High Voltage Modular Training Set HV 9000

High Voltage Modular Training Set HV 9000
High Voltage Modular Training Set HV 9000
HIGH VOLTAGE MODULAR TRAINING SET
Saving energy is becoming more and more important.
Saving energy can be done by reducing losses. An important factor to reduce losses is to transfer
energy through High Voltage Transmission lines.
But High Voltage is also difficult to handle properly, and there
is a lot of technical problems to overcome to make handling of High Voltage even more efficient.
With TERCO High Voltage Modular Training Set most of these problems can be studied.
Terco High Voltage Construction Kit HV 9000 is based on a system of components made with the
highest precision and can be used to build systems both for teaching and
research as well as for industrial routine and type tests.
The assembly of a required Test Set Up is easily done and requires no special toolings.
The system gives values with high accuracy and can even be used for calibration purpose.
General specifications:
Modular design make it easy and quick to set up different test circuits, allowing
maximum time for experiments.
Easy to handle due to low weight. All components with exception for the test
transformer can be handled by one person.
Special deigned joints facilitates the connection between components.
Specially designed to minimize partial discharge.
All oil filled components are leak proof.
Easy to follow equipment manuals and experiment manuals.
1
Test room
To have a special test room to house the HV 9000 is very important .
This has to be build by the customer in accordance with below guidelines and level of accuracy required
as well as to follow local safety regulations.
For a single stage kit a floor space of 4 x 5 m is recommended, with a height of 2,5-3 m.
Since voltages in excess of 1000 V are generated the safety regulations must be carefully followed.
Fencing and grounding of the Test Room are very important.
Safety equipment
The test area should be enclosed by a metal fence of at least 1.8 m in height and the mesh width not to
exceed 50 mm.
All doors leading into the test room must be equipped with door contacts, which close when the door is
closed. All contacts shall be connected in series and fed to the appropriate sockets on the control desk.
Red and green warning lamps must be installed on all doors leading into the test room. These lamps
should be connected to the control desk.
Earthing (grounding)
Earthing is very important and absolutely necessary for a good test room, and a must for impulse voltage
test equipment.
Connection should be done with low inductance connections ( copper bands 100x0.6mm) which connect
all components of the high-voltage circuit that must be earthed to ONE earth terminal.
Earthing connections should be done without loops. A modern way of doing earthing is to cover the lab
floor with aluminium sheet ( 2mm thickness) which are bolted to the floor and connected internally with
copper band and to earth.
Also the screening surfaces if any, as well as the test objects and the measuring instruments should be
connected to the same earthing point, which should be inside the safety fence and have a lower earthing
resistance than the surrounding building. In any case the earthing resistance should not exceed 2 ohm.
Screening
Screening or shielding as it is also called is used to eliminate all external and internal interference
and can be achieved by building a Faradays cage. The easiest way to obtain this is to hung a close meshed metal net on the walls of the laboratory. The unavoidable apertures for power and
communication leads must be blocked for high -frequency currents with low-pass filters. Special
attention must be paid to careful shielding of doors and windows. The floor should be covered with
non-skid sheet metal. The erection of a complete Faradays cage is necessary only when
extremely sensitive partial discharge measurements are intended. Experiments in a high -voltage
practical course can normally be performed without screening.
2
BASIC CONFIGURATIONS FOR TEST SET-UPS
TERCO HV 9000
AC TEST
1
2
3
DC TEST
1
2
3
IMPULSE
1
2
3
Control Desk
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
Test Transformer 100 kV
1
2
3
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
Stages
Basic Components
HV 9103
HV 9105
HV 9106
High Voltage Connection
HV 9107
Discharge Rod
1
HV 9108
Connecting Rod
1
HV 9109
Connecting Cup
1
HV 9110
Floor Pedestal
1
HV 9111
HV 9112
1
3
3
1
4
7
3
10
14
7
13
21
3
5
6
7
8
8
HV Rectifier
2
4
6
2
2
2
Smoothing Capacitor/Impulse capacitor
1
3
5
1
2
3
HV 9113
Measuring Resistor
1
2
3
1
1
1
HV 9114
Earthing Switch
1
1
1
1
1
1
HV 9119
Spacer Tube
2
5
7
5
8
9
HV 9120
Load Capacitor
1
2
3
HV 9121
Charging Resistor
1
2
3
HV 9122
Wave Front Resistor
1
2
3
HV 9123
Wave Tail Resistor
1
2
3
2
5
12
1
1
8
10
HV 9124
Insulating Rod
HV 9125
Sphere Gap
1
2
3
HV 9126
Drive for Sphere Gap
1
1
1
HV 9138
Top Electrode
1
1
1
HV 9139
Electrode 200
HV 9140
Electrode 300
HV 9141
Measuring Capacitor/100
HV 9142
Measuring Capacitor/200
HV 9143
Measuring Capacitor/300
Low Voltage Divider
1
2
3
HV 9131
Triggering Device
1
1
1
HV 9132
Electronic Trigger Sphere
1
1
1
HV 9150
AC Peak Voltmeter
HV 9151
DC Voltmeter
1
1
1
HV 9152
Impulse Volt Meter
1
1
1
1
11
17
1
1
1
1
1
Measuring and Control Equipment
HV 9130
1
1
1
1
1
1
Test Apparatus
1
1
1
HV 9118
Spacer Bar (for HV 9133)
HV 9127
Load Resistor
HV 9133
Measuring Spark Gap
1
1
1
HV 9134
Vessel for Vacuum/ and Pressure
1
1
1
HV 9135
Corona Cage
1
1
HV 9137
Oil Testing Cup
1
1
HV 9144
Compressed Gas Capacitor
1
HV 9146
Capacitor Coupling
1
HV 9153
Partial Discharge Meter
1
1
3
TEST SET-UPS
AC Voltage — Typical Configurations
Single-stage
Rated no load voltage
kV (rms)
Output (kVA) :
Continuous
1 Hr. on
100
5
10
Rated no load voltage
kV (rms)
Output (kVA) :
Continuous
1 Hr. on
Three-stage
200
5
10
Rated no load voltage
kV (rms)
Output (kVA) :
Continuous
1 Hr. on
300
5
10
Rated current (mA)
50
100
Rated current (mA)
25
50
Rated current (mA)
16
32
Impedance voltage
(%) Approx.
4
Impedance voltage
(%) Approx.
7
Impedance voltage
(%) Approx.
11
Frequency (Hz)
50/60
Frequency (Hz)
4
Two-stage
50/60
Frequency (Hz)
50/60
TEST SET-UPS
DC Voltage — Typical Configurations
Single-stage
Rated no load voltage kV
Rated current (mA)
Two-stage
140
13
Rated no load voltage kV
Rated current (mA)
Three-stage
280
10
Rated no load voltage kV
400
Rated current (mA)
7.5
5
TEST SET-UPS
Impulse Voltage — Typical Configurations
Single-stage
Rated DC charging voltage
6
Two-stage
140 kV
Rated DC charging voltage
Maximum stored energy with:
1. CS 25 (25 nF)
2. CS 50 (50 nF)
3. CS 100 (100 nF)
245 J
490 J
980 J
Voltage efficiancy (Approx)
92 % Voltage efficiancy (Approx)
Three-stage
280 kV Rated DC charging voltage
Maximum stored energy with:
1. CS 25 (25 nF)
490 J
2. CS 50 (50 nF)
980 J
3. CS 100 (100 nF)
1.96 kJ
420 kV
Maximum stored energy with:
1. CS 25 (25 nF)
735J
2. CS 50 (50 nF)
1.47 kJ
3. CS 100 (100 nF)
2.94 kJ
92 % Voltage efficiancy (Approx)
92 %
HV 9103 Control Desk
Technical data
Supply voltage:
230 V 50/60 Hz
Regulating transformer:
5kVA Continuous rating
driven by 24 V DC geared
motor drive.
Regulating Voltage:
220V/0-230 V
Output:
5kVA Continuous
10 kVA (short time duty 2 min.)
Size:
1220x105x800mm (h,w,d)
Weight:
275 kg
This control desk is used to control and operate high voltage AC/DC/Impulse test equipment.
The desk contains operating and signal elements for the control circuit of the test equipment for warning
and safety
The control desk is made to house the measuring instruments ( Peak, Impulse and DC Voltmeter) and
also the Trigger Device.
Its fabricated of steel and stands on four wheels.
HV 9105 Test Transformer
Technical data
Ratio:
2x220V/100kV/220V
Rated cont. current:
2x11,4A/50mA/15.2A
Continuous.
Output:
5 kVA, 10kVA for 60 min. outputs for AC.
Impedance voltage:
4% approx.
Frequency:
50Hz or 60 Hz
Partial discharge level:
at 100 kV< 3pC.
Dimensions
Height:
770 mm
Diameter:
550 mm
Weight:
215 kg
Application.
Test transformer with coupling winding for cascade connection to produce AC, DC and Impulse voltages.
The transformer consist of three windings with insulating shell and top and bottom corona free aluminium
shielding electrodes.
The insulation cylinder is made of epoxy resin with glass fibre reinforcement and coated with anti tracking
varnish.
The exciter winding is divided into two groups viz. 100 %voltage when connected in parallel and 50%
output voltage at rated current when connected in parallel and 50% output voltage at rated current when
connected in series.
The coil is vacuum impregnated and insulated with high quality grade transformer oil.
The third winding known as “Coupler Winding” is provided for further cascade connection.
7
MEASURING & CONTROL EQUIPMENTS
Technical data
Application
HV 9150
Peak Voltmeter (Digital Display)
Supply voltage
Measuring Range
Weight
Dimensions
:
:
:
:
HV 9152
142 x 173 x 245
( W X H X D)
Supply voltage
:
Measuring Range :
Weight
:
220 V 50 Hz
100-1000kV
3.4 kg
Dimensions
142 x 173 x 245
( W X H X D)
:
:
:
:
:
HV 9131
:
:
Diameter
Weight
142 x 173 x 245
( W X H X D)
for Triggering the impulse voltage generator
impulse voltage oscilloscope and chopping
spark gap.
The trigger impulse is transferred to the
high voltage sphere by means of a fibre
optics cable . The impulse is
amplified in the electronic trigger sphere
220 V 50 Hz
3.7 kg
142 x 173 x 245
( W X H X D)
Low Voltage Divider
Measuring Ranges
(Optional)
HV 9132
Measurement of the DC Voltage. For
220 V 50 Hz
140kV/280kV/400kV Connection to the Measuring Resistor
3.0 kg
Trigger Device
Dimensions
HV 9130
Measurement of the Impulse Voltage peak. For
Connection to the load capacitor
DC Voltmeter (Digital Display)
Supply voltage
Measuring Range
Weight
Dimensions
Supply voltage
Weight
Measurement of AC voltage Peak. For
connection to the measuring capacitor,
the compressed gas capacitor or the
Coupling capacitor
Impulse Voltmeter (Digital Display)
HV 9151
8
220 V 50 Hz
100-1000 Û / √2 kV
2.8 kg
450 kV
300 kV
150 kV
75 kV
37.5 kV
Incorporates the Low voltage capacitors and the
75 ohm cable adapter It is plugged in to the HF Socket of the load capacitor and connection
to the Impulse Voltage meter by means
of co-axial cable.
Electronic trigger sphere
:
:
100 mm
0.7 kg
Suitable for use with the sphere gaps and
measuring spark gaps . In conjunction with
the triggering device . The impulse Volt
Generator can be triggered and the voltage be
chopped at a pre set instant with fibre optic
cable 10 mtr long
BASIC ELEMENTS FOR AC/DC/IMPULSE SET-UPS
Capacitors
Technical data
HV 9112 Impulse Capacitor
DC and Impulse voltages : 140 kV
Capacitance
:25 nF
Weight
:18 kg
HV 9112-50 Impulse Capacitor
DC and Impulse voltages : 140 kV
Capacitance
:50 nF
Weight
:38 kg
HV 9112-100 Impulse Capacitor
DC and Impulse voltages : 140 kV
Capacitance
:100 nF
Weight
:60 kg
Application
Impulse capacitor for generation of
impulse voltages. It can also be used
as smoothing capacitor in DC voltage
generation.
Impulse capacitor for generation of
impulse voltages. It can also be used
as smoothing capacitor in DC voltage
generation.
Impulse capacitor for generation of
impulse voltages. It can also be used
as smoothing capacitor in DC voltage
generation.
HV 9120
Load Capacitor
DC and Impulse voltages :140 kV
Capacitance
:1.2 nF
Weight
:10 kg
Load capacitor and high voltage
divider capacitor for measurement
impulse voltages.
HV 9141
Measuring Capacitor
AC voltages
: 100 kV
Capacitance
:100 pF
Weight
:10 kg
High voltage divider capacitor for
measurement of AC voltages.
of
HV 9142
Measuring Capacitor
AC voltages
: 200 kV
High voltage divider capacitor for
measurement of AC voltages.
Capacitance
: 100 pF
Weight
: (Approx.) 75 kg
HV 9143
Measuring Capacitor
AC voltages
: 300 kV
High voltage divider capacitor for
Capacitance
: 100 pF
measurement of AC voltages.
Weight
: (Approx.) 125 kg
9
10
HV 9106
Length
HV Connection
: Approx. 0.7 m for 200 kV Flexible metal connection with
Approx. 2.2 m for 300 kV connector for the test transformer
and connecting Cup.For connection of
a multi-stage AC voltage test equipment
with the test transformer.
HV 9114
Grounding Switch, Electrically Operated
Impulse Voltage
DC Voltage
: 140 kV
: 140 kV
Service Voltage
: 24 V, 50 / 60 Hz
Weight
HV 9138
6.5 kg
Electrode
Diameter
Weight
300 mm
2 kg
HV 9107
2.5 kg
For Manual discharging of
equipment components.
Conductive Element: four elements
can be inserted in horizontal position
and two in vertical position.
Floor Pedestal
Aluminum cast
Weight
HV 9108
2.5 m
100 Ω
1.5 kg
Connecting cup
Aluminum cast
Weight
HV 9110
Serves as termination in conjunction with
Grounding switch for safety grounding.
Also serves as corona free electrode.
Discharge Rod
Length
Discharge Resistance
Weight
HV 9109
For grounding the high voltage
construction kit when de-energized.
1 kg
Conductive Element: for mounting
up to four Spacer bars horizontally
and supporting one Component vertically.
Connecting Rod
Aluminum tube
Weight
HV 9119
Aluminum tube
Weight
Conductive connection element.
1 kg
Spacer tube
1 kg
Mechanical and electrical connection
on ground level when inserted into floor
pedestal
11
12
Different Experiment setups and Safety Net Installation
Measurement of flashover
Measurement of flashover voltage in vacuum
and under pressure
Demonstrating easy assembly
Impulse setup
Installation of Safety Net
13
List of experiments
1. Generation and Measurement of Alternating Voltage
2. Generation and Measurement of Direct Voltages
i.)
ii.)
Load characteristics of Rectifiers
Measurement of Ripple Factor
3. Generation and Measurement of Direct Voltages II
i.)
ii.)
Greinacher Voltage Doubler Circuit
Polarity effect and Insulating screens
4. Generation of Impulse Voltages
5. Measurement of Impulse Voltages
6. Power Frequency and Impulse Voltage Tests on Power Transformer
7. Experiment on Insulating Liquids.
i.)
ii.)
DC Conductivity
Measurement of Tan delta and Capacitance
8. Experiment on Solid and Insulating Liquids
i.)
ii.)
Fibre- Bridge breakdown in Insulating Oil
Breakdown Strength of Hard Board Plate
9. Experiment on Partial Discharge and Corona
i.)
ii.)
Partial Discharges at Needle Electrode in air
Measurement in Corona cage
10. Experiment on PD and Gliding Discharges
i.)
ii.)
PD Measurement in High Voltage Insulation
Measurement of Onset Voltages of Gliding Discharge
11. Break down of Gases
14
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