Rockwell Automation 1606
Rockwell Automation
1606-XLE240E 24V, 10A; Single Phase Input
1606-XLE240E
24V,10A Single Phase Input
POWER SUPPLY
¾
¾
¾
¾
Ultra-small size
Extra-low inrush current
Superior efficiency and temperature rating
DC-OK and overload LED
1. GENERAL DESCRIPTION
The 1606-XLE power supplies are cost optimized power supplies without compromising quality, reliability and performance. The 1606-XLE240E is part of
the XLE power supply family, existing alongside the high featured XLS family
The 1606-XLE includes all the essential basic functions and the devices have a power reserve of 20%. This extra current may even be used
continuously at temperatures up to +45°C. The most important features are the small size, the high efficiency and the wide temperature range.
The Auto-select input makes worldwide installation and usage very simple. Defects or system failures caused by wrongly set switches can not occur.
2. SPECIFICATION QUICK REFERENCE
Output voltage
Adjustment range
Output current
Line frequency
AC Input current
Power factor
AC Inrush current
DC Input
Efficiency
Losses
Temperature range
Derating
Hold-up time
DC 24V
24 - 28V
10 – 8.6A
12 – 10.3A
240W
288W
< 50mVpp
AC 100-120 / 200240V
50-60Hz
typ. 3.73 / 2.23A
typ. 0.59 / 0.51
typ. 3A peak
not allowed
typ. 91.0 / 91.6%
typ. 23.7 / 22.0W
-25°C to +70°C
6W/°C
typ. 46 / 47ms
at 120 / 230Vac
at 120 / 230Vac
operational
+60 to +70°C
at 120 / 230Vac
Dimensions
60x124x117mm
WxHxD
Output power
Output ripple
Input voltage
3. AGENCY APPROVALS
ambient <60°C
ambient <45°C
ambient <60°C
ambient <45°C
20Hz to 20MHz
Auto-select Input
±6%
at 120 / 230Vac
at 120 / 230Vac
IND. CONT. EQ.
UL 508
UL 60950-1
EMC, LVD
4. RELATED PRODUCTS
1606-XLB
1606-XLSRED
1606-XLBUFFER
Wall mount bracket
Redundancy Module
Buffer unit
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Rockwell Automation
1606-XLE240E 24V, 10A; Single Phase Input
INDEX
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
PAGE
INDEX
General Description................................................................1
Specification Quick Reference ...............................................1
Agency Approvals...................................................................1
Related Products ....................................................................1
AC-Input..................................................................................3
Input Inrush Current................................................................4
Hold-up Time ..........................................................................4
Output.....................................................................................5
Efficiency and Power Losses..................................................6
Functional Diagram ................................................................7
Reliability ................................................................................7
Product Face Label ................................................................8
Terminals and Wiring..............................................................8
EMC........................................................................................9
Environment .........................................................................11
Protection Features ..............................................................11
Safety....................................................................................12
Dielectric Strength ................................................................12
Approvals..............................................................................13
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
PAGE
Fulfilled Standards ................................................................13
Used Substances..................................................................13
Physical Dimensions and Weight .........................................14
Installation and Operation Instructions .................................14
Accessories...........................................................................15
Application Notes..................................................................16
25.1. Peak Current Capability ...........................................16
25.2. Charging of Batteries................................................16
25.3. Back-feeding Loads..................................................17
25.4. Output Circuit Breakers............................................17
25.5. Inductive and Capacitive Loads ...............................18
25.6. Series Operation ......................................................18
25.7. Parallel Use to Increase Output Power ....................18
25.8. Parallel Use for 1+1 Redundancy ............................18
25.9. External Input Protection..........................................19
25.10. Operation on Two Phases........................................19
25.11. Use in a Tightly Sealed Enclosure ...........................19
25.12. Mounting Orientations ..............................................20
INTENDED USE
Those responsible for the application and use of the products must satisfy themselves that all necessary steps have been taken to assure that each
application and use meets all performance and safety requirements, including and applicable laws, regulation , codes, and standards.
TERMINOLOGY AND ABREVIATIONS
PE and
symbol PE is the abbreviation for Protective Earth and has the same meaning as the symbol
.
Earth, Ground
This document uses the term “earth” which is the same as the U.S. term “ground”.
T.b.d.
To be defined, value or description will follow later.
AC 230V
A figure displayed with the AC or DC before the value represents a nominal voltage with standard tolerances (usually
±20%) included.
E.g.: DC 12V describes a 12V battery disregarding whether it is full (13.7V) or flat (10V)
As long as not otherwise stated, AC 100V and AC 230V parameters are valid at 50Hz and AC 120V parameters are
valid at 60Hz mains frequency.
230Vac
A figure with the unit (Vac) at the end is a momentary figure without any additional tolerances included.
PELV
SELV
Protective Extra Low Voltage
Safety Extra Low Voltage
DISCLAIMER
The information presented in this document is believed to be accurate and reliable and may change without notice.
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Rockwell Automation
1606-XLE240E 24V, 10A; Single Phase Input
5. AC-INPUT
AC input
AC input range
nom.
Input frequency
nom.
Input current
Power factor *
Crest factor **
Start-up delay
Rise time
AC 100V
4.34A
0.61
2.61
700ms
35ms
75ms
100mV
82Vac
75Vac
typ.
typ.
typ.
typ.
typ.
typ.
max.
typ.
typ.
Turn-on overshoot
Turn-on voltage
Shut-down voltage
auto-select input, see Fig. 5-1
100-120V range, continuous operation
200-240V range, continuous operation
Short term or with output derating
< 0.5s
±6%
AC 120V
3.73A
0.59
2.83
800ms
35ms
75ms
100mV
82Vac
75Vac
AC 230V
2.23A
0.51
3.3
850ms
35ms
75ms
100mV
N/A
N/A
at 24V, 10A see Fig. 5-3
at 24V, 10A see Fig. 5-1
at 24V, 10A
see Fig. 5-2
0mF, 24V, 10A, see Fig. 5-2
10mF, 24V, 10A, see Fig. 5-2
see Fig. 5-2
steady-state value, see Fig. 5-1
steady-state value, see Fig. 5-1
The power factor is the ratio of the true (or real) power to the apparent power in an AC circuit.
The crest factor is the mathematical ratio of the peak value to the RMS value of the input current waveform
Fig. 5-1 Input voltage range
Fig. 5-2 Turn-on behavior, definitions
Rated input ranges
no
Range harm Range
100- from 200120V 132 to 240V
180V
Turn-on
Shut -dow n
POUT
90V
132V
Intput
Voltage
VIN
Start-up
delay
Rise
Time
180V 264Vac
Fig. 5-3 Input current vs. output load
Fig. 5-4 Power Factor vs. output load
Input
Current, typ.
6A
- 5%
Output
Voltage
Overshoot
*
**
AC 100-120V / 200-240V
90-132Vac
180-264Vac
85-90Vac
264-300Vac
50 – 60Hz
0.65
5
4
3
2
Vac
100
Vac
120
0.55
c
230Va
0.45
Power Factor, typ.
100Vac
120Vac
0.6
230Vac
0.5
0.4
1
Output Current
0
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Output Current
0.35
2
9 10 11 12A
3
4
5
6
7
8
9 10 11 12A
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Rockwell Automation
1606-XLE240E 24V, 10A; Single Phase Input
6. INPUT INRUSH CURRENT
An active inrush limitation circuitry limits the input inrush current after turn-on of the input voltage.
The charging current into EMI suppression capacitors is disregarded in the first milliseconds after switch-on.
Inrush current
AC 100V
10Apeak
3Apeak
1A2s
max.
typ.
typ.
Inrush energy
AC 120V
10Apeak
3Apeak
1A2s
AC 230V
10Apeak
3Apeak
1A2s
-25°C to +70°C
-25°C to +70°C
-25°C to +70°C
Fig. 6-1 Input inrush current, typical behavior
Input Current
Input Voltage
Output Voltage
A:
Start-up delay = Inrush delay
Input:
Output:
Ambient:
230Vac
24V, 10A
25°C
Upper curve:
Medium curve:
Lower curve:
Time scale:
Input current 10A / DIV
Input voltage 500V / DIV
Output voltage 20V / DIV
100ms / DIV
A
7. HOLD-UP TIME
Hold-up Time
AC 100V
62ms
23ms
17ms
typ.
typ.
typ.
AC 120V
107ms
46ms
35ms
Fig. 7-1 Hold-up time vs. input voltage
Hold-up Time
120ms
a
100
80
a) 24V 5A typ.
b) 24V 5A min.
b c) 24V 10A typ.
d) 24V 10A min.
e) 24V 12A min.
c
d
e
60
40
Zero Transition
a
Intput
Voltage
b
Hold-up Time
Input Voltage
180
- 5%
Output
Voltage
20
85 100 120
5A, 24V, see Fig. 7-1
10A, 24V, see Fig. 7-1
12A, 24V, see Fig. 7-1
Fig. 7-2 Shut-down behavior, definitions
c
d
e
0
AC 230V
103ms
47ms
37ms
230Vac
Note: At no load, the hold-up time can be up to several seconds. The green DC-ok lamp is on during this time.
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1606-XLE240E 24V, 10A; Single Phase Input
8. OUTPUT
Output voltage
Adjustment range
nom.
min.
max.
Factory setting
Line regulation
Load regulation
Ripple and noise voltage
Output capacitance
Output current
24V
24-28V
30V
24.1V
70mV
100mV
50mVpp
7 000µF
12A
10A
10.3A
8.6A
288W
240W
14A
18A
max.
max.
max.
typ.
nom.
nom.
nom.
nom.
nom.
nom.
min.
max.
Output power
Short-circuit current
Guaranteed
at clockwise end position of potentiometer
±0.2%, at full load, cold unit
90 to 132Vac or 180 to 264Vac
static value, 0A Æ 10A Æ 0A
20Hz to 20MHz, 50Ohm
at 24V, ambient < 45°C, see Fig. 8-1
at 24V, ambient < 60°C, see Fig. 8-1
at 28V, ambient < 45°C, see Fig. 8-1
at 28V, ambient < 60°C, see Fig. 8-1
ambient < 45°C
ambient < 60°C
load impedance 100mOhm, see Fig. 8-1
load impedance 100mOhm, see Fig. 8-1
Fig. 8-1 Output voltage vs. output current, typ.
Adjustment
Range
Output Voltage
28V
24
20
+60°C
16
+25°C
-25°C
12
8
Output Current
4
0
0
2 4
6
8 10 12 14 16 18 20A
Peak current capability (up to several ms)
The power supply can deliver a peak current which is higher than the specified short term current. This helps to start current demanding loads or to
safely operate subsequent circuit breakers.
The extra current is supplied by the output capacitors inside the power supply. During this event, the capacitors will be discharged and causes a voltage
dip on the output. Detailed curves can be found in chapter 25.1.
Peak current voltage dips
typ.
typ.
typ.
From 24V to 18.5V
From 24V to 17.5V
From 24V to 12V
at 20A for 50ms, resistive load
at 50A for 2ms, resistive load
at 50A for 5ms, resistive load
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Rockwell Automation
1606-XLE240E 24V, 10A; Single Phase Input
9. EFFICIENCY AND POWER LOSSES
Efficiency
Power losses
AC 100V
90.7%
5.8W
12.0W
24.6W
31.9W
typ.
typ.
typ.
typ.
typ.
AC 120V
91.0%
8.4W
12.3W
23.7W
29.6W
AC 230V
91.6%
7.5W
11.3W
23.2W
27.9W
Fig. 9-1 Efficiency vs. output current at 24V
Fig. 9-2 Losses vs. output current at 24V
Efficiency
Power Losses
92%
32W
100Vac
28
24
20
120Vac
16
120Vac
230Vac
12
8
230Vac
4
Output Current
100Vac
0
0
2
4
6
8
10 12A
230V
ac
120V
ac
91
100
V
90
ac
89
Output Current
88
2
10A, 24V
0A
5A, 24V
10A, 24V
12A, 24V
4
6
8
10
12A
Fig. 9-3 Efficiency vs. input voltage, 24V, 10A
Fig. 9-4 Losses vs. input voltage, 24V, 10A
Efficiency
Power Losses
92%
27W
24
91
21
90
18
15
89
12
Input Voltage
88
85
120
155
190
Input Voltage
9
85
225 260Vac
120
155
190
225 260Vac
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1606-XLE240E 24V, 10A; Single Phase Input
10. FUNCTIONAL DIAGRAM
Fig. 10-1 Functional diagram
Output
Voltage
Regulator
L
N
Input
Rectifier
&
Inrush
Limiter
Input Fuse
&
Input Filter
115/230V
Auto Select
Power
Converter
Output
Filter
Output
OverVoltage
Protection
VOUT
+
+
DC
ok
11. RELIABILITY
Lifetime expectancy
MTBF SN 29500, IEC 61709
MTBF MIL HDBK 217F
min.
min.
min.
min.
AC 100V
AC 120V
AC 230V
38 000h
27 000h
93 000h
108 000h
612 000h
520 000h
1 019 000h
456 000h
410 000h
632 000h
50 000h
34 000h
99 000h
15 years
638 000h
542 000h
1 058 000h
447 000h
402 000h
628 000h
75 000h
53 000h
118 000h
15 years
821 000h
698 000h
1 393 000h
472 000h
425 000h
653 000h
40°C, 24V, 10A
40°C, 24V, 12A
40°C, 24V, 5A
25°C, 24V, 10A
40°C, 24V, 10A
40°C, 24V, 12A
25°C, 24V, 10A
40°C, 24V, 10A, Ground Benign GB40
40°C, 24V, 12A, Ground Benign GB40
25°C, 24V, 10A, Ground Benign GB25
The Lifetime expectancy shown in the table indicates the operating hours (service life) and is determined by the lifetime expectancy of the built-in
electrolytic capacitors.
Lifetime expectancy is specified in operational hours. Lifetime expectancy is calculated according to the capacitor’s manufacturer specification. The
prediction model allows a calculation of up to 15 years from date of shipment.
MTBF stands for Mean Time Between Failure, which is calculated according to statistical device failures, and indicates reliability of a device. It is the
statistical representation of the likelihood of a unit to fail and does not necessarily represent the life of a product.
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Rockwell Automation
1606-XLE240E 24V, 10A; Single Phase Input
12. PRODUCT FACE LABEL
Fig. 12-1 Front side
Output Terminals
Screw terminals
+
Positive output
Negative (return) output
Dual pins per pole
Output voltage potentiometer
Open the flap to tune the output voltage.
Factory set: 24.1V
DC-on lamp (green)
On when the voltage on the output terminals is > 21 V
Input Terminals
Screw terminals
N … Neutral input
L … Line (hot) input
... PE (Protective Earth) input
13. TERMINALS AND WIRING
Type
Screw terminals
Solid wire
0.5-6mm2
Stranded wire
0.5-4mm2
American wire gauge
20-10 AWG
Ferrules
allowed, but not required
Wire stripping length
7mm / 0.275inch
Screwdriver
3.5mm slotted or Pozidrive No 2
Recommended tightening torque
0.8Nm, 7lb.in
Instructions:
a) Use appropriate copper cables that are designed for an operating temperature of:
60°C for ambient up to 45°C and
75°C for ambient up to 60°C minimum.
b) Follow national installation codes and installation regulations!
c)
Ensure that all strands of a stranded wire enter the terminal connection!
d) Up to two stranded wires with the same cross section are permitted in one connection point (except PE wire).
e)
Do not use the unit without PE connection.
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1606-XLE240E 24V, 10A; Single Phase Input
14. EMC
The CE mark is in conformance with EMC guideline 89/336/EEC and 93/68/EEC and the low-voltage directive (LVD) 73/23/EWG.
EMC Immunity
Electrostatic discharge
EN 61000-6-2, EN 61000-6-1
EN 61000-4-2
Electromagnetic RF field
Fast transients (Burst)
EN 61000-4-3
EN 61000-4-4
Surge voltage on input
EN 61000-4-5
Surge voltage on output
EN 61000-4-5
Conducted disturbance
Line voltage dips
EN 61000-4-6
EN 61000-4-11
Voltage interruptions
Input voltage swells
Powerful transients
Criterions:
EN 61000-4-11
RA internal standard
VDE 0160
Contact discharge
Air discharge
80MHz-1GHz
Input lines
Output lines
LÆN
N / L Æ PE
+Æ+ / - Æ PE
0,15-80MHz
0% of 100Vac
40% of 100Vac
70% of 100Vac
0% of 200Vac
40% of 200Vac
70% of 200Vac
over entire load range
Generic standards
8kV
15kV
10V/m
4kV
2kV
2kV
4kV
500V
500V
10V
0Vac, 20ms
40Vac, 200ms
70Vac, 500ms
0Vac, 20ms
80Vac, 200ms
140Vac, 500ms
0Vac, 5000ms
300Vac, 500ms
750V, 1.3ms
Criterion A
Criterion A
Criterion A
Criterion A
Criterion A
Criterion A
Criterion A
Criterion A
Criterion A
Criterion A
Criterion A
Criterion C
Criterion C
Criterion A
Criterion C
Criterion C
Criterion C
Criterion A
Criterion A
A: Power supply shows normal operation behavior within the defined limits.
C: Temporary loss of function is possible. Power supply might shut-down and restarts by itself. No damages or hazards for the power supply occur.
Switching frequency
85kHz to 110kHz
input voltage dependent
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1606-XLE240E 24V, 10A; Single Phase Input
EMC Emission
Conducted emission
EN 61000-6-4
Generic standards
EN 55011, EN 55022, FCC Part 15, CISPR 11, CISPR 22
Class B, input lines
EN 55022
Class A, output lines
Radiated emission
EN 55011, EN 55022
Class B
Harmonic input current
EN 61000-3-2
not fulfilled
Voltage fluctuations, flicker
EN 61000-3-3
fulfilled
This device complies with FCC Part 15 rules.
Operation is subjected to following two conditions: (1) this device may not cause harmful interference, and (2) this device must accept any interference
received, including interference that may cause undesired operation.
The power supply does not fulfill the harmonic current standard EN61000-3-2.
Please note:
A power supply has to comply with EN 61000-3-2 (Standard for harmonic input current) when:
1) the end-device is used within the European Union and
2) the end-device is connected to a public mains supply with a nominal voltage ≥ 220Vac and
3) the power supply is:
- fitted in an end-device with an average input power in excess of 75W or
- fitted in an end-device with a continuous input power in excess of 75W or
- part of a lighting system.
Exceptions:
End-devices for professional applications with an input power > 1000W do not need to fulfill EN 61000-3-2.
Comments:
- The average input power must be determined in accordance with EN 61000-3-2.
- Industrial Line supplies with their own transformer are considered to be “non-public”.
- Where individual self-contained items of equipment are installed in a rack or case
(e.g. devices connected in parallel), they are regarded as being individually connected to the
Line side of supply. The rack or case need not be tested as a whole. Alternatively it is also permitted
to assess the whole rack or case. This is recommended for devices used in professional
applications with an input power greater than 1000W.
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Rockwell Automation
1606-XLE240E 24V, 10A; Single Phase Input
15. ENVIRONMENT
Operational temperature
Output de-rating
Storage temperature
Humidity
Vibration sinusoidal
Shock
Altitude
Output de-rating (for altitude)
Over-voltage category
-25°C to +70°C (-13°F to 158°F)
3.2W/°C
6W/°C
-40 to +85°C (-40°F to 185°F)
5 to 95% r.H.
reduce output power according Fig. 15-1
45-60°C (113°F to 140°F)
60-70°C (140°F to 158°F)
storage and transportation
IEC 60068-2-30
2-17.8Hz: ±1.6mm; 17.8-500Hz: 2g
2 hours / axis
30g 6ms, 20g 11ms
3 bumps / direction, 18 bumps in total
0 to 6000m (0 to 20 000ft)
IEC 60068-2-6
Do not energize while condensation is present
IEC 60068-2-27
Reduce output power or ambient temperature above
2000m sea level.
above 2000m (6500ft), see Fig. 15-2
EN 50178, altitudes up to 2000m
Altitudes from 2000m to 6000m
EN 50178, not conductive
15W/1000m or 5°C/1000m
III
II
2
Degree of pollution
Fig. 15-1 Output current vs. ambient temp.,
Allowable Output
Current at 24V
12A
10
Fig. 15-2 Output current vs. altitude, 24V
Allowable Output
Current at 24V
short
t erm
12A
cont inuous
8
6
6
4
4
2
2
Ambient Temperature
0
20
B
10
8
0
-25
40
short t erm
C
A
A... Tamb < 60°C
B... Tamb < 50°C
C... Tamb < 40°C
Altitude
0
60 70°C
0
2000
4000
6000m
The ambient temperature is defined 2cm below the unit.
16. PROTECTION FEATURES
Output protection
Output over-voltage protection
Output over-current protection
Degree of protection
Penetration protection
Over-temperature protection
Input transient protection
Internal input fuse
Electronically protected against overload, no-load and short-circuits
typ. 35Vdc
In case of an internal power supply defect, a redundant circuitry limits
max. 39Vdc
the maximum output voltage. The output shuts down and automatically
attempts to restart.
electronically limited
see Fig. 8-1
IP 20
EN/IEC 60529
> 3.5mm
e.g. screws, small parts
yes
output shut-down with automatic restart
MOV
Metal Oxide Varistor
T6.3A H.B.C.
not user replaceable
Note: In case of a protection event, audible noise may occur.
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1606-XLE240E 24V, 10A; Single Phase Input
17. SAFETY
Input / output separation
SELV
PELV
double or reinforced insulation
I
> 5MOhm
< 0.1Ohm
typ. 0.36mA
typ. 0.50mA
typ. 0.64mA
< 0.45mA
< 0.62mA
< 0.85mA
Class of protection
Isolation resistance
PE resistance
Touch current (leakage current)
IEC/EN 60950-1
EN 60204-1, EN 50178, IEC 60364-4-41
PE (Protective Earth) connection required
input to output, 500Vdc
between housing and PE terminal
100Vac, 50Hz
120Vac, 60Hz
230Vac, 50Hz
110Vac, 50Hz
132Vac, 60Hz
264Vac, 50Hz
18. DIELECTRIC STRENGTH
To fulfill the PELV requirements according to EN60204-1 § 6.4.1, we recommend that either the + pole, the – pole or any other part of the output circuit
shall be connected to the protective earth system. This helps to avoid situations in which a load starts unexpectedly or can not be switched off any more
when unnoticed earth faults occur.
Type test
60s
A
2500Vac
B
3000Vac
C
500Vac
Factory test
5s
2500Vac
2500Vac
500Vac
Field test
5s
2000Vac
2000Vac
500Vac
Fig. 18-1 Dielectric strength
Input
L
N
B
Output
+
A
Earth, PE
C
-
Type tests and factory tests:
Conducted by the manufacturer. Do not repeat test in field!
Rules for field test:
Use appropriate test equipment which applies the voltage with a slow ramp!
Connect L and N together as well as all output poles.
The output voltage is floating and has no ohmic connection to ground.
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1606-XLE240E 24V, 10A; Single Phase Input
19. APPROVALS
IECEE
IEC 60950-1
CB Scheme,
Information Technology Equipment
CB SCHEME
UL 508
18WM
LISTED
LISTED as Industrial Control Equipment
E198865
IND. CONT. EQ.
UL 60950-1
RECOGNIZED E137006 recognized for the use in U.S.A. (UL 60950-1) and Canada
(C22.2 No. 60950)
Information Technology Equipment, Level 5
20. FULFILLED STANDARDS
EN 61558-2-17
Safety of Power Transformers
EN/IEC 60204-1
Safety of Electrical Equipment of Machines
EN/IEC 61131-2
Programmable Controllers
EN 50178
Electronic Equipment in Power Installations
21. USED SUBSTANCES
The unit does not release any silicone and is suitable for the use in paint shops.
Electrolytic capacitors included in this unit do not use electrolytes such as Quaternary Ammonium Salt Systems.
Plastic housings and other molded plastic materials are free of halogens, wires and cables are not PVC insulated.
The production material within our production does not include following toxic chemicals:
Polychlorized Biphenyl (PCB), Polychlorized Terphenyl (PCB), Pentachlorophenol (PCP), Polychlorinated naphthalene (PCN), Polybrom Biphenyl (PBB),
Polybrom Bipheny-oxyd (PBO), Polybrominated Diphenylether (PBDE), Polychlorinated Diphenylether (PCDE), Polydibromphenyl Oxyd (PBDO),
Cadmium, Asbest, Mercury, Silicia
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Rockwell Automation
1606-XLE240E 24V, 10A; Single Phase Input
22. PHYSICAL DIMENSIONS AND WEIGHT
Weight
DIN-Rail
700g / 1.54lb
Use 35mm DIN-rails according to EN 60715 or EN 50022 with a height of 7.5 or 15mm.
The DIN-rail height must be added to the depth (117mm) to calculate the total required installation depth.
Fig. 22-1 Front view
Fig. 22-2 Side view
23. INSTALLATION AND OPERATION INSTRUCTIONS
Hazardous voltage inside device. Risk of electric shock, severe burns, or death.
•
Do not use the unit without proper earth connection (Protective Earth). Use the pin on the terminal block for earth connection and not one of
the screws on the housing.
•
Turn power off before working on the power supply. Protect against inadvertent re-powering.
•
Make sure the wiring is correct by following all local and national codes.
•
Do not open, modify or repair the unit.
•
Use caution to prevent any foreign objects from entering into the housing.
•
Do not use in wet locations or in areas where moisture or condensation can be expected.
Mounting Orientation:
Output terminal must be located on top and input terminal on the bottom. For other orientations see section 25.12.
Cooling:
Convection cooled, no forced cooling required. Do not cover ventilation grid (e.g. cable conduits) by more than 30%!
Installation clearances:
40mm on top, 20mm on the bottom, 5mm on the left and right side are recommended when loaded permanently with full power. In case the adjacent
device is a heat source, 15mm clearance is recommended.
Service parts:
The unit does not contain any serviceable parts. The tripping of an internal fuse is caused by an internal defect.
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Rockwell Automation
1606-XLE240E 24V, 10A; Single Phase Input
24. ACCESSORIES
1606-XLB Wall mounting bracket
This bracket is used to mount 1606 units onto a flat surface without utilizing a DIN-Rail. The two aluminum brackets and the black plastic slider of the
unit have to be detached, so that the two steel brackets can be mounted.
Fig. 24-1 1606-XLB Wall Mounting Bracket
Fig. 24-2 Assembled Wall Mounting Bracket
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Rockwell Automation
1606-XLE240E 24V, 10A; Single Phase Input
25. APPLICATION NOTES
25.1. PEAK CURRENT CAPABILITY
Solenoids, contactors and pneumatic modules often have a steady state coil and a pick-up coil. The inrush current demand of the pick-up coil is several
times higher than the steady state current and usually exceeds the nominal output current (including the PowerBoost) The same situation applies, when
starting a capacitive load.
Branch circuits are often protected with circuit breakers or fuses. In case of a short or an overload in the branch circuit, the fuse needs a certain amount
of over-current to trip or to blow. The peak current capability ensures the safe operation of subsequent circuit breakers.
Assuming the input voltage is turned on before such an event, the built-in large sized output capacitors inside the power supply can deliver extra
current. Discharging this capacitor causes a voltage dip on the output. The following two examples show typical voltage dips:
Fig. 25-1 Peak load 20A for 50ms, typ.
Fig. 25-2 Peak load 50A for 5ms, typ.
Output
Voltage
24V
24V
Output
Voltage
50A
18.5V
20A
12V
Output
Current
0A
Output
Current
0A
10ms/DIV
1ms/DIV
Peak load 20A (resistive) for 50ms
Output voltage dips from 24V to 18.5V.
Peak load 50A (resistive) for 5ms
Output voltage dips from 24V to 12V.
25.2. CHARGING OF BATTERIES
The power supply shall not be used to charge batteries. Choose 1606-XLS for charging batteries.
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Rockwell Automation
1606-XLE240E 24V, 10A; Single Phase Input
25.3. BACK-FEEDING LOADS
Loads such as decelerating motors and inductors can feed voltage back to the power supply. This feature is also called return voltage immunity or
resistance against Back- E.M.F. (Electro Magnetic Force).
This power supply is resistant and does not show malfunctioning when a load feeds back voltage to the power supply. It does not matter, whether the
power supply is on or off.
The maximum allowed feed back voltage is 35Vdc. The absorbing energy can be calculated according to the built-in large sized output capacitor which
is specified in chapter 8.
25.4. OUTPUT CIRCUIT BREAKERS
Standard miniature circuit breakers (MCBs) can be used for branch protection. Ensure that the MCB is rated for DC voltage, too. The following tests
show which circuit breakers the power supply typically trips.
Circuit breakers have huge tolerances in their tripping behavior. Therefore, these typical tests can only be used as a recommendation or for comparing
two different power supplies. Furthermore, the loop impedance has a major influence on whether a breaker trips or not. Two tests were performed,
representing typical situations:
Test 1: Short circuit with S1 on the power supply end of the cable (loop impedance approx. 20mOhm)
Fig. 25-3 Branch protectors, test circuit 1
AC
Parameters:
Input voltage:
Circuit
Breaker
I
Power
Supply
+
+
S1
The following circuit breaker tripped during the test:
A- or Z- Characteristic::
equal or smaller 25A
B- Characteristic:
equal or smaller 16A
C- Characteristic:
equal or smaller 13A
Load
DC -
230Vac, load current: 0A
-
Test 2: Short circuit with S1 on the load end (additional impedance included; represents longer load wire length).
Parameters:
Input voltage:
Fig. 25-4 Branch protectors, test circuit 2
Circuit
Breaker
I
Power
Supply
AC
+
R
DC -
The following circuit breaker tripped during the test:
A- or Z- Characteristic::
≤ 16A and R= 82mOhm
B- Characteristic:
≤ 6A and R= 180mOhm
C- Characteristic:
≤ 4A and R= 220mOhm
+
S1
230Vac, load current: 0A
Load
-
What does this resistance mean in wire length?
82mOhm
180mOhm
220mOhm
0.5mm2
2.3m
5.0m
6.1m
0.7mm2
3.2m
7.0m
8.6m
1.0mm2
4.6m
10.0m
12.3m
1.5mm2
6.9m
15.0m
18.4m
2.5mm2
11.4m
25.1m
30.6m
4.0mm2
18.3m
40.1m
49.0m
Example:
Which wire gauge must be used to trip a B-Characteristic circuit breaker with a rating of 6A? The load wire length is 21m.
Answer: A 6A B-Characteristic circuit breaker requires a loop impedance of less than 180mOhm (test results). The wire length table shows that up to
25.1m wire with a cross section of 2.5mm2 are below 180mOhm. A wire not smaller than 2.5mm2 shall be used.
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Rockwell Automation
1606-XLE240E 24V, 10A; Single Phase Input
25.5. INDUCTIVE AND CAPACITIVE LOADS
The unit is designed to supply any kind of load, including unlimited capacitive and inductive loads.
25.6. SERIES OPERATION
The power supply can be put in series to increase the output voltage.
Fig. 25-5 Schematic for series operation
Unit A
AC
DC
+
+
Unit B
AC
DC
Load
+
-
Earth
Instructions for use in series:
a)
It is possible to connect as many units in series as needed, providing the sum
of the output voltage does not exceed 150Vdc.
b)
Warning! Voltages with a potential above 60Vdc are not SELV any more and
can be dangerous. Such voltages must be installed with a protection against
touching.
c)
For serial operation use power supplies of the same type.
d)
Earthing of the output is required when the sum of the output voltage is above
60Vdc.
e)
Keep an installation clearance of 15mm (left/right) between two power supplies
and avoid installing the power supplies on top of each other.
Note: Avoid return voltage (e.g. from a decelerating motor or battery) which is
applied to the output terminals.
25.7. PARALLEL USE TO INCREASE OUTPUT POWER
The power supply shall not be used in parallel to increase the output power.
25.8. PARALLEL USE FOR 1+1 REDUNDANCY
Power supplies can be paralleled for 1+1 redundancy to gain a higher system availability. Redundant systems require a certain amount of extra power
to support the load in case one power supply unit fails. The simplest way is to put two 1606-XLE power supplies in parallel. In case one power supply
unit fails, the other one is automatically able to support the load current without any interruption. This simple way to build a redundant system has two
major disadvantages:
a. The faulty power supply can not be recognized. The green LED will still be on since it is reverse-powered from the other power supply.
b. It does not cover failures such as an internal short circuit in the secondary side of the power supply. In such a - virtually nearly impossible - case,
the defective unit becomes a load for the other power supplies and the output voltage can not be maintained any more.
This can only be avoided by utilizing decoupling diodes which are included in the decoupling module 1606-XLSRED or redundancy module 1606XLERED.
Recommendations for building redundant power systems:
a)
Use separate input fuses for each power supply.
b)
Monitor the individual power supply units. A DC-ok lamp and a DC-ok contact is included in the redundancy module 1606-XLERED. This feature
reports a faulty unit.
c)
When possible, connect each power supply to different phases or circuits.
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Rockwell Automation
1606-XLE240E 24V, 10A; Single Phase Input
25.9. EXTERNAL INPUT PROTECTION
The unit is tested and approved for branch circuits up to 20A. External protection is only required if the supplying branch has an ampacity greater than
this. In some countries local regulations might apply. Check also local codes and local requirements.
If an external fuse is necessary or utilized, a minimum value is required to avoid undesired tripping of the fuse.
Ampacity
max.
min.
B-Characteristic
20A
10A
C-Characteristic
20A
6A
25.10. OPERATION ON TWO PHASES
Fig. 25-6 Schematic for two phase operation
Power Supply
AC
+10%
max.
L1
240V
L3
L2
L
Fuse
internal
fused
N
PE
DC
Instructions for two phase operation:
a)
A phase to phase connection is allowed as long as the supplying voltage is
below 240V+10%.
b)
Use a fuse or a circuit breaker to protect the N input. The N input is
internally not protected and is in this case connected to a hot wire.
Appropriate fuses or circuit breakers are specified in section 25.9 “External Input
Protection”.
25.11. USE IN A TIGHTLY SEALED ENCLOSURE
When the power supply is installed in a tightly sealed enclosure, the temperature inside the enclosure will be higher than outside. The inside
temperature defines the ambient temperature for the power supply.
Results from such an installation:
Power supply is placed in the middle of the box, no other heat producer inside the box
Enclosure:
Type IP66 Box PK 9519 100, plastic, 180x180x165mm
Load:
24V, 8A; (=80%) load is placed outside the box
Input:
230Vac
Temperature inside the box:
48.9°C (in the middle of the right side of the power supply with a distance of 2cm)
Temperature outside the box: 23.3°C
Temperature rise:
25.6K
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Rockwell Automation
1606-XLE240E 24V, 10A; Single Phase Input
25.12. MOUNTING ORIENTATIONS
Mounting orientations other than input terminals on the bottom and output on the top require a reduction in continuous output power or a limitation in the
max. allowed ambient temperature. The amount of reduction influences the lifetime expectancy of the power supply. Therefore, two different derating
curves for continuous operation can be found below:
Curve A1
Recommended output current.
Curve A2
Max allowed output current (results approx. in half the lifetime expectancy of A1).
Fig. 25-7 Mounting
Orientation A
Standard Orientation
Output Current
12A
OUTPUT
A1
9
Power
Supply
9
3
Ambient Temperature
0
INPUT
10
Fig. 25-8
Mounting Orientation
B
(Upside down)
20
30
50
40
60°C
Output Current
12A
INPUT
9
A2
A1
Power
Supply
6
3
Ambient Temperature
0
OUTPUT
10
Fig. 25-9 Mounting
Orientation C
(Table-top mounting)
20
30
40
50
60°C
Output Current
12A
9
A2
6
A1
3
Ambient Temperature
0
10
Fig. 25-10 Mounting
Orientation D
(Horizontal cw)
20
30
40
50
60°C
Output Current
12A
OUTPUT
Power
Supply
INPUT
9
A2
A1
6
3
Ambient Temperature
0
10
Fig. 25-11 Mounting
Orientation E
(Horizontal ccw)
20
30
40
50
60°C
Output Current
9
INPUT
Power
Supply
OUTPUT
12A
A2
A1
6
3
Ambient Temperature
0
10
20
30
40
50
60°C
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