Gas Lines - Quantum Opus

Gas Lines - Quantum Opus
Gas Lines
Technical Manual
Sumitomo (SHI) Cryogenics of America, Inc.
1833 Vultee Street
Allentown, PA 18103-4783
U.S.A.
Revision G: December 2011
261320A
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Page
DESCRIPTION ....................................................................................................................... 1
SPECIFICATIONS .................................................................................................................. 3
Minimum Bend Radius ...................................................................................................... 3
Pressure and Temperature Ratings................................................................................... 3
Identification Labels........................................................................................................... 3
Installation Tools ............................................................................................................... 4
MAINTENANCE ..................................................................................................................... 5
Disconnect Gas Lines ....................................................................................................... 5
From the Compressor .................................................................................................. 5
From the Cold Head ..................................................................................................... 6
Leak Check ....................................................................................................................... 6
Gas Line Repair ................................................................................................................ 7
Venting .............................................................................................................................. 7
Repair Self-Sealing Couplings ........................................................................................... 8
Replace the Gasket Seal .............................................................................................. 8
Repair or Replace a Coupling....................................................................................... 9
Charge Pressure Verification........................................................................................... 10
Gas Cleanup and Recharging ......................................................................................... 11
PARTS ................................................................................................................................. 13
Ordering .......................................................................................................................... 13
Parts Identification and Numbers..................................................................................... 13
ILLUSTRATIONS
Figure 1 Typical Helically Corrugated Gas Line Construction ......................................... 1
Figure 2 Break Gas Line Connection from Compressor .................................................. 6
Figure 3 Disconnect Gas Line from Compressor ............................................................ 6
Figure 4 Break Gas Line Connection from Cold Head .................................................... 6
Figure 5 Disconnect Gas Line from Cold Head ............................................................... 6
Figure 6 Aeroquip Male Coupling Parts .......................................................................... 8
Figure 7 Remove Coupling from Gas Line ...................................................................... 9
Figure 8 Aeroquip Female Coupling Parts ...................................................................... 9
Figure 9 Parts Identification .......................................................................................... 13
SJM P/N261320A
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DESCRIPTION
Gas lines are needed to connect compressors to cold heads (expanders) to complete the
system. Gas lines are constructed from helically corrugated stainless steel tubing covered with
metal braid or from soft copper tubing. All gas lines are equipped with Aeroquip self-sealing
couplings and are furnished cleaned, charged with helium gas and leak checked.
Each cryogenic system includes interconnecting gas lines to carry helium gas refrigerant to and
from the components. A gas line carries high-pressure gas from the compressor to the cold
head and another gas line returns lower pressure gas to the compressor.
Flexible gas lines simplify installation. The self-sealing couplings maintain the gas charge and
purity by minimizing gas loss when connections are being made or broken and by preventing
the entrance of contaminants. Dust plugs protect the coupling threads from damage and also
help to maintain cleanliness.
Figure 1 Typical Helically Corrugated Gas Line Construction
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SPECIFICATIONS
Minimum Bend Radius
Gas Line Type
Diameter
mm (inches)
Minimum bend radius
mm (inches)
Helically corrugated
stainless steel
19 (3/4) I.D.
230 (9)
Helically corrugated
stainless steel
13 (1/2) I.D.
180 (7)
Copper tubing using a tube
bender
17 (5/8) O.D.
57 (2 ¼)
Copper tubing without
using a tube bender
17 (5/8) O.D.
460 (18)
Pressure and Temperature Ratings
Pressure and Temperature
Ratings
Stainless Steel and Copper
Design pressure, max.
2760 kPa (400 psig)
Operating pressure, max.
2410 kPa (350 psig)
Charge pressure, max.
1860 kPa (270 psig)
Operating temperature, max.
49º C (120º F)
Operating temperature, min.
4º C (40º F)
Identification Labels
Labels on the gas lines identify their function in the system as follows:
SUPPLY (color coded red)
Helium gas supply to the cold head from the
compressor.
RETURN (color coded green)
Helium gas return from the cold head to the
compressor.
Separate labels are furnished by SCAI with standard gas lines for the customer to attach to the
gas lines. See the Installation section in the System manual.
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Specifications
Installation Tools
Properly sized open-end wrenches are needed to install and remove gas lines. SCAI can
furnish (optional) one each:
Wrench, 1" open end x 3/4" open end
Wrench, 1 1/8" open end x 5/8" open end
Wrench, 1 3/16" open end x 1 3/16" ratchet
P/N SK30017C3
P/N SK30017C2
P/N SK30017C1
For MRI systems with an RF shield, gas feedthroughs may be furnished for gas line installation through
the shield. Special wrenches may be required to fit the feedthroughs.
4
MAINTENANCE
Disconnect Gas Lines
AVOID INJURY. Extreme cold can cause frostbite. When handling system
components, be careful not to touch any frosted parts.
AVOID INJURY. Disconnect gas lines only when the compressor is stopped.
Disconnecting the cold head while it is cold can create excessively high internal
pressure as the gas warms. Material failure and uncontrolled pressure release
can cause injury.
AVOID INJURY. Use two wrenches when disconnecting a gas line coupling to
avoid loosening the compressor’s or cold head’s coupling. Gas pressure can
project the coupling with enough force to cause injury.
AVOID GAS LEAKS. Keep the gas line couplings aligned when making or
breaking a coupling connection. Leaks can occur due to the weight of the gas
line or due to a sharp bend near the connection. Crimping from repeated
bending and repositioning can cause damage to gas lines.
PREVENT EQUIPMENT DAMAGE. Do not use a clamp over hose section of
flex gas line.
Disconnect from the Compressor
Tools required: Open-end wrenches
1. Always use two wrenches. Use one wrench to hold the compressor coupling. Use the
second wrench on the gas line coupling nut to break the connection. See Figure 2.
2. After breaking the connection, hold the coupling adapter with one wrench. Remove the gas
line coupling from the compressor coupling with the second wrench. See Figure 3.
3. Screw a dust cap finger tight on to the compressor coupling.
5
Maintenance
Figure 2 Break Gas Line Connection
from Compressor
Figure 3 Disconnect Gas Line
from Compressor
Disconnect from the Cold Head
Tools required: Open-end wrenches
1. Always use two wrenches. Use one wrench to hold the cold head coupling. Use the second
wrench on the gas line coupling nut to break the connection. See Figure 4.
2. After breaking the connection, hold the coupling adapter with one wrench. Remove the gas
line coupling from the cold head coupling with the second wrench. See Figure 5.
3. Screw a dust cap finger tight on to the cold head coupling.
Figure 4 Break Gas Line
Connection from Cold Head
Figure 5 Disconnect Gas Line
from Cold Head
Leak Check
Leakage of helium gas is the only likely problem to originate on a gas line. Use of a helium
mass spectrometer leak detector is recommended. If no mass spectrometer is available, a
liquid leak detector solution may be used on the coupling joints.
With the gas lines connected to the compressor and to the cold head, leak check the connected
coupling joints.
6
Maintenance
The flat gasket in the face of the male coupling seals the joint. A leak at this gasket seal can be
detected only when a gas line is connected. A leak here can be caused by:
•
•
•
•
•
the coupling not fully tightened
a worn, damaged or missing gasket seal
dirt on or under the gasket seal
dirt on the female coupling’s mating surface
damaged parts on either coupling which prevent proper mating or sealing
Gas Line Repair
Leaks in the helically corrugated metal tubing cannot be repaired. Discard the damaged gas
line and install a new one.
Leaks at welded joints require special skills to repair. Consult an SCAI Service Center.
Leaks at the self-sealing couplings can be repaired by replacing worn or damaged parts.
Vent the gas line before beginning to disassemble it except when replacing a gasket seal.
When couplings are frequently disconnected and reconnected, it is important to wipe the
mating parts (threads and faces) with a clean, lint-free tissue or cloth.
Venting
Tools required: Adapter fitting with valve, 8M Aeroquip, P/N SK8217A2.
Open-end wrenches
NOTE
Adapter fittings are available as optional accessories from SCAI.
1. Disconnect the gas line from the system. Install a dust cap on each of the male couplings of
the compressor and cold head, or on the RF feedthroughs, if used in the system.
2. Be sure the valve on adapter fitting SK8217A2 is closed. If only one coupling on the gas
line is to be repaired, install the adapter fitting on the good coupling. Use two wrenches.
3. Slowly open the valve on the adapter fitting to vent the entire charge of helium gas.
4. Close the adapter fitting’s valve. Do not remove the adapter fitting. It will be used for gas
cleanup and recharging.
NOTE
Gas cleanup and recharging of the gas line are always required if a coupling
has been repaired. Instead of venting the gas line to atmospheric pressure,
some operators prefer to connect an adapter fitting and a charge line to the
coupling not being repaired, to purge the gas line with helium during repair. Set
the helium gas regulator at 35 kPa (5 psig) or less to prevent air from entering
the gas line and contaminating it.
7
Maintenance
Repair Self-sealing Couplings
AVOID INJURY. Always vent a gas charged component before beginning to
disassemble its couplings. Gas pressure can launch a loose coupling with
enough force to cause personal injury.
PRESERVE YOUR WARRANTY. Modification to equipment without the consent
of the manufacturer will void the warranty.
Damaged threads, leaking seals or a leaking valve assembly may require replacement of
coupling parts or replacement of the complete coupling half.
Replace the Gasket Seal
Tool required: Needle or a narrow, flat blade screwdriver
Cotton swabs
Isopropyl alcohol
From repeated connecting and disconnecting the coupling, the gasket face seal just inside the
face of a male coupling may begin to leak and require replacement. The gasket seal is replaced
while the gas line is disconnected.
1. Carefully pierce or pry the old gasket face seal and pull it from its recessed ring in the body
of the coupling. Discard the face seal. See Figure 6.
2. Using isopropyl alcohol on a clean, cotton swab, carefully remove any remaining adhesive
from the coupling’s recess. Avoid getting alcohol on the face of the poppet.
3. Dry the recessed surface with a clean, lint free cloth.
4. Do not apply any adhesive. Press a new gasket seal into the recessed ring.
Figure 6 Aeroquip Male Coupling Parts
8
Maintenance
Repair or Replace a Coupling
Tools required: Open-end wrenches
This procedure applies to both male and female couplings on gas lines, compressor and cold
head.
1. Vent the charged component using the venting procedure in this manual or in the
Maintenance section of the appropriate manual.
2. If the coupling to be repaired has the venting adapter fitting attached, remove the adapter
fitting. Use two wrenches.
3. Use two wrenches to disconnect the coupling body from the adapter. Hold the adapter with
one wrench. Remove the coupling body with the other wrench. See Figure 7.
4. Push the valve assembly from the coupling body. It is not fastened. Examine all parts and
replace any that are damaged or replace the entire coupling half. See Figures 6 or 8.
Figure 7 Remove Coupling from Gas Line
Figure 8 Aeroquip Female Coupling Parts
5. Remove the O-ring from the gas line adapter.
6. Wipe the O-ring groove to be sure it is clean. Lightly coat a new O-ring with vacuum grease.
Install the O-ring in the gas line adapter.
7. Wipe the valve assembly with a clean, lint-free cloth. Insert the valve assembly into the
coupling body from the rear.
9
Maintenance
8. Thoroughly degrease or apply Locquic Primer T (a degreasing agent) to the threads of the
adapter and to the internal threads of the coupling body. Do not get Primer T on the O-ring
or any of its seating surfaces.
9. Allow about 5 minutes for the primer to dry. Apply Loctite 242 to one full thread in the
coupling adapter. Use a needle applicator. Start at the second thread from the lead thread
and work toward the hexagon. Shake the Loctite before use.
10. Assemble the coupling body to the adapter. Use two wrenches. Hold the adapter with one
wrench and screw the two parts together. Tighten the size 8 Aeroquip coupling parts to
4.85 – 6.25 kgf m (35 – 45 ft. lbs.).
11. Allow at least a 6-hour curing period before applying gas pressure.
This completes the procedure for repairing or replacing a self-sealing coupling.
Charge Pressure Verification
Tools required: Tool Kit, P/N 268151A
Open-end wrenches
This procedure describes the process for checking and, if necessary, correcting the helium gas
charge pressure in refrigeration system gas lines.
PRESERVE YOUR WARRANTY. Any helium gas used in this procedure should
be of high purity. A purity level 0f 99.999% is required.
PREVENT EQUIPMENT DAMAGE. Keep the gas line couplings aligned when
making or breaking a coupling connection. Leaks can occur due to the weight of
the gas line or due to a sharp bend near the connection. Crimping from repeated
bending and repositioning can cause damage to gas lines.
AVOID INJURY. Use two wrenches when connecting or disconnecting a gas
line coupling to avoid loosening the wrong joint. Gas pressure can project the
coupling with enough force to cause injury.
1. Verify the pressure gauge tool [P/N 268150C2] has a minimum charge pressure of 20 psig.
2. If the charge pressure in the tool is too low, use the charge adapter tool [P/N 255919B2] to
charge the pressure gauge tool to 50 psig. If the pressure gauge tool is completely empty,
purge the pressure gauge tool with helium gas by “flushing through” with the exhaust valve
open. After purging, close the exhaust valve and establish the proper charge pressure in
the pressure gauge tool. Close the exhaust valve. Remove the charge adapter from the
pressure gauge tool.
10
Maintenance
3. Unthread the dust cap from one end of the gas line to be checked. Be sure the valve on the
pressure gauge tool is closed before it is connected. Connect the male Aeroquip end of the
pressure gauge tool to the gas line using two wrenches.
4. Read the pressure.
4.1. If the pressure is low, but > 20 psig, use the charge adapter to add helium gas to the
gas line to reach the specified equalization pressure.
4.2. If pressure in the gas line is <20 psig, perform a clean–up on the gas line.
5. When finished checking or pressurizing the gas line, make sure the gauge tool is charged to
50 psig helium gas for storage.
6. Disconnect the male Aeroquip end of the pressure gauge tool from the gas line using two
wrenches.
7. Screw the dust cap finger tight on to the gas line coupling.
This completes the procedure for checking the charge pressure in a gas line.
Gas Cleanup and Recharging
Tools required: Adapter fittings (2) P/N SK8217A2 or 255919B2 and 257246C5.
Open-end wrenches
Cleaning and recharging are always required when a gas line has been vented and repaired or
if the gas pressure has dropped to less than 140 kPa (20 psig). Each gas line is cleaned and
charged individually using adapter fittings.
1. Locate and connect adapter fitting P/N SK8217A2 to one gas line coupling. Connect
adapter fittings P/N 255919B2 and257246C5 to the other coupling. Be sure the valve on
each adapter fitting is closed before it is connected.
NOTE
Adapter fittings are available as optional accessories from SCAI.
2. Connect a charge line to the pressure regulator of a helium gas cylinder containing 99.995%
pure helium gas with a dew point less than -50º C (-58º F) at 2065 kPa (300 psig).
AVOID INJURY. Never use compressed gas from a cylinder without a proper
regulator. Overpressure can cause personal injury if the system equipment
ruptures.
11
Maintenance
3. Open the gas cylinder valve. While connecting the charge line to the valve on one of the
adapter fittings, thoroughly purge the charge line from the regulator. It is important to
remove all air contaminants to prevent them from entering the gas line.
4. Adjust the gas cylinder regulator to 690 kPa (100 psig). Open the valve on the adapter
fitting and charge the gas line to 690 kPa (100 psig).
5. Close the valve on the helium gas cylinder (not on the regulator).
6. Open the vent valve. Watch the regulator’s pressure gauge. When the pressure falls to
35 – 70 kPa (5 – 10 psig), close the vent valve. Open the gas cylinder valve to increase the
pressure to 690 kPa (100 psig). Close the gas cylinder valve.
7. Repeat step 6 five (5) times.
8. Close the valve on the adapter fitting used for charging. Open the gas cylinder valve.
Adjust the pressure regulator to the equalization pressure of the system. Refer to the
Specifications section in the System manual.
9. Open the valve on the adapter fitting and charge the gas line to the equalization pressure.
10. Close the valve on the adapter fitting. Close the gas cylinder valve. Disconnect the charge
line from the adapter fitting. Store the charge line to keep it clean.
11. Remove the adapter fittings.
This completes the procedure for gas cleanup of a gas line.
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PARTS
Ordering
Order parts by part number and name. See Figure 9.
Parts Identification and Number
Figure 9 Parts Identification
Item
Part Name
Part Number
Size 4
Size 8
1.
Dust Cap
44639
44642
2.
Gasket Seal
77003
77002
3.
Coupling Half, Male
44601
44612
4.
O-ring
77005
47102
5.
Coupling Half, Female
44901
44614
6.
Dust Plug
44640
44643
NOTE
Gas lines used to carry refrigerant gas between the compressor and the cold head
typically are furnished with size 8 Aeroquip couplings.
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