Calibration Information and Technical Summary for

Calibration Information and Technical Summary for
Turbines,
Incorporated
Technical Documents for
Turbine Flow Monitor Equipment
Technical document last Revision September, 1998
Turbinesdoc.FM0208-00
Calibration Information
and Technical Summary
for the
FM0208
Flow Monitor
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Ti
Turbines Inc.
The United States of America
Highway 283 North
Altus, OK USA 73522
Ph: 5 80-477-3067 F ax: 5 80-477-3071
1-800-809-1387
Technical Documents for
Turbine Flow Monitor Equipment
FM0208
Page 1
The FM 0208 Flow Monitor, Its Role
and Function in Turbine Flow Metering.
Turbines Incorporated is an original equipment manufacturer specializing in the design, marketing, sales, manufacturing and
service of a broad line of turbine flow meters and associated flow monitors and accessories, all of which are specially created
to provide the user with a complete turbine flow measurement system which includes the turbine itself, and in most cases, an
electronic means of converting the pulse signals generated by the turbine meter into usable scalar read-out corresponding to the
actual flow rate occurring through the mechanism of the turbine meter.
Although the standard turbines made available by Turbines incorporated can function using a variety of alternate flow monitors
provided and produced by other sources, the FM0208 is a proven device offering superior performance covering a wide range of
application conditions, all the while offering economies of acquisition cost.
The accuracy of flow measurement using the turbine flow meter is dependent on several elements, the accuracy and quality of
each therefore determining the ultimate accuracy and quality of the flow measurement.
Element 1:
The turbine meter must be of high quality with proper and precise machining of the internal mechanism. The turbine fan which is
suspended within the turbine meter is so designed as to rotate at a unique number of revolutions per minute depending upon the
velocity of the line flowing flowing through the meter. The revolution of the turbine fan, in turn, generates a magnetic (or sonic,
depending upon the pickup method of the particular turbine) pulse which is imparted to the pick-up sensor on the top of the meter.
A properly designed manufactured turbine flow meter will generate the same pulse for the same rate of flow. In order to verify the
relationship of a particular meter with a particular flow rate/range, the turbine meter is laboratory calibrated to establish the specific
K factor of meter, which is unique to that particular meter.
Element 2:
The turbine meter signal must be delivered to an appropriate flow monitor which can translate the signal input into flow indication.
In this manual, the proper calibration of the Turbines Incorporated FM0208 is described in detail. By properly calibrating the flow
monitor, the full performance potential of the turbine flow metering system will be realized. Should you have questions or require
assistance with this product or procedure, please contact us at 1-800-809-1387.
FM 0208 Flow Monitor Calibration
The following four step process will complete the calibration procedure,
and example follows.
Step1:
First determine the required unit of measure for your particular installation
(i. e. gallons, barrels, etc.)
Step2:
Next, set switch SW 3 to reflect the model meter and the unit of measure
which you have determined (See tables 3 and 4.)
Step3:
Calculate the scale factor, then set the 17 binary scalar switches as required (refer to Table Number 2 and figure Number 1.)
Step4:
Adjust resistor P1 to set the flow rate (refer to figure 1.)
Table No.- 1: Unit Multipliers vs Flow Units.
Flow Units
Barrels, Oil
U. S. Gallons
Imperial Gallons
Cubic Feet
Cubic Meters
Liters
Unit Multiplier
42
1
1.20095
7.48052
264.17
0.26417
Remember:
The K-Factor is provided with each and every Turbines Incorporated flow meter and represents Pulses per Gallon. Thus if
you need monitor read-out in, barrels, multiply the K-Factor x 42 (from table number -1.)
The Scale Factor is the K-Factor times the Unit Multiplier.
There are 17 dip switches(series SW-1 and SW-2) that collectively relate to 17 different binary numbers(see Figure 1.) After
you have determined the scale factor for your application, subtract the binary number immediately smaller than your scale factor,
and close the applicable dip switch. This process is then repeated until the remainder is zero(0.)
EXAMPLE: In this instance, calibrate the Fm0208 flow monitor attached to a Tm0100 turbine meter to provide read-out in barrels
per day assuming a turbine K-Factor of 867.5
Step 1:
From Table number 3, locate the TM 0100 turbine meter in the non-metric listing, selecting the unit of measure(barrels per
day.) As the table shows, we will close dip switches number 2 and 3 on SW-3.
Ti
Turbines Inc.
Highway 283 North
Altus, OK USA 73522
Ph: 5 80-477-3067 F ax: 5 80-477-3071
1-800-809-1387
PROUDLY MANUFACTURED IN
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The United States of America
Technical Documents for
Turbine Flow Monitor Equipment
FM0208
Page 2
EXAMPLE: continued...
Iteration #1:
Iteration #4:
Iteration #7:
36435
-32768
3667
595
-512
83
3
-2
1
Close SW-2-6
Close SW-1-10
Close SW-1-2
Iteration #2:
Iteration #5:
Iteration #8:
3667
-2048
1619
83
-64
19
1
-1
0
Close SW-2-2
Close SW-1-7
Iteration #3:
Iteration #6:
1619
-1024
595
19
-16
3
Close SW-2-1
SWITCH - 2
Step 3:
Subtract the binary number immediately smaller than the scale factor
(see below.)
BINARY NUMBER
65536
32768
16384
8192
4096
2048
1024
SWITCH - 1
Table Number: 2 Binary Number-Switch Number Chart
Step 2:
We are calibrating the monitor to read in barrels per day, therefore take
the turbine K-Factor and multiply times 42, from Table Number-1
(42 x 867.5 = 36435.) Therefore 36435 pulses (scale factor) equals 1
barrel.
512
256
128
64
32
16
8
4
2
1
Close SW-1-1
SWITCH POSITION
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
The dip switches listed within this example should all be set in the closed
position, as indicated. The remainder of the switches in the group listed
in Table number: 2 should remain open.
You must always finish with a remainder of zero(0) at the end of the
iterations, otherwise the calibration has been done incorrectly.
Close SW-1-5
Step 4:
Final adjustment of the flow rate is accomplished by rotating the potentiometer screw just below SW-3 (This control designated as P1, is used to adjust the flow rate.) Clockwise rotation increases the indication, and counter-clockwise decreases
the indication. To determine the proper setting, precisely time the flow indication for a period of one minute. Example: if
you find 1 barrel of flow occurs within the one minute timed span, then 1(totalizer reading) x 60(minutes per hour) x 24(hours
per day) = 1440(barrels per day.) Adjust the indicated flow rate to 1440 Barrels per Day by using the potentiometer
screw P1.
All of the foregoing is completely done at the factory, if you have purchased the turbine and flow monitor as a package. The only reason(s) to perform this calibration is if replacement of existing turbine internals is required or if the
flow monitor is installed on a non-Turbines Incorporated turbine flow meter.
Should you require any help, please call 1-800-809-1387 for immediate expert assistance.
Table Number: 3 - Non- metric PCB Switch Settings
FLOW METER
Turbines
Flow Meter
Model Number
TM 0038
TM 0050
TM 0075
TM 0078
TM 0100
TM 0150
TM 0200L
TM 0200
TM 0300
TM 0400
TM 0600
TM 0800
TM 1000
GALLONS PER MINUTE
Nominal Range
GPM
Indicated Display
GPM
(gallons per minute)
(gallons per minute)
0.3 - 3.0
0.75 - 7.5
2.0 - 15.0
3.0 - 30.0
5.0 - 50.0
15.0 - 180.0
15.0 - 180.0
40.0 - 400.0
60.0 - 600.0
100.0 - 1200.0
200.0 - 2500.0
350.0 - 3500.0
500.0 - 5000.0
0.30 - 3.00
0.75 - 7.50
2.00 - 15.00
3.00 - 30.00
5.0 - 50.0
15.0 - 180.0
15.0 - 180.0
40 - 400
60 - 600
100 - 1200
20 - 250 x 10
35 - 350 x 10
50 - 500 x 10
BARRELS PER HOUR
SW-3 Position
Closed position
1
2
3
4
Indicated Display
BPH
(barrels per hour)
BARRELS PER DAY
SW-3 Position
Closed position
1
2
0.40 - 4.00
1.00 - 10.00
2.85 - 21.42
4.28 - 42.85
7.0 - 70.0
21.0 - 250.0
21.0 - 250.0
54 - 540
88 - 880
142 - 1708
28 - 357 x 10
50 - 500 x 10
71 - 714 x 10
3
(barrels per day)
4
SW-3 Position
Closed position
1
2
3
4
10.0 - 100.0
25.0 - 250.0
68 - 514
102 - 1028
170 - 1700
51 - 600 x 10
51 - 600 x 10
130 - 1300 x 10
210 - 2100 x 10
34 - 410 x 100
68 - 860 x 100
12 - 120 x 1000
17 - 272 x 1000
Ti
Turbines Inc.
PROUDLY MANUFACTURED IN
See Us on the Web
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Indicated Display
BPD
Www.turbinesinc.com
Highway 283 North
Altus, OK USA 73522
Ph: 5 80-477-3067 F ax: 5 80-477-3071
1-800-809-1387
Technical Documents for
Turbine Flow Monitor Equipment
FM0208
Page 3
Table Number: 4 - Metric PCB Switch Settings
FLOW METER
Turbines
Flow Meter
Model Number
TM 0038
TM 0050
TM 0075
TM 0078
TM 0100
TM 0150
TM 0200L
TM 0200
TM 0300
TM 0400
TM 0600
TM 0800
TM 1000
CUBIC METERS PER DAY
Nominal Range
GPM
Indicated Display
CMPD
(gallons per minute)
(cubic meters per day)
0.3 - 3.0
0.75 - 7.5
2.0 - 15.0
3.0 - 30.0
5.0 - 50.0
15.0 - 180.0
15.0 - 180.0
40.0 - 400.0
60.0 - 600.0
100.0 - 1200.0
200.0 - 2500.0
350.0 - 3500.0
500.0 - 5000.0
LITERS PER MINUTE
SW-3 Position
Indicated Display
LPM
Closed position
1
2
3
(liters per minute)
4
1.60 - 16.00
4.0 - 40.0
10.9 - 81.7
16.0 - 160.0
27 - 270
80 - 1000
80 - 1000
21 - 210 x 10
33 - 330 x 10
54 - 650 x 10
10 - 140 x 100
19 - 190 x 100
27 - 272 x 100
SW-3 Position
Closed position
1
2
3
4
1.13 - 11.35
2.83 - 28.38
7.6 - 56.7
11.3 - 113.5
18.9 - 189.2
56 - 681
56 - 681
151 - 1514
227 - 2271
38 - 454
76 - 946 x 10
13 - 132 x 100
19 - 189 x 100
Figure Number: 1
17 Scalar Switches
SW-1 Switch 1.
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9 10
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
TURBINES, INC.
ALTUS, OK
SW-2 Switch 2
Circuit Board
(-)
1
(+)
SW-3
1
2
3
4
Time Base Switches
P-1
Time Base Span Adjustment
(CW - Increase)
(CCW - Decreaser)
1
TB-1
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
Battery (+)
Battery (-)
Magnetic P/U Battery (-)
Magnetic P/U Battery (+)
Ground
Totalzer Reset
Ti
Turbines Inc.
Highway 283 North
Altus, OK USA 73522
Ph: 5 80-477-3067 F ax: 5 80-477-3071
1-800-809-1387
PROUDLY MANUFACTURED IN
See Us on the Web
Www.turbinesinc.com
The United States of America
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