Interoperability Standards for VoIP ATM

Interoperability Standards for VoIP ATM
The European Organisation for Civil Aviation Equipment
L’Organisation Européenne pour l’Equipement de l’Aviation Civile
Interoperability Standards
for VoIP ATM Components
Part 3: Recording
ED-137 Part 3
“Month Year”
102 rue Etienne Dolet
92240 MALAKOFF, France
Web Site: www.eurocae.eu
Tel: 33 1 40 92 79 30
Fax: 33 1 46 55 62 65
Email: eurocae@eurocae.net
Interoperability Standards
for VoIP ATM Components
Part 3: Recording
ED-137 Part 3
“Month Year”
© EUROCAE, 2009
i
FOREWORD
1
2
3
4
5
6
The document ED-137 “Interoperability Standards for VoIP ATM
Components” was prepared by EUROCAE Working Group 67 and was
accepted by the Council of EUROCAE on “Month Year”.
EUROCAE is an international non-profit making organisation. Membership is
open to manufacturers and users in Europe of equipment for aeronautics, trade
associations, national civil aviation administrations and non-European
organisations. Its work programme is principally directed to the preparation of
performance specifications and guidance documents for civil aviation
equipment, for adoption and use at European and world-wide levels.
The findings of EUROCAE are resolved after discussion among its members
and, where appropriate, in collaboration with RTCA Inc, Washington D.C. USA
and/or the Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE), Warrendale, PA, USA
through their appropriate committee.
The document represents “the minimum specification required for
Manufacturers and Users to assure Interoperability between VoIP ATM
Components”.
EUROCAE performance specifications are recommendations only. EUROCAE
is not an official body of the European governments; its recommendations are
valid statements of official policy only when adopted by a particular government
or conference of governments.
Copies of this document may be obtained from:
EUROCAE
102 rue Etienne Dolet
92240 MALAKOFF
France
Tel: 33 1 40 92 79 30
Fax: 33 1 46 55 62 65
Email: eurocae@eurocae.net
Web Site: www.eurocae.org
© EUROCAE, 2009
ii
TABLE OF CONTENTS
CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION................................................................................................................ 1 1.1 BACKGROUND..................................................................................................................... 1 1.2 ED-137 PRESENTATION ..................................................................................................... 3 1.3 TERMINOLOGY FOR REQUIREMENTS, RECOMMENDATIONS AND OPTIONS............ 3 CHAPTER 2 RECORDING MODEL ....................................................................................................... 5 2.1 ACTIVE RECORDING........................................................................................................... 5 2.2 RECORDING PHONE COMMUNICATION .......................................................................... 5 2.3 RECORDING RADIO COMMUNICATION............................................................................ 5 2.4 SESSION SETUP.................................................................................................................. 6 2.4.1 SIP ................................................................................................................................. 6 2.4.2 RTSP ............................................................................................................................. 7 2.5 TRANSPORT ........................................................................................................................ 8 2.5.1 EMBEDDED BINARY DATA ......................................................................................... 8 2.5.2 RTP OVER INDEPENDENT TCP ................................................................................. 9 2.5.3 RTP OVER UDP .......................................................................................................... 10 2.6 RTSP CONTROL MESSAGES ........................................................................................... 11 2.6.1 ANNOUNCE AND SETUP........................................................................................... 11 2.6.2 RECORD ..................................................................................................................... 12 2.6.3 PAUSE......................................................................................................................... 12 2.6.4 SET_PARAMETER...................................................................................................... 12 2.6.5 TEARDOWN ................................................................................................................ 13 2.6.6 REPLAY (optional)....................................................................................................... 13 2.7 CALL RECORD DATA FORMAT ........................................................................................ 15 2.7.1 PROPERTIES.............................................................................................................. 15 2.7.2 OPERATIONS ............................................................................................................. 15 2.8 REFERENCING CALL SCENARIOS .................................................................................. 16 CHAPTER 3 PHONE............................................................................................................................. 17 3.1 AUDIO SOURCE AND CODING......................................................................................... 17 3.2 CALL RECORD DATA ........................................................................................................ 17 CHAPTER 4 RADIO .............................................................................................................................. 19 4.1 AUDIO SOURCE AND CODING......................................................................................... 19 4.2 CALL RECORD DATA ........................................................................................................ 20 ANNEX A REFERENCES ..................................................................................................................... 21 ANNEX B ACRONYMS ......................................................................................................................... 23 ANNEX C LIST OF EUROCAE WG-67 CONTRIBUTORS................................................................... 25 © EUROCAE, 2009
iii
FIGURE INDEX
Fig. 1 – Vienna Agreement...................................................................................................................... 2 Fig. 1 – Recording Sessions.................................................................................................................... 5 Fig. 2 – Recording Phone Communication.............................................................................................. 5 Fig. 3 – Recording Radio Communication............................................................................................... 6 Fig. 4 – SIP Registration.......................................................................................................................... 6 Fig. 5 – SIP Session Setup...................................................................................................................... 7 Fig. 6 – SIP Session Setup: Message Sequence ................................................................................... 7 Fig. 7 – RTSP Record and Replay Session ............................................................................................ 8 Fig. 8 – Embedded Binary Data Format.................................................................................................. 9 Fig. 9 – TCP Frame Format................................................................................................................... 10 Fig. 10 – RTSP Record Session Setup ................................................................................................. 11 Fig. 11 – RTSP Record Session Setup: Messages and Sequence ...................................................... 11 Fig. 12 – RECORD: Messages and Sequence ..................................................................................... 12 Fig. 13 – PAUSE: Messages and Sequence......................................................................................... 12 Fig. 14 – SET_PARAMETER: Messages and Sequence ..................................................................... 13 Fig. 15 – TEARDOWN: Messages and Sequence................................................................................ 13 Fig. 16 – RTSP Replay Session: Messages and Sequence ................................................................. 14 Fig. 17 – Call Scenario .......................................................................................................................... 16 Fig. 18 – Audio Source at User Terminal (G/G) .................................................................................... 17 Fig. 19 – Audio Source at Radio (A/G).................................................................................................. 19 Fig. 20 – Audio Source at User Terminal (A/G)..................................................................................... 19 TABLE INDEX
Table 1 – List of Phone Properties ........................................................................................................ 17 Table 2 – List of Phone Operations....................................................................................................... 18 Table 3 – List of Radio Properties ......................................................................................................... 20 Table 4 – List of Radio Operations........................................................................................................ 20 © EUROCAE, 2009
1
CHAPTER 1
INTRODUCTION
1.1
BACKGROUND
Ground-Ground (G-G) ATM voice systems have been based upon analogue and more recently, digital
Time Division Multiplexing / Pulsed Code Modulation (TDM/PCM) technologies for many years.
Nowadays, however, convergence of voice and data into one multimedia network is a popular trend
with a variety of technical solutions available on the market. Following in this direction ATM
communication networks are adopting, by a process of gradual evolution, a common infrastructure for
voice and data services.
As the technology has developed IP Technology has now the true potential to fulfil operational and
technical ATM communication requirements - including those of voice / data convergence, Quality of
Services (QoS), security and safety. There is also the possibility that IP may deliver solutions that will,
over time, bring about true savings in investment and operating costs.
EUROCAE Working Group 67 (WG-67) undertook the mission to assess the feasibility of using Voice
over Internet Protocol (VoIP) for providing ATM voice services. The group defined criteria,
requirements and guidelines based upon the following operational needs and constraints:
•
Operational and Technical Air-Ground (A-G) and Ground-Ground (G-G) ATM
Voice system requirements
•
Existing IP Voice protocols and signalling standards
•
IP network capabilities for Voice services
•
Security, Quality of Service (QoS), and Convergence (infrastructure,
protocol, applications)
•
Existing IP Voice ATM system capabilities and service interfaces.
The following tasks were identified to fulfil the WG-67 mission:•
Define ATM Systems and identify their components (Voice Communication
System / VCS, Ground-based Radio Station / GRS)
•
Determine possible additional operational and technical ATM requirements
for new ATM voice systems, also taking into consideration A-G
communications.
•
Make recommendations to upgrade current standardisation documents.
•
Develop a Technical Specification for a VoIP Voice ATM System including:
o
Minimum performance and safety/security requirements for the system
and, if appropriate, for components;
o
Interoperability requirements between IP components of the VoIP ATM
system;
o
Minimum performance requirements of an IP Network to support ATM
Voice services;
o
Guidelines for qualification tests of VoIP ATM systems and their
components.
© EUROCAE, 2009
2
Consequently the following four documents were delivered:
ED-136 - VoIP ATM System Operational and Technical Requirements
ED-137 - Interoperability Standards for VoIP ATM Components
ED-138 - Network Requirements and Performances for VoIP ATM Systems
ED-139 - Qualification tests for VoIP ATM Components and Systems
The contents of all four documents are premised on the “Vienna Agreement” which defines the
different components of a VoIP ATM system and their mutual interfaces as depicted in Fig. 1.
F i g . 1 – V ie nn a A g re e men t
VoIP components are interconnected through an IP network and suppliers are free to define their
internal architecture (IP/Ethernet, TDM/PCM - Time Division Multiplexing / Pulsed Code Modulation,
…). Between VoIP components, required interfaces are defined to guarantee their functional and
technical interoperability.
Therefore, VoIP ATM Systems are composed of:
• VoIP VCS Components performing Radio and / or Telephone functions, including:
1. Controller Working Positions, assuring HMI including voice devices (microphone and
loudspeaker);
© EUROCAE, 2009
3
2.
3.
4.
5.
Possible local VCS Maintenance and Configuration stations;
Possible local Recording devices;
Possible LAN for local interconnection;
Possible Media Gateways to legacy systems (ATS-QSIG, ATS-R2, ATS-No.5, PSTN,
Radio analogue lines, …).
•
VoIP Ground Radio Station Components performing AM VHF and UHF Radio functions.
•
VoIP Supervision System Components performing monitoring and control functions.
•
VoIP Recording Components performing recording functions.
•
IP WAN Components performing interconnection services between two or more different
physical components.
1.2
ED-137 PRESENTATION
The scope of the WG67 ED-137 Document is to define the rules for VoIP implementations to support
ATM communications. This includes the performances requested for radio (Part 1 of ED-137), the
existing signalling in use for telephone (Part 2 of ED-137), for recording (Part 3 of ED-137) and for
supervision (Part 4 of ED-137).
The present document, that is the Part 3 of the ED-137, proposes a profile standard for the use of
RTSP to establish, terminate and modify recording sessions of the Ground Telephone Service and the
Radio Service in an Air Traffic Services Ground Voice Network (AGVN).
RTSP is an application layer protocol for establishing, terminating and modifying multimedia sessions.
It is typically carried over the Internet Protocol (IP) (IETF RFC 791 [2] and IETF RFC 2460 [6]). RTSP
is defined in IETF RFC 2326 [5].
This document proposes a specification for the signalling profile both for basic services that provide a
bi-directional transfer capability for speech media between user terminals, radios and a recorder in an
IP AGVN employing SIP and RTSP in support of ATS recording services.
Interworking between an IP AGVN and a public IP network is out of scope of this document.
1.3
TERMINOLOGY
OPTIONS
FOR
REQUIREMENTS,
RECOMMENDATIONS
AND
The terminology for requirements, recommendations and options in this document is based on RFC
2119 [4], which specifies Best Current Practice regarding the use of Key Words for the Internet
Community. As such, the following terminology is applied:
•
•
•
The word SHALL denotes a mandatory requirement;
The word SHOULD denotes a recommendation;
The word MAY denotes an option.
To avoid confusion with their natural meanings in the English language, the words SHALL, SHOULD,
and MAY take on the meaning stated above only where printed in boldface. When printed in normal
(Arial) typeface, the natural English meaning is meant.
Detailed description of terminology:
1. SHALL
This word has the same meaning as the phrase "REQUIRED" and means
that the definition is an absolute requirement of the specification.
2. SHALL NOT
specification.
This phrase means that the definition is an absolute prohibition of the
© EUROCAE, 2009
4
3. SHOULD
This word, or the adjective "RECOMMENDED", means that there may exist
valid reasons in particular circumstances to ignore a particular item, but the full implications
must be understood and carefully weighed before choosing a different course.
4. SHOULD NOT This phrase, or the phrase "NOT RECOMMENDED" mean that there may
exist valid reasons in particular circumstances when the particular behaviour is acceptable or
even useful, but the full implications should be understood and the case carefully weighed
before implementing any behaviour described with this label.
5. MAY
This word, or the adjective "OPTIONAL", mean that an item is truly optional.
© EUROCAE, 2009
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CHAPTER 2
RECORDING MODEL
2.1
ACTIVE RECORDING
1
[RECORDING] Active Recording
Recording SHALL be based on active sessions opened from clients (User Terminal, Radio
Transmitter/Receiver or specific 3rd party devices) to one recording device (or two devices required for
redundancy). Active means that any client that sends or receives media streams (i.e. audio) takes the
responsibility to send a copy of either stream to the recorders. The used time source SHALL be
synchronized to the ATSU time source. This is assumed to be Universal Time Coordinated (UTC) to
the accuracy specified by ICAO.
Note: In order to simplify drawings, the following just mentions a single recording device. All described
mechanisms are valid for two or a defined number of recorders.
F i g . 1 – R eco rd in g Ses s ion s
2.2
RECORDING PHONE COMMUNICATION
2
[RECORDING] Phone Communication
User Terminals participating a G/G communication session SHALL provide a single audio stream that
summarizes all incoming (IN) and outgoing (OUT) audio streams.
F i g . 2– R ec or din g Ph one C o m m un ica t i on
2.3
RECORDING RADIO COMMUNICATION
3
[RECORDING] Radio Communication
User Terminals participating a A/G communication session SHALL provide a single audio stream that
summarizes all received (RX) and transmitted (TX).
© EUROCAE, 2009
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Radios (or Gateways connecting legacy radios to an IP network) SHALL provide a single audio
stream that contains the received (RX) audio stream related to a single radio channel.
F i g . 3– R ec or din g R a d io C o m m un ica t i on
2.4
SESSION SETUP
Active recording requires an established session (i.e. a certain number of parameters that are
exchanged between entities prior to any recording). User Terminal, Radio and Recorder SHALL use
RTSP for such sessions. As RTSP relies on a transport layer protocol (TCP or UDP), these entities
MAY use SIP to exchange capabilities and connection information (i.e. IP address, port number, and
transport protocol). The following section describes the session setup using SIP and RTSP.
2.4.1
SIP
Note that this section assumes that SIP is used for session setup hence the terminology for
requirements, recommendations and options is only valid for this case.
Any entity involved in a recording session (User Terminal and Recorder) SHOULD register with a SIP
Registrar using the REGISTER method according RFC3261. It SHOULD be possible to register
multiple contacts for a single Address of Record (AOR).
F i g . 4– S I P R e g is t ra t ion
Participants (User Terminal, Radio) SHALL use INVITE to establish a session. This session setup
provides the session description (connection information) and media description (media name and
transport address) of each participant.
© EUROCAE, 2009
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F i g . 5– S I P Ses si o n Set up
Recorder
Terminal
|
INVITE
|
| <------------- |
|
200 OK
|
| -------------> |
|
ACK
|
| <------------- |
|
|
|
TCP
|
| <============> |
|
|
|
|
|
|
Radio
Recorder
|
|
|
|
|
INVITE
|
| -------------> |
|
200 OK
|
| <------------- |
|
ACK
|
| -------------> |
|
|
|
TCP
|
| <============> |
|
|
F i g . 6– S I P Ses si o n Set up: M es sag e S e que nc e
Example for a SIP session setup from a User Terminal or Radio to the Recorder:
Request:
INVITE sip:recoder@atc.org SIP/2.0
...
Content-Type: application/sdp
Content-Length: 87
v=0
o=0 0 IN IP4 192.0.2.94
s=Recording
t=0 0
c=IN IP4 192.0.2.94
m=application 10554 rtsp rec
Response:
SIP/2.0 200 OK
...
Content-Type: application/sdp
Content-Length: 87
v=0
o=0 0 IN IP4 192.0.2.25
s=Recording
t=0 0
c=IN IP4 192.0.2.25
m=application 20554 rtsp rec
The session description SHALL NOT specify the used transport protocol, as this is part of the RTSP
session description.
2.4.2
RTSP
User Terminals SHALL use RTSP to enable controlled, on-demand delivery of real-time data.
Systems implementing RTSP SHOULD support carrying RTSP over TCP and MAY support UDP. The
default port for the RTSP server SHALL be 554 for both UDP and TCP.
© EUROCAE, 2009
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The following assumes that the IP address of the Recorder is known and a TCP session has been
established. Participants (User Terminals, Radios) SHALL use ANNOUNCE and SETUP to establish
a recording session. Participants (User Terminals) MAY use DESCRIBE and SETUP to establish a
replay session. This session setup provides the session description (connection information) and
media description (media name and transport address) of each participant. Participants (User
Terminals, Radios) SHALL use TEARDOWN to close a session.
F i g . 7– R T SP R ec or d a nd R e p la y S e s s io n
2.5
TRANSPORT
4
[RECORDING] Transport
Transport of media SHOULD be based on Embedded (interleaved) Binary Data and MAY be based
on RTP over independent TCP or RTP over UDP, as described later in this section. The Transport
request and response header field indicates which transport protocol is to be used and configures its
parameters such as destination address, compression, multicast time-to-live and destination port for
a single stream. It sets those values not already determined by a presentation description.
Transports are comma separated, listed in order of preference. Parameters may be added to each
transport, separated by a semicolon. The server SHOULD return a Transport response-header field in
the response to indicate the values actually chosen. The Transport header field MAY also be used to
change certain transport parameters. A server MAY refuse to change parameters of an existing
stream.
The general syntax for the transport specifier is a list of slash separated tokens:
Value1/Value2/Value3...
Which for RTP transports take the form:
RTP/profile/lower-transport
The default value for the "lower-transport" parameters is specific to the profile. For RTP/AVP, the
default is UDP. The next section describes alternative transport methods.
2.5.1
EMBEDDED BINARY DATA
RTSP contains a syntax for interleaving the RTSP control stream with the data stream. This is called
embedded (interleaved) binary data. Interleaved binary data SHOULD be used when RTSP is carried
over TCP.
The channel identifier (CID) is defined in the transport header with the interleaved parameter. The
following illustrates a client server session example using interleaved binary data with 0 as channel
identifier.
Request:
SETUP rtsp://recorder:554/iprecorder/ RTSP/1.0
CSeq: 1
Transport: RTP/AVP/TCP;interleaved=0
Response:
© EUROCAE, 2009
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RTSP/1.0 200 OK
CSeq: 1
Session: c408358f-a233-4dd2-9fb6-a338953cc8b2
Transport: RTP/AVP/TCP;interleaved=0
2.5.1.1
FRAMING METHOD
Stream data such as RTP packets is encapsulated by an ASCII dollar sign (24 hexadecimal), followed
by a one-byte channel identifier (CID), followed by the length of the encapsulated binary data as a
binary, two-byte integer in network byte order. The stream data follows immediately afterwards,
without a CRLF, but including the upper-layer protocol headers. Each $ block contains exactly one
upper-layer protocol data unit, e.g., one RTP packet, see [5].
0
1
2
3
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
--------------------------------------------------------------|
ASCII ´$´
|
CID
|
LENGTH
|
--------------------------------------------------------------|
RTP packet with header ...
|
---------------------------------------------------------------
F i g . 8– E mb ed de d B in ar y D a t a F or ma t
2.5.2
RTP OVER INDEPENDENT TCP
This section adapts the guidelines for using RTP over TCP within SIP/SDP to work with RTSP as in
[21].
There are two different methods for how to specify where the media should be delivered:
•
dest_addr: The presence of this parameter and its values indicates the destination address
or addresses (host address and port pairs for IP flows) necessary for the media transport.
•
No dest_addr: The lack of the dest_addr parameter indicates that the server SHALL send
media to the same address for which the RTSP messages originates. This does not work for
transports requiring explicitly given destination ports.
A client codes the support of RTP over independent TCP by specifying an RTP/AVP/TCP transport
option without an interleaved parameter. This transport option MUST include the "unicast"
parameter. If the client wishes to use RTP with RTCP, two ports (or two address/port pairs) are
specified by the dest_addr parameter. If the client wishes to use RTP without RTCP, one port (or
one address/port pair) is specified by the dest_addr parameter.
If the client wishes to play the active role in initiating the TCP connection, it MAY set the "setup"
parameter on the Transport line to be "active", or it MAY omit the setup parameter, as active is the
default. If the client signals the active role, the ports for all dest_addr values MUST be set to 9 (the
discard port).
If the client wishes to play the passive role in TCP connection initiation, it MUST set the "setup"
parameter on the Transport line to be "passive". If the client is able to assume the active or the
passive role, it MUST set the "setup" parameter on the Transport line to be "actpass". In either
case, the dest_addr port value for RTP MUST be set to the TCP port number on which the client is
expecting to receive the RTP stream connection, and the dest_addr port value for RTCP MUST be
set to the TCP port number on which the client is expecting to receive the RTCP stream connection.
If upon receipt of a non-interleaved RTP/AVP/TCP request, a server decides to accept this requested
option, the 2xx reply MUST contain a Transport option that specifies RTP/AVP/TCP (without using the
interleaved parameter, and with using the unicast parameter).
The dest_addr parameter value MUST be echoed from the parameter value in the client request
unless the destination address (only port) was not provided in which can the server MAY include the
source address of the RTSP TCP connection with the port number unchanged.
© EUROCAE, 2009
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In addition, the server reply MUST set the setup parameter on the Transport line, to indicate the role
the server will play in the connection setup. Permissible values are "active" (if a client set "setup"
to "passive" or "actpass") and "passive" (if a client set "setup" to "active" or "actpass").
If a server sets "setup" to "passive", the "src_addr" in the reply MUST indicate the ports the
server is willing to receive an RTP connection and (if the client requested an RTCP connection by
specifying two dest_addr ports or address/port pairs) and RTCP connection. If a server sets "setup"
to "active", the ports specified in "src_addr" MUST be set to 9.
The following illustrates a client server session example using RTP over independent TCP.
Request:
SETUP rtsp://recorder:554/iprecorder/ RTSP/1.0
CSeq: 1
Transport: RTP/AVP/TCP;unicast;mode=”RECORD”;dest_addr=":9";setup=active;connection=new
Response:
RTSP/1.0 200 OK
CSeq: 1
Session: c408358f-a233-4dd2-9fb6-a338953cc8b2
Transport: RTP/AVP/TCP;unicast;dest_addr=":9";src_addr="192.0.2.5:9000";setup=passive
connection=new;ssrc=93CB001E
2.5.2.1
FRAMING METHOD
A 16-bit unsigned integer LENGTH field, coded in network byte order (big-endian), begins the frame.
If LENGTH is non-zero, an RTP or RTCP packet follows the LENGTH field. The value coded in the
LENGTH field MUST equal the number of octets in the RTP or RTCP packet. Zero is a valid value for
LENGTH, and it codes the null packet, as in [25].
0
1
2
3
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
--------------------------------------------------------------|
LENGTH
| RTP or RTCP packet ...
|
---------------------------------------------------------------
F i g . 9– TC P F rame Fo rmat
2.5.3
RTP OVER UDP
The implementation of RTP over UDP SHALL be implemented according the guidelines of RFC2326,
see [5].
© EUROCAE, 2009
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2.6
2.6.1
RTSP CONTROL MESSAGES
ANNOUNCE AND SETUP
These messages SHALL be used to establish a recording session. The message body of
ANNOUNCE SHALL contain a description of the media referenced by the requested URL, (e.g.
rtsp://recorder:554/iprecorder/) using SDP, as in [8].
F i g . 1 0– R T SP R ec or d Ses s io n Set up
The following gives an example for a RTSP session setup using embedded (interleaved) binary data
(request and response):
ANNOUNCE rtsp://recorder:554/iprecorder/ RTSP/1.0
CSeq: 1
Content-Type: application/sdp
…
v=0
o=first 2520644554 2838152170 IN IP4 first.example.net
s=Example
t=0 0
c=IN IP4 192.0.2.105
m=audio 0 RTP/AVP 8
a=rtpmap:8 PCMA/8000
…
SETUP rtsp://recorder:554/iprecorder/ RTSP/1.0
CSeq: 1
Transport: RTP/AVP/TCP;interleaved=0
…
RTSP/1.0 200 OK
CSeq: 1
Session: c408358f-a233-4dd2-9fb6-a338953cc8b2
Transport: RTP/AVP/TCP;interleaved=0
…
Terminal
Recorder
|
ANNOUNCE
|
| -------------> |
|
SETUP
|
| -------------> |
|
200 OK
|
| <------------- |
|
|
|
RTSP
|
| <============> |
|
|
F i g . 1 1– R T SP R ec or d Ses s io n Set up: M es sag es a nd Se qu en ce
© EUROCAE, 2009
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2.6.2
RECORD
This message SHALL be used to start data transmission on the stream allocated via SETUP. Clients
(Terminals) MAY offer a connection reference to the recorder using an XML encoded message body
(see section 2.7 for details). If clients are not able to provide a connection reference in their initial
request, the answer or server response SHALL contain a server generated connection reference.
However, clients MAY already submit call record data using the defined XML structure (see section
2.7 for details) within the RECORD message and SHALL leave the connref parameter blank if they
are not able to provide a connection reference value.
If the connection reference is provided by the client (request), the server (recorder) SHALL use the
same connref value in the response. The following gives an example to start recording including a
client generated connection reference value (request and response):
RECORD rtsp://recorder:554/iprecorder/ RTSP/1.0
CSeq: 2
Session: c408358f-a233-4dd2-9fb6-a338953cc8b2
Content-Type: application/x-crd+xml
<call-record-data connref="403C232A-C510-45C7-973E-D55F5CF996AF" />
(see section 2.7. for content details)
RTSP/1.0 200 OK
CSeq: 2
Session: c408358f-a233-4dd2-9fb6-a338953cc8b2
Content-Type: application/x-crd+xml
<call-record-data connref="403C232A-C510-45C7-973E-D55F5CF996AF" />
(see section 2.7. for content details)
T/R
Recorder
|
RECORD
|
| -------------> |
|
200 OK
|
| <------------- |
|
RTP (media) |
| =============> |
F i g . 1 2– R EC O R D : Mes sa ges an d S equ en ce
2.6.3
PAUSE
This message SHALL be used to interrupt (halt) stream delivery on the stream allocated via
ANNOUNCE/SETUP (request and response):
PAUSE rtsp://recorder:554/iprecorder/ RTSP/1.0
CSeq: 2
Session: c408358f-a233-4dd2-9fb6-a338953cc8b2
RTSP/1.0 200 OK
CSeq: 2
Session: c408358f-a233-4dd2-9fb6-a338953cc8b2
T/R
Recorder
|
PAUSE
|
| -------------> |
|
200 OK
|
| <------------- |
|
|
F ig . 1 3– PAU SE: Mes sag es a nd Se qu en ce
2.6.4
SET_PARAMETER
This message SHALL be used to set the value of a parameter (call record data) for a presentation or
stream specified by the URI (request and response):
© EUROCAE, 2009
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SET_PARAMETER
rtsp://recorder:554/iprecorder/ RTSP/1.0
CSeq: 3
Session: c408358f-a233-4dd2-9fb6-a338953cc8b2
Content-Type: application/x-crd+xml
(see section 2.7. for content details)
RTSP/1.0 200 OK
CSeq: 3
Session: c408358f-a233-4dd2-9fb6-a338953cc8b2
T/R
Recorder
| SET_PARAMETER |
| -------------> |
|
200 OK
|
| <------------- |
F i g . 1 4– S ET _ PA R A MET ER : M es sag es a nd Se que nc e
2.6.5
TEARDOWN
This message SHALL be used to free resources associated with the stream specified by the URI
(request and response):
TEARDOWN rtsp://recorder:554/iprecorder/ RTSP/1.0
CSeq: 4
Session: c408358f-a233-4dd2-9fb6-a338953cc8b2
RTSP/1.0 200 OK
CSeq: 4
Session: c408358f-a233-4dd2-9fb6-a338953cc8b2
T/R
Recorder
|
TEARDOWN
|
| -------------> |
|
200 OK
|
| <------------- |
Fig. 15– TEARDOWN: Me s s a g e s a n d S e q u e n c e
2.6.6
REPLAY (optional)
This message sequence MAY be used to replay stored information at a replay client. Note: This is
seen as optional feature.
DESCRIBE rtsp://recorder:554/replay/?connref=403C232A-C510-45C7-973E-D55F5CF996AF RTSP/1.0
CSeq: 2
Accept: application/sdp
RTSP/1.0 200 OK
CSeq: 2
Server: Example Recorder
Content-Type: application/sdp
Content-Length: 157
v=0
o=unnamed 0 0 IN IP4 playback.example.net
s=Example Stream
t=0 0
a=range:npt=0.0-9.420000000
a=length:npt=9.420000000
m=audio 0 RTP/AVP 8
a=rtpmap:8 PCMA/8000
SETUP rtsp://recorder:554/replay/?connref=403C232A-C510-45C7-973E-D55F5CF996AF RTSP/1.0
CSeq: 3
Transport: RTP/AVP/TCP;unicast;mode=”PLAY”;dest_addr=":9";setup=active;connection=new
RTSP/1.0 200 OK
CSeq: 3
Session: 2da07059-961e-4998-81f8-0f6345e0b15f
Server: Example Recorder
Transport: RTP/AVP/TCP;unicast;dest_addr=":9"/":9";src_addr="192.0.2.5:9000";setup=passive
connection=new;ssrc=93CB001E
© EUROCAE, 2009
14
PLAY rtsp://recorder:554/replay/?connref=403C232A-C510-45C7-973E-D55F5CF996AF RTSP/1.0
CSeq: 4
Session: 2da07059-961e-4998-81f8-0f6345e0b15f
Range: npt=0-9.419000
RTSP/1.0 200 Success
CSeq: 4
Server: Example Recorder
Session: 2da07059-961e-4998-81f8-0f6345e0b15f
Range: npt=0-9.419
RTP-Info:url=rtsp://recorder:554/replay/?connref=403C232A-C510-45C7-973ED55F5CF996AF;rtptime=3188274789;seq=4082
PAUSE rtsp://recorder:554/replay/?connref=403C232A-C510-45C7-973E-D55F5CF996AF RTSP/1.0
CSeq: 5
Session: 2da07059-961e-4998-81f8-0f6345e0b15f
RTSP/1.0 200 Success
CSeq: 5
Session: 2da07059-961e-4998-81f8-0f6345e0b15f
Server: Example Recorder
TEARDOWN rtsp://recorder:554/replay/?connref=403C232A-C510-45C7-973E-D55F5CF996AF RTSP/1.0
CSeq: 6
Session: 2da07059-961e-4998-81f8-0f6345e0b15f
RTSP/1.0 200 OK
CSeq: 4
Session: c408358f-a233-4dd2-9fb6-a338953cc8b2
Terminal
Recorder
|
DESCRIBE
|
| -------------> |
|
200 OK
|
| <------------- |
|
SETUP
|
| -------------> |
|
200 OK
|
| <------------- |
|
PLAY
|
| -------------> |
|
200 Success |
| <------------- |
|
Media
|
| <============= |
|
PAUSE
|
| -------------> |
|
200 Success |
| <------------- |
|
TEARDOWN
|
| -------------> |
|
200 OK
|
| <------------- |
F i g . 1 6– R T SP R ep l a y S e s s io n: Mes sag es and Se qu enc e
© EUROCAE, 2009
15
2.7
CALL RECORD DATA FORMAT
The following XML structure SHALL be used to transmit call record data within a SET_PARAMETER
message:
<call-record-data connref="403C232A-C510-45C7-973E-D55F5CF996AF">
<properties>
<property name="">value</property>
</properties>
<operations>
<operation name="" time="[utc-datetime]">value</operation>
</operations>
</call-record-data>
Call Record data SHALL be composed of properties and operations. Any timestamp SHOULD be set
by the client since it has the exact time reference for any local event. If a timestamp value is omitted,
the server SHALL use the timestamp of arrival of the message.
2.7.1
PROPERTIES
Properties are single values that will not change during the lifetime of a connection and usually do not
require a time reference, except for properties that are representing timestamp information.
A client MAY send an updated value of a property that he already set if the new value is a more
accurate one. In that case the recorder MAY overwrite the previous value if present. The recorder
does not need to hold any previous values since properties are only those values that can have only
one instance for a connection. For instance, the direction of the connection never changes during its
lifetime. Examples:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
2.7.2
Direction (of the connection): 0 = unknown (default), 1 = incoming, 2 = outgoing
<property name="Direction">1</property>
Priority: 0 = highest ... 4 = lowest (normal, default)
<property name="Priority">3</property>
CallingNr, CalledNr, AlertingNr, ConnectedNr: preferred in "tel:" URI format
<property name="CallingNr">tel:+4311503</property>
SetupTime, AlertTime, ConnectTime, DisconnectTime, ReleaseTime: utc-datetime
<property name="SetupTime">20070801T054030.123Z</property>
DisconnectCause: Cause values according to ITU-T Rec. Q.931
<property name="DisconnectCause">19</property>
DisconnectSource: 0 = unknown (default), 1 = endpoint, 2 = other
<property name="DisconnectSource">1</property>
Type: Classification of transported data. Values according to BasicService enumeration of
ECMA 242 (default = 1, speech)
<property name="Type">1</property>
OPERATIONS
Operations are events during the lifetime of a connection that may happen at any time and SHOULD
be preserved at the recorder. Examples:
•
•
•
RedirectedNr: Representing a "tel:" URI format to notify a redirection with the new target.
<operation name="RedirectedNr"
time="20070801T054035Z456">+431156</operation>
CallRef, ThreadRef (including e.g. a UUID): Values are typically changing during call transfers.
<operation name="CallRef"
time="20070801T054059.001Z">FD306648-4EBA-48D5-B41E00002EA20B76</operation>
<operation name="ThreadRef"
time="20070801T054059Z001">ACB734C8-2843-4FE4-AFBD00058FA9BD0F</operation>
PTT-State: Change of PTT state; 0 = off, 1 = on
<operation name="PTT-State" time="20070801T055000.789Z">0</operation>
© EUROCAE, 2009
16
2.8
REFERENCING CALL SCENARIOS
Please note that this section is seen as recommendation for referencing call scenarios and not
as mandatory requirement. Generally, a call establishing endpoint has to tell its partner a reference
with which both can assign their recordings. With this reference, later statistical evaluations about the
call scenario can be done. If recorded connections are not referenced, just limited evaluation is
possible.
The recorder SHOULD know three reference values:
•
•
•
ConnRef: Identifying a connection that describes the details from the viewpoint of an endpoint.
CallRef: Identifying a call that has one or typically two connections assigned.
ThreadRef: Identifying a thread (a call scenario in general) that has one or more calls
assigned.
For instance, endpoint A starts a new call scenario by creating an outgoing connection. In this case, it
also creates new call and thread references which will be sent along the setup messages. Endpoint B
receives an incoming request, creates an incoming connection and associates it with the call and
thread references that were sent along with the setup.
F ig . 1 7– C a ll Scen ar io
If such references are missing, B creates new ones. After some time, B wants to make a call to C. B
puts A on hold and creates an outgoing connection together with a new call reference, but assigns the
existing thread reference. Endpoint C receives an incoming request and behaves like B before. If now
B wanted to transfer A to C it would, as the initiator, create a new call reference and send it along with
the transfer notification message. B then would release its connections. Otherwise A and C assign
their connections to the newly created call reference but would still remain under the same thread
reference. This way all operations are referenced via the thread. Such reference values, defining a call
or thread, MAY be transported to the other endpoint using a SIP method (like INFO).
© EUROCAE, 2009
17
CHAPTER 3
PHONE
3.1
AUDIO SOURCE AND CODING
The User Terminal SHALL provide a summarized audio signal (IN & OUT) as a single coded PCM
(G.711a) stream that is sent to the Recorder using RTP.
F i g . 1 8– A ud i o So ur ce a t U s er Te rmi na l ( G /G)
3.2
CALL RECORD DATA
User Terminals (T)
SET_PARAMETER.
SHALL
transmit
the
following
properties
to
the
Recorder
using
Table 1– List of Phone Properties
Property
Direction
Format
INTEGER
Priority
INTEGER
CallingNr
CalledNr
AlertingNr
ConnectedNr
SetupTime
AlertTime
ConnectTime
DisconnectTime
ReleaseTime
DisconnectCause
DisconnectSource
TEL URI
TEL URI
TEL URI
TEL URI
UTC DATETIME
UTC DATETIME
UTC DATETIME
UTC DATETIME
UTC DATETIME
INTEGER
INTEGER
Type
INTEGER
Description/Example
0...unknown,
1...incoming,
2...outgoing
1...highest ...
5...lowest
tel:+4311503
tel:+4311503
tel:+4311503
tel:+4311503
20070801T054030.123Z
20070801T054030.123Z
20070801T054030.123Z
20070801T054030.123Z
20070801T054030.123Z
ITU-T Rec. Q.931
1...endpoint,
2...other
1...speech
Source
T
Requirement
mandatory
T
mandatory
T
T
T
T
T
T
T
T
T
T
T
mandatory
optional
optional
optional
mandatory
optional
optional
optional
optional
optional
optional
T
optional
User Terminals (T) SHALL transmit the following operations to the Recorder using
SET_PARAMETER. Note: Operations include per definition a UTC date-time reference as unique
© EUROCAE, 2009
18
timestamp.
Table 2– List of Phone Operations
Property
RedirectedNr
CallRef
ThreadRef
Format
TEL URI
UUID
UUID
Description/Example
tel:+4311503
<uuid>
<uuid>
© EUROCAE, 2009
Source
T
T
T
Requirement
mandatory
optional
optional
19
CHAPTER 4
RADIO
4.1
AUDIO SOURCE AND CODING
The Radio (or a gateway to the Radio) SHALL provide a single audio signal (RX) as a single coded
PCM (G.711a) stream that is sent to the Recorder using RTP without header extension (HE).
F i g . 1 9– A ud i o So ur ce a t R a d io ( A / G)
The User Terminal SHALL provide a summarized audio signal (RX & TX) as a single coded PCM
(G.711a) stream that is sent to the Recorder using RTP without header extension (HE).
F i g . 2 0– A ud i o So ur ce a t U s er Te rmi na l ( A / G)
© EUROCAE, 2009
20
4.2
CALL RECORD DATA
User Terminals (T) SHALL and Radios (R) MAY transmit the following properties to the Recorder
using SET_PARAMETER.
Table 3– List of Radio Properties
Property
FrequencyID
BSS Quality Index
BSS Method
Format
STRING
INTEGER
INTEGER
Description/Example
118.005
-100...-70 (RSSI)
0...7
Source
T, R
R
R
Requirement
mandatory
optional
optional
User Terminals (T) SHALL and Radios (R) MAY transmit the following operations to the Recorder
using SET_PARAMETER. Note: Operations include per definition a UTC date-time reference as
unique timestamp.
Table 4– List of Radio Operations
Operation
PTT
Format
INTEGER
SQU
INTEGER
Simultaneous
Transmission
INTEGER
Description/Example
1...on
2...off
1...on
2...off
0-MAX_NB_TRANS
© EUROCAE, 2009
Source
T
Requirement
mandatory
R
optional
R
optional
21
ANNEX A
REFERENCES
[1]
IETF RFC 768: “User Datagram Protocol”, August 1980.
[2]
IETF RFC 791: “Internet Protocol”, September 1981.
[3]
IETF RFC 793: “Transmission Control Protocol”, September 1981.
[4]
IETF RFC 2119: "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate Requirement Levels", BCP 14, March
1997.
[5]
IETF RFC 2326: “Real Time Streaming Protocol (RTSP)”, April 1998.
[6]
IETF RFC 2460: “Internet Protocol, Version 6 (IPv6) Specification”, December 1998.
[7]
IETF RFC 3261: “SIP: Session Initiation Protocol”, June 2002.
[8]
IETF RFC 3264: “An Offer/Answer Model with the Session Description Protocol (SDP)”, June
2002.
[9]
IETF RFC 3265: “Session Initiation Protocol (SIP)-Specific Event Notification”, June 2002.
[10]
IETF RFC 3311: “The Session Initiation Protocol (SIP) UPDATE Method”, September 2002.
[11]
IETF RFC 3325: “Private Extensions to the Session Initiation Protocol (SIP) for Asserted Identity
within Trusted Networks”, November 2002.
[12]
IETF RFC 3398: “Integrated Services Digital Network (ISDN) User Part (ISUP) to Session
Initiation Protocol (SIP) Mapping”, December 2002.
[13]
IETF RFC 3428: “Session Initiation Protocol (SIP) Extension for Instant Messaging”, December
2002.
[14]
IETF RFC 3515: “The Session Initiation Protocol (SIP) Refer Method”, April 2003.
[15]
IETF RFC 3550: “RTP: A Transport Protocol for Real-Time Applications”, July 2003.
[16]
IETF RFC 3665: Session Initiation Protocol (SIP) Basic Call Flow Examples, December 2003.
[17]
IETF RFC 3666: “Session Initiation Protocol (SIP). Public Switched Telephone Network (PSTN)
Call Flows”, December 2003.
[18]
IETF RFC 3840: “Indicating User Agent Capabilities in the Session Initiation Protocol (SIP)”,
August 2004.
[19]
IETF RFC 3891: “The Session Initiation Protocol (SIP) ‘Replaces’ Header”, September 2004.
[20]
IETF RFC 3911: “The Session Initiation Protocol (SIP) ‘Join’ Header”, October 2004.
[21]
IETF RFC 4145: “TCP-Based Media Transport in the Session Description Protocol (SDP)”,
September 2005.
[22]
IETF RFC 4235: “An INVITE-Initiated Dialog Event Package for the Session Initiation Protocol
(SIP)”, November 2005.
[23]
IETF RFC 4346: “The Transport Layer Security (TLS) Protocol - Version 1.1”, April 2006.
© EUROCAE, 2009
22
[24]
IETF RFC 4566: “SDP: Session Description Protocol”, July 2006.
[25]
IETF RFC 4571: “Framing Real-time Transport Protocol (RTP) and RTP Control Protocol
(RTCP) Packets over Connection-Oriented Transport”, July 2006.
[26]
IETF RFC 4579: “Session Initiation Protocol (SIP) Call Control – Conferencing for User Agents”,
August 2006.
[27]
IETF SIPPING Working Group; draft-ietf-sipping-service-examples-13: “Session Initiation
Protocol Service Examples”, July 2007.
[28]
Eurocontrol. “Voice Communication System (VCS) Procurement Guidelines”, Ed. 2.0, February
2005.
[29]
Eurocontrol: “Call Priority, Instantaneous Access and Intrusion Telephone Facilities: Operational
Descriptions”, July 2006.
[30]
Eurocontrol. “ATS R2 and ATS No.5 Signalling Protocol Specifications”, Ed. 1.0 (February
2005).
[31]
Eurocontrol. “Voice Communication System (VCS) Procurement Guidelines”, Ed. 1.0, March
2003.
[32]
Eurocontrol. “ATS Ground Voice Network Implementation and Planning Guidelines”, Ed. 1.0,
February 2005.
[33]
ITU-T. Rec. G.711. “Pulse Code Modulation (PCM) of Voice Frequencies”, November 1988.
[34]
ITU-T. Rec. G.728. “Coding of Speech at 16 Kbit/s Using Low-delay Code Excited Linear
Prediction”, September 1992.
[35]
ECMA-143: “Private Integrated Services Network (PISN); Circuit Mode Bearer Services; InterExchange Signalling Procedures and Protocol (ISO/IEC 11572)”.
[36]
ECMA-312: “Private Integrated Services Network (PISN); Profile Standard for the Use of PSS1
(QSIG) in Air Traffic Services Networks”.
[37]
ECMA-339: “Corporate Telecommunication Networks; Signalling Interworking between QSIG
and SIP; Basic Services”.
© EUROCAE, 2009
23
ANNEX B
ACRONYMS
Ack
AGVN
A/G
AM
ANSP
ATA
ATC
ATM
ATS
ATS-No.5
ATS-QSIG
ATS-R2
AVP
CICL
CIPL
CPICL
CPIPL
CWP
DA
DNS
ECMA
G/G
HMI
HTTP
IA
ICCVC
IDA
IETF
IP
ISDN
ITU-T
LAN
LD-CELP
MF
MFC
MSC
PABX
PCM
PINX
PISN
PSS1
PSTN
QoS
Rec.
RFC
RTCP
RTP
Rx
S/MIME
SDP
SIP
SS-IA
TCP
TDM
TLS
Acknowledge
Air Traffic Services Ground Voice communications Network
Air/Ground
Amplitude Modulation
Air Navigation Service Provider
Analogue Telephone Adapter
Air Traffic Control
Air Traffic Management
Air Traffic Services
Air Traffic Services – No.5 signalling system
Air Traffic Services – Q reference point SIGnalling system
Air Traffic Services – R2 signalling system
Audio/Video Profile
Call Intrusion Capability Level
Call Intrusion Protection Level
Call Priority Interruption Capability Level
Call Priority Interruption Protection Level
Controller Working Position
Direct Access
Domain Name Service
European Computer Manufacturers Association
Ground/Ground
Human Machine Interface
HyperText Transfer Protocol
Instantaneous Access
Instantaneous Controller-Controller Voice Communication
InDirect Access
Internet Engineering Task Force
Internet Protocol
Integrated Services Digital Network
International Telecommunication Union – Telecommunication standardization sector
Local Area Network
Low Delay - Code Excited Linear Prediction
Multi-Frequency
Multi-Frequency Code
Message Sequence Chart
Private Automatic Branch eXchange
Pulse Code Modulation
Private Integrated services Network eXchange
Private Integrated Services Network
Private Signalling System no. 1
Public Switched Telephone Network
Quality of Service
Recommendation
Request For Comments
Real-time Control Protocol
Real-time Transport Protocol
Reception
Secure / Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions
Session Description Protocol
Session Initiation Protocol
Instantaneous Access Supplementary Service
Transmission Control Protocol
Time Division Multiplexing
Transport Layer Secure protocol
© EUROCAE, 2009
24
TU
Tx
UA
UAC
UAS
UDP
URI
UHF
VCS
VHF
VoIP
WAN
Transaction User
Transmission
User Agent
User Agent Client
User Agent Server
User Datagram Protocol
Universal Resource Identifier
Ultra-High Frequency
Voice Communications System
Very High Frequency
Voice over the Internet Protocol
Wide Area Network
© EUROCAE, 2009
25
ANNEX C
LIST OF EUROCAE WG-67 CONTRIBUTORS
SURNAME
NAME
COMPANY
ADRIAN
Andre
DFS
GELADA
Mario
ATIS
HAINDL
Bernhard
FREQUENTIS
KAMPICHLER
Wolfgang
FREQUENTIS
MARTÍN
Miguel A.
AENA
PALMER
John S.
JSP-TELECONSULTANCY
SMITH
Barry
FAA
STANDEREN
Egil
THALES-NO
WEGER
Roberto
SITTI
ZOMIGNANI
Marcelo
INDRA SISTEMAS
© EUROCAE, 2009
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