Renesas Flash Programmer V3.02 Flash memory programming

Renesas Flash Programmer V3.02 Flash memory programming
Renesas Flash Programmer V3.02
Flash memory programming software
User’s Manual
All information contained in these materials, including products and product specifications,
represents information on the product at the time of publication and is subject to change by
Renesas Electronics Corp. without notice. Please review the latest information published by
Renesas Electronics Corp. through various means, including the Renesas Electronics Corp.
website (http://www.renesas.com).
Rev. 2.00
Dec 2016
Notice
1.
Descriptions of circuits, software and other related information in this document are provided only to illustrate the operation of
semiconductor products and application examples. You are fully responsible for the incorporation of these circuits, software,
and information in the design of your equipment. Renesas Electronics assumes no responsibility for any losses incurred by you
or third parties arising from the use of these circuits, software, or information.
2.
Renesas Electronics has used reasonable care in preparing the information included in this document, but Renesas Electronics
does not warrant that such information is error free. Renesas Electronics assumes no liability whatsoever for any damages
incurred by you resulting from errors in or omissions from the information included herein.
3.
Renesas Electronics does not assume any liability for infringement of patents, copyrights, or other intellectual property rights of
third parties by or arising from the use of Renesas Electronics products or technical information described in this document. No
license, express, implied or otherwise, is granted hereby under any patents, copyrights or other intellectual property rights of
Renesas Electronics or others.
4.
You should not alter, modify, copy, or otherwise misappropriate any Renesas Electronics product, whether in whole or in part.
Renesas Electronics assumes no responsibility for any losses incurred by you or third parties arising from such alteration,
modification, copy or otherwise misappropriation of Renesas Electronics product.
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Computers; office equipment; communications equipment; test and measurement equipment; audio and visual
equipment; home electronic appliances; machine tools; personal electronic equipment; and industrial robots etc.
“High Quality”: Transportation equipment (automobiles, trains, ships, etc.); traffic control systems; anti-disaster systems; anticrime systems; and safety equipment etc.
Renesas Electronics products are neither intended nor authorized for use in products or systems that may pose a direct threat to
human life or bodily injury (artificial life support devices or systems, surgical implantations etc.), or may cause serious property
damages (nuclear reactor control systems, military equipment etc.). You must check the quality grade of each Renesas
Electronics product before using it in a particular application. You may not use any Renesas Electronics product for any
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Electronics.
6.
You should use the Renesas Electronics products described in this document within the range specified by Renesas Electronics,
especially with respect to the maximum rating, operating supply voltage range, movement power voltage range, heat radiation
characteristics, installation and other product characteristics. Renesas Electronics shall have no liability for malfunctions or
damages arising out of the use of Renesas Electronics products beyond such specified ranges.
7.
Although Renesas Electronics endeavors to improve the quality and reliability of its products, semiconductor products have
specific characteristics such as the occurrence of failure at a certain rate and malfunctions under certain use conditions. Further,
Renesas Electronics products are not subject to radiation resistance design. Please be sure to implement safety measures to
guard them against the possibility of physical injury, and injury or damage caused by fire in the event of the failure of a Renesas
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malfunction prevention, appropriate treatment for aging degradation or any other appropriate measures. Because the evaluation
of microcomputer software alone is very difficult, please evaluate the safety of the final products or systems manufactured by
you.
8.
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Renesas Electronics assumes no liability for damages or losses occurring as a result of your noncompliance with applicable laws
and regulations.
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Renesas Electronics products and technology may not be used for or incorporated into any products or systems whose
manufacture, use, or sale is prohibited under any applicable domestic or foreign laws or regulations. You should not use
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12. Please contact a Renesas Electronics sales office if you have any questions regarding the information contained in this document
or Renesas Electronics products, or if you have any other inquiries.
(Note 1) “Renesas Electronics” as used in this document means Renesas Electronics Corporation and also includes its majorityowned subsidiaries.
(Note 2) “Renesas Electronics product(s)” means any product developed or manufactured by or for Renesas Electronics.
(2012.4)
How to Use This Manual
1.
Purposes and Target Readers
The purpose of this manual is to give users an understanding of the basic specifications and correct use of the Renesas
Flash Programmer. This manual is intended for users who are using the flash programmer in designing and developing a
system that employs a Renesas Electronics microcontroller equipped with on-chip flash memory.
It is assumed that the readers of this manual have a basic knowledge of microcontrollers and Windows, and some
knowledge of electrical and logic circuits.
Use this software after sufficiently confirming the manual of the microcontroller in use.
2.
Conventions
• Note: Footnote for item marked with “Note” in the text.
• Caution: Information requiring particular attention
• Remark: Supplementary information
• Numeral representations: Binary ... xxxx or xxxxB
Decimal ... xxxx
Hexadecimal ... 0xXXXX or xxxxH
• “
”: Any character or item on the screen that can be selected or input
•
: Name of a button
• [
]: Name of a command, dialog box, tabbed page, option, or area on the screen
3.
Terminology
The meanings of the terms used in the Renesas Flash Programmer manual are as follows.
(1/2)
Term
Meaning
RFP
Abbreviation of “Renesas Flash Programmer”, software for programming flash
memory
E1/E20/E2/E2 Lite
Abbreviation of “the E1, E20, E2, or E2 emulator Lite”
Tool used
General term for the tool used by the customer, whether an E1, E20, E2, or E2
Lite.
MCU
Abbreviation of “microcontroller unit”
Target MCU
The Renesas Electronics MCU with on-chip flash memory which is in use by the
user
Target system
User-designed board on which the target MCU is mounted
Input clock
A clock from an oscillator or a resonator which is externally input to the target
MCU
Project file
Project files hold the data required to write programs. In the RFP, a project file
holds the settings related to the programming environment, such as target MCU
settings and command option specifications. Project files have the filename
extension *.rpj.
Parameter file
Parameter files include information required to program the flash memory of the
target MCU, and are created by acquiring information from the MCU. Parameter
files have the extension *.fcf.
ID code
Authentication code used in flash programming and in on-chip debugging. For
details, refer to the user’s manual of the MCU.
Lock bit
One of the safety functions of the MCU. For details, refer to the user’s manual of
the MCU.
HEX file
Program file without flash option data
RPI file
RPI files are image files generated by the RFP that combine usable HEX files
and flash options data.
Program file
“Program file” refers to a file that contains a program to be written to the MCU.
The RFP supports the following program file formats.
a. HEX files in Intel HEX format
b. HCUHEX files in Intel HEX format
c. HEX files in Motorola S format
d. HCUHEX files in Motorola S format
e. RPI files in RPI format
• Refer to section 1.5, Formats of Program Files.
• The only supported character code is ASCII (one byte). Unicode (two bytes) is
not supported.
COMx
COMx is a serial interface port of the host PC.
When writing data to the target system by using a serial interface of the host PC,
select COMx as the tool to be used. Any value from 1 to 256 can be specified for
x.
(2/2)
Term
Meaning
USB Direct
USB Direct is a method of writing to the MCU in the USB boot mode by using the
USB interface port of the host PC.
FINE
FINE is a single- or dual-line communications interface operating through the
FINE pin or pins of an MCU. Some of our MCUs support writing via single line
FINE.
ID authentication mode
One of the security functions of the MCU. Connection of the flash programmer is
protected by ID authentication.
Command protection mode
A security function of the MCU. Execution of a command is restricted; e.g., the
execution of erase or other commands can be prohibited. For details on
operations for the setting of individual security functions, refer to the user’s
manual of the MCU.
OTP
A security function of the MCU. For details, refer to the user’s manual of the
MCU.
Access window (AW)
This is also referred to as the “flash shield window”. The specified range is
selected as the access window (and window area), and functionality in other
ranges is restricted to a degree which depends on the operating mode. For
details, refer to the user’s manual of the MCU.
Flash options
Flash options are settings which determine the state after the MCU is reset, and
is a general term for settings which must be specified separately from the HEX
file.
4.
Related Documents
When using this manual, also refer to the following documents. The related documents indicated in this publication
may include preliminary versions. However, preliminary versions are not marked as such.
Documents related to development tools (user’s manual)
Document Name
Document Number
Renesas Flash Programmer V3.02 User’s Manual
This manual
E1/E20 Emulator User’s Manual
R20UT0398E
E2 Emulator RTE0T00020KCE00000R User’s Manual
R20UT3538E
E2 Emulator Lite RTE0T0002LKCE00000R User’s Manual
R20UT3240E
Caution: The related documents listed above are subject to change without notice.
Be sure to use the latest version of each document in design, etc.
5.
Replacing Terms
Some terms in this manual should be replaced as shown in the table below, depending on the MCU to be used.
• When an RX100, RX200, RX64x, or RX71x is to be used:
Term in This Manual
To be Replaced with
USB Direct
USB interface mode
Get Flash options
Access window read
Set Security
Access window program
• When an RL78 is to be used:
Term in This Manual
Access window (AW)
To be Replaced with
Flash shield window
All trademarks and registered trademarks are the property of their respective owners.
CONTENTS
1.
Overview ........................................................................................................................................................ 9
1.1
Features ............................................................................................................................................................... 9
1.2
Supported Microcontrollers ................................................................................................................................ 9
1.3
System Overview .............................................................................................................................................. 10
1.3.1
1.4
Hardware Environment ............................................................................................................................ 11
1.4.2
Software Environment ............................................................................................................................. 11
Formats of Program Files ................................................................................................................................. 12
1.5.1
HCUHEX Files ........................................................................................................................................ 12
1.5.2
RPI file ..................................................................................................................................................... 13
Descriptions of Functions ............................................................................................................................ 14
2.1
Main Window ................................................................................................................................................... 14
2.2
Creating a New Project ..................................................................................................................................... 15
2.2.1
[Create New Project] Dialog Box ............................................................................................................ 15
2.2.2
[Tool Details] Dialog Box ....................................................................................................................... 17
2.2.3
[Set Clock] Dialog Box............................................................................................................................ 20
2.2.4
[Set ID Code] Dialog Box ....................................................................................................................... 20
2.2.5
[Set Access Password] Dialog Box.......................................................................................................... 22
2.3
Operating the Tabbed Pages ............................................................................................................................. 23
2.3.1
[Operation] Tabbed Page ......................................................................................................................... 24
2.3.2
[Operation Setting] Tabbed Page ............................................................................................................. 26
2.3.3
[Block Setting] Tabbed Page ................................................................................................................... 29
2.3.4
[Flash Option] Tabbed Page .................................................................................................................... 31
2.3.5
[Connect Setting] Tabbed Page ............................................................................................................... 34
2.3.6
[Unique Code] Tabbed Page .................................................................................................................... 35
2.4
Menu Bar .......................................................................................................................................................... 38
2.4.1
[File] Menu .............................................................................................................................................. 38
2.4.2
[Device Information] Menu ..................................................................................................................... 38
2.4.3
[Help] Menu............................................................................................................................................. 42
2.5
2.5.1
3.
Operating Environment..................................................................................................................................... 11
1.4.1
1.5
2.
Connection with the Target System ......................................................................................................... 10
Command-Line Options ................................................................................................................................... 44
Example of Command Line Statements................................................................................................... 44
Operating the RFP....................................................................................................................................... 45
3.1
Flow of Operations ........................................................................................................................................... 46
4.
5.
Troubleshooting ........................................................................................................................................... 55
4.1
Problems during Startup ................................................................................................................................... 55
4.2
Problems during Operation ............................................................................................................................... 56
4.3
Problems during Communications .................................................................................................................... 60
4.4
Error Messages ................................................................................................................................................. 61
Points for Caution ........................................................................................................................................ 66
5.1
Manipulating the User Boot Mat ...................................................................................................................... 66
5.2
Host PC ............................................................................................................................................................. 66
5.3
USB-to-Serial Converter................................................................................................................................... 66
5.4
Check before Connection.................................................................................................................................. 66
5.5
Erase Chip of the RH850 Family ...................................................................................................................... 66
5.6
Connecting through a COM port or USB Direct .............................................................................................. 66
5.7
Auto-padding with 0xFF ................................................................................................................................... 67
Renesas Flash Programmer V3.02
1.
1. Overview
Overview
The Renesas Flash Programmer (hereafter referred to as the RFP) is software that uses an E1 emulator (hereafter
referred to as the E1), E20 emulator (hereafter referred to as the E20), E2 emulator (hereafter referred to as the E2), or E2
emulator Lite (hereafter referred to as the E2 Lite) via a serial or USB interface to erase, write, and verify programs on a
target system on which a Renesas Electronics MCU with on-chip flash memory is mounted.
1.1
Features
• Writing controlled by the host PC
• High-speed writing by using an emulator
• Simple operation for writing with a simple GUI specific to development
• Automatic writing from a command line
• Programming of a unique code to a designated area of flash memory
1.2
Supported Microcontrollers
Microcontrollers supported by the RFP are listed on the Web page at the following link:
https://www.renesas.com/rfp
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Renesas Flash Programmer V3.02
1.3
1. Overview
System Overview
An overview of the RFP system is illustrated in the following diagram.
E1
PC
+
Target system
Target cable
USB cable
E20
E2
Renesas
Flash Programmer
E2 Lite
Serial cable (RS-232C)
USB cable
Figure 1-1 RFP Connection Image
1.3.1
Connection with the Target System
For examples of programming circuits by using the E1, E20, E2, or E2 Lite, refer to the user’s manuals for the
individual products.
For examples of programming circuits using the USB, refer to the hardware manual of the MCU you are using.
Examples of programming circuits by using the serial interface of the host PC are provided on the web page at the
following link.
https://www.renesas.com/rfp
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Renesas Flash Programmer V3.02
1.4
Operating Environment
1.4.1
(1)
1. Overview
Hardware Environment
Host PC
• Processor: 1 GHz or faster
• Main memory: At least 1 Gbyte (2 Gbytes or more when using 64-bit Windows); 2 Gbytes or more recommended
• Display: Resolution of 1,024 x 768 or higher and 65,536 or more colors
• Interface: USB 2.0 (when using E1, E20, E2, E2 Lite, or USB Direct)
Serial interface (RS-232C, when using COMx)
(2)
Tools supported
• E1
• E20
• E2
• E2 Lite
1.4.2
(1)
Software Environment
OSs supported
• Windows 7 (32-bit and 64-bit)
• Windows 8.1 (32-bit and 64-bit)
• Windows 10 (32-bit and 64-bit)
Remark: For any of these, we recommend having the latest service pack installed.
(2)
Software required
• Microsoft .NET Framework 4 + language pack
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Renesas Flash Programmer V3.02
1.5
1. Overview
Formats of Program Files
For a HEX file to be readable by the RFP, it must have the correct format and satisfy the following conditions. If a
program file with a non-supported format is read, an error will occur.
(1)
Intel HEX format
• There are no unnecessary characters (including spaces) after the final record.
• All lines consist solely of record types 00 to 05.
(2)
Motorola S format
• The format file ends with the end record (S7, S8, or S9).
• All lines consist solely of record types S0 to S9 (excluding S4).
1.5.1
HCUHEX Files
An HCUHEX file is required for ordering flash memory products whose flash memories are pre-written by Renesas
Electronics. After being generated by the HEX Consolidation Utility (HCU), operation based on the HCUHEX file must
be verified by using the flash memory programmer. The RFP handles the HCUHEX file as master data, so the user can
check the settings specified for writing and option data.
Some RL78 MCUs support HCUHEX files. If an MCU supports HCUHEX files, this will be stated in the user’s
manual of the MCU (RX and RH850 MCUs do not support HCUHEX files).
For details on the HCU, see the user’s manual for the HCU or the target MCU. The HCU user’s manual is available on
the following web page:
https://www.renesas.com/ja-jp/hcu
HEX file
Parameter file for
the PG-FP5
HCUHEX
file
HCU
Send the HCUHEX file when
Verify operation by
using the RFP
ordering a flash memory
product whose flash memory
is to be pre-written by
Renesas Electronics.
Figure 1-2 RFP Connection Image
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Renesas Flash Programmer V3.02
1.5.2
1. Overview
RPI file
An RPI file is an image file that the RFP can generate. An RPI file combines program code and flash options data.
Refer to section 2.4.1 for the generation of these files.
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Renesas Flash Programmer V3.02
2.
2. Descriptions of Functions
Descriptions of Functions
This chapter describes the window structure and functions of the RFP.
2.1
Main Window
After the RFP is started, the main window as shown below will appear.
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
Figure 2-1 Main Window
(1)
Menu bar
For the menu bar, refer to section 2.4, Menu Bar.
(2)
Tabbed pages
Operations on the tabbed pages enable controlling the RFP for writing, setting options, and so on. For details on the
individual tabbed pages, refer to section 2.3, Operation of the Tabbed Pages.
(3)
Log output panel
The version information of RFP and the contents and results of command execution are displayed here.
Caution: Log entries older than the 1500th line are automatically removed.
(4)
Clear status and message
Pressing this button clears the contents of the log output window and the status information on the [Operation] tabbed
page.
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2.2
2. Descriptions of Functions
Creating a New Project
2.2.1
[Create New Project] Dialog Box
Selecting [File] → [Create a new project] in the menu bar makes the [Create New Project] dialog box appear. The
configuration of the dialog box is shown below.
(1)
(2)
(4)
(3)
(5)
Figure 2-2 [Create New Project] Dialog Box
(1)
Microcontroller
Select the type of target MCU to be used.
(2)
Project Name and Project Folder
Specify the name of a project which is to be newly created and the project folder which will hold the created project
file.
Remark: Since the project name is used in the file name, characters that are not usable in file names cannot be used.
(3)
Communication
Set up communications with the target MCU.
•
“Tool”
Select the tool to be used for connection with the target MCU.
Caution: For the USB connection of RX65x devices with Renesas Synergy, select “COM”, since serial communications
are performed through a virtual USB COM port.
Remark: The usable tools may differ with the selected target MCU.
•
“Interface”
When this item is selectable, select the method for communicating with the target MCU.
•
Tool Details…
Make detailed settings for the tool to be used. The tool in use and the setting for the supply of power supply are
shown to the right of Tool Details…. For details on Tool Details…, refer to section 2.2.2, [Tool Details] Dialog Box.
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Renesas Flash Programmer V3.02
(4)
2. Descriptions of Functions
Wide Voltage
When “Wide Voltage” is selected, each command can be executed with the target microcontroller set to wide voltage
mode. When writing to the target MCU proceeds with a voltage lower than 2.4 V, deselect this checkbox. For details on
the wide voltage mode, refer to the user’s manual of the target MCU.
Remark: “Wide Voltage” is not displayed for those target MCUs which do not support it.
(5)
Connect
Clicking on Connect enables connection with the target MCU.
At this time, the following dialog boxes might be displayed according to the type of the target MCU; enter a value in
each dialog box to continue processing to make the connection.
• [Set Clock] dialog box
• [Set ID Code] dialog box
• [Set Access Password] dialog box
For details on these dialog boxes, refer to sections 2.2.3, [Set Clock] Dialog Box, 2.2.4, [Set ID Code] Dialog Box, and
2.2.5, [Set Access Password] Dialog Box.
Caution: If the connection is made with incorrect settings, the tool or the target system might be damaged. For details,
refer to chapter 5, Points for Caution.
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2.2.2
2. Descriptions of Functions
[Tool Details] Dialog Box
The [Tool Details] dialog box consists of the following tabbed pages.
• [Select Tool] tabbed page
• [Mode Pin Setting] tabbed page
The [Mode Pin Setting] tabbed page is only displayed when the E1, E20, E2, or E2 Lite is selected.
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
(5)
Figure 2-3 [Tool Details] Dialog Box
(1)
[Select Tool]
Tools which are currently available are shown; select the tool to be used.
When the “Auto Select” checkbox is selected, the tool which is shown at the top of the list is automatically selected.
To directly select the tool to be used, deselect the “Auto Select” checkbox and select a tool from the list.
Remark: For the E1, E20, E2, or E2 Lite, the serial number of the emulator is shown.
(2)
Power Supply
Select the power-supply function of the tool.
Select “None” if no power is to be supplied from the tool in use.
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2. Descriptions of Functions
Select the voltage when the tool in use is to supply power.
For the power-supply function, refer to the user’s manual of the tool you are using.
Caution: Do not use the power-supply function from the tool in processing for mass-production; instead, supply power
which matches the MCU’s specifications from the target system. Since the voltage supplied from the tool
depends on the performance of the USB power supply of the host PC, its precision cannot be guaranteed.
(3)
Setting of entry to boot mode
Make settings for pins when the target MCU is connected.
•
“Boot Mode Entry by RFP”
The settings of “Pin Output” and “Pin Setting” according to the recommended circuits of the tool in use are made
automatically.
Remark: For the recommended circuit, refer to the user’s manual and the additional document of the tool you are
using.
•
“Boot Mode Entry by User”
Manually make the settings for “Pin Output” and “Pin Setting”.
Remark: “Boot Mode Entry by User” is selectable only for the RX family; however, it still might not be selectable
depending on the tool in use and the communications interface.
(4)
Setting of outputs
Selecting “Boot Mode Entry by User” for boot mode entry enables the setting of outputs.
The boxes set the output of the io0 to io5 pins of the tool in use when the target MCU is connected.
•
Pin Output
Selected: The target pin is used as an output pin.
Deselected: The target pin is used as hi-Z.
•
Pin Setting (High)
Selected: The high level is output.
Deselected: The low level is output.
For pin assignments of io0 to io5 in the E1, E20, E2, and E2 Lite, refer to table 2-1.
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Renesas Flash Programmer V3.02
2. Descriptions of Functions
Table 2-1 Pin Assignments for the E1, E20, E2, and E2 Lite
(5)
14 Pins
38 Pins
Pin Name -RX-
1
15
io4
2
―
GND
3
21
io5
4
3
io0
5
11
TxD
6
1
io1
7
8
io3
8
14
TVDD
9
17
―
10
2
io2
11
19
RxD
12
―
GND
13
9
RESET
14
5
GND
Setting of RESET
Sets the operation of the reset signal when the RFP is disconnected from the target MCU.
•
Reset Pin as Low
After the RFP is disconnected from the target MCU, the low level continues to be output from the RESET pin.
•
Reset Pin as High
After the RFP is disconnected from the target MCU and the RESET pin has been at the low level for a short time, the
RESET pin enters the hi-Z state. This setting is used when the user wishes to operate the target MCU on completion of
processing with the RFP.
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2.2.3
2. Descriptions of Functions
[Set Clock] Dialog Box
The input clock must be set to suit the type of the target MCU.
If setting of the input clock is required, the [Set Clock] dialog box will appear.
Figure 2-4 [Set Clock] Dialog Box
Enter the frequency of the input clock and click on OK.
The value for frequency is entered in MHz. If you want to enter a value in smaller units than MHz, use a decimal point.
2.2.4
[Set ID Code] Dialog Box
When an ID code has been set for the target MCU, an ID code for authentication must be entered.
If an ID code for authentication is required, the [Set ID Code] dialog box will appear.
Remark: Whether or not there is an ID code function depends on the target MCU.
Figure 2-5 [Set ID Code] Dialog Box
Enter the ID code for authentication in hexadecimal notation (0 to 9 and A to F) and click on OK.
Caution
-
If the value of the input field takes up fewer than the number of effective bytes, the RFP automatically pads
the input data with 0xFF after the input value.
-
When an RX-family device is connected via the RFP, input the value in the order ID1, ID2, ..., ID16.
However, for a device with control code, enter the value of the code as the first of the effective bytes.
Example:
When the number of effective bytes = 16, control code = 0x45, ID code = ID1=0x01, ID2=0x02, ID3=0x03,
ID4=0x04, ID5=0x05, ID6=0x06, ID7=0x07, ID8=0x08, ID9=0x09, ID10=0x0A, ID11=0x0B, ID12=0x0C,
ID13=0x0D, ID14=0x0E, and ID15=0x0F, the value will be ‘450102030405060708090A0B0C0D0E0F’.
-
When RX700, RX64x, or RX65x device is connected via a debug tool which has been specified with the
CS+ or e2 studio, the order for input of the ID code for authentication changes to that shown below.
ID4 ID3 ID2 ID1 ID8 ID7 ID6 ID5 ID12 ID11 ID10 ID9 ID16 ID15 ID14 ID13
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2. Descriptions of Functions
Remark: The default ID code in some target MCUs at the time of shipment is all FFs. For details on the ID code, refer
to the user’s manual of the target MCU.
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Renesas Flash Programmer V3.02
2.2.5
2. Descriptions of Functions
[Set Access Password] Dialog Box
When an access password has been set for the target MCU, an access password for authentication must be entered.
If an access password for authentication is required, the [Set Access Password] dialog box will appear. There are two
types of this dialog box: for “Code Flash” and “Data Flash”, which are shown as required.
Remark: Whether or not there is an access password function depends on the target MCU.
Figure 2-6 [Set Access Password] Dialog Boxes
Enter the access password for authentication in hexadecimal notation (0 to 9 and A to F) and click on OK.
Remark: The default access password in some target MCUs at the time of shipment is all FFs. For details on the
access password, refer to the user’s manual of the target MCU.
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Renesas Flash Programmer V3.02
2.3
2. Descriptions of Functions
Operating the Tabbed Pages
When “Create New Project” is completed normally, the main window of the RFP is displayed.
Operating the tabbed pages in the main window allows you to make detailed settings of the RFP.
The tabbed pages consist of the six listed below.
• [Operation] tabbed page
• [Operation Setting] tabbed page
• [Block Setting] tabbed page
• [Flash Option] tabbed page
• [Connect Setting] tabbed page
• [Unique Code] tabbed page
The following describes the configuration and operation of each tabbed page.
Figure 2-7 Main Window
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Renesas Flash Programmer V3.02
2.3.1
2. Descriptions of Functions
[Operation] Tabbed Page
The [Operation] tabbed page shows information on the project and flash operation.
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
(5)
Figure 2-8 [Operation] Tabbed Page
(1)
Project Information
Information on the selected project is shown.
(2)
Endian
Select the endian for the data of the program file.
This item does not appear for target MCUs which do not support changing the endian in the RFP.
•
“Little”
Set the handling of files for programming as little endian.
•
“Big”
Set the handling of files for programming as big endian.
(3)
Program File
Set the path to a file to be programmed in the flash memory of the target MCU.
Click on Browse… to select a file.
Multiple files for programming are also selectable simultaneously. Refer to 2.3.1.1, Selecting Multiple Program Files,
for details.
(4)
File Check Sum
CRC-32 check sum of the selected program file is displayed.
Caution: This CRC-32 is a check sum for whole of file, not for HEX data. The file check sum is different from the check
sum of the one obtained from MCU.
(5)
Flash Operation
Clicking on Start leads to the execution of commands to handle the processing shown above Start.
Information on the state is indicated with color and characters in the status display to the right of Start. For the status
display, refer to table 2-2.
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Renesas Flash Programmer V3.02
2. Descriptions of Functions
The type of flash operation can be changed on the [Operation Setting] tabbed page. For the [Operation Setting] tabbed
page, refer to section 2.3.2, [Operation Setting] Tabbed Page.
Table 2-2 State Information
Immediately after the RFP has been started or after clicking on the Clear button under
the output panel
A command is being executed.
A command has been executed and ended normally.
Processing has stopped during the execution of a command.
Processing failed after the execution of a command.
2.3.1.1
Selecting Multiple Program Files
When selecting multiple files, specify all desired files beforehand then press the [Start] button to run the actual
programming. Selecting Browse… opens the [Specify a program file] dialog box. The files can be recorded by selecting
them by mouse or by using the CTRL or SHIFT keys with the mouse or mouse and cursor keys, and then selecting Open.
(1)
(2)
Figure 2-9 [Program File] Group Box after the Selection of Multiple Files for Programming
(1)
Program Files
Only the file names are displayed when multiple files have been selected. That is, the path is separately displayed.
Up to 4 files can be selected.
(2)
File Information
The path to the files for programming is displayed.
Caution
-
An error occurs if an RPI or HCUHEX file is specified in the selection of multiple files.
An error occurs when writing to the flash area in cases of contention between the addresses of the data
files for programming are in contention.
-
The selected multiple files must be in the same folder.
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2.3.2
2. Descriptions of Functions
[Operation Setting] Tabbed Page
Settings for the flash operation can be changed on the [Operation Setting] tabbed page.
Remark: Some items will not be shown according to the selected program file or the type of the target MCU.
(2)
(1)
(3)
(4)
Figure 2-10
(1)
[Operation Setting] Tabbed Page
Command
Specify the type of processing that will proceed after clicking on Start in the main window.
When multiple operations are specified for “Command”, each operation is executed from the top item in order.
The following five types of processing can be specified for “Command”, and are described in more detail following
the summaries below.
•
Erase
Erase the flash area.
The range of areas to be erased conforms to the setting made with “(2) Erase Option”.
•
Program
Program the flash area.
The operation reflects the setting made under “(3) Program & Verify Option”.
•
Program Flash Option
Set flash options such as “Lockbit”, “OTP”, “Access Window”, “Option Bytes”, and “Security”.
The programming setting conforms to the settings made on the [Block Setting] and [Flash Option] tabbed pages.
•
Checksum
Acquire the checksum.
The checksum is calculated by the method selected under “(4) Checksum Type”.
Remark: The results are output in units of areas of flash memory. Use the verify command if you want to check the
consistency of data in units of blocks.
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Renesas Flash Programmer V3.02
•
2. Descriptions of Functions
Verify
Perform verification.
The operation reflects the setting made under “(3) Program & Verify Option”.
(2)
Erase Option
Set options when “Erase” is selected for “Command”.
•
Erase Selected Blocks
Erase only those blocks selected on the [Block Setting] tabbed page.
For the [Block Setting] tabbed page, refer to section 2.3.3, [Block Setting] Tabbed Page.
•
Erase All Blocks
Erase all blocks.
Caution: Erasure processing may be skipped for certain blocks reserved by the MCU due to security functions and so
on.
•
Erase Chip
Erase all blocks and clear the flash options.
Caution: This processing does not restore the MCU to its state at shipment. If correct settings are not programmed for
the flash options after erasing the chip, the MCU will not operate.
When this processing is used on a RH850 family product, be sure to refer to chapter 5, Points for Caution.
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(3)
2. Descriptions of Functions
Program & Verify Option
Set options here when you have selected “Program” or “Verify” for “Command”.
•
Fill 0xFF
Select the method for handling ranges for which files have no data.
•
When “Fill 0xFF” is selected
Programming: The value 0xFF is programmed to bytes in ranges for which the program file has no data.
Verifying: Ranges containing no data from a program file are regarded as having the value 0xFF for
comparison.
•
When “Fill 0xFF” is not selected
Programming: Ranges for which the program file has no data are not programmed.
Verifying: Ranges for which the program file has no data are not verified.
Caution: Even if “Fill 0xFF” is not selected, this action always applies for the minimum unit of programming by the
MCU.
•
Erase Before Program
The range where data are to be programmed is erased beforehand if this option is selected.
Caution: The range to be erased depends on the minimum unit of erasing by the MCU.
•
Verification type
Select the type of verification as one of the following items. Depending on the target MCU, only one type may be
available.
•
Verify by reading the device
Data are acquired with a read command from the MCU and the RFP handles comparison.
Comparison cannot proceed if the MCU is in a state such that reading is prohibited.
•
Verify in the device
Data are re-sent to the MCU in response to the verify command and the MCU side handles comparison.
Depending on the specifications of the verify command, the range for comparison may extend beyond the
programmed data, and this may lead to an error in verification if “Fill 0xFF” was not selected.
•
Verify Option Area
Select whether or not to verify values in the flash option area.
This item is only displayed when a specific type of program file that includes values for the options, such as an
HCUHEX file, is selected.
(4)
Checksum Type
Select the type of calculation when “Checksum” is selected for “Command”.
The available types of calculation differ according to the target MCU.
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Renesas Flash Programmer V3.02
2.3.3
2. Descriptions of Functions
[Block Setting] Tabbed Page
The blocks for operations can be set on the [Block Setting] tabbed page.
Remark: The columns to be displayed differ according to the type of the target MCU.
(1)
Figure 2-11
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
[Block Setting] Tabbed Page
Information on the block areas
Information on the ranges of the block areas for the target MCU is shown.
Caution: Common area names and block numbers are used in the RFP; note that they may differ from those described
in the user’s manuals of the MCUs.
(2)
Erase column
Specify blocks to be erased.
When “Erase Selected Blocks” is selected for “Erase Option” on the [Operation Setting] tabbed page, blocks with
checkboxes selected in the Erase column are to be erased.
(3)
P.V column
Specify blocks to be programmed or verified.
Blocks with checkboxes selected in the P.V column are to be programmed or verified.
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Renesas Flash Programmer V3.02
(4)
2. Descriptions of Functions
Setting functions in units of blocks
Specify blocks for the setting of security or safety functions.
While “Program Flash Option” is selected, the settings are only reflected in the MCU when the type of setting is
enabled on the [Flash Option] tabbed page.
•
Lockbit column
Select blocks for which the lock bit is to be set.
A lock bit is set for blocks with the checkbox selected.
•
OTP column
Select blocks to be set as OTP.
Blocks with the checkbox selected are set as OTP.
•
AW column
Select blocks to be within access windows (or window areas of the flash shield window).
An access window is set for blocks with the checkbox selected.
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2.3.4
2. Descriptions of Functions
[Flash Option] Tabbed Page
The flash options of the MCU can be set in the [Flash Option] tabbed page.
Remark: Only those items the target MCU supports are shown. For the meanings and details of the settings of the
individual items, refer to the user’s manual of the target MCU in use.
Figure 2-12
(1)
[Flash Option] Tabbed Page
Lockbit
Specify whether or not lock bits are to be set.
The blocks for which the lock bit is to be set are selected on the [Block Setting] tabbed page.
(2)
OTP
Specify whether or not blocks are to be set as OTP.
The blocks to be set as OTP are selected on the [Block Setting] tabbed page.
(3)
Access Window
Specify whether or not access windows are to be set.
The range over which access windows are to be set are the blocks selected on the [Block Setting] tabbed page.
(4)
Option Bytes
Change the settings of option bytes.
•
“Set Option”
•
“Do Nothing”: Option bytes are not set.
•
“Set”: The setting of option bytes is enabled.
•
“Enable Extended Option Bytes”
•
“Disable”: Operations on the extended option bytes (OPBT8 and above) are disabled.
•
“Enable”: Operations on the extended option bytes (OPBT8 and above) are enabled.
Caution: Since the extended option bytes contain important settings for the MCU, take care with the data to be
programmed if you enable this operation. Normally use this option as “disabled” unless you have a particular
reason to do otherwise.
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Renesas Flash Programmer V3.02
•
2. Descriptions of Functions
“OPBT0∼OPBT7”
Enter the settings for option bytes in units of four bytes in hexadecimal notation (bit31....bit0).
•
“OPBT8” or later
Enter the settings for extended option bytes in units of four bytes in hexadecimal notation (bit31....bit0).
(5)
ICU-S
Set ICU-S.
•
“Set Option”
•
“Do Nothing”: ICU-S is not set.
•
“Set”: The ICU-S function is enabled.
Caution: Once the ICU-S function is set for the MCU, it cannot be canceled by the RFP.
(6)
Security
Set security functions.
•
“Set Option”
•
“Do Nothing”: The security function is not set.
•
“Set”: The security function is enabled.
•
“Security Mode”
•
“Command Protection Mode”: The command protection function is enabled.
•
“ID Authentication Mode”: The ID authentication function is enabled.
(7)
Command Protection
Set command protection.
•
“No”: The security function is not set for the target command.
•
“Yes”: The use of the target command is prohibited.
Caution: Once the Disable Erase Command and Disable Boot Block Cluster Programming functions are set for an
MCU, the setting cannot be reversed.
(8)
ID Code & Access Password
Set the ID code or the access password.
•
•
“Set Option”
•
“Do Nothing”: An ID code or access password is not set.
•
“Set”: The setting of an ID code or access password is enabled.
“ID Code”
Enter the ID code in hexadecimal notation.
•
“Code Flash Access Password”
Enter the code flash access password in hexadecimal notation.
•
“Data Flash Access Password”
Enter the data flash access password in hexadecimal notation.
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Renesas Flash Programmer V3.02
(9)
2. Descriptions of Functions
Disable Serial Programming
Make the setting for disabling serial programming.
•
“Set Option”
•
“Do Nothing”: Serial programming is not disabled.
•
“Set”: Serial programming is disabled.
Caution: Once the Disable Serial Programming function is set for an MCU, the setting cannot be reversed.
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2.3.5
2. Descriptions of Functions
[Connect Setting] Tabbed Page
The information required to connect the MCU can be set on the [Connect Setting] tabbed page.
Remark: The items displayed differ according to the type of the target MCU.
(2)
(1)
(3)
(4)
(5)
Figure 2-13
(1)
[Connect Setting] Tabbed Page
Communication
Change the settings for communications.
For details, refer to section 2.2.1, [Create New Project] Dialog Box.
(2)
Speed
Select the bit rate for use in communications with the target MCU.
The available bit rates differ according to the environment of the target MCU and the target system.
Caution: The speed is only directly specifiable for a COM connection. Since using this may lead to the RFP being
unable to detect a bit-rate error, set the speed only after confirming that it will not cause a problem.
Remark: The maximum rate that the E2 Lite can support is 1.5 Mbps. However, only rates which are selectable from
the external clock of the target MCU or system are displayed for the RX family. The baud rate which was
selected for the E1, E20, or E2 emulator might not be selectable.
(3)
Wide Voltage
For details, refer to section 2.2.1, [Create New Project] Dialog Box.
(4)
Main Clock
Change the frequency of the input clock from that which was set when the project was created.
(5)
Authentication
Change the setting for automatic authentication when connecting a target MCU for which an ID code or access
password has been set.
When “Auto Authentication” is selected, the ID code or access password that has been entered is used for
authentication. To change the value used for automatic authentication, enter a new value in the dialog box which is
displayed by clicking on the button for changing the setting.
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2.3.6
2. Descriptions of Functions
[Unique Code] Tabbed Page
The [Unique Code] feature is for the embedding in a specified area of a unique code for the loaded program file. The
feature becomes effective when a unique code and specified area are written to a unique code file, and the file name is set
on the [Unique Code] tabbed page. A unique code file can contain a single specification of an area and multiple unique
codes, with an index for each of the unique codes. The next index will be specified when a [Program] command ends
normally; however, no index will be specified when a [Flash Option Program] command ends normally.
(1)
(2)
(4)
(3)
Figure 2-14 [Unique Code] Tabbed Page
(1)
Enabling or Disabling the Use of Unique Codes
Usage or non-usage of the unique code feature can be set in this checkbox.
Check the box to select the use of unique codes.
(2)
Unique Code File
Open the [Open] dialog box by clicking on Browse…, and specify a unique code file.
(3)
Specifying a Range
Specify a range of indices in the unique code file.
•
“All”
Obtain the first and last indices from the unique code file. This starts from the first index when the RFP is rebooted.
•
“Continue from previous/User Specified”
The first and last indices are directly specifiable. Even if the RFP is rebooted, it will start from the previous point.
•
“Next Index”: The next index is displayed or specified. The corresponding unique code will be shown under
the box.
•
“Final Index”: The last index of the range is displayed or specified. The corresponding unique code will be
shown under the box.
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(4)
•
2. Descriptions of Functions
Operation Setting
Allow the overwriting of data
When embedding a unique code for a loaded program file, this button is used to allow or prohibit the overwriting of
data if the area where the code is to be embedded already contains data (contention). Put a checkmark in the box to allow
this and remove the checkmark to prohibit it.
[Remark] If the checkmark is removed, an error message is displayed and the process is cancelled, in cases of
contention with existing data during embedding of the unique code.
2.3.6.1
Unique Code Files
This section describes unique code files.
(1)
Filename Extension
*.ruc
(2)
File Format
A unique code file is a text file. A file consists of a header and a code part. Write a list of the combinations of indices
and unique codes after the header, which defines the location where the unique code is to be embedded. The only
supported formats for the codes are ASCII (one byte) character codes. Unicode is not supported.
•
Comment line
Line starting with “//” are considered as comments and ignored in processing. Lines consisting only of blanks are also
ignored.
•
Separating characters
Tabs, spaces, or commas can be used as separating characters in the header definitions and the settings of the indices
and unique codes.
•
Header part
The header part has the following definitions that are case-insensitive.
Table 2-3 Header Definitions
Item
Definition of Unique Code
Description
Specifying the format
format
<hex | ascii>
Specify the format of the unique codes.
<hex>: Hexadecimal numerals
<ascii>: ASCII characters (0x20 to 0x7e)
Specifying the address
address
<address>
Specify the address where the unique code is to start as a
hexadecimal number preceded by “0” or “H”.
Specifying the size
size <size>
Specify the size of each unique code.
<size>: Specify a size in bytes (range: 1 to 2048)
Remark: An area specification (area) was necessary for the earlier versions. It is now ignored even if there is a
statement in the file.
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•
2. Descriptions of Functions
Codes
The list of unique codes consists of indices and codes, with only one code and index per line. Indices need not be
prefixed by padding with“0” as in the example. They are assumed to be base-10 ordinal numbers in ascending order.
Table 2-4 Code Definitions
Item
Unique code definition
Description
Declaration of unique codes
index data
(header of code part)
Declares that unique codes follow from the next line.
This is case-insensitive.
Indices and unique codes
<index>
<unique code>
Each line specifies an index and a unique code.
<index>: Specifies an index (integer in the range 0 to 2147483647)
<unique code>: Specifies a unique code (big endian format, with the
format and size specified in the header)
•
If the format is ascii
<unique code> A unique code can be enclosed in double quotation
marks. If the code includes a space at its beginning or end, the
quotation marks are required to distinguish such spaces from
separating characters. If the code itself includes consecutive double
quotation marks, they are handled as one double quotation mark.
•
Limit on size
The size of a unique code file should be no greater than 2 GB.
(3)
Example of a File
//Sample unique code file
format hex
address 0xf000
size 6
index data
000001 abcdef000001
000002 abcdef000002
000003 abcdef000003
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Renesas Flash Programmer V3.02
2.4
2. Descriptions of Functions
Menu Bar
2.4.1
[File] Menu
Menu items for processing related to projects can be selected.
•
[Create New Project]
Create a new project.
For details, refer to section 2.2, Creating a New Project.
•
[Open Project]
Open an existing project file.
•
[Save Project]
Save the changes to the current project.
•
[Save Image File]
Saves an image file (RPI file) that is a combination of a program file and flash options.
Select [Save Image File] from the [File] menu. This opens the [Save As] dialog box. Specify where the image file is to
be saved.
Cautions:
•
-
The program file is saved as it is. The file is not padded with 0xFF.
-
Data which exceed the address range of the MCU in use are not deleted.
-
Only values which represent valid settings can be saved as flash options.
[Exit]
Exit the RFP.
2.4.2
[Device Information] Menu
Processing for device information can be selected.
Caution: Selecting items from the [Device Information] menu leads to transfer to and from the target MCU to acquire
information. Before selecting an item, check the connection between the host PC and the target MCU. If a
connection is not found, an error will occur.
Remark: Some menu items will not be usable according to the type of the target MCU.
•
[Read Memory]
Connect the target MCU and read and save the contents of the flash areas.
For details, refer to section 2.4.2.1, Read Memory.
•
[Read Block Information]
Connect the target MCU and read the information on the blocks.
The read block information can be reflected in the current project.
For details, refer to section 2.4.2.2, Read Block Information.
•
[Read Flash Option]
Connect the target MCU and read the flash options.
The read flash option information can be reflected in the current project.
For details, refer to section 2.4.2.3, Read Flash Option.
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•
2. Descriptions of Functions
[Blank Check]
Connect the target MCU for blank checking.
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2.4.2.1
2. Descriptions of Functions
Read Memory
When [Device Information] → [Read Memory] is selected from the menu bar, the [Save As] dialog box will appear.
Specify the file and folder where the data that have been read are to be stored.
Clicking on the Save button shows the [Read Memory Information] dialog box. Specify the range of the flash area to
be read.
Remark: The Motorola S format or the Intel HEX format is selectable as the file format for saving.
(1)
(4)
(2)
(3)
(5)
Figure 2-15 [Read Memory Information] Dialog Box
(1)
Area list
Select the area to be read or all areas.
(2)
Area information
Information on the area that has been selected from the list of areas or on all areas is shown.
(3)
Skip blank areas
Reading of blank areas of the MCU is skipped if this checkbox is selected.
Remark: The size of the area for judging whether a range is blank or not differs according to the target MCU.
Furthermore, in some target MCUs, selecting this option will significantly increase time for reading.
(4)
Select Address
Change items when only a specific range is to be read.
(5)
Read
Connect the target MCU, start reading the range specified in “Select Address”, and save the data in the specified file
and folder.
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2.4.2.2
2. Descriptions of Functions
Read Block Information
When [Device Information] → [Read Block Information] is selected from the menu bar, the [Read Block Information]
dialog box will appear after connecting the target MCU, and information on blocks, including lock bits, OTP flags, and
access windows, will be read. Note that the columns to be shown differ according to the type of the target MCU in use.
(2)
(3)
(1)
(4)
Figure 2-16 [Read Block Information] Dialog Box
(1)
Information on block areas
Information on the block areas for the target MCU is shown.
(2)
“NotBlank” Column
Information on blank blocks in the target MCU is shown.
Blocks with check marks are not blank.
(3)
Information on options in units of blocks
Information on the target MCU in units of blocks is shown.
For details on each item, refer to section 2.3.3, [Block Setting] Tabbed Page.
(4)
Reflecting read information
Clicking on OK reflects the read contents of the checked items in the corresponding columns of the [Block Setting]
tabbed page.
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2.4.2.3
2. Descriptions of Functions
Read Flash Option
When [Device Information] → [Read Flash Option] is selected from the menu bar, the [Read Flash Option] dialog box
will appear after connecting the target MCU and information on Option Bytes and Security will be read out. Note that the
items to be shown differ according to the type of the target MCU in use.
(1)
Figure 2-17 [Read Flash Option] Dialog Box
(1)
Reflecting the set information
Selecting the checkbox and clicking on OK reflects the read contents on the [Flash Option] tabbed page.
2.4.3
[Help] Menu
The loading of a license file and the version of the RFP can be confirmed from this menu.
•
[Import License]
Refer to the documentation which comes with the product for the usage of this menu item.
•
[About]
The [About] message box is opened and displays the RFP version number.
Close the message box by clicking on OK.
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2. Descriptions of Functions
Figure 2-18 [About] Message Box
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2.5
2. Descriptions of Functions
Command-Line Options
The RFP can be controlled from a command line.
The command line responds to the following options and parameters.
Table 2-3 Options and Parameters
Option
Description
Path to a project file
Loads a specified project file and starts the RFP.
/silent
(1) Loads a specified project file and starts the RFP in GUI-hidden
mode.
(2) The target MCU is overwritten according to the settings for
operation in the project file. After processing, the RFP automatically
exits and returns 0 or 1 when the end code is to reflect success or
failure, respectively.
/file "a path for a program file"
Replaces the program file specified by the parameter with a “program
file” in the project file and overwrites the target MCU.
Regarding points for caution, refer to the notes under Caution in
section 2.3.1.1.
The /silent option is required to use this option.
/log "a path for a log file"
Outputs a log of operations by the RFP to a file (text format) specified
as a parameter.
An additional log file is made if a file already exists.
Remarks:
-
Pathnames that include spaces must be enclosed in double-quotation marks (“). Also, the absolute path
must be specified.
-
When the /silent option is specified, no GUI is shown; processing similar to opening the specified project
file and clicking on the start button once is performed.
-
2.5.1
The character coding of the output in the log output window is UTF-8.
Example of Command Line Statements
The following is an example of command line statements in a batch file.
RFPV3.exe /silent "d:\rfp\project\sample.rpj" /file “d:\rfp\hex\sample_1.hex” /file
“d:\rfp\hex\sample_2.hex” /log “d:\rfp\log\sample.log”
ECHO Result Code: %ErrorLevel%
PAUSE
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3.
3. Operating the RFP
Operating the RFP
This chapter describes the basic operation of the RFP (the flow until a file is programmed) so that the user understands
the series of basic operations using the RFP from activation of the system to programming of the target MCU.
The operations of creating, erasing, programming, and verifying a new project file are explained here. The conditions
for the series of operations used in the examples are as follows.
•
Target MCU: R5F104PJ (RL78/G14)
•
Tool used: E1 emulator
•
Connection method: 1-wire UART (single-wire UART)
•
Communications speed: 1,000,000 bps
•
Clock supply: No external clock (internal clock oscillator)
•
Power supply: E1 (5.0 V, from USB VBUS)
•
Flash options: Not used
Connect the host and emulator.
Connect the target system.
Create a new project file.
Create a new project file.
Start the RFP.
Open a created workspace.
Select an existing project file.
Use a project file you
Set up a project.
have used before.
Execute a command.
Terminate the host and emulator.
Figure 3-1 Flow of Operations
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3.1
(1)
3. Operating the RFP
Flow of Operations
Connecting the system
Connect the USB port of the host PC to the tool you will be using via the USB cable.
(2)
Connecting the target system
Connect the target cable of the tool to the target system.
Caution: If power is to be supplied on the target system, be sure to connect the tool in use to the target system before
switching the power on.
(3)
Creating a project file
(1) When the RFP is started, the main window opens.
When [File] → [Create a new project] is selected from the menu bar, the [Create New Project] dialog box will appear.
Figure 3-2 File Menu
(2) Select “RL78” for [Microcontroller].
Enter any project name (in this example, “sample”) for [Project Name] and specify any folder (e.g. D:\rfp\sample) for
[Project Folder].
Select “E1” for [Tool]. For the RL78 family, [Interface] is fixed to “1 wire UART”.
Clicking on the Tool Details… button opens the [Tool Details] dialog box.
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3. Operating the RFP
Figure 3-3 [Create New Project] Dialog Box
(3) Select the [Select Tool] tabbed page and the [Auto Select] checkbox.
After that, select “5.0V (USB VBUS)” in [Power Supply].
Click on OK.
Figure 3-4 [Select Tool] Tabbed Page
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3. Operating the RFP
(4) Information on the specified tool is displayed.
Check the contents (in this example, “Num: AutoSelect Power: 5.0V (USB VBUS)”) and click on Connect.
A project is created and the Main Window is shown.
Caution: Clicking on Connect starts the connection to the target MCU.
Figure 3-5 [Create New Project] Dialog Box
(5) When a project is created, the display of the main window changes with the addition of new tabbed pages. Check
the information displayed in Project Information.
Figure 3-6 Main Window
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(4)
3. Operating the RFP
Detailed settings of the RFP
Operate the tabbed windows to make detailed settings of the RFP.
(1) Set the [Operation Setting] tabbed page.
Refer to “Command” and check that the “Erase”, “Program”, and “Verify” checkboxes have been selected, then click
on the [Block Setting] tabbed page.
Figure 3-7 [Operation Setting] Tabbed Page
(2) Set the [Block Setting] tabbed page.
Check that all checkboxes in the “Erase” and “P.V” columns have been selected.
Then click on the [Connect Setting] tabbed page.
Figure 3-8 [Block Setting] Tabbed Page
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3. Operating the RFP
(3) Set the [Connect Setting] tabbed page.
Specify 1,000,000 bps for “Speed”, then click on the [Operation] tab.
Figure 3-9 [Connect Setting] Tabbed Page
(4) Check that the commands above Start are displayed as “Erase >> Program >> Verify”.
Figure 3-10
Main Window
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(5)
3. Operating the RFP
Selecting a program file
Click on Browse… in “Program File” on the [Operation] tabbed page and select a program file from among those
displayed in the dialog box (in this example, “C:\RFP_ProgramFile\sample.hex”).
Check that the path to the program file selected in the “Program File” box is indicated.
Figure 3-11
[Operation] Tabbed Page
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(6)
3. Operating the RFP
Executing a command
(1) Click on Start to execute the commands indicated above Start.
When sending of the commands is started, the [Progress Report] dialog box will appear.
Figure 3-12
Main Window
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3. Operating the RFP
(2) The [Progress Report] dialog box shows the state of command execution.
The state information is changed to “Run” and details of the processing are output as a log in the log output panel of
the main window.
When command execution is completed, the [Progress Report] dialog box is automatically closed and the main
window is displayed.
Figure 3-13
[Progress Report] Dialog Box
(3) When command processing is completed normally, the message “Operation completed.” is displayed in the log
output panel and the state information is displayed as “OK”.
Figure 3-14
Main Window
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(7)
3. Operating the RFP
Exiting the system
(1) Remove the target cable of the tool in use from the target system.
Caution: If VDD is being supplied on the target system, turn off the supply power before removing the target cable of
the tool in use from the target system.
(2) If you do not need to program another target MCU, select [File] → [Exit] and exit the RFP. Since all settings that
you have made are saved in the project file, they can be reused when the RFP is restarted.
When you intend to continue to program other target MCUs, connect the target system (step (2)) and execute the
required commands (step (6)).
Figure 3-15
Main Window
(3) Remove the USB cable from the tool.
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4.
4. Troubleshooting
Troubleshooting
This chapter explains how to troubleshoot the RFP.
Remark If an error occurs during the sequence of a procedure, refer to this chapter and the user’s manual of the target
MCU. Also refer to the user’s manual of the tool you are using and execute diagnostic tests. If this still does
not resolve the problem, see the FAQ (at <https://www.renesas.com/rfp> -> Design Support -> FAQ). If you
are using the product version of the RFP, contact Renesas via the Renesas website
(http://www.renesas.com/contact) after writing down the PID number printed on the back of the CD case for
the RFP.
4.1
Problems during Startup
This section explains how to troubleshoot problems that might occur in the processes from installation to startup.
(1)
When the tool is connected to the host PC via a USB interface, plug and play does not
recognize the driver.
Cause:
The USB connector might not be inserted properly into the USB port of the host PC.
Action:
Check that the USB connector is fully inserted into the USB port of the host PC. Alternatively, disconnect the USB
connector, and then insert the USB connector again after a while.
(2)
The tool is connected to the host PC but the power LED on the tool is not turned on.
Cause:
The USB port of the tool or the host PC might be defective.
Action:
Check the tool for defects by using the diagnostic tool for the tool in use. If you find a defect, consider repairs. If there
is no defect, try connecting the tool to another host PC.
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4.2
4. Troubleshooting
Problems during Operation
This section describes troubleshooting for problems that may occur during operation.
(1)
When an error produces the message ‘E3000105 There is no response from the device.’
Cause 1:
The connection with the target system might be wrong.
Action 1:
(1) Check that the connection with the target system is in accord with the recommended circuits shown in the user’s
manual of the tool in use. Also check that all required pins of the tool have been connected.
(2) For the RL78 family, check that the EVDD pins of the E1, E20, E2, or E2 Lite have been correctly connected.
Cause 2:
The operating mode of the target MCU might be wrong.
Action 2:
(1) Refer to the user’s manual for the target MCU and check that all required mode pins are being handled correctly.
(2) For the RX family, check that the settings for I/O signals in the [Tool Details] dialog box match the wiring of the
target system.
Cause 3:
The wrong MCU might be selected in the [Create New Project] dialog box.
Action 3:
Select the same MCU as the target MCU.
Cause 4:
The target MCU might not be receiving a clock signal.
Action 4:
Check the clock supply on the target system.
Cause 5:
Power might not be being supplied normally to the target MCU.
Action 5:
(1) Check the power supply setting.
(2) If the power is being supplied from the tool in use, the power might not be sufficient. In such cases, supply power
from the target system. Confirm that the supply of power on the target system is possible.
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(2)
4. Troubleshooting
When USB Direct of the RX device does not work
Cause:
The wrong driver may be being recognized as the driver for booting via the USB. “Generic Boot USB Direct” should
normally be recognized.
Action:
Install the correct driver through the following steps (Windows 7 is used in this example).
(1) When the wrong driver is being recognized, Windows Device Manager will show the following state.
Figure 4-1 Device Manager
(2) When you select “Update Driver Software”, the following dialog box is displayed. Select “Browse my computer
for driver software”.
Figure 4-2 Update Driver Software
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4. Troubleshooting
(3) Select “Let me pick from a list of device drivers on my computer”.
Figure 4-3 Update Driver Software
(4) The dialog box below is shown. If “Generic Boot USB Direct” is not displayed, use the RFP installer to re-install
the USB driver for the USB boot MCU Type A. Select “Generic Boot USB Direct” and click on Next.
Figure 4-4 Update Driver Software
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4. Troubleshooting
(5) Installation of the driver for booting via the USB is finished.
Figure 4-5 Update Driver Software
(3)
Forgetting the ID code of the RX or entering the wrong ID code
Action:
Refer to the address in the program file at which the ID code was set.
For details, refer to the user’s manual of the target MCU.
When the control code for the ID code is set so that the whole flash memory is erased after consecutively entering a
wrong ID code three times, you can program the flash memory after returning to boot mode.
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4.3
4. Troubleshooting
Problems during Communications
This section describes troubleshooting for problems that may occur during communications with the tool or the MCU.
(1)
When the following errors occur while the tool is connected
• E3000203: An error occurred while connecting to the tool.
• E3000204: An error occurred while communicating with the tool.
• E3000205: An error occurred while updating the tool firmware.
• E3000206: An error occurred while initializing the tool.
Action 1:
When using USB Direct, Refer to section 4.2, Problems during Operation.
Action 2:
The tool you are using might have locked up. Try disconnecting and then reconnecting the USB cable.
Action 3:
The host PC might be unstable or the USB port might be broken. Restart the host PC or connect the tool to a USB port
other than that you are trying to use.
Action 4:
On the E1, E20, or E2, the tool might be damaged. Refer to the user’s manual of the tool you are using and run the
self-diagnostic test.
(2)
When the following errors occur during communications
• E300010C: Received data from the device is corrupted.
• E4000004: A framing error occurred while receiving data.
• E4000005: A parity error occurred while receiving data.
• E4000006: An overrun error occurred while receiving data.
• E1000004: A transmission data error occurred in the device.
Action:
The setting of the target MCU might be wrong or communications might not be stable. Check the following items.
• Check that there is no noise on the communications line.
• Check that the tool in use is properly connected with the target system.
• Check that unused pins are being handled correctly.
• Confirm that the correct input clock and transfer rate are selected. Stable programming might be achieved by setting
a lower value for the transfer rate.
Remark Good communications may not be possible if you are using a USB-to-serial converter, a self-made cable, a
self-made extension cable, or the like for connection with a tool.
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4.4
4. Troubleshooting
Error Messages
This section describes error messages generated while the RFP is in use.
Table 4-1 Error Messages
E0000001
Message
The specified program file doesn't exist.
Description
This error code and message are displayed when the last specified program file
was not found.
Specify a new program file.
E0000002
E0000003
E0000004
E0000005
Message
The project file is not correct.
Description
This error occurs when you attempt to open a corrupted or unsupported project file.
Message
No program file has been specified.
Description
To start processing, a program file must be specified.
Message
The project file cannot be generated.
Description
Change the folder to a location to which the project file can be written.
Message
The project file pathname exceeds 260 characters.
Description
The pathname exceeds the available number of characters.
Change the project name or the location.
E0000006
E0000007
Message
The project file name or location is not correct.
Description
Change the project name or the location.
Message
The specified crystal frequency is out of range. Valid values are between x.xx and
x.xx.
Description
The value entered exceeds the valid range.
Refer to the user’s manual of the target MCU and enter a correct value.
E0000009
E0000011
Message
The input is not correct.
Description
The value entered is wrong. Enter the value again in the correct format.
Message
There is no flash operation specified under "Command" on the "Operation Setting"
tabbed page.
E0000012
E0000013
Description
Select one or more commands on the [Operation Setting] tabbed page.
Message
No blocks have been selected for the current operation.
Description
Check one or more blocks for the operation on the [Block Setting] tabbed page.
Message
No flash options have been set.
Description
There are no target options when flash options are to be programmed.
Change at least one setting to [Set] on the [Flash Option] tabbed page.
E0000015
E0000016
Message
The parameter file is not correct.
Description
The project might have been damaged.
Message
The program file is not correct.
Description
This error occurs when a program file that is corrupted, is in a non-supported
format, or contains entries in a non-supported format is specified.
E0000017
Message
An incorrect command line parameter was specified.
Description
The command entered was wrong.
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E0000018
Message
Description
4. Troubleshooting
The combination of file type is incorrect.
This error occurs when an RPI or HCUHEX file is included in a multiple program file
selection.
E0000019
Message
Description
Too many files selected.
This error occurs when five or more files have been selected in multiple program
file selection.
E0000101
Message
Description
No unique code file specified.
This error occurs when a definition file is not specified on the unique code tabbed
page.
E0000102
Message
The unique code file is not correct.
Description
This error occurs when the specified unique code file is corrupted or is not in the
correct format.
EF000001
E3000008
Message
Not enough memory.
Description
Processing cannot be continued since there is not enough memory in the host PC.
Message
This file is corrupt and cannot be opened (line X).
Description
This error occurs when a program file which contains a line that is corrupted, is in a
non-supported format, or contains entries in a non-supported format is specified.
Check the format of the program file.
E3000101
Message
The data at 0xXXXXXXXX already exist and cannot be overwritten.
Description
This error occurs when an attempt is made to handle data having overlapping
addresses.
Check for data having overlapped addresses in the program file.
E3000103
Message
Description
The format of option data is invalid.
The target MCU does not support the format of the option data in the specified
program file.
E3000104
Message
Description
The data address is outside the 32-bit address space.
This error occurs when processing of data beyond the 32-bit address space is
attempted.
E3000105
Message
The device is not responding.
Description
This error occurs when there is no response from the target MCU during
connection to the target system.
Refer to section 4.2, Problems during Operation.
E3000106
E3000107
Message
This device is not supported.
Description
An attempt was made to connect a non-supported target MCU.
Message
This device does not match the connection parameters.
Description
An attempt was made to connect an MCU which does not match the target MCU
that was acquired when the project was created.
Check that the target MCU is correct or re-create the project.
E300010A
Message
The data at address 0xXXXXXXXX do not match.
Description
The data in the program file might be different from that programmed in the target
MCU.
E300010B
Message
The option data do not match.
Description
The flash option data in the program file might be different from that programmed in
the target MCU.
This error will occur when the flash option data is reflected in the MCU after a reset.
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E300010C
E300010D
4. Troubleshooting
Message
Data received from the device are corrupted.
Description
Refer to section 4.3, Problems during Communications.
Message
The device sent an unrecognized response. (0xXX)
Description
This error occurs when unexpected data were received from the MCU.
Check that the MCU was reset before connection.
Refer to section 5.6, Connecting through a COM port or USB Direct.
E3000201
E3000202
E3000203
E3000204
E3000205
E3000206
E3000207
Message
Cannot find the specified tool.
Description
This error occurs when the tool specified by a project could not be found.
Message
The specified tool is already in use.
Description
This error occurs when the specified tool is already in use by another program.
Message
An error occurred while connecting to the tool.
Description
Refer to section 4.3, Problems during Communications.
Message
An error occurred while communicating with the tool.
Description
Refer to section 4.3, Problems during Communications.
Message
An error occurred while updating the tool firmware.
Description
Refer to section 4.3, Problems during Communications.
Message
An error occurred while initializing the tool.
Description
Refer to section 4.3, Problems during Communications.
Message
Power is not being supplied to the user system.
Description
Turn on the target system before connecting the tool. Check the connection of the
tool after you have turned the target system on.
E4000001
Message
Power is already been supplied on the user system.
Description
This error occurs when the power-supply function of the tool is selected for use but
a power-supply voltage that is already present is detected on the user board.
Check the power-supply setting.
E4000002
Message
Cannot release a reset signal.
Description
This error occurs when the reset signal of the target MCU going to the high level
has not been detected while the E1, E20, E2, or E2 Lite is in use and the target
MCU is connected.
Check the reset signal of the target MCU.
E4000003
Message
A timeout error occurred.
Description
This error occurs when a problem in communications between the target MCU and
the RFP (host PC) arises for some reason, resulting in a timeout.
The RFP allows you to set the bit rate, but communications cannot proceed if the
specified bit rate does not match the actual settings of the target MCU.
Check the following points.
(1) Bit rate: Check the operating frequency of the MCU to see if the bit rate exceeds
the allowable communications rate and if the bit rate is appropriate.
(2) Clock settings: Check if the clock settings for the MCU in the RFP match the
actual clock of the target MCU.
(3) Connection between the target system and the PC: Good communications may
not be possible if you are using a USB-to-serial converter, a self-made cable, a
self-made extension cable, or the like for connection with a tool.
E4000004
E4000005
Message
A framing error occurred while receiving data.
Description
Refer to section 4.3, Problems during Communications.
Message
A parity error occurred while receiving data.
Description
Refer to section 4.3, Problems during Communications.
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E4000006
4. Troubleshooting
Message
An overrun error occurred while receiving data.
Description
Refer to section 4.3, Problems during Communications.
Table 4-2 Error Messages Due to Errors in the MCU
E1000002
E1000004
E1000005
Message
A fatal error occurred during control of the flash memory. (Response XX:XX)
Description
−
Message
A transmission data error occurred in the device. (Response XX:XX)
Description
Refer to section 4.3, Problems during Communications.
Message
An input frequency error occurred in the device. (Response XX:XX)
Description
This error occurs when the value specified for the input clock signal cannot be used
in the MCU.
For details, refer to the manual of the target MCU.
E1000006
Message
A frequency error occurred in the device. (Response XX:XX)
Description
This error occurs when the MCU failed to make the clock settings.
Check the value of the input clock or the settings of the target MCU.
For details, refer to the manual of the target MCU.
E1000007
Message
An authentication code error occurred in the device. (Response XX:XX)
Description
This error occurs when an ID code different from that set in the target MCU is
entered (the message is the same for an incorrect access password).
If you have forgotten the configured ID code, connection to the MCU for serial
programming is basically disabled. However, erasure of the whole flash memory is
enabled as an exception in some MCUs; for details, refer to the user’s manual of
the MCU.
E1000008
E1000009
Message
An address error occurred in the device. (Response XX:XX)
Description
−
Message
A baudrate error occurred in the device. (Response XX:XX)
Description
This error occurs when a bit rate which the MCU cannot generate is selected.
Check the settings for the bit rate and the clock.
E100000A
Message
Description
A sequencer error occurred in the device. (Response XX:XX)
This error will occur in the following cases.
•
When an operation is attempted in an area reserved by the security function of
•
When the MCU is malfunctioning
the MCU
E100000C
Message
Description
A serial programming connection is prohibited for this device.
This error occurs when the security setting to prohibit connection has been made.
The serial programming function then cannot be used.
E100000D
E100000E
Message
A flow error occurred in the device. (Response XX:XX)
Description
−
Message
A protection error occurred in the device. (Response XX:XX)
Description
Execution of a specified command might have failed because the security setting to
prohibit it in the target MCU has already been made. Although some security flags
can be cleared by erasing the chip, others cannot.
For details, refer to the manual of the target MCU.
E100000F
Message
A blank error occurred in the device. (Response XX:XX)
Description
−
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E1000010
4. Troubleshooting
Message
A verification error occurred in the device. (Response XX:XX)
Description
•
Different data might have been written to the program file and the target MCU.
•
There might have been a failure in verification due to a defect in the flash
memory.
E1000011
Message
Description
A write error occurred in the device. (Response XX:XX)
This error will occur in the following cases.
•
An attempt might have been made to overwrite an area already containing data
with different data.
•
There might have been a failure in programming due to a defect in the flash
memory.
E1000012
Message
An erasure error occurred in the device. (Response XX:XX)
Description
This error code and message are displayed when erasure of data in the flash
memory of the MCU was attempted but failed. Possible causes of the error (failure
to erase) include:
(1) The power-supply voltage for the MCU not being correct.
(2) The MCU being unable to operate properly because of the pin settings.
(3) The MCU having been damaged for some reason.
(4) Communication between the MCU and the PC having failed*, so the command
was not executed.
Check the items (1) through (4) above.
*Good communications may not be possible if you are using a USB-to-serial
converter, a self-made cable, a self-made extension cable, or the like for
connection with a tool.
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Dec. 28, 2016
Page 65 of 70
Renesas Flash Programmer V3.02
5.
5. Points for Caution
Points for Caution
This chapter describes points for caution regarding the RFP.
5.1
Manipulating the User Boot Mat
Applies to: RX610
If a valid ID code has not been set before the MCU is connected (i.e. the device is not protected), manipulation of the
user boot mat is not possible on completion of the connection. To enable manipulation of the user boot mat, set a valid ID
code before connecting the MCU.
5.2
Host PC
Applies to: All MCUs
Some tools (the E1, E20, E2, E2 Lite, serial interface, and USB interface) may not work with the host PC you are
using. Check the connection between the tool and the host PC. If the tool still does not work, you may need to use a
different host PC.
5.3
USB-to-Serial Converter
Applies to: All MCUs
We do not recommend the use of a USB-to-serial converter because it may cause delays in timing and data being lost
due to the specifications of the converter.
5.4
Check before Connection
Applies to: All MCUs
Connection of the target MCU in the cases listed below may damage the tool in use or the target system due to
conflicts between signals. Be sure to check that the settings and circuit connection are correct.
• The type of the target MCU to be connected was mistaken.
• The wrong recommended circuit was used for the target MCU or the circuit being used was in error.
• The output setting of an I/O port pin was wrong while the setting is for manual entry to boot mode.
• The power-supply setting of the tool was wrong.
5.5
Erase Chip of the RH850 Family
Applies to: RH850
When a chip is erased, the configuration data are cleared after all other data have been erased. In other words, the
option settings of the MCU are all erased. Since all settings, including the settings at the time of shipment, are erased at
this time, be sure to make the required settings at the same time.
In addition, processing to clear the configuration data is prohibited in some MCUs. When you wish to erase a chip,
refer to the user’s manual of the target MCU in use and determine whether or not processing to clear the configuration
data can be used.
5.6
Connecting through a COM port or USB Direct
Applies to: RX, RH850, Renesas Synergy
When the connection is through a COM port or USB Direct, the RFP does not control the reset pin of the MCU. Reset
the MCU in advance when connecting with a target MCU.
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Page 66 of 70
Renesas Flash Programmer V3.02
5.7
5. Points for Caution
Auto-padding with 0xFF
Applies to: All MCUs
When an amount of data is less than the minimum unit for writing to a flash memory, the data are always padded with
0xFF before writing.
Applies to: RX, Renesas Synergy
Note that parts with no data will be padded with 0xFF when writing to the configuration setting area.
R20UT3841EJ0200 Rev.2.00
Dec. 28, 2016
Page 67 of 70
Renesas Flash Programmer V3.02 User’s Manual
Publication Date:
Rev.2.00
Dec 28, 2016
Published by:
Renesas Electronics Corporation
http://www.renesas.com
SALES OFFICES
Refer to "http://www.renesas.com/" for the latest and detailed information.
Renesas Electronics America Inc.
2801 Scott Boulevard Santa Clara, CA 95050-2549, U.S.A.
Tel: +1-408-588-6000, Fax: +1-408-588-6130
Renesas Electronics Canada Limited
9251 Yonge Street, Suite 8309 Richmond Hill, Ontario Canada L4C 9T3
Tel: +1-905-237-2004
Renesas Electronics Europe Limited
Dukes Meadow, Millboard Road, Bourne End, Buckinghamshire, SL8 5FH, U.K
Tel: +44-1628-585-100, Fax: +44-1628-585-900
Renesas Electronics Europe GmbH
Arcadiastrasse 10, 40472 Düsseldorf, Germany
Tel: +49-211-6503-0, Fax: +49-211-6503-1327
Renesas Electronics (China) Co., Ltd.
Room 1709, Quantum Plaza, No.27 ZhiChunLu Haidian District, Beijing 100191, P.R.China
Tel: +86-10-8235-1155, Fax: +86-10-8235-7679
Renesas Electronics (Shanghai) Co., Ltd.
Unit 301, Tower A, Central Towers, 555 Langao Road, Putuo District, Shanghai, P. R. China 200333
Tel: +86-21-2226-0888, Fax: +86-21-2226-0999
Renesas Electronics Hong Kong Limited
Unit 1601-1611, 16/F., Tower 2, Grand Century Place, 193 Prince Edward Road West, Mongkok, Kowloon, Hong Kong
Tel: +852-2265-6688, Fax: +852 2886-9022
Renesas Electronics Taiwan Co., Ltd.
13F, No. 363, Fu Shing North Road, Taipei 10543, Taiwan
Tel: +886-2-8175-9600, Fax: +886 2-8175-9670
Renesas Electronics Singapore Pte. Ltd.
80 Bendemeer Road, Unit #06-02 Hyflux Innovation Centre, Singapore 339949
Tel: +65-6213-0200, Fax: +65-6213-0300
Renesas Electronics Malaysia Sdn.Bhd.
Unit 1207, Block B, Menara Amcorp, Amcorp Trade Centre, No. 18, Jln Persiaran Barat, 46050 Petaling Jaya, Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia
Tel: +60-3-7955-9390, Fax: +60-3-7955-9510
Renesas Electronics India Pvt. Ltd.
No.777C, 100 Feet Road, HAL II Stage, Indiranagar, Bangalore, India
Tel: +91-80-67208700, Fax: +91-80-67208777
Renesas Electronics Korea Co., Ltd.
12F., 234 Teheran-ro, Gangnam-Gu, Seoul, 135-080, Korea
Tel: +82-2-558-3737, Fax: +82-2-558-5141
© 2016 Renesas Electronics Corporation. All rights reserved.
Colophon 4.0
Renesas Flash Programmer V3.02
R20UT3841EJ0200
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