Leica LS10/LS15 - SCCS | Surveying Knowledge Base

Leica LS10/LS15 - SCCS | Surveying Knowledge Base
Leica LS10/LS15
User Manual
Version 2.0
English
Introduction
Purchase
Congratulations on the purchase of a Leica LS10/LS15 Digital Level.
Product identification
The type and serial number of your product are indicated on the type plate.
Always refer to this information when you need to contact your agency or Leica
Geosystems authorised service workshop.
This manual contains important safety directions as well as instructions for setting up
the product and operating it. Refer to "1 Safety Directions" for further information.
Read carefully through the User Manual before you switch on the product.

Keep for future reference!
Trademarks
• Windows is a registered trademark of Microsoft Corporation.
• Bluetooth® is a registered trademark of Bluetooth SIG, Inc.
All other trademarks are the property of their respective owners.
Validity of this
manual
This manual applies to the LS10/LS15 Digital Levels. Where there are differences
between the instruments they are clearly described.
Available documentation
Name
Description/Format
LS10/LS15
Quick Guide
Provides an overview of the product together with tech- 
nical data and safety directions. Intended as a quick
reference guide.

LS10/LS15
User Manual
All instructions required in order to operate the product to a basic level are contained in the User Manual.
Provides an overview of the product together with technical data and safety directions.

Refer to the following resources for all LS10/LS15 documentation/software:
• the Digital Levels USB documentation card
• https://myworld.leica-geosystems.com
Leica Geosystems
Address Book
On the last page of this manual, you can find the address of Leica Geosystems headquarters. For a list of regional contacts, please visit
http://leica-geosystems.com/contact-us/sales_support.
LS10/LS15, Introduction
2
myWorld@Leica Geosystems (https://myworld.leica-geosystems.com) offers a
wide range of services, information and training material.
With direct access to myWorld, you are able to access all relevant services whenever
it is convenient for you, 24 hours a day, 7 days per week. This increases your efficiency
and keeps you and your equipment instantly updated with the latest information from
Leica Geosystems.
Service
Description
myProducts
Add all products that you and your company own and explore
your world of Leica Geosystems: View detailed information on
your products and update your products with the latest software and keep up-to-date with the latest documentation.
myService
View the current service status and full service history of your
products in Leica Geosystems service centres. Access detailed
information on the services performed and download your
latest calibration certificates and service reports.
mySupport
View the current service status and full service history of your
products in Leica Geosystems service centres. Access detailed
information on the services performed and download your
latest calibration certificates and service reports.
myTraining
Enhance your product knowledge with Leica Geosystems
Campus - Information, Knowledge, Training. Study the latest
online training material on your products and register for seminars or courses in your country.
myTrustedServices
Add your subscriptions and manage users for Leica Geosystems
Trusted Services, the secure software services, that assist you
to optimise your workflow and increase your efficiency.
LS10/LS15, Introduction
3
Table of Contents
In this manual
Chapter
Page
1
Safety
1.1
1.2
1.3
1.4
1.5
1.6
1.7
2
Description of the System
2.1
System Components
2.2
Container Contents
2.3
Instrument Components
13
13
14
14
3
User Interface
3.1
Keyboard
3.2
Operating Principles
3.3
Screen
3.4
Status Icons
3.5
Softkeys
16
16
17
18
18
20
4
Operation
4.1
Power Supply
4.1.1
Working with the Battery
4.2
Data Storage
4.3
Instrument Setup
4.4
Startup
4.5
Main Menu
21
21
21
22
22
23
25
5
Measurement Guidelines
5.1
General Measurement Guidelines
5.2
Guidelines for Special Measurement Situations
5.3
Guidelines for Taking a Measurement
5.4
Manual Input Screen for Optical Height Reading
27
27
28
29
32
6
Settings
6.1
Work Settings
6.2
Regional Settings
6.3
Data Settings
6.4
Screen & Audio Settings
6.5
Mode Settings
6.6
Interface Settings
33
33
34
35
36
37
39
7
Programs
7.1
General
7.1.1
Common Fields
7.1.2
Pointsearch
7.1.3
Point ID & Incrementation
7.2
Q-Level Program
7.2.1
General
7.2.2
Measurement Procedure for Q-Level
7.3
BasicLevel Program
41
41
41
42
43
43
43
44
50
LS10/LS15, Table of Contents
Directions
General
Definition of Use
Limits of Use
Responsibilities
Hazards of Use
Electromagnetic Compatibility EMC
FCC Statement, Applicable in U.S.
7
7
8
8
8
9
11
12
4
7.4
7.5
LineLevel Program
7.4.1
General
7.4.2
Setting a Job
7.4.3
Setting Tolerances
7.4.4
Setting a Line and a Method
7.4.5
Measurement Procedure for LineLevel
LineAdjust Program
7.5.1
General
7.5.2
Line Adjustment Step-by-Step
50
50
51
52
54
55
58
58
59
8
Favourites
61
9
Coding
62
10
MapView
10.1
Overview
10.2
MapView Components
10.2.1 Screen Area
64
64
64
64
11
Tools
66
66
66
68
68
69
70
11.1
11.2
11.3
11.4
11.5
11.6
Adjust
System Information
Licence Keys
Instrument Protection with PIN
Loading Software
Compass
12
Data Management
12.1
Manage
12.2
Exporting Data
12.3
Importing Data
12.4
Working with a USB Memory Stick
12.5
Working with Bluetooth
12.6
Working with Leica Infinity
71
71
72
74
76
77
78
13
Check & Adjust
13.1
Overview
13.2
Preparation
13.3
Adjusting Line-of-Sight Error
13.4
Adjusting the Optical Crosshair
13.5
Aligning the Camera Crosshair
13.6
Calibrating the Digital Compass
13.7
Adjusting the Circular Level of the Instrument
13.8
Adjusting the Electronic Level
13.9
Servicing the Tripod
79
79
79
80
83
84
84
85
86
86
14
mySecurity
87
15
Care and Transport
15.1
Care
15.2
Transport
15.3
Storage
15.4
Cleaning and Drying
89
89
89
89
90
LS10/LS15, Table of Contents
5
16
Technical Data
16.1
General Technical Data of the Instrument
16.2
Measurements
16.3
Conformity to National Regulations
16.3.1 General
16.3.2 Dangerous Goods Regulations
91
91
93
94
94
94
17
Software Licence Agreement
95
Appendix A
Menu Tree
96
Appendix B
Directory Structure
97
Appendix C
Corrections and Formulas
97
Appendix D
GeoCom Commands
98
Appendix E
E.1
E.2
E.3
GSI Online Commands
Introduction
General Commands and Descriptions
Operating Commands
LS10/LS15, Table of Contents
100
100
100
100
6
1
Safety Directions
1.1
General
Description
The following directions enable the person responsible for the product, and the
person who actually uses the equipment, to anticipate and avoid operational hazards.
The person responsible for the product must ensure that all users understand these
directions and adhere to them.
About Warning
Messages
Warning messages are an essential part of the safety concept of the instrument. They
appear wherever hazards or hazardous situations can occur.
Warning messages...
• make the user alert about direct and indirect hazards concerning the use of the
product.
• contain general rules of behaviour.
For the users‘ safety, all safety instructions and safety messages shall be strictly
observed and followed! Therefore, the manual must always be available to all persons
performing any tasks described here.
DANGER, WARNING, CAUTION and NOTICE are standardised signal words for identifying levels of hazards and risks related to personal injury and property damage. For
your safety, it is important to read and fully understand the following table with the
different signal words and their definitions! Supplementary safety information
symbols may be placed within a warning message as well as supplementary text.
Type
 DANGER
 WARNING
 CAUTION
NOTICE

LS10/LS15, Safety Directions
Description
Indicates an imminently hazardous situation which, if not
avoided, will result in death or serious injury.
Indicates a potentially hazardous situation or an unintended
use which, if not avoided, could result in death or serious injury.
Indicates a potentially hazardous situation or an unintended
use which, if not avoided, may result in minor or moderate
injury.
Indicates a potentially hazardous situation or an unintended
use which, if not avoided, may result in appreciable material,
financial and environmental damage.
Important paragraphs which must be adhered to in practice as
they enable the product to be used in a technically correct and
efficient manner.
7
1.2
Definition of Use
Intended Use
• Electronic and optical height and distance measurements to a staff.
• Angle measurement with the integrated compass (LS15 only) or the horizontal
circle.
• Recording measurements.
• Calculations using measuring programs.
• Capturing and recording screenshots.
• Visualising the aiming direction and vertical axis.
• Data communication with external appliances.
Reasonably Foreseeable Misuse
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Use of the product without instruction.
Use outside of the intended use and limits.
Disabling safety systems.
Removal of hazard notices.
Opening the product using tools, for example screwdriver, unless this is permitted
for certain functions.
Modification or conversion of the product.
Use after misappropriation.
Use of products with obvious damages or defects.
Use with accessories from other manufacturers without the prior explicit approval
of Leica Geosystems.
Aiming directly into the sun.
Inadequate safeguards at the working site.
1.3
Limits of Use
Environment
Suitable for use in an atmosphere appropriate for permanent human habitation: not
suitable for use in aggressive or explosive environments.
 DANGER
Local safety authorities and safety experts must be contacted before working in
hazardous areas, or close to electrical installations or similar situations by the person
in charge of the product.
Environmental
conditions for
indoor chargers
Suitable for use in dry environments only and not under adverse conditions.
1.4
Responsibilities
Manufacturer of
the product
Leica Geosystems AG, CH-9435 Heerbrugg, hereinafter referred to as Leica Geosystems, is responsible for supplying the product, including the user manual and original
accessories, in a safe condition.
Person responsible
for the product
The person responsible for the product has the following duties:
• To understand the safety instructions on the product and the instructions in the
user manual.
• To ensure that it is used in accordance with the instructions.
• To be familiar with local regulations relating to safety and accident prevention.
• To inform Leica Geosystems immediately if the product and the application
becomes unsafe.
• To ensure that the national laws, regulations and conditions for the operation of
e.g. radio transmitters or lasers are respected.
LS10/LS15, Safety Directions
8
1.5
 DANGER
 WARNING
 CAUTION
 WARNING
 WARNING
 CAUTION
NOTICE
Hazards of Use
Because of the risk of electrocution, it is dangerous to use poles, levelling staffs and
extensions in the vicinity of electrical installations such as power cables or electrical
railways.
Precautions:
Keep at a safe distance from electrical installations. If it is essential to work in this
environment, first contact the safety authorities responsible for the electrical installations and follow their instructions.
If the product is used with accessories, for example masts, staffs, poles, you may
increase the risk of being struck by lightning.
Precautions:
Do not use the product in a thunderstorm.
Be careful when pointing the product towards the sun, because the telescope functions as a magnifying glass and can injure your eyes and/or cause damage inside the
product.
Precautions:
Do not point the product directly at the sun.
During dynamic applications, for example stakeout procedures there is a danger of
accidents occurring if the user does not pay attention to the environmental conditions
around, for example obstacles, excavations or traffic.
Precautions:
The person responsible for the product must make all users fully aware of the existing
dangers.
Inadequate securing of the working site can lead to dangerous situations, for example
in traffic, on building sites and at industrial installations.
Precautions:
Always ensure that the working site is adequately secured. Adhere to the regulations
governing safety, accident prevention and road traffic.
Watch out for erroneous measurement results if the product has been dropped or has
been misused, modified, stored for long periods or transported.
Precautions:
Periodically carry out test measurements and perform the field adjustments indicated
in the user manual, particularly after the product has been subjected to abnormal use
as well as before and after important measurements.
Strong magnetic fields in the immediate vicinity (e.g. transformers, melting
furnaces...) may influence the compensator and compass (only LS15) of the instrument and lead to measuring errors.
Precautions:
When working near strong magnetic fields, check results for plausibility.
LS10/LS15, Safety Directions
9
 CAUTION
 CAUTION
 WARNING
 WARNING
 WARNING
If the accessories used with the product are not properly secured and the product is
subjected to mechanical shock, for example blows or falling, the product may be
damaged or people can sustain injury.
Precautions:
When setting up the product, make sure that the accessories are correctly adapted,
fitted, secured, and locked in position.
Avoid subjecting the product to mechanical stress.
During the transport, shipping or disposal of batteries it is possible for inappropriate
mechanical influences to constitute a fire hazard.
Precautions:
Before shipping the product or disposing of it, discharge the batteries by running the
product until they are flat.
When transporting or shipping batteries, the person in charge of the product must
ensure that the applicable national and international rules and regulations are
observed. Before transportation or shipping contact your local passenger or freight
transport company.
High mechanical stress, high ambient temperatures or immersion into fluids can cause
leakage, fire or explosions of the batteries.
Precautions:
Protect the batteries from mechanical influences and high ambient temperatures. Do
not drop or immerse batteries into fluids.
If battery terminals are short circuited e.g. by coming in contact with jewellery, keys,
metallised paper or other metals, the battery can overheat and cause injury or fire, for
example by storing or transporting in pockets.
Precautions:
Make sure that the battery terminals do not come into contact with metallic objects.
If the product is improperly disposed of, the following can happen:
• If polymer parts are burnt, poisonous gases are produced which may impair health.
• If batteries are damaged or are heated strongly, they can explode and cause
poisoning, burning, corrosion or environmental contamination.
• By disposing of the product irresponsibly you may enable unauthorised persons to
use it in contravention of the regulations, exposing themselves and third parties to
the risk of severe injury and rendering the environment liable to contamination.
• Improper disposal of silicone oil may cause environmental contamination.
Precautions:
The product must not be disposed with household waste.
Dispose of the product appropriately in accordance with the national
regulations in force in your country.
Always prevent access to the product by unauthorised personnel.
Product-specific treatment and waste management information can be downloaded
from the Leica Geosystems home page at http://www.leicageosystems.com/treatment or received from your Leica Geosystems dealer.
 WARNING
Only Leica Geosystems authorised service centres are entitled to repair these products.
LS10/LS15, Safety Directions
10
1.6
Electromagnetic Compatibility EMC
Description
The term Electromagnetic Compatibility is taken to mean the capability of the product
to function smoothly in an environment where electromagnetic radiation and electrostatic discharges are present, and without causing electromagnetic disturbances to
other equipment.
 WARNING
Electromagnetic radiation can cause disturbances in other equipment.
Although the product meets the strict regulations and standards which are in force in
this respect, Leica Geosystems cannot completely exclude the possibility that other
equipment may be disturbed.
 CAUTION
 CAUTION
 CAUTION
Bluetooth
 WARNING
There is a risk that disturbances may be caused in other equipment if the product is
used with accessories from other manufacturers, for example field computers,
personal computers or other electronic equipment, non-standard cables or external
batteries.
Precautions:
Use only the equipment and accessories recommended by Leica Geosystems. When
combined with the product, they meet the strict requirements stipulated by the guidelines and standards. When using computers or other electronic equipment, pay attention to the information about electromagnetic compatibility provided by the manufacturer.
Disturbances caused by electromagnetic radiation can result in erroneous measurements.
Although the product meets the strict regulations and standards which are in force in
this respect, Leica Geosystems cannot completely exclude the possibility that the
product may be disturbed by intense electromagnetic radiation, for example, near
radio transmitters, two-way radios or diesel generators.
Precautions:
Check the plausibility of results obtained under these conditions.
If the product is operated with connecting cables attached at only one of their two
ends, for example external supply cables, interface cables, the permitted level of electromagnetic radiation may be exceeded and the correct functioning of other products
may be impaired.
Precautions:
While the product is in use, connecting cables, for example product to external battery,
product to computer, must be connected at both ends.
Use of product with Bluetooth:
Electromagnetic radiation can cause disturbances in other equipment, in installations,
in medical devices, for example pacemakers or hearing aids and in aircraft. It can also
affect humans and animals.
Precautions:
Although the product meets in combination with radio or digital cellular phone devices
recommended by Leica Geosystems the strict regulations and standards which are in
force in this respect, Leica Geosystems cannot completely exclude the possibility that
other equipment may be disturbed or that humans or animals may be affected.
• Do not operate the product with radio or digital cellular phone devices in the vicinity
of filling stations or chemical installations, or in other areas where an explosion
hazard exists.
LS10/LS15, Safety Directions
11
• Do not operate the product with radio or digital cellular phone devices near to
medical equipment.
• Do not operate the product with radio or digital cellular phone devices in aircraft.
1.7

 WARNING
 WARNING
FCC Statement, Applicable in U.S.
The greyed paragraph below is only applicable for products without radio.
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B
digital device, pursuant to part 15 of the FCC rules.
These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference in a residential installation.
This equipment generates, uses and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not
installed and used in accordance with the instructions, may cause harmful interference
to radio communications. However, there is no guarantee that interference will not
occur in a particular installation.
If this equipment does cause harmful interference to radio or television reception,
which can be determined by turning the equipment off and on, the user is encouraged
to try to correct the interference by one or more of the following measures:
• Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.
• Increase the separation between the equipment and the receiver.
• Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that to which the
receiver is connected.
• Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for help.
Changes or modifications not expressly approved by Leica Geosystems for compliance
could void the user's authority to operate the equipment.
Labelling LS10/LS15
Contains transmitter module:
FCC-ID T7VEBMU / IC: 6850A-31308
This device complies with part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject to
the following two conditions: (1) This device may not cause harmful
interference, and (2) This device must accept any interference received,
including interference that may cause undesired operation.
Type: LS1X 0.Xmm
010763_001
Art.No.:
Equip.No.: 1234567
Power: 12V-18V , 4.0W max
123456
Made in Singapore
Manufactured: 20X X
123456
S.No.:
Leica Geosystems AG
CH-9435 Heerbrugg
Labelling Internal
Battery GEB331
Type: GEB331
Li-Ion Battery
11.1 V / 2.8 Ah
15 A / 31.1 Wh
Leica Geosystems AG,
008469_002
LS10/LS15, Safety Directions
Art.No.: 799190
S.No.: XXXXX
Made in China
CH-9435 Heerbrugg
This device complies with part 15 of the FCC Rules.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
(1) This device may not cause harmful interference, and
(2) this device must accept any interference received,
11WE
including interference that may cause undesired operation. MH29443
12
2
Description of the System
2.1
System Components
Main Components
Component
Description
LS10/LS15
instrument
An instrument for measuring, calculating and capturing data. Ideally
suited for measurement tasks such as single height measurements,
line levelling jobs, adjustment of point heights or staking out heights.
Equipped with a package of standard applications to complete these
tasks.
Standard appli- All standard applications are already installed on the instrument.
cations
Standard applications include Q-Level, Line Levelling, Line Adjustment, Intermediate, Set Out and additional Tools features.
Features of
LS10/LS15
Infinity software
An office software consisting of a suite of standard and extended
programs for the viewing, exchanging, managing and post
processing of data.
Data transfer
Data can be transferred between the instrument and a computer via
a data transfer cable, a USB memory stick, a USB cable or Bluetooth.
Feature
LS10
LS15
Height measurement


Distance measurement


Magnetically damped compensator


32x Magnification telescope


Manual focus


Autofocus
-

Overview camera
-

Compass
-

MapView / Coordinates for office export
-

Mechanical bubble


Electronic bubble / Tilt check
-

Communication (USB host, USB device)


Bluetooth


RS232/USB Lemo connector interface
-

Internal flash memory for 30.000 measurements


Available
LS10/LS15, Description of the System
- Not available
13
2.2
Container Contents
Container Contents
e
f
a
g
h
b
i
c
j
k
d
010043_001
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
f)
g)
h)
i)
j)
k)
Instrument
Quick Guide/USB documentation card
GKL311 battery charger (optional)
GEB331 batteries (optional)
Spare stylus (optional)
Allen keys (1.5 mm/2 mm)
GEV223 USB data transfer cable (optional)
Car adapter cable for GKL311 (optional)
GEV192 AC power adapter for GKL311 (optional)
Sunshade
Rain Cover
2.3
Instrument Components
Instrument Components (Part 1)
a
b
c
i
d
j
e
f
g
h
010044_002
LS10/LS15, Description of the System
k
l
m
a) Optical sight
b) Handle with integrated prism
for viewing the circular level
c) Circular level
d) Touchscreen
e) Battery compartment, also
containing interface for
USB stick and Mini USB
f) Horizontal drive
g) Push button to open battery
compartment
h) Function keys
i) ON/OFF key
j) Keyboard
k) Eyepiece
l) Protective cap for crosshair
adjustment screw
m) Horizontal circle
14
Instrument Components (Part 2)
a
g
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
b
c
d
e
f
010045_002
LS10/LS15, Description of the System
h
i
j
k
f)
g)
h)
i)
j)
k)
Optical sight
Focussing drive
Trigger key
Stylus for touchscreen
RS232 serial/USB interface
with external power supply
(only LS15)
Horizontal drive
Overview camera (only LS15)
Objective
Horizontal circle
Footscrews
Base plate
15
3
User Interface
3.1
Keyboard
Keyboard
a
b
d
efg
c
h i
jkl
010046_002
Keys
Key
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
f)
g)
h)
i)
j)
k)
l)
Touchscreen
ON/OFF key
Alphanumeric keypad
Function keys F1 to F4
Home key
Page key
User key 1
Navigation keys
Enter key
User key 2
ESC key
Favourites key
Description
ON/OFF key to switch the instrument on or off or to set it into standby
mode.
Alphanumeric keypad for entering text and numerical values.
Home key. Returns to the Main Menu.
Page key. Displays the next screen when several screens are available.
Favourites key. Quick-access to measurement supporting functions.
ESC key (in general): Quits a screen or edit mode without saving changes.
Returns to next higher level.
ESC key (in all levelling applications): After confirming the action, the ESC
key deletes the last observation and allows to repeat it.
User key 1. Programmable with a function from the Favourites menu.
User key 2. Programmable with a function from the Favourites menu.
Navigation keys. Control the focus bar within the screen and the entry bar
within a field.
ENTER key. Confirms an entry and continues to the next field.
Trigger key. Triggers a measurement. Programmable with functions which
allow the auto-focussing of the telescope (only LS15), the height and
distance reading and the storing of the measurement data.
For details on how to define the functions of trigger key, refer to "6.1
Work Settings".
Function keys that are assigned to the variable functions displayed at the
bottom of the screen.
LS10/LS15, User Interface
16
3.2
Operating Principles
Edit Fields with
Alphanumeric
Keypad
Use the alphanumeric keypad to enter characters directly into editable fields.
• Numeric fields: Can only contain numerical values. Press a key of the keypad to
enter a number.
• Alphanumeric fields: Can contain numbers and letters. Press a key of the keypad
to enter one of the characters written above that key. To toggle through the characters, press the key several times until the required character is displayed. For
example: A>B>C>2>A>B>...
Select a Menu
Option with Alphanumeric Keypad
Within the menu screens, you can select a menu option by pressing a key on the alphanumeric keyboard. To select a menu option, press the respective number that is
displayed at the upper left corner of the menu icon
.
Example:
Keys for Editing
Input Fields

Press 2 on the alphanumeric
keyboard to open the menu
Programs.
Key
Description
ESC key
Deletes any change and restores the previous value.
Left navigation key
Moves the cursor to the left.
Right navigation key Moves the cursor to the right.

Special Characters
Softkey Insert
If alphanumeric mode is activated: Inserts a whitespace at the
cursor position.
If numeric mode is activated: Inserts zero at the cursor position.
Softkey Delete
Deletes the character at the cursor position.
Softkey Clear
Deletes all characters entered into the input field.
Softkey
ABC/ 123
Switches between alphanumeric and numeric mode.
In edit mode the position of the decimal place cannot be changed. The decimal place
is skipped.
Character
Description
*
Used as wildcard in search fields for point IDs or codes. Refer to "7.1.2
Pointsearch".
+/-
In the alphanumeric character set "+" and "-" are treated as normal
alphanumeric characters with no mathematical function.

LS10/LS15, User Interface
"+" / "-" only appear in front of an entry.
17
3.3
Screen
Colour and Touch
Screen

All screens shown in this manual are examples. It is possible that firmware
versions in local languages are different to the English version.
a
b
c
007928_001_en

a) Status icons
b) Title of screen
d
c) Focus in screen (active
field)
e
d) Input and output fields
e) Softkeys
The screen is touch-sensitive and optimised for operation with the supplied
stylus. Tap on an icon, field or tab to run a function.
3.4
Status Icons
Description
The icons provide status information related to basic instrument functions.
Icons
Icon
Description
Tilt Check on LS15
Tilt Check is off. Tap the icon to open the Level & Tilt Check screen.
The instrument is levelled and Tilt Check is on. Tap the icon to open the
Level & Tilt Check screen.
Instrument needs to be levelled before a measurement can be performed.
Tap the icon to open the Level & Tilt Check screen.
Tilt Check on LS10
Instrument is levelled. Tap the icon to open the Level screen.
Instrument needs to be levelled. Tap the icon to open the Level screen.
Measurement Mode
Measurement mode is set to Single. Tap the icon to open the Mode
Settings screen.
Measurement mode is set to Mean. Tap the icon to open the Mode
Settings screen.
Measurement mode is set to Mean S. Tap the icon to open the Mode
Settings screen.
Measurement mode is set to Median. Tap the icon to open the Mode
Settings screen.
Measurement mode is set to Tracking. Tap the icon to open the Mode
Settings screen.
Orientation of Staff and Status of Earth Curvature Correction

LS10/LS15, User Interface
Within the Check & Adjust application, the earth curvature correction is automatically set to On.
18
Icon
Description
The orientation of the staff is set to upright. It is only possible to take
measurements with the 0-mark at the bottom of the staff. Tap the icon
to change the orientation to inverse.
The earth curvature correction is set to Off. Refer to "6.2 Regional
Settings" for details on how to set the earth curvature correction to On.
The orientation of the staff is set to inverse. It is only possible to take
measurements with the 0-mark at the top of the staff. The measured
values are negative. Tap the icon to change the orientation to upright.
The earth curvature correction is set to Off. Refer to "6.2 Regional
Settings" for details on how to set the earth curvature correction to On.
The orientation of the staff is set to upright. It is only possible to take
measurements with the 0-mark at the bottom of the staff. Tap the icon
to change the orientation to inverse.
The earth curvature correction is set to On. Refer to "6.2 Regional
Settings" for details on how to set the earth curvature correction to Off.
The orientation of the staff is set to inverse. It is only possible to take
measurements with the 0-mark at the top of the staff. The measured
values are negative. Tap the icon to change the orientation to upright.
The earth curvature correction is set to On. Refer to "6.2 Regional
Settings" for details on how to set the earth curvature correction to Off.
Keypad Mode
Keypad is set to numeric mode. Tap the icon to switch to alphanumeric
mode or use the softkey ABC.
Keypad is set to alphanumeric mode. Tap the icon to switch to numeric
mode or use the softkey 123.
Interface Setting
Only available on LS15 instrument:
RS232 communication port is selected. Tap the icon to open the Interface
Settings screen.
Bluetooth communication port is selected, but inactive. Tap the icon to
open the Interface Settings screen.
Bluetooth communication port is selected and active. Tap the icon to
open the Interface Settings screen.
Either Mini USB or Lemo USB (only LS15) communication port is configured and connected. Tap the icon to open the Interface Settings screen.
Either Mini USB or Lemo USB (only LS15) communication port is configured but disconnected. Tap the icon to open the Interface Settings
screen.
System Status
The battery symbol indicates the level of the remaining battery capacity,
100% full shown in the example. Tap the icon to open the Info screen.
The instrument is connected to an external power supply.
LS10/LS15, User Interface
19
3.5
Softkeys
Description
Softkeys are selected using the relevant F1 to F4 function key. This chapter describes
the functionality of the common softkeys used by the system. The more specialised
softkeys are described where they appear in the program chapters.
Common Softkey
Functions
Key
Description
Cont
If entry screen: Confirms measured or entered values and continues the
process.
If message screen: Confirms message and continues with selected action
or returns to the previous screen to reselect an option.
Back
To return to the last active screen.
Page
To change to the next page within a menu, program or settings screen.
Yes/No
To confirm or reject a warning or information message on a message
screen.
To display the lower softkey level.
To return to the upper softkey level.
Default/R To reset all editable fields to their default values.
eset
New
To create a job, fixpoint or code.
Edit
To edit existing values or data.
Insert
To insert zero within an entry field.
Delete
To delete a single character within an entry field.
Clear
To delete all characters within an entry field.
ABC
To change the keypad operation to alphanumerical.
345
To change the keypad operation to numerical.
Focus
To focus to the staff with auto-focus mode (only available on LS15).
Dist
To take a height and distance reading. Note: The values measured by
pressing Dist (softkey F2) are not stored to the job. To measure and store
use the trigger key.
Rec
To store the measured data and continue the process.
SetOut
To switch to the screen for setting out heights, height differences or
distances.
INT
To switch to the screen for surveying intermediate points.
ENH
To open the manual coordinate entry screen.
Find
To search for fixed points or measurements.
List
To display the list of available points.
View
To display the coordinate and job details of the selected point.
LS10/LS15, User Interface
20
4
Operation
4.1
Power Supply
4.1.1
Working with the Battery

Charging / first-time use
• The battery is delivered in a sleep mode and needs to be activated before using it
for the first time. To activate, charge the battery. For more information, refer to
the documentation supplied with the battery.
• The permissible temperature range for charging is between 0°C to +45°C/+32°F to
+113°F. For optimal charging we recommend charging the batteries at a low
ambient temperature of +10°C to +30°C/+50°F to +86°F if possible.
• It is normal for the battery to become warm during charging. Using the chargers
recommended by Leica Geosystems, it is not possible to charge the battery if the
temperature is too high.
Operation / discharging
• The batteries can be operated from -30°C to +60°C/-22°F to +140°F.
• Low operating temperatures reduce the capacity that can be drawn; very high operating temperatures reduce the service life of the battery.
• For Li-Ion batteries, we recommend carrying out a single discharging and charging
cycle when the battery capacity indicated on the charger or on a Leica Geosystems
product deviates significantly from the actual battery capacity available.
Change the Battery
Step-by-Step
4b
1
OFF
5
2b
4a
click
3
4c
2a
6
010047_001
LS10/LS15, Operation
Step
Description
1.
Turn off the instrument.
2.
To open the battery compartment, press the push button that is underneath
the battery compartment.
3.
To release the battery from the compartment, push the latch securing the
battery upwards.
4.
Take the battery out of the compartment and insert a charged battery.
Insert the battery with the contacts facing upwards and towards the
instrument.
5.
Push the battery into the compartment until the latch snaps back to its position.
6.
Close the battery compartment.

21
4.2
Data Storage
Description
The instrument is equipped with an internal memory. In the internal memory, all data
is stored within jobs in the database. From the database, you can transfer or export
the data and convert it into a readable format (e.g. ASCII, HexML, GSI) by using the
transfer functionality.
For further information on data management and data transfer refer to "12 Data
Management".
4.3
Instrument Setup

For highest accuracy levelling tasks, use a tripod with fixed legs, for example 328422
GST40.

Tripod
TSOX_012b
When setting up the tripod pay attention to
ensuring a horizontal position of the tripod
plate. Slight corrections of inclination can
be made with the foot screws of the
tribrach. Larger corrections must be done
with the tripod legs.
Loosen the clamping screws on the tripod
legs, pull out to the required length and
tighten the clamps.
a
TSOX_012a
b
Careful handling of tripod.
• Check all screws and bolts for correct fit.
• During transport, always use the cover
supplied.
• Use the tripod only for surveying tasks.
TSOX_012c
Setup Step-by-Step
a) In order to guarantee a firm foothold
sufficiently press the tripod legs into the
ground.
b) When pressing the legs into the ground
note that the force must be applied along
the legs.
Setting up the Instrument on the Tripod
Step Description
1.
Set up the tripod.
2.
Extend the tripod legs to allow for a
comfortable working posture.
3.
Fasten the instrument onto the tripod.
4.
Tighten the central fixing screw.
3
4
1
2
2
2
010756_001
LS10/LS15, Operation
22
Centring the Circular Level Manually
The circular level helps you to level up the instrument manually. To level up the instrument precisely, you can also use the electronic level. Refer to 4.4" For LS15: Level Up
with the Electronic Level Step-by-Step".
Step Description
1.
Turn the instrument, so that the ocular is positioned above footscrew C.
2.
Turn the footscrews A and B simultaneously in opposite directions until the
bubble is on the middle axis of the
circular level.
A
B
C
007898_001
3.
Turn the footscrew C until the bubble is
centred.
A
B
C
007899_001
Adjusting the Reticle to the Eyesight of the User
Step Description

To ensure a parallax free sight for optical readings of a staff, you need to
adjust the reticle to the eyesight of the user.
1.
Point the telescope towards a bright background.
2.
Turn the ocular until the reticle is focussed and appears sharp and black.
4.4
Startup
Turn Instrument
On/Off or Enable
Standby Mode
To turn the instrument on, press the ON/OFF key for 2 seconds.
To turn off the instrument or set it into standby mode, press the ON/OFF key and
select the appropriate option from the information screen.
Select a Language
After turning on the instrument, you can choose the preferred language. The language
choice screen is only shown if multiple languages are loaded onto the instrument and
Lang.Choice: On is set in the instrument settings. Refer to "6.2 Regional Settings".
LS10/LS15, Operation
23
For LS15: Level Up
with the Electronic
Level Step-by-Step
The electronic level allows you to precisely level up the instrument.
Step Description
1.
Turn on the instrument.
Tap on the
Level & Tilt Check icon.
OR
Press the Favourites key
from within any program and select Level.

The bubble of the electronic level and the arrows for the rotating direction of the footscrews only appear if the instrument tilt is within the
sensors working range. To roughly level the instrument, centre the
bubble of the circular level first. Refer to "4.3 Instrument Setup".
2.
Turn the instrument, so that the ocular is
positioned above footscrew C.
3.
Turn the footscrews A and B simultaneously in opposite directions until the
bubble of the electronic level is approximately on the middle axis.
C
A

4.
Activating Tilt Check
(only LS15)

When levelled correctly, check marks are displayed. If the tilt of the
instrument exceeds 0.0700gon/0.0630°, the electronic level is out of
its working range and therefore, the frame becomes red. Once the level
is within the working range, the frame becomes black.
Centre the bubble of the electronic level for the second axis by turning the
footscrew C. An arrow shows the direction of rotation required.

5.
B
When the bubble is centred and
the check marks are displayed,
the instrument has been
perfectly levelled up.
Accept with Cont.
If you activate the Tilt Check functionality, the instrument checks the longitudinal and transversal tilt before taking a measurement. If the instrument needs
to be levelled again, a warning message is displayed.
To activate or deactivate the Tilt Check functionality, tap on the
Level & Tilt Check
icon and press the softkey Page (F3). On the Check page, select On or Off and press
the softkey Cont.
LS10/LS15, Operation
24
For LS10: Level Up
with the Electronic
Level Step-by-Step
The electronic level allows you to precisely level up the instrument.
Step Description
1.
Turn on the instrument.
Tap on the
Level & Tilt Check icon.
OR
Press the Favourites key
from within any program and select Level.
2.
Centre the bubble of the circular level as described in "4.3 Instrument Setup".
3.
To centre the bubble of the electronic
tubular level, turn the footscrew C.

4.
When a checkmark is displayed, the
instrument has been correctly
levelled up.
Accept with Cont.
4.5
Main Menu
Description
The Main Menu is the starting place for accessing all functionality of the instrument.
If desired, you can configure the instrument to start with a user-defined screen
instead of the Main Menu. Refer to "6.1 Work Settings".
For the LS15, it is recommended to define the Compass Calib application as
starting screen. To allow the visualisation of levelling lines within the office
software, the compass should be calibrated on each instrument startup.


Main Menu
Description of the Main Menu functions
Function
Q-Level
Q-Level (Quick Level): a line levelling program to start right away. Each
time you access Q-Level, a new Line is started and ended when you
exit the application.
You cannot adjust lines that are measured with the Q-Level
application.
For details refer to "7.2 Q-Level Program".

Programs
To select and start the programs BasicLevel, LineLevel and LineAdjust.
For details refer to "7 Programs".
Manage
To manage jobs, data, codelists and formats in the internal memory as
well as files stored on the USB memory stick. Refer to "12 Data
Management".
Transfer
LS10/LS15, Operation
Description
To export and import data. Refer to "12.2 Exporting Data"or "12.3
Importing Data".
25
LS10/LS15, Operation
Function
Description
Settings
To change Work or Regional settings and to select communication
parameters. To change general instrument settings such as measurement modes and interface settings. Refer to "6 Settings".
Tools
To access instrument-related tools such as check and adjust, personal
startup settings, PIN code settings, licence keys, system information
and firmware upload. Refer to "11 Tools".
26
5
Measurement Guidelines
5.1
General Measurement Guidelines
General Guidelines
Selecting a Staff
The measuring accuracy depends on the staff that is used in combination with the
instrument. Use standard staffs for medium range of accuracy and (calibrated) Invar
levelling staffs (for example GPCL3) for highest precision.
Preparing a Measurement
• Allow the instrument to acclimatise to the ambient temperature. Wait approximately 2 minutes per °C of temperature difference.
• When working under strong sunlight with the instrument remaining on one station
for a long time, for example when measuring or setting out a grid, use an umbrella
to shield the instrument and the tripod.
• Keep the optics clean. Dirt or condensation on the optics can affect measurements.
• Check and adjust the instrument regularly; especially after long storage periods,
after transportation or before an upcoming high precision levelling task. Refer to
"13 Check & Adjust"
• Depending on the planned measurement task, set or change relevant instrument
parameters, such as earth curvature correction or measurement mode.
Taking a Measurement
• Maintain approximately the same target distance for back- and foresight. At the
end of a line, check if the sum of all foresights equals the sum of all backsights.
• Measure foresights and backsights. When closing a line at a known end point, check
the misclosure between the measured total delta height and the delta height calculated from the difference between start and end-point height.
Taking a Precision Measurement
• Limit the target distance to ≤ 30 m.
• Ensure a minimum ground clearance of 0.5 m to minimise the influence of refractions due to ground proximity.
• Apply double observation methods, such as BFFB or aBFFB, to increase the reliability of the measurement and to reduce possible errors caused by the staff sinking.
• Apply alternating observation methods (aBFFB = BFFB FBBF) to eliminate the horizontal tilt. The horizontal tilt is the residual error of the automatic compensator.
• When taking measurements near the edge of the staff, the reduced number of
staff code elements may slightly lower the measuring accuracy. To maintain highest
accuracy, activate the precision mode in the tolerance settings of the LineLevel
program. When activated, the instrument monitors whether the height reading is
within 0.50 m to either end of the staff (top and bottom). The top and bottom
limits of the staff are automatically converted to a 3 m Invar staff. In order to use
different staff sizes, you can manually adjust the limit values.
The precision mode also monitors critical distances between the instrument and
the staff. These distances depend on the physical properties of the staff code. The
measuring accuracy of height measurements within these distance ranges may also
be slightly lower. A warning is displayed if the measuring distance is within the
following ranges: 13.250 m - 13.500 m and 26.650 m - 26.900 m. If the instrument detects a staff distance within these ranges, slightly move the staff out of
the mentioned measurement range in order to maintain highest measurement
accuracy expectations.
LS10/LS15, Measurement Guidelines
27
Visual Control of the Staff
When looking through the telescope, e.g. for visual control while taking a measurement, a low intensity red blinking LED light may be visible, especially when measuring
in low light surrounding. This LED light is used in the illumination of the compensator
and has no impact on the eye safety of the user.
5.2
Guidelines for Special Measurement Situations
Special Measurement Situations
Vibrations
Touch the upper third of the tripod to reduce the vibrations at the instrument, for
example caused by wind.
Back light
Low sunlight may influence the ability of the instrument to read the staff. Use the
sunshade delivered with the instrument to shield the objective.
Darkness
When working in darkness (for example tunnelling), evenly illuminate the measuring
area of the staff with a flashlight or a spotlight or use a special self-illuminated staff
(for example Nedo Lumiscale).
Measuring at the lower end of the staff
Measurements slightly below the zero point of a staff are possible and will result in
negative measurement values.
Measuring at the upper end of the staff
When measuring at the upper end of the staff, use staffs with the following lengths:
• 4.05 m
• 2.95 m
• 2.70 m
• 1.95 m
• 1.82 m
With other staff lengths, measurements at the upper end of the staff are not possible.
Code length required in the field of view
For exact measurements, the centre area in the field of view should be free of
any interfering cover.
The following code lengths are required in the field of view, depending on the distance
to the staff.

Distance
Code length
Cover
0 m - 10 m
100%
0%
10 m - 50 m
80%
20%
50 m - 90 m
70%
30%
90 m - 110 m
60%
40%
Shade
Normally, shade patterns on the staff do not affect the measurement results.
However, avoid dark shade, as it can have the same effect as an interfering cover on
the field of view.
Focus
A slightly unfocused image does not influence the measuring time and the accuracy.
When large focus errors occur, the instrument stops the measurement. On LS15
instruments, the Autofocus routine is based on the maximum contrast of code on the
instruments sensor. If the reticle is not adjusted to the eyesight of the user, this may
lead to the impression of an incomplete auto focussing. For details on how to adjust
the reticle to the eyesight, refer to "4.3 Instrument Setup".
Measuring through window panes
Avoid measuring through window panes.
LS10/LS15, Measurement Guidelines
28
Precision mode for line levelling
If a line levelling job requires high accuracy, activate the precision mode. Refer to
"7.4.3 Setting Tolerances".
5.3
Guidelines for Taking a Measurement
Measurement
Values
C1
2
C2
1
DB STN
DF
DINT
DINT
Z
F
B
dH
H0
H
HCol
INT
dh
H
H = 0.0000 m
007895_001
STN
1
2
C1/C2
B
F
INT
DB
DF
DInt
H0
H
dH
dh
HCol
Principle of Electronic Height Readings
Station
Staff 1 (backsight staff)
Staff 2 (foresight staff)
Staff C1 and C2 for intermediate or set-out sight
Staff height backsight. For double observations: B1, B2
Staff height foresight. For double observations: F1, F2
Staff height intermediate sight or set-out sight
Backsight distance
Foresight distance
Intermediate sight distance / Set-out distance
Height of starting point, for example, as height above sea level
Height of foresight point / intermediate point
Height difference between backsight and foresight / intermediate sight / setout sight
Sequential height difference between two measurements taken in sequence
(foresight / intermediate sight / set-out sight)
Instrument horizon (height of line of sight)
The bar code of the staff is stored in the instrument as a reference signal. When measuring, the line decoder captures the visible section of the staff within the field of view
as a measuring signal. The instrument compares the measuring signal to the reference
signal and as a result displays the height of the staff and the horizontal distance.
The sensitivity of the sensor ranges from the highest frequencies of visible light down
to the frequency of infrared light.
LS10/LS15, Measurement Guidelines
29
Electronic Height
Reading with LS10
Instrument
Step
Description
007890_001
1.
Set up the instrument, level it and focus the reticle.
2.
Set up staff vertically with the bar code turned toward the instrument.
3.
Coarsely aim at staff.
4.
Focus with focussing drive.
5.
Fine aim with horizontal drive.
6.
Check if the bubble of the circular level is centred.
7.
Open a levelling application and press the trigger key to take a measurement.

Electronic Height
Reading with LS15
Instrument
Step
In some cases you may not be able to perform an electronic height reading,
e.g. there are obstacles in the line of sight or there is no overhead clearance
for the staff. In such cases, you can take an optical height reading and add it
to the levelling line. For more details, refer to "5.4 Manual Input Screen for
Optical Height Reading".
Description
007890_001
1.
Set up the instrument, level it and focus the reticle.
2.
Set up staff vertically with the bar code turned toward the instrument.
3.
Access Q-Level and level the instrument using the electronic level.
4.
Switch to the Camera tab. To align the camera crosshair (vertically arranged
cursors) in the camera view to the staff, turn the horizontal drive of the
instrument.
5.
To focus the staff automatically, either press the softkey Focus or ensure
that the function AF+Dist+Rec or AF+Dist is assigned to the trigger key (for
more details refer to "6.1 Work Settings").
6.
Press the trigger key to take a measurement.

In case you cannot perform an electronic height reading, you can take an
optical height reading and add it to the levelling line. For more details, refer to
"5.4 Manual Input Screen for Optical Height Reading".
LS10/LS15, Measurement Guidelines
30
Angle Measurement with Digital
Compass (only
LS15)

It is recommended to perform a compass calibration before taking an angle
measurement. Refer to "13.6 Calibrating the Digital Compass".
Step
Description
1.
To access the digital compass, select
Tools from the main menu, then
Compass.
2.
Within the Compass screen, the red arrow of the digital compass shows the
current viewing direction of the instrument. In the output field Current
Azimuth, the exact angle in reference to north is displayed.
The LS15 instrument uses the digital compass to calculate the coordinates of
a measured point. Together with the office software Leica Infinity, these
coordinates can be used to visualise the position of a levelling line.
Angle Measurement with Horizontal Circle
Both the LS10 and LS15 are equipped with a rotatable horizontal circle. The angle unit
is 360° subdivided into 1° intervals. The gon division is printed in steps of 50 gon
below the 360° division.
B
A
1
4
3
5
2
007893_001
Step Description
1.
Align instrument to point A.
2.
Turn Hz-circle to “0”.
3.
Align instrument to point B.
4.
Aim on the centre of the staff.
5.
Read off Hz-angle from Hz circle. In this example the Hz-angle is 60°.
LS10/LS15, Measurement Guidelines
31
5.4
Manual Input Screen for Optical Height Reading
Access

1.
2.
3.
Description
The Manual Input screen can only be accessed from within a levelling application.
Press the Favourites key.
Change to the Apps tab.
Select
Man.Input.
If electronic height readings are not possible, you can perform an optical height
reading and use the Manual Input screen to enter the measured data manually.
With the left and right navigation keys select one of the desired distance methods:
Distance Method Optical
Perform an optical height reading and enter
the values for the staff height and for the
heights of the distance line above and
below. The instrument automatically calculates the distance based on the entered
staff section and the multiplication constant
100.
Press Cont to add the entered data to the
current levelling line.
Distance Method Tape
Perform an optical height reading and
measure the distance with a tape.
Enter the values for the staff height and for
the distance.
Press Cont to add the entered data to the
current levelling line.
LS10/LS15, Measurement Guidelines
32
6
Settings
6.1
Work Settings
Access
1.
Select
Settings from the Main Menu.
2.
Select
Work from the Settings Menu.
Work Settings
LS10/LS15, Settings
Field
Description
USER Key 1,
USER Key 2
You can assign one of the following functions to both keys:
• Level
• Distance Unit
• Home
• PIN
• Touch
• Manual Input
• PtID Incr
• Screenshot
• Compass (only LS15)
Trigger Key
You can assign one of the following functions to the trigger key:
• Dist: The staff reading and distance are measured.
• Dist+Rec: The staff reading and distance are measured and
stored.
• AF+Dist (only LS15): Focussing is done automatically and the
staff reading and distance are measured.
• AF+Dist+Rec (only LS15): Focussing is done automatically, the
staff reading and distance are measured and stored.
Instr.Start
The start screen is displayed after turning on the instrument. You can
define one of the following screens as start screen:
• Home (Main Menu)
• Compass Calib (only LS15)
• Level Bubble
• Q-Level
• BasicLevel
• LineLevel
Crosshair C.
(only LS15)
You can define one of the following colours for the camera crosshair
(vertically arranged indicators):
• Purple
• Blue
• Yellow
• Green
• Black
• Red
33
6.2
Regional Settings
Access
1.
Select
Settings from the Main Menu.
2.
Select
Regional from the Settings Menu.
3.
Press Page (F3) or the Page key to scroll through the screens of available
settings or click directly on the desired tab.
Regional Settings
Field
Description
Tab General
EarthCurv
You can activate or deactivate the earth curvature correction.
If the earth curvature correction is on, electronically measured
or manually entered staff heights are automatically corrected
regarding the curvature of the earth.
If you start the Check & Adjust application, the earth
curvature correction is automatically set to On. As soon
as you exit the application, the earth curvature correction is set back to the previous setting.

Language
You can select your preferred language. Several languages can
be uploaded onto the instrument. The current loaded languages
are displayed.
Deleting a language:
If more than one language is installed, you can delete a
language, as long as it is not the chosen operating language. To
delete an inactive language, select the language and press
Delete.
Lang.Choice
The language screen allows you to choose the language of the
user interface. If you activate the language screen it is displayed
directly after switching on the instrument.
On
The language screen is displayed as the startup
screen.
Off
The language screen is not displayed as the
startup screen.
Tab Units
Dist. Unit
Azimuth Unit
LS10/LS15, Settings
Sets the units shown for all distance and coordinate related
fields.
Meter
Meter [m].
US-ft
US Survey feet [ft].
INT-ft
International feet [fi].
Sets the units displayed for all angular fields. You can choose
between gon and dec. deg.
34
Field
Description
E,N Decimal
Sets the number of decimal places displayed for all East and
North coordinates and for all input/output fields.
0
Displays East and North with no decimals.
1
Displays East and North with one decimal.
2
Displays East and North with two decimals.
Sets the number of decimal places displayed for all height coordinates and for all input/output fields.
H Decimal
3
Displays height with three decimals.
4
Displays height with four decimals.
5
Displays height with five decimals.
Sets the number of decimal places displayed for all distance
input/output fields.
D Decimal
1
Displays distance with one decimal.
2
Displays distance with two decimals.
3
Displays distance with three decimals.
Sets the units shown for all temperature fields.
Temp. Unit
°C
Degree Celsius.
°F
Degree Fahrenheit.
Tab Time
Time (24h)
The current time.
Date
Shows an example of the selected date format.
Format
dd.mm.yyyy,
mm.dd.yyyy
or
yyyy.mm.dd
You can choose between three display formats
for all date-related fields: day-month-year,
month-day-year or year-month-day.
6.3
Data Settings
Description
In the Data Settings screen, you can define different options for measurement data,
such as sort order of points within point search or location for data storage.
Access
1.
Select
Settings from the Main Menu.
2.
Select
Data from the Settings Menu.
3.
Press the page key
Data Settings
Field
to scroll through the screens of available settings.
Description
Record
Sort Type
Sort Order
Code Record
LS10/LS15, Settings
Time
Lists are sorted by time of entry.
PtID
Lists are sorted by Point IDs.
Descending
Lists are ordered in descending order of sort type.
Ascending
Lists are ordered in ascending order of sort type.
Defines whether the code block is saved before or after the measurement. Refer to "9 Coding".
35
Field
Description
Code
Defines whether the code is used for one or for many measurements.
Reset after Rec The set code is cleared from the measurement
screen after the measurement has been recorded.
The code is only applied to this single measurement.
The set code remains in the measurement screen
until you delete it manually. The code is applied to
all further measurements.
Permanent
Output
Data Output
GSI-Format
Sets the location for data storage.
Internal
Memory
All data is recorded in the internal memory.
Interface
All recorded data is sent to a connected computer,
either through Bluetooth or serial interface. Select
the respective interface in the Interface Settings
screen
Sets the GSI output format.
GSI 8
81..00+12345678
GSI 16
81..00+1234567890123456
6.4
Screen & Audio Settings
Access
1.
Select
Settings from the Main Menu.
2.
Select
Screen… from the Settings Menu.
3.
Press the page key
Screen & Audio
Settings
to scroll through the screens of available settings.
Field
Description
Display Ill.
20% to 100%
Touch Screen On
Off

Auto-Off
Sets the display illumination in steps of
20%.
The touchscreen is activated.
The touchscreen is deactivated.
To calibrate the touchscreen, press
Calib.. Follow the instructions on the
screen.
To abort the calibration routine, press the
ESC key.
Enable
The instrument switches off after
20 minutes without any activity.
Disable
The automatic switch-off function is
deactivated.
Battery discharges quicker.
Standby

The instrument switches to standby
mode after 5 minutes without any
activity.
LS10/LS15, Settings
36
Field
Description
Beep
The beep is an acoustic signal and is used in the following three variations:
Single beep: sounds as input confirmation after a key stroke or a
touchscreen event.
Triple beep: sounds when an error message is displayed or when a
function is not allowed.
Long beep: sounds after a measurement has been stored.
You can set the volume of the beep.
Screensaver
Normal
Normal volume.
Loud
Increased volume.
Off
Beep is deactivated.
after 1 min, after 2 min,
after 5 min, after 10 min
The screensaver is activated and starts
after the selected time.
Off
The screensaver is deactivated.
6.5
Mode Settings
Description
In the Mode Settings screen you can select different measurement modes for single
or multiple measurements.
Multiple measurements: The instrument automatically carries out several measurements in sequence until one of the following criteria is met:
• The defined number of measurements is reached.
• A terminating criterion is met.
• The procedure is terminated.
For all multiple measurement modes, the instrument stores the average measurement
values according to the mean or median selection and all individual measurements
contributing to this average.
Access
1.
Select
Settings from the Main Menu.
2.
Select
Mode from the Settings Menu.

Mode Settings
LS10/LS15, Settings
To quickly access the Mode Settings screen from within a program, tap on the
status icon
.
Mode
To select a mode setting.
n Meas.
Only available for Mean or Median.
To set a number of measurements.
n Min.
Only available for Mean S.
To set a minimum number of measurements.
n Max.
Only available for Mean S.
To set a maximum number of measurements.
sDev/20m
Only available for Mean S.
To set a maximum standard deviation of the
average value at 20 m.
37
Field
Description
Single
The instrument carries out a single measurement (n = 1).
Mean
Enter the number of measurements to be made (n = 2...99).
The instrument calculates the average of all measurements.
Mean S
Enter a minimum and a maximum number of measurements
(n = 2...99) and a maximum standard deviation.
Starting with the minimum number of measurements, the
instrument checks if the measured standard deviation is less or
larger than the entered maximum standard deviation.
• If the deviation is less or equal, the instrument stops measuring.
• If the deviation is larger, the instrument continues measuring
until the maximum number of measurements is reached. At
each step, the instrument checks whether the maximum
standard deviation can be reached by eliminating outliers.
Example:
Measured distance = 60 m, sDevM/20 m = 0.0007 m,
S = sDevM/60 m = 0.0021 m
The maximum allowable standard deviation at 60 m is 0.0021 m.

For n Min. = n Max., no measurements are discarded by
the outlier test.
Median
Enter the number of measurements to be made (n = 2...99).
• Uneven number of measurements: The instrument calculates
the Median of all measurements by using the central value.
• Even number of measurements: The instrument calculates
the Median of all measurements by using the two central
values.
Tracking
The instrument continuously takes single measurements until
you end the procedure.
Press RecCont to save the last valid
measurement data.
Press EndTrck to stop the measurements without saving data.
LS10/LS15, Settings
38
6.6
Interface Settings
Description
For data transfer, you need to set the communication parameters of the instrument:
• For serial data communication (e.g. Data import/export, GSI/Geocom commanding),
select either RS232 (only LS15) or Bluetooth.
• For file transfer communication (Active Sync/Mobile Device Centre), select Mini
USB or Lemo USB (only LS15).
For USB connections, serial communication is not supported.

Access
1.
Select
Settings from the Main Menu.
2.
Select
Interface from the Settings Menu.
Interface Settings
BT-PIN
To set a PIN code for the Bluetooth
connection.
The default Bluetooth PIN is
’0000’.
Default
To reset the fields to the default interface settings. Available, if RS232 is
selected as instrument port.

For LS10:
Field
Description
Port :
Instrument port.
Bluetooth:
Mini USB
Communication is via the Mini-USB port.
Bluetooth
Communication is via Bluetooth.
Active
Bluetooth sensor is activated.
Inactive
Bluetooth sensor is deactivated.
For LS15:
Field
Description
Port :
Instrument port.
Bluetooth:
Mini USB
Communication is via the Mini-USB port.
Bluetooth
Communication is via Bluetooth.
RS232
Communication is via the serial interface.
Lemo USB
Communication is via the Lemo-USB port.
Active
Bluetooth sensor is activated.
Inactive
Bluetooth sensor is deactivated.
The following fields are active only when Port : RS232 is set.
Baud rate:
Speed of data transfer from receiver to device in bits per second.
1'200, 2'400, 4'800, 9'600, 14'400, 19'200, 38'400, 57'600, 115'200
Data bits:
Parity :
LS10/LS15, Settings
Number of bits in a block of digital data.
7
Data transfer is realised with seven data bits.
8
Data transfer is realised with eight data bits.
Even
Even parity. Available if data bit is set to 7.
Odd
Odd parity. Available if data bit is set to 7.
39
Field
Description
Endmark :
None
No parity. Available if data bit is set to 8.
CR/LF
The terminator is a carriage return followed by a line
feed.
CR
The terminator is a carriage return.
Stop bits: 1
Number of bits at the end of a block of digital data.
Acknowlge: On
Acknowledgement expected from other device after
data transfer received. If no acknowledgement is
returned, an error message displays.
No acknowledgement expected after data transfer.
Off

Leica RS232 Default
Settings
For Mean, Mean S and Median, you only have to send the
acknowledgement character “?” after the mean/median value is
received, not for the individual measurement generating this
mean/median value.
When you select Default, the communication parameters are reset to the Leica RS232
default settings:
• 115200 Baud, 8 Databit, No Parity, CR/LF Endmark, 1 Stopbit.
Pin Assignments
(only LS15)
1
2
7
8
3
4
6
5
PIN_001
LS10/LS15, Settings
Pin
Signal Name
Function
Direction
1
USB_D+
USB data line
In or out
2
USB_D-
USB data line
In or out
3
GND
Signal ground
-
4
RxD
RS232, receive data
In
5
TxD
RS232, transmit data
Out
6
ID
Identification pin
In or out
7
PWR
Power input, nominal +12 V (11 V - 16 V)
In
8
NC
Not connected
-
40
7
Programs
7.1
General
7.1.1
Common Fields
Description of
Fields
The following table describes common fields that are found within the programs.
Field
Description
PtID
Point ID of the point.
Backsight Pt / PtBS
Point ID of backsight point.
Foresight Pt
Point ID of foresight point.
Start height / Start H
Height of starting point.
Height BS
Height of backsight point.
Height FS
Height of foresight point.
Total dH
Sum of the height differences determined between the
first backsight and the current foresight/backsight observation of this line.
Instr.Horizon
Instrument horizon: Height of line of sight.
Staff
Height reading on staff.
Distance
Distance between instrument and staff
Total Dist
Sum of the distances measured between the first backsight and the current foresight/backsight observation of
this line.
Dist.Balance
Difference between the sum of all foresight distances and
the sum of all backsight distances. For high precision line
levelling, the distance balance at the end of the line should
be close to zero.
Stat.ID
ID of current instrument station.
Rem. / Remark / Code
Remark (Rem.) or Code name depending on the selected
method.
• Remark: This text is an additional information stored to
the corresponding measurement.
• Code: Within the Code tab, highlight a code from the
code list. The highlighted code is added to the measurement that is stored next. For details on adding or
editing a code refer to "9 Coding".
LS10/LS15, Programs
East
Easting coordinate of the point.
North
Northing coordinate of the point.
Height
Height coordinate of the point.
41
7.1.2
Pointsearch
Description
Pointsearch is a function used by programs to find measured points or fixpoints in the
memory storage.
It is possible to limit the point search to a particular job or to search the whole storage.
The search procedure always finds fixpoints before measured points that fulfil the
same search criteria. If several points meet the search criteria, then the results are
ordered according to the entry date. The instrument finds the most recent fixpoint
first.
Direct Search
You can search directly for fixpoints by entering a specific point ID:
1) Select a specific job or the option All Jobs.
2) Enter a specific point ID and press the ENTER key.
3) Press Find to start the point search.
All points within the selected job and with the corresponding point ID are found. Use
the Navigation keys to toggle through the found point IDs.
Find
To search for matching points within
the selected job.
ENH
To create a point and enter its coordinates.
Wildcard search
The wildcard search is indicated by a "*". The asterisk is a place holder for any
following sequence of characters. Wildcards should be used if the point number is not
fully known, or to search for a batch of points.
Examples of point
searches
* All points are found.
A All points with exactly the point number "A" are found.
A* All points starting with "A" are found, for example, A9, A15, ABCD, A2A.
*1 All points containing only one "1" are found, for example, 1, A1, AB1.
A*1 All points starting with "A" and containing only one "1" are found, for example,
A1, AB1, A51.
LS10/LS15, Programs
42
7.1.3
Point ID & Incrementation
Access
1.
2.
Define a Default
Point ID and Incrementation
Press the Favourites key.
Within the page Setting, tab
PtID Incr.
Within the Point ID & Incrementation screen, you can define a default point ID for the
points measured with the levelling applications. You can also define the increment by
which the point IDs are automatically incremented.
PtID:: Enter a point ID with 16 characters maximum. The point ID can consist of
numeric and alphanumeric characters. If the point ID ends with an alphanumeric character, the suffix “01” is added automatically after returning to one of the levelling
applications.
Incr:: Enter an increment of maximum 9999. This input field is limited to four numeric
characters.
7.2
Q-Level Program
7.2.1
General
Description
The Q-Level program allows you to carry out a basic line levelling task using the BF
method. Each time you access Q-Level, a new Line is started and ended when you exit
the application. Use this program, if you immediately want to start measuring after
switching on and setting up the instrument.
You cannot adjust lines that are measured with the Q-Level application.

Access
Available Pages
within the Q-Level
Program
Select

Use the Page key or the softkey Page (F3) to toggle between the different
pages.
Page
Description
Meas
This page displays the input/output fields for the current measurement. For more details refer to "7.2.2 Measurement Procedure for
Q-Level".
Camera (only
LS15)
This page displays the image of the overview camera. Use the
Camera page to quickly aim at the staff.
Last
LS10/LS15, Programs
Q-Level from the Main Menu.
This page is only available after the first
measurement has been stored. The values
of the last measurement are displayed.
43
Page
Description
Code
This page contains a list of codes.
Highlight a code to add it to the next measurement. Press Edit to edit the selected
code in the Manage Codes screen. For
more details on managing codes, refer to "9
Coding".
Map (only LS15) This page displays a graphical overview over the last five instrument
stations and the related measurements. For more details refer to
"10 MapView".
7.2.2
Measurement Procedure for Q-Level
Measurement
Procedure
Step

Description
The first screen allows you to measure the first backsight, which is the
starting point of the line.
1.
Enter the height of the starting point manually or search for an already stored
fixpoint or adjusted point in the current job.
2.
Measure the first backsight: Aim at the staff and press the trigger key.
Depending on the setting of the trigger key, the measurement is executed
with or without storing the measured values.
Backsight/Foresight: The current viewing direction
is highlighted in red.
If the trigger key is set to Dist or AF+Dist (only
LS15), press Rec (F2 softkey) to store the measurement.
If the trigger key is set to Dist+Rec or AF+Dist+Rec
(only LS15), press Dist (F2 softkey) to take a measurement without storing it; e.g. in order to verify
the correct distance of a foresight staff before the
actual measurement.
LS10/LS15, Programs
3.
After storing the measurement of the first backsight, the foresight screen is
displayed. Before measuring a foresight, you can measure intermediate
points or set out heights, height differences and distances.
4.
Measure the foresight. The procedure for aiming and measuring is the same
as described for the first backsight.
5.
After storing the measurement of the foresight, the next backsight screen is
displayed. You can continue to measure backsight and foresight points.
44
Starting Screen
(First Backsight)
Focus
To automatically focus the telescope
(only LS15).
Rec
To save the measured values and
switch to the foresight screen.
Before measuring the first backsight point, you can edit the following fields:
Backsight Pt
ID of the starting point (first backsight). Default value is “A1”.
To search for fixpoints, enter a start point ID and confirm with the
ENTER key. For more details on pointsearch refer to "7.1.2
Pointsearch".
If one or more fixpoints with this ID are
already stored in the current job, all available
fixpoints are displayed in the Points Found
screen. Select the desired fixpoint and press
Cont to return to the first backsight screen.
Survey Intermediate Points
Rem.
Additional Remarks concerning the measurement (optional).
Start height
Height of the starting point. Default value is 0.00000 m.
If you select an already stored fixpoint as starting point, the field Start
height is automatically set to the height of the fixpoint.
To switch to the INT to BS display, press
and the INT softkey.
Back
To exit INT to BS and return to the
foresight/backsight display.
Before taking a measurement:
Pt ID Int
You can enter the point ID of the intermediate point.
Default value is 1001. The point ID is incremented after
each measurement.
After taking a measurement:
Staff
The staff reading of the currently measured point.
Distance
The distance between the instrument and the intermediate point.
Height Int
The height of the currently measured intermediate point.
dHt to BS
The height difference between the currently measured
point and the last backsight point.
Pt ID lst Int
The point ID of the last intermediate point. When measuring the first intermediate point, this field remains
empty.
dHt to Int
The height difference between the last intermediate
point and the currently measured intermediate point.
When measuring the first intermediate point, this field
remains empty.
LS10/LS15, Programs
45
SetOut Application
With the SetOut application, you can set out heights, height differences or distances.
To access the application, press and the SetOut softkey.
The Set Out Height screen is displayed first. From this screen, you can access the
screens for setting out height differences or distances.
Softkey
To display further softkeys.
SO dH
To display the Set Out dH screen.
SO Dist
To display the Set Out Distance
screen.
Back
To exit SetOut and return to the foresight/backsight display.
Set Out Heights
Step-by-Step
Step

Description
Before you set out height values, ensure that these heights are stored as
fixpoints in the current job.
1.
To load a fixpoint, enter the ID of the point in the field Find and press the
ENTER key. Select the desired fixpoint from the list and press Cont. You can
also use the left and right navigation keys to toggle through the list of available points.
Class: Displays the type of the selected point (AdjPt., Fixpt., Meas.).
SO H: Height value of the selected fixpoint. This value is used as the set-out
height.
2.
Press the trigger key to take a measurement.
3.
Display field H: Measured height value.
Depending on the difference between set-out height and measured height,
the following fields and graphical elements are displayed:
FILL :: Difference between measured height and set-out height (positive
value). The staff is too low.
CUT :: Difference between measured height and set-out height (negative
value). The staff is too high.
When the difference is greater than 0.2 m, a black arrow indicates
whether the measured height is above or below the set-out height.
When the difference is less than 0.2 m, a red arrow indicates
whether the measured height is above or below the set-out height.
When the difference is less than 0.01 m, a green checkmark is
displayed.
4.
LS10/LS15, Programs
Raise or lower the staff according to the displayed value and take a new
measurement. Repeat this step until the measured height corresponds to
the set-out height.
46
Set Out Height
Differences Stepby-Step
Back
To exit Set Out dH and return to the Set
Out Height screen.
SO Dist
To display the Set Out Distance screen.
Step
Description
1.
Enter the necessary data.
Pt ID: If desired, you can change the point ID. Default value is 1001. The
point ID is incremented after each measurement.
Rem.: If desired, enter a remark. When you enter a code, the field name
changes to Code.
SO dH: Enter the height difference that needs to be set out.
2.
Press the trigger key to take a measurement.
3.
Display field dH: Measured height difference.
Depending on the difference between entered and measured height difference, the following fields and graphical elements are displayed:
FILL :: Difference from entered height difference (positive value). The staff
is too low.
CUT :: Difference from entered height difference (negative value). The staff
is too high.
When the difference is greater than 0.2 m, a black arrow indicates
whether the measured height difference is above or below the
entered value.
When the difference is less than 0.2 m, a red arrow indicates
whether the measured height difference is above or below the
entered value.
When the difference is less than 0.01 m, a green checkmark is
displayed.
4.
LS10/LS15, Programs
Raise or lower the staff according to the displayed value and take a new
measurement. Repeat this step until the measured height difference corresponds to the entered height difference.
47
Set Out Distances
Step-by-Step
Back
To exit Set Out dH and return to the Set
Out Height screen.
SO dH
To display the Set Out dH screen.
Step
Description
1.
Enter the necessary data.
Pt ID: If desired, you can change the point ID. Default value is 1001. The
point ID is incremented after each measurement.
Rem.: If desired, enter a remark. When you enter a code, the field name
changes to Code.
SO D: Enter the distance that needs to be set out.
2.
Press the trigger key to take a measurement.
3.
Display field Dist: Measured distance.
Depending on the difference between entered and measured distance, the
following fields and graphical elements are displayed:
OUT :: Difference from entered distance (positive value). The distance
between instrument and staff is too small.
IN :: Difference from entered distance (negative value). The distance
between instrument and staff is too big.
When the difference is greater than 0.5 m, a black arrow indicates
whether the measured distance is too small or too big.
When the difference is less than 0.5 m, a red arrow indicates
whether the measured distance is smaller or greater than the
entered value.
When the difference is less than 0.03 m, a green checkmark is
displayed.
4.
LS10/LS15, Programs
Move the staff according to the displayed value and take a new measurement. Repeat this step until the measured distance corresponds to the
entered distance.
48
Foresight Display
Focus
To automatically focus the telescope
(only LS15).
Rec
To save the measured values and
switch to the backsight screen.
SetOut
To switch to the Set Out Height
screen.
INT
To survey intermediate points.
Before measuring the foresight point, you can edit the following fields:
Foresight Pt
The default value is 1. You can enter a point ID or change the
default value in the Point ID & Incrementation screen. The
ID of the foresight point is incremented automatically
according to the definitions of the Point ID & Incrementation screen (refer to " Define a Default Point ID and Incrementation").
Rem.
Additional Remarks concerning the measurement (optional).
Press the trigger key to measure the foresight point. The measured values are
displayed in the fields Height FS, dH, Staff and Distance.
Backsight Display
Focus
To automatically focus the telescope
(only LS15).
Rec
To save the measured values and
switch to the foresight screen.
SetOut
To switch to the Set Out Height
screen.
INT
To survey intermediate points.
Before measuring the backsight point, you can edit the field Rem. to enter a remark
concerning the measurement.
Press the trigger key to measure the backsight point. The measured values are
displayed in the fields Instr.Horizon, Staff and Distance.
LS10/LS15, Programs
49
7.3
BasicLevel Program
Description
The BasicLevel program allows you to take an unlimited number of single or multiple
measurements without storing the data. The program is intended for general levelling
purposes.
Access
1.
Select
2.
Select
Available Pages
within the BasicLevel Program
Page
Programs from the Main Menu.
BasicLevel from the Programs Menu.
Description
Meas
Camera (only
LS15)
This page displays the output fields for the
current measurement.
To take a measurement, tap Dist or press
the trigger key.
This page displays the image of the overview camera. Use the
Camera page to quickly aim at the staff.
7.4
LineLevel Program
7.4.1
General
Description
The LineLevel program allows you to make detailed preferences before carrying out
a line levelling task:
• Setting a job
• Setting tolerances
• Setting a line and a measurement method
Lines measured within the LineLevel program can be adjusted later on with the integrated LineAdjust program.
Access
1.
Select
Programs from the Main Menu.
2.
Select
LineLevel from the Programs Menu.
3.
• To set a job, press F1.
• To set tolerances, press F2.
• To set a line and a method and start the levelling, press F4.
LS10/LS15, Programs
50
7.4.2
Setting a Job
Description
All data is saved in Jobs, like file directories. Jobs contain measurement data of
different types, for example measurements, codes, fixpoints or stations. Jobs are individually manageable and can be exported, edited or deleted separately.
Select Job
Delete
To delete an existing job.
New
To create a job.
Field
Description
Job
Name of an existing job.
Operator
Name of operator (optional).
Remark 1,
Remark 2
Additional remarks (optional).
Date
Date on which the selected job was created.
Time
Time at which the selected job was created.
How to Set an Existing Job
• Use the navigation keys to select an existing job.
• To continue with the selected job, press Cont.
How to Create and Set a New Job
• Press New to open the Enter Job Data screen.
• Enter the required job data.
• To return without saving the entered data, press Back.
• To save the entered job data and return to the previous screen, press Cont.
• To continue with the created job, press Cont.
Once you saved the entered job data, you cannot change it anymore.

Recorded Data
LS10/LS15, Programs
Once a job is set up, all subsequent recorded data will be stored in this job.
If no job is defined and you start a program, or if you record a measurement
within Q-Level, the system automatically creates a new job and names it
"Default".

51
7.4.3
Setting Tolerances

Set Tolerance
To select an item of the list and to
activate or deactivate the selected
item, use the navigation keys.
Reset
To reset tolerances to default values.
Field
Description
Precise :
When taking measurements near the edge of the staff, the reduced
number of staff code elements may slightly lower the measuring
accuracy.
If Precise : is activated, the instrument monitors whether the height
reading is within 0.50 m to either end of the staff (top and bottom).
The top and bottom limits of the staff are automatically converted to
a 3 m Invar staff. In order to use different staff lengths, you can
manually adjust the limit values.
The precision mode also monitors critical distances between the
instrument and the staff. These distances depend on the physical
properties of the staff code. The measuring accuracy of height measurements within these distance ranges may also be slightly lower. A
warning is displayed if the measuring distance is within the following
ranges: 13.250 m - 13.500 m and 26.650 m - 26.900 m. If the
instrument detects a staff distance within these ranges, slightly
move the staff out of the mentioned measurement range in order to
maintain highest measurement accuracy expectations.
Min.Distance: If activated, the instrument monitors the minimum target distance. If
the tolerance is exceeded, a warning message is displayed. For a
detailed description of the warning message, refer to the next paragraph " Warning Message “Tolerance exceeded!”".
Change to the Values screen, to enter a value for the minimum target
distance.
Max.Distance: If activated, the instrument monitors the maximum target distance.
If the tolerance is exceeded, a warning message is displayed. For a
detailed description of the warning message, refer to the next paragraph " Warning Message “Tolerance exceeded!”".
Change to the Values screen, to enter a value for the maximum
target distance.
LS10/LS15, Programs
52
LS10/LS15, Programs
Field
Description
Dist B-F :
Only available for double observation levelling methods such as
BFFB. If activated, the instrument monitors the distance balance
between foresight and backsight distance on the current station. If
the tolerance is exceeded, a warning message is displayed. For a
detailed description of the warning message, refer to the next paragraph " Warning Message “Tolerance exceeded!”".
Change to the Values screen, to enter a value for the distance
balance.
TDist.Bal :
If activated, the instrument monitors the total distance balance
between foresight and backsight distances. If the tolerance is
exceeded, a warning message is displayed. For a detailed description
of the warning message, refer to the next paragraph " Warning
Message “Tolerance exceeded!”".
Change to the Values screen, to enter a value for the distance
balance.
Staff Ends :
If activated, the instrument monitors whether a measurement is
within the staff end zones. If the tolerance is exceeded, a warning
message is displayed. For a detailed description of the warning
message, refer to the next paragraph " Warning Message “Tolerance
exceeded!”".
Change to the Values screen, to enter values for Staff Top and
Staff Bottom.
Stn.Diff :
If activated, the instrument monitors the permitted station difference. If the tolerance is exceeded, a warning message is displayed.
For a detailed description of the warning message, refer to the next
paragraph " Warning Message “Tolerance exceeded!”".
Change to the Values screen, to enter a value for the station difference.
B-B/F-F :
If activated, the instrument monitors the permitted maximum difference of double observations. If the tolerance is exceeded, a warning
message is displayed. For a detailed description of the warning
message, refer to the next paragraph " Warning Message “Tolerance
exceeded!”".
Change to the Values screen, to enter a value for the maximum
difference.
Turn.Diff :
Only available for the levelling methods SimBF and SimBFFB. If activated, the instrument monitors whether the height difference of the
two ground points of the staffs is identical for station n in the foresight measurement and for station n+1 in the backsight measurements. If the tolerance is exceeded, a warning message is displayed.
For a detailed description of the warning message, refer to the next
paragraph " Warning Message “Tolerance exceeded!”".
53
Warning Message
“Tolerance
exceeded!”
7.4.4
Example of warning message screen. The
title of the screen describes which type
of tolerance has been exceeded, e.g. the
distance tolerance.
Option
Description
F1
If you select F1 Remeasure last station (1), the instrument assumes
that all staff ground points are clearly identified and unchanged. All
prior measurements for this station are deleted and have to be
remeasured.
F2
If you select F2 Repeat last measurement (2), only the last measurement for this station is deleted and has to be remeasured.
F4
If you select F4 Accept (4), the instrument ignores the warning
message and stores the measurement.
Setting a Line and a Method
Line
LS10/LS15, Programs
New or List
New: To create a line. Only available if
the job already contains one or more
lines.
List: To view a list of available points
within the job. Only available if you
create a line or if the job contains no
line at all.
Set
To set the selected line and method
and continue with the program.
Field
Description
Name
Name of the current line.
If the job is empty, a new line name is automatically created and
displayed.
Method
Select a levelling method:
• BF: Backsight and foresight are measured according to the
pattern BF BF.
• BFFB: Backsight and foresight are measured according to the
pattern BFFB BFFB.
• BBFF: Backsight and foresight are measured according to the
pattern BBFF BBFF.
• BFBF: Backsight and foresight are measured according to the
pattern BFBF BFBF.
• aBF: Backsight and foresight are measured alternatingly
according to the pattern BF FB BF FB.
• aBFFB: Backsight and foresight are measured alternatingly
according to the pattern BFFB FBBF BFFB.
• aFBBF: Backsight and foresight are measured alternatingly
according to the pattern FBBF BFFB FBBF.
54
Field
Description
• SimBF: This levelling method allows to simultaneously measure
two lines that have the same start and end point. Backsight and
foresight are measured according to the pattern BF(Line1)
BF(Line2) BF(Line1) BF(Line2).
• SimBFFB: This levelling method allows to simultaneously
measure two lines that have the same start and end point. Backsight and foresight are measured according to the pattern
BFFB(Line1) BFFB(Line2) BFFB(Line1) BFFB(Line2).
PtID
ID of the starting point.
Start H
Height of the starting point.
Staff 1, Staff 2 Designations for first and second staff (optional).
7.4.5
Measurement Procedure for LineLevel
Measurement
Procedure
If a new line is started, the first measurement screen is either the backsight or the
foresight measurement, depending on the selected levelling method. On each screen,
the current measurement (Backsight/Foresight) is indicated by the viewing direction
which is highlighted in red.In the following example, the levelling method BFFB is used
to described the measurement procedure of the LineLevel application. For other levelling methods, the sequence of screens may differ.
First Backsight Screen (Station1)
Backsight/Foresight: The selected levelling
method. The current viewing direction is
highlighted in red.
Stat.ID: ID of the current station.
PtID: ID of the start point.
Rem/Code: If desired, you can enter an
additional remark to be stored with the
measurement.
Height: Height of the start point.

To take a measurement, aim at the staff and press the trigger key. If the trigger
key is set to Dist or AF+Dist (only LS15), press Rec (F2 softkey) to store the
measurement and switch to the next measurement screen.
First Foresight Screen (Station1)
Total Dist: Total length of the line.
Distance: Measured distance between
station and staff.
Dist.Balance: Distance difference ( sum B
- sum F) at the current station of the line.
Second Foresight Screen (Station1)
dH Station: Height difference on the
current instrument station.
LS10/LS15, Programs
55
Second Backsight Screen (Station1)
Total Dist: Total length of the line.
Distance: Measured distance between
station and staff.
First Backsight Screen (Station2)
The field Stat.ID displays the ID of the next station. In the Backsight/Foresight field,
the first viewing direction of the next station is highlighted in red.
Total dH: Height difference between start
and current backsight.
Height: Height of current backsight.
As soon as all measurements of a station are completed you can access the functions
SetOut or INT. For a detailed overview about when these functions are available, refer
to " Availability of the Softkeys SetOut and INT". For a detailed description of the
SetOut and INT functions, refer to "7.2.2 Measurement Procedure for Q-Level".
After finishing all backsight and foresight measurements of a station, the following
three softkeys are available on the screen of the next station:
Station: To show the result screen of the previous station.
Check: To check the height of the last measured point with the height of a known
point (fixpoint).
Close: To start the calculation of the line end.
Station Result Screen
Station Dif.: Station difference.
Station Dif.: Accumulated station difference.
delta Height: Height difference between
backsight and foresight.
Height FS: Height of the foresight point.
Station Dist: Distance measured on this
station (backsight + foresight).
B1-B2: Difference between the two backsight height measurements.
F1-F2: Difference between the two foresight height measurements.
LS10/LS15, Programs
56
Check Screen
Last Point: Point ID of the last measured
point.
Height LastPt: Height of the last measured
point.
Fix Point: Point ID of the selected fixpoint.
Height Fix Pt: Height of the selected
fixpoint.
Difference: Height difference between
measured point and fixpoint.
To select a fixpoint from the available list of fixpoints, press the softkey List.
Closing a Line
After completing all measurement of a station you can compare the height of the last
point of a line with a known fixpoint and calculate the misclosure. Press the softkey
Close to start the caculation of the line end.
Line Info Screen
Line ID: Line ID.
No. Station: Number of stations.
Total dH: Total height difference.
Total Dist: Accumulated distances.
Dist Balance: Distance difference ( sum B
- sum F) at the current station of the line.
Closure Screen
Last Point: Point ID of the last measured
point.
Height LastPt: Height of the last measured
point.
Fix Point: Point ID of the selected fixpoint.
Height Fix Pt: Height of the selected
fixpoint.
Difference: Height difference between
measured point and fixpoint.
To select a fixpoint from the available list of fixpoints, press the softkey List.
To store the date and return to the Main Menu, press the softkey Cont.
If the misclosure is out of tolerance, an information message is displayed. To
return to the Closure Screen, press the softkey Abort. To ignore the message
and continue storing the data, press the softkey Cont.

LS10/LS15, Programs
57
Availability of the
Softkeys SetOut and
INT
The following table describes the availability of the softkeys SetOut and INT within the
LineLevel application, depending on the selected levelling method. Both functions are
only available after the first sequence of backsight and foresight measurements has
been completed (except for the BF method).
SetOut and INT are available
x:
:
SetOut and INT are not available
SetOut and INT are available
Levelling Method
Availability
BF
B F
B F

 
x
BFFB
BBFF
BFBF
aBF
aBFFB
aFBBF
B F
F
B
B F
F
B
B F
F
B
x
x
x
 x
x
x
 x
x
x
B B F
F
B B F
F
B B F
F
B B F
F
x
x
 x
x
x
 x
x
x
 x
x
x
B F
B F
B F
B F
B F
B F
B F
B F
x
x
 x
x
 x
x
x
 x
x
B F
F
B
F
x
x
 x
x
x
B B F
B F
F
B
 x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
B F
F
B
B F
F
x
 x
 x
 x
x
B
B F
F
B
F
x
x
x
x
 x
x
x
 x
F
B B F
B F
F
B
F
x
x
 x
x
x
 x
x
x
B B F
x
x
x
B B F
7.5
LineAdjust Program
7.5.1
General
Description
The program LineAdjust allows you to adjust single level lines which have been measured with the LineLevel application.
• Define the general parameters for the adjustment procedure.
• Select any two points of the line as control points. Enter their heights or take over
the heights from the fixpoints.
The program calculates the misclosure between the measured total height difference
and the height difference calculated from the two control points. Based on the misclosure and the selected distribution method, the program calculates and stores adjusted
heights for all points in the line.
Access
1.
Select
Programs from the Main Menu.
2.
Select
LineAdjust from the Programs Menu.
LS10/LS15, Programs
58
7.5.2
Line Adjustment Step-by-Step
Define Parameters
for Adjustment
Procedure
To reset the default parameters for
Method, a, b, and Adjust Pts, press
Default.
To continue with the adjustment procedure, press Cont.
Job
Line
Method
a and b
Adjust Pts
Select a job that contains level lines.
Select a level line in the current job. You can only adjust lines that
are recorded with the LineLevel program.
If no line to adjust is available, the symbol * is displayed.
Select one of the following methods for the line adjustment procedure. The selected method is used to calculate the closing tolerance:
• by Distance:
Closing tolerance = a + b *√L (L = total line length)
• by Station:
Closing tolerance = a * √n (n = total number of stations)
These parameters are used to calculate the closure tolerance
according to the described formulas.
Select the type of points that you want to adjust:
• All Points
• Line+Interm.
• Line+SetOut
• Line only
Define Two Control
Points
To reset the selected points and their
heights to the default value, press Reset.
To calculate the misclosure and to view
the adjustment results, press Cont.
FixPoint 1/FixPoint 2
PtClass
H1, H2

LS10/LS15, Programs
Select any two points of the line as first and second control
point. The default point ID is the start point of the selected
line.
Displays the type of the selected point (measured point,
fixpoint, adjusted point).
Displays the height of the selected point. If you change the
point ID, the height stored for this point ID is displayed.
For points of the type “measured“, you can change the
height. Either enter the height directly or press List to select
a point with the desired height from the list of available
points.
If the misclosure exceeds the closure tolerance, a warning message appears.
Press Cont to ignore the message and continue the procedure. Press Abort to
cancel the procedure and change the settings on the previous screen.
59
Adjustment Results
MisClose
Comp.Tol
Mis/Stn
Method
Calculated misclosure of the line at the second control point.
Calculated closing tolerance according to the selected method.
Calculated misclosure per station.
Method that was used for the adjustment.
• by Distance: the misclosure is distributed to the points of the
level line according to the distances between the staffs.
• by Station: the misclosure is distributed according to the
number of stations of the level line and is thus independent of
the distances between the staffs.
To adjust and record all points of the selected type of points, press Run.
Adjusted Heights
Point:
PtID
H(new)
H(old)
Residue
Displays the number of points that were adjusted.
Displays the current point ID. Use the navigation keys to scroll
through the point IDs.
Displays the adjusted height of the selected point.
Displays the originally measured height of the selected point.
Displays the height difference (residual) between the original and
the adjusted height of the selected point.
To exit the screen and end the program, press OK.
The original measurements are kept in the job and are stored as measured
triplets. For each adjusted point, an adjusted triplet is created additionally and
stored to the current job.

LS10/LS15, Programs
60
8
Favourites
Description
Favourites can be accessed by pressing the Favourites key
from any measurement
screen.
The Favourites key opens the Favourites Menu and a function can be selected and
activated.
Favourites
Favourite
Work
Home
Setting
Returns to the Main Menu.
Level
Opens the Level & Tilt Check screen. Refer to "For LS15:
Level Up with the Electronic Level Step-by-Step".
PIN
Allows you to lock the screen with a PIN. Refer to "11.4
Instrument Protection with PIN".
Code
Opens screen to view, create or delete codes. Refer to "9
Coding".
INV
Apps
Description
Changes the orientation of the staff (upright or inverse).
Note that the selected earth curvature correction setting
remains unchanged. To change the earth curvature correction refer to "6.2 Regional Settings".
View Meas
To view measurement data for a selected job. Refer to "12
Data Management".
Adjust
Opens the LineAdjust program. Refer to "13 Check &
Adjust".
Man.Input
To manually enter staff readings and distances between
staff and instrument. Refer to "5.4 Manual Input Screen
for Optical Height Reading".
Setout
Opens the Setout screen. Refer to " SetOut Application"
within "7.2.2 Measurement Procedure for Q-Level".
Interm
To activate the Intermediate point measuring function.
Refer to " Survey Intermediate Points" within "7.2.2 Measurement Procedure for Q-Level".
Mode
Opens the screen to change the mode settings. Refer to
"6.5 Mode Settings".
Touch
To activate/deactivate the touch screen.
Opens the Work Settings screen.
Refer to "6.1 Work Settings".
Work
Opens the Point ID & Incrementation screen. Refer to "6.1
Work Settings".
PtID Incr

LS10/LS15, Favourites
In addition to the Favourites key, you can use the User Key 1 and User Key 2
to quickly access functions from any measurement screen. For details on how
to assign functions to the User keys, refer to "7.1.3 Point ID & Incrementation".
61
9
Coding
Description
Codes contain supplementary information about recorded points and are stored as
code blocks together with the measurements. Both, coding with and without a
codelist is supported.
With the help of coding, points can be assigned to a particular group of information
to simplify later processing.
Creating a Codelist
A codelist can be created:
• on the instrument.
• in Infinity.
Codelists can be imported and exported via USB memory stick. Refer to "12.2
Exporting Data" and "12.3 Importing Data".
Number of codes supported in codelists:
• Up to 500, when created in Infinity.
• Up to 200, when created on the instrument.
GSI coding
Codes are always stored as free codes (WI41-49), that means that codes are not
directly linked to a point. They are stored before or after the measurement depending
on the setting made.
A code is always recorded for each measurement as long as a code is highlighted
within the page Code. To stop recording a code, ensure that no code field is highlighted within the page Code.
For permanent recordings of points or a reset of the code recording after storing a
point, refer to "6.3 Data Settings".
Access
Direct Access to Codelists
• Select
Manage from the Main Menu.
• Select
Codes from the Manage Menu.
Access from within a program
• Open the Q-Level or the LineLevel
program.
• Within the program, press Page to
change to the page Code.
• Press Edit to open the Manage Codes
screen.
LS10/LS15, Coding
62
Manage Codes
LS10/LS15, Coding
New
To create a code.
Edit
To edit the selected code.
Delete
To delete the selected code.
Field
Description
Find
Enter a code name to search for existing codes. If the entry does not
match any existing code name, a warning message is displayed and a
wildcard is automatically inserted into the field.
Code
List of existing code names. Use the navigation keys to toggle through
the list.
Desc.
Additional remarks.
Info 1 to
Info 8
More information lines, freely editable. Used to describe attributes of
the code.
63
10
MapView
10.1
Overview
Availability
The MapView functionality is only available on the LS15 instrument.
Description
MapView is an interactive display feature embedded in the firmware. MapView
provides a graphical display of the current and the last four instrument stations. In the
MapView, all line measurements and intermediate sights are drawn according to their
orientation to give a better understanding of how the different measurement data are
related to each other.
The displayed data in all modes of MapView can be shifted by using both the arrow
keys and the touchscreen.
Access
The MapView functionality is provided as a page within applications.
Within Q-Level or LineLevel, change to page Map.
10.2
MapView Components
10.2.1
Screen Area
Description
Standard functionality is provided by softkeys, keys and a toolbar within MapView.
The softkeys are available regardless of the mode in which MapView was accessed and
always perform the same functions.
On the right side of the screen, a toolbar with icons is available. Some functions of the
toolbar can also be performed by using a softkey or key instead. Refer to the following
table for a description of the toolbar functions and their respective softkey/key equivalents, if available.
Elements of the
Map Page
009170_001_en
Symbol
Description
North arrow. North is always orientated towards the top of the screen.
Scale of the current screen. The minimum is 0.04 m. There is no
maximum for the zoom but the scale cannot display values greater than
99999 m. In this case the value displayed will be >99999 m.
Position of the instrument station. The ID of a station is displayed in red.
Position of the foresight or backsight staff. The ID of the measured
points is displayed in black.
Intermediate point / Set-out point. The ID of such a point is displayed in
blue.
Measured line to the staff.
LS10/LS15, MapView
64
Symbol
Description
Measured line to an intermediate or a set-out point.
Current viewing direction of the instrument.
The fit icon fits all displayable data, according to filters and the map
configuration, into the screen area, using the largest possible scale.
Tap on the icon or press the softkey Fit (F3).
To zoom into the map.
Tap on the icon or press the softkey Zoom + (F1).
To zoom out of the map.
Tap on the icon or press the softkey Zoom - (F2).
The windowing icon zooms to a specified area window. An area window
can be drawn by dragging the stylus on the screen in a diagonal line to
make a rectangular area or by tapping twice on the screen to define diagonally opposite corners of a rectangular area. This action causes the
screen to zoom to the selected area.

LS10/LS15, MapView
To move the view of the map up and down as well as left and right, tap on the
screen with the stylus, hold and move. You can also use the navigation keys.
Moving the map is useful when you have zoomed in on a view, and want to
move the view around to see other areas of interest.
65
11
Tools
11.1
Adjust
Description
The Check & Adjust Menu contains tools to be used for the electronic adjustment of
the line of sight, for the alignment of the camera crosshair and for the compass calibration of the instrument. Using these tools helps to maintain the measuring accuracy
of the instrument.
Access
1.
Select
Tools from the Main Menu.
2.
Select
Adjust from the Tools Menu.
3.
Select an Adjustment option from the Check & Adjust screen.
Adjustment Options
In the Check & Adjust screen, there are several adjustment options.
Menu selection Description
F1 Line Of Sight To check and adjust the line-of-sight error. Refer to "13.3
Adjusting Line-of-Sight Error".
F2 Camera
Crosshair
Only for LS15:
To align the camera crosshair (vertically arranged indicators) to the
staff. Refer to "13.5 Aligning the Camera Crosshair".
F3 Digital
Compass
Only for LS15:
To calibrate the digital compass. Refer to "13.6 Calibrating the
Digital Compass".
F4 Level Bubble To adjust the electronic level of the instrument. Refer to "13.8
Adjusting the Electronic Level".
11.2
System Information
Description
The Info screen displays instrument, system and firmware information.
Please provide the instrument-related information, such as instrument type,
serial number and equipment number, as well as the firmware version and build
number when contacting support.
Access
1.
Select
Tools from the Main Menu.
2.
Select
Info from the Tools Menu.
Info

Page 1/4 (System)
This screen displays information about the instrument and operating system.
Reset
To reset all settings to the system
default.
Options
To display hardware related options
which this particular instrument
provides.
LS10/LS15, Tools
Field
Description
Instr. Type
Displays the instrument type.
Serial No.
Displays the serial number of the instrument.
66
Field
Description
Equip.No.
Displays the equipment number.
Instr.Temp.
Displays the current temperature of the instrument.
Collim.Err.
Displays the current collimation error (line-of-sight error).
Battery
Displays the current capacity of the internal battery.
Ext.Power
Displays the current capacity of the external power supply.
Page 2/4 (Softw.)
Field
Description
Instr.-Firmware
Firmware version
Build Number
Build number of the current firmware version
Active Language
Currently activated user interface language
Language Version Version of the currently used language file.
Firmware version and language version should always be
identical.

Oper.System
Operating System installed on the instrument
Page 3/4 (Memory)
Displays job-specific memory information such as the number of stored stations and
fixpoints within a job, the number of recorded data blocks, for example measured
points, or codes within a job, and the memory space occupied.


Before pressing Format, to format the internal memory, ensure that all important data is first transferred to a computer. Jobs, formats, codelists, configuration files, uploaded languages and firmware are deleted by formatting.
Despite an automatic defragmentation, the memory gets fragmented after a
while. Please format the internal memory periodically to maintain the instrument performance.
Page 4/4 (Dates)
Field
Description
Maint.-End Date
Displays the end date of the maintenance agreement for the
instrument firmware.
mySec.Renewal
Date
The date when the instrument must be connected to mySecurity
in order to renew the security functionality.
Next Service Date Displays the date of the next required service check. The field can
be invisible if turned off by the service reminder.
LS10/LS15, Tools
67
11.3
Licence Keys
Description
To fully activate firmware contracts, it may be necessary to load a valid licence key on
the instrument. To load a licence key, carry out the procedure described in the
following paragraph.
Loading a Licence
Key
Step
Description
1.
Copy the licence key into the system directory (e.g. D:\system\) of the USB
memory stick.
2.
Insert the USB memory stick into the USB interface within the battery
compartment.
3.
Select
Tools from the Main Menu.
4.
Select
Licence from the Tools Menu.
5.
An information message is displayed. To confirm, press Cont. The licence key
is loaded automatically on the instrument.
11.4
Instrument Protection with PIN
Description
The instrument can be protected by a Personal Identification Number. If PIN protection
is activated,the instrument will always prompt for a PIN code entry before starting up.
If a wrong PIN has been entered five times, a Personal UnblocKing (PUK) code is
required.
Activate PIN code
Step-by-Step
Step
Description
1.
Select
Tools from the Main Menu.
2.
Select
PIN from the Tools Menu.
3.
Activate PIN protection by setting Use PIN-Code: On.
4.
Enter a personal PIN Code in the New PIN-Code field. The PIN code must have
exactly five numerics.
5.
Accept with Cont.

Now the instrument is protected against unauthorised use. After switching on the
instrument, a PIN code entry is necessary.
Lock Instrument
Step-by-Step
If PIN protection is activated, it is possible to lock the instrument from within any
program without switching off the instrument.
Resetting the PIN
with the PUK Code
LS10/LS15, Tools
Step
Description
1.
Press the Favourites key when within any program.
2.
Select
PIN from the Favourites Menu.
If a wrong PIN is entered five times, the system prompts for a personal unblocking
(PUK) code. The PUK code is a licence key.
When you load the licence key file with the correct PUK code, the instrument starts up
and resets the PIN code to default value 0 and Use PIN-Code: Off.
Refer to "11.3 Licence Keys" for instructions on how to load a licence key.
68
Deactivate PIN Code
Step-by-Step
Step
Description
1.
Select
Tools from the Main Menu.
2.
Select
PIN from the Tools Menu.
3.
Enter the current PIN in PIN-Code:.
4.
Press Cont.
5.
Deactivate PIN protection by setting Use PIN-Code: Off.
6.
Accept with Cont.

The instrument is now no longer protected against unauthorised use.
11.5
Loading Software
Description
You can load a firmware file or additional languages on the instrument. To load a firmware or language file, carry out the procedure described in the following paragraph.

• Never disconnect the power supply during the system upload process. The battery
must be at least 75% capacity before commencing the upload.
Loading Firmware
and Language Files
Step
Description
1.
Copy the firmware and language file into the system directory (e.g.
D:\system\) of the USB memory stick.

LS10/LS15, Tools
Loading a firmware file always requires to load a language file simultaneously. Before you start the process, ensure that the system directory of the
USB contains the firmware file and at least one language file.
2.
Insert the USB memory stick into the USB interface within the battery
compartment.
3.
Select
Tools from the Main Menu.
4.
Select
Load FW from the Tools Menu.
5.
• To load firmware and language files together, select F1 Firmware.
The Select File! screen is displayed. Select the firmware file from the
system directory of the USB memory stick.
Press Cont to display the Upload Languages! screen.
• To load only one or several language files, select F2 Language(s) only.
The Upload Languages! screen is displayed. To define which languages
you want to load, select Yes or No for each language file. At least one
language must be set to Yes.
6.
To start loading the files, press Cont. Once the files are successfully loaded,
the system shuts down and restarts again automatically.
69
11.6
Compass
Description
The digital compass is only available on the LS15 instrument.
The Compass screen displays the current compass reading.
You can use the digital compass to turn the instrument to a specific direction. For each
measurement taken with a LS15 instrument, the coordinates of a measured point are
stored. The estimated coordinates can be imported into Infinity to visualise the direction of a levelling line.
The digital compass is sensitive and can be interfered by magnetic fields. Avoid
using the compass in areas or environments that may interfere with the quality
of the compass measurements. The interference can affect the accuracy and
quality of the coordinates/positions determined.
For correct measurement results, it is recommended to perform a compass
calibration every time you set up the instrument. For this purpose, you can
define the compass calibration screen as start screen. Refer to "6.1 Work
Settings".


Access
LS10/LS15, Tools
1.
Select
Tools from the Main Menu.
2.
Select
Compass from the Tools Menu.
70
12
Data Management
12.1
Manage
Access
Select
Manage
The Manage Menu contains all functions for entering, editing, checking and deleting
data in the field.
Manage from the Main Menu.
Menu item
Description
Job
To select, view, create and delete jobs. Jobs are a summary of
different types of data, for example, fixpoints, measurements or
codes. The job definition consists of the job name and user. The
system generates time and date at the time of creation.
Fixpoints
To view, create, edit and delete fixpoints. Valid fixpoints contain at
least the point ID and the coordinates E, N or H.
Meas.Data
To view, edit and delete measurement data. Measurement data
available in the internal memory can be searched for via a specific
point search, or by viewing all points within a job.

If the details of a point have been edited or updated, any
new calculations will use the new point details. However,
any previously stored calculation results based on the original coordinates of the point will not be updated. The same
applies to updates of delta height calculations and averages.
Codes
To view, create, edit and delete codes. To each code a description
and a maximum of 8 attributes with up to 16 characters each can
be assigned.
Formats
To view and delete data format files.
Del.Data
To delete individual jobs, fixpoints and measurements of a specific
job or all jobs in the memory.

Deleting the memory cannot be undone. After confirming
the message all data is permanently deleted.
Int.Mem.
To view, delete, or rename exported data files.
Viewer
To view the contents of a data files stored in the internal memory
or on the USB memory stick.
USB-Stick
To view, delete, rename and create folders and files stored on the
USB memory stick.
LS10/LS15, Data Management
71
12.2
Exporting Data
Description
Job data, format files, configuration sets and codelists can be exported from the
internal memory of the instrument. Data can be exported to:
1) Internal memory
The selected database content is translated into a readable ASCII, GSI or XML file and
stored in the internal memory of the instrument. If you connect the instrument to a
PC through Active Sync/Mobile Device Centre, you can copy these files to the PC by
drag and drop.
2) USB Memory Stick:
The selected database content is translated into a readable ASCII, GSI or XML file and
stored on the USB memory stick that is inserted into the USB interface.
3) RS232 or Bluetooth Interface:
The selected database content is translated into a readable ASCII, GSI or XML file and
send to an external receiver (e.g. a PC) using the RS232 or bluetooth interface.
To receive the data, the receiver needs to be equipped with a third party receiving
program.
If the receiver cannot process the data fast enough or if the connection to the
receiver is unstable, the exported data could be lost. Note, that for this type
of data transfer no protocol check exists.

Access
1) Select
Transfer from the Main Menu.
2) Select
Export.
Select Export
Details
Field
Description
To
Destination of the exported data:
• Internal Memory
• USB Stick
• Interface (RS232, Bluetooth)
Data Type
Data type to be transferred:
To Internal Memory, USB Stick or Interface: Measurements,
Fixpoints, Meas.& Fixpoints
Only to USB Stick: Code, Format, Backup
Job
Select whether to export all job-related data or a single job data file.
Select Job
Displays the selected job.
LS10/LS15, Data Management
72
Export Data Stepby-Step
Step Description
1.
Select the export details in the Export screen and press Cont.
2.
If the export destination is a USB memory stick or the internal memory, select
the desired file location.
Cont
To display the Save ... as screen.
New
To create a folder.
More
To display additional information: creation date,
creation time and file size.
Format
Only available if you select USB Stick as export destination. To delete all data
on the USB stick.
3.
Within the Save ... as screen, select the data format and enter the file name.
Data Formats:
XML:
Extensible Markup Language. XML is a recommendation of the
World Wide Web Consortium. Fixed format.
ASCII:
American Standard Code for Information Interchange. Free
format. Usage and order of variables and delimiter can be defined
during import.
Define the delimiter value, the units
and the data fields of the file and press
Cont.
4.

GSI:
LeicaGeo Serial Interface. Fixed format. Select between GSI 8 and
GSI 16. Refer to " Exportable Job Data Formats" for an explanation
of the formats.
User
defined:
Any uploaded user defined format. To create a user defined
format, use the Format Manager. For details on how to upload a
format file, refer to Importing Data.
To start the data export, press Cont or Send.
After the data has been successfully exported, a message is displayed.
Measurement data are stored in chronological order – line by line - on the instrument.The XML data format and other format files do not output data chronologically
but sort the data in separate blocks. During the data export in XML data format or
other format files, the instrument has to search the whole memory until the required
data is found. Therefore, the data transfer time varies between formats. The GSI data
format has the best transfer speed-performance.
LS10/LS15, Data Management
73


Exportable Job Data
Formats
A ’+’, ’-’, ’.’ or alphanumerical characters should not be used as delimiter values in ASCII
files. These characters can also be part of the point ID or coordinate values and if so,
will generate errors where they occur in the ASCII file.
All jobs, formats, codelists and configurations will be stored in the backup folder
created on the USB memory stick. The job data will be stored as individual database
files for each job, which can then be imported again. Refer to "12.3 Importing Data".
Job data can be exported from a job in GSI, ASCII and XML file types, or any other userdefined ASCII format. A format can be defined in the Format Manager tool delivered
with the instrument. Refer to the online help of the Format Manager tool for information on creating format files.
Example job data output
PtID
POINT01
POINT02
POINT023
East
-2.0940
-4.1879
-6.2819
North
-59.9634
-119.9269
-179.8903
Height
0.3003
-0.0934
-0.3782
Code
MAIN_ROAD
MAIN_ROAD
MAIN_ROAD
Info1-8
12.3
Importing Data
Description
Data can be imported to the internal memory of the instrument via a USB memory
stick.
Importable Data
Formats
When importing data, the instrument automatically stores the file in a directory folder
based on the file extension. The following data formats can be imported:
Access


Data Type
File extension
Recognised as
GSI
.gsi
Fixpoints
HexXML
.xml
Fixpoints
ASCII
any ASCII file extension e.g. .txt
Fixpoints
Format
.frt
Format file
Codelist
.cls
Codelist file
Backup
.db
Backup of fixpoints,
measurements and
configuration
1) Select
Transfer from the Main Menu.
2) Select
Import.
• Importing a backup folder will overwrite the existing configuration file and code lists
on the instrument, and all existing formats and jobs will be deleted.
• A backup can only be imported if the instrument database structure was not
changed by a firmware update. If the instrument firmware was updated, it can
happen that a backup created before the update cannot be imported. In this case,
downgrade the firmware to the previous used version, save the data in the way
required and then reload the new firmware.
A ’+’, ’-’, ’.’ or alphanumerical characters should not be used as delimiter values in ASCII
files. These characters can also be part of the point ID or coordinate values and if so,
will generate errors where they occur in the ASCII file.
LS10/LS15, Data Management
74
Import Data Stepby-Step
Step Description
1.
Choose the desired settings in the Import screen:
From:
USB-Stick or Internal Memory
File:
Import a single file or a backup folder.
2.
Press Cont in the Import screen to proceed to the USB memory stick file directory.
3.
Select the file or backup folder on the USB memory stick to be imported and
press Cont.
4.
For a file:
Define the Job name for the imported file. Press Cont to import.
If a Job with the same name already exists in the internal memory, an information message is displayed:
OvWrite
To overwrite the existing job.
Attach
To attach the new points to the current job.
Rename
To rename the job.
5.
If you attach new points to the current job and a point with the same point ID
already exists, the following information message is displayed:
OvWrite
To overwrite the point with the currently
displayed point ID. Press (F4) and AlwOver to
overwrite all duplicate point IDs with the new
points.
Skip
To skip the point with the currently displayed
point ID. The new point is ignored and the
existing point is kept. Press (F4) and AlwSkip
to skip all duplicate points.
Attach
To attach the new point to the current job and keep the existing point. The
existing point ID is renamed with a numerical suffix. For example, Point23 is
renamed to Point23_1. The maximum renamed suffix is 10, e.g. Point23_10.
Press (F4) and AlwAtt to attach all duplicate points to the current job.
For a backup folder:
Take note of the warning message displayed and press Cont to proceed and
import the folder.
6.
LS10/LS15, Data Management
If the file is an ASCII file, the Define ASCII
Import screen is displayed. Define the delimiter
value, the units and the data fields of the file
and press Cont to continue.
75
Step Description
7.
12.4
Once the file or backup folder has been successfully imported, a message is
displayed.
Working with a USB Memory Stick
Insert a
USB Memory Stick
Step-by-Step
2a
2
1
010758_001
Step
Description
1.
Open the battery compartment by pressing the push button underneath the
battery compartment.
The USB host port is located at the left side of the battery compartment.

2.



Insert the USB memory stick into the USB host port.
Always return to the Main Menu before removing the USB memory stick. If you
remove the stick without returning to the Main Menu, a warning message is
displayed.
Whilst other USB memory sticks may be used, Leica Geosystems recommends Leica
industrial grade USB memory sticks and cannot be held responsible for data loss or
any other error that may occur when using a non-Leica USB memory stick.
• Keep the USB memory stick dry.
• Use it only within the specified temperature range, -40°C to +85°C (-40°F to
+185°F).
• Protect the USB memory stick from direct impacts.
Failure to follow these instructions could result in data loss and/or permanent damage
to the USB memory stick.
LS10/LS15, Data Management
76
Format a USB
Memory Stick Stepby-Step
If you use a completely new USB memory stick or if you want to delete all existing data,
format the USB memory stick before starting to store data.
If the instrument detects a non-recommended File Allocation Table (FAT) on the USB
stick, you are automatically prompted to format the USB stick upon insert. The recommended FAT is FAT32. Follow the on-screen instructions to format with FAT32.
Step Description

1.
Despite an automatic defragmentation, the USB memory stick gets fragmented after a while. Please format the USB memory stick periodically to
maintain the instrument performance.
Select
Manage from the Main Menu.
Select
USB-Stick from the Manage Menu.
3.
Press
Format in the USB-File Manager screen.
4.
A warning message will appear.
By activating the format command all data will be lost. Make sure that
all important data on the USB memory stick has been backed up before
formatting the USB memory stick.
5.
Press Yes to format the USB memory stick.
6.
A message will display once the formatting of the USB memory stick is
completed. Press Cont to return to the USB-File Manager screen.
2.

12.5
Working with Bluetooth
Description
The LS10/LS15 can communicate with external devices via a Bluetooth connection. The
Bluetooth of the instrument is a slave module only. The Bluetooth of the external
device is the master module, and therefore controls the connection and any data
transfer.
Establishing a
Connection Stepby-Step
Step Description
1.
On the instrument ensure that the communication parameters are set to Bluetooth: and Active. Refer to "6.6 Interface Settings".
2.
Activate Bluetooth on the external device. The steps required depend on the
Bluetooth driver and other device specific configurations. Refer to the device
user manual for information on how to configure and search for a Bluetooth
connection.
The instrument will appear on the external device as “LS_zzzzzz”, with zzzzzz
being the serial number of the instrument, for example LS_348005.
3.
Some devices ask for the identification number of the Bluetooth. The default
number for a LS10/LS15 Bluetooth is 0000. This can be changed by:
• Select
•
•
•
•
4.
Settings from the Main Menu.
Select
Interface from the Settings Menu.
Press BT-PIN from the Interface Settings screen.
Enter a new Bluetooth PIN number in PIN-Code.
Press Cont to confirm the new Bluetooth PIN.
When the external Bluetooth device has located the instrument for the first
time, a message will display on the instrument stating the name of the
external device and requesting confirmation that connection to this device
should be allowed.
• Press Yes to allow, or
• Press No to disallow this connection
LS10/LS15, Data Management
77
Step Description
5.
The instrument Bluetooth sends out the instrument name and serial number
to the external Bluetooth device.
6.
All further steps must be made in accordance to the user manual of the
external device.
12.6
Working with Leica Infinity
Description
With the office software Leica Infinity, you can seamlessly import, manage and post
process level data from the LS10/LS15. The supported file types are HeXML, GSI and
LEV. To transfer the level data to Infinity, use a USB cable connection or export the
files to a USB memory stick. In Leica Infinity, level data can be combined and adjusted
together with total station- and GPS data sets.
LS10/LS15, Data Management
78
13
Check & Adjust
13.1
Overview
Description
Leica Geosystems instruments are manufactured, assembled and adjusted to the best
possible quality. Quick temperature changes, shock or stress can cause deviations and
decrease the instrument accuracy. It is therefore recommended to check and adjust
the instrument from time to time. This check and adjust can be done in the field by
running through specific measurement procedures. The procedures are guided and
must be followed carefully and precisely as described in the following chapters. Some
other instrument errors and mechanical parts can be adjusted mechanically.

During the manufacturing process, the instrument errors are carefully determined and
set to zero. These errors can change and it is highly recommended to determine them
again for any of the following situations:
• Before the instrument is used for the first time.
• Before every high precision levelling task.
• After rough or long periods of transport.
• After long periods of work or storage.
• If the temperature difference between current environment and the temperature
during the last calibration is more than 10°C (18°F).
Electronic Adjustment
You can carry out the following electronic adjustment tasks:
• Correcting the collimation error, also called line-of-sight error (refer to "13.3
Adjusting Line-of-Sight Error").
• Aligning the camera crosshair (refer to "13.5 Aligning the Camera Crosshair").
• Calibrating the digital compass (refer to "13.6 Calibrating the Digital Compass").
• Adjusting the electronic level (refer to "13.8 Adjusting the Electronic Level").
Mechanical Adjustment
You can adjust the following instrument parts mechanically:
• Circular level of the instrument (refer to "13.7 Adjusting the Circular Level of the
Instrument").
• Optical crosshair (refer to "13.4 Adjusting the Optical Crosshair").
• Screws on the tripod (refer to"13.9 Servicing the Tripod").
13.2
Preparation

Before determining the instrument errors, level-up the instrument using
the circular level and if available, the electronic level. Ensure, that the
circular level is adjusted (refer to "13.7 Adjusting the Circular Level of the
Instrument").
The tribrach, the tripod and the ground should be very stable and secure
from vibrations or other disturbances.


During the calibration, protect the instrument and if possible also the
staffs from direct sunlight in order to avoid uneven thermal expansion on
one side only.
Before starting to work, the instrument has to become acclimatised to the ambient
temperature. Approximately two minutes per °C of temperature difference from
storage to working environment, but at least 15 min, should be taken into account.
LS10/LS15, Check & Adjust
79
13.3
Adjusting Line-of-Sight Error
Line-of-Sight Error
The line-of-sight error (collimation error) is the vertical angle () between the actual
line-of-sight and the ideal horizontal line. It is determined by a level test.
α
009178_001
Access
Check and Adjust
Step-by-Step
1.
Select
Tools from the Main Menu.
2.
Select
Adjust from the Tools Menu.
3.
An information page is displayed. Select Cont to display the Check & AdjustMenu.
Select F1 Line Of Sight.
Step
Description
1.
Press F1 or tap on F1 Line Of Sight to start the adjustment of the collimation
error.
2.
On the page General, the current collimation error is displayed in arc seconds.
Select one of the available adjustment methods. A and B are the staffs positions, x is the instrument position. Each method covers two procedures.
• A x Bx method covers "From the Centre" procedure (classic) and
Kukkamäki procedure (refer to " Adjustment Method “A x Bx”").
• A x x B method covers Förstner and Näbauer procedure (refer to " Adjustment Method “A x x B”").
Press F4 or Cont.
3.
An information page displays the correct setup of the station according to the
selected adjustment method.
A x x B method
A x Bx method
Set up the instrument at the first position (station 1) and level the instrument
with the electronic level.
4.
Press F4 or Cont.
5.
To aim at the staff, you can use the overview camera within the tab Camera.
Aim first at staff A and carry out a measurement (A1). Aim next to staff B and
carry out a measurement (B1).
Store the measurements for station 1.
LS10/LS15, Check & Adjust
80
Step
Description
6.
An information page displays the correct setup of the station according to the
selected adjustment method.
A x x B method
A x Bx method
Set up the instrument at the second position (station 2) and level the instrument with the electronic level.
7.
Press F4 or Cont.
8.
Aim first at staff B and carry out a measurement (B2). Aim next to staff A and
carry out a measurement (A2).
Store the measurements for station 2.
On the page Result, the results of the adjustment procedure are displayed.
To set the determined collimation error and
apply it to all subsequent measurements,
press Set.

9.
Adjustment Method
“A x Bx”
For some markets, it may be necessary to add the determined user
collimation error to the factory collimation error. By adding the user
collimation error, the correct collimation error is applied to all measurements and the reported user collimation error is within the marketspecific tolerance.
To add the determined user collimation error to the factory collimation
error, press Mve Er. You need to confirm this action by pressing Cont.
After confirming, the new user collimation error is reported as 0.0.
“From the Centre” Procedure
A
1/2
1/2
B
b
2
1
a
b
009364_001
First position (station 1):
• Position the instrument centrally between staff A and B.
• The centre has to be within an accuracy of ±1 m.
• The distance a between the staffs should be approximately 30 m.
Second position (station 2):
• Position the instrument close to staff B (inside or outside).
• The distance b has to be at least 2.5 m.
LS10/LS15, Check & Adjust
81
Kukkamäki Procedure
A
1/2
1/2
B
2
1
a
b
009365_001
First position (station 1):
• Position the instrument centrally between staff A and B.
• The centre has to be within an accuracy of ±1 m.
• The distance a between the staffs should be approximately 20 m.
Second position (station 2):
• Position the instrument on the outside of staff B at the distance b (b = a).
Adjustment Method
“A x x B”
For this adjustment method, the distances to the staffs have a 1:2 ratio for each position of the instrument.
Förstner Procedure
A
1/3
2/3
Dist_A1
Dist_B1
B
A
1/3
B
Dist_B2
2
1
009362_001
2/3
009363_001
First position (station 1):
Second position (station 2):
• Position the instrument at 1/3 of the
• Position the instrument at 2/3 of the
distance D between staff A and B.
distance D between staff A and B.
• The distance D should be approxi• The following requirement must be
mately 45 m - 60 m.
fulfilled: 0.2 x D < Dist_B2 < 0.4 x D
and D = Dist_A1 + Dist_B1.
• The following requirement must be
fulfilled: 0.2 x D < Dist_A1 < 0.4 x D
and D = Dist_A1 + Dist_B1.
LS10/LS15, Check & Adjust
82
Näbauer Procedure
a
A
a
B
a
2
1
009366_001
First position (station 1):
• Position the instrument on the outside of staff A at the distance a.
• The distance a should be approximately 15 m - 20 m and be equal to the distance
between staff A and B.
• The following requirement must be fulfilled: 0.2 x D < Dist_A1 < 0.4 x D and
D = Dist_A1 + Dist_B1.
Second position (station 2):
• Position the instrument on the outside of staff B at the distance a.
• The following requirement must be fulfilled: 0.2 x D < Dist_B2 < 0.4 x D and
D = Dist_A1 + Dist_B1.
13.4
Adjust the Optical
Crosshair Step-byStep
Adjusting the Optical Crosshair
Step Description

To check if the optical crosshair needs adjustment, first adjust the line-ofsight error. Pay attention to the Reticle value which is displayed in the Result
screen:
Take an optical height reading and check if this value
corresponds with the Reticle value of the Result
screen. If not, you need to adjust the optical crosshair.
1.
2.
3.
LS10/LS15, Check & Adjust
The crosshair adjustment
screw is underneath the
eyepiece and is covered by a
protective cap. Pull out the
cap about 1 cm and slightly
press it to the side.
Using an allen key, turn the
adjustment screw to move
the optical crosshair until the
optical height reading corresponds with the Reticle
value on the screen.
1
2b
2a
010757_001
Gently remove the allen key and put the protective cap back in place.
83
13.5
Aligning the Camera Crosshair
Only for LS15 Step-by-Step
Step
Description
1.
Select Tools from the Main Menu.
2.
Select Adjust from the Tools Menu.
3.
Select F2 Camera Crosshair from the Check & Adjust screen.
4.
An information message is displayed.
Aim accurately at a vertical target by using the optical crosshair. Press the
softkey Cont (F3).
5.
Focus
To focus the optics onto the staff distance.
<-To move the camera crosshair (vertical indicators) to the left.
-->
To move the camera crosshair (vertical indicators) to the right.
The camera crosshair moves with an
increment of one pixel.

6.
To save the changes and display the next screen, press Cont.
An information message is displayed.
Press Cont to accept the new position of the camera crosshair and to close
the Check & Adjust screen.
Press Reset to reset the crosshair to the factory default and to return to the
Check & Adjust screen.
13.6
Calibrating the Digital Compass
Only for LS15 Step-by-Step

For correct measurement results, it is recommended to perform a compass
calibration every time you set up the instrument. For this purpose, you can
define the compass calibration screen as start screen. Refer to "6.1 Work
Settings".
Step
Description
1.
Select Tools from the Main Menu.
2.
Select Adjust from the Tools Menu.
3.
Select F3 Digital Compass from the Check & Adjust screen.
4.
Read the instruction in the displayed information message. Press the softkey
Cont (F4) to start with the compass calibration.
5.
The following screen is displayed:
LS10/LS15, Check & Adjust
84
Step
Description
6.

If it is required to enter a magnetic declination
correction for the current work location, press
the softkey Declin (F3).
Enter the declination value. To store the
entered value, press Cont (F4).
Magnetic declination is the difference between geographic north and
magnetic north and changes with the location on earth and also over time.
The magnetic declination is given in degrees. A positive value indicates a declination east of north, a negative value a declination west of north. To get a
correct calibration result, you need to enter the current magnetic declination
at your position.
7.
Rotate the instrument 360° at least two times. While rotating, the field
Completed 360° rounds displays the number of already completed rounds.
8.
To complete the compass calibration, press Cont (F4).
An information message is displayed to inform you whether the compass calibration has been successful. To confirm the information message, press Cont
(F4).
13.7
Adjusting the Circular Level of the Instrument
Adjust the Circular
Level Step-by-Step
Step
Description
1.
Place and secure the instrument onto the tribrach.
2.
Using the tribrach footscrews, level the instrument with the circular level.
3.
Turn the instrument by 180°/200 gon and observe the bubble of the circular
level.
If after turning, the bubble is still centred no adjustment is needed.
4.
If the bubble is not centred, correct half of the deviation by moving the
adjustment screws with the supplied allen key.
010754_001
5.
Turn the instrument again by 180°/200 gon and observe the bubble.
6.
If necessary, repeat the two previous steps until the bubble is centred
correctly.
LS10/LS15, Check & Adjust
85
13.8
Step-by-Step
Adjusting the Electronic Level
Step
Description
1.
Select Tools from the Main Menu.
2.
Select Adjust from the Tools Menu.
3.
Select F4 Level Bubble from the Check & Adjust screen.
4.
Use the mechanical circular level to precisely level the instrument. Press the
softkey Cont (F4).
5.
Turn the horizontal circle of the instrument to 0 gon/0 deg.
Avoid any vibrations while turning the instrument.
6.
7.
8.

Press the trigger key and wait until the next screen is displayed.
Turn the horizontal circle of the instrument to 200 gon/180 deg.
Avoid any vibrations while turning the instrument.

Press the trigger key and wait until the message “Level Bubble calibrated!“
is displayed.
Press the softkey Cont (F4) to return to the Main Menu.
13.9
Servicing the Tripod
Servicing the Tripod
Step-by-Step
2
1
3
008706_001
The following table explains the most common settings.
Step

Description
The connections between metal and timber components must always be
firm and tight.
1.
Tighten the leg cap screws moderately, with the supplied allen key.
2.
Tighten the articulated joints on the tripod head enough to keep the tripod
legs open when lifting the tripod off the ground.
3.
Tighten the allen screws of the tripod legs.
LS10/LS15, Check & Adjust
86
14
mySecurity
Description
mySecurity is a cloud-based theft protection. A locking mechanism ensures that the
instrument is disabled and can no longer be used. A Leica Geosystems service centre
will inform local authorities if such an instrument turns up.
mySecurity is activated in myWorld.
Adding/removing
instruments
to/from mySecurity
Step
Description
1.
Go to myWorld@Leica Geosystems (https://myworld.leica-geosystems.com).

Activating the theft
protection
You must add your instruments to myProducts first, before the instruments can be added to mySecurity.
2.
Select myTrustedServices/mySecurity.
Available information for listed instruments:
• Activation date of the mySecurity service
• Renewal date of the mySecurity service
• Stolen status, in case of the instrument has been flagged as stolen
3.
Click Add to add an instrument to mySecurity.
Select the instrument from the selectable list.
Click OK.
4.
Select an instrument.
Click Remove to delete the instrument from mySecurity.
For an active theft protection, the instrument must be connected to myWorld within
a defined time interval.
If the instrument is not connected within the defined interval, then the instrument is
blocked and cannot be used. In this case, the instrument must be connected to
myWorld again and the theft protection must be reactivated.
Step
Description
1.
Click the check box to select an instrument.
2.
Click Details.
3.
For New mySecurity Renewal, set the start date of the theft protection.
Click In 3 months, In 6 months or In 12 months to define the connection
interval.
4.
Click Set.
5.
Download and install the mySecurity Online Update program.
6.
The program scans for the instrument connection port automatically.
In case automatic scanning fails, click Scan for a search of the port.
Select the connection settings.
7.
Click Connect.
After the activation, the end date of the theft protection is displayed in the
mySecurity Online Update program and on the instrument.
LS10/LS15, mySecurity
8.
Press Close.
9.
Click the Refresh button to update the screen information.
10.
Check the status, the activation date and the renewal date of the theft
protection.
87
Status information
on the instrument
Step
Description
1.
Select
Tools from the Main Menu.
2.
Select
Info from the Tools Menu.
3.
Go to page 4/4 or Dates.
4.
mySec.Renewal Date:
Displays the date when the instrument must be connected to mySecurity.
The date is transferred from myWorld to the instrument.


Report stolen
instrument
Locate stolen
instrument
Ten days before the mySec.Renewal Date, a reminder message is displayed
each time the instrument is turned on.
When the mySec.Renewal Date has been exceeded, a message informs
about the instrument lock. Go to myWorld to renew the theft protection.
Step
Description
1.
Go to myWorld@Leica Geosystems (https://myworld.leica-geosystems.com).
2.
Select myTrustedServices/mySecurity.
3.
Click the check box to select an instrument.
4.
Click Details.
5.
In the General section, click Report as Stolen.
6.
A warning comes up to confirm device as stolen.
Click OK.
7.
The Status of the instrument changes to Stolen!.
A Leica Geosystems service centre informs local authorities if such an instrument turns up.
If a reported, stolen instrument is registered to myWorld, then the IP address of the
computer is logged. The IP address is used to locate the instrument.
In myWorld/myTrustedServices/mySecurity, the Status of the instrument changes
to Located.
Clicking Show Location shows:
• The date and time when the instrument was located
• The IP address of the computer
• A link to show the location on a map
LS10/LS15, mySecurity
88
15
Care and Transport
15.1
Care

Despite an automatic defragmentation, the memory gets fragmented after a while.
Please format the internal memory periodically to maintain the instrument performance.
Field adjustment
Periodically carry out test measurements and perform the field adjustments indicated
in the User Manual, particularly after the product has been dropped, stored for long
periods or transported.
15.2
Transport
Transport in the
field
When transporting the equipment in the field, always make sure that you
• either carry the product in its original transport container,
• or carry the tripod with its legs splayed across your shoulder, keeping the attached
product upright.
Transport in a road
vehicle
Never carry the product loose in a road vehicle, as it can be affected by shock and
vibration. Always carry the product in its transport container, original packaging or
equivalent and secure it.
Shipping
When transporting the product by rail, air or sea, always use the complete original
Leica Geosystems packaging, transport container and cardboard box, or its equivalent,
to protect against shock and vibration.
Shipping, transport
of batteries
When transporting or shipping batteries, the person responsible for the product must
ensure that the applicable national and international rules and regulations are
observed. Before transportation or shipping, contact your local passenger or freight
transport company.
15.3
Storage
Product
Respect the temperature limits when storing the equipment, particularly in summer if
the equipment is inside a vehicle. Refer to "16 Technical Data" for information about
temperature limits.
Li-Ion batteries
•
•
•
•
Refer to "Technical Data" for information about storage temperature range.
Remove batteries from the product and the charger before storing.
After storage recharge batteries before using.
Protect batteries from damp and wetness. Wet or damp batteries must be dried
before storing or use.
• A storage temperature range of 0 °C to +30 °C / +32 °F to +86 °F in a dry environment is recommended to minimize self-discharging of the battery.
• At the recommended storage temperature range, batteries containing a 40% to
50% charge can be stored for up to one year. After this storage period the batteries
must be recharged.
Charger and docking
station
• Keep chargers and docking stations away from excessive dirt, dust and contaminants.
• After unpacking the product visually inspect the charger for possible damage.
• Unplug the product from the outlet before attempting any maintenance or
cleaning.
LS10/LS15, Care and Transport
89
15.4
NOTICE
Cleaning and Drying
Cleaning of all optical parts requires great care. Improper cleaning can destroy optical
surfaces which may lead to a malfunction.
Precautions:
Only use appropriate cleaning material and follow the cleaning procedure described in
this User Manual.
Product and Accessories
• Use only a clean, soft, lint-free cloth for cleaning. If necessary, moisten the cloth
with water or soapy water. Do not use other liquids; these may attack the product
surface.
For power supplies and chargers:
• Use only a clean, soft, lint-free cloth for cleaning.
Cables and plugs
Keep plugs clean and dry. Blow away any dirt lodged in the plugs of the connecting
cables.
Damp Products
Dry the product, the transport container, the foam inserts and the accessories at a
temperature not greater than 40°C /104°F and clean them. Open and dry the battery
compartment. Do not repack until everything is completely dry. Always close the transport container when using in the field.
LS10/LS15, Care and Transport
90
16
Technical Data
16.1
General Technical Data of the Instrument
Control Unit
Display
LCD display:
QVGA (320 x 240 pixels) colour touch screen; brightness of backlight LED is adjustable.
Keyboard
28 Keys:
including 4 Function keys and 12 alphanumeric keys
206 mm
Instrument Dimensions
276 mm
222 mm
010755_001
Weight
Power Supply
Instrument type
Weight (including GEB331 battery)
LS10
3.7 kg/8.2 lbs
LS15
3.9 kg/8.6 lbs
External Power Supply using the Serial Interface
Voltage:
Standby power consumption:
Operating power consumption:
Nominal voltage 12.8 V DC
Range 10.5 V-18 V
Typically 1.4 W
Typically 2 W (3 W when motor for Autofocus is in use)
Internal Battery GEB331
Type:
Voltage
Capacity:
Operating time:
Data Storage
Li-Ion
11.1 V
2.8 Ah
10-12 h
Type
Capacity / Number of measurements
Format
Internal memory
30’000 measurements
Database
USB Stick
1 GB, up to 32 GB supported
ASCII
LS10/LS15, Technical Data
91
Environmental
Specifications
Temperature
LS10
LS15
GEB331
Operating temperature [C°]
-20 to +50
-20 to +50
-30 to +60
Storage temperature [C°]
-40 to +70
-40 to +70
-40 to +70
Protection against Water, Dust and Sand
LS10, LS15
Protection
IP55 (IEC60529)
Humidity
LS10, LS15
Protection
Up to 95%
To avoid the effects of condensation, periodically dry out the instrument.
Magnetic Field Sensitivity
LS10, LS15
Line-of-sight difference in horizontal constant magnetic field  1
at a field strength of 0 T up to ±400 T [4 Gauss].
Telescope
Magnification:
Free objective diameter
Opening angle
Field of view
Minimum target distance
32x
36 mm
2°
3.5 m at 100 m
0.6 m
Distance measurement with Stadia lines
Multiplication constant
Compensator
100
Magnetically damped pendulum compensator with electronic range control.
LS10, LS15
Slope angle
±9’
Standard deviation
0.3
Circular Level
Sensitivity:
Electronic Level
Working range:
Accuracy:
Autofocus (only
LS15)
Working range:
Time to focus:
LS10/LS15, Technical Data
8’/2 mm
Longitudinal
0.110 gon/0.099°
0.166 gon/0.150°, if Tilt Check is Off.
Transversal
(only LS15)
0.110 gon/0.099°
0.166 gon/0.150°, if Tilt Check is Off.
0.015 gon/0.013°
1.8 m to infinity
typically 4 s
92
Digital Compass
(only LS15)
Working range:
Accuracy:
Correction of Declination:
Overview Camera
(only LS15)
Sensor:
Focal length:
Field of view:
Frame rate:
Focus:
Image storage:
Zoom:
White balance:
Brightness:
Interfaces
•
•
•
•
•
16.2
Measurements
Height Measurements
Standard deviation per km double run (ISO 17123-2):
360°/400 gon
2.7°/3 gon

5 Megapixel CMOS sensor
34 mm
6° x 4.8° (7.7° diagonal)
up to 20 frames per second
3 m (10 ft) to infinity at zoom level 1x
QVGA screenshot in *.bmp format
4-step (1x, 2x, 4x, 8x)
Automatic
Automatic
RS232 Serial (only LS15)
Bluetooth Serial
Lemo USB for Active Sync/Mobile Device Centre connection (only LS15)
Mini USB for Active Sync/Mobile Device Centre connection
USB Host (for USB Stick)
LS10/LS15
0.3 mm
LS15 0.2 mm
0.3 mm
0.2 mm
Electronic measurement with standard staff 1.0 mm
1.0 mm
Optical measurement
2.0 mm
Electronic measurement with invar staff
Distance Measurements
2.0 mm
Standard Deviation:
For distances up to 50 m
LS10
LS15
500 ppm
500 ppm
For distances up to the maximal possible meas- 1000 ppm
urement distance

1000 ppm
500 ppm is 1 cm standard deviation at 20 m distance.
Measuring Range for Electronic Measurements:
Measurement Time
Staff lengths
Measuring Range
3 m to 4 m
1.8 m - 110.0 m
3 m invar staff
1.8 m - 60.0 m
2.7 m
1.8 m - 100.0 m
1.82 m / 2 m
1.8 m - 60.0 m
Typically 2.5 seconds.
LS10/LS15, Technical Data
93
Correction of Measured Values
Collimation error correction:
Earth curvature correction:
16.3
Conformity to National Regulations
16.3.1
General
Conformity to
national regulations
• FCC Part 15, 22 and 24 (applicable in US)
• Hereby, Leica Geosystems AG, declares that the product LS10/LS15 is in compliance
with the essential requirements and other relevant provisions of Directive
1999/5/EC. The declaration of conformity can be consulted at http://www.leicageosystems.com/ce.
Class 1 equipment according European Directive 1999/5/EC (R&TTE)
can be placed on the market and be put into service without restrictions in any EEA member state.
• The conformity for countries with other national regulations not covered by the FCC
part 15, 22 and 24 or European directive 1999/5/EC has to be approved prior to
use and operation.
• Japanese Radio Law and Japanese Telecommunications Business Law Compliance.
– This device is granted pursuant to the Japanese Radio Law and the Japanese
Telecommunications Business Law.
– This device should not be modified (otherwise the granted designation number
will become invalid).
16.3.2
Dangerous Goods Regulations
Dangerous Goods
Regulations
The products of Leica Geosystems are powered by Lithium batteries.
Applied automatically.
For the Check & Adjust application, earth curvature
correction is enabled automatically.
For all other applications, earth curvature correction
can be enabled/disabled in the Regional Settings.
Lithium batteries can be dangerous under certain conditions and can pose a safety
hazard. In certain conditions, Lithium batteries can overheat and ignite.



LS10/LS15, Technical Data
When carrying or shipping your Leica product with Lithium batteries onboard a
commercial aircraft, you must do so in accordance with the
IATA Dangerous Goods Regulations.
Leica Geosystems has developed Guidelines on “How to carry Leica products”
and “How to ship Leica products” with Lithium batteries. Before any transportation of a Leica product, we ask you to consult these guidelines on our web
page (http://www.leica-geosystems.com/dgr) to ensure that you are in accordance with the IATA Dangerous Goods Regulations and that the Leica products
can be transported correctly.
Damaged or defective batteries are prohibited from being carried or transported onboard any aircraft. Therefore, ensure that the condition of any
battery is safe for transportation.
94
17
Software Licence Agreement
Software Licence
Agreement
This product contains software that is preinstalled on the product, or that is supplied
to you on a data carrier medium, or that can be downloaded by you online according
to prior authorisation from Leica Geosystems. Such software is protected by copyright
and other laws and its use is defined and regulated by the Leica Geosystems Software
Licence Agreement, which covers aspects such as, but not limited to, Scope of the
Licence, Warranty, Intellectual Property Rights, Limitation of Liability, Exclusion of
other Assurances, Governing Law and Place of Jurisdiction. Please make sure, that at
any time you fully comply with the terms and conditions of the Leica Geosystems Software Licence Agreement.
Such agreement is provided together with all products and can also be referred to and
downloaded at the Leica Geosystems home page at
http://leica-geosystems.com/about-us/compliance-standards/legal-documents
or collected from your Leica Geosystems distributor.
You must not install or use the software unless you have read and accepted the terms
and conditions of the Leica Geosystems Software Licence Agreement. Installation or
use of the software or any part thereof, is deemed to be an acceptance of all the
terms and conditions of such Licence Agreement. If you do not agree to all or some
of the terms of such Licence Agreement, you must not download, install or use the
software and you must return the unused software together with its accompanying
documentation and the purchase receipt to the distributor from whom you purchased
the product within ten (10) days of purchase to obtain a full refund of the purchase
price.
LS10/LS15, Software Licence Agreement
95
Appendix A
Menu Tree

Depending on local firmware versions the menu items may differ.
Menu Tree
|——
|
|——
|
|
|
|
|——
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|——
|
|
|
|
|——
|
|
Q-Level
Programs
|—— BasicLevel
|—— LineLevel
|—— LineAdjust
Manage
|—— Job
|—— Fixpoints
|—— Meas.Data
|—— Codes
|—— Formats
|—— Del.Data
|—— Int.Mem.
|—— Viewer
|—— USB-Stick
Transfer
|—— Export
|—— Import
|—— Copy Lines
Settings
|—— Work
USER Key 1, USER Key 2, Trigger key, Instr.Start, Crosshair C.
|
|—— Regional
General: Earth Curv, Language, Lang.Choice,
Units: Dist. Unit, H Decimal, D Decimal, Temp. Unit, Azimuth Unit, E,N Decimal,
Time: Time (24h), Date, Format
|
|—— Data
Record: Sort Type, Sort Order, Code Record, Code
Output: Data Output, GSI-Format
|
|—— Screen…
Display Ill., Touch Screen, Auto-Off, Beep, Sleep Mode, Screensaver, Touch
screen calibration
|—— Mode
|
Mode, n Meas., n Min., n Max., sDev/20m
|
|—— Interface
Config1: Port :, Bluetooth:, Baud rate:, Data bits:, Parity :, Endmark :, Stop bits: 1
|—— Tools
|
|
|—— Adjust
Line Of Sight, Camera Crosshair, Digital Compass, Level Bubble
|
|—— Info
System: Instr. Type, Serial No., Equip.No.,Instr.Temp., Collim.Err., Battery,
Ext.Power
Softw.: Instr.-Firmware, Build Number, Active Language, Language Version,
Oper.System
Memory: Job, Stations, Fixpoints, Meas.Records, Occ.Job Mem.,
Occ.Sys.Mem.
Dates: Maint.-End Date, mySec.Renewal Date, Next Service Date
|
|—— Licence
|
|—— PIN
Use PIN-Code, New PIN-Code
|
|—— Load FW
LS10/LS15, Menu Tree
96
|
F1 Firmware, F2 Language(s) only
|—— Compass
Appendix B
Directory Structure
Description
On the USB memory stick, files are stored in certain directories. The following diagram
is the default directory structure.
Directory Structure
|—— BACKUP
|
|——
|
|——
|
|——
|
|
|——
|
|
|
CODES
• Backup files (A backup folder is only created once a
backup has been exported).
• Codelists (*.cls)
FORMATS
• Format files (*.frt)
JOBS
•
•
•
•
•
SYSTEM
GSI, ASCII and LandXML files (*.*)
Logfiles created from programs
Firmware files (LS_Levels.fw)
Language files (LS_Levels_Language_xx.fw)
Licence file (*.key)
Appendix C
Corrections and Formulas
Formulas
Earth Curvature Correction
x: Measured Distance
R: 6’378’000 m (earth radius)
Line-of-Sight Error
: Difference between new and current line-ofsight error.
A1, B1, A2, B2: Staff heights.
d1, d2, d3, d4: Distances of the respective staff
heights.
Mean S Outlier Test
Maximum residual observation is discarded.
Distance Balances
Total Distance
Station Differences
LS10/LS15, Directory Structure
DB: backsight distance
DF: foresight distance
97
Appendix D
GeoCom Commands
Introduction
LS10/LS15 support the GeoCOM protocol known from various Leica TotalStation hardware. The protocol consists of a command and reply structure as listed in the following
table.
All replies are in Meter for lengths, Radians for angles, and °C for temperatures.
If a command is successfully executed, the reply is 0:0 (%R1P,0,0:0). If an error occurs,
this is marked by error code, e.g. 0:12035 (%R1P,0,0:12035).
The following table contains LS specific commands and general TPS commands of
importance for the LS digital level, as well as typical return codes for these commands.
For further details on GeoCOM refer to the GeoCOM manual available for Leica TotalStations.
Name
ASCII command
Reply
COM_NullProc
%R1Q,0:0
%R1P,0,0:0
COM_SwitchOnTPS
%R1Q,111:
%R1P,0,0:0
Instrument confirms %R1P,0,0:0 when ready to
process further commands (Instrument boot-up
completed)
COM_SwitchOffTPS
%R1Q,112:
%R1P,0,0:0
Parameter 0 for Off, Parameter 5 for Standby
CSV_GetInstrumentNo
%R1Q,5003:
%R1P,0,0:0,348005
CSV_GetInstrumentName
%R1Q,5004:
%R1P,0,0:0, “LS15”
CSV_GetIntTemp
%R1Q,5011:
%R1P,0,0:0,27
CSV_GetSWVersion2
%R1Q,5034:
%R1P,0,0:0,1,0,2687
CSV_GetSWCreationDate
%R1Q,5038:
%R1P,0,0:0, “2015-04-28”
CSV_CheckPower
%R1Q,5039:
%R1P,0,0:0,0,1,1
0 for Internal battery, 1 for external power device
CSV_SetDateTime2
%R1Q,5050:2015,4,2 %R1P,0:0
9,15,33,47
year,month,day,hour,min,sec
CSV_GetDateTime2
%R1Q,5051:
%R1P,0,0:0,2015,4,29,15,33
,47
year,month,day,hour,min,sec
CSV_SetupList
%R1Q,5072:
%R1P,0,0:0
CSV_List
%R1Q,5073:
%R1P,0,0:0, “setout”, “jobsetout-02”, 0,0,
”260713161438”
CSV_GetMaintenanceEnd
%R1Q,5114:
%R1P,0,0:0,2016,'03','1a'
Date is in hexadecimal format
BMM_BeepAlarm
LS10/LS15, GeoCom Commands
%R1Q,11004:
%R1P,0,0:0
98
Name
ASCII command
Reply
DNA_GetMeasResult
%R1Q,29005:7000
%R1P,0,0:0,0.65493642920
7282,2.877974290086675,
91,53,5312137,0.01392063
4920635,20,1
7000 is waittime in ms to make the measurement, in
reply the first argument is the height reading, the
second argument is the distance
DNA_SetRodPos
%R1Q,29010:1
%R1P,0,0:0
Parameter for normal staff is 0, parameter for
inverted staff is 1
DNA_GetRodPos
%R1Q,29011:
%R1P,0,0:0,1
DNA_StartMeasurement
%R1Q,29036:
%R1P,0,0:0
DNA_StartAutofocus
%R1Q,29068:
%R1P,0,0:0
DNA_GetTiltX
%R1Q,29070:
%R1P,0,0:0,0.00075146
DNA_GetCompassData
%R1Q,29072:
%R1P,0,0:0,1.70518667919
8458
DNA_GetTiltL
%R1Q,29104:
%R1P,0,0:0,0.00068843
DNA_SwitchEarthCurvature
%R1Q,29107:
Parameter 0 for Off, Parameter 1 for On
DNA_GetEarthCurvatureStatus %R1Q,29108:
DNA_GetJobNumber
%R1Q,29109:
%R1P,0,0:0,22
Number of stored jobs and codelists
DNA_WakeUpInstrument
%R1Q,29110:
To switch from stand-by mode to normal operation.
Return Codes
Code
Description
0
OK
12032
Too dark or poor light.
12033
Too bright.
12034
Instrument not horizontal. Level up the instrument.
12035
Coarse correlation error. Too much coverage or insufficient code length.
12036
Fine correlation error. Too much coverage or insufficient code length.
12037
Distance outside the permitted range.
12038
Staff inverted or inverse mode activated.
12039
Bad focusing.
LS10/LS15, GeoCom Commands
99
Appendix E
GSI Online Commands
E.1
Introduction
Return Codes
LS10/LS15 support the GSI Online protocol known from Leica DNA and TotalStations
hardware. The protocol consists of a command and reply structure as listed in the
following table. All replies are in the currently configured instrument unit.
E.2
General Commands and Descriptions
General Commands
Syntax
Response
<command><CR/LF>
E.3
Overview
SET Commands
Commands
Description
a
Switch on the instrument
b
Switch off the instrument
c
Clear
BEEP/0
Short beep
BEEP/1
Long beep
BEEP/2
Alarm beep (short beep, 3 times)
Operating Commands
Command
Description
SET
Setting instrument parameters
CONF
Reading instrument parameter settings
PUT
Writing/changing values in the instrument
GET/I
Getting instant values from the instrument (last valid value)
GET/M
Executing a measurement to obtain the value from the instrument
GET/C
Executing continuous measurements to obtain values from the instrument. Measurements can be halted by sending command “c”.
Syntax
Response
SET/<set spec>/<parameter><CR/LF>
Function
Spec.
Setting
Example
Beep
30
0 = OFF
1 = Medium
2 = Loud
SET/30/2
Setting Beep to LOUD
Display Illumination
32
Range from 0%-100% SET/32/50
0 = 0% contrast
Setting display illumination
to 50% brightness
50 = 50% contrast
100= 100% contrast
Unit (Length)
41
0 = Meter
1 = US ft, decimal
2 = International ft,
decimal
LS10/LS15, GSI Online Commands
SET/41/1
Setting Distance(length)
Unit to US ft, decimal
100
Function
Spec.
Setting
Unit (Temperature)
42
0 = °C (Degree Celsius) SET/42/0
1 = °F (Degree Fahren- Setting Temperature Unit to
heit)
°C (Degree Celsius)
Staff Reading Decimals
51
3 = 3 decimals
4 = 4 decimals
5 = 5 decimals
SET/51/5
Setting Staff reading
decimal on display to 5
Baudrate
70
2 = 1,200 Baud
3 = 2,400 Baud
4 = 4,800 Baud
5 = 9,600 Baud
6 = 19,200 Baud
7 = 14,400 Baud
8 = 38,400 Baud
9 = 57,600 Baud
10 = 115,200 Baud
SET/70/6
Setting Interfacing Baud
rate to 19,200 Baud
Parity
71
0 = None
1 = Odd
2 = Even
SET/71/1
Setting Interfacing Parity to
Odd
Terminator
73
0 = CR
1 = CR/LF
SET/73/1
Setting Terminator to CR/LF
Protocol
75
0 = OFF
1 = ON
SET/75/1
Setting Acknowledgement
protocol to ON
Data Recording
76
0 = Internal Memory
1 = RS232
SET/76/1
Setting data recording to
external via RS232
Delay (between
2 strings sent)
78
Range from 0 to 50:
0 = No delay
25 = 25 ms delay
50 = 50 ms delay
SET/78/25
Setting delay to 25ms
between subsequent strings
AutoOff
95
0 = Disable
1 = Enable
2 = Standby
SET/95/1
Setting AutoOFF to ON
Earth Curvature
Correction
125
0 = Off
1 = On
SET/125/1
Setting Earth Curvature
Correction to ON
Staff Mode
127
0 = Upright
1 = Inverted
SET/127/1
Setting Staff to inverted
mode
Output GSI Format
Length
137
0 = GSI-8
1 = GSI-16
SET/137/1
Setting format output to
GSI-16
Code Recording
138
0 = Before measurement
1 = After measurement
SET/138/1
Setting Code recording after
the measurement
LS10/LS15, GSI Online Commands
Example
101
CONF Commands
Syntax
Response
Example
CONF/<conf spec>
<CR/LF>
00<conf spec>/00 <param- READING BEEP SETTING ON
eter>
LS10/15:
Command: CONF/30
Response: 0030/0002
Function
Spec. Command
Response
Parameters
Beep
30
CONF/30
0030/0000
0030/0001
0030/0002
0 = OFF
1 = Medium
2 = Loud
Display Illumination
32
CONF/32
0032/0nnn
Range from 0%-100%
0 = 0% contrast
50 = 50% contrast
100= 100% contrast
Unit (Length)
41
CONF/41
0041/0000
0041/0001
0041/0002
0 = Meter
1 = US ft, decimal
2 = International ft,
decimal
Unit (Temperature)
42
CONF/42
0042/0000
0042/0001
0 = °C
1 = °F
Staff Reading
Decimals
51
CONF/51
0051/0003
0051/0004
0051/0005
3 = 3 decimals
4 = 4 decimals
5 = 5 decimals
Baudrate
70
CONF/70
0070/0002
0070/0003
0070/0004
0070/0005
0070/0006
0070/0007
0070/0008
0070/0009
0070/0010
2 = 1,200 Baud
3 = 2,400 Baud
4 = 4,800 Baud
5 = 9,600 Baud
6 = 19,200 Baud
7 = 14,400 Baud
8 = 38,400 Baud
9 = 57,600 Baud
10 = 115,200 Baud
Parity
71
CONF/71
0071/0000
0071/0001
0071/0002
0 = None
1 = Odd
2 = Even
Terminator
73
CONF/73
0073/0000
0073/0001
0 = CR
1 = CR/LF
Protocol
75
CONF/75
0075/0000
0075/0001
0 = OFF
1 = ON
Data Recording
76
CONF/76
0076/0000
0076/0001
0 = Internal Memory
1 = RS232
Delay (between
2 strings sent)
78
CONF/78
(0...50)
Increment of
10ms/unit
Range from 0 to 50:
0 = No delay
25 = 25 ms delay
50 = 50 ms delay
Battery Level
90
CONF/90
0090/00nn
n: (0...10)
0: Empty
10: Full
Instrument
Temperature
91
CONF/91
0090/0nnn
n: (0...±100)°C
LS10/LS15, GSI Online Commands
102
PUT Commands
Function
Spec. Command
Response
Parameters
AutoOff
95
CONF/95
0095/0000
0095/0001
0095/0002
0 = Off
1 = On
2 = Standby
Earth Curvature
Correction
125
CONF/125
0125/0000
0125/0001
0 = Off
1 = On
Staff Mode
127
CONF/127
0127/0000
0127/0001
0 = Upright
1 = Inverted
Output GSI
Format Length
137
CONF/137
0137/0000
0137/0001
0 = GSI-8
1 = GSI-16
Syntax
Response
Example
PUT/<put spec><Value>
<space><CR/LF>
GET Commands
INPUTING/WRITING PtID of
BM2002:
Command:
PUT/11....+00BM2002
Response:
Confirmation: CR/LF
Function
Spec. Command
Example
PtID
11
PUT/11
PUT/11….+00BM2002<space><CR/LF>
Remark
71
PUT/71
PUT/71….+00PTKERB<space><CR/LF>
Time (hh.mm.ss)
560
PUT/560
PUT/560..6+00115120<space><CR/LF>
Date (mm.dd)
561
PUT/561
PUT/561..6+00042700<space><CR/LF>
Year (yyyy)
562
PUT/562
PUT/562…+00002015<space><CR/LF>
Syntax
Example
GET/n/WI/<get spec>
Single command
<CR/LF> where n = M / I / C Read Distance value:
Command: GET/M/WI32
Response: 32…0+00040663
Combined commands
Read PtID, Distance & Height reading:
Command: GET/M/WI11/WI32/WI330
Response: 11....+00BM2002 32..00+00015256
330.26+00014875
Function
Spec. Command
Example
PtID
11
GET/n/WI11
Command: GET/M/WI11<CR/LF>
Response: 11....+00BM2002
Remark
71
GET/n/WI71
Command: GET/M/WI71<CR/LF>
Response: 71....+00PTKERB
Time (hh.mm.ss)
560
GET/n/WI560
Command: GET/M/WI560<CR/LF>
Response: 560...6+00115120
Date (mm.dd)
561
GET/n/WI561
Command: GET/M/WI561<CR/LF>
Response: 561..6+00042700
Year (yyyy)
562
GET/n/WI562
Command: GET/M/WI562<CR/LF>
Response: 562…+00002015
LS10/LS15, GSI Online Commands
103
Warnings and Errors
Function
Spec. Command
Example
Horizontal
Distance
32
GET/n/WI32
Command: GET/M/WI32
Response: 32…0+00140663
Staff Height
Reading
330
GET/n/WI330
Command: GET/M/WI330
Response:330.26+00014876
Instrument
Temperature
95
GET/n/WI95
Command: GET/M/WI95
Response: 95...6+00260000
Serial Number
12
GET/n/WI12
Command: GET/M/WI12
Response: 12....+00348004
Instrument Name 13
GET/n/WI13
Command: GET/M/WI13
Response: 13....+0000LS15
Date: d/m/y
17
GET/n/WI17
Command: GET/M/WI17
Response: 17....+27042015
Date and time:
d/m/y/min
19
GET/n/WI19
Command: GET/M/WI19
Response: 19....+04271212
Version
599
GET/n/WI599
Command: GET/M/WI599
Response: 599..6+00342673
Message
Description
@W400
Instrument is busy Cause: Other device may be interfacing with
the instrument.
Action: Check the interfacing priorities.
@W427
Invalid command
@E458
Tilt sensor is out of Cause: Instrument out of level.
range
Action: Check if the instrument is set up and
levelled properly.
@E439
No measurement
possible
LS10/LS15, GSI Online Commands
Possible Cause / Action
Cause: The string sent to the instrument
could not be decoded properly or command
does not exist.
Action: Check the syntax of the commands.
Check if buffer is over flow (maximum 100
characters).
Cause:
• Insufficient or uneven lighting on the staff.
• Incorrect setup of the staff
(inverted/upright).
• The staff could be out of the telescope
field of view.
• The instrument may not be properly
focused onto the staff.
Action: Check and focus onto the staff with
optimum lighting. Ensure that the staff is set
up in its correct position.
104
837282-2.0.1en
Original text
Published in Switzerland
© 2016 Leica Geosystems AG, Heerbrugg, Switzerland
Leica Geosystems AG
Heinrich-Wild-Strasse
CH-9435 Heerbrugg
Switzerland
Phone +41 71 727 31 31
www.leica-geosystems.com
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