation
Multiple products can co-exist in the same directory, but must have different
version numbers. For example, the same location can house a Workbench 3.1,
Workbench 3.2, and Workbench 3.3 installation.
NOTE: Some combinations of products, while technically possible through the
Installer program, are not supported by Wind River. For information on
compatibility restrictions, see the release notes for your product.
During the installation process, you can opt to create Start menu entries. In
cases of multiple products and versions, you may want to create Start menu
entries with customized names, in order to more easily identify them when
you run the programs or perform maintenance on them.
–
Windows Hosts
Without customized Start menu entry names, the Installer program creates
entries such as the following:
Start > Wind River > Workbench 3.1 > Workbench 3.1
Start > Wind River > Workbench 3.2 > Workbench 3.2
Start > Wind River > Workbench 3.3 > Workbench 3.3
Start > Wind River > Product Maintenance
Start > Wind River > Product Maintenance~0
Start > Wind River > Product Maintenance~1
–
UNIX Hosts
On UNIX systems, if you do not customize the Start menu entry names,
they appear identical:
Start > Wind River > Product Maintenance
(points to the Maintenance Tool for the Workbench 3.1 installation)
Start > Wind River > Product Maintenance
(points to the Maintenance Tool for the Workbench 3.2 installation)
Start > Wind River > Product Maintenance
(points to the Maintenance Tool for the Workbench 3.3 installation)
■
Multiple Installations of the Same Product and Version
You can install multiple instances of the same product and version number, but
you must choose separate installation directories for each instance. For
example, if you have an existing installation of Wind River Workbench 3.3 at
C:\WindRiver and want to install another instance of Workbench 3.3 for a
particular task, you would install the second instance into, say,
C:\WindRiver_task.
In this case, if you opt during installation to create a Start menu entry, take care
to give a descriptive name (such as Wind River task) so that when you run
41
Wind River Product Installation and Licensing
Administrator's Guide, 2.6
products or the Maintenance Tool from the Start menu, you can choose the
correct instance.
■
Parallel Installation
You can run two or more installation processes simultaneously. Each process
must be performed by a separate instance of the Installer program, and must
install into a separate directory.
However, note that because you are likely to face disk I/O and network
performance issues with this kind of simultaneous parallel installation, there
is little or no benefit to it. The Installer performs best when it is allowed to
create a single installation at a time.
■
Merging Split Installations
If you have installed products into separate locations—for example,
Wind River Workbench in one location and VxWorks in another—you cannot
later combine them. The Installer does not support merging installations in
this way.
5.8.6 Keyboard-Only Installation
You can use the GUI mode of the Installer without a mouse. Simply press the TAB
key to move through the options on a screen; then press ENTER to register your
selections for that screen.
42
6
Maintaining Your
Wind River Product Installation
6.1 The Product Maintenance Tool 43
6.2 Installing Product Updates 45
6.3 Applying Software Patches 48
6.4 Adding Board Support Packages 50
6.5 Removing Wind River Products 52
6.6 Reviewing the Contents and History of Your Installation 54
6.7 Reviewing Your License Configuration 55
6.8 Configuring the Maintenance Tool 57
6.1 The Product Maintenance Tool
The Wind River Product Maintenance Tool is provided with products from
Wind River Workbench 3.1 forward. It is a special mode of the same Installer
program you used to install your products in 5. Installing Wind River Products. You
can use the Maintenance Tool to do the following:
■
Update your installed products.
■
Verify and apply patches.
■
Install board support packages (BSPs).
■
Remove products.
■
View your installation history and the current contents of your installation.
■
Investigate your license configuration.
6.1.1 Launching the Maintenance Tool
Close Wind River Programs
Before using the Maintenance Tool, it is recommended that you exit any
Wind River programs or tools that may be running, including the Wind River
43
Wind River Product Installation and Licensing
Administrator's Guide, 2.6
registry. If the Maintenance Tool is blocked by a process, it displays an error,
showing the process ID.
Locked and Modified Files
If the Installer encounters a locked file (such as if an external editor has locked a
source file that must be updated), it saves it as fileName.new in the same directory
as the original.
If the Installer encounters any user modifications to files it needs to update, it
creates a fileName.wrsav file in the same directory as the original.
If any problems were found with the .new files, these issues are logged in the
installDir/setup.log file; user modifications are listed in
installDir/modifiedfiles.log.
Start the Maintenance Tool
To start the Maintenance Tool, do the following:
Windows
■
From the Windows GUI
Select Start > All Programs > startMenuEntry > Product Maintenance.
The startMenuEntry name is either Wind River or the custom string you gave
when you created a Start menu entry during product installation.
Alternatively, navigate to installDir\maintenance\wrInstaller\hostType and
double-click wrInstaller.exe.
■
From the Windows command line
On Windows, execute the following commands from a command prompt:
% cd installDir\maintenance\wrInstaller\hostType
% wrInstaller.exe
Linux and Solaris
■
From the Linux and Solaris GUI
Select Applications (the main menu on the panel) > startMenuEntry
> Product Maintenance.
The startMenuEntry name is either Wind River or the custom string you gave
when you created a menu entry during product installation.
■
From the Linux and Solaris command line
On Linux and Solaris, execute the following commands from the command
shell:
% cd installDir/maintenance/wrInstaller/hostType
% wrInstaller
Wind River Workbench
You can start the Maintenance Tool from inside Workbench by selecting
Help > Update Wind River Products. You must close Workbench and any other
Wind River applications before installing product updates.
44
6 Maintaining Your Wind River Product Installation
6.2 Installing Product Updates
From the Command Line
You can start the Maintenance Tool from the command-line, to use it either in GUI
mode or in non-interactive “silent” mode. The non-interactive silent mode can be
useful for controlling the maintenance of a large number of installations, such as
through a script. For instructions, see A. Command-Line Installation.
6.2 Installing Product Updates
A product update (such as a service pack) adds new features or functionality to a
Wind River product that you have already installed. If an update is available for
your installed products, you can install it with one of the methods below.
DVD
If you have received the product update on a disc, launch the Installer by putting
the disc into your drive, or by navigating to the product image, and running the
setup program appropriate to your host OS. This is the same installation program
you used to install your products in 5. Installing Wind River Products.
With this method, you can install an update without Internet access.
NOTE: If the DVD contains <order_number>.zip files, unzip the files and then run
the setup program.
Download
To download product updates, you can either
■
Search for the update on the Wind River Web site.
(Described below in Search Online, p.46.)
or
■
Run the Maintenance Tool and let it find updates for you.
(Described below in Run the Maintenance Tool, p.46.)
Both methods allow you to save the downloaded material and install it at a later
date. This can be useful when you want to roll out an identical installation across
multiple hosts, or need to restore a damaged installation to a known baseline.
NOTE: Both download methods require access to the Internet. If your computer
does not have access to the Internet, Wind River can make the update available to
you on physical media. Contact Wind River Customer Support for assistance.
NOTE: Both methods also require that the base product for the product update
already be installed. That is, for example, you must already have VxWorks 6.9
installed in order to download the service pack that is VxWorks 6.9.1.
45
Wind River Product Installation and Licensing
Administrator's Guide, 2.6
Search Online
Download the update from the Wind River Online Support site at
http://www.windriver.com/support. Unzip the zip file into your installation
directory and run the setup program appropriate to your host type.
Run the Maintenance Tool
To download a product update in this way, do the following:
1.
Launch the Maintenance Tool as described in 6.1.1 Launching the Maintenance
Tool, p.43.
2.
On the Choose Maintenance Task screen, select Online content.
When Wind River releases updates, such as service packs, for its products, it
makes the latest version available to you on an update server. When you select
Online content, the Installer program searches the specified server for any
available updates to the products you have installed.
If updates are available, a later screen lets you select the ones you want to
install.
3.
[Optional] Click Configure to set how the Maintenance Tool contacts the
Internet, and where it looks for updates.
This is appropriate when, for example:
■
Your organization uses a proxy server to connect to the Internet.
■
You have configured a local server for product updates.
■
Wind River has directed you to use an alternate location.
For detailed instructions on configuring the Maintenance Tool, see the Help
system within the Installer program.
4.
On the Choose Maintenance Task screen, click Next.
5.
On the Install or Download screen, decide whether or not you want to install
the downloaded material right away:
■
Select Install to download the content and install it.
or
■
Select Local download if you want to fetch the available content but install
it later.
Click Next.
6.
On the Choose Activation Type screen, select one of the following:
■
Use your existing product activation (install.txt) file
NOTE: This option appears only if you have previously installed Wind River
products.
If you have previously installed Wind River products, you may already
have a product activation file (install.txt) that you used for those products.
In some cases, you can use the same product activation file for your
current installation.
46
6 Maintaining Your Wind River Product Installation
6.2 Installing Product Updates
If you received a new product activation file for the products you are
currently installing, Wind River recommends you use the most recent file.
To do so, select Permanent activation.
■
Temporary activation
Select this option if you wish to install and use the products right away, but
for a limited time (usually 31 days).
To continue using them beyond that period, you must eventually perform
a permanent activation. The permanent activation allows you to use the
same installation; you will not need to re-install your Wind River
products. For details on converting a temporary installation to a
permanent one, see 7. Permanently Activating a Temporary License.
If you select the Temporary activation option, another screen appears
where you will enter the license authorization code (LAC) and some other
user information. The Installer program will then retrieve your temporary
license.
Because of this retrieval process, you must have Internet access in order to
use this method.
■
Permanent activation
Select this option if you have a product activation file for this installation.
To use this option, click Browse and navigate to the directory location of
your product activation file.
You do not need Internet access to install and activate Wind River
products using this option.
■
Manually enter all installation keys
This method is used only in rare cases. If you need to use this option,
contact Wind River Customer Support.
7.
On the Choose Installation Filters screen, you can refine what is downloaded
by selecting
■
The particular target architectures for which you want content.
■
The host OSes on which you will install the downloaded updates.
Click Next.
8.
On the Select Products screen, you can further refine the download.
You can expand the nested items in the list, and select just the products and
features you want to install.
9.
Continue through the remaining screens of the Maintenance Tool to finish
downloading product updates.
If you opted to download the updates but install later, the downloaded
material is saved to the installDir/download directory.
About Legacy Products
As a general guideline, you should install and maintain a product using the
installation tool included with it. Details are listed below.
47
Wind River Product Installation and Licensing
Administrator's Guide, 2.6
NOTE: For these guidelines, a newer Installer is one of release number 2.0 or higher
(Wind River Workbench releases 3.1 and higher). An older product is one that is
built with a pre-2.0 Installer.
■
Service Packs
Newer versions of the Installer program cannot be used to install service packs
for older products.
■
Patches
Newer versions of the Installer program can be used to install patches for older
products, but you must have the 1.4.2 JRE in place.
■
Removing Older Products
Newer versions of the Installer program can be used to remove older products.
6.3 Applying Software Patches
A software patch typically fixes one feature or adds or replaces a small number of
files in your existing installation. To install a patch, first download it, then run the
Maintenance Tool to install it.
!
CAUTION: Take care in applying patches. Because patches are likely to overwrite
files in your existing product installation, they are not separately removable, and
because combinations of different patches are not necessarily verified together,
applying patches can break your installation.
Wind River strongly recommends you consider carefully before installing patches.
Read the installation instructions for each patch thoroughly. Contact Wind River
Customer Support if you are unsure of the stability of a particular combination of
patches.
To install a patch, do the following:
1.
Log in to the Wind River online support Web site:
http://www.windriver.com/support
2.
Select the Downloads tab, then use the filter fields to find available patches for
your product.
3.
Unzip the patch’s zip file into your installDir/updates directory.
4.
Launch the Maintenance Tool as described in 6.1.1 Launching the Maintenance
Tool, p.43.
Alternatively, you can install a patch in command-line mode. For details, see
A. Command-Line Installation.
5.
On the Choose Maintenance Task screen, select Patch and click Next.
On a subsequent screen, the Installer program displays any patches present in
the installDir/updates directory. If the installDir/updates directory contains
48
6 Maintaining Your Wind River Product Installation
6.3 Applying Software Patches
patches that you have already installed, these patches are listed, but by default
are not selected.
In the patch list, you can perform the following actions:
■
■
Select a patch to install.
Repair a patch, if it is already installed.
Repairing a patch undoes any changes that might have been made to the
patched files.
If there are no patches in the installDir/updates directory, you can click Back to
perform another task in the Maintenance Tool, or Finish to close the Installer
program.
NOTE: If you have multiple, parallel Wind River product installations
(independent products in separate installation directories), take note of the
Installation Directory displayed on the Apply Patches screen. If it does not
show the desired directory, close the Maintenance Tool and restart it. When
you start the Maintenance Tool the second time, take care to select the correct
installation directory. You may also need to move your patch files if they are
not in the updates directory of the correct installation.
6.
Select the patches you want to install or repair, and click Install.
When the installation is complete, click Finish.
Examining the Contents of a Patch
If you want to verify the contents of a patch before applying it—because, say, you
are close to the end of development and must be particularly cautious about
changing your installation—you can view a list of its contents; or you can extract
its contents to a temporary directory. You can then compare the list or the contents
with your current installation, to see which files will change if you apply the patch.
To do either of these things, do the following:
1.
Launch the Maintenance Tool as described in 6.1.1 Launching the Maintenance
Tool, p.43.
2.
On the Choose Maintenance Task screen, select Patch and click Next.
3.
Select the patch or patches that you would like to examine. Right-click and
choose one of the options from the context menu:
■
Export content list to file...
When you select this option, the Installer writes a list of the contents of the
patch to the file you specify.
■
Extract patch contents to...
With this option, the contents of the patch are extracted into the directory
you specify.
4.
Review the results.
Alternatively, you can examine a patch in command-line mode. For details, see
A. Command-Line Installation.
49
Wind River Product Installation and Licensing
Administrator's Guide, 2.6
6.4 Adding Board Support Packages
Most Wind River product shipments provide board support packages (BSPs)
directly on the product installation media. You select and install those BSPs as part
of the overall product installation.
However, to support customers’ development needs, Wind River continually
releases new BSPs for additional boards and processor families.
If the BSP you need is not included on your installation media, you may wish to
add a BSP after you have installed your products. This section covers that process.
Compatibility
The Wind River installation program does not verify version compatibility
between your Wind River products and BSPs. For compatibility information, see
the documentation that accompanies the individual BSP.
Installation Methods
There are two main methods for adding a BSP:
■
Electronic software delivery (ESD)
In this method, you run the Installer program to find and install available
BSPs. See 6.4.1 Installation through ESD, p.50.
■
Download
In this method, you find the BSP on Wind River’s Online Support site,
download it, and install it as a patch. See 6.4.2 Installation by Download, p.51.
NOTE: For both of these methods, your computer must have access to the Internet.
If you do not have Internet access, Wind River can make BSPs available to you on
physical media. Contact Wind River Customer Support for assistance.
6.4.1 Installation through ESD
Some Wind River BSPs are made available through electronic software delivery
(ESD). To install a BSP through ESD, you simply run the Installer program and
allow it to fetch product updates.
1.
Launch the Installer program in maintenance mode, as described in
6.1.1 Launching the Maintenance Tool, p.43.
2.
On the Choose Maintenance Task screen, select Online Content.
The Maintenance Tool assembles a list of available content from online
repositories, and checks your license entitlement.
3.
On the Select Products screen, scan the list for your desired BSP.
Using the nested checkboxes, you can install all available updates, or just the
BSP content you want.
4.
50
Complete the rest of the Maintenance Tool screens to finish your BSP
installation.
6 Maintaining Your Wind River Product Installation
6.4 Adding Board Support Packages
NOTE: If other workgroup members will also use the new BSP, each member must
install the BSP individually.
6.4.2 Installation by Download
NOTE: This section provides detailed instructions for downloading and installing
BSPs for products from Wind River Workbench 3.1 forward.
The process described in this section does not apply to Wind River Linux 4.x BSPs.
For Wind River Linux 4.x BSP installation instructions, see the release notes for
your product.
Step 1:
1.
Go to Wind River’s Online Support site.
2.
Find your BSP.
3.
Download it and unzip it into your installDir/updates directory.
4.
Run the Maintenance Tool, treating the BSP as a patch.
Go to the BSP Web site.
The Wind River public Web site provides you with access to a listing of all
available Wind River BSPs. The BSP main page is:
http://www.windriver.com/products/bsp_web/
You can also navigate to this page from the Wind River Web site home page by
selecting Products > Board Support Packages.
NOTE: This Web page is publicly accessible, but you must have an Online Support
login and a valid maintenance contract in order to download a BSP.
Step 2:
Find Your BSP.
From the BSP main page, you can choose to locate a specific BSP by any of the
following criteria:
Architecture
This is the generic processor family to which the desired CPU belongs. For
example, ARM or PowerPC. If you know the architecture family for your
development processor, use this category.
Hardware Vendor
This is a list of hardware vendors for the development boards that are
supported by the Wind River BSPs. If you know the manufacturer of the
development board for the BSP you wish to use, use this category.
NOTE: This category is organized by hardware development board vendors,
not by processor manufacturer. In many cases, the CPU manufacturer is not
the board vendor.
Market
This is the general market targeted by the development board or processor. For
example, processors that are targeted for use in medical equipment are
51
Wind River Product Installation and Licensing
Administrator's Guide, 2.6
grouped into one category while processors targeted for the automotive
market are grouped into that category.
Platform
This is a list of available Wind River products that include BSP support. You
can use this category to see a list of all BSPs available for your specific
Wind River product and version.
Step 3:
Download the BSP.
Once you have located your desired BSP, you must download and install the
associated .zip file.
Find the correct entry in the BSP list and click More. (This button appears at the far
right end of the specific BSP entry line.) This link brings you to the BSP technical
details page.
If a version of the BSP is available for download, a link to a downloadable .zip file
appears at the top of the page under the BSP Sales Contact field. Certain BSPs are
only available as part of a product distribution. If this is the case, the
Product Availability field indicates that the BSP is available on CD-ROM (or
DVD-ROM). If you do not have the product CD (or DVD) for the BSP, contact
Wind River Customer Support for assistance.
To download the BSP .zip file, click on its filename near the top of the technical
details page. This link brings you to the BSP’s download instructions page. Follow
the instructions appropriate to your host type and base Wind River product
version.
Step 4:
Install a BSP with the Maintenance Tool
Many Wind River BSPs are generated as patches to an installed product. Therefore,
the installation process for a BSP is the same as for a patch. For installation
instructions, see 6.3 Applying Software Patches, p.48.
Furthermore, like patches, BSPs are not separately uninstallable. To remove or
repair a BSP, see 6.5.3 Removing Patches, p.54.
6.5 Removing Wind River Products
This section describes the process for removing Wind River products from a
system.
About Modified Files
If you direct the Maintenance Tool to remove Wind River products and it
encounters any user modifications to a file that it needs to remove, it does the
following:
52
■
Creates a fileName.wrsav file in the installDir/maintenance/backup directory.
■
Logs the issue in the installDir/modifiedfiles.log file.
6 Maintaining Your Wind River Product Installation
6.5 Removing Wind River Products
6.5.1 Removing Products through the Maintenance Tool
To remove Wind River products, it is recommended that you use the Maintenance
Tool provided with your product. The Maintenance Tool can uninstall many
products at the same time.
To remove a product, follow the steps below.
1.
Launch the Maintenance Tool as described in 6.1.1 Launching the Maintenance
Tool, p.43.
2.
Select Remove and click Next.
The Choose Products to Remove screen shows a nested list of products and
features that can be removed. You can click on an item in the list to see its
component features.
NOTE: This list shows the current contents of your installation. To see how
your installation has changed over time, use the Maintenance Tool’s
About This Installation option. See 6.6 Reviewing the Contents and History of
Your Installation, p.54.
3.
Select the products or features you want to remove, and click Remove.
NOTE: The Installer calculates dependencies among products. For the
installation process, this means that the Installer pulls in whatever packages
are necessary to produce a viable installation. When you remove products, the
Installer likewise removes any packages that were dependent on the products
you are removing.
If this is the case, the Installer prompts you to confirm before removing these
additional packages.
4.
Complete the uninstallation manually.
Some files are not removed in the uninstallation process. The following types
of files are not removed automatically:
■
■
■
■
■
■
object files
the product activation file
any file, workspace, or project that the user has added to the installation
any component of the product that has been modified from its original
timestamp
the installation directory itself
downloaded third-party plug-ins
If you want to remove these files, you must do so manually.
6.5.2 Removing a Service Pack
Service packs are uninstalled the same way a standard release is uninstalled.
Follow the instructions in 6.5.1 Removing Products through the Maintenance Tool,
p.53, to uninstall the product(s) you no longer want to use.
53
Wind River Product Installation and Licensing
Administrator's Guide, 2.6
NOTE: Keep in mind that service packs are not separately removable from their
underlying base product. That is, when you remove a service pack, you are also
removing the parent product.
For example, if you had installed VxWorks 6.9, then installed a service pack to
upgrade to VxWorks 6.9.1, you cannot remove just the service pack to return to
VxWorks 6.9. Uninstallation removes the product outright.
6.5.3 Removing Patches
When you install a patch, it overwrites existing files in your product installation.
Therefore, if you were to remove the patch, it would leave behind an incomplete
installation.
For this reason, patches are not separately uninstallable. If you have a damaged
installation, you must do one of the following:
■
Repair the patch.
To do this, follow the instructions in 6.3 Applying Software Patches, p.48, and
either repair or update the patch in question. When you repair a patch, all its
files are restored to their original content. To update a patch means that the
patch was reissued, and its files will be updated.
or
■
Remove the product as a whole and reinstall.
To do this, follow the steps in 6.5.1 Removing Products through the Maintenance
Tool, p.53, to remove the product, and then reinstall it as described in
5. Installing Wind River Products.
6.5.4 Removing a Development Workstation License File
If you are removing a Wind River product from a development workstation, the
uninstallation process described in 6.5 Removing Wind River Products, p.52, does
not remove the license file.
You must manually remove it by navigating to the installDir/license directory and
deleting the file, usually named WRSLicense.lic.
NOTE: If the product you are removing was listed in a merged license file that
resides in the product’s installation tree, removing the license file affects all
products whose licenses are also under the file’s control.
Wind River recommends that you back up the file, delete the entry for the
product(s) you are uninstalling, then save the file. The remaining products on the
development workstation (and listed in the license file) should work as before.
54
6 Maintaining Your Wind River Product Installation
6.6 Reviewing the Contents and History of Your Installation
6.6 Reviewing the Contents and History of Your Installation
You can use the Maintenance Tool to view the current contents of your Wind River
product installation, as well as how it has changed over time.
Current Contents
To see the current contents of your installation, do the following:
1.
Launch the Maintenance Tool as described in 6.1.1 Launching the Maintenance
Tool, p.43.
2.
Select About This Installation and click Next.
3.
The Installed Content screen shows a nested list of products and features.
Installation History
You can also see how your Wind River product installation has changed over time.
This can be particularly helpful if you want to know when, say, a particular service
pack was installed, or in what order a set of patches were applied.
To explore your installation history, launch the Maintenance Tool and select the
About This Installation option as described above. Use the
Show installation snapshot by date field at the top left of the screen to see
changes in the installation.
Click Finish to close the Maintenance Tool.
6.7 Reviewing Your License Configuration
You can use the Maintenance Tool to view and adjust your license configuration.
This is primarily an informational capability, designed to show you the elements
(license files or servers) that make up the license configuration for your Wind River
installation. But you can also use this feature to add, edit, or remove the elements
in your configuration.
Viewing Your Current Configuration
1.
Launch the Maintenance Tool as described in 6.1.1 Launching the Maintenance
Tool, p.43.
2.
On the Choose Maintenance Task screen, select License configuration and
click Next.
3.
On the Configure License Setup screen, examine the
Current license configuration area in the top half of the screen.
This area lists the elements—license files or license servers—that together
constitute your license setup for this installation. That is, when a user runs a
license-managed Wind River product, FLEXlm consults the elements listed
here, in the order shown here.
55
Wind River Product Installation and Licensing
Administrator's Guide, 2.6
4.
At this point, you can
■
Quit if you have enough information. Click Finish.
■
Change your configuration by adding, editing, or removing an element.
See Changing Your License Configuration, p.56.
■
Get detailed diagnostic information about an element or the whole
configuration. see Diagnosing License Issues, p.57.
Changing Your License Configuration
1.
Follow the steps in Viewing Your Current Configuration, p.55, to get to the
Configure License Setup screen.
2.
Examine the Current license configuration list in the top half of the screen.
3.
If you want to add a license element to your configuration, click Add.
In the fields that appear, specify either a license file or license server:
■
For a license file, either enter or browse to the location of the license file
you want to add.
When you click Browse, the Maintenance Tool searches for *.lic files only.
Therefore, if you want to add a directory rather than a single license file,
you must browse to and select a file within that directory; click Open; then
edit the path in the Path to license file or folder textbox.
■
For a license server, enter the server’s IP address or port number (or
both).1 The default port range is 27000-27009.
If you are adding license servers that are members of a redundant
configuration (such as a server triad), select
Redundant license server configuration.
Click Apply.
Your added elements appear at the top of the Current license configuration
list.
NOTE: Because this list represents the sequence that FLEXlm uses to serve
license tokens, take care around the order in which you add elements to your
configuration.
4.
If you want to edit an element in the list, select it and click Edit.
In the fields that appear, make any necessary changes and click Apply.
5.
If you want to remove an element from the list, select it and click Remove.
Wind River recommends that you remove outdated elements that you are
confident are no longer in use, or for which you have received a warning about
slow performance. Clearing out old elements of your license configuration
usually results in improved performance.
1. Wind River recommends using server port number when possible, as this results in faster
performance.
56
6 Maintaining Your Wind River Product Installation
6.8 Configuring the Maintenance Tool
NOTE: Some elements, specifically those configured through the environment
variables WRSD_LICENSE_FILE and LM_LICENSE_FILE, cannot be removed in
this way. To change these elements, you must edit the environment variable
directly.
6.
After making any changes on the Configure License Setup screen, click
Finish to put them into effect.
Diagnosing License Issues
1.
Follow the steps in Viewing Your Current Configuration, p.55, to get to the
Configure License Setup screen.
2.
Examine the Current license configuration list in the top half of the screen.
3.
To look further into one of the elements, select it.
The Selection area in the lower part of the screen shows information about the
element you have selected, including a summary of any warnings or errors.
4.
If you want to drill down even further into the selected element, click
Diagnose.
The window that opens displays full diagnostic information about the
element. This is the same output as you would see by running lmutil lmdiag
at the command line.
5.
To see diagnostic information about all elements in your license configuration,
click Export.
The Maintenance Tool creates a logfile named diagnostics_timeStamp.log in
the license directory of the installation from which you launched the
Maintenance Tool.
This logfile contains full diagnostic information about your license
configuration. This is the same output as you see with the Diagnose button,
but for all elements in your current configuration.
NOTE: The diagnostic logfile can be useful in rooting out license problems in
your installation, such as expired features or slow server performance.
Wind River Customer Support may ask you to create one to help in
troubleshooting your installation.
6.
If you have made any changes on this screen, click Finish to put them into
effect.
6.8 Configuring the Maintenance Tool
You can configure how the Maintenance Tool contacts the Internet, and where it
looks for updates.
57
Wind River Product Installation and Licensing
Administrator's Guide, 2.6
1.
Launch the Maintenance Tool as described in 6.1.1 Launching the Maintenance
Tool, p.43.
2.
On the Choose Maintenance Task screen, select Online content.
The Configure button appears.
3.
Click Configure.
The Configure the Maintenance Tool screen appears.
This screen lets you set up how the Maintenance Tool contacts the Internet, and
where it looks for updates.
Update Location Settings
On the Update Location Settings tab, you can view and change the online
locations where the Installer will search for product and Installer updates, and
enter any authentication information those locations might require.
NOTE: If you make any changes to the settings on this tab, they are saved for the
duration of the current Maintenance Tool session. If you want your settings on this
tab to be saved for future runs of the Maintenance Tool, you must click Apply.
Set default authentication information
If the product update locations listed on this screen require authentication, type the
required Username and Password.
If your update location(s) require authentication and you leave these fields blank,
you (and any user who subsequently uses this instance of the Installer program)
will be prompted to enter the correct credentials before the content can be installed.
If you enter a username and password and select Save password, the Installer
retains this authentication information in an encrypted form and will use it for
future installation actions.
NOTE: In addition to this default authentication, you can also configure
repository-specific authentication. See Edit below.
Set locations the installer should use to search for content
This table lists the locations known to the Installer program for finding Wind River
products and product updates.
NOTE: Tip: If the path to a particular location is longer than can be displayed in the
table, hover over it to see the untruncated path.
Review the list and change it if necessary:
■
Add
You might add a location if, for example, your site administrator has
configured a local server for product updates, or if Wind River has directed
you to use an alternate location.
In the Add Repository dialog, do the following, then click OK:
–
58
Select the type of repository you are adding:
6 Maintaining Your Wind River Product Installation
6.8 Configuring the Maintenance Tool
–
Yum Repository (for a repository that contains yum metadata and
RPM-based content)
or
–
Wind River Repository (for a repository that contains either a
Wind River-proprietary sdf.xml file or a .repo file)
–
Type a name for the repository, and either type its location or click Local
to browse to it if it resides on your host.
–
If the repository you are adding requires its own authentication, you can
select Use repository-specific authentication and type the required
Username and Password. This means that when the Installer contacts this
repository for products or updates, it already has the correct login
credentials, so users won’t be prompted for them.
These credentials are specific to this repository; they are distinct from any
default authentication that other repositories might require. For
information on entering default authentication information, see Set default
authentication information, p.58.
■
Import
To import an existing repository (for example, a repository of third-party
products, or a repository that you or your administrator has already created
for product updates), click Import and browse to its location.
Imported repositories can be either sdf.xml or *.repo.
■
Edit
To change the properties of a location, select it and click Edit to
■
Change the name of a location.
■
Change the update repository it points to.
The Local button lets you browse to it if it resides on your host.
■
Enter repository-specific authentication information.
If the repository you are editing requires its own authentication, you can
select Use repository-specific authentication and type the required
Username and Password. This means that when the Installer contacts this
repository for products or updates, it already has the correct login
credentials, so users won’t be prompted for them.
If you do this, after you click OK, notice that in the Software Sources table
the location’s entry in the Authentication column has changed.
These credentials are specific to this repository; they are distinct from any
default authentication that other repositories might require. For
information on entering default authentication information, see Set default
authentication information, p.58.
■
Remove
To remove an update location, select its name and click Remove.
■
Enable or disable a location.
To change the availability of a listed location, simply select or clear its
checkbox.
59
Wind River Product Installation and Licensing
Administrator's Guide, 2.6
Disabling a location in this way serves the same function as Remove, but with
the added convenience that the location can be easily re-enabled without
browsing.
■
Filter the list.
You can use the textbox above the list of locations to filter for, say, a product
name that you do not want to update (and would therefore disable); or for a
custom location that your organization has created; or for Wind River Linux
4.x prebuilt components, for example.
Check for Installer Updates
When Wind River makes changes to the Installer program, it makes the latest
version available to you on an update server.
If you want to fetch Installer updates during your next installation process, select
the Check for installer updates during startup checkbox.
By default, the checkbox is selected or cleared according to whether you opted for
Installer updates during your most recent installation.
Network Settings
Updating the Installer and your Wind River products requires a connection to the
Internet. On the Network Settings tab, you can
■
Test your Internet connection.
To ensure that the computer you’re installing on can contact the Wind River
cloud, click Test Internet Connection.
■
Configure a connection through a proxy server.
If your computer can only reach the Internet through a proxy, select
Connect to the Internet using a proxy server. In the additional fields that
appear,
–
Choose the proxy type (Web or SOCKS proxy).
–
Enter the proxy server’s IP address and port.
If your proxy server is set up to require login information, select
Requires Authentication and enter your username and password in the
additional fields that appear.
Once you have configured your proxy settings, you can verify them with the
Test Internet Connection button.
NOTE: If you make any changes to the settings on this tab, you must click Apply
to put them into effect.
NOTE: If you do not have Internet access, contact Wind River Customer Support
for assistance.
60
7
Permanently Activating a
Temporary License
7.1 Introduction 61
7.2 Activating Temporary Licenses 61
7.3 Finding Your Computer’s Host ID 63
7.1 Introduction
If you or the members of your workgroup used a product activation file
(install.txt) when installing Wind River products, those products are permanently
activated and require no further action.
If you used a license authorization code (LAC) or installation key to temporarily
activate your products, you can use those products for a limited time, but you must
obtain a license file to permanently activate your products.
NOTE: The length of a temporary activation varies by product, but is typically no
less than 30 days. Wind River license-managed tools display a warning as they
approach expiration.
Permanent activation means that a product may be used to the fullest extent of its
license.
7.2 Activating Temporary Licenses
There are two ways to permanently activate Wind River products that were issued
temporary licenses:
■
You can create and distribute license files for each development workstation.
or
61
Wind River Product Installation and Licensing
Administrator's Guide, 2.6
■
On each development workstation, you can set an environment variable to
access a license server.
7.2.1 Distributing License Files
The easiest (and recommended) way to activate temporary licenses is to make a
license file available to each member of your team.
1.
Follow the instructions in 4. Obtaining Workstation Licenses to create the
appropriate license file(s).
2.
Name the new file WRSLicense.lic.
3.
Copy the file into the installDir/license directory of each development system.
or
4.
Place the license file on a server and make it available for your development
team to download onto their workstations. Be sure to instruct them to copy the
file to their installDir/license directory.
NOTE: Each node-locked development workstation requires a separate license file,
generated using that workstation’s host ID.
7.2.2 Setting an Environment Variable to Access a License Server
The second way to permanently activate temporary licenses is to set an
environment variable to point to a license server.
NOTE: In order to use this method, you must first obtain a server license file and
install a license server.
1.
Create, or instruct each member of your workgroup to create, an environment
variable on the workstation called WRSD_LICENSE_FILE.
2.
Set the value of this variable to the port@servername indicated in the SERVER
line of the product activation file you downloaded from the licensing Web site.
For example, the SERVER line may look like the following:
SERVER jupiter hostID 27000
In this example, the server name is jupiter and the port number is 27000, so you
would set the variable to 27000@jupiter.
Once the variable is set, this permanently activates the temporary licenses.
7.2.3 Reinstalling the Product
When you go from temporary to permanent activation, you do not typically need
to remove and then reinstall the product. However, if you do reinstall, note that the
uninstallation process does not remove the license file. You must remove the old
license file manually, by navigating to the installDir/license directory and deleting
the file, usually named WRSLicense.lic.
62
7 Permanently Activating a Temporary License
7.3 Finding Your Computer’s Host ID
7.3 Finding Your Computer’s Host ID
A host ID is a string of numbers and characters that identifies a physical Ethernet
Network Interface Card (NIC) on a computer. Wind River license-managed
products use the host ID to identify the machine associated with a particular
license file.
7.3.1 To find a host ID on a computer running a Windows operating system:
1.
Click Start->Run.
2.
In the Run dialog, in the Open field, type cmd.
3.
In the Command Prompt window, type the following command:
C:\>ipconfig -all
This results in the following system output:
Ethernet adapter Local Area Connection:
Connection-specific DNS Suffix . :
Description . . . . . . . . . . . : 3Com 3C920 Fast Ethernet
Physical Address. . . . . . . . . : 00-06-5A-21-95-44
The host ID in this example is 00065A219544 (after removing the dashes from
the physical address).
7.3.2 To find a host ID on a computer running a Linux operating system:
Run the following command:
% /sbin/ifconfig -a | grep -i hwaddr
This results in the following system output:
eth0... Hwaddr 00:06:5B:82:F4:5A
The host ID in this example is 00065B82F45A (after removing the colons from
the physical address).
NOTE: Use the 12-character Ethernet address. The Linux hostid command
results in a 6- or 8-character address that is not valid as a host ID.
63
Wind River Product Installation and Licensing
Administrator's Guide, 2.6
64
8
Installing the License
Administration Tools
8.1 Overview of License Server Tasks 65
8.2 Prepare 66
8.3 Installing the License Administration Tools 67
8.1 Overview of License Server Tasks
To run a license server that distributes Wind River software licenses to your
workgroup, you must perform the following steps:
1.
Obtain a license file for your server.
See 3. Obtaining Server License Files.
2.
Gather the materials that you will need.
See 8.2 Prepare, p.66.
3.
Install the License Administration Tools.
See 8.3 Installing the License Administration Tools, p.67.
4.
If your organization has named-user licenses, specify named users and
apportion licenses in a user options file.
See 9. Controlling Access to Products with the User Options File.
5.
Configure and start the license server.
See 10. Starting Your License Server.
6.
If your organization has named-user licenses, configure how license usage is
logged, and generate reports from these usage logs.
See 11. License Usage Logging and Reporting.
7.
Finally, perform any necessary maintenance tasks on your license server.
See 13. Maintaining a License Server.
65
Wind River Product Installation and Licensing
Administrator's Guide, 2.6
8.2 Prepare
Before you can install and configure a license server, you must have the following
available:
■
A server license file (see the instructions in 3. Obtaining Server License Files).
■
The Wind River License Administration Tools disc, or its downloaded equivalent.
■
The License Administrator Essentials sheet from the product box.
■
Hardware and software that meet the requirements listed below.
Hardware and Software Requirements
This section discusses minimum hardware and software requirements for the
computer(s) on which you will install the License Administration Tools. They do
not take into consideration any other software you are running on this computer.
Windows License Server
■
One of the following operating systems:
–
–
Windows XP Professional, Service Pack 3 (32-bit)
Windows 7, Service Pack 1 (32- or 64-bit)
■
Administrator rights.
■
Intel Pentium 4-class processor minimum, 1GHz minimum.
■
270 MB of disk space for a complete installation.
If you have named-user licenses, make sure any license server machines you
use have available disk space (1-2.5 GB) to hold the intermediate license-usage
logs as they are rotated and transferred.
■
A local DVD drive or access to network for installation.
■
An active Internet connection is recommended during initial installation to
access patches, documentation, and other important information from the
Wind River Online Support Web site.
Solaris License Server
NOTE: After this release of the License Administration Tools, Solaris will no longer
be supported for license servers for Wind River products.
■
Solaris 10.
■
A Blade 150 workstation with a 500 MHz processor, or a server or workstation
with higher performance.
■
270 MB of disk space for a complete installation.
If you have named-user licenses, make sure any license server machines you
use have available disk space (1-2.5 GB) to hold the intermediate license-usage
logs as they are rotated and transferred.
66
■
A local DVD drive or access to network for installation.
■
32-bit application support.
8 Installing the License Administration Tools
8.3 Installing the License Administration Tools
■
An active Internet connection is recommended during initial installation to
access patches, documentation, and other important information from the
Wind River Online Support Web site.
Linux License Server
■
One of the following operating systems:
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
Red Hat Enterprise Linux Workstation 4.0, Update 9 (32-bit)
Red Hat Enterprise Linux Workstation 5.0, Update 7 (32- or 64-bit)
Red Hat Enterprise Linux Workstation 6.0, Update 1 (32- or 64-bit)
Ubuntu 10.04 (32- or 64-bit)
Fedora 13 (32- or 64-bit)
SUSE Linux Enterprise Desktop 11.0 (32- or 64-bit)
openSUSE Linux 11.2 (32- or 64-bit)
■
32-bit application support.
■
Intel Pentium 4-class processor, 1 GHz minimum
■
A DVD drive or networked CD-ROM for installation.
■
270 MB of disk space for a complete installation.
If you have named-user licenses, make sure any license server machines you
use have available disk space (1-2.5 GB) to hold the intermediate license-usage
logs as they are rotated and transferred.
■
An active Internet connection is recommended during initial installation to
access patches, documentation, and other important information from the
Wind River Online Support Web site.
8.3 Installing the License Administration Tools
The tools for running and controlling a license server are contained on the
Wind River License Administration Tools disc. To install the tools, do the
following:
1.
Put the disc into your drive.
2.
Navigate to that drive, and run the Setup program appropriate for your OS:
3.
■
setup.exe for Windows (normally this will run automatically when the
disc is inserted)
■
setup_linux for Linux
■
setup_solaris for Solaris
When prompted, select the desired installation directory.
67
Wind River Product Installation and Licensing
Administrator's Guide, 2.6
NOTE: If you have an existing, older installation of the License Administration
Tools, you can use the same installation directory in this step, or select a new
directory if you prefer. In either case, the new tools will be created in a
separate, parallel directory, and will not overwrite the older version.
However, Wind River recommends that you remove the old versions of the
tools, to avoid confusion—particularly in generating reports, as the reporting
utility has changed. For uninstallation instructions, see Removing the License
Administration Tools, p.105.
Proceed through the screens of the Installer program.
4.
At the Choose Activation Type screen, accept the default setting of
Use your existing product activation (install.txt) file and click Next.
5.
Finish the installation process and examine the results.
The tools are installed at installDir/licadmintools-1.3/hostType. For a
description of the installed tools, see What Tools Are Installed?, p.68.
If at some point you need to remove the License Administration Tools, see
Removing the License Administration Tools, p.105.
What Tools Are Installed?
Your installed License Administration Tools include the following elements:
■
the license server application
The license server application consists of two processes that work together:
–
wrsd
The Wind River vendor daemon. It tracks how many of the available seats
of a particular product have been assigned, and to whom.
For an overview of the functions of wrsd, see What Happens When You Start
the License Server, p.81.
–
lmgrd
The FLEXlm license manager daemon. When a development workstation
requests a license, lmgrd routes the request to the correct vendor daemon.
For detailed information on lmgrd options and syntax, see C. FLEXlm
Command Reference.
■
tools and utilities
–
wrsd_util
The Wind River utilities program for license server management and
administration. It allows you to configure the log settings that wrsd uses.
For examples and detailed information on wrsd_util, see 11.3 Logging
License Usage, p.86.
–
lmutil
The FLEXlm utility for license server management and administration. It
allows you to query a license server for information.
68
8 Installing the License Administration Tools
8.3 Installing the License Administration Tools
For detailed information on lmutil, see C. FLEXlm Command Reference.
–
wrsd_report
The Wind River report generator. It produces plain-text license usage
reports based on the binary logs that wrsd creates.
For full instructions on generating reports with wrsd_report, see
11.4 Reporting License Usage, p.92.
–
lmtools.exe
A GUI-based tool for configuring the license server (Windows hosts only).
For examples of lmtools.exe use, see 10. Starting Your License Server, and
13. Maintaining a License Server.
69
Wind River Product Installation and Licensing
Administrator's Guide, 2.6
70
9
Controlling Access to Products
with the User Options File
9.1 Introduction 71
9.2 Identifying Software Packages in Your License File 72
9.3 Creating a User Options File 73
9.4 Specifying Users for Each Licensed Package 73
9.5 Defining User Groups 75
9.6 Controlling Access with the INCLUDE and EXCLUDE Keywords 75
9.7 Controlling Access with PROJECT and LM_PROJECT 77
9.8 Additional Allocation Methods 78
9.9 Rereading the Updated User Options File 78
9.10 Debugging with the User Options File 78
9.11 Sample User Options File 79
9.1 Introduction
This chapter describes how to set up and configure your license server’s user
options file to manage how your Wind River software licenses are used—which
products, where, when, and by whom.
!
CAUTION: If your organization has purchased named-user licenses, you must list
usernames in the user options file. Without this action, these licenses cannot be
used.
71
Wind River Product Installation and Licensing
Administrator's Guide, 2.6
Do You Need to Configure a User Options File?
Because the user options file resides on your license server, it pertains to the
named-user (NU) and floating (FL) license types, not to the node-locked (NL) license
type. If your organization has node-locked licenses only, you do not need a user
options file. (For definitions of these license types, see 2.1.1 Types of Workstation
License, p.4.)
For named-user licenses, the user options file is mandatory. Wind River software
under this license type can only be run by users who are specified in the user
options file.
For floating licenses, the user options file is optional, but can be useful in restricting
which users can access which products, to avoid software access problems. For
example, for a license server that manages both named-user and floating licenses,
the server might allow access to named-user licenses when it should be allocating
floating licenses—resulting in developers being blocked from running Wind River
products. You can avoid issues like this by configuring a user options file.
9.2 Identifying Software Packages in Your License File
The license file that you received from Wind River (see 3.3 Obtaining Server License
Files, p.10 and 4. Obtaining Workstation Licenses) contains a list of licensed software
packages. To find the list, open the license file. Each software package is listed after
the keyword INCREMENT. For example:
INCREMENT UU_VDT_Cfg25 wrsd 2.21 18-jun-2008 9 DDFD83C3DC8F \
The line above includes the following elements:
■
The package designator (in this case, UU_VDT_Cfg25)
■
The number of seats licensed (in this case, 9)
For named-user licenses, the package designator is prefixed with UU.1 For floating
licenses, the package designator is prefixed with FL.
In the user options file, you will use the package designator as a feature that can be
allocated to or restricted from users.
1. The named-user license type was formerly called unique user.
72
9 Controlling Access to Products with the User Options File
9.3 Creating a User Options File
9.3 Creating a User Options File
First, check whether your license server has a user options file already defined. The
file is called wrsd.opt. The user options file is in plain text, and should be located
in the same directory as your license file.
If the location of the user options file has been changed, you can find this
information in the license file, in the VENDOR line:
VENDOR wrsd pathToDaemon options=pathToUserOptionsFile
If you do not have an existing user options file, create a file named wrsd.opt with
any text editor, in the same directory as the license file that the server will use.
The following sections describe various license allocation methods. For detailed
information on user options file syntax and keywords, see B. FLEXlm User Options
File Reference.
9.4 Specifying Users for Each Licensed Package
To create the list of licensed users, you will need the desktop login names of the
people who are to use the various software packages that your organization has
licensed.
NOTE: The named-user license type does not allow sharing of licenses within a
group of users. The number of login names you list in the user options file may not
exceed the number of seats shown in the license file’s INCREMENT line for a given
software package. (See 9.2 Identifying Software Packages in Your License File, p.72.)
Adding Names to the User Options File
To add login names to the user options file, open the file wrsd.opt in a text editor.
For every user that you want to include, add the following line:
INCLUDE packageDesignator USER userLoginName
For information on determining the correct package designator, see 9.2 Identifying
Software Packages in Your License File, p.72.
!
CAUTION: For named-user licenses, you must add at least one name, and you may
not list more names than the number of seats licensed.
If both of these requirements are not met, the license server will not allow access to
the software package, and will issue an error.
Everything in a user options file is case-sensitive. Be sure that usernames and
feature names, for example, are entered correctly. For details and a workaround,
see Case Sensitivity, p.74.
The license server’s logfile will indicate the number of seats licensed and the
number of users you have entered.
73
Wind River Product Installation and Licensing
Administrator's Guide, 2.6
Case Sensitivity
For Windows users in particular, the notation of upper- and lower-case characters
can be inconsistent. As a result, you may experience license apportionment issues,
or logging and reporting errors. For example:
■
The user options file lists both username userA and username usera. Because
the user options file is case-sensitive, the two spellings are treated as distinct
users, and each consumes a license.
■
You have only one named-user license for a package, and your user options file
lists both userA and usera for that package. The server will deny access
because the number of users listed is greater than the seat quantity.
The best way to avoid conflicts like these is to name users precisely in the user
options file, using consistent case and spelling. If the precise username is not clear
in your site configuration, you can check the server debug log for errors. A license
denial message, for example, shows the correct user login name; you can copy it
from the server debug log to your user options file.
For information on the location and uses of your server debug log, see
Troubleshooting License Server Problems, p.104.
Disregarding Case in the User Options File
If you need user- and hostnames to be read without regard to case settings (so that,
in the examples above, userA and usera are treated as the same user), include the
GROUPCASEINSENSITIVE keyword at the beginning of your user options file:
GROUPCASEINSENSITIVE ON
NOTE: The GROUPCASEINSENSITIVE ON declaration must be made before any
INCLUDE or EXCLUDE statements.
The GROUPCASEINSENSITIVE keyword directs the wrsd daemon to read userand hostnames without regard to case, while still preserving any case differences in
your user options file and usage logfiles. Thus, this information is not lost, but does
not cause errors.
Disregarding Case in License Usage Reports
If you want case-insensitivity to extend to the usage reports that you send to
Wind River, take care to use the -i option when you generate your report. For
details on the -i option to wrsd_report, see Generating Reports, p.92.
74
9 Controlling Access to Products with the User Options File
9.5 Defining User Groups
9.5 Defining User Groups
If you have a large number of seats to allocate, it is useful to create groups of users
organized by, for example, project or location. To create a group, add the following
lines to the user options file:
GROUP myGroupName userName1 userName2 userName3
INCLUDE packageDesignator GROUP myGroupName
Each group must be defined on a separate line. There is no limit to the number of
groups you can create. Users may also belong to multiple groups.
For example, the following lines define two groups of included users:
GROUP WB_USERS_1 george paul john ringo
GROUP WB_USERS_2 peter paul mary
There is a limit of 2048 characters per line in the user options file. Therefore, it can
be advantageous to define multiple groups so that you can add to the lists of users
as the groups grow.
You can also define a group of development workstations (rather than users). For
information on this method of license allocation, see 9.7 Controlling Access with
PROJECT and LM_PROJECT, p.77.
9.6 Controlling Access with the INCLUDE and EXCLUDE Keywords
The user options file’s INCLUDE and EXCLUDE keywords allow you to restrict a
developer’s access to license-managed products; for example, to a single product
or to a single license type.
■
Use INCLUDE when you want to provide access only to specific users; any user
not on the list is excluded.
■
Use EXCLUDE when you want to deny access only to specific users; everyone
not on the list is allowed to use the feature.
You should not need to use both INCLUDE and EXCLUDE in the same user options
file, but you can. If your user options file has both INCLUDE and EXCLUDE
statements for the same package, rules of precedence take effect: the EXCLUDE list
is checked before the INCLUDE list. Thus, someone appearing on both lists for the
same product is not allowed to use it.
NOTE: If you rely on user lists to restrict access, you must modify the user options
file to reflect personnel changes, such as new hires, employee resignations, or
project re-assignments (when a user might require access to different products).
75
Wind River Product Installation and Licensing
Administrator's Guide, 2.6
9.6.1 Restricting Access to a Single Product
The following example illustrates how to use the INCLUDE keyword to restrict
access to a single product.
NOTE: The examples assume that the PATH environment variables have been set
to installDir/licadmintools-1.3/hostType/ to allow access to the utilities.
1.
Decide who is to use this version of the product.
2.
Define your users as described in 9.4 Specifying Users for Each Licensed Package,
p.73, or user groups as described in 9.5 Defining User Groups, p.75.
3.
Add the action lines.
Create an INCLUDE line for each user or group of users to be given access to
the product or feature. The syntax is as follows:
action packageDesignator type name
For instructions on determining the package designator, see 9.2 Identifying
Software Packages in Your License File, p.72.
For example:
INCLUDE UU_WORKBENCH_SUBSCRIPTION_Cfg1 GROUP WB_USERS_1
INCLUDE UU_WORKBENCH_SUBSCRIPTION_Cfg1 GROUP WB_USERS_2
In this example, only users in these two groups will have access to licenses for
this instance of Wind River Workbench.
4.
Save the file. Make sure to maintain the .opt file extension.
5.
Reread the modified user options file, as described in 9.9 Rereading the Updated
User Options File, p.78.
9.6.2 Restricting Access to a Single License Type
If your organization has purchased both named-user and floating license types,
you can use the INCLUDE action keyword to restrict access for a group of users to
one license type or another.
Follow the steps below to restrict access for a particular group of users.
1.
Decide who is to use the named-user licenses and who is to use the floating
licenses.
2.
Define your users as described in 9.4 Specifying Users for Each Licensed Package,
p.73, or user groups as described in 9.5 Defining User Groups, p.75.
3.
Add the action lines.
Create an INCLUDE line for each product or feature name, and associate the
feature with the appropriate user or group. The syntax is as follows:
action packageDesignator type name
For instructions on determining the package designator, see 9.2 Identifying
Software Packages in Your License File, p.72.
76
9 Controlling Access to Products with the User Options File
9.7 Controlling Access with PROJECT and LM_PROJECT
For example:
INCLUDE UU_WORKBENCH_SUBSCRIPTION_Cfg1 GROUP WB_NU
INCLUDE FL_WORKBENCH_SUBSCRIPTION_Cfg1 GROUP WB_FL
In this example, the user groups correspond to the type of license they are
permitted to use.
The included users will be able to check out these feature names.
4.
Save the file. Make sure to maintain the .opt file extension.
5.
Reread the modified user options file, as described in 9.9 Rereading the Updated
User Options File, p.78.
NOTE: If you use INCLUDE and EXCLUDE to limit access, you must maintain the
user lists to reflect personnel changes. For example, if Barry V. leaves the company
and Emma N. replaces him, the group, WB_NU, as defined in the user options file,
must change. Or if Dave H. shifts from developing with a floating license to using
a named-user seat, group membership as defined in the user options file must be
modified to reflect that change.
9.7 Controlling Access with PROJECT and LM_PROJECT
Setting a development workstation’s LM_PROJECT environment variable to match
a PROJECT type defined in a license server‘s user options file identifies that
workstation as a member of a particular group with restricted access to licenses.
This restriction might be useful, for example, if a single license server handles
multiple products and you want certain workstations to have access to one
product or another. Or you might use this restriction if a single license server
handles two instances of Wind River Workbench with different license types and
you want to restrict access for certain workstations to one license type or the other.
If you have a merged license file (see 15.3 Merging License Server Files, p.117), you
can use PROJECT to define a group associated with each license type. You then set
the workstation’s LM_PROJECT environment variable to point to one of the two
group names, which restricts access for that workstation to the associated license
type.
NOTE: This method differs from the INCLUDE/EXCLUDE method described in
9.6.2 Restricting Access to a Single License Type, p.76, because it does not require the
creation of user lists.
77
Wind River Product Installation and Licensing
Administrator's Guide, 2.6
9.8 Additional Allocation Methods
In addition to INCLUDE/EXCLUDE and PROJECT/LM_PROJECT, you can
configure the user options file with any of the available keywords to fine-tune your
license allocation. For example, you can reserve licenses for critical groups, or set
limits on licenses for certain software packages. You can set a maximum number
of hours during which a feature can be borrowed; or set a “lowwater” number for
licenses to be borrowed. For detailed information on these methods, see B. FLEXlm
User Options File Reference.
9.9 Rereading the Updated User Options File
In order for the license allocations you have made in the user options file to take
effect, the file must be registered with the license server. When the license server
starts or restarts, it automatically reads the user options file and puts into effect any
license restrictions you have specified.
■
If your server is not yet running:
Start the server (see 10. Starting Your License Server).
■
If your license server is already running:
You must stop and restart it in order to force the user options file to be reread.
For instructions on stopping and restarting the license server, see Stopping a
License Server, p.103, and 10. Starting Your License Server.
NOTE: For named-user licenses, the user options file must be reread in order for
developers to use the product.
9.10 Debugging with the User Options File
In the user options file, you can use the action keywords DEBUGLOG and NOLOG
to help control output to a run-time debug log. This log tracks checkins, checkouts,
and error messages associated with the wrsd daemon, as distinct from the regular
debug log that tracks data for all vendor daemons on any one license server.
For syntax and additional information about these keywords, see B. FLEXlm User
Options File Reference.
78
9 Controlling Access to Products with the User Options File
9.11 Sample User Options File
9.11 Sample User Options File
The text below is an example of a user options file that uses keywords to restrict
access to products.
#---------- Sample User Options File for Wind River Packages ------------#
# This file shows how to manage named-user licenses and allocate
# them to named users.
# Consult the resources on Wind River Online Support at
# www.windriver.com/support/support_login.html
#
#-- Allocating two users, Matt Williams and Henry Vu, to the GPP-VE package.
#-- Note that the usernames should match their desktop login names, which are
#-- case-sensitive.
INCLUDE UU_SE_GPP_VE_Cfg22
USER mwilliams
INCLUDE UU_SE_GPP_VE_Cfg22
USER henry.vu
#-- Creating logical groups for allocation.
#-- This also helps when you have a large number of users to manage across
#-- different projects.
GROUP project_phoenix mbrown swang henry.day liang.li
INCLUDE UU_VDT_Cfg25 GROUP project_phoenix
#-#-#-#-MAX
Preventing workgroup members from grabbing more named-user licenses from
the pool.
This may happen if a named user logs on from different desktops at the
same time.
1 UU_VDT_Cfg25 GROUP project_phoenix
#-- Excluding a particular user or group of users from accessing some
#-- floating licenses.
EXCLUDE FL_P_WB_4OCD_Cfg1 USER steve.Li
79
Wind River Product Installation and Licensing
Administrator's Guide, 2.6
80
10
Starting Your License Server
10.1 Before You Begin 81
10.2 Starting a License Server 81
10.1 Before You Begin
The instructions in this chapter assume that you have already done the following:
1.
Installed the License Administration Tools.
See 8. Installing the License Administration Tools.
2.
If your organization has named-user licenses, configured a user options file,
including specifying named users.
See 9. Controlling Access to Products with the User Options File.
10.2 Starting a License Server
Before any workstations on the network can request licenses, you must configure
and start the license server. You can do so either at the command line, or through
the GUI-based LMTOOLS utility (Windows only).
What Happens When You Start the License Server
When you start the lmgrd daemon, a series of actions follows:
1.
lmgrd starts the Wind River daemon, wrsd.
2.
When a developer launches a license-managed Wind River product, his or her
host sends a request to the license server.
3.
Receiving this license request, wrsd checks its license file and user options file
wrsd.opt.
81
Wind River Product Installation and Licensing
Administrator's Guide, 2.6
(For information on the user options file wrsd.opt, see 9. Controlling Access to
Products with the User Options File.)
4.
If the settings in those files permit it, wrsd issues a license token to the
requesting host. Now the developer can get to work.
(If the license request was denied, this event is logged in the server debug log.
For information on the debug log, see Changing Your Server License File, p.102.)
5.
wrsd finds or creates a log options file.
(For information on the log options file, see The Log Options File (wrsdlog.opt),
p.90.)
6.
Per the settings in the log options file, wrsd creates a logfile and starts to log
license usage.
For details on logging, see 11.3 Logging License Usage, p.86.
10.2.1 Starting the License Server Using the LMTOOLS Utility (Windows Only)
During installation, the license manager utility LMTOOLS and other FLEXlm
utilities are copied into installDir\licadmintools-1.3\hostType. The LMTOOLS
utility is available only on Windows hosts.
1.
Start LMTOOLS by double-clicking
installDir\licadmintools-1.3\hostType\lmtools.exe.
2.
To configure a new server or make changes to an existing one, select the
Config Services tab.
On the Config Services tab:
a.
In the Service Name field, type the desired service name.
b.
In the Path to the lmgrd.exe file field, either enter the path to the lmgrd
executable or click Browse and navigate to it. By default, it is at
installDir/licadmintools-1.3/hostType.
c.
In the Path to the license file field, either enter the path to the server
license file or click Browse and navigate to it. By default, it is at
installDir/license/WRSLicense.lic.
NOTE: If there are multiple license file paths, you must type them in
individually, you cannot browse to them. Use a semi-colon (;) to separate
filenames.
d. In the Path to the debug log file text box, enter the path to a debug log file
that will record operating data for the license server. If the debug log file
does not exist yet, it will be created according to the value you enter in this
field.
NOTE: It is a wise practice to create a server debug log. The debug log is often
your first resource on the health and functioning of your server, providing
status information and aiding in troubleshooting server issues. For more
information about the server debug log, see Troubleshooting License Server
Problems, p.104.
82
10 Starting Your License Server
10.2 Starting a License Server
e.
Once the debug log file has been created, you can return to the
Config Services tab and click View Log to see the contents of the log.
Then click Close Log to close the window.
f.
Select Use Services if you want the license server to act as a service
(recommended). This is the default, so the box may already be checked.
g.
Select Start Server at Power Up if you want to start the server
automatically with each reboot.
h. Click Save Service to save any new values; then Yes in the pop-up dialog box.
Your license server is now configured and ready to be started.
3.
Figure 10-1
Select the Start/Stop/Reread tab, as shown in Figure 10-1. If no license servers
have been configured, the display box is blank. If you have previously
configured a server, its name appears in the display box.
Start/Stop/Reread Tab (LMTOOLS)
4.
Make sure that the correct license server for your product is selected; then click
Start Server.
If you see Server Start Successful at the bottom of the window, the server is
running and is available to allocate licenses to your developers.
If the server fails to start, troubleshoot the issue by checking the server debug
log for error messages. See The Server Debug Log, p.104.
10.2.2 Starting the License Server from the Command Line
Follow the steps below, substituting for installDir the directory where you installed
the License Administration Tools.
1.
Open a UNIX shell window or Windows command prompt and change to the
directory where you installed the license utilities, as appropriate for your host
OS:
% cd installDir/licadmintools-1.3
83
Wind River Product Installation and Licensing
Administrator's Guide, 2.6
or
C:\> cd installDir\licadmintools-1.3
2.
Start the lmgrd daemon:
% ./lmgrd -c license_file -l [+debug_log_path]
For example:
% ./lmgrd -c installDir/license/WRSLicense.lic -l +installDir/license/lmgrd.log
3.
Verify that the license server has started correctly:
% ./lmutil lmstat -c path_to_license_file
If the status information includes lines that say license server UP and
wrsd: UP, then the license server and Wind River vendor daemon are
functioning properly.
For full details on the options and syntax of the lmgrd and lmutil commands, see
C. FLEXlm Command Reference.
Re-starting the License Server with a Startup Script
Once you have started the license server manually at least once, you can write a
startup script that automatically initiates the server after rebooting.
Linux and Solaris License Server Lock File Permission Issues
By default, the license server uses a lock file created in /var/tmp. For example, the
file listing appears as follows:
% ls -l /var/tmp/lockwrsd
-rw-r--r-1 workbench other
0 Sep 12 18:16 /var/tmp/lockwrsd
When the license manager (lmgrd) is started for the first time, the lock file is
created with the permissions of the user starting the daemon. You may need to
modify the file permissions to ensure that other users can start the server.
84
11
License Usage Logging
and Reporting
11.1 Do You Need to Track License Usage? 85
11.2 Before You Begin 86
11.3 Logging License Usage 86
11.4 Reporting License Usage 92
11.1 Do You Need to Track License Usage?
The information in this chapter is required only if your organization has
named-user (NU) licenses. With that license type, you must log the usage of
Wind River product licenses and report that usage quarterly to Wind River.
For floating (FL) licenses, logging and reporting are not required; however, the
information that usage reports provide often proves helpful in apportioning
licenses of that type as well.
Node-locked (NL) licenses are not logged by the License Administration Tools.
For definitions of these license types, see 2.1.1 Types of Workstation License, p.4.
85
Wind River Product Installation and Licensing
Administrator's Guide, 2.6
11.2 Before You Begin
The instructions in this chapter assume that you have already done the following:
1.
Installed the License Administration Tools.
See 8. Installing the License Administration Tools.
2.
Configured a user options file, including specifying named users.
See 9. Controlling Access to Products with the User Options File.
3.
Configured and started the license server.
See 10. Starting Your License Server.
11.3 Logging License Usage
Recording who is using what software when is an important function of your
license server. This section describes tasks around the logging of license usage. For
information on generating reports to send to Wind River, see 11.4 Reporting License
Usage, p.92.
!
CAUTION: For named-user licenses, in addition to the optional tasks described in
this section, you must name individual users in the user options file in order to
correctly log usage. For detailed information, see 9. Controlling Access to Products
with the User Options File.
The wrsd_util Utility
Wind River provides a command-line tool, wrsd_util, for interacting with a
running wrsd license daemon. The wrsd_util utility allows you to change certain
aspects of the daemon’s behavior without stopping the daemon or the server.
NOTE: With some of these changes to the logging configuration, you must start a
new log in order for those changes to take effect. Starting a new log does not
require restarting the daemon itself, but simply rotating the logfiles. The changes
that require log rotation include changes to
■
■
■
the filename of logs
the directory where logfiles are created
the log mode (controlling which license server events are logged)
See Table 11-1 for details.
Once the wrsd process is running, you can query and configure the license server
from the command line using the tool wrsd_util. With wrsd_util, you can do the
following, without stopping the daemon:
86
■
View the current log settings.
■
Change which license usage events are logged.
■
Control the name and location of license usage reports.
11 License Usage Logging and Reporting
11.3 Logging License Usage
■
Rotate the logfile.
■
Set the license file that wrsd uses.
For full reference information on the syntax and options for wrsd_util, see
Reference: wrsd_util, p.89.
Viewing the Current Settings for Usage Logging
To begin with, you may simply want to find out what the existing configuration is
that controls license usage logging. To view the current settings, enter the
following at the directory where you installed the license utilities, as appropriate
for your host OS:
% wrsd_util -l licenseFile -i
or
C:\> wrsd_util.exe -l licenseFile -i
In the command-line sequence above, the -l licenseFile option ensures that you are
retrieving information about the correct daemon.
Customizing the Filenames of Usage Logs
Default Filenames
By default, license usage logfiles are named
log_directory/log_prefixYYYYMMDD_hhmmss.log
where
■
log_directory is the directory location of the logfile. You can accept the default
location of installDir/license/wrsd_logs_serverHostName or specify a different
location (see Configuring the Location of Logfiles, p.88).
■
log_prefix is a prefix for the filename. The default prefix is wrsd_log_.
■
YYYYMMDD is the current date.
■
hhmmss is the current time.
For example, a typical logfile might be named
installDir/license/wrsd_logs_serverHostName/wrsd_log_20120208_114612.log.
Custom Filenames
To add a custom prefix to this filename enter the following:
% wrsd_util -p prefixString -r
or
C:\> wrsd_util.exe -p prefixString -r
NOTE: In the command-line sequence above, the -r option ensures that your
customization takes effect right away. Without the -r option, wrsd will start using
your custom prefix when it opens the next usage logfile.
87
Wind River Product Installation and Licensing
Administrator's Guide, 2.6
The prefix string may contain only the following characters:
■
■
■
■
a-z
A-Z
0-9
,.-_#
The complete path, including directory names, prefix string, and the rest of the
filename, must not exceed 2047 bytes.
Configuring the Location of Logfiles
Just as you can change the name of the logfile, you can change the directory
location where it is created and saved. By default, usage logs are placed in the
installDir/license/wrsd_logs_serverHostName directory, or in a
wrsd_logs_serverHostName directory under the directory holding the license file
that the server has been instructed to use.
To change where the logfiles are saved, enter the following:
% wrsd_util -d absolutePathToDirectory -r
or
C:\> wrsd_util.exe -d absolutePathToDirectory -r
NOTE: In the command-line sequence above, the -r option ensures that your
customization takes effect right away. Without the -r option, wrsd will start using
your custom location when it opens the next usage logfile.
Controlling Which License Events Are Logged
By default, the wrsd daemon logs license errors and the use of named-user license
seats. If you want to change this default (for example, so that floating license usage
is also logged), enter the following:
% wrsd_util -m logMode -r
or
C:\> wrsd_util.exe -m logMode -r
NOTE: In the command-line sequence above, the -r option ensures that your
customization takes effect right away. Without the -r option, wrsd will start using
the new setting when it opens the next usage logfile.
The value for logMode must be a bitwise combination of the following:
■
1—Log named-user (NU) licenses.
■
2—Log floating (FL) licenses.
■
4—Log license errors.
The allowed values are
■
■
■
■
88
1
3
5 (the default)
7
11 License Usage Logging and Reporting
11.3 Logging License Usage
Because named-user license logging is mandatory, the wrsd daemon does not
accept even-numbered values for logMode.
NOTE: If you want to use the logging and reporting tools to gather information on
floating license usage, note that you must change the default logMode setting.
Rotating Logfiles
To rotate a logfile is to close the current logfile and open a new one. Rotating logfiles
is a good practice for a server that handles heavy traffic, or that for any other
reason must control the size of logfiles. Logfile rotation is also practical for license
usage reporting, since a report generated from an open logfile will show an error.
Furthermore, as noted above, changes to the logging configuration require a restart
of logging—in other words, the rotation of logfiles—in order to take effect.
To rotate the current logfile, enter the following:
% wrsd_util -r
or
C:\> wrsd_util.exe -r
Automating Rotation
You may want to set up an automated task to rotate the logfile at a regular
interval—say, at the end of each week or quarter, depending on the volume of
server traffic. In addition to the reasons listed above, logfile rotation is advisable
because if you generate a usage report from an open (still in use; not yet rotated)
log, the report will show an error.
You can automate logfile rotation with crontab, the Windows Task Scheduler, or
many other standard tools.
Reference: wrsd_util
The wrsd_util tool is installed at installDir/licadmintools-1.3/hostType when you
install the License Administration Tools.
Syntax
Use wrsd_util at the command line with the following syntax:
wrsd_util[.exe] [options]
Options
wrsd_util takes the options described in Table 11-1.
Table 11-1
Options for the wrsd_util Tool
Option
Description
-d directory
Set the location for license usage logfiles to the specified
directory.a
-h
Print usage information, and exit.
89
Wind River Product Installation and Licensing
Administrator's Guide, 2.6
Table 11-1
Options for the wrsd_util Tool (cont’d)
Option
Description
-i
Print the current reporting settings.
-l licenseFile
Set the default license file.
-m logMode
Set what kinds of license usage information are logged.
logMode must be a bitwise combination of the following:
1
Log named-user (NU) licenses.
2
Log floating (FL) licenses.
4
Log license errors.
The minimum value is 1. If this option is not specified, the
default value is 5.a
-p prefixString
Specify a prefix for the filenames of license usage logs.
prefixString may contain only the following characters:a
■
■
■
a-z
A-Z
0-9
,.-_#
-r
Rotate the logfile—that is, close the current logfile and open a
new one.
-v
Print version information, and exit.
a. If you use this option to change the logging configuration, your changes will only take
effect when the next logfile is created. Therefore, in order to make your changes
effective immediately, also use the -r option to open a new logfile.
The Log Options File (wrsdlog.opt)
The log options file serves as a configuration file to the wrsd daemon, controlling
how it logs license usage.
The file, called wrsdlog.opt, is created automatically when you start your license
server. It is located in a wrsd_logs_serverHostName directory under the directory
holding the license file that the server has been instructed to use.
NOTE: In most cases, there is no need to alter the default settings in the
automatically created log options file. If you do want to change the default
configuration, it is recommended that you use the wrsd_util tool to do so, rather
than manually editing the file.
See Reference: wrsd_util, p.89, for the syntax and options of wrsd_util.
For the default settings of the log options file, see Syntax of the Log Options File, p.91.
90
11 License Usage Logging and Reporting
11.3 Logging License Usage
Syntax of the Log Options File
The log options file is a plain-text file that stores settings in the following format:
option_name = option_value
The option_name string must not contain any space characters.
The file may also contain comment lines, prefixed by the # character.
Table 11-1 lists the options that can be defined in the log options file.
Table 11-2
Options for the Log Options File
Option
Description
log_directory
The path to the directory where logfiles will be written. The
directory must exist, and must be writable.
The default value is the first writable directory in the list of
license directories known to wrsd. (You specify a license
directory or list of license directories when you start lmgrd. See
10.2 Starting a License Server, p.81.)
If no such directory can be found, wrsd displays an error
message and fails to start. If you used the command-line method
to start the license server (10.2.2 Starting the License Server from the
Command Line, p.83), the error message is displayed to stdout. If
you used the Windows-only GUI tool LMTOOLS (10.2.1 Starting
the License Server Using the LMTOOLS Utility (Windows Only),
p.82), the message is visible in the server debug log.
log_mode
This option defines what kinds of license usage information are
logged.
log_mode must be a bitwise combination of the following:
1
Log named-user (NU) licenses.
2
Log floating (FL) licenses.
4
Log license errors.
The minimum value is 1. The default value is 5.
log_prefix
A customizable prefix for the filenames of usage logs.
The default value is wrsd_log_.
If this option is empty, no string is prepended to the filenames of
usage logs.
A custom value may contain only the following characters:
■
■
■
■
a-z
A-Z
0-9
,.-_#
Editing the Log Options File
If you change any of the options defined in the log options file (see Table 11-2),
your changes will only take effect when the next logfile is created. Therefore, in
91
Wind River Product Installation and Licensing
Administrator's Guide, 2.6
order to make your changes effective immediately, also rotate the logfiles (see
Rotating Logfiles, p.89).
Moving the Log Options File
If you move or rename the log options file, you must also direct wrsd to the new
location or name. To do this, use the environment variable
WRSD_REPORT_LOG_OPTIONS_FILE. (There is no need to set this environment
variable if you keep the default name and location of the log options file.)
NOTE: On Windows hosts, the operating system caches the settings for
environment variables until the system is rebooted. Therefore, if you must reset
WRSD_REPORT_LOG_OPTIONS_FILE on Windows, take care to reboot the server
computer so that your changes take effect.
11.4 Reporting License Usage
If your organization has named-user licenses, you must send Wind River either
your encrypted usage logs (preferred) or a report based on those logs, every
quarter. (For a definition of the named-user license type, see 2.1.1 Types of
Workstation License, p.4.)
The Wind River license management daemon wrsd logs license usage in binary,
non-human-readable logfiles. To generate the reports that you submit to
Wind River, you must process these logfiles through the wrsd_report(.exe) utility.
The generated reports are plain-text files.
Before You Begin
Before you can generate a license usage report, you must have configured your
license server to correctly track named-user licenses. This involves the following
tasks:
1.
Installing the License Administration Tools.
2.
Controlling Access to Products with the User Options File.
3.
Starting Your License Server.
4.
Logging License Usage.
Generating Reports
When you are ready to generate a usage report, do the following:
1.
Make sure your license server is running version 1.3 of the License
Administration Tools.
To find the version, navigate to the installation directory of your License
Administration Tools and type the following at a command prompt:
% lmutil lmver wrsd
If the version is lower than 1.3, download and install version 1.3:
92
11 License Usage Logging and Reporting
11.4 Reporting License Usage
https://support.windriver.com/olsPortal/faces/maintenance/downloadDetai
ls.jspx?contentId=040929&_adf.ctrl-state=lu391atga_9
2.
Rotate the logfile.
% wrsd_util[.exe] -r
Effectively, this closes the current log and opens a new one. You must close the
current log because if you run the report generator on an open log, the report
will show an error.
3.
Identify the logs that were created during the reporting time period (typically,
a quarter). By default, usage logfiles are located at
installDir/license/wrsd_logs_serverHostName.
CAUTION: Wind River recommends that you not open the logfiles, as this can
!
corrupt them. For example, some programs such as Wordpad can insert a
different end-of-line character into the file. Any change to the logfile makes it
invalid and unusable for reporting.
4.
Run wrsd_report(.exe) on the relevant logfiles. The command syntax is as
follows:
% wrsd_report[.exe] [options] pathToLogfile1/logfile1 [pathToLogfile2/logfile2...] -o outputFilename
For example:
C:\> C:\licadmintools-1.3\x86-win32\wrsd_report.exe -p UHPFNVI \
C:\licadmintools-1.3\license\wrsd_log_20111109_144520.log -o report.txt
For full details on the options you can use with wrsd_report, see Syntax and
Options for wrsd_report, p.93.
5.
Examine the resulting report (the outputFilename you gave in Step 4). The usage
reports that wrsd_report generates are plain-text files, so they can be viewed
in any text editor.
In particular, look to see if the number of licenses cited in the report matches
the numbers in your contract with Wind River.
NOTE: If the report shows errors or warnings, you can still submit it to
Wind River. These messages can provide useful information about your
organization’s usage, logging configuration, and other factors that
Wind River’s compliance team can use to help troubleshoot the issue.
Do not alter the report. The file contains an error-detecting code to ensure
consistency.
6.
Send the generated report by email to reports@windriver.com.
You do not need to send the logfiles from which you generated the report.
7.
After you have submitted the report, you will receive a confirmation from
Wind River. Once you have this confirmation, you can delete or archive the old
logfiles as you see fit.
Syntax and Options for wrsd_report
The command syntax is as follows:
% wrsd_report[.exe] [options] pathToLogfile1/logfile1 [pathToLogfile2/logfile2...] -o outputFilename
93
Wind River Product Installation and Licensing
Administrator's Guide, 2.6
The reports that you generate through the wrsd_report utility are customizable in
various ways. The options you can use with wrsd_report are described in
Table 11-3.
Table 11-3
Options for the wrsd_report Tool
Option
Mnemonic
Description
-h
(h)elp
Print the help about wrsd_report, and exit.
-s date
(s)tart date
Use date as the start date for the report. Log entries before the specified
date are ignored. date must be of the form YYYY/MM/DD.
-e date
(e)nd date
Use date as the end date for the report. Log entries after the specified date
are ignored. date must be of the form YYYY/MM/DD.
-f
(f)ull
Generate a full report. That is, the report will display all entries rather
than a summary.
-p format
(p)rint format
Generate a summary report that shows specific information. In the format
value, you specify which information you want the report to include, in
what order.
format may consist of any combination of the following uppercase
characters:
U
(U)ser
Show the username in the summary.
H
(H)ost
Show the hostname in the summary.
P
(P)ackage
Show the package name in the summary.
F
(F)eature
Show the feature name in the summary.
D
(D)etails
Show the feature details in the summary.
V
(V)ersion
Show the feature version in the summary.
R
p(R)oject
Show the project name in the summary.
N
(N)umber
Show the number of checkouts in the summary.
E
v(E)ndor
Show the vendor string in the summary.
A
d(A)te
Show the checkout date in the summary.
I
(I)nterval
Show the checkout time intervals in the summary.
The default value of format is PUHIN.
-i
(i)nsensitive
Treat user- and hostnames as case-insensitive.
See Case Sensitivity, p.95 for more information.
-a
(a)ctual
-o filename (o)utput filename
Show the real usernames and hostnames, rather than anonymized
values.
Send the generated report to an output file, rather than to stdout. The
filename you specify must be a valid filename.
The output file you specify as filename is the license usage report that you
must send to Wind River.
94
11 License Usage Logging and Reporting
11.4 Reporting License Usage
Case Sensitivity
For Windows users in particular, the notation of upper- and lower-case characters
can be inconsistent. As a result, user- and hostnames can be listed more than once
in a report. To control case sensitivity in your report, you can specify or omit the -i
option.
For example, for a username userA and another username usera:
■
If you specify -i when you generate your report, the license usage of userA is
combined with that of usera.
■
If you omit the -i option, userA and usera are listed separately in the report.
You can also control case-sensitive behavior in license apportionment—for
example, so that userA and usera do not both consume a license if they are the
same person. For details, see Case Sensitivity, p.74.
Generating Usage Reports for Information Only
If your organization does not have named-user licenses, a license usage report can
nevertheless provide useful information on how your workgroups are using
Wind River software. Besides named-user licenses, you can also gather data on
floating license usage. Node-locked licenses are not logged.
For definitions of these license types, see 2.1.1 Types of Workstation License, p.4.
If you plan to track floating license usage, you must do the following in addition
to the standard steps for installing the License Administration Tools and starting
your server:
% wrsd_util -m logMode -r
or
C:\> wrsd_util.exe -m logMode -r
where logMode has one of the following values:
3
Log named-usera and floating license use.
7
Log named-usera and floating license use, and license errors.
a. Even if your organization does not have named-user licenses, the
daemon requires that named-user logging be enabled.
For details on -m logMode, see Controlling Which License Events Are Logged, p.88.
After you have adjusted the logMode, you can generate plain-text reports, as
described in Generating Reports, p.92.
95
Wind River Product Installation and Licensing
Administrator's Guide, 2.6
96
12
Sample Reports
Introduction 97
Example: A Typical Report for Submission to Wind River 97
Example: Output-Format Variations for the Same Input 98
Example: Generating Reports to Resolve a License Conflict 98
Introduction
This chapter offers some examples of license usage reports generated with the
wrsd_report tool.
For information on creating the logs from which reports are generated, see
11.3 Logging License Usage, p.86.
For details on how to run wrsd_report, see 11.4 Reporting License Usage, p.92.
Example: A Typical Report for Submission to Wind River
Command
C:\wrAdminTools\licadmintools-1.3\x86-win32> wrsd_report.exe -p UHPFNVI \
C:\wrAdminTools\license\wrsd_log_20111109_144520.log -o report.txt
C:\wrAdminTools\licadmintools-1.3\x86-win32> type report.txt
Output
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------Wind River Usage Report
wrsd_report version: 1.0 - 20111103-1509
Report generation time: 2011/11/09 15:59:30
Reporting period start date: not set.
Reporting period end date: not set.
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------Processing log: C:\wrAdminTools\license\wrsd_log_20111109_144520.log
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------Server information
Host OS and version: Microsoft Windows XP Professional
Host name: ALA-JDOE-D3
Host architecture: 32-bit
97
Wind River Product Installation and Licensing
Administrator's Guide, 2.6
Host ID: 0023ae6d2743
wrsd version: 1.3 - 20111103-1509
User, Host, Package, Feature, Checkout Count, Version, Time Interval
user_f9b317a8, host_c14d3f27, UU_SE_PXX_VE_Cfg1, WR_WORKBENCH, 1, 3.3, 14:00-15:
00
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------End of Report: DD791F2847B964EE
Example: Output-Format Variations for the Same Input
You can control the visual display of your report with the -p format option. This
example shows several output variations from the same logfile input.
■
Output with -p PUHIN:
Package, User, Host, Time Interval, Checkout Count
WB33_FALL_DEV,
WB33_FALL_DEV,
WB33_FALL_DEV,
WB33_FALL_DEV,
WB33_FALL_DEV,
WB33_FALL_DEV,
WB33_FALL_DEV,
WB33_FALL_DEV,
WB33_FALL_DEV,
■
user_352a76d3,
user_352a76d3,
user_352a76d3,
user_352a76d3,
user_db20fcf9,
user_db578b59,
user_db578b59,
user_db578b59,
user_db578b59,
host_a7659234,
host_a7659234,
host_a7659234,
host_a7659234,
host_d9955ae6,
host_a7659234,
host_a7659234,
host_a7659234,
host_a7659234,
10:00-11:00,
11:00-12:00,
12:00-13:00,
13:00-14:00,
13:00-14:00,
10:00-11:00,
11:00-12:00,
12:00-13:00,
13:00-14:00,
101
123
119
87
1
107
113
127
89
The same input file, processed with -p UHN:
User, Host, Checkout Count
user_352a76d3, host_a7659234, 430
user_db20fcf9, host_d9955ae6, 1
user_db578b59, host_a7659234, 436
In this output, note that entries are combined. For example, where there had
been several rows for user user_352a76d3, host_a7659234, in this format, those
rows are combined.
Note also that the value you give for format controls the sort order.
■
The same input file, processed with -p NU to show which user had the most
checkouts:
Checkout Count, User
1, user_db20fcf9
430, user_352a76d3
436, user_db578b59
Example: Generating Reports to Resolve a License Conflict
In this scenario, some members of a workgroup have been blocked in their work
because of license checkout errors. The administrator runs usage reports to
diagnose the problem.
From the first report, you find which software component is failing. The second
report narrows the output and shows you which users have accessed which
components.
98
12 Sample Reports
Step 1:
Search for checkout errors in the period of November 1-30, 2012.
installDir/licadmintools-1.3/hostType/% wrsd_report -s 2012/11/01 -e 2012/11/30 -f
logs_2012*.*
This command sequence specifies the date range (-s 2012/11/01 -e 2012/11/30) and
requests a full report (-f), rather than a summary. For a complete list of the options
to wrsd_report, see Syntax and Options for wrsd_report, p.93.
In the resulting report, scan the date-sorted entries for occurrences of “ERR.” For
example:
[...]
16:30:12, out, DIAB_RESTRICTED, WR_COMPILER_PPC, user_db578b59, host_c41dce8e,
1/1
16:30:18, ERR, DIAB_RESTRICTED, WR_COMPILER_PPC, user_db578b59, host_a7659234,
(-6306328), Licensed number of users already reached (-4,342)
16:30:31, in,
DIAB_RESTRICTED, WR_COMPILER_PPC, user_db578b59, host_c41dce8e,
1/1
[...]
In this example, you learn that the origin of the license shortage is in the software
package DIAB_RESTRICTED’s feature WR_COMPILER_PPC: more users have
requested that component than there are license seats.
Step 2:
List the users who have accessed features in the period of November 1-30, 2012.
% wrsd_report -s 2012/10/01 -e 2012/11/30 -p FU -o feature_users.log
logs_2012*.*
This command sequence specifies that the output should be limited to feature and
usernames (-p FU), and should be saved into a file (-o feature_users.log). For a full
list of the options to wrsd_report, see Syntax and Options for wrsd_report, p.93.
In the resulting report, scan the “Usage statistics” section for the feature name you
discovered was oversubscribed:
Usage statistics:
Feature, User
[...]
WR_COMPILER_PPC,
WR_COMPILER_PPC,
WR_COMPILER_PPC,
WR_COMPILER_PPC,
WR_COMPILER_PPC,
[...]
amanda
bill
carole
dave
erik
Now you can take action to resolve the license shortage. For example, you can
adjust the settings in the user options file to exclude user erik from using the
package DIAB_RESTRICTED. For details, see 9. Controlling Access to Products
with the User Options File.
99
Wind River Product Installation and Licensing
Administrator's Guide, 2.6
100
13
Maintaining a License Server
13.1 Before You Begin 101
13.2 Maintaining a License Server 101
13.1 Before You Begin
The instructions in this chapter assume that you have already done the following:
1.
Installed the License Administration Tools.
See 8. Installing the License Administration Tools.
2.
If your organization has named-user licenses, configured a user options file that
specifies named users.
See 9. Controlling Access to Products with the User Options File.
3.
Configured and started the license server.
See 10. Starting Your License Server.
13.2 Maintaining a License Server
In most cases, the license server itself does not require changes to its configuration
once it is running. However, you may want to adjust some settings, or simply view
the current ones. This chapter describes some common interactions with the
license server.
For many of these tasks, there is both a command-line method and a method using
the Windows-only, GUI-based utility LMTOOLS. For more information about the
the lmgrd and lmutil commands, see C. FLEXlm Command Reference.
For configuration tasks relating to license apportionment, usage logging, and
reporting, see 9. Controlling Access to Products with the User Options File and
11. License Usage Logging and Reporting.
101
Wind River Product Installation and Licensing
Administrator's Guide, 2.6
Viewing the Status of the License Server
In LMTOOLS (Windows Only)
To verify the status of the license server with LMTOOLS, do the following:
1.
Start LMTOOLS by double-clicking
installDir\licadmintools-1.3\hostType\lmtools.exe.
2.
Select the Server Status tab.
On this tab, you can query the server by daemon, by individual feature name,
or by server name if you have multiple license servers.
3.
In the Individual Daemon field (for example), type wrsd and click
Perform Status Enquiry.
The daemon’s status is displayed in the lower part of the LMTOOLS window.
In addition to the up or down status of the daemon, you can review the output
to see information such as the number of licenses issued for a particular
feature, and the number that are currently in use.
The very bottom of the Server Status tab displays the license file that the
license server is using. If this is not the correct license file, change the license
file as described in Changing Your Server License File, p.102.
At the Command Line
To display the status of the license server, so that you can tell if it is running, type
the following:
% ./lmutil lmstat -c path_to_license_file
For more information about using the lmgrd and lmutil commands, see C. FLEXlm
Command Reference.
In the Server Debug Log
In addition to the methods described above, you can verify the server’s status by
examining the debug log. The location and name of the debug log depend on what
you specified when you started the server (see 10. Starting Your License Server). The
debug log can provide much useful information about the status and functioning
of your license server. For more information on the server debug log, see
Troubleshooting License Server Problems, p.104.
Changing Your Server License File
At some point in the life of your license server, you may need to direct it to a new
license file—for example, in any of the following cases:
■
You have renewed a license.
■
Your organization has purchased additional products or licenses.
■
A workgroup is moving to a new product version or release.
■
You are rehosting seats to a different license server.
To ensure that a running server reads the new or updated license file, follow the
instructions in this section.
102
13 Maintaining a License Server
13.2 Maintaining a License Server
1.
If your organization has named-user (NU) licenses, you must first adjust your
user options file.
a.
Open your user options file. Usually, this file is located at
installDir/license/wrsd.opt.
b.
Open your old and new license files side by side, and compare the
configuration numbers in both.
The configuration number is part of the package descriptor, which can be
found in the license file after the keyword INCREMENT. For example:
INCREMENT UU_VDT_Cfg25 wrsd 2.21 18-jun-2008 9 DDFD83C3DC8F \
In this example, the configuration number is 25.
c.
If the configuration numbers differ, copy the configuration number from
the new license file. Find where its old equivalent appears in the user
options file, and overwrite the old with the new.
d. Save and close the user options file.
You should not need to make any changes to any version of the license file
in this step.
2.
Point the server to the new license file. To do this, bring down the server and
restart it, pointing to the new license file. See Stopping a License Server, p.103,
and 10.2 Starting a License Server, p.81.
Stopping a License Server
To stop a license server, you must stop not only the lmgrd process, but any
subordinate daemons spawned by lmgrd, such as wrsd. If you are working with a
merged license file and other third-party vendor daemons are present, those
daemons must also be stopped.
Stopping the License Server Using the LMTOOLS Utility
If you started the server from LMTOOLS, you can stop it as follows:
1.
If it is not already running, start LMTOOLS by double-clicking
installDir\licadmintools-1.3\hostType\lmtools.exe.
2.
Select the Start/Stop/Reread tab.
3.
Make sure the license manager appropriate to your product is highlighted.
4.
Select Stop Server.
Stopping the License Server from the Command Line
On Windows
To stop the license server, you must stop each process individually.
1.
Open the Windows Task Manager (CTRL+ALT+DEL).
2.
Choose the Processes tab.
3.
Select the lmgrd process.
4.
Click End Process.
103
Wind River Product Installation and Licensing
Administrator's Guide, 2.6
5.
Select the wrsd process.
6.
Click End Process.
7.
If any other vendor daemons are running, select them and click End Process.
On UNIX
To stop the license server, issue the following shutdown command:
% lmutil lmdown -c license_file_list
For the options and syntax of the lmgrd command, see C. FLEXlm Command
Reference.
NOTE: If you used -x lmdown when starting the license server, determine the
process ID (pid) of the license manager process and any other processes it spawned,
such as wrsd:
% ps -e | grep wrsd
Then kill the processes:
% kill pid1 pid2
Deactivating a License Server
To prevent a license server from responding to license requests, you can simply
stop the license server as described in Stopping a License Server, p.103. Alternatively,
you can deactivate the license server by moving the WRSLicense.lic file:
1.
Navigate to the installDir/license directory.
2.
Move WRSLicense.lic to a different directory, such as your home directory.
This is sufficient to deactivate the license server. To reactivate it in the future, you
can move WRSLicense.lic back to installDir/license; or, if WRSLicense.lic has
expired, you can obtain a new server license file as described in 3. Obtaining
Server License Files. Then start the license server according to the steps described in
10. Starting Your License Server.
Troubleshooting License Server Problems
The Server Debug Log
A server debug log records operating data for the license management and vendor
daemons (lmgrd and wrsd, respectively). It is a wise practice to create a server
debug log. The debug log is often your first resource on the health and functioning
of your server, providing status and event information, and aiding in
troubleshooting server issues.
NOTE: The server debug log is not the same file as the usage log required of
named-user licensees.
Creating a Debug Log (Windows Servers)
To create a server debug log, you must specify one when you start your server. If
you started your server without a debug log and would like to create one, you
104
13 Maintaining a License Server
13.2 Maintaining a License Server
must stop your server (see Stopping a License Server, p.103) and restart it with a
debug log configured (see 10. Starting Your License Server).
Creating a Debug Log (UNIX Servers)
You create a server debug log when you start your server with the
-l pathToDebugLogFile option. If you did not use that option, the debug log appears
in the console window. Therefore, to save this information for its troubleshooting
uses, it is recommended in this case that you stop your license server (see Stopping
a License Server, p.103) and restart it with a debug log specified (see 10.2.2 Starting
the License Server from the Command Line, p.83).
Viewing the Debug Log
You can view the debug log in any text editor. In the Windows-only UI-based
LMTOOLS utility, you can also view the log by selecting the Config Services tab
and clicking View Log.... Then click Close Log to close the window.
Filtering the Debug Log
When you start your server with a debug log configured, by default the debug log
contains information for all vendor daemons running on that server.
You can make the debug log more useful by filtering its data. You can send data
about a specific vendor daemon (such as the Wind River daemon wrsd) to a
different logfile by using the DEBUGLOG action keyword in the user options file.
Data accumulates very quickly, and depending on the number of users, can
consume large amounts of disk space. You can turn off the debugging feature using
the NOLOG action keyword in the user options file.
For details about using these keywords, see 9.10 Debugging with the User Options
File, p.78, and B. FLEXlm User Options File Reference.
License Usage Log
The most common problem that occurs with the usage log is that the file can grow
quickly and become too large. To control the size of your license usage log, rotate
your logfiles—that is, close the current logfile and open a new one. For details on
logfile rotation, see Rotating Logfiles, p.89.
As a further (but less powerful) control on logfile size, you can limit the types of
license events that are logged. See Controlling Which License Events Are Logged, p.88.
Removing the License Administration Tools
If for any reason you need to remove the License Administration Tools from the
server computer, you can do so through the Maintenance Tool:
1.
Stop the license server according to the instructions in Stopping a License Server,
p.103.
2.
Go to the installDir/maintenance/wrInstaller/hostType directory and run
wrInstaller[.exe].
This launches the Product Maintenance Tool.
3.
At the first screen, Choose Maintenance Task, select Remove and click Next.
105
Wind River Product Installation and Licensing
Administrator's Guide, 2.6
4.
At the next screen, Choose Products to Remove, select the items you want to
remove (for example, an older version of the Wind River License
Administration Tools) and click Remove.
5.
When the Maintenance Tool has completed uninstallation, click Finish.
After Uninstallation
After you have removed the License Administration Tools, your installDir/license
directory is intentionally left behind. If you want to remove this directory as well,
you must do so manually.
106
14
Configuring Borrowing of
Wind River Product Licenses
14.1 Understanding Borrowing 107
14.2 Do You Need to Configure Borrowing? 108
14.3 Setting Up the License Server for Borrowing 108
14.4 Setting Up a Workstation for Borrowing 111
14.5 Initiating Borrowing 113
14.6 Returning Borrowed Licenses Early 114
14.1 Understanding Borrowing
Many Wind River products are license-managed, which means that when you start
the product, it checks for a valid license. If a product installation is configured to
use a license from a pool of floating or named-user licenses, the development
workstation must be connected to the network in order to retrieve a license from
the license server.
Borrowing is a feature that allows you to retrieve a license and continue to use it
after disconnecting from the network, essentially turning a floating or named-user
license into a node-locked license for a defined period of time (for more
information on types of licenses, see 2.1.1 Types of Workstation License, p.4).
For example, if you are planning to travel with a laptop and want to use a
license-managed product while in-flight or after you arrive at your destination,
you must borrow a license before you leave. However, if you plan to use the
product only from a computer that is always connected to the network, then you
do not need to use this feature.
A single Wind River product—such as Wind River Workbench—may actually
contain a group of separately licensed features, not all of which permit borrowing.
In the license server’s license file, any feature string that contains the keyword
BORROW indicates that the feature permits borrowing.
107
Wind River Product Installation and Licensing
Administrator's Guide, 2.6
NOTE: Do not attempt to manually append the BORROW keyword to a feature
string in a license server file. It will not work, and may cause the license server to
function improperly.
14.2 Do You Need to Configure Borrowing?
If your system includes floating or named-user licenses for Wind River products,
and your developers intend to use those products while disconnected from the
network, you must configure your development workstations to borrow the
appropriate license.
If your system includes only node-locked licenses, then your developers can freely
use Wind River products as soon as their installations are permanently activated.
For information on permanent and temporary activation, see 7. Permanently
Activating a Temporary License.
14.3 Setting Up the License Server for Borrowing
You do not have to do anything to enable a license server for borrowing, other than
ensuring that it has enough floating or named-user licenses to allocate.
!
CAUTION: If your license server is running an old version (prior to FLEXlm 8.3b)
of the wrsd daemon, your developers cannot borrow licenses. To find the version
of a running wrsd daemon, navigate to the installation directory of your License
Administration Tools and type the following at a command prompt:
% lmutil lmver wrsd
However, if necessary, you can set who can borrow what products for how long,
using the FLEXlm BORROW keywords in your user options file. For details, see the
sections below.
14.3.1 Allowing or Restricting Borrowing
You can allow or restrict borrowing by specifying a particular user, or a group of
users, or several other type designations.
For example, to allow only certain users to borrow licenses, add a line to your
options file of the following form:
INCLUDE_BORROW feature type name
For example, if you want to allow Tom to borrow Wind River Workbench, type the
following, substituting the correct feature name for WORKBENCH:
INCLUDE_BORROW WORKBENCH USER tom
108
14 Configuring Borrowing of Wind River Product Licenses
14.3 Setting Up the License Server for Borrowing
Likewise, you can prevent certain groups from borrowing particular features by
adding two lines to the options file of the following form:
GROUP groupName user1 user2 user3
EXCLUDE_BORROW feature type groupName
For example, to exclude the members of team1 from borrowing Workbench, type
the following:
GROUP team1 joe bill susan
EXCLUDE_BORROW WORKBENCH GROUP team1
For detailed information on setting up a user options file to provision product
licenses, see 9. Controlling Access to Products with the User Options File.
For details on INCLUDE_BORROW and the other keywords used in this section, see
B. FLEXlm User Options File Reference.
14.3.2 Restricting the Number of Licenses That Can Be Borrowed
You can set aside a certain number of licenses that cannot be borrowed. This can
help prevent a situation in which you have a limited number of seats of a particular
product and all seats are tied up for an extended period of time.
To do this, add a line to your user options file of the following form:
BORROW_LOWWATER feature num_licenses
For example, if you have a certain number of licenses of Workbench, and you want
to specify that three cannot be borrowed, type the following:
BORROW_LOWWATER WORKBENCH 3
For detailed information on setting up a user options file to provision product
licenses, see 9. Controlling Access to Products with the User Options File.
For details on the BORROW_LOWWATER keyword, see B. FLEXlm User Options File
Reference.
14.3.3 Changing the Borrow Period
Borrow Period: In the License File Versus in the User Options File
When you generated a server license file on the Wind River licensing portal (see
3. Obtaining Server License Files), that license file included a maximum borrowing
period. By default, the maximum period is seven days (168 hours).
Because that value is encrypted in the license file, in order to change the absolute
borrow period, you must regenerate the license file. However, you can also change
the borrowing period at a lower level, in the user options file.
This works a bit like federal laws and state laws in the United States: the state laws
are usually applied first, but the federal laws are the final authority. For borrowing,
this means that the limit defined in the user options file applies first, as long as it
does not exceed the limit defined in the license file.
One Strategy for Setting the Borrow Period
As an administrator, it is likely that you want most users to be limited most of the
time. You want to allow a developer to, say, take a Wind River product on a laptop
to another location for a demo; but you do not want other users to be blocked
109
Wind River Product Installation and Licensing
Administrator's Guide, 2.6
because of overlong or forgotten borrows. However, in an emergency, you may
need to grant someone a longer borrowing period.
To do this, you regenerate the license file with a longer borrowing period - say, 30
days. Then set limits in the user options file so that users can normally borrow for
a shorter period - say, seven days.
To take this approach, do the following:
Step 1:
Regenerate the license file with a longer borrowing period.
1.
Go to the Wind River licensing portal at http://www.windriver.com/licensing/
and click Log In to the Product Activation Portal.
2.
Log in with your Wind River user ID and password.
3.
Click the Manage Hosts tab.
4.
On the Manage Hosts page, click the Label of the server you want to modify.
5.
In the Modify Host form, in the Borrow Period field, enter the desired value
in days (for example, 30).
6.
When you are finished, click Modify and then click Yes.
7.
Back in the Manage Hosts tab again, locate the server you have just modified
and click Regenerate.
8.
On the Regenerate License File page, review the information and click
Regenerate.
9.
Click the Manage Hosts tab again. Locate the server for which you have just
regenerated the license, and click Download.
10.
Step 2:
Copy the new license to the license server that you have set up for your
Wind River products.
Configure the user options file with a shorter borrowing period.
1.
Open the user options file wrsd.opt.
2.
Add lines to it of the following form:
MAX_BORROW_HOURS feature num
For example, to set the borrowing period for Wind River Workbench to seven
days, type the following:
MAX_BORROW_HOURS WORKBENCH 168
3.
Step 3:
Save the file.
Make your changes take effect.
Because you have updated the server license file and user options file, you must
stop and restart your license server in order for your changes to take effect.
For instructions on stopping and restarting the license server, see Stopping a License
Server, p.103, and 10. Starting Your License Server.
For detailed information on setting up a user options file to provision product
licenses, see 9. Controlling Access to Products with the User Options File.
For details on the MAX_BORROW_HOURS keyword, see B. FLEXlm User Options
File Reference.
110
14 Configuring Borrowing of Wind River Product Licenses
14.4 Setting Up a Workstation for Borrowing
14.4 Setting Up a Workstation for Borrowing
You, or your developers, must configure development workstations for borrowing
before they are ready to run license-managed products while disconnected from
the network.
NOTE: The developer must have administrator privileges to be able to borrow on
Windows, because borrowing information is written to the registry.
14.4.1 Configuring Borrowing Using the Command Line
License management utilities are not part of a default workstation installation, so
you must make them accessible to your developers if you want them to borrow
licenses using this method.
Step 1:
Connect the workstation to the network.
The workstation must have access to a running license server.
Step 2:
Specify the path to the server license file.
1.
Create an environment variable called WRSD_LICENSE_FILE.
2.
Set the value of this variable to the full path to the WRSLicense.lic file on the
server (if you know it), or to the port@servername indicated in the SERVER line
of the server license file.
If the workstation has a floating or named-user license file (usually
installDir/license/WRSLicense.lic), it will contain the port and server values
for the license server regularly used by that computer. Read the contents of this
file and find the string that looks like this:
SERVER myserver hostID 27000
In this case, the server name is myserver and the port is 27000, so the value of
WRSD_LICENSE_FILE should be 27000@myserver.
Step 3:
Specify a borrow period.
You can configure the borrow period using the FlexLM utility lmborrow, or by
creating an environment variable, LM_BORROW.
lmborrow
1.
Navigate to the license management tools directory and type the following:
% lmutil lmborrow wrsd dd-mmm-yyyy:hh:mm
wrsd is the Wind River vendor daemon, and dd-mmm-yyyy:hh:mm is the end
date and time of the borrow period.
For example, lmutil lmborrow wrsd 10-aug-2006:17:00.
Details of lmutil options and syntax are located in C. FLEXlm Command
Reference.
LM_BORROW
1.
Create an environment variable named LM_BORROW.
111
Wind River Product Installation and Licensing
Administrator's Guide, 2.6
2.
Set the value of this variable to dd-mmm-yyyy:wrsd:dd-mmm-yyyy:hh:mm.
The first date string is the starting date of the borrow period; wrsd is the
Wind River vendor daemon; and the second date string specifies the end date
and time of the borrowing period.
For example, 07-may-2006:wrsd:18-may-2006:17:00.
NOTE: Setting the end time is optional. If you do not specify a time, the borrow
period expires at 23:59 hours on the end date.
Step 4:
Borrow a license.
While the computer is still connected to the network, launch the
license-managed product; for example, Wind River Workbench.
At this point, the borrow is complete, and the license will remain checked out
and available for use on this workstation until the borrow period expires.
14.4.2 Configuring Borrowing Using the Windows LMTOOLS Graphical Utility
This method is convenient if your developers are using Windows development
workstations and prefer a graphical interface to the configuration tool.
License management utilities are not part of a default development computer
installation, so you must make them accessible to your developers if you want
them to borrow licenses using this method.
1.
Launch the lmtools utility from the development workstation by selecting
Start > Run, then enter lmtools.exe and click OK.
2.
Specify the license file of the license server that will allocate their licenses.
a.
Figure 14-1
Specify the License File
b.
112
Click the Service/License File tab.
Select Configuration Using License File.
14 Configuring Borrowing of Wind River Product Licenses
14.5 Initiating Borrowing
c.
3.
Figure 14-2
Enter the path to the license file on the license server, or enter the
port@server string as described in 14.4.1 Configuring Borrowing Using the
Command Line, p.111.
Click the Borrowing tab.
Set the Borrow Return Date
a.
Enter the vendor name wrsd.
b.
Specify a return date (the end of the borrowing period).
c.
If necessary, adjust the return time.
The default maximum borrowing period is seven days.
d. Click Set Borrow Expiration.
4.
Exit the lmtools utility.
5.
While the workstation is still connected to the network, launch the
license-managed product; for example Wind River Workbench.
At this point, the borrow is complete, and the license will remain checked out and
available for use on this workstation until the borrow period expires.
14.5 Initiating Borrowing
To borrow a license for a Wind River product, you must do the following:
1.
Configure the development workstation as described in 14.4 Setting Up a
Workstation for Borrowing, p.111.
2.
Ensure that all products and features that will be borrowed have been checked
out at least once.
113
Wind River Product Installation and Licensing
Administrator's Guide, 2.6
3.
On the workstation that will host the borrowed product, run the product that
the developer wants to borrow.
NOTE: Keep the workstation connected to the network (with access to the
license server) while initiating borrowing.
The license will be borrowed, and will remain allocated until the return date
you specified, even if you reconnect the workstation to the network before the
borrow return date.
4.
Repeat the steps above for any number of borrow periods and features.
When you have finished, you can disconnect the development workstation
from the network.
14.6 Returning Borrowed Licenses Early
Once the development host is re-connected to the network and can access the
license server from which the features were borrowed, you can return licenses
early (prior to the end of the borrow period) if desired.
NOTE: Early return of borrowed licenses is possible for FLEXlm versions 9.2-11.3.
For other FLEXlm versions, early return may not work correctly.
To return a license before the borrow period end date, follow these steps:
1.
Run the following command:
% lmutil lmborrow -return feature-name
where feature-name is the name of the licensed feature you wish to return early.
You must do this for each feature borrowed that you wish to return early.
2.
Verify the license return with the following command:
% lmutil lmborrow -status
The output from this command should indicate no borrowed features.
114
15
Setting Up a Single License Server
for Multiple Products
15.1 Should You Use a Single Server for Multiple Products? 115
15.2 Keeping License Server Files Separate 116
15.3 Merging License Server Files 117
15.4 Removing Wind River Products from Merged License Files 118
15.1 Should You Use a Single Server for Multiple Products?
As a matter of convenience, you may prefer to use a single license server to allocate
licenses for multiple Wind River products. However, Wind River recommends
that whenever possible, you put each Wind River license server file on a separate
license server computer as described in 8. Installing the License Administration Tools.
This is because of the way that FLEXlm searches license files for product feature
names.
15.1.1 Understanding How FLEXlm Searches License Files
When FLEXlm receives a license request for a particular product, it searches for the
corresponding feature name among license files associated with the product’s
vendor daemon.
For example, if FLEXlm receives a request for Wind River Workbench, it looks for
the WR_WORKBENCH feature name in Wind River license files. FLEXlm then
authorizes use of the first product with a matching feature name.
This means that if a license server controls licenses for two Wind River Workbench
products (such as one named-user license and one floating license, both of which
have WR_WORKBENCH components), FLEXlm draws licenses only for the first
WR_WORKBENCH encountered, regardless of whether the request is intended for
that product or not.
FLEXlm cannot differentiate between the features, which are identical. So it
continues to draw licenses associated with the first product until it exhausts
available licenses, then begins to draw licenses associated with the second product.
115
Wind River Product Installation and Licensing
Administrator's Guide, 2.6
This can lead to reporting inaccuracies when named-user licenses share a license
server with floating licenses.
NOTE: You can force the daemon to search license files in a particular order (see
15.2 Keeping License Server Files Separate, p.116) or you can establish a natural search
order from top to bottom in a merged license file (see 15.3 Merging License Server
Files, p.117).
However, you are still constrained by FLEXlm’s limitation that it cannot
differentiate among identical feature names and will check out a license for the first
feature match it encounters, regardless of whether the license request is for that
item or not.
15.2 Keeping License Server Files Separate
If you decide to keep the license server files separate, you must also have separate
server hardware for the separate license files. This is because only one Wind River
vendor daemon can run on a given server system at a time.
With separate license server files, you can use the lmgrd command or the
LMTOOLS utility to specify the license file search order.
Using lmgrd to Specify Search Order
To direct the lmgrd daemon, in conjunction with the wrsd daemon, to look for
feature names among multiple license files, type the following command at a
Windows command prompt or in a UNIX shell window. Substitute the appropriate
path to the license files in place of installDir.
% lmgrd -c "installDir/NU/WRSLicense.lic;installDir/FL/WRSLicense.lic" -l
installDir/logs/lmgrd.log
This command starts lmgrd and instructs it to read FEATURE or INCREMENT lines
from two license files: first, the WRSLicense.lic file in the NU directory; second, the
WRSLicense.lic in the FL directory. The command also initiates recording of debug
run-time data in a log file, lmgrd.log.
Using LMTOOLS
On Windows, you can achieve the same effect using LMTOOLS by following these
steps:
1.
If it is not already running, launch the lmtools utility from the development
workstation: select Start > Run, then enter lmtools.exe and click OK.
2.
Go to the Config Services tab.
3.
Modify the Path to the License File text box. Use semi-colons to separate
license file entries, as above.
4.
Switch to the Start/Stop/Reread tab and re-read the license files. Or stop the
license server and restart it.
Now, when the developer launches a license-managed product (initiating a license
request), lmgrd searches the files in the order you specified.
116
15 Setting Up a Single License Server for Multiple Products
15.3 Merging License Server Files
15.3 Merging License Server Files
If you decide to merge license server files together, keep these things in mind:
■
You can merge floating licenses, named-user licenses, or a combination of the
two.
■
You can only merge license files in which the SERVER lines are identical, so you
must choose the same license server host when obtaining the licenses on the
Wind River licensing Web site. For more information about that process, see
3. Obtaining Server License Files.
■
You must be careful when merging license files that contain the same feature
name (for details, see 15.1.1 Understanding How FLEXlm Searches License Files,
p.115).
15.3.1 Creating a Merged License File
Follow these steps to create a merged license file:
1.
Open the license files in a text editor. Use one of the license files as your base,
into which to copy and paste text from the second license file.
2.
Copy the PACKAGE, INCREMENT, and FEATURE lines of the second license
file and paste them after the final line of the first file. Wind River no longer
uses the FEATURE type for license file features, but you may see it in existing
license files.
NOTE: Do not change any of the characters in the file, other than to copy and
paste the text from one license file to another. Changes will invalidate the
license file.
The resulting license file should look similar to the following:
SERVER servername hostID portnumber
VENDOR wrsd
PACKAGE UU_WORKBENCH_SUBSCRIPTION_Cfg1 wrsd 2.0 C7F901C9DB56
COMPONENTS="WR_DEBUGGER:2.0 WR_TOS_LX_2_4:2.0 \
WR_TS_MPC82XX:2.0 WR_WORKBENCH:2.0" OPTIONS=SUITE \
SIGN=13B8CA28C770
INCREMENT UU_WORKBENCH_SUBSCRIPTION_Cfg1 wrsd 2.0 30-jun-2004 1 \
AB453A501AD8 VENDOR_STRING="<ln>221073</ln> \
<flt>2</flt><ps>1157-1</ps>" sort=50 BORROW=72 \
SUPERSEDE=WORKBENCH_SUBSCRIPTION_Cfg1 DUP_GROUP=UH \
SUITE_DUP_GROUP=UH ISSUED=24-May-2004 SIGN=DF0B491B60DAC
PACKAGE WORKBENCH_SUBSCRIPTION_Cfg1 wrsd 2.0 G798BAC900V6
COMPONENTS="WR_DEBUGGER:2.0 WR_TOS_LX_2_4:2.0 \
WR_TS_MPC82XX:2.0 WR_WORKBENCH:2.0" OPTIONS=SUITE \
SIGN=13B8CA28C770
INCREMENT WORKBENCH_SUBSCRIPTION_Cfg1 wrsd 2.0 30-jun-2004 1 \
K953FC0S1AL9 VENDOR_STRING="<ln>221073</ln> \
<flt>2</flt><ps>1157-1</ps>" sort=50 BORROW=72 \
SUPERSEDE=WORKBENCH_SUBSCRIPTION_Cfg1 DUP_GROUP=UH \
SUITE_DUP_GROUP=UH ISSUED=24-May-2004 SIGN=DH3B475B43DAM
3.
Save the merged license file to the directory path mentioned in the license files
of the workstations that need to use the listed products.
For detailed information about merging license files, see the FLEXlm
End User’s Guide.
117
Wind River Product Installation and Licensing
Administrator's Guide, 2.6
For detailed instructions on controlling users’ access to licensed products through
the options file, see 9. Controlling Access to Products with the User Options File.
!
CAUTION: You must be sure to preserve the .lic or .opt ending on the license file;
otherwise, the file will not work properly. On Windows systems, you can do this
by selecting All Files rather than Text Document from the Save as type
drop-down list.
15.4 Removing Wind River Products from Merged License Files
If you delete a merged license file, your developers will no longer be able to access
any of the products listed in that file. Therefore, if you must remove a particular
license-managed product, do not simply delete the license file along with the
product.
To remove a product from a merged license file, follow these steps:
118
1.
Make a backup copy of the license file.
2.
Using a text editor, open the file and remove the PACKAGE and INCREMENT
lines (and FEATURE lines, if they exist) of the product you are uninstalling.
3.
Save the file, being sure to preserve the .lic file extension.
4.
Delete the backup of the original file if you like.
16
Troubleshooting
“Bad Interpreter” Error on Linux Hosts 120
Older Versions of the Installer Crash During Entitlement Process 121
The Maintenance Tool Starts Slowly or Hangs 121
Installation Process Is Slow or Times Out 121
The setup.log File Shows “Dependency Issues” 122
Expected Software Was Not Installed 122
Start Menus Do Not Appear as Expected in GNOME 123
The Installer Reverts to Text Mode (Solaris Hosts) 123
License Overdraft Needed 124
Slow Performance Due to License Configuration 124
License Denial with Multiple VNC Sessions 125
License Denial with a Dummy Username 126
Build Farm’s Dummy Username Not Working as Expected 126
Error=-84 126
License Denial Although Named Users Are Listed 127
Named Users Are Occupying Floating License Seats 128
Logfiles Are Too Large 128
Borrowing Not Working as Expected 128
119
Wind River Product Installation and Licensing
Administrator's Guide, 2.6
16.1 Introduction
This chapter describes some common problems seen in installing, licensing, and
maintaining Wind River products.
If you are facing an issue that is not listed here, use the following resources:
■
Documentation on installation and licensing, including:
–
this guide
–
the Installer program’s Help system
To open the Installer Help, launch the Installer or Product Maintenance
Tool and click Help. The Help system offers screen-by-screen instructions.
–
■
the getting started guide and release notes for your product
Wind River Customer Support at www.windriver.com/support
When you contact Customer Support, be ready to provide the following files:
–
installDir/setup.log
–
installDir/maintenance/wrInstaller/hostType/configuration/*.log
16.2 Troubleshooting the Installation and Maintenance Processes
“Bad Interpreter” Error on Linux Hosts
Problem
On certain Linux hosts, when you run the Installer (the setup_linux* application),
the following error message may appear:
/bin/sh: bad interpreter: Permission denied
Explanation
The source of this problem is in the GNOME desktop environment on Red Hat
hosts (specifically, Red Hat Enterprise Linux versions 5: 2.6.18-128.e15). In the
DVD mount process, GNOME uses default attributes that make the DVD mount
non-executable. Then, because the DVD is mounted without execution
permissions, this error is triggered.
Solution
There are two ways to solve this issue:
120
1.
Change the default settings for gnome-mount so that the mounted DVD is
executable.
2.
Edit /etc/fstab to override the gnome-mount process entirely.
16 Troubleshooting
16.2 Troubleshooting the Installation and Maintenance Processes
Older Versions of the Installer Crash During Entitlement Process
Problem
If you run an older (<2.0) version of the Installer program, it can fail either after you
have specified a product activation file (install.txt file) or after you have entered a
valid license authorization code (LAC).
Explanation
The reason for this failure is that some entitlement information is too long for the
older Installer program to accommodate. If the entitlement takes the form of a
string longer than 50 characters, the pre-2.0 Installer crashes.
Solution
As a workaround for this issue, simply remove the overlong lines from your
install.txt file or LAC, and restart the Installer program.
(WIND00161540)
The Maintenance Tool Starts Slowly or Hangs
Problem
After launching the Product Maintenance Tool, the tool can be slow to start up, or
may appear to run in an endless loop.
Explanation
In some cases if your organization uses a firewall, the firewall can drop the
connections that the Maintenance Tool uses to, for example, find updates to your
installed products.
Solution
Check the setup.log file, located at the root of your installation directory, for errors
indicating that the connection has timed out. To avoid this kind of disruption,
configure the Maintenance Tool to use a proxy server. For details on how to specify
proxy settings, see nProxy Server, p.32.
Installation Process Is Slow or Times Out
Problem
You're trying to install a product or an update, but the installation process quits.
Explanation
The response times on your network are slower than what the Installer is set to
tolerate.
Solution
Adjust the Installer's timeout settings so that it can accommodate slower network
performance. To do so, edit the .ini file:
121
Wind River Product Installation and Licensing
Administrator's Guide, 2.6
1.
Go to installDir/maintenance/wrInstaller/hostType and open wrInstaller.ini in
an editor.
2.
Quadruple the timeout values by appending the following lines to the .ini file:
-Dorg.eclipse.ecf.provider.filetransfer.retrieve.readTimeout=4000
-Dorg.eclipse.ecf.provider.filetransfer.httpclient.retrieve.readTimeout=4800
00
3.
Retry the installation process.
The setup.log File Shows “Dependency Issues”
Problem
The Installer program creates a log file of the installation process, called setup.log,
at the root of your installation directory. After launching the Installer, you may see
the following message in setup.log:
Pre-installation checks found products that cannot yet be installed due to
dependency issues.
Explanation
In the installation process, the Installer program checks for inter-product
dependencies. If it finds that a particular product is available but cannot be
installed because a product that it depends on is absent or lacks entitlement, it logs
the failure and disables the product. The setup.log file records the name of the
online repository that contains the product at issue. Note that in this case, not all
products in that repository are disabled, but only the ones that would fail.
In the course of installation, you can see which products have been disabled: At the
Confirm and Install screen, expand the hierarchical list of products; disabled
products are grayed out.
Solution
The following are the most common solutions to dependency issues:
■
You may have installed an update before that update’s base product was
installed. To avoid this, ensure that you install the base product before
installing additions to it. For example, install a Platform product first; then
install a service pack that updates the Platform. Use the same installation keys
for both pieces.
■
If you copied the product media, the copy operation may have failed and left
you with an incomplete DVD. To check the integrity of the media, use the
-validate option described in Table A-1.
Expected Software Was Not Installed
Problem
You have completed installation of Wind River products, but a particular software
product, component, or feature that you were expecting to find in the installation
is not present.
For example, you are expecting to use Wind River On-Chip Debugging, but it is
not available in your installation.
122
16 Troubleshooting
16.2 Troubleshooting the Installation and Maintenance Processes
Explanation and Solution
Most likely, the missing software was not installed because the installation keys (in
the install.txt file) that you used during installation do not include entitlement for
that piece.
Confirm that the missing software was not installed. To do so, examine your
installation keys as follows:
1.
Navigate to the images directory of your installation DVD (or other
installation media).
2.
Within that directory, find the mediaID file in each CDR-* directory.
3.
Check each mediaID file for its description of what software is included in that
CDR grouping.
If there is no CDR directory for the missing software, this confirms that it was
not installed.
You may need to retrieve an updated product activation file; or you may need to
contact Wind River to discuss your entitlement.
Start Menus Do Not Appear as Expected in GNOME
Problem
In the GNOME desktop environment, Wind River product entries may not appear
in your Start menus even if you opted during the installation process to create
them.
Explanation
This can happen if you had a previous Wind River installation and manually
removed its entry from the GNOME Start menus. In this situation, GTK
unfortunately stores that removal for all future installations; hence, new
installations’ Start menu entries do not appear.
Solution
You can undo the removal by editing the affected files in one of these locations:
■
~/.config/menus/applications.menu
or
■
~/.local/share/desktop-directories/*
The Installer Reverts to Text Mode (Solaris Hosts)
Problem
When you run the Installer in its default GUI mode on Solaris hosts, it may switch
to text mode and the following error message may appear:
The installer program cannot run in GUI mode on this host type. Switching to
text-based mode...
123
Wind River Product Installation and Licensing
Administrator's Guide, 2.6
Explanation and Solution
Possible reasons for this event:
a.
You do not have the GTK 2.0 library installed on this host.
In this case, you can either
–
Install the necessary GTK library.
or
–
b.
Continue to run the Installer in silent (command-line) mode. For
information on using the Installer in silent mode, see A. Command-Line
Installation.
The DISPLAY environment variable is not set. This is particularly likely if
you are using telnet, putty, or another tool to log in to the host system
remotely, or if for some other reason the X Window System has not been
started on this host.
You can use xterm to see whether DISPLAY is set.
16.3 Common Licensing Issues
License Overdraft Needed
Problem
Your organization needs more license seats than are listed in your license
agreement—perhaps because engineers have been added to a workgroup.
Solution
By default, Wind River allows a 20% overdraft of license usage, for a set fee. That
is, you can automatically use 20% more seats than you purchased.
!
CAUTION: Overdraft usage is logged and reported to Wind River in your regular
license report, and Wind River will invoice your organization for the additional
use.
If you need special overdraft arrangements, such as more than the 20% default,
contact Wind River.
Slow Performance Due to License Configuration
Problem
Your developers are experiencing slow performance of Wind River software,
particularly during demanding operations such as builds.
124
16 Troubleshooting
16.3 Common Licensing Issues
Explanation
Slow performance can be due to an inefficient license configuration.
For example, when a compiler is invoked, it issues a license request. If your license
configuration is less than optimal, that request takes longer to be granted, resulting
in a slow build time.
Solution
Examine your license configuration to ensure that it is arranged for the best
performance.
For a quick way to visualize your configuration, do the following:
1.
Launch the Maintenance Tool.
Go to installDir/maintenance/wrInstaller/hostType and double-click the
wrInstaller application.
2.
On the Choose Maintenance Task screen, select License configuration and
click Next.
3.
On the Configure License Setup screen, examine the
Current license configuration area in the top half of the screen.
This area lists the elements—license files or license servers—that together
constitute your license setup for this installation. That is, when a user runs a
license-managed Wind River product, FLEXlm consults the elements listed
here, in the order shown here.
Pay particular attention to any environment variables your system may have
set for licensing. These may include WRSD_LICENSE_FILE and
LM_LICENSE_FILE.
At this point, you can
■
Quit if you have enough information. Click Finish.
■
Change your configuration by adding, editing, or removing an element. See
Changing Your License Configuration, p.56.
■
Get detailed diagnostic information about an element or the whole
configuration. see Diagnosing License Issues, p.57.
License Denial with Multiple VNC Sessions
Problem
If you use multiple VNC sessions to access the server where the License
Administration Tools are installed, you may not always be granted a license token.
Explanation
Working from multiple VNC sessions is similar to working from multiple
development computers, though virtually. Because the license server treats these
VNC sessions as different development hosts, it checks out a token for each one. If
all tokens have already been granted, the license server denies your token request.
125
Wind River Product Installation and Licensing
Administrator's Guide, 2.6
Solution
See your license administrator about your organization’s license allocation policy
and how tokens can be made available.
License Denial with a Dummy Username
Problem
If a shared, dummy username is used (for example, in a lab) for access to
Wind River products, some users may be denied access.
Explanation
The named-user license type is assigned to a single specific user. Using a dummy
or name or a name in common shares a license among several users—a violation
of this kind of license. So the license server denies access in these cases, to prevent
your license from being violated.
Solution
For named-user licenses, you must have an individual desktop login name for each
user.
For more information on the named-user license type, see 2.1.1 Types of Workstation
License, p.4.
Build Farm’s Dummy Username Not Working as Expected
Problem
A set of build servers that had been using a single, “dummy” username no longer
work.
Explanation
Using a shared name for build servers is not allowed under a named-user license.
A named-user license is assigned to a single specific user, not to a build farm.
Solution
Named-user build farms should not use a dummy username. See your Wind River
representative for information on adding licenses or changing the licensing of your
products.
Error=-84
Problem
The following message appears:
Error=-84
126
16 Troubleshooting
16.3 Common Licensing Issues
Explanation
This error number indicates that either the options file does not contain any
usernames, or it lists a larger number of users than you have licensed seats. In
either case, no license tokens can be issued. All users will see Error=-84 until the
issue is corrected.
Solution
You must correct the options file.
The options file, wrsd.opt, is located by default in the same directory as your
license server’s license file. For each software package that is licensed with a
named-user license, the options file must list the login names of the users who are
designated to use that package.
1.
Use the license file to find the package designator. Here is a sample line from
a license file:
INCREMENT UU_SE_GPP_VE_Cfg22 wrsd 3.4 18-jun-2009 4 55D698123CBA \
The package designator appears after the keyword INCREMENT or PACKAGE.
In the example above, the package designator is UU_SE_GPP_VE_Cfg22.
The number of licensed seats appears after the datestamp. In the example
above, there are four seats.
2.
To add named users in the options file, open the wrsd.opt file and add a line
with the following syntax:
INCLUDE packageDesignator USER userLoginName
You must add at least one name, and you may not list more names than the
number of seats licensed.
For detailed information on configuring the options file to allocate licenses, see
9. Controlling Access to Products with the User Options File.
License Denial Although Named Users Are Listed
Problem
Named users are listed correctly in the user options file, but the license server still
cannot issue licenses.
Explanation
You may have listed the same user under more than one username. For example,
workgroup member Mary Gaines might be listed as both maryG and maryg.
Usernames are read as case-sensitive in the user options file; so in the example,
maryG and maryg are two distinct named users.
Solution
Either remove case sensitivity by including the GROUPCASEINSENSITIVE
keyword at the beginning of your user options file, or correct the usernames so that
they use a consistent case in their spelling.
For a more detailed discussion of case-sensitivity in the user options file and in
license usage reporting, see Case Sensitivity, p.74, and Generating Reports, p.92.
127
Wind River Product Installation and Licensing
Administrator's Guide, 2.6
Named Users Are Occupying Floating License Seats
Problem
If your organization has both named-user licenses and floating licenses, users who
are designated for named-user license seats may accidentally occupy floating
license seats.
Explanation
The license server grants access to products based on the contents of the options
file. You can use the options file to exclude one or more users, or a group of users,
from using a particular package.
Solution
Edit the options file to exclude named users from floating-licensed software
packages.
1.
Use the license file to find the package designator. Here is a sample line from
a license file:
INCREMENT UU_SE_GPP_VE_Cfg22 wrsd 3.4 18-jun-2009 4 55D698123CBA \
The package designator appears after the keyword INCREMENT or PACKAGE.
In the example above, the package designator is UU_SE_GPP_VE_Cfg22.
2.
Edit the options file (wrsd.opt) to add a line using the EXCLUDE keyword:
EXCLUDE packageDesignator USER userLoginName
For detailed information on configuring the options file to allocate licenses, see
9. Controlling Access to Products with the User Options File.
Logfiles Are Too Large
Problem
The server debug log and license-usage log increase in size.
Explanation
Like any other logs on a server, the size of these logfiles must be controlled, or they
can grow to be quite large.
Solution
You can back up the current log by renaming it with a timestamp. When you do
this, the server starts a new logfile.
Borrowing Not Working as Expected
Problem
You have configured both your license server and a workstation for borrowing, but
cannot successfully borrow a product license.
128
16 Troubleshooting
16.3 Common Licensing Issues
Explanation
Most Wind River products are made up of several licensed features. Borrowing is
done at the feature level. Therefore, the borrow attempt may have failed because not
all licensed features in the product have been checked out.
Solution
Ensure that all features in the package (product) have been checked out before
initiating borrowing.
For more information on borrowing a product license, see 14. Configuring
Borrowing of Wind River Product Licenses.
129
Wind River Product Installation and Licensing
Administrator's Guide, 2.6
130
A
Command-Line Installation
In addition to using the Installer’s GUI, you can also install and maintain products
in non-GUI mode. To do so, run the version of the setup program appropriate to
your host, with the -silent option.1
This appendix lists the options for the setup command.
Table A-1
Options for the setup Command
Option
Description
-add
Install all products and product updates that your license entitles
you to.
-applyUpdates
Update your installation to the latest available version permitted
by the terms of your license.
-archs archsToInstall
Install for the specified target architectures.
The allowed values for archsToInstall are
■
all
■
68K
ARM
■
■
■
■
■
■
ColdFire
Intel
M32R
M-CORE
MIPS
■
PowerPC
■
SPARC
■
SuperH
TriCore
XScale
■
■
If you do not specify an architecture or architectures with the
-archs option, your installation will include everything that the
installation key enables, including all BSPs present on the product
media.
To specify multiple architectures, separate the values by a comma.
1. On Windows, Wind River recommends you use cmd.exe. On Linux and Solaris, you can use
any shell variant.
131
Wind River Product Installation and Licensing
Administrator's Guide, 2.6
Table A-1
Options for the setup Command (cont’d)
Option
Description
-download [path]
Create a local copy of the products you are entitled to, for later
installation.
If path is not specified, the products are placed under your existing
installation directory.
The -download operation creates a new directory named
download. To install the products after downloading them, run
setup in the new download directory.
-extract dir
Extract into the specified directory the contents of all patches
located in installDir/updates.
This is useful when you want to examine the contents of a patch
before applying it.
-help
Print the command-line help.
-installerUpdateURLS url
Install updates to the Installer program from the specified URL or
URLs.
url points to the Installer update server (the server that provides
updates of the Installer program).
If you explicitly do not want to retrieve updates to the Installer,
specify none for the url parameter.
To specify multiple Installer update locations, separate the URLs
by a comma.
-installKeys path
The full path to the product activation file.a
-installPath path
The full path to the target installation directory.b
-patch
Install all patches found in the installDir/updates directory.
-print_toc [dirPath/filename]
Print the file list of a patch to the console, or save it to a file if a
filename is specified. Applies to all patches found in the
installDir/updates directory.
This is useful when you want to see which files a patch will alter
before applying it.
-productUpdateURLS url
Install product updates from the specified URL or URLs.
url points to the product update server (the server that provides
updates of installed products).
If you explicitly do not want to retrieve product updates, specify
none for the url parameter.
To specify multiple product update locations, separate the URLs
by a comma.
132
A Command-Line Installation
Table A-1
Options for the setup Command (cont’d)
Option
Description
-proxy
serverIpAddress:portNumber:proxyType
[username:password]
Use a proxy server to connect to the Internet.
The allowed values for proxyType are HTTP and SOCKS. For
example:
-proxy 127.0.0.1:8080:http
-proxy 127.0.0.1:8081:socks
With username/password authentication:
-proxy 127.0.0.1:8080:http:johndoe:myPassw0rd
-recipe path
Installs products with an existing recipe file that specifies RPM
content.
Takes as argument, the absolute path to the installation recipe file
(can also be log files obtained from Wind River Workbench,
Help->Collect Log Files):
setup -recipe path
Used primarily to reproduce a specific installation. An Enterprise
Administrator might use this option, for example, to create a
single default installation and distribute it to multiple users.
This option puts the Installer program into a special ‘sync’ mode
that is designed to recreate exactly the same set of RPMs as
specified in the recipe file.
CAUTION: Trying to reproduce an installation on a Windows host
if the original was Linux, will produce a warning that not all RPMs
were found. The same warning is shown when RPMs are missing.
In both cases, the Installer program asks if you want to continue.
-remove
Remove all Wind River products.
-repousername and -repopassword
For a content source that requires authentication, specify the
default username and password credentials.
A content source can also be set to require repository-specific
authentication, other than these default credentials. For more
information on both default and repository-specific
authentication, see Set default authentication information, p.58.
If you do not use these options and you have not stored your
credentials (in the .repo file, for example), the Installer will prompt
you for your user name and password.
setup.exe -rpm --help
Print an RPM-specific help page.
(or setup.exe -rpm -?)
-silent
Run the Installer program non-interactively and without the
Installer GUI.
-skipQuota
Skip the disk space quota check.
133
Wind River Product Installation and Licensing
Administrator's Guide, 2.6
Table A-1
Options for the setup Command (cont’d)
Option
Description
-validate [validationLevel]
Validate the product media and report potential problems.
The allowed values for validationLevel are as follows:
■
5 (Validates suite definition files [SDFs].)
■
10 (Validates SDFs and file repositories.)
■
15 (validates SDFs, file repositories, and online content.
Requires an Internet connection.)
If no validation level is specified, the default is level 5 (SDF
validation).
-yum
Invoke the Installer’s interactive yum mode. In this mode the
Installer accepts Yum commands and parameters.
-yum help
Print a yum-specific help page.
(or -yum --help or -yum -h)
-yum downgrade [package1] [package2] Downgrade an installed RPM package (or packages) to an earlier
[...]
version (or versions) available in the product repository.
-yum install [package1] [package2] [...]
Install package(s). If no packages are specified, all packages will
be installed.
You can use the ? and * wildcards in the package name string.
-yum install --allversions [package]
Install all versions of install-only packages.
An install-only package is a package that can coexist in the same
installation with other versions of itself—the Installer program
will not overwrite install-only packages. An install-only package
is the opposite of an updatable package (a singleton).
-yum --installroot=path
Install into the specified location.
Note that this command performs the same function as the
-installPath option listed above.
If you specify both -installPath and --installroot, the Installer uses
whichever installation location was given last.
-yum list [all | glob_exp1] [glob_exp2]
[...]
List all available and installed packages.c
-yum list --allversions [package]
List all available versions of a particular package.
-yum list available [glob_exp1] [...]
List all packages in the yum repositories that are available to be
installed.c
-yum list installed [glob_exp1] [...]
List all installed packages.c
-yum list updates [glob_exp1] [...]
List all packages in the repositories that have updates available.c
-yum localinstall rpmFile1 [rpmFile2]
[...]
Install a single RPM package (or multiple RPM packages) from a
local directory.
The Installer resolves any package dependencies.
134
A Command-Line Installation
Table A-1
Options for the setup Command (cont’d)
Option
Description
-yum remove package1 [...]
Remove (uninstall) the specified package or packages.
The remove option also removes any packages that are dependent
on the removed packages.
-yum update [package1] [...]
Update the installed packages to the latest version available in the
known or specified repositories.
If specific packages are listed, only those packages are updated.
The update option also finds and installs any dependencies of the
packages it updates.
-vmargs
Specify arguments for the Java virtual machine (JVM).
Other command-line options in this list are passed to the Installer
program. All arguments that follow -vmargs are passed directly to
the JVM.
Usage:
-vmargs -Xmx<memory-size>
-vmargs -D<property>=<value>
Examples:
-vmargs -Xmx1G (specifies a heap memory size of 1 gigabyte)
-vmargs -Declipse.p2.max.threads=1 (disables parallel
downloads. To disable parallel downloads, append this option to
your command-line arguments, or to your setup.ini file,
installDir/setup.ini.
NOTE: Specify all Installer-specific arguments before you add the
-vmargs option.
a. Note that not all Wind River products require keys. For example, RPM-based products can be installed without
keys.
b. Ensure that the installation path does not include any of the following characters:
[space character] ! # % < > ?
Note in particular that space characters (such as in the directory name Documents and Settings) are not permitted.
If there is a space character anywhere in the absolute path, some elements of the installed products will not be
available.
c. The optional glob_exp* arguments can use the wildcard characters ? and *.
NOTE: All yum-related options must be placed after the -yum declaration. All
other Installer options must be placed before the -yum declaration.
NOTE: If you are installing architecture-specific media, the Installer may not accept
all of the values listed in Table A-1 for the -archs option.
For example, if your Wind River product is PowerPC-specific, entering
-archs MIPS produces an error. The error message then lists the values allowed for
that DVD.
135
Wind River Product Installation and Licensing
Administrator's Guide, 2.6
NOTE: If you are running operations, such as installing, updating, downgrading,
and so on, the Installer program determines whether installed content needs to be
updated or removed and takes into account associated dependency changes.
For example, if you are installing an RPM package that depends upon a later
version of a package that is already installed, the Installer program will install the
dependent package. The installer program replaces the dependent package if it is
a singleton, otherwise it installs the later package alongside the earlier version.
Sample Command-Line Sequence: Windows Host
In this example for a Windows host, the Installer is run without displaying the GUI
or the splash screen, and the path to the installation keys is specified.
setup.exe -silent -nosplash -installPath C:\WindRiver\install -installKeys
C:\WindRiver\install.txt
Sample Command-Line Sequence: UNIX Host
In this example for a Linux or Solaris host, the paths to the target installation
directory and to the installation keys are specified. The product is installed for all
hosts and for the PowerPC target architecture.
setup -silent -nosplash -installPath /wind/river/workbench -installKeys
/tmp/install.txt -archs PowerPC
Sample Command-Line Sequence: Using Yum to Install a Single RPM Package
If you want to install a single RPM package into your Wind River product
installation, for example you have purchased a third-party VxWorks component
packaged as single RPM, do the following:
1.
Download the new RPM package.
2.
Run the Installer Maintenance Tool:
a.
On a Windows operating system:
i. As an administrator, open a command prompt window
ii. At the command prompt, run the following command:
installDir\maintenance\wrInstaller\x86-win32\wrInstallerc.exe -silent
-nosplash -yum localinstall <absolute path to rpm file> -y
b.
On a Linux operating system:
i. Open a terminal window.
ii. At the command prompt, run the following command:
installDir/maintenance/wrInstaller/x86-linux2/wrInstaller -silent -nosplash
-yum localinstall <absolute path to rpm file> -y
NOTE: The -yum localinstall option loads all repositories so that the Installer
program can resolve RPM package dependencies.
3.
136
Review your Wind River product installation to make sure the new RPM
package was properly installed.
A Command-Line Installation
Sample Command-Line Sequence: Using Yum to Install an Older Version of an Installed Package
Starting with the release of VxWorks 7, the Wind River Installer supports installing
and maintaining multiple versions of the same non-singleton RPM within the
same installation.
These RPMs are called install-only packages (because the Installer is directed not to
overwrite them). An install-only package is the opposite of a singleton package.
Install-only packages are similar to Linux kernel RPMs in the following ways:
■
They always install into a new, versioned directory.
■
They can co-exist in the installation with other versions of the same package.
You can choose which version to use at run time.
When you install, the Installer offers you the most recent content, so that the latest
bugfixes and features are available to you. In the rare case that you need an older
version of an install-only package, you can use the Installer’s yum command-line
interface to find and install it in the following steps:
Step 1:
Check the current contents of your installation.
C:\Users\johndoe> C:\Users\johndoe\Downloads\setupc.exe -yum
--installroot=C:\WindRiver list --allversions installed
Launching installer...
Searching updates.windriver.com for installer updates.
####################
Installed Packages
versiontest.noarch
v2-rel0
installed
NOTE: In this example, versiontest is an install-only package.
About this step:
■
The --allversions option is used to find out if multiple versions are already
installed. For this example, the resulting output shows that only one version is
installed.
■
The installed option to the -yum list command limits the output to just those
packages that are installed. Without the installed option, -yum list displays
both installed and available, not-installed units.
137
Wind River Product Installation and Licensing
Administrator's Guide, 2.6
Step 2:
Find out what versions of a package are available.
C:\Users\johndoe> C:\Users\johndoe\Downloads\setupc.exe -yum
--installroot=C:\WindRiver list --allversions available
Launching installer...
Searching updates.windriver.com for installer updates.
####################
test repository
Available Packages
versiontest.noarch
v1-rel0
test
versiontest.noarch
v1-rel1
test
versiontest.noarch
v1-rel2
test
versiontest.noarch
v3-rel0
test
100%
repository
repository
repository
repository
Because v3 is higher than v2, a simple -yum update or -yum install operation
would install it.
Step 3:
Install one of the older available versions.
C:\Users\johndoe> C:\Users\johndoe\Downloads\setupc.exe -yum
--installroot=C:\WindRiver install versiontest-v1-rel0
Launching installer...
Searching updates.windriver.com for installer updates.
####################
test repository
Resolving Dependencies
--> Finished Dependency Resolution
Dependencies Resolved
100%
###############################################################################
Package
Arch
Version
Repository
Size
###############################################################################
Installing:
versiontest
noarch
v1-rel0
test repository
1.82 KB
Transaction Summary
###############################################################################
Install
1 Package(s) (+0 Dependent packages)
Is this ok [y/N]: y
Downloading Packages:
versiontest-v1-rel0.rpm
| 1.82 KB
Running Transaction Check
Running Transaction Test
Transaction Test Succeeded
Running Transaction
Installing : versiontest-v1-rel0.noarch
Installed:
versiontest.noarch
Complete!
37 msecs
1/1
v1-rel0
About Install-Only and Singleton Packages
138
■
If versiontest were not an install-only package but a singleton package, v1
would not be installed in addition to and in parallel to v2, but would overwrite
it.
■
When a newer version of a singleton package is installed, the Installer output
shows that the older version of the package is removed.
■
If you try to install an older version of a singleton package, the Installer
displays an error. Doing so is not supported.
A Command-Line Installation
Step 4:
Check the contents of your installation again, to see the older-versioned package.
C:\Users\johndoe> C:\Users\johndoe\Downloads\setupc.exe -yum
--installroot=C:\WindRiver list --allversions installed
Launching installer...
Searching updates.windriver.com for installer updates.
####################
Installed Packages
versiontest.noarch
v1-rel0
versiontest.noarch
v2-rel0
installed
installed
Now two versions of the versiontest package coexist in the installation. In
VxWorks 7, the versiontest package could represent a layer that is available in both
versions v1 and v2.
139
Wind River Product Installation and Licensing
Administrator's Guide, 2.6
140
B
FLEXlm User Options File Reference
B.1 What Does This Reference Cover? 141
B.2 User Options File Syntax 142
B.3 Action Keywords 145
B.1 What Does This Reference Cover?
The information in this FLEXlm user options file reference is limited to a
discussion of those keywords and commands that are immediately applicable to
the license management instructions provided by Wind River. This section also
includes an overview of the syntax of a user options file.
NOTE: Information in this section is based on the reference information provided
in the FLEXlm End User’s Guide from Macrovision/Acresso. The information is
provided in this guide for your convenience. Always consult the latest version of
the FLEXlm End User’s Guide for complete and current information.
Table B-1 briefly describes the action keywords available for use in configuring
your Wind River license manager.
Table B-1
Action Keywords
Keyword
Description
BORROW_LOWWATER
Set the number of BORROW licenses that cannot be
borrowed.
DEBUGLOG
Write debug log information for a specified vendor
daemon to a specified file. In the case of Wind River
products, the daemon is wrsd.
EXCLUDE
Deny a user access to a feature.
EXCLUDE_BORROW
Deny a user the ability to borrow a BORROW license.
EXCLUDEALL
Deny a user access to all features served by wrsd.
141
Wind River Product Installation and Licensing
Administrator's Guide, 2.6
Table B-1
Action Keywords (cont’d)
Keyword
Description
GROUP
Define a group of users for use with any options.
HOST_GROUP
Define a group of hosts for use with any options.
INCLUDE
Allow a user access to a feature.
INCLUDE_BORROW
Allow a user to borrow a BORROW license.
INCLUDEALL
Allow a user access to all features served by wrsd.
MAX
Limits a user or group to a maximum number of
licenses for a specified feature.
MAX_BORROW_HOURS
Changes the maximum borrowing period for a
specified feature from the value specified in the
license file.
NOLOG
Turn off logging of certain items in the debug log file.
RESERVE
Reserve a license for a particular user.
These options are discussed further in B.3 Action Keywords, p.145. A complete
reference of user options file actions can be found in the FLEXlm End User’s Guide.
B.2 User Options File Syntax
The basic syntax of the user options file is as follows:
action feature[:keyword=value] type user
For example:
INCLUDE UU_WORKBENCH_SUBSCRIPTION_cfg1 USER johnf
or
# Exclude these New York City developers.
EXCLUDE WR_SYSTEM_VIEWER:SIGN=141556876DE GROUP USER_NYC
Each line of the file controls one option.
B.2.1 Comments
Include comments in your user options file by starting each comment line with a
pound sign (#). Everything in a user options file is case-sensitive. Be sure that
usernames and feature names, for example, are entered correctly.
142
B FLEXlm User Options File Reference
B.2 User Options File Syntax
B.2.2 Feature Specification
The feature name can be modified with an optional keyword-value pair to fully
qualify it. This notation is used for distinguishing a particular group of licenses
when there are multiple FEATURE or INCREMENT lines for a single feature. The
following syntax is used:
licenseServerComputer feature:keyword=value
For example:
WR_WORKBENCH:VERSION=2.0
or:
WR_DEBUGGER:SIGN=15308987AC
The keywords in Table B-2 are a subset of those available for FLEXlm. They are
used as feature name modifiers to denote a specific group of licenses:
Table B-2
Feature Name Modifiers
Keyword
Definition
EXPDATE=
The expiration date of your license agreement.
HOSTID=
The unique host ID of your license server.
KEY=
The old-style checksum embedded in your FEATURE
or INCREMENT line.
SIGN=
The new-style checksum embedded in your FEATURE
or INCREMENT line.
VENDOR_STRING=
The value of the vendor (Wind River) string in your
FEATURE or INCREMENT line, if configured.
VERSION=
The version number of your feature.
If you specify an action in a user options file using a package name in place of a
feature name, for example, UU_WORKBENCH_SUBSCRIPTION_cfg1 instead of
WR_WORKBENCH, the action is applied to all package components.
B.2.3 Type Specification
The following action keywords restrict who can use licenses or where licenses can
be used:
■
■
■
■
EXCLUDE
EXCLUDEALL
INCLUDE
INCLUDEALL
These actions specify the restriction based on the following type arguments:
USER
The username of the user executing the licensed application.
HOST
The system host name or IP address where the application is executing. The IP
address can contain wildcards.
143
Wind River Product Installation and Licensing
Administrator's Guide, 2.6
DISPLAY
The display where the application is shown.
For Linux and Solaris, DISPLAY is /dev/ttyxx (which is always /dev/tty when
an application is run in the background) or the X-display name.
For Windows, DISPLAY is the system name or, in the case of a terminal server
environment, the terminal server client name.
INTERNET
The IP address of the host where the application is executing. The IP address
can contain wildcards.
PROJECT
The name of a project for which restricted user access is desired.
For Windows (without a terminal server), the HOST and DISPLAY names are both
set to the Windows system name. For licenses that allow checkouts from a terminal
server (TS_OK keyword in the FEATURE line), the USER, HOST, and DISPLAY
names can be different from one another.
The types listed above take a single value. For example:
EXCLUDE UU_WORKBENCH_SUBSCRIPTION_cfg1 USER joew
You can specify multiple values, such as a group of users or hosts, if you define
them as a single value first using the action keywords GROUP and HOST_GROUP.
For example, use GROUP to identify a group of project developers:
GROUP Dvdplayer joe barbara susan
EXCLUDE UU_WORKBENCH_SUBSCRIPTION_cfg1 GROUP Dvdplayer
B.2.4 Order of Precedence in the User Options File
The INCLUDE and EXCLUDE options follow rules of precedence. Rules of
precedence take effect when INCLUDE and EXCLUDE statements are combined in
the same user options file and both are exercising control over access to the same
features. The following define the precedence when both types of statements
appear together:
EXCLUDE
Everyone not on the list is allowed to use the feature.
INCLUDE
Only those users on the list are allowed to use the feature. All others are
excluded.
If neither list exists, everyone is allowed to use the feature.
The EXCLUDE list is checked before the INCLUDE list; someone who is on both lists
is not allowed to use the feature.
Once you create an INCLUDE or EXCLUDE list, everyone else is implicitly outside
the group. This feature allows the license administrator to control licenses without
having to explicitly list each user permitted or denied access. In other words, there
are two approaches:
144
■
Give most users access, and list only the exceptions.
■
Severely limit access, and list only users having access privileges.
B FLEXlm User Options File Reference
B.3 Action Keywords
B.3 Action Keywords
This section explains the action keywords used for Wind River license
management. Each entry includes a definition of the keyword, an example of
syntax, and explanations of associated arguments. For a complete reference of the
actions possible in a user options file, see the FLEXlm End User’s Guide.
BORROW_LOWWATER
Set the number of BORROW licenses that cannot be borrowed. (For more
information on license borrowing, see 14. Configuring Borrowing of
Wind River Product Licenses.) This action uses the following syntax:
BORROW_LOWWATER feature:keyword=value n
feature
Name of the feature being affected.
keyword=value (optional)
Feature name modifier to denote a group of licenses. For details, see
B.2.2 Feature Specification, p.143.
n
Number of licenses that cannot be borrowed using license borrowing.
For example, if the feature UU_WORKBENCH_SUBSCRIPTION_cfg1 has ten
BORROW licenses (as configured on the FEATURE line of the license file), the
following line restricts the number of licenses that can be borrowed to seven:
BORROW_LOWWATER UU_WORKBENCH_SUBSCRIPTION_cfg1 3
DEBUGLOG
Specify a location for the debug log output from the vendor daemon associated
with this user options file. This action uses the following syntax:
DEBUGLOG +debugLogPath
Preceding debugLogPath with a + character appends logging entries. Otherwise, the
file is overwritten each time the daemon is started.
Using DEBUGLOG affects output from only the vendor daemon associated with
this user options file. The debug log output of lmgrd and any other vendor
daemons in the same license file is not captured in this file.
EXCLUDE
Exclude a user or pre-defined group of users from the list of who is allowed to use
the feature. This action uses the following syntax:
EXCLUDE feature:keyword=value type name|groupName
feature
Name of the feature being affected.
145
Wind River Product Installation and Licensing
Administrator's Guide, 2.6
keyword=value (optional)
Feature name modifier to denote a group of licenses. For details, see
B.2.2 Feature Specification, p.143.
type
One of USER, HOST, DISPLAY, INTERNET, PROJECT, GROUP, or
HOST_GROUP. See B.2.3 Type Specification, p.143.
name
Name of an item of type type for which to reserve licenses.
groupName
Name of the group to exclude.
For example, to exclude the user hank from the list of users able to use feature
UU_WORKBENCH_SUBSCRIPTION_cfg1, as follows:
EXCLUDE UU_WORKBENCH_SUBSCRIPTION_cfg1 USER hank
NOTE: EXCLUDE supersedes INCLUDE. Conflicts between the EXCLUDE list and
the INCLUDE list are resolved by EXCLUDE taking precedence.
EXCLUDE_BORROW
Exclude a user or pre-defined group of users from the list of who is allowed to
borrow licenses for a given BORROW feature. (For more information on license
borrowing, see 14. Configuring Borrowing of Wind River Product Licenses.) This
action uses the following syntax:
EXCLUDE_BORROW feature:keyword=value type name|groupName
feature
Name of the feature being affected.
keyword=value (optional)
Feature name modifier to denote a group of licenses. For details, see
B.2.2 Feature Specification, p.143.
type
One of USER, HOST, DISPLAY, INTERNET, PROJECT, GROUP, or
HOST_GROUP. See B.2.3 Type Specification, p.143.
name
Name of an item of type type for which to reserve licenses.
groupName
Name of the group to exclude.
For example, to exclude the group windr from the list of groups able to borrow a
license for the BORROW feature UU_WORKBENCH_SUBSCRIPTION_cfg1, use
the following line:
EXCLUDE_BORROW UU_WORKBENCH_SUBSCRIPTION_cfg1 GROUP windr
NOTE: EXCLUDE_BORROW supersedes INCLUDE_BORROW. Conflicts between
the EXCLUDE_BORROW list and the INCLUDE_BORROW list are resolved by
EXCLUDE_BORROW taking precedence.
146
B FLEXlm User Options File Reference
B.3 Action Keywords
EXCLUDEALL
Exclude a user or pre-defined group of users from the list of who is allowed to use
all features served by this vendor daemon. This action uses the following syntax:
EXCLUDEALL type name|groupName
type
One of USER, HOST, DISPLAY, INTERNET, PROJECT, GROUP, or
HOST_GROUP. See B.2.3 Type Specification, p.143.
name
Name of an item of type type for which to reserve licenses.
groupName
Name of the group to exclude.
For example, to exclude any user on the computer jupiter from using all features
served by this daemon, add the following line to your user options file:
EXCLUDEALL HOST jupiter
GROUP
Define a group of users for use in the INCLUDE, INCLUDEALL, EXCLUDE,
EXCLUDEALL, and RESERVE option lines. This action uses the following syntax:
GROUP groupName userList
groupName
Name of the group being defined.
userList
List of usernames in that group.
For example, to define a group called Hackers that consists of bob, howard, and
james, use the following line:
GROUP Hackers bob howard james
If the number of members in a group exceeds the line length limit, use multiple
GROUP lines for the same group name to add all of the specified users to the group.
NOTE: USER_GROUP is an alias for GROUP.
HOST_GROUP
Define a group of hosts for use in the INCLUDE, INCLUDEALL, EXCLUDE,
EXCLUDEALL, and RESERVE option lines. This action uses the following syntax:
HOST_GROUP groupName hostList
groupName
Name of the group being defined.
hostList
List of host names in that group.
147
Wind River Product Installation and Licensing
Administrator's Guide, 2.6
For example, to define a host group called Pacific that consists of tokyo, seattle,
and auckland, use the following line:
HOST_GROUP Pacific tokyo seattle auckland
An IP address can be used anywhere a host name can be used in a user options file.
If the number of members in a host group exceeds the line length limit, use
multiple HOST_GROUP lines to add all the specified hosts into the group.
INCLUDE
Include a user or pre-defined group of users in the list of who is allowed to use
licenses for this feature. Anyone not in an INCLUDE statement is not allowed to use
that feature.This action uses the following syntax:
INCLUDE feature:keyword=value type name|groupName
feature
Name of the feature being affected.
keyword=value (optional)
Feature name modifier to denote a group of licenses. See B.2.2 Feature
Specification, p.143.
type
One of USER, HOST, DISPLAY, INTERNET, PROJECT, GROUP, or
HOST_GROUP. See B.2.3 Type Specification, p.143.
name
Name of an item of type type for which to reserve licenses.
groupName
Name of the group to include.
For example, to include bob in the list of users able to use feature
UU_WORKBENCH_SUBSCRIPTION_cfg1, use the following line:
INCLUDE UU_WORKBENCH_SUBSCRIPTION_cfg1 USER bob
INCLUDE is required for user-based or host-based features. For named-user
licensees, if you want to limit the number of users to the number of licensed seats,
use an INCLUDE statement to define who has access.
NOTE: EXCLUDE supersedes INCLUDE. Conflicts between the EXCLUDE list and
the INCLUDE list are resolved by the EXCLUDE taking precedence.
INCLUDE_BORROW
Include a user or pre-defined group of users in the list of who is allowed to borrow
licenses for a given BORROW feature. (For more information on license borrowing,
see 14. Configuring Borrowing of Wind River Product Licenses.) This action uses the
following syntax:
INCLUDE feature:keyword=value type name|groupName
feature
Name of the feature being affected.
148
B FLEXlm User Options File Reference
B.3 Action Keywords
keyword=value (optional)
Feature name modifier to denote a group of licenses. See B.2.2 Feature
Specification, p.143.
type
One of USER, HOST, DISPLAY, INTERNET, PROJECT, GROUP, or
HOST_GROUP. See B.2.3 Type Specification, p.143.
name
Name of an item of type type for which to reserve licenses.
groupName
Name of the group to include.
For example, to include windr in the list of groups able to borrow a license for the
BORROW feature UU_WORKBENCH_SUBSCRIPTION_cfg1, use the following
line:
INCLUDE_BORROW UU_WORKBENCH_SUBSCRIPTION_cfg1 GROUP windr
INCLUDE is required for user-based or host-based features. For named-user
licensees, if you want to limit the number of users to the number of licensed seats,
use an INCLUDE statement to define who has access.
NOTE: EXCLUDE_BORROW supersedes INCLUDE_BORROW. Conflicts between
the EXCLUDE_BORROW list and the INCLUDE_BORROW list are resolved by the
EXCLUDE_BORROW taking precedence.
INCLUDEALL
Include a user or pre-defined group of users in the list of who is allowed to use all
features served by this vendor daemon. Anyone not in an INCLUDEALL statement
is not allowed to use these features. This action uses the following syntax:
INCLUDEALL type name|groupName
type
One of USER, HOST, DISPLAY, INTERNET, PROJECT, GROUP, or
HOST_GROUP. See B.2.3 Type Specification, p.143.
name
Name of an item of type type for which to reserve licenses.
groupName
Name of the group to include.
For example, to allow jane to use all features served by this daemon, use the
following line:
INCLUDEALL USER jane
MAX
Specify a maximum number of licenses that a user or group of users may use. For
the specified users, if more licenses are requested than the specified maximum for
this feature, these requests will be denied. This action uses the following syntax:
MAX numberOfLicenses feature[:keyword=value] type {name | groupName}
149
Wind River Product Installation and Licensing
Administrator's Guide, 2.6
numberOfLicenses
The maximum number of licenses to allow.
feature
The software feature that this limit applies to.
keyword=value (optional)
Feature name modifier to denote a group of licenses. For details, see
B.2.2 Feature Specification, p.143.
type
One of USER, HOST, DISPLAY, INTERNET, PROJECT, GROUP, or
HOST_GROUP. See B.2.3 Type Specification, p.143.
name
Name of an item of type type for which to limit licenses.
groupName
Name of the group that this limit applies to.
For example, to limit the user jan to 5 licenses for feature f1, use the following line:
MAX 5 f1 USER jan
MAX_BORROW_HOURS
Changes the maximum number of hours (as specified in the license file) during
which a BORROW license feature can be borrowed. (For more information on
license borrowing, see 14. Configuring Borrowing of Wind River Product Licenses.)
This action uses the following syntax:
MAX_BORROW_HOURS feature:keyword=value n
feature
Name of the feature being affected.
keyword=value (optional)
Feature name modifier to denote a group of licenses. See B.2.2 Feature
Specification, p.143.
n
Maximum number of hours in the new borrow period. This value must be less
than the number specified in the license file. (If no value is specified in the
license file for the feature, the default maximum is 168 hours.)
For example, to set a new maximum borrow period of 72 hours for the BORROW
feature UU_WORKBENCH_SUBSCRIPTION_cfg1, use the following line:
MAX_BORROW_HOURS UU_WORKBENCH_SUBSCRIPTION_cfg1 72
NOTE: If multiple MAX_BORROW_HOURS keywords are specified in the user
options file, only the last one is applied to the specified feature.
150
B FLEXlm User Options File Reference
B.3 Action Keywords
NOTE: Because MAX_BORROW_HOURS is encrypted in the license file, in order to
change its value, you must do the following:
1. Go to the Wind River licensing portal at www.windriver.com/licensing.
2. Regenerate the license file with the new MAX_BORROW_HOURS value. See
3. Obtaining Server License Files for instructions.
3. Copy the new license file to your license server.
NOLOG
Suppress logging the selected type of event in the debug log file. This action uses
the following syntax:
NOLOG eventType
eventType
The type of event you wish to suppress logging of: IN, OUT, DENIED, or
QUEUED.
For example, turn off the logging of checkins as follows:
NOLOG IN
Turn off the logging of checkouts and queued requests, as follows:
NOLOG DENIED
NOLOG QUEUED
Note that two separate NOLOG lines are required.
NOTE: License administrators use this option to reduce the size of the debug log
file. However, it can also reduce the usefulness of the debug log for debugging
license server problems.
RESERVE
Reserve a license for a specified user or group of users. This action uses the
following syntax:
RESERVE numberOfLicenses feature[:keyword=value] type {name | groupName}
numberOfLicenses
The number of licenses to reserve for this user or group.
feature
The software feature that this reservation applies to.
keyword=value (optional)
Feature name modifier to denote a group of licenses. For details, see
B.2.2 Feature Specification, p.143.
type
One of USER, HOST, DISPLAY, INTERNET, PROJECT, GROUP, or
HOST_GROUP. See B.2.3 Type Specification, p.143.
151
Wind River Product Installation and Licensing
Administrator's Guide, 2.6
name
Name of an item of type type for which to reserve licenses.
groupName
Name of the group that this reservation applies to.
To reserve one license of feature f1 for user mel, use the following line:
RESERVE 1 f1 USER mel
Users and groups cannot be named in the same RESERVE line; if you want to
reserve a license for several users or groups, you must use a separate RESERVE line
for each user or group.
Once you have reserved a license for a user, it cannot be used by others, even if the
license is not in use. However, an idle reserved license is not logged as license
usage.
152
C
FLEXlm Command Reference
C.1 What Does This Reference Cover? 153
C.2 License Manager Daemon Command-Line Syntax 153
C.3 License Administration Tools 154
C.1 What Does This Reference Cover?
The information in this FLEXlm reference is limited to a discussion of those
commands that are immediately applicable to the license management
instructions provided by Wind River. The following sections provide basic
information for the commands required to set up Wind River license management.
A complete reference can be found in the FLEXlm End User’s Guide.
C.2 License Manager Daemon Command-Line Syntax
This section describes a subset of the command-line options available for the
FLEXlm license manager daemon (lmgrd).
lmgrd Command-Line Options
The lmgrd command takes the following options:
153
Wind River Product Installation and Licensing
Administrator's Guide, 2.6
Option
Description
-c licenseFileList
Use the specified license management file(s). licenseFileList
can be one or more of the following options:
■
■
the full path to a single license file
a directory, where all files named *.lic in that directory
are used
-l +debugLogPath
Write debugging information to file debugLogPath. This
option uses the letter “l,” not the numeral “1.” Prepending
debugLogPath with the + character appends logging entries.
-2 -p
Restrict use of lmdown, lmreread, and lmremove to a
system administrator who, by default, is root. If there is a
Linux or UNIX group called lmadmin, use is restricted to
members of that group only. If root is not a member of this
group, then it has no permission to use lmdown, lmreread,
and lmremove. If -2 -p is used when starting lmgrd,
Windows users cannot shut down the license server using
lmdown.
-local
Restrict the lmdown command to be run only from the same
computer where lmgrd is running.
-x lmdown
Disable the lmdown command so that no user can run it.
If lmdown is disabled, stop the lmgrd and vendor daemon
processes on Linux and Solaris using kill pid and on
Windows through the Windows Task Manager or Windows
service. On Linux and Solaris, do not use the -9 argument
with the kill command; it does not terminate the vendor
daemons.
-x lmremove
Disable the lmremove command so that no user can run it.
-z
Run lmgrd in the foreground. The default behavior is to run
lmgrd in the background. If -l debugLogPath is present, no
windows are used. However, if no -l argument is specified,
separate windows are used for lmgrd and each vendor
daemon.
-v
Display the lmgrd version number and copyright.
-help
Display usage information.
C.3 License Administration Tools
FLEXlm provides a number of utilities that are used to manage your license server.
All of the utilities described in this section are launched using the executable,
154
C FLEXlm Command Reference
C.3 License Administration Tools
lmutil. For example, the command lmutil lmdown is used to launch the lmdown
utility.
This section describes a subset of the utilities available for FLEXlm license
administration. For additional information, see the FLEXlm End User’s Guide
available from Macrovision Corporation.
lmutil Universal Command-Line Options
The following universal command-line options are available for use with most
lmutil utilities:
-c licenseFilePath
Specifies the path to the license file.
-help
Display usage information, and exit.
-v
Display the lmgrd version number and copyright.
-verbose
Provide long descriptions for all errors.
lmborrow
The lmborrow utility supports license borrowing on the server. It must be
executed on the server where licenses are borrowed. The lmborrow utility can be
used to:
■
■
■
■
initiate borrowing (by setting the borrow period)
clear the borrow period
determine the borrow status
return a borrowed license before the end of the borrowing period
For more information on borrowing, see 14. Configuring Borrowing of
Wind River Product Licenses.
Initiating Borrowing
When used to initiate borrowing, lmborrow has the following usage:
lmborrow vendor endDate time
Where:
vendor
The vendor daemon name that serves the licenses (or specify all, which
indicates all vendor daemons on the license server).
endDate
Specifies the date the license is to be returned in dd-mmm-yyyy format.
time (optional)
Specifies the time in 24-hour format (hh:mm). If time is unspecified, the
checkout persists until the end of the given end date.
155
Wind River Product Installation and Licensing
Administrator's Guide, 2.6
Clearing a Borrowed License
When used to clear a borrowed license setting, lmborrow has the following usage:
lmborrow -clear
Where:
-clear
Clear the LM_BORROW environment variable setting in the registry or
$HOME/.flexlmborrow.
NOTE: Clearing LM_BORROW does not change the status for already-borrowed
licenses.
Determining a Borrowed License Status
When used to determine the status of a borrowed license, lmborrow has the
following usage:
lmborrow -status
Where:
-status
Display information about borrowed features.
NOTE: The borrowing workstation does not need to be connected to the network
in order to determine the borrow status.
Returning a Borrowed License
When used to return a borrowed license, lmborrow has the following usage:
lmborrow -return -c licenseFileList -d display feature
Where:
-return
Return a borrowed license.
-c licenseFileList
Use the specified license file or files. Depending on your license server
configuration, you may need to specify the license file in order to return a
license before the borrow end date.
-d display
Specify the display from which the borrow was initiated. This option is
required if your current display is different from the one that was used to
initiate the borrow. On Windows, this is the system name or the terminal
server client name. On Linux and UNIX systems, it is /dev/ttyxx or the
X-display name.
feature
The name of the borrowed feature that will be returned.
NOTE: You can use lmborrow -status to get a list of the borrowed feature
names.
156
C FLEXlm Command Reference
C.3 License Administration Tools
lmdown
The lmdown utility is used to gracefully shut down a selected license server
(includes lmgrd and the selected vendor daemons). lmdown has the following
usage:
lmdown -c licenseFileLlist -vendor vendorDaemon -q -all -force
Where:
-c licenseFileList
Use the specified license management file(s). Always use -c with lmdown.
-vendor vendorDaemon (optional)
Shut down only the specified vendor daemon. This option allows lmgrd to
continue running.
-q (optional)
Do not prompt or print a header. Otherwise, lmdown asks “Are you sure?
[y/n].”
-all (optional)
Automatically shut down all servers when multiple servers are used. The -all
option implies -q.
-force (optional)
If licenses are borrowed, run lmdown only from the system where the license
server is running.
lmnewlog
The lmnewlog utility moves existing license-usage log information to a new file
and starts a new usage log with the existing filename. lmnewlog has the following
usage:
lmnewlog -c licenseFileList feature renamedUsageLog
or:
lmnewlog -c license_file_list vendor renamedUsageLog
Where:
-c licenseFileList (optional)
Use the specified license file or files.
feature
Any feature in the license file.
vendor
Vendor daemon specified in the license file.
renamedUsageLog
Path for the renamed usage log. (That is, the path to which the existing log file
should be moved.)
157
Wind River Product Installation and Licensing
Administrator's Guide, 2.6
lmremove
The lmremove utility releases a hung license to the license pool. lmremove has the
following usage:
lmremove -c licenseFileList feature user userHost display
or:
lmremove -c licenseFileList -h feature serverHost port handle
Where:
-c licenseFileList (optional)
Use the specified license file or files.
feature
Name of the feature that is checked out by the user.
-h
Specifies that the license to be removed be identified using the server host,
port, and handle instead of the user, user host, and display name.
user
Name of the user whose license will be removed (as reported by lmstat -a).
userHost
Name of the host that the selected user is logged into (as reported by lmstat -a).
display
Name of the display where the selected user is working (as reported by
lmstat -a).
serverHost
Name of the host system on which the license server is running.
port
TCP/IP port number on which the license server is running (as reported by
lmstat -a).
handle
License handle (as reported by lmstat -a).
lmreread
The lmreread utility forces the license daemon to reread the license file. lmreread
usage is as follows:
lmreread -c licenseFileList -vendor vendor -all
Where:
-c licenseFileList (optional)
Use the specified license file or files.
-vendor vendor (optional)
Specifies that only the named vendor daemon (vendor) rereads the license file.
lmgrd starts the specified vendor daemon if necessary.
-all (optional)
If more than one license manager daemon is specified, it instructs all daemons
to reread the license file.
158
C FLEXlm Command Reference
C.3 License Administration Tools
NOTE: If you specify the -c option, the license file specified is reread by the
lmreread utility, not by the license manager daemon (lmgrd) itself. lmgrd rereads
the original license file.
lmstat
The lmstat utility displays the status of the license server. lmstat usage is as
follows:
lmstat -a -c licenseFileList -f feature -i feature - s server -S vendor -t timeoutValue
Where:
-a
Displays all available information.
-c licenseFileList
Use the specified license file or files.
-f feature
Display information for users of the specified feature (feature). If feature is not
specified, display information for all available features.
-i feature
Display information from the FEATURE/INCREMENT line of the license file for
the specified feature (feature). If feature is not specified, display information for
all features.
-s server
Display status of all license files listed in $VENDOR_LICENSE_FILE or
$LM_LICENSE_FILE on the server (server). If server is not specified, display
information for all servers.
-S vendor
List all users of the features for the specified vendor (vendor).
-t timeoutValue
Set the connection timeout to the value timeoutValue. This value limits the
amount of time lmstat spends trying to connect to a server.
lmswitchr
The lmswitchr utility switches the existing license-usage log to a new filename.
lmswitchr usage is as follows:
lmswitchr -c licenseFileList feature newUsageLog
or:
lmswitchr -c licenseFileList vendor newUsageLog
Where:
-c licenseFileList
Use the specified license file or files.
feature
Any feature in the license file.
159
Wind River Product Installation and Licensing
Administrator's Guide, 2.6
vendor
Vendor daemon specified in the license file.
newUsageLog
Path to the new usage logfile.
If usage logging is not already enabled for the vendor daemon, the lmswitchr
utility directs the daemon to start writing usage log output to a new file
(newUsageLog). If usage logging is enabled for the vendor daemon, the utility
directs the daemon to close its current usage logfile and start writing the new log
output to newUsageLog.
160
D
Glossary
customer license number
A four- to six-digit number assigned to a Wind River customer. Also called
customer license, license number, or customer ID.
You can find your customer license number in any of the following ways:
■
It is printed on your License Administrator Essentials or Developer Essentials
sheet.
■
If you have a Wind River Workbench installation of version 3.3 or higher, you
can find your customer license number by launching Workbench and selecting
Help > About Wind River Workbench.
■
It is recorded (as customer ID) in the file installDir/setup.log. The setup.log file
is created when you install Wind River products.
enterprise licensing model (ELM)
A subscription approach to Wind River Platform products and supported
architectures. The right to use the product expires after the contract end date, and
must be renewed.
entitlement
See installation key, p.162.
floating license (FL)
A license type that allows you to share a pool of license seats among users. Any
user can take a license, up to the number of seats purchased. When all license seats
are in use, no other developers can use that product until someone else finishes.
With the floating license type, you must set up a license server, and the
development workstations must be connected to it over the network. You do not
have to report license usage to Wind River.
install.txt
See product activation file, p.165.
161
Wind River Product Installation and Licensing
Administrator's Guide, 2.6
install-only package
Product content that can coexist with other versions of itself in your installation.
(This is by exception to the default, singleton packages, of which your installation
can include only one version.)
If your installation includes multiple versions of an install-only package, the
different versions reside in parallel, versioned directories. You can declare at run
time which version of the package to use.
For an example using install-only packages, see Sample Command-Line Sequence:
Using Yum to Install a Single RPM Package, p.136.
By contrast, see singleton package, p.165.
installation key
An encrypted code that controls which software components can be installed. For
Wind River products, the installation key is embedded in the install.txt file.
To find your installation keys, look in your install.txt file for lines beginning with
CDR-. To learn what software pieces are installable from that CDR, go to the
images/CDR-* directory of your installation DVD (or other installation media).
Once there, open the mediaID file and find a description of the software
component.
Installation keys can also be referred to as entitlement.
LAC
See license authorization code (LAC), p.162.
license administrator token (LAT)
A string of numerals and characters that you use on Wind River’s licensing portal to
perform license-management tasks such as permanent product activation and
rehosting.
The LAT is printed on your License Administrator Essentials sheet, included in your
Wind River product shipment.
license authorization code (LAC)
A code for the temporary licensing of the products you have purchased. The
Installer program uses the LAC to request an install.txt file over the Internet. With
this install.txt file, you can install Wind River products and perform a temporary
activation of them.
The LAC is typically found in one of the following ways:
■
If you have ordered and received your product on physical media, your LAC
is listed on the License Administrator Essentials or Developer Essentials sheet
included with your shipment.
■
If you have downloaded an evaluation version, the LAC is e-mailed to you.
■
If you are installing from an evaluation CD or DVD, the LAC is printed on the
disk sleeve or was e-mailed to you.
It is an alphanumeric, case-sensitive string of the format XXXXX-XXXX-XXXX.
The first segment of the string also corresponds to the customer license number.
162
D Glossary
license file
A text file that lists how many seats of each product can be used simultaneously.
The license file is specific to a license server computer or a node-locked host and
contains a list of licensed features. For license server computers, the license file also
contains information on license server nodes and vendor daemons.
The license file is located in the installDir/license directory.
license number
See customer license number, p.161.
license seat
A token that the license server issues to allow a user to run a software package.
License seats are the unit by which software is sold and counted.
Also called seat.
licensed feature
Controls run-time access to the software. Licensed features are defined in the
license file, and can be identified by the lines in that file beginning with FEATURE,
INCREMENT, or PACKAGE. Software packages are made up of licensed features.
licensing portal
The Web site at http://www.windriver.com/licensing/ where you obtain long-term
product activation files for the products you have purchased. To get access to the
portal, you need your license administrator token (LAT).
In addition to obtaining product activation files, you can use the portal to perform
other license-management tasks, such as rehosting.
Also called the product activation portal or product activation site.
license server
In hardware, a license server is a computer on which license server software
processes run (see below).
In software, a license server is a set of utilities for serving floating and named-user
licenses. The license server consists of two processes: a FLEXlm-based license
manager daemon (lmgrd) and one or more vendor-specific daemons (including
wrsd). The license server runs on a computer that is accessible to development
workstations over a network, and it grants users permission to run specific
Wind River products.
This granting of permission is based on the contents of the server’s license file and
user options file (if one is present).
license usage reporting
See wrsd_report, p.167.
lmgrd
The FLEXlm license manager daemon that routes requests to use a license-enabled
application from the development workstation to the correct vendor daemon
running on the same license server.
163
Wind River Product Installation and Licensing
Administrator's Guide, 2.6
log options file
A plain-text configuration file that allows you to control how your license server
logs the use of Wind River products.
With the log options file, you can control the filename and directory location of
license usage logs, as well as what kind of license events are recorded.
By default, the log options file is called wrsdlog.opt and is located in the same
directory as your license file.
For detailed information on configuring license usage logging, see 11.3 Logging
License Usage, p.86. For instructions on creating reports from license usage logs, see
11.4 Reporting License Usage, p.92.
maintenance contract
The terms and conditions under which Wind River provides software support and
maintenance to customers who pay an annual support fee. You must have a valid
maintenance contract in order to install software maintenance products, such as
patches and service packs.
named-user license (NU)
A license type in which the license is assigned to a specific user. The license
administrator controls license access by configuring a user options file.
With named-user licenses, you must set up a license server, and the development
workstations must be connected to it over the network. You must report
named-user license usage to Wind River on a quarterly basis. For more
information, see 11.4 Reporting License Usage, p.92.
node-locked license (NL)
A license type in which the software products are used on a single development
workstation. The products are not shared over the network, but they can be used
by anyone with physical access to the workstation. The products can function
when the workstation is disconnected from the network.
With the node-locked license type, you do not have to report license usage to
Wind River.
OEM licenses
See perpetual licenses, p.165.
PAF
See product activation file, p.165.
patch
A set of files that Wind River provides to fix a specific problem. Applying a
software patch typically adds or replaces a small number of files in your existing
installation.
Take care in applying patches. Because patches are likely to overwrite files in your
existing product installation, they are not separately removable, and because
combinations of different patches and products are not necessarily verified
together, applying patches can break your installation. Furthermore, consider that
164
D Glossary
common patches are typically included in a forthcoming service pack—at which
point, the combined pieces have been verified.
permanent activation
A method of installation in which you obtain a product activation file from
Wind River so that you can use the software products without any time limit other
than those laid out in your license agreement.
For comparison, see also temporary activation, p.166.
perpetual licenses
Perpetual licenses, also known as OEM licenses, do not expire. The customer has
the right to use the product for its lifetime, as long as the customer abides by the
terms of the agreement.
product activation file
A plain-text file that lists the products and features your license entitles you to,
along with installation keys. The product activation file (or PAF) is usually named
install.txt.
A product activation file is required in order to permanently activate your
products.
repo
See repository, p.165.
report generator
See wrsd_report, p.167.
repository
A location containing Wind River products or product updates that are available
for installation. A repository can be local to your host or accessible over a network.
An administrator can create a repository to make products available to users; or a
repository can be a Wind River-provided resource such as WindShare.
rotation
The act of closing the current file where license usage is being recorded, and
opening a new one.
singleton package
Product content that cannot coexist with other versions of itself in your
installation. This is the default case for product packages.
When a singleton package is updated, the old version is removed. If you try to
install an older version of a singleton package, the Installer displays an error: doing
so is not supported.
By contrast, some packages are designated as non-singleton or install-only. These
packages can be installed in parallel in different versions. See install-only package,
p.162.
165
Wind River Product Installation and Licensing
Administrator's Guide, 2.6
For the distinction between singleton and non-singleton packages in the icons used
in the GUI Installer, see About Singleton Packages, p.35.
temporary activation
A method of installation in which you use a temporary license so that you can
work with the Wind River products right away.
With temporary activation, you can use the Wind River products for a limited time
(usually 31 days). To continue using them beyond that period, you must eventually
perform a permanent activation. The permanent activation allows you to use the
same installation; you will not need to re-install your Wind River products.
user options file
A plain-text configuration file that allows you to manage how your Wind River
software licenses are used—which products, where, when, and by whom.
The user options file is essential if you have named-user licenses: in this file, you
must list the individuals designated to use the software. For floating licenses, it can
also be useful in apportioning licenses.
The user options file is specific to a given vendor daemon. As the Wind River vendor
daemon is wrsd, the user options file for the management of Wind River software
licenses is called wrsd.opt. It is distinct from the log options file wrsdlog.opt, which
configures license usage logging.
The user options file is located on your license server, in the same directory as your
license file.
For detailed information on creating and using an options file, see 9. Controlling
Access to Products with the User Options File.
vendor daemon
The license server process that dispenses licenses for the requested feature. The
Wind River daemon is called wrsd.
wrsd_log_YYYYMMDD_hhmmss.log
A raw binary usage log that is the input to the license usage reporting tool
wrsd_report.
wrsd
The Wind River vendor daemon. It tracks how many of the available seats of a
particular product have been assigned, and to whom.
The vendor daemon reads the license file and the user options file. Then, based on the
rules in those files, it decides whether a user’s request to use a licensed feature is
valid.
The wrsd daemon runs alongside the license-management daemon lmgrd on the
license server.
wrsd.opt
See user options file, p.166.
166
D Glossary
wrsd_report
The license usage reporting tool that Wind River provides for customers who hold
named-user licenses. With the named-user license type, you must report license
usage to Wind River each quarter.
The wrsd_report utility creates plain-text reports from the binary license usage
logs generated by your license server.
For detailed information on reporting license usage, see 11.4 Reporting License
Usage, p.92.
wrsdlog.opt
See log options file, p.164.
WRSLicense.lic
A host’s license file for the purchased contract period. You obtain this file from
Wind River when you perform permanent activation.
This file is located in the installDir/license directory.
See also product activation file, p.165.
167
Was this manual useful for you? yes no
Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Download PDF

advertising