Maintenance Guidelines
Maintenance Guidelines
Technical Bulletin 3
engineered to perform
Floor and Wall Coatings Maintenance Procedures
I. General Information
Please refer to Düraamen Engineered Products Technical Bulletin
# 2 as a general guide to care and maintenance. In addition to
that guide, Düraamen recommends that the procedures outlined
below be considered. Bristled brushes used with cleaning
equipment are available in various degrees of stiffness and may
dull or leave scratches or swirl marks in the surface of the acrylic,
epoxy, polyurethane and polyaspartic coatings. Consult with the
supplier of your cleaning equipment for specific recommendations
on which brushes to use. When cleaning your new floor for the
first time, test a small isolated area to confirm that the brush
bristles do not immediately dull the finish or leave swirl marks. It
is recommended to start out by using the softest bristle available
that will achieve the desired result. Foot traffic over an extended
time period may also dull the surface of epoxy, polyurethane and
polyaspartic coatings or leave scuff marks. Acrylic and Epoxy
coatings will dull more quickly than polyurethane or polyaspartic
topcoats with wear and/or continued maintenance. If a high
gloss maintenance finish is needed, we recommend a clear
polyurethane or polyaspartic topcoat.
In lieu to a polyurethane (urethane) or polyaspartic topcoat, a
common procedure for maintaining acrylic and epoxy finishes is to
maintain the surface as you would a tile or wood floor i.e., with a
floor wax (e.q., Smärtgard).
Non-slip requirement for floors: It is important to carefully balance
the degree of texture for non-slip performance with the need for
cleanability. A floor texture similar to coarse sandpaper will be
very non-skid but will also trap dirt and grime and will not clean
with mopping alone. A very coarse texture will require aggressive
scrubbing or steam cleaning. Düraamen publishes coefficient of
friction (COF) ratings for several flooring systems and also for
several specific topcoats, based upon ASTM D-2047 or ASTM
C-1028(M). Refer to the specific system data sheet or COF test
report summary. For several flooring systems this test result is
based on what Düraamen describes as a medium coarse texture.
This degree of texture is created by applying a single grout coat
over the final aggregate broadcast at an approximate coverage
rate of 80-100ft2/gal. This degree of texture may or may not be
suitable for your project. We recommend evaluating samples
showing varying degrees of texture and chosen as per the specific
requirements of your project. The non-slip texture and COF rating
is a function of both the thickness of the applied topcoat and the
inherent COF rating of the particular topcoat used in the flooring
system. Achieving a specific degree of non-slip texture and the
resulting COF rating on any particular project is determined by the
flooring contractor, architect or client. On-site testing to determine
the actual coefficient of friction rating of an installed floor system is
the responsibility of the facility owner. When a specific coefficient
of friction rating is required, consider using the topcoats tested in
COF test report summary.
In short, Düraamen topcoats are excellent floor coatings with
high wear properties. As with any epoxy, urethane or polyaspartic
coatings, they will dull with wear and/or maintenance. The high
gloss can be maintained longer with a clear of polyurethane or
polyaspartic or recurring application of Smärtgard. The surface
dulling is not a sign of wear as much as a natural dulling.
1. Dry Cleaning Procedure
a. Sweep with a fine broom or dust mop.
b. Remove all surface dirt and grit.
c. DO NOT use sweeping compound.
2.
Lightly soiled floor cleaning
a.Damp mop floors with a neutral cleaner (Stride by SC
Johnson, Simple Green, etc.,). Please do not use soaps,
crystallizing salts, alkalis or acids.
b.Allow cleaner to stand several minutes to dissolve dirt –
DO NOT allow complete drying.
c.Hand Scrub stains and/or scuff marks using a section of a
buffing pad
d. Pick up cleaning solution with mop head.
e. Final rinse with clean damp mop and clean water.
3. Heavily soiled floor cleaning – Method 1
a.Scrub floors with a neutral cleaner (Stride by SC Johnson,
or equivalent) and a rotary buffing machine (single disc
rotary buffer with appropriate pad).
b.Allow cleaner to stand several minutes to dissolve dirt –
DO NOT allow complete drying.
c.Machine rinse to remove cleaning solution or use wet/dry
vacuum.
d. Final rinse with a clean damp mop and clean water.
e.Oil or Tar Stains: If the above procedure is not effective,
try a citrus based degreaser (Zep Industrial Citrus Cleaner,
Tri-sodium Phosphate, etc.,).
f.Difficult stains on textured broadcast or troweled mortar
floors: A light duty portable steam cleaner will remove
entrapped dirt. Caution is advised if using steam to clean
thin-film systems. Avoid thermal shock which may cause
cracking or loss of bond.
düraamen engineered products, inc.
116 West 23rd Street, 5th Floor, New York, NY 10011 | duraamen.com | info@duraamen.com | 1.866.835.6595
4.
g.Oil or grease residue in kitchens and food processing
areas: A slippery residue may build up if the floor is not
consistently and thoroughly cleaned with a degreasing
agent such as the products mentioned in section ‘e’ above.
Scrubbing with a brush may be necessary for heavy
build up. Floors with aggressive non-slip texture may
also become slippery from grease build up if not cleaned
thoroughly.
a.Use a butyl degreaser (Zep, Simple Green, etc.,) diluted
in hot water as recommended by the manufacturer. Wax
strippers should never be used as a degreaser.
b. Apply to floor surface and let sit for 15 minutes.
c.Use a rotary buffer with 3M red model 5100 pads to agitate
the surface. A deck brush with stiff bristles may also be
used if you don’t have a rotary floor buffer.
d.Remove the cleaning product from the floor with a soft
neoprene squeegee. Do not use a mop.
e.Rinse the floor with clean warm or hot water and remove
the water with a soft neoprene squeegee.
f.Areas that don’t have a drain to squeegee the water into
can utilize a wet/dry vacuum.
g.Oily or greasy spills should not be cleaned with a mop.
Always follow the clean up instructions on the MSDS for
the spilled product.
h.All other spills should be cleaned up immediately to
prevent staining and to reduce slipping hazards.
i.The floor surface should be protected when moving
furniture or heavy equipment across it.
5.Miscellaneous/Unusual Floor Cleaning
Situations
a.Silicone contamination: DuBois Chemicals’s DuSqueeze,
consult with Johnson Diversey on specific instructions and
suitability, 800.438.2647.
6.Additional Floor dressing for High Gloss Finish
a. Apply one coat of Smärtgard over a clean floor.
b.Apply additional coats at minimum 30 minute intervals to
achieve desired sheen.
c. Allow floors to dry overnight (approximately 12-18 hours).
d.Buff using buffing machine with white pad at standard
buffer speed.
7. Rejuvenation of Sheen – As required by floor
wear conditions
c.Buff with a single disc rotary buffing machine and white
pad at standard buffer speed.
d.Wax Strippers: Typical wax strippers used on resilient
flooring and hard surface flooring are suitable for use on
Düraamen polyurethane and polyaspartic topcoat and
will not harm the finish when used as directed by the
manufacturer. Proper dilution rate must be followed, do
not exceed recommended dwell time. Düraamen can
test any questionable products to confirm suitability.
Recommended Products: Zep Heavy Duty Floor Stripper
(or equal).
Heavily Soiled Floor Cleaning – Method 2
a.Dust mop or broom clean floor to remove all dirt and
grit to be sure it is not buffed into the epoxy/urethane/
polyaspartic surfaces.
b.Lightly spray acrylic dressing rejuvenator area to be
treated (SNAPBACK by Johnson Diversey, or equal). Fine
mists only, do not over spray.
8. Floor Cleanup – New Construction
a.Treat floors as described in Section 3 – TWICE PER WEEK for
a period of 2 to 3 months after completion of construction and/
or building occupancy.
9. Wall Coating Systems – New Installation,
Periodic Cleaning
a.Wall coating system should be fully cured before cleaning,
refer to topcoat product data sheet.
b.If the facility specifies a particular cleaning chemical
or sanitizer, try the cleaning solution in a very small
inconspicuous area to confirm that there is no change
in gloss or color, then you can safely use that cleaning
solution throughout the wall.
c.If no cleaning product is specified, in general start with
a mild detergent or a mild commercial cleaner and water
solution for washing. Heavily soiled areas may require
a stronger alkaline solution: one gallon of lukewarm
water with a tablespoon of Tri-sodium phosphate or two
tablespoons ammonia. Be careful with the concentration
or loss of gloss or discoloration may result. Rinse the wall
clean water to get rid of the cleaning solution.
OWNER’S INSTRUCTIONS PRIOR TO INITIAL
USE FOR NEW EPOXY/POLYURETHANE/
POLYASPARTIC FLOORING SYSTEM
10.Minimum Cure Time Before Use
a.Depending on the specific epoxy or urethane resin topcoat
used, in general keep light foot traffic off the floor a minimum
of 24 hours (at 70°F) after installation of final topcoat.
Important: Confirm cure time with product data sheet. Keep
vehicles or other heavy traffic (installation of equipment,
fixtures, etc.) off new flooring system for a minimum of
72 hours (at 70°F) after installation of final topcoat. Allow
additional time if temperature is colder than 70°F. Urethane
Concrete Systems: without polyurethane/polyaspartic
topcoat, full cure is achieved in 24 hours for vehicle traffic or
exposure to chemicals (at 70°F). Polyaspartic topcoats: 3-6
hours for light foot traffic (at 70°F), 18-24 hours for vehicle
traffic depending on applied thickness of topcoat and specific
formulation used.
Important: Failure to stay off the floor for the specified time
period may result in damage to the floor system and void any
warranty offered by Düraamen Engineered Products Inc and/or
the flooring contractor.
düraamen engineered products, inc.
116 West 23rd Street, 5th Floor, New York, NY 10011 | duraamen.com | info@duraamen.com | 1.866.835.6595
b.Protection of flooring system from other trades: Brown craft
paper works well for light traffic and does not pose a risk for
entrapping moisture. For heavier traffic including Hyster lifts,
use masonite or plywood with craft paper or plastic sheeting
underneath. For a more durable substitute for plastic sheeting,
consider proprietary reinforced sheet goods and mats that are
readily available. Do not place Masonite directly on resin floor
material or discoloration may occur. Be careful not to entrap
moisture beneath the plastic or a white haze form which can
be difficult or impossible to remove, requiring a reapplication
of a topcoat at the very least.
c.Cleaning/Waxing: Keep water or any liquids off new flooring
system for a minimum of 5 days (at 70°F) after installation of
final topcoat. Allow additional time if temperature is colder
than 70°F. Prior to wet cleaning the floor the first time, test
small inconspicuous area for any adverse reaction (formation
of water spots, milky haze, or loss of gloss). Perdüre UMC
(TG/SL) systems with no epoxy/polyurethane topcoats may be
cleaned in 24 hours. Polyaspartic topcoats for a minimum of 5
days (at 70°F). Delay waxing/buffing of epoxy or polyurethane
topcoats for a minimum of 5 days at 70°F to ensure final
topcoat is fully cured and hard enough to withstand abrasion
from high speed buffers, otherwise loss of gloss may occur.
e.Painter’s Tape: DO NOT tape the Painter’s Tape on any of
the topcoats for a very long time. The painter’s tape may
chemically bond with the topcoat. While removing the tape, it
may pull the topcoat along with it.
f.Scuff Marks from shoes or soft rubber – Some random scuff
marks can be removed by rubbing a tennis ball on the scuff
mark. Baking soda paste will also remove the scuff marks. We
have found that products such as Kent Automotive’s Speedy
500 or Acrysol (www.kent-automotive.com) do an excellent
job of removing black scuff marks with little or no effect to the
surface appearance. For large areas, wet the area, then apply
20 parts warm water to 1 part concentrated orange citrus,
scrub with 3M ssp pad and rinse thoroughly. We recommend
this treatment as a method of removing hard to remove black
marks.
g.Pointed heavy loads will damage the flooring surface. Use Soft
Tread casters for your chairs and also use hard floor chair mat
below the chairs so that the floor is protected from scratches
from constant moving back and forth of the chairs.
d.Special note for facilities using bleach solutions or high
performance disinfectants: Bleach solutions that are not
rinsed away soon after use may leave a permanent white
haze or dulling of the finish. High performance disinfectants
may discolor the finish of various epoxy, polyurethane and
polyaspartic coatings.
düraamen engineered products, inc.
116 West 23rd Street, 5th Floor, New York, NY 10011 | duraamen.com | info@duraamen.com | 1.866.835.6595
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