Protector Trip Relays 250 Series

Protector Trip Relays 250 Series
Energy Division
Crompton Instruments Protector Trip Relays
Protector Trip Relays
An extensive range of electronic control products providing continuous monitoring and protection of
any electrical parameter. When the monitored parameter deviates from the desired set point limit, the
relay will operate to prevent damage to the power asset. Designed to suit a wide variety of applications
the range offers both traditional and technologically advanced products, from single parameter units
through to multifunctional microprocessor based protection relays.
This versatile range features a host of DIN-rail or wall mounted protectors offering numerous trip
functions for single and three-phase power systems, including over and under-voltage, current,
frequency, three-phase sequence, phase failure and phase balance. For the specific protection of
generator sets, the range offers unbalanced current, reverse power flow, reverse VAr, syncro-check and
under/over-speed trip relay functions. Various dc models provide protection of battery and UPS systems
and a range of temperature protection products is ideal to prevent the damaging effects of overheating.
Features
Continuous monitoring of any
electrical parameter
Monitoring for under and overcurrent conditions
Ensures load current is within
generator capacity
DIN-rail or wall mounted
Range of outputs and configurations
Adjustable trip points, time delay
and differentials
LED trip indication
Designed to avoid nuisance tripping
Benefits
Protection of power assets
Detection and isolation of faults
Maintains supply continuity of
healthy circuits
High speed tripping to avoid
damage
Applications
Switchgear
Distribution systems
Generator sets
Control panels
Energy management
Building management
Utility power monitoring
Process control
Motor protection
Equipment and network protection
Contents
Page
250 Series DIN-rail and Wall Mounted
Single and three-phase protector relays offering
continuous surveillance of electrical parameters with
adjustable set point limits, differentials and time
delay settings. Provide an alarm or initiation signal
when the measured parameter moves outside the set
point limit.
2 – 33
373-ELR Earth Leakage Protection
For the continuous monitoring of fault current
compared with user selectable leakage level. These
DIN-rail units offer single set point, relay contacts and
LED earth leakage level indicators or alarms.
34 – 35
CBT-94F Core Balanced Current Transformers
Designed for use with the 373-ELR earth leakage
protection relay, the range offers various case widths
and apertures with a measurement range of up to
10A and a maximum 720V rated system voltage.
36
373-GFR Ground Fault Relay
This compact DIN-rail ground fault relay allows the
fault current to be continuously monitored and
compared with the user selectable trip level.
Ideally suited for any type of electrical equipment,
specifically switchboards, generator sets
and transformers.
37 – 38
Vector Shift and ROCOF Relay
A choice of DIN-rail or panel mounted units offering
ROCOF (rate of change of frequency) and Vector
Shift protection against loss of mains at the
generator site.
39 – 42
SPR System Protection Relay
Cost effective and space saving microprocessor
based relay, offering system protection, control and
measurement of three-phase voltage and current,
with 12 user definable relay outputs.
43 – 47
RS232 to RS485 Serial Converter
Allows direct connection from the SPR system
protection relay to SCADA or PC based systems.
48
1
250 Series DIN-rail and
Wall Mounted Relays
AC Current with Adjustable Time Delay
250 series ac current protectors provide continuous surveillance of the
monitored circuit. When the current moves outside the set point limit for
longer than the time delay, the relay operates. The protector can be used
to monitor over and under-current conditions, load detection and for
monitoring electric heating systems. An illuminated LED indicates when
the relay is energised. For three-phase systems, the sequence of
connection is not important.
Operation
Features
Single and three-phase options
Adjustable set point
Adjustable time delay
Internal differential
LED trip indication
Double-pole relay contacts
Automatic reset
Benefits
Ideal for any electrical load detection
Over and under-current monitoring
Suitable for electric heating systems
Ensures load current is within
generator capacity
Detects broken drive belts on
machinery
Nuisance tripping avoidance
Customised options
Applications
Marine panels
Switchgear
Distribution systems
Generator sets
Control panels
Process control
Motor protection
Transformers
Overload protection
AC current protectors provide continuous surveillance of the monitored circuit.
These products offer user adjustable trip point (set point) and time delay settings.
The set point adjustment range is between 40% and 120% of the nominal current.
Input currents can be via current transformers or direct up to 10A. An internal
differential setting of 1% reduces nuisance tripping if the measured signal is noisy or
unstable. When the measured current moves outside the set point limit the relay
will operate, giving an alarm or initiation signal. An adjustable time delay is
provided to prevent the relay from tripping for a predetermined period to prevent
nuisance tripping. The units draw their operating power from a separate auxiliary
supply input. Single-phase and three-phase products are available. Three-phase
products monitor the current level for each phase and are not phase sequence
sensitive. Combined units offer under and over-current trips in one compact unit.
Single function units are also available.
Over-Current Models
When the monitored current exceeds the set point, the relay will energise and the
red LED will illuminate to indicate the trip condition. The relay will automatically
reset once the monitored current falls below the set point minus the differential.
When reset, the LED will extinguish and the relay de-energises.
Under-Current Models
When the monitored current falls below the set point, the relay will de-energise
and the red LED will extinguish to indicate the trip condition. The relay will
automatically reset once the monitored current rises above the set point plus the
differential. When reset, the LED will illuminate and the relay energises.
Options
250 series protector relays offer various customised options to suit individual
requirements. Please consult factory.
•
Adjustment ranges – different adjustment ranges are possible for the set point
and differential controls.
•
Relay operation – standard models are fail safe, but the relays can be
customised to energise or de-energise on trip.
Product Codes
Relay
Protection
ANSI no.
1-phase
Under-current 40-120%
37
Cat. no.
252-PAU
1-phase
Over-current 40-120%
51
252-PAO
1-phase
Under and over-current
37/51
253-PAD
3-phase 3- or 4-wire
Under-current 40-120%
37
253-PAV
3-phase 3- or 4-wire
Over-current 40-120%
51
253-PAP
Please specify system voltage, system current, frequency and required options at
time of ordering.
2
Specifications
Connections
Nominal input current
Nominal frequency
Input current burden
Overload
Set point repeatability
Differential (hysteresis)
Trip level adjustment
Time delay adjustable
AC auxiliary supply voltage
DC auxiliary supply voltage
Auxiliary voltage burden
Output relay
Relay contact rating
Relay mechanical life
Relay reset
Operating temperature
Storage temperature
Temperature co-efficient
Interference immunity
Enclosure style
Material
Enclosure integrity
Model 252 dimensions
Model 253 dimensions
Weight
1A or 5A from CT secondary.
0.2A to 10A available on request
50, 60 or 400Hz
0.5VA per phase
2 x rating continuously, 10 x rating for 3
seconds
>0.5% of full span
Pre-set at 1%. Values 1% to 10% available on
request
40 to 120%. Customised adjustment available
0 to 10 seconds
100V, 110V, 120V, 208V, 220V, 240V, 480V,
±20%
12V, 24V, 48V, 110V or 125V, ±20%.
Including ripple
4VA (max)
2-pole change over
AC: 240V 5A, non inductive
DC: 24V 5A resistive
0.2 million operations at rated loads
Automatic
0°C to +60°C (0°C to +40°C for UL models)
–20°C to +70°C
0.05% per °C
Electrical stress surge withstand and nonfunction to ANSI/IEEE C37 90a
DIN-rail with wall mounting facility
Flame retardant polycarbonate/ABS
IP50
55mm (2.2") wide x 70mm (2.8") high
x 112mm (4.4") deep
75mm (2.9") wide x 70mm (2.8") high
x 112mm (4.4") deep
Model 252: 0.4Kg approx.
Model 253: 0.6Kg approx.
252-PAU
252-PAO
Relay
Contact Set 1 Contact Set 2
Input
Supply
253-PAD
Input
Under Relay
Over Relay
Contact Set 1 Contact Set 1
Under Relay
Contact Set 2
Supply
Over Relay
Contact Set 2
253-PAP
253-PAV
Input
1
Input
2
Input
3
Dimensions
Model 252
2 HOLES
Ø 4.1”
70mm (2.8”)
12mm
(0.5”)
55mm (2.2”)
Relay
Contact Set 1
Supply
Relay
Contact Set 2
15.5mm
(0.6”)
35mm (1.37”)
112mm (4.4”)
35mm (1.37”)
55mm (2.2”)
17.5mm (0.68”)
35mm (1.37”)
RELEASE CLIP
Model 253
RELEASE CLIP
2 FIXING
HOLE 'A' TO
SUIT M4
(2.36”)
35mm (1.37”)
70mm (2.8”)
50mm (1.96”)
60mm
60mm (2.4”)
112.5mm (4.4”)
75mm (2.9”)
2 FIXING HOLE
'A' TO SUIT M4
3
250 Series DIN-rail and Wall
Mounted Relays
AC Voltage with Adjustable Differential
The ac voltage protectors provide continuous surveillance of the
monitored circuit. When the measured voltage moves outside the set point
limit for longer than the time delay, the relay will operate giving an alarm
or initiation signal.
The protector can be used for under and over-voltage detection, start
standby generators, operation of mains failure units and switching standby
supplies. An illuminated LED indicates when the relay is energised. The
three-phase, three or four-wire models, protect each phase independently.
Description
Features
Single and three-phase models
Adjustable set point
Adjustable differential
Internal time delay
LED trip indication
Double-pole relay contacts
Automatic reset
Benefits
Over and under-voltage monitoring
Start standby generators
Operation of mains failure units
Switching standby supplies
Monitors genset AVR and excitation
systems
Nuisance tripping avoidance
Customised options
Applications
Marine panels
Switchgear
Distribution systems
Generator sets
Control panels
Process control
Motor protection
Transformers
Overload protection
AC voltage protectors offer user adjustable trip point (set point) and differential
(hysteresis) settings. The set point adjustment range is 25%, operating between 75%
and 100% of the nominal supply for under-voltage units and between 100% and
125% for the over-voltage units. The differential setting adjustment range is 1% to
15% and it can be used to reduce nuisance tripping if the measured signal is noisy or
unstable. When the measured voltage moves outside the set point limit, the relay
will operate, giving an alarm or initiation signal.
As soon as the monitored signal moves outside of the set point limit, a trip will
occur. A fixed time delay is available as a factory option, preventing the relay from
tripping for a predetermined period to prevent nuisance tripping. The units draw
their operating power from the measuring inputs, although a separate auxiliary
supply input option is available on some models. Three-phase products monitor the
voltage level for each phase and are not phase sequence sensitive. Combined units
offer under and over-voltage trips in one compact unit. Single function units are
also available.
Over-Voltage Models
When the monitored voltage exceeds the set point, the relay will energise and the
red LED will illuminate to indicate the trip condition. The relay will automatically
reset once the monitored voltage falls below the set point minus the differential.
When reset, the LED will extinguish and the relay de-energises.
Under-Voltage Models
When the monitored voltage falls below the set point, the relay will de-energise and
the red LED will extinguish to indicate the trip condition. The relay will automatically
reset once the monitored voltage rises above the set point plus the differential.
When reset, the LED will illuminate and the relay energises.
Options
250 series protector relays offer various customised options to suit individual
requirements. Please consult factory.
• Time delay – internal fixed time delay before a trip occurs.
• Separate auxiliary supply – sometimes required to maintain a time delay or
energised relay when the monitored signal fails.
• Adjustment ranges – different adjustment ranges are possible for the set point
and differential controls.
• Relay operation – standard models are fail safe, but the relays can be
customised to energise or de-energise on trip.
Product Codes
Relay
Protection
ANSI no.
1-phase
Under-voltage 75-100%
27
252-PVU
1-phase
Over-voltage 100-125%
59
252-PVO
1-phase
Under and over-voltage
27/59
253-PVB
3-phase 3-wire
Under-voltage 75-100%
27
252-PVK
3-phase 3-wire
Over-voltage 100-125%
59
252-PVA
3-phase 3-wire
Under and over-voltage
3-phase 4-wire
Under-voltage 75-100%
27
252-PVV
3-phase 4-wire
Over-voltage 100-125%
59
252-PVP
3-phase 4-wire
Under and over-voltage
27/59
253-PVE
27/59
Cat. no.
253-PVM
Please specify system voltage, frequency and required options at time of ordering.
4
Specification – AC Voltage with Adjustable Differential
Nominal voltage
System frequency
Voltage burden
Overload
Set point repeatability
Differential (hysteresis)
Trip level adjustment
Time delay
AC auxiliary supply voltage
DC auxiliary supply voltage
Auxiliary voltage burden
Output relay
Relay contact rating
Relay mechanical life
Relay reset
Operating temperature
Storage temperature
Temperature co-efficient
Interference immunity
Enclosure style
Material
Enclosure integrity
Model 252 dimensions
Model 253 dimensions
Weight
100V, 110V, 120V, 208V, 220V, 270V, 280V,
400V, 415V or 440V
45/65Hz or 360/440Hz
0.3VA approx.
1.2 x rating continuously,
1.5 x rating for 10 x seconds
>0.5% of full span
Adjustable range 1 to 15%
Under-voltage: 75 to 100%
Over-voltage: 100 to 125% of
nominal input voltage
Factory pre-set up to 30 seconds
100V, 110V, 120V, 208V, 220V, 240V, 480V,
±20%
12V, 24V, 48V, 110V or 125V, ±20%.
Including ripple
4VA (max)
2-pole change over
AC: 240V 5A, non inductive
DC: 24V 5A resistive
0.2 million operations at rated loads
Automatic
0°C to +60°C (0°C to +40°C for UL models)
–20°C to +70°C
0.05% per °C
Electrical stress surge withstand and
non-function to ANSI/IEEE C37 90a
DIN-rail with wall mounting facility
Flame retardant polycarbonate/ABS
IP50
55mm (2.2") wide x 70mm (2.8") high
x 112mm (4.4") deep
75mm (2.9") wide x 70mm (2.8") high
x 112mm (4.4") deep
Model 252: 0.4Kg approx.
Model 253: 0.6Kg approx.
Connections
252-PVU
252-PVO
252-PVV
252-PVP
252-PVK
252-PVA
Relay
Contact Set 1 Contact Set 2
L
3-phase Input
N
Single-phase
Input
Aux
supply
when
required
253-PVB
Under Relay
Contact Set 1
Over Relay
Contact Set 1
Dimensions
Model 252
2 HOLES
Ø 4.1”
12mm
(0.5”)
55mm (2.2”)
17.5mm
(0.68”)
15.5mm
(0.6”)
(1.37”)
35mm
70mm (2.8”)
55mm (2.2”)
35mm (1.37”)
112mm (4.4”)
35mm
(1.37”)
RELEASE CLIP
RELEASE CLIP
60mm
(2.36”)
70mm (2.8”)
(1.37”)
35mm
Model 253
Over Relay
Contact Set 2
Input
60mm (2.4”)
112.5mm (4.4”)
Input
253-PVM
253-PVM
50mm (1.96”)
75mm (2.9”)
Under Relay
Contact Set 2
2 FIXING HOLE 2 FIXING HOLE
'A' TO SUIT M4 'A' TO SUIT M4
Input
Note: The neutral connection is always
used on four-wire systems.
5
250 Series DIN-rail and Wall
Mounted Relays
AC Voltage with Adjustable Time Delay
The ac voltage protectors provide continuous surveillance of the
monitored circuit. When the measured voltage moves outside the set
point limit, the relay will operate after the selected time delay, giving an
alarm or initiation signal. Relays normally energise on overvolts and
de-energise on undervolts. An illuminated LED indicates when the relay
is energised.
Operation
Features
Adjustable set point
Adjustable time delay
Internal differential
LED trip indication
Double-pole relay contacts
Automatic reset
Benefits
Over and under-voltage monitoring
Close voltage control
Start standby generators
Operation of mains failure units
Switching standby supplies
Protecting computer supplies
Monitors genset AVR and excitation
systems
Nuisance tripping avoidance
Customised options
AC voltage protectors offer user adjustable trip point (set point) and time delay
settings. The set point adjustment range is 25%, operating between 75% and 100%
of the nominal supply for under-voltage units and between 100% and 125% for the
over-voltage units. The time delay setting adjustment range is typically 0 to 10
seconds, although longer delays are available. As soon as the monitored signal
moves outside of the set point limit, the time delay is activated, after which a trip
will occur. The time delay prevents the relay from tripping for a predetermined
period to prevent nuisance tripping.
The products also feature an internal differential (hysteresis) setting of 1% to reduce
nuisance tripping if the measured signal is noisy or unstable. The units draw their
operating power from the measuring inputs, although a separate auxiliary supply
input option is available on some models. Single-phase and three-phase products
are available. Three-phase products monitor the voltage level for each phase and
are not phase sequence sensitive.
Over-Voltage Models
When the monitored voltage exceeds the set point, the time delay is started. When
the time has elapsed, the relay will energise and the red LED will illuminate to
indicate the trip condition. The relay will automatically reset once the monitored
voltage falls below the set point minus the differential. When reset, the LED will
extinguish and the relay de-energises. The time delay is not active when resetting.
Under-Voltage Models
When the monitored voltage falls below the set point, the time delay is started.
When the time has elapsed, the relay will de-energise and the red LED will
extinguish to indicate the trip condition. The relay will automatically reset once
the monitored voltage rises above the set point plus the differential. When reset,
the LED will illuminate and the relay energises. The time delay is not active
when resetting.
Applications
Switchgear
Distribution systems
Generator sets
Control panels
Process control
Motor protection
Transformers
Overload protection
Options
250 series protector relays offer various customised options to suit individual
requirements. Please consult factory.
• Adjustment ranges – different adjustment ranges are possible for the set point
and differential controls.
• Separate auxiliary supply – sometimes required to maintain a time delay.
• Differential – internally fixed value between 1% and 15%.
• Relay operation – standard models are fail safe, but the relays can be
customised to energise or de-energise on trip.
Product Codes
Relay
Protection
ANSI no.
1-phase
Under-voltage 75-100%
27
Cat. no.
252-PVZ
1-phase
Over-voltage 100-125%
59
252-PVH
3-phase 3-wire
Under-voltage 75-100%
27
252-PVJ
3-phase 3-wire
Over-voltage 100-125%
59
252-PVC
3-phase 4-wire
Under-voltage 75-100%
27
252-PVX
3-phase 4-wire
Over-voltage 100-125%
59
252-PVS
Please specify system voltage, frequency and required options at time of ordering.
6
Specification – AC Voltage with Adjustable Time Delay
Connections
Nominal voltage
252-PVZ
252-PVH
100V, 110V, 208V, 240V, 277V, 400V, 415V,
440V or 480V
System frequency
45/65Hz or 360/440Hz
Voltage burden
0.3VA
Overload
1.2 x rating continuously, 1.5 x rating for
10 x seconds
Set point repeatability
>0.5% of full span
Differential (hysteresis)
Pre-set at 1%.
Other values 1% to 10% to order
Trip level adjustment
Under-voltage: 75 to 100%
Over-voltage: 100 to 125% of nominal input
voltage
Time delay
Adjustable up to 10 seconds
AC auxiliary supply voltage
100V, 110V, 120V, 208V, 220V, 240V, 480V,
±20%
DC auxiliary supply voltage
12V, 24V, 48V, 110V or 125V, ±20%.
Including ripple
Relay
Contact Set 1 Contact Set 2
Auxiliary voltage burden
4VA (max)
Output relay
2-pole change over
Relay contact rating
AC: 240V 5A, non inductive
DC: 24V 5A resistive
Input
Aux supply
when required
252-PVX
252-PVS
252-PVC
252-PVJ
Relay
Contact Set 1 Contact Set 2
Relay mechanical life
0.2 million operations at rated loads
Relay reset
Automatic
Operating temperature
0°C to +60°C (0°C to +40°C for UL models)
Storage temperature
–20°C to +70°C
Temperature co-efficient
0.05% per °C
Interference immunity
Electrical stress surge withstand and
non-function to ANSI/IEEE C37 90a
Enclosure style
DIN-rail with wall mounting facility
Material
Flame retardant polycarbonate/ABS
Enclosure integrity
IP50
Dimensions
55mm (2.2") wide x 70mm (2.8") high x
112mm (4.4") deep
Weight
0.4Kg approx.
Input
Aux supply
when required
Note: The neutral connection is
always used on four-wire systems.
Dimensions
Model 252
17.5mm
(0.68”)
55mm (2.2”)
35mm
(1.37”)
15.5mm
(0.6”)
35mm (1.37”)
35mm (1.37”)
70mm (2.8”)
112mm (4.4”)
12mm
(0.5”)
2 HOLES
Ø 4.1”
55mm (2.2”)
RELEASE CLIP
7
250 Series DIN-rail and Wall
Mounted Relays
Frequency
Crompton frequency protectors give continuous surveillance of the
monitored circuit. When the frequency moves outside the set point limit for
longer than the time delay, the relay will operate giving an alarm control or
tripping signal. An illuminated LED indicates when the relay is energised.
Since speed is proportional to the frequency, this protector can be used to
monitor over and under-speed and to protect mains supplies, computer
supplies and standby supplies for industrial, hospital or marine use.
Operation
Features
Adjustable set point
Adjustable differential
LED trip indication
Double-pole relay contacts
Automatic reset
Benefits
Over and under-frequency monitoring
Over and under-speed monitoring
Start standby generators
Operation of mains failure units
Switching standby supplies
Protection of control gear
Nuisance tripping avoidance
Customised options
Applications
Marine panels
Switchgear
Distribution systems
Generator sets
Control panels
Process control
Motor protection
Transformers
Overload protection
Frequency protectors offer user adjustable frequency trip point (set point) and
differential (hysteresis) settings. The set point adjustment range is centred around
the nominal 50Hz, 60Hz or 400Hz system frequency. The differential setting
adjustment can be used to reduce nuisance tripping if the measured signal is noisy
or unstable. When the measured frequency moves outside the set point limit, the
relay will operate, giving an alarm or initiation signal. As soon as the monitored
frequency moves outside of the set point limit, a trip will occur. The units draw their
operating power from the measuring inputs. Combined units offer under and overfrequency trips in one compact unit. Single function units are also available.
Over-Frequency Models
When the monitored frequency exceeds the set point, the relay will energise and
the red LED will illuminate to indicate the trip condition. The relay will automatically
reset once the monitored frequency falls below the set point minus the differential.
When reset, the LED will extinguish and the relay de-energises.
Under-Frequency Models
When the monitored frequency falls below the set point, the relay will de-energise
and the red LED will extinguish to indicate the trip condition. The relay will
automatically reset once the monitored frequency rises above the set point plus the
differential. When reset, the LED will illuminate and the relay energises.
Options
250 series protector relays offer various customised options to suit individual
requirements. Please consult factory.
• Adjustment ranges – different adjustment ranges are possible for the set point
and differential controls.
• Time delay – internal fixed time delay before a trip occurs.
• Relay operation – standard models are fail safe, but the relays can be
customised to energise or de-energise on trip.
Product Codes
Relay
Protection
ANSI no.
Cat. no.
1-phase
Under-frequency
81U
252-PHU
1-phase
Over-frequency
81O
252-PHO
1-phase
Under and over frequency
81O/U
253-PHD
Please specify system voltage, frequency and required options at time of ordering.
8
Specification – Frequency
Nominal voltage
100V, 110V, 120V, 208V, 220V, 230V, 240V,
277V, 380V, 400V, 415V, 440V or 480V
±20%
System frequency
40/60Hz, 50/70Hz or 360/440Hz
Voltage burden
3VA
Overloads
1.2 x rating continuously,
1.5 x rating for 10 x seconds
Set point repeatability
>0.5% of full span
Differential (hysteresis)
40/60Hz, 50/70Hz: Adjustable 0.1 to 3.0Hz
360/440Hz: Adjustable 10 to 30Hz
Output relay
2-pole change over
Relay contact rating
AC: 240V 5A, non inductive
DC: 24V 5A resistive
Relay mechanical life
0.2 million operations at rated loads
Relay reset
Automatic
Operating temperature
0°C to +60°C (0°C to +40°C for UL models)
Storage temperature
–20°C to +70°C
Temperature co-efficient
0.05% per °C
Interference immunity
Electrical stress surge withstand and
non-function to ANSI/IEEE C37 90a
Enclosure style
DIN-rail with wall mounting facility
Material
Flame retardant polycarbonate/ABS
Enclosure integrity
IP50
Model 252 dimensions
55mm (2.2") wide x 70mm (2.8") high
x 112mm (4.4") deep
Model 253 dimensions
75mm (2.9") wide x 70mm (2.8") high
x 112mm (4.4") deep
Weight
Model 252: 0.4Kg approx.
Model 253: 0.6Kg approx.
Connections
252-PHU
252-PHO
Output Relay
Contact Set 1 Contact Set 2
Input
253-PHD
Dimensions
Under Relay
Contact Set 1
Model 252
Over Relay
Contact Set 1
35mm (1.37”)
35mm (1.37”)
70mm (2.8”)
55mm (2.2”)
17.5mm
(0.68”)
35mm
(1.37”)
RELEASE CLIP
15.5mm
(0.6”)
112mm (4.4”)
12mm
(0.5”)
2 HOLES
Ø 4.1”
55mm (2.2”)
Under Relay
Contact Set 2
Input
Over Relay
Contact Set 2
Model 253
112.5mm (4.4”)
50mm (1.96”)
60mm (2.36”)
60mm (2.4”)
70mm (2.8”)
(1.37”)
35mm
75mm (2.9”)
RELEASE CLIP
2 FIXING
HOLE 'A' TO
SUIT M4
2 FIXING HOLE
'A' TO SUIT M4
9
250 Series DIN-rail and Wall
Mounted Relays
Combined Under/Over-Voltage and Frequency
The 250 series combined voltage and frequency protectors provide
continuous surveillance of the monitored circuit. When the voltage or
frequency moves outside the set point limit for longer than the time delay,
the respective relay will operate giving an alarm, control or tripping signal.
An illuminated LED indicates when the relay is energised. This protector
can be used to protect against over and under-speed and over and
under-voltage.
Operation
Features
Adjustable set point
Adjustable time delay
Internal differential
LED trip indication
Double-pole relay contacts
Automatic reset
Benefits
Over and under-voltage monitoring
Over and under-speed monitoring
Start standby generators
Operation of mains failure units
Switching standby supplies
Monitors genset AVR and excitation
systems
Nuisance tripping avoidance
Customised options
Applications
Switchgear
Distribution systems
Generator sets
Control panels
Process control
Motor protection
Transformers
Overload protection
Combined voltage and frequency protectors provide the most popular relay
functions in one convenient package. The products offer user adjustable trip point
(set point) for voltage and frequency, plus adjustable time delay settings. The set
point adjustment range is 25%, operating between 75% and 100% of the nominal
supply for under-voltage and between 100% and 125% for over-voltage. The
frequency set point adjustment range is centred around the nominal 50Hz, 60Hz or
400Hz system frequency. The time delay setting adjustment range is typically 0 to
10 seconds, although longer delays are available.
As soon as the monitored signal moves outside of the set point limit, the time delay
is activated, after which a trip will occur. The time delay prevents the relay from
tripping for a predetermined period to prevent nuisance tripping. The products also
feature an internal differential (hysteresis) setting of 1% to reduce nuisance tripping
if the measured signal is noisy or unstable. The product is available for single-phase
systems only and draws its operating power from the measuring input.
Over-Voltage and Frequency
When the monitored value exceeds the set point and the time delay has elapsed,
the relay will energise and the red LED will illuminate to indicate the trip condition.
Under-Voltage and Frequency
The relay will de-energise after the time delay has elapsed and the red LED will
extinguish to indicate the trip condition.
Options
250 series protector relays offer various customised options to suit individual
requirements. Please consult factory.
• Adjustment ranges – different adjustment ranges are possible for the set point
and time delay controls.
• Differential – internally fixed value between 1% and 15%.
• Relay operation – standard models are fail safe, but the relays can be
customised to energise or de-energise on trip.
Product Codes
Relay
Protection
ANSI no.
Cat. no.
1-phase
Over and under-voltage,
over and under-frequency
27/59,
81O/U
256-PHV
Please specify system voltage, frequency and required options at time of ordering.
10
Specification – Combined Under/Over and Frequency
Dimensions
Model 256
40/60Hz, 50/70Hz or 360/440Hz
Frequency differential
Pre-set at 0.1Hz (10Hz for 400Hz unit)
Voltage burden
3VA
Overloads
1.2 x rating continuously, 1.5 x rating for
10 x seconds
Set point repeatability
>0.5% of full span
Differential (hysteresis)
Fixed internally at 1%
Trip level adjustment
Over-voltage: 100 to 125%
Under-voltage: 75 to 100% of nominal input
voltage
135mm (5.3”)
4 independent 2-pole change over
Relay contact rating
AC: 240V 5A non inductive
DC: 24V 5A resistive
Relay mechanical life
0.2 million operations at rated loads
Relay reset
Automatic
Operating temperature
0°C to +60°C (0°C to +40°C for UL models)
Storage temperature
–20°C to +70°C
Temperature co-efficient
0.05% per °C
Interference immunity
Electrical stress surge withstand and
non-function to ANSI/IEEE C37 90a
Enclosure style
DIN-rail with wall mounting facility
Material
Flame retardant polycarbonate/ABS
50mm (1.96”)
Adjustable 1 to 30 seconds
Output relay
2 FIXING HOLE
'A' TO SUIT M4
2 FIXING HOLE
'A' TO SUIT M4
112.5mm (4.4”)
Enclosure integrity
IP50
Dimensions
150mm (5.9") wide x 70mm (2.8") high
x 112mm (4.4") deep
Weight
1.0Kg approx.
70mm (2.8”)
Time delay
150mm (5.9”)
(1.37”)
System frequency
35mm
100V, 110V, 120V, 208V, 220V, 270V, 280V,
400V, 415V or 440V
60mm (2.36”)
Nominal voltage
RELEASE CLIP
Connections
256-PHV
Under-Voltage Relay
Contact Set 1
Contact Set 2
Input
Over-Voltage
Relay
Contact Set 1
Contact Set 2
Under-Frequency
Relay
Contact Set 1
Contact Set 2
Over-Frequency Relay
Contact Set 1
Contact Set 2
11
250 Series DIN-rail and Wall
Mounted Relays
Phase Sequence and Phase Failure
The Crompton phase sequence and phase failure protector relays are
designed to monitor the correct phase rotation or sequence of
three-phase, three or four-wire supply systems and provide protection
against incorrect phase sequence, loss of one phase and under-voltage.
Operation
Features
Three-phase, three or four-wire
LED trip indication
Double-pole relay contacts
Automatic reset
Benefits
Monitoring of correct phase rotation
Protection against incorrect phase
sequence and loss of phase
Under-voltage monitoring
Prevents reverse rotation of motor
driven equipment
Ensures correct engine rotation
Protects portable electrical equipment
Rotating machines are particularly vulnerable to incorrect phase sequence.
Three-phase motors can rotate in the wrong direction, potentially leading to
physical damage or the risk of injury to personnel, yet voltage and current readings
may appear normal. If one phase is lost because of a blown fuse, electric motors
can continue to operate (single-phasing) which can result in severe electrical or
mechanical damage. For permanent installations, this relay should be used to
monitor the incoming supply, protecting all equipment against incorrect connection
at initial installation or after maintenance work. Rotating machines that cannot
tolerate reverse rotation or pose significant risk to personnel under this condition
should be individually protected with this relay. The possibility of incorrect supply
connection is much more likely in portable equipment or marine applications.
The phase sequence and phase failure protectors continuously monitor the
three-phase supply. With the correct phase sequence applied, the front panel LED
will illuminate and the output relay will be energised. An incorrect sequence or
missing phase will de-energise the relay and the LED will be extinguished. If the
supply drops below 85% of its nominal voltage, this condition will also cause a trip.
Note: If one phase is lost due to a blown fuse, some loads can re-generate the
missing voltage. This relay can be used as a phase failure relay providing the
regenerated voltage in the open phase is less than 70% of the nominal supply
voltage. If there is the possibility of a higher regenerated voltage, the phase balance
relay 252-PSF should be used.
Product Codes
Applications
Relay
Protection
ANSI no.
Cat. no.
Marine panels
Switchgear
Distribution systems
Generator sets
Control panels
Process control
Motor protection
Transformers
Overload protection
3-phase 3- or 4-wire
Phase sequence,
under-voltage 85%
47
252-PVR
12
Please specify system voltage, frequency and required options at time of ordering.
Specification – Phase Sequence and Phase Failure
Connections
252-PVR
Nominal voltage
110V, 120V, 208V, 220V, 230V, 240V, 277V,
380V, 400V, 415V, 440V or 480V
Nominal frequency
50, 60 or 400Hz
Voltage burden
Overload
3VA approx.
1.2 x rating continuously, 1.5 x rating for
10 x seconds to symmetric
Trip level adjustment
Pre-set at 85% of nominal
Auxiliary voltage burden
4VA (max)
Output relay
2-pole change over
Relay contact rating
AC: 240V 5A, non inductive
DC: 24V 5A resistive
Relay
Contact Set 1 Contact Set 2
Input
Relay mechanical life
0.2 million operations at rated loads
Relay reset
Automatic
Note: No neutral connection is required.
Operating temperature
0°C to +60°C (0°C to +40°C for UL models)
Storage temperature
–20°C to +70°C
Temperature co-efficient
0.05% per °C
Interference immunity
Electrical stress surge withstand and
non-function to ANSI/IEEE C37 90a
Enclosure style
DIN-rail with wall mounting facility
Material
Flame retardant polycarbonate/ABS
Enclosure integrity
IP50
Model 252 dimensions
55mm (2.2") wide x 70mm (2.8") high
x 112mm (4.4") deep
Weight
0.4Kg approx.
Dimensions
Model 252
2 HOLES
Ø 4.1”
17.5mm
(0.68”)
35mm
(1.37”)
12mm
(0.5”)
55mm (2.2”)
15.5mm
(0.6”)
(1.37”)
35mm
70mm (2.8”)
35mm (1.37”)
112mm (4.4”)
55mm (2.2”)
RELEASE CLIP
13
250 Series DIN-rail and Wall
Mounted Relays
Phase Balance
The 250 series phase balance protector module provides continuous
surveillance of a three-phase, three- or four-wire system and monitors the
correct phase rotation or sequence of three-phase supply systems. The
module protects against phase loss, reversal or sequence, phase
unbalance and system under-voltage.
Operation
Rotating machines are particularly vulnerable to incorrect phase sequence. Threephase motors can rotate in the wrong direction, potentially leading to physical
damage or the risk of injury to personnel, yet voltage and current readings may
appear normal. If one phase is lost because of a blown fuse, electric motors can
continue to operate (single-phasing) which can result in severe electrical or
mechanical damage. This relay has the added advantage that it will detect the
phantom or regenerated phase that can be caused by a single-phase failure on
some equipment or when running motors at low load levels.
Features
Three-phase, three or four-wire
Adjustable set point
Adjustable time delay
Internal differential
LED trip indication
Double-pole relay contacts
Automatic reset
Benefits
Monitoring of correct phase rotation
Protects against phantom or
regenerated phase voltage
Protection against phase loss, reversal
or sequence
Under-voltage and unbalanced voltage
monitoring
Prevents reverse rotation of motor
driven equipment
Ensures correct engine rotation
Protects portable electrical equipment
Nuisance tripping avoidance
Applications
Marine panels
Switchgear
Distribution systems
Generator sets
Control panels
Process control
Motor protection
Transformers
Overload protection
14
An unbalanced supply voltage can lead to temperature rises in motors. An
unbalanced voltage as little as 10% can increase operating temperature to 150% of
normal. For permanent installations, this relay should be used to monitor the
incoming supply, protecting all equipment against incorrect connection at initial
installation or after maintenance work. Rotating machines that cannot tolerate
reverse rotation or pose significant risk to personnel under this condition should be
individually protected with this relay. The possibility of incorrect supply connection
is much more likely in portable equipment or marine applications.
The protector continuously monitors the three-phase supply. With the correct
phase sequence applied and all three voltages balanced within the required limits,
the front panel LED will illuminate and the output relay will be energised. An
incorrect sequence, missing phase, out of balance or under-voltage condition will
de-energise the relay and the LED will be extinguished.
The set point control allows adjustment of the voltage matching between 5% and
15%. The time delay function operates only for the voltage unbalance condition. The
delay can be used to prevent nuisance tripping due to short term unbalance
situations. Incorrect phase rotation, a missing phase or an under-voltage condition
trip the relay immediately.
Product Codes
Relay
Protection
ANSI no.
Cat. no.
3-phase 3- or 4-wire
Phase loss and
unbalance 5-15%
47
252-PSF
3-phase 3- or 4-wire
Phase loss, unbalance
and under-voltage 5-15%
47/27
252-PSG
Please specify system voltage, frequency and required options at time of ordering.
Specification – Phase Balance
Nominal voltage
Connections
110V, 120V, 208V, 220V, 230V, 240V, 277V,
380V, 400V, 415V, 440V or 480V
System frequency
50 or 60Hz
Voltage burden
3VA approx.
Overload
1.2 x rating continuously, 1.5 x rating for
10 x seconds
Set point repeatability
>0.5% of full span
Under-voltage set point
Pre-set at 15% of nominal voltage. Other
values 10 to 30% to order (model 252-PSG
only)
Trip level adjustment
Phase unbalance adjustable 5 to 15%
Time delay
10 seconds as standard.
Up to 30 seconds available
Auxiliary voltage burden
4VA (max)
252-PSF
252-PSG
Relay
Contact Set 1 Contact Set 2
Input
Note: Neutral connection not required.
Output relay
2-pole change over
Relay contact rating
AC: 240V 5A, non inductive
DC: 24V 5A resistive
Relay mechanical life
0.2 million operations at rated loads
Relay reset
Automatic
Operating temperature
0°C to +60°C (0°C to +40°C for UL models)
Storage temperature
–20°C to +70°C
Temperature co-efficient
0.05% per °C
Interference immunity
Electrical stress surge withstand and
non-function to ANSI/IEEE C37 90a
Enclosure style
DIN-rail with wall mounting facility
Material
Flame retardant polycarbonate/ABS
Enclosure integrity
IP50
Model 252 dimensions
55mm (2.2") wide x 70mm (2.8") high
x 112mm (4.4") deep
Weight
0.4Kg approx.
Dimensions
Model 252
17.5mm
(0.68”)
55mm (2.2”)
35mm
(1.37”)
15.5mm
(0.6”)
35mm (1.37”)
(1.37”)
35mm
70mm (2.8”)
112mm (4.4”)
12mm
(0.5”)
2 HOLES
Ø 4.1”
55mm (2.2”)
RELEASE CLIP
15
250 Series DIN-rail and Wall
Mounted Relays
Reverse Power (current)
The reverse power protector provides continuous surveillance for ac
generators operating in parallel or for boosting mains supplies. On site
adjustment of the trip point and time delay ensures accurate protection
against ‘motoring’ in the event of engine failure and prevents tripping
from surges during synchronising.
Operation
Reverse power protectors provide continuous surveillance of ac generators
against motoring. Reverse power relays are used to detect the failure of the prime
mover (engine) when active energy (Watts) flows into the generator causing
rotation – the set will operate like an electric motor which can cause significant
mechanical damage. This relay offers an adjustable reverse power set point
between 2% and 20% of nominal power and time delay adjustment range of 0 to
20 seconds.
Features
Three-phase, three or four-wire
Adjustable set point
Adjustable time delay
Internal differential
LED trip indication
Double-pole relay contacts
Automatic reset
Benefits
Current and power factor measurement
Protects generators against ‘motoring’
Detects reverse power under fault
conditions
Customised options
Nuisance tripping avoidance
As soon as the reverse power level increases above the set point limit, the time
delay is activated, after which a trip will occur. The time delay prevents the relay
from tripping for a predetermined period to prevent nuisance tripping. The
products also feature an internal differential (hysteresis) setting of 1% to reduce
nuisance tripping if the measured signal is noisy or unstable. These units are
powered from the measuring supply.
The protector relay estimates the power level in the system by measuring current
and power factor, but does not actually measure the system voltage. When the
reverse power level exceeds the set point, the time delay is started. When the
time has elapsed, the relay will energise and the red LED will illuminate to indicate
the trip condition. The relay will automatically re-set once the power level falls
below the set point minus the differential. The LED will extinguish and the relay
de-energises.
The time delay is not active when resetting. The reverse power level will trip as
expected at the calibrated point for unity power factor. However, the system
power factor does affect the trip point calibration. The relay becomes more
sensitive at lagging power factors, as almost all systems exhibit inductance. At
leading power factors, this relay is less sensitive.
Applications
Marine panels
Switchgear
Distribution systems
Generator sets
Control panels
Process control
Motor protection
Transformers
Overload protection
Setting Up
The ‘% set’ potentiometer trimmer on the front label is calibrated as a percentage
of the input current rating e.g. of 5A and not of the forward kW. Adjust the ‘% set’
trimmer to the required tripping value, 7.5% to 10% is normal. Setting accuracy can
be checked by reversing the current lead connections and, with forward power,
measuring the trip point value on a suitable ammeter (reconnect leads on
completion). Adjust the ‘Delay’ to the required time delay, 10 seconds is normally
adequate.
Options
250 series protector relays offer various customised options to suit individual
requirements. Please consult factory.
• Adjustment ranges – different adjustment ranges are possible for the set point
and time delay controls.
• Relay operation – standard models are fail safe, but the relays can be
customised to de-energise on trip.
Product Codes
Relay
Protection
ANSI no.
Cat. no.
1-phase or
3-phase 4-wire
Reverse power 2 – 20%
32
256-PAS
1-phase or 3-phase
4-wire. Push to test
Reverse power 2 – 20%
32
256-PAQ
3-phase 3-wire
Push to test
Reverse power 2 – 20%
32
256-PAR
3-phase 3-wire
Reverse power 2 – 20%
32
256-PAT
Please specify system voltage, frequency and required options at time of ordering.
16
Specification – Reverse Power (Current)
Dimensions
Model 256
100V, 110V, 120V, 220V, 230V, 240V, 277V,
380V, 400V, 415V, 440V or 480V
Nominal current
5A or 2, 3, 4, 6, 8 and 10A
50, 60 or 400Hz
Burden
Voltage: 3VA maximum
Current: 2VA maximum
Current overload
2 x rating continuously,
10 x rating for 3 seconds
Voltage overload
1.2 x rating continuously,
1.5 x rating for 10 seconds
Monitoring range
capacitive
Power factor: 0.5 inductive/unity/0.2
35mm
System frequency
150mm (5.9”)
50 (1.96)
60 (2.36)
135mm (5.3”)
Current: 20 to 100% of nominal input
>0.5% of full span
Differential (hysteresis)
Pre-set at 1%
Trip level adjustment
2 to 20%. Customised adjustment available
Time delay adjustable
0 to 20 seconds
Output relay
2-pole change over
Relay contact rating
AC: 240V 5A, non inductive
DC: 24V 5A resistive
2 FIXING HOLE
'A' TO SUIT M4
112.5mm (4.4”)
Relay mechanical life
0.2 million operations at rated loads
Relay reset
Automatic
Operating temperature
0°C to +60°C (0°C to +40°C for UL models)
Storage temperature
–20°C to +70°C
Temperature co-efficient
0.05% per °C
Interference immunity
Electrical stress surge withstand and
non-function to ANSI/IEEE C37 90a
Enclosure style
DIN-rail with wall mounting facility
Material
Flame retardant polycarbonate/ABS
Enclosure integrity
IP50
Dimensions
150mm (5.9") wide x 70mm (2.8") high
x 112mm (4.4") deep
1.0Kg approx.
Weight
2 FIXING HOLE
'A' TO SUIT M4
70mm (2.8”)
Set point repeatability
(1.37”)
Nominal voltage
RELEASE CLIP
Connections
256-PAS
256-PAT
256-PAQ
256-PAR
Input volts
1-phase
3-phase 4-wire
3-phase 3-wire
Contact Set 1 Contact Set 2
Output Relay
Input Amps
Note: Only one CT connection is required, from the same phase as the voltage
connection to terminal 2.
17
250 Series DIN-rail and Wall
Mounted Relays
Synchro-Check (parallelling)
The synchro-check relay can be used to assist in the semi-automatic
parallelling of two ac power systems. The volt-free relay contacts change
state when the voltage level, phase relationship and frequency are within
the selected synchronising limits. Connecting two electrical systems that
are not closely matched can cause expensive damage and disturbance
to the electrical system. Using this relay will ensure that damage will
not occur.
Operation
Features
Single-phase or three-phase,
three or four-wire
Live and dead bus versions
Adjustable set point
LED trip indication
Volt free relay contacts
As part of a manual control system, the operator will make adjustments to the
generator voltage (excitation) and frequency (engine speed) using a
synchroscope or lamps and will then attempt to manually close the breaker. This
synchro check protector will qualify that the two systems are closely matched
before permitting the breaker to close. As part of an automatic synchronising
arrangement, this relay can be used as an independent backup or checking device
to ensure the two systems are suitably matched before the breaker can close.
Model 256-PLL
The relay continuously monitors the voltage, phase displacement and frequency of
two supplies. A single set point adjustment permits selection of suitable matching
and a red LED illuminates when the relay is energised, indicating that the two
supplies are well matched and it is safe to close the breaker.
Benefits
Model 256-PLD
Monitors voltage phase displacement
and frequency of 2 supplies
Frequency matching
Voltage matching
Phase angle matching
Synchronisation of Gen-Bus and
Bus-Bus
Monitors auto synchronising systems
Assists in manual synchronisation
This version operates in the same way as model 256-PLL but includes an
additional dead bus detection function. If there is a requirement for a continuous
supply or emergency power, then the generator can be connected without
synchronising, thus ensuring continuity of supply. The absence of bus voltage will
cause the relay to energise.
Applications
Marine panels
Switchgear
Distribution systems
Generator sets
Co-generation
Control panels
18
Product Codes
Relay
Protection
ANSI no.
1-phase, or
3-phase 3- or 4-wire
Phase angle and voltage
25
Cat. no.
256-PLL
1-phase, or
3-phase 3- or 4-wire
Phase angle and voltage
Dead bus
25
256-PLD
Please specify system voltage, frequency and required options at time of ordering.
Specification – Synchro-Check (parallelling)
Dimensions
Model 256
100V, 110V, 120V, 208V, 220V, 230V, 240V,
277V, 380V, 400V, 415V, 440V or 480V
System frequency
45, 50, 55, 60 or 65Hz
Burden
Bus: 2VA
Overload
–25 to +30% of the nominal voltage
Set point repeatability
>0.5% of full span
Differential (hysteresis)
Pre-set at 1%. Values 1 to 10% available
on request
Trip level
10 to 30% of the nominal voltage
6° to 20° electrical adjustment
Output relay
1 pair NO (normally open),
1 pair NC (normally closed)
2 pair NO and 2 pair NC available on request
Relay contact rating
AC: 240V 5A non inductive
DC: 24V 5A resistive
150mm (5.9”)
Relay mechanical life
0.2 million operations at rated loads
Relay reset
Automatic
Operating temperature
0°C to +60°C (0°C to +40°C for UL models)
Storage temperature
–20°C to +70°C
Temperature co-efficient
0.05% per °C
Interference immunity
Electrical stress surge withstand and
non-function to ANSI/IEEE C37 90a
Enclosure style
DIN-rail with wall mounting facility
Material
Flame retardant polycarbonate/ABS
Enclosure integrity
IP50
Dimensions
150mm (5.9") wide x 70mm (2.8") high
x 112mm (4.4") deep
Weight
1.0Kg approx.
(1.37”)
35mm
Generator: 4VA
50mm (1.96”)
2 FIXING HOLE
'A' TO SUIT M4
60mm (2.36”)
135mm (5.3”)
2 FIXING HOLE
'A' TO SUIT M4
112.5mm (4.4”)
70mm (2.8”)
Nominal voltage
RELEASE CLIP
Connections
256-PLL
256-PLD
System
3-phase 4-wire
3-phase 3-wire
1-phase 2-wire
Generator
Connections
1
2
L1 N
L1 L2
L1 N
Normally
Open
Contacts
Busbar
Connections
3
4
L1 N
L1 L2
L1 N
Normally
Closed
Contacts
19
250 Series DIN-rail and Wall
Mounted Relays
DC Voltage
DC voltage protectors provide continuous surveillance of the monitored
voltage circuit, typically a battery supply or charging circuit. When the
measured voltage moves outside the set point limits, the relay will
operate after the selected time delay or differential, giving an alarm
and/or initiation signal. The protectors offer protection for under-voltage,
over-voltage and battery level control.
Operation
Features
Adjustable set point
Adjustable time delay
Internal differential
LED trip indication
Automatic reset
Double-pole relay contacts
Benefits
Over and under-voltage monitoring
Monitors correct terminal voltage on
battery supplies
Monitors charging voltage on battery
chargers
Battery level control
Nuisance tripping avoidance
Customised options
DC voltage protectors offer user adjustable trip point (set point) and time delay
settings. The time delay setting adjustment range is typically 0 to 10 seconds,
although longer delays up to 30 seconds are available. As soon as the monitored
signal moves outside of the set point limit, the time delay is activated, after
which a trip will occur. The time delay prevents the relay from tripping for a
predetermined period to prevent nuisance tripping. The products also feature an
internal differential (hysteresis) setting of 1% to reduce nuisance tripping if the
measured signal is noisy or unstable. The units draw their operating power from
the measuring inputs.
Over-Voltage Models
When the monitored voltage exceeds the set point, the time delay is started.
When the time has elapsed, the relay will energise and the red LED will illuminate
to indicate the trip condition. The relay will automatically reset once the
monitored voltage falls below the set point minus the differential. When reset, the
LED will extinguish and the relay de-energises. The time delay is not active when
resetting.
Under-Voltage Models
When the monitored voltage falls below the set point, the time delay is started.
When the time has elapsed, the relay will de-energise and the red LED will
extinguish to indicate the trip condition. The relay will automatically reset once the
monitored voltage rises above the set point plus the differential. When reset, the
LED will illuminate and the relay energises. The time delay is not active when
resetting.
Options
Applications
Marine panels
Switchgear
Distribution systems
Generator sets
Control panels
Process control
Overload protection
250 series protector relays offer various customised options to suit individual
requirements. Please consult factory.
• Adjustment ranges – different adjustment ranges are possible for the set point
and time delay controls.
• Differential – internally fixed value between 1% and 15%.
• Relay operation – standard models are fail safe, but the relays can be
customised to energise or de-energise on trip.
Product Codes
Relay
Protection
ANSI no.
Cat. no.
DC voltage
Under-voltage external
time delay
27
252-PDU
DC voltage
Under-voltage differential
27
252-PDE
DC voltage
Over-voltage external
time delay
59
252-PDO
DC voltage
Over and under-voltage
external time delay
27/59
253-PDC
Please specify system voltage, frequency and required options at time of ordering.
20
Specification – DC Voltage
Nominal voltage
Voltage burden
Overload
Set point repeatability
Differential (hysteresis)
Time delay adjustment
AC auxiliary supply voltage
DC auxiliary supply voltage
Auxiliary voltage burden
Output relay
Relay contact rating
Relay mechanical life
Relay reset
Operating temperature
Storage temperature
Temperature co-efficient
Interference immunity
Enclosure style
Material
Enclosure integrity
Model 252 dimensions
Model 253 dimensions
Weight
Connections
18 to 20V dc or 20 to 32V dc
<3VA
1.2 x rating continuously
>0.5% of full span
Models 252-PDU, 252-PDO and 253-PDC: Pre-set at 1%
Values 1 to 15% available on request
Model 252-PDE: Adjustable 1 to 15%
Models 252-PDU, 252-PDO & 253-PDC: 0-10,
0-20, 0-30 seconds
Model 252-PDE: Factory pre-set
up to 30 seconds.
100V, 110V, 120V, 208V, 220V, 240V, 480V,
±20%
12V, 24V, 48V, 110V or 125V, ±20%.
Including ripple
4VA (max)
2-pole change over
AC: 240V 5A non inductive
DC: 24V, 5A resistive
0.2 million operations at rated loads
Automatic
0°C to +60°C (0°C to +40°C for UL models)
–20°C to +70°C
0.05% per °C
Electrical stress surge withstand and
non-function to ANSI/IEEE C37 90a
DIN-rail with wall mounting facility
Flame retardant polycarbonate/ABS
IP50
55mm (2.2") wide x 70mm (2.8") high
x 112mm (4.4") deep
75mm (2.9") wide x 70mm (2.8") high
x 112mm (4.4") deep
Model 252: 0.4Kg approx.
Model 253: 0.6Kg approx.
252-PDU
252-PDO
Relay
Contact Set 1 Contact Set 2
Input
252-PDE
Contact Set 1
Contact Set 2
Input
Aux supply
when
required
253-PDC
Monitored Under Relay
Value
Contact Set 1
Over Relay
Contact Set 1
Dimensions
Model 252
70mm (2.8”)
55mm (2.2”)
17.5mm
(0.68”)
35mm
(1.37”)
Under Relay
Contact Set 2
Supply
Over Relay
Contact Set 2
15.5mm
(0.6”)
35mm (1.37”)
112mm (4.4”)
35mm (1.37”)
55mm (2.2”)
12mm
(0.5”)
2 HOLES
Ø 4.1”
RELEASE CLIP
Model 253
70 (2.8)
35mm
(1.37”)
RELEASE CLIP
50mm (1.96”)
60mm (2.4”)
112.5mm (4.4”)
60mm (2.36”)
75mm (2.9”)
2 FIXING HOLE 2 FIXING HOLE
'A' TO SUIT M4 'A' TO SUIT M4
21
250 Series DIN-rail and Wall
Mounted Relays
Thermistor Trip
Many motors, transformers and generators are fitted with positive
temperature co-efficient thermistor temperature sensors. The addition
of a thermistor trip relay will provide full protection against sustained
overload, single phasing, locked rotor, blocked ventilation and high
ambient temperature. Thermistor trip relays continuously monitor the
working temperature inside electrical equipment. When the temperature
exceeds a safe limit, the relay can be used to shut down equipment until
it regains a safe operating temperature.
Operation
Features
Trip range 2500 to 3500 ohms
Reset range 1500 to 2300 ohms
LED trip indication
Automatic or manual reset options
Double-pole relay contacts
Benefits
High temperature protection
Sustained overload protection
Single phasing protection
Locked rotor protection
Blocked ventilation protection
Applications
Switchgear
Distribution systems
Generator sets
Control panels
Process control
Motor protection
Transformers
Overload protection
22
Thermistors are simple low cost temperature sensors. The thermistor trip
protector operates by de-energising a relay when the thermistors detect a critical
temperature condition. An illuminated green LED indicates when the temperature
is within normal working limits. Any number of thermistors may be used in series
connection providing the resistance at normal working temperature is less than
1500 ohms.
There are no user adjustments on this relay.
Model 252-PMT will automatically reset when temperature returns to normal.
For model 252-PMM, fitting a link between terminals R1 and R2 will latch the
product in its tripped state when an over-temperature condition is detected. The
relay can be reset by pressing the front panel reset switch, opening the R1–R2 link,
or interrupting the auxiliary supply.
Product Codes
Relay
Protection
ANSI no.
Cat. no.
PTC thermistors
Over-temperature,
manual reset
49
252-PMM
PTC thermistors
Over-temperature,
automatic reset
49
252-PMT
Please specify system voltage, frequency and required options at time of ordering.
Specification – Thermistor Trip
Nominal voltage
110V, 120V, 220V, 230V or 240V ac ±20%
Input
Positive temperature coefficient thermistors
(series connected 1500Ω at normal
temperature)
System frequency
50/60Hz
Voltage burden
2VA approx.
Overload
1.2 x rating continuously
Trip level
2500 to 3500Ω reset 1500 to 2300Ω
AC auxiliary supply voltage
100V, 110V, 120V, 208V, 220V, 240V, 480V,
±20%
DC auxiliary supply voltage
12V, 24V, 48V, 110V or 125V, ±20%.
Including ripple
Auxiliary voltage burden
4VA (max)
Output relay
2-pole change over
Relay contact rating
AC: 240V 5A non inductive
DC: 24V, 5A resistive
Relay mechanical life
0.2 million operations at rated loads
Relay reset
Model 252-PMT: Automatic
Model 252-PMM: Manual
Connections
252-PMT
Operating temperature
0°C to +60°C (0°C to +40°C for UL models)
Storage temperature
–20°C to +70°C
Temperature co-efficient
0.05% per °C
Interference immunity
Electrical stress surge withstand and
non-function to ANSI/IEEE C37 90a
Enclosure style
DIN-rail with wall mounting facility
Material
Flame retardant polycarbonate/ABS
Enclosure integrity
IP50
Model 252 dimensions
55mm (2.2") wide x 70mm (2.8") high
x 112mm (4.4") deep
Weight
0.4Kg approx.
Supply
Dimensions
Thermistor
Connections
252-PMM
Model 252
2 HOLES
Ø 4.1”
Output Relay
Contact Set 1 Contact Set 2
17.5mm
(0.68”)
35mm
(1.37”)
12mm
(0.5”)
55mm (2.2”)
15.5mm
(0.6”)
35mm (1.37”)
112mm (4.4”)
35mm (1.37”)
55mm (2.2”)
70mm (2.8”)
Output Relay
Contact Set 1 Contact Set 2
RELEASE CLIP
Supply
Thermistor
Connections
23
250 Series DIN-rail and Wall
Mounted Relays
Hot Spot 3 Temperature Relay
The Hot Spot 3 relay accepts up to three inputs from resistance
temperature detectors (RTD) and provides up to three user adjustable trip
points which can be used to initiate alarms, cooling systems or shutdown.
The relay is ideally suited for the protection of electric motor windings,
transformers, generator windings and bearing temperature. The analogue
output can be used for remote monitoring of high temperatures.
Operation
RTD temperature sensors are often fitted inside electric motors to detect hot spots
in the windings or the bearings. RTD sensors are popular because they offer a good
accuracy for a reasonable price. The same sensors can be used inside transformers,
generator sets, gas turbines or as part of a process control system. Hot spots can
be caused by many conditions such as overloads, over-voltage, unbalanced supply,
worn bearings, ineffective cooling, poor ventilation, shorted turns, insulation
breakdown, single phasing etc..
Features
Up to three RTD inputs
1mA analogue output
Three adjustable set points
Internal differential
LED trip indication
Automatic reset
Three single-pole relay contacts
Benefits
Temperature monitoring
Unbalanced supply protection
Sustained overload protection
Single-phasing protection
Blocked ventilation protection
Protection against ineffective cooling
Protection of bearing temperature
Applications
Switchgear
Distribution systems
Generator sets
Control panels
Process control
Motor monitoring
Transformers
Overload protection
24
The Hot Spot 3 protector continuously monitors the three RTD temperature sensors
and offers up to three user adjustable set points and relay contacts. These can
be used to raise alarms, switch on cooling systems or shut down the affected
equipment. The highest temperature is indicated with a yellow LED and can
be accurately measured or remotely displayed using the 0/1mA analogue
output signal.
The temperature is compared with the user adjustable set points. When the
measured temperature exceeds the set point, the relay will de-energise and a red
LED will illuminate to indicate the trip condition. When the temperature drops
below the set point, the relay will reset to the energised condition and the LED will
extinguish. The range consists of three product models which offers one, two or
three adjustable set points.
Product Codes
Relay
Protection
ANSI no.
Cat. no.
3 RTD inputs
3 set points
49
256-PRA
3 RTD inputs
2 set points
49
256-PRB
3 RTD inputs
1 set point
49
256-PRC
When ordering please supply the following information:
• System voltage, frequency and required options.
• The type of temperature sensor being used, e.g. Platinum PT100.
• The maximum temperature or meter scale, e.g. 100% = 1mA = 150°C.
• The set point adjustment range, e.g. 0°C to 150°C.
Specification – Hot Spot 3 Temperature Relay
Dimensions
Model 256
Up to 3 resistance temperature detectors
(RTD). Either 10Ω copper or 100Ω platinum
minimum span 100°C
50/60Hz
Overload
1.2 x rating continuously
Set point repeatability
0.5% of full span
Differential (hysteresis)
Pre-set at 2% of range
AC auxiliary supply voltage
100V, 110V, 120V, 208V, 220V, 240V, 480V,
±20%
DC auxiliary supply voltage
12V, 24V, 48V, 110V or 125V, ±20%.
Including ripple
Auxiliary voltage burden
4VA (max)
Analogue output
1mA into 0/4kΩ load
Output relay
1-pole change over
Relay contact rating
AC: 240V 5A, non inductive
DC: 24V 5A resistive
Relay mechanical life
0.2 million operations at rated loads
Relay reset
Automatic
Operating temperature
0°C to +60°C (0°C to +40°C for UL models)
Storage temperature
–20°C to +70°C
Temperature co-efficient
0.05% per °C
Interference immunity
Electrical stress surge withstand and
non-function to ANSI/IEEE C37 90a
Enclosure style
DIN-rail with wall mounting facility
Material
Flame retardant polycarbonate/ABS
Enclosure integrity
IP50
Dimensions
150mm (5.9") wide x 70mm (2.8") high
x 112mm (4.4") deep
Weight
1.0Kg approx.
135mm (5.3”)
50mm (1.96”)
System frequency
35mm
(1.37”)
AC: 110V, 120V, 220V, 230V, or 240V ±20%
DC: Consult factory
2 FIXING HOLE
'A' TO SUIT M4
2 FIXING HOLE
'A' TO SUIT M4
112.5mm (4.4”)
70mm (2.8”)
Nominal voltage
150mm (5.9”)
60mm (2.36”)
Input
RELEASE CLIP
Connections
256-PRA
256-PRB
256-PRC
Indication
R.T.D. Inputs
Output Relays
Remote LEDs
if required
Aux. Supply
25
250 Series DIN-rail and Wall
Mounted Relays
Hot Spot 6 Temperature Relay
The Hot Spot 6 protector is a temperature trip relay accepting up to
six inputs from resistance temperature detector (RTD) elements and
provides one user adjustable trip point which can be used to initiate
alarms, cooling or shutdown when the monitored temperature exceeds
the set limit. The relay is ideally suited for the protection of electric motor
windings, transformers, generator windings and bearing temperature.
Operation
RTD temperature sensors are often fitted inside electric motors to detect hot spots
in the windings or bearings. RTD sensors are popular because they offer a good
accuracy for a reasonable price. The same sensors can be used inside transformers,
generator sets, gas turbines or as part of a process control system. Hot spots can
be caused by many conditions such as overloads, over-voltage, unbalanced supply,
worn bearings, ineffective cooling, poor ventilation, shorted turns, insulation
breakdown, single phasing etc.
Features
Up to 6 RTD inputs
Adjustable set point
Internal differential
LED trip indication
Automatic reset
Single-pole relay contacts
Benefits
Unbalanced supply protection
Sustained overload protection
Single-phasing protection
Blocked ventilation protection
Protection against ineffective cooling
Protection of bearing temperature
The Hot Spot 6 protector continuously monitors the six RTD temperature sensors
and offers a user adjustable set point and relay contacts. This can be used to raise
alarms, switch on cooling systems or shut down the affected equipment. The
temperature is compared with the user adjustable set point. There is a red alarm
indicator associated with each temperature sensor. When the measured
temperature exceeds the set point on one or more inputs the red alarm indicators
associated with temperature sensor(s) exceeding the set point temperature will
illuminate to indicate which sensors are above the set point. When any input is
above the set point, the relay will de-energise, the overall red "Alarm" will illuminate
and the green "Safe" will extinguish.
When the temperature on all inputs drops below the set point the relay will reset to
the energised condition, the overall red "Alarm" will extinguish and the green "Safe"
will illuminate.
Product Codes
Applications
Relay
Protection
ANSI no.
Switchgear
Distribution systems
Generator sets
Control panels
Process control
Motor monitoring
Transformers
Overload protection
6 RTD inputs
1 set point
49
26
When ordering please supply the following information:
• System voltage, frequency and required options.
• The type of temperature sensor being used, e.g. Platinum PT100.
• The maximum temperature or meter scale, e.g. 100% = 1mA = 150°C.
• The set point adjustment range, e.g. 0°C to 150°C.
Cat. no.
256-PCC
Specification – Hot Spot 6 Temperature Relay
Dimensions
Model 256
Nominal voltage
AC: 110V, 120V, 220V, 230V, or 240V ±20%
DC: Consult factory
System frequency
50/60Hz
Voltage burden
6VA maximum
Overload
1.2 x rating continuously
Set point repeatability
Within 1°C
Differential (hysteresis)
4°C of nominal
Trip level adjustment
100°C (e.g.: 50 to 150°C, 100 to 200°C etc)
Time delay
Typically 250ms
AC auxiliary supply voltage
100V, 110V, 120V, 208V, 220V, 240V, 480V,
±20%
DC auxiliary supply voltage
12V, 24V, 48V, 110V or 125V, ±20%.
Including ripple
Auxiliary voltage burden
4VA (max)
Output relay
1-pole change over
Relay contact rating
AC: 240V 5A non inductive
DC: 24V 5A resistive
Relay mechanical life
0.2 million operations at rated loads
Relay reset
Automatic
Operating temperature
0°C to +60°C (0°C to +40°C for UL models)
Storage temperature
–20°C to +70°C
Temperature co-efficient
0.05% per °C
Interference immunity
Electrical stress surge withstand and
non-function to ANSI/IEEE C37 90a
Enclosure style
DIN-rail with wall mounting facility
Material
Flame retardant polycarbonate/ABS
Enclosure integrity
IP50
Dimensions
150mm (5.9") wide x 70mm (2.8") high
x 112mm (4.4") deep
Weight
1.0Kg approx.
150mm (5.9”)
35
Up to 6 resistance temperature detectors
(RTD). Either 10Ω copper or 100Ω platinum
minimum span 100°C
135mm (5.3”)
2 FIXING HOLE
'A' TO SUIT M4
2 FIXING HOLE
'A' TO SUIT M4
112.5mm (4.4”)
70mm (2.8”)
Input
RELEASE CLIP
Connections
256-PCC
When used for less than 6 RTD inputs the unused terminals 1, 2 and 3 must be
linked together.
27
250 Series DIN-rail and Wall
Mounted Relays
DC Millivolts/Thermocouple
The 250 series millivolt protectors provide continuous surveillance of high
dc currents when used with current shunts, or can be used to monitor
temperatures in conjunction with thermocouples. The protector
incorporates a user adjustable trip and time delay which can be set to
initiate an alarm when the input exceeds the desired level.
Operation
When used in conjunction with current shunts the millivolt protector can be used to
monitor battery charging currents, current drain or under/over-current. Monitoring
of under/over-temperature and detection of hotspots can be achieved in
applications using thermocouples. All industry standard shunts and all popular
thermocouples are supported.
Features
High and low trip models
Adjustable set point
Adjustable time delay
Internal differential
LED trip indication
Automatic reset
Double-pole relay contacts
Supports all industry standard shunts
and popular thermocouples
Benefits
Under/over-temperature monitoring
Under/over-current monitoring
Monitoring of battery charging currents
and current drain
Detection of hotspots
Nuisance tripping avoidance
Customised options
The millivolt protector relays offer user adjustable trip point (set point) and time
delay settings. The time delay setting adjustment range is typically 0 to 10 seconds,
although longer delays are available. As soon as the monitored signal moves
outside of the set point limit, the time delay is activated, after which a trip will
occur. The time delay prevents the relay from tripping for a predetermined period
to prevent nuisance tripping. These products also feature an internal differential
(hysteresis) setting of 1% to reduce nuisance tripping if the measured signal is noisy
or unstable. These units require an auxiliary power supply.
Over High Trip Models
When the monitored signal exceeds the set point, the time delay is started. When
the time has elapsed, the relay will energise and the red LED will illuminate to
indicate the trip condition. The relay will automatically reset once the monitored
signal falls below the set point minus the differential. When reset, the LED will
extinguish and the relay de-energises. The time delay is not active when resetting.
Under Low Trip Models
When the monitored signal falls below the set point, the time delay is started.
When the time has elapsed, the relay will de-energise and the red LED will
extinguish to indicate the trip condition. The relay will automatically reset once the
monitored signal rises above the set point plus the differential. When reset, the LED
will illuminate and the relay energises. The time delay is not active when resetting.
Applications
Switchgear
Distribution systems
Generator sets
Control panels
Process control
Motor protection
Transformers
Overload protection
Options
250 series protector relays offer various customised options to suit individual
requirements. Please consult factory.
• Adjustment ranges – different adjustment ranges are possible for the set point
and time delay controls.
• Differential – internally fixed value between 1% and 15%.
• Relay operation – standard models are failsafe, but the relays can be customised
to energise or de-energise on trip.
• Cold junction compensation available on request.
Product Codes
Relay
Protection
ANSI no.
DC millivolt
High trip 40 to 120%
74
Cat. no.
252-PBT
DC millivolt
Low trip 0 to 80%
74
252-PBS
Thermocouple
Type J, K, R, S and T.
High trip 40 to 120%
49
252-PTO
Thermocouple
Type J, K, R, S and T.
Low trip 0 to 80%
49
252-PTU
For models 252-PBS and 252-PBT please specify millivolt input, auxiliary voltage
and required options at time of ordering.
For models 252-PTO and 252-PTU please specify thermocouple type, nominal
temperature, auxiliary voltage and required options at time of ordering.
28
Specification – DC Millivolts/Thermocouple
Connections
DC input
10mV, 50mV, 60mV, 75mV, 100mV, 150mV
Input impedance
50KΩ
252-PBT
252-PBS
252-PTU
252-PTO
Source impedance
100Ω maximum
Thermocouple
Types J, K, R, S, T 10 to 50mV
Thermocouple TBP
Thermocouple break protection upscale drive
as standard
Thermocouple CJC
Cold junction compensation available on
request
Thermocouple overload
10 x rating continuously
Nominal frequency
50/60Hz
Voltage burden
3VA maximum
Voltage overload
1.2 x rating continuously,
1.5 x rating for 10 seconds
Set point repeatability
>0.5% of full span
Differential (hysteresis)
Pre-set at 1%
Values 1 to 15% available on request
Trip level adjustment
Low trip: 0 to 80%
High trip: 40 to 120%
Time delay adjustable
0 to 10 seconds
AC auxiliary supply voltage
100V, 110V, 120V, 208V, 220V, 240V, 480V,
±20%
DC auxiliary supply voltage
12V, 24V, 48V, 110V or 125V, ±20%.
Including ripple
Auxiliary voltage burden
4VA (max)
Output relay
2-pole change over
Relay contact rating
AC: 240V 5A non inductive
DC: 24V 5A resistive
Relay
Contact Set 1
Contact Set 2
Monitored
Value
Relay mechanical life
0.2 million operations at rated loads
Relay reset
Automatic
Operating temperature
0°C to +60°C (0°C to +40°C for UL models)
Storage temperature
–20°C to +70°C
Temperature co-efficient
0.05% per °C
Interference immunity
Electrical stress surge withstand and
non-function to ANSI/IEEE C37 90a
Enclosure style
DIN-rail with wall mounting facility
Material
Flame retardant polycarbonate/ABS
Enclosure integrity
IP50
Dimensions
55mm (2.2") wide x 70mm (2.8") high
x 112mm (4.4") deep
Weight
0.4Kg approx.
Supply
Dimensions
Model 252
2 HOLES
Ø 4.1”
17.5mm
(0.68”)
35mm
(1.37”)
12mm
(0.5”)
55mm (2.2”)
15.5mm
(0.6”)
(1.37”)
35mm (1.37”)
112mm (4.4”)
35mm
70mm (2.8”)
55mm (2.2”)
RELEASE CLIP
29
250 Series DIN-rail and Wall
Mounted Relays
DC Transducer Trip
DC transducer protectors provide continuous surveillance of the dc
process voltage or current signal. When the standard process signals
move outside the set point limit the relay will operate. Combining the
protection relay with a measuring transducer such as the Crompton
Paladin measuring transducers range can form specialised control
products whenever self-contained relays are not available.
Operation
Features
High and low trip models
Adjustable set point
Adjustable time delay
Internal differential
LED trip indication
Automatic reset
Double-pole relay contacts
The dc transducer protector relay offers user adjustable trip point (set point) and
time delay settings. The time delay setting adjustment range is typically 0 to 10
seconds, although longer delays are available. As soon as the monitored signal
moves outside of the set point limit the time delay is activated, after which a trip
will occur. The time delay prevents the relay from tripping for a predetermined
period to prevent nuisance tripping. The products also feature an internal
differential (hysteresis) setting of 1% to reduce nuisance tripping if the measured
signal is noisy or unstable. These units require an auxiliary power supply.
Over High Trip Models
When the monitored signal exceeds the set point, the time delay is started. When
the time has elapsed, the relay will energise and the red LED will illuminate to
indicate the trip condition. The relay will automatically reset once the monitored
signal falls below the set point minus the differential. When reset, the LED will
extinguish and the relay de-energises. The time delay is not active when resetting.
Under Low Voltage Models
Benefits
Accepts standard process voltage
or current signals
Monitors forward/reverse Watts,
VAr and VA
Monitors under/over Watts, VAr
and VA
Power factor monitoring and control
Nuisance tripping avoidance
Customised options
Applications
Switchgear
Distribution systems
Generator sets
Control panels
Process control
Motor protection
Transformers
Overload protection
When the monitored signal falls below the set point, the time delay is started. When
the time has elapsed, the relay will de-energise and the red LED will extinguish
to indicate the trip condition. The relay will automatically reset once the monitored
signal rises above the set point plus the differential. When reset, the LED will
illuminate and the relay energises. The time delay is not active when resetting.
Options
250 series protector relays offer various customised options to suit individual
requirements. Please consult factory.
• Adjustment ranges – different adjustment ranges are possible for the set point
and time delay controls.
• Differential – internally fixed value between 1% and 15%.
• Relay operation – standard models are fail safe, but the relays can be
customised to energise or de-energise on trip.
Product Codes
Relay
Protection
ANSI no.
DC transducer
Low trip 0 to 80%
74
Cat. no.
252-PBA
DC transducer
High trip 40 to 120%
74
252-PBB
DC transducer
High and low trip
74
253-PBV
Please specify input current/voltage, auxiliary voltage and required options at time
of ordering.
30
Specification – DC Transducer Trip
Nominal input current dc
0-1mA, 0-5mA, 0-10mA, 0-20mA, 4-20mA
volt drop 1V
Nominal input voltage dc
1V to 50V, input resistance 10kΩ/V
Voltage burden
3VA maximum
Overload
1.2 x rating continuously,
1.5 x rating for 10 seconds
Set point repeatability
>0.5% of full span
Differential (hysteresis)
Pre-set at 1%.
Values 1 to 15% available on request
Trip level adjustment
Low trip: 0 to 80%
High trip: 40 to 120%
Time delay adjustable
0 to 10 seconds
AC auxiliary supply voltage
100V, 110V, 120V, 208V, 220V, 240V, 480V,
±20%
DC auxiliary supply voltage
12V, 24V, 48V, 110V or 125V, ±20%.
Including ripple
Auxiliary voltage burden
4VA (max)
Output relay
2-pole change over
Relay contact rating
AC: 240V 5A non inductive
DC: 24V 5A resistive
Relay mechanical life
0.2 million operations at rated loads
Relay reset
Automatic
Connections
252-PBB
252-PBA
Relay
Contact Set 1
Contact Set 2
Operating temperature
0°C to +60°C (0°C to +40°C for UL models)
Storage temperature
–20°C to +70°C
Temperature co-efficient
0.05% per °C
Interference immunity
Electrical stress surge withstand and
non-function to ANSI/IEEE C37 90a
Enclosure style
DIN-rail with wall mounting facility
Material
Flame retardant polycarbonate/ABS
Enclosure integrity
IP50
Model 252 dimensions
55mm (2.2") wide x 70mm (2.8") high
x 112mm (4.4") deep
Model 253 dimensions
75mm (2.9") wide x 70mm (2.8") high
x 112mm (4.4") deep
Weight
Model 252: 0.4Kg approx.
Model 253: 0.6Kg approx.
Monitored
Value
Suppl
y
253-PBV
Monitored Under Relay
Over Relay
Value
Contact Set 1 Contact Set 1
Dimensions
Model 252
2 HOLES
Ø 4.1”
35mm
(1.37”)
RELEASE CLIP
12mm
(0.5”)
70mm (2.8”)
17.5mm
(0.68”)
55mm (2.2”)
15.5mm
(0.6”)
35mm (1.37”)
112mm (4.4”)
35mm (1.37”)
55mm (2.2”)
Under Relay
Contact Set 2
Supply
Over Relay
Contact Set 2
Model 253
112.5mm (4.4”)
RELEASE CLIP
50mm (1.96”)
60mm (2.36”)
60mm (2.4”)
70mm (2.8”)
(1.37”)
35mm
75mm (2.9”)
2 FIXING HOLE 2 FIXING HOLE
'A' TO SUIT M4 'A' TO SUIT M4
31
250 Series DIN-rail and Wall
Mounted Relays
Speed Sensing
The 250 series speed sensing relay monitors rotating equipment and
provides three output contacts which can be used to initiate alarm or
shutdown signals. The relay also provides a tachometer output for speed
indication. Speed sensing relays are ideally suited for engine and gas
turbine monitoring and the protection of generator sets.
Operation
The speed sensing protector monitors the speed of rotation using a low cost
magnetic pickup. Speed sensors are often used in generator set engines, gas
turbines, motors, gear boxes or any rotating machines. The relay will detect
under-speed, over-speed and stopped conditions and the set point relays can be
used to raise an alarm or shut down the equipment. The relay provides three user
adjustable trip levels with LED relay state indication and a speed indicator
output signal.
Features
1mA analogue output
3 adjustable set points
Adjustable time delay
Internal differential
LED trip indication
Automatic reset
Three single-pole relays
Magnetic pick up input
Benefits
Under/over-speed monitoring
Speed indicator output signal
Zero reset cranking
Nuisance tripping avoidance
Customised options
Applications
Marine panels
Switchgear
Distribution systems
Generator sets
Control panels
Process control
Motor protection
Transformers
Overload protection
The product also offers an analogue output that can be used to monitor or display
the speed. The product operates from the 12V or 24V dc battery supply and speed
is measured and calculated from the number of sensor pulses per revolution. Since
the sensor is magnetic, a rotating steel component such as the flywheel which has
gear teeth can be used. This will result in a large number of pulses per revolution
and lead to greater accuracy.
The protector continuously monitors the rotation speed and updates the analogue
output signal. An output of 0.75mA indicates normal speed (100%) while 1mA
indicates 133% of nominal speed. The calibration point can easily be user adjusted.
Three set point control adjustments allow setting of the desired speed limits for
cranking, under-speed and over-speed.
Cranking Relay
The cranking relay detects if the engine is running or stopped. This relay can be
used to ensure the cranking motor is disconnected once the engine has started
running. Set the cranking set point just above the cranking motor speed. A red LED
illuminates when the relay is energised, indicating a trip condition. The crank relay
will only reset when the input frequency falls below 20% of the crank set point.
Under-Speed Relay
The under-speed relay detects when the normal running speed has been achieved.
This can be used to enable the generator's electrical protection. It can also be
used to trigger load shedding. A red LED illuminates when an under-speed
condition exists.
Over-Speed Relay
The overs-speed relay detects a stuck throttle or overshoot. A break in the sensor
load will de-energise the over-speed relay and can be used to shut down the
engine. A red LED indicates over-speed trip.
Fail Safe Operation
The relay will detect an open circuit speed sensor and de-energise the overspeed relay.
Product Codes
Relay
Protection
ANSI no.
Cat. no.
Speed sensing
Crank 10 to 50%
Under-speed 50 to 100%
Over-speed 100 to 130%
12/14
253-PH3
When ordering please supply the following information:
•
•
•
The number of pulses per revolution, e.g. flywheel teeth = 30.
The nominal running speed, e.g. 3600 RPM.
The dc battery supply, e.g. 24V dc.
The protector speed sensing relay provides three user adjustable trip levels with
LED relay state indication and a speed indicator output signal. Please specify:
•
•
•
32
SP1 – disengages the crank starter.
SP2 – energises protection or under-speed alarm.
SP3 – alarms or trips on over-speed.
Specification – Speed Sensing
Connections
253-PH3
Pulse input (magnetic input)
5V – 75V peak to peak
Frequency input
0-1 to 0-10kHz
Overload
1.2 x rating continuously
Set point repeatability
>0.5% of full span
Differential (hysteresis)
Pre-set at 2% (SP1 version resets at 20%
of setting)
Trip level adjustment
SP1 (crank): 10 to 50%
SP2 (under-speed): 50 to 100%
SP3 (over-speed): 100 to 130%
DC auxiliary supply voltage
12V or 24V ±20%
Auxiliary voltage burden
3VA (max)
Analogue output
0.75mA for normal 100% speed
1mA for 133% of nominal speed
Calibration signal
0-1mA into 0-1000Ω
CRANK
UNDER
OVER
Internal link fitted between 8 and 5
Output relay
3 1-pole change over relays
Relay contact rating
AC: 240V 5A non inductive
DC: 24V 5A resistive
Relay mechanical life
0.2 million operations at rated loads
Relay reset
Automatic
Operating temperature
0°C to +60°C (0°C to +40°C for UL models)
Storage temperature
–20°C to +70°C
Temperature co-efficient
0.05% per °C
Interference immunity
Electrical stress surge withstand and
non-function to ANSI/IEEE C37 90a
Enclosure style
DIN-rail with wall mounting facility
Material
Flame retardant polycarbonate/ABS
Enclosure integrity
IP50
Model 253 dimensions
75mm (2.9") wide x 70mm (2.8") high
x 112mm (4.4") deep
Dimensions
Model 253
112.5mm (4.4”)
RELEASE CLIP
50mm (1.96”)
60mm (2.36”)
60mm (2.4”)
70mm (2.8”)
(1.37”)
35mm
75mm (2.9”)
2 FIXING HOLE 2 FIXING HOLE
'A' TO SUIT M4 'A' TO SUIT M4
33
373-ELR Earth Leakage
Protection Relay
Residual current devices are used to detect potentially dangerous earth
fault currents before damage is caused. An undetected fault current may
lead to cables overheating, which could start a fire. If high fault currents
are involved, hazardous voltages may also appear on earthed equipment,
putting lives at risk. The 373-ELR earth leakage protection relay allows the
fault current to be continuously monitored and compared with the user
selectable leakage level. Should the leakage exceed this level, the relay will
trip to indicate a fault condition. With a very fast response time of under
40ms, the supply can be disconnected before serious damage can occur.
This product is intended to provide a high degree of earth leakage
protection and monitoring for any electrical equipment, specifically motors
and their control gear, generator sets and transformers.
Description
Features
Precision digital settings
LED bar graph display
10 selectable trip levels – 30mA
to 10A
16 selectable time delay –
0ms to 10 seconds
Less than 40ms response time
0-1mA analogue output
8 amp 250V rated relay contacts
User selectable energise or
de-energise link
Double-pole change over relay
Single-pole pre-alarm option
Benefits
DIN-rail 43880 enclosure
Switched mode supply accepts a
wide range of auxiliary voltages
Detects residual current flow
Isolation of faulty circuits
Insulation monitoring
Advanced warning of faults
Complementary range of core
balanced CTs
Protection of expensive power assets
Applications
Switchgear
Distribution systems
Generator sets
Control panels
Building management
Utility power monitoring
Process control
Motor protection
Transformer protection
The 373-ELR range offers a standard DPCO version, incorporating a single set point,
LED leakage level indicator and double-pole change over relay contacts. The default
relay operation is to de-energise on trip, however, relay operation can be reversed to
energise on trip by fitting a wire link between two terminals. For additional
functionality, an optional pre-alarm relay version is available where the main set point
relay has two single-pole change over contacts, one which will de-energise on trip
function and the other which will de-energise when the leakage level reaches 60% of
the selected setting.
This protector does not check the continuity of any part of the earthing circuit. It is
designed for secondary protection due to the externally connected current
transformer and contactor components. Life protection devices require an integral CT
and main contactor.
Operation
The 373-ELR features two incremental rotary selector switches on the front panel
and a series of LED annunciators. The 10 position trip current switch offers
selectable earth leakage current settings from 30mA to 10 amps and the 16 position
time delay set point switch offers additional delay for fault discrimination, selectable
from 0 to 10 seconds. When the 30mA trip current leakage is selected, the time
delay is disabled. Once the trip current and time delay selections have been made,
a green LED provides indication of mains healthy supply. The red LED will
automatically illuminate if the pre-set leakage level has been exceeded, after any
selected time delay.
The unit also incorporates a bar graph of five yellow LEDs providing indication of
the level of leakage in 20% increments. When all five LEDs are illuminated the
leakage level has reached 100% of the set point setting. The enhanced pre-alarm
single-pole change over relay contact version also incorporates a red LED providing
indication that the level of leakage has reached 60% of the selected range and that
the pre-alarm relay has operated.
The unit features a combined reset and test button. A short press of the button will
reset the unit after a trip and one long press initiates an electronic confidence
check. The relay latches on to a fault until the test/reset button is pressed or the
auxiliary power is removed. The relay will de-energise on trip (fail safe) as standard.
Fitting a link between two terminals will select energise on trip.
Analogue Outputs
The 373-ELR unit incorporates a 0/1mA analogue output which equals 0% to 100%
of the selected tripping level. It can be used to drive an external test meter or panel
meter, thus providing measurements for test commissioning and a useful indication
of potential problems. The analogue output also enables fault level diagnosis to be
communicated into building management or intelligent SCADA systems, whereby
insulation deterioration can be monitored over a period of time and preventative
maintenance arrangements made prior to expensive equipment failure.
Core Balanced Current Transformers
34
The leakage current is determined by passing the phase conductors (and neutral if
present) through a core balanced current transformer. All supply cables must pass
through the same aperture. The current transformers sum the currents flowing into
and back from the load. Ideally, the load will have no leakage current, so current
flow through the CT will completely cancel out. For example, 100 amps flowing into
load and 97 amps flowing back provides an output of 3 amps. Crompton offers a
full range of core balanced current transformers suitable for use with 373-ELR earth
leakage protection relays.
Dimensions
Trip response time
Time delay set points
Indication
Relay contacts
Relay contact rating
Relay mechanical life
Analogue output
Enclosure style
Material
Terminals
Operating temperature
Storage temperature
Relative humidity
Weight
Dimensions
73.0mm 2.87"
33.0mm 1.3"
48.0mm 1.89"
71.0mm
2.79"
90.5mm
3.56"
Trip accuracy
110.0mm 4.32"
46.0mm
1.87"
Auxiliary burden
Trip current settings
From core balanced current transformer
20 x nominal for 1 second
50Hz or 60Hz ±10%
12-48V dc, 24-48V ac and dc or
100-250V ac and dc
Less than 1.5 Watts
Selectable 30mA, 100mA, 200mA, 300mA,
500mA, 1A, 2A, 3A, 5A, 10A
50% <trip point current
<100% in accordance with IEC 1543
<40ms (at 5 x rated trip current, ignoring the
selected time delay)
Selectable 0ms, 50ms, 100ms, 150ms, 200ms,
300ms, 400ms, 500ms, 600ms, 700ms,
800ms, 900ms, 1 second, 2 seconds, 5
seconds, 10 seconds. When 30mA leakage is
selected, the time delay is disabled
5 yellow LED bar graph for leakage levels
Red LED indicated trip function
Green LED indicated auxiliary power
presence
Red LED pre-alarm indication (SPCO
version only)
Standard: 2-pole change over
Option: 2 1-pole change over (pre-alarm
and main alarm)
8 amps at 250V ac
8 amps at 30V dc resistive
>100,000 operations
0 to 1mA = 0 to 100% of selected tripping
level. Compliance 1V, accuracy 10%
DIN 43880, rail width 70mm
Flame retardant UL94V0
1 to 4mm2 solid or stranded conductors.
IP20 protection
–10°C to +60°C
–20°C to +70°C
<95% non condensing
<250g
71mm wide x 90.5mm high x 73mm deep
2.79" wide x 3.56" high x 2.87" deep
2.46"
Measuring input
Overload
Frequency
Auxiliary voltage
62.5mm
Specification - Earth Leakage
DIN 43880
Connections
The equipment grounding
conductor must bypass the CT
Product Codes – Double-pole Change Over Relay
Relay
Protection
Cat. no.
50Hz
50Hz
50Hz
60Hz
60Hz
60Hz
12-48V dc
24-48V ac and dc
100-250V ac and dc
12-48V dc
24-48V ac and dc
100-250V ac and dc
373-ELRW-CBC5-A1-ST
373-ELRW-CBC5-A2-ST
373-ELRW-CBC5-A3-ST
373-ELRW-CBC6-A1-ST
373-ELRW-CBC6-A2-ST
373-ELRW-CBC6-A3-ST
Fused
Auxiliary
Supply
Remote
Reset
Switch
Product Codes – Pre-Alarm Single-pole Change Over Relay
GND
Relay
Protection
Cat. no.
50Hz
50Hz
50Hz
60Hz
60Hz
60Hz
12-48V dc
24-48V ac and dc
100-250V ac and dc
12-48V dc
24-48V ac and dc
100-250V ac and dc
373-ELRW-CBC5-A1-PA
373-ELRW-CBC5-A2-PA
373-ELRW-CBC5-A3-PA
373-ELRW-CBC6-A1-PA
373-ELRW-CBC6-A2-PA
373-ELRW-CBC6-A3-PA
Link to energise
on trip
Commissioning
Meter
Relay 1 Relay 2
35
CBT-94F Core Balanced Current
Transformers
The CBT-94F series of core balanced current transformers are exclusively
for use with our 373-ELR earth leakage protection relay. The extremely
sensitive toroidal core and secondary winding are encapsulated by a self
extinguishing case providing excellent mechanical strength, protection
from damage and electrical insulation.
Description
Residual current devices are used to detect potentially dangerous earth fault
currents before damage is caused. An undetected fault current may lead to cables
overheating, which could start a fire. If high fault currents are involved, hazardous
voltages may also appear on earthed equipment, putting lives at risk. An earth
leakage protection relay is intended to provide a high degree of protection and
monitoring for any electrical equipment, specifically motors and their control gear,
generator sets and transformers. The leakage current is determined by passing the
phase conductors (and neutral if present) through a core balanced current
transformer.
Features
Leakage measurement range
0-10 amps
6 models available
Integral wire sealable terminal cover
Flame retardant high impact
moulded case
Benefits
Reduction of high currents for ease
of metering
Wide operating temperature
–10°C to +50°C
Steel mounting feet supplied
Long product life
Applications
Switchgear
Distribution systems
Generator sets
Control panels
Motor protection
Transformer protection
Overload protection
Operation
Primary conductors should be grouped together and fed through the current
transformer aperture. It is essential that each conductor passes through the device
in the same direction. Each phase conductor (and neutral if present) must pass
through the current transformer. The current transformers sum the currents flowing
into and back from the load. Ideally, the load will have no leakage current, so
current flow through the CT will completely cancel out. For example, 100 amps
flowing into load and 97 amps flowing back provides an output of 3 amps.
The equipment grounding conductor must always bypass the current transformer.
The connections between the current transformer and protector should be kept as
short as possible to minimise signal noise. For best results, use screened cable with
the screen grounded at the protector.
Specification
System voltage
Test voltage
System frequency
Primary ratings
Secondary terminals
Operating temperature
Enclosure
Compliant with
Mounting hardware
720V maximum
3kV ac for 1 minute
50Hz or 60Hz
From 30mA to 10A
Protected to IP20
–10°C to +50°C
UL94V0 flame retardant plastic
IEC 60044-1, VDE 0414
Steel mounting feet for wall or base
mounting
Approvals
IEC 60044-1
Product Codes
Aperture
Dim E
Dim A
Dim B
Dim C
Dim D
Cat no.
35mm
70mm
105mm
140mm
210mm
300mm
100mm
130mm
170mm
220mm
299mm
400mm
79mm
110mm
146mm
196mm
284mm
380mm
26mm
32mm
38mm
49mm
69mm
–
48.5mm
66mm
94mm
123mm
161mm
–
CBT-94F-035
CBT-94F-070
CBT-94F-105
CBT-94F-140
CBT-94F-210
CBT-94F-300
33
C
øE
46
B
A
36
D
373-GFR Ground Fault Relay
The 373-GFR is designed to detect dangerous ground fault currents
before damage is caused to expensive power assets. An undetected fault
current may lead to cables overheating, which could start a fire. If high
fault currents are involved, hazardous voltages may also appear on
grounded equipment, putting lives at risk. The 373-GFR ground fault relay
allows the fault current to be continuously monitored and compared with
the user selectable trip level. Should the fault exceed this level, the relay
will trip to indicate a fault condition. With a very fast response time of
under 40ms, the supply can be disconnected before serious damage can
occur. This product is intended to provide a high degree of ground fault
protection and monitoring for any type of electrical equipment,
specifically switchboards, generator sets and transformers.
Operation
The 373-GFR offers a single-pole change over relay contact incorporating a single
set point, which will de-energise on trip. The relay senses the ground current by
measuring the voltage developed across the N-G link impedance under a fault
condition. We offer link selection of two standard N-G impedances, 0.2m ohms
or 2m ohms. This is a very cost effective method, since a current transformer is
not required.
The 373-GFR features two incremental rotary selector switches on the front panel
and a series of LED annunciators. The 10 position trip current switch offers
selectable ground fault current settings from 100 to 1200 amps and the 16 position
time delay set point switch offers additional delay for fault discrimination, selectable
from 0 to 10 seconds.
Once the trip current and time delay selections have been made, a green LED
provides indication of mains healthy supply. The red LED will automatically
illuminate if the pre-set fault level has been exceeded, (after any selected time
delay). The unit also incorporates a bar graph of 5 yellow LEDs providing indication
of the level of fault in 20% increments. When all 5 LEDs are illuminated the fault
level has reached 100% of the set point setting.
The unit features a combined reset and test button. A short press of the button
will reset the unit after a trip and one long press initiates an electronic confidence
check. The relay latches on to a fault until the test/reset button is pressed or
the auxiliary power is removed. However, automatic reset can be achieved by
fitting a wire between two terminals. The relay will de-energise on trip (fail safe)
as standard.
Analogue Outputs
The 373-GFR unit incorporates an 0/1mA analogue output which equals 0% to
100% of the selected tripping level. It can be used to drive an external test meter
or panel meter, thus providing measurements for test commissioning and a
useful indication of potential problems. The analogue output also enables fault
level diagnosis to be communicated into building management or intelligent
SCADA systems, whereby insulation deterioration can be monitored over a period
of time and preventative maintenance arrangements made prior to expensive
equipment failure.
Product Codes – Single-pole change over relay
Frequency
Auxiliary supply
Cat. no.
50Hz
50Hz
50Hz
60Hz
60Hz
60Hz
12-48V dc
24-48V ac/dc
100-250V ac/dc
12-48V dc
24-48V ac/dc
100-250V ac/dc
373-GFRW-SHC5-A1-SP
373-GFRW-SHC5-A2-SP
373-GFRW-SHC5-A3-SP
373-GFRW-SHC6-A1-SP
373-GFRW-SHC6-A2-SP
373-GFRW-SHC6-A3-SP
Features
Precision digital settings
LED bar graph display
10 selectable trip levels –
100 to 1200 amps
16 selectable time delay –
0ms to 10 seconds
Less than 40ms response time
0-1mA analogue output
User selectable input range of 0.2m
ohms or 2m ohms
User selectable latching/self-resetting
Single-pole change over relay
8 amp 250V rated relay contacts
Benefits
DIN-rail 43880 enclosure
Switched mode supply accepts a wide
range of auxiliary voltages
Isolation of faulty circuits
Insulation monitoring
Advanced warning of faults
Protection of expensive power assets
Current transformer not required
Applications
Switchgear
Distribution systems
Generator sets
Control panels
Utility power monitoring
Transformer protection
37
Dimensions
Specifications
110.0mm (4.32")
73.0mm (2.87")
33.0mm (1.3")
Measuring input
AC voltage developed across N-G link
Measuring range
0.2Ω or 2Ω shunt impedance link selectable
Overload
Maximum input voltage 600V
Frequency
50/60Hz
Auxiliary voltage
12 - 48V dc, 24 - 48V ac and dc or
100 - 250V ac and dc
Auxiliary burden
Less than 1.5 Watts
Trip current settings
Selectable 100A, 150A, 200A, 250A, 300A,
450A, 600A, 750A, 800A, 1200A
Trip accuracy
50% <trip point current <100% in accordance
with IEC 1543
Trip response time
<40ms (at 5 x rated trip current, ignoring the
selected time delay)
Time delay set points
Selectable 0ms, 50ms, 100ms, 150ms, 200ms,
300ms, 400ms, 500ms, 600ms, 700ms,
800ms, 900ms. 1 second, 2 seconds,
5 seconds, 10 seconds.
Indication
5 yellow LED bar graph for fault levels
Red LED indicated trip function
Green LED indicated auxiliary power presence
Relay contacts
1-pole change over (SPCO or NO+NC)
contacts
Relay contact rating
8 amps at 250V ac
8 amps at 30V dc resistive
48.0mm (1.89")
DIN 43880
(1.87")
90.5mm (3.56")
46.0mm
62.5mm (2.46")
71.0mm (2.79")
Relay mechanical life
>100,000 operations
Analogue output
0 to 1 mA = 0 to 100% of selected tripping
level. Compliance 1V, accuracy 10%
Enclosure style
DIN 43880, rail width 70mm
Material
Flame retardant UL94V0
Terminals
1 to 4mm2 solid or stranded conductors.
IP20 protection
Operating temperature
Storage temperature
Relative humidity
Weight
Dimensions
–10°C to +60°C
–20°C to +70°C
<95% non condensing
<250g
71mm wide x 90.5mm high x 73mm deep
2.79" wide x 3.56" high x 2.87" deep
Connections
Install the neutral to ground shunt resistor in a suitable location. Connect the
shunt sense wires directly to terminals N (neutral side) and G (ground side) on the
relay. Cabling between the shunt resistor and the ground fault relay should be
kept to a minimum.
COM
OPEN
CLOSED
LINK FOR
LATCHING
RELAY
8
6
2
1
4
5
SIGNAL
6
LINK FOR
200u SHUNT
+
_
8
ANALOGUE
OUTPUT
+
_
AUX
COM
Terminal No.
2
OPEN
1
TRIP
CLOSED
15 16 14 4 5 9 10 11 12
NORMAL
9/10
11
12
14
15
16
38
Neutral input
Ground input
Fused auxiliary supply (–)
Fused auxiliary supply (+)
Default operation is
non-latching
Fit link to enable relay
latch on trip
Analogue output 0/1mA
Default input range is for
2mΩ shunt
Link to select 200μΩ
shunt input
Relay (NO)
Relay (COM)
Relay (NC)
SPR System Protection,
Control and Measurement Relay
The SPR system protection relay is a microprocessor based panel
mounted device offering protection, control, measurement and
communication of up to 37 power parameters in a single package.
The SPR monitors three-phases of voltage and current and provides up
to 12 user definable relay outputs. The high contrast 80 character backlit
LCD display allows the user to monitor any of the measured parameters,
inspect set point details and relay contact status. The set points and
configuration are all fully programmable via the simple menu driven user
interface. Remote monitoring of status information is achievable via the
integral RS485 communication port which supports Modbus® RTU
protocol. SPR is suitable for many diverse applications, providing cost
effective protection of expensive power assets.
Operation
Using an alphanumeric display, the SPR is simple to operate via four buttons which
configure and control the product. All parameters can be inspected or modified
through front of panel menu selections. For security, alterations of any parameters
can be disabled with up to four levels of password protection. The default display
is the status screen where the status of each of the relay contacts can be clearly
identified, but a user defined screen can be easily configured to display four lines
of metering information. SPR can also be remotely monitored and fully controlled
over the RS485 Modbus® connection.
Output Relays
The SPR has up to 12 sets of form C change-over (NO+NC) relay contacts, each
rated at 8 amps 250V ac. These do not have fixed functions, allowing each relay to
be configured to suit a specific application. Flexibility is the key to this product
and any function, or combination of functions, can be assigned to any relay. With a
choice of up to 18 protective trip functions and 9 logical functions, SPR provides a
cost-effective method of protection combined with significant space savings. If
additional contact sets are required for any function, programmable logic allows
the parallelling of as many additional contacts as are available. The standard
product has 8 relays, but for the most demanding applications four additional
relays can be supplied as an option. Each relay can be configured to energise or
de-energise on trip (failsafe or non-failsafe operation), latch or self-reset, have its
activity recorded in the event log, or trigger a common alarm, as required.
Watchdog Relay
Follows comprehensive self diagnostic checks at power-up and once correct
operation has been verified, the dedicated change-over (NO+NC) relay contacts
energise to indicate product availability. The microprocessor continuously
monitors the relay system for healthy operation and the contacts will de-energise
if an internal fault is detected or the auxiliary supply is lost.
Event History Log
Every trip event can be selectively recorded in the history log. Up to 50 events are
itemised by date and time stamp to a time resolution of 100ms, ideal for analysing
the sequence of events leading up to a system fault. The internal real time clock
has battery backup to maintain the correct time and date for many years, even if
the product is not powered up.
Power Metering
True rms measurements of up to 37 power measurements are continuously
updated. The voltage, current and frequency signals are measured directly, while
other parameters, such as Watts, VAr and VA, are computed from this data.
Current inputs are given a very wide dynamic range in order to process overloads
for time over-current functions. Since the readings are true rms, distorted
waveforms are accurately measured, leading to excellent harmonic performance.
Digital Communications
The built-in RS485 communication port supports Modbus® RTU protocol and
offers metering of Phase Voltages, Phase Currents, Watts, VAr, VA, Phase Angle,
Power Factor, Gen and Bus frequency, plus accessibility to all other features and
functions available through the front panel. Relay status and system
measurements can be interrogated and relay parameters can be modified
remotely. Remote metering is available using Crompton software.
Features
Integrated protection, control,
measurement and communication of
up to 37 power parameters
Digital communications
Fully programmable VT and CT ratios
Simple menu driven interface
High quality backlit LCD display
True rms measurement
Three-phase, three-wire or four-wire
unbalanced load options
18 protection relay functions
12 relay contacts outputs
Trip event history log
Watchdog relay
Benefits
Replaces numerous traditional
protection relays
Significant cost savings
High accuracy
Remote monitoring
Investment protection
Delinquency avoidance
Compact and easy to configure
Time and space saving
Applications
G.59/1 protection
General purpose system protection
Switchgear
Distribution systems
Generator sets
Control panels
Utility power monitoring
Motor protection
Cable protection
Feeder protection
Automatic transfer switches
Railway applications
43
Time Curves
Relay Trip Parameters and Functions
Standard Inverse
Very Inverse
ANSI Description
Parameter
Range/Resolution/Accuracy
25
Synchronism-check
monitoring
Phase difference
Slip frequency
Voltage difference
Minimum volts level
2 to 20 degrees/0.1 degrees/±1°
0.1 to 1Hz/0.01Hz/±0.03Hz of nominal
0 to 20%/0.1 V/±2% of nominal
5 to 119%/0.1 V/±1% of nominal
25D
Synchronism-check
monitoring with
dead bus feature
Phase difference
Slip frequency
Voltage difference
Minimum volts level
Dead bus voltage
2 to 20 degrees/0.1 degrees/±1°
0.1 to 1Hz/0.01Hz/±0.03Hz of nominal
0 to 20%/0.1 V/±2% of nominal
5 to 119%/0.1 V/±1% of nominal
5 to 50%/0.1 V/±1% of nominal
27
Under-voltage relay
Voltage set point
Diff
5 to 119% V/0.1 V/±1% of nominal
1 to 15% V/0.1 V/±1% of nominal
32O
Directional active power Power set point
(forward watts)
Diff
3 to 120% W/0.1 W/±3% of nominal
1 to 15% W/0.1 W/±1% of nominal
32R
Directional active power Power set point
(reverse watts)
Diff
3 to 120% W/0.1 W/±3% of nominal
1 to 15% W/0.1 W/±1% nominal
37
Under-current relay
Current set point
Diff
30 to 300% A/0.01 A/±2.5% of nominal
1 to 15% A/0.01 A/±1% of nominal
40Q Directional reactive
power nominal
(Loss of excitation/
reverse VAr)
Power set point
Diff
3 to 120% VArs/0.1 VArs/±4% of
nominal
1 to 15% VArs/0.1 VArs/±1% of
nominal
46
Unbalanced current
relay
Current set point
Diff
5 to 120% A/0.01 A/±2.5% of nominal
1 to 15% A/0.01 A/±1% of nominal
47
Phase sequence relay
No parameters
47
Unbalanced voltage
relay
Voltage set point
Diff
1 to 25% V/0.1 V/±2% of nominal
1 to 15% V/0.1 V/±1% of nominal
50
Instantaneous over
current relay
Current set point
30 to 300% A/0.01 A/±2.5% of
nominal
1 to 15% A/0.01 A/±1% of nominal
50N
Instantaneous
neutral
over-current relay
Diff
51
AC time over-current
relay with 3 time
curves
Current set point
Time dial
Time curves
5 to 120% A/0.01 A/±2.5% of nominal
0.1 to 9.9 sec/0.1 seconds/–
Standard inverse, very inverse,
extremely inverse
51V
AC time overcurrent with
voltage restraint
Current set point
Restraint voltage
Time dial
Time curve
5 to 120% A/0.01 A/±2.5% of nominal
80 to 120%/0.1 V/±1% of nominal
0.1 to 9.9 sec/0.1 seconds/–
Standard inverse, very inverse,
extremely inverse
51G
Neutral ground
fault relay
Current set point
Time dial
Time curve
5 to 120% A/0.01 A/±3% of nominal
0.1 to 9.9 sec/0.1 seconds/–
Long time standby earth fault curve
59
Over-voltage relay
Voltage set point
Diff
5 to 120% V/0.1 V/±1% of nominal
1 to 15%/0.1 volts/±1% of nominal
81O
Over-frequency
relay
Frequency set
point
Diff
40 to 70Hz/0.01Hz/±0.03Hz
of nominal
0.1 to 10Hz/0.01Hz/±0.03Hz
of nominal
81U
Under-frequency
relay
Frequency set
point
Diff
40 to 70Hz/0.01Hz/±0.03Hz
of nominal
0.1 to 10Hz/0.01Hz/±0.03Hz
of nominal
Diff
Extremely Inverse
Current set point
30 to 300% A/0.01 A/±2.5% of
nominal
1 to 15% A/0.01 A/±1% of nominal
All trip functions feature latching, alarm and invert controls, plus adjustable time
delay 0 to 30 seconds, resolution 0.1 seconds.
In addition to the 18 electrical trip functions, SPR also offers 9 logical functions
which can be used to create additional trip combinations, selective lockout, or to
optimise the physical relay wiring in the application. Logic functions accept their
input signals from the status of up to three trip relays. The following functions are
available: Logical AND, OR, NAND, NOR, XOR, Vote, Discrepancy Alarm and
Unacknowledged Alarm.
44
Specification - System Protection
Input
Nominal input voltage
57.7 to 277V L-N (100 to 480V L-L)
Max continuous input voltage
1.2 x nominal
Max short duration input voltage 2 x nominal (1 second)
System VT ratio (primary)
Any value up to 400kV
Nominal input voltage burden
<0.2VA
Nominal input current
5A (1A option)
System CT ratio (primary)
Any value up to 10kA
Max continuous input current
2 x nominal
Max short duration input current 20x nominal (1 second)
Nominal input current burden
<0.6VA
Auxiliary
Nominal supply voltage
24V dc (10.6 to 55V dc absolute)
Supply burden
<20VA
RS485 communication
Protocol
Modbus® RTU, two-wire half-duplex
Baud rates
2400, 4800, 9600, 19200
Parity/stop bits
Odd, even, none/1 or 2
Response time
Typical 80ms. Maximum 150ms
Relay outputs
Watchdog relay outputs
1
User programmable relays
8 or 12
Relay contact type
Volts-free change-over (form C)
Relay contact rating
8 amp (resistive) 250V ac
Relay make current
30 amp (4 sec @ <10% duty cycle)
Rated breaking capacity
2000VA
Relay mechanical life
30 million operations
Relay contact life
B300/120V ac/70°C to UL508
B300/240V ac/70°C to UL508
Measuring ranges
Voltage
20-120% of nominal
Current
20-120% of nominal (functional 5 .. 500%)
Frequency
45-66Hz
Power factor
0.5-1-0.5 importing or exporting
Watts
5-120%
Enclosure
IP rating
IP54 with panel gasket (supplied)
Material
Zinc passivated steel with polycarbonate
front panel
Terminals
Removable shrouded screw clamp terminals
Operating temperature
0°C to +50°C (optional –20°C to +60°C)
Storage temperature
–20°C to +70°C
Relative humidity
95% non-condensing
Shock
30g in 3 planes
Vibration
10 to 150Hz @ 1g amplitude
Dimensions
200mm (7.87") wide, 106mm (4.17") high,
176mm (6.93") deep
Panel cut-out
187mm wide (7.36") x 93mm (3.66") high
Weight
<3Kg approx.
Railtrack certificate of
acceptance
PA05/1450 protective device on signalling
power supply systems
Measurement, Display and
Communication
SPR offers configuration, display and
communication of up to 37 true rms
power measurements
Voltage L1-L2
Voltage L2-L3
Voltage L3-L1
Voltage L1-N
Voltage L2-N
Voltage L3-N
System Voltage (average)
Current L1
Current L2
Current L3
System Current (average)
System Current (sum)
Neutral Current
Ground Current
System Watts
Watts L1
Watts L2
Watts L3
System VAr
VAr L1
VAr L2
VAr L3
System VA
VA L1
VA L2
VA L3
Power Factor
PF L1
PF L2
PF L3
Phase Angle
PA L1
PA L2
PA L3
Gen Frequency
Bus Frequency
Gen-Bus Angle
Modbus® is a trademark of Schneider Automation Inc.
45
SPR-SOFT Communication and
Programming Software
The software configuration package allows the user to configure and
monitor the operation of the SPR system protection relay through a
Windows style user interface. It allows the user to load and save the
configuration to and from a hard disk on a PC and to send and retrieve
configuration settings to and from up to 31 SPR units. Communication is
achieved with a Modbus® connection to a COM port on the PC via an
RS485/RS232 converter.
The software configurator is designed to display and set up the parameters
of the SPR relays, to monitor the status of the selected SPR and to provide
status of the power supplies the SPR is monitoring. A separate
configuration page is provided for setting the parameters of each relay.
Order Code Example:
SPR-013W-PQLS-C5-BD-12-MB
SPR 3-phase 3-wire, 120V L-L, 5A,
50Hz, 24V dc auxiliary power with
RS485 Modbus®, 12 relays
The configurator incorporates separate pages to display measurements,
relays and event data. When one of these pages is selected in on-line mode
the configurator interrogates the selected SPR every few seconds to obtain
the data required for that page. In addition, there is an option to bring up
the measurements page from any other page if the SPR raises an alarm.
Product Codes
Product code
Product configuration
SPR-013W-*LS-**-BD-***-MB
SPR 3-phase 3-wire, 5A, 24V dc auxiliary
power with RS485 Modbus®
Input voltage*
PK
PM
PO
PQ
RM
RU
RW
SB
SH
SE
SPR-014W-*LS-**-BD-***-MB
Input voltage*
NV
NX
PA
PK
PM
PQ
P7
R4
RQ
RR
RS
R6
Frequency**
C5
C6
Relays***
08
12
100 volts L-L
110 volts L-L
115 volts L-L
120 volts L-L
208 volts L-L
380 volts L-L
400 volts L-L
415 volts L-L
440 volts L-L
480 volts L-L
SPR 3-phase 4-wire, 5A, 24V dc auxiliary
power with RS485 Modbus®
57.7 volts L-N
63.5 volts L-N
69.0 volts L-N
100 volts L-N
110 volts L-N
120 volts L-N
127 volts L-N
220 volts L-N
230 volts L-N
240 volts L-N
250 volts L-N
277 volts L-N
50Hz
60Hz
8 x relays
12 x relays
Optional accessories
SPR-POWER-A1
SPR – SOFT
9D-485
46
Auxiliary power supply unit 85-264V ac and
100-375V dc
Communication and programming software
RS232 to RS485 serial converter
Modbus® is a trademark of Schneider Automation Inc.
Connections
SPR Dimensions
The four current transformer inputs are fully isolated from ground and from each
other, allowing the SPR to be used as an intermediate device or connected to a
common ground as required. All electrical connections are made using two-part
removable connecting blocks.
Front Display Area
SPR-013W
Three-phase three-wire
Unbalanced Load
SPR-014W
Three-phase four-wire
Unbalanced Load
Side View
Auxiliary Supply
Designed to operate from 24V dc nominal engine batteries, operating normally at
reduced voltage when the engine is cranking and increased voltage when the
batteries are on charge. The switched mode auxiliary power supply has a very
wide operating range of 10.6 to 55 volts. A separate auxiliary module is available
for other auxiliary voltages.
Safety/Ground Connections
The ground stud on the rear panel should be connected to a clean ground. For
safety reasons, CT secondary connections should be grounded according to
appropriate codes of practice.
Panel cut-out
SPR-POWER Switched Mode Power Supply
The SPR is designed to operate with a nominal 24 volt dc auxiliary supply,
however, the SPR-POWER unit will derive a suitable supply for applications
utilising 85 to 264V ac, 45-66Hz or 100 to 375V dc. This switched mode power
supply is simply attached to the System Protection Relay (SPR) chassis via two
threaded screws.
Input
Input voltage
85 to 264V ac, 45-66Hz
Burden
<36VA
100 to 375V dc
Dimensions with Optional
SPR-POWER Unit
Output
Output voltage
SPR-POWER Unit
24 volts dc @ 600mA
188.5mm
(7.42")
Environmental
Operating temperature
–20°C to +50°C
Storage temperature
–30°C to +80°C
Relative humidity
0<95% non condensing
53mm
(2.09")
Enclosure
Style
Custom design to mount directly on SPR
Material
Zinc passivated steel
Terminals
Barrier terminal strip 6-32 binding head screw
Grounding
Dedicated grounding stud provided
89.5mm
(3.52")
185.0mm (7.28")
SPR Assembly
47
RS232 to RS485 Serial Converter
The SPR system protection relay features an integral RS485
communication port allowing direct connection to SCADA systems via
Modbus® RTU protocol. However, the SCADA systems or PC based
equipment used for remote monitoring of electrical and power parameters
often incorporate RS232 communication ports, therefore conversion to
RS485 is necessary. The 9D-485 module is a simple non-isolated two-wire
half-duplex RS485 converter which fits into any PC based system.
This port powered two-channel module converts the TD and RD RS232
lines to balanced half-duplex RS485 signals via a 9-way female D type
connector on the RS232 side and a screw clamp terminal block connector
on the RS485 side. The module has an internal connection to prevent
data transmitted from the RS232 port from being echoed back to the
RS232 port.
Operation
Features
Direct connection to PC RS232
serial port
Nine-way female D type connector
Port powered or externally powered
Balanced RS485 signals
Very high noise immunity
Two-wire half-duplex
Prevents echo-back to RS232
Compatible with
The 9D-485 module is powered from two RS232 output handshake lines. However,
an external 12V dc power supply can be connected to two terminals on the RS485
connector if no handshake lines are available. When using an external supply the
supply should be connected only to specifically labelled power inputs (power jack,
terminal block, etc).
Note: Connecting an external power supply to the handshake lines may damage
the unit.
Although the 9D-485 module uses handshake lines to power the converter no
handshaking is required to control the RS485 driver. The RS485 driver is
automatically enabled during each spacing state on the RS232 side. During the
marking or idle state the RS485 driver is disabled and the data lines are held in the
marking state by pull-up and pull-down resistors.
SPR System Protection Relay
Product Codes
Applications
PC based communication systems
SCADA Systems
PLC interfacing
Energy management systems
Protocols supported
Modbus® RTU
Internal power
2 x RS232 handshake lines
External power
12V dc to RS485 side if handshake lines
unavailable
Current draw
35mA max when externally powered
RS232 connector
9-way female D type
RS232 signals
Passes through pins 3 (TD) and 2 (RD)
Pins 7 (RTS) and 8 (CTS) are tied together
Pins 4 (DTR), 6 (DSR) and 1 (CD) are tied
together
RS485 connector
Screw clamp terminal block
RS485 signals
only
Automatic control circuit enables driver
when transmitting
RS485 receiver
Disabled when transmitting to prevent echo
back to RS232
RS485 communications
Half-duplex 2-wire operation
RS485 baud rate
Up to 115.2k baud
Maximum distance
Up to 1200 metres (4000 feet)
Multidrop connections
Up to 32
Dimensions
89mm long x 34mm wide x 17mm deep
3.50" long x 1.34" wide x 0.67" deep
Product Codes
9D-485
89mm long x 34mm wide x 17mm deep
Modbus® is a trademark of Schneider Automation Inc.
48
250 Series Protectors CSA and UL Marking
Type
Signal
Input *
Auxiliary
Input *
Approvals
CSA
LR52592
252-PA?
252-PA?
AC Current,
5 & 10 Amp
All others
252-PA?
All others
24V DC max or
300V AC max
Any DC or 300V
AC max
AC >300V
256-P Protectors
UL Listed UL RecE113067 ognised
E113067
Type
• • • •
•
•
• •
252-PD?
252-PD?
252-PH?
252-PH?
AC up to
300V max
> 300V AC
< 600V AC
252-PM? AC up to
240V max
252-PM? AC up to
240V max
252-PS?
252-PS?
AC up to
300V max
AC > 300V
252-PT?
252-PT?
Any
Any
252-PV?
252-PV?
• •
•
300V AC max
AC > 300V
256-PA? Up to 300V
AC max
256-PA? > 300V AC
< 600V AC
AC up to
300V max
AC > 300V
256-PC?
256-PL?
256-PL?
•
256-PR?
•
256-PR?
• •
Signal
Input *
•
300V AC Max
AC > 300V
• •
Auxiliary
Input *
253-PA?
AC Current,
5 & 10 Amp
All others
253-PA?
All others
253-PB?
Transducer
trip, 50V DC,
20 mA DC
Any
Any
253-PB?
253-PB?
253-PH?
253-PH?
24V DC max or
300V AC max
Any DC or
300V AC max
AC > 300V AC
125V DC max or
240V AC max
AC 240-300V
AC > 300V
AC up to
300V max
AC > 300V
AC < 600V
125V DC max
300V AC max
125V DC max
AC > 300V
•
•
125V DC max
300V AC max
125V DC max
AC > 300V
AC < 600V
253-PV?
AC up to
300V max
AC > 300V
AC < 600V
•
Signal
Input *
Auxiliary
Input *
Approvals
UL Recognised
E203000
373-GFR Up to 600V
AC max
373-ELR CT
100V to 250V
AC & DC
100V to 250V
AC & DC
•
•
256-P Protectors
•
Type
•
• •
Signal
Input *
Auxiliary
Input *
Approvals
UL Recognised
E214283
SPR-013? Up to 480V
AC max
SPR-014? Up to 277V
AC max
55V DC max
•
•
55 V DC max
? = any letter
UL Listed UL RecE113067 ognised
E113067
• •
•
American
Bureau of
Shipping
•
•
• •
* Rated voltage as stated on the product label.
Examples of Marking:
Canadian Standards Association
• • •
•
•
• •
125V DC max or
300V AC max
AC > 300V
AC < 600V
•
• •
•
•
• •
UL Listed (USA only)
or
E113067
UL
E113067
E214283
E203000
Recognised – USA
and Canada
American Bureau of Shipping
253-PV?
•
• •
•
Up to 300V
AC max
> 300V AC
< 600V AC
Up to 240V
AC max
Up to 240V
AC max
American
Bureau of
Shipping
Approvals
CSA
LR52592
253-PA?
• •
AC > 300V
AC < 600V max
•
253- P Protectors
Type
300V AC max
UL Listed UL RecE113067 ognised
E113067
256-P Protectors
Type
• •
• •
•
• •
125V DC max or
300V AC max
AC > 300V
240V
AC max
240V
AC max
•
• •
125V DC max or
300V AC max
125V DC max
AC > 300V
Approvals
CSA
LR52592
252-PB?
• •
• •
•
Auxiliary
Input *
American
Bureau of
Shipping
256-PC?
Transducer
125V DC max or
trip, 50V DC, 240V AC max
20mA DC
252-PBS 150mV max
125V DC max or
240V AC max
252-PBT 150mV max
125V DC max or
240V AC max
252-PB? Any
240-300V AC
252-PB? Any
AC > 300V
Signal
Input *
• •
•
• •
Energy Division
All of the above information, including drawings, illustrations and graphic designs, reflects our present understanding and is to the best of our knowledge and belief
correct and reliable. Users, however, should independently evaluate the suitability of each product for the desired application. Under no circumstances does this
constitute an assurance of any particular quality or performance. Such an assurance is only provided in the context of our product specifications or explicit contractual
arrangements. Our liability for these products is set forth in our standard terms and conditions of sale. TE logo and Tyco Electronics are trademarks. Crompton is a
trademark of Crompton Parkinson Ltd and is used by Tyco Electronics under licence.
Energy Products – economical solutions for the electrical power industry: cable accessories, connectors & fittings, electrical
equipment, instruments, lighting controls, insulators & insulation enhancement and surge arresters.
Tyco Electronics UK Ltd
Energy Division
Freebournes Road
Witham, Essex CM8 3AH
Phone: +44 (0) 870 870 7500
Fax: +44 (0) 870 240 5287
Email: electrical@tycoelectronics.com
www.crompton-instruments.com
http://energy.tycoelectronics.com
Tyco Electronics CI-EPP-PROTECTOR-06/08
With 4000 employees and more than 10,000 customers worldwide, the Energy Division represents a very significant part of
Tyco Electronics. Based in headquarters in Ottobrunn, near
Munich, Germany, the Energy Division is a global supplier to
power utilities and power industry customers, to equipment
manufacturers and transport systems. These customers are
served by dedicated R&D teams, sales representatives in more
than 80 countries, a professional marketing organisation and
25 manufacturing sites in five continents.
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