Pericom Product Datasheet - PLL Clock Driver for 1.35V/1.5V SSTE

Pericom Product Datasheet - PLL Clock Driver for 1.35V/1.5V SSTE
PI6C4911506
6 Output High Performance LVPECL Fanout Buffer
Features
Description
ÎÎ6 LVPECL outputs
The PI6C4911506 is a high performance fanout buffer devicewhich supports up to 1.5GHz frequency. This device is ideal
for systems that need to distribute low jitter clock signals to
multiple destinations.
ÎÎUp to 1.5GHz output frequency
ÎÎUltra low additive phase jitter: < 0.03 ps
(typ) (differential
156.25MHz, 12KHz to 20MHz integration range)
ÎÎSingle differential input
Applications
ÎÎLow delay from input to output (Tpd typ. < 800ps)
ÎÎNetworking systems including switches and Routers
ÎÎ2.5V / 3.3V power supply
ÎÎHigh frequency backplane based computing and telecom
ÎÎIndustrial temperature support
platforms
ÎÎTSSOP-20 package
Block Diagram
REF_IN+
REF_INVBB
Pin Configuration (20-Pin TSSOP)
CLK0
CLK0#
CLK1
CLK1#
CLK2
CLK2#
CLK3
CLK3#
16-0103
VDD
1
20
VDD
CLK0#
2
19
CLK5
CLK0
3
18
CLK5#
CLK1#
4
17
CLK4
CLK1
5
16
CLK4#
CLK3
CLK2#
6
15
CLK4
CLK4#
CLK2
7
14
CLK3#
CLK5
CLK5#
VDD
8
13
VDD
REF_IN+
9
12
VEE
REF_IN-
10
11
VBB
1
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PI6C4911506
6 Output High Performance LVPECL Fanout Buffer
Pinout Table
Pin #
Pin Name
Type
Description
1, 8, 13, 20
VDD
Power
Power supply
2, 3
CLK0#, CLK0
Output
Differential LVPECL output
4, 5
CLK1#, CLK1
Output
Differential LVPECL output
6, 7
CLK2#, CLK2
Output
Differential LVPECL output
9
REF_IN+
Input
Pulldown
Differential LVPECL input
10
REF_IN-
Input
Pull up/ Pulldown
Differential LVPECL input
11
VBB
Output
Bias Voltage
12
VEE
Power
Negative supply pin
14, 15
CLK3#, CLK3
Output
LVPECL output clock
16, 27
CLK4#, CLK4
Output
LVPECL output clock
18, 19
CLK5#, CLK5
Output
LVPECL output clock
Pin Characteristics
Symbol
R PULLUP
R PULLDOWN
16-0103
Parameter
Min
Typ
Max
Units
Input Pullup Resistor
50
kΩ
Input Pulldown Resistor
75
kΩ
2
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PI6C4911506
6 Output High Performance LVPECL Fanout Buffer
Maximum Ratings (Over operating free-air temperature range)
Note:
Supply Voltage..........................................................4.6V
Stresses greater than those listed under MAXIMUM
RATINGS may cause permanent damage to the device. This
is a stress rating only and functional operation of the device
at these or any other conditions above those indicated in
the operational sections of this specification is not implied.
Exposure to absolute maximum rating conditions for
extended periods may affect reliability.
Storage Temperature............................................... -65ºC to+155ºC
Ambient Temperature with Power Applied..........-40ºC to+85ºC
ESD Protection (HBM).......................................................... 2000V
DC Electrical Characteristics
Power Supply DC Characterisitcs, (TA = -40ºC to 85ºC)
Symbol
Parameter
VDD
Supply Voltage
IEE
Power Supply Current
IDD
Power Supply Current
Condition
Min
Typ
Max
Units
3.0
3.3
3.6
2.375
2.5
2.625
Outputs Unloaded
71
95
mA
Outputs Unloaded
72
95
mA
Typ
Max
Units
V
LVPECL DC Characteristics, (TA = -40ºC to 85ºC)
Symbol
Parameter
VIH
Input High Voltage
VIL
Input Low Voltage
IIH
Input High Current
IIL
Input Low Current
VPP
Input Peak to Peak Voltage
VOH
Output High Voltage
VOL
Output Low Voltage
VSWING
Peak to Peak Output Voltage
VBB
Output Voltage Reference
VCMR
Input Common Voltage
Range
16-0103
Condition
Min
VDD = 3.3 V
2.0
2.36
V
VDD = 2.5 V
1.275
1.56
V
VDD = 3.3 V
1.43
1.765
V
VDD = 2.5 V
0.63
0.965
V
150
µA
REF_IN+, REF_INREF_IN+
-10
REF_IN-
-150
µA
150
1200
mV
VDD = 3.3 V
2.06
2.54
V
VDD = 2.5 V
1.43
1.75
V
VDD = 3.3 V
1.32
1.7
V
VDD = 2.5 V
0.82
1.02
V
625
870
mV
1.76
1.98
V
1.2
VDD
V
VDD = 3.3 V
3
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PI6C4911506
6 Output High Performance LVPECL Fanout Buffer
AC Electrical Characteristics
AC Characteristics, (TA = -40ºC to 85ºC)
Symbol
Parameter
FOUT
Output Frequency
TPD
Propagation Delay
TSK(0)
Output Skew
50
ps
TSK(P)
Part to Part Skew
230
ps
TJITTER
Additive Jitter
TR /TF
Output Rise/ Fall Time
16-0103
Condition
Min
Typ
Max
Units
1.5
GHz
VDD = 3.3 V
400
520
800
VDD = 2.5 V
450
560
900
0.03
ps
ps
20% to 80%, Freq= 156.25MHz
100
180
250
ps
10% to 90%, Freq = 156.25MHz
340
500
800
ps
4
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PI6C4911506
6 Output High Performance LVPECL Fanout Buffer
Propagation Delay and Output Skew
Part to Part Skew
Propagation Delay tPD
Output Skew tSK(O)
Part-to-Part Skew tSK(P)
VOH
REF_IN+
REF_IN-
VOH
REF_IN+
REF_IN-
VOL
VOL
tPDn
tPDn
tPD1
VOH
CLKn/
CLKn#
Part1
CLK/CLK#
VOL
tSK(O)
tSK(O)
CLKn+1/
CLKn+1#
TSK
Part2
CLK/CLK#
tPDn+1
VOH
VOL
TPD2
tSK(O) = tPDn+1 - tPDn
VOH
VOL
TSK
VOH
VOL
tPDn+1
tPD1
TPD2
tSK(P) = tPD2 - TPD1
Output Duty Cycle
Duty Cycle oDC
tPW
VOH
CLKn/
CLKn#
VOL
tPERIOD
oDC = ( tPW / tPERIOD ) X 100%
16-0103
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PI6C4911506
6 Output High Performance LVPECL Fanout Buffer
Phase Noise Plots
fOUT = 156.25MHz
Additive jitter = √(Output jitter2 - Input jitter2)
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PI6C4911506
6 Output High Performance LVPECL Fanout Buffer
LVPECL Test Circuit
LVPECL Buffer
VDDOx
Z o = 50Ω
L = 0 ~ 10 in.
150Ω
16-0103
100Ω
Z o = 50Ω
150Ω
7
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PI6C4911506
6 Output High Performance LVPECL Fanout Buffer
Application information
Suggest for Unused Inputs and Outputs
Differential Clock Trace Routing
Always route differential signals symmetrically, make sure
there is enough keep-out space to the adjacent trace (>20mil.). In
156.25MHz XO drives IC example, it is better routing differential trace on component side as the following Fig. 2.
Outputs
All unused outputs are suggested to be left open and not connected to any trace. This can lower the IC power supply power.
GND
Power Decoupling & Routing
0.1uf
Vcc
Keep out board vias
2
150
VDD Pin Decoupling
As general design rule, each VDD pin must have a 0.1uF decoupling capacitor. For better decoupling, 1uF can be used. Locating the decoupling capacitor on the component side has better
decoupling filter result as shown in Fig. 1.
3
4
GND
156.25M XO
*100
150
6
*100 is optional if IC has
14
GND
0.1uF
11 VDD
0.1uF
GND
VDD
VDD
REF_INVDD
Clock IC Device
Clock timing is the most important component in PCB design,
so its trace routing must be planned and routed as a first priority in manual routing. Some good practices are to use minimum
vias (total trace vias count <4), use independent layers with good
reference plane and keep other signal traces away from clock
traces (>20mil.) etc.
GND
10
9
8
REF_IN+
Fig 2: IC routing for XO drive
13
12
5
GND
Decouple cap.
on comp. side
Clock IC Device
Fig 1: Placement of Decoupling caps
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PI6C4911506
6 Output High Performance LVPECL Fanout Buffer
LVPECL and LVDS Input Interface
LVPECL and LVDS DC/ AC Input
LVPECL and LVDS clock input to this IC is connected as shown
in the Fig. 3.
DCorAC
*150
CMOS Clock DC Drive Input
LVCMOS clock has voltage Voh levels such as 3.3V, 2.5V, 1.8V.
CMOS drive requires a Vcm design at the input: Vcm= ½
(CMOS V) as shown in Fig. 7. Rs =22 ~33ohm typically.
REF_IN+
Zo =100
100
REF_IN-
Rs
*150
Zo
REF_IN+
Ro
LVPECL Drive
LVDS
VBB
*150 removed for LVDS
+ CMOS Driver
Device IC
Vcc
3.3V
3.3V, 2.5V, 1.8V
REF_INVcm
Rup
0.1u
Rdn
Diff. Input
Fig 3: LVPECL/ LVDS Input
Use VBB LVPECL/LVDS AC Input
LVPECL and LVDS AC drive to this clock IC requires the use of
VBB output to recover the DC bias for the IC input as shown in
Fig. 4.
Zo =100
*150
*150
0.01u
50
50
CMOS V
Rup
Rdn
Vcm
3.3V
1k
1k
1.65V
2.5V
1k
610
1.25V
1.8V
1k
380
0.9V
Fig 5: CMOS DC Input Vcm Design
REF_IN+
0.1u
VBB
Vcm design
REF_IN-
0.01u
LVPECL Drive
VBB
*150 removed for LVDS
+ -
Device IC
Fig 4: LVPECL/ LVDS AC Coupled Input
CML AC-Coupled Input
CML AC-coupled drive requires a connection to VBB. The CML
DC drive is not recommended as different vendors have different CML DC voltage level. CML is mostly used in AC coupled
drive configuration for data and clock signals.
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PI6C4911506
6 Output High Performance LVPECL Fanout Buffer
Device LVPECL Output Terminations
LVPECL Output Popular Termination
LVPECL Output AC Thevenin Termination
The most popular LVPECL termination is 150ohm pull-down
bias and 100ohm across at RX side. Please consult ASIC datasheet if it already has 100ohm or equivalent internal termination. If so, do not connect external 100ohm across as shown in
Fig. 6. This popular termination’s advantage is that it does not
allow any bias through from Vcc. This prevents Vcc system noise
coupling onto clock trace.
LVPECL AC Thevenin terminations require a 150ohm pulldown before the AC coupling capacitor at the source as shown
in Fig. 8. Note that pull-up/down resistor value is swapped
compared to Fig. 7. This circuit is good for short trace (<5in.)
application only.
Fig. 10 LVPECL Output AC Thenvenin Termination
Fig. 6 LVPECL Output Popular Termination
LVPECL Output Drive HCSL Input
LVPECL Output Thevenin Termination
Using the LVPECL output to drive a HCSL input can be done
using a typical LVPECL AC Thenvenin termination scheme.
Use pull-up/down 450/60ohm to generate Vcm=0.4V for the
HCSL input clock. This termination is equivalent to 50Ohm
load as shown in Fig. 9.
Fig. 7 shows LVPECL output Thevenin termination which is
used for shorter trace drive (<5in.), but it takes Vcc bias current
and Vcc noise can get onto clock trace. It also requires more
component count. So it is seldom used today.
Fig. 7 LVPECL Thevenin Output Termination
16-0103
Fig. 9 LVPECL Output Drive HCSL Termination
10
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PI6C4911506
6 Output High Performance LVPECL Fanout Buffer
LVPECL Output V_swing Adjustment
It is suggested to add another cross 100ohm at TX side to tune
the LVPECL output V_swing without changing the optimal
150ohm pull-down bias in Fig. 10. This form of double termination can reduce the V_swing in ½ of the original at the RX side.
By fine tuning the 100ohm resistor at the TX side with larger
values like 150 to 200ohm, one can increase the V_swing by >
1/2 ratio.
Device Thermal Calculation
Fig. 11 shows the JEDEC thermal model in a 4-layer PCB.
Fig. 11 JEDEC IC Thermal Model
Important factors to influence device operating temperature are:
1) The power dissipation from the chip (P_chip) is after subtracting power dissipation from external loads. Generally it can be
the no-load device Idd
Fig. 10 LVPECL Output V_swing Adjustment
2) Package type and PCB stack-up structure, for example, 1oz
4 layer board. PCB with more layers and are thicker has better
heat dissipation
Clock Jitter Definitions
Total jitter= RJ + DJ
3) Chassis air flow and cooling mechanism. More air flow M/s
and adding heat sink on device can reduce device final die junction temperature Tj
Random Jitter (RJ) is unpredictable and unbounded timing noise
that can fit in a Gaussian math distribution in RMS. RJ test values are directly related with how long or how many test samples
are available. Deterministic Jitter (DJ) is timing jitter that is predictable and periodic in fixed interference frequency. Total Jitter
(TJ) is the combination of random jitter and deterministic jitter:
, where is a factor based on total test sample count. JEDEC std.
specifies digital clock TJ in 10k random samples.
The individual device thermal calculation formula:
Tj =Ta + Pchip x Ja
Tc = Tj - Pchip x Jc
Ja ___ Package thermal resistance from die to the ambient air
in C/W unit; This data is provided in JEDEC model simulation.
An air flow of 1m/s will reduce Ja (still air) by 20~30%
Phase Jitter
Phase noise is short-term random noise attached on the clock
carrier and it is a function of the clock offset from the carrier, for example dBc/Hz@10kHz which is phase noise power
in 1-Hz normalized bandwidth vs. the carrier power @10kHz
offset. Integration of phase noise in plot over a given frequency
band yields RMS phase jitter, for example, to specify phase jitter
<=1ps at 12k to 20MHz offset band as SONET standard specification.
Jc ___ Package thermal resistance from die to the package case
in C/W unit
Tj ___ Die junction temperature in C (industry limit <125C
max.)
Ta ___ Ambiant air température in C
Tc ___ Package case temperature in C
Pchip___ IC actually consumes power through Iee/GND current
PCIe Ref_CLK Jitter
PCIe reference clock jitter specification requires testing via the
PCI-SIG jitter tool, which is regulated by US PCI-SIG organization. The jitter tool has PCIe Serdes embedded filter to calculate
the equivalent jitter that relates to data link eye closure. Direct
peak-peak jitter or phase jitter test data, normally is higher than
jitter measure using PCI-SIG jitter tool. It has high-frequency
jitter and low-frequency jitter spec. limit. For more information, please refer to the PCI-SIG website: http://www.pcisig.com/
specifications/pciexpress/
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PI6C4911506
6 Output High Performance LVPECL Fanout Buffer
Thermal calculation example
To calculate Tj and Tc of PI6CV304 in an SOIC-8 package:
Step 1: Go to Pericom web to find Ja=157 C/W, Jc=42 C/W
http://www.pericom.com/support/packaging/packaging-mechanicals-and-thermal-characteristics/
Step 2: Go to device datasheet to find Idd=40mA max.
Step 3: P_total= 3.3Vx40mA=0.132W
Step 4: If Ta=85C
Tj= 85 + Ja xP_total= 85+25.9 = 105.7C
Tc= Tj + Jc xP_total= 105.7- 5.54 = 100.1C
Note:
The above calculation is directly using Idd current without subtracting the load power, so it is a conservative estimation. For
more precise thermal calculation, use P_unload or P_chip from
device Iee or GND current to calculate Tj, especially for LVPECL
buffer ICs that have a 150ohm pull-down and equivalent 100ohm
differential RX load.
Thermal Information
Symbol
Description
QJA
Junction-to-ambient thermal resistance
QJC
Junction-to-case thermal resistance
16-0103
Condition
Still air
84.0 OC/W
17.0 OC/W
12
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PI6C4911506 RevC
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PI6C4911506
6 Output High Performance LVPECL Fanout Buffer
Packaging Mechanical: 20-Contact TSSOP (L)
Ordering Information
Ordering Code
Packaging Type
Package Description
Operating Temperature
PI6C4911506LIE
L
Pb-free & Green, 20-pin TSSOP
Industrial
PI6C4911506LIEX
L
Pb-free & Green, 20-pin TSSOP, Tape & Reel
Industrial
Notes:
• Thermal characteristics can be found on the company web site at www.pericom.com/packaging/
• "E" denotes Pb-free and Green
• Adding an "X" at the end of the ordering code denotes tape and reel packaging
Pericom Semiconductor Corporation • 1-800-435-2336 • www.pericom.com
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