Velotron Coaching Software (CS)

Velotron Coaching Software (CS)
Bicycle Training Technology for
World Class Performance
Velotron Coaching Software (CS)
Users Guide
June 2010
Velotron Coaching Software (CS)
Users Guide
Table of Contents
Congratulations!.
............................................................................................................ 5
Software Installation.
.............................................................................................. 6
Software Installation Procedure............................................................................ 6
Uninstalling Procedure................................................................................................. 6
Quick Setup Guide.......................................................................................................... 7
Please Read.................................................................................................................... 8
Registration Information.
.......................................................................................... 8
PC Setup - Making Connections.................................................................................... 9
PC’s Without Serial Ports....................................................................................... 9
USB to Serial adapters.
........................................................................................... 9
PC vs. Handlebar Controller keys.
......................................................................... 9
PC Connection Issues.
.................................................................................................. 10
My Velotron and computer are in two different rooms!.
.................................... 10
Testing Connections and Ports................................................................................... 11
Testing for Installed Components......................................................................... 11
What do I do with the communications test results?.
......................................... 11
Introduction.
................................................................................................................. 12
For the Coach......................................................................................................... 12
For the Athlete.
...................................................................................................... 12
List of Chart screen features for Velotron CS................................................. 12
Running the CS Software.
...................................................................................... 13
List of functions for Velotron CS....................................................................... 13
Menu Structure Definitions.
........................................................................................ 14
Real Time Operation - The Source Menu.
................................................................... 15
Real Time and File Mode -- What do these mean?.
............................................... 15
Real Time Operation................................................................................................ 15
Creating a New User Data File.
............................................................................ 15
Opening an existing User Data File...................................................................... 15
Comm Port Selection............................................................................................... 15
Channel Views and the Data.
...................................................................................... 16
Channel Views......................................................................................................... 16
Data Bar.................................................................................................................. 16
Test Menu.
..................................................................................................................... 17
Test - Test Comm Ports.......................................................................................... 17
Test - Accuwatt.
...................................................................................................... 17
Options Menu................................................................................................................ 18
Metric....................................................................................................................... 18
Enter Gears............................................................................................................. 18
Shifting Gears......................................................................................................... 18
Screen Capture.
....................................................................................................... 18
Manual Ergo Mode.................................................................................................. 18
Drag Factor™.
.......................................................................................................... 18
Set Pointer.............................................................................................................. 19
Scaling..................................................................................................................... 19
Setup Report.
........................................................................................................... 19
Starting a Test.
............................................................................................................ 20
Start Charts - Real Time....................................................................................... 20
The Charts Screen using Automated Ergometer Mode - ERG.............................. 20
The Charts Screen using Road Courses - CRS/3DP............................................. 20
The Charts Screen Using Manual Ergo Mode.
...................................................... 20
Starting Tests Using the Handlebar Controller in Real Time.
.......................... 20
RPM Pointer.
............................................................................................................ 20
Reading the Chart Screen..
.................................................................................... 20
Concluding and Saving a Test.................................................................................... 21
Concluding a Test................................................................................................... 21
Saving the Race/Test Data.
..................................................................................... 21
Canceling a Test..................................................................................................... 21
Saved Race Notes.................................................................................................... 21
Table of Contents
Analyzing Saved Race Files - File Mode.
................................................................... 22
Analyzing Saved Race Files – File Mode.
............................................................. 22
View Menu Options - File Mode.
............................................................................. 22
Viewing Saved Data...................................................................................................... 22
Zooming into the data – Full Zoom In.
................................................................. 22
Zooming out of the data – Full Zoom Out........................................................... 22
Multiple Level Zoom.
............................................................................................... 22
Scrolling through data – Full Zoom In.
.............................................................. 23
Changing Scroll Speed........................................................................................... 23
Exporting Saved Race Files.
........................................................................................ 24
Exporting Saved Race Files.
................................................................................... 24
Export Options.
........................................................................................................ 24
Acceptable Export File Sizes for Spreadsheet Programs.
................................... 24
Changing Export Formats....................................................................................... 24
Export Notes.
........................................................................................................... 24
Toss: Notes.
.............................................................................................................. 24
SpinScan Pedal Stroke Analyzer................................................................................ 25
Understanding SpinScan.
......................................................................................... 25
SpinScan Definition................................................................................................. 26
Necessary Connections and Settings..................................................................... 26
Using SpinScan........................................................................................................ 27
What is the Optimum SpinScan............................................................................... 27
Making SpinScan Better.
......................................................................................... 27
Further SpinScan Tips............................................................................................ 27
Appendix A - Creating Courses and Tests................................................................. 28
Creating Courses using Windows™ Notepad........................................................ 28
Course Creation Details.
........................................................................................ 28
Checking your New Course.
.................................................................................... 29
Using an Existing Course to make a New Course.
............................................... 29
Ergometer Tests – Creating .erg (ERG) files.
...................................................... 30
Formatting ERG files.............................................................................................. 30
Allowable Erg Test Time Increments.
.................................................................... 30
Allowable Erg Test Watt Increments................................................................... 30
ERGO Test Notes..................................................................................................... 30
Ergo Test Examples
Example 1 - Step Change Ergometer Test........................................................ 31
Example 2 - Step Change Ergometer Test with Ramp Conclusion.................. 31
Example 3 - Ramp Test....................................................................................... 32
Appendix B - Advanced Features.
................................................................................ 33
Auto Export............................................................................................................. 33
Drag Factor™.
.......................................................................................................... 33
User Reports.
........................................................................................................... 33
Appendix C - PC and CS Setup Tip............................................................................. 34
Setup Tips for your PC and Velotron.................................................................. 34
Communication Tips - Test Comm Ports.
................................................................. 34
Things to look for if errors occur during Test Comm Ports............................ 34
Appendix D - Troubleshooting Q&A.
............................................................................ 35
Appendix E - SpinScan Tips.
......................................................................................... 36
Handlebar Controller and PC shortcuts.................................................................. 38
Index.
............................................................................................................................ 39
License Agreement........................................................................................................ 40
Congratulations!
W
elcome! You are the owner of the RacerMate Velotron Coaching Software (CS). The
Velotron with the Coaching Software was designed to analyze your Saved Performance Files (from
either Velotron CS or 3D) or run Real Time Watts/Time test protocols, and run Full-Screen SpinScan tests.
Coaching Software is not “race software”, like Velotron 3D, but it can utilize road courses used by CS or
3D software to allow you to ride in a “test” mode instead of a “race” mode. It contains unique features
making it a very useful tool for the coach or trained athlete who might be unable to coach or be
coached in person. In these cases a Coach can look at what the athlete is doing by having the athlete
e-mail any Velotron Saved Performance File to the coach who can then prescribe new courses or make
new tests, which can then be sent via e-mail back to the athlete. Hence the name “Coaching Software.”
Please read through this and other accompanying operation manuals thoroughly to take full advantage
of all the sophisticated capabilities your Velotron provides. Certain items in the manual are constantly
overlooked and result in the majority of technical support calls. You will find a
(hand) indicating
these potential areas of concern.

Software updates and new courses may be offered over time. To access these updates you should
periodically go to our web site at www.racermateinc.com. You are also invited to join the RacerMate
Forum, which is also a good resource for information on troubleshooting your Velotron and contacting
technical support. Changes to the software will obviously not always be represented in this manual, so
you should also look for readme files and updated manuals on the web site to accompany any software
enhancements.
Thank you for the Velotron with Coaching Software and please keep this manual in a safe place for
quick reference!
Velotron Coaching Software (CS) - Software Installation
Software Installation Procedure
Velotron ships with as many as three separate programs, each with its own installation executable. Before
inserting the CD-ROM into the drive, check the CD-ROM cover sleeve for any installation notes newer than
what is stated here.
To Install:
1 Start Windows™ (if not already running).
2 Close all Windows™ programs to prevent possible problems.
3 Insert the Velotron Software CD. An Install Menu screen appears.
4 Click on the program you wish to install. Follow the instructions to complete the install.
5 Continue to add other software choices until all desired software programs have been installed.
If the Install Menu screen does not appear:
1 Double-click the My Computer icon.
2 Double-click the icon for your CD-ROM drive.
3 Double-click Autorun.exe (to activate the menu).
4 Continue as noted in item 4 above.
Attention Vista Users: You must install our software in C:\ and NOT C:\Program Files. If you do not
have a disc showing a Vista installation setup icon, just be sure to edit the installation path (when prompted)
and install to C:\Velotron CS 1.6
Be sure to read the readme file for each version of Velotron software for last minute up-to-date changes that
didn’t make it into this manual. Shortcuts to the readme.txt files are provided in the Start Menu Program
Groups of each program.
Uninstalling Procedure
Velotron software can be uninstalled easily. This will remove the program files that were added to your PC
at the time the software was first installed, but may not remove files added after the program was installed,
such as rider data files and saved performance files. An option for that is shown below.
To Uninstall:
1 Start Windows™ (if not already running).
2 Close all Windows™ programs to prevent possible problems.
3 Go to the Program group for the Velotron CS program.
4 Click on the Uninstall link. Follow the instructions to complete the software removal.
5 To verify all the files are removed, double-click My Computer and then double-click the drive you installed
the software. Locate the Velotron CS folder and right-click this folder and then left-click on delete.
Please note: Uninstalling and deleting files may remove courses and saved performance files that can
not be replaced. Be sure if you intend to use these types of files in the future that you copy them to a
remote temporary location until they are needed again.
Caution: Consult your doctor before beginning any exercise program
6
Quick Setup Guide - Velotron Coaching Software (CS)
Quick Setup Guide
Real Time -- CS connected to your Velotron feeding the data to the PC
Step 1 -- Start the program by going to Start - Programs - Velotron CS. Left click Velotron CS.
Step 2 -- Select “Real-Time” in the Source menu.
Step 3 -- First use? Select Source - New. Create a User Data File and save it. On subsequent uses select Open to
choose this user file. If you are the only user, then this selection needs only to be done the first time, as the software
always remembers who used it last. If there is more than one user, create a User Data File for each person who will
use the Velotron.
Step 4 -- Make sure your Velotron is plugged into the PC and is turned on. Run the Test Comm Ports program from
the Test menu to determine what serial port your Velotron is connected to. With this information, select Source Real-time - Comm Port and verify the correct port found in the test has been set.
Step 5 -- Select the Options menu. Here you can setup your Manual Ergo settings, Screen Capture Options, Drag
Factor™ settings, Reports, and decide whether you want to run the test in Miles Per Hour or Kilometers Per Hour.
Step 6 -- Select Start, then Charts, Manual Ergo Mode, or SpinScan. Only “Charts” will open a selection window
for the courses or tests you want to use for your test. Select a course and then click on Open, the Chart screen will
appear with this selection.
Step 7 -- In the Chart screens (Manual or Controlled), left-click the red or green buttons on the left-hand side of the
chart window to enable or disable the various channels of data.
Step 8 -- Hit F1 on the Velotron Handlebar Controller to start the timer. The course or test will start.
File Mode -- Viewing Saved Race Files.
Step 1 -- Select “Saved File” from the Source menu.
Step 2 -- Select Options and check or uncheck Metric as desired.
Step 3 -- Select Start, then Charts, and you will be presented with a window where you can browse to any folder
from the “Look In” drop down window to select a saved performance file. Once the file is found, highlight it and select
Open. The chart screen will appear with the race data showing in it’s entirety. To open another file, press Ctrl - O.
Step 4 -- Left-click the red or green buttons on the left-hand side of the chart window to enable or disable the various
channels of data.
Step 5 -- You can now move the mouse left and right over the data and zoom in and out with the left and right mouse
buttons. Right-click your mouse for Full Zoom In, and scroll forward and back through the data by moving the Time
Indicator Bar from the left-hand or right-hand side of the Chart Window, or establish a Zoom Window using the left/
right and up/down arrow keys of your PC keyboard and hit Enter to activate this level of zoom.
Saving and Exporting
Step 1 -- Saving the data. When the test is complete, a Save dialog will appear allowing you to decide to save or not to
save this test. On Manual Charts or SpinScan tests, press the reset command on the Handlebar Controller F5 (reset) to
display the Save Dialog.
Step 2 -- Exporting the data. Saved Race Files from any Velotron PC program (available on your hard drive) can be
exported as ASCII text files. This can be done automatically or manually. If you always want an export performance
files after a test (for use in 3rd party applications) check the AutoExport option in the Export Options menu. For manual
export choose File, then select either the Export function or change the Export Options as needed (check-mark both
”short format” & “comma delimited” in the options if you plan to use these export files in a spreadsheet). You will be
asked to select the original saved performance file. You can then browse to any folder where the file may reside. Once
exported, these files have the same name as the original file, but with a new .txt file extension.
Caution: Consult your doctor before beginning any exercise program
7
Velotron Coaching Software (CS) - Update Information
P L E A S E R E A D!
Are you a previous user of Coaching Software? Here’s what might be new!
„„ Major improvement on the ability to read 3D courses -- especially those with multiple laps or those where
you used the “Start From” feature in 3D.
„„ Added an AutoExport feature to automatically create an export file at the same time you save a performance
file. This eliminates the extra step needed to generate this file. It will still use the setting you establish in
the Export Options window. Perfect for those using Cycling Peaks software. To enable this feature, open
and edit the Export Options menu and check Auto Export.
„„ You can open a new performance file without closing the previous file (returning to the menu) by pressing
the Ctrl - O keys on you PC keyboard (for File Open) and select the new file.
„„ Added y-axis Torque Scale and a x-axis degree scale to the SpinScan screens.
„„ Added new menu functions to allow editing the chart scaling.
„„ Added DragFactor™ to the software. This feature allows you to edit your frontal area to match existing
outdoor conditions.
„„ Added User Reports to allow a customizable/printable post-race report containing race statistics.
We’re always looking for ways to make things better. If you have a suggestion or comment,
please be sure to let us know. You can send these to roger@Velotron.com or, if you’re having
difficulty with the software, send these requests to service@Velotron.com
Caution: Consult your doctor before beginning any exercise program
8
PC Setup - Making Connections - Velotron Coaching Software (CS)
Step 1....Insert USB to Stereo Adapter
Before inserting the USB to Stereo adapter you should install the driver for it first. The driver is installed
as part of the 3D software setup, so if you have not installed the 3D software yet, please do that before
proceeding.
Plug the USB to Stereo Adapter into a free USB port on the PC. If you do not have an available USB
port, you may need to purchase a USB Hub to add more USB ports.
Step 2....Plug the Stereo Cable Into USB to Stereo Adapter and Velotron Load Generator
Plug one end of the Stereo Cable into the jack on the USB to Stereo Adapter for the main Velotron. If
a “Second Velotron” is also to be used, it will require a second USB to Stereo Adapters (available from
RacerMate – part number R980-105-00) plugged into another USB Port. Plug the other end of Stereo Cable
into the Velotron Load Generator - EXT. PC jack.
Step 3....Disable or Increase Computer Power Management Times
Computers generally look to see whether you are typing or moving the mouse to determine whether the
computer is being used. Data streaming in and out of the computer does not disable screen savers and
power management schemes. The CS software will disable the screen saver, but power management
settings. These are also found in the screen-saver section of the Windows™ Display Properties and must
be disabled or increased by the user. It is advised to extend the duration prior to power management
activation to a time period that is longer than you longest Velotron ride.
To change your Power Management settings, right-click the Windows™ desktop, then left-click Properties
or Personalize, then go to the Screen saver option and then click on Power setting.
Step 4.....READY TO USE
All PC connections now complete, you can use your Personal Computer with your Velotron.
PC vs. Handlebar Controller keys
Not every command needed to setup and operate Velotron software is available using the 6 Handlebar
Controller keypads; therefore, setting up a race will usually be done at the PC. Starting the race, pausing
the race, changing between Bar and Polar SpinScan will be initiated by key presses from the Handlebar
Controller. See the Handlebar Controller & Keyboard Keys shortcut page (on page 38) for more details.
Caution: Consult your doctor before beginning any exercise program
9
Velotron Coaching Software (CS) - PC Connection Issues
Maximum Cable Lengths
My Velotron and computer are in two different rooms!
If you intend to place your Velotron in a room other than where your PC is located, extended lengths of
cable will be needed to connect the two systems together. Unfortunately not all cables on the PC are easily
available in lengths over 6 feet. The following should help you decide what works best for your situation.
1 Stereo Cable: The Stereo Cable can be up to 50 feet long. This wire transfers data between the
Velotron and the PC. You can order this cable from RacerMate in 50-foot lengths (part number R980-06450), which includes a coupler.
2 PC to PC Monitor: The longest cable readily available to extend a PC monitor is 6 feet. Signal loss is a
major concern with extending this cable, so a good 6’ cable can cost as much as $30.00 and does very little
to help in this application. Specialty cable makers found on the Internet do make cables that exceed this 6
foot length, but be prepared to spend a few bucks for these.
3 PC to TV: Adding a new PC to TV video card (replacing your existing video card) or installing a VGA
to TV “Presentation Device” which has S-Video or Video outputs to connect your computer to a Television
(see the system requirements page or our web site for current information about video cards). The
following examples explain what may then be needed to connect the PC to a TV:
a) TV’s with only an RF input (Cable TV input only): Connect a high quality coaxial
cable between the Composite Video Output of the video card and the RF input on the TV using a
Radio Shack Part No. 15-1244 Video to RF Modulator. This device converts video from the video card
to a RF signal the TV can use.
b) TV’s with audio/video inputs: Connect a high quality video cable (with RCA style
connectors) between the Video Output of the video card to the Video Input on the TV. For lengths
over 6 feet connect a high quality coaxial cable with RCA style adapters (Radio Shack part no. 278252) between the PC and TV.
c) S-Video compatible TV’s: This type of connection is by far the best in terms of a quality
reproduction of PC monitor graphics, but S-video cables are typically less than 25 ft. long. Longer
cables are available from specialty cable suppliers on the Internet, but in general using S-Video will
be limited to close proximity PC to TV use.
Note: Extended length Stereo Cable and coaxial cable are both available from RacerMate.
4 PC Keyboard and Mouse: Only 6 foot cables are available. Wireless mice and keyboards are available
that offer ranges up to 25 feet.
Caution: Consult your doctor before beginning any exercise program
10
Testing Connections and Ports - Velotron Coaching Software (CS)
Testing for Installed Components
Velotron CS includes a very useful tool to help determine how many Serial Communications Ports exist and
the devices that may be attached to them. The Velotron sends a message saying, “Velotron” and this test will
display this, as well, if found. Using this test will confirm whether the Velotron is communicating to the PC
and what port settings will be set in Source - Realtime - Comm Port menu.

Please be aware that this test only indicates serial communication port settings, but
may not make the correct changes to the communication port settings menu if more
than one Velotron is connected to the software
If you have two Velotrons connected, the software cannot determine the position for each Velotron (left
and right) and will set the first Velotron found to Rider One and the second Velotron will be ignored in
Coaching Software. If you find the comm port set is for the wrong Velotron, you can swap the cables
-or- rerun the test with only the Velotron turned on you intend to use. The software will set the comm
port for that trainer, when found.
1 To begin the test, turn the Velotron ON. Be sure you have the Stereo Cable(s) inserted correctly into
Load Generator(s) and USB to Stereo Adapter(s).
2 Double click the Velotron CS 1.6 icon in the Velotron CS Program Group. The CS Menu will open
(below left): Choose Utilities then Comm Ports.
Velotron CS Menu Screen
3 The test will now search for available comm ports and determine whether
any CompuTrainer is connected.
Comm Test Results
4 When the test is completed, a window like the one above (right) will display. The software will set the
comm port in Source - Realtime - Comm Port to the first Velotron it finds.
5 If no Velotron is found during this test, please refer to Appendix C - PC and CS Setup Tips at the rear
portion of this manual.
Caution: Consult your doctor before beginning any exercise program
11
Velotron Coaching Software (CS) - Introduction
Velotron CS is a tool for coaches and Velotron users alike. It was designed to help anyone develop workouts
and analyze saved performance files from any Velotron software program.
For the Coach
Coaches can “prescribe” workouts for their athletes via e-mail or their coaching web site. With Velotron CS the
coach can create these tests which the athletes can then run. Afterward, the athlete can provide the coach (by
way of e-mail or recording media) the workout results for analysis leading to further prescribed workouts.
For the Athlete
Velotron users can create a multitude of personal testing protocols and export the data into personal training
diaries and spreadsheet programs. With the addition of Training Peaks software (www.trainingpeaks.com), you
can dig deep into the files to learn all you can about your performance data.
List of Chart Screen Features for Velotron CS:
{
Course Profile
{
Channel View
Buttons
{
Chart
Screen
Time Indicator Bar
Channel
View
}
RPM
Pointer
20 RPM
Range
{
Data Bar
SpinScan Data
(Not available in ERG Mode)
1) Full array of data taken directly from a Velotron saved performance file.
2) Current, Peak and Average display of data. HR zone % and PulsePower™, Gear and Gearing.
3) User selectable color graphs that correspond to the data section.
4) Time Indicator Bar to pinpoint exact time coordinates.
5) Course/program profile for Real Time use to indicate current position, or workload.
6) Multiple Zoom Levels in File Mode operation.
7) RPM zone pointer to help maintain a fixed RPM during any test. It is ideal for fixed wattage tests.
Caution: Consult your doctor before beginning any exercise program
12
Introduction (Continued)
- Velotron Coaching Software (CS)
List of functions for Velotron CS:
 Import all Velotron Saved Race Files for immediate scrolling and analysis of data points. When imported,
the saved race file appears in the Chart View window as a full length race file – from beginning to end
– in “full zoom out” mode. The individual data channels are color-coded and can be reviewed in this
mode by moving the Time Indicator Bar left and right and watching the corresponding, color-coded
numerical data bar. When you want a closer look at the data, the Time Indicator Bar can be positioned
at this point of interest and with the click of the right mouse button you will fully zoom in to view the file
with maximum details.
 Scroll Mode. In full “zoomed in” mode, the data channels can be scrolled – in either direction – by
moving the Time Indicator line to the left hand or to the right hand side of the view window. The
numerical data in the data bar will update as the screen scrolls past the Time Indicator Bar.
 View Option buttons. You have the option of displaying as much or as little of the data channels on the
chart view window as you choose. Each selection of view data displays another channel of data within
the charts view window. Regardless of the data channels you choose to be graphically displayed, the
data bar at the bottom of the screen will show the full amount of data that is available.
 Gear Selection. This feature will allow you to design the gearing to match your racing bicycle, or to
experiment virtually with any gear cluster arrangement. The screen will display both “gear inches”
and “gearing” to allow you full knowledge of the gear you are in. Virtual front gears can change
independently of rear gears using a unique key press timing function.
 Realtime Ergometer Tests. Using Velotron CS you can create automated Realtime “time/watt” based test
protocols or run them manually using the Manual Charts mode. Tests can be in 1 watt increments with
time steps as low as a hundredth of a minute. Manual Charts can be preset at a beginning wattage and
allows for step changes from 1 watt up per key press.
 Realtime Road Courses. Using courses easily created for CS you watch your selected data channels scroll
onto the charts view window in real time “distance and grade” based changes.
 SpinScan. This program analyses your pedaling efficiency. Pinpoint dead-spots in your pedal stroke
with 72 multi-color display bars or the Polar SpinScan display. Average Torque Angle displays to help
indicate whether your legs fire at similar points; preferably at or around 90 degrees from top dead center.
 Save - Velotron Data Files (*.vel). Real Time ergo or road course performance files you save using your
Velotron CS program can be subsequently reviewed the same as any other saved race file.
 Screen Capture - Preset a screen capture prefix for the capture file name. You can capture screen shots
sequentially during either real time or file-mode operation. The screen captures will be saved with the
prefix and then a sequential number in the popular Windows™ Bitmap format.
 Export Saved Race Files to ASCII. All Velotron CS Saved Race Files are encrypted and can only be
read by CS. You can export any encrypted Velotron file as ASCII text for import into your favorite
spreadsheet program or training diary that accepts ASCII.
Running the CS Software
 When first executing the software from the program shortcuts, you will be looking at the Menu structure (as
seen on page 11) where choices are made prior to beginning any test or analysis.
Caution: Consult your doctor before beginning any exercise program
13
Velotron Coaching Software (CS) - Menu Structure Definitions
The file menu structure is the map to using Velotron CS. Each Menu heading has subheadings as shown below.
Each menu and sub menu will be described in detail as you read this manual.
File
Export
Export - Exports as ASCII your saved performance data.
Export Options - Opens the Export Options dialog
Open Report - Opens a dialog window to select and open a report in the Reports folder
Exit - Exits the CS program.
Source - Selects between Real Time and File Mode operation.
Realtime - Check mark to run Real Time tests using your PC based Velotron.
New - Create a new Velotron data file. (user data)
Open - Open an existing Velotron data file as a current rider.
Comm Port - choose the Serial Communications Port used by your Velotron.
Saved File - Run CS in File mode. To select a saved race file, choose Start - Charts.
A dialog will appear prompting you to select the location and file name.
Test - Test the serial communications ports, reporting what is attached to your PC.
Test Comm Ports - Test Comm Ports’s 1-20 for attached devices.
Accuwatt -- Verification program to determine factory calibration values still exist.
Enter Factory Calibration - Used to enter Factory Calibration Value.
Run Accuwatt - Runs the Accuwatt program.
Get Velotron Settings - Verifies the settings stored within the Velotron firmware.
Options - Choices for Real Time operation, Course selection occurs from selecting Start - Charts.
Metric - when selected, CS displays metric values, in Real Time or File Mode.
Enter Gears - allows gear sprocket entry for up to 30 gears to mimic a road bike setup
Screen Capture - enter a prefix that will be used in the file name of a screen capture
Manual Ergo Options - set the Manual Charts starting wattage and incremental wattage
Set Pointer - sets the “center of the scale” (20 RPM window) on the RPM scale in Charts.
Scaling - Changes the y-axis scaling to help control channel clutter.
Drag Factor - enables the Drag Factor™ feature
Setup Report - Report setup dialog to enable reports and setup logos for report
Start Charts - Starts CS Chart Screen , Real Time or File Mode, first opening a file selection window.
In Real Time -- Road courses or Ergo Tests are available
In File Mode -- All Velotron saved race files are available (except Wingate tests).
Manual Ergo Mode - Adjust the wattage manually during a test
SpinScan - Starts SpinScan Screen. F2 key toggles between Bargraph and Polar display.
Help
About Charts - display the current CS version information.
Caution: Consult your doctor before beginning any exercise program
14
Real Time Operation - Source Menu - Velotron Coaching Software (CS)
Realtime and File-Mode -- What do these mean?
Velotron CS operates in two modes: Real-Time and File-Mode. In Realtime, CS is connected to your
Velotron and shows training data as you pedal. In File-Mode, you will be analyzing preexisting saved race
files created by any Velotron software program.
Realtime Operation
1 Select “Source -Realtime”
In Realtime, your Velotron is providing the data to the PC (for details on connecting your Velotron
to the PC, refer to page 9 of this manual). You will switch between File-Mode and Real-Time, or
vice versa, using the Source Menu. When Source - Realtime is checked, the menu subtitles New,
Open, and Comm Ports will become available.
2 Create or Open a “Velotron Data File”
Velotron CS allows multiple users to store their name, weight and heart rate limits on the hard drive
of the PC for future recall. These files have a *.VDF file extension.
Creating a New Velotron Data File
If this is the first use of Velotron CS, you will need to choose the New sub menu under Source Realtime and fill in the data fields. Once completed, choose OK. You will then be prompted to select
a destination (Save in) and name (File name) for the Velotron data file. After doing so choose Save.
These files are saved with *.VDF file extensions. It is advised to save these files in the Velotron CS root
folder (this is the default path).
Opening an existing Velotron Data File
Select Source - Realtime - Open and select the desired Velotron Data File (*.VDF). If the file doesn’t
exist, you may have saved it into a different folder or you can create a new one using the New option as
described above.
3 Comm Port Selection
Before you make this selection you should first ensure your Velotron is connected to the PC and turned
on. Then you should verify the current Serial Communications Port the Velotron(s) are using by running
the Test Comm Ports program found in the Test Menu. Once the test completes, the results of this test
should be compared to the settings made under Source - Realtime - Comm Ports and changes made
accordingly.

The Test Comm Ports will automatically make changes to the comm port menu. If you have
two Velotrons and both are plugged in and turned on it will use the first trainer found during
the port test. You may need to swap stereo cables if it chooses the wrong trainer.
Caution: Consult your doctor before beginning any exercise program
15
Velotron Coaching Software (CS) - Channel Views and the Data
Channel Views and the Data Bar
The Channel View Screen is an X/Y chart where performance data is shown. The y-axis Data Channels
(the multi-colored lines) and the numbers shown in the Data area are in direct relation to each other in
both value and color. By comparing the color of the channel with the text color of the Data, you can easily
determine what channel of data you are looking at. The Performance Data is referenced to the Time Bar
Indicator, which is on the far right hand side of the screen in Realtime, but is floating and controlled by the
PC mouse in File-Mode.
MPH -- Current speed in Realtime or speed at the current Time Marker location in File-Mode.
Watts -- Power produced by the rider in Realtime or at the current Time Marker location in File-Mode.
RPM -- Revolutions Per Minute of the crank in Realtime or the at the current Time Marker location in File-
Mode.
Heart Rate -- Current heart rate in Realtime or at the current Time Marker in File-Mode.
Left, Right and Overall SpinScan -- SpinScan data refers to the overall efficiency of the pedal stroke
while riding on Velotron. See the section on SpinScan in this manual for complete details.
Left Power -- Left leg percent power output from the SpinScan data section in Real Time or the left
power as recorded in a data file that contains SpinScan data in File mode.
Right Power -- Right leg percent power output from the SpinScan data section in Real Time or the right
power as recorded in a data file that contains SpinScan data in File mode.
LATA or RATA -- Average Torque Angle values shown in the Polar and Bar SpinScan screen.
Please Note: Due to the nature of the Ergometer mode, SpinScan is disabled during an Ergometer
Test. The purpose of an Ergometer test is maintain a wattage constant through the entire pedal stroke,
so pedal modulation normally seen in SpinScan, though perhaps still present to some degree, is
considerably difficult to analyze. As such, pedal-stroke analyzation in this mode is unavailable.
PulsePower™ -- PulsePower™ is the relation between heart rate and watts. The efficiency at which
a cyclist produces power for a given heart rate is what determines the PulsePower™ value. By adding
rider weight into this equation (as we did) the coach or athlete can accurately compare multiple riders,
regardless of weight, to determine who, for a given physiological makeup, will be most apt to excel in a
specific cycling function -- be it sprinter or endurance. The higher this PulsePower™ number, the better.
PulsePower™ is defined as the ratio of watt seconds per heart beat, or heart energy output, in
ft.-lbs. per beat divided by the body weight times 1000.
Changing Channel Views
The Chart Window, also called the Channel View (the area of graphic detail) will display as much
information as you choose using the Channel View Buttons (see the image on page 12). These buttons
are to the left of the Chart Window and can be changed on-the-fly. Keep in mind, the more data you select,
the busier the screen will appear.
The Performance Data (the numerical section below the chart window) will show all available data
regardless the Channel View settings. When an item is selected, it will display as a colored line in the Chart
Window that will match in color to the numerical value in the Data Bar.
Please Note: Y-Axis scaling for each channel of data can be changed for each value within the
Options menu. See page 18 more detailed information.
Caution: Consult your doctor before beginning any exercise program
16
Test Menu - Options Menu
- Velotron Coaching Software (CS)
Test - Test Comm Ports - See also - Testing Connections and Ports (page 11)
This test queries the Windows™ operating system to determine what serial communication ports exist on
your PC and what may be connected to them. Using the results from this test, you can make the correct
selection in the Comm Port section sub-menu under Source/Realtime. Full details on this test are found on
Page 11.
Test - Accuwatt™
Accuwatt will confirm whether the Velotron is still calibrated and functioning as it was when it left the factory.
Knowing this will eliminate any doubt about the validity of a test. The factory calibration value must be entered
prior to running this test to give Accuwatt™ its reference point (see the Factory Calibration documentation
supplied with your Velotron). Once entered, the Accuwatt™ program will provide you with two pieces of
data: 1) deviation from the factory reading, and 2) deviation from each previous run of the Accuwatt test.
Entering the original factory calibration value
1 Go to Tests\AccuWatt\Enter Factory Calibration.
2 Enter the 6-digit calibration value and left-click OK.
Running the AccuWatt test
1 Left-click Run AccuWatt From the Tests menu. You will see a large window showing speed and
the title-bar will state: Speed up to 23 MPH and Stop.
2 Accelerate to between 22 and 23 Miles Per Hour and stop pedaling. It is important to stop all leg
movement forward or backward during this portion of the test -- but do not unclip from the pedals.
3 When the speed decelerates to 22 MPH the test will begin and load will be applied. The results
screen will then appear showing a pulse count, factory deviation, and successive deviation. Further
instructions are also shown to aid in running more tests or to exit.
Note: Some deviation from the factory setting will occur and is normal. Typical deviation will be
very small, less that 0.05%. To exceed the rated +/- 1.5% wattage accuracy established for Velotron,
a change of almost +/- 2500 pulse counts must occur. Anything less than this is acceptable, but
trends towards higher than normal pulse count errors may be cause for investigation.
Getting Velotron Information
1 Go to Tests\Get Velotron Info.
2 Factory Calibration and Firmware information will display.
Accuwatt Notes
 The AccuWatt test results can vary slightly due to ambient temperature change, bearing grease viscosity,
as well as chain tension. AccuWatt should be run while the unit is at room temperature (i.e., 70°F or
21°C), which is the temperature at the factory where the original calibration value was established. You
should also check for excessive chain tension (too tight) and adjust to about 1” to 1½” of slack.
 It is possible to see Factory Deviations greater than 1.5%, but still have very low Successive Deviation
values. This would indicate the Velotron has changed in some way, even though it is still repeatable in
its current condition -- whatever that may be. Statistical “flyers” (one-time errors that may exceed rated
specification) can occur to produce large errors. Statistical “flyers” can be ignored.
 Though every effort has been made to eliminate any potential “flyers”, it is not uncommon -- especially
on the very first run -- to have a value that is seemingly incorrect. You should always run a few
consecutive tests before recording data. This will allow the Velotron to stabilize and also will allow the
chain, bearings and grease to loosen up.
Caution: Consult your doctor before beginning any exercise program
17
Velotron Coaching Software (CS) - Options Menu
Options Menu
Metric - This function works the same in Real Time, File Mode and Export. Check-mark this menu
selection for displaying your information with Metric values (KPH and Kg’s).
Enter Gears - This function allows you to enter the gearing
(sprockets) found on an existing road bike. This will allow you to
mimic this road bike by allowing you to shift the front gear cluster
separate from the rear using a unique timing function of the gear
changing key presses.
On the various screens you will see both Gear and Gearing displayed.
Gear is ‘gear inches” and Gearing is the typical “52/12” type of display
known to most cyclists.
Shifting Gears. To shift the rear sprocket using a gear table as
shown, you press shifter (up/down or brake-hood switch) keys
quickly, once for each gear change. To shift the front sprockets,
press and hold the appropriate key for about 1 second to initiate the
change. The software uses the time period you hold these keys down
to determine whether you intend to shift the front or rear sprockets.
Screen Capture - This setting will allow you to establish a “file
save prefix” given to the screen capture routine. In other words,
you can set a prefix; perhaps like Bob. The software will capture a
screen shot each time the “C” key is pressed on the PC keyboard and
will add a sequential number after the prefix (i.e., Bob1.bmp, Bob2.
bmp, etc.). By referencing the Date/Time stamp given the file name
by Windows™, you do not need to give a prefix more than this.
The captured files are stored in a Capture sub-folder found in the
Velotron CS folder.
Gear Dialog
Screen Capture Dialog
Manual Ergo Options - This setting establishes the starting
wattage and the wattage increment of the Manual Ergo Mode
feature. You can set the starting wattage anywhere between 0
and 2000 watts. Incremental changes can be set between 1 and
2000.
Using this option you can run a test that allows a warm-up, at say,
100 watts, and then in one press load the system to 1000 watts.
Doesn’t sound like a fun test or likely realistic, but most tests
probably don’t feel too fun anyway.
Manual Ergo Settings Dialog
Drag Factor™ - Select this to enable the Drag Factor™
display on the Chart and SpinScan screens. Drag Factor™ will
allow you to adjust your aerodynamic drag to more closely
match what you encounter on the road.
Please Note: You can only adjust your Drag Factor prior to starting the timer using F1. Once the timer
starts the Drag Factor™ set is held throughout that ride. Drag Factor™ is only available in ”wind-load”
based training. If know, you can also preset the DragFactor™ in rider setup (Source - Realtime - New).
Caution: Consult your doctor before beginning any exercise program
18
Options Menu - Velotron Coaching Software (CS)
Set RPM Pointer - This setting establishes the “center of the
dial” for the RPM Pointer found to the right of the Channel
View Chart Window. This RPM pointer has a 20 RPM swing,
so if you set this at 90 (as shown) and pedal the bike, the RPM
scale will be from 80 RPM to 100 RPM.
The purpose of this is to help keep you at a steady RPM during
Ergometer tests, where changes in RPM can have and effect
on how well the software can adjust the loads at the Load
Generator to keep the watt constant. The smaller the changes
in RPM you can sustain, the more consistent the loads will be.
Set Pointer RPM Dialog
Scaling - The Y-axis scaling on the Charts screen is set using
the Edit Scaling option. In this dialog are a list of Minimum
and Maximum values that determine the location within the
Chart Window where the channels of data will reside and how
high or low the numbers will go.
When you adjust the scale of any value, this not only increases
the maximum number shown, but the location in the window
the channel will run. 150 watts displayed within a Charts
screen set at 0 Min and 300 Watts Max will show 1/2 way up in
the middle of the screen. Set the scale to 600 Watts Max and
the 150 watt value will show 1/4 of the way up the scale.
Setup Report - The main purpose of this file is to allow
coaches and training centers to give a printed report to a client
who has just done a ride. These are HTML files and will open
in the default Internet browser. Printing these files is done as
well using the Internet browser “print” option.
Scaling Screen
 There are example images supplied within the Reports sub-
folder you can edit to suit your needs. Replacement files
should be of similar size and file type if you make new files.
If you change the names of these files, be sure to type the
name to their path in the Setup Report menu dialog box.
 You will be prompted to save the report when you end
the ride. If you have no plans to save any reports, you can
turn off the report feature by unchecking “Save Report” in
the Options Screen.
 Setting the feet/meters option in the Option Screen will
establish whether the report displays metric values or not.
Setup Report Dialog
Caution: Consult your doctor before beginning any exercise program
19
Velotron Coaching Software (CS) - Starting a Test
Start Charts - Realtime
“Charts” is the term for the graphic screen shown when CS is running. When you choose Start - Charts
while Source is set to Real-Time, an “Open” dialog box will appear. Displayed will be all files with the
course file types of ERG, CRS or 3D.
The file types available; “.crs” , “.erg” , or “.3dc” files are created in different ways. Information on creating .crs
or .erg files are found in Appendix A, whereas .3dc files are typically created using the Velotron 3D software.
You may need to browse to a different folder to gain access to some courses.
The Charts Screen using Automated Ergometer Mode - .ERG files
Ergometer tests are time/watt based tests and the load felt by the cyclist is controlled during the
test regardless of speed or RPM. The word DUR, found in the center of the Chart Screen, stands for
“Duration” and matches the final time value found in the .erg file. At the top of the screen, you will
see a representative profile of the test with a moving pointer indicating your progress through the test.
SpinScan is not available in a “watt constant” test, so in ergometer mode, this section of the screen has
been grayed out.
The Charts Screen using Road Courses - .CRS or .3DC
When using CRS or 3DC files, the screen is identical to that of the ergometer mode, except the Grade
and Wind lines are now active. DIST (for distance) is now shown in the center of the Charts window
and matches the total length of all course legs in the .crs or .3dc file. At the top of the screen is a course
profile and a pointer indicating your progress through the course.
The Charts Screen using Manual Ergometer Mode
A Manual Ergo Test is controlled by the Handlebar Controller and there is no profile and no predefined
duration shown. Wattage is controlled by using the Up/Down arrow keys or the up or down arrow
keys on the PC keyboard. You can establish the beginning wattage and the wattage steps in the
Options/Manual Ergo Mode drop-down menu.
Starting Tests Using the Handlebar Controller in Realtime
F1 begins and/or pauses the timer and data collection. If at any time you want to pause a test, you may
press the F1 key again to pause the timer and data collection.
RPM Pointer
This floating pointer (to the right of the Chart Screen) will help the athlete maintain a steady RPM during
the test. The range is 20 RPM (10 RPM above and below the set point) as set in Options/Set Pointer. A
steady RPM will minimize the corrections in the load control loop needed to maintain a watt constant in
ergo mode.
Reading the Chart Screen
As you pedal, the chart window will display the channels you selected and performance data will update
with real-time numbers. In real-time, only the most radical of changes may be noticed in the channels.
Peak and Average display functions only occur when the timer is running, as well as the collection of the
performance data. In ergo mode, before the timer begins, the Velotron is in “Wind-load mode” on a flat
grade to allow for warming up.

Please Note: The y-axis placement of the channel data on the Chart Screen is dependent upon
the value of the particular data type. It would be very difficult to display numerically the value
of each y-axis scale for each channel of data, considering each can be different. To check what
the scale is, or change the scale for any channel, see page 19 “Scaling”.
Caution: Consult your doctor before beginning any exercise program
20
Concluding and Saving a Test - Velotron Coaching Software (CS)
Concluding a Test
When you have completed your test, you can either reset the timer and run a new test, or save the
performance data as a permanent record.
 At the conclusion of a known length test a dialog will appear asking you to “Reset or Save.”
 If the test is open-ended you would press the F5 (reset) button to prompt a “Save, Reset, or Cancel”
(Cancel added in case you pressed F5 by mistake). These questions can be answered using the
Handlebar Controller keys shown in the dialog to eliminate having to dismount the bike.
Saving the Race/Test Data
Performance files in CS are saved as .vel files. Vel file extensions are created whether the test was an
ERG file, CRS file, or saved SpinScan session. The performance files will be saved with a User Name/
Course or test type/Date/Time.vel format.
1 Press RESET after the completion of a test to display the “Do you want to save” dialog. Answer Yes.
2 Using the Handlebar Keys, press F1 to Save or F2 not to save.
Canceling a Test
 If you decide to cancel a test, you can press F5 to display the Save Dialog. In this case you will press No
when asked to save. This will or discard the performance data, reset the timer and course information (if
any). If you selected RESET by accident, you can press Cancel to resume the test from that point.
Saved Race Notes
 Saved Performance Files also contain “course data” to allow you to correlate the performance data with
course correctly.
 After saving a performance you may be prompted to save a Report as well (if enabled).
Caution: Consult your doctor before beginning any exercise program
21
Velotron Coaching Software (CS) - Analyzing Saved Races
Analyzing Saved Race Files – File Mode
Velotron CS will review any file created using PC based Velotron Software (except Wingate).
These files types are:
.3dp – created by Velotron 3D (see appendix D for information on 3D files and CS)
.Vel -- created using the Velotron Coaching Software or MultiRider Time Trials
To play back these files:
1 Choose Source - Saved File.
2 Then choose Start - Charts. An Open File Windows™ dialog box will appear.
3 Choose the folder the file is contained within using the “Look in:” box.
4 Select the file and left click Open
Note: If the files you want to look at do not reside within the Velotron CS folder, you can
browse to a different location and open them from there.
Tip: If you would like to open another saved race file while still on the chart screen
in File Mode, press the Ctrl O key to launch the Open File dialog window.
View options - File Mode
Once a file is selected it will appear in its entirety within the Charts Window. The Channel View buttons
work the same here as they do in Real Time -- the more you select, the more channels of information
you will see in the Chart Screen.
Viewing Saved Data
Once the data is loaded into CS it will be displayed in “full zoom out” mode. Moving your mouse left
and right will move the “Time Indicator Bar” back and forth over the data. The values for any point in
time will display in the Data Bar below. The average and peak values are computed from the beginning
of the file to the Time Indicator Bar.
Zooming into the data – Full Zoom In
To zoom into the data at any given point in time, right click the mouse button from within the Chart
Screen -- paying particular attention to the timer. For instance, if you want to zoom into a file at the
10 minute mark, then move the Time Indicator left or right until the timer reads 10:00:00. If no zoom
change takes place, the file data is too short for further zoom levels other than full zoom out.
Zooming out of the data – Full Zoom Out
To zoom back out to “full zoom out” view, left click the mouse button within the Chart Screen.
Multiple Level Zoom
You can define a zoom window and thus have many levels of zoom. To do this, use the right () and
left () arrow keys on your PC keyboard to move the left and right Chart Screen borders inward.
This establishes a new window boundary. When placed where you want to zoom in, hit the Enter key
on your PC keyboard to zoom to that level. Moving the mouse forth and back reveals the data points for
that zoom level. You can repeat this until you are “full zoom in”, at which point the left and right arrow
keys no longer affect the Chart Window borders. At this level you can move through the file using the
scrolling method described.
Caution: Consult your doctor before beginning any exercise program
22
Analyzing Saved Races - Velotron Coaching Software (CS)
Scrolling through data – Full Zoom In
You can scroll through your saved race files while in “full zoom in” only. By moving the mouse to the
left and right forcing the Time Indicator Bar against the right or left border of the Chart Screen, the data
will begin moving forward and backward through the file. To stop scrolling, move your mouse away
from the window border.
You may -- at any time the screen is not scrolling -- left click to go back to full zoom out mode,
reposition the time marker, and right click to zoom into another area of the saved race file and continue
scrolling from there.
Changing Scroll Speed
Depending on the speed of your computer, the scroll rate can be increased or decreased. While
scrolling, use the up () and down () arrow keys on your PC keyboard to change the rate (speed) of
scroll. Slower computers and slower graphics cards may not allow increasing your scroll rate and doing
so may actually negatively affect scroll speed.
If the scroll rate appears too slow, try using the down arrow () key to free up some graphic headroom.
Most newer computers are already running far faster than when this feature was added, so you may not
notice any changes.
Caution: Consult your doctor before beginning any exercise program
23
Velotron Coaching Software (CS) - Exporting Saved Race Files
Exporting Saved Race Files
You can export your saved race files as ASCII text. There are four ways you can export saved race files,
short format (with and without comma delimited) and long format (with and without comma delimited).
Short format, comma delimited, allows for only one “white space with comma” between data columns and
is better suited to import into a spreadsheet program or training diary. Long format columnizes the data and
allows for easy viewing of the data in a text editor.
Export Options
Select File/Export Options (see the figure at right) before exporting a
performance file. Here you can select the information within the file to export.
Check-mark those you want in the export. The example on the right would
best file an export from an ERG file, where SpinScan data (in this case, a lot of
zeros) is removed before it is exported.
Acceptable Export File Sizes for Spreadsheet Programs
Most spreadsheet programs have a limited number of lines of data they can
accept (around 64,000). First, export the file first with toss=0 to determine the
amount of lines an unaltered data file would be. Then you can then look at
this number of records and divide this by 62,000 to give the number (rounded
up) to put into Toss: .
Toss: Notes
 The Toss feature will tell the export function how many lines of data you
would like to remove from the file. For instance, if you choose toss=5, the
export function will choose the first line, toss 5, choose the 7th line, toss 5
and so on. The amount that you may need to remove will depend on the
size of the saved race file and the requirement of the 3rd party export reader.
Changing Export Formats
Export Options
To change the export format:
1 Select File - Export
2 Choose to save with or without Comma Delimited format by check-marking this option to make it
active.
Note: If you plan to use these export files with a spread sheet, select Comma Delimited.
3 Choose either Long or Short Format.
4 A dialog box will appear asking you to select a file to export. Once you have selected the file a timer
bar will appear for some period of time, longer for bigger files, shorter for smaller files. After the export
process, a dialog box appears indicating the export process is complete and shows the name of the file.
The file will be saved with the same file name as it was originally saved, with the exception of a .txt
extension. This file will be automatically saved into the folder the original saved race was stored in.
Export Notes
 The size of exported saved race files may be well over 10 times the size of the original saved race file.
Care should be taken, especially when Auto Export is enabled, to monitor how many of these you export
into your computer.
 If you will always want an export of your performance files, you can use the Auto Export Feature. This
will export the performance file at the same time you save the performance and will use the settings
you have set in the Export Options Screen. For Details on this feature, so Appendix B at the rear of this
manual.
Caution: Consult your doctor before beginning any exercise program
24
SpinScan Pedal Stroke Analyzer - Velotron Coaching Software (CS)
Understanding SpinScan
SpinScan comes in two forms -- Bargraph and Polar. Both provide much the same information, but display
it in different ways. The Bargraph version is the original version of SpinScan and due to its familiarity is
the most popular. The Polar version on the other hand, is being readily accepted among the engineering
crowd as the most intuitive. The fact is: both are good for different reasons as you will soon see in the
written description for both.
Figure 13 - The Bargraph Display
Torque Profile
Torque Scale
Window Height =
Thrust Scale
(10 lbs Normal,
20 lbs Extended)
Torque Graph
(multi-colored
bargraph)
SpinScan Number
(right leg)
SpinScan Number
(left leg)
Power Split
Average
SpinScan Number
Figure 14 - The Polar Display
Torque Profile
Left Average
Torque Angle
Right Average
Torque Angle
SpinScan Number
(left leg)
Average SpinScan Number
SpinScan Number
(right leg)
Power Split
Caution: Consult your doctor before beginning any exercise program
25
Velotron Coaching Software (CS) - SpinScan Pedal Stroke Analyzer
SpinScan Definition
The SpinScan number is defined as: Average Torque divided by Maximum Torque multiplied by 100.
In essence, the SpinScan numbers represent efficiency of the muscle groups in the legs to produce power
evenly through the stroke. The more efficiently you use the muscles in your legs to “pedal in circles”, the
higher the SpinScan values will become and the flatter (bargraph) or rounder (polar) the SpinScan Torque
Profile will become. If your legs could produce power like an electric motor, the graphs would be perfectly
flat (or round) and the SpinScan values would be 100, as in 100% efficient.
The Bargraph SpinScan (see fig. 13)
The Bargraph Torque Graph is a multicolored bar graph and represents one full 360 degree pedal stroke
divided into 15 degree segments, 24 in all. The first bar is the left leg at Top Dead Center (TDC) and TDC
for the right leg starts 180 degrees later, or 12 bars later, in the center of the graph. The height of the
bars are proportional to torque, showing road thrust in foot pounds. By referencing the weaker (lower)
areas of the Torque Graph you can determine which muscle group(s) can best improve this weak area.
Specifically training these muscle group(s) to “fill in” the weak area will thereby produce an overall “flat”
SpinScan over time. A flatter Torque Profile along with higher SpinScan Numbers should equate to less
fatigue for any single muscle group and improved overall endurance.
The Polar SpinScan (see fig. 14)
The Polar SpinScan works exactly the same as the Bargraph version, but instead of the Torque Graph
being individual bars, which represent 15-degree increments, the Polar SpinScan shows a Torque Graph in
a circular, or polar, pattern.
The Polar version also adds ATA (Average Torque Angle), which is a visual representation of where the
average torque is being applied. It represents how you use the “lever-arm” of your bike cranks. The
longest, and most efficient “lever-arm” of a bicycle crank is while it is at 90-degrees from TDC. If the
muscles are firing too early or too late, ATA will indicate this. Values too high, too low, or uneven may
awaken the need to have an expert coach or exercise physiologist examine what you’re doing.
 A Torque Graph displaying power output to the road for one full crank revolution.
 A Torque Profile displaying a graphic representation of how power is being transferred to the road in 5
degree incremental changes.
 The SpinScan Numbers: left leg, right leg, overall, AVG right, AVG left, and overall AVG.
 A Power Split displays power output differences between left and right leg in %.
 Left and Right ATA (Average Torque Angle): displays the average point in degrees that represent
efficient crank arm length usage.
Necessary Connections and Settings
SpinScan requires an RPM signal to function and will not work without an RPM reading above 30 RPM;
therefore, before using SpinScan, be sure you have correctly mounted the Cadence Sensor to the bike.
Though not shown on the Race Screen, you must enter your correct weight into memory. See Page 15 -“Velotron Data Files” for details on entering your weight.
Press the F2 or F3 key on the Handlebar Controller until the appropriate SpinScan screen appear. To go
from the Bar to the Polar and back again requires pressing F2, or if the PC keyboard is handy, you can
toggle forth and back using the F2 PC key.
Caution: Consult your doctor before beginning any exercise program
26
SpinScan Pedal Stroke Analyzer - Velotron Coaching Software (CS)
Using SpinScan
In order to understand how to use SpinScan, you must first understand what it displays and what it
doesn’t. The Torque Graph represents power output - to the road - of both the right and left leg at the
same point in time - not individually. Because your legs are connected to one another through the crank
arm and because the power output on Velotron is calculated in the Load Generator, each bar of the graph
represents power for both the push of one leg and the pull of the other. Velotron uses the cadence sensor
to determine crank position.
It is commonly known that the “push” muscle groups are stronger than the “pull” muscle groups in cycling.
Taking this into consideration, SpinScan can accurately define the Power Split produced by both legs
downstroke. The majority of the power produced in cycling occurs during the push (downstroke) portion
of the pedal stroke using 5 of the 6 major muscle groups. This occurs from about 45 to 120 degrees of the
downstroke. The muscle groups that provide any appreciable power on an up-stroke pull will always be
“shadowed” by the strongest muscle groups in the opposite downstroke positions and therefore don’t affect
the shape of, or the height of, the Torque Graph -- except to the degree they are not resisting the downstroke push. The purpose of clipless pedals is to help minimize the effect of dead weight on the upstroke.
The interaction between muscle memory and equipment variables will determine what the Torque Graph
looks like and changing any of these variables will likewise have some affect on the graph. For instance, if you
consciously modify muscle coordination by pulling up before, or pushing forward at TDC (Top Dead Center), or
pulling back at BDC (Bottom Dead Center), this will show dramatic changes in the Torque Profile. Likewise,
equipment variables such as oval chain rings, clipless pedals, crank arm length changes, etc., will each have
their own distinct effect on the Torque Profile. It has been demonstrated that an uneven Power Split can be
compensated for by using different length crank arms, or pedal shims, while also having a positive effect on
the Torque Profile. The beauty of SpinScan is seeing the effect of any changes instantly.
What is an Optimum SpinScan?
As a general rule, higher numbers are better than lower numbers. It has been our observation that roadies
produce numbers in the 70’s to mid 80’s range, while mountain bikers may see much lower values
because they spend more time standing on the pedals. Clearly, staying in the seat as long as you can while
increasing the grade and eventually you will produce higher SpinScan numbers.
Making Your SpinScan Better
Special one-way cranks and clipless pedals do a lot to help build muscle strength in the up-stroke. Most
dead spots in the pedal stroke, though, are at Top-Dead-Center and Bottom-Dead-Center. Workouts should
be created to combine the strengths of the two or three “equally weak” muscle groups that fire within these
areas to help fill in these dead spots.
With the majority of power being produced by the largest and strongest muscle groups -- at the same
instance where you also have the most leverage to produce it (at about 90 degrees from top dead center).
Concentrating on the dead-spot areas at top dead center and bottom dead center while using SpinScan
should be considered for your workout routine, but you should consult your coach or trainer before making
any final analysis.
Further SpinScan Tips
Further into this manual (Appendix E) you will find a section containing SpinScan tips supplied by Coaches
who use Velotron or CompuTrainer. We will add more comments there, crediting those who submit them,
as they are sent to RacerMate.
Caution: Consult your doctor before beginning any exercise program
27
Velotron Coaching Software (CS) - Appendix A - Creating Courses or Tests
Creating Courses using Windows™ Notepad
Notepad is a text editor supplied with Windows™, which can be used to create ASCII text files (a
programming language). You can create or edit course profiles with minimal computer skills by following
these instructions.
1 Left-click Start and then Programs.
Left-click Accessories and then Notepad.
Velotron CS
2 With Notepad running, click on File,
then Open (see fig. 15).
3 Left-click the down arrow in the “Look
in:” section and browse to the folder
containing your courses. Left-click it to
place it in the Look in: section.
4 By default Notepad looks only for “text
files”, but if you left-click on the down
arrow in the “Files of type:” section and
choose “All Files (*.*)”, then all the files
in this folder will appear.
(Fig. 15) Open an existing course file
5 The files with a “.crs” extension (the last 3 characters in a file) will be courses. These can be opened
and edited to make new courses.
6 Left-click on a course to highlight it and place it in the “File name:” section.
7 Left-click the Open button to open this file in Notepad.
Course Creation Details
Below is a view of a course opened in Windows Notepad. Details of the course construction are shown to
the left of the display (see Fig. 16). We’ll continue with editing a course to make it a new one, which is the
easiest way to also make a new course.
Windows Title Bar –
Notepad Menu –
COURSE HEADER [in Brackets] –
UNITS (English or Metric) –
DESCRIPTION of course –
FILE NAME (must match Windows™ file name) –
Table Description (informational only) –
Comments of any kind can go after semicolon –
END COURSE HEADER [in Brackets] –
COURSE DATA [in Brackets] –
Course Data (as many lined as needed) –
This data makes up the course as it is displayed
on the Race Screen. The first column of data
represents the course leg lengths to a hundreth
of a mile if you choose. The second column
of data represents the course grades. Add a
negative sign (-) to indicate downhill grades.
The last column of data represents wind and
can be both headwind or tailwind. Again, add
a negative sign (-) to indicate tailwind. No
tenths or hundreth places for wind.
END COURSE DATA [in Brackets] –
(Fig. 16) CRS Course Details
Caution: Consult your doctor before beginning any exercise program
28
Analyzing Saved Races - File Mode - Velotron Coaching Software (CS)
Using an Existing Course to make a New Course
Because course files must retain the format as shown in the image on the previous page, it is recommended
to edit one of the preexisting courses when making a new course. This will almost guarantee a usable
course every time.
1 To create a new course from an existing course while in Notepad, first open a preexisting course as
described on the previous page.
2 Left click File / Save As from the menu.
3 Type a new name (with the .crs extension) for your new course in the File name area.
4 Choose All Files (*.*) in the Save as type area.
5 Left click Save to make a “carbon copy” of, and close, the first opened course.
6 Now you can proceed with changes to make it your new course.
 Tip: To learn more about creating custom courses, open the customcrs.txt file which was copied into the Velotron
CS folder. This too can be viewed using Notepad.
7 When finished creating a course, left click File / Save to save the new file changes.
Checking your New Course
The best way to check your course for
hidden character errors (as noted below in
the Course Creation Notes) is to highlight
the entire course when you are finished with
it as shown to the right. The highlighted
areas should “hug” the text (see the figure at
right). You can do this as follows:
1 Left-click and hold the mouse button
down in the left top corner of the
Notepad window.
2 While holding the left mouse button
down, drag diagonally across the
window to the bottom right corner of the
Notepad window.
Highlighting a Course Profile to spot hidden character errors
3 Release the mouse when the complete text is highlighted and make note of any areas that are
highlighted beyond where there is text shown.
4 You can now highlight and delete these areas until the course looks like the example above.
Course Creation Notes
 There cannot be any blank lines between the ‘Course Header’ and ‘End Course Header’ section and
the ‘Course Data’ and ‘End Course Data’ section. Likewise, there cannot be any lines of data before the
‘Course Header’ section or after the ‘End Course Data’ section.
 There cannot be any missing data from any columns. If data is missing the program will not run the
course.
 The file name line must match the same characters as shown in the Windows™ Title Bar.
Caution: Consult your doctor before beginning any exercise program
29
Velotron Coaching Software (CS) - Appendix a - Creating Erg Files
Ergometer Tests – Creating .erg (ERG) files
Included in the Velotron CS folder are at least three sample .erg files. As coaches use the software and
create more tests, we will include more and post them on our web site. If you have created tests that you
would like to see included, e-mail them to us and we will supply them within the program and post them
in our Free Courses page at www.racermateinc.com.
Because ergometer test protocols are time based and not distance based (road courses) the format of the
.erg file needs a beginning (o.oo) and ending “time mark”.
 In Example 1 ( shown on the following pages) some time marks show the same time but have two different
watt values. This is a step in watts at a given point in time, where the watt value increases each step.
 In Example 2, the test will have both a step watt change over some portion and then ramped watt
change for the remainder.
 In Example 3, the test is ramping the watt changes over the entire period.
The ERG tests are made up of a Course Header and a Course Data section. The Course Header section
describes the name that will be stored in the saved file for future reference if exported. The Course Data
section is what drives the Watts display in the data bar and the load changes in the Velotron Load Generator.
Formatting ERG files
Allowable Ergo Test Time Increments
The time is in decimal minutes. This means 1.5 = 1 minutes 30 seconds. You can go as low as .01 of a
minute, which equates to 6 tenths of a second.
Allowable Ergo Test Watt Increments
Watt increments can be as low as 1 watt.
ERG Test Notes
 When formatting ERG files, be aware that ERG files need a beginning time (which is always 0.00) and a
final test completion time, at which the data collection ends.
Cycling Peaks ERG+
Erg+, which is currently sold by the Cycling Peaks, Training Peaks division, was originally developed and
sold through Intellicoach Software. This program takes creating ERG file to the highest place possible. For
further details on this, or other Training Peaks offerings, go to www.trainingpeaks.com.
Caution: Consult your doctor before beginning any exercise program
30
Appendix A - ERG File Examples - Velotron Coaching Software (CS)
Ergo Test Examples
Example 1 – Step Change Ergometer Test
[COURSE HEADER]
VERSION = 2
UNITS = ENGLISH
DESCRIPTION = 5 MINUTE TEST
FILE NAME = FIVE_MINUTE_TEST.ERG
MINUTES WATTS
[END COURSE HEADER]
[COURSE DATA]
0.0 300
1.0 300
1.0 400
2.0 400
2.0 500
3.0 500
3.0 400
5.0
400
[END COURSE DATA]
In Example 1 above, the load stays at 300 watts from time mark 0:00 to 1:00 minutes. Then at 1:00 minutes
the load steps to 400 watts and maintains this value until 2:00 minutes. At the 2:00 minute mark the load
steps to 500 watts and maintains this value to the 3:00 minute mark where at 3:00 it steps back down to 400
watts and maintains 400 watts to the 5.00 minute mark. Total time of this test is 5 minutes.
Example 2 - Step Change Ergometer Test with Ramp Conclusion
[COURSE HEADER]
VERSION = 2
UNITS = ENGLISH
DESCRIPTION = 7 MINUTE STEP_RAMP
FILE NAME = SEVEN_MINUTE_STEP_RAMP.ERG
MINUTES WATTS
[END COURSE HEADER]
[COURSE DATA]
0.0 300
1.0 300
1.0 400
2.0 400
2.0 500
3.0 500
3.0 400
7.0 0
[END COURSE DATA]
In Example 2, the load stays at 300 watts from time 0:00 to 1:00 minute. At 1:00 the load steps to 400 watts
and maintains this value until 2:00 minutes. At the 2:00 minute mark the load steps to 500 watts and maintains
this value to the 3:00 minute mark where at 3:00 it steps back down to 400 watts and then ramps down to
zero over the next 4 minutes to the 7:00 minute mark. Total time of this test is 7 minutes.
Caution: Consult your doctor before beginning any exercise program
31
Velotron Coaching Software (CS) - Appendix A - ERG File Examples (cont’d)
Example 3 - Ramp Test
[COURSE HEADER]
VERSION = 2
UNITS = ENGLISH
DESCRIPTION = 5 MINUTE RAMP
FILE NAME = FIVE_MINUTE_RAMP.ERG
MINUTES WATTS
[END COURSE HEADER]
[COURSE DATA]
0.0 300
1.0 400
2.0 500
3.0 400
4.0 300
5.0 0
[END COURSE DATA]
In Example 3, the load ramps from 300 to 400 watts from 0:00 to 1:00. From 1:00 to 2:00 it ramps from
400 watts to 500 watts. From 2:00 to 3:00 it ramps from 500 watts back down to 400 watts. From 3:00
to 4:00 it ramps from 400 watts back down to 300 watts and finally from 4:00 to 5:00 it ramps from 300
watts to zero. Total time of this test is 5:00 minutes.
Caution: Consult your doctor before beginning any exercise program
32
Appendix B - Advanced Features - Velotron Coaching Software (CS)
Auto Export
Auto Export will export the performance file at the same time you save it. This export will be the same
name as the saved performance file, but with a TXT file extension after the Vel file extension. To enable
this feature, check the box in the File menu/Export Options.
Drag Factor
Drag Factor is similar to adjusting your aerodynamic drag without knowing your aerodynamic drag
coefficient. Drag Factor will increase or decrease the frontal area component of the wind-load curve, thus
allowing you to adjust the feel of the system to more closely match your actual road bike.
Determining your Drag Factor™
To adjust the Drag Factor requires knowing what to adjust it to. This is best accomplished by doing onthe-road testing to calculate what your speed-to-heart rate is on a one-mile flat time-trial. In other words,
find the flattest mile-long section of roadway you can on the calmest day and ride it at a steady state in one
direction while monitoring your heart rate. Record your heart rate when it has stabilized at a fixed, mid
effort speed. Then repeat the ride in the opposite direction and do the same thing. This will eliminate any
grade or wind variations. Now average these two readings to determine what your heart rate is at a given
speed on a flat road. Now ride the trainer on a flat on-mile or longer course. When your heart rate has
stabilized, adjust the Drag Factor until the speed and heart rate matches as recorded on the outdoor ride.
 You can only adjust your Drag Factor using Fn up/down prior to starting the timer. Once the timer starts
the Drag Factor is set and can no longer be changed for that session.
 Drag Factor values are saved within performance files to allow verification of whether the wattage
output is, or isn’t, based upon a drag factor adjustment. Lower Drag Factor numbers will show a lower
wattage for a given speed -- the same way any aerodynamic changes on the bike can lower wattage
ouputs on the road.
User Reports
In addition to the CSV RaceLog file, a customizable User Report can be saved as well. The main purpose of
this file is to allow coaches and training centers the opportunity to give a printed report to a client who has
just done a ride. These are HTML files and will open in the default Internet browser. Printing these files is
done as well using the Internet browser “print” option.
 Open and existing report by going to File - Open report.
This will open to the Reports folder by default.
 There are example images supplied within the Reports sub-
folder you can edit to suit your needs. Replacement files
should be of similar size and file type if you make new files.
If you change the names of these files, be sure to type the
name to their path in the Setup Report menu dialog box.
 You will be prompted to save the report when you end
the ride. If you have no plans to save any reports, you can
turn off the report feature by unchecking “Reports” in the
Options Screen.
 Setting the feet/meters option in the Option Screen will
establish whether the report displays metric values or not.
Setup Report Dialog
Caution: Consult your doctor before beginning any exercise program
33
Velotron Coaching Software (CS) - Appendix C - PC and CS Setup Tips
Setup Tips for your PC and Velotron
 When problems arise, always refer to the PC Setup - Making Connections portion on page 11 along
with the user’s guides that came with your Personal Computer and related devices.
 Be sure you have the version of Direct X found on our install disc (or higher) installed on your PC. This
can be determined by running DXDIAG from the Run command of the Windows™ Start menu.
 Shut down all running applications before using your Velotron software.
Serial Communication Tips - Test Comm Ports
A Velotron with external Velotron software uses Serial Communication to transmit data to and from the
PC. Any problem with the communication path, either from the Velotron to the PC, or from the PC to the
Velotron, can keep the two systems from “talking” to each other.
One problem diagnosing serial port communication errors is the limited information provided by the
computer as to what peripheral device(s) are using the available serial ports. We have included a test in the
Utilities Menu that will query any devices installed on your PC. This software will then report back what is
installed and if any pertain to the Velotron. Using the Check Comm Ports feature will provide information
needed for Velotron setup, i.e., which Velotron is connected to which Comm port(s). S
See Page 11 – Testing for Installed Components for further details on this test and the newest Auto
Detection feature currently supplied also.
USB adapters
You can use the supplied USB to Stereo Adapter to connect your Velotron to a USB port. (See page 9 for
more details on USB to Serial Adapters).
 Make sure the Velotron is ON and the Stereo Cable is inserted into the USB to Stereo Adapter and
Load Generator when using the Test Comm Ports program.
 A Second Velotron requires a second USB to Stereo Adapter in a separate serial port.
Things to look for if errors occur during Check Comm Ports:
No Velotron(s) detected:
 The Stereo Cable is not plugged into the USB to Stereo Adapter or the Ext. PC connection on the
Load Generator.
 Check the Stereo Cable for shorts or breaks using hardware troubleshooting documentation available at
www.racermateinc.com. These will be found in the Technical Support section.
 The driver for the USB to Stereo adapter is not installed. Use Windows™ Device Manager to verify the
existence of available serial ports. Run Add New Hardware Wizard to auto-detect uninstalled hardware.
New issues and fixes arise daily, so be sure to check www.racermateinc.com and click on the
Coaching Software support link before calling for technical support. In addition you will find a
link to the RacerMate Forum site, where chances are good your answers will already be posted
and answered here or in our comprehensive Q&A sections.
Caution: Consult your doctor before beginning any exercise program
34
Appendix D - Troubleshooting Q&A - Velotron Coaching Software (CS)
Troubleshooting Q&A
Q: There appears to be a limit set for some of the values I see on the screen that keep me from seeing what
I’m actually doing. Why is this?
A: There are high and low settings in the Scaling options menu. You can edit these to a higher number to
increase the scale of this window. See page 19 for details on this feature.
Q: On the right of the screen is a floating pointer that I don’t know how to control. What is this?
A: This is the RPM indicator. It is a 20 RPM scale and the center of this scale is the RPM you can set in
Options/Set Pointer.
Q: My SpinScan on Velotron is much smoother than when compared to a CompuTrainer. Why is this?
A: This is due to the smoothing effect that happens with the aid of a 55lb flywheel and no egregious tire
drag. CompuTrainer has to maintain a fairly high tire drag to keep the tire from slipping — as well as
having a small flywheel to minimize the potential of slip during acceleration; not to mention the possibility
of wearing a hole in your tire if you applied the brake and a larger flywheel continued to spin. Velotron
can more closely mimic the stored energies you see on the road — thus making it a better comparison to
real road riding than CompuTrainer. This in no way “devalues” CompuTrainer — as many will attest to. If
anything it shows how things can improve with technology.
Q: I can’t get the SpinScan to display during an Ergo test. Why is this?
A: Due to the nature of the Ergometer mode, SpinScan is disabled. The purpose of an Ergometer test
is maintain a wattage constant through the entire pedal stroke, so pedal modulation normally seen in
SpinScan, though perhaps still present to some degree, is considerably difficult to analyze. As such, pedalstroke analyzation in this mode is unavailable.
Caution: Consult your doctor before beginning any exercise program
35
Velotron Coaching Software (CS) - Appendix E - SpinScan Tips
The SpinScan Feature
(by Bill Edwards, Ph.D.)
Pedaling Efficiency
Improvements in pedaling efficiency can make it possible to produce power with less muscle stress and
less fatigue. Many of the world’s greatest cyclists have worked hard to improve pedaling efficiency using
sophisticated scientific measurements of pedal pressure. The SpinScan function provides a direct visual
measure of pedaling efficiency, thereby allowing one to work on improving pedaling efficiency by the use
of real-time biofeedback. One can actually see the immediate effects of modified recruitment patterns on
pedaling efficiency.
Inefficient pedaling causes one to recruit a relatively few leg-muscle fibers at high intensity, whereas efficient
pedaling technique spreads the load out over a great many muscle fibers at a much lower intensity. Muscle
fibers fatigue very quickly at high intensity, whereas muscle fatigue occurs much more gradually at lower
intensities. It therefore is an advantage to be able to produce power using lower average intensity.
The SpinScan Displays
There are two displays available in the SpinScan function:
(page 25) BarGraph
(page 25) Polar Plot
The bar chart displays the torque on the pedals as a function of position on the circle, starting with the left
foot, and then the right foot. Using the bar chart display, the graph of inefficient pedaling can be displayed by
“stomping” down hard on the pedals one at a time (right-left-right-left, etc.). You will see two distinct mountain
peaks corresponding to the left and right feet pushing down the pedals. At the bottom of the chart you will see
three efficiency numbers corresponding to the left foot, average of both feet, and right foot, respectively. These
numbers represent the ratio of the average torque to the maximum torque applied to the pedals multiplied by
100.
If you next try rotating the pedals while keeping a constant light pressure on the bottoms of your feet all around
the entire circle, the graph becomes flatter and the peaks less distinct, and you will feel less intense muscle
stress. You should notice that the efficiency numbers displayed at the bottom of the chart have increased. At
first, you may find it difficult to maintain this circular pedaling technique and increased efficiency for very long,
but with constant practice it will become second nature. It just takes time for your muscle cell firing patterns to
adapt and to “learn” the new technique.
The polar display shows the torque around the entire circle of the pedals. When “stomping” on the pedals one
at a time, the display shows two distinct lobes (like an airplane propeller). With circular pedaling, the display
becomes a nearly perfect circle, and the efficiency numbers will increase.
Another feature displayed on the polar graph is the angle of attack (the red lines). The angle of attack is the
angle at which the average torque is applied to each pedal. A good target for this angle is 90 degrees (i.e.,
when the pedal cranks are horizontal to the ground). However, this angle depends on saddle position and the
degree to which one can recruit hamstrings versus quads in the power stroke. Sprinters normally prefer to have
their saddles more forward, and tend to recruit more of the hamstring and hip flexor muscles. Their angle of
attack will most likely be greater than 90 degrees. For road riders, the preferred angle of attack is closer to 90
degrees. For time trial bikes, the angle of attack is a compromise between loss of power at the pedals and the
gain one can achieve by being more aerodynamic.
Caution: Consult your doctor before beginning any exercise program
36
Appendix E - SpinScan Tips - Velotron Coaching Software (CS)
Using the SpinScan Function
Typical SpinScan efficiency numbers for cyclists range from as low as 50 percent or less up to as high as 85-90
percent. However, it is not productive to compare your efficiency numbers with those of other cyclists. What
is productive is to start from where you are now, and work toward improving your efficiency from that starting
point. Practice makes perfect.
A good way to begin is to try concentrating on improved efficiency by lightening up on the pedals for about
3-5 minutes at a time at first. Try imagining that you have eggshells under your feet and you mustn’t crush
them. You should be able to wiggle your feet around in your shoes while you are pedaling hard. If you try an
experiment of using this technique while out on the road, you will notice that your speed on the bike will go
up by 0.5-1.0 MPH with no additional stress. That is what you are looking for.
Be patient, because it takes time to get permanent results, but it’s worth the effort!
Caution: Consult your doctor before beginning any exercise program
37
Velotron Coaching Software (CS) - Handlebar Controller and PC shortcuts
Keyboard Shortcuts
These items within CS are user selectable and can be used to further enhance or debug the software should
it be needed. These are:
G key
Pressing the G key will turn on and off the grid within the Charts window. This may be helpful to
“unclutter” the window.
C Key
Pressing the C key will cause the software to generate a screen capture of the screen shown at that time.
Settings for this feature are found in the Options/Screen Capture menu.
D key
Pressing the D key will turn on and off the frame rate/programming flag indicator. This red display (at the
top of the screen) may help when problems occur, like slow scrolling speeds. In addition you will see
[PRPM], which is the actual pedal RPM -- useful in aiding the alignment of the cadence sensor.
Ctrl-O keys
Pressing the Ctrl key and then the “O” (not zero) will open a new performance file without exiting the Chart
Screen to the menu.
 and  Arrow Keys
These arrow keys on the PC keyboard change the scroll speed when viewing a saved file in a full zoomed in
scroll mode.
 and  Arrow Keys
These arrow keys on the PC keyboard change the manual zoom window size, where when sizes the Enter
key changes to this zoom level. Scrolling may not occur at these levels of zoom.
Handlebar Controller Shortcuts
F1 Key -
Starts and Pauses the timer and Performance Data Collection.
Activates the Save Dialog at the race end or Reset.
F2 Key - Scrolls from Bargraph to Polar SpinScan Display (Start - SpinScan ONLY)
Answers “No” to a request to Save Performance
F3 Key - Answers “Cancel” to a request to Save Performance
F5 Key - Reset Timer and Performance Data (Save dialog appears)
F6 Key - Brake Flywheel
Up /Down Keys - Gear Up and Gear Down
Fn AND Up/Down Keys - Grade Up and Grade Down (SpinScan Screen ONLY)
Watts Up and Watts Down (Manual Ergo Mode ONLY)
Increases/Decreases DragFactor™ value (prior to timer start)
Caution: Consult your doctor before beginning any exercise program
38
Velotron Coaching Software (CS) - Index
Symbols
K
Stereo Cable Length 10
3D Software 20, 22
Keyboard Shortcuts 37
T
A
L
Accuwatt 17
Analyzing Saved Races 22
Autorun.exe 6
Auto Export 24, 33
Load Generator 9
Test Comm Ports 11, 14, 17, 34
Tips, PC Setup 34
Toss 24
Troubleshooting 35
C
Channel Views 16
Changing 16
Comm Port Selection 15
Comma Delimited 14, 24
Communication Tips 34
Concluding a Test 21
Course (CRS) Creation 28
checking for errors 28
Courses, edit existing 28
D
Drag Factor™ 33
E
M
Manual Ergo Mode 20
Maximum Cable Lengths 10
Menu Structure 14
Metric 17
Mouse 10
F
Features 12
File Menu 14
File, Save 14
Frame Rates 37
Function List 13
G
Gears 18
H
Handlebar Controller 10
I
Install Software 6
Introduction 12
Uninstall Software 6
USB to Stereo Adapter 9
USB to Serial Settings 9
User Reports 33
O
V
Options Menu 14, 18,19
Velotron Data Files 15
Version Number 14
View Options 19
View Options - File Mode 21
P
PC Dedication 9
PC Keyboard 10
PC Setup Tips 34
PC to TV 10
PulsePower 16
Q
ERG File Examples 30-32
ERG Tests 20, 30-32
Ergometer (ERG) Test Creation 30
Exit 14
Export 14, 24
Export File Sizes 14, 24
Export Options 14, 24
U
Quick Setup 7
Y
Y-Axis Scaling 16, 19, 34
Z
Zoom Functions 21-22
R
Real Time 15
Real Time vs. File Mode? 15
Reports 33
Road Courses 20, 28-29
S
Saving Data 20
Scaling 16, 19
Screen Capture 18
Scroll Speed 23
Scrolling Through Data 23
Serial Ports 9
PC’s Without Serial Ports USB to Serial Adapters 9
Shifting Gears 18
Source 14
Source, Realtime 14
Source, Saved File 14
SpinScan 25-27, 36
Start 14, 20
Start Charts - Real Time 20
Stereo Cable 9,10
Caution: Consult your doctor before beginning any exercise program
39
RacerMate Incorporated Software License Agreement
Important — read carefully before opening or downloading this software packet. This is a legal
agreement between you (either an individual or an entity) and RacerMate Incorporated. By opening
the accompanying sealed software package or downloading the software from the Internet, you
acknowledge that you have read and accept the following RacerMate License Agreement. If you do not
want to be bound by the terms of this Agreement, promptly return the unopened software package and
the accompanying hardware and instruction booklet to RacerMate for a full refund.
Internet customers cannot return or receive a refund for this software unless RacerMate Technical
Support determines the software will not run on the intended computer. If RacerMate Technical
Support determines that the intended PC did not meet minimum system requirements at the time of
download, a refund will not be authorized.
It is the responsibility of the customer to determine whether their PC “appears to meet” minimum
system requirements. If RacerMate determines the computer in which the software was installed on
met minimum system requirements and the software will not run correctly with currently available
hardware and/or software drivers, RacerMate Technical Support will authorize a refund of the purchase
price.
1) License. This License Agreement permits you to use one copy of the enclosed Software program(s) on a single
computer. The software is in “use” on a computer when it is loaded into permanent memory (e.g., hard disk, or other
storage device) of that computer.
2) Copyright. The entire contents of this disc and the compilation of the software are copyrighted and protected
by both United States copyright laws and international treaty provisions. You may make only (a) one copy of the
Software for backup or archival purposes or (b) transfer the Software to a single hard disk, provided you keep the
original for backup or archival purposes. None of the material on the CD-ROM or floppy disc or material within the
Operating Manual may ever be distributed, in original or modified form, for commercial purposes.
3) Other Restrictions. You may not rent or lease the Software. You may transfer the Software and user
documentation on a permanent basis provided you retain no copies and the recipient agrees to the terms of this
agreement. You may not reverse engineer, decompile, or disassemble the Software except to the extent that applicable
law expressly prohibits the foregoing restriction. If the software is an update or has been updated, any transfer must
include the most recent update and all prior versions. By opening the CD-ROM and/or installing the software package
you are agreeing to be bound by this license agreement. Once installed, this software cannot be returned or a refund
of the purchase be made unless authorized by RacerMate Technical Support. Software downloaded via the Internet
cannot be returned or refunded unless authorized by RacerMate Technical Support.
4) Limited Warranty. RacerMate warrants that the software and disc are free from defects in materials and
workmanship for a period of thirty (30) days from the date of purchase. If RacerMate receives notice within the
warranty period of defects in material or workmanship, RacerMate will replace the defective disc. RacerMate’s entire
liability and your exclusive remedy shall be limited to replacement of the Software, which is returned to RacerMate
with a copy of your receipt. This Limited Warranty is void if failure of the Software has resulted from accident, abuse,
or misapplication. Any replacement of the software will be warranted for the remainder of the original warranty period.
This warranty is for the Software disc only and does not imply to or reduce other warranties RacerMate has established
for the hardware this Software is used with.
5) No Liability For Consequential Damages. To the extent permitted by applicable law, in no event shall RacerMate
be liable for any damages whatsoever arising out of the use of or inability to use the Software, even if RacerMate
has been advised of the possibility of such damages. Because some states/jurisdictions do not allow the exclusion or
limitation of liability for consequential or incidental damages, the above limitation may not apply to you.
3016 N.E. Blakeley St.
Seattle, WA 98105
TEL (206) 524-7392 FAX (206) 523-4961
TOLL FREE (800) 522-3610
e-mail: service@Velotron.com
web site: www.Velotron.com
R986-143-00
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