General for web2.cdr
PRODUCT CATALOGUE
for the GENERAL MANUFACTURING INDUSTRY
CONTENTS
Page
Ceramic withdrawables
1
Air heaters
3
Duct air heaters
4
Tubular incoloy rod heaters
5
Incoloy terminations and mountings
7
Immersion and flange heaters
8
Heat calculations
9
Spirals and furnace heaters
10
Drum and incoloy heaters
11
Cartridge heaters
12
Cartridge heater termination types
14
Long wave ceramic infrared emitters
15
Reflector assemblies using ceramic infrared emitters
16
Over-the-side (OTS) heating elements
17
Temperature controllers
19
Temperature sensors
22
Thermocouple assembly types
24
Digital handheld thermometers
25
Heating element accessories
26
Temperature sensor accessories
27
Cables and accessories
28
Thread sizes
29
Electrical formulas
30
Thermocouple chart
31
CERAMIC WITHDRAWABLES
Primarily used for the indirect heating of gases or liquids inside a pocket. Ceramic
formers have high insulation properties and are constructed as either open or
closed formers
Typical applications include :
• Water
• Hydraulic oils
• Thermal oils
• Turbine oils
• Exhaust gases
• Steam
• Heavy duty oils and tar
ORDERING OPTIONS
Specify:
• Diameter
• Length (I.M.L.)
• Open or closed formers
• Cold end
• Wattage
• Voltage
• Termination
Cold
Section
Cold
Section
I.M.L.
Heated
Section
I.M.L.
Heated
Section
ø
ø
Cross sectional view
open former type
Cross sectional view
closed former type
Heating and Control Solutions that exceed Industry expectations
1
CERAMIC WITHDRAWABLES
• Ceramic withdrawable elements are inserted into a pocket which is then fitted into a vessel or container
• The advantage of this type of element is that it can be easily removed from the pocket without having to
drain the vessel or container
• The dimensions of the pocket (I.D.) should allow for at least a 2mm clearance between element and pocket
• It is preferable to use a stainless steel pocket to
avoid flaking or corrosion occurring, which may
result in element failure
NOTE: Ceramic withdrawables are designed
primarily for horizontal mounting
TYPICAL BRAND NAMES of
CERAMIC WITHDRAWABLES
Former
Size ø
Wilroy / Angelus (closed)
30.0 mm
Sadia (closed)
33.3 mm
Fuchs (open)
33.4 mm
Durban domestic / Ryalco / Monarch
36.3 mm
JL Clarke (Industrial) (closed)
46.0 mm
JL Clarke (Industrial) (open)
47.5 mm
Butterworth (open)
54.0 mm
POCKETS
I.M.L.
I.M.L.
ORDERING OPTIONS
Specify
• Diameter (I.D. x O.D.)
• Length (I.M.L.)
• Sheath material (mild steel, 316 S/S, other)
• Pipe schedule
• Mounting (Welded, Flanged, Screw in (1½", 2", 2½" and other))
• Specials can be manufactured on request
Heating and Control Solutions that exceed Industry expectations
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AIR HEATERS
These are used for hot air applications in softening, curing or bonding of glues, plastic materials
or shrink wrapping of products.
• Manufactured by using mica or ceramic insulators and spiral elements
• Different wattages and voltages available
• Diameter and length of element to be specified
• Cross-sectional dimensions to be specified
• Type of electrical termination required
• Contact Swift’s engineers for more information on
designing complete “hot air guns"
Air heaters are custom designed. Resistance wire is spiraled onto mica or ceramic formers which are cut to
suit application.
• Watts densities exceed 10-15w/cm² to produce temperatures above 500°C
• Tubular rod heaters can also be coiled to fit into circular tubes
• It is imperative that an interlocking facility is connected between heater and fan
• Contact Swift’s engineers to establish air flows, temperatures and
designs for hot air applications such as glue bonding, softening of
plastic profiles or sheeting etc.
Heating and Control Solutions that exceed Industry expectations
3
DUCT AIR HEATERS
• Incoloy rod elements are used for the heating of air in ducts
• Elements are designed for low, medium and high volumes of air, and can be constructed to
suit any application
• Elements can be mounted on stainless steel plates or housings, and are loopcoiled, spiralled,
’U’ or ‘W’ shaped in design
• Diameters of elements vary from 8.0 to 11.2mm with matching low, medium or high watts/densities
• Thermostatically controlled control boxes can be mounted above cold end construction of elements
or alternatively panel mounted outside the area
ORDERING OPTIONS
• Total kW
• Voltage supply
• Single / three phase
• Number of switching banks / steps
• Size of ducting or similar
• Temperature control required
• Physical design required
APPLICATIONS
• Heating and Air Conditioning
• Process Engineering
• Low Air Pressure
Heating and Control Solutions that exceed Industry expectations
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TUBULAR INCOLOY ROD HEATERS
• Heater wire consists of a high temperature resistant 80 / 20 NiCr alloy
• Insulation is magnesium oxide (MgO) powder
• Incoloys are compacted thus at high sheath temperatures excellent electrical
insulation and heat transfer is achieved
• Cold end pin (3a) is insulated against the sheath by means of a silicon tube (3b)
• Ingress of moisture is prevented by maintaining good electrical insulation between
the connection ends which are sealed with a special sealing compound (3c)
• All heaters are annealed and ready to be formed into shape
Standard Tolerances
Resistance
+ 10% - 5%
Length
± 1mm per metre
Diameter
8mm ± 0.1mm
Cold end pin
(1) Element wire
3b
3c
3a
(3) Outer sheath
MgO powder
UNHEATED LENGTH (mm)
HEATED LENGTH (mm)
ORDERING OPTIONS
• Diameters (6.3, 8.0, 11.2 and 16mm)
• Lengths (standard and non-standard)
• Wattages (standard and non-standard)
• Voltages (standard and non-standard)
• Termination types
• Cold ends (standard 90mm) other specify length in mm
• Mountings - flanged, boss or bush (see page 7)
• Shape / form (coiled, looped, straight, round, hairpin etc)
• Sheath material (incoloy, stainless steel, nickel plated or copper)
Heating and Control Solutions that exceed Industry expectations
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TUBULAR INCOLOY ROD HEATERS
TYPICAL BENDING PATTERNS
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
* Other bending patterns available on request
SOFT METAL MELTING HEATERS
Designed for over the side installation, these heavy duty elements provide good heat transfer and
have a high resistance to overheating. They may be used for melting soft metals such as solder,
lead and tin.
SHORT NECK TYPE
LONG NECK TYPE
Wattage
Voltage
Wattage
Voltage
5000W
240V
5000W
240V
* Other wattages available on request
72
* Other wattages available on request
72
230
Cold section
Heated section
88
88
Heated section
475
Cold section
295
150
400
400
Heating and Control Solutions that exceed Industry expectations
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INCOLOY TERMINATIONS AND MOUNTING
TERMINATIONS
Pin only
M4 Straight tab supplied with
screw saddle. 350°C Max
M5 posts. 650° Max
M4 Angle tab supplied with
screw and saddle. 350°C Max
Supplied with M4 screw
250°C Max
Neoprene moulded end
supplied with 10 amp
neoprene covered tails
- length as required.
Moisture proof. 60°C Max
Quick connect spade
200°C Max
Ceramic beads over stranded
NFg wire - length as
required. 400°C Max
Note: Limited bending radius
6mm Diameter brass kettle pin
250°C Max
Stranded leads
Nickel stranded/fibre glass
350° Max
Copper stranded / silicon
200° Max
2 x 6mm Diameter brass pins
complete with shroud and
insulator. 250°C Max
8mm minimum
Inactive length
i.e. cold end
Bending
diameter
on centre
line
Inactive length
i.e. cold end
8mm minimum
Radius
on centre line
Cold end pin
25mm
17mm bending centres
(must be bent in factory)
MOUNTING
BRASS BUSHES
BOSSES
1¼” BSP brass hex to fit 32mm hole
M12 x 16 - crimp-on or braze
1½” BSP brass hex to fit 42mm hole
M12 x 25 - braze only
2” BSP brass hex to fit 60mm hole
M16 x 16 - crimp-on or braze
2” BSP stainless steel 316 round to fit 60mm hole
M20 x 16 - crimp-on or braze
2½” BSP brass hex to fit 76mm hole
CRIMP BUSHES
M12 x 25 mild steel including
2 nuts and washer
BOSSES WITH TERMINAL COVER
2” BSP brass hex with terminal cover
2” BSP brass hex with pratley
gland box
Heating and Control Solutions that exceed Industry expectations
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IMMERSION AND FLANGE HEATERS
Screw-in heating elements with built-in heating tubes suited for applications where high-power
requirements are combined with short immersion depths. Screw-in heating elements to be used
with liquid or gaseous media.
• Standard type with screw-in thread.
• Thread sizes - 1”, 1¼”, 1½”, 2”, 2¼” and 2½”
• Hairpin bent, incoloy tubes are welded or soldered into the screw joint.
Welded or soldered joints are water tight
• Outside diameter of each heating elements is either 8.0mm or 11.2mm
• Screw-in heating elements with built-in control unit, limiting device and overheat protection are
available on request
• Control ranges are adjustable to application requirements
• Controlling can be done by external temperature probes
I.M.L.
H
STANDARD INCOLOY IMMERSION HEATERS
STANDARD HARD WATER ELEMENTS
Watts
Volts
IML (mm) Boss sizes
3 x 1000
230
230
2“
3 x 1500
230
330
2“
3 x 2000
230
480
2”
3 x 3000
230
630
2”
3 x 4000
230
800
2”
3 x 5000
230
1000
2”
* Other types available on request
Heating and Control Solutions that exceed Industry expectations
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HEAT CALCULATIONS
Calculate kilowatts required to heat the material
Step 1
m x c x °C
P=
860 x heat up time (hours)
Step 2 Calculate kilowatts required to overcome heat losses which
are determined by the installation. viz. Indoors, outdoors, thermal
insulation etc. In most cases use 20% of the sum of Step 1
Eg. A steel block weighs 150kg and needs to be heated up
within 3 hours to a temperature of 200°C.
Calculate the total kW requirement.
Step 1
150 x 0.12 x 180
P=
= 1.26 kW
860 x 3
Step 2
= 1.26 x 20%
Total kilowatts = 1.510 kW
To calculate watts density of a 1510W cartridge element
with a diameter of 20mm and length of 150mm
Watts density (W/cm²) =
W/cm² =
W/cm² =
watts (W)
heated surface area (cm²)
Wattage
πxDxL
m = mass (kg)
c = specific heat (refer tables below)
°C = temperature rise (°C)
THERMAL PROPERTIES OF SOLIDS
Specific
Substance
Heat
Brass
0.100
Carbon
0.204
Copper
0.100
Glass
0.200
Iron, cast
0.130
Iron, wrought
0.120
Lead, solid
0.031
Lead, melted
0.040
Nickel
0.110
Rubber
0.400
Solder (50% lead - 50% tin) 0.040
1510
3.142 x 20 x 150
W/cm² = 16
Steel
0.120
Tin, solid
0.056
Tin, melted
0.064
Zinc
0.095
THERMAL PROPERTIES OF GASES & VAPOURS
Substance
Specific
Heat
THERMAL PROPERTIES OF LIQUIDS
Air
0.237
Alcohol
0.453
Argon
0.124
Acetic Acid
0.472
Carbon Dioxide
0.203
Alcohol
0.650
Carbon Monoxide
2.430
Benzine
0.450
Chlorine
0.125
Glycerine
0.580
Helium
1.250
Oil, cotton seed
0.470
Hydrogen
3.410
Oil, olive
0.471
Nitrogen
0.245
Paraffin, melted
0.710
Oxygen
0.218
Petroleum
0.510
Sulphur Dioxide
0.155
Water
1.000
Substance
Specific
heat
Heating and Control Solutions that exceed Industry expectations
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SPIRALS AND FURNACE HEATERS
Operating Life
The lifespan of resistance heating element wire is dependent on a number of factors, the most important being:
• Wire diameter
• Temperature
• Temperature cycling
• Surface condition
• Contamination
• Atmosphere
• Alloy composition
• Mechanical stress
• Trace elements and impurities
°C
1600
1400
Typical applications
1200
• Furnaces
• Kilns
1000
• Quartz tube heaters & glass top hobs
900
• Electrical appliances
600
• Rheostats, heating cables
400
200
0
KANTHAL
NICHROME
Maximum operating temperature per alloy
KANTHAL (Ferretic Alloys)
NICHROME (Austentic Alloys)
Higher temperature 1300 - 1450°C Lower temperature 1000 - 1250°C
Longer life span
Shortened life span
Becomes brittle after use
Remains ductile after use
Better oxidation properties
Not recommended for oxidation
atmospheres
Magnetic
Non-magnetic
Available in strip / wire form
Heating and Control Solutions that exceed Industry expectations
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DRUM AND INCOLOY HEATERS
DRUM HEATERS - Typically used for pre-heating chemical solutions to decrease viscosities
• Mica insulated
• Standard size: 565 x 200mm
• Wattage: 3000W
• Voltage: 230VAC
• Fitted with 0 ... 120°C thermostat
• Quick release clamps ensure
easy removability
• Other sizes available on request
INCOLOY BAND HEATERS
• Sheathed tubular elements
• Diameter 8.0mm
• Elements bent, shaped and fitted into steel jacket
• Ideally suited for applications where there is
water, moisture or corrosive gases present
• Made to customer’s specifications
• Contact Swift’s engineers for more
technical information
INSULATION TEST
1000 VAC Mega
3.5MΩ
HI POT / FLASH TEST
1500 VDC
10 mA
Heating and Control Solutions that exceed Industry expectations
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CARTRIDGE HEATERS
STANDARD FEATURES
• Compacted cartridge heaters have a supporting core
which is centrally located very close to the outer sheath
• The inner space is filled with pure magnesium oxide powder
and is highly compressed
• The bottom end of the cartridge heater is gas tight welded
and the outside sheath ground for precision tolerance
• Diameters vary from standard to non-standard
6.0 - 25mm including
imperial sizes
OPTIONS
• Built-in thermocouple (Type J, K)
• Surface loads can vary from
5W/cm² to 30W/cm²
• Humidity resistant leads
• Specials can be manufactured
on request
Standard Tolerances
Diameter + 0 - 0.05mm
< 130mm ± 2%
Length
> 130mm ± 1%
Wattage ± 10%
Special tolerances can be supplied on request
Diameter + 0 - 0.01mm
Length
± 0mm
PROFILE CARTRIDGES
Elements with special heat distribution can be supplied on request. A profile cartridge heater is recommended
to evenly heat in sealing bar applications.
b
a
Standard heat distribution
a - Temperature curve
b - Resistance (on heating wire)
b
a
Profile heat distribution
a - Temperature curve
b - Resistance (on heating wire)
Heating and Control Solutions that exceed Industry expectations
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CARTRIDGE HEATERS
SPLIT CARTRIDGES
• Suitable for higher operating temperatures as the heater
expands and fits tightly into the mould / die
eg. Die casting machines
• Better performance in long cavities or worn holes
• Standard sizes available (12.5, 16mm diameter)
• Easier to remove from mould / die
• Even heat distribution over the length of the cartridge
INSTALLATION OF CARTRIDGE ELEMENTS
• For good heat transfer between the cartridge and the mould a precise bore (ISO H7) is required
• For high powered cartridges with a surface load in excess of 20 Watt/cm² a press fit is necessary
Uneven bore surface or excessive tolerance of the bore results in hot spots, thus reducing the life span
of the element
• Excessive length of the cartridge protruding out of the tool will lead to overheating of the exposed length
and eventual failure
• The distance between cartridge and external tool surface should be at least equal to the diameter of
the cartridge
• The use of non-conductive anti-seize paste is recommended to allow easy removal of the cartridge once
they need to be replaced
POSITION OF HEATING CARTRIDGE INSIDE THE MOULD
The distance in between the heating cartridges inside a mould
should not fall below 1,5 x D. Distance to outer wall must be at
least 1x D
D
D
1,5D
D
1,5 D
D
Heating and Control Solutions that exceed Industry expectations
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CARTRIDGE HEATER TERMINATION TYPES
O/L = Overall length in mm / All cartridges made according to O/L
TYPE ‘A’
Nickel fibreglass flexible stranded leads.
Crimped onto studs
TYPE ‘O’
Leads are fitted internally from within
Cartridge offers maximum flexibility
O/L
TYPE ‘B’
Straight exit from within complete with shoulder
Extra flexible galvanised conduit provides
abrasion protection
O/L
TYPE ‘C’
Right angle from within - no protection
Nickel fibreglass flexible stranded leads
TYPE ‘Di’ (Block)
Right angle extra flexible galvanised steel
conduit provides abrasion protection
O/L
L1
L2
O/L
TYPE ‘Dii’ (Flush)
Right angle extra flexible galvanised steel
conduit provides abrasion protection
Ø Metric Ø Imperial Di L1 Di L2 Dii L1 Dii L2
6.5
L1
L2
¼” (6.35)
/16” (7.94)
10
10
12
15
12
12
12
15
8
5
10
3
/8 ” (9.52)
14
14
15
20
12.5
16
16
20
25
16
½” (12.7)
5/ ” (15.88)
8
20
20
20
25
20
¾” (19.05)
-
-
25
25
TYPE ‘E’
Nickel fibreglass with ceramic beads
Ideal for high temperature environment
TYPE ‘F’
Straight exit from within - no shoulder
Extra flexible galvanised steel conduit
provides abrasion protection
O/L
TYPE ‘G’
Right angle from within - with protective sheath
Extra flexible galvanised steel conduit
provides abrasion protection
TYPE ‘N’
Exit both ends - either studs or nickel fibreglass
TYPE “EARTH RETURN”
Heating and Control Solutions that exceed Industry expectations
14
LONG WAVE CERAMIC INFRARED EMITTERS
• Emitter face is manufactured as either concave, flat or convex
• Radiant efficiency is 96%
• Maximum surface temperature is approx. 600°C
• Heat up / cool down time is approx.10 minutes
• Infra-red spectrum between 2.8 and 10.0 µmm, thus no visible light
• All wiring must use NFg cable and ceramic blocks
(temperatures at back of emitter approx 400°C)
• Efficiency of heater is determined by its emissivity (absorption value) from 0...100%
• Emitters can be fitted with thermocouples (Type ‘K’ preferable)
V6
V3
V1
V2
STANDARD EMITTER SIZES
Size
STANDARD EMITTER SIZES
Wattage Voltage
Size
Wattage Voltage
V1
245 x 65mm
150W
230V
V2
123 x 65mm
325W
230V
V1
245 x 65mm
200W
230V
V2
123 x 65mm
500W
230V
V1
245 x 65mm
250W
230V
V3
125 x 125mm
200W
230V
V1
245 x 65mm
300W
230V
V3
125 x 125mm
250W
230V
V1
245 x 65mm
400W
230V
V3
125 x 125mm
300W
230V
V1
245 x 65mm
500W
230V
V3
125 x 125mm
400W
230V
V1
245 x 65mm
650W
230V
V3
125 x 125mm
500W
230V
V1
245 x 65mm
750W
230V
V3
125 x 125mm
600W
230V
V1
245 x 65mm
1000W
230V
V3
125 x 125mm
650W
230V
V2
123 x 65mm
125W
230V
V6 123mm ø (screw in)
150W
230V
V2
123 x 65mm
150W
230V
V6 123mm ø (screw in)
250W
230V
V2
123 x 65mm
200W
230V
V6 123mm ø (screw in)
500W
230V
V2
123 x 65mm
250W
230V
Heating and Control Solutions that exceed Industry expectations
15
REFLECTOR ASSEMBLIES USING CERAMIC INFRARED EMITTERS
• Heating arrays are engineered to meet customer specifications
• Highly polished stainless reflector plates are fitted behind the ceramic emitters to allow for increased
reflection to improve efficiencies
• Arrays are fitted into a stainless / mild steel frame, wired and connected to a control system
• Thermocouples can be fitted into ceramic emitter to measure temperature
• Cooling fans are mounted in outer backplate to extract hot air from emitter, thereby extending lifespan
of assembly
• Arrays can be fitted with V1, V2 or V3 ceramic emitters (see additional info on Long Wave infrared emitters
and standards sizes) for required wattages
• Emitters that are closely spaced in an array result in even heating
• Contact Swift’s engineers for further assistance
APPLICATION
RECOMMENDED WATTAGE ELEMENTS
150 250 300 350 400 500 650 750 1000
Pre-heating plasitc foil / sheet / vacuum forming
Manufacture of skin sheeting for packaging
Stress curing ovens for synthetic fibres
Gelling PVC paste / film on fabrics etc
Heating paper-mâché for moulding / pressing
Quick drying of rubber surfaced and glued paper
Activation of adhesives and surface sealing
Drying / curing plastic / latex emulsion / surfacing
Setting nylon and perlon threads etc
Heat / dry / fixing adhesives. boot and shoe trade
Pre-heating rubber sheeting prior to extrusion
Pre-heating of moulds for all industries
Thermo / pressure forming
Fibre-glass lay-up and moulding. Resin curing
Heating and Control Solutions that exceed Industry expectations
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OVER-THE-SIDE (OTS) HEATING ELEMENTS
Typical heater assembly
with LED monitoring
• An important heating requirement is the calculation of the exact
kW required including heat losses
• Where possible heaters should be installed in multiples of three to
balance the phases
LEDs
• Regular servicing of heaters is essential to ensure that other heaters
in the tank are not overworked (stay on longer) thereby increasing
the element’s life span
• An LED monitor for each element can be fitted into the polypropylene
head which will immediately indicate element failure
• All heaters supplied complete with 2 metre 3 core PVC cable
ORDERING OPTIONS
• Optional LED failure detection unit with
three indicating lights
• Non-standard hot and cold zones can be
supplied on request
Typical
heater insert
• Other sizes and wattages available on request
Stainless steel heaters are suitable for
use in phosphating, alkaline or neutral
pH solutions such as degreasing
or rinsing
Quartz glass (Vitrosol) heaters are
made from clear fused silica quartz
Not suitable for use in hydrofluoric
acid or strong alkaline solutions
Titanium heaters can be used in a wide
range of alkaline and acidic solutions
Telflon coated incoloy heaters are
suitable for heating chemical solutions
which are aggressive
(acidic or alkaline)
Heating and Control Solutions that exceed Industry expectations
17
OVER-THE-SIDE (OTS) HEATING ELEMENTS
• Most temperature control systems still use simple on / off controllers
• A digital temperature controller which uses PID control will ensure that the deadband
on setpoint is reduced thereby improving the accuracy of the temperature loop
• All elements need to be cycled thus it is recommended to use temperature controllers
Stainless steel
liquid level probe
• See pages 19, 20 for more information on temperature controllers
Halar coated
liquid level probe
Stainless steel
temperature
probe
STANDARD LENGTHS FOR 3-WIRE PT100
STAINLESS STEEL
HALAR COATED
300mm
300mm
400mm
400mm
500mm
500mm
* Other lengths available on request
* Titanium temperature probes available on request
STANDARD LENGTHS FOR LEVEL PROBES
Halar coated
temperature
probe
STAINLESS STEEL
HALAR COATED
750mm
750mm
1000mm
1000mm
* Other lengths available on request
* Titanium level probes available on request
LIQUID LEVEL CONTROL UNITS
• A liquid level control unit ensures that the level of the heated solution remains at a
constant level, thereby eliminating element failure
• A build up of conductive material between the probes resulting in incorrect level readings
can be eliminated by adjusting the sensitivity potentiometer
STANDARD STAINLESS STEEL, TITANIUM & GLASS HEATING ELEMENTS (rated at 240V)
*1,5kW 3kW *1,5kW 2kW
7kW
5kW
*3kW
5kW
4kW
3kW
Lmm
1500
1500
1500
1000
1000
1000 1000
Cmm
350
350
350
250
250
250
Hmm
1120
1120
1120
720
720
Dmm
40
40
40
40
w/cm² 4.2
3.0
1.8
4.6
TEFLON COATED
1,5kW
1kW
750
750
600
500
300
250
250
250
200
200
100
720
720
470
470
370
270
170
40
40
40
40
40
40
40
40
3.7
2.8
1.4
4.2
2.1
3.7
3.7
5.0
4000W - 7600mm long bent and shaped as per customer specifications
* In phosphating solutions a number of low kilowatt heaters are recommended rather than one high
kilowatt heater to alleviate scale buildup and premature heater failure.
Heating and Control Solutions that exceed Industry expectations
18
TEMPERATURE CONTROLLERS
• VT30 programmable P.I.D. controllers
• VT26 fuzzy logic P.I.D. programmable controllers
• VD low cost programmable controllers
• Standard facia sizes: 48 x 48mm, 48 x 96mm (vertical),
96 x 48mm (horizontal), 72 x 72mm, and 96 x 96mm
VERTEX VT 30 RANGE - dual display
STANDARD FEATURES
• Selectable inputs (Thermocouple, RTD,
or Linear signals)
• P.I.D. control
• Ramp / Soak profiles (8 segments)
• 2 alarm outputs (selectable)
• Universal supply 90...264 VAC (50/60 Hz)
• Auto / manual bumpless transfer
ORDERING OPTIONS
• Output: Relay, SSR or continuous (4...20 mA,
0...50 mV, 1...5 V, 0...10V)
• Output 2 for cooling
• PV or SV retransmission
• 4...20 mA remote set point input
• RS 485 communication
• Master / slave transmission
VERTEX VT 26 RANGE - dual display
• Power supply: 24V
STANDARD FEATURES
• Selectable inputs (Thermocouple, RTD, or Linear signals)
• Fuzzy logic P.I.D. control
• Soft - start
• Auto / manual bumpless transfer
• Ramp / Soak functions
• 2 alarm outputs (selectable)
• Standby and latch can be combined with 8 different
alarm functions
• Universal supply 90...264 VAC (50/60 Hz)
• Output: Relay, SSR or continuous (4...20 mA, 0...50 mV,
1...5 V, 0...10V)
ORDERING OPTIONS
• Output 2 for cooling
• PV or SV transmission
• 4...20 mA remote set point output
• RS 485 communication link
• Master / slave transmission
• Power supply: 24V
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TEMPERATURE CONTROLLERS
VERTEX VD RANGE - single display
STANDARD FEATURES
• Selectable inputs (thermocouple, RTD, or linear signals)
• P. D. or on / off control
• 3 alarm outputs (selectable)
• Universal supply 90...264 VAC (50/60 Hz)
• Output: Relay, SSR or continuous
(4...20 mA, 0...50 mV, 1...5 V, 0...10V)
ORDERING OPTIONS
• Retransmission R485 communication link
• 2nd and 3rd alarm optional
ANC TEMPERATURE CONTROLLERS
STANDARD FEATURES
• Display: dial, deviation, digital
• Non-programmable
• Type J, K, Pt100
• Facia sizes: 48 x 48mm, 72 x 72mm, 96 x 48mm, 96 x 96mm
• Control action: most common on / off, P or P.D.
• Temperature ranges: 0...100°C, 0...200°C,
0...400°C, 0...800°C, 0...1200°C
• Outputs: Relay, SSR
• 1 x relay (high / low)
PERCENTAGE CONTROLLERS
TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS
• Supply: 230 VAC
• Output: 5 Vdc, pulsing voltage output, adjustable via
a multi-turn potentiometer
• Mounting: 11 pin base or 96 x 96mm panel mounting
• Power consumption: 3 VA
• Indication: Power and heater on via LED
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FACIA / CUT-OUT SIZES
VERTEX RANGE
VT 30 / 26 SERIES; VD SERIES
98mm
45mm
45mm
78mm
45mm
92mm
78mm
69mm
69mm
92mm
78mm
92mm
78mm
92mm
45mm
ANC RANGE
651 / 657 series
ND 545
45mm
81mm
45mm
114mm
45mm
92mm
272 / 671 series
45mm
98mm
202 / 301 / 302 / 601 / 605 / 607 series
45mm
92mm
104mm
371 / 675 / 677 series
69mm
98mm
92mm
45
69mm
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TEMPERATURE SENSORS
THERMOCOUPLE
• A thermocouple is a temperature sensing device constructed
of two dissimilar wires fused at one end to form a junction
• Construction is either mineral insulated cable where the
thermocouple conductors are embedded in a closely
compacted (MgO) powder which is surrounded by a
metal sheath forming a hermetically sealed assembly, or a tube
and wire assembly known as a general purpose thermocouple (GPT)
• As the sensor is heated / cooled an emf in the form of millivolts is
generated which provides an indication of the temperature
• Available in simplex, duplex and triplex
• All thermocouples come standard with
ungrounded junctions
• Grounded junctions available on request
• Multipoint duplex thermocouples available
(2nd point to be indicated)
RESISTANCE TEMPERATURE SENSORS (RTD)
• The electrical resistance of a conductor varies according to its
temperature and this forms the basic principal of resistance thermometry
• A PT-100 is a precision platinum resistor that exhibits 100Ω at 0°C
• RTD’s have a positive temperature co-efficient. As the temperature rises,
the resistance increases positively
• Available in simplex and duplex only
ORDERING OPTIONS
• Thermocouple type (J, K, T, E)
• Resistance thermometer types (Pt100)
• Number of junctions (simplex, duplex, triplex)
• Diameter of sheath
• Length of sheath
• Material of sheath (316, 310 (K only))
• Mounting type (spring and cap, plate, block,
pipe clamp etc, see page 24)
• Connection type (plug, cable, lead, potseal etc,
see page 24)
• Construction type (mineral insulated ‘MI’ or
wire and tube)
• Conductor wire size (0.22mm², 0.5mm², 1mm²)
• Temperature rating
• Cable type (PVC, teflon, silicone or Fg stainless steel)
• Pocket material (310, 316, 446, other)
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TEMPERATURE SENSORS
Operating temperature limit of cables
PVC insulated cable
- 40°C + 100°C
Teflon insulated cable
- 190°C + 200°C
Silicone rubber cable
- 40°C + 200°C
Glass fibre insulated cable
- 40°C + 350°C
Mineral fibre
- 40°C + 600°C
Silica fibre
- 40°C + 1100°C
Mineral insulation sheath*
Temperature Range of Sensors
°C
Type K
+ 1200
up to 1100°C
*(Can be higher using special alloys)
+ 1100
+ 1000
+ 900
+ 800
+ 700
+ 600
Type J
PT 100
+ 500
+ 400
Type T
+ 300
+ 200
+ 100
0
- 100
- 200
Pt 100 thin film 200°C
Pt 100 ceramic bulb 650°C
°C
8.5
Accuracy of thermocouples
8
7.5
Type K
Type J
Type T
7
6.5
°C
6
1.2
5.5
1.1
5
1.0
4.5
0.9
4
0.8
3.5
0.7
3
0.6
2.5
0.5
2
0.4
1.5
0.3
1
0.2
0.5
0.1
0
Accuracy of PT100 sensors
Pt100 Class B
Pt100 Class A
Pt100 1/10 Class B
0
-50 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 550 600 650 700 750 800 850 900 950 1000
Temperature °C
-50
0
50
100
150
200
250
300
Temperature °C
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THERMOCOUPLE ASSEMBLY TYPES
WIRE AND JUNCTION ONLY SENSOR
M.I. CABLE WITH PIG TAILS
TUBE AND TERMINATION HEAD
NO FITTING
ADJUSTABLE COMPRESSION FITTING
AND TERMINATION HEAD
FIXED PLUG FITTING AND
TERMINATION HEAD
M.I. CABLE WITH CERAMIC
INSULATORS AND TERMINATION HEAD
M.I. CABLE WITH PROTECTIVE
SLEEVE AND TERMINATION HEAD
M.I. CABLE WITH SILICON CARBIDE
SLEEVE AND TERMINATION HEAD
RIGHT ANGLE TUBE AND
TERMINATION HEAD
M.I. CABLE WITH POTSEAL
M.I. CABLE WITH ADJUSTABLE
COMPRESSION FITTING AND POTSEAL
M.I. CABLE WITH FIXED PLUG
FITTING AND POTSEAL
BARE TUBE STRAIGHT
BARE TUBE WITH ADJUSTABLE
COMPRESSION FITTING
BARE TUBE WITH FIXED PLUG FITTING
AIRPROBE STRAIGHT
AIRPROBE ANGLED
LUG TYPE
BARE TUBE ANGLED
M.I. WITH PROTECTION POCKET
FIXED PLUG FITTING AND PIG TAILS
WIRE AND CERAMIC BEADS WITH
CERAMIC CONNECTOR BLOCK
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DIGITAL HANDHELD THERMOMETERS
STANDARD FEATURES
• Type ‘K’ thermocouple input
• Switchable resolution 0.1° / 1°
• With °C and F° switching
• Max / min function
• Data hold function
• Room temperature compensated
• Flip-up stand
• Backlight LCD display
• Standard type ‘K’ probes include a 1 metre flexible cable
with miniature plug to match the thermometers
• Probes can be manufactured to customer specifications
STANDARD RANGE OF PROBES
3,2mm ø x 200 / 500mm
6mm ø x 500mm
3,2mm ø x 300 / 500mm
HANDHELD TYPE ‘K’ STRAIGHT
ROUNDED PROBE
HANDHELD TYPE ‘K’ ANGLED
ROUNDED PROBE
HANDHELD TYPE ‘K’ SPIKE PROBE
6mm ø x 300 / 500mm
6mm ø x 300 / 500mm
4,76mm ø x 300mm
HANDHELD TYPE ‘K’ SURFACE PROBE HANDHELD TYPE ‘K’ ANGLED SURFACE
WITH SPRING STEEL MEMBRANE
PROBE WITH SPRING STEEL MEMBRANE
HANDHELD TYPE ‘K’ EXPOSED
AIR PROBE
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HEATING ELEMENT ACCESSORIES
2. Solid state relays
1. Heatsinks
1.
• Single Din rail mount
• Current rating 40A
Size:
• 80 (L) x 50 (W) x 70 (H)
• 5 way Din rail mount
Size:
• 250 (L) x 67 (W) x 67 (H)
• Heatsink paste (10g)
2.
AA Series
• Input / output 90 - 250 VAC
• Current ratings 10, 25, 40A
• 90 - 480 VAC input only
DA Series
• Input 90 - 250 VAC
• Output 3 ... 32 Vdc
• Current ratings 10, 25, 40A
• 90 - 480 VAC input only
VA Series (Potentiomenter)
• Input / output 90 - 250 VAC
• Current ratings 25, 40 A
3. Multi-pin connectors (c/w glands)
5. Ultra rapid ceramic fuses and fuse
holders
7. Bakelite plugs / sockets
3
• 4, 6, 10, 16, 24 pin, 16A
(male / female inserts)
• Top and side entry hoods
• Panel mount bases
• Single / double latch available
4.
• 5A - 2 way
• 15A - 2 way
• 30A - 2 way
• 15A - 3 way
• 400°C 400 VAC
• Other sizes available on request
5.
• 6,33A fuses size 6 x 31mm
• 10A, 25A fuses size 14 x 51
• 40A fuses size 14 x 51
• Fuse holder for above,
6.
• Paste 450g tub, rated 1600°C
• Spray 400ml can, rated 1600°C
7.
• Flat 3 pin kettle plug
• Panel mount
• Male shroud socket
•16A / 250 VAC / 200°C
9. Ceramic kettle plugs
11. Gaskets
8.
• Silicone straight 444/SI
• Panel mount
• Male shroud socket 444/I
• 16A / 250 VAC / 200°C
9.
• Ceramic straight 344K / A / PG
• Ceramic angled 344K / AWI / PG
• Ceramic insert spares
• 16A / 250 VAC / 300°C
10. • Silicone straight 344P / S2
• Silicone angled 344P / SI / WI
• 16A / 250 VAC / 200°C
11. • Gaskets
Sizes: ½”, ¾”,
2” & 2½”
4. Ceramic connector blocks
6. Anti - seize paste
8. CEE silicone kettle plugs / sockets
10. Silicone kettle plugs
12. Ceramic fish spine beads
” , 1”, 1¼”,
12. • Bead sizes: No 2; No 3; No 4
No 5; No 6; No 8
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TEMPERATURE SENSOR ACCESSORIES
1. Standard thermocouple
compensating male plugs
2. Standard thermocouple
compensating female jacks
1. • Available as type J, K, T, R, S
• In-line
2. • Available as type J, K, T, R, S
• In-line
• Panel mount (with ears)
3. Mini thermocouple
compensating male plugs
3 • Available as type J, K, T
• In-line
4. Mini thermocouple
compensating female jacks
4. • Available as type J, K, T
• In-line
• Panel mount (with ears)
5. • Mini - 3 pin flat
• Standard - 3 pin round
• In-line
5. RTD (Pt 100) plugs / jacks
6. • Available as type J, K, T
• Standard - round
• Mini - round
6. Standard and mini panel mount
thermocouple compensating jacks
7. • Cable clamps for use with
thermocouple compensating
plugs / jacks
7. Mini and standard clamps
8. • Available in brass / stainless steel
• Standard sizes ¼", ½",
NPT for 4.76 and 6.0mm tube
8. Compression fittings
• Other sizes available on request
9. • Auto reset safety (cut out):
70°C
• Manual reset safety (cut out):
90°C
10 • Supplied with 1000mm capillary
Ranges: 0 - 40°C
0 - 60°C
0 - 90°C
0 - 120°C
0 - 210°C
0 - 300°C
9. Cut outs
10. Thermostats with capillary
11 • Single probe: 0 - 90°C
• Double probe: 0 - 90°C
(thermostat with safety cutout)
11. Immersion thermostats
12 • Din rail / Head mount
(hockey puck)
• Isolated / non isolated
• Input: Pt100, J, K, R, S, T
• Programmable
• Output: 4...20mA, 1...5Vdc
• Loop powered : 24Vdc
12. Novus temperature transmitters
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CABLES AND ACCESSORIES
1. Multi-core PVC insulated copper
cable
1. • Temperature rating (90°C)
Sizes:
• 1.5 mm² rated @ 15A
• 2.5 mm² rated @ 30A
• 4.0 mm² rated @ 40A
2. Multi-core silicone rubber insulated
copper cable
2. • Temperature rating (200°C)
Sizes:
• 1.5 mm² rated @ 15A
• 2.5 mm² rated @ 30A
• 4.0 mm² rated @ 40A
3. Multi-core NFg stainless steel braided 3. • Temperature rating (350°C)
cable (copper nickel plated core)
Sizes:
• 0.75 mm² rated @ 8A
• 1.5 mm² rated @ 10A
• 2.5 mm² rated @ 15A
5. Thermocouple, Fg insulated
compensating cable
4. • Temperature rating (350°C)
Sizes:
• 0.2 mm² rated @ 2A
• 0.5 mm² rated @ 3A
• 0.75 mm² rated @ 5A
• 1.0 mm² rated @ 10A
• 1.5 mm² rated @ 15A
• 2.5 mm² rated @ 20A
• 4.0 mm² rated @ 25A
• 6.0 mm² rated @ 30A
4. Single-core high temperature NFg
cable (pure nickel core)
6. Thermocouple, RTD silicone
insulated compensating cable
5. • Temperature rating (350°C)
• Available in type J, K, T, R, S
Sizes:
• 2 x 0.22 mm² • 2 x 0.50 mm²
7. Thermocouple, RTD stainless steel
Fg insulated compensating cable
6. • Temperature rating (200°C)
• Available in type J, K, T, RTD, R, S
Sizes:
• 3 x 0.50 mm² • 2 x 0.50 mm²
• 4 x 0.50 mm² (K only)
• 6 x 0.50 mm² (K only)
8. Thermocouple, RTD teflon insulated
compensating cable
7. • Temperature rating (350°C)
• Available in type J, K, T, RTD, R, S
• 2 x 0.22 mm² • 2 x 1.00 mm²
• 2 x 0.50 mm² • 3 x 0.50mm²
• 3 x 0.22 mm²
9. Thermocouple, RTD P.V.C. insulated
compensating cable
8. • Temperature rating (200°C)
• Available in type J, K, T, RTD, R, S
Sizes:
• 2 x 0.50 mm² • 2 x 0.22 mm²
• 3 x 0.50 mm² • 4 x 0.50 mm²
10. Fg sleeving
9. • Temperature rating (90°C)
• Available in type J, K, T, RTD, R, S
Sizes:
• 3 x 0.22 mm² • 2 x 0.22 mm²
• 2 x 0.50 mm²
11. Electro galvanised sprague tubing
10. • Temperature rating (250°C)
Sizes:
• 2, 5, 8, 10, 16, 20 mm diameter
12. Stainless steel braiding
11. • Flexible galvanised sprague
Sizes:
• ID 4.76, 7.00, 9.5 and 13 mm
12. • Galvanised steel braid
Sizes:
• ID 9.0 mm
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BRITISH STANDARD PIPE THREADS IN INCHES
Size
Overall
Diameter
Core
Pitch
Depth
Radius
Effec.
T.P.I.
8
“
0.383
0.337
0.0357
0.0229
0.0049
0.3601
28
13
¼“
0.518
0.451
0.0526
0.0335
0.0072
0.4845
19
17
O.D.P.
32
32
8
“
0.656
0.589
0.0526
0.0335
0.0072
0.6225
19
11
½“
0.825
0.734
0.0714
0.0457
0.0098
0.7793
14
27
“
0.902
0.811
0.0714
0.0457
0.0098
0.8563
14
15
1
3
5
8
32
32
18
¾“
1.041
0.950
0.0714
0.0457
0.0098
0.9953
14
1
7
8
“
1.189
1.098
0.0714
0.0457
0.0098
1.1433
14
17 32
1”
1.309
1.193
0.0909
0.0582
0.0125
1.2508
11
13 8
1¼“
1.650
1.534
0.0909
0.0582
0.0125
1.5918
11
11116
1½
1.882
1.766
0.0909
0.0582
0.0125
1.8238
11
129 32
1¾“
2.116
2.000
0.0909
0.0582
0.0125
2.0578
11
2 5 32
2”
2.347
2.231
0.0909
0.0582
0.0125
2.2888
11
23 8
16
I.S.O. METRIC COARSE THREADS IN MILLIMETRES
Overall
Diameter
Flat
Effec.
Tapping
Drill
Clearance
Drill
Core
Pitch
Depth
3.0
2.3866
0.50
0.3067
0.06250
2.675
2.50
3.10
4.0
3.1412
0.70
0.4294
0.08750
3.545
3.30
4.10
5.0
4.0184
0.80
0.4908
0.10000
4.480
4.20
5.10
6.0
4.7732
1.00
0.6134
0.12500
5.350
5.00
6.10
8.0
6.4664
1.25
0.7668
0.15625
7.188
6.80
8.20
10.0
8.1596
1.50
0.9202
0.18750
9.026
8.50
10.20
12.0
9.8530
1.75
1.0735
0.21875
10.863
10.20
12.20
16.0
13.5462
2.00
1.2269
0.25000
14.701
14.00
16.25
20.0
16.9328
2.50
1.5336
0.31250
18.376
17.50
20.25
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Heating and Control Solutions that exceed Industry expectations
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31
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