Automatic Recirculation Valves
Automatic
Recirculation Valves
Automatic Recirculation Valves
An automatic recirculation valve (ARV) is a multifunctional valve whose primary purpose is to ensure
that a pre-determined minimum flow is assured
through a centrifugal pump at all times. This is
important as centrifugal pumps suffer from over
heating and cavitation and can be permanently
damaged if they run dry.
uncovered allowing a minimum flow of liquid to be
routed back to the pump.
One Valve, Many Functions
An automatic recirculation valve encompasses all of the
hardware required in a conventional bypass system in a
single housing. The valve consists of several key parts:
ARV Design
SchuF Fetterolf manufactures several standard automatic recirculation valves as well as
customised designs for
special process requirements and severe operating environments. The
standard SchuF
SureFlo™ design is
illustrated opposite.
Outlet (process side)
Spring
Check valve disc
Bypass
SureFlo™ Operating Principles
The automatic recirculation valve is installed
Spindle
in the pump discharge
(hollow)
line in the position of
the main check valve
that it replaces. The
Inlet (pump side)
valve opens as soon
SureFlo™ design
as the pump builds
sufficient flow to move
the internal valve disc in the main line into an open
position. Decreasing flow through the valve causes
the spring loaded disc to return to its seat closing
the process outlet. Simultaneously, a bypass outlet is
Features
Letdown unit
• the check valve
running vertically
from the pump inlet
below to the outlet
above, which not
only protects against
reverse flow, but
provides excellent
pulsation dampening
of the fluid.
• the bypass valve
operates by sensing
the main flow and
automatically controlling the medium
flow into the bypass
line. This avoids the
use of any electrical power, control
wiring or the need
for instrument air
support.
• the pressure letdown unit located in
the bypass section of
the valve (on the right of the drawing) is designed to
handle the required pressure drop from the process to
the pump inlet. The automatic recirculation valve is
therefore a check, bypass, minimum flow and
pressure control valve in one body.
n Modular design
n Automatic bypass operation
n Non return function
n Pressure modulation in bypass
n Self cleaning bore
n Linear or customised pressure control
2
Centrifugal Pump Protection Scenarios
Centrifugal pumps transform mechanical energy into pressure energy by means of centrifugal force resulting from
impeller rotation acting on the fluid within the pump. The pump requires a minimum liquid flow in order to avoid
overheating. If a predefined minimum flow is not maintained, the pump can be permanently damaged. A number
of different pump protection scenarios are reviewed below.
1) Non return scenario
2) Continuous flow scenario
The pump has no back-flow prevention and
therefore product will flow back through it once it
has stopped. A non return valve (NRV) is therefore
usually placed after the outlet of the pump. A
reservoir is used to take the pumps output when
there is no process demand.
A manual bypass or leakage path can be added
to allow the required minimum flow back to the
pump inlet. This system is simple and effective,
but is in constant operation and therefore is inefficient and costly (energy costs).
Reservoir
NRV
Bypass
Tank
Pump
Process
Tank
Process
NRV
Reservoir
Pump
3) Control valve scenario
4) ARV solution
This comprehensive control valve solution is
highly effective. In this scenario, a flow control
valve is connected to a flow meter and allows
the main line flow to be metered. As main line
flow decreases the control valve opens to allow
the correct minimum flow required. However, it
is a highly capital intensive solution that requires
flow metering equipment, control and non return
valves. No reservoir is required.
The previous approach stands and falls with the
integrity of the control system and its associated
cost. A safer system is to combine the non return
valve, the bypass valve and the control valve into
an interconnected unit, the so called “automatic
recirculation valve”. This valve closes when there
is no flow, automatically opening the bypass line,
which is sized for minimum flow. When the main
line takes flow but less than minimum, the bypass
line and the main line are both partially open.
Process
Bypass
control valve
Process
Flow
meter
NRV
Tank
ARV
Tank
Pump
3
Pump
ARV Operating Conditions
1. Main Flow Only – Bypass Closed
When the process associated with the pump is in the normal operating
condition, the main line is open. The pressure created from the media
flow is sufficient to compress the spring in the check valve disc and lift it
from its seat to the fully open position.
As the connected disc stem rises, the bypass exit in the stem funnel is
moved against the valve body and the bypass system is closed. The recirculation flow is blocked, thus eliminating wasted energy. This is illustrated
in figure 1. The bypass flow is therefore inversely proportional to the
main pump flow. When the check valve is fully opened, the bypass is fully
closed.
2. Combined Flow
As the flow requested by the process is reduced the pressure on the
disc spring is lowered and the disc moves towards its seat. The check
valve part of the automatic recirculation valve moves first to a partially
open position (illustrated in figure 2). In this position there is partial
flow to the outlet and a minimum flow to the bypass is maintained.
3. No Main Flow – Bypass Only
When no product is required by the process the valve disc returns to its
seated position. There is insufficient flow to compress the spring and
allow the disc to rise.
In this position, the curved part of the hollow stem is now flush with
the entrance to the bypass funnel. A predefined minimum flow can
now move from the pump through the bypass section and be recirculated to the front end of the pump. The centrifugal pump is protected
from overheating or cavitation.
Figure 1
Figure 3
Figure 2
Outlet
Inlet
Outlet
Outlet
Inlet
Inlet
4
ARV Product Range
SureFlo™
n For 1 to 10 inch pump applications
n Fixed letdown in the bypass
n Up to ASME  2500 # pressure class
n Variable bypass delay
n Fewer moving pieces
n Cast housing in CS or SS material
HighFlo™
n For 10 inch+ pump applications
n Fixed letdown in the bypass
n Better noise attenuation
n Up to ASME  4500 # pressure class
n Variable bypass delay
n Forged or cast body
ControlFlo™
n Size independent
n High pressure design
n Multistage letdown
n Enhanced bypass sealing
n Letdown varies with stroke
n Enhanced noise attenuation
n Forged or cast body in CS or SS material
n Non return valve in bypass
BackFlo™ Pressure Regulator
n Used with ARV
n Assures a defined backpressure
n Eliminates flashing and cavitation
n 1 to 8 inch pipelines
n Up to ASME 2500#
n Stainless steel, flanged or butt weld
5
Product Range & Technical Data
Product Range
Product Range
Description
SureFlo™
1 inch (DN 25) to 10 inch (DN 250) pumps and up to ASME 2500#
pressure class
10 inch (DN 250) to 16 inch (DN 400) and up to ASME 4500#
pressure class
for enhanced bypass sealing and multistage letdown
to create a defined pressure differential in order to eliminate flashing
and cavitation in special applications. Used with an automatic
recirculation valve
with special maritime body and trim material – size and pressure class
as required
for special pump applications or unique operating environments and
severe media
HighFlo™
ControlFlo™
BackFlo™
Maritime & Offshore ARV
Custom designed ARV
Technical Data
ARV
Standard Features
Application
Size
Body and bypass
Valve Lining/Sleeves
Trim materials
To protect pumps and ensure minimum flow conditions
1“ to 16“ as standard
To 30“ or larger as custom design
Carbon or Stainless steel (316L)
Duplex, Hastelloy or Titanium
n/a
Ceramic
Stainless steel (316L)
Duplex, Hastelloy, Ceramic, Inconel, Titanium or Tungsten Carbide for severe service
applications
Stainless steel 1.4404 (316L)
as above
Stainless steel
Inconel X750 (2.4669)
Minus 20° to 300°C
Minus 100°C to 500°C
Metal to metal
n/a
All up to ASME 2500 (PN320)
To ASME 4500# or higher on request
Butt weld end or flanged (DIN or ASME) ISO, BS, JIS, NF on request
n/a
Full or semi jacketing
Throttle plates
Multi stage, hollow, or cage trim in bypass
Linear
Equal %
Vertical
Horizontal
Flow to open, no reverse flow (integral
n/a
check valve)
Maritime sea water service ARV design
Valves conforming to NACE MR0175
Spindle
Spring
Temperature
Process sealing
Pressure rating
Connection types
Heating jacket
Bypass trim design
Control Characteristics
Installation
Flow direction
Other options
Optional Features
ARV Business Benefits
n Protects the business investment in critical pump equipment
n Saves power costs by eliminating the need for continuous recirculation to cool the pump
n Includes reverse flow protection
n Avoids additional investment in pressure reduction equipment
n Needs no electrical wiring, plant or instrument air
n Reduces downtime – and is easy to maintain
6
Selected ARV Dimensions and Parts List
Dimension Table
Inlet/Outlet Size
Bypass Size
Pressure Class
a in mm
b in mm
H in mm
1"/1"; DN25/25
2"/2"; DN 50/50
3"/3"; DN75/75
4"/4"; DN100/100
4"/4"; DN100/100
4"/4"; DN100/100
6"/6"; DN150/150
6"/6"; DN150/150
8"/8"; DN200/200
½"; DN15
1½"; DN40
3"; DN75
1½"; DN40
2"; DN50
3"; DN75
3"; DN75
4"; DN100
3"; DN75
ASME 150
ASME 300
ASME 300
ASME 300
ASME 300
ASME 300
ASME 300
ASME 300
ASME 300
188
283
277
297
297
297
357
357
524
145
236
295
300
305
310
385
390
430
271
425
420
450
450
450
520
520
795
The dimension table below is for illustrative purposes for automatic recirculation valves up to eight inches.
SchuF can produce automatic recirculation valves in all sizes and pressure classes as required by the application
or operating conditions.
b=
b=
SureFlo™ Parts List
(High temperature design example)
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
100
Upper body
Lower body
Disc with spindle
Spring guide
Bypass body
Control bushing
Bush
Spring guide
Letdown unit
Wire wound
gasket
Spring
ASTM A217 WC1
ASTM A217 WC1
1.4404; 316L
1.4404; 316L
1.4404; 316L
1.4404; 316L
2.0550; Brass
1.4404; 316L
1.4404; 316L
Graphite
110
40
80
10
HUB=
Stroke=
Material
110
a=
a=
Description
100
H=
H=
Part
DN
30
60
20
2.4669; Inconel
70
90
DN
50
Nominal Size and Maximum Flow Examples
Main Inlet/Outlet size
Max Flow
GPM
m3/h
Bypass size
Max Flow
GPM
m3/h
1“
1.5“
2“
3“
4“
6“
8“
10“
65
15
132
30
264
60
616
140
1,100
250
2,422
550
4,400
1,000
8,805
2,000
0.75“
0.75“
1“
2“
3“
4“
6“
8“
62
14
62
14
88
20
176
40
330
75
660
150
1,320
300
2,465
560
The above table is for illustrative purposes and is intended to give a quick estimate of the size of valve required
based on main and bypass flow. The indicated flow values are based on fluids with a specific gravity of 1. For fluids
with different specific gravity, please inquire with SchuF directly.
7
Control Trim and Control Valve Options
ARV Control Trim Options
Minimum Recirculation Control Valve
SchuF offers a variety of automatic recirculation
valve control trim options. Choice will depend on
many factors such as the medium, the required
pressure drop, solid contents and the nature of the
process. The most common form of pressure control
in the bypass line is achieved via a series of nozzle
plates. The required pressure drop is achieved by
varying the number, size and position of the nozzles
in the bypass and the number of plates used.
Despite the diversity of control options available
for the automatic recirculation valve, there are still
situations were an independent control valve
may be the best option.
Processes that require independent and variable
control or where the media contains solid particles,
crystals or is highly viscose generally require a separate control valve to protect the centrifugal pump.
An example of a SchuF minimum recirculation control
valve used in a severe application is shown below.
Flow
Flow
Stellited Sealing
Surface
Nozzle plates in bypass letdown unit
Stainless Steel
Ceramic
For high pressure drop requirements, a single piece
multistage disc and spindle is placed in the bypass.
Ram Stellite
Minimum circulation
control valve
The control valve shown above was designed for a
severe service pump application that included a high
pressure drop (∆p 40 bar), 30% solid contents and
significant flashing.
Multistage letdown disc in bypass
Pressure can then be reduced in 2, 3, or up to 6
stages. The disc contours can be varied for different
media or letdown
patterns.
Cage labyrinth letdown design
For applications
where noise or
vibrations are of
concern a cage
labyrinth design
can be used in
the bypass or integrated into the
main line check
valve design.
It has the following key features:
Key Features
n Flow to open (piston opens into the
valve body)
n Accelerating body geometry design
n One piece disc and spindle
n Linear or equal % control characteristics
n Standard heavy yoke (ideal for vibrating
service or high delta p flow)
n Hard trim material to match process or
medium conditions
8
ARV Applications and Media
Automatic recirculation valves have the primary purpose of protecting pumps. They are found in most industries and
can be used with a broad variety of pump applications:
ARV Applications
n General centrifugal pumps
n Boiler feed water pumps
n Cooling plant feed pumps
n Crude oil pumps
n Fluid gas pumps (for LNG, LPG etc.)
n Process liquid pumps
n Booster pumps
n Seawater injection pumps
n Fire fighting pumps
SureFlo™ in a boiler feedwater application
ARV Media and Industry Examples
Industry
Medium
P Class
Temperature Size
Chemical plant
Chemical plant
LNG plant
Offshore
Power plant
Power plant
Refinery
Refinery
Refinery
Refinery
Refinery
Refinery
Refinery
Refinery
Refinery
Refinery
Refinery
Refinery
Refinery
Refinery
Refinery
Refinery
Refinery
Refinery
Refinery
Various solvents
Butadiene
Fire- / Fresh- and Seawater
(HP) Methanol / LDHI
Demin. Water
Filtered Water
Drain Liquid
Oil
Hydrocarbon-fluid
Boiling Blowdown Water
Kerosene
Sour Water
Fractionated Naphta
Whole Naphta
Vacuum Gas Oil
Unstabilized Naphta
Fractionated hydrocarbons
Reflux Naphta
Premium Diesel Product
Reflux Naphta
Boiler Feed Water
LPG
Whole Naphta
Heavy Gas Oil
Stabilized Naphta
PN 16
ASME 150
ASME 150
ASME 150
ASME 150
ASME 150
ASME 150
ASME 150
ASME 150
ASME 150
ASME 150
ASME 300
ASME 300
ASME 300
ASME 300
ASME 300
ASME 300
ASME 300
ASME 300
ASME 300
ASME 300
ASME 300
ASME 300
ASME 300
ASME 300
9
30 °C
-4 °C
-10/+20 °C
35 °C
-10/+32 °C
60 °C
75 °C
50 °C
25 °C
60 °C
-10/+20 °C
60 °C
275 °C
84 °C
243 °C
131 °C
354 °C
99 °C
242 °C
99 °C
121 °C
42 °C
108 °C
353 °C
40 °C
DN40; 1½"
DN50; 2"
DN300; 12"
DN50; 2"
DN80; 3"
DN100; 4"
DN80; 3"
DN80; 3"
DN150; 6"
DN150; 6"
DN150; 6"
DN80; 3"
DN350; 14"
DN300; 12"
DN200; 8"
DN200; 8"
DN200; 8"
DN150; 6"
DN150; 6"
DN150; 6"
DN100; 4"
DN100; 4"
DN100; 4"
DN100; 4"
DN100; 4"
Automatic Recirculation Valve – Data Sheet
Please use this data sheet to send your inquiries to us. Items marked in bold print indicate essential information.
Part 1 – Company Information
Name:
Company:
E-mail:
Title:
Telephone:
Fax:
Part 2 – Order Information
General:
Quantity:
Tag No.:
Valve Model: 78PS Automatic Recirculation Valve
Application:
Project Name:
Projekt No:
Part 3 – Valve and Process Information
Valve
Information:
Valve Inlet Size (DN/Inch):
Valve Outlet Size (DN/Inch):
Bypass Outlet Size (DN/Inch):
Materials Housing:
Installation: Vertical or Horizontal Process
Information:
Process:
Medium:
Density:
kg/m
Qmin =
Q100 =
Qmax =
QBy =
m3/h HM =
m3/h H100 =
m3/h
m3/h
Pump
Information:
3
Valve Inlet Pressure Rating:
Valve Outlet Pressure Rating:
Bypass Outlet Pressure Rating:
Materials Trim:
Liquid or Gas:
Op.Temp.:
PED Fluid Group 1 or 2:
°C Fluid Vapor Pressure:
(bara)
m Suction pr. PV:
m Backpress. P1:
Backpress. PN:
Differential pr. (P1-PN):
(bar/psi)
(bar/psi)
(bar/psi)
(bar/psi)
Part 4 – Please use the charts below to define the information required in part 3
HO
HM
H 100
P2
Process
Operating
Point
Pump curve
Q 100
Q max
Bypass
PN
Q By
ARV
Head H
P1
Tank
Pv
Pump
Feed
Q min
Flow Q in m3/h
Q 100
Q max
Notes:
Send To: SchuF Fetterolf
E-Mail: valves@schuf.com Fax.:+49 6198 571200
10
Product Portfolio Overview
In over one hundred years, the SchuF Group has
delivered more than one million valves to a wide
variety of industries in over 50 countries worldwide. Headquartered near Frankfurt in Germany,
the company has additional design and manufacturing centres in Italy, India, Ireland, UK and the
USA. The SchuF Group has sales and agent offices
covering almost every country in the world. We
manufacture valve products that control, isolate,
divert, and sample liquids, gases, powders, and
slurries. Our product range of engineered,
customised valves includes:
Drain
& Sampling
Valves
Control
Valves
Isolation
Valves
Switching
Valves
Safety
Related
Valves
Other
Products
Piston Bottom
Outlet Valves
Angle Control
Valves
Lift Plug
Valves
Y, R & T type
Diverter
Valves
Line Blind
Systems
Spray Rinse
Valves
Disc Bottom
Outlet Valves
In-Line Control
Valves
TruEPlug
Valves
Multiway
Diverter
Valves
Goggle
Valves
Distributor
Valves
Bottom Outlet
Ball Valves
Multistage Control
Valves
Y- / P- Globe &
Straightway Valves
SwitchPlug
Valves
Changeover
Valves
Steam Injection
Valves
Screw-in, Line &
Wafer Sampling
Valves
Cage Control
Valves
High Pressure
Angle Valves
Maniflow Selector
Valves™ (MSV)
In-Tank
Emergency Shut-Off
Valves (TESO)
Complete Sampling
Systems
Automatic
Recirculation Valve
(ARV)
Special Ball
Valves
Custom
Diverter
Valves
IsoTank External
Tank Emergency
Shut-Off Valves
Choke
Valves
Special Gate
Valves
Non-Slam Check
Valves
Blowdown
Valves
n BASF
n Lanxess Butyl
n Bayer
n MAADEN
n BP
n Malaysian Refining
n CB&I
n Peru LNG
n Chevron Phillips Chemical
n Petrobras
n Conoco Phillips
n Petronas Malaysia
n Dyno Nobel Asia Pacific
n Reliance
n Exxon
n Rio Tinto
n Fluor
n Sabic
n Foster Wheeler
n Samsung
n GE Oil & Gas
n Shell
n Indian Oil
n Thai Nippon Steel
FUNCTIONAL & RELIABLE
Sample ARV Client List:
Model 78PS
11
Worldwide
www.schuf.com · www.schuf.de
La Tecnovalvo S.r.l.
phone: +39 023503508
info@latecnovalvo.com
G E RM A NY
SchuF Valve Technology GmbH
phone: +353 21 4837000
sales@schuf.ie
SchuF Benelux B.V.
phone +31 25 12 34 448
lmulder@schuf.com
SchuF-Armaturen
und Apparatebau GmbH
phone: +49 6198 571 100
sales@schuf.com
SchuF Middle East F.Z.C.
phone: 971 56 424 2190
mmulder@schuf.com
SchuF South East Asia Pte. Ltd.
phone +353 877774860
ecalnan@schuf.ie
SchuF Valves China Ltd.
phone +85 22 86 50 861
pchoi@schuf.com
Your Local Agent:
SchuF (UK) Ltd.
phone: +44 203 355 2012
sales@schuf.ie
IN D IA
I T AL Y
SchuF (USA) Inc.
phone: +1 843 881 3345
sales@schuf.us
IR ELA ND
Fetterolf Corporation
phone: +1 610 584 -1500
info@fetterolfvalves.com
U N ITE D K IN GD O M
US A
Your Sales Channel:
SchuF Speciality Valves
India Pvt. Ltd.
phone: +91 421 2264600
sales@schuf-india.com
Was this manual useful for you? yes no
Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Download PDF

advertising