gastroparesis diet
University of Virginia Health System
Digestive Health Center
DIET INTERVENTION FOR GASTROPARESIS
Introduction
Gastroparesis means “stomach (gastro) paralysis (paresis).” In
gastroparesis, your stomach empties too slowly. Gastroparesis can have
many causes, so symptoms range from mild (but annoying) to severe, and
week-to-week or even day-to-day.
This handout is designed to give some suggestions for diet changes in the
hope that symptoms will improve or even stop. Very few research studies
have been done to guide us as to which foods are better tolerated by
patients with gastroparesis. The suggestions are mostly based on experience
and our understanding of how the stomach and different foods normally
empty. Anyone with gastroparesis should see a doctor and a Registered
Dietitian for advice on how to maximize their nutritional status.
Essential Nutrients - Keeping Healthy
Calories - A calorie is energy provided by food. You need calories (energy)
every day for your body to work, just like putting gas in a car. If you need to
gain weight, you need more calories. If you need to lose weight, you need
fewer calories. Protein, carbohydrate, and fat are all different kinds of
calories.
 Protein – To make and repair all tissues, we need some every day.
Most people need about 60 grams of protein per day to meet their
protein needs.
Examples: meats, fish, poultry, milk, eggs, cheeses (see table 2).
 Carbohydrate (starches and natural sugars) – Our main energy
source and one of the easiest nutrients for our bodies to use. Get
some at every meal or snack.
Examples: Toast, crackers, potatoes, rice, pasta, fruit
 Fat – Another energy source that also provides essential nutrients to
our bodies. Extra fat can help you gain weight because it is the most
concentrated source of calories – a little goes a long way!
Examples: butter, mayonnaise, oils, lard, olives, avocados, nut butters
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Water or fluids – We all need a certain amount of fluid every day to make
sure we are well hydrated. You can get fluid from juice, milk, water, tea,
coffee, soda, and other liquids. Even if you are vomiting a lot, you need to
somehow take in fluids to stay hydrated. Vomiting may actually get worse,
just from being dehydrated.
Vitamins and minerals – These are found in all different kinds of foods and
beverages and are essential to us all. Vitamins and minerals do not supply
energy, so even if you take vitamins, you still need to eat foods for energy
and other nutrients. If you have a lot of vomiting and have lost a lot of
weight, your doctor or Registered Dietitian may recommend that you have
certain vitamin or mineral levels checked with a simple blood test. If extra
vitamins and/or minerals are needed, you may tolerate chewable or liquid
forms better.
Other specific nutrients – People who have had a big weight loss are at
risk for multiple nutrient deficiencies. The most common nutrient deficiencies
seen in patients with gastroparesis are iron, vitamin B12 (cyanocobalamin),
vitamin D, and calcium. Patients with gastroparesis from partial stomach
resections are at greatest risk for these types of nutrient deficiencies.
Diet Therapy - The Basics
Volume - The larger the meal, the slower the stomach will empty. It is
important to decrease the amount of food eaten at a meal, so you will have
to eat more often. Smaller meals more often (6-8 or more if needed) may
allow you to eat enough.
Liquids versus solids - If eating less at each meal and increasing the
number of “meals” does not work, the next step is to switch to more liquidtype foods. Liquids empty the stomach more easily than solids do. Pureed
foods may be better also.
Fat - Fat slows stomach emptying, but many people with gastroparesis have
no trouble with fat in beverages like whole milk, milkshakes, and nutritional
supplements. Unless a fat-containing food or fluid clearly causes worse
symptoms, fat should not be limited. Eating enough may be very hard to do,
and liquid fats provide a great source of calories in smaller amounts.
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Fiber - Fiber may slow stomach emptying and fill it up too fast. This won’t
leave room for enough calories and protein. A bezoar is a mixture of food
fibers that may get stuck in the stomach and not empty well, like a hairball
in a cat. For patients who have had a bezoar, a fiber restriction is important.
This includes avoiding over-the-counter fiber medicines like Metamucil®.
Table 1: High Fiber Foods and Medications and Those Associated with
Bezoar Formation
High Fiber Foods







Legumes/dried beans (refried beans, baked beans, black-eyed peas,
lentils, black, pinto, northern, fava, navy, kidney, garbanzo beans, soy
beans)
Bran/whole grain cereals (such as bran cereals, Grape-Nuts®, shredded
wheat type, granolas)
Nuts and seeds (pumpkin seeds, soy nuts, chunky nut butters)
Fruits (blackberries, blueberries, raspberries, strawberries, oranges, kiwi)
Dried fruits (apricots, dates, figs, prunes, raisins)
Vegetables (green peas, broccoli)
Popcorn
Foods Associated with Bezoar Formation
Apples, berries, Brussels sprouts, coconuts, corn, figs, green beans,
legumes, oranges, persimmons, potato peels, sauerkraut, tomato skins
High Fiber Medications/Bulking Agents
Examples include: Acacia fiber; Benefiber®; Citrucel®; FiberChoice®;
Fibercon®; Konsyl®; Metamucil®; Perdiem Fiber; any psyllium product
Dental Health – Normally, the stomach helps “chew” food a second time,
but in gastroparesis, it’s not good at this. So, chewing food really well before
you swallow is even more important. Plus, frequent vomiting wears down
tooth enamel. Make every effort to see your dentist regularly and take good
care of your teeth.
Medications - There are quite a few medications that can slow stomach
emptying. Ask your doctor if any of the medicines you are on could be
slowing down your stomach emptying.
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Getting Started
DO:
1. Set a goal weight you want to meet or keep. Then, check your weight
twice a week.
2. Eat enough to meet your goal weight. It may be 4-8 smaller meals and
snacks. If your weight is decreasing, drink more liquid supplements or
milkshakes and eat more popsicles, gelatin, etc.
3. Eat nutritious foods first before filling up on “empty calories” like candy,
cakes, sodas, etc.
4. Chew foods well, especially meats. Meats may be easier to eat if ground
or puréed.
5. Sit up while eating and stay upright for at least 1 hour after you finish.
Try taking a nice walk after meals.
DON’T:
1. Eat large meals.
2. Eat solid foods that are high in fat.
3. Add too much fat to foods (e.g., butter, mayonnaise, etc.).
4. Avoid high fat drinks like whole milk, shakes, and supplement drinks.
Most people tolerate these just fine, so try them! Only avoid them if
they make your symptoms worse.
5. Eat high fiber foods or take fiber medicines like those in Table 1.
On bad days, remember that solid food is more work for the stomach to
empty than liquids. So, try taking just liquids to let the stomach rest. Any
food may be used if it is liquefied, thinned, or blenderized and strained.
If you lose more than 10 pounds without trying, tell your doctor.
When Solids Do Not Seem to Be Working – Try Blenderized Food
Any food can be blenderized, but solid foods will need to be thinned down
with some type of liquid. Always clean the blender well. Any food left in the
blender for more than 1-2 hours could cause food poisoning. If you do not
have a blender, strained baby foods will work and can be thinned down as
needed with milk, soy or rice milk, water, broth, etc.
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Blenderized Food Continued
 Meats, fish, poultry and ham: Blend with broths, water, milk,
vegetable or V-8® juice, tomato sauce, gravies.
 Vegetables: Blend with water, tomato juice, broth, strained baby
vegetables.
 Starches: Blend potatoes, pasta, and rice with soups, broth, milk, water,
gravies; add strained baby meats, etc. to add protein if needed. Consider
using hot cereals such as wheat farina or cream of rice, grits, etc. as your
“starch” at lunch and dinner.
 Fruits: Blend with their own juices, other fruit juices, water, strained
baby fruits.
 Cereals: Make with caloric beverage such as whole milk (or even
evaporated/condensed milk), soy or rice milk, juice, Ensure®, Boost® or
store brand equivalent, etc., instead of water. Add sugars, honey,
molasses, syrups, or other flavorings, butter or vegetable oil for extra
calories.
 Mixed dishes: Add adequate liquid of your choice to lasagna, macaroni
and cheese, spaghetti, chili, chop suey, etc. Then, blend well and strain.
Getting your Calories
When getting enough calories is a daily struggle, make everything you eat
and drink count:
 Take medications with calorie-containing beverages like milk, juice, and
sweet tea instead of water or diet drinks.
 High calorie drinks are better than water because they provide calories
AND fluid. Use peach, pear, or papaya nectar, fruit juices and drinks,
Hawaiian Punch®, Hi C®, lemonade, Kool-Aid®, sweet tea, even soda.
 Fortify milk by adding dry milk powder: add 1 cup powdered milk to 1
quart milk.
 Drink whole milk if tolerated instead of skim or reduced fat. Use whole,
condensed, or evaporated milk when preparing cream-based soups,
custards, puddings, and hot cereals, smoothies, milkshakes, etc.
 Add Carnation Instant Breakfast, protein powder, dry milk powder, or
other flavored powders or flavored syrups to whole milk or juices.
 Make custards and puddings with eggs or egg substitutes like
Eggbeaters®.
 Try adding ice cream, sherbet, and sorbet to ready-made supplements
such as Nutra-shakes®, Ensure® or Boost®. Peanut butter, chocolate
syrup, or caramel sauce is also great in these.
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Table 2: Examples of Fat Free Protein Sources
Product
Egg Beaters®
Better n’Eggs®
Egg whites, separated, cooked
Powdered egg whites
Egg white (Bob’s Red Mill®)
Just Whites®(Deb EL™)
Fat free luncheon meat
Fat free milk
Non-fat dry milk powder
Non-fat cheese
Evaporated skim milk
Non-fat cottage cheese
Non-fat yogurt (plain)
High protein broth
(Bernard® 800-323-3663)
High protein gelatin
(Bernard® 800-323-3663)
High protein egg whites
(Bernard® 800-323-3663)
UNJURY® Unflavored Whey
Protein (800-517-5111)
Pro-Stat®
(Medical Nutrition USA, Inc.
1-800-221-0308)
Beneprotein®
(Nestle 888-240-2713)
Serving Size
¼ cup
¼ cup
2
1 tablespoon
2 teaspoon
2 teaspoon
1 oz
1 cup
3 tablespoon
1 oz
½ cup
½ cup
1 cup
1 cup
Protein (g)
6
5
7
11.5
3
3
6
8
10
8
9
13
12
10
½ cup
12
1 tablespoon
5
1 scoop
20
2 tablespoons
15
1 scoop
6
Table 3: Clear Liquid Options*
Clear Liquids
All teas and coffees
Clear juices such as: apple, cranberry, grape
Fruit-flavored drinks
Carbonated beverages/soda
Gatorade® (regular or G2 Gatorade®)
Broth, bouillon, consume’
Plain, flavored gelatins
Popsicles
Sorbet
Clear liquid type supplements (see table 5)
*Note: Sometimes clear liquids are tolerated better if small amounts of plain rice,
potatoes, saltines, etc. are taken with them.
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Table 4: Full Liquid Diet Options
Full Liquids
All juices (nectars, fruit juices of any kind)
Tomato or V-8® juice
Milks: white milk, chocolate milk, buttermilk, Lactaid milk, soy milk, or rice milk
Carnation® Instant Breakfast™ (or equivalent of powder or milk)
Ovaltine®
Nesquik®
Nesquik® No Sugar Added
Flavored syrups such as strawberry
Eggnog
Milkshakes*
All tea and coffee drinks
 Add whole milk, cream or flavored creamers
 Coffee Frappuccino® Light Blended Beverage
Smoothies*
Hot or cold cocoa
Hot or cold cocoa
Kefir (liquid yogurts), Go-gurts®, etc.
Creamy type yogurt (vanilla, lemon, key lime, etc.)
Puddings or Custard
Smooth ice cream (no nuts)
Hot cereal (low in fiber) such as: grits, cream of wheat, cream of rice or farina
Strained cream soups*
Thinned down strained vegetables, fruits, meats (such as strained baby foods)
Also allowed:
 Butter
 Hard candy, sugar
 Syrups, honey
Can also add to broths or cream soups to increase nutritional value
*See recipes in Table 6
Table 5: Commercial Nutritional Supplements
Product
Ensure® or Ensure® Plus
Ensure® Clear †
Boost® Breeze†
Boost® or Boost® Plus
Benecalorie®
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Company
Abbott®
Website/Phone*
www.abbottnutrition.com
1-800-258-7677
Nestle®
www.nestleclinicalnutrition.com
1-800-422-2752
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Product
Nutra/SHAKE® Supreme
Nutra/SHAKE® Sugar Free
Nutra/SHAKE® Fruit Plus†
Nutra/SHAKE® Fruit Plus
Free†
Nutra/Balance®
Products
Scandishakes®
Axcan Pharma
Slim Fast® Shakes
Milk Shake Plus
Slim Fast®
Mighty Shakes
Magic Cup Dessert
Company
Bernard®
Hormel
Website/Phone*
www.nutra-balance-products.com
1-800-654-3691
www.aptalispharma.com/scandishake
1-800-950-8085
www.slim-fast.com
www.bernardfoods.com
1-800-323-3663
www.hormelhealthlabs.com
*Some products are also available through retail pharmacies or grocery stores (in store or
online). Many pharmacy and food chains have their own brands of liquid supplements,
examples include:
®
®
 Wal-Mart® = Equate Nutritional Shake & Equate Nutritional Shake Plus
 Kroger® = Fortify® & Fortify® Plus
 CVS® Pharmacy = Liquid Nutrition & Liquid Nutrition Plus
 Giant® = CareOne® Nutritional Drink and CareOne® Nutritional Drink Plus
 Food Lion®=NutraFit® & NutraFit® Plus
†Appropriate for a clear liquid diet.
Table 6: Recipes for Soups, Smoothies, Fruit Blends, Shakes, and Fruit Drinks

Fortified milk can be substituted to increase protein if needed. To make fortified,
high protein milk:












1 quart whole milk
1 cup nonfat instant dry milk
Pour liquid milk into deep bowl.
Add dry milk and beat slowly with beater until dry milk is dissolved Refrigerate
and serve cold.
Soy or rice milks can be substituted for milk in any recipe.
Flavor extracts such as vanilla, almond, coffee, etc can be added for interest.
Other flavorings such as dry gelatin (e.g., Jell-O®) or pudding mixes, syrups, etc.
can be added for additional flavors or extra calories.
Ice/ ice chips can always be blended in if desired.
When using canned fruits for recipes, for additional calories use those in heavy
syrup.
Frozen yogurts, ice creams, sorbets, sherbets, soy and rice products can be
substituted in any recipe.
Sugar free ice creams, yogurts and gelatins, etc., can be substituted as needed for
regular ones.
For extra flavor, texture and calories, add a frozen banana (peel ripe bananas and
place in a plastic freezer bag in the freezer until ready to use).
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SOUPS
Cream Soup Blend
Prepare any commercial, concentrated
cream soup with whole, 2% or skim milk
as tolerated. Strain any food pieces
with kitchen strainer.
 Add strained baby meats or poultry
for additional protein.
Super Soup
10oz can of any cream soup
4 oz heavy cream
6 oz whole milk
4 Tbsp non-fat dry milk powder
Strain soup before serving.
Other soup ideas include:
Pacific™Natural Foods creamy soups
(tomato, butternut squash, etc.) or other
ready-made cream soups
Select ANY commercial soup as desired.
Put in blender.
Add fluid as per directions.
Blend well and strain as needed through
kitchen blender if not smooth.
SMOOTHIES
**Tip for great smoothies with bananas: Peel very ripe bananas, put in quart
size freezer storage bag and freeze until ready to use.
Basic Smoothie
Tropical Smoothie
½ cup vanilla yogurt or other creamy
½ cup creamy fruit yogurt
smooth yogurt such as lemon, key lime,
½ banana
strawberry, etc.)
2 tablespoons orange juice
1 small ripe banana
Fruity Yogurt Sipper
Strawberry Yogurt Frappe
1 ripe large banana or, 2 medium
1 tablespoon strawberry syrup or other
peaches, peeled and pitted
flavoring
1 ½ cups whole milk
½ cup vanilla yogurt
1 cup vanilla yogurt
½ cup milk
1 tablespoon powdered sugar
¼ cup orange juice
½ cup ice cubes
Dash vanilla
Cut fruit into chunks. Combine all
ingredients except ice in a blender until
Strawberry-Banana Frappe (not sweet)
smooth. Add ice, one cube at a time.
1 cup milk (or substitute)
Blend until smooth.
2 bananas
1 carton (8 oz.) strawberry yogurt
Key Lime Delight Shake
1 Tbsp lemon juice
1/2 cup vanilla yogurt
Combine all ingredients in blender.
6 oz key lime yogurt
1 ripe bananas
Peach Plus
1/3 cup milk (or substitute)
1/2 Peach, canned
Put all ingredients into a blender and
¼ cup vanilla yogurt
blend until smooth.
¼ cup Milk
Dash vanilla
Berry Good Smoothie
Dash nutmeg
6 oz strawberry yogurt
6 oz raspberry yogurt
Kefir Smoothie
6 oz blueberry yogurt
8 oz Kefir – any flavor
½ cup milk
1 ripe banana
Mix in blender until smooth.
Mix in blender until smooth.
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Pear
½ cup canned pears
½ cup cottage cheese
FRUIT BLENDS
Combine these next 3 recipes in a
blender until smooth. Chill until firm.
Peach
½ cup canned peach
½ cup cottage cheese
Option 1
¼ cup cottage cheese
¼ cup vanilla ice cream
½ cup prepared gelatin
Banana-Apple
½ small banana
½ cup cottage cheese
¼ cup apple juice
Option 2
¼ cup flavored yogurt
¼ cup vanilla ice cream
½ cup prepared gelatin
Strawberry Cheesecake Shake (not sweet)
6 to 7 strawberries
½ cup cold milk
½ cup cottage cheese
Honey to taste
Combine all ingredients in blender until smooth.
Option 3
¼ cup ricotta or cottage cheese
¼ cup vanilla ice cream
½ cup blended fruit
½ cup prepared gelatin
SHAKE RECIPES
Super Milkshake
Sherbet Drink
½ cup fortified milk
½ cup milk or fortified milk (see
½ cup high fat ice cream
below for recipe)
1 packet instant breakfast
1/2 cup sherbet or sorbet
Can substitute ½ cup for ½ cup milk:
The Super Shake
 Osmolite®, Osmolite® HN
1 can Ensure® Plus / Boost® Plus or equivalent  Nutren® 1.0, plain
1 cup milk
 Soy Milk
½ cup ice cream
Optional: Add ½ cup vanilla ice cream
Put all ingredients into a blender and blend
for “Dreamsicle equivalent”
until smooth.
High-Calorie Malt
High Protein/High Energy Shake
½ cup whole milk
½ cup milk (or substitute)
1 tablespoon malted milk powder
1 package instant breakfast
½ cup half and half
¼ cup egg substitute
1 oz package instant breakfast, any
½ cup ice cream
flavor
Put all ingredients into a blender and blend
2 cups ice cream, any flavor
until smooth.
2 tablespoons Ovaltine®
Mix all ingredients together in a
Chocolate Peanut Butter Shake
blender.
1 can chocolate Ensure® or Boost® or store
Process until smooth.
brand equivalent
2 tablespoons smooth peanut
Fruit and Cream
½ cup vanilla ice cream
1 cup whole milk
1 cup vanilla ice cream
Juice Shake
1 cup canned fruit in heavy syrup
¾ cup pineapple juice (or other juices)
(peaches, apricots, pears)
¼ cup egg substitute (optional)
Almond or vanilla extract to taste
1-½ cups vanilla ice cream
Blend all ingredients and chill well
Put all ingredients into a blender and blend.
before serving.
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High-Protein Shake
1 cup fortified milk
½ cup ice cream
½ teaspoon vanilla extract
2 tablespoons butterscotch, chocolate, or your
favorite syrup or sauce
*For variety, add ½ cup banana or 1
tablespoon smooth peanut butter and 2
teaspoon sugar
Put all ingredients in a blender. Blend at low
speed for 10 seconds.
Orange Breakfast Nog
1 ½ cups buttermilk
2 tablespoons brown sugar
1 teaspoon vanilla extract
2-3 large ice cubes
1/3 cup of frozen orange juice
concentrate
Combine all ingredients except ice in
a blender until smooth. Add ice, one
cube at a time. Blend until smooth
and frothy.
Butterscotch Shake
8 oz milk
1 tablespoon butterscotch powdered pudding
mix or syrup
1 teaspoon brown sugar
1 vanilla instant breakfast
Blend all ingredients together.
Chocolate Crème de Menthe Shake
1 cup whole milk
1 cup chocolate ice cream
1 teaspoon crème de menthe
½ packet of chocolate instant
breakfast
Blend all ingredients together.
NOTE: Contains alcohol.
Chocolate Mint Shake
1 cup whole milk
1 cup chocolate ice cream
½ teaspoon peppermint extract
½ packet of chocolate instant breakfast
Blend all ingredients together.
Nana-Peanut Shake
½ cup milk (or substitute)
1 banana
2½ TB peanut butter
1 cup vanilla ice cream
Coffee Buzz
2 tsp of instant coffee, mixed in 1 TBSP water
1 cup milk (or substitute)
1 pack of chocolate or vanilla instant
breakfast
Place milk in blender container. Add
banana, peanut butter and ice cream.
Cover; blend on high for one minute
or until thick and smooth.
Cocoa Supreme
1 envelope chocolate instant breakfast
8 oz milk
1 tsp chocolate syrup
Creamsicle Breakfast Shake
¾ cup vanilla or plain yogurt
¾ cup orange juice
1 pack vanilla instant breakfast
Heat milk and add instant breakfast and
syrup. Stir well to blend. Top with
marshmallows.
Blend all ingredients together in
blender.
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FRUIT DRINKS
Unless otherwise specified, mix all ingredients together in a blender.
Bucky Badger Punch
Slushy Punch
2 cups cranberry juice cocktail
1 cup sugar
1/2 cup orange juice
2 ripe medium bananas, cut up
1/2 cup grapefruit juice
3 cups unsweetened pineapple juice
1 cup 7-UP® or club soda
2 tablespoons lime juice
®
Combine the 3 juices in a pitcher. Add 7-UP
1, 6 oz can frozen orange juice
concentrate
or club soda when ready to serve.
1, 1 liter bottle carbonated water or
High Protein Fruit Drink
lemon-lime beverage, chilled
8 ounce Ensure Clear® or Boost Breeze®
Combine carbonated water and sugar
½ cup sherbet
until dissolved. In a blender, combine
bananas and juices. Blend until smooth.
6 oz gingerale
Add to sugar mixture. Pour in
Sherbet Punch
carbonated water.
1/2 cup sherbet
6 oz gingerale
FROZEN FRUIT SLUSH
6 oz can frozen fruit juice
BREAKFAST SHAKE
4 Tbsp sugar
6 oz. can frozen concentrated orange juice
3 cups crushed ice
¼ cup cold water
1 cup ice cubes
Combine all ingredients in blender and
mix until slushy.
1 carton (8 oz.) plain yogurt
Combine all ingredients except ice cubes in
blender, blend until frothy. With mixture still
running, drop in ice cubes one at a time.
Table 7: Suggested Foods for Gastroparesis
STARCHES
Breads--White bread and “Light” whole wheat bread (no nuts, seeds, etc.),
including French/Italian, Bagels (plain or egg), English muffin, Plain roll , Pita bread,
Tortilla (flour or corn), Pancake, Waffle, Naan, Flat bread
Cereals--Quick oats (plain), Grits, Cream of Wheat, Cream of Rice, Puffed wheat
and rice cereals such as: (Cheerios®, Sugar Pops®, Kix®, Rice Krispies®, Fruit
Loops®, Special K®, Cocoa Crispies®)
Grains/Potatoes--Rice (plain), Pasta, macaroni (plain), Bulgur wheat (couscous),
Barley, Sweet and white potatoes (no skin, plain), Yams, French fries (baked)
Crackers/Chips--Arrowroot, Breadsticks, Matzoh, Melba toast, Oyster, Pretzels,
Saltines, Soda, Zwieback, Water crackers, Baked potato chips, Pretzels
MEATS, FISH, POULTRY, ETC. – GROUND OR PUREED
Beef--Baby beef, Chipped beef, Flank steak, Tenderloin, Plate skirt steak, Round
(bottom or top), Rump
Veal--Leg, Loin, Rib, Shank, Shoulder
Pork--Lean pork, Tenderloin, Pork chops, Ham
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Poultry (skinless)--Chicken, Turkey
Wild Game (no skin)—Venison, Rabbit, Squirrel, Pheasant, Duck, Goose
Fish/Shellfish (fresh or frozen, plain, no breading)-- Crab, Lobster, Shrimp,
Clams, Scallops, Oysters, Tuna (in water)
Cheese--Cottage cheese, Grated Parmesan
Other:
Eggs (no creamed or fried), Egg white, Egg substitute
Tofu, Strained baby meats (all)
VEGETABLES (Cooked, and if necessary, blenderized/strained)
Beets, Tomato sauce, Tomato juice, Tomato paste or purée, Carrots, Strained baby
vegetables (all), Mushrooms, Vegetable juice
FRUITS AND JUICES (Cooked and, if necessary, blenderized/strained)
Fruits, Applesauce, Banana, Peaches (canned), Pears (canned), Strained baby fruits
(all), Juices (all), Fruit Drinks, Fruit flavored beverages
MILK PRODUCTS (if tolerated)
Milk – any as tolerated, Chocolate, Buttermilk, Yogurt (without fruit pieces), Frozen
yogurt, Kefir (liquid yogurt), Evaporated milk, Condensed milk, Milk powder,
Custard/pudding
SOUPS
Broth, Bouillon, Strained creamed soups (with milk or water)
BEVERAGES
Hot cocoa (made with water or milk), Kool-Aid®, Lemonade, Tang® and similar
powdered products, Gatorade® or Powerade ®, Soft drinks, Coffee/ coffee drinks,
Tea/ Chai
SEASONINGS/GRAVIES
Cranberry sauce (smooth), Fat-free gravies, Molly McButter®, Butter Buds®
Mustard, Ketchup, Vegetable oil spray, Soy sauce, Teriyaki sauce, Tabasco® sauce,
Vanilla and other flavoring extracts, Vinegar
DESSERTS/SWEETS
Angel food cake, Animal crackers, Gelatin, Ginger snaps, Graham crackers, Popsicles,
Plain sherbet, Vanilla wafers, Gum, Gum drops, Hard candy
Jelly beans, Lemon drops, Rolled candy (such as Lifesavers®), Marshmallows
Seedless jams and jellies
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Table 8: Sample Semi-Liquid Meal Pattern
BREAKFAST
Citrus Juice or other beverage containing vitamin C
Thinned Cooked Cereal
Liquid Supplement or Milkshake (see suggestions above)
Milk
Coffee or Tea
Cream, Sugar
LUNCH AND DINNER
Thinned Soup
Thinned or Puréed Meat or Substitute
Thinned Potato or Substitute
Thinned or Puréed Vegetable
Thinned Dessert or Puréed Fruit
Liquid Supplement or Milkshake (see suggestions above)
Milk
Coffee or Tea
Cream, Sugar
Salt and Pepper
SNACK: MID-MORNING, AFTERNOON AND BEDTIME
Milk or Fruit Juice
Liquid Supplement or Milkshake (see suggestions above)
Table 9: Additional Resources
 University of Virginia Health System, Digestive Health Center website:
www.GInutrition.virginia.edu
o Patient education Materials
 Short version
 Long version
 Diabetes version
 Renal version
o Scroll down to “Articles in Practical Gastroenterology”
 Parrish CR, McCray S. Gastroparesis & Nutrition: The Art. Practical
Gastroenterology 2011;XXXV(9):26.
 Parrish CR, Yoshida C. Nutrition Intervention for the Patient with
Gastroparesis: An Update. Practical Gastroenterology 2005;XXIX(8):29.
 Association of Gastrointestinal Motility Disorders, Inc. (AGMD)
www.agmd-gimotility.org
 International Foundation for Functional Gastrointestinal Disorders
(IFFGD)
http://www.iffgd.org/
www.GInutrition.virginia.edu
14
Updated CRP 9/2014
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