Safety Training

Safety Training
ISEC Presentation
November 5, 2014
Safety is not an Option
“Safe practices for construction equipment in scrap”.
Pat Reilly
Volvo CE
Volvo Construction Equipment
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Presentation Overview
“Safety is not an Option”
 Equipment Safety in Scrap Operations
– Machine Configuration
 Specs focused on safety
– Machine Operation
 Operators fully aware of safety
– Machine Maintenance
 Machine servicing done safely
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Machine Configuration
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Loaders (in Scrap)
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Loaders – Safety Items (Scrap Focus)
 Maximize operator visibility, forward and to the sides.
 Rear-view camera to enhance visibility.
 Scrap guarding to protect machine and operator.
– Radiator / Drive line / Hoses and lines / Lights / Cylinders /
Windshield / Windows
 Protection for windshield (flat window / bullet-resistant)
 Loader frame options
 Fire resistance items
 Other safety items
 “Right” choice of attachments
– Re-handling buckets (fluff deflector)
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Operator Visibility – Maximize
Clear Sights Lines (operator confidence)
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Visibility Equipment
Rear-view Camera System
• Rear-view camera system
reduces blind spots and
increases site safety when
reversing machine.
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Scrap – Safety Items (Loaders)
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Scrap – Safety Items (Loaders)
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Scrap – Safety Items (Loaders)
 Windshield and side window guards
 Also available for back window
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Flat windshield (option)
Layered glass:
Top replacement glass
Bullet-resistant glass for
maximum safety
Benefits
Easy to change the
replacement glass
Protects the operator
from ”projectiles”
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Other Glass Protection
 Glass strengthener
 Nano-technology for increasing window resistance to projectiles.
 You Tube demo video on line.
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Long Boom (Reach and separation)
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Standard Boom (closer to material)
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Fire Suppression Systems
- Liquid or powder
- Full machine coverage
Fire Extinguishers
- Spot fire problems
- Be sure to place with easy access
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Other Important Safety Items
 Machine lighting optimization
 Battery disconnect (in cab)
 Engine switch / Parking brake
release, remote locations
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Scrap Attachments
- Right choice to loader application
- Safer operation with right tool
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Bucket Deflector
- Reduces fluff spillage onto bucket linkages.
- Cleaner machine reduces unsafe operating conditions.
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Excavators (Shear Applications)
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Excavators – Safety Items
 Rear-view camera to enhance visibility.
 Scrap guarding to protect machine, which protects operator.
– Windshield
– Cab roof
– Cylinders
– Swing circle
 Protection for windshield (flat window / bullet-resistant)
 Safety railings for top of machine platform.
 Dedicated tool box for shear tools and edges.
– Maximizes ready access to ensure sharp shear blades.
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Excavator – Protected Windshield
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Various levels of
Cab guards:
Standard
Falling objects (FOPS)
Falling objects full (FOG)
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Auto Lube Systems
 Minimize operator daily maintenance
 Less “crawling” over machine
 Ensure good lubrication
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Excavator – Safety Railings
- Maximize operator or service tech safety on upper structure.
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Excavator – Tool Box (shear tools)
- Keep shear tools and replacement edges, nearby.
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Skid Steers
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Skid Steer – Safety Items
 Scrap guarding to protect machine and operator.
– Front windshield
– Side windows
– Radiator
– Bucket cylinder
 Impact resistant front windshield
 Safety training for ingress/egress
– Significant “loss time” accidents
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Skid Steers – Guarding (Scrap Focus)
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Scrap Configuration - Mono Boom
 Side curtain guards
 Bucket cylinder guard
 Scrap-Grapple bucket
 Solid tires
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Scrap Guarding-Dual Boom
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NIOSH Alert
 NIOSH now recognizes the
advantages of side entry skid
steer and compact track loaders
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Machine Operation
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Machine Operation – Safety Concerns
Most Important Safety Concerns (major scrap company fleet
manager)
1. Fully understands machine operations (Operators Manual).
2. Use the “right” machine for the job (application).
3. Daily Inspection routine
4. Report machine incidents or problems to supervision and
maintenance, promptly.
5. Take Ownership: “treat the machine like you treat your
personal vehicle”
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Operators Manual-Read & Review

THE OPERATOR’S MANUAL CONTAINS IMPORTANT INFORMATION, WHICH MUST BE READ AND UNDERSTOOD BEFORE
OPERATION OF MACHINE.
THIS SYMBOL APPEARS AT VARIOUS POINTS IN THE OPERATOR’S MANUAL WITH WARNING TEXT. IT MEANS:
WARNING, BE ALERT! YOUR
SAFETY IS INVOLVED! IT IS THE OBLIGATION OF THE OPERATOR TO MAKE SURE THAT
ALL WARNING DECALS ARE IN PLACE ON THE
MACHINE AND THEY ARE READABLE. ACCIDENTS MAY
OCCUR OTHERWISE.

READ & UNDERSTAND THE INFORMATIONAL AND WARNING PLATES AND DECALS ON THE MACHINE.

LEARN AND UNDERSTAND THE VARIOUS SYMBOLS AND ICONS USED TO IDENTIFY SWITCHES, CONTROLS AND
INFORMATIONAL/WARNING LAMPS.

BECOME THOROUGHLY FAMILIAR WITH THE POSITION AND FUNCTIONS OF VARIOUS INSTRUMENTS AND CONTROLS BEFORE
USING THE MACHINE.

READ AND UNDERSTAND THE “SAFETY RULES WHEN OPERATING” AND THE “MEASURES BEFORE OPERATING” UNDER
OPERATING INFORMATION IN THE OPERATOR’S MANUAL.

READ AND UNDERSTAND THE SPECIFIC WARNINGS LISTED THROUGHOUT THE OPERATOR MANUAL.

THE OPERATOR IS RESPONSIBLE FOR THE SAFE OPERATION OF THE MACHINE AND THE SAFETY OF OTHERS WITHIN THE
WORK ZONE (WITHIN 7 METERS OR 23 FEET) OF THE MACHINE.

REVIEW THE OPERATING TECHNIQUES SECTION OF THE OPERATOR’S MANUAL FOR SPECIFIC INFORMATION REGARDING
VARIOUS ATTACHMENTS.
ALWAYS CONSULT YOUR OPERATOR’S MANUAL FOR COMPLETE DETAILS
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Ingress & Egress: 3 Point Contact
 When entering or exiting
the machine, use the
access ladder provided.
Also, three point contact
should always be
followed.
 It is important that the
access ladder and all
applicable safety
handrails are maintained
in a serviceable condition.
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Safe Ingress/Egress
 3 Point Entry – Mono Boom
 3 Point Entry – Dual Boom
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Buckle-Up
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Operator Training
 New machine delivery: provided by machine dealer.
– Operating characteristics
– Safety features
– Daily maintenance
 Ongoing: company trainer or designated individual.
– Operator turnover
– At least “annual basis”
– Safe operating practices “refresher”
– Company mandated “new” safety updates
– ISRI training programs, i.e. “Material Handlers”
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Operator Training
 Manufacturer simulators
 Dynamic training / Evaluation
 Many Tech Schools now offer
 Available from some manufacturers
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Machine Maintenance
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Wheel Loader Safety Training
 Think Safety!!!
 Read and understand the applicable
Operator’s Manual and Safety Manual
 Assure that the machine is in the service
position.
 Use the correct tools, equipment and
supplies.
 Always wear a hard hat, safety glasses,
protective shoes, gloves, and do not wear
loose fitting clothes or jewelry of any kind.
 Maintain the working area in a clean and oil
free manner.
 It is the obligation of the maintenance
provider and the operator of the machine to
make sure that all warning decals are in
place on the machine and that they are
readable.
Warning! Be Safe!
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Safety Training – Lock Out Tag
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
When the machine is being
serviced a lock out tag
should be installed on the
steering wheel with the
servicing persons name,
date and time.

No one is authorized to
remove the tag other than
the person who installed
the tag.

The person who installed
the tag should also retain
the starting key.
Safety Training – Boom Stand
 In the event that a service
is required and the lifting
attachment must be in the
raised position, a boom
stand of sufficient
capacity must be used to
support the attachment.
 Do not walk under or
work under the lifted
attachment.
 If lifted boom is not
required, always place
the attachment on the
ground or other flat
surface.
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Safety Training – Steering Lock
 The steering safety lock
(red arrow) should be in
place anytime the
machine is being
serviced in this area.
 This is an articulation
area. Tire tension from
a turn or uneven
operating areas could
cause the joint area to
move without warning.
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Safety Training – Batteries
 Never smoke near batteries, as these
give off explosive gases.
 Do not connect a discharged battery
in series with a fully charged battery.
The current surge can cause the
batteries to explode.
 Make sure that metal objects (such
as tools, rings, watch straps, etc.) do
not come into contact with the
battery pole studs. Protection
should be installed over the battery
pole studs, as otherwise there is a
risk of injuries and fire.
 Never connect an accessory to a
single battery as the system will
discharge.
 When servicing batteries, always
disconnect and connect the ground
cable first.
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 In the event that any welding is done
on the machine, disconnect the
computers and battery cables to
minimize damage to the electrical
systems.
Safety Training – Tire & Wheels
 Recommended air pressure should normally
be followed (see OM). Special applications
may require an adjustment of the air pressure.
In such cases follow the instructions from the
tire manufacturer and do not exceed the
maximum permissible air pressures.
 The tire pressure may have been raised after
the machine was delivered from the factory.
Therefore, check and adjust the tire pressure
according to recommendations in your
Operator’s Manual before putting the machine
to work for the first time.
 Repair work on tires and rims must be carried
out by personnel who have been specially
trained for this and have the correct
equipment.
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Safety Training – Tire & Wheels
 Check the tire conditions daily, look for cuts, gashes, holes, or any
debris that may have damaged the tire. Tires, such as the one below,
has unacceptable damage and must be replaced.
 Check the rim locks, if applicable, wheel rims, wheel nuts and tires
visually every day for damage and check the tire pressures once a
week or every 50 hours.
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Solid Tires
Foam-Filled Tires
 Some machines can’t use solid or foam-filled tires.
 Make sure to check with equipment manufacturer.
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Safety Training – ROPS & FOPS
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
In case of a roll-over, the safest place you
can be is inside the cab with your safety
belt fastened!!

Federal Regulations strictly forbid any
additions or modifications to a Roll Over
Protection System (ROPS) or a Falling
Object Protection System (FOPS) that may
compromise the original design and
tested certification of the systems.

Do not weld, drill holes, mount items on
the structure or make any modifications,
as these actions may VOID the
certification and require a cab
replacement.

In the event that the system is damaged
from modification or an accident, it will
require that a licensed engineer recertify
the system or it must be replaced.
Safety is not an Option
It is:
An attitude
A behavior: Company & Personal
A commitment
A philosophy
and “ a way of life”
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