Safe Cycling - Chicago Complete Streets

Safe Cycling - Chicago Complete Streets
IN
SA
F
EE
FR
G
YCLIN
C
E
CHICAGO
A GUIDE for CYCLISTS
City of Chicago
Rahm Emanuel, Mayor
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Ride A Bike! ........................................................................................... 1
Buying a Bike ........................................................................................ 2
Types of Bikes ...................................................................................... 3
Helmets .................................................................................................... 4
Locking Your Bike ............................................................................. 5
Carrying Things .................................................................................. 6
Register Your Bike ............................................................................ 7
Bike Maintenance .............................................................................. 8
How to Fix a Flat Tire ..................................................................... 9
Bicycle Laws ................................................................................... 10-12
Traffic Basics ........................................................................................ 13
Types of bike lanes ..................................................................... 14-15
Riding in Traffic ................................................................................... 16
Hand Signals ......................................................................................... 17
Turning ..................................................................................................... 18
The “Door Zone” ............................................................................... 19
What to Do in a Crash ........................................................... 20-21
Streets for Cycling ........................................................................... 22
Bikes on Transit ................................................................................. 22
Bikes on Transit ................................................................................. 23
Off Street Cycling ............................................................................ 24
Riding at Night .................................................................................. 25
Riding in Bad Weather ................................................................. 26
RIDE A BIKE!
Bicycling is a great way to get around your neighborhood and
around town. It is healthy, economical, environmentally friendly
and a wonderful way to discover Chicago.
From locking your bike to fixing a flat tire, you will find all sorts
of useful information inside this Safe Cycling in Chicago booklet.
Riding a bike can lead to a life-long transportation choice that's
good for you, your community and the environment.
We invite you to review this booklet and discover for yourself
why Chicago is a great city for bicycling.
Photo: Serge Lubomudrov
www.chicagocompletestreets.org
1
BUYING A BIKE
When buying a bike wear clothes like the ones you plan to
bike in regularly and take a test ride like the riding you will
do to work, school and around the city.
Also consider these things:·
What kind of riding you plan to
do and what type of bike is best
suited for you.
The cost of the bike.
The cost of a lock, lights, helmet
and other accessories like a rack
and fenders.
Whether you can exchange parts
for better fit or use.
Guarantees and warranties on
the purchase.
Bike shop quality and service.
2
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!
Remember
If your bike budget is
small consider buying
a used bike. Used bikes
can be found at thrift
shops and yard sales
for cheap. Working
Bikes Cooperative
have a used bike sale
on weekends. Go to:
www.workingbikes.org
for more information.
If you plan to buy a
used bike make sure
it is in good working
order. A used bike that
needs work may be
more costly to fix than
buying a new bike and
might be dangerous
to ride. Having a used
bike tuned-up may be
an affordable and reliable solution.
TYPES OF BIKES
Different types of bikes are good for different styles of
riding. Consider what kind of riding you’ll do most when
choosing a bike.
Mountain Bikes have wide knobby
tires and low gears for riding off
road as well as an aggressive position for technical trail riding.
Cruisers have a laid-back upright
position, wide, smooth tires and usually just a single speed for leisurely
rides on streets and paths.
Cross or Hybrids are a mix between
a mountain and road bike with
semi-slick tires, wide gearing and an
upright but active position. Cross
bikes make excellent commuter bikes
for their versatile use.
Road Bikes have narrow slick tires,
high gears and an aggressive position for fast speeds and racing on
smooth clear pavement.
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3
HELMETS
Always wear a bicycle helmet to reduce the risk of permanent
injury or death from a crash. To make sure your helmet fits
right, put it on and then use the “eyes/ears/mouth” test.
Eyes
When you look up you should see the
front rim of the helmet. If not, your
helmet won’t protect your forehead.
Ears
The side straps should come to a “V”
just below each ear. Mouth: When you
open your mouth wide, you should feel
the helmet push down on your head. If
your helmet doesn't pass the test, adjust
the straps or add bigger pads to get the
right fit.
Ventilation
Good air flow comes from long, wide
vents that channel air through the helmet to keep you cool.
Cost
You can spend well over $100 for the latest space age helmet, but a good safetyrated helmet goes for around $30.
RIGHT
WRONG
!
Tip
Replace your helmet if it becomes damaged in an accident.
Also replace a helmet every two years. The foam inside becomes
hard and stale and will not absorb shock as well as it should.
4
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LOCKING YOUR BIKE
Always lock your bike, even
if you are just leaving it for a
moment. Always use a high quality U-lock. U-locks are strong and
better ones come with theft warranties.
Always lock through the frame
and at least one wheel. Add a
cable to lock both wheels.
Always lock to something secure
like a bike rack, parking meter or
firmly affixed sign pole. Beware of
locking to “sucker poles” that are
loosely bolted down and can easily be removed.
Remove detachable items like
lights, bags and quick release
parts from your bike and take
them with you.
Consider replacing quick release
parts with ones that bolt on for
greater convenience and security.
Lock your bike close by and keep
it in view as much as possible.
Lock near entrances and
well-lit, secure areas. Lock your
bike inside if space is available.
Lock your bike when keeping it
in a garage or other unattended
indoor area.
Always lock the frame and
one wheel to the bike rack.
For greater security, use
both a u-lock and a cable
For long-term parking, lock
the frame and both wheels
to the rack.
www.chicagocompletestreets.org
5
CARRYING THINGS
Carrying your stuff does not have to be a pain in the back.
It is easy to carry things on your bike.
A rack
+
A pannier
A rack
+
A milk crate
!
=
=
A bike ready to haul
A bike prepared to carry
Remember
A heavy backpack can strain your neck and shoulders, making it difficult to balance and control your bike. Carrying things in
hand is dangerous and makes it hard to brake and shift.
6
www.chicagocompletestreets.org
REGISTER YOUR BIKE
Register your bike with the Chicago Police Department
and campus security if a student. A stolen bike
is much more likely to be returned if it is registered.
You can pick up a Chicago Police Department registration form at most bike shops or register online at:
chicagocompletestreets.org/bikeregistration
Bicycle registration card
Make
Model
Year
Color
Serial number
Type
Wheel size
Keep a record of your bike’s
make, model and serial number.If your bike is stolen report
it to police by calling 311. Tell
them when and where it was
stolen, the make, model and its
serial number and a call back
number you can be reached at.
They will call you with a report
number to be used with insurance claims. They will call again
if your bike is recovered.
00
1-0
34
Mark your bike to show ownership if stolen and recovered.
Engrave your
name or an I.D.
number on your
bike.
Insert an info card
into your tire that
identifies you as
the owner.
Insert an info card
into your handlebar
or seat post.
www.chicagocompletestreets.org
7
BIKE MAINTENANCE
Maintaining your bike in good working condition is as easy as
an ABC Quick Check. Do the Check before each ride. Regular
maintenance prevents breakdowns and keeps you riding
safely.
Check the Air in tires for pressure by leaning
all your weight on the bike and seeing if the
tires bulge. If so, fill to recommended pressure
printed on the side of the tire. Bikes roll faster
and get fewer flats with tires filled to pressure.
Check the Brakes by pulling the levers and
rocking on the wheels. If the brakes are working right the wheels should skid when bike is
pushed.
Check that the Chain moves quietly and
smoothly when back pedaling. Lube chain
regularly to keep running well. Wipe off
excess lube from outside of chain with a rag.
Excess lube attracts dirt.
Check that any Quick release parts are tightly
secured. Levers curved in towards the bike are
locked. Levers curved away are unlocked and
are in danger of coming off while riding.
Check your bike by giving the wheels a spin
(to check for rubbing) and give bike a bounce
(to listen for loose rattling parts).
8
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HOW TO FIX A FLAT
Remove
Find
Patch
Replace
1. Lay your bike
on its side or stand
it upside down.
2. Use a tire lever
to pry the tire over
the rim. Leave the
lever between the
tire and the rim so
it does not pop
back in. If you don't
have another lever,
insert a flat stick.
6. Pump air into
the tube until it's
stretched tight. If
you can't find the
hole in the tube
by listening, lightly
grab the tube with
a circle made by
your thumb and
fingers. Run your
hand around the
tube until you feel
a stream of air.
9. Delate the tube
by pushing in the
valve stem.
10. Using sanding
pad, roughen the
tube around the
hold in an area
about as big as a
quarter.
14. Put the value
into the rim hole
and pump a little
air into the tube.
Work the tube into
the tire making
sure the tube does
not get twisted.
3. Using a second
lever a few inches
from the first lever,
pry out more of
the tire. Move
around the tire
until you've pried
out the entire side.
4. Reach under
the tire and pull
out the tube.
5. To get the
valve out of the
rim, hold the tire
away from the
valve with your
thumb. Use your
other hand to pull
out the valve.
7. If the hole's too
big to patch (bigger than a pinhole)
or it's next to the
valve stem, you
must remove the
wheel and replace
the tube.
8. Make the hole
with a pen or chalk.
11. Squeeze a
little glue out
of the container
and using the
container's nozzle
to smear the glue
over the roughened area.
12. Taking care
not to touch the
glue, hold the
tube against the
tire to find where
the puncture
occurred. Run
your fingers along
to underside and
remove any debris.
13. Remove the
foil back from the
patch onto the
glued area and
press for a minute.
15. Using your
thumbs, push the
tire inside the rim
Don't pinch the
tube between the
rim and the tire.
16. Push the
valve most of the
way into the tire.
Ensure the tire sits
in the rim evenly.
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9
ILLINOIS BICYCLE LAWS
Bicyclists are subject to the same laws as other users of the
road. It is your responsibility to know and respect the rules
of the road. Below are some Illinois bicycle laws. To learn
more about Illinois and Chicago bicycle laws, visit:
chicagocompletestreets.org/bikelaws.
Lane Positioning:
When riding roadways and bicycle paths at less than normal traffic
speed, and as close and safe to the right-hand curb or edge of roadway except:
1. When overtaking and passing another bicycle or vehicle proceeding in the same direction; or
2. When preparing for a left turn; or
3. When reasonably necessary to avoid fixed or moving objects or
substandard width lanes that make it unsafe to continue along the
right-hand curb or edge. A "substandard width lane" means a lane
that is too narrow for a bicycle and a vehicle to travel safely side by
side within the lane.
4. When approaching a place where a right turn is authorized.
5. When riding on a one-way highway with two or more marked
traffic lanes (5/11-1510)
Left Turns:
Bicyclists may choose between a vehicular-style left turn or a boxstyle left turn [5/11-1510]. For vehicular-style left turns, proceed as if
driving a vehicle, moving to the left lane or the left side of a single
lane prior to the intersection (5/11-801).
10
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ILLINOIS BICYCLE LAWS
Left Turns continued:
For box-style left-turns, riding near the right side of the roadway,
cross the intersecting roadway, stop (as much as practicable out of
the way of traffic), yield to any traffic and proceed in the new direction while obeying any official traffic control device or police officer.
(5/11-1510)
Hand Signals - Signals shall be given from the left and right side as
follows: Left turn and right turn - hand and arm extended horizontally. Stop or decrease of speed - hand and arm extended downward. (5/11-806) Signal not less than the last 100 feet before the turn,
Use of Sidewalks:
Local ordinance may prohibit bicyclists from using sidewalks. Where
permitted, bicyclists must yield to pedestrians and give audible
signals before passing pedestrians and give audible signals before
passing pedestrians. Bicyclists using sidewalks have all the rights
and duties of pedestrians. (5/11-1512)
Lights and Other Equipment on Bicycles - For night riding a front
lamp with a white light visible from at least 500 feet to the front
and a red reflector on the rear visible from 100 feet to 600 feet are
required. A rear light visible from 500 feet may be used in addition
to the red reflector. (5/11-1507)
League of Illinois Bicyclists
630-978-0583
www.BikeLIB.org
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11
CHICAGO BICYCLE LAWS
There are several city ordinances that protect cyclists in the
Municipal Code.
Rights and Duties 9-52-010
Every person riding a bicycle upon a roadway shall be granted all of the rights
and shall be subject to all of the duties applicable to the driver of a vehicle.
Cyclists must follow all rules of the roadway including, but not limited to, stopping at stop signs, following traffic signals, not riding on the sidewalk and
yielding to pedestrians.
Failure to Exercise Due Care 9-40-160
Bicyclists are protected from careless driving under the same ordinance that
protects pedestrians.
Turning Left or Right in Front of a Bicyclist 9-16-020 (e), (f)
Motorists must yield to bicyclists when turning left at an intersection, as they
would to any other approaching vehicle. This type of crash is commonly called
“the left hook”. Motorists are also prohibited from turning right in front of a
bicyclist. This crash is commonly called “the right hook”. This is similar to the
Illinois statute prohibiting a right turn in front of a mass transit bus.
Overtaking a Bicyclist at an Unsafe Distance 9-36-010 (c)
Motorists must pass cyclists at a safe distance, at least three feet of space.
Opening a Vehicle Door into the Path of a Bicyclist 9-80-035
Parking in bike lanes or marked shared lanes endangers bicyclists by forcing
them to merge with faster moving traffic.
Using a front light and a rear reflector when riding at night 9-52-080
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TRAFFIC BASICS
Riding predictably is the best way to ride safely on city
streets. Respect the law and follow traffic rules to be predictable to other users of the road.
Be Confident and
show it when riding.
Learn good handling skills and do
not hesitate while
riding in traffic.
Be Courteous to
other users of the
road. Communicate
your actions with
hand signals, eye
contact and sound
when needed.
Be Aware of your
surroundings and
road conditions by
constantly scanning
the area and regularly looking behind
you for traffic.
Tip
Hold your line when riding in traffic. Do not weave in and out of
parked cars, intersections or turn lanes. Ride in a straight line in
your travel lane.
www.chicagocompletestreets.org
13
TYPES OF BIKE LANES
Bike lanes encourage people to travel by bicycle by giving
them a designated space on the street.
Bike Lanes are
striped, on-street
lanes with a bicycle
symbol and an arrow.
Avoid riding in the
“door zone” where a
door can open into
the bike lane.
Marked Shared
Lanes are not striped
but show the bicycle
symbol and a chevron; they are typically
installed when there
is not enough width
for a full bike lane.
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www.chicagocompletestreets.org
TYPES OF BIKE LANES
Buffer-Protected
Bike Lanes are
similar to conventional bike lanes, with
extra space to keep
cyclists further from
parked vehicles and
opening doors.
Barrier-Protected
Bike Lanes use physical barriers between
cyclists and moving
cars to help people
of all ages feel more
comfortable on the
street. The lane is
usually located next
to the curb. Cars
park between the
bike lane and car
travel lane.
www.chicagocompletestreets.org
15
RIDING IN TRAFFIC
Never ride against traffic
It is against the law and it is dangerous. If you think you are safer
because you can see cars coming you are wrong! 20% of car-bike
collisions result from cyclists riding the wrong way. Oncoming cars
are not looking for you and turning vehicles can not see you.
Riding with traffic allows motorists to gradually overtake
and pass bicyclists.
Do not get squeezed out by buses
Bikes and buses often share the same space and play a game of
“leapfrog” with each other in traffic. Make sure to pass stopped
buses on the left after checking behind to see if it’s clear. Give the
bus plenty of room when you pass and again when it passes you.
Do not pass a bus to make a right turn.
Never wear headphones when cycling
Hearing traffic can be nearly as important as seeing it. Hearing an
emergency vehicle, an accelerating car engine or a horn honk from
an alley alerts you of a car’s position.
Beware of other drivers
Beware of a vehicle’s blind spots when riding behind or passing. If
you can’t see drivers they probably don’t see you.
Beware of oncoming vehicles blocking your view Other traffic may
be oncoming that you can’t see. Wait for a clear view to proceed.
Beware of following vehicles so closely you can’t see road
conditions, cyclists, pedestrians or traffic.
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www.chicagocompletestreets.org
HAND SIGNALS
Use Hand Signals to communicate your movements. You can
also use hand signals to point out road obstacles, show commands and express thanks for receiving the right of way.
Make Noise by shouting out to get drivers’ attention or to
warn others of your position.
Tip
Turning left
Turning right
Turning right
When turning at intersections, pull in front
of traffic when waiting
at intersections. This
allows you to be seen
by stopped motorists
and out of car's exhaust.
Make eye contact with
stopped drivers and
check their signals.
Stay to the left of rightturning vehicles. Position
yourself in line with the
hood of the car. Always
yield to pedestrians.
Slowing down
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17
TURNING
3
2
1
18
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(1) To cross an intersection, use the lane farthest
to the right that points
to where you are going.
Follow lane markings to
cross an intersectoin. If
you can’t change lanes to
turn left, ride across the
street to the other side
and align your bike with
traffic.
(2) Always stop for
pedestrians in crosswalks.
(3) Dont ride on the sidewalk. Chicago law prohibits bike on a sidewalk
if you are 12 years old or
older, unless it is marked
as a bike route.
THE "DOOR" ZONE
The “door zone” is the 3-4 feet along the left side of a
parked car where an opening door can hit and seriously
injure a cyclist.
1
2
When riding in a bike
lane ride on the left
side of the lane:
(1) Ride at least 3 feet
away from parked
cars on the street
(2) Take the full lane
if there’s no room to
safely pass open car
doors and to avoid
exiting passengers
Tip
Look inside parked cars and their side rearview mirrors when
passing and move outside the “door zone” if you see exiting
passengers. Watch behind you for traffic when moving out of
the “door zone” and into the full lane. A bike mirror helps you
see behind to know if cars are approaching.
www.chicagocompletestreets.org
19
WHAT TO DO IN A CRASH
Crashes can be scary and disorienting. Here are some
important actions to take if you have been in a crash with a
motor vehicle.
Stay down
Do not move unless your safety is in danger. Prevent further injury
and draw attention to the scene by staying down until police arrive.
Call the police
Have someone call for the police and ambulance. Report driver and
vehicle information if accident is a hit and run.
Get motorist and witness info
Get name, address, phone number, driver’s license and plate, car
description, and insurance info from every vehicle driver involved.
Get witness’ name, address and phone number.
Get police info
Get officer’s name, badge number, the police report number and
where to call for a copy. Make sure a police report is made.
Stay calm
After a crash you get very excited. You may not notice an injury
and aggravate it further. You may also suffer from shock because of
excitement. Try to stay calm and focus on the situation. Get treated
by paramedics and go to the hospital if necessary. Have someone
else gather information for you if you are unable. Have emergency
contact information in your wallet or printed inside your helmet. If
you can’t take your bike from the scene lock it there and come back
for it later. For more information about what to do after a crash, visit www.activetrans.
org/knowyourrights/after-a-crash or call 312.869.HELP
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www.chicagocompletestreets.org
STREETS FOR CYCLING
Don’t know where to bicycle in
Chicago? Check the Chicago Bike
Map. Hundreds of streets were considered and thousands of miles ridden to select the most convenient
and appropriate routes. Many of the
recommended routes will help you
get around situations unfriendly to
bicycling (such as expressways).
While routes throughout Chicago
are identified, some areas of the
city have fewer choices than others.
To view or request a copy
of
the
map
go
to
chicagocompletestreets.org/
bikemap
Riding in Groups
Riding a bike isn’t only a great way to
get around on your own, but it can be a
great time with friends too! Remember a
few things when riding with a group. Be
responsible for yourself. Be aware of your
position and the position of those around
you. Announce obstacles to fellow riders.
When maneuvering through intersections
stay close and when appropriate, ride
side by side and take the lane.
www.chicagocompletestreets.org
21
BIKES ON TRANSIT
To make cycling even more convenient, the Chicago Transit
Authority (CTA) welcomes bicycles on trains and buses
through the year-round CTA Bike & Ride program.
On CTA
You can bring your bike on CTA trains weekdays except during rush
hour (7am-9am and 4pm-6pm) and any time during weekends and
holidays (except July 3rd). You can also put your bike on the front
of a CTA bus bicycle carrying rack anytime. There is no extra charge
for taking your bike with you on the CTA. Taking your bike on the
CTA can allow you to make longer trips that you may not be able to
do with your bike or the CTA alone.
For more info about bikes on the CTA call 888-YOUR-CTA or go to
www.transitchicago.com and check out the CTA’s Bike & Ride brochure.
On Pace
You can take your bike on all Pace suburban buses.
For trip-planning, route, fare and schedule information call 847-364-PACE or visit www.
pacebus.com. For travel and trip planning on CTA, Pace and Metra call RTA information at
836-7000.
Tips for bikes on CTA and Pace buses
1. Alert bus driver
of bike rack use,
squeeze handle and
lower rack. If bike
rack is full wait for
the next bus.
22
2. Place bike in
empty space closest to the bus. The
first bike in faces
the curb, the second bike faces the
street.
www.chicagocompletestreets.org
3. Secure the support arm over the
front wheel. Do not
lock bike to rack.
Board bus and
Board bus and pay.
fare. Notify driver
when leaving bus.
BIKES ON TRANSIT
On Metra
Metra trains also allow bicycles during non-rush hours. Two bikes
are allowed per train. Ask the conductor to direct you to the appropriate bike storage area; it varies by train car type. You must bring a
bungee cord to secure your bike on a Metra train.
Check the train schedule for more information at metrarail.com.
On Greyhound Bus
Bicycles must be packed in a carrying case or box, securely fastened and checked. An additional fee may be charged.
Go to www.greyhound.com for more info.
On Amtrak
Amtrak has roll-on service on some lines or check as baggage
on others.
Go to www.amtrak.com for more info.
On Airlines
Bicycle accommodations vary between airlines.
For recommended airlines visit the League of American Bicyclists at
www.bikeleague.org.
Tips for bikes on CTA trains
1. Stand near either
end of the train car
holding your bike
securely. Do not
block exits.
2. When sitting,
place your foot
near the wheel to
prevent bike from
rolling. Don’t block
the aisle and be
aware of the space
your bike occupies.
3. Use wheelchair
space if unoccupied. Move if space
is needed.
www.chicagocompletestreets.org
23
OFF STREET CYCLING
1. Keep to the right.
Yield to pedestrians and
slower moving trail users
except when passing.
Slow down through heavy
traffic.
1
2. Use your path.
Do not bike on designated
walking or running paths.
2
3. Be careful at crossings.
Look both ways. Yield
to through traffic and
remember pedestrians
have the right of way.
3
4
4. Advise others
when passing.
Sound your bell or horn or
call out when approaching pedestrians or slower
cyclists, then pass safely
on the left.
Biking on Campus
is a great way to get to classes and elsewhere around school. Most
schools have shared use paths for cyclists and others. Obey posted
signs, stop for pedestrians and be aware of any special path rules
your school may have.
24
www.chicagocompletestreets.org
RIDING AT NIGHT
The first rule of riding at night is to BE SEEN! Both Chicago
and Illinois law require a front light and a rear reflector when
riding at night.
1
1. Reflective tape on helmet
2. Reflective safety vest
3. Clip-on strobe light
2
4. Rear light and reflectors
5. Reflective tape
6. Headlight
7. Reflective
sidewall tires
3
6
4
7
5
Tip
Ride with extra caution at night. It is harder to see drivers and
predict their moves. There are many tired drivers at night and
some may be drunk. Be alert and know your way. Choose a
route with which you’re familiar.
www.chicagocompletestreets.org
25
RIDING IN BAD WEATHER
You can bike in all weather year round with the right
equipment. You’ll be warm and dry biking while others
wait in the cold for their car to warm up or bus to arrive.
For more info visit www.bikewinter.org.
1. Ski goggles
1
2. Balaclava
3. Rain gear
2
3
4. Ski gloves
5. Shoe covers
6. Fenders
7. Water-proof
boots
4
6
7
5
Tip
Dress in layers when dressing for cold weather.
Base layer: Moisturewicking fabric like
polypropylene, polyester, nylon or silk.
26
MIddle layer: Wear
an insulating layer
that will hold heat
like wool or fleece.
www.chicagocompletestreets.org
Outer layer: Weather
proof outer layer will
keep you warm and
dry in wet conditions.
Photo: Serge Lubomudrov
IN
SA
F
CYCLIN
G
E
CHICAGO
A GUIDE for CYCLISTS
Bicycling is a great way to get to work, school and around
the city. Inside this Safe Cycling in Chicago guide learn
great tips and tricks on how to use your bike for transportation in Chicago. For additional free copies of this and
other great City of Chicago bicycle publications,
including the Chicago Bike Map, visit
chicagocompletestreets.org
Funding provided by
City of Chicago
Rahm Emanuel, Mayor
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