Review Paper on Design and Fabrication of Cloths Drying

Review Paper on Design and Fabrication of Cloths Drying
ISSN XXXX XXXX © 2017 IJESC
Research Article
Volume 7 Issue No.4
Review Paper on Design and Fabrication of Cloths Drying Machine
Prof. Malave A.C1 , Kharade Sandesh Arun2 , Runmode Nit in Chandrakant 3 , Namdas Sachin Suresh 4 , Narute Sandeepkumar Lalaso5
Depart ment of Mechanical Engineering
S.B.Pat il College of Engineering, Indapur, Pune, SavitribaiPhule Pune University, Ind ia
Abstract:
This project was to study the clothes dryer machine by using heat. There are many cabinet dryers are widely used today as an
alternative to natural clothes drying, especially for those who are busy working fro m morn ing until evening, having limited time and
for the residents in urban areas. Nowadays cabinet dryer already offered in the market, but they were so expensive to afford. A cloth
dryer was made with the help of available materials. Its efficiency was investigated with respect to how fast it was able to dry up the
clothes. Hence a set of experiments were performed to determine the worthiness of this dryer. The experiments showed that the dryer
works fine as per its objectives. The main advantage of this dryer is that it can work all round the year, with a built -in auxiliary
heating system. A lso, with no moving parts, it consumes less power than conventional dryers in washing machines. It can easily be
built with co mmonly available materials. Tests has been done on this dryer and it working with desired output.
Keywords: Clothes dryer, heater, semi- automatic, design.
I. INTRODUCTION
Now days drying clothes usually use natural way by using the
energy from the Sunlight and the wind, but nowadays the
technology is plentifully developed upward and the clothes
dryers that use the electric energy or other energy come to use
extensively, Especially in the urban area where limited sunlight
(cloudy days) and restricted air flow for house types such as high
rise condominiu ms and apartments, natural drying is prohibited
in some housing areas for aesthetic reasons and conventional
domestic electric dryers are too expensive and inefficient
decreasing energy losses and heat recovery is important research
topics, nowadays. Many cabinet dryers widely use, especially
those who are busy working. Besides that, most of laundries
today have their own dryer cabinet. It is not just because to run
their operation at all the time, but they also can prevent the risk
to the cloths that might lose or dirty. Cab inet dryer on the market
nowadays is using electrical power as a source in generating heat
The design available in markets are very bulky and uses lots of
energy because it is not utilized properly half of energy get
wasted to the surrounding. The size of the product made very
compact so when it needs to be get used we can unfold it and
extend it to its ultimate size where we can hang clothes and two
heating sources. Because two heating sources are provided time
required to dry cloths is less as compared to other expensive
devices which also uses lots of energy to dry the cloths.
II. LITERATURE REVIEW
The first electric dryer was invented in the early 20th century.
Inventor J. Ross Moore was tired of hanging his clothing
outside, especially during the winter. To help keep his wardrobe
out of the freezing weather, he built a shed to house his
clothes while they dried. In addition, he added a stove. The
clothing would hang on the line in front of the fire and dry. This
was the beginning of the development of electric dryers. For the
next three decades, Moore worked to eventually build a gas and
electric unit, but couldn’t find anyone to help him get his idea
International Journal of Engineering Science and Computing, April 2017
manufactured. The dru m-type model was built and eventually
picked up by Hamilton Manufacturing in Wisconsin. The new
dryers were sold under the name June Day beginning in 1938. In
England and France during the end of the 18th century, clothes
dryers were being made. Called ventilators, these large
contraptions were made of metal. The dru m had ventilat ion holes
in it that allowed heat into it while it was hand cranked over an
open fire. This invention was used for decades. As time moved
on, America caught onto the idea of these ventilators.
Unfortunately, the clothing consistently smelled of smoke, was
covered in soot and occasionally caught on fire during the drying
process. As you can imagine, this wasn’t an ideal situation.
George T. Sampson of Ohio decided that the ventilator invention
needed to be tweaked. Instead of using heat from an open fire, he
chose to place a rack over a stove. This heat source was much
better, as it didn’t dirty the clothing or catch it on fire! On June
7, 1892, Sampson was granted a patent for his idea. These
“dryers” were used well into the 19th century.
Earliest Dryers

The earliest clothes dryers were made in England and
France in the late 18th and early 19th centuries. Known as
"ventilators," they were large metal dru ms with ventilation holes,
powered by hand cranks, and used over open fires. Their
invention can't be traced to any one person, but perhaps no one
would have wanted the credit, since the clothes always smelled
of smoke, were o ften covered with soot and sometimes caught
fire.
First Patented Clothes Dryer

An American inventor, George T. Sampson of Dayton,
Ohio, came up with a better ventilator-type dryer. It had a rack
and used heat from a stove, rather than an open fire. He was
granted a patent for his invention in on June 7, 1892.
First Electric Dryer

Inventor J. Ross Moore lived on a North Dakota farm in
the early 20th century. Tired of hanging wet clothes outside in
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the frigid winters, he built a shed, installed a stove and hung the
clothes there to dry. Over the next 30 years, Moore developed
his idea for an automat ic clothes dryer. He finally built a dru mtype model that wo rked. He developed both gas and electric
models but, due to financial difficulties, needed to find a
manufacturer to produce them. After many rejections, he struck
a deal with Hamilton Manufacturing Company of Two Rivers,
Wis. Hamilton began selling the new automatic clothes dryer,
named the "June Day," in 1938.
1985, clothes dryers were offered with all-Spanish instructions
on labels, consoles and manuals. Other models offered large
type, big graphics and over-sized controls.
1700s
In 1799, a French man known as Pochon invented the ventilator,
a precursor to the modern tumble dryer. Th is early clothes dryer
was a rotating metal d ru m with holes bored into it . Wet clothes
were p laced inside the drum wh ich was then positioned over an
open fire and cranked by hand.
1800s
On June 7, 1892 an African American named George T.
Sampson received a patent for a device similar to Pochon’s
ventilator. Sampson’s invention used the heat from a stove rather
than an open fire.
IV. REFER ENCES :[1]. what is a 'condenser' dryer?? – Laundry Roo m
1900s
1915 saw the invention of the first electric clothes dryer, wh ich
was similar to those invented by Pochon and Sampson, but it
could also sense when the clothes were dry. In 1935 J Ross
Moore, a North Dakota man trying to protect his mother fro m
having to hang clothes outside in the dangerous winters,
constructed an oil-heated drum in an outside shed, thereby
inventing the first version of the modern clothes dryer. He
patented his invention to run on either gas or electricity, but he
saw very little financial gain, as money troubles forced him to
sell the patent to the Hamilton Manufacturing Company in 1936.
The Huebsch Manufacturing Company, which had patented an
open-air dryer in 1931, introduced the stacked dryer to the
market place in 1941 and continued their run in 1954 when they
introduced a coin-operated dryer for laundromats. The American
Dryer Corporat ion got into the game in 1965 with two d ifferent
coin-operated models designed for laundromats. Fourteen years
later they introduced the first computerized dryers.
[2]. http://www-cep. ensmp. fr/francais
ICR0143SLV%20_IIR_IIF%20Conf.pdf
1990s
The 1990s saw the arrival o f environ mentally friendly and
allergy reducing dryers. Equipped with sensors rather than
timers, the dryers were designed to turn off the mo ment the
clothes were dry, to save energy. They were also equipped with
HEPA/ULPA filters to reduce airborne particles.
[8]. "Underwriters Laboratories”
/innov/
pdf/
[3]. Gerling, J. Microwave Clothes Drying – Technical Solutions
to a Fundamental Challenges. Appliance Magazine, Apr 2003.
http:// www. appliance magazine. co m/ editorial. php? Article
=150 &zone=first=1
[4]. Binggeli, Corky (2003). Wiley. ISBN 978-0-471-41733-0.
Retrieved 2009-10-04
[5]. Acton, Johnny; Adams, Tania; Packer, Matt (2006)
[6].
Brooks
Stevens,
retrieved 2009-10-04
[7]. Ho me Appliance
retrieved 2010-08-23
Wisconsin
Energy
Use,
Historical
Society,
General
Electric,
[9]. Underwriters Laboratories product safety tips - clothes
dryers.
[10]. "Clothes Dryer Fires in Residential Buildings ”.
III. IMPROVEMENTS

In 1946, dryer manufacturers moved controls to the
front of the dryer, added a timer, an exhaust for moist air,
temperature controls and a cool-down cycle. In 1958, a 30-inchwide dryer using a negative pressure system was first offered to
the public. This system is still used in dryers. In 1959, drynesssensors were first used to shut off the power when the load was
dry. In 1965, dryers with permanent-press cycles were
introduced. In 1972, manufacturers put electric starters on gas
dryers. In 1974, microelectronic controls were put on dryers to
time drying cycles. In 1983, the first clothes dryers with delayed
start timers allowed users to run dryers in off-peak hours. In
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