CPS20.241, CPS20.241-C1

CPS20.241, CPS20.241-C1
CPS20.241, CPS20.241-C1
24V, 20A, SINGLE PHASE INPUT
C-Series
POWER SUPPLY
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AC 100-240V Wide-range Input
Width only 65mm
Efficiency up to 94.0%
ATEX and IECEx Approved
-C1 Version with Conformal Coated PC-Board
Excellent Partial Load Efficiency
20% Output Power Reserves
Safe HiccupPLUS Overload Mode
Easy Fuse Breaking due to High Overload Current
Active Power Factor Correction (PFC)
Minimal Inrush Current Surge
Full Power Between -25°C and +60°C
DC-OK Relay Contact
Current Sharing Feature for Parallel Use
3 Year Warranty
GENERAL DESCRIPTION
SHORT-FORM DATA
The Dimension C-Series are cost optimized power
supplies without compromising quality, reliability and
performance. The C-Series is part of the DIMENSION
power supply family. The most outstanding features of
CPS20.241 are the high efficiency, electronic inrush
current limitation, active PFC, wide operational
temperature range. The small size is achieved by a
synchronous rectification and further technological
design details.
Output voltage
Adjustment range
Output current
The C-Series includes all the essential basic functions.
The devices have a power reserve of 20% included,
which may even be used continuously at temperatures
up to +45°C. Additionally, the CPS20.241 can deliver
about 4 times the nominal output current for 15ms
which helps to trip fuses on faulty output branches.
High immunity to transients and power surges as well as
low electromagnetic emission, a DC-OK relay contact
and a large international approval package for a variety
of applications makes this unit suitable for nearly every
situation.
DC 24V
24 - 28V
20A
24A
17.1A
20.6A
Output power
480W
576W
Output ripple
< 50mVpp
AC Input voltage
AC 100-240V
Mains frequency
50-60Hz
AC Input current
4.36 / 2.33A
Power factor
0.99 / 0.95
AC Inrush current
typ. 9 / 7A peak
Efficiency
92.7 / 94.0%
Losses
37.8 / 30.6W
Temperature range -25°C to +70°C
Derating *)
12W/°C
Hold-up time
typ. 26 / 26ms
Dimensions
65x124x127mm
Weight
1000g / 2.2lb
at 24V, amb <60°C
at 24V, amb <45°C
at 28V, amb <60°C
at 28V, amb <45°C
ambient <60°C
ambient <45°C
20Hz to 20MHz
-15%/+10%
±6%
at 120 / 230Vac
at 120 / 230Vac
at 120 / 230Vac
at 120 / 230Vac
at 120 / 230Vac
operational
+60 to +70°C
at 120 / 230Vac
WxHxD
*) between 100-85Vac see chapter 15
ORDER NUMBERS
MARKINGS
Power Supply
CPS20.241
24-28V Standard unit
CPS20.241-C1 Conformal coated unit
Accessory
ZM2.WALL
ZM13.SIDE
YR40.242
YR40.245
Wall mount bracket
Side mount bracket
Redundancy module
Redundancy module
IND. CONT. EQ.
UL 508
UL 60950-1
IECEx
Class I Div 2
ATEX
II 3G Ex nA nC II T3 Gc
Apr. 2014 / Rev. 1.6 DS-CPS20.241-EN
All parameters are specified at 24V, 20A, 230Vac, 25°C ambient and after a 5 minutes run-in time unless otherwise noted.
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1/26
CPS20.241, CPS20.241-C1
24V, 20A, SINGLE PHASE INPUT
C-Series
INDEX
Page
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
Intended Use .......................................................3
Installation Requirements...................................3
AC-Input...............................................................4
DC-Input...............................................................5
Input Inrush Current ...........................................5
Output .................................................................6
Hold-up Time.......................................................8
DC-OK Relay Contact ..........................................8
Efficiency and Power Losses................................9
Lifetime Expectancy and MTBF.........................10
Functional Diagram...........................................10
Terminals and Wiring........................................11
Front Side and User Elements...........................12
EMC....................................................................13
Environment ......................................................14
Protection Features ...........................................15
Safety Features ..................................................15
Dielectric Strength ............................................16
Approvals...........................................................17
Page
20. Physical Dimensions and Weight ..................... 18
21. Accessories ........................................................ 19
21.1. ZM2.WALL - Wall Mounting Bracket.......19
21.2. ZM13.SIDE - Side Mounting Bracket........19
21.3. Redundancy Modules ...............................20
22. Application Notes............................................. 21
22.1. Peak Current Capability ...........................21
22.2. Back-feeding Loads ..................................22
22.3. External Input Protection.........................22
22.4. Output Circuit Breakers............................22
22.5. Parallel Use to Increase Output Power....23
22.6. Parallel Use for Redundancy ....................23
22.7. Series Operation .......................................24
22.8. Inductive and Capacitive Loads................24
22.9. Charging of Batteries ...............................24
22.10. Operation on Two Phases ........................25
22.11. Use in a Tightly Sealed Enclosure ............25
22.12. Mounting Orientations ............................26
The information presented in this document is believed to be accurate and reliable and may change without notice.
No part of this document may be reproduced or utilized in any form without permission in writing from the publisher.
TERMINOLOGY AND ABREVIATIONS
PE and
symbol
PE is the abbreviation for Protective Earth and has the same meaning as the symbol
.
Earth, Ground
This document uses the term “earth” which is the same as the U.S. term “ground”.
T.b.d.
To be defined, value or description will follow later.
AC 230V
A figure displayed with the AC or DC before the value represents a nominal voltage with
standard tolerances (usually ±15%) included.
E.g.: DC 12V describes a 12V battery disregarding whether it is full (13.7V) or flat (10V)
230Vac
A figure with the unit (Vac) at the end is a momentary figure without any additional
tolerances included.
50Hz vs. 60Hz
As long as not otherwise stated, AC 230V parameters are valid at 50Hz mains frequency.
may
A key word indicating flexibility of choice with no implied preference.
shall
A key word indicating a mandatory requirement.
should
A key word indicating flexibility of choice with a strongly preferred implementation.
Apr. 2014 / Rev. 1.6 DS-CPS20.241-EN
All parameters are specified at 24V, 20A, 230Vac, 25°C ambient and after a 5 minutes run-in time unless otherwise noted.
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CPS20.241, CPS20.241-C1
24V, 20A, SINGLE PHASE INPUT
C-Series
1. INTENDED USE
This device is designed for installation in an enclosure and is intended for the general professional use such as in
industrial control, office, communication, and instrumentation equipment.
Do not use this power supply in equipment, where malfunction may cause severe personal injury or threaten human
life.
This device is designed for use in hazardous, non-hazardous, ordinary or unclassified locations.
2. INSTALLATION REQUIREMENTS
This device may only be installed and put into operation by qualified personnel.
This device does not contain serviceable parts. The tripping of an internal fuse is caused by an internal defect.
If damage or malfunction should occur during installation or operation, immediately turn power off and send unit to
the factory for inspection.
Mount the unit on a DIN-rail so that the terminals are located on the bottom of the unit. For other mounting
orientations see de-rating requirements in this document. See chapter 24.13.
This device is designed for convection cooling and does not require an external fan. Do not obstruct airflow and do
not cover ventilation grid (e.g. cable conduits) by more than 15%!
Keep the following installation clearances: 40mm on top, 20mm on the bottom, 5mm on the left and right sides are
recommended when the device is loaded permanently with more than 50% of the rated power. Increase this clearance
to 15mm in case the adjacent device is a heat source (e.g. another power supply).
A disconnecting means shall be provided for the output of the power supplies when used in applications according to
CSA C22.2 No 107.1-01.
WARNING
Risk of electrical shock, fire, personal injury or death.
- Do not use the power supply without proper grounding (Protective Earth). Use the terminal on the input block for
earth connection and not one of the screws on the housing.
- Turn power off before working on the device. Protect against inadvertent re-powering.
- Make sure that the wiring is correct by following all local and national codes.
- Do not modify or repair the unit.
- Do not open the unit as high voltages are present inside.
- Use caution to prevent any foreign objects from entering the housing.
- Do not use in wet locations or in areas where moisture or condensation can be expected.
- Do not touch during power-on, and immediately after power-off. Hot surfaces may cause burns.
Notes for use in hazardous location areas:
The power supply is suitable for use in Class I Division 2 Groups A, B, C, D locations and for use in Group II Category 3
(Zone 2) environments and are evaluated according to EN 60079-0:2012 and EN 60079-15:2010.
WARNING EXPLOSION HAZARDS!
Substitution of components may impair suitability for this environment. Do not disconnect the unit or operate the
voltage adjustment or S/P jumper unless power has been switched off or the area is known to be non-hazardous.
A suitable enclosure must be provided for the end product which has a minimum protection of IP54 and fulfils the
requirements of the EN 60079-15:2010.
Apr. 2014 / Rev. 1.6 DS-CPS20.241-EN
All parameters are specified at 24V, 20A, 230Vac, 25°C ambient and after a 5 minutes run-in time unless otherwise noted.
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3/26
CPS20.241, CPS20.241-C1
24V, 20A, SINGLE PHASE INPUT
C-Series
3. AC-INPUT
AC input
AC input range
Allowed voltage L or N to earth
Input frequency
Turn-on voltage
Shut-down voltage
Input current
Power factor*)
Crest factor**)
Start-up delay
Rise time
Turn-on overshoot
nom.
min.
min.
AC 100-240V
100-264Vac
85-100Vac
min.
max.
nom.
typ.
typ.
typ.
typ.
264-300Vac
300Vac
50–60Hz
84Vac
39Vac
53Vac
74Vac
suitable for TN-, TT- and IT mains networks
continuous operation
short term or with output derating (1%/V) or with
reduced ambient temperature, see Fig. 15-1,
no damage between 0 and 100Vac
< 500ms
continuous, IEC 62103
±6%
steady-state value, see Fig. 3-1
steady-state value at 5A load, see Fig. 3-1
steady-state value at 10A load, see Fig. 3-1
steady-state value at 20A load, see Fig. 3-1
typ.
typ.
typ.
typ.
typ.
AC 100V
5.25A
0.99
1.5
850ms
85ms
AC 120V
4.36A
0.99
1.5
850ms
85ms
AC 230V
2.33A
0.95
1.65
650ms
85ms
typ.
150ms
150ms
150ms
max.
200mV
200mV
200mV
at 24V, 20A, see Fig. 3-3
at 24V, 20A, see Fig. 3-4
at 24V, 20A
see Fig. 3-2
at 24V, 20A const. current load,
0mF load capacitance, see Fig. 3-2
at 24V, 20A const. current load,
20mF load capacitance,, see Fig. 3-2
see Fig. 3-2
*) The power factor is the ratio of the true (or real) power to the apparent power in an AC circuit.
**) The crest factor is the mathematical ratio of the peak value to RMS value of the input current waveform.
Fig. 3-1 Input voltage range
Turn-on
Shut-down
Input
Voltage
max.
500ms
VIN
85V
Start-up
delay
Input Current, typ.
Rise
Time
264V 300Vac
Fig. 3-3 Input current vs. output load at 24V
6A
- 5%
Output
Voltage
Overshoot
Rated
input range
POUT
Fig. 3-2 Turn-on behavior, definitions
a
Fig. 3-4 Power factor vs. output load
Power Factor, typ.
a, b
1.0
b
5
4
3
c
0.95
a) 100Vac
b) 120Vac
c) 230Vac
0.9
c
a) 100Vac
b) 120Vac
c) 230Vac
0.85
2
0.8
1
Output Current
0
Output Current
0.75
2
4
6
8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24A
2
4
6
8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24A
Apr. 2014 / Rev. 1.6 DS-CPS20.241-EN
All parameters are specified at 24V, 20A, 230Vac, 25°C ambient and after a 5 minutes run-in time unless otherwise noted.
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Germany
4/26
CPS20.241, CPS20.241-C1
24V, 20A, SINGLE PHASE INPUT
C-Series
4. DC-INPUT
Do not operate this power supply with DC-input voltage. Use the CPS20.241-D1 unit instead.
5. INPUT INRUSH CURRENT
An active inrush limitation circuit limits the input inrush current after turn-on of the input voltage and after short
input voltage interruptions.
The charging current into EMI suppression capacitors is disregarded in the first microseconds after switch-on.
*)
Inrush current
max.
typ.
max.
typ.
Inrush energy*)
Inrush delay
*)
AC 100V
13Apeak
11Apeak
2A2s
935ms
AC 120V
13Apeak
9Apeak
2.5A2s
935ms
AC 230V
13Apeak
7Apeak
0.5A2s
735ms
temperature independent
temperature independent
temperature independent
start-up delay plus rise time
Mains interruptions > 500ms
Fig. 5-1 Typical input inrush current
behaviour at nominal load and 25°C ambient
Input Current 5A / DIV
Input
230Vac
24Vdc
Output
100mS/DIV
Apr. 2014 / Rev. 1.6 DS-CPS20.241-EN
All parameters are specified at 24V, 20A, 230Vac, 25°C ambient and after a 5 minutes run-in time unless otherwise noted.
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5/26
CPS20.241, CPS20.241-C1
24V, 20A, SINGLE PHASE INPUT
C-Series
6. OUTPUT
Output voltage
Adjustment range
nom.
min.
max.
typ.
typ.
typ.
max.
max.
24V
24-28V
30V****)
24.1V
24.1V
25.1V
10mV
100mV
typ.
1000mV
Ripple and noise voltage
Output current
max.
nom.
nom.
nom.
nom.
typ.
50mVpp
20A
24A*)
17.1A
20.6A*)
80A
Output power
nom.
nom.
min.
max.
max.
480W
576W*)
cont. current
HiccupPLUS mode**)
35A***)
45A***)
15A***)
min.
typ.
typ.
70A
100A
7 000μF
Factory settings
Line regulation
Load regulation
Overload behaviour
Short-circuit current
Output capacitance
*)
**)
***)
****)
guaranteed
at clockwise end position of potentiometer
±0.2%, at full load, cold unit, in “single use” mode
±0.2%, at full load, cold unit, in “parallel use” mode
at no load, cold unit, in “parallel use” mode
85-300Vac
in “single use” mode: static value, 0A Æ 20A;
see Fig. 6-1
in “parallel use” mode: static value, 0A Æ 20A,
see Fig. 6-2
20Hz to 20MHz, 50Ohm
at 24V, ambient temperature <60°C, see Fig. 6-1
at 24V, ambient temperature <45°C, see Fig. 6-1
at 28V, ambient temperature <60°C, see Fig. 6-1
at 28V, ambient temperature <45°C, see Fig. 6-1
up to 15ms, output voltage stays above 20V, see Fig.
6-4, This peak current is available once every five
seconds. See chapter 22.1 for more peak current
measurements.
continuously available
Power Boost® *)
output voltage > 13Vdc, see Fig. 6-1
output voltage < 13Vdc, see Fig. 6-1
load impedance <10mOhm, see Fig. 6-3
load impedance <10mOhm, see Fig. 6-3
average (R.M.S.) current, load impedance 50mOhm,
see Fig. 6-3
up to 15ms, load impedance <10mOhm, see Fig. 6-4
up to 15ms, load impedance <10mOhm, see Fig. 6-4
included inside the power supply
Power Boost
This power/ current is continuously allowed up to an ambient temperature of 45°C.
Above 45°C, do not use this power/ current longer than a duty cycle of 10% and/ or not longer than 1 minute every 10 minutes.
HiccupPLUS Mode
At heavy overloads (when output voltage falls below 13V), the power supply delivers continuous output current for 2s. After this, the
output is switched off for approx. 18s before a new start attempt is automatically performed. This cycle is repeated as long as the
overload exists. If the overload has been cleared, the device will operate normally. See Fig. 6-3
Discharge current of output capacitors is not included.
This is the maximum output voltage which can occur at the clockwise end position of the potentiometer due to tolerances. It is not
guaranteed value which can be achieved. The typical value is about 28.5V (in “single use” mode).
Apr. 2014 / Rev. 1.6 DS-CPS20.241-EN
All parameters are specified at 24V, 20A, 230Vac, 25°C ambient and after a 5 minutes run-in time unless otherwise noted.
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Germany
6/26
CPS20.241, CPS20.241-C1
24V, 20A, SINGLE PHASE INPUT
C-Series
Fig. 6-2 Output voltage in “parallel use”
mode, typ.
Fig. 6-1 Output voltage vs. output current,
typ.
Output Voltage (Single Use, typ.)
28V
Factory
setting
16
Adjustment
Range
29V
Continuous
current
24
20
Output Voltage (Parallel Use, typ.)
Adjustment
Range
28V
27V
26V
25V
12
8
4
0
23V
22V
Output Current
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
Factory
setting
24V
Hiccup
mode
35 40A
Output Current
4
0
Fig. 6-3 Short-circuit on output, HiccupPLUS mode, typ.
8
12
16
20
24A
Fig. 6-4 Dynamic overcurrent capability, typ.
Output Voltage (dynamic behavior, < 15ms)
28V
Output
Current
Normal
operation
Normal
operation
Short -circuit
42A
24
20
Adjustment
Range
16
12
t
0
2s
18s
2s
18s
2s
18s
8
4
0
Output Current
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100A
Apr. 2014 / Rev. 1.6 DS-CPS20.241-EN
All parameters are specified at 24V, 20A, 230Vac, 25°C ambient and after a 5 minutes run-in time unless otherwise noted.
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Germany
7/26
CPS20.241, CPS20.241-C1
24V, 20A, SINGLE PHASE INPUT
C-Series
7. HOLD-UP TIME
Hold-up Time
AC 100V
65ms
54ms
26ms
21ms
typ.
min.
typ.
min.
Fig. 7-1 Hold-up time vs. input voltage
AC 120V
65ms
54ms
26ms
21ms
AC 230V
65ms
54ms
26ms
21ms
at 24V, 10A, see Fig. 7-1
at 24V, 10A, see Fig. 7-1
at 24V, 20A, see Fig. 7-1
at 24V, 20A, see Fig. 7-1
Fig. 7-2 Shut-down behavior, definitions
Hold-up Time
Zero Transition
80ms
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0
24V, 10A, typ.
24V, 10A, min.
24V, 20A, typ.
24V, 20A, min.
Input
Voltage
Hold-up Time
Input Voltage
90
120
155
190
- 5%
Output
Voltage
230Vac
8. DC-OK RELAY CONTACT
This feature monitors the output voltage, which is produced by the power supply itself. It is independent of a back-fed
voltage from a unit connected in parallel to the power supply output.
Contact closes
Contact opens
As soon as the output voltage reaches 90% of the adjusted output voltage level.
As soon as the output voltage dips more than 10% below the adjusted output voltage.
Short dips will be extended to a signal length of 100ms. Dips shorter than 1ms will be ignored.
max.
60Vdc 0.3A, 30Vdc 1A, 30Vac 0.5A
resistive load
min.
1mA at 5Vdc
min. permissible load
See dielectric strength table in section 18.
Contact ratings
Isolation voltage
Fig. 8-1 DC-ok relay contact behavior
VOUT = VADJ
10%
<
1ms
open
closed
>
1ms
0.9* VADJ
100ms
open
closed
Apr. 2014 / Rev. 1.6 DS-CPS20.241-EN
All parameters are specified at 24V, 20A, 230Vac, 25°C ambient and after a 5 minutes run-in time unless otherwise noted.
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8/26
CPS20.241, CPS20.241-C1
24V, 20A, SINGLE PHASE INPUT
C-Series
9. EFFICIENCY AND POWER LOSSES
Efficiency
Average efficiency*)
Power losses
*)
typ.
typ.
typ.
AC 100V
92.0%
91.6%
91.3%
AC 120V
92.7%
92.4%
92.0%
AC 230V
94.0%
94.0%
93.3%
typ.
typ.
typ.
typ.
6.5W
21.1W
41.7W
52.8W
3.9W
20.1W
37.8W
47.4W
2.6W
17.0W
30.6W
36.8W
at 24V, 20A
at 24V, 24A (Power Boost)
25% at 5A, 25% at 10A,
25% at 15A. 25% at 20A
at 24V, 0A
at 24V, 10A
at 24V, 20A
at 24V, 24A (Power Boost)
The average efficiency is an assumption for a typical application where the power supply is loaded with 25% of the nominal load for 25%
of the time, 50% of the nominal load for another 25% of the time, 75% of the nominal load for another 25% of the time and with 100%
of the nominal load for the rest of the time.
Fig. 9-1 Efficiency vs. output current at 24V,
typ
Fig. 9-2 Losses vs. output current at 24V, typ.
Efficiency
Power Losses
230Vac
94%
93
92
91
90
89
88
87
86
120Vac
100Vac
60W
100Vac
50
120Vac
40
30
230Vac
20
10
Output Current
4
6
Output Current
0
8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24A
0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24A
Fig. 9-3 Efficiency vs. input voltage at 24V,
20A, typ.
Fig. 9-4 Losses vs. input voltage at 24V, 20A,
typ.
Efficiency
Power Losses
95%
50W
94
45
93
40
92
35
91
30
90
25
Input Voltage
89
100 120
180
Input Voltage
20
230
264Vac
100 120
180
230
264Vac
Apr. 2014 / Rev. 1.6 DS-CPS20.241-EN
All parameters are specified at 24V, 20A, 230Vac, 25°C ambient and after a 5 minutes run-in time unless otherwise noted.
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CPS20.241, CPS20.241-C1
24V, 20A, SINGLE PHASE INPUT
C-Series
10. LIFETIME EXPECTANCY AND MTBF
Lifetime expectancy*)
MTBF**) SN 29500, IEC 61709
MTBF**) MIL HDBK 217F
AC 100V
145 000h*)
410 000h*)
64 000h
180 000h*)
38 000h
109 000h*)
468 000h
770 000h
254 000h
AC 120V
150 000h*)
425 000h*)
70 000h
198 000h*)
46 000h
130 000h*)
484 000h
796 000h
261 000h
AC 230V
168 000h*)
475 000h*)
88 000h
249 000h*)
61 000h
171 000h*)
537 000h
882 000h
290 000h
355 000h
361 000h
395 000h
56 000h
57 000h
64 000h
75 000h
77 000h
86 000h
at 24V, 10A and 40°C
at 24V, 10A and 25°C
at 24V, 20A and 40°C
at 24V, 20A and 25°C
at 24V, 24A and 40°C
at 24V, 24A and 25°C
at 24V, 20A and 40°C
at 24V, 20A and 25°C
at 24V, 20A and 40°C;
Ground Benign GB40
at 24V, 20A and 25°C;
Ground Benign GB25
at 24V, 20A and 40°C;
Ground Fixed GF40
at 24V, 20A and 25°C;
Ground Fixed GF25
*)
The Lifetime expectancy shown in the table indicates the minimum operating hours (service life) and is determined by the lifetime
expectancy of the built-in electrolytic capacitors. Lifetime expectancy is specified in operational hours and is calculated according to the
capacitor’s manufacturer specification. The manufacturer of the electrolytic capacitors only guarantees a maximum life of up to 15 years
(131 400h). Any number exceeding this value is a calculated theoretical lifetime which can be used to compare devices.
**) MTBF stands for Mean Time Between Failure, which is calculated according to statistical device failures, and indicates reliability of a
device. It is the statistical representation of the likelihood of a unit to fail and does not necessarily represent the life of a product.
The MTBF figure is a statistical representation of the likelihood of a device to fail. A MTBF figure of e.g. 1 000 000h means that
statistically one unit will fail every 100 hours if 10 000 units are installed in the field. However, it can not be determined if the failed unit
has been running for 50 000h or only for 100h.
11. FUNCTIONAL DIAGRAM
Fig. 11-1 Functional diagram
L
N
Input Fuse
Input Filter
Input Rectifier
Active Inrush Limiter
PFC
Converter
Power
Converter
Output
Filter
Output
Voltage
Regulator
Temperature
Shutdown
Output
Power
Manager
Output
OverVoltage
Protection
Output
Voltage
Monitor
+
+
Single /
Parallel
VOUT
DC-ok
LED
DC-ok
Relay
DC-ok
Contact
Apr. 2014 / Rev. 1.6 DS-CPS20.241-EN
All parameters are specified at 24V, 20A, 230Vac, 25°C ambient and after a 5 minutes run-in time unless otherwise noted.
www.pulspower.com Phone +49 89 9278 0
Germany
10/26
CPS20.241, CPS20.241-C1
24V, 20A, SINGLE PHASE INPUT
C-Series
12. TERMINALS AND WIRING
The terminals are IP20 Finger safe constructed and suitable for field- and factory wiring.
Input and output
screw terminals
0.5-6mm2
0.5-4mm2
AWG20-10
2.8mm (including ferrules)
7mm / 0.28inch
3.5mm slotted or cross-head No 2
1Nm, 9lb.in
Type
Solid wire
Stranded wire
American Wire Gauge
Max. wire diameter
Wire stripping length
Screwdriver
Recommended tightening torque
DC-OK-Signal
spring-clamp terminals
0.15-1.5mm2
0.15-1.5mm2
AWG26-14
1.5mm (including ferrules)
7mm / 0.28inch
3.5mm slotted (to open the spring)
not applicable
Instructions:
a) Use appropriate copper cables that are designed for minimum operating temperatures of:
60°C for ambient up to 45°C and
75°C for ambient up to 60°C minimum
90°C for ambient up to 70°C minimum.
b) Follow national installation codes and installation regulations!
c) Ensure that all strands of a stranded wire enter the terminal connection!
d) Do not use the unit without PE connection.
e) Unused terminal compartments should be securely tightened.
f) Ferrules are allowed.
Daisy chaining:
Daisy chaining (jumping from one power supply output to the next) is allowed as long as the average output current
through one terminal pin does not exceed 25A. If the current is higher, use a separate distribution terminal block as
shown in Fig. 12-2.
Fig. 12-1 Daisy chaining of outputs
Power
Supply
+ +
- -
Output
Fig. 12-2 Using distribution terminals
Distribution
Terminals
Power
Supply
+ +
- -
Output
Load
+
-
Power
Supply
+ +
- -
Output
Power
Supply
+ +
- -
Output
Load
+
-
max 25A!
continuous
Apr. 2014 / Rev. 1.6 DS-CPS20.241-EN
All parameters are specified at 24V, 20A, 230Vac, 25°C ambient and after a 5 minutes run-in time unless otherwise noted.
www.pulspower.com Phone +49 89 9278 0
Germany
11/26
CPS20.241, CPS20.241-C1
24V, 20A, SINGLE PHASE INPUT
C-Series
13. FRONT SIDE AND USER ELEMENTS
Fig. 13-1 Front side
A
Input Terminals (screw terminals)
N, L
Line input
PE (Protective Earth) input
B
Output Terminals (screw terminals, two pins per pole)
+
Positive output
–
Negative (return) output
C
Output voltage potentiometer
Open the flap to adjust the output voltage. Factory set: 24.1V
D DC-OK LED (green)
On, when the output voltage is >90% of the adjusted output voltage
E
DC-OK Relay Contact (quick-connect spring-clamp terminals)
The DC-OK relay contact is synchronized with the DC-OK LED.
See chapter 8 for details.
F
“Parallel Use” “Single Use” selector
Set jumper to “Parallel Use” when power supplies are connected in parallel
to increase the output power. In order to achieve a sharing of the load
current between the individual power supplies, the “parallel use” regulates
the output voltage in such a manner that the voltage at no load is approx.
4% higher than at nominal load. See also chapter 22.5. A missing jumper is
equal to a “Single Use” mode.
Apr. 2014 / Rev. 1.6 DS-CPS20.241-EN
All parameters are specified at 24V, 20A, 230Vac, 25°C ambient and after a 5 minutes run-in time unless otherwise noted.
www.pulspower.com Phone +49 89 9278 0
Germany
12/26
CPS20.241, CPS20.241-C1
24V, 20A, SINGLE PHASE INPUT
C-Series
14. EMC
The power supply is suitable for applications in industrial environment as well as in residential, commercial and light
industry environment without any restrictions. A detailed EMC report is available on request.
EMC Immunity
Electrostatic discharge
Electromagnetic RF field
Fast transients (Burst)
Surge voltage on input
Surge voltage on output
Surge voltage on DC-OK
Conducted disturbance
Mains voltage dips
Voltage interruptions
Voltage sags
Powerful transients
According generic standards: EN 61000-6-1 and EN 61000-6-2
EN 61000-4-2
contact discharge
8kV
Criterion A
air discharge
15kV
Criterion A
EN 61000-4-3
80MHz-2.7GHz
20V/m
Criterion A
EN 61000-4-4
input lines
4kV
Criterion A
output lines
2kV
Criterion A
DC-OK signal (coupling clamp)
2kV
Criterion A
EN 61000-4-5
LÆN
2kV
Criterion A
L Æ PE, N Æ PE
4kV
Criterion A
EN 61000-4-5
+Æ1kV
Criterion A
+ / - Æ PE
2kV
Criterion A
EN 61000-4-5
DC-OK signal Æ PE
1kV
Criterion A
EN 61000-4-6
0.15-80MHz
20V
Criterion A
EN 61000-4-11
0% of 100Vac
0Vac, 20ms
Criterion A
40% of 100Vac
40Vac, 200ms
Criterion C
70% of 100Vac
70Vac, 500ms
Criterion A
0% of 200Vac
0Vac, 20ms
Criterion A
40% of 200Vac
80Vac, 200ms
Criterion A
70% of 200Vac
140Vac, 500ms
Criterion A
EN 61000-4-11
0% of 200Vac (=0V)
5000ms
Criterion C
SEMI F47 0706
dips on the input voltage according to SEMI F47 standard
1000ms
Criterion A
80% of 120Vac (96Vac)
500ms
Criterion A
70% of 120Vac (84Vac)
50% of 120Vac (60Vac)
200ms
Criterion A
VDE 0160
over entire load range
750V, 1.3ms
Criterion A
Criterions:
A: Power supply shows normal operation behavior within the defined limits.
C: Temporary loss of function is possible. Power supply may shut-down and restarts by itself. No damage or hazards for the power supply
will occur.
According generic standards: EN 61000-6-3 and EN 61000-6-4
EMC Emission
Conducted emission
EN 55011, EN 55022, FCC Part 15, CISPR 11, CISPR 22
Class B
input lines
IEC/CISPR 16-1-2, IEC/CISPR 16-2-1
limits for DC power port
Conducted emission
according EN 61000-6-3 fulfilled
output lines**)
Radiated emission
EN 55011, EN 55022
Class B
Harmonic input current
EN 61000-3-2
fulfilled for class A equipment
Voltage fluctuations, flicker EN 61000-3-3
fulfilled*)
This device complies with FCC Part 15 rules.
Operation is subjected to following two conditions: (1) this device may not cause harmful interference, and (2) this
device must accept any interference received, including interference that may cause undesired operation.
*) tested with constant current loads, non pulsing
**) for information only, not mandatory for EN 61000-6-3
Apr. 2014 / Rev. 1.6 DS-CPS20.241-EN
All parameters are specified at 24V, 20A, 230Vac, 25°C ambient and after a 5 minutes run-in time unless otherwise noted.
www.pulspower.com Phone +49 89 9278 0
Germany
13/26
CPS20.241, CPS20.241-C1
24V, 20A, SINGLE PHASE INPUT
C-Series
The power supply has two converters with two different switching frequencies included.
70kHz to 130kHz
PFC converter, input voltage and output power dependent
80kHz to 140kHz
Main converter, output power dependent
Switching Frequencies
Switching frequency 1
Switching frequency 2
15. ENVIRONMENT
Operational temperature*)
Storage temperature
Output de-rating
-25°C to +70°C (-13°F to 158°F)
-40°C to +85°C (-40°F to 185°F)
6.4W/°C
12W/°C
5 to 95% r.h.
2-17.8Hz: ±1.6mm; 17.8-500Hz: 2g***)
2 hours / axis***)
30g 6ms, 20g 11ms***)
3 bumps / direction, 18 bumps in total
0 to 2000m (0 to 6 560ft)
2000 to 6000m (6 560 to 20 000ft)
Humidity**)
Vibration sinusoidal
Shock
Altitude
reduce output power according Fig. 15-1
for storage and transportation
45°C to 60°C (113°F to 140°F)
60°C to 70°C (140°F to 158°F)
IEC 60068-2-30
IEC 60068-2-6
IEC 60068-2-27
without any restrictions
reduce output power or ambient temperature,
see Fig. 15-2
IEC 62103, EN 50178, overvoltage category II
30W/1000m or 5°C/1000m
> 2000m (6500ft), see Fig. 15-2
III
IEC 62103, EN 50178, altitudes up to 2000m
II
altitudes from 2000m to 6000m
2
IEC 62103, EN 50178, not conductive
The unit does not release any silicone or other LABS-critical substances and is suitable for
use in paint shops.
At load currents below 2A some audible noise will be emitted from the power supply
Altitude de-rating
Over-voltage category
Degree of pollution
LABS compatibility
Audible noise
*)
Operational temperature is the same as the ambient or surrounding temperature and is defined as the air temperature 2cm below the
unit.
**) Do not energize while condensation is present
***) Tested in combination with DIN-Rails according to EN 60715 with a height of 15mm and a thickness of 1.3mm and standard
orientation. Higher levels allowed when using the wall mounting bracket ZM2.WALL
Fig. 15-1 Output current vs. ambient temp.
Allowed Output Current at 24V
24A
C
A
20A
24A
16A
12A
4A
0
-25
D
C
B
A
20A
B
16A
8A
Fig. 15-2 Output current vs. altitude
Allowable Output Current at 24V
12A
A...100 to 264Vac, continuous
B... 85Vac, continuous
C... short term
0
20
40
A... Tamb < 60°C
B... Tamb < 50°C
C... Tamb < 40°C
D... Short term
8A
4A
60 70°C
0
0
2000m
Ambient Temperature
4000m
6000m
Altitude
See chapter 3 for de-rating requirements for input voltages between 85Vac and 100Vac.
Apr. 2014 / Rev. 1.6 DS-CPS20.241-EN
All parameters are specified at 24V, 20A, 230Vac, 25°C ambient and after a 5 minutes run-in time unless otherwise noted.
www.pulspower.com Phone +49 89 9278 0
Germany
14/26
CPS20.241, CPS20.241-C1
24V, 20A, SINGLE PHASE INPUT
C-Series
16. PROTECTION FEATURES
Output protection
Output over-voltage protection
Degree of protection
Penetration protection
Over-temperature protection
Input transient protection
Internal input fuse
*)
Electronically protected against overload, no-load and short-circuits*)
typ. 30.5Vdc
In case of an internal power supply defect, a redundant
max. 32Vdc
circuit limits the maximum output voltage. The output
shuts down and automatically attempts to restart.
IP 20
EN/IEC 60529
Caution: For use in a controlled environment according
to CSA 22.2 No 107.1-01.
> 5mm
e.g. screws, small parts
yes
Output shut-down with automatic restart
MOV (Metal Oxide Varistor)
included
not user replaceable
In case of a protection event, audible noise may occur.
17. SAFETY FEATURES
Input / output separation*)
Class of protection
Isolation resistance
PE resistance
Touch current (leakage current)
*)
SELV
IEC/EN 60950-1
PELV
IEC/EN 60204-1, EN 50178, IEC 62103, IEC 60364-4-41
double or reinforced insulation
I
PE (Protective Earth) connection required
> 5MOhm
input to output, 500Vdc
< 0.1Ohm
typ. 0.14mA / 0.37mA
100Vac, 50Hz, TN-,TT-mains / IT-mains
typ. 0.20mA / 0.55mA
120Vac, 60Hz, TN-,TT-mains / IT-mains
typ. 0.35mA / 0.87mA
230Vac, 50Hz, TN-,TT-mains / IT-mains
max. 0.17mA / 0.46mA
110Vac, 50Hz, TN-,TT-mains / IT-mains
max. 0.26mA / 0.67mA
132Vac, 60Hz, TN-,TT-mains / IT-mains
max. 0.46mA / 1.08mA
264Vac, 50Hz, TN-,TT-mains / IT-mains
double or reinforced insulation
Apr. 2014 / Rev. 1.6 DS-CPS20.241-EN
All parameters are specified at 24V, 20A, 230Vac, 25°C ambient and after a 5 minutes run-in time unless otherwise noted.
www.pulspower.com Phone +49 89 9278 0
Germany
15/26
CPS20.241, CPS20.241-C1
24V, 20A, SINGLE PHASE INPUT
C-Series
18. DIELECTRIC STRENGTH
The output voltage is floating and has no ohmic connection to the ground. Type and factory tests are conducted by
the manufacturer. Field tests may be conducted in the field using the appropriate test equipment which applies the
voltage with a slow ramp (2s up and 2s down). Connect all input-terminals together as well as all output poles before
conducting the test. When testing, set the cut-off current settings to the value in the table below.
Fig. 18-1 Dielectric strength
Type test
Input
DC-ok
*)
B
L
N
60s
B
D
Output
Earth, PE
C
+
-
B
3000Vac
C
1000Vac
D
500Vac
Factory test
5s
2500Vac
2500Vac
500Vac
500Vac
Field test
5s
2000Vac
2000Vac
500Vac
500Vac
> 15mA
> 15mA
> 20mA
> 1mA
Cut-off current setting
A
A
2500Vac
To fulfil the PELV requirements according to EN60204-1 § 6.4.1, we
recommend that either the + pole, the – pole or any other part of
the output circuit shall be connected to the protective earth
system. This helps to avoid situations in which a load starts
unexpectedly or can not be switched off when unnoticed earth
faults occur.
B*) When testing input to DC-OK ensure that the max. voltage between DC-OK and the output is not exceeded (column D). We recommend
connecting DC-OK pins and the output pins together when performing the test.
Apr. 2014 / Rev. 1.6 DS-CPS20.241-EN
All parameters are specified at 24V, 20A, 230Vac, 25°C ambient and after a 5 minutes run-in time unless otherwise noted.
www.pulspower.com Phone +49 89 9278 0
Germany
16/26
CPS20.241, CPS20.241-C1
24V, 20A, SINGLE PHASE INPUT
C-Series
19. APPROVALS
EC Declaration of Conformity
The CE mark indicates conformance with the
- EMC directive 2004/108/EC,
- Low-voltage directive (LVD) 2006/95/EC,
- RoHS directive 2011/65/EU and the
- ATEX directive 94/9/EC (for use in explosive atmospheres)
CB Scheme,
Information Technology Equipment
IEC 60950-1
2nd Edition
UL 508
IND. CONT. EQ.
UL 60950-1
2nd Edition
ANSI / ISA 12.12.01-2007
Class I Div 2
EN 60079-0, EN 60079-15
ATEX
II 3G Ex nA nC II T3 Gc
IEC 60079-0, IEC 60079-15
Marine
GOST R
IECEx
Listed for use as Industrial Control Equipment;
U.S.A. (UL 508) and Canada (C22.2 No. 107-1-01);
E-File: E198865
Recognized for use as Information Technology Equipment,
Level 5; U.S.A. (UL 60950-1) and Canada (C22.2 No. 60950-1);
E-File: E137006
Applicable for altitudes up to 2000m.
Recognized for use in Hazardous Location Class I Div 2 T3
Groups A,B,C,D systems; U.S.A. (ANSI / ISA 12.12.01-2007) and
Canada (C22.2 No. 213-M1987)
Approval for use in hazardous locations Zone 2 Category 3G.
Number of ATEX certificate: EPS 13 ATEX 1 555 X
The power supply must be built-in in an IP54 enclosure.
Suitable for use in Class 1 Zone 2 Groups IIa, IIb and IIc
locations. Number of IECEx certificate: IECEx EPS 13.0016X
GL (Germanischer Lloyd) classified
Environmental category: C, EMC2
Marine and offshore applications
Certificate of Conformity for Russia and other GUS countries
Apr. 2014 / Rev. 1.6 DS-CPS20.241-EN
All parameters are specified at 24V, 20A, 230Vac, 25°C ambient and after a 5 minutes run-in time unless otherwise noted.
www.pulspower.com Phone +49 89 9278 0
Germany
17/26
CPS20.241, CPS20.241-C1
24V, 20A, SINGLE PHASE INPUT
C-Series
20. PHYSICAL DIMENSIONS AND WEIGHT
Weight
DIN-Rail
Installation Clearances
1000g / 2.2lb
Use 35mm DIN-rails according to EN 60715 or EN 50022 with a height of 7.5 or 15mm.
The DIN-rail height must be added to the unit depth (127mm) to calculate the total required
installation depth.
See chapter 2
Fig. 20-1 Front view
Fig. 20-2 Side view
Apr. 2014 / Rev. 1.6 DS-CPS20.241-EN
All parameters are specified at 24V, 20A, 230Vac, 25°C ambient and after a 5 minutes run-in time unless otherwise noted.
www.pulspower.com Phone +49 89 9278 0
Germany
18/26
CPS20.241, CPS20.241-C1
24V, 20A, SINGLE PHASE INPUT
C-Series
21. ACCESSORIES
21.1. ZM2.WALL - WALL MOUNTING BRACKET
This bracket is used to mount the power
supply onto a flat surface without utilizing a DIN-Rail.
21.2. ZM13.SIDE - SIDE MOUNTING BRACKET
This bracket is used to mount DIMENSION units sideways with or without utilizing a DIN-Rail. The two aluminum
brackets and the black plastic slider of the unit have to be detached, so that the steel brackets can be mounted.
For sideway DIN-rail mounting, the removed aluminum brackets and the black plastic slider need to be mounted on
the steel bracket.
Side mounting with DIN-rail brackets
Side mounting without DIN-rail brackets
Apr. 2014 / Rev. 1.6 DS-CPS20.241-EN
All parameters are specified at 24V, 20A, 230Vac, 25°C ambient and after a 5 minutes run-in time unless otherwise noted.
www.pulspower.com Phone +49 89 9278 0
Germany
19/26
CPS20.241, CPS20.241-C1
24V, 20A, SINGLE PHASE INPUT
C-Series
21.3. REDUNDANCY MODULES
YR40.242 – (2x 20A Inputs, 1x 40A output)
The YR40.242 is equipped with two input channels, which are individually decoupled by
utilizing mosfet technology. Using mosfets instead of diodes reduces the heat generation and
the voltage drop between input and output. The YR40.242 does not require an additional
auxiliary voltage and is self-powered even in case of a short circuit across the output.
Due to the low power losses, the unit is very slender and only requires 36mm width on the
DIN-rail.
YR40.245 – (1x 40A input, 1x 40A output)
The YR40.245 is a 40A single channel redundancy module, which is equipped with a plug
connector on the output. The plug connector allows replacing the power supply or the
redundancy module while the system is running. The plug connector avoids that the output
wires can touch and short the load circuit.
The YR40.245 is very slender and only requires 46mm width on the DIN-rail. It also utilizes
mosfet technology instead of diodes for low heat generation and a minimal voltage drop
between input and output. It does not require an additional auxiliary voltage and is selfpowered even in case of a short circuit across the output.
Fig. 21-2 Typical N+1 or 1+1 Redundant configuration for 20A with
multiple YR40.245 redundancy modules
Fig. 21-1 Typical 1+1 Redundant configuration
for 20A with a dual redundancy module
24V
20A
Load
CPS20.241
24-28V 480W
Power
Supply
+
AC Input
I
L
N
PE
Output
24V 20A
+ +
CPS20.241
24-28V 480W
Power
Supply
CPS20.241
24-28V 480W
Power
Supply
DCOK
DCOK
YR40.242*)
Redundancy
Module
DCOK
L N PE
-
Output
- -
Input Input
1
2
Output
24V 20A
AC Input
+ - + -
L N PE
I
24V
20A
Load
Failure
Monitor
Failure
Monitor
+ +
AC Input
- -
L N PE
*)
YR40.241
also possible
Output
YR40.245
Redundancy
Module
Output
24V 20A
+ +
CPS20.241
24-28V 480W
Power
Supply
-
+
- -
I
Output
YR40.245
Redundancy
Module
DCOK
Input
+
AC Input
-
L N PE
Output
24V 20A
+ +
-
+
- -
Input
+
-
I
L
N
PE
Apr. 2014 / Rev. 1.6 DS-CPS20.241-EN
All parameters are specified at 24V, 20A, 230Vac, 25°C ambient and after a 5 minutes run-in time unless otherwise noted.
www.pulspower.com Phone +49 89 9278 0
Germany
20/26
CPS20.241, CPS20.241-C1
24V, 20A, SINGLE PHASE INPUT
C-Series
22. APPLICATION NOTES
22.1. PEAK CURRENT CAPABILITY
The unit can deliver peak currents (up to several milliseconds) which are higher than the specified short term currents.
This helps to start current demanding loads. Solenoids, contactors and pneumatic modules often have a steady state
coil and a pick-up coil. The inrush current demand of the pick-up coil is several times higher than the steady-state
current and usually exceeds the nominal output current (including the PowerBoost). The same situation applies when
starting a capacitive load.
The peak current capability also ensures the safe operation of subsequent circuit breakers of load circuits. The load
branches are often individually protected with circuit breakers or fuses. In case of a short or an overload in one branch
circuit, the fuse or circuit breaker need a certain amount of over-current to open in a timely manner. This avoids
voltage loss in adjacent circuits.
The extra current (peak current) is supplied by the power converter and the built-in large sized output capacitors of
the power supply. The capacitors get discharged during such an event, which causes a voltage dip on the output. The
following two examples show typical voltage dips:
Fig. 22-2 Peak load with 5x the nominal
current for 5ms, typ.
Fig. 22-1 Peak load with 2x the nominal
current for 50ms, typ.
15ms
24V
Output
Voltage
24V
Output
Voltage
18V
100A
16V
40A
Output
Current
Output
Current
0A
0A
10ms/DIV
40A Peak load (resistive) for 50ms
Output voltage dips from 24V to 16V.
1ms/DIV
100A Peak load (resistive) for 5ms
Output voltage dips from 24V to 18V.
Fig. 22-3 90A Peak load, typ.
90A peak
Output Current
24V
Output Voltage
18V
15ms
0A
Please note: The DC-OK relay triggers when the voltage
dips more than 10% for longer than 1ms.
10ms/DIV
High Overload Current (typ. >90A for
15ms) enables easy fuse tripping
Peak current voltage dips
typ.
typ.
typ.
from 24V to 16V
from 24V to 18.5V
from 24V to 18V
at 40A for 50ms, resistive load
at 100A for 2ms, resistive load
at 100A for 5ms, resistive load
Apr. 2014 / Rev. 1.6 DS-CPS20.241-EN
All parameters are specified at 24V, 20A, 230Vac, 25°C ambient and after a 5 minutes run-in time unless otherwise noted.
www.pulspower.com Phone +49 89 9278 0
Germany
21/26
CPS20.241, CPS20.241-C1
24V, 20A, SINGLE PHASE INPUT
C-Series
22.2. BACK-FEEDING LOADS
Loads such as decelerating motors and inductors can feed voltage back to the power supply. This feature is also called
return voltage immunity or resistance against Back- E.M.F. (Electro Magnetic Force).
This power supply is resistant and does not show malfunctioning when a load feeds back voltage to the power supply.
It does not matter whether the power supply is on or off.
The maximum allowed feed-back-voltage is 35Vdc. The absorbing energy can be calculated according to the built-in
large sized output capacitor which is specified in chapter 6.
22.3. EXTERNAL INPUT PROTECTION
The unit is tested and approved for branch circuits up to 30A (UL) and 32A (IEC). An external protection is only
required if the supplying branch has an ampacity greater than this. Check also local codes and local requirements. In
some countries local regulations might apply.
If an external fuse is necessary or utilized, minimum requirements need to be considered to avoid nuisance tripping of
the circuit breaker. A minimum value of 10A B- or C-Characteristic breaker should be used.
22.4. OUTPUT CIRCUIT BREAKERS
Standard miniature circuit breakers (MCB’s or UL 1077 circuit breakers) are commonly used for AC-supply systems and
may also be used on 24V branches.
MCB’s are designed to protect wires and circuits. If the ampere value and the characteristics of the MCB are adapted to
the wire size that is used, the wiring is considered as thermally safe regardless of whether the MCB opens or not.
To avoid voltage dips and under-voltage situations in adjacent 24V branches which are supplied by the same source, a
fast (magnetic) tripping of the MCB is desired. A quick shutdown within 10ms is necessary corresponding roughly to
the ride-through time of PLC's. This requires power supplies with high current reserves and large output capacitors.
Furthermore, the impedance of the faulty branch must be sufficiently small in order for the current to actually flow.
The best current reserve in the power supply does not help if Ohm’s law does not permit current flow. The following
table has typical test results showing which B- and C-Characteristic MCBs magnetically trip depending on the wire cross
section and wire length.
Fig. 22-4 Test circuit
Power Supply
AC
MCB
+
Wire length
DC S1... Fault simulation switch
*)
Load
+
S1
-
Maximal wire length*) for a fast (magnetic) tripping:
0.75mm²
1.0mm²
1.5mm²
2.5mm²
C-2A
29m
40m
56m
82m
C-3A
26m
35m
50m
77m
C-4A
21m
28m
36m
53m
C-6A
8m
10m
14m
25m
C-8A
4m
7m
11m
18m
C-10A
1m
2m
3m
6m
B-6A
17m
24m
35m
53m
B-10A
12m
16m
23m
32m
B-13A
9m
13m
20m
29m
B-16A
4m
7m
9m
17m
B-20A
1m
1m
2m
2m
Don’t forget to consider twice the distance to the load (or cable length) when calculating the total wire length (+ and – wire).
Apr. 2014 / Rev. 1.6 DS-CPS20.241-EN
All parameters are specified at 24V, 20A, 230Vac, 25°C ambient and after a 5 minutes run-in time unless otherwise noted.
www.pulspower.com Phone +49 89 9278 0
Germany
22/26
CPS20.241, CPS20.241-C1
24V, 20A, SINGLE PHASE INPUT
C-Series
22.5. PARALLEL USE TO INCREASE OUTPUT POWER
CPS20.241 power supplies can be paralleled to increase the output power. The
output voltage of all power supplies shall be adjusted to the same value
(±100mV) in “Single use” mode with the same load conditions on all units, or
the units can be left with the factory settings. After the adjustments, the
jumper on the front of the unit shall be moved from “Single use” to “Parallel
use”, in order to achieve load sharing. The “Parallel use” mode regulates the
output voltage in such a manner that the voltage at no load is approx. 4%
higher than at nominal load. See also chapter 6. If no jumper is plugged in, the
unit is in “Single use” mode. Factory setting is “Single use” mode.
Unit A
AC
DC
+
+
Unit B
AC
DC
Load
+
-
-
If more than three units are connected in parallel, a fuse or circuit breaker
with a rating of 30A or 32A is required on each output. Alternatively, a diode or redundancy module can also be
utilized.
Energize all units at the same time to avoid the overload HiccupPLUS mode. It also might be necessary to cycle the input
power (turn-off for at least five seconds), if the output was in HiccupPLUS mode due to overload or short circuits and the
required output current is higher than the current of one unit.
Keep an installation clearance of 15mm (left / right) between two power supplies and avoid installing the power
supplies on top of each other. Do not use power supplies in parallel in mounting orientations other than the standard
mounting orientation (terminals on bottom of the unit) or in any other condition where a derating of the output
current is required (e.g. altitude, above 60°C, …).
Pay attention that leakage current, EMI, inrush current, harmonics will increase when using multiple power supplies.
22.6. PARALLEL USE FOR REDUNDANCY
Power supplies can be paralleled for redundancy to gain higher system availability. Redundant systems require a
certain amount of extra power to support the load in case one power supply unit fails. The simplest way is to put two
power supplies in parallel. This is called a 1+1 redundancy. In case one power supply unit fails, the other one is
automatically able to support the load current without any interruption. Redundant systems for a higher power
demand are usually built in a N+1 method. E.g. five power supplies, each rated for 20A are paralleled to build a 80A
redundant system. For N+1 redundancy the same restrictions apply as for increasing the output power, see also
chapter 22.5.
Please note: This simple way to build a redundant system does not cover failures such as an internal short circuit in
the secondary side of the power supply. In such a case, the defective unit becomes a load for the other power supplies
and the output voltage can not be maintained any more. This can be avoided by utilizing redundancy modules, which
have decoupling devices (diodes or mosfets) included. Further information and wiring configurations can be found in
chapter 21.3.
Recommendations for building redundant power systems:
a)
b)
c)
d)
Use separate input fuses for each power supply.
Set the power supply into “Parallel use” mode.
Monitor the individual power supply units. Therefore, use the DC-OK relay contact of the CPS20 power supply.
It is desirable to set the output voltages of all units to the same value (± 100mV) or leave it at the factory setting.
Apr. 2014 / Rev. 1.6 DS-CPS20.241-EN
All parameters are specified at 24V, 20A, 230Vac, 25°C ambient and after a 5 minutes run-in time unless otherwise noted.
www.pulspower.com Phone +49 89 9278 0
Germany
23/26
CPS20.241, CPS20.241-C1
24V, 20A, SINGLE PHASE INPUT
C-Series
Unit A
22.7. SERIES OPERATION
AC
Power supplies of the same type can be connected in series for higher
output voltages. It is possible to connect as many units in series as needed,
providing the sum of the output voltage does not exceed 150Vdc. Voltages
with a potential above 60Vdc are not SELV any more and can be dangerous.
Such voltages must be installed with a protection against touching.
DC
+
+
Unit B
AC
Earthing of the output is required when the sum of the output voltage is
above 60Vdc.
DC
Load
+
-
Avoid return voltage (e.g. from a decelerating motor or battery) which is
applied to the output terminals.
Earth
(see notes)
Keep an installation clearance of 15mm (left / right) between two power supplies and avoid installing the power
supplies on top of each other. Do not use power supplies in series in mounting orientations other than the standard
mounting orientation (terminals on bottom of the unit).
Pay attention that leakage current, EMI, inrush current, harmonics will increase when using multiple power supplies.
22.8. INDUCTIVE AND CAPACITIVE LOADS
The unit is designed to supply any kind of loads, including capacitive and inductive loads. If extreme large capacitors,
such as EDLCs (electric double layer capacitors or “UltraCaps”) with a capacitance > 0.5F are connected to the output,
the unit might charge the capacitor in the HiccupPLUS mode (see chapter 6).
22.9. CHARGING OF BATTERIES
The power supply can be used to charge lead-acid or maintenance free batteries. (Two 12V batteries in series)
Instructions for charging batteries:
a)
b)
Set output voltage (measured at no load and at the battery end of the cable) very precisely to the end-of-charge
voltage.
End-of-charge voltage
27.8V
27.5V
27.15V
26.8V
Battery temperature
10°C
20°C
30°C
40°C
Use a 30A or 32A circuit breaker (or blocking diode) between the power supply and the battery.
c)
Ensure that the output current of the power supply is below the allowed charging current of the battery.
d)
Use only matched batteries when putting 12V types in series.
e)
The return current to the power supply (battery discharge current) is typ. 23mA when the power supply is
switched off (except in case a blocking diode is utilized).
Apr. 2014 / Rev. 1.6 DS-CPS20.241-EN
All parameters are specified at 24V, 20A, 230Vac, 25°C ambient and after a 5 minutes run-in time unless otherwise noted.
www.pulspower.com Phone +49 89 9278 0
Germany
24/26
CPS20.241, CPS20.241-C1
24V, 20A, SINGLE PHASE INPUT
C-Series
22.10. OPERATION ON TWO PHASES
Power Supply
240V +10% max.
L1
The power supply can also be used on two-phases of a three-phase-system.
Such a phase-to-phase connection is allowed as long as the supplying
voltage is below 240V+10%.
L3
AC
L
Fuse
L2
internal
fuse
N
PE
DC
22.11. USE IN A TIGHTLY SEALED ENCLOSURE
When the power supply is installed in a tightly sealed enclosure, the temperature inside the enclosure will be higher
than outside. In such situations, the inside temperature defines the ambient temperature for the power supply.
The following measurement results can be used as a reference to estimate the temperature rise inside the enclosure.
The power supply is placed in the middle of the box, no other heat producing items are inside the box
Enclosure:
Load:
Input:
Temperature inside enclosure:
Temperature outside enclosure:
Temperature rise:
Rittal Typ IP66 Box PK 9522 100, plastic, 254x180x165mm
24V, 16A; (=80%) load is placed outside the box
230Vac
53.5°C (in the middle of the right side of the power supply with a distance of 2cm)
25.3°C
28.2K
Apr. 2014 / Rev. 1.6 DS-CPS20.241-EN
All parameters are specified at 24V, 20A, 230Vac, 25°C ambient and after a 5 minutes run-in time unless otherwise noted.
www.pulspower.com Phone +49 89 9278 0
Germany
25/26
CPS20.241, CPS20.241-C1
24V, 20A, SINGLE PHASE INPUT
C-Series
22.12. MOUNTING ORIENTATIONS
Mounting orientations other than all terminals on the bottom require a reduction in continuous output power or a
limitation in the maximum allowed ambient temperature. The amount of reduction influences the lifetime expectancy
of the power supply. Therefore, two different derating curves for continuous operation can be found below:
Curve A1
Curve A2
Recommended output current.
Max allowed output current (results in approximately half the lifetime expectancy of A1).
Fig. 22-5
Mounting
Orientation A
(Standard
orientation)
Output Current
24A
A1
18
Power
Supply
12
6
Ambient Temperature
0
INPUT OUTPUT
10
Fig. 22-6
Mounting
Orientation B
(Upside down)
20
30
50
40
60°C
Output Current
24A
A1
INPUT OUTPUT
18
A2
Power
Supply
12
6
Ambient Temperature
0
10
Fig. 22-7
Mounting
Orientation C
(Table-top
mounting)
20
30
50
40
60°C
Output Current
24A
A1
18
A2
12
6
Ambient Temperature
0
10
50
40
60°C
24A
Power
Supply
18
A1
12
A2
6
Ambient Temperature
0
10
20
30
40
50
60°C
Output Current
INPUT OUTPUT
24A
Power
Supply
Fig. 22-9
Mounting
Orientation E
(Horizontal ccw)
30
Output Current
INPUT OUTPUT
Fig. 22-8
Mounting
Orientation D
(Horizontal cw)
20
18
A1
12
A2
6
Ambient Temperature
0
10
20
30
40
50
60°C
Apr. 2014 / Rev. 1.6 DS-CPS20.241-EN
All parameters are specified at 24V, 20A, 230Vac, 25°C ambient and after a 5 minutes run-in time unless otherwise noted.
www.pulspower.com Phone +49 89 9278 0
Germany
26/26
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