Second-hand bikes safety regulations

Second-hand bikes safety regulations
Second-hand bikes
safety regulations
Trading Standards Information
Any second-hand pedal bicycles supplied in the course of business must be safe and comply with the
requirements of the General Product (Safety) Regulations 1994. New pedal bicycles are covered by their
own specific safety regulations
What does second-hand mean?
Second-hand pedal bicycles are ones that have been supplied before to an end-user. This includes hired
and leased equipment.
How can I tell if they are safe?
Check that the pedal bicycle complies with the current British Standard BS: 6102. It is not practicable to
detail all the requirements here, but the main provisions to check include:
There must be a braking system for each wheel.
Hand operated brakes must be fixed so the right hand brake lever operates the front brake and
the left hand brake lever operates on the rear wheel.
Brakes must operate efficiently without binding.
Handlebars and steering
The handlebars should not move when the front wheel is held firmly and force is applied.
The end of the handlebars must be fitted with handgrips or end plugs.
The steering should be free to rotate through 60º either side of the straight-ahead position.
Wheels and Tyres
The wheels must rotate freely and true and have spokes intact.
Tyres must be in good condition.
Trading Standards - Environment & Leisure, Hub 2, 3rd Floor, PO Box 64529, SE1P 5LX
Contact centre - 020 7525 2000 Website -
Strategic Director of Environment & Leisure - Gill Davies
Reflectors must be fitted as follows:
A red reflector on the rear of the pedal bicycle.
Two side reflectors, which must be of the same colour – either white or yellow, one to be fitted on
the front half and one on the rear half of the pedal bicycle. At least one should be on the spokes
of a wheel.
If there is no front light there must be a front reflector that should be white.
Each pedal must have yellow reflectors
The saddle must not twist when the fixing mechanism is fully tightened.
There must be a chain guard that covers the chain for at least 25mm from its point of intersection
with the chain wheel.
Edges, which can come into contact with the rider during normal riding and maintenance, must
not be sharp.
It is advisable to seek technical advice if you are unsure about the safety of the product.
What happens if I don’t comply with these requirements?
If you supply second-hand pedal bicycles that are unsafe and you have not taken reasonable
precautions to avoid this, you may be prosecuted. You could be fined up to £5000 and/or imprisoned for
up to six months. Taking reasonable precautions means you must take positive steps to ensure that you
comply with the law.
Further information
If you require further assistance on these requirements, or would like additional information leaflets,
please contact us at the address given.
PLEASE NOTE only the Courts can interpret legislation with authority and this leaflet is subject to revision or amendment without notice.
(Ref: Bikes1.0)
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