The next generation keyboard minus the board Group 27

The next generation keyboard minus the board Group 27
Group 27:
Dev Gurjar
Prerak Patel
pmpatel@andrew.cmu.edu
Ben Wasserman
Dev Gurjar
Daniel Jacobs
bwasserm@andrew.cmu.edu
dgurjar@andrew.cmu.edu
djacobs@andrew.cmu.edu
The next generation
keyboard minus the board
h;p://www.ece.cmu.edu/~ece549/spring12/team27/
Concept
•  Problem
o  Today, users of tablets are forced to either use
onscreen keyboards that consume valuable
screen real-estate or physical keyboards that
lack portability
•  Solution
o  Twerty provides a portable, space efficient
alternative to keyboards for people using tablets.
o  Our prototype uses gloves outfitted with sensors
that:
•  detect key strokes
•  communicate via Bluetooth
•  provide tactile feedback
Competitive Analysis
Twerty
Keyboard Functionality
QWERTY Layout
Tactile
Feedback
Portability
Self-­‐‑Contained
Comfort
The Magic Cube
Keyglove Acceleration Wearable Input Sensing Glove
Device
Goals
•  Functional
o  Tactile Feedback
o  Bluetooth Connectivity
o  Probabilistic Typing
•  Non-Functional
o  Typing speed
•  >40 wpm (average typing speed of iPad)
o  Multi-surface
o  Learning curve
•  30 second rule
Architecture
B: Flex sensor:
Determine finger bend
A: BuAon:
Detects keystroke
C: Lateral shift sensor:
Detect current column
A: Bu;on
B: Flex sensors
C: Lateral shift sensor
D: Arduino
E: Bluetooth
Images from sparkfun.com
D: Arduino:
Read sensors Output key presses
E: Bluetooth:
Send key presses to tablet
Tablet
Components
A: Bu;on
B: Flex sensors
C: Lateral shift sensor
D: Arduino
E: Bluetooth
Images from sparkfun.com
Metrics
The metrics below were chosen based on
Functional Tests
•  Latency
o  Time to send a character over Bluetooth using HID profile
•  Raw Throughput
o  Maximum number of characters that can be received by a tablet per
second
User Tests
•  Accuracy
o  Given a passage, number of characters typed to complete the passage
Latency
Procedure
Expectation
1.  Send character from
•  There should be no
computer to gloves via
visible lag, the latency
serial
should be less than
•  Start a timer
0.0625 seconds
2.  Have glove echo the
character back to the
computer through the
HID profile.
•  Stop timer
Latency
Minimum noticeable delay
.0625 seconds
Result of 11 Tests
Raw Throughput
Procedure
Expectation
1.  Press random keys as fast •  Our set value for
and frequently as possible
throughput can support
for 10 seconds
max typing speed.
Should be faster than
tablet keyboard.
2.  Count number of
characters displayed on
the connected device.
Divide by time to get keys
per second.
Raw Throughput
Laptop Keyboard
Tablet Keyboard
Result of 10 Tests
Accuracy
Procedure
1.  Have touch-typist type a
given set of characters
•  Paper keyboard layout will be given
for visual reference
2.  Wait until the user is done
•  Determine the number of attempts it
took for the user to type the set of
characters correctly
•  Do not include backspace
“abc”
Expectation
•  Calibrated users should
perform more
accurately and
consistently than novice
non-calibrated users
Accuracy
Calibrated
Knowledgeable
Input Strings
“the keyglove wearable input device”
“by pu;ing the keys into hands instead”
“the next generation keyboard minus the board”
1
}
2 -­‐‑ 3
Novice
3 -­‐‑ 4
5 -­‐‑ 6
7+
avg.
characters needed
Accuracy
“abc”
Result of 9 Tests
Test Conclusions
•  No human detectable latency or throughput issues.
o  To a user, as responsive as any Bluetooth keyboard
•  Calibration significantly improves accuracy.
o  Implementing auto calibration routine.
•  Accuracy depends on the physical location of the
keys.
o  Bottom row has issues due to non-optimal button placement.
•  Overall accuracy significantly improves when used
with auto correct.
System Performance
•  Add autocorrect to gloves or as a tablet app.
o  Passing the key strokes through a tablet auto correct feature significantly
boosted accuracy.
o  Applicable because the gloves experience the same errors as virtual
keyboards, slight misses that result in a neighboring key being detected.
•  Replace buttons with pressure sensors.
o  The presence of the buttons makes typing keys awkward, leading to
higher miss rates.
o  Pressure sensors are thin, making a much easier system, to develop at the
cost of physical feedback.
Open Issues
•  Physical construction of the gloves is poor, limited by
off the shelf parts.
o  Caused durability and calibration issues
o  Gloves are bulky and require careful handling
•  Gloves require strict adherence to the touch typing
standard.
o  Limits target audience to a small segment of the population
•  Gloves supply rich finger position data, which is
mostly discarded when used as a keyboard.
o  Use this data to provide a mouse/game control mode.
•  Add a battery to power the gloves.
Conclusion
•  Time management is important.
o  Set a specific goal
o  Create and assign subtasks to team members
o  Keeps work load balanced, and people accountable
•  Solved the finger position data acquisition.
o  Accurate finger position data makes the keyboard possible.
•  If we were starting over, find someone with
experience creating wearable electronics.
o  Physical construction was a major issue with both reliability and time spent
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