accuDEXA - Schick by Sirona

accuDEXA - Schick by Sirona
accuDEXA®
USER GUIDE
Schick Technologies, Inc.
31-00 47th Avenue
Long Island City, NY 11101
(888) 818-4BMD (TOLL FREE)
(718) 937-5765
(718) 937-5962 (FAX)
Part Number B7101220 Rev. E
Copyright  2001 by Schick Technologies, Inc.
All Rights Reserved
Many of the designations used by manufacturers and sellers to
distinguish their products are claimed as trademarks. Where those
designations appear in this document, and Schick Technologies, Inc.
was aware of a trademark claim, the designations have been printed in
caps or initial caps.
Part Number B7101220, Rev. E
January 5, 2001
!
Printed in the United States of America
This User Guide was originally drafted in English
F:\GENERAL\DEPTS\QA\DOCUMENT\B7101220RevE.doc
Contents
PREFACE............................................................................................................ A
The accuDEXA device...............................................................................................................................A
Indications for use ......................................................................................................................................A
Warnings ....................................................................................................................................................A
Precautions .................................................................................................................................................A
Symbols and markings................................................................................................................................B
Registering your accuDEXA ......................................................................................................................C
ACCUDEXA OVERVIEW AND SETUP ................................................................1
Overview .................................................................................................................................................... 1
The t-score and z-score .............................................................................................................................. 1
Using accuDEXA t-scores in your practice................................................................................................ 1
Monitoring Changes in Bone Mineral Density........................................................................................... 2
Indications .................................................................................................................................................. 2
Contraindications ....................................................................................................................................... 2
Known adverse reactions............................................................................................................................ 2
Controls and indicators............................................................................................................................... 3
Printer installation ...................................................................................................................................... 3
Printer connections..................................................................................................................................... 4
Turning on the accuDEXA......................................................................................................................... 4
Turning off the accuDEXA ........................................................................................................................ 4
New features in software version 1.50 ....................................................................................................... 5
Software upgrade procedure....................................................................................................................... 5
Conventions used in text ............................................................................................................................ 5
USING ACCUDEXA .............................................................................................6
The touch screen ........................................................................................................................................ 6
Screen navigation ....................................................................................................................................... 6
Finger placement ........................................................................................................................................ 6
Finger placement and jewelry..................................................................................................................... 7
What if hand jewelry cannot be removed? ................................................................................................. 7
Obtaining successful BMD test results....................................................................................................... 7
Operator checklist ...................................................................................................................................... 7
Getting started ............................................................................................................................................ 8
Performing a BMD test ............................................................................................................................ 11
Bone densitometry report ......................................................................................................................... 18
Categories of risk for fracture................................................................................................................... 20
Other risk factors...................................................................................................................................... 20
Changing the time..................................................................................................................................... 24
Changing the date..................................................................................................................................... 25
Changing the printer ................................................................................................................................. 27
Printing a test page ................................................................................................................................... 29
Performing a phantom test........................................................................................................................ 32
Understanding phantom test results.......................................................................................................... 32
Performing a system test........................................................................................................................... 40
SERVICE ............................................................................................................42
Maintenance ............................................................................................................................................. 42
Fuse replacement instructions .................................................................................................................. 42
Cleaning instructions ................................................................................................................................ 42
System checks .......................................................................................................................................... 42
accuDEXA User Guide
B7101220 Rev. E
i
Static electricity........................................................................................................................................ 43
REFERENCE INFORMATION............................................................................44
Technical description ............................................................................................................................... 44
Duty cycle (cooling) ................................................................................................................................. 44
Specifications ........................................................................................................................................... 45
Electrical summary................................................................................................................................... 46
APPENDIX A ......................................................................................................47
Normative databases ................................................................................................................................ 47
APPENDIX B ......................................................................................................48
Printing and copying the Patient Log Report ........................................................................................... 48
Copying the Patient Log Report into Excel.............................................................................................. 53
Copying the Patient Log Report into Notepad or WordPad ..................................................................... 56
APPENDIX C ......................................................................................................59
Error messages ......................................................................................................................................... 59
Notice messages ....................................................................................................................................... 62
APPENDIX D ......................................................................................................63
Troubleshooting the Canon printer........................................................................................................... 63
APPENDIX E ......................................................................................................64
List of printers .......................................................................................................................................... 64
APPENDIX F ......................................................................................................65
Calculating Reference BMD .................................................................................................................... 65
APPENDIX G......................................................................................................67
Equipment Labels..................................................................................................................................... 67
GLOSSARY OF TERMS ....................................................................................68
INDEX.................................................................................................................69
ii
B7101220 Rev. E
accuDEXA User Guide
List of Figures
Figure 1. The accuDEXA Device, front view................................................................................................. 3
Figure 2. The accuDEXA Device, back view................................................................................................. 3
Figure 3. Typical Printer Connections............................................................................................................ 4
Figure 4. Finger Placement............................................................................................................................. 6
Figure 5. Welcome Screen.............................................................................................................................. 8
Figure 6. System Check Screen ...................................................................................................................... 8
Figure 7. Sensor Verification Initial Screen ................................................................................................... 8
Figure 8. Sensor Verification Follow-up Screen............................................................................................. 9
Figure 9. Exposure Screen.............................................................................................................................. 9
Figure 10. Release Button Screen................................................................................................................... 9
Figure 11. Test Results Screen ..................................................................................................................... 10
Figure 12. Main Menu Screen ...................................................................................................................... 11
Figure 13. Patient ID Screen......................................................................................................................... 11
Figure 14. Age Screen .................................................................................................................................. 12
Figure 15. Gender Screen ............................................................................................................................. 12
Figure 16. Ethnicity Screen .......................................................................................................................... 12
Figure 17. Database Information Screen ...................................................................................................... 13
Figure 18. Summary Screen.......................................................................................................................... 13
Figure 19. Positioning Screen....................................................................................................................... 14
Figure 20. X-ray Screens .............................................................................................................................. 14
Figure 21. Bone Outline Screen.................................................................................................................... 15
Figure 22. Computing BMD Results Screen ................................................................................................ 16
Figure 23. BMD Test Results Screen (with t- and z-scores)......................................................................... 16
Figure 24. BMD Test Results Screen (without t- and z-scores).................................................................... 16
Figure 25. Multiple Copies Confirmation Screen ......................................................................................... 17
Figure 26. Multiple Copies Screen ............................................................................................................... 17
Figure 27. Printing Copies Screen ................................................................................................................ 17
Figure 28. Example of Densitometry Report (with t- and z-scores) ............................................................. 21
Figure 29. Example of Densitometry Report (without z-score) .................................................................... 22
Figure 30. Example of Densitometry Report (no database available) .......................................................... 23
Figure 31. Configuration Menu Screen ........................................................................................................ 24
Figure 32. Time Screen ................................................................................................................................ 25
Figure 33. Date Screen ................................................................................................................................. 26
Figure 34. Printer Screen .............................................................................................................................. 28
Figure 35. Printer Driver Screens ................................................................................................................. 28
Figure 36. Printer Driver Changed Screen.................................................................................................... 29
Figure 37. System Check Screen .................................................................................................................. 30
Figure 38. Print Test Page Screen ................................................................................................................ 30
Figure 39. Example of Test Page.................................................................................................................. 31
Figure 44. Details of Phantom Test Report .................................................................................................. 33
Figure 40. Phantom Placement ..................................................................................................................... 34
Figure 41. Bone Outline Screen.................................................................................................................... 36
Figure 42. Computing BMD Results Screen ................................................................................................ 37
Figure 43. Phantom Test Results Screen ...................................................................................................... 37
Figure 45. Example of Phantom Test Report................................................................................................ 39
Figure 46. Patient Log Screen ...................................................................................................................... 49
Figure 47. Print Data Screen........................................................................................................................ 49
Figure 48. File Data Screen ......................................................................................................................... 49
Figure 49. Transfer Date Screens ................................................................................................................. 50
Figure 50. Transfer Confirmation Screen ..................................................................................................... 50
Figure 51. Transfer in Process Screen .......................................................................................................... 51
Figure 52. Transfer Complete Screen ........................................................................................................... 51
Figure 53. Patient Log Report ...................................................................................................................... 52
accuDEXA User Guide
B7101220 Rev. E
iii
Figure 54. Error Message Screen.................................................................................................................. 59
Figure 55. Reading the Results of the First 10 Phantom Tests ..................................................................... 65
Figure 56. Example of Phantom Test Report Before Reference BMD is Available..................................... 66
iv
B7101220 Rev. E
accuDEXA User Guide
Preface
The contents of this manual and the bundled accuDEXA software are both copyrighted by
Schick Technologies, Inc. Any reproduction in whole or in part is strictly prohibited.
accuDEXA™ is a trademark of Schick Technologies, Inc.
All third party products and software mentioned within this manual are registered and
copyrighted with their respective companies.
The accuDEXA device
The accuDEXA device from Schick Technologies, Inc. is a bone densitometer that estimates
bone mineral density (BMD) of the middle finger of the non-dominant hand. It is a selfcontained, table-top unit, employing dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) technology.
After the finger is scanned, results are generated in less than one minute.
This accuDEXA User Guide contains operation and maintenance information, procedures and
guidelines for testing, interpretation of test results, and technical specifications on the
accuDEXA device.
Indications for use
The accuDEXA is a dual-energy X-ray device indicated for use in estimating the bone
density (BMD) of the middle finger of the non-dominant hand. This BMD value is a
relative indicator of bone density elsewhere in the body. The accuDEXA’s BMD
estimates can be used as an aid to the physician in determining fracture risk.
Warnings
•
This X-ray unit may be dangerous to the patient and operator unless safe operating
instructions are observed.
•
The need or appropriateness for BMD measurements of phalanges in the
management of renal osteodystrophy has not yet been established.
Precautions
•
Federal law restricts this device to sale by or on the order of a physician.
•
The BMD values obtained with this device should be only one factor in a medical
judgment that treatment is warranted for a disease or disorder.
•
The accuDEXA compares BMD values to a reference (normative) database. This
database reflects the mean for a healthy normal (YHN) population having the same
gender and ethnicity. Users are reminded of risks in misinterpretation when
comparing a patient’s BMD results with a database population of different gender or
ethnicity.
•
In accordance with international standard IEC-601-3: General Requirements for
Radiation Protection in Diagnostic X-ray Equipment, use of the accuDEXA shall be
limited to no more than 20 patient scans per hour.
accuDEXA User Guide
B7101220 Rev. E
A
Symbols and markings
Listed below are the descriptions of the various safety and operational symbols that appear either
inside or outside the accuDEXA device.
SYMBOL
DESCRIPTION
Indicates the presence of dangerous voltage within the enclosure of the device. This
voltage may constitute a risk of electric shock voltage when the device is connected to a
service outlet. This safety issue warning symbol is located on the back panel. For
additional electrical details, see page 46.
Indicates an attention to users to consult accompanying documents (this User
Guide) for more information on the device. This symbol is located on the
accuDEXA back panel and on the finger phantom.
Indicates the ON position of AC power (located on the front panel).
Indicates the OFF position of AC power (located on the front panel).
Indicates the point where the safety ground wire or protective earth connector
connects inside the accuDEXA.
Indicates that the accuDEXA is a Class B diagnostic device. This label is placed
on the back panel.
• To protect against electrical shock, the accuDEXA device is grounded with a three-prong
cable and plug. Insert this power cable only into a properly grounded three-contact outlet.
• Please do not remove the protective cover of the accuDEXA device. Since there are no
serviceable parts, all internal adjustments and replacements must be made by the
manufacturer.
• Always disconnect the system from the power source before moving or cleaning.
• The accuDEXA device uses low X-ray dosage. Please refer to your state or national
regulator regarding radiological safety procedures and precautions.
B
B7101220 Rev. E
accuDEXA User Guide
Registering your accuDEXA
In most areas of the United States, users will be required to register the product with their states’
radiation board. To facilitate registration, we have provided a list of contacts that you may find
helpful. This list can be found in the documentation kit supplied with your unit.
In order to register your accuDEXA, you will need to supply some basic technical information to
the state radiation board. In the following table we have included information to help you
respond to those questions correctly. More detailed specifications may be found in the
Specifications and Electrical Summary tables on pages 45 and 46, respectively, of this manual.
Maximum kVp
70 kVp
Maximum X-ray current
10 ma
Part number
B7100
Serial number
Check the product label near the fan on the
back of your unit
6.1 mR/h at 1 meter distance
Scatter radiation
Time of two DEXA pulses is 60 and 90
milliseconds
Absorbed dose
(Effective radiation)
3E-4 uSv per scan
Number of tubes
1
X-ray head number
Check the regulatory label near the
electrical inlet on the back of your unit
accuDEXA User Guide
B7101220 Rev. E
C
(This page intentionally left blank)
D
B7101220 Rev. E
accuDEXA User Guide
accuDEXA overview and setup
Overview
The accuDEXA is a dual-energy X-ray device that estimates the bone mineral density (BMD) of
the region of the third finger of the non-dominant hand. Finger BMD is a relative indicator of
bone density in other parts of the body.
The t-score and z-score
The accuDEXA reports an individual’s relative BMD status by calculating a t-score and z-score.
This calculation is performed automatically by the accuDEXA and can be viewed on-screen
and/or printed out at the conclusion of an exam. For a concise definition of t- and z-scores, please
refer to the glossary on page 68. The t-score or z-score is often used by a physician as one factor,
in conjunction with other clinical indicators, to diagnose osteoporosis and other bone disorders.
T-scores and z-scores can only be computed if a normative database of other individuals with the
same age, gender, and ethnicity of the patient is available. When the matching reference database
is unavailable, the patient’s BMD can still be used to compare with an initial baseline value.
Using accuDEXA t-scores in your practice
Low bone mineral density at the finger has been demonstrated to be as predictive of generalized
fracture in the elderly as measurements made at axial sites.1 All bone mineral density
measurements should be used in conjunction with other risk factors in determining fracture risk.
Other clinical measurements such as blood pressure and cholesterol indicate risk of stroke and
myocardial infarction. Similarly, evidence of osteoporosis, according to the World Health
Organization (WHO), indicates risk of fracture not certainty. Evidence of normal bone mass
according to WHO criteria provides no assurance that a patient will not fracture. Nevertheless,
bone mineral density is just as predictive of future fracture as blood pressure measurements are
of future risk of stroke.
A recent consensus article published by the scientific advisory board of the Bone Measurement
Institute suggests using an intervention threshold on peripheral instruments of t<–1.0.1 According
to independent data collected on the accuDEXA, using hip DXA as the gold standard, the Bone
Measurement Institute’s suggested threshold of t<–1.0 results in good test sensitivity and
moderate test specificity.2 Nevertheless, those who chose to use the accuDEXA to make
treatment decisions may choose a somewhat lower T-score threshold of –2.0.
The National Osteoporosis Foundation suggests initiating drug therapy in women with tscores below –2 (in the absence of risk factors) and in women with t-scores below –1.5 (if
other risk factors are present).3 Whatever intervention level you choose be aware that no single
site BMD measurement will agree diagnostically with other measurements 100% of the time.
For more information about osteoporosis and using t-scores in your practice, please fax your
request for the “Physician’s Guide to Prevention and Treatment of Osteoporosis” to the
1
Miller PD, Bonnick, SL, Johnston CC, Kleerekoper M, Lindsay R, Sherwood LM, Siris E. The Challenges of Peripheral Bone
Density Testing: Which Patients Need Additional Central Density Skeletal Measurements: Journal of Clinical Densitometry,
1(3):211-217.
2
Mulder JE, Michaeli D, Flaster ER, Siris E. A Comparison of Bone Mineral Density of the Phalanges with Bone Mineral Density of
the Lumbar Spine, Hip, and Forearm for the Assessment of Osteoporosis in Postmenopausal Women: Journal of Clinical
Densitometry, December 2000 (in press).
3
Physicians Guide to Prevention and Treatment of Osteoporosis. National Osteoporosis Foundation, Exerpta Medica, 1998.
accuDEXA User Guide
B7101220 Rev. E
1
National Osteoporosis Foundation (fax number (202) 223-2237).
Monitoring Changes in Bone Mineral Density
BMD is an appropriate parameter by which to monitor changes in bone mineral density effected
by drug therapy or aging. Physicians should compare results of BMD tests taken on a patient
over a period of time with the reported accuDEXA precision (repeatability). To determine
whether a significant change in BMD has occurred, physicians must calculate the percentage
change in results over time according to the following formula:
% change = (BMD previous exam – BMD current exam ) / BMD previous exam * 100%
The information below will help the physician determine the statistical significance of the BMD
test result changes. (As a general rule, a greater-than-1.8% difference in BMD results would
indicate consequential change.)
Percentage Change in BMD
2.77%
2.33%
1.84%
Level of Statistical Significance
95%
90%
85%
(These values are based on accuDEXA’s published precision of 1%.)
Indications
The Society of Nuclear Medicine and American College of Nuclear Physicians has identified
specific medical indications that warrant the evaluation of a patient’s bone density. Below
normal bone density can be associated with a variety of bone conditions or disorders. Some of
the more common conditions associated with below normal bone density include:
•
•
•
•
•
Premenopausal oophorectomy
Spontaneous menopause or estrogen deficiency conditions
Treatment-related osteopenia; when the diagnosis of osteopenia is suggested or
established by other means (such as X-ray; during long-term immobilization)
Endocrinopathies associated with osteopenia; for post-gastrectomy and other
malabsorption states leading to osteopenia; during long-term corticosteroid therapy
Chronic renal disease, particularly in childhood or adolescence
In addition to the above, BMD values can be used to monitor longitudinal changes, as with
treatment programs for osteoporosis.
Contraindications
•
•
•
•
A deformity that prevents a patient’s non-dominant hand from being properly positioned.
Orthopedic hardware in the middle finger of the non-dominant hand.
Previous fracture of the middle finger of the non-dominant hand.
Pregnancy. (Although the radiation exposure from an accuDEXA BMD test is
1/150,000 of a chest X-ray, any radiation exposure during pregnancy must be
deemed medically necessary by a physician.)
Known adverse reactions
None
2
B7101220 Rev. E
accuDEXA User Guide
Controls and indicators
Identified on the following figures are the external features of the accuDEXA device.
TOUCH SCREEN
ON/OFF KEY SWITCH
(SHOWN IN ON POSITION)
CARRYING SLOT
X-RAY EXPOSURE
LIGHT
ON/OFF INDICATOR
X-RAY ENABLE
BUTTON / LIGHT
VIEWING WINDOW
WARNING LABEL
HAND SLOT
HANDLE KNOB
Figure 1. The accuDEXA Device, front view
FAN
PARALLEL
(PRINTER) PORT
PRODUCT LABEL
FUSES
DISK DRIVE
REGULATORY LABEL
POWER INLET
Figure 2. The accuDEXA Device, back view
Printer installation
1. Verify that the printer is compatible with accuDEXA. Refer to Appendix E on page 64.
2. To install a compatible printer, perform steps 3 through 6, then perform “Changing the
printer” procedure on page 27.
3. Make sure the accuDEXA is off (the On/Off key switch is in the Off position).
4. Attach the printer cable to the accuDEXA parallel port (Figure 2). If a power supply was
supplied with the printer, make that connection also.
5. If not already connected, plug one end of the power cable to the power inlet and plug the
other end into an appropriately grounded outlet.
6. Insert the key in the On/Off key switch (Figure 1) and turn it counter clock-wise to the On
position. The On/Off indicator light will illuminate and the Welcome Screen appears.
accuDEXA User Guide
B7101220 Rev. E
3
Printer connections
The block diagram below details the external connections of the accuDEXA, the printer, and the
printer power supply (optional, depending on the printer).
AC line
input
115/230
Printer power supply
(printer-dependent)
*
Typical printer
AC line
input
115/230
*
*A/C line voltage is factory set for either 115 or 230V
Figure 3. Typical Printer Connections
Turning on the accuDEXA
PLEASE NOTE: The accuDEXA must be kept in the
prescribed temperature range. If this is the first time you are
turning on the accuDEXA, let the unit acclimate to the indoor
temperature for at least 30 minutes before turning it on. If a
temperature error occurs, adjust room temperature, let the unit
re-acclimate, and try again. If the error occurs again, contact
Schick Technologies for assistance.
1. Ensure that the accuDEXA, the printer, and the printer power supply (depending on the
printer used with the system) are connected to each other and the A/C service outlet.
2. Insert the key into the On/Off key switch and turn it counter-clockwise to On.
3. The On/Off indicator illuminates and after approximately 60 seconds, the Welcome Screen
appears on the display.
Turning off the accuDEXA
1. Insert the key into the On/Off key switch (if it is not inserted already) and turn it clockwise to Off.
2. The On/Off indicator will turn off and the display screen will clear.
PLEASE NOTE: Turn off the accuDEXA at the end of every
day and whenever it is not in use.
4
B7101220 Rev. E
accuDEXA User Guide
New features in software version 1.50
The new software release for accuDEXA includes the following features.
•
•
•
•
•
•
New data (ages 80 to 89) for FEMALE ASIAN database
New Latin American data (ages 80 to 89) for FEMALE HISPANIC database
New sensor verification test for determining system effectiveness on start-up
New quality control test for current and ongoing review of system performance
New Patient Log Report
Support for additional printers
Software upgrade procedure
To upgrade the accuDEXA with the latest software release, perform the following procedure.
PLEASE NOTE: To maintain reliable system performance, do
not install older versions of accuDEXA software after upgrading
your unit.
1. If necessary, power down the accuDEXA by turning the On/Off key clockwise to Off.
2. Insert the upgrade diskette into the disk drive located in the back panel.
3. Power up the accuDEXA by turning the On/Off key counter-clockwise to On (indicator
illuminates). The new software will be installed automatically.
4. Wait for the message, Upgrade is complete.
5. Remove the upgrade disk.
6. Power down the accuDEXA by turning the On/Off key switch clockwise to Off.
7. Pause for ten seconds.
8. Power up the accuDEXA by turning the On/Off key counter-clockwise to On.
Conventions used in text
Several text conventions are used in this manual to emphasize the text displayed on the touch
screen and to provide additional help and information in the procedural areas.
The names of menu screens and the wording
on the LCD screen display are shown in bold
when they appear in text.
Suggestions provide usage hints or reminders.
Items of special note provide additional user
information or instruction.
accuDEXA User Guide
Main Menu Screen, Ethnicity Screen, BMD
Test, Change Printer, OK, Cancel, etc.
TIP: If you enter the wrong ID,
press CLEAR and re-enter the number.
PLEASE NOTE:
If a particular ethnicity is not listed, it is not
installed in the accuDEXA.
B7101220 Rev. E
5
Using accuDEXA
The touch screen
The operator enters information and initiates a BMD test by using the touch-sensitive LCD
screen. The touch screen reacts to the contact of the operator’s finger, and only minimal pressure,
a simple light touch or a tap, is necessary. The touch screen will not respond if the operator is
wearing a glove.
Screen navigation
A description of some of the on-screen features of the accuDEXA appear below using the Age
Screen as an example.
Enter Patient Age:
BACK
1
2
3
OK
4
5
6
0
7
8
9
CLEAR
BACK returns you to the
previous menu
OK accepts the entry and
advances to the next screen
CLEAR deletes the entry from
the screen. Use this feature to
re-enter information
Finger placement
1. Push down the handle knob. This will raise two levers located in the hand slot.
2. Instruct the patient to place their non-dominant hand inside the hand slot. If the patient is
right handed, they should place their left hand into the hand slot. If the patient is left handed,
they should place their right hand into the hand slot. The patient’s hand must be placed palm
down and rest as far forward as possible. Refer to the following figure.
The hand must contact the pegs at both sides of
the middle finger at points A and B. The middle
finger must rest firmly against the guard at C.
Figure 4. Finger Placement
3.
6
Slowly release the handle knob. This will lower two levers onto the patient’s middle finger
(one lever will rest near the tip of the finger and the other will rest near the base). These
levers will gently secure the finger in place during the BMD test.
B7101220 Rev. E
accuDEXA User Guide
Finger placement and jewelry
Since proper finger placement is essential for an accurate and precise BMD test, all hand and
wrist jewelry should be removed. Removing jewelry may improve finger positioning, increase
patient comfort, and help the patient to remain still during the procedure. Incorrect positioning or
finger movement during testing may lead to inaccurate test results.
What if hand jewelry cannot be removed?
If jewelry cannot be removed, extra care must be taken to ensure correct positioning. For
example, a ring could prevent a patient from resting their finger against the finger guide. As long
as the finger placement approximates the description on page 6, and the X-ray image contains no
part of a ring or jewelry, the exam is valid.
Obtaining successful BMD test results
For best results, the operator must follow several simple guidelines.
•
The patient’s hand must be positioned palm down and held completely motionless
throughout the exam.
•
During an exam, the accuDEXA should rest on a table roughly 30 inches from the
floor. Patients should be in a comfortable position during the BMD Test. The
patient’s seat should be stationary and approximately 18 inches from the floor.
•
The accuDEXA is only accurate and precise within the prescribed temperature and
humidity range listed on page 44.
Operator checklist
The operator is responsible for ensuring the following:
•
An audible signal should be heard for each of the two X-ray exposures that occur
during the BMD test.
•
The radiation label should be affixed and visible on the front panel and a small
indicator (X-ray Exposure Light) should illuminate during each exposure.
•
The accuDEXA performs a system check each time the device is powered on. The
software also performs an internal calibration before the X-ray exposures are taken
and before the BMD values are calculated. If the system check or the internal
calibration is unsuccessful, an error message will be displayed on the LCD screen. If
the problem cannot be corrected, write down the error message number (if one
appears at the upper right portion of the screen) and contact Schick Technologies,
Inc. at 888-818-4BMD for assistance.
accuDEXA User Guide
B7101220 Rev. E
7
Getting started
1.
A. On the accuDEXA front panel, turn
the On/Off key switch to On. The
Welcome Screen appears
Welcome To
Please Wait . . .
Figure 5. Welcome Screen
2.
The System Check Screen appears.
A. Please wait as the accuDEXA
performs its internal checks.
Running System Check
Please Wait . . .
Version 1.50 (9/20/00) NDB 1.1
Unit # 1772 Sensor # 2385
Checking ST2385.LO . . .
Figure 6. System Check Screen
3.
The Sensor Verification Screen
appears.
A. Press OK.
The system will now perform an internal
calibration check
Sensor Verification Test
This requires taking one x-ray exposure
With nothing in the hand slot
OK
Figure 7. Sensor Verification Initial Screen
8
B7101220 Rev. E
accuDEXA User Guide
4.
The Sensor Verification Screen
appears.
Sensor Verification Test
(attempt 1 of 3)
Please remove everything from the
hand slot and proceed to take an x-ray
A. Press OK.
OK
Figure 8. Sensor Verification Follow-up Screen
5.
The Exposure Screen appears.
A. Press and hold down the X-ray
Enable button to take one test exposure.
Ready to take x-ray
Push and hold down”X-RAY ENABLE”
button to activate
OR
B. Press CANCEL. If CANCEL is
pressed, the system will revert to the
system check screen in Figure 6.
CANCEL
Exposing at 50 kvp 0.25 mA-sec
Figure 9. Exposure Screen
6.
The Release Button Screen appears.
A. Release the X-ray enable button.
Release button.
B. Please wait for a moment while the
system continues the test.
R di
f
f
Figure 10. Release Button Screen
accuDEXA User Guide
B7101220 Rev. E
9
7.
When the test is complete, the system
will pass or fail. A brief message
reporting the test results is displayed on
the touch screen.
A. The system passes and no other
actions are needed. Click OK.
OR
Sensor verification test passed.
Remember: Please run the ‘phantom test’
periodically to verify system performance.
OK
B. The system passes, but we
recommend that users verify system
performance by running the phantom
test. A successful phantom test provides
the best guarantee of system accuracy.
Click OK.
OR
Sensor verification test passed.
Important: Please run the “phantom test’
immediately to verify system performance.
C. The system fails. An error message
will appear on the screen. Make sure
everything is removed from the hand
slot. You will not be able to perform
BMD tests. Contact us at 888-8184BMD for further assistance. Click
OK.
OK
Error#: xxx
Sensor verification test failed.
System malfunction: Call Schick
Technologies Technical Support.
OK
Figure 11. Test Results Screen
8.
The Welcome Screen re-appears.
Welcome To
A. Touch any part of the Welcome
Screen to start using the system.
Touch anywhere to begin . . .
10
B7101220 Rev. E
accuDEXA User Guide
Performing a BMD test
Follow this procedure to generate a Bone Densitometry Report. Users are encouraged to print
BMD reports when prompted by the program, particularly to retain the X-ray image and graph
portion of the report.
1.
If the accuDEXA is not on already, turn
the On/Off key switch to On. The
Welcome Screen appears.
Welcome To
A. Touch any part of the Welcome
Screen.
Touch anywhere to begin
2.
The Main Menu Screen appears.
Main Menu:
A. Press BMD Test.
BMD Test
Configuration
System Check
Figure 12. Main Menu Screen
3.
The Patient ID Screen appears.
A. Enter the patient’s identification
number. The patient’s ID number can
have a maximum of ten digits.
The ID can be a social security number,
hospital chart number, or an ID number
defined by the operator.
B. Press OK.
Enter Patient ID#
BACK
1
2
3
OK
4
5
6
0
7
8
9
CLEAR
Figure 13. Patient ID Screen
TIP: If you enter the wrong ID,
press CLEAR and re-enter the number.
accuDEXA User Guide
B7101220 Rev. E
11
4.
The Age Screen appears.
A. Enter the patient’s age. The age can
be a maximum of 3 digits and can range
from 1 to 120 years.
B. Press OK.
TIP: If you enter the wrong age, or an age
Enter patient age:
BACK
1
2
3
OK
4
5
6
0
7
8
9
CLEAR
outside the range of 1 to 120, press CLEAR
and re-enter the number.
Figure 14. Age Screen
5.
The Gender Screen appears.
A. Select the patient’s gender.
Enter gender:
BACK
Female
Male
Figure 15. Gender Screen
6.
The Ethnicity Screen appears.
A. Select the patient’s ethnicity.
Enter ethnicity:
BACK
Caucasian
Asian
Hispanic
African-American
Other
Figure 16. Ethnicity Screen
12
B7101220 Rev. E
accuDEXA User Guide
7.
The Database Information Screen
shown at right appears only if a
normative database is not available for
the patient’s gender and/or ethnicity.
Refer to Appendix A for a list of
available normative databases.
Warning: Normative database is not
installed for specified gender and /or
ethnicity. No t-score or z-score possible.
Another screen, typical to the one shown
at the right, will appear if the patient’s
age is outside the range in the normative
database. In this case, no z-score is
possible.
OK
Figure 17. Database Information Screen
A. Press OK.
8.
The Summary Screen appears. This
screen contains the information entered
in the previous screens.
The user has three options:
A. Press OK to accept the summary
screen entries.
OR
B. Press REDO to re-enter patient
information. The Ethnicity Screen will
re-appear. Press BACK and OK to
navigate among the previous information
screens and re-enter patient information
as needed. Return to the Summary
Screen and press OK to accept new
entries.
Patient information summary:
ID#:
Gender:
Age:
Ethnicity:
OK
218750397
Female
55
Caucasian
REDO
CANCEL
OR
C. Press CANCEL to terminate the
BMD test. Previous entries are deleted
and the Welcome Screen re-appears.
Figure 18. Summary Screen
(Information shown in Figure 18,
Summary Screen, is provided only as
an example.)
accuDEXA User Guide
B7101220 Rev. E
13
9.
The Positioning Screen appears.
Place the patient’s hand into the hand
slot. If needed, refer to the Finger
Placement picture on page 6.
Position patient hand now.
A. Press OK and proceed to next step.
OR
OK
CANCEL
B. Press CANCEL to terminate the
BMD test. All entries will be deleted and
the Welcome Screen will appear.
Figure 19. Positioning Screen
10.
The first X-ray screen appears. Wait for
the X-ray Enable light to turn on.
Perform steps A through E to take the Xray or perform step F to reposition the
patient’s hand or to terminate the BMD
test.
A. Press and hold down the X-ray Enable
button.
B. Listen for two beeps. Each beep
represents an X-ray exposure and there
is approximately a 5-second pause
between each beep. During the beep, the
X-ray Exposure light turns on
momentarily.
Ready to take x-ray . . .
Push and hold down
X-RAY ENABLE button
CANCEL
C. Release the button when the Release
button message appears.
D. Lower the lever knob and instruct the
patient to remove his/her hand.
E. Wait for an X-ray image to appear on
the display, as shown in step 11.
Release button.
Remove patient’s hand.
Reading reference frames . . .
OR
F. Press CANCEL. You can either
resume testing by repositioning the
patient’s hand or terminate the BMD test
entirely. If you choose to terminate the
test, the Welcome Screen will reappear.
14
B7101220 Rev. E
Figure 20. X-ray Screens
accuDEXA User Guide
PLEASE NOTE: If the patient’s hand
is removed during the X-ray process, or
was not positioned properly, the message
No finger detected is displayed and the
Positioning Screen will re-appear.
11.
The accuDEXA produces an X-ray
image.
A. Press ACCEPT if the X-ray image is
acceptable (refer to examples of
acceptable images below) and proceed to
the next step.
Bone Outline
OR
B. Press REJECT if the X-ray image is
unacceptable (refer to examples of
unacceptable images below).
ACCEPT
REJECT
Figure 21. Bone Outline Screen
When REJECT is pressed, the Positioning
Screen re-appears. Re-position the patient’s
hand and repeat the X-ray exposure by
completing steps 9-10.
Finger positioning guidelines
The following images are acceptable because the sensor captured both sides of the
middle finger (as shown by the arrows).
Bone Outline
ACCEPT
REJECT
Bone Outline
ACCEPT
REJECT
Bone Outline
ACCEPT
REJECT
The following images are unacceptable. The image on the left is unacceptable because
the sensor did not completely capture both sides of the middle finger (as shown by the
arrow). The image on the right is unacceptable because a ring is within the field of view.
These images will yield inaccurate results and should be rejected.
Bone Outline
ACCEPT
accuDEXA User Guide
REJECT
Bone Outline
ACCEPT
REJECT
B7101220 Rev. E
15
12.
The Computing BMD Screen appears.
This screen appears while the
accuDEXA is computing the results for
the BMD Test. The process takes less
than a minute.
When completed, the accuDEXA will
automatically advance to the BMD test
results screen.
Computing BMD
Please Wait . . .
Performing analysis Step 7/9 . . .
Figure 22. Computing BMD Results Screen
13.
The BMD Test Results Screen
(normative database is available)
appears.
The screen shows that a normative
database exists for the patient’s ethnicity,
gender, and age. The results include the
BMD, BMC, t-score, and z-score.
ID#
Gender:
Age:
Ethnicity:
BMC:
BMD:
t-score: -1.0
z-score: -1.5
A. Press YES to print the test results
and proceed to the next numbered step.
YES
OR
B. Press NO to exit the BMD Test
Results Screen. The Welcome Screen
re-appears.
The BMD Test Results Screen
(normative database is not available)
appears.
The screen shows that a normative
database does not exist for the patient’s
ethnicity, gender, and age. The t-score
and z-score have not been calculated.
A. Press YES to print the results and
proceed to the next numbered step.
OR
03/29/99 02:28 PM
1234567890
Female
33
Asian
1.363 g
0.79
g/cm∧
∧2
Print
reports?
NO
Figure 23. BMD Test Results Screen (with t- and zscores)
ID#
Gender:
Age:
Ethnicity:
BMC:
BMD:
03/29/99 02:48 PM
1234567899
Female
55
Other
2.146 g
0.555 g/cm∧
∧2
t-score: N/A
z-score: N/A
YES
Print
reports?
NO
Figure 24. BMD Test Results Screen (without t- and zscores)
B. Press NO to exit the BMD Test
Results Screen. The Welcome Screen
re-appears.
16
B7101220 Rev. E
accuDEXA User Guide
14.
The Confirm Multiple Copies Screen
appears.
A. Press YES and proceed to the next
step.
Print multiple copies?
OR
B. Press NO to print only one copy of
the report. After the copy is printed, the
Welcome Screen re-appears.
YES
NO
Figure 25. Multiple Copies Confirmation Screen
15.
The Enter Multiple Copies Screen
appears.
Enter number of copies [1-9]:
BACK
A. Enter the number of copies to be
printed (from 1 to 9).
1
2
3
OK
B. Press OK.
4
5
6
0
7
8
9
CLEAR
Figure 26. Multiple Copies Screen
16.
The Printing Copies Screen appears.
After the last copy is printed, the
Welcome Screen re-appears.
Printing report
Please Wait . . .
Printing Copy 1 . . .
Figure 27. Printing Copies Screen
accuDEXA User Guide
B7101220 Rev. E
17
Bone densitometry report
Several examples of bone densitometry reports appear on the following pages. All of the reports
share some common features, including general report information (report date and time,
software version, and device serial number), patient information (Patient ID, Gender, Age, and
Ethnicity), and BMD test information (X-ray image area and BMC and BMD results). There are
also some report differences as described below.
In Figure 28 a patient’s BMD results were compared with an available normative database. The tscore was calculated from the BMD results of the patient and a database population matching the
patient’s gender and ethnicity. The z-score was generated using those same parameters (gender
and ethnicity) and the patient’s age.
In Figure 29 a patient’s BMD results were also compared with an available normative database.
In this report, however, the z-score could not be calculated because the patient’s age (95) was
“out of range” and could not be matched with an equivalent age in the database.
In Figure 30 a patient’s BMD results were generated but could not be compared to a database
that matched the patient’s ethnicity and gender. Instead, the accuDEXA report will graph the
results using reference curves based on the Caucasian database for the same gender. These
results cannot be used for diagnosis. The t-score and z-score are omitted from the report also.
Refer to Appendix A for a list of available databases.
Calculating t-scores, z-scores, and fracture risk
The following formulas are used in the accuDEXA software to calculate the t-score, z-score, and
to provide, as a percentage, where those scores lie in relation to the mean BMD. The analysis is
calculated automatically, based on t-score, and reported as Normal, Osteopenia, or Osteoporosis.
SAMPLE RESULTS
t-score
z-score
Analysis
-1 ➀
-0.5 ➁
85% ➂
92% ➃
Normal
ITEM
FORMULA
➀
t-score =
Relative to YHN
Age-matched BMD
Based on WHO guidelines
BMDpatient
– BMDYHN
Standard Deviation
z-score =
➁
Percentage of YHN BMD =
➂
BMDpatient
– BMDAGE
Standard Deviation
BMDpatient x 100 %
BMDYHN
Percentage of Age-matched BMD =
➃
BMDpatient x 100 %
BMDAGE
18
B7101220 Rev. E
accuDEXA User Guide
On the sample reference curve shown below, the scale of t-scores is shown at the left and the
scale for age is at the bottom.
The three curved lines are isometric z-scores.
•
•
•
The top curve represents one standard deviation above the age-matched mean BMD.
The middle curve represents the age-matched mean BMD.
The bottom curve represents one standard deviation below the age-matched mean
BMD.
Isometric t-scores are displayed on the y-axis.
•
The t-scores can be positive or negative and correspond to standard deviation
increases or decreases in BMD as compared to a young, healthy normal (YHN)
individual.
The range of ages for z-scores is displayed on the x-axis.
•
The t-score and z-score for the scanned patient can be seen graphically on the curve,
and is represented by a small square box g. In this example the patient has a lower
than mean BMD compared to a young healthy normal (t-score) and age-matched (zscore) database.
3
High
BMD
2
1
t-score
0
Normal
-1
Osteopenia
-2
-3
Osteoporosis
-4
-5
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
100
Age
accuDEXA User Guide
B7101220 Rev. E
19
Categories of risk for fracture
Bone mineral estimates can be used to provide an index of fracture risk. Individuals who fall
below the range of young healthy normal individuals are at a greater risk for fracture. The World
Health Organization (WHO) has established four general diagnostic categories that define
categories for low bone density.
Normal
Low Bone Mass (osteopenia)
Osteoporosis
Severe Osteoporosis
A value for bone mineral density (BMD) or bone mineral
content (BMC) within 1 standard deviation (SD) of the
young adult reference mean.
A value for BMD or BMC more than 1 SD below the young
adult mean but less than 2.5 SD.
A value for BMD or BMC of 2.5 SD or more below the
young adult mean.
A value for BMD or BMC more than 2.5 SD below the
young adult mean in the presence of one or more fragility
fractures.
The accuDEXA automatically calculates a patient’s risk based on the t-score and reports the
results as Normal, Osteopenia, or Osteoporosis. The accuDEXA cannot make an analysis of
Severe Osteoporosis, since this analysis is dependent upon the presence of one or more fragility
fractures.
Other risk factors
While low BMD is an important factor in determining a patient’s risk for fracture, there are
several other factors that also contribute to risk. Patients with a combination of several risk
factors are at an increased risk of fracture. The following is a summary of risk factors, compiled
by the National Osteoporosis Foundation.
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
20
Being female
A small, thin frame
Advanced age
A family history of osteoporosis
Early menopause
Abnormal absence of menstrual periods (amenorrhea)
Anorexia nervosa or bulimia
A diet low in calcium
Use of certain medications (steroids, anticonvulsants, excessive thyroid hormones,
certain cancer treatments)
Low testosterone levels in men
A sedentary lifestyle
Cigarette smoking
Excessive alcohol intake
Malabsorption problems
B7101220 Rev. E
accuDEXA User Guide
accuDEXA BONE DENSITOMETRY REPORT
Date:
04/20/00 11:11 AM
Patient ID
Gender
Age
Ethnicity
Version 1.50 (04/20/00) NDB 1.1 Unit # 1772 Serial # 2395
123
Female
50 years
Caucasian
Image not for diagnosis
BMD Test Results
BMC
2.146 g
2
Area:
3.865 cm
2
BMD:
0.555 g/cm
Calibration status: Passed
z-score
t-score
Analysis
Age-matched BMD
Relative to YHN
Based on WHO guidelines
-0.5
92%
-1
85%
Normal
Female Caucasian reference curve
Legend
3
2
t-score
Analysis
t>1
High BMD
1 > t > -1
-1 > t > -2.5
1
t < -2.5
Normal
Osteopenia
Osteoporosis
t-score
0
-1
-2
-3
-4
-5
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
100
Age
Figure 28. Example of Densitometry Report (with t- and z-scores)
accuDEXA User Guide
B7101220 Rev. E
21
accuDEXA BONE DENSITOMETRY REPORT
Date:
09/25/00 11:11 AM
Patient ID
Gender
Age
Ethnicity
Version 1.50 (09/20/00) NDB 1.1 Unit # 1772 Serial # 2395
124
Female
95 years
Caucasian
Image not for diagnosis
BMD Test Results
BMC
0.595 g
2
Area:
1.674 cm
2
BMD:
0.356 g/cm
Calibration status: Passed
z-score
t-score
Analysis
**Age out of range**
Relative to YHN
Based on WHO guidelines
-3
69%
Osteoporosis
Female Caucasian reference curve
Legend
3
2
t-score
Analysis
t>1
High BMD
1 > t > -1
-1 > t > -2.5
1
t < -2.5
Normal
Osteopenia
Osteoporosis
t-score
0
-1
-2
-3
-4
-5
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
100
Age
Figure 29. Example of Densitometry Report (without z-score)
22
B7101220 Rev. E
accuDEXA User Guide
accuDEXA BONE DENSITOMETRY REPORT
Date:
09/25/00 11:11 AM
Patient ID
Gender
Age
Ethnicity
Version 1.50 (09/20/00) NDB 1.1 Unit # 1772 Serial # 2395
124
Male
25 years
Hispanic
Image not for diagnosis
BMD Test Results
BMC
1.348 g
2
Area:
1.709 cm
2
BMD:
0.789 g/cm
Calibration status: Passed
z-score
t-score
-
Age-matched BMD (See Note)
Relative to YHN (See Note)
-
Male Caucasian reference curve
3
Note:
2
A normative database is
not currently installed for
this patient’s ethnicity or
gender. The reference
curves are based on the
Caucasian database for
the same gender. These
results cannot be used for
diagnosis.
1
t-score
0
-1
-2
-3
Age-matched
BMD
3.3 SD 131%
Relative to
YHN
3.5 SD 132%
-4
-5
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
100
Age
Figure 30. Example of Densitometry Report (no database available)
accuDEXA User Guide
B7101220 Rev. E
23
Changing the time
1.
If the accuDEXA is not on already, turn
the On/Off key switch to On. The
Welcome Screen appears.
Welcome To
A. Touch any part of the Welcome
Screen.
Touch anywhere to begin
2.
The Main Menu Screen appears.
A. Press Configuration.
Main Menu:
BMD Test
Configuration
System Check
3.
The Configuration Menu Screen
appears.
A. Note where the date and time
appear on the screen.
B. Press Change Time.
Configuration Menu
Current time/ date
05/11/00 11:47 AM
BACK
Change Time
Change Date
Change Printer
Patient Log
Figure 31. Configuration Menu Screen
24
B7101220 Rev. E
accuDEXA User Guide
4.
The Time Screen appears.
A. Enter a four-digit time value.
PLEASE NOTE:
The accuDEXA uses a twenty-four hour clock
(HHMM). The user must enter two digits for the
hour and two digits for the minute. If an entry has
only one digit (0-9), a zero must be added in
front of it (00-09).
Below are some examples.
If the time is . . .
9:30 PM
Noon
Midnight
Enter . . .
2130
1200
0000
To Display
9:30 PM
12:00 PM
12:00 AM
Enter time [HHMM]
BACK
1
2
3
OK
4
5
6
0
7
8
9
CLEAR
B. Press OK. The Configuration
Menu Screen will re-appear with the
revised time.
Figure 32. Time Screen
TIP: If you entered the wrong time, press
CLEAR and re-enter.
Changing the date
1.
If the accuDEXA is not on already, turn
the On/Off key switch to On. The
Welcome Screen appears.
A. Touch any part of the Welcome
Screen.
Welcome To
Touch anywhere to begin
accuDEXA User Guide
B7101220 Rev. E
25
2.
The Main Menu Screen appears.
Main Menu:
A. Press Configuration.
BMD Test
Configuration
System Check
3.
The Configuration Menu Screen
appears.
A. Note where the date and time
appear on the screen.
B. Press Change Date.
4.
Configuration Menu
Current time/ date
05/11/00 11:47 AM
BACK
Change Time
Change Date
Change Printer
Patient Log
The Date Screen appears.
A. Enter the six digit date, 2 digits each
for the month, day, and year.
PLEASE NOTE: The user must enter
two digits each for the month, day, and
year. If an entry has only one digit (09), a zero must be added in front of it
(00-09).
Enter date [MMDDYY]
BACK
1
2
3
OK
4
5
6
0
7
8
9
CLEAR
Below are some examples.
If the date is . . .
Enter . . .
May 3, 1998
050398
October 10, 1998 101098
To Display
05/03/98
10/10/98
B. Press OK. The Configuration
Menu Screen will re-appear with the
revised date.
Figure 33. Date Screen
TIP: If you entered the wrong date, press
CLEAR and re-enter.
26
B7101220 Rev. E
accuDEXA User Guide
Changing the printer
PLEASE NOTE: Users performing this procedure should first
refer to the printer code that applies to their printer. This code
number can be found in Appendix E.
1.
If the accuDEXA is not on already, turn
the On/Off key switch to On. The
Welcome Screen appears.
Welcome To
A. Touch any part of the Welcome
Screen.
Touch anywhere to begin
2.
The Main Menu Screen appears.
A. Press Configuration.
Main Menu:
BMD Test
Configuration
System Check
3.
The Configuration Menu Screen
appears.
A. Press Change Printer.
accuDEXA User Guide
Configuration Menu
Current time/ date
05/11/00 11:47 AM
BACK
Change Time
Change Date
Change Printer
Patient Log
B7101220 Rev. E
27
4.
The Printer Screen appears with the
default printer code displayed.
Enter printer #
A. Press CLEAR to delete the default
printer code from the display. Enter the
appropriate printer code provided in
Appendix E of this User Guide.
BACK
1
2
3
OK
TIP: If your particular printer model is not
4
5
6
0
listed, try a printer code from the same
manufacturer. If you receive an error
message, call Schick Technologies for
assistance.
7
8
9
CLEAR
B. Press OK to accept the printer. This
number is now stored by the system and
will be used to configure the printer.
Figure 34. Printer Screen
TIP: If you entered the wrong printer
number, press CLEAR and re-enter.
5.
A. If the Insert Printer Driver Screen
appears, insert Printer Driver Disk #1
into the floppy drive and press OK.
B. The Upgrading Printer Screen
appears.
Insert accuDEXA printer driver disk #1
in the floppy drive
OK
C. Upgrade is complete when the
Printer Driver Changed Successfully
Screen (Figure 36) appears (in about
one minute). Remove the printer driver
disk and press OK.
D. When the Configuration Menu
Screen appears, press BACK.
Upgrading Printer
Please Wait . . .
E. The Main Menu Screen appears.
Now you can perform BMD tests using
the new printer.
Figure 35. Printer Driver Screens
28
B7101220 Rev. E
accuDEXA User Guide
6.
A. If the Insert Printer Driver Screen
did not appear, you will see the Printer
Driver Changed Screen almost
instantly. When this screen appears, the
upgrade is complete.
Printer driver changed successfully
OK
B. Press OK
C. When the Configuration Menu
Screen appears, press BACK.
D. The Main Menu Screen appears.
Now you can perform BMD tests using
the new printer.
Figure 36. Printer Driver Changed Screen
Printing a test page
PLEASE NOTE: If the print quality of your test page is poor,
you may have the wrong printer driver selected for your printer.
Refer to the section on “Changing the printer” to verify your
printer is using the correct driver.
1.
If the accuDEXA is not on already, turn
the On/Off key switch to On. The
Welcome Screen appears.
Welcome To
A. Touch any part of the Welcome
Screen.
Touch anywhere to begin
2.
The Main Menu Screen appears.
A. Press System Check.
Main Menu:
BMD Test
Configuration
System Check
accuDEXA User Guide
B7101220 Rev. E
29
3.
The System Check Menu appears.
A. Press Printer Test.
System check menu:
System Test
BACK
Phantom Test
Printer Test
Figure 37. System Check Screen
4.
The Print Test Page Screen appears.
A. Press YES to print a test page. The
test page will print only the
following items:
• Print date and accuDEXA
equipment information at the top of
the page (to evaluate the readability
of text)
• Schick Technologies logo at the
bottom of the page (to evaluate the
print quality of graphics).
Do you want to print a test page ?
YES
NO
OR
B. Press NO. The Main Menu Screen
will appear.
Figure 38. Print Test Page Screen
TIP: If test page printing fails the first
time, check the printer cable connections
and the paper tray. The system will try to
print the test page a second time. If the task
fails again, the Main Menu screen will
appear.
30
B7101220 Rev. E
accuDEXA User Guide
accuDEXA PRINTER TEST PAGE
Date:
09/25/00 11:11 AM
Version 1.50 (09/20/00) NDB 1.1 Unit # 1772 Serial # 2395
Figure 39. Example of Test Page
accuDEXA User Guide
B7101220 Rev. E
31
Performing a phantom test
The phantom test is an additional quality-control check of the accuDEXA system. It requires a
finger phantom (Schick Part Number B7123100) and takes about 2 minutes to complete.
Like any diagnostic tool, the accuDEXA may, over time, require servicing to assure the accuracy
of the unit. The phantom test is a quick way for users to verify that the accuDEXA is maintaining
its highest level of performance. Please keep in mind that the phantom test does not affect or
replace the other system checks conducted by the accuDEXA. Internally, both calibration and
quality control are performed each time the unit is turned on.
There are other good reasons for performing the phantom test. More frequently, medical
practitioners are being asked by insurance companies to provide quality control printouts for all
their diagnostic devices. By performing the phantom test, users are automatically prompted to
print a QC test report, which can be used to satisfy a request from the insurer or for personal
record keeping. Even if an insurance carrier does not request this report, we recommend
performing the test at least weekly.
Understanding phantom test results
With the release of software version 1.50, the phantom test report has been expanded to provide
additional information about system performance. This information is grouped in two areas: QC
Phantom Test Results and QC Phantom Test Graph. (Samples of the phantom test report can be
found on Figure 40 and Figure 45.)
The QC Phantom Test Results table summarizes the results from the current phantom test and
reports other information on the status of BMD testing. The result of the current phantom test is
called Phantom BMD and is an indicator of how well the system compares to pre-defined limits
in accuDEXA’s configuration file. This is one measure of system performance. A second
measure, QC Average BMD, considers both the current and previous Phantom Test results. QC
Average BMD is a “moving average” — the result of averaging the last 10 Phantom BMD
values. For this reason QC Average BMD is a good indicator of how closely the system is
performing to its baseline value (Reference BMD). (If QC Average BMD is listed as Not
Available (n/a) on your printed report, refer to Appendix F, Calculating Reference BMD, on
page 65.)
The QC Phantom Test Graph is plotted below the test results table. To review the graph it is
necessary to print the phantom report, as the amount of detail cannot be displayed effectively in
the small viewable area of the touch screen.
Looking at the QC Phantom Test Graph, it is easy to follow certain trends in Phantom BMD and
QC Average BMD results. The x-axis in the middle of the table (Reference BMD) provides the
guideline for interpreting these results. When the system is performing optimally, Phantom BMD
values (shown as *’s on the graph) will fall within Phantom limits and QC Average BMD values
(shown as +’s) will fall within QC Limits. (Limits are specified in the configuration file.) It is
important to remember that whether users choose to print the report or not, the system displays
the results of the current phantom test and will provide, if necessary, any additional direction.
When both Phantom BMD and QC Average BMD are within the limits for the system, the
precision for the unit is considered satisfactory and is reported as OK. If precision is listed as
“Out of Range”, it means that the BMD result is outside the 0.52 and 0.58 range for acceptable
results. In this event, users will be prompted for additional action.
32
B7101220 Rev. E
accuDEXA User Guide
accuDEXA QC PHANTOM TEST REPORT
Date:
01/21/00 2:28 PM
Version 1.50 (01/18/00) Unit # 1234t Sensor # 395
QC Phantom Test Results
Always reported when
printing the phantom test
report.
QC Phantom Test Results
BMC
1.287 g
Area:
2.302 cm
Latest Phantom BMD:
0.557 g/cm
2
QC Average BMD:
0.552 g/cm
2
Precision:
OK
2
QC Phantom Test Graph
Image
not for diagnosis
Only
printed
after the
Reference BMD is available.
Calibration status: Passed
QC Phantom Test Graph
BMD
0.561
*
*
0.556
---+
----+
----+
----+
*
0.550
0.545
*
Top limit
Available after the first 10
phantom tests. Refer to the
Glossary for more details.----+
QC limit
----+
*
Phantom Test Number
The number and the
results of the last 10
phantom tests.
Reference BMD
----+
----+
----+
----+
*
*
*
*
*
QC limit
Bottom
limit
0.539
18
NOTE:
19
20
21
Reference
BMD
22
23
24
25
Phantom test number
26
27
Phantom BMD (*) must be within top/bottom limits.
QC Average BMD (+) must be within QC limits.
Figure 40. Details of Phantom Test Report
accuDEXA User Guide
B7101220 Rev. E
33
1.
If the accuDEXA is not on already, turn
the On/Off key switch to On. The
Welcome Screen appears.
Welcome To
A. Touch any part of the Welcome
Screen.
Touch anywhere to begin
2.
The Main Menu Screen appears.
Main Menu:
A. Press System Check.
BMD Test
Configuration
System Check
3.
The System Check Menu appears.
System check menu:
A. Press Phantom Test.
System Test
BACK
Phantom Test
Printer Test
4.
The Phantom Positioning Screen
appears.
Place the finger phantom (Schick Part
Number B7123100) into the hand slot.
Refer to the figure shown.
Figure 41. Phantom Placement
34
B7101220 Rev. E
accuDEXA User Guide
A. Press OK and proceed to next step.
OR
B. Press CANCEL to terminate the
phantom test. The Welcome Screen
will appear.
Position phantomin hand slot now.
OK
5.
CANCEL
Please wait for a moment while the
accuDEXA prepares to take an X-ray.
Please Wait . . .
Checking Acquisition . . .
6.
The Ready to take X-ray message
appears. Wait for the X-ray Enable light to
turn on. Perform steps A through E to take
the X-ray or perform step F to reposition
the phantom or to terminate the phantom
test.
A. Press and hold down the X-ray
Enable button.
B. Listen for two beeps. Each beep
represents an X-ray exposure and there
is approximately a 5-second pause
between each beep. During the beep,
the X-ray Exposure light turns on
momentarily.
accuDEXA User Guide
B7101220 Rev. E
Ready to take x-ray . . .
Push and hold down
X-RAY ENABLE button to activate
CANCEL
35
C. Release the button when the second
X-ray screen displays the Release
button message.
D. Lower the lever knob and remove
the phantom.
E. Wait for an X-ray image to appear
on the display, as shown in step 7.
OR
F. Press CANCEL. You can either resume
testing by repositioning the phantom or
terminate the phantom test entirely. If you
wish to terminate the phantom test, the
Welcome Screen re-appears.
Release button.
Reading reference frames . . .
PLEASE NOTE: If the phantom is
removed during the X-ray process, or was
not positioned properly, the message No
finger detected is displayed. The test will
be terminated and the Phantom Positioning
Screen will re-appear.
7.
The Bone Outline Screen appears.
A. Press ACCEPT and proceed to the
next step.
Bone outline
OR
B. Press REJECT to repeat the
phantom test. The Phantom
Positioning Screen will appear again.
ACCEPT
REJECT
Figure 42. Bone Outline Screen
36
B7101220 Rev. E
accuDEXA User Guide
8.
The Computing BMD Screen appears.
Computing BMD
This screen appears while the
accuDEXA is computing the results for
the BMD Test. The process takes less
than a minute.
When completed, the accuDEXA will
automatically advance to the phantom
test results screen.
Please Wait . . .
Performing analysis Step 7/9 . . .
Figure 43. Computing BMD Results Screen
9.
The Phantom Test Results Screen
shown at right appears.
05/21/00 02:28 PM
A. Press OK.
BMD: 0.554 g/cm^2
PLEASE NOTE:. If Average BMD
value and range are listed as Not
Available (n/a), refer to Appendix F,
Calculating Reference BMD, on page
65.
Phantom BMD range: 0.539 – 0.561
Average BMD value: 0.551
Average BMD range: 0.545 – 0.556
Precision: OK
OK
Figure 44. Phantom Test Results Screen
10.
Based on phantom test results, one of
the several screens will be displayed.
At the end of a successful phantom test,
users have the option of printing the
results in report format.
Phantom Test passed
Remember: Please run the ‘phantom test’
periodically to verify system
performance.
A. Press YES to print the report.
Pressing Yes displays the Confirm
Multiple Copies Screen (shown in
Figure 25). Up to 9 copies of the report
can be printed.
B. Press NO to return to the Welcome
Screen
YES
NO
Phantom Test passed
Important: Please run the ‘phantom test’
immediately to verify system
performance.
YES
accuDEXA User Guide
Print
Report?
B7101220 Rev. E
Print
Report?
NO
37
If the system fails the phantom test, an
out-of-range message is displayed and
the phantom test is repeated. If the
system fails this second test as well,
you will not be able to perform BMD
tests. Some features, however, like
retrieving and printing patient data, will
be available
Contact us at 888-818-4BMD for
further assistance. Click OK.
38
B7101220 Rev. E
Error#: xxx
Phantom Test failed
System malfunction:
Call Schick Technologies
Technical Support
OK
accuDEXA User Guide
accuDEXA QC PHANTOM TEST REPORT
Date:
09/25/00 11:11 AM
Version 1.50 (09/20/00) NDB 1.1 Unit # 1772 Serial # 2395
Image not for diagnosis
QC Phantom Test Results
BMC
1.287 g
Area:
2.302 cm
Latest Phantom BMD:
0.557 g/cm
2
QC Average BMD:
0.552 g/cm
2
Precision:
OK
2
Calibration status: Passed
QC Phantom Test Graph
BMD
Top limit
0.561
*
*
0.556
----+
----+
*
----+
----+
*
0.550
* QC limit
----+
*
----+
----+
----+
----+
*
*
*
----+ Reference
BMD
----+
*
0.545
QC limit
Bottom
limit
0.539
18
NOTE:
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
Phantom test number
26
27
Phantom BMD (*) must be within top/bottom limits.
QC Average BMD (+) must be within QC limits.
Figure 45. Example of Phantom Test Report
accuDEXA User Guide
B7101220 Rev. E
39
Performing a system test
Follow this procedure to run a system check of your accuDEXA unit. This test initiates several
internal checks that are similar to those performed automatically on start-up. Some checks
performed only when the accuDEXA is turned on are not repeated by the system test.
1.
If the accuDEXA is not on already, turn
the On/Off key switch to On. The
Welcome Screen appears.
Welcome To
A. Touch any part of the Welcome
Screen.
Touch anywhere to begin
2.
The Main Menu Screen appears.
Main Menu:
A. Press System Check.
BMD Test
Configuration
System Check
3.
The System Check Menu appears.
System check menu:
A. Press System Test.
System Test
BACK
Phantom Test
Printer Test
4.
Please wait as the accuDEXA performs
its internal checks.
Running System Check
Please Wait . . .
Version 1.50 (9/20/00) NDB 1.1
Unit # 1772 Sensor # 2385
Checking ST2385.LO . . .
40
B7101220 Rev. E
accuDEXA User Guide
5.
Press OK to return to the Main Menu
Screen.
All system tests passed
OK
accuDEXA User Guide
B7101220 Rev. E
41
Service
Maintenance
There are no serviceable parts inside the accuDEXA and no scheduled maintenance is required.
If there are any problems with the accuDEXA, please contact Schick Technologies at (888) 8184BMD or 718-937-5765.
Fuse replacement instructions
Replacement fuses are provided with every accuDEXA device. If the accuDEXA does not
respond when power is applied (On/Off indicator does not light and LCD display stays blank),
one of the fuses may have blown.
CAUTION: Ensure the accuDEXA is turned off and disconnected
from its power source before inspecting and replacing fuses.
Fuses are located on the back of the accuDEXA and can be removed by inserting a flat-blade
screwdriver into the fuseholder slot, pushing forward slightly, and turning it counterclockwise.
Remove the fuse and examine it. If the fuse has blown, replace it, and reinsert the fuseholder by
pushing it forward slightly with the screwdriver, then turning it clockwise to secure it.
Cleaning instructions
Before cleaning any part of the accuDEXA, turn off power and disconnect the power cord. Keep
the fan area clean and unobstructed and vacuum it from the outside as needed.
To clean the exterior and hand plate of the accuDEXA, moisten a damp lint-free cloth with a
minimal amount of rubbing alcohol. Wipe the external surfaces but avoid allowing any fluid to
seep into the accuDEXA.
CAUTION: Never pour or spray any liquid cleansers into the accuDEXA.
System checks
The accuDEXA performs an automatic check of its ability to operate whenever it is turned on.
Components verified by this check include:
AUTOMATIC CHECKS:
• Software executable and system files
• Sensor and interface
• Mechanical fixture
If the device fails the system check, an error message will appear on the screen display, listing
the cause of the problem. For example, if normal operating temperature limits are exceeded, the
system will report, Error: System temperature too hot (70-85 F/21-29 C only) or Error:
System temperature too cold (70-85 F/21-29 C only) as appropriate.
42
B7101220 Rev. E
accuDEXA User Guide
Users can choose to run a test of the accuDEXA system at any time. Pressing System Test at the
System Check Menu initiates several internal checks that are similar to those performed
automatically on startup. Some checks performed only during equipment turn-on are not repeated
by the System Test.
Also available from the System Check Menu are the printer and phantom tests.
USER-INITIATED CHECKS:
• System Test
• Printer Test
• Phantom Test
During BMD tests, the accuDEXA verifies X-ray exposures as they are taken. This verification
calculates the difference between high and low energy exposure to ensure that only X-rays taken
at the correct energy and exposure times are accepted.
Static electricity
Static electricity may cause the accuDEXA touch screen to go blank. If this occurs, the
accuDEXA must be reset to resume normal operation. To do so, turn the accuDEXA off by
turning the key in a clockwise direction, wait ten (10) seconds and turn the accuDEXA back on.
accuDEXA User Guide
B7101220 Rev. E
43
Reference Information
Technical description
The accuDEXA estimates bone mineral content (BMC, g) and bone mineral density (BMD,
g/cm2) in a region of the middle phalanx of the third finger of the non-dominant hand using dualenergy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA).
The technology used in the accuDEXA compensates for the density of soft tissue by acquiring
information at two distinct energy levels. The accuDEXA emits a low-energy X-ray pulse at 50
kVp and a high-energy X-ray pulse at 70 kVp. At 70 kVp, a zinc plate is used to filter out the
low energy X-rays.
An epoxy and an aluminum finger wedge of known density are aligned in the field of view
(FOV) of the sensor. The known density of the wedge is used in bone density estimation,
allowing for a relationship to be established between X-ray attenuation and density, which is
applied to every pixel of the X-ray sensor in the FOV. Furthermore, the inclusion of the wedge
within the FOV allows a calibration test to be performed during each exam.
Duty cycle (cooling)
The X-ray tube used in the accuDEXA has the following duty cycle:
COOLING TIME
BETWEEN
EXPOSURES –
MINUTES
DUTY CYCLE
3:00
2:00
1:00
0:00
x
0
60
120
180
240
300
X-RAY EXPOSURE – IMPULSES
(60 impulses per second)
The accuDEXA pulses last approximately 0.14 seconds, which is equivalent to 8.4 pulses
(indicated by the x in the above graph).
The accuDEXA has two X-ray exposures:
Impulse
High Energy
Low Energy
44
Duration
.09 seconds (maximum)
.06 seconds (maximum)
B7101220 Rev. E
accuDEXA User Guide
Specifications
Mechanical
Weight
Size
Window Clearance
66 lbs (29.7 kg)
14 x 15 x 14 in (35.56 x 38.1 x 35.56 cm)
6 x 4.5 in (15.24 x 11.43 cm)
Electrical
Safety and EMC Standards Compliance
Maximum Line Current And Voltage
IEC 601-1, IEC 601-1-2, IEC 601-1-3,
IEC 601-2-7, IEC 601-2-28, IEC 601-2-32,
UL2601-1, CAN/CSA-C22.2 No. 601.1-M90
127 VAC, at 2.5 Amps (115 VAC units)
253 VAC, at 1.25 Amps (230 VAC units)
Environmental
Operating Temperature
Storage Temperature
Humidity
Highest Permissible Temperature Limit
40° to 110° F (4° to 43° C)
-30° to +150° F (-34° to +66° C)
20% to 80%
150° F (66° C)
X-ray Head/General
Maximum Heat Dissipation into Oil
Nominal Anode Input Power
Maximum Anode Input Power
X-ray Source
Collimator
Image Receptor Accessories Attenuation
X-ray Source Assembly Compliance
X-ray Tube Voltage Measured By
Serial Number of X-ray Tube
Single Load Rating
Serial Load Rating
Maximum X-ray Tube Assembly Heat Content
Target Material
Target Angle
Nominal Focal Spot Value
Filtration (High Energy Only)
Total Filtration
High Voltage Generator Model
High Voltage Generator Input Power
accuDEXA User Guide
110 Watts Continuous
700W
700W
Schick Technologies P/N B7119000
Low Energy: 50 kVp, 0.5 mAs
High Energy: 70 kVp, 0.9 mAs, zinc filtered
Schick Technologies P/N B7119200
1.165 x 0.915 in (2.9591 x 2.3241 cm) lead
window, non-detachable, identified by X-ray
Source Assembly Serial Number marked on
X-Ray Source Assembly
Negligible
See Safety and EMC Standards, above
Victoreen Neromax 8000
Make and Serial Number on X-ray Source
Assembly
63 Joules
88 Joules
7000 Joules
Titanium
19°
0.8 mm (I.E.C.)
0.5 mm Zn (equivalent to 4 mm Al
approximately)
Equivalent to 4.5 mm Al approximately
Schick X-ray Corp. P/N 2426-2050X
197V, 22KHz, 3.75A at 70KVp
B7101220 Rev. E
45
General
Receptor Size
Reference Axis to Receptor Angle
Source To Finger Distance
Focal Spot to Target Distance
Focal Spot to Skin Distance
BMD Precision
X-ray Leakage
Effective X-ray Dose
Scatter Radiation
Calibration
Scan Time
Printer
2 x 1.75 in (5.08 x 4.445 cm)
90°
10 in (25.4 cm)
10.4 in (26.42 cm)
9.75 ± 0.2 in (24.77 ± 0.5 cm)
within 1%
0.8 mR per hour at 1 meter distance
3E-04 uSv per scan
6.1 mR per hour at 1 meter distance
Automatic, no user intervention required
Less than 1 minute
See Appendix E for a list of compatible
printers.
The X-ray Source Assembly can handle 70KVp at 2mA (continuous).
Electrical summary
Input electrical ratings
115 VAC systems: 115 VAC, 2.5 A, 50/60 Hz
230 VAC systems: 230 VAC, 1.25 A, 50/60 Hz
Equipment type
Type B equipment
Protective earth
Protective Earth
(adjacent to the
protective earth conductor inside the system).
Fuses
115 VAC Systems: 2.5 Amps, 3AG, SLO BLO
230 VAC Systems: 1.6 Amps, 5 x 20 mm, T
Restricted service statement
Unless otherwise specified, this unit should be
serviced only by the manufacturer. It contains
no user-serviceable parts.
46
B7101220 Rev. E
(on back panel).
accuDEXA User Guide
Appendix A
Normative databases
Listed below are the current normative databases used by the accuDEXA. As databases for other
ethnicities and genders become available, these databases will be incorporated into the
accuDEXA by software upgrades.
Ethnicity
Age
Gender
Caucasian
20-89
Female
Caucasian
20-89
Male
Asian
20-89
Female
Hispanic *
20-89
Female
African-American
20-79
Female
* The Hispanic database is representative of individuals living in Latin America and the United States.
accuDEXA User Guide
B7101220 Rev. E
47
Appendix B
Printing and copying the Patient Log Report
Follow this procedure to print the Patient Log Report or to copy it to floppy disk. The Patient
Log Report consists of patient information, BMD and BMC scores, and t- and z-scores. (X-ray
images and BMD report graphs are not included.) After performing the procedure, a single log
file is generated including test results from the range of dates (one day or many) specified by the
user. An example of the Patient Log Report is provided in Figure 53.
1.
If the accuDEXA is not on already, turn
the On/Off key switch to On. The
Welcome Screen appears.
Welcome To
A. Touch any part of the Welcome
Screen.
Touch anywhere to begin
2.
The Main Menu Screen appears.
Main Menu:
A. Press Configuration.
BMD Test
Configuration
System Check
3.
The Configuration Menu Screen
appears.
A. Press Patient Log.
48
B7101220 Rev. E
Configuration Menu
Current time/ date
05/11/00 11:47 AM
BACK
Change Time
Change Date
Change Printer
Patient Log
accuDEXA User Guide
4.
The Patient Log Selection Screen
appears.
A. Press Print to proceed to the next
screen.
OR
Press’Print” if you want to print
accuDEXA Patient Log Report
Press ‘File’ if you want to save it
on a diskette
Print
File
B. Press File to proceed to the next
screen.
Figure 46. Patient Log Screen
5.
If you are printing the Patient Log report,
the Print Data Screen appears. You will
see a brief message reminding you to turn
on your printer.
If you are copying the Patient Log Report
to file, the File Data Screen appears.
You will see a brief message prompting
you to insert a formatted (PC) diskette
into the accuDEXA floppy drive.
A. Press OK to proceed to the next
screen and to enter the start and end date
information.
Ensure printer is ON
and enter the start and end dates
of the files you want to transfer
in a format MMDDYY
OK
Cancel
Figure 47. Print Data Screen
OR
Insert a diskette into the floppy drive
and enter the start and end dates
of the files you want to transfer
in a format MMDDYY
B. Press Cancel to return to the
Configuration Menu Screen.
OK
Cancel
Figure 48. File Data Screen
accuDEXA User Guide
B7101220 Rev. E
49
6.
The Transfer Date Screens appear.
Enter start date [MMDDYY]
A. Enter the six-digit date, two digits
each for the month, day, and year for the
start and end dates.
TIP: If you need the results for one day
only (for example, August 15, 1998), the start
date (08/15/98) and end date (08/15/98) would
be the same.
B. Press OK to accept the start and end
dates.
TIP: If you entered the wrong date, press
CLEAR and re-enter.
BACK
1
2
3
OK
4
5
6
0
7
8
9
CLEAR
Enter end date [MMDDYY]
BACK
1
2
3
OK
4
5
6
0
7
8
9
CLEAR
Figure 49. Transfer Date Screens
7.
The Transfer Confirmation Screen
appears.
A. Press OK to accept the entered dates
and to initiate the transfer process.
OR
B. Press Retry to re-enter the dates. The
Transfer Date Screens will re-appear.
You asked to transfer files
corresponding to the following dates
MMDDYY - MMDDYY
OK
Retry
Cancel
OR
C. Press Cancel to return to the
Configuration Menu Screen
50
B7101220 Rev. E
Figure 50. Transfer Confirmation Screen
accuDEXA User Guide
8.
The Transfer in Process Screen appears.
A. Wait for the transfer process to finish.
When the transfer has been completed
successfully, the following message is
generated: Data transfer successfully
completed.
Transferring files corresponding
to the following dates
MMDDYY - MMDDYY
File to transfer:
Filename
CANCEL
OR
B. Press CANCEL to halt the transfer
process. The Configuration Menu
Screen will re-appear
9.
Figure 51. Transfer in Process Screen
A. When the transfer has been completed
successfully, press OK to return the
Configuration Menu Screen.
B. If you chose to print the report, the
Patient Report will begin printing when
data transfer is complete.
Data transfer successfully completed
C. If you chose to copy the Patient Report
to floppy disk, remove the disk when data
transfer is complete.
OK
D. If you wish to use the Patient Report
in another application, continue with the
section, “Copying the Patient Log Report
into Excel” on page 53 or “Copying the
Patient Log Report into Notepad or
WordPad” on page 56.
accuDEXA User Guide
B7101220 Rev. E
Figure 52. Transfer Complete Screen
51
accuDEXA PATIENT LOG REPORT
Date:
01/21/00 2:28 PM
Unit #701T
Date
Time
ID #
2/25/00
2/25/00
2/25/00
2/25/00
2/25/00
2/25/00
2/25/00
2/25/00
2/25/00
2/25/00
2/25/00
2/25/00
2/25/00
2/25/00
2/25/00
2/25/00
2/25/00
2/25/00
2/25/00
2/25/00
2/25/00
2/25/00
2/25/00
2/25/00
2/25/00
2/25/00
2/25/00
2/25/00
2/25/00
2/25/00
2/25/00
2/25/00
2/25/00
2/25/00
2/25/00
2/25/00
2/25/00
2/25/00
2/25/00
2/25/00
2/25/00
10:59 AM
11:01 AM
11:03 AM
11:13 AM
1:25 PM
1:27 PM
1:30 PM
1:31 PM
1:33 PM
1:35 PM
1:38 PM
1:40 PM
1:42 PM
1:44 PM
1:45 PM
1:47 PM
1:48 PM
1:50 PM
1:51 PM
1:53 PM
3:34 PM
3:36 PM
3:38 PM
3:41 PM
3:47 PM
3:51 PM
3:53 PM
3:56 PM
3:58 PM
4:00 PM
4:02 PM
4:03 PM
4:04 PM
4:06 PM
4:08 PM
4:09 PM
4:11 PM
4:12 PM
4:14 PM
4:15 PM
4:17 PM
1
2
1
1
1
2
3
4
5
6
6
7
8
2
3
4
5
6
7
88
6
7
2
35
2
3
4
5
0
7
8
8
8
20
3
3
4
5
63
7
8
Age
Ethnicity
85
85
85
85
25
35
35
45
55
65
65
75
85
25
35
45
55
65
75
85
65
75
25
35
25
35
45
55
65
75
88
85
85
25
35
35
45
54
65
75
85
Asian
Hispanic
Asian
Asian
Asian
Asian
Asian
Asian
Asian
Asian
Asian
Asian
Asian
Hispanic
Hispanic
Hispanic
Hispanic
Hispanic
Hispanic
Hispanic
Asian
Asian
Asian
Asian
Asian
Asian
Asian
Asian
Asian
Asian
Asian
Asian
Asian
Hispanic
Hispanic
Hispanic
Hispanic
Hispanic
Hispanic
Hispanic
Hispanic
Gender
Female
Female
Female
Female
Female
Female
Female
Female
Female
Female
Female
Female
Female
Female
Female
Female
Female
Female
Female
Female
Female
Female
Female
Female
Female
Female
Female
Female
Female
Female
Female
Female
Female
Female
Female
Female
Female
Female
Female
Female
Female
BMC
BMD
T-score
Z-score
1.28
1.26
1.258
1.259
1.262
1.261
1.251
1.245
1.262
1.247
1.255
1.256
1.254
1.25
1.268
1.231
1.252
1.246
1.261
1.253
1.268
1.27
0.771
0.793
0.774
0.764
0.774
0.789
0.772
0.775
0.777
0.782
0.778
0.778
0.771
0.774
0.767
0.779
0.778
0.772
0.773
0.56
0.551
0.551
0.55
0.552
0.552
0.548
0.545
0.553
0.546
0.549
0.549
0.549
0.547
0.554
0.539
0.548
0.546
0.552
0.548
0.555
0.556
0.354
0.363
0.339
0.336
0.34
0.346
0.339
0.34
0.341
0.343
0.342
0.341
0.339
0.34
0.337
0.342
0.342
0.339
0.339
0.894
1.022
0.72
0.718
0.757
0.745
0.664
0.618
0.76
0.634
0.69
0.701
0.686
0.953
1.078
0.803
0.963
0.922
1.034
0.971
0.804
0.819
-3.08
-2.899
-3.358
-3.425
-3.353
-3.23
-3.36
-3.345
-3.329
-3.289
-3.313
-2.773
-2.815
-2.797
-2.847
-2.758
-2.763
-2.816
-2.805
3.57
3.96
3.446
2.854
0.385
0.323
0.254
0.355
0.767
1.214
1.254
2.068
2.831
0.81
0.784
0.64
1.085
1.597
2.549
3.914
1.335
2.157
-3.115
-2.741
-3.368
-3.182
-2.573
-2.014
-1.633
-0.975
0.249
-0.006
-0.023
-2.974
-2.821
-2.804
-2.403
-1.866
-1.218
-0.507
0.576
Figure 53. Patient Log Report
52
B7101220 Rev. E
accuDEXA User Guide
Copying the Patient Log Report into Excel
Follow this procedure to copy the Patient Log Report into a spreadsheet program (like Microsoft
Excel). To perform this procedure you will need a floppy disk with a Patient Log Report file on it
and a recent version of Microsoft’s Excel program on your computer. Your version of Windows
should also be Windows 95B or higher. If you need information on copying log files to floppy
disk, refer to the previous section.
1.
A. Insert the floppy disk containing the
Patient Log Report into your computer.
B. Start Windows Explorer and browse
to the drive letter on your system
corresponding to the floppy drive.
C. Do the following:
•
•
•
Click once on the *.log file (the
Patient Log Report) to select it.
Press and hold down the Shift
key.
Click the right mouse button
(right-click).
D. A short menu, similar to the one
shown, appears. Select the “Open with”
option.
2.
The Open With dialog box appears.
A. Scroll down the list of programs and
click once on “excel”to select it.
B. For now, make sure the checkbox for
“Always use this program to open
this type of file” is clear. (You can
check this box at a later time, if you
want to always start Excel when
opening a *.log file.)
C. Click OK.
accuDEXA User Guide
B7101220 Rev. E
53
3.
4.
The Patient Log Report appears in
Excel’s workbook window.
At this point, a few formatting steps are
needed to improve the look and
readability of the table.
A. Starting with Column B, click and
hold down the remaining columns in the
table.
B. When the last column in the table is
selected, release the mouse button. The
selected columns should remain
highlighted.
5.
54
Click on the Format menu to open the
list of options. Click on Cells.
B7101220 Rev. E
accuDEXA User Guide
6.
The Format Cells dialog box appears.
A. Scroll down the list of categories and
click once on “Text” to select it.
B. Click OK.
7.
A. The Excel workbook window is
displayed again.
B. Take a moment to look over the data.
If some of the data had a very long string
of numbers or letters, you may want to
adjust the width of that column, as
follows.
8.
•
Click in the column heading (the
shaded area)
•
Drag the boundary on the right
side of the column heading to a
larger width.
A. Click on the File menu, and then on
Save As.
B. When the dialog box opens, name the
file and select Microsoft Excel Workbook
from the Save as type drop-down box.
When saving the file, make sure you save
it to your hard drive.
C. Click Save. Your data has now been
saved as an Excel spreadsheet.
accuDEXA User Guide
B7101220 Rev. E
55
Copying the Patient Log Report into Notepad or WordPad
Follow this procedure to copy the Patient Log Report into a text editor program (like Notepad or
WordPad). To perform this procedure you will need a floppy disk with a Patient Log Report file
on it and a recent version of the Notepad or WordPad program on your computer. If you need
information on copying log files to floppy disk, refer to the section, “Printing and copying the
Patient Log Report” on page 48.
1.
A. Insert the floppy disk containing the
Patient Log Report into your computer.
B. Start Windows Explorer and browse to
the drive letter on your system
corresponding to the floppy drive.
C. Do the following:
•
•
•
Click once on the *.log file (the
Patient Log Report) to select it.
Press and hold down the Shift
key.
Click the right mouse button
(right-click).
D. A short menu, similar to the one
shown, appears. Select the “Open with”
option.
2.
The Open With dialog box appears.
A. Scroll down the list of programs and
click once on “WORDPAD” to select it.
B. For now, make sure the checkbox for
“Always use this program to open this
type of file” is clear. (You can check this
box at a later time, if you want to always
start Excel when opening a *.log file.)
C. Click OK.
56
B7101220 Rev. E
accuDEXA User Guide
3.
4.
The Patient Log Report appears in the
WordPad window.
A. At this point, a few formatting steps
are needed to improve the appearance
of the table when printed.
B. Click on the File menu to open the
list of options. Click on Page Setup.
5.
The Page Setup dialog box appears.
A. Under “Orientation”, click on
Landscape.
B. Under “Margins”, delete the
measurement in each text box. As the
measurements are deleted, new minimum
margin values will appear in the text
boxes.
C. Click OK.
accuDEXA User Guide
B7101220 Rev. E
57
6.
A. Click on the File menu, and then on
Save As.
B. When the dialog box opens, name the
file and select Text Document from the
Save as type drop-down box. When
saving the file, make sure you save it to
your hard drive.
C. Click Save. Your data has now been
saved as a text document in WordPad.
58
B7101220 Rev. E
accuDEXA User Guide
Appendix C
Error messages
If a problem occurs during any procedure, the accuDEXA immediately displays an error
message. The messages are brief and describe the cause of the problem. Some error messages
may also include an error message number, located above the message and on the right. Refer to
the sample below.
Error # 114
Error: Timed out waiting for switch to be
hit
OK
Figure 54. Error Message Screen
Users may be able to correct errors reported by accuDEXA. Errors that occur during patient data
entry, data transfer, or printing can often be fixed easily. If the problem persists, however, please
write down the error message number (if applicable) and call us at 888-818-4BMD for
assistance.
Error
Message
Number
Error Message
Can be
corrected
by user
May be
corrected
by user
Cannot be
corrected
by user
Data Entry Errors
Patient ID # cannot be greater than 10 digits.
Please re-enter.
No patient ID # entered
Age is out of range. Please enter a number
between 1 and 120
Patient information is incomplete
Invalid time format; must be HHMM (24-hour clock)
Too many digits in time (maximum 4)
Invalid date format; must be MMDD or
MMDDYY
Too many digits in date (must be 4 or 6)
None
None
None
None
None
None
None
None
Too many digits or invalid digits in <filename>
None
Too many digits in printer number
None
Printer Errors
Printer out of paper
121
No printer attached or could not print
120
Invalid printer # <printer number>
None
Printer not ready. Please push on-line button. Try
again?
accuDEXA User Guide
122
B7101220 Rev. E
59
Error
Message
Number
Error Message
Could not print
Cannot change printer driver. Floppy disk is
wrong or not ready
Could not change printer driver
Printing job cancelled due to repeated printer
errors
Floppy drive error: Disk is not ready
Can be
corrected
by user
May be
corrected
by user
Cannot be
corrected
by user
146
163
162
167
Data Transfer Errors
154
Floppy drive error: Disk is full or damaged
Floppy drive error: Printer driver’s disk # <disk
number> is not ready
Disk space is available for storing only <number
of> more patients
End date cannot precede the start date
155
None
159
None
None
Error: Cannot find file specified
Data Retrieval Errors
Could not acquire image from sensor
129
Cannot read data in sensor calibration file
134
Initialization file <filename> cannot be read
150
System file <filename> failed system check
142
Could not read <filename> to perform system
check
Cannot read wedge data in setup file
Cannot read data in normative database
133
135
Hardware Errors
Switch closed prematurely. Possible hardware
problem
Incorrect X-ray exposure. Please reposition hand.
Timed out waiting for switch to be hit
No finger detected or x-ray source error
Timed out waiting for limit switch and/or filter
motion
X-ray energy or filter failure
Sensor or high energy X-ray emission failure
Sensor or low energy X-ray emission failure
Filter, solenoid and/or limit switch failed system
check
Filter/solenoid status unknown
Filter, solenoid and/or limit switch failed system
check
Hard tissue equivalent linear wedge calibration
failure
Soft tissue equivalent linear wedge calibration
failure
60
145
B7101220 Rev. E
103
168
114
152
112
128
131
132
101
101
103
116
117
accuDEXA User Guide
Error
Message
Number
Error Message
Can be
corrected
by user
May be
corrected
by user
Cannot be
corrected
by user
118
160
System Check Errors
Aluminum step wedge calibration failure
Cannot store images
System temperature too cold (70-85 F/21-29 C
only)
System temperature too hot (70-85 F/21-29 C
only)
Wedge verification error: Please make sure the
hand slot is empty
Sensor verification error: Please make sure the
hand slot is empty
Sensor verification error: X-ray source failure or
switch was not pressed
System file <filename> failed system check
Could not run system check on system file
<filename>
Filter, solenoid and/or limit switch failed system
check
Could not read <filename> to perform system
check
Sensor verification error: Sensor connection
failure
Sensor malfunction
Sensor failed system check
149
148
169
170
172
142
151
108
145
171
173
141
General Errors
Internal error
Memory failure
accuDEXA User Guide
113
130
B7101220 Rev. E
61
Notice messages
Notice messages perform two functions: to confirm the user’s action to cancel, interrupt, or
continue with a procedure and to indicate, prior to X-ray scans, when t- or z-scores cannot be
provided in the BMD Test Report.
Acquisition canceled upon request from user
Data transfer interrupted by the user
Timed out waiting for switch to be hit
No finger detected
Age is outside range of normative database for specified gender and ethnicity. No z-score possible.
Normative database not installed for specified gender and ethnicity. No t-score or z-score possible.
62
B7101220 Rev. E
accuDEXA User Guide
Appendix D
Troubleshooting the Canon printer
The following list summarizes typical solutions in the event you experience printing problems
with the Canon BJC-250. For additional troubleshooting information, refer to the Canon printer
manual. Users with printers other than the Canon BJC-250, should refer to their product manuals
for assistance.
Problem
Solution
If printing speed is too slow
The printer comes supplied with a Color BJ Cartridge BC-05.
Replacing this cartridge with a less expensive Black BJ
Cartridge BC-02 will cut printing time in half.
If the print head moves but nothing
prints
Try printing a test page from the printer. See Canon’s User
Manual for instructions on printing a test page using the
operator panel.
If you are still unable to print, perform at least two thorough
cleanings of the print head as described in the Printer Manual.
If the printing problem persists, replace the printer cartridge.
If the paper will not feed or if the
printout is stuck in the printer
If the paper will not feed into the printer, please ensure the
paper was placed properly in the paper tray. Remove the paper
from the tray and make sure the edges of the paper rest against
the back and right sides of the sheet feeder.
If the power light does not stop blinking
Remove and then reinsert the printer ink cartridge.
If a printed report is scrambled and
cannot be read clearly or at all
Make sure you are using the correct code number for your
printer. Follow the steps in “Changing the printer” to verify
that your printer is using the correct code. If this does not
correct the problem, check and/or replace the printer cable.
If the accuDEXA touch panel displays
the error, Note: Could Not Print
Check that the printer cable is properly connected between the
accuDEXA unit and the printer. You may need to replace the
printer cable.
Check the printer cartridge. It may need to be replaced.
Try printing a test page from the printer. If the printer is able to
print a test page but not an accuDEXA printout, you may need
to service the accuDEXA unit.
accuDEXA User Guide
B7101220 Rev. E
63
Appendix E
List of printers
The following table lists the printers compatible with the accuDEXA device and the codes
required when changing printers. Non-compatible printers are also noted in the following table.
Compatible with
accuDEXA?
Printer
Code
Time to Print
BMD Report
Yes
13
30 seconds
BJC-250
Yes
1
2 minutes*
BJC-4000 LQ
BJC-300
LBP-465
BJC-1000, 2000, 2100, 3000, 5100, 6000, 8200,
S400, S450
Yes
Yes
Yes
7
8
9
**
**
30 seconds
Compaq
Canon
Brother
Manufacturer and Model
Laser Printer HL-1240
†
InkJet IJ-300, IJ-600, IJ-3750, IJ-1200
Stylus Color 440
Stylus Color 740, 800, 850, 900
Epson
Not Compatible
‡
Not Compatible
Yes
4
2 minutes
Yes
4
1 minute
Action Laser II
Yes
5
**
Action Laser 1600
Yes
6
**
EPL-N2000
Yes
14
**
Lexmark
Hewlett Packard
Stylus Color 640, 860
LaserJet Series II, III, IV
DeskJet 610CL/612C, 648C, 695C/697C, 812C,
840C/842C, 880C/882C, 895Cse, 930C/932C, 935C,
950C/952C, 970Cse/970Cxi, 990Cxi/990Cse,
1220C/1220Cse/1220Cxi/1220C/PS,
1125C (only available in Europe & Japan)
LaserJet Series 5, 6, 1100, 4000
Not Compatible
Yes
2
30 seconds
Yes
3
1 minute
Yes
13
30 seconds
DeskJet 340, 420C, 710C/712C, 720C/722C
Not Compatible
Optra Laser Printers E312/E312L Series
Yes
10
30 seconds
ExecJet IIc
Yes
11
1 minute
JetPrinter 1100, 3200,
Z11, Z22, Z32, Z42, Z52
Not Compatible
* With black ink cartridge (BC-02) installed. When color ink cartridge (BC-05) is used, print time is 4 minutes.
** Exact time to print BMD reports is not available for these printers.
†
Compatible with accuDEXA software version 1.50 or higher only.
‡
After printing BMD report, printer may execute an extra page feed.
64
B7101220 Rev. E
accuDEXA User Guide
Appendix F
Calculating Reference BMD
The information in this appendix is intended for:
•
Users upgrading their accuDEXA units to software version 1.50.
Version 1.50 software provides additional reporting about the accuDEXA system. This reporting
uses phantom tests to evaluate the system’s range of performance — how well the system is
performing within predefined thresholds. To help describe this range, a baseline measurement
(Reference BMD) is needed.
Reference BMD is the result of averaging the first 10 Phantom BMD values that fall within the
range of the phantom standard. To verify whether the result is within range, users can refer either
to the Phantom Test Results screen (A) or the label on the phantom standard (B).
05/21/00 02:28 PM
BMD: 0.554 g/cm^2
Phantom BMD range: 0.520 – 0.580
Average BMD value: n/a
Average BMD range: n/a
Precision: n/a
OK
(A) Phantom Results Screen
(B) Phantom Standard
Figure 55. Reading the Results of the First 10 Phantom Tests
Until there are 10 in-range results, Average BMD value and range are listed as not available
(“n/a”) on the Phantom Results Screen. Similarly, the graph on the Phantom Test Report cannot
be plotted until a Reference BMD is calculated. (Refer to Figure 56 for an example.)
Reference BMD is calculated when 10, in-range Phantom BMD values are available. From that
point, users should refer to the Phantom Test Results screen, instead of the label on the phantom
standard, for test results. The Reference BMD is specific to the particular accuDEXA unit and
does not change once it is calculated.
Once the Reference BMD is determined, it becomes possible to track the performance of the
system. By performing a phantom test and printing the Phantom Test Report, users have the
opportunity to review the historical system performance based on the last 10 phantom tests.
accuDEXA User Guide
B7101220 Rev. E
65
accuDEXA QC PHANTOM TEST REPORT
Date:
08/12/00 10:15 AM
Version 1.50 (09/20/00) NDB 1.1 Unit # 701T Serial # 5100
QC Phantom Test Results
BMC
1.285 g
Area:
2.273 cm
Latest Phantom BMD:
0.565 g/cm
QC Average BMD:
n/a
Precision:
OK
2
2
Image not for diagnosis
Calibration status: Passed
NOTE:
QC graph cannot be printed until a reference BMD is available.
The reference BMD is the result of running the QC phantom test
10 times. You do not need to run all 10 tests at one time,
but you should perform them at your convenience.
To date you have run the QC phantom test 2 times.
Figure 56. Example of Phantom Test Report Before Reference BMD is Available
66
B7101220 Rev. E
accuDEXA User Guide
Appendix G
Equipment Labels
The following labels are located on the front and back panels of the accuDEXA.
Front Panel Warning Label:
Back Panel Product Label:
COMPLIES WITH DHHS RADIATION
PERFORMANCE STANDARDS,
21CFR, SUBCHAPTER J
31-00 47th AVENUE
LONG ISLAND CITY, NY 11101
MODEL 7100
SERIAL NO:
MANUFACTURED:
CAUTION:
FEDERAL LAW RESTRICTS THIS
DEVICE TO SALE BY OR ON THE
ORDER OF A PHYSICIAN
Back Panel Regulatory Label:
0413
Conforms to UL Std 2601-1. Certified to CAN/CSA C22.2 No. 601.1.
230V Units:____ 230VAC, 50/60 Hz, 1.25A, Fuse: 1.6 A, 250V, T
115V Units ____ 115VAC, 50/60 Hz, 2.5A, Fuse: 2.5 A, 250V, SB
CAUTION: For continued protection against risk of fire
replace only with same type of fuse
X-ray Head S/N:
accuDEXA User Guide
Made in USA
B7101220 Rev. E
67
Glossary of Terms
Area
Estimated projected image area (measured in cm2).
BMC
Estimated bone mineral content of the imaged portion of the finger (measured in grams).
BMD
Estimated bone mineral density of the imaged portion of the finger (measured in mass per projected area).
Non-dominant Hand
All accuDEXA exams are performed on the non-dominant hand. If a patient is right handed, they should
place their left hand into the hand slot. If the patient is left handed, they should place their right hand into
the hand slot.
Phantom BMD
The BMD of the accuDEXA phantom (P/N B7123100). When phantom BMD is reported out-of-range,
there may be a problem with system performance. Users are prompted to repeat the phantom test to verify
results and, if necessary, take additional actions.
QC (Quality Control) Average BMD
A measure used in accuDEXA software to help verify system performance. QC Average BMD (also called
Average BMD) is calculated from results of the last 10 phantom tests.
Reference BMD
A measure used in accuDEXA software to help verify system performance. Reference BMD is calculated
from results of the first 10 phantom tests. (To be included as one of the first 10 tests, the phantom BMD
must fall within the 0.52 and 0.58 range.)
Standard Deviation (SD)
A measure of the spread of a distribution. In a normal (or bell curve) distribution, 68% of all estimations lie
within one standard deviation of the mean and 95% of all measurements lie within two standard deviations
of the mean.
t-score
A measure of a patient’s BMD compared with a young healthy normal population (ages 20-29) of the same
gender and ethnicity. The t-score is reported in terms of the number of standard deviations above (positive
t-score) or below (negative t-score) the mean reference BMD.
World Health Organization (WHO)
A specialized agency of the United Nations promoting technical cooperation for health among nations and
the improvement in the quality of human life.
Young Healthy Normal (YHN)
A population sample defined as young healthy normal adults (ages 20-29) of the same gender and ethnicity.
z-score
A measure of how the BMD of an individual patient compares with the BMD of a reference population of
the same age group, gender, and ethnicity. The z-score is the number of standard deviations above (positive
z-score) or below (negative z-score) the mean BMD of an age-matched control.
68
B7101220 Rev. E
accuDEXA User Guide
Index
A
M
accuDEXA: Electrical Summary, 50; General
Information, A; Indications, A; Overview, 5;
Precautions, A; Registering, C; Specifications,
49; Steps to Turn Off, 8; Steps to Turn On, 8;
Steps to Turn On, 8; Warnings, A
Age Screen, 16
Main Menu Screen, 15, 28, 30, 31, 33, 38, 44,
52, 55
Maintenance, 46
Monitoring, 6
Multiple Copies Confirmation Screen, 21
Multiple Copies Screen, 21
B
N
BMC: Definition of, 72
BMD: Definition of, 72; Obtaining Successful
Test Results, 11; Operator Checklist, 11
BMD Test: Sample Screen, 20; Steps to Perform,
15
Bone Outline Screen, 19
Bone Outline Screens, 40
Normative Databases, 51
Notice Messages, 66
C
Cleaning Instructions, 46
Computing BMD Results Screen, 20, 41
Configuration Menu Screen, 28, 30, 31, 52
Contraindications, 6
Controls, 7
Cooling Cycle, 48
D
Database Information Screen, 17
Date: Additional Details, 30; Changing, 29
Date Screen, 30
Densitometry Report: Description, 22; Example
of, 26, 27
E
Error Messages, 63
Ethnicity Screen, 16
Exposure Screen, 13
F
File Data Screen, 53
Finger Placement, 10
Finger Position: Acceptable, 19; Guidelines, 19;
Jewelry and, 11; Unacceptable, 19
Fracture Risk, 24; Other Factors, 24
Fuse Replacement Instructions, 46
O
Overview and Setup, 5
P
Patient ID Screen, 15
Patient Log Report, 56; Copying and Printing,
52; Steps to Copy into Excel, 57; Steps to
Copy into Notepad or WordPad, 60
Patient Log Selection Screen, 53
Phantom: Example of Report, 43; Performing
Test, 36; Placement, 38; Positioning Screen,
38; Report Before Available Reference BMD,
70; Report Details, 42; Results Screen and
Standard, 69; Understanding Phantom Test
Results, 36
Please Wait Screen, 39
Positioning Screen, 18
Print Data Screen, 53
Printer: Changing, 31; Compatibility and Codes,
68; Connections, 8; Installation, 7; Print Test
Page Screen, 34; Troubleshooting for Canon,
67
Printer Driver Changed Screen, 33
Printer Driver Screens, 32
Printer Screen, 32
Printing a Test Page, 33
Printing Copies Screen, 21
R
Reference BMD: Calculating, 69
Reference Information, 48
Release Button Screen, 13
G
S
Gender Screen, 16
Getting Started, 12
Glossary, 72
Screen Navigation, 10
Sensor Verification Screen, 12, 13
Software: New Features, 9; Upgrade, 9
Standard Deviation: Definition of, 72
Static Electricity, 47
Summary Screen, 17
Symbols, B
I
Indications, 6
accuDEXA User Guide
B7101220 Rev. E
69
System: Checks, 46; System Check Screen, 12,
34, 44; System Test Passed Screen, 45
System Check Screen, 34, 38, 44
System Test: Steps to Perform, 44
t-scores, z-scores, fracture risk: Calculations, 22
T
W
Technical Description, 48
Test Page, 35
Text Conventions, 9
The accuDEXA Device, back view, 7
The accuDEXA Device, front view, 7
Time: Additional Details, 29; Changing, 28
Time Screen, 29
Touch Screen, 10
Transfer Complete Screen, 55
Transfer Confirmation Screen, 54
Transfer Date Screens, 54
Transfer in Process Screen, 55
t-score, 5; Definition of, 72; Using, 5
Welcome Screen, 12, 14, 15, 28, 29, 31, 33, 38,
44, 52
WHO: Definition of, 72
70
B7101220 Rev. E
V
Verification Test Results Screen, 14
X
X-ray Screens, 18, 39, 40
Y
YHN: Definition of, 72
Z
z-score, 5; Definition of, 72
accuDEXA User Guide
Was this manual useful for you? yes no
Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Download PDF

advertising